Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


355 Record(s) Found in our database

Search Results

1. Record Number: 37749
Author(s): Cooper, Kate
Contributor(s):
Title : The Heroine and the Historian: Procopius of Caesarea on the Troubled Reign of Queen Amalasuentha
Source: A Companion to Ostrogothic Italy   Edited by Jonathan J. Arnold, M. Shane Bjornlie, Kristina Sessa .   Brill, 2016.  Pages 296 - 315.
Year of Publication: 2016.

2. Record Number: 28800
Author(s): Mews, Constant J.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Speculum dominarum" ("Miroir des dames") and Transformations of the Literature of Instruction for Women in the Early Fourteenth Century [The author analyzes the "Speculum dominarum," a treatise written by Durand de Champagne for Joanne de Navarre, wife of Philip IV and queen of France 1285-1305. The text was later translated into French and remained widely read into the sixteenth century. Mews argues that the text "marks a significant shift in the character of religious writing for women, in moving away from a purely interior focus to one that combines spiritual advice with ethical discussion, of a sort traditionally conducted in a scholastic milieu and addressed only to men." (p. 14).
Source: Virtue Ethics for Women 1250-1500.   Edited by Karen Green and Constant J. Mews .   Springer, 2011.  Pages 13 - 30.
Year of Publication: 2011.

3. Record Number: 29191
Author(s): Timmermann, Achim,
Contributor(s):
Title : Frau Venus, the Eucharist, and the Jews of Landshut
Source: Judaism and Christian Art: Aesthetic Anxieties from the Catacombs to Colonialism.   Edited by Herbert L. Kessler and David Nirenberg .   university of Pennsylvania Press, 2011.  Pages 183 - 202.
Year of Publication: 2011.

4. Record Number: 29256
Author(s): Rowe, Nina,
Contributor(s):
Title : Rethinking "Ecclesia" and "Synagoga" in the Thirteenth Century [The author argues that the representation of "Synagoga" in the sculptural programs at Bamberg, Reims, and Strasbourg was meant to project a view of Judaism as subordinate to "Ecclesia" triumphant and to the kingly rulers on the portals. Title note suppl
Source: Gothic Art and Thought in the Later Medieval Period: Essays in Honor of Willibald Sauerländer.   Edited by Colum Hourihane .   Index of Christian Art, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University in association with Penn State University Press, 2011.  Pages 264 - 291.
Year of Publication: 2011.

5. Record Number: 29863
Author(s): Curry, Anne,
Contributor(s):
Title : The Theory and Practice of Female Immunity in the Medieval West
Source: Sexual Violence in Conflict Zones: From the Ancient World to the Era of Human Rights.   Edited by Elizabeth D. Heineman .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011.  Pages 173 - 188.
Year of Publication: 2011.

6. Record Number: 25137
Author(s): Brizio, Elena
Contributor(s):
Title : In the Shadow of the Campo: Sienese Women and Their Families (c. 1400- 1600) [Although Siena issued statutes limiting women's agency, Sienese women found ways to exercise power over property to benefit their families and themselves. Women also served as executors of wills and guardians of minor children. Sienese women occasionally played political roles, especially when the men of the family were in exile. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Across the Religious Divide: Women, Property, and Law in the Wider Mediterranean (ca. 1300- 1800).   Edited by Jutta Gisela Sperling and Shona Kelly Wray .   Routledge, 2010.  Pages 122 - 136.
Year of Publication: 2010.

7. Record Number: 27613
Author(s): Gaudette, Helen A.,
Contributor(s):
Title : The Spending Power of a Crusader Queen: Melisende of Jerusalem [The author analyzes three projects which Melisende supported in part to increase public support for her rule: Bethgibelin Castle, the women's monastery of Bethany, and the covered market street in Jerusalem called "Malquisinat" (literally the Street of Bad Cooking). Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Women and Wealth in Late Medieval Europe.   Edited by Theresa Earenfight The New Middle Ages. .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.  Pages 135 - 148.
Year of Publication: 2010.

8. Record Number: 28445
Author(s): Kostick, Conor.
Contributor(s):
Title : Eleanor of Aquitaine and the Women of the Second Crusade
Source: Medieval Italy, Medieval and Early Modern Women: Essays in Honour of Christine Meek.   Edited by Conor Kostick .   Four Courts Press, 2010.  Pages 195 - 205.
Year of Publication: 2010.

9. Record Number: 28446
Author(s): Hanaphy, Stephen,
Contributor(s):
Title : Consolation and Desperation: A Study of the Letters of Peter of Blois in the Name of Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine
Source: Medieval Italy, Medieval and Early Modern Women: Essays in Honour of Christine Meek.   Edited by Conor Kostick .   Four Courts Press, 2010.  Pages 206 - 219.
Year of Publication: 2010.

10. Record Number: 28448
Author(s): Kenny, Gillian.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women's Experiences of War in Later Medieval Ireland
Source: Medieval Italy, Medieval and Early Modern Women: Essays in Honour of Christine Meek.   Edited by Conor Kostick .   Four Courts Press, 2010.  Pages 243 - 255.
Year of Publication: 2010.

11. Record Number: 28449
Author(s): Nico Ottaviani, Maria Grazia
Contributor(s):
Title : Important Ladies and Important Families: Lucrezia Borgia and Caterina Cibo Varano
Source: Medieval Italy, Medieval and Early Modern Women: Essays in Honour of Christine Meek.   Edited by Conor Kostick .   Four Courts Press, 2010.  Pages 276 - 282.
Year of Publication: 2010.

12. Record Number: 24047
Author(s): Wells, Scott
Contributor(s):
Title : The Politics of Gender and Ethnicity in East Francia: The Case of Gandersheim, ca. 850-950 [The author argues that the women’s community at the monastery of Gandersheim was important because it conveyed multiple meanings for the Liudolfing-Saxon dynasty during a period of shifting familial and ethnic politics. During this time variations in royal support coincided with the monastery’s success or failure at articulating the ruling dynasty’s political identity. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Negotiating Community and Difference in Medieval Europe: Gender, Power, Patronage, and the Authority of Religion in Latin Christendom.   Edited by Katherine Allen Smith and Scott Wells Studies in the History of Christian Traditions .   Brill, 2009.  Pages 113 - 135.
Year of Publication: 2009.

13. Record Number: 20922
Author(s): Schüle, Wolfgang
Contributor(s):
Title : Erzbischof Johann von Esztergom und der Mord an der Königin Gertrud im Jahre 1213
Source: Western Canon Law and Eastern Churches: Thirteenth International Congress of Medieval Canon Law. Abstracts. , ( 2008):  Pages 30 - 31.
Year of Publication: 2008.

14. Record Number: 24113
Author(s): Magnúsdóttir, Auður G
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and Sexual Politics [The author briefly examines the roles of women in Viking society in terms of political influence. Frequently women attained some power as wives or concubines. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: The Viking World.   Edited by Stefan Brink in collaboration with Neil Price .   Routledge, 2008. Western Canon Law and Eastern Churches: Thirteenth International Congress of Medieval Canon Law. Abstracts. , ( 2008):  Pages 40 - 48.
Year of Publication: 2008.

15. Record Number: 24521
Author(s): Cooke, Jessica
Contributor(s):
Title : Scottish Queenship in the Thirteenth Century [The author notes the lack of scholarship on queens in Scotland. Her article concentrates on the lives of five queens consort. Nelson looks at their political roles and their reputations among their contemporaries. She is interested in how gender came into play both in their marital and natal families. Contrasts with English queens are also instructive. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Thirteenth Century England , 11., ( 2007):  Pages 61 - 80.
Year of Publication: 2007.

16. Record Number: 26949
Author(s): Gullino, Giuseppe
Contributor(s):
Title : Il "Clan" dei Foscari. Politica matrimoniale e interessi familiari (secc. XIV-XV) [The Foscari family had many branches by the fourteenth century, and their children married into other prominent families. These ties were intended to advance the economic interests, and later the political ambitions, of the Foscari. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Studi Veneziani , 54., ( 2007):  Pages 31 - 64.
Year of Publication: 2007.

17. Record Number: 20612
Author(s): Bolton, Timothy
Contributor(s):
Title : AElfgifu of Northampton: Cnut the Great's Other Woman [AElfgifu came from a prominent noble family in Mercia. Cnut either married her or took her as a concubine during his father's invasion of England in 1013. She had two sons with whom she ruled Norway as Cnut's regent. Bolton argues that AElfgifu and Emma of Normandy (King AEthelred's widow who married Cnut) should not be viewed in opposition but as quite similar powerful women who sought to ensure their sons' royal successions. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Nottingham Medieval Studies , 51., ( 2007):  Pages 247 - 268.
Year of Publication: 2007.

18. Record Number: 20608
Author(s): Seabourne, Gwen
Contributor(s):
Title : Eleanor of Brittany and Her Treatment by King John and Henry III [Eleanor of Brittany, daughter of Geoffrey Plantagenet, older brother of King John of England, did not lead the life expected of noble women. She did not succeed to any of her father's territories nor did she marry. Instead King John and his son, Henry III, held her in confinement for over 40 years. Seabourne argues that at first the conditions were conceived as guardianship. There were even some efforts made toward advantageous marriages for Eleanor. Nothing materialized, and her supervision became more strict. Henry III held her prisoner until her death even though in those later years she could no longer bear children to threaten the royal succession. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Nottingham Medieval Studies , 51., ( 2007):  Pages 73 - 110.
Year of Publication: 2007.

19. Record Number: 19528
Author(s): Dabrowska, Malgorzata
Contributor(s):
Title : Ought One to Marry? Manuel II Palaiologos' Point of View [The Emperor Manuel wrote a dialog on marriage between 1394 and 1397. His aim was to emphasize how important inheritance was for the imperial family. Dabrowska suggests that the emperor later revised the text to encourage his own son to marry. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies , 31., 2 ( 2007):  Pages 146 - 156.
Year of Publication: 2007.

20. Record Number: 19950
Author(s): Jordan, Erin L.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Abduction" of Ida of Boulogne: Assessing Women's Agency in Thirteenth-Century France
Source: French Historical Studies , 30., 1 (Winter 2007):  Pages 1 - 20.
Year of Publication: 2007.

21. Record Number: 15839
Author(s): Tomas, Natalie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Did Women Have a Space? [The author briefly surveys the kinds of activities in which Florentine women took part. Given the gendered expectations of fathers and husbands based on religious beliefs and concerns with family honor, young and married women from privileged families mostly stayed at home. But this situation is further complicated by palaces being used for politics and business. Furthermore marriages were part of family strategies, and mothers of brides and grooms often took an active role in the considerations. Women from powerful families like Lucrezia Tornabuoni of the Medici, used their patron-client relationships to help the deserving and promote their families. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Renaissance Florence: A Social History.   Edited by Roger J. Crum and John T. Paoletti .   Cambridge University Press, 2006. French Historical Studies , 29., 4 (Fall 2006):  Pages 311 - 328.
Year of Publication: 2006.

22. Record Number: 15840
Author(s): Weddle, Saundra.
Contributor(s):
Title : Identity and Alliance: Urban Presence, Spatial Privilege, and Florentine Renaissance Convents [The author analyses the locations and functions of women's monasteries in late medieval and early modern Florence. Weddle argues that architectural spaces carried multiple meanings. Womens' monasteries were places of spiritual work, but they also could convey meanings related to patronage and politics. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Renaissance Florence: A Social History.   Edited by Roger J. Crum and John T. Paoletti .   Cambridge University Press, 2006. Studi Veneziani , 54., ( 2007):  Pages 394 - 412.
Year of Publication: 2006.

23. Record Number: 20731
Author(s): Shadis, Miriam
Contributor(s):
Title : Women, Gender, and Rulership in Romance Europe: The Iberian Case
Source: History Compass , 4., 3 ( 2006):  Pages 481 - 487.
Year of Publication: 2006.

24. Record Number: 20732
Author(s): Hurlburt, Holly S.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women, Gender, and Rulership in Medieval Italy
Source: History Compass , 4., 3 ( 2006):  Pages 528 - 535.
Year of Publication: 2006.

25. Record Number: 16303
Author(s): Niles, John D
Contributor(s):
Title : Why the Bishop of Florence Had to Get Married [The author analyzes the "adventus" ceremony in Florence when a new bishop took possession of his see. The ceremony included a ritual marriage with the abbess of San Pier Maggiore monastery. Miller argues that the bishop's outsider status and role as head of a lineage needed the connection with a highly placed abbess to symbolize his alliance with the city's most important political families. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Speculum , 81., 4 (October 2006):  Pages 1055 - 1091.
Year of Publication: 2006.

26. Record Number: 16302
Author(s): Eichhorn-Mulligan, Amy C.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Anatomy of Power and the Miracle of Kingship: The Female Body of Sovereignty in a Medieval Irish Kingship Tale
Source: Speculum , 81., 4 (October 2006):  Pages 1014 - 1054.
Year of Publication: 2006.

27. Record Number: 19951
Author(s): Taylor, Craig
Contributor(s):
Title : The Salic Law, French Queenship, and the Defense of Women in the Late Middle Ages
Source: French Historical Studies , 29., 4 (Fall 2006):  Pages 543 - 564.
Year of Publication: 2006.

28. Record Number: 13653
Author(s): Bogomoletz, Wladimir V.
Contributor(s):
Title : Anna of Kiev: An Enigmatic Capetian Queen of the Eleventh Century: A Reassessment of Biographical Sources
Source: French History , 19., 3 (September 2005):  Pages 299 - 323.
Year of Publication: 2005.

29. Record Number: 14259
Author(s): Callahan, Daniel F.
Contributor(s):
Title : Eleanor of Aquitaine, the Coronation Rite of the Duke of Aquitaine and the Cult of Saint Martial of Limoges [The author explores the connections between the Plantagents and the churchmen in Limoges who promoted the cults of Saint Martial and Valerie. The churchmen worked to become the coronation site for the dukes of Aquitaine. It is likely that Eleanor as well
Source: The World of Eleanor of Aquitaine: Literature and Society in Southern France between the Eleventh and Thirteenth Centuries.   Edited by Marcus Bull and Catherine Léglu .   Boydell Press, 2005. French History , 19., 3 (September 2005):  Pages 29 - 36.
Year of Publication: 2005.

30. Record Number: 13674
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Gendering Viragos: Medieval Perceptions of Powerful Women [The author explores the medieval concept of the virago, a lordly woman who exercised authoritative powers. Case studies include Adelaide, duchess of Turin; Gunhild, sister of Swein, the Danish king of England; Bertrada of Montfort, wife of King Louis VI; and Adela, countess of Blois. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies on Medieval and Early Modern Women 4: Victims or Viragos?   Edited by Christine Meek and Catherine Lawless .   Four Courts Press, 2005. French Historical Studies , 29., 4 (Fall 2006):  Pages 17 - 38.
Year of Publication: 2005.

31. Record Number: 14117
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Margaret of York: The Subtle Influence of a Duchess [The author briefly sketches the life of Margaret of York with an emphasis on her political involvement as well as her support of devotional activities including manuscript production, pilgrimage, and religious reform. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women of Distinction: Margaret of York | Margaret of Austria.   Edited by Dagmar Eichberger .   Brepols, 2005. French Historical Studies , 29., 4 (Fall 2006):  Pages 42 - 55.
Year of Publication: 2005.

32. Record Number: 14119
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and Diplomacy [The author briefly surveys the involvement of Hapsburg women in diplomacy. For Margaret of York, her efforts in negotiations with her brother and the English court fulfilled her husband's needs. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Women of Distinction: Margaret of York | Margaret of Austria.   Edited by Dagmar Eichberger .   Brepols, 2005. French Historical Studies , 29., 4 (Fall 2006):  Pages 96 - 101.
Year of Publication: 2005.

33. Record Number: 13676
Author(s): Healy, Patrick.
Contributor(s):
Title : Merito nominetur virago: Matilda of Tuscany in the Polemics of the Investiture Contest [The author explores Matilda's importance as an armed protector of Pope Gregory VII and the reform movement as well as her role as an inspiration for Bible exegesis and other polemics in the Gregorian versus royalist struggle. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies on Medieval and Early Modern Women 4: Victims or Viragos?   Edited by Christine Meek and Catherine Lawless .   Four Courts Press, 2005. French Historical Studies , 29., 4 (Fall 2006):  Pages 49 - 56.
Year of Publication: 2005.

34. Record Number: 13675
Author(s): Sheridan, Maia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mothers and Sons: Emma of Normandy's Role in the English Succession Crisis, 1035-42 [The author examines Queen Emma's relationship with her sons as presented in the text "Encomium Emmae reginae." She commissioned the work to strengthen her sons' positions after King Cnut's death. Not surprisingly it criticized Cnut's illegitimate son, but it also responded to suspicions concerning Emma's involvement in her son Alfred's death. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies on Medieval and Early Modern Women 4: Victims or Viragos?   Edited by Christine Meek and Catherine Lawless .   Four Courts Press, 2005. French Historical Studies , 29., 4 (Fall 2006):  Pages 39 - 48.
Year of Publication: 2005.

35. Record Number: 14120
Author(s): Welzel, Barbara.
Contributor(s):
Title : Widowhood: Margaret of York and Margaret of Austria [The author briefly discusses the two women's roles as protectors of their country. They are sometimes figured as the Biblical Judith, but in portraits Margaret of York is represented as a married woman. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women of Distinction: Margaret of York | Margaret of Austria.   Edited by Dagmar Eichberger .   Brepols, 2005. French Historical Studies , 29., 4 (Fall 2006):  Pages 102 - 113.
Year of Publication: 2005.

36. Record Number: 14121
Author(s): Lorentz, Philippe.
Contributor(s):
Title : Children's Portraits: Between Politics and Family Memories [The author briefly surveys portraits done in the late medieval period, looking most closely at paintings of Margaret of Austria. In some cases the portraits were made to be sent to potential husbands in marriage negotiations. Title note supplied by Femin
Source: Women of Distinction: Margaret of York | Margaret of Austria.   Edited by Dagmar Eichberger .   Brepols, 2005. French Historical Studies , 29., 4 (Fall 2006):  Pages 114 - 123.
Year of Publication: 2005.

37. Record Number: 14567
Author(s): Tyler, Elizabeth M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Fictions of Family: The "Encomium Emmae Reginae" and Virgil's "Aeneid" [Tyler argues that the author of the "Encomium" sought to support Queen Emma by recounting the Danish conquest and rule of England. His history makes use of fiction and even lies to fashion a politically favorable account. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Viator , 36., ( 2005):  Pages 149 - 179.
Year of Publication: 2005.

38. Record Number: 13779
Author(s): Ferzoco, George.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Massa Marittima Mural [The Massa Marittima mural, discovered in 2000 on the site of a public fountain, has been interpreted, because of the presence of imperial eagles, as a piece of pro-Empire Ghibelline art. Yet the presence of a woman being sodomized beneath an eagle sugges
Source: Il murale di Massa Marittina. George Ferzoco Toscana Studies .  2004. Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 30., 1 (Spring 2004):  Pages 71 - 92. [In Italian on pp.29-50]
Year of Publication: 2004.

39. Record Number: 14633
Author(s): Clear, Matthew J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Maria of Hungary as Queen, Patron, and Exemplar [The author considers Mary of Hungary's areas of influence including her role as regent ("vicar") during her husband's absences, her economic resources for political and religious activities, and her importance to her many family members as a support and a role model. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Church of Santa Maria Donna Regina: Art, Iconography, and Patronage in Fourteenth-Century Naples.   Edited by Janis Elliott and Cordelia Warr .   Ashgate, 2004. Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 30., 1 (Spring 2004):  Pages 45 - 60.
Year of Publication: 2004.

40. Record Number: 11391
Author(s): Affeldt, Werner.
Contributor(s):
Title : Do We Know What We Think We Know? Making Assumptions About Eleanor of Aquitaine [Second article in a roundtable entitled "Re-presenting Eleanor of Aquitaine." The author surveys some recent textbooks for their coverage of Eleanor of Aquitaine. She finds mostly brief accounts with many inaccuracies. Scholarly works about Eleanor also present speculation as fact. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Feminist Forum , 37., (Spring 2004):  Pages 14 - 20.
Year of Publication: 2004.

41. Record Number: 12609
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Limiting Yardage and Changes of Clothes: Sumptuary Legislation in Thirteenth-Century France, Languedoc, and Italy [In Western Europe, the first laws to control the expenditure and display of dress by laypersons appeared in the thirteenth century. The initial period of regulating activity in Occitania, France, and Italy developed from ecclesiastical laws regulating clerical dress, but the political origins and motivations for the legislation varied by region. Italian and Occitan cities based their legislation upon Roman law, while northern regions of France used customary law; the cities of Montpellier and Siena focused more attention on women’s display than men’s, while most French regions were more interested in keeping a clear correlation between social status and wealth in general. The effects of sumptuary legislation on people in these regions are reflected by numerous sartorial concerns in contemporary vernacular poetry and didactic literatures. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Fabrications: Dress, Textiles, Clothwork, and Other Cultural Imaginings.   Edited by E. Jane Burns .   Palgrave, 2004. Medieval Feminist Forum , 37., (Spring 2004):  Pages 121 - 136.
Year of Publication: 2004.

42. Record Number: 11025
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Violence, the Queen's Body, and the Medieval Body Politic [The author explores historical and literary accounts of queens and noble women appearing before their husbands in their shifts to refute false accusations. Wearing a shift was next to nudity; moreover the woman had discarded the dress provided by her husband as a mark of social status. Frequently this was intended as an act of resistance to salvage a troubled marriage. These stories reflect concerns about the consort as a potential locus of resistance, instead of a support for the regime, even when reclaiming her rightful status. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: A Great Effusion of Blood? Interpreting Medieval Violence.   Edited by Mark D. Meyerson, Daniel Thiery, and Oren Falk .   University of Toronto Press, 2004. Medieval Feminist Forum , 37., (Spring 2004):  Pages 241 - 267.
Year of Publication: 2004.

43. Record Number: 14751
Author(s): Hutchinson, Amélia P.
Contributor(s):
Title : Leonor Teles: Representations of a Portuguese Queen [When describing Oueen Leonor Teles, the chronicles Fernão Lopes (c.1380- c. 1459) depicts her as a worthy antagonist of his hero, King João I. Both good and bad qualities are attributed to Leonor, all of which help support João's succession and Portugese independence from Castile. Most notably the queen is seen as brave, especially when she defied her son-in-law, Juan I of Castile, in defense of her role as regent and for Portugese autonomy. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 30., 1 (Spring 2004):  Pages 73 - 87.
Year of Publication: 2004.

44. Record Number: 10982
Author(s): Ewan, Elizabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Dangers of Manly Women: Late Medieval Perceptions of Female Heroism in Scotland's Second War of Independence [The author examines accounts of two noble women in Scottish histories. Lady Seton urged her husband to resist the English, even at the cost of her hostage son's life. Agnes, countess of Dunbar, held her castle and defied the English attackers repeatedly. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Woman and the Feminine in Medieval and Early Modern Scottish Writing.   Edited by Sarah M. Dunnigan, C. Marie Harker, and Evelyn S. Newlyn .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 30., 1 (Spring 2004):  Pages 3 - 18.
Year of Publication: 2004.

45. Record Number: 10853
Author(s): Keen, Catherine M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sex and the Medieval City: Viewing the Body Politic from Exile in Early Italian Verse [Keen examines poems by four authors in exile (Dante, Cino da Pistoia, Pietro dei Faitinelli, and Niccolò del Rosso) in which the natal city is depicted as a beautiful woman; sometimes she is to be pitied, but other times she is hateful. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Troubled Vision: Gender, Sexuality, and Sight in Medieval Text and Image.   Edited by Emma Campbell and Robert Mills .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 30., 1 (Spring 2004):  Pages 155 - 171.
Year of Publication: 2004.

46. Record Number: 11026
Author(s): Hay, David.
Contributor(s):
Title : Canon Laws Regarding Female Military Commanders up to the Time of Gratian: Some Texts and Their Historical Contexts [The author analyzes a canon law text by Bonizo de Sutri which criticizes women who lead military expeditions. Hay suggests that this in part refers to Matilda of Tuscany's strong military support of the pope. Other contemporary canonists took a more liberal view, accepting and even defending Matilda's role as commander. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: A Great Effusion of Blood? Interpreting Medieval Violence.   Edited by Mark D. Meyerson, Daniel Thiery, and Oren Falk .   University of Toronto Press, 2004. Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 30., 1 (Spring 2004):  Pages 287 - 313.
Year of Publication: 2004.

47. Record Number: 11419
Author(s): Bitel, Lisa M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Hail Brigit!: Gender, Authority, and Worship in Early Ireland [The author sets her study of Brigit within seventh century struggles for political and religious dominance in Ireland. Brigit's hagiographers sought to bolster her authority in order to strengthen the claims of the abbess of Kildare and her communitity to not only the churches in Leinster and the midlands but to all the religious women in Ireland. Bitel argues that paradoxically the basis of Brigit's authority comes from her gender; her hagiographies identify her powers as uniquely female. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Irish Women's History.   Edited by Alan Hayes and Diane Urquhart .   Irish Academic Press, 2004. Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 30., 1 (Spring 2004):  Pages 1 - 14.
Year of Publication: 2004.

48. Record Number: 11018
Author(s): Ormrod, W. M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Monarchy, Martyrdom, and Masculinity: England in the Later Middle Ages [Calling for a gendered reading of monarchy, the author emphasizes both the masculine and feminine characteristics necessary in rulership. Taking the kings who promoted the cults of Edward II and Henry VI as examples, Ormrod argues that the reassertion of the sainted kings' masculinity provided political stability but also countered the perceived gender transgressions of their queens, Isabelle of France and Margaret of Anjou. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Holiness and Masculinity in the Middle Ages.   Edited by P. H. Cullum and Katherine J. Lewis .   Religion and Culture in the Middle Ages Series. University of Wales Press, 2004. Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 30., 1 (Spring 2004):  Pages 174 - 191.
Year of Publication: 2004.

49. Record Number: 8571
Author(s): Ross, James
Contributor(s):
Title : Seditious Activities: The Conspiracy of Maud de Vere, Countess of Oxford, 1403-4 [In 1403-04 Maud de Vere, dowager countess of Oxford, involved herself in an attempt to restore "Richard II" (actually an impostor) to the English throne. There is no obvious reason for this conspiracy except belief in the pseudo-Richard as true king. Maud was pardoned on the request of Queen Joan, the wife of Henry IV. This may have been an effort by Henry to place his new wife in high relief as a source of pardons. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Fifteenth Century , 3., ( 2003):  Pages 25 - 41. Thematic issue: Authority and Subversion
Year of Publication: 2003.

50. Record Number: 8572
Author(s): Laynesmith, J. L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Constructing Queenship at Coventry: Pagentry and Politics at Margaret of Anjou's 'Secret Harbor' [Coventry, one of the largest cities in England, was particularly loyal to Margaret of Anjou. In 1456 she was welcomed there with great pageantry. In these presentations, the queen was compared to the Virgin Mary as the mother of a royal son and to Saint Margaret as a dragon slayer. These ceremonies underlined her power, not that of her feeble husband, but Margaret did not arrogate the king's royal symbols to herself. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Fifteenth Century , 3., ( 2003):  Pages 137 - 147. Thematic issue: Authority and Subversion
Year of Publication: 2003.

51. Record Number: 10902
Author(s): Hornaday, Aline G.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Capetian Queen as Street Demonstrator: Isabelle of Hainaut [The author argues against the standard representation of Isabelle as an abused child whose early death in childbirth is worth only a passing footnote. Hornaday notes instead her courage confronting her husband when he contemplated divorce, her commitment to her regal responsibilities, and her Christian generosity. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Capetian Women.   Edited by Kathleen Nolan .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Fifteenth Century , 3., ( 2003):  Pages 77 - 97.
Year of Publication: 2003.

52. Record Number: 11948
Author(s): Tanner, Heather J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queenship: Office, Custom, or Ad Hoc? The Case of Queen Matilda III of England (1135-1152)
Source: Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady.   Edited by Bonnie Wheeler and John Carmi Parsons The New Middle Ages .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Fifteenth Century , 3., ( 2003):  Pages 133 - 158.
Year of Publication: 2003.

53. Record Number: 11955
Author(s): Parsons, John Carmi.
Contributor(s):
Title : Damned If She Didn't and Damned When She Did: Bodies, Babies, and Bastards in the Lives of Two Queens of France
Source: Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady.   Edited by Bonnie Wheeler and John Carmi Parsons The New Middle Ages .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Fifteenth Century , 3., ( 2003):  Pages 265 - 299.
Year of Publication: 2003.

54. Record Number: 14555
Author(s): Rock, Vivienne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Shadow Royals? The Political Use of the Extended Family of Lady Margaret Beaufort [The author analyzes how Margaret Beaufort made advantageous marriages and positions for her extended family of half and step siblings and their descendants. At the same time these arrangements usually furthered the political aims of the Tudor dynasty. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Family and Dynasty in Late Medieval England: Proceedings of the 1997 Harlaxton Symposium.   Edited by Richard Eales and Shaun Tyas Harlaxton medieval studies .   Shaun Tyas, 2003. Fifteenth Century , 3., ( 2003):  Pages 193 - 210.
Year of Publication: 2003.

55. Record Number: 11657
Author(s): Müller, Matthias
Contributor(s):
Title : Saint, Witch, Man, Maid, or Whore?: Joan of Arc and Writing History [The author analyses English historians' accounts from the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries about Joan of Arc's virginity. Bernau argues that their preoccupation signals larger concerns, not just about religious and political debates, but about the rhetoric of truth and representation in history. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Virginities.   Edited by Anke Bernau, Ruth Evans, and Sarah Salih .   Religion and Culture in the Middle Ages series. University of Wales Press; University of Toronto Press, 2003. Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 30., 1 (Spring 2004):  Pages 214 - 233.
Year of Publication: 2003.

56. Record Number: 11943
Author(s): Brown, Elizabeth A.R.
Contributor(s):
Title : Eleanor of Aquitaine Reconsidered: The Woman and Her Seasons
Source: Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady.   Edited by Bonnie Wheeler and John Carmi Parsons The New Middle Ages .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 30., 1 (Spring 2004):  Pages 1 - 54.
Year of Publication: 2003.

57. Record Number: 10725
Author(s): Lehfeldt, Elizabeth A.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Gender Shared Sovereignty: Texts and the Royal Marriage of Isabella and Ferdinand [The author analyzes the first year of Isabella's and Ferdinand's joint reign through the texts of four chroniclers: Fernando del Pulgar, Alfonso de Palencia, Diego de Valera, and Juan de Flores. Lehfeldt finds that Valera consistently defends Isabella's right to rule, while Palencia is harshly critical much of the time. Flores and Pulgar seemingly tried to avoid committing themselves to either monarch. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women, Texts, and Authority in the Early Modern Spanish World.   Edited by Marta V. Vicente and Luis R. Corteguera .   Ashgate, 2003. Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 30., 1 (Spring 2004):  Pages 37 - 55.
Year of Publication: 2003.

58. Record Number: 10896
Author(s): Mueller, Joan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Agnes of Prague and the Rule of St. Clare
Source: Studies in Spirituality , 13., ( 2003):  Pages 155 - 167.
Year of Publication: 2003.

59. Record Number: 11945
Author(s): Turner, Ralph V.
Contributor(s):
Title : Eleanor of Aquitaine in the Governments of Her Sons Richard and John
Source: Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady.   Edited by Bonnie Wheeler and John Carmi Parsons The New Middle Ages .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Studies in Spirituality , 13., ( 2003):  Pages 77 - 95.
Year of Publication: 2003.

60. Record Number: 10996
Author(s): de Vries, Joyce.
Contributor(s):
Title : Caterina Sforza's Portrait Medals: Power, Gender and Representation in the Italian Renaissance Court [Caterina Sforza ruled Forli and Imola after the murder of her husband. She commissioned a series of portrait medals that established her persona first as a noble young wife, then a widow-ruler, and finally as a triumphant regent. The medals use motifs associated with male political power to indicate her authority and success. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Woman's Art Journal , 24., 1 (Spring/Summer 2003):  Pages 23 - 28.
Year of Publication: 2003.

61. Record Number: 14554
Author(s): Shenton, Caroline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Philippa of Hainault's Churchings: The Politics of Motherhood at the Court of Edward III [The author argues that Philippa's numerous births and subsequent churchings were opportunities to celebrate the growing royal family which had experienced a difficult start. The humiliations of the regency were to be forgotten and the disappointing mother figure of Isabelle, Edward II's queen, was replaced by her son's devotion to the Virgin. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Family and Dynasty in Late Medieval England: Proceedings of the 1997 Harlaxton Symposium.   Edited by Richard Eales and Shaun Tyas Harlaxton medieval studies .   Shaun Tyas, 2003. Woman's Art Journal , 24., 1 (Spring/Summer 2003):  Pages 105 - 121.
Year of Publication: 2003.

62. Record Number: 11950
Author(s): Shadis, Miriam and Constance Hoffman Berman
Contributor(s):
Title : A Taste of the Feast: Reconsidering Eleanor of Aquitaine's Female Descendants [The authors profile Eleanor's female descendants, especially her daughters and their daughters. In the lives of figures including Blanche of Castile and Leonor, queen of Aragon, Shadis and Berman analyze their uses of power in the areas of politics, patronage, and family. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady.   Edited by Bonnie Wheeler and John Carmi Parsons The New Middle Ages .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 30., 1 (Spring 2004):  Pages 177 - 211.
Year of Publication: 2003.

63. Record Number: 8710
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Gender of Lordly Women: The Case of Adela of Blois [The author argues that scholars who view medieval women rulers as "honorary men" are wrong. Instead medieval understandings of gender and lordship situated ruling women like Adela within royal and noble families. While acknowledging that they sometimes needed to act like men, it did not negate their femininity since they fulfilled important roles as daughters, wives, and mothers. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies on Medieval and Early Modern Women: Pawns or Players?   Edited by Christine Meek and Catherine Lawless .   Four Courts Press, 2003. Woman's Art Journal , 24., 1 (Spring/Summer 2003):  Pages 90 - 110.
Year of Publication: 2003.

64. Record Number: 10910
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Historical Ironies in the Study of Capetian Women [The author traces a number of distinctions in French queenship as compared to the case in England. LoPrete signals in particular: the situation in which the more extensive political power of lordly women made the active participation of queens less exceptional, the higher number of royal brides from French noble families which caused women to be drawn into more political controversies, and the emphasis on the sacred importance of the monarchy which conferred additional status on Capetian queens. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Capetian Women.   Edited by Kathleen Nolan .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Woman's Art Journal , 24., 1 (Spring/Summer 2003):  Pages 271 - 286.
Year of Publication: 2003.

65. Record Number: 10904
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Blanche of Castile and Facinger's "Medieval Queenship": Reassessing the Argument [The author examines Facinger's argument for the diminution of Capetian queenly power and holds up Blanche of Castile as a counter argument. Shadis points to her authority and power, often in "non-official" venues, as mother and regent, arguing that she shows a solid and consistent exercise of queenship. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Capetian Women.   Edited by Kathleen Nolan .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Woman's Art Journal , 24., 1 (Spring/Summer 2003):  Pages 137 - 161.
Year of Publication: 2003.

66. Record Number: 10559
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Princesses of Chernigov (1054-1246) [The author investigates around fifty princesses from seven generations in the Chernihiv dynasty. He describes their responsibilities, family relationships, and involvements with politics. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Mediaeval Studies , 65., ( 2003):  Pages 163 - 212.
Year of Publication: 2003.

67. Record Number: 8838
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Alice of Antioch: A Case Study of Female Power in the Twelfth Century [The author analyzes Alice's efforts to gain power in Antioch following the death of her husband, Bohemond II. Her young daughter Constance was the next in line, but Alice set up an independent lordship in exile and again attempted to seize power in Antioch in 1135. Her efforts were not successful, but the author argues that scholars should give her life fair consideration rather than be influenced by William of Tyre's negative portrayal of her. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Experience of Crusading. Volume Two: Defining the Crusader Kingdom.   Edited by Peter Edbury and Jonathan Phillips .   Cambridge University Press, 2003. Mediaeval Studies , 65., ( 2003):  Pages 29 - 47.
Year of Publication: 2003.

68. Record Number: 11953
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Reciprocal Loyalty of Eleanor of Aquitaine and William Marshal
Source: Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady.   Edited by Bonnie Wheeler and John Carmi Parsons The New Middle Ages .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Mediaeval Studies , 65., ( 2003):  Pages 237 - 245.
Year of Publication: 2003.

69. Record Number: 10905
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Two Capetian Queens as the Foreground for an Aristocrats's Anxiety in the "Vie de Saint Louis" [The author argues that Joinville's text is really about his own qualities in comparison to the king's. His close relationship with the queen Margaret emphasizes the political side of the barons in their struggle with the monarchy. It also demonstrates Joinville's admirable qualities compared to the king's strange coldness toward his wife and children. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Capetian Women.   Edited by Kathleen Nolan .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Mediaeval Studies , 65., ( 2003):  Pages 163 - 176.
Year of Publication: 2003.

70. Record Number: 9720
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Affairs of State: The Illegitimate Children of Henry I [Appendix A lists and comments on the twenty-five illegitimate children acknowledged by Henry I].
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 29., 2 (June 2003):  Pages 129 - 151.
Year of Publication: 2003.

71. Record Number: 8071
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Public Exposure? Consorts and Ritual in Late Medieval Europe: The Example of the Entrance of the Dogaresse of Venice [The author argues that the ceremonial processions of the wives of the new doges both contained and empowered these women. The ceremonies had something in common with coronation rites and with wedding ceremonies. The peculiar conditions governing the doge's political power meant that dynastic succession (and his consort's fertility) were not issues of concern. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Gendering the Master Narrative: Women and Power in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Mary C. Erler and Maryanne Kowaleski .   Cornell University Press, 2003. Journal of Medieval History , 29., 2 (June 2003):  Pages 174 - 189.
Year of Publication: 2003.

72. Record Number: 11944
Author(s): de La Roncière, Charles M. Bourel.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queen Eleanor and Aquitaine, 1137-1189 [The author analyzes 50 surviving charters which Eleanor issued in Aquitaine. While she served as Louis VII's agent, she had more authority during the early years of her marriage to Henry II. Following the long years of confinement ordered by Henry, Elean
Source: Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady.   Edited by Bonnie Wheeler and John Carmi Parsons The New Middle Ages .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Journal of Medieval History , 29., 2 (June 2003):  Pages 55 - 76.
Year of Publication: 2003.

73. Record Number: 11952
Author(s): Bouchard, Constance Brittain.
Contributor(s):
Title : Eleanor's Divorce from Louis VII: The Uses of Consanguinity
Source: Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady.   Edited by Bonnie Wheeler and John Carmi Parsons The New Middle Ages .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Journal of Medieval History , 29., 2 (June 2003):  Pages 223 - 235.
Year of Publication: 2003.

74. Record Number: 10816
Author(s): Raffensperger, Christian.
Contributor(s):
Title : Evpraksia Vsevolodovna between East and West [Eupraxia, daughter of the Grand Prince of Kiev, was married to the German rulers, though both alliances were short-lived. Raffensperger argues that her life illustrates the European connections that Russian princes maintained at this time through dynastic marriages. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Russian History , 30., 40180 (Spring-Summer 2003):  Pages 23 - 34.
Year of Publication: 2003.

75. Record Number: 11654
Author(s): Hughes, Jonathan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Alchemy and the Exploration of Late Medieval Sexuality [The author explores the natural philosophic principles which, for physicians and alchemists, governed sexuality, conception, and masculinity. Case studies of Henry VI and Edward IV demonstrate ways in which alchemy was used to physic the King. The source of trouble was sometimes identified as a malevolent woman, a witch, or a supernatual threat like the half-serpent Melusine. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Virginities.   Edited by Anke Bernau, Ruth Evans, and Sarah Salih .   Religion and Culture in the Middle Ages series. University of Wales Press; University of Toronto Press, 2003. Russian History , 30., 40180 (Spring-Summer 2003):  Pages 140 - 166.
Year of Publication: 2003.

76. Record Number: 11962
Author(s): Martindale, Jane.
Contributor(s):
Title : Epilogue: Eleanor of Aquitaine and a "Queenly Court"?
Source: Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady.   Edited by Bonnie Wheeler and John Carmi Parsons The New Middle Ages .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Russian History , 30., 40180 (Spring-Summer 2003):  Pages 423 - 439.
Year of Publication: 2003.

77. Record Number: 10909
Author(s): Mulder-Bakker, Anneke.
Contributor(s):
Title : Jeanne of Valois: The Power of a Consort [The author argues that Jeanne of Valois exercised a variety of divergent powers in part changing with the stage of her lifecycle. Even as a widow in retirement at the family monastery, she was sought as a mediator for disagreements ranging from family feuds to international conflict. Title notes supplied by Feminae. ].
Source: Capetian Women.   Edited by Kathleen Nolan .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Russian History , 30., 40180 (Spring-Summer 2003):  Pages 253 - 269.
Year of Publication: 2003.

78. Record Number: 11951
Author(s): Brundage, James A.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Canon Law of Divorce in the Mid-Twelfth Century: Louis VII c. Eleanor of Aquitaine
Source: Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady.   Edited by Bonnie Wheeler and John Carmi Parsons The New Middle Ages .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Russian History , 30., 40180 (Spring-Summer 2003):  Pages 213 - 221.
Year of Publication: 2003.

79. Record Number: 11954
Author(s): McCracken, Peggy.
Contributor(s):
Title : Scandalizing Desire: Eleanor of Aquitaine and the Chroniclers
Source: Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady.   Edited by Bonnie Wheeler and John Carmi Parsons The New Middle Ages .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Russian History , 30., 40180 (Spring-Summer 2003):  Pages 247 - 263.
Year of Publication: 2003.

80. Record Number: 10900
Author(s): Huneycutt, Lois L.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Creation of a Crone: The Historical Reputation of Adelaide of Maurienne [The author cites a story from a seventeenth century history which portrays Adelaide as a spiteful and lascivious old woman. Hunneycutt argues that Adelaide confused contemporaries by acting as an integral part of the monarchy. Her second marriage also caused concern. Adeliza of Louvain, by contrast, did not take an active role in government and is remembered chiefly for her beauty. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Capetian Women.   Edited by Kathleen Nolan .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Russian History , 30., 40180 (Spring-Summer 2003):  Pages 27 - 43.
Year of Publication: 2003.

81. Record Number: 11947
Author(s): Huneycutt, Lois L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Alianora Regina Anglorum: Eleanor of Aquitaine and Her Anglo-Norman Predecessors as Queens of England [The author analyzes four queens: Matilda of Flanders, wife of William I the Conqueror; Matilda of Scotland, wife of Henry I; Adeliza of Louvain, wife of Henry I; and Matilda of Boulogne, wife of Stephen of England. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady.   Edited by Bonnie Wheeler and John Carmi Parsons The New Middle Ages .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Russian History , 30., 40180 (Spring-Summer 2003):  Pages 115 - 132.
Year of Publication: 2003.

82. Record Number: 10649
Author(s): MacLean, Simon.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queenship, Nunneries, and Royal Widowhood in Carolingian Europe [The author traces the political implications of these three phenomena which came together very strongly during the second half of the ninth century. MacLean uses case studies of Empress Richgard's management of the monastery of Andlau in Alsace and of Empress Engelberga's administration of S. Sisto in Piacenza, Italy. In both instances the royal widows drew on natal family ties and regional connections to establish their authority. MacLean suggests that the rise in queenly influence at this period was in part an effort to establish a moral role for queens whose reputations had been badly tarnished by such events as Lothar's divorce. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Past and Present , 178., (February 2003):  Pages 3 - 38.
Year of Publication: 2003.

83. Record Number: 10899
Author(s): Adair, Penelope Ann.
Contributor(s):
Title : Constance of Arles: A Study in Duty and Frustration [Constance's struggle to conserve financial resources put her in conflict with both her husband and sons. This difficulty coupled with other notable handicaps, including suspicion of her as a foreigner and her husband's less than full support, doomed this
Source: Capetian Women.   Edited by Kathleen Nolan .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Past and Present , 178., (February 2003):  Pages 9 - 26.
Year of Publication: 2003.

84. Record Number: 8806
Author(s): Parsons, John Carmi.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Medieval Aristocratic Teenaged Female: Adolescent or Adult? [The author argues that there was a more "fluid scale of ages" for women than for men, particularly involving royalty and the nobility. Young women could act decisively and authoritatively when helping their husbands or protecting their children. Parsons points to the case of Isabelle of Hainaut who at fourteen performed a dramatic public prayer to win public support and prevent her husband's planned divorce. Elizabeth Plantagenet, Countess of Holland, at fiften years enlisted the help of the Hague's burgers to rescue her young husband who had been kidnapped by the regent. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Premodern Teenager: Youth in Society, 1150-1650.   Edited by Konrad Eisenbichler .   Publications of the Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies, Essays and Studies, 1. Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies, 2002. New Medieval Literatures , 5., ( 2002):  Pages 311 - 321.
Year of Publication: 2002.

85. Record Number: 8878
Author(s): Armstrong, Dorsey.
Contributor(s):
Title : In or Out? Origins of Court Eunuchs [The author provides a brief overview of eunuchs at royal courts, emphasizing the late Roman Empire and Byzantium. He is interested in particular in the ethnic origins of eunuchs and whether some were castrated in their home countries for sale to royal courts. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Eunuchs in Antiquity and Beyond.   Edited by Shaun Tougher .   Classical Press of Wales and Duckworth, 2002. Fifteenth Century , 3., ( 2003):  Pages 143 - 159.
Year of Publication: 2002.

86. Record Number: 8879
Author(s): Sidéris, Georges
Contributor(s):
Title : Eunuchs of Light: Power, Imperial Ceremonial, and Positive Representations of Eunuchs in Byzantium (4th-12th Centuries A.D.) [The author presents cases in which eunuchs were praised, generally for their piety, beauty, or similarity to angels. The author argues that these favorable views usually were expressed because eunuchs held important roles in the imperial court with direct access to power. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Eunuchs in Antiquity and Beyond.   Edited by Shaun Tougher .   Classical Press of Wales and Duckworth, 2002. Fifteenth Century , 3., ( 2003):  Pages 161 - 175.
Year of Publication: 2002.

87. Record Number: 6617
Author(s): Randolph, Adrian W. B.
Contributor(s):
Title : Renaissance Household Goddesses: Fertility, Politics, and the Gendering of the Spectatorship [the author argues that these terracotta statuettes of Dovizia (a woman with a basket of fruit on her head who is leading a little boy), based on Donatello's statue now lost, can be read both as an embodiment of wealth and fertility and as a political, public symbol of the city and reminder of the pre-Medicean era; the author explores the implications of both female and male spectatorship].
Source: The Material Culture of Sex, Procreation, and Marriage in Premodern Europe.   Edited by Anne L. McClanan and Karen Rosoff Encarnación .   Palgrave, 2002. Fifteenth Century , 3., ( 2003):  Pages 163 - 189.
Year of Publication: 2002.

88. Record Number: 10532
Author(s): McLennan, Graham.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Lady of Caesarea: A Colonist in Outremer
Source: Our Medieval Heritage: Essays in Honour of John Tillotson for His 60th Birthday.   Edited by Linda Rasmussen, Valerie Spear, and Dianne Tillotson .   Merton Priory Press, 2002. Fifteenth Century , 3., ( 2003):  Pages 172 - 184.
Year of Publication: 2002.

89. Record Number: 8283
Author(s): Bratsch-Prince, Dawn
Contributor(s):
Title : Pawn or Player? Violant of Bar and the Game of Matrimonial Politics in the Crown of Aragon (1380-1396) [The author argues that Violant of Bar actively participated in arranging politically advantageous marriages for her children as well as for members of her court. The Appendix presents the Catalan texts along with English translations of ten of her letters concerning some of her marriage arrangements. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Marriage and Sexuality in Medieval and Early Modern Iberia. Hispanic Issues, Volume 26.   Edited by Eukene Lacarra Lanz .   Routledge, 2002. Fifteenth Century , 3., ( 2003):  Pages 59 - 89.
Year of Publication: 2002.

90. Record Number: 10457
Author(s): Blanton-Whetsell, Virginia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Tota integra, tota incorrupta: The Shrine of St. Aethelthryth as Symbol of Monastic Autonomy [The author examines the "Liber Eliensis," a Latin compilation of charters, deeds, and other documents chronicling the history of Saint Etheldreda, her shrine, and the male monastery on the island of Ely. Norman monks were introduced to Ely by William the Conqueror, but they identified with their protective saint against both royal and episcopal interests. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (Full Text via Project Muse) 32, 2 (Spring 2002): 227-267. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2002.

91. Record Number: 9333
Author(s): Cain, James D.
Contributor(s):
Title : Unnatural History: Gender and Genealogy in Gerald of Wales's "Topographia Hibernica" [In his text, the "Topographia Hibernica," Giradus Cambrensis had two major complaints about the Irish: their sexual immorality and their difficulties in organizing themselves politically. He saw these as symptoms of the lack of self-restraint which plagued the country in many different ways. The Anglo-Normans attempted to impose order in Ireland through inheritance favoring the eldest son and marriage according to the dictates of the Church. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Essays in Medieval Studies (Full Text via Project Muse) 19 (2002): 29-43. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2002.

92. Record Number: 7401
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage, Sexual Pleasure, and Learned Brides in the Wedding Orations of Fifteenth-Century Italy
Source: Renaissance Quarterly , 55., 2 (Summer 2002):  Pages 379 - 433.
Year of Publication: 2002.

93. Record Number: 9331
Author(s): Monahan, Jennifer.
Contributor(s):
Title : Reading Matilda: The Self-Fashioning of a Duchess [The author examines how Matilda, Countess of Tuscany, identified herself in documents in order to understand what kind of image she fashioned for herself as a female ruler. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Essays in Medieval Studies (Full Text via Project Muse) 19 (2002): 1-13. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2002.

94. Record Number: 6638
Author(s): Lewis, Katherine J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Becoming a Virgin King: Richard II and Edward the Confessor [the author argues that Richard's devotion to Edward the Confessor was part of his effort to deal with anxieties concerning his childlessness and status as the king; the Wilton Diptych expresses his unique identity as a chaste virgin with the implication that it required a special strength and holiness].
Source: Gender and Holiness: Men, Women, and Saints in Late Medieval Europe.   Edited by Samantha J. E. Riches and Sarah Salih .   Routledge, 2002.  Pages 86 - 100.
Year of Publication: 2002.

95. Record Number: 9359
Author(s): Mladjov, Ian S. R.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Case of Iusta Grata Honoria and Imperial Women in Late Antiquity
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 28., ( 2002):  Pages 25 - 27.
Year of Publication: 2002.

96. Record Number: 7134
Author(s): Warren, Nancy Bradley.
Contributor(s):
Title : Monastic Politics: St. Colette of Corbie, Franciscan Reform, and the House of Burgundy
Source: New Medieval Literatures , 5., ( 2002):  Pages 203 - 228.
Year of Publication: 2002.

97. Record Number: 6352
Author(s): Carruthers, Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Agony of Influence [The author reflects on her career and on her approach to medieval texts].
Source: Medieval Feminist Forum , 31., (Spring 2001):  Pages 43 - 47.
Year of Publication: 2001.

98. Record Number: 7136
Author(s): Rizzo, Catia Renzi.
Contributor(s):
Title : Riflessioni sulla lettera di Berta di Toscana al califfo Muktafî: l'apporto congiunto dei dati archeologici e delle fonti scritte [To counter Byzantine and other interests in the western Mediterranean, Bertha of Tuscany tried opening diplomatic relations with the reigning caliph. The effort failed when his envoy died on the way to visit her. Bertha's efforts were supported by the mineral wealth of Tuscany. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Archivio Storico Italiano , 159., 587 ( 2001):  Pages 3 - 47.
Year of Publication: 2001.

99. Record Number: 7440
Author(s): Golinelli, Paolo.
Contributor(s):
Title : L'Italia dopo la lotta per le investiture: la questione dell'eredità matildica [Matilda of Tuscany acquired the lands of the Canossa line, the possessions of the Marquisate of Tuscany, and various territorial acquisitions. After her death some of the territories were lost to other hands, including local self-rule. The remainder became an additional bone of contention between the Empire and the papacy. The remaining inheritance finally became one basis of the Papal States. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studi Medievali , 42., 2 (Dicembre 2001):  Pages 509 - 528.
Year of Publication: 2001.

100. Record Number: 7816
Author(s): Johns, Susan M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Poetry and Prayer: Women and Politics of Spiritual Relationships in the Early Twelfth Century
Source: European Review of History , 8., 1 ( 2001):  Pages 7 - 22.
Year of Publication: 2001.

101. Record Number: 9051
Author(s): Marvin, Julia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Albine and Isabelle: Regicidal Queens and the Historical Imagination of the Anglo-Norman Prose "Brut" Chronicles [The author argues that the prose continuators of the "Brut," particularly the author of the "Long Continuation," draw connections between Albine, the rebellious daughter of a noble king who kills her royal husband and is exiled to a distant isle that she names Albion, and Queen Isabella of France, who plotted with Roger Mortimer to kill her husband, King Edward II, and usurp his power. The Appendix presents an edition of the prose prologue to the "Long Version" of the Anglo-Norman prose "Brut" with a facing page English translation. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Arthurian Literature , 18., ( 2001):  Pages 143 - 191.
Year of Publication: 2001.

102. Record Number: 13636
Author(s): Denis, Françoise.
Contributor(s):
Title : Primauté d'une politique territoriale dans certains marriages épiques. "Raoul de Cambrai": un cas exemplaire? [The author analyzes the marriages arranged for territorial gain by the king in the epic "Raoul de Cambrai." The king wants to bind the territories in northeast France, including Artois and Ponthieu, to him by installing loyal new men as the husbands of heiresses and widowed noble women. The text is critical of the king's all powerful, ruthless approach. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: L' Épopée romane au moyen âge et aux temps modernes: Actes du XIVe Congrès International de la Société Rencesvals pour l' étude des épopées romanes: Naples, 24-30 juillet 1997. 2 volumes.   Edited by Salvatore Luongo .   Fridericiana Editrice Universitaria, 2001. Arthurian Literature , 18., ( 2001):  Pages 213 - 227.
Year of Publication: 2001.

103. Record Number: 13638
Author(s): Ion, Despina.
Contributor(s):
Title : Politique matrimoniale et stratégies narratives dans "Garin le Loheren" [The author explores the marriage exchanges made by the king, Pippin, which sometimes favor the noble men from Lorraine and sometimes instead help their rivals, the nobles from Bordeaux. There is a great deal of maneuvering with the group from Bordeaux declaring matches invalid. Marriage is generally with a higher ranked woman which confers status and resources on the new husband. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: L' Épopée romane au moyen âge et aux temps modernes: Actes du XIVe Congrès International de la Société Rencesvals pour l' étude des épopées romanes: Naples, 24-30 juillet 1997. 2 volumes.   Edited by Salvatore Luongo .   Fridericiana Editrice Universitaria, 2001. Arthurian Literature , 18., ( 2001):  Pages 247 - 265.
Year of Publication: 2001.

104. Record Number: 15867
Author(s): Deliyannis, Deborah Mauskopf.
Contributor(s):
Title : Bury me in Ravenna? Appropriating Galla Placidia's Body in the Middle Ages [The author argues that twelfth and thirteenth century writers in Ravenna emphasized the importance of Empress Galla Placidia and her supposed burial site. In so doing they sought to glorify the city's importance during troubled political times. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studi Medievali , 42., 1 (Giugno 2001):  Pages 289 - 299.
Year of Publication: 2001.

105. Record Number: 6050
Author(s): Ferrante, Joan M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Licet longinquis regionibus corpore separati: Letters as a Link in and to the Middle Ages [in a presidential address delivered to the Medieval Academy of America, Ferrante describes the goals and contents of the online database "Epistolae" (http://db.ccnmtl.columbia.edu/Ferrante/about2.html) that presents the texts of letters from and to women, 4th through 13th centuries; the author traces a number of themes from the letters including women's involvement in public struggles, support of women by other women, and strong relationships between women and men].
Source: Speculum , 76., 4 (October 2001):  Pages 877 - 895.
Year of Publication: 2001.

106. Record Number: 6022
Author(s): Wailes, Stephen L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Beyond Virginity: Flesh and Spirit in the Plays of Hrotsvit of Gandersheim [The author argues that the theme of Hrotsvit's plays is the flesh versus the spirit not virginity as many earlier critics have maintained. The author uses the heroines' names for the titles of four of the plays ("Agape, Chiona, and Hurena" in place of "Dulcitius"; "Drusiana" in place of "Calimachus"; "Maria" in place of "Abraham"; and "Thais" in place of "Pafnutius") while the author retains the traditional titles for "Gallicanus" and "Sapientia".]
Source: Speculum , 76., 1 ( 2001):  Pages 1 - 27. Full-text of Dulcitus and Gallicanus in English (from the Medieval Sourcebook).
Year of Publication: 2001.

107. Record Number: 5791
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Donatello's Bronze "David" and "Judith" as Metaphors of Medici Rule in Florence
Source: Art Bulletin , 83., 1 (March 2001):  Pages 32 - 47.
Year of Publication: 2001.

108. Record Number: 6738
Author(s): Tessera, Miriam Rita.
Contributor(s):
Title : Philip Count of Flanders and Hildegard of Bingen: Crusading against the Saracens or Crusading against Deadly Sin? [The Count wrote to Hildegard for her prophetic advice on his imminent departure for the Crusades. The mission had been imposed as penance for his brutal execution of a man believed to be his wife's lover and other ill-judged actions. Hildegard in her reply ignored political and military concerns and urged him to purge his heart of sin. Latin texts of the two letters are appended. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Gendering the Crusades.   Edited by Susan B. Edgington and Sarah Lambert .   University of Wales Press, 2001. Art Bulletin , 83., 1 (March 2001):  Pages 77 - 93.
Year of Publication: 2001.

109. Record Number: 7201
Author(s): Léglu, Catherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Did Women Perform Satirical Poetry? "Trobairitz" and "Soldadeiras" in Medieval Occitan Poetry [The author argues that women performed some satirical and political poems before audiences. Modern scholars have been slow to recognize women's roles as performers, particularly in the case of these poems that do not concern love, the topic deemed by scholars to be most suitable for women. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Forum for Modern Language Studies , 37., 1 (January 2001):  Pages 15 - 25.
Year of Publication: 2001.

110. Record Number: 5890
Author(s): Niyogi, Ruma.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender, Politics, and Imperial Legitimation in Byzantium, 1028-1057 [The author examines the role of Zoe and Theodora as political legitimators].
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 27., ( 2001):  Pages 33
Year of Publication: 2001.

111. Record Number: 8666
Author(s): Olsen, Karin.
Contributor(s):
Title : Cynewulf's Elene: From Empress to Saint [The author explores some of the themes in Cynewulf's poem about Saint Helen. These include the literary portrayal of women with power, the figure of the pious and chaste female leader who needs to follow a male commander, parallels with real-life female rulers like Aethelflaed, and Elene's emotional problems including her irrationality and difficulties controlling her temper. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Germanic Texts and Latin Models: Medieval Reconstructions.   Edited by K. E. Olsen, A. Harbus, and T. Hofstra .   Based on papers presented at an international conference held July 1-3, 1998 at the University of Groningen. Peeters, 2001. Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 27., ( 2001):  Pages 141 - 156.
Year of Publication: 2001.

112. Record Number: 6742
Author(s): Schein, Sylvia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women in Medieval Colonial Society: The Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem in the Twelfth Century [The author argues that noble and royal women in the Crusader Kingdom had a better legal status and more freedom of action than women in Europe because the conditions of constant war often overruled traditional gender roles. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Gendering the Crusades.   Edited by Susan B. Edgington and Sarah Lambert .   University of Wales Press, 2001. Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 27., ( 2001):  Pages 140 - 153.
Year of Publication: 2001.

113. Record Number: 6188
Author(s): Federico, Sylvia.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Imaginary Society: Women in 1381 [the author argues that historians have not recognized that women figured both as rebels and victims in the Rising of June 1381; the author uses a variety of primary sources including a pardon roll, evidence from the Court of Common Pleas and special royal commissions, and literary works by Chaucer and Gower as well as Knighton's "Chronicle" and Walsingham's "Historia Anglicana"].
Source: Journal of British Studies (Full Text via JSTOR) 40, 2 (April 2001): 159-183 Link Info
Year of Publication: 2001.

114. Record Number: 6435
Author(s): Stafford, Pauline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Powerful Women in the Early Middle Ages: Queens and Abbesses [the author compares the network of royal women originating from the tenth century Ottonians with the royal women in the seventh century English kingdoms; she examines the structures (including family, monasteries, queenship, and regencies) through which women exercised power].
Source: The Medieval World.   Edited by Peter Linehan and Janet L. Nelson .   Routledge, 2001.  Pages 398 - 415.
Year of Publication: 2001.

115. Record Number: 6184
Author(s): Crawford, Anne.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Queen's Council in the Middle Ages [the author traces the evidence available for the queen's council, looking at its judicial, administrative, and advisory functions; queens whose councils are discussed in some detail include Eleanor of Provence, Eleanor of Castile, Philippa of Hainault, Margaret of Anjou, and Elizabeth Woodville].
Source: English Historical Review , 116., 469 (November 2001):  Pages 1193 - 1211.
Year of Publication: 2001.

116. Record Number: 11180
Author(s): Duncan, David J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Scholarly Views of Shajarat Al-Durr: A Need for Consensus [Shajarat Al-Durr rose from the Mamluk harem to dominance of Egypt at the time of Louis IX's crusade. She gained power through one husband and placed a second on the throne, exercising power through allies as well as ruling briefly in her own right. During this time she freed the captured Louis IX for a very large ransom and regained Damietta from the Crusaders. Her murder of her second husband led to her downfall and execution. Most accounts of her life, even the feminist ones, give only a partial account of her achievements. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Arab Studies Quarterly , 22., 1 (Winter 2000):  Pages 51 - 69.
Year of Publication: 2000.

117. Record Number: 4495
Author(s): Hill, Barbara
Contributor(s):
Title : Actions Speak Louder Than Words: Anna Komnene's Attempted Usurpation
Source: Anna Komnene and Her Times.   Edited by Thalia Gouma-Peterson .   Garland Publishing, 2000. Arab Studies Quarterly , 22., 1 (Winter 2000):  Pages 45 - 62.
Year of Publication: 2000.

118. Record Number: 4637
Author(s): Gibbons, Rachel C.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Queen as "Social Mannequin." Consumerism and Expenditure at the Court of Isabeau of Bavaria, 1393- 1422
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 26., 4 (December 2000):  Pages 371 - 395.
Year of Publication: 2000.

119. Record Number: 5593
Author(s): Evans, Michael R.
Contributor(s):
Title : Twenty-Fourth Saint Louis Conference on Manuscript Studies: Abstracts of Papers, Friday, 10 October 1997, Session II--Women of the Book: Düsseldorf, Landes-und Universitätsbibliothek Sammelhandschrift B. 3 and Its Place in Carolingian Literary Culture. [the author argues that the manuscript was completed by or for a woman based on the selection of the fourteen texts included; the saints' lives, prayers, and romances all demonstrate a pronounced interest in female characters and women's concerns; the courtesy texts in the manuscript would have been used by women in the education of their children or others' children in their charge].
Source: Christianizing peoples and converting individuals.   Edited by Guyda Armstrong and Ian N. Wood International Medieval Research .   Brepols, 2000. Journal of Medieval History , 26., 4 (December 2000):  Pages 195 - 2002.
Year of Publication: 2000.

120. Record Number: 6307
Author(s): Todt, Klaus-Peter.
Contributor(s):
Title : Die Frau als Selbstherrscher: Kaiserin Theodora. Die letzte Angehörige der makedonischen Dynastie
Source: Jahrbuch der Österreichischen Byzantinistik , 50., ( 2000):  Pages 139 - 171.
Year of Publication: 2000.

121. Record Number: 6309
Author(s): Kampers, Gerd.
Contributor(s):
Title : Caretena--Königin und Asketin: Mosaiksteine zum Bild einer burgundischen Herrscherin
Source: Francia , 27., 1 ( 2000):  Pages 1 - 32.
Year of Publication: 2000.

122. Record Number: 6313
Author(s): Speck, Paul.
Contributor(s):
Title : Die Frauen und Söhne Konstantins V. und die Sicherung der Nachfolge
Source: Byzantinische Zeitschrift , 93., ( 2000):  Pages 568 - 585.
Year of Publication: 2000.

123. Record Number: 4607
Author(s): Kay, Sarah.
Contributor(s):
Title : Audacious Nuns: Institutionalizing the Franciscan Order of Saint Clare [The author analyzes the legal and political struggles between the Poor Clares and the male Franciscan order, with the women finally successful in ensuring that the Franciscans would provide them with spiritual care].
Source: Church History , 69., 1 (March 2000):  Pages 41 - 62.
Year of Publication: 2000.

124. Record Number: 4598
Author(s): Lehfeldt, Elizabeth A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ruling Sexuality: The Political Legitimacy of Isabel of Castile
Source: Renaissance Quarterly (Full Text via JSTOR) 53, 1 (Spring 2000): 31-56. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2000.

125. Record Number: 4833
Author(s): Scott, Karen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Catherine of Siena and Lay Sanctity in Fourteenth-Century Italy [The author argues that Catherine's status as a Dominican tertiary without monastic vows or enclosure made her a lay person; in her preaching, letters, writings, and active involvement in Church and secular politics, she emphasized the roles of the laity]
Source: Lay Sanctity, Medieval and Modern: A Search for Models.   Edited by Ann W. Astell .   University of Notre Dame Press, 2000.  Pages 77 - 90.
Year of Publication: 2000.

126. Record Number: 4748
Author(s): Herrin, Judith
Contributor(s):
Title : The Imperial Feminine in Byzantium [the author argues that Byzantine tradition provided for occasions when empresses had to assume power; this did not challenge the patriarchal order nor did it establish a fixed role for empresses; however, empresses had three sure resources (role as imperial hostess, mother of the emperor's heir, and power over the quarters, staff, and treasury of the empress) which allowed them to take an often active role in politics].
Source: Past and Present , 169., (November 2000):  Pages 3 - 35. Reproduced in Unrivalled Influence: Women and Empire in Byzantium. By Judith Herrin. Princeton University Press, 2013. Pages 161-193.
Year of Publication: 2000.

127. Record Number: 16570
Author(s): Wilkinson, Louise.
Contributor(s):
Title : Pawn and Political Player: Observations on the Life of a Thirteenth-Century Countess
Source: Historical Research , 73., 181 (June 2000):  Pages 105 - 123.
Year of Publication: 2000.

128. Record Number: 5452
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Transformations of the "buona Gualdrada" Legend from Boccaccio to Vasari: A Study in the Politics of Florentine Narrative [the story was told that Gualdrada's father offered to order her to kiss the visiting Emperor Otho IV; she refused indignantly and reminded her father of his responsibilities to make a good marriage for her; for Boccaccio Gualdrada's act is a symbol of republican virtue, while for Vasari Gualdrada represents contemporary Florence and Cosimo de Medici, resisting the influence of Emperor Charles V].
Source: Women in Italian Renaissance Culture and Society.   Edited by Letizia Panizza .   European Humanities Research Centre, University of Oxford, 2000. Historical Research , 73., 181 (June 2000):  Pages 401 - 420.
Year of Publication: 2000.

129. Record Number: 5058
Author(s): McFadden, Brian.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sleeping After the Feast: Deathbeds, Marriage Beds, and the Power Structure of Heorot
Source: Neophilologus , 84., 4 (October 2000):  Pages 629 - 646.
Year of Publication: 2000.

130. Record Number: 4469
Author(s): Phillips, Kim M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Written on the Body: Reading Rape from the Twelfth to Fifteenth Centuries [the author argues that English law and legal treatises give evidence of three phases over time in the understanding of rape: 1) The raped body as bleeding and violently assaulted 2) Rape as the violation of virginity 3) The raped body as absent, a body that has been feloniously abducted].
Source: Medieval Women and the Law.   Edited by Noël James Menuge .   Boydell Press, 2000. Neophilologus , 84., 4 (October 2000):  Pages 125 - 144.
Year of Publication: 2000.

131. Record Number: 5717
Author(s): Ives, Eric.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marrying for Love: The Experience of Edward IV and Henry VIII [a brief treatment aimed at a popular audience; there are no footnotes].
Source: History Today , 50., 12 (December 2000):  Pages 48 - 53.
Year of Publication: 2000.

132. Record Number: 4779
Author(s): Jestice, Phyllis G.
Contributor(s):
Title : Eternal Flame: State Formation, Deviant Architecture, and the Monumentality of Same-Sex Eroticism in the "Roman d'Eneas" ["My argument in this essay has been that in the heteronormative sexual and political economy of early Old French romance we can reclaim the disrputive effects of dialogism and desire, as well as the potentially subversive trace of the silencing of the other (a rhetorical strategy that is itself far from silent) in the historical process of state formation and in the ongoing processes of constructing national political identities." Page 310].
Source: GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies (Full Text via Project Muse) 6, 2 (2000): 287-319. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2000.

133. Record Number: 6853
Author(s): Williamson, Magnus.
Contributor(s):
Title : Royal Image-Making and Textual Interplay in Gilbert Banaster's "O Maria et Elizabeth" [The author argues that Banaster's motet was commissioned to celebrate Elizabeth of York's Pregnancy in 1486 through music for the Feast of the Visitation. Henry VII was anxious to bolster Tudor legitimacy and an heir from Edward IV's daughter was greatly desired. The Latin text and translation of "O Maria et Elizabeth" is reproduced on pages 244-245. The appendices reproduce Banaster's poem, "Miraculum sancti Thome martyris," which was written in English and a list of the corrodies granted by the Crown to Banaster. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Early Music History , 19., ( 2000):  Pages 237 - 278.
Year of Publication: 2000.

134. Record Number: 4494
Author(s): Magdalino, Paul.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Pen of the Aunt: Echoes of the Mid-Twelfth Century in the "Alexiad" [the author examines Anna's image of her father where his piety and concern for learning receive just as much emphasis as his military prowess; the author suggests that Anna in her writing frequently reacted to circumstances concerning the reigning emperor, Manuel, whom she disliked].
Source: Full-text of the Alexiad in English (from the Medieval Sourcebook)
Year of Publication: 2000.

135. Record Number: 5441
Author(s): Welch, Evelyn S.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women as Patrons and Clients in the Courts of Quattrocento Italy [The author examines cases of "clientelismo" in Italian courts involving duchesses and their household staff in relationships with groups ranging from clients to religious houses].
Source: Women in Italian Renaissance Culture and Society.   Edited by Letizia Panizza .   European Humanities Research Centre, University of Oxford, 2000.  Pages 18 - 34.
Year of Publication: 2000.

136. Record Number: 4622
Author(s): Winer, Rebecca Lynn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Defining Rape in Medieval Perpignan: Women Plaintiffs Before the Law [the Appendix provides editions of one release and one pardon in Latin written in the 1270s].
Source: Viator , 31., ( 2000):  Pages 165 - 183.
Year of Publication: 2000.

137. Record Number: 3778
Author(s): Evergates, Theodore.
Contributor(s):
Title : Aristocratic Women in the County of Champagne [The author explores three roles of noble women in Champagne: as countesses, as married women, and as nuns].
Source: Aristocratic Women in Medieval France.   Edited by Theodore Evergates .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999. Viator , 30., ( 1999):  Pages 74 - 110.
Year of Publication: 1999.

138. Record Number: 5149
Author(s): Meyer, Marc Anthony.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queens, Convents, and Conversion in Early Anglo-Saxon England [the author argues for the importance of royal and noble women who made politically strategic marriages, in part to convert pagans; some of these same women were then charged with ruling newly founded monasteries or double houses and passed on to their daughters this unique opportunity for exercising power].
Source: Revue Bénédictine , 109., 40180 ( 1999):  Pages 90 - 116.
Year of Publication: 1999.

139. Record Number: 6288
Author(s): Weinfurter, Stefan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Kaiserin Adelheid und das ottonische Kaisertum
Source: Frühmittelalterliche Studien , 33., ( 1999):  Pages 1 - 19.
Year of Publication: 1999.

140. Record Number: 6678
Author(s): Tamburri, Pascual.
Contributor(s):
Title : Bianca, regina di Sicilia e di Navarra: Pamplona (Spagna), 26-29 ottobre 1998 [this conference focused on Bianca, daughter of Charles III of Navarre; through successive husbands she was queen of Sicily and then of Navarre; her marriage to Martin "the Younger" of Sicily was just one of several ties between Navarre and the island kingdom; her marriage to Juan II, King of Navarre, helped their claim to the Navarrese throne in succession to her father, who lacked a male heir].
Source: Quaderni Medievali , 47., (giugno 1999):  Pages 289 - 294.
Year of Publication: 1999.

141. Record Number: 7069
Author(s): Downie, Fiona.
Contributor(s):
Title : And They Lived Happily Ever After? Medieval Queenship and Marriage in Scotland, 1424-1449 [The author explores the training and roles of queens, both women married to Scottish kings and Scottish princesses married to foreign rulers. Women discussed include Joan Beaufort, Mary of Guelders, and the daughters of James I, Margaret, Isabella, Mary, Annabella, Eleanor, and Johanna. The author argues that political alliances were often a failure, but that marriage created a communications network based on family ties. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Gendering Scottish History: An International Approach.   Edited by Terry Brotherstone, Deborah Simonton, and Oonagh Walsh Mackie Occasional Colloquia Series .   Cruithne Press, 1999. Quaderni Medievali , 47., (giugno 1999):  Pages 129 - 141.
Year of Publication: 1999.

142. Record Number: 3780
Author(s): Cheyette, Fredric.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women, Poets, and Politics in Occitania
Source: Aristocratic Women in Medieval France.   Edited by Theodore Evergates .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999. Francia , 27., 1 ( 2000):  Pages 138 - 177.
Year of Publication: 1999.

143. Record Number: 4358
Author(s): Hamilton, J.S.
Contributor(s):
Title : Menage a Roi: Edward II and Piers Gaveston [The author provides a brief analysis of the relationship between King Edward and Piers Gaveston; aimed at a popular audience, there are no footnotes].
Source: History Today , 49., 6 (June 1999):  Pages 26 - 31.
Year of Publication: 1999.

144. Record Number: 7356
Author(s): Malamut, Élisabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Une Femme politique d'exception à la fin du XIe siècle: Anne Dalassène [The author argues that Anna Dalassena exercised real power for close to thirteen years when she ruled during her emperor-son's absences with his full support. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Femmes et pouvoirs des femmes à Byzance et en Occident (VIe -XIe siècles). Colloque international organisé les 28, 29 et 30 mars 1996 à Bruxelles et Villeneuve d'Ascq.   Edited by Stéphane Lebecq, Alain Dierkens, Régine Le Jan, and Jean-Marie Sansterre .   Centre de Recherche sur l'Histoire de l'Europe du Nord-Ouest, Université Charles de Gaulle-Lille 3, 1999. History Today , 49., 6 (June 1999):  Pages 103 - 120.
Year of Publication: 1999.

145. Record Number: 9053
Author(s): Kelly, Joan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Did Women Have a Renaissance? [This is an influential article from the 1970s that still bears up under a close reading. Kelly makes a very convincing argument that Renaissance women lost opportunities and were defined more narrowly than women in earlier generations. She argues that new social relations in the state paralleled a new relation between the sexes, with the public sphere reserved for men only and women dependent on their husbands alone. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Feminism and Renaissance Studies.   Edited by Lorna Hutson .   Oxford Reading in Feminism series. Oxford University Press, 1999. History Today , 49., 6 (June 1999):  Pages 21 - 47. Originally published in Women, History & Theory: The Essays of Joan Kelly. By Joan Kelly. University of Chicago press, 1984. Pages 19-50. Originally published in "Becoming Visible: Women in European History." Edited by Renate Bridenthal and Claudia Koonz.
Year of Publication: 1999.

146. Record Number: 4254
Author(s): Galloway, Andrew.
Contributor(s):
Title : Word-Play and Political Satire: Solving the Riddle of the Text of "Jezebel" [The author suggests that "Jezebel" is a political satire against Cnut and his concubine, Aelfgifu, and was written at the Norman court].
Source: Medium Aevum , 68., 2 ( 1999):  Pages 189 - 208.
Year of Publication: 1999.

147. Record Number: 3768
Author(s): Haas, Louis.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and Politics in the Urban Milieu [The author argues that women were excluded from urban political life because they could not contribute the required military service; they did, however, act informally and privately to influence politics].
Source: Women in Medieval Western European Culture.   Edited by Linda E. Mitchell .   Garland Publishing, 1999. Medium Aevum , 68., 2 ( 1999):  Pages 221 - 235.
Year of Publication: 1999.

148. Record Number: 4907
Author(s): Vauchez, André.
Contributor(s):
Title : Between Virginity and Spiritual Espousals: Models of Feminine Sainthood in the Christian West in the Middle Ages
Source: Medieval History Journal , 2., 2 (July-December 1999):  Pages 349 - 359.
Year of Publication: 1999.

149. Record Number: 3776
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Adela of Blois: Familial Alliances and Female Lordship
Source: Aristocratic Women in Medieval France.   Edited by Theodore Evergates .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999. Medieval History Journal , 2., 2 (July-December 1999):  Pages 7 - 43.
Year of Publication: 1999.

150. Record Number: 3736
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Vie Seinte Osith": Hagiography and Politics in Anglo-Norman England [The author argues that Saint Osyth acts in a system in which lordship is the model; her canons can expect protection and maintenance in return for loyal service].
Source: Studies in Philology , 96., 4 (Fall 1999):  Pages 367 - 393.
Year of Publication: 1999.

151. Record Number: 3767
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Noblewomen and Political Activity [The author provides an introductory overview touching on political roles, the influence that noblewomen wielded, their administrative duties, patronage, the religious life, and the commemoration of family members].
Source: Women in Medieval Western European Culture.   Edited by Linda E. Mitchell .   Garland Publishing, 1999. Studies in Philology , 96., 4 (Fall 1999):  Pages 209 - 219.
Year of Publication: 1999.

152. Record Number: 4771
Author(s): Ruiz-Domènec, José Enrique.
Contributor(s):
Title : Les souvenirs croisés de Blanche de Castille [The author argues in part that Blanche developed marriage strategies that brought forth the state centered on the person of the king].
Source: Cahiers de Civilization Médiévale , 42., ( 1999):  Pages 39 - 54.
Year of Publication: 1999.

153. Record Number: 7352
Author(s): Croizy-Naquet, Catherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Les Stratégies matrimoniales de l'aristocratie Byzantine aux IXe et Xe siècles [The author argues that the powerful Byzantine noble families planned marriages carefully and struggled for the financial and political advantages that a "good" marriage brought. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Femmes et pouvoirs des femmes à Byzance et en Occident (VIe -XIe siècles). Colloque international organisé les 28, 29 et 30 mars 1996 à Bruxelles et Villeneuve d'Ascq.   Edited by Stéphane Lebecq, Alain Dierkens, Régine Le Jan, and Jean-Marie Sansterre .   Centre de Recherche sur l'Histoire de l'Europe du Nord-Ouest, Université Charles de Gaulle-Lille 3, 1999. Cahiers de Civilization Médiévale , 42., ( 1999):  Pages 51 - 61.
Year of Publication: 1999.

154. Record Number: 7360
Author(s): Sansterre, Jean-Marie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mère du roi, épouse du Christ, et fille de Saint Pierre: les dernières années de l'impératrice Agnès de Poitou. Entre image et réalité [The author argues that Agnes, wife and regent for Holy Roman emperors, gave up the power and pomp of the world for holy widowhood. However, she was still active in supporting the reform popes against the anti-popes established by her son. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Femmes et pouvoirs des femmes à Byzance et en Occident (VIe -XIe siècles). Colloque international organisé les 28, 29 et 30 mars 1996 à Bruxelles et Villeneuve d'Ascq.   Edited by Stéphane Lebecq, Alain Dierkens, Régine Le Jan, and Jean-Marie Sansterre .   Centre de Recherche sur l'Histoire de l'Europe du Nord-Ouest, Université Charles de Gaulle-Lille 3, 1999. Cahiers de Civilization Médiévale , 42., ( 1999):  Pages 163 - 174.
Year of Publication: 1999.

155. Record Number: 3765
Author(s): James, Liz and Barbara Hill
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and Politics in the Byzantine Empire: Imperial Women [The authors provide an introductory overview of the role of empresses, noting those who ruled independently and those with a great deal of influence].
Source: Women in Medieval Western European Culture.   Edited by Linda E. Mitchell .   Garland Publishing, 1999. Francia , 27., 1 ( 2000):  Pages 157 - 178.
Year of Publication: 1999.

156. Record Number: 4881
Author(s): Downie, Fiona.
Contributor(s):
Title : La voie quelle menace tenir: Annabella Stewart, Scotland, and the European Marriage Market, 1444-1456 [the author examines Annabella's betrothal to Louis, Count of Geneva, which lasted from 1444 until it was dissolved in 1456; continental politics favored the alliance in 1444 but conditions had changed in the next decade; Annabella wanted to stay in Savoy at the court where she had lived since the age of nine, but personal feelings did not matter in marital politics].
Source: Scottish Historical Review , 206., 2 (October 1999):  Pages 170 - 191.
Year of Publication: 1999.

157. Record Number: 3848
Author(s): Blumenfeld-Kosinski, Renate.
Contributor(s):
Title : Constance de Rabastens: Politics and Visionary Experience in the Time of the Great Schism [Constance, a laywoman from southern France, had dramatic visions between 1384 and 1386 that took strong political stands and criticized the church hierarchy].
Source: Mystics Quarterly , 25., 4 (December 1999):  Pages 147 - 168.
Year of Publication: 1999.

158. Record Number: 4212
Author(s): Blumenfeld-Kosinski, Renate.
Contributor(s):
Title : Enemies Within/ Enemies Without: Threats to the Body Politic in Christine de Pizan
Source: Medievalia et Humanistica New Series , 26., ( 1999):  Pages 1 - 15. Special issue: Civil Strife and National Identity in the Middle Ages.
Year of Publication: 1999.

159. Record Number: 5351
Author(s): Clover, Frank M.
Contributor(s):
Title : The House of Aelia Verina
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 25., ( 1999):  Pages 62 - 63.
Year of Publication: 1999.

160. Record Number: 3705
Author(s): Warren, Nancy Bradley.
Contributor(s):
Title : Kings, Saints, and Nuns: Gender, Religion, and Authority in the Reign of Henry V
Source: Viator , 30., ( 1999):  Pages 307 - 322.
Year of Publication: 1999.

161. Record Number: 4618
Author(s): Nelson, Janet L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queens as Jezebels: The Careers of Brunhild and Balthild in Merovingian History [The author emphasizes the two queens' successes at wielding power; she is particularly interested in how they used religion and the "power of the holy" to strengthen their power].
Source: Debating the Middle Ages: Issues and Readings.   Edited by Lester K. Little and Barbara H. Rosenwein .   Blackwell Publishers, 1998. Neophilologus , 82., 4 (October 1998):  Pages 219 - 253. Originally published in Medieval Women: Essays Dedicated and Presented to Professor Rosalind M. T. Hill. Studies in Church History, Subsidia, 1. B. Blackwell, 1978. Pages 31-77.
Year of Publication: 1998.

162. Record Number: 4745
Author(s): Vinson, Martha P.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender and Politics in the Post-Iconoclastic Period: The "Lives" of Anthony the Younger, the Empress Theodora, and the Patriarch Ignatios [the author argues that the "Life with Encomium of the Blessed and Holy Empress Theodora" and the "Life and Conduct of Saint Anthony the Younger" were written together to counter the iconoclast resentments, embodied in the aggressively masculine writings of Photios, against an iconophile government headed by a woman and surrounded by eunuch advisors; the author of the "Vita" of Saint Anthony uses an Aristotelian form of argumentation for the relative, placing the saint in the middle between lust and impotence, wanton aggression and effeminate cowardice, and other bi-polar extremes of gender stereotypes; the end result was a secularization of the ideas of sanctity and a reliance upon sex roles to characterize the saint].
Source: Byzantion , 68., 2 ( 1998):  Pages 469 - 515.
Year of Publication: 1998.

163. Record Number: 8866
Author(s): Yorke, Barbara.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Legitimacy of St. Edith [The author argues that Edith, daughter of King Edgar, figured in the political struggles to establish a successor to her father. The question of Edith's legitimacy raised by Edgar's widow, Queen Ælfthryth, favored the queen's two sons, Æthelred and Edmund, over Edgar's earlier children, Edward the Martyr and his half-sister Edith. The material that established Edith's credentials as a princess was turned into proof of her sanctity (and her role as Wilton's protector) after her death between 984 and 987. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Haskins Society Journal , 11., ( 1998):  Pages 97 - 113.
Year of Publication: 1998.

164. Record Number: 6289
Author(s): Berger, Günther.
Contributor(s):
Title : Die Frau als Herrscherin und die "longue durée": Versionen der "Melusine" des Jean d'Arras vom Spätmittelalter bis zur Frühen Neuzeit
Source: Zeitschrift für romanische Philologie , 114., ( 1998):  Pages 199 - 209.
Year of Publication: 1998.

165. Record Number: 3273
Author(s): Ganchou, Thierry.
Contributor(s):
Title : Héléna Notara Gateliousaina d'Ainos et le Sankt Peterburg Bibl. Publ. Gr. 243
Source: Revue des Études Byzantines , 56., ( 1998):  Pages 141 - 168.
Year of Publication: 1998.

166. Record Number: 4475
Author(s): Krueger, Roberta.
Contributor(s):
Title : Christine's Anxious Lessons: Gender, Morality, and the Social Order from the "Enseignemens" to the "Avision" [The author maintains that Christine's didactic works from 1399 to 1405 argue for the importance of female virtue].
Source: Christine de Pizan and the Categories of Difference.   Edited by Marilynn Desmond .   University of Minnesota Press, 1998. Revue des Études Byzantines , 56., ( 1998):  Pages 16 - 40.
Year of Publication: 1998.

167. Record Number: 13749
Author(s): Dachowski, Elizabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Tertius est optimus: Marriage, Continence and Virginity in the Politics of Late Tenth- and Early Eleventh-Century Francia [The author concentrates on Abbo, abbot of Fleury, who wrote texts arguing for the importance of clerical celibacy. He stressed the moral superiority of monks and the pope. Abbo also urged ecclesiastical oversight of marriage. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Purity and Piety: Essays on Medieval Clerical Celibacy and Religious Reform.   Edited by Michael Frassetto Garland Medieval Casebooks Series .   Garland Publishing, 1998. Revue des Études Byzantines , 56., ( 1998):  Pages 117 - 129.
Year of Publication: 1998.

168. Record Number: 7210
Author(s): Zale, Sanford.
Contributor(s):
Title : Bastards or Kings or Both? Louis III and Carloman in Late-Medieval French Historiography [The author surveys histories and chronicles written between 1380 and 1515 to trace their treatment of the two Carolingian kings' illegitimacy. Despite strong royalist propaganda which maintained that the French royal line was "pure," a substantial minority of authors acknowledged both that the two were kigns and were the sons of a concubine. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Comitatus , 29., ( 1998):  Pages 95 - 112.
Year of Publication: 1998.

169. Record Number: 3984
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Sibyl of the Rhine: Hildegard's Life and Times
Source: Voice of the Living Light: Hildegard of Bingen and Her World.   Edited by Barbara Newman .   University of California Press, 1998. Comitatus , 29., ( 1998):  Pages 1 - 29.
Year of Publication: 1998.

170. Record Number: 3634
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Me atrevo a escribir así: Confessional Politics in the Letters of Isabel I and Hernando de Talavera [The author argues that Isabel wrote exaggeratedly humble letters to her confessor in order to resist his rigid rules for women's behavior].
Source: Women at Work in Spain: From the Middle Ages to Early Modern Times.   Edited by Marilyn Stone and Carmen Benito-Vessels .   Peter Lang, 1998. Comitatus , 29., ( 1998):  Pages 147 - 173.
Year of Publication: 1998.

171. Record Number: 5024
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Tricky Queen and Her Clever Lady-in-Waiting: Stealing the Crown to Secure Succession, Visegrad 1440 [Elizabeth of Luxemburg sent her loyal attendant, Helene Kottanner, to steal the Hungarian crown so that her soon-to-be-born baby (if it were a boy) could be made king rather than the interloper king of Poland].
Source: East Central Europe , 1 ( 1998):  Pages 87 - 100. Women and Power in East Central Europe - Medieval and Modern. Edited by Marianne Sághy.
Year of Publication: 1998.

172. Record Number: 13755
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Pope Gregory VII and the Chastity of the Clergy [The author examines the activities of Pope Gregory with an emphasis on his efforts to enforce clerical celibacy, particularly in Germany and France. He brought a moral emphasis to the issue and communicated its importance to every level within the church and among the laiety. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Purity and Piety: Essays on Medieval Clerical Celibacy and Religious Reform.   Edited by Michael Frassetto Garland Medieval Casebooks Series .   Garland Publishing, 1998. East Central Europe , 1 ( 1998):  Pages 269 - 302.
Year of Publication: 1998.

173. Record Number: 4059
Author(s): Leyser, Conrad.
Contributor(s):
Title : Vulnerability and Power: The Early Christian Rhetoric of Masculine Authority ["Well before the twelfth century, Christian men in positions of public power had developed a language with which to express and, if possible, turn to their advantage, the precariousness of their position. Trading on already established notions of moral masculinity, these men were unafraid to depict themselves as weak, inadequate, and continuously suffering rulers--because they knew that their political survival depended on their demonstrating their absolute disinterest in personal gain from their office." Pages 172- 173].
Source: Bulletin of the John Rylands University Library of Manchester , 80., 3 (Autumn 1998):  Pages 159 - 173.
Year of Publication: 1998.

174. Record Number: 2972
Author(s): Chojnacki, Stanley.
Contributor(s):
Title : Daughters and Oligarchs: Gender and the Early Renaissance State [argues that the state intervened to define the roles of men and women; studies the efforts to keep nuns' convents chaste and respectable, to control the ever rising cost of dowries, and to control the members of the male elite].
Source: Gender and Society in Renaissance Italy.   Edited by Judith C. Brown and Robert C. Davis .   Longman, 1998. Bulletin of the John Rylands University Library of Manchester , 80., 3 (Autumn 1998):  Pages 63 - 86. Republished in slightly altered form as Gender and the Early Renaissance State. By Stanley Chojnacki. Women and Men in Renaissance Venice: Twelve Essays on Patrician Society. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000. Pages 27-52.
Year of Publication: 1998.

175. Record Number: 3663
Author(s): Chojnacki, Stanley.
Contributor(s):
Title : Nobility, Women and the State: Marriage Regulation in Venice, 1420-1535
Source: Marriage in Italy, 1300-1650.   Edited by Trevor Dean and K. J. P. Lowe .   Cambridge University Press, 1998. Bulletin of the John Rylands University Library of Manchester , 80., 3 (Autumn 1998):  Pages 128 - 151. Republished in slightly altered form as Marriage Regulation in Venice, 1420-1535. By Stanley Chojnacki. Women and Men in Renaissance Venice: Twelve Essays on Patrician Society. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000. Pages 53-75.
Year of Publication: 1998.

176. Record Number: 3361
Author(s): Corfis, Ivy A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Empire and Romance: "Historia de la linda Melosina"
Source: Neophilologus , 82., 4 (October 1998):  Pages 559 - 575.
Year of Publication: 1998.

177. Record Number: 2388
Author(s): Behrens-Abouseif, Doris.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Mahmal" Legend and the Pilgrimage of the ladies of the Mamluk Court [development of the legend of the ceremonial palanquin in pilgrim caravans and its association with Shajarat al-Durr, wife two sultans].
Source: Mamluk Studies Review , 1., ( 1997):  Pages 87 - 96.
Year of Publication: 1997.

178. Record Number: 2537
Author(s): Kolia-Dermitzaki, Athina.
Contributor(s):
Title : Michael VII Doukas, Robert Guiscard, and the Byzantine-Norman Marriage Negotiations [study of two letters sent by the Emperor to Robert Guiscard offering to marry the Byzantine heir apparent to one of Robert's daughters].
Source: Byzantinoslavica , 58., 2 ( 1997):  Pages 251 - 268.
Year of Publication: 1997.

179. Record Number: 3301
Author(s): Goez, Werner.
Contributor(s):
Title : Über die Mathildischen Schenkungen an die Römische Kirche
Source: Frühmittelalterliche Studien , 31., ( 1997):  Pages 158 - 196.
Year of Publication: 1997.

180. Record Number: 4999
Author(s): Bergamaschi, Maria Bettelli.
Contributor(s):
Title : Monachesimo femminile e potere politico nell' Alto Medioevo: Il caso di San Salvatore di Brescia [Monasticism began as an alternative to the rapprochement between Church and Empire. Gradually, however, even women's communities were assimilated into the noble culture of the early Middle Ages. San Salvatore was founded and led by noble women. Moreover, noble families expected both spiritual and political benefits from their patronage. Desiderius, king of the Lombards, with his wife Ansa, supported San Salvatore as a political move when he was consolidating his regime, demonstrating his power and orthodoxy to a key city].
Source: Il monachesimo femminile in Italia dall' Alto Medioevo al secolo XVII a confronto con l' oggi.   Edited by Gabriella Zarri .   San Pietro in Cariano: Il Segno dei Gabrielli editori, 1997. Frühmittelalterliche Studien , 31., ( 1997):  Pages 41 - 74.
Year of Publication: 1997.

181. Record Number: 6293
Author(s): Affeldt, Werner.
Contributor(s):
Title : Frauen und Geschlechterbeziehungen im Frühmittelalter. Ein Forschungsbericht
Source: Mediaevistik , 10., ( 1997):  Pages 15 - 156.
Year of Publication: 1997.

182. Record Number: 6667
Author(s): Kent, Francis W.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sainted Mother, Magnificent Son: Lucrezia Tornabuoni and Lorenzo de' Medici
Source: Italian History and Culture , 3., ( 1997):  Pages 3 - 34.
Year of Publication: 1997.

183. Record Number: 2096
Author(s): Black, Nancy.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Politics of Romance in Jean Maillart's "Roman du Comte d'Anjou" [argues that Maillart, as royal secretary, had a concern for political stability ; his story of a falsely accused noblewoman was, in part, an effort to rehabilitate Jeanne de Bourgogne who was compromised by the adultery of her sisters-in-law].
Source: French Studies , 51., 2 (April 1997):  Pages 129 - 137.
Year of Publication: 1997.

184. Record Number: 2326
Author(s): Cosandey, Fanny.
Contributor(s):
Title : De lance en quenouille. La place de la reine dans l'État moderne (14e- 17e siècles)
Source: Annales : Histoire, Sciences Sociales , 52., 4 (juillet-août 1997):  Pages 799 - 820.
Year of Publication: 1997.

185. Record Number: 20979
Author(s): Zatta, Jane Dick
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender, Love, and Sex as Political Theory? Romance in Geffrei Gaimar's Anglo-Norman Chronicle [The author examines three episodes in Gaimar's "Estoire," Haveloc and his wife Argentille, the rape of Buern Bucecarle's wife by the king, and the love of King Edgar for Elftroed despite the betrayal by his vassal. In each case Gaimar draws parallels between erotic love and the loyalty, affection, and mutual consent of feudal relations. Gaimar establishes a secular and aristocratic ethos in contrast to the differing viewpoints in texts sponsored by royal and ecclesiastical patrons. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Mediaevalia , 21., 2 ( 1997):  Pages 249 - 280.
Year of Publication: 1997.

186. Record Number: 2888
Author(s): Karnein, Alfred.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Medieval Queen and her Stepdaughter: Agnes and Elizabeth of Hungary
Source: Queens and Queenship in Medieval Europe: Proceedings of a Conference Held at King's College London, April 1995.   Edited by Anne J. Duggan .   Boydell Press, 1997. Annales : Histoire, Sciences Sociales , 52., 4 (juillet-août 1997):  Pages 109 - 119.
Year of Publication: 1997.

187. Record Number: 2891
Author(s): DeAragon, RáGena C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queen or Consort: Rulership and Politics in the Latin East, 1118-1228 [explores the dynastic history of the kingdom of Jerusalem which had four reigning queens, Melisende, Sibylla, Isabella, and Maria of Montferrat].
Source: Queens and Queenship in Medieval Europe: Proceedings of a Conference Held at King's College London, April 1995.   Edited by Anne J. Duggan .   Boydell Press, 1997. Annales : Histoire, Sciences Sociales , 52., 4 (juillet-août 1997):  Pages 153 - 169.
Year of Publication: 1997.

188. Record Number: 2251
Author(s): Smith, Julie Ann.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Earliest Queen-Making Rites [analysis of the liturgies that consecrated Judith (in 856) and her mother Ermentrude (in 866) as queens].
Source: Church History (Full Text via JSTOR) 66, 1 (March 1997): 18-35. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1997.

189. Record Number: 2229
Author(s): Chareyron, Nicole.
Contributor(s):
Title : De l'histoire à la chanson. Les fiançailles rompues de Louis de Male [Louis was betrothed to Isabel, the daughter of Edward III, King of England; politics and personal inclination led him to delay the match and then break it in favor of Marguerite, the daughter of the count of Brabant].
Source: Moyen Age , 103., 40241 ( 1997):  Pages 545 - 559.
Year of Publication: 1997.

190. Record Number: 2554
Author(s): Rapp, Claudia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ritual Brotherhood in Byzantium [presents sources for the study of "adelphopoiesis," traces changes in the practice and concept of ritual brotherhood over time, and places it within the larger context of social networks which included marriage, godparenthood, and adoption].
Source: Traditio , 52., ( 1997):  Pages 285 - 326.
Year of Publication: 1997.

191. Record Number: 2703
Author(s): Van Landingham, Marta.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Hohenstaufen Heritage of Costanza of Sicily and the Mediterranean Expansion of the Crown of Aragon in the Later Thirteenth Century
Source: Across the Mediterranean frontiers: trade, politics and religion, 650-1450: selected proceedings of the International Medieval Congress, University of Leeds, 10-13 July 1995, 8-11 July 1996.   Edited by Dionisius A. Agius and Ian Richard Netton International Medieval Research .   Brepols, 1997. Traditio , 52., ( 1997):  Pages 87 - 104.
Year of Publication: 1997.

192. Record Number: 1934
Author(s): Lansing, Carol.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender and Civic Authority: Sexual Control in a Medieval Italian Town
Source: Journal of Social History , 31., 1 (Fall 1997):  Pages 33 - 59.
Year of Publication: 1997.

193. Record Number: 1955
Author(s): Linehan, Peter.
Contributor(s):
Title : Zamora's Nuns in the Oven [Dominican Friars were accused of scandalous affairs with the nuns of Zamora; the Pope's efforts to curb the mendicant orders and force strict enclosure on nuns may have been in reaction to the well-known case at Zamora].
Source: History Today , 47., 3 (March 1997):  Pages 46 - 51.
Year of Publication: 1997.

194. Record Number: 1877
Author(s): Gerstel, Sharon E. J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Saint Eudokia and the Imperial Household of Leo VI
Source: Art Bulletin (Full Text via JSTOR) 79, 4 (December 1997): 699-707. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1997.

195. Record Number: 2318
Author(s): Puff, Helmut.
Contributor(s):
Title : Localizing Sodomy: the "Priest and Sodomite" in Pre-Reformation Germany and Switzerland [case studies of two priests accused of sodomy; conflict ensued between secular authorities who favored public, harsh punishments and Church authorities who were more lenient and wanted the cases kept secret].
Source: Journal of the History of Sexuality , 8., 2 (October 1997):  Pages 165 - 195.
Year of Publication: 1997.

196. Record Number: 1845
Author(s): Garland, Lynda.
Contributor(s):
Title : Morality Versus Politics at the Byzantine Court: The Charges Against Marie of Antioch and Euphrosyne [both were accused of adultery; Marie was executed, while Euphrosyne, the power behind the throne, was exiled for six months before her husband recalled her].
Source: Byzantinische Forschungen , 24., ( 1997):  Pages 259 - 295. Special issue: Conformity and Non-Conformity in Byzantium: Papers Given at the Eighth Conference of the Australian Association for Byzantine Studies, University of New England, Australia, July 1993.
Year of Publication: 1997.

197. Record Number: 770
Author(s): Hanawalt, Barbara A. and Susan Noakes
Contributor(s):
Title : Trial Transcript, Romance, Propaganda: Joan of Arc and the French Body Politic [a semiotic reading relying on both historical study and literary criticism; analysis of the trial transcript as well as the later introduction in terms of politics and gender].
Source: MLQ: Modern Language Quarterly , 57., 4 (Dec. 1996):  Pages 605 - 631.
Year of Publication: 1996.

198. Record Number: 670
Author(s): Ó' Cleirigh, Cormac.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Absentee Landlady and the Sturdy Robbers: Agnes de Valence [Agnes de Valence's inheritance of her Irish husband's estates prompted a fifteen year struggle with John fitzThomas. He succeeded through theft, intimidation, and perserverance].
Source: The Fragility of Her Sex?: Medieval Irishwomen in Their European Context.   Edited by Christine Meek and Katherine Simms .   Four Courts Press, 1996. Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 10., 1 (March 1996):  Pages 101 - 118.
Year of Publication: 1996.

199. Record Number: 684
Author(s): McKenna, Elizabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Was There a Political Role For Women in Medieval Ireland?: Lady Margaret Butler and Lady Eleanor MacCarthy
Source: The Fragility of Her Sex?: Medieval Irishwomen in Their European Context.   Edited by Christine Meek and Katherine Simms .   Four Courts Press, 1996. Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 10., 1 (March 1996):  Pages 163 - 174.
Year of Publication: 1996.

200. Record Number: 823
Author(s): Bestor, Jane Fair.
Contributor(s):
Title : Bastardy and Legitimacy in the Formation of a Regional State in Italy: The Estense Succession
Source: Comparative Studies in Society and History (Full Text via JSTOR) 38, 3 (July 1996): 549-585. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1996.

201. Record Number: 944
Author(s): Gibbons, Rachel.
Contributor(s):
Title : Isabeau of Bavaria, Queen of France (1385-1422): The Creation of an Historical Villainess. The Alexandria Prize Essay [with her husband insane, Isabeau signed a treaty in 1420 with the English and, thus, lost the throne for her son. Contemporaries criticized her for greed and disloyalty, but later historians added the charge of adultery with her brother-in-law, Louis of Orleans.]
Source: Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. Sixth Series , 6., ( 1996):  Pages 51 - 73.
Year of Publication: 1996.

202. Record Number: 1745
Author(s): Hill, Barbara
Contributor(s):
Title : A Vindication of the Rights of Women to Power by Anna Komnene [on the active role of Anna Dalassena and Irene Doukaina].
Source: Byzantinische Forschungen , 23., ( 1996):  Pages 45 - 53. Revised papers that were originally read at the session entitled "Komnenian Culture" at the Twentieth Annual Byzantine Studies Conference, Ann Arbor, Michigan, on September 21, 1994
Year of Publication: 1996.

203. Record Number: 1985
Author(s): Irmscher, J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Bertha von Sulzbach, Gemahlin Manuels I
Source: Byzantinische Forschungen , 22., ( 1996):  Pages 279 - 290. Issue Title: Byzance et l'Europe. 6e Symposion Byzantinon l'Automne 1992.
Year of Publication: 1996.

204. Record Number: 3037
Author(s): Margolis, Nadia.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Joan Phenomenon" and the French Right
Source: Fresh Verdicts on Joan of Arc.   Edited by Bonnie Wheeler and Charles T. Wood .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Byzantinische Forschungen , 22., ( 1996):  Pages 265 - 287.
Year of Publication: 1996.

205. Record Number: 3544
Author(s): Truax, Jean A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Winning Over the Londoners: King Stephen, the Empress Matilda, and the Politics of Personality [the author argues that Stephen had the opportunity to build longlasting relationships with Londoners while Matilda was away with her husband on the continent; it is not the case that Matilda was particularly arrogant or quarrelsome as some chronicles portray her].
Source: The Haskins Society Journal , 8., ( 1996):  Pages 43 - 61.
Year of Publication: 1996.

206. Record Number: 3031
Author(s): Lutkus, Anne D. and Julia M. Walker
Contributor(s):
Title : PR Pas PC: Christine de Pizan's Pro-Joan Propaganda
Source: Fresh Verdicts on Joan of Arc.   Edited by Bonnie Wheeler and Charles T. Wood .   Garland Publishing, 1996. MLQ: Modern Language Quarterly , 57., 4 (Dec. 1996):  Pages 145 - 160.
Year of Publication: 1996.

207. Record Number: 1018
Author(s): Margolis, Nadia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Joan of Arc: Maneuverable Medievalism, Flexible Feminism [contemorary and later views of Joan of Arc, especially as a political symbol].
Source: Medieval Feminist Newsletter , 22., (Fall 1996):  Pages 21 - 25.
Year of Publication: 1996.

208. Record Number: 3591
Author(s): Chibnall, Marjorie.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Empress Matilda and her Sons
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Medieval Feminist Newsletter , 22., (Fall 1996):  Pages 279 - 294.
Year of Publication: 1996.

209. Record Number: 1108
Author(s): Mellinger, Laura.
Contributor(s):
Title : Prayer and Politics in Medieval Brittany: The Making of Saint- Georges [the abbey was founded by Duke Alain III for his sister Adèle; it continued its close association with the ducal family, making Saint- Georges a prestigious Breton institution].
Source: American Benedictine Review , 47., 4 (December 1996):  Pages 433 - 444.
Year of Publication: 1996.

210. Record Number: 3024
Author(s): Wood, Charles T.
Contributor(s):
Title : Joan of Arc's Mission and the Lost Record of Her Interrogation at Poitiers [Charles VII ordered French churchmen to examine Joan at Poitiers; the author argues that in the trial that rehabilitated Joan her goal shifted from the relief of Orleans to the coronation of the dauphin in order to prove the King's right to the throne].
Source: Fresh Verdicts on Joan of Arc.   Edited by Bonnie Wheeler and Charles T. Wood .   Garland Publishing, 1996. American Benedictine Review , 47., 4 (December 1996):  Pages 19 - 29.
Year of Publication: 1996.

211. Record Number: 1778
Author(s): Gwara, Joseph J.
Contributor(s):
Title : A New Epithalamial Allegory by Juan de Flores: "La coronacíon de la Señora Gracisla" (1475) [argues that the text was written by Juan de Flores and staged as a puppet show for children, since it celebrated the betrothal of Leonor de Acuña (aged 6 to 10 years) and Pedro Alvarez Osorio (aged around 13 years)].
Source: Revista de Estudios Hispánicos , 30., 2 (Mayo 1996):  Pages 227 - 257.
Year of Publication: 1996.

212. Record Number: 744
Author(s): White, Stephen D.
Contributor(s):
Title : Clotild's Revenge: Politics, Kinship, and Ideology in the Merovingian Blood Feud [the Frankish- Burgundian feud was a cultural scheme and a political process that accomplished many different goals].
Source: Portraits of Medieval and Renaissance Living: Essays in Honor of David Herlihy.   Edited by Samual K. Cohn, Jr. and Steven A. Epstein .   University of Michigan Press, 1996. Revista de Estudios Hispánicos , 30., 2 (Mayo 1996):  Pages 107 - 130.
Year of Publication: 1996.

213. Record Number: 1339
Author(s): Hanrahan, Michael.
Contributor(s):
Title : Seduction and Betrayal: Treason in the "Prologue" to the "Legend of Good Women" [false lovers who seduce and betray echo the treason of Richard II's favorites].
Source: Chaucer Review , 30., 3 ( 1996):  Pages 229 - 240.
Year of Publication: 1996.

214. Record Number: 685
Author(s): Rosenwein, Barbara H.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Family Politics of Berengar I, King of Italy (888-924) [Berengar gave gifts and privileges to three groups: important women, loyal friends at court, and sometime allies beyond the Adda].
Source: Speculum (Full Text via JSTOR) 71,2 (April 1996): 247-289. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1996.

215. Record Number: 743
Author(s): Rosenwein, Barbara H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Friends and Family, Politics and Privilege in the Kingship of Berengar I [among the recipients and petitioners were his wife, Queen Bertilla, daughter Berta, abbess of San Salvatore di Brescia, and son-in-law Adalbert, married to daughter Gisla].
Source: Portraits of Medieval and Renaissance Living: Essays in Honor of David Herlihy.   Edited by Samual K. Cohn, Jr. and Steven A. Epstein .   University of Michigan Press, 1996.  Pages 91 - 106.
Year of Publication: 1996.

216. Record Number: 545
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Amalasuntha, Procopius, and a Woman's Place
Source: Journal of Women's History , 8., 2 (Summer 1996):  Pages 41 - 57.
Year of Publication: 1996.

217. Record Number: 2339
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Anglo-Saxon Historiography: The Position of Aethelflaed of Mercia [analysis based on contemporary chronicles including the "Anglo-Saxon Chronicle," the "Mercian Register," and the "Fragmentary Annals of Ireland"].
Source: Old English Newsletter , 29., 3 (Spring 1996):
Year of Publication: 1996.

218. Record Number: 708
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Dowry and inheritance Patterns: Some Examples from the Descendants of King Henry I of England
Source: Medieval Prosopography , 17., 2 (Autumn 1996):  Pages 45 - 61.
Year of Publication: 1996.

219. Record Number: 5543
Author(s): Ferroul, Yves.
Contributor(s):
Title : Origine familiale de trois comtesses de Pallars
Source: Anuario de Estudios Medievales , 26., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 3 - 18.
Year of Publication: 1996.

220. Record Number: 1856
Author(s): Kinkade, Richard P.
Contributor(s):
Title : Don Juan Manuel's Father, Infante Manuel, in the "Cantigas de Santa María" [analysis of the historical content in Cantigas 366, 376, and 382 which concern Infante Manuel].
Source: Bulletin of the Cantigueiros de Santa Maria , 8., (Spring 1996):  Pages 59 - 75.
Year of Publication: 1996.

221. Record Number: 2542
Author(s): Farmer, Sharon.
Contributor(s):
Title : Feminine Folly, Burgher Calculation, and Anti-Communal Rhetoric in Thirteenth-Century Tours
Source: Studies in Iconography , 17., ( 1996):  Pages 143 - 176.
Year of Publication: 1996.

222. Record Number: 626
Author(s): Boone, Marc.
Contributor(s):
Title : State Power and Illicit Sexuality: The Persecution of Sodomy in Late Medieval Bruges
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 22., 2 (June 1996):  Pages 135 - 153.
Year of Publication: 1996.

223. Record Number: 813
Author(s): Clough, Cecil H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Daughters and Wives of the Montefeltro: Outstanding Bluestockings of the Quattrocento [discusses their learning, roles in public life, and Christian devotion].
Source: Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 10., 1 (March 1996):  Pages 31 - 55.
Year of Publication: 1996.

224. Record Number: 3593
Author(s): LoPrete, Kimberly A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Adela of Blois as Mother and Countess
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 10., 1 (March 1996):  Pages 313 - 333.
Year of Publication: 1996.

225. Record Number: 3678
Author(s): Parsons, John Carmi.
Contributor(s):
Title : Of Queens, Courts, and Books: Reflections on the Literary Patronage of Thirteenth-Century Plantagenet Queens [The author argues that royal brides who came from other countries brought a unique multicultural perspective that can be seen in the way they used literary patronage for political goals].
Source: The Cultural Patronage of Medieval Women.   Edited by June Hall McCash .   University of Georgia Press, 1996. Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 10., 1 (March 1996):  Pages 175 - 201.
Year of Publication: 1996.

226. Record Number: 3594
Author(s): Shadis, Miriam.
Contributor(s):
Title : Berenguela of Castile's Political Motherhood : The Management of Sexuality, Marriage, and Succession
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 10., 1 (March 1996):  Pages 335 - 358.
Year of Publication: 1996.

227. Record Number: 421
Author(s): Rowe, Elizabeth Ashman.
Contributor(s):
Title : Female Body Politic and the Miscarriage of Justice in "Athelston" [political critique of Richard II in which society is represented as a family].
Source: Studies in the Age of Chaucer , 17., ( 1995):  Pages 79 - 98.
Year of Publication: 1995.

228. Record Number: 471
Author(s): Nip, Renée.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Canonization of Godelieve of Gistel [prompted by Count Robert the Frisian in an effort to consolidate power in Flanders].
Source: Hagiographica: Rivista di agiografia e biografia della società internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino/ Journal of Hagiography and Biography of Società Internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino , 2., ( 1995):  Pages 145 - 155.
Year of Publication: 1995.

229. Record Number: 616
Author(s): Garland, Lynda
Contributor(s):
Title : Conformity and License at the Byzantine Court in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries: The Case of Emperial Women
Source: Byzantinische Forschungen , 21., ( 1995):  Pages 101 - 115. Special issue: Bosphorus: Essays in the Honour of Cyril Mango. Edited by Stephanos Efthymiadis, Claudia Rapp, and Dimitris Tsougarakis.
Year of Publication: 1995.

230. Record Number: 1069
Author(s): Kusman, David.
Contributor(s):
Title : À propos de la consultation de Thomas d' Aquin par la duchesse Aleyde de Brabant (ca. 1267) [regarding the stipulations in her husband's will including the expulsion of Jews].
Source: Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Historie , 73., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 937 - 946.
Year of Publication: 1995.

231. Record Number: 1357
Author(s): Beech, George T.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Eleanor Vase": Witness to Christian-Muslim Collaboration in Early Twelfth-Century Spain [argues that the vase came into the possession of Eleanor's grandfather, Duke Guillaume IX of Aquitane, as a gift from the Muslim king of Saragossa, perhaps in 1120 when they were both fighting against the Almoravid invaders near Saragossa].
Source: Medieval Life , 2., (Spring 1995):  Pages 12 - 16.
Year of Publication: 1995.

232. Record Number: 1367
Author(s): Paladilhe, Dominique.
Contributor(s):
Title : La tragique destinée de la reine Jeanne [Jeanne tried to hold the kingdom of Naples and Provence, but through four marriages produced no heirs; her young cousin and heir apparent, Charles de Duras, imprisoned Jeanne and had her killed. Article does not include footnotes or bibliography of sources consulted].
Source: Historia , 580., (avril 1995):  Pages 48 - 53.
Year of Publication: 1995.

233. Record Number: 1545
Author(s): Patlagean, Evelyne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Une sainte souveraine grecque: Theodora impératrice d'Épire (XIIIe siècle) [political and social background of Theodora's "Vita"].
Source: Byzantinoslavica , 56., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 453 - 460.
Year of Publication: 1995.

234. Record Number: 1571
Author(s): Wertheimer, Laura.
Contributor(s):
Title : Adeliza of Louvain and Anglo- Norman Queenship
Source: The Haskins Society Journal , 7., ( 1995):  Pages 101 - 115.
Year of Publication: 1995.

235. Record Number: 1609
Author(s): Georgi, Wolfgang.
Contributor(s):
Title : Bischof Keonwald von Worcester und die Heirat Ottos I. mit Edgitha im Jahre 929
Source: Historisches Jahrbuch , 115., 1 ( 1995):  Pages 1 - 40.
Year of Publication: 1995.

236. Record Number: 1610
Author(s): Struve, Tilman.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mathilde von Tuszien- Canossa und Heinrich IV. Der Wandel ihrer Beziehungen vor dem Hintergrund des Investiturstreites
Source: Historisches Jahrbuch , 115., 1 ( 1995):  Pages 41 - 84.
Year of Publication: 1995.

237. Record Number: 1710
Author(s): Willard, Charity Cannon.
Contributor(s):
Title : Christine de Pizan's Allegorized Psalms [commissioned in Paris by Charles the Noble, King of Navarre, during a time of political troubles under Charles VI].
Source: Une femme de Lettres au Moyen Age: Études autour de Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Liliane Dulac and Bernard Ribémont .   Paradigme, 1995. Historisches Jahrbuch , 115., 1 ( 1995):  Pages 317 - 324.
Year of Publication: 1995.

238. Record Number: 1722
Author(s): Kennedy, Angus J. and James Steel
Contributor(s):
Title : L'esprit et l'epée ou la résistance au féminin : Christine de Pizan, Jeanne d'Arc et Edith Thomas [Thomas wrote about Christine de Pizan and Joan of Arc in a 1943 collection of essays, Domaine Français; she used the personal and political circumstances of bothj women's lives to carry a message about wartime France and the Resistance].
Source: Une femme de Lettres au Moyen Age: Études autour de Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Liliane Dulac and Bernard Ribémont .   Paradigme, 1995. The Haskins Society Journal , 8., ( 1996):  Pages 495 - 508.
Year of Publication: 1995.

239. Record Number: 5580
Author(s): Sommé, Monique.
Contributor(s):
Title : Isabelle de Portugal, duchesse de Bourgogne, une femme au pouvoir au xve siècle. Thèse d'Etat soutenue le 12 janvier 1995 devant l'université de Lille III
Source: Revue du Nord , 77., 310 (avril-juin 1995):  Pages 438 - 445.
Year of Publication: 1995.

240. Record Number: 8587
Author(s): Kennedy, Craig.
Contributor(s):
Title : Fathers, Sons, and Brothers: Ties of Metaphorical Kinship Between the Muscovite Grand Princes and the Tatar Elite [The author examines the connections established between Muscovite princes and Mongol allies. He argues that the hierarchy in family relationships was useful for conveying political status. Since both cultures gave similar meanings to birth order and age, it worked well. In some cases multiple connections (e.g. son and brother) were established when the relationship was somehwat ambiguous. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Harvard Ukrainian Studies , 19., ( 1995):  Pages 292 - 301. Kamen' Kraeog "I'n": Rhetoric of the Medieval Slavic World: Essays Presented to Edward L. Keenan on His Sixtieth Birthday by His Colleagues and Students. Edited by Nancy Shields Kollmann, Donald Ostrowski, Andrei Pliguzov, and Daniel Rowland.
Year of Publication: 1995.

241. Record Number: 432
Author(s): Duby, Georges.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and Power [the ways in which aristocratic women in northern France took part in the power of command and of punishment].
Source: Cultures of Power: Lordship, Status, and Process in Twelfth-Century Europe.   Edited by Thomas N. Bisson .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1995. The Haskins Society Journal , 8., ( 1996):  Pages 69 - 85.
Year of Publication: 1995.

242. Record Number: 6623
Author(s): Scott, Karen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Candied Oranges, Vinegar, and Dawn: The Imagery of Conversion in the Letters of Caterina of Siena [The author examines three letters that Catherine wrote in 1378 to Monna Costanza Soderini, wife of one of the Guelph leaders of Florence, to Stefano Maconi, one of her disciples in Siena, and to Pope Urban; all three of her correspondents were having dif
Source: Annali d'Italianistica , 13., ( 1995):  Pages 91 - 107. Women Mystic Writers. Edited by Dino S. Cervigni
Year of Publication: 1995.

243. Record Number: 1694
Author(s): Autrand, Françoise.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mémoire et cérémonial : la visite de l'empereur Charles IV à Paris en 1378 d'après les "Grandes Chroniques de France" et Christine de Pizan
Source: Une femme de Lettres au Moyen Age: Études autour de Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Liliane Dulac and Bernard Ribémont .   Paradigme, 1995. Annali d'Italianistica , 13., ( 1995):  Pages 91 - 103.
Year of Publication: 1995.

244. Record Number: 582
Author(s): McNamara, Jo Ann.
Contributor(s):
Title : Canossa and the Ungendering of the Public Man [men in religion and politics both acted to eliminate women's access to power and create a public space without women].
Source: Render Unto Caesar: The Religious Sphere in World Politics.   Edited by Sabrina Petra Ramet and Donald W. Treadgold .   American University Press, 1995. Annali d'Italianistica , 13., ( 1995):  Pages 131 - 150. Later published in Medieval Religion: New Approaches. Edited by Constance Hoffman Berman. Routledge, 2005. Pages 102-122.
Year of Publication: 1995.

245. Record Number: 1678
Author(s): Herrin, Judith
Contributor(s):
Title : Theophano: Considerations on the Education of a Byzantine Princess
Source: The Empress Theophano: Byzantium and the West at the Turn of the First Millennium.   Edited by Adelbert Davids .   Cambridge University Press, 1995. Annali d'Italianistica , 13., ( 1995):  Pages 64 - 85. Essay reproduced in Unrivalled Influence: Women and Empire in Byzantium. By Judith Herrin. Princeton University Press, 2013. Pages 238-260.
Year of Publication: 1995.

246. Record Number: 378
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Apocryphal Entries: Judith and the Politics of Caxton's "Golden Legend"
Source: Women, the Book and the Worldly: Selected Proceedings of the St. Hilda's Conference, 1993. Volume 2. [Volume 1: Women, the Book, and the Godly].   Edited by Lesley Smith and Jane H. M. Taylor .   D.S.Brewer, 1995. Annali d'Italianistica , 13., ( 1995):  Pages 167 - 181.
Year of Publication: 1995.

247. Record Number: 1085
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Banshenchas" Revisited [both versions, the verse and later prose text, reveal an aristocratic circle that intermarried for political purposes; liberal divorce laws allowed multiple marriages for women as well as men].
Source: Chattel, Servant, or Citizen: Women's Status in Church, State, and Society.   Edited by Mary O' Dowd and Sabine Wichert .   Historical Studies 19. Papers Read Before the XXIst Irish Conference of Historians, Held at Queen's University of Belfast, 27-30 May 1993. Institute of Irish Studies, The Queen's University of Belfast, 1995. Annali d'Italianistica , 13., ( 1995):  Pages 70 - 81.
Year of Publication: 1995.

248. Record Number: 2290
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Cistercian Nuns in Germany in the Thirteenth Century: Upper-Swabian Cistercian Abbeys Under the Paternity of Salem [role of Abbot Eberhard and the monastery of Salem in the founding and development of six Cistercian women's monasteries ; the author suggests that one of the motivations was to strengthen Hohenstaufen control over upper Swabia].
Source: Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women. Book One. Medieval Religious Women Volume Three.   Edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, O.S.C.O Cistercian Studies Series .   Cistercian Publications, 1995. Annali d'Italianistica , 13., ( 1995):  Pages 135 - 158.
Year of Publication: 1995.

249. Record Number: 347
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Italian Hussies and German Matrons: Luitprand of Cremona on Dynastic Legitimacy [Luitprand's charges of sexual improprieties against Lombard queens were part of Otto I's political strategy].
Source: Frühmittelalterliche Studien , 29., ( 1995):  Pages 207 - 225. Jahrbuch des Instituts für Frühmittelalterforschung der Universität Münster
Year of Publication: 1995.

250. Record Number: 464
Author(s): McDonald, R. Andrew.
Contributor(s):
Title : Matrimonial Politics and Core- Periphery Interactions in Twelfth- and Early Thirteenth- Century Scotland
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 21., 3 (Sept. 1995):  Pages 227 - 247.
Year of Publication: 1995.

251. Record Number: 3009
Author(s): Segura Graiño, Cristina.
Contributor(s):
Title : Participación de las Mujeres en el Poder Político
Source: Anuario de Estudios Medievales , 25., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 449 - 462.
Year of Publication: 1995.

252. Record Number: 1693
Author(s): Cerquiglini- Toulet, Jacqueline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sexualité et Politique : le mythe d'Actéon chez Christine de Pizan
Source: Une femme de Lettres au Moyen Age: Études autour de Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Liliane Dulac and Bernard Ribémont .   Paradigme, 1995. Anuario de Estudios Medievales , 25., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 83 - 90.
Year of Publication: 1995.

253. Record Number: 1695
Author(s): Gauvard, Claude.
Contributor(s):
Title : Christine de Pizan et ses contemporains : l'engagement politique des écrivains dans le royaume de France aux XIVe et XVe siècles
Source: Une femme de Lettres au Moyen Age: Études autour de Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Liliane Dulac and Bernard Ribémont .   Paradigme, 1995. Anuario de Estudios Medievales , 25., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 105 - 128.
Year of Publication: 1995.

254. Record Number: 1688
Author(s): Dulac, Liliane.
Contributor(s):
Title : L'autorité dans les traités en prose de Christine de Pizan : discours d'écrivain, parole de prince
Source: Une femme de Lettres au Moyen Age: Études autour de Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Liliane Dulac and Bernard Ribémont .   Paradigme, 1995. Anuario de Estudios Medievales , 25., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 15 - 24.
Year of Publication: 1995.

255. Record Number: 913
Author(s): Caille, Jacqueline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ermengarde, Vicomtesse de Narbonne (1127/29-1196/97): Une grande figure feminine du Midi aristocratique [focuses on Ermengarde's youth and old age when, despite long years of skillful rulership, she was forced out of power by her nephew, Pierre de Lara].
Source: La Femme dans l' histoire et la société méridionales (IXe-XIXe S.): Actes du 66e congrés. .   Fédération historique du Languedoc méditerranéen et du Roussillon, 1995. Anuario de Estudios Medievales , 25., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 9 - 50.
Year of Publication: 1995.

256. Record Number: 1681
Author(s): Shepard, Jonathan.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Marriage Too Far? Maria Lekapena and Peter of Bulgaria [Byzantine politics, relations with Bulgaria, and Maria's possible impact on Bulgarian court culture].
Source: The Empress Theophano: Byzantium and the West at the Turn of the First Millennium.   Edited by Adelbert Davids .   Cambridge University Press, 1995. Anuario de Estudios Medievales , 25., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 121 - 149.
Year of Publication: 1995.

257. Record Number: 1676
Author(s): Engels, Odilo.
Contributor(s):
Title : Theophano, the Western Empress from the East
Source: The Empress Theophano: Byzantium and the West at the Turn of the First Millennium.   Edited by Adelbert Davids .   Cambridge University Press, 1995. Anuario de Estudios Medievales , 25., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 28 - 48. This article appeared in German in Die Begegnung des Westens mit dem Osten: Kongressakten des 4. Symposions des Mediävistenverbandes in Köln 1991 aus Anlass des 1000. Todesjahres der Kaiserin Theophanu. Edited by O. Engels and P. Schreiner. Sigmaringen, 1
Year of Publication: 1995.

258. Record Number: 382
Author(s): Origone, Sandra.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage Connections Between Byzantium and the West in the Age of the Palaiologoi [case studies of Irene of Montferrat, Rita- Maria Xene, a princess of Armenia, Anne of Savoy, and Sophia of Montferrat].
Source: Mediterranean Historical Review , 10., 40180 (June/Dec. 1995):  Pages 226 - 241. Special Issue: International Contacts in the Medieval Mediterranean: Studies in Honour of David Jacoby. Ed. Benjamin Arbel. Tel Aviv University; Frank Cass, 1995.
Year of Publication: 1995.

259. Record Number: 437
Author(s): McCracken, Peggy.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Queen's Secret: Adultery and Political Structure in the Feudal Courts of Old French Romance
Source: Romanic Review , 86., 2 (March 1995):  Pages 289 - 306. Special issue: The Production of Knowledge: Institutionalizing Sex, Gender, and Sexualiity in Medieval Discourse. Ed. by Kathryn Gravdal.
Year of Publication: 1995.

260. Record Number: 1682
Author(s): Bange, P.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Image of Women of the Nobility in the German Chronicles of the Tenth and Eleventh Centuries [focuses on women's role in politics and their piety; chronicles and annals cited are by Thietmar of Merseurg, Widukind of Corvey, Adalbert, Luitprand, Alpert of Metz, Lampert of Hersfeld, Wipo, Herman of Reichenau, and Frutolf].
Source: The Empress Theophano: Byzantium and the West at the Turn of the First Millennium.   Edited by Adelbert Davids .   Cambridge University Press, 1995. Romanic Review , 86., 2 (March 1995):  Pages 150 - 168.
Year of Publication: 1995.

261. Record Number: 390
Author(s): Luongo, Thomas.
Contributor(s):
Title : Catherine of Siena: Rewriting Female Holy Authority [use of erotic imagery and transformations of gender].
Source: Women, the Book and the Godly: Selected Proceedings of the St. Hilda's Conference, 1993. Volume 1 [Volume 2: Women, the Book and the Worldly].   Edited by Lesley Smith and Jane H. M. Taylor .   D.S. Brewer, 1995. Romanic Review , 86., 2 (March 1995):  Pages 89 - 103.
Year of Publication: 1995.

262. Record Number: 381
Author(s): Hamilton, Bernard
Contributor(s):
Title : Eleanor of Castile and the Crusading Movement
Source: Mediterranean Historical Review , 10., 40180 (June/Dec. 1995):  Pages 92 - 103. Special Issue: International Contacts in the Medieval Mediterranean: Studies in Honour of David Jacoby. Ed. Benjamin Arbel. Tel Aviv University; Frank Cass, 1995. Reprinted in Crusaders, Cathars, and the Holy Places. By Bernard Hamilton. Ashgate Variorum,
Year of Publication: 1995.

263. Record Number: 114
Author(s): Larrington, Carolyne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Leizla Rannveigar: Gender and Politics in the Otherworld Vision [sinful woman's vision of hell and heaven].
Source: Medium Aevum , 64., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 232 - 249.
Year of Publication: 1995.

264. Record Number: 1675
Author(s): Leyser, Karl.
Contributor(s):
Title : Theophanu divina gratia imperatrix augusta: Western and Eastern Emperorship in the Later Tenth Century
Source: The Empress Theophano: Byzantium and the West at the Turn of the First Millennium.   Edited by Adelbert Davids .   Cambridge University Press, 1995. Medium Aevum , 64., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 1 - 27. This article also appears in Leyser's Communication and Power in Medieval Europe: The Carolingian and Ottonian Centuries edited by Timothy Reuter, Hambledon Press, 1993.
Year of Publication: 1995.

265. Record Number: 1692
Author(s): Brownlee, Kevin.
Contributor(s):
Title : Hector and Penthesilea in the "Livre de la Mutacion de Fortune" : Christine de Pizan and the Politics of Myth
Source: Une femme de Lettres au Moyen Age: Études autour de Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Liliane Dulac and Bernard Ribémont .   Paradigme, 1995. Medium Aevum , 64., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 69 - 82.
Year of Publication: 1995.

266. Record Number: 2559
Author(s): Kennedy, Gwynne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Reform or Rebellion? The Limits of Female Authority in Elizabeth Cary's "The History of the Life, Reign, and Death of Edward II" [Cary crafted an ambivalent portrayal of Queen Isabelle, at times approving of her actions and at other times criticizing her for taking an angry vengeance].
Source: Political Rhetoric, Power, and Renaissance Women.   Edited by Carole Levin and Patricia A. Sullivan .   State University of New York Press, 1995. Medium Aevum , 64., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 204 - 222.
Year of Publication: 1995.

267. Record Number: 1705
Author(s): Picherit, Jean- Louis G.
Contributor(s):
Title : Les références pathologiques et thérapeutiques dans l'oeuvre de Christine de Pizan [discusses metaphors in Christine's works including sickness as a symbol for love, the King as a physician who heals the body politic, and war as a contagious disease].
Source: Une femme de Lettres au Moyen Age: Études autour de Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Liliane Dulac and Bernard Ribémont .   Paradigme, 1995. Medium Aevum , 64., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 233 - 244.
Year of Publication: 1995.

268. Record Number: 1304
Author(s): Cron, B. M.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Duke of Suffolk, the Angevin Marriage, and the Ceding of Maine, 1445 [argues that the negotiations for Margaret's marriage did not involve a secret promise by Suffolk to surrender Maine to either René of Anjou or Charles VII of France].
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 20., 1 (March 1994):  Pages 77 - 99.
Year of Publication: 1994.

269. Record Number: 3497
Author(s): Thyrêt, Isolde.
Contributor(s):
Title : Blessed is the Tsaritsa's Womb: The Myth of Miraculous Birth and Royal Motherhood in Muscovite Russia [The author argues that the tsaritsas developed the idea of miraculous conceptions to give them some protection from the political pressures of producing an heir]
Source: Russian Review (Full Text via JSTOR) 53, 4 (Oct. 1994): 479-496. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1994.

270. Record Number: 3558
Author(s): Chojnacki, Stanley.
Contributor(s):
Title : Subaltern Patriarchs: Patrician Bachelors in Renaissance Venice [The author argues that unmarried male patricians had a lesser status than their brothers who married and became heads of families; nonetheless bachelors shared in the privileges of the patriarchal society including government offices].
Source: Medieval Masculinities: Regarding Men in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Clare A. Lees with the assistance of Thelma Fenster and Jo Ann McNamara Medieval Cultures, 7.   University of Minnesota Press, 1994.  Pages 73 - 90. Republished in slightly altered form as Subaltern Patriarchs: Patrician Bachelors. By Stanley Chojnacki. Women and Men in Renaissance Venice: Twelve Essays on Patrician Society. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000. Pages 244-256.
Year of Publication: 1994.

271. Record Number: 5055
Author(s): Donnini, Mauro.
Contributor(s):
Title : Galla Placidia nelle fonti latine medievali, umanistiche e rinascimentali [the early memory of Galla Placidia was of a figure in narratives of imperial politics; humanists later built on these narratives an image of the empress saving Rome from destruction by the Goths; an alternative tradition grew up in the Middle Ages depicting Galla Placidia as the pious friend of Saints Germanus and Barbatianus].
Source: Studi Medievali , 35., 2 (Dicembre 1994):  Pages 695 - 732.
Year of Publication: 1994.

272. Record Number: 5551
Author(s): van Herwaarden, Jan.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Appearance of Joan of Arc [The author considers the varied circumstances that allowed a young peasant girl to play a key role in France's history; the author discusses the English, Burgundian, and French forces contending for territory, the factions at the dauphin's court, popular
Source: Joan of Arc: Reality and Myth.   Edited by Jan van Herwaarden Publikaties van de Faculteit der Historische en Kunstwetenschappen. Maatschappijgeschiedenis .   Verloren, 1994. Studi Medievali , 35., 2 (Dicembre 1994):  Pages 19 - 73.
Year of Publication: 1994.

273. Record Number: 5552
Author(s): Berents, Dick.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Resurrection of Joan of Arc [The author examines the case of Claude de Armoises who successfully presented herself as Joan of Arc from 1436 to 1439, gaining the confidence and financial support of many, including the burgers of Orléans and various members of the nobility].
Source: Joan of Arc: Reality and Myth.   Edited by Jan van Herwaarden Publikaties van de Faculteit der Historische en Kunstwetenschappen. Maatschappijgeschiedenis .   Verloren, 1994. Studi Medievali , 35., 2 (Dicembre 1994):  Pages 74 - 95.
Year of Publication: 1994.

274. Record Number: 3562
Author(s): Baswell, Christopher.
Contributor(s):
Title : Men in the "Roman d'Eneas": The Construction of Empire [the author argues that the "Roman d'Eneas" is a controlled political and social work that confronts important issues in Angevin society including emergent manhood, patriarchal imperialism, and the limits of feminine power].
Source: Medieval Masculinities: Regarding Men in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Clare A. Lees with the assistance of Thelma Fenster and Jo Ann McNamara Medieval Cultures, 7.   University of Minnesota Press, 1994. Byzantion , 64., 1 ( 1994):  Pages 149 - 168.
Year of Publication: 1994.

275. Record Number: 3560
Author(s): Spiegel, Harriet.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Male Animal in the "Fables" of Marie de France [The author explores both female and male worlds in both the public and private spheres].
Source: Medieval Masculinities: Regarding Men in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Clare A. Lees with the assistance of Thelma Fenster and Jo Ann McNamara Medieval Cultures, 7.   University of Minnesota Press, 1994. Byzantion , 64., 1 ( 1994):  Pages 111 - 126.
Year of Publication: 1994.

276. Record Number: 3177
Author(s): Rowell, S.C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Pious Princesses or the Daughters of Belial: Pagan Lithuanian Dynastic Diplomacy, 1279-1423
Source: Medieval Prosopography , 15., 1 (Spring 1994):  Pages 3 - 77.
Year of Publication: 1994.

277. Record Number: 2012
Author(s): Earenfight, Theresa.
Contributor(s):
Title : Maria of Castile, Ruler or Figurehead? A Preliminary Study in Aragónese Queenship [analysis of Maria's rule as Lieutenant General during her husband's absences, 1421-1423 amd 1435-1453].
Source: Mediterranean Studies , 4., ( 1994):  Pages 45 - 61.
Year of Publication: 1994.

278. Record Number: 1239
Author(s): Winstead, Karen A. ,
Contributor(s):
Title : Capgrave's Saint Katherine and the Perils of Gynecocracy
Source: Viator , 25., ( 1994):  Pages 361 - 376.
Year of Publication: 1994.

279. Record Number: 3627
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Putting Theodora in Her Place: The Imperial Presence at S. Vitale in Ravenna
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 20., ( 1994):  Pages 42 - 43.
Year of Publication: 1994.

280. Record Number: 1235
Author(s): Clayton, Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : Centralism and Uniformity Versus Localism and Diversity: The Virgin and Native Saints in the Monastic Reform
Source: Peritia: Journal of the Medieval Academy of Ireland , 8., ( 1994):  Pages 95 - 106.
Year of Publication: 1994.

281. Record Number: 1551
Author(s): Jeffreys, Michael and Elizabeth Jeffreys
Contributor(s):
Title : Who Was Eirene the Sevastokratorissa? [argues that Eirene was of Western origins, probably a Norman, chosen to marry the son of the Emperor John II Komnenos in order to help bring the Normans into the Byzantine orbit].
Source: Byzantion , 64., 1 ( 1994):  Pages 40 - 68.
Year of Publication: 1994.

282. Record Number: 1372
Author(s): Rheubottom, David B.
Contributor(s):
Title : Genealogical Skewing and Political Support: Patrician Politics in Fifteenth-Century Ragusa (Dubrovnik)
Source: Continuity and Change , 9., 3 (December 1994):  Pages 369 - 390.
Year of Publication: 1994.

283. Record Number: 1550
Author(s): Garland, Lynda.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Eye of the Beholder: Byzantine Imperial Women and Their Public Image from Zoe Porphyrogenita to Euphrosyne Kamaterissa Doukaina (1028-1203) [analysis of the image and ceremonial role of empresses and women in the royal family based primarily on historians' accounts; empresses discussed include Zoe, Theodora, Aikaterina, Eudokia Makrembolitissa, Maria of Alania, Eirene, Anna Dalassena, Piroshka-Eirene, Bertha-Eirene of Sulzbach, and Mary of Antioch].
Source: Byzantion , 64., 1 ( 1994):  Pages 19 - 39. and Byzantion: Revue Internationale des Études Byzantines 64, 2 (1994): 261-313.
Year of Publication: 1994.

284. Record Number: 1238
Author(s): Aronstein, Susan.
Contributor(s):
Title : When Arthur Held Court in Caer Llion: Love, Marriage, and the Politics of Centralization in "Gereint" and "Owein"
Source: Viator , 25., ( 1994):  Pages 215 - 228.
Year of Publication: 1994.

285. Record Number: 5021
Author(s): Chodor, Joanna.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queens in Early Medieval Chronicles of East Central Europe [The author notes that the chroniclers do not depict women in a decidedly negative way; instead they appreciate the many social roles that women play in family, marriage, motherhood, religion, and, even, politics].
Source: East Central Europe , 20., 1 ( 1993):  Pages 9 - 50. Women and Power in East Central Europe - Medieval and Modern. Edited by Marianne Sághy.
Year of Publication: 1993.

286. Record Number: 7810
Author(s): Perocco, Daria.
Contributor(s):
Title : Caterina Cornaro nella "Istoria Viniziana" di Pietro Bembo [The Venetian Republic commissioned histories, including one from Pietro Bembo, which were reviewed by the Council of Ten. Bembo's account of Caterina Cornaro sanitizes the Republic's efforts to force her to surrender the Kingdom of Cyprus to Venice. The historical Caterina Cornaro subsequently became a figure of myth and a character in drama. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studi Veneziani , 25., ( 1993):  Pages 153 - 167.
Year of Publication: 1993.

287. Record Number: 5335
Author(s): O'Brien, Dennis J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Warrior Queen: The Character of Zenobia According to Giovanni Boccaccio, Christine de Pizan, and Sir Thomas Elyot [The author argues that Boccaccio describes Zenobia in misogynistic terms, while Christine de Pizan emphasizes her moral intergrity and natural skills at politics and governing].
Source: Medieval Perspectives , 8., ( 1993):  Pages 53 - 68.
Year of Publication: 1993.

288. Record Number: 1513
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Women Writers and Women Rulers: Rhetorical and Political Empowerment in the Fifteenth Century
Source: Women in German Yearbook , 9., ( 1993):  Pages 25 - 48.
Year of Publication: 1993.

289. Record Number: 6430
Author(s): Paden, Michael.
Contributor(s):
Title : Elissa: La Ghibellina del "Decameron" [the "Decameron" reflects the political divisions of Florence and Italy as a whole; one character, Elissa, represents the Ghibelline (Pro-Imperial) viewpoint; Elissa's stories with political themes earn a satirical response from Dioneo; eventually Elissa learns to compromise with her companihttps://inpress.lib.uiowa.edu/feminae/ArticleOfTheMonth.aspxons toward the rebuilding of society].
Source: Rivista di Studi Italiani , 11., 2 (Dicembre 1993):  Pages 1 - 12.
Year of Publication: 1993.

290. Record Number: 5090
Author(s): Fröhlich, Walter.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Marriage of Henry VI and Constance of Sicily: Prelude and Consequences [The author explores the strategies of William II, king of Sicily, in making an alliance with the Hohenstaufen by marrying his aunt Constance to the son of emperor Frederick Barbarossa].
Source: Anglo-Norman Studies , 15., ( 1992):  Pages 99 - 115.
Year of Publication: 1992.

291. Record Number: 6708
Author(s): Bonacini, Pierpaolo.
Contributor(s):
Title : La contessa Adelaide e la società del secolo XI: Susa, 14-16 novembre 1991 [Olderico Manfredi had only one heir, his daughter Adelaide; he vested his property in her but permitted the Marquisate of Susa to pass to her successive husbands; she maintained her family's power against the ambitions of the House of Savoy which did not obtain control of the Val di Susa until the twelfth century; Adelaide even resisted the Gregorian Reform in order to keep control of the local churches].
Source: Quaderni Medievali , 33., (giugno 1992):  Pages 199 - 208.
Year of Publication: 1992.

292. Record Number: 9532
Author(s): Laiou, Angeliki E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Addendum to the Report of the Role of Women in Byzantine Society [The author makes a short addition to her earlier article "The Role of Women in Byzantine Society" (Record #9531). Laiou briefly discusses new directions for research in Byzantine women's history. The article was originally published in Jahrbuch der Österreichischen Byzantinistik 31, 1 (1982): 198-204. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Gender, Society, and Economic Life in Byzantium. Angeliki E. Laiou Variorum Collected Studies Series .   Ashgate, 1992. Quaderni Medievali , 33., (giugno 1992):  Pages 198 - 204. Earlier published in Studies in Church History 27 (1990): 53-78.
Year of Publication: 1992.

293. Record Number: 10007
Author(s): Kinkade, Richard P.
Contributor(s):
Title : Alfonso X, "Cantiga 235," and the Events of 1269-1278 ["Cantiga 235," one of hundreds of lyrics Alfonso wrote in praise of the Virgin Mary, gives a broad historical perspective on the poet’s reign as King of Castile. While the poem praises Mary throughout, it also chronicles a series of personal betrayals and gives insight into the king’s own ill health and suffering. The article includes a detailed account of the major events in Alfonso’s reign, including the execution of his own brother on the charge of sodomy. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Speculum , 67., 2 (April 1992):  Pages 284 - 323.
Year of Publication: 1992.

294. Record Number: 10216
Author(s): Talbot, Alice-Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : Empress Theodora Palaiologina, Wife of Michael VIII [The author argues that although Theodora was a dutiful wife who engaged in typical imperial activities, she spent her widowhood trying to distance herself from her husband. She had briefly acquiesced in her husband's acceptance of the Church of Rome. Perhaps in expiation, she devoted great efforts as a widow to female monastic endowments and charitable causes. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Dumbarton Oaks Papers (Full Text via JSTOR) 46 (1992): 295-303. Homo Byzantinus: Papers in Honor of Alexander Kazhdan. Link Info Reprinted in Women and Religious Life in Byzantium. By Alice-Mary Talbot. Variorum Collected Studies Series. Ashgate, 2001. Article 5.
Year of Publication: 1992.

295. Record Number: 10381
Author(s): Richards, Earl Jeffrey.
Contributor(s):
Title : Christine de Pizan, the Conventions of Courtly Diction, and Italian Humanism [Christine dramatically transformed French poetic conventions through the influence of Italian humanist literary culture. The author argues that Christine prefers the models of eloquence offered by Italian poets like Dante and Petrarch over those offered by the French tradition (including the “Roman de la Rose” and Guillaume Machaut’s poetry). Christine’s writings offer a revolutionary political vision, espousing a unifying ideology of French nationalism over class division. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Reinterpreting Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Earl Jeffrey Richards, Joan Williamson, Nadia Margolis, and Christine Reno .   University of Georgia Press, 1992.  Pages 250 - 271.
Year of Publication: 1992.

296. Record Number: 10382
Author(s): Stablein-Harris, Patricia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Orleans, the Epic Tradition, and the Sacred Texts of Christine de Pizan [Christine’s experience with politics at the French court motivated her to portray the immorality of her life and times through epic texts. In her “Dit de la Rose,” she rewrites Jean de Meun’s “Roman de la Rose” but she uses key words for her own purposes. The religious sentiment and moral tone in Christine’s “Dit” directly respond to the blasphemous and secular uses of language in Jean’s original poem. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Reinterpreting Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Earl Jeffrey Richards, Joan Williamson, Nadia Margolis, and Christine Reno .   University of Georgia Press, 1992.  Pages 272 - 284.
Year of Publication: 1992.

297. Record Number: 14681
Author(s): Blockmans, Wim.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Devotion of a Lonely Duchess [The author briefly surveys the life of Margaret of York, concentrating on her involvement in politics, art patronage, charity in particular toward children, support of the church, and commissioning of manuscripts. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Margaret of York, Simon Marmion, and "The Visions of Tondal": Papers Delivered at a Symposium organized by the Department of Manuscripts of the J. Paul Getty Museum in Collaboration with the Huntington Library and Art Collections, June 21-24, 1990.   Edited by Thomas Kren .   J. Paul Getty Museum, 1992.  Pages 29 - 46.
Year of Publication: 1992.

298. Record Number: 11117
Author(s): Leppig, Linda.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Political Rhetoric of Christine de Pizan: "Lamentation sur les maux de la guerre civile [Christine addresses the Duke of Berry, calling on him to abandon his allegiance to the Duke of Orléans and seek peace for the good of the French people. Leppig argues that Christine combines elements from two literary forms, the "complainte" and the epistle, in order to excite pity and, at the same time, reproach those in the ruling elite she held responsible. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Politics, Gender, and Genre: The Political Thought of Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Margaret Brabant .   Westview Press, 1992. Studi Veneziani , 25., ( 1993):  Pages 141 - 156.
Year of Publication: 1992.

299. Record Number: 11431
Author(s): Wood, Charles T.
Contributor(s):
Title : The First Two Queens Elizabeth, 1464-1503 [The author analyzes the careers of Elizabeth Woodville and her daughter, Elizabeth of York. Wood argues that their complicated allegiances to family put enormous obstacles in their way of exercising sovereignty. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women and Sovereignty.   Edited by Louise Olga Fradenburg. Cosmos: The Yearbook of the Traditional Cosmology Society, volume 7 Cosmos: The Yearbook of the Traditional Cosmology Society, 7.   Edinburgh University Press, 1992. Studi Veneziani , 25., ( 1993):  Pages 121 - 131.
Year of Publication: 1992.

300. Record Number: 10176
Author(s): Scott, Karen.
Contributor(s):
Title : St. Catherine of Siena, "Apostola" [The author argues that Catherine has most often been viewed either as the activist supporter of the papacy or the miraculous mystic celebrated in the canonization process. Scott argues that the autobiographical material in her letters paints a different picture. She saw herself as an apostle, a wandering preacher and peacemaker who integrated both the political and the visionary in a life of sacrifice and service. Scott suggests that she may have led such an active and unconvential life in part because she was not concerned about gender distinctions. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Church History (Full Text via JSTOR) 61, 1 (March 1992): 34-46. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1992.

301. Record Number: 10213
Author(s): Kianka, Frances.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Letters of Demetrios Kydones to Empress Helena Kantakouzene Palaiologina [The author explores the relationship between the career government official and the empress as reflected in his letters. She was his literary patron and gave him good political advice when he was out of favor at court. Includes translations and commentaries on six letters from Kydones. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Dumbarton Oaks Papers (Full Text via JSTOR) 46 (1992): 155-164. Homo Byzantinus: Papers in Honor of Alexander Kazhdan. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1992.

302. Record Number: 11115
Author(s): Zimmerman, Margarete.
Contributor(s):
Title : Vox femina, vox politica: The "Lamentacion sur les maux de la France" [Christine wrote this text in 1410 as civil war engulfed Paris. She rejects the mascuine values of glory and victory in war, speaking out as a woman for peace. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Politics, Gender, and Genre: The Political Thought of Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Margaret Brabant .   Westview Press, 1992.  Pages 113 - 127.
Year of Publication: 1992.

303. Record Number: 5862
Author(s): Willard, Charity Cannon.
Contributor(s):
Title : Isabel of Portugal and the Fifteenth-Century Burgundian Crusade [The author traces Isabel's support of the crusading movement along with the efforts made by both her husband and her son. Volume title: Journeys Toward God: Pilgrimage and Crusade (Studies in Medieval Culture, 30)].
Source: Journeys Toward God: Pilgrimage and Crusade.   Edited by Barbara N. Sargent-Baur Studies in Medieval Culture, 30.   Medieval Institute Publications, Western Michigan University., 1992.  Pages 205 - 214.
Year of Publication: 1992.

304. Record Number: 11110
Author(s): Willard, Charity Cannon.
Contributor(s):
Title : Christine de Pizan: From Poet to Political Commentator [The author analyzes and dates two little known works by Christine, "Livre de la prod'hommie de l'homme" and the "Livre de prudence" (which is in many respects identical to the first text). Willard suggests that the former was an early work immediately following the "Querelle de la Rose" writing and marks Christine's transition from poet to political moralist. While writing to attract the favor of princes, Christine felt duty bound to offer advice in regard to their behavior and to plead for them to aid France in its troubles. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Politics, Gender, and Genre: The Political Thought of Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Margaret Brabant .   Westview Press, 1992.  Pages 17 - 32.
Year of Publication: 1992.

305. Record Number: 9466
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Marriage of Edward III and the Transmission of French Motets to England
Source: Journal of the American Musicological Society , 45., 1 (Spring 1992):  Pages 1 - 29.
Year of Publication: 1992.

306. Record Number: 11111
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Polycracy, Obligation, and Revolt: The Body Politic in John of Salisbury and Christine de Pizan
Source: Politics, Gender, and Genre: The Political Thought of Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Margaret Brabant .   Westview Press, 1992. Journal of the American Musicological Society , 45., 1 (Spring 1992):  Pages 33 - 52.
Year of Publication: 1992.

307. Record Number: 11120
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : History, Politics, and Christine Studies: A Polemical Reply [The author reacts in part to Christine Reno's article in the same essay collection ("Christine de Pizan: 'At Best a Contradictory Figure'?") which is critical of Delany's views on Christine de Pizan's political views. Delany argues that Christine espoused the views of her noble patrons and was not particularly innovative in her ideas about women. Modern scholars overlook these issues in their desire for a feminist foremother. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Politics, Gender, and Genre: The Political Thought of Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Margaret Brabant .   Westview Press, 1992. Journal of the American Musicological Society , 45., 1 (Spring 1992):  Pages 193 - 206.
Year of Publication: 1992.

308. Record Number: 8577
Author(s): Rosenthal, Joel T.
Contributor(s):
Title : Other Victims: Peeresses as War Widows, 1450-1500 [The author examines the lives of English war widows, who often suffered for their dead husbands' military and political disgraces. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Upon My Husband's Death: Widows in the Literature and Histories of Medieval Europe.   Edited by Louise Mirrer Studies in Medieval and Early Modern Civilization .   University of Michigan Press, 1992. Journal of the American Musicological Society , 45., 1 (Spring 1992):  Pages 131 - 152. Originally published in History: The Journal of the Historical Association 72, 235 (1987): 213-230.
Year of Publication: 1992.

309. Record Number: 9496
Author(s): McMillin, Linda A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender and monastic autonomy in thirteenth-century Barcelona: abbess vs. bishop [The author analyzes the power struggle between a Barcelonian bishop and abbess in order to better understand the status of women in religious communities in the later Middle Ages. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 18., 3 (September 1992):  Pages 267 - 278.
Year of Publication: 1992.

310. Record Number: 11113
Author(s): Richards, Earl Jeffrey.
Contributor(s):
Title : French Cultural Nationalism and Christian Universalism in the Works of Christine de Pizan [The author argues that Christine identified the nationalist cause of France with the divine plan of salvation history. Differences in religion meant that the Muslim and the Jew were the irreducible Other. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Politics, Gender, and Genre: The Political Thought of Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Margaret Brabant .   Westview Press, 1992. Journal of Medieval History , 18., 3 (September 1992):  Pages 75 - 94.
Year of Publication: 1992.

311. Record Number: 11116
Author(s): Dulac, Liliane.
Contributor(s):
Title : Authority in the Prose Treatises of Christine de Pizan: The Writer's Discourse and the Prince's Word
Source: Politics, Gender, and Genre: The Political Thought of Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Margaret Brabant .   Westview Press, 1992. Journal of Medieval History , 18., 3 (September 1992):  Pages 129 - 140.
Year of Publication: 1992.

312. Record Number: 11433
Author(s): Herbert, Máire.
Contributor(s):
Title : Goddess and King: The Sacred Marriage in Early Ireland
Source: Women and Sovereignty.   Edited by Louise Olga Fradenburg. Cosmos: The Yearbook of the Traditional Cosmology Society, volume 7 Cosmos: The Yearbook of the Traditional Cosmology Society, 7.   Edinburgh University Press, 1992. Journal of Medieval History , 18., 3 (September 1992):  Pages 264 - 275.
Year of Publication: 1992.

313. Record Number: 11109
Author(s): Hicks, Eric.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Political Significance of Christine de Pizan [The author argues that Christine's significance lies in her role as a moralist. Hicks also cautions that Christine's importance for the present age (including issues of her "feminism") must be considered carefully to avoid anachronisms. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Politics, Gender, and Genre: The Political Thought of Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Margaret Brabant .   Westview Press, 1992. Journal of Medieval History , 18., 3 (September 1992):  Pages 7 - 15.
Year of Publication: 1992.

314. Record Number: 10777
Author(s): Smith, Robin.
Contributor(s):
Title : Glimpses of Some Anglo-Saxon Women [The author briefly profiles three Anglo-Saxon women: Abbess Hilda, the nun Hygeburg (author of a pilgrimage account), and Aethelflaed, ruler of the Mercians. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: A Wyf Ther Was: Essays in Honour of Paule Mertens-Fonck.   Edited by Juliette Dor .   English Department, University of Liège, 1992. Journal of Medieval History , 18., 3 (September 1992):  Pages 256 - 263.
Year of Publication: 1992.

315. Record Number: 8776
Author(s): Neu, Renee.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mythology as Code: Lapo da Castiglionchio's View of Homosexuality and Materialism at the Curia [The author suggests that Lapo da Castiglionchio's defense of the Papal Curia may indirectly refer to homosexual relationships under the guise of mythological allusion. Although he does not necessarily condemn these relationships, his dialogue may contain more criticism than scholars generally allow. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Journal of the History of Ideas (Full Text via JSTOR) 53, 1 (January-March 1992): 138-144. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1992.

316. Record Number: 11432
Author(s): Miller, Dean A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Byzantine Sovereignty and Feminine Potencies [The author explores a variety of situations in which the Byzantine emperor was invested with or connected to feminine characteristics. This ranges from nurturing and merciful power to associations with Sophia (Holy Wisdom) and the Theotokos (the Virgin as God-Bearer). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women and Sovereignty.   Edited by Louise Olga Fradenburg. Cosmos: The Yearbook of the Traditional Cosmology Society, volume 7 Cosmos: The Yearbook of the Traditional Cosmology Society, 7.   Edinburgh University Press, 1992.  Pages 250 - 263.
Year of Publication: 1992.

317. Record Number: 11118
Author(s): McKinley, Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Subversive "Seulette" [The author briefly discusses Christine's rhetorical strategies in the "Lamentacion sur les maux de la guerre civile." While identifying herself as a "little woman, alone and apart," she persuasively but tactfully reminds the Duke of Berry of his obligations to the princes and people of France. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Politics, Gender, and Genre: The Political Thought of Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Margaret Brabant .   Westview Press, 1992.  Pages 157 - 169.
Year of Publication: 1992.

318. Record Number: 11108
Author(s): Elshtain, Jean Bethke.
Contributor(s):
Title : Introduction [The author briefly summarizes political themes in the works and life of Christine de Pizan including ethics, the body politic, women's status, difference, care, and authority. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Politics, Gender, and Genre: The Political Thought of Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Margaret Brabant .   Westview Press, 1992.  Pages 1 - 6.
Year of Publication: 1992.

319. Record Number: 11119
Author(s): Reno, Christine M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Christine de Pizan: "At Best a Contradictory Figure"? [Reno reacts to Sheila Delany's criticisms of Christine in regard to de Pizan's political views, attitude to the poor, partiality to her noble patrons, lack of feminism, and prudishness toward the "Roman de la rose." Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Politics, Gender, and Genre: The Political Thought of Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Margaret Brabant .   Westview Press, 1992.  Pages 171 - 191.
Year of Publication: 1992.

320. Record Number: 4712
Author(s): LoPrete, Kimberly.
Contributor(s):
Title : Adela of Blois and Ivo of Chartres: Piety, Politics, and the Peace in the Diocese of Chartres
Source: Anglo-Norman Studies , 14., ( 1991):  Pages 131 - 152.
Year of Publication: 1991.

321. Record Number: 6461
Author(s): Bausi, Francesco.
Contributor(s):
Title : Machiavelli e Caterina Sforza [after her husband, Girolamo Riario of Forlì, was murdered, Caterina Sforza gained control of the castel in the city by a stratagem; Machiavelli used the most fantastic and vulgar of the stories that had reached him in the "Discourses;" later he used the simplest and most credible in his "Florentine Histories"].
Source: Archivio Storico Italiano , 149., ( 1991):  Pages 887 - 892.
Year of Publication: 1991.

322. Record Number: 10892
Author(s): Thomas, R. D.
Contributor(s):
Title : Anna Comnena’s Account of the First Crusade: History and Politics in the Reigns of the Emperors Alexius I and Manuel I Comnenus [Anna Komnena’s account exhibits a tension between her feminine posture (as a woman author and dutiful daughter of Emperor Alexios) and more masculine aspirations (including interests in court politics and imperial power, traits commonly associated with m
Source: Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies , 15., ( 1991):  Pages 269 - 312.
Year of Publication: 1991.

323. Record Number: 11215
Author(s): Winstead, Karen A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Piety, Politics, and Social Commitment in Capgrave’s "Life of St. Katherine" [Capgrave radically changes old conventions of sacred biographies by creating a new saint’s life. Interested in political, historical, and personal frameworks for martyrdom, Capgrave explores the saint’s limitations as a human and examines how her earth-bound social status affects her public involvement in the secular world. This worldly shift in the representation of the female martyr protagonist reflects the poet’s need to appeal to bourgeois women who were the primary audience for saint’s lives and pious tales. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medievalia et Humanistica , 17., ( 1991):  Pages 59 - 80.
Year of Publication: 1991.

324. Record Number: 11801
Author(s): Strocchia, Sharon T.
Contributor(s):
Title : Funerals and the Politics of Gender in Early Renaissance Florence [The author shows that changing funeral practices in early Renaissance Florence intersected with political changes, and demonstrates that funerals became increasingly gendered rituals. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Refiguring Woman: Perspectives on Gender and the Italian Renaissance.   Edited by Marilyn Migiel and Juliana Schiesari .   Cornell University Press, 1991.  Pages 155 - 168.
Year of Publication: 1991.

325. Record Number: 11049
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Isabelle d'Angoulême, By the Grace of God, Queen [The author summarizes the events of Isabelle d'Angouleme's life, arguing that by paying more attention to her biography, we may gain a more dynamic view of aristocratic life and political history in thirteenth-century France and England. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Historie , 69., ( 1991):  Pages 821 - 852.
Year of Publication: 1991.

326. Record Number: 10893
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Marian Politics in Quattrocento Florence: The Renewed Dedication of Santa Maria del Fiore in 1412 [The author argues that the political leaders of Florence chose in 1412 to identify the state with the Virgin Mary in the rededication of the cathedral to "Santa Maria del Fiore." The lily symbolized not only Mary's purity but also the city of Florence. M
Source: Renaissance Quarterly , 44., 4 (Winter 1991):  Pages 673 - 719.
Year of Publication: 1991.

327. Record Number: 5025
Author(s): Klassen, John M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queenship in Late Medieval Bohemia [The author examines the life of Johanna of Rozmital who took an active role in politics and diplomacy, especially with regard to the difficult negotiations between Catholics and Hussites].
Source: East Central Europe , 1 ( 1991):  Pages 101 - 116. Women and Power in East Central Europe - Medieval and Modern. Edited by Marianne Sághy.
Year of Publication: 1991.

328. Record Number: 11048
Author(s): Durling, Nancy Vine.
Contributor(s):
Title : “Mieux vaut jamais que tard”: Romance, Philology, and Old French Letters [The author discusses the shift in Old French philological studies away from the pleasure associated with romanticism and the feminine towards a rigid, exclusive privileging of “masculine,” scientific mastery. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Representations (Full Text via JSTOR) 36 (Autumn 1991): 64-86. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1991.

329. Record Number: 12282
Author(s): Goez, Werner.
Contributor(s):
Title : Matilda Dei gratia si quid est. Die Urkunden-Unterfertigung der Burgherrin von Canossa [Author discusses the use of the formula "Dei gratia si quid est" in Countess Mathilda of Tuscany's signature on documents. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Deutsches Archiv für Erforschung des Mittelalters , 47., ( 1991):  Pages 378 - 394.
Year of Publication: 1991.

330. Record Number: 11784
Author(s): Brundage, James A.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Politics of Sodomy: Rex v. Pons Hugh de Ampurias (1311) [The essay argues that litigation records in the case of Pons Hugh IV demonstrate the way accusations of sodomy could have a political use. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Sex in the Middle Ages: A Book of Essays.   Edited by Joyce E. Salisbury .   Garland Publishing, 1991. Deutsches Archiv für Erforschung des Mittelalters , 47., ( 1991):  Pages 239 - 246.
Year of Publication: 1991.

331. Record Number: 6388
Author(s): Troubat, Olivier.
Contributor(s):
Title : Maria di Borbone imperatrice di Costantinopoli [Louis I of Bourbon advanced his ambitions in the eastern Mediterranean by marrying his daughter Marie to Guy de Lusignan of Cyprus; after she was widowed, her brother Pierre married her to Robert, prince of Taranto; after being widowed a second time she ruled Morea-Achaia; she then retired to Naples where she was active in politics until her death in 1387; her nephew Louis II of Bourbon became her heir, maintaining a political role in the eastern Mediterranean until his death in 1410].
Source: Archivio Storico Italiano , 148., 546 ( 1990):  Pages 739 - 765.
Year of Publication: 1990.

332. Record Number: 15608
Author(s): Stahl, Alan M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Coinage in the Name of Medieval Women [The appendix gives a preliminary listing of coins from Europe, Byzantium, and the Islamic world from 500 to 1500 C.E. which have a woman ruler's name. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Women and the Sources of Medieval History.   Edited by Joel T. Rosenthal .   University of Georgia Press, 1990. Medievalia et Humanistica , 17., ( 1991):  Pages 321 - 341.
Year of Publication: 1990.

333. Record Number: 12697
Author(s): Jessee, W. Scott.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Missing Capetian Princess: Advisa, Daughter of King Robert II of France [Historical sources are inconsistent on the number and names of the daughters of the Capetian King Robert II of France. One of Robert's daughters was married off to Raynald, Count of Nevers, in order to build an alliance between the Capetian dynasty and the family of Nevers. The author identifies this daughter as Advisa, who married Raynald sometime after January 1016. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Prosopography , 11., 2 (Autumn 1990):  Pages 1 - 15.
Year of Publication: 1990.

334. Record Number: 12682
Author(s): Corrie, Rebecca W.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Political Meaning of Coppo di Marcovaldo's Madonna and Child in Siena
Source: Gesta (Full Text via JSTOR) 29, 1 (1990): 61-75. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1990.

335. Record Number: 12744
Author(s): Balas, Edith.
Contributor(s):
Title : Cybele and Her Cult in Andrea Mantegna's "The Triumph of Caesar" [English adaptation of French abstract: The article explains in detail the presence, never before noted, of the pagan goddess Cybele in the series of paintings by Mantegna, "The Triumph of Caesar." Mantegna draws upon Classical and early medieval art and literature in order to present Cybele in different roles: political, military, and religious. The author analyzes Cybele in relation to her cult, suggesting that, during the time of Julius Caesar, she became a national goddess. She was carried along from Gaul by the army for protection, and was brought into Rome in triumph as a spoil of war. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Gazette des Beaux-Arts , 115., (January 1990):  Pages 1 - 14.
Year of Publication: 1990.

336. Record Number: 12750
Author(s): LoPrete, Kimberly A.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Anglo-Norman Card of Adela of Blois [Adela occupied a high social status and power by virtue of her royal blood (she was the daughter of William the Conqueror), her role as the Countess of Blois, Chartres, and Meaux, and her position as the mother of Stephen, future King of England. She exerted authority as family head, accumulating land holdings and inheritance claims for the family by negotiating marriage alliances between her own family (the Thebaudians) and other powerful dynasties. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Albion , 22., 4 (Winter 1990):  Pages 567 - 589.
Year of Publication: 1990.

337. Record Number: 12751
Author(s): Leyser, Karl.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Anglo-Norman Succession 1120-1125 [When the son and heir of Henry I died in a shipwreck, Henry made his barons pledge allegiance to his daughter Matilda (wife of Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor) as his new heir, but Matilda faced great opposition from others who claimed the throne. Although they were ultimately unsuccessful, both Matilda and her husband actively waged numerous military and diplomatic campaigns attempting to secure Matilda’s succession to the throne. It is clear from the accounts of medieval historians like Orderic Vitalis that Henry V hoped to present Matilda as not only his claim to the Anglo-Norman territories but also as the future mother of a new emperor. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Anglo-Norman Studies , 8., ( 1990):  Pages 225 - 241.
Year of Publication: 1990.

338. Record Number: 12773
Author(s): Chojnacki, Stanley.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage Legislation and Patrician Society in Fifteenth-Century Venice [The author discusses the role marriage played in shaping patrician society, and argues that new legislation defined the expectations and limits of the state’s role in marriage in fifteenth-century Venice. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Law, custom, and the social fabric in medieval Europe: essays in honor of Bryce Lyon.   Edited by Bernard S. Bachrach and David Nicholas Studies in medieval culture .   Medieval Institute Publications, Western Michigan University, 1990.  Pages 163 - 184.
Year of Publication: 1990.

339. Record Number: 12775
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Introduction [The author provides a brief introduction to papers from a conference organized by the Societies of Antiquaries of Scotland, London, and Newcastle upon Tyne to commemorate the anniversary of the death of Margaret "Maid of Norway", queen of Scotland and daughter of Eric II Magnusson of Norway. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Scottish Historical Review , 69., 2 (October 1990):  Pages 117 - 119.
Year of Publication: 1990.

340. Record Number: 12777
Author(s): Helle, Knut.
Contributor(s):
Title : Norwegian Foreign Policy and the Maid of Norway [The author claims that Margaret, Maid of Norway, Queen of Scotland, was essentially a product of years of Norwegian foreign policy. She also explores the ramifications of Margaret’s death in Norway, particularly the appearance of a “false Margaret” who was burned and then claimed as a martyr. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Scottish Historical Review , 69., 2 (October 1990):  Pages 142 - 156.
Year of Publication: 1990.

341. Record Number: 12759
Author(s): Waugh, Scott L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women's Inheritance and the Growth of Bureaucratic Monarchy in Twelfth- and Thirteenth-Century England [The author documents changes in English inheritance laws as they pertain to female heirs and coheirs, showing that, by 1250, the process of partitioning inheritances had changed in such a way that administrative roles were assumed increasingly by royal officials and justices rather than lords. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Nottingham Medieval Studies , 34., ( 1990):  Pages 71 - 92.
Year of Publication: 1990.

342. Record Number: 12778
Author(s): Prestwich, Michael.
Contributor(s):
Title : Edward I and the Maid of Norway [The author discusses the Maid of Norway episode in relation to English diplomacy and trade, with particular attention to Edward I’s role. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Scottish Historical Review , 69., 2 (October 1990):  Pages 157 - 174.
Year of Publication: 1990.

343. Record Number: 12776
Author(s): Barrow, G.W.S.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Kingdom in Crisis: Scotland and the Maid of Norway [The article discusses the political climate of Scotland in the thirteenth century, and the conditions under which Margaret, daughter of king Eric II Magnusson of Norway, was promised to marry Edward, the future Prince of Wales. The article includes an Appendix, which gives the English translation of the treaty of Birgham-Northampton, in which the marriage is promised. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Scottish Historical Review , 69., 2 (October 1990):  Pages 120 - 141.
Year of Publication: 1990.

344. Record Number: 12779
Author(s): Crawford, Barbara E.
Contributor(s):
Title : North Sea Kingdoms, North Sea Bureaucrat: A Royal Official Who Transcended National Boundaries [The author argues for an identification of Weland of Stiklaw (a Scottish royal officer) with the Weland recorded to have accompanied Margaret, Maid of Norway, on her voyage to Scotland. The article includes an Appendix, an inventory of Isabella Bruce’s Goods. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Scottish Historical Review , 69., 2 (October 1990):  Pages 175 - 184.
Year of Publication: 1990.

345. Record Number: 5022
Author(s): Klaniczay, Gábor.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Cinderella Effect: Late Medieval Female Sainthood in Central Europe and in Italy [The author examines the ideal of sainthood represented by pious princesses in Central Europe and how this aristocratic and mendicant movement fared in Italy where urban female sainthood embraced all social classes].
Source: East Central Europe , 1 ( 1974):  Pages 51 - 68. Women and Power in East Central Europe - Medieval and Modern. Edited by Marianne Sághy.
Year of Publication: 1974.

346. Record Number: 28007
Author(s):
Contributor(s): Treharne, R. E., selector
Title : The Trial of Simon de Montfort, July 1260, Sections 1-10 [This document includes clauses concerning Countess Eleanor, daughter of King John and wife of Simon de Montfort. De Montfort was a magnate and social reformer who died in battle against forces of the king. This document outlines disagreements with King Henry III, Eleanor’s brother, over Eleanor’s demands as well as her refusal to renounce claims to lands in France. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Documents of the Baronial Movement of Reform and Rebellion 1258-1267.   Edited by I. J. Sanders Oxford Medieval Texts .   Clarendon Press, 1973. East Central Europe , 1 ( 1974):  Pages 194 - 199.
Year of Publication: 1973.

347. Record Number: 28184
Author(s): Richardson, Henry Gerald,
Contributor(s):
Title : The Marriage of Isabelle of Angoulême: A Problem of Canon Law
Source: Collectanea Stephan Kuttner. II.   Edited by Giuseppe Forchielli and Alfons M. Stickler Studia Gratiana, 12.   Institutum Gratianum, 1967. East Central Europe , 1 ( 1974):  Pages 397 - 423.
Year of Publication: 1967.

348. Record Number:
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Empress Ariadne
Source: East Central Europe , 1 ( 1974):
Year of Publication:

349. Record Number: 30960
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Countess Matilda, Emperor Henry IV, and Abbot Hugh of Cluny
Source: East Central Europe , 1 ( 1974):
Year of Publication:

350. Record Number: 30961
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Dedication page with Matilda of Canossa from the Vita Mathildis
Source: East Central Europe , 1 ( 1974):
Year of Publication:

351. Record Number: 31187
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Encomium Emmae: Emma Enthroned
Source: East Central Europe , 1 ( 1974):
Year of Publication:

352. Record Number: 31730
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Coronation of Edith of Wessex, from the Life of St. Edward the Confessor
Source: East Central Europe , 1 ( 1974):
Year of Publication:

353. Record Number: 35863
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Enthronement of Jeanne de Bourbon and Charles V of France
Source: East Central Europe , 1 ( 1974):
Year of Publication:

354. Record Number: 36351
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Queen Urraca
Source: East Central Europe , 1 ( 1974):
Year of Publication:

355. Record Number: 37477
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Constantinian pendant
Source: East Central Europe , 1 ( 1974):
Year of Publication: