Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


132 Record(s) Found in our database

SEE ALSO: parents

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1. Record Number: 32334
Author(s): Long, Jane C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Dangerous Women: Observations on the Feast of Herod in Florentine Art of the Early Renaissance
Source: Renaissance Quarterly , 66., 4 ( 2013):  Pages 1153 - 1205.
Year of Publication: 2013.

2. Record Number: 35787
Author(s): Merxadrus, Barzella,
Contributor(s): Morris, W. S., trans.
Title : The Last Will and Testament of Barzella Merxadrus, December 9, 1219
Source: Crusade and Christendom: Annotated Documents in Translation from Innocent III to the Fall of Acre, 1187-1291.   Edited by Jessalyn Bird, Edward Peters, and James M. Powell .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 2013. Renaissance Quarterly , 66., 4 ( 2013):  Pages 439 - 442.
Year of Publication: 2013.

3. Record Number: 28920
Author(s): Clanchy, Michael,
Contributor(s):
Title : Did Mothers Teach their Children to Read?
Source: Motherhood, Religion, and Society in Medieval Europe, 400-1400: Essays Presented to Henrietta Leyser.   Edited by Conrad Leyser and Lesley Smith. Church, Faith and Culture in the Medieval West .   Ashgate, 2011. Renaissance Quarterly , 66., 4 ( 2013):  Pages 129 - 153.
Year of Publication: 2011.

4. Record Number: 33198
Author(s): Courtemanche, Andrée and Steven Bednarski
Contributor(s):
Title : "Sadly and with a Bitter Heart": What the Caesarean Section Meant in the Middle Ages
Source: Florilegium , 28., ( 2011):  Pages 33 - 69.
Year of Publication: 2011.

5. Record Number: 28350
Author(s):
Contributor(s): Gallagher, Eric James, translator
Title : Adam Bulloc and Margery his wife claim against Matilda who was the wife of Adam… [Item 1006 from Ely concerns the woman Matilda whose claim to land was challenged by Adam and Margery Bulloc from whom Matilda’s husband had held the acres in villeinage. Matilda as a widow responded that she had wardship over her son John who was underage. The couple would need to wait until John was an adult before suing him for the land. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: The Civil Pleas of the Suffolk Eyre of 1240.   Edited by Eric James Gallagher Suffolk Records Society, 52.   Boydell Press , 2009. Florilegium , 28., ( 2011):  Pages 208 - 208.
Year of Publication: 2009.

6. Record Number: 13675
Author(s): Sheridan, Maia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mothers and Sons: Emma of Normandy's Role in the English Succession Crisis, 1035-42 [The author examines Queen Emma's relationship with her sons as presented in the text "Encomium Emmae reginae." She commissioned the work to strengthen her sons' positions after King Cnut's death. Not surprisingly it criticized Cnut's illegitimate son, but it also responded to suspicions concerning Emma's involvement in her son Alfred's death. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies on Medieval and Early Modern Women 4: Victims or Viragos?   Edited by Christine Meek and Catherine Lawless .   Four Courts Press, 2005. Florilegium , 28., ( 2011):  Pages 39 - 48.
Year of Publication: 2005.

7. Record Number: 8706
Author(s): de Trafford, Claire.
Contributor(s):
Title : Share and Share Alike? The Marriage Portion, Inheritance, and Family Politics [The author explores the use of the marriage portion or "maritagium" given by the bride's family, usually in the form of land or rents. Since wives had a say in the disposal of their "maritagia," it tended to increase their status in the family. Also there was an effort to provide for all children, including daughters, rather than the later emphasis on a sole male heir with primogeniture. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies on Medieval and Early Modern Women: Pawns or Players?   Edited by Christine Meek and Catherine Lawless .   Four Courts Press, 2003. Florilegium , 28., ( 2011):  Pages 36 - 48.
Year of Publication: 2003.

8. Record Number: 9515
Author(s): Bennett, Judith M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Writing Fornication: Medieval Leyrwite and Its Historians (Read 4 July 2002) [In the Appendix the author lists the printed editions of primary sources that she consulted. She also includes brief comments on the situation for south-western England (Devon and Cornwall), since leyrwite was exceptionally high in Cornwall.].
Source: Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. Sixth Series , 13., ( 2003):  Pages 131 - 162.
Year of Publication: 2003.

9. Record Number: 11945
Author(s): Turner, Ralph V.
Contributor(s):
Title : Eleanor of Aquitaine in the Governments of Her Sons Richard and John
Source: Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady.   Edited by Bonnie Wheeler and John Carmi Parsons The New Middle Ages .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Florilegium , 28., ( 2011):  Pages 77 - 95.
Year of Publication: 2003.

10. Record Number: 14554
Author(s): Shenton, Caroline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Philippa of Hainault's Churchings: The Politics of Motherhood at the Court of Edward III [The author argues that Philippa's numerous births and subsequent churchings were opportunities to celebrate the growing royal family which had experienced a difficult start. The humiliations of the regency were to be forgotten and the disappointing mother figure of Isabelle, Edward II's queen, was replaced by her son's devotion to the Virgin. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Family and Dynasty in Late Medieval England: Proceedings of the 1997 Harlaxton Symposium.   Edited by Richard Eales and Shaun Tyas Harlaxton medieval studies .   Shaun Tyas, 2003. Florilegium , 28., ( 2011):  Pages 105 - 121.
Year of Publication: 2003.

11. Record Number: 11949
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Birth and Childhood of King John: Some Revisions
Source: Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady.   Edited by Bonnie Wheeler and John Carmi Parsons The New Middle Ages .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Florilegium , 28., ( 2011):  Pages 159 - 175.
Year of Publication: 2003.

12. Record Number: 10981
Author(s): Stanton, Anne Rudloff.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Psalter of Isabelle, Queen of England 1308-1330: Isabelle as the Audience [The illustrated psalter was produced as a gift for the young queen sometime between her betrothal and marriage. It presents Biblical role models for the edification of the queen. Stanton argues that the psalter is particularly noteworthy for its emphasis on official, maternal roles and for its use of bilingual texts. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Word and Image , 18., 1 (January-March 2002):  Pages 1 - 27.
Year of Publication: 2002.

13. Record Number: 7250
Author(s): Golden, Judith K.
Contributor(s):
Title : Images of Instruction, Marie de Bretagne, and the Life of St. Eustace as Illustrated in British Library Ms. Egerton 745 [The author argues that Egerton 745 was commissioned by Marie de Bretagne, daughter of a duke of Brittany and granddaughter of a king and queen of England (hence the saints' lives included for two Breton saints and Edward the Confessor). She had the manuscript prepared for her son, choosing to emphasize role models, especially Saint Eustace, who were good husbands, fathers, and Christians. The Appendix lists and describes twenty-two works of art that represent the cycle of St. Eustace's life. Also included is a table that charts the various episodes represented in the twenty-two art works. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Insights and Interpretations: Studies in Celebrations of the Eighty-Fifth Anniversary of the Index of Christian Art.   Edited by Colum Hourihane .   Index of Christian Art, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University in association with Princeton University Press, 2002. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. Sixth Series , 13., ( 2003):  Pages 60 - 84.
Year of Publication: 2002.

14. Record Number: 7442
Author(s): Dockray-Miller, Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Maternal Performance of the Virgin Mary in the Old English "Advent"
Source: NWSA Journal , 14., 2 (Summer 2002):  Pages 38 - 55.
Year of Publication: 2002.

15. Record Number: 8089
Author(s): Price, Merrall Llewelyn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Imperial Violence and the Monstrous Mother: Cannibalism at the Siege of Jerusalem [The author explores the popular tale of Maria of Jerusalem who ate her own infant during a siege of Jerusalem. The author is interested in her as both a double and opposite of the Virgin Mary whose son was also sacrificed. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Domestic Violence in Medieval Texts.   Edited by Eve Salisbury, Georgiana Donavin, and Merrall Llewelyn Price .   University Press of Florida, 2002. NWSA Journal , 14., 2 (Summer 2002):  Pages 272 - 298.
Year of Publication: 2002.

16. Record Number: 7271
Author(s): McCracken, Peggy.
Contributor(s):
Title : Engendering Sacrifice: Blood, Lineage, and Infanticide in Old French Literature [The author analyzes the theme of infanticide in Chretien de Troyes' "Philomena," "Ami et Amile," accounts of Abraham and Isaac, and "Jourdain de Blaye." The author argues that the child's death takes on a different meaning according to the gender of the sacrificer. When the father kills the child, the blood is paternal blood and represents a sacrifice for loyalty or for God. When the mother kills the child, the blood is maternal, associated with the impurities of childbirth, and is done only as an act of revenge. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Speculum , 77., 1 (January 2002):  Pages 55 - 75.
Year of Publication: 2002.

17. Record Number: 6614
Author(s): Rieder, Paula M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Insecure Borders: Symbols of Clerical Privilege and Gender Ambiguity in the Liturgy of Churching [The author argues that while churching recognized male superiority and clerical authority it also allowed for gender subversion with women invading holy places and repeatedly celebrating the rite in honor of their neighbors].
Source: The Material Culture of Sex, Procreation, and Marriage in Premodern Europe.   Edited by Anne L. McClanan and Karen Rosoff Encarnación .   Palgrave, 2002. Speculum , 77., 1 (January 2002):  Pages 93 - 113.
Year of Publication: 2002.

18. Record Number: 11037
Author(s): Niebrzydowski, Sue.
Contributor(s):
Title : Monstrous (M)othering: The Representation of the Sowdanesse in Chaucer's "Man of Law Tale"
Source: Consuming Narrative: Gender and Monstrous Appetite in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.   Edited by Liz Herbert McAvoy and Teresa Walters .   University of Wales Press, 2002. Speculum , 77., 1 (January 2002):  Pages 196 - 207.
Year of Publication: 2002.

19. Record Number: 6748
Author(s): Kuehn, Thomas.
Contributor(s):
Title : Daughters, Mothers, Wives, and Widows: Women as Legal Persons [The author traces women's legal agency across the life span; each phase had its limits even widowhood in which many women had to struggle for the return of their dowry or accept remarriage at their natal family's behest].
Source: Time, Space, and Women's Lives in Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Anne Jackson Schutte, Thomas Kuehn, and Silvana Seidel Menchi Sixteenth Century Essays and Studies, 57.   Truman State University Press, 2001. Word and Image , 18., 1 (January-March 2002):  Pages 97 - 115.
Year of Publication: 2001.

20. Record Number: 6926
Author(s): Rasmussen, Ann Marie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Fathers to Think Back Through: The Middle High German Mother-Daughter and Father-Son Advice Poems known as "Die Winsbeckin" and "Der Winsbecke" ["In particular, the essay examines the 'enabling' notions of authenticity, authorship, and paternal authority that shaped scholarship on the poems from 1845 to 1985. The trope of a father instructing his son furnished a productive framework for the overwhelmingly male professional caste of nineteenth- and twentieth-century scholars to 'think back through,' I will argue, as they constructed notions of conduct literature that privileged a version of paternal, secular authority and that rested at times on a nostalgic belief that didactic literature was imbued with an authentic connection to lived medieval experience." p. 109].
Source: Medieval Conduct.   Edited by Kathleen Ashley and Robert L. A. Clark .   Medieval Cultures, Volume 29. University of Minnesota Press, 2001. Word and Image , 18., 1 (January-March 2002):  Pages 106 - 134.
Year of Publication: 2001.

21. Record Number: 11153
Author(s): Dockray-Miller, Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : Maternity and Performance: Mary in the Old English "Advent"
Source: Old English Newsletter , 34., 3 (Spring 2001): Appendix A: Abstracts of Papers in Anglo-Saxon Studies. Conference paper presented at the Thirty-Sixth International Congress on Medieval Studies, the Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University, May 3-6, 2001, Nineteenth Symposium on the Sources of A
Year of Publication: 2001.

22. Record Number: 5784
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Men, Women, and Miracles in Normandy, 1050- 1150 [the author argues that the representation of women in Norman miracle reports is surprisingly positive; women's testimony is recorded (when men are unavailable) and their tender care of children is emphasized; the author suggests that the monk-authors of the "miracula" were not misogynists and had contact with women, both in the monastery and in the secular world].
Source: Medieval Memories: Men, Women, and the Past, 700-1300.   Edited by Elisabeth van Houts .   Women and Men in History Series. Longman, 2001. Old English Newsletter , 34., 3 (Spring 2001):  Pages 53 - 71.
Year of Publication: 2001.

23. Record Number: 6744
Author(s): Hodgson, Natasha
Contributor(s):
Title : The Role of Kerbogha's Mother in the "Gesta Francorum" and Selected Chronicles of the First Crusade [The author argues for more scholarly attention on Kerbogha's mother, presented as an educated, loving mother who warns her warrior son of the Christians' sure victory. This character in the "Gesta Francorum" presents evidence of the author's intentions and provides an interesting study of views on women and motherhood. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Gendering the Crusades.   Edited by Susan B. Edgington and Sarah Lambert .   University of Wales Press, 2001. Old English Newsletter , 34., 3 (Spring 2001):  Pages 163 - 176.
Year of Publication: 2001.

24. Record Number: 8844
Author(s): Stafford, Pauline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Review Article: Parents and Children in the Early Middle Ages [The author considers recent scholarship on parenting and children while discussing the books by Katrien Heene ("The Legacy of Paradise: Marriage, Motherhood, and Women in Carolingian Edifying Literature"), Sally Crawford ("Children in Anglo-Saxon England"), and the translation of Dhuoda's "Handbook" by Marcelle Thiébaux ("Handboook for her Warrior Son"). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Early Medieval Europe , 10., 2 ( 2001):  Pages 257 - 271.
Year of Publication: 2001.

25. Record Number: 7907
Author(s): Burns, E. Jane.
Contributor(s):
Title : Raping Men: What's Motherhood Got to Do with It?
Source: Representing Rape in Medieval and Early Modern Literature.   Edited by Elizabeth Robertson and Christine M. Rose .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001. Early Medieval Europe , 10., 2 ( 2001):  Pages 127 - 160.
Year of Publication: 2001.

26. Record Number: 4467
Author(s): Menuge, Noël James.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Few Home Truths: The Medieval Mother as Guardian in Romance and Law [The author examines the roles of mothers and step-mothers in legal treatises and wardship romances; both genres favor the interests of a patrilineal, primogenitive feudal society by showing family members as untrustworthy and only the lord as reliable].
Source: Medieval Women and the Law.   Edited by Noël James Menuge .   Boydell Press, 2000.  Pages 77 - 103.
Year of Publication: 2000.

27. Record Number: 4579
Author(s): Hopenwasser, Nanda and Signe Wegener
Contributor(s):
Title : Vox Matris: The Influence of St. Birgitta's "Revelations" on "The Book of Margery Kempe": St. Birgitta and Margery Kempe as Wives and Mothers
Source: Crossing the Bridge: Comparative Essays on Medieval European and Heian Japanese Women Writers.   Edited by Barbara Stevenson and Cynthia Ho .   Palgrave, 2000. Early Medieval Europe , 10., 2 ( 2001):  Pages 61 - 85.
Year of Publication: 2000.

28. Record Number: 4498
Author(s): Gouma-Peterson, Thalia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender and Power: Passages to the Maternal in Anna Komnene's "Alexiad"
Source: Full-text of the Alexiad in English (from the Medieval Sourcebook)
Year of Publication: 2000.

29. Record Number: 5392
Author(s): Doglio, Maria Luisa.
Contributor(s):
Title : Letter Writing, 1350-1650 [The author gives a brief profile of a handful of women letter writers including St. Catherine of Siena and Alessandra Strozzi for the Middle Ages].
Source: A History of Women's Writing in Italy.   Edited by Letizia Panizza and Sharon Wood .   Cambridge University Press, 2000.  Pages 13 - 24.
Year of Publication: 2000.

30. Record Number: 4811
Author(s): Watson, Nicholas.
Contributor(s):
Title : Fashioning the Puritan Gentry-Woman's Devotion and Dissent in "Book to a Mother" [The author argues that the son who wrote a devotional text for his mother was a priest or friar who was angry about the corruption in the Church; he joined the worlds of devotion and religious dissent together].
Source: Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts in Late Medieval Britain. Essays for Felicity Riddy.   Edited by Jocelyn Wogan-Browne, Rosalynn Voaden, Arlyn Diamond, Ann Hutchison, Carol M. Meale, and Lesley Johnson Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts .   Brepols, 2000.  Pages 169 - 184.
Year of Publication: 2000.

31. Record Number: 4368
Author(s): Edwards, Cyril.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mothers' Boys and Mothers' Girls in the Pastourelle: Oswald von Wolkenstein, "Frölich so wil Ich aber singen" (KL.79) [The author argues that the humor of Oswald's pastourelle comes from parody, social and gender role reversals, and the lady's snobbery].
Source: Forum for Modern Language Studies , 35., 1 ( 1999):  Pages 70 - 80.
Year of Publication: 1999.

32. Record Number: 5349
Author(s): Viscuso, Patrick.
Contributor(s):
Title : Vampires, Not Mothers: The Living Dead in the Canonical Responses of Ioasaph of Ephesos
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 25., ( 1999):  Pages 11 - 12.
Year of Publication: 1999.

33. Record Number: 5655
Author(s): Zaccaria, Raffaella Maria.
Contributor(s):
Title : Documenti e ipotesi sulla madre di Giulio de' Medici [when Giuliano de' Medici was murdered in the Pazzi Conspiracy, he left an illegitimate son, Giulio, the future Pope Clement VII; we cannot accurately identify his mother, variously mentioned as Fioretta Gorini or Fioretta del Cittadino in our sources; we do know that Lorenzo de' Medici raised this nephew with his own children; Lorenzo's son, Leo X, invented a marriage between Giulio's parents when making his cousin a cardinal].
Source: Interpres: Rivista di Studi Quattrocenteschi , 18., ( 1999):  Pages 234 - 243. Reprinted in Raffaella Maria Zaccaria, Studi sulla trasmissione archivistica: secoli XV-XVI. Conte Editore, 2002. Pages 219-226.
Year of Publication: 1999.

34. Record Number: 4319
Author(s): Hopenwasser, Nanda and Signe Wegener
Contributor(s):
Title : Mother Always Knows Best: A Personal Appropriation of the Fictional St. Birgitta's and Margery Kempe's Ideas about Motherhood [presented as a play set in heaven].
Source: Medieval Feminist Forum , 28., (Fall 1999):  Pages 21 - 27.
Year of Publication: 1999.

35. Record Number: 3171
Author(s): Stuard, Susan Mosher.
Contributor(s):
Title : Single by Law and Custom [Mediterranean women slaves might be mothers and wives but they remained single].
Source: Singlewomen in the European Past, 1250-1800.   Edited by Judith M. Bennett and Amy M. Froide .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999. Medieval Feminist Forum , 28., (Fall 1999):  Pages 106 - 126.
Year of Publication: 1999.

36. Record Number: 7355
Author(s): Herrin, Judith
Contributor(s):
Title : L'Enseignement maternel à Byzance [The author argues that mothers passed on a special training to their children. This oral tradition is largely lost, but some evidence survives in written texts, especially hagiographies in which widows raise their young children either for successful marriage or for the monastic life. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Femmes et pouvoirs des femmes à Byzance et en Occident (VIe -XIe siècles). Colloque international organisé les 28, 29 et 30 mars 1996 à Bruxelles et Villeneuve d'Ascq.   Edited by Stéphane Lebecq, Alain Dierkens, Régine Le Jan, and Jean-Marie Sansterre .   Centre de Recherche sur l'Histoire de l'Europe du Nord-Ouest, Université Charles de Gaulle-Lille 3, 1999. Medieval Feminist Forum , 28., (Fall 1999):  Pages 91 - 102.
Year of Publication: 1999.

37. Record Number: 3806
Author(s): Byrne, Joseph P. and Eleanor A. Congdon
Contributor(s):
Title : Mothering in the Casa Datini
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 25., 1 (March 1999):  Pages 35 - 56.
Year of Publication: 1999.

38. Record Number: 7354
Author(s): Santinelli, Emmanuelle.
Contributor(s):
Title : La Veuve du prince au tournant de l'an mil: l'exemple de Berthe de Bourgogne [Berthe, the widow of the count of Blois, preserved her children's inheritance, the author argues, in a shrewd move by marrying the King of France. Though censured by the Church, Berthe was in all other ways an exemplary widow: preserving the "memoria" of her first husband, giving generously to monasteries, and ruling until her son came of age. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Femmes et pouvoirs des femmes à Byzance et en Occident (VIe -XIe siècles). Colloque international organisé les 28, 29 et 30 mars 1996 à Bruxelles et Villeneuve d'Ascq.   Edited by Stéphane Lebecq, Alain Dierkens, Régine Le Jan, and Jean-Marie Sansterre .   Centre de Recherche sur l'Histoire de l'Europe du Nord-Ouest, Université Charles de Gaulle-Lille 3, 1999. Medieval Feminist Forum , 28., (Fall 1999):  Pages 75 - 89.
Year of Publication: 1999.

39. Record Number: 4376
Author(s): Barratt, Alexandra.
Contributor(s):
Title : Undutiful Daughters and Metaphorical Mothers Among the Beguines [the author examines the family relationships and the mothering that beguines did as adults; women discussed include Margaret of Ieper, Lutgard of Aywieres, Marie d'Oignies, Juliana of Mont-Cornillon, Christina the Astonishing, and Elizabeth of Spalbeek; the author provides in an appendix a short life of Marian Baouardy, a nineteenth century carmelite saint, whose spirituality was marked by the paranormal].
Source: New Trends in Feminine Spirituality: The Holy Women of Liège and Their Impact.   Edited by Juliette Dor, Lesley Johnson, and Jocelyn Wogan-Browne Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts, 2.   Brepols, 1999. Medieval Feminist Forum , 28., (Fall 1999):  Pages 81 - 104.
Year of Publication: 1999.

40. Record Number: 3398
Author(s): Giladi, Avner.
Contributor(s):
Title : Breast-Feeding in Medieval Islamic Thought: a Preliminary Study of Legal and Medical Writings
Source: Journal of Family History , 23., 2 (April 1998):  Pages 107 - 123.
Year of Publication: 1998.

41. Record Number: 4619
Author(s): Klapisch-Zuber, Christiane.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Cruel Mother": Maternity, Widowhood, and Dowry in Florence in the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries [The author examines the plight of widows who were frequently forced to remarry by their natal families and leave their children behind with the first husbands' kin].
Source: Debating the Middle Ages: Issues and Readings.   Edited by Lester K. Little and Barbara H. Rosenwein .   Blackwell Publishers, 1998. Journal of Family History , 23., 2 (April 1998):  Pages 264 - 276. Originally published in Women, Family, and Ritual in Renaissance Italy. University of Chicago Press, 1985. Pages 117-131. Also reprinted in Feminism and Renaissance Studies. Edited by Lorna Hutson. Oxford Reading in Feminism series. Oxford University Pres
Year of Publication: 1998.

42. Record Number: 4296
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Jewish Mother-in-Law: Synagoga and the "Man of Law's Tale" [The author suggests that Custance's mothers-in-law bring to mind Hildegard's figure of Synagoga].
Source: Hildegard of Bingen: A book of Essays.   Edited by Maud Burnett McInerney .   Garland Publishing, 1998. Interpres: Rivista di Studi Quattrocenteschi , 18., ( 1999):  Pages 191 - 226.
Year of Publication: 1998.

43. Record Number: 3570
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Many Faces in Dhuoda's Mirror: The "Liber Manualis" and a Century of Scholarship [explores the wide range of scholarly opinion in the last century concerning Dhuoda's writing skills, knowledge of politics, role as an educator, degree of agency, and importance as a spiritual guide].
Source: Magistra , 4., 2 (Winter 1998):  Pages 89 - 134.
Year of Publication: 1998.

44. Record Number: 2964
Author(s): Bériou, Nicole.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Right of Women to Give Religious Instruction in the Thirteenth Century [religious instruction ranges from mothers teaching the "credo" to their children to female mystics speaking about God].
Source: Women Preachers and Prophets Through Two Millennia of Christianity.   Edited by Beverly Mayne Kienzle and Pamela J. Walker .   University of California Press, 1998. Magistra , 4., 2 (Winter 1998):  Pages 134 - 145.
Year of Publication: 1998.

45. Record Number: 3612
Author(s): Lionarons, Joyce Tally.
Contributor(s):
Title : Cultural Syncretism and the Construction of Gender in Cynewulf's "Elene" [The author cites instances of gender category inversions; for example, Elene acts as a mother and spiritual mother while she takes on a masculine role using physical force to make Judas convert].
Source: Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 10., 1 (Spring 1998):  Pages 51 - 68.
Year of Publication: 1998.

46. Record Number: 6667
Author(s): Kent, Francis W.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sainted Mother, Magnificent Son: Lucrezia Tornabuoni and Lorenzo de' Medici
Source: Italian History and Culture , 3., ( 1997):  Pages 3 - 34.
Year of Publication: 1997.

47. Record Number: 2505
Author(s): McAvoy, Liz Herbert.
Contributor(s):
Title : Motherhood: The Book of Margery Kempe
Source: Medieval Feminist Newsletter , 24., (Fall 1997):  Pages 23 - 26.
Year of Publication: 1997.

48. Record Number: 2503
Author(s): Dockray-Miller, Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : Maternal Reflections on Gender and Medievalism
Source: Medieval Feminist Newsletter , 24., (Fall 1997):  Pages 17 - 20.
Year of Publication: 1997.

49. Record Number: 2507
Author(s): Stottlemyer, Ronald.
Contributor(s):
Title : Birgitta of Sweden and the Divine Mysteries of Motherhood [discussion of her theology of motherhood that was based on her vision of Mary giving birth to the baby Jesus].
Source: Medieval Feminist Newsletter , 24., (Fall 1997):  Pages 31 - 37.
Year of Publication: 1997.

50. Record Number: 2667
Author(s): McNamer, Sarah.
Contributor(s):
Title : Dhuoda's "Handbook for William" and the Mother's Manual Tradition
Source: Listening to Their Voices: The Rhetorical Activities of Historical Women.   Edited by Molly Meijer Wertheimer .   University of South Carolina Press, 1997. Medieval Feminist Newsletter , 24., (Fall 1997):  Pages 177 - 198.
Year of Publication: 1997.

51. Record Number: 2504
Author(s): Hovland, Deborah.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mothers and Fathers in the Early French Farce
Source: Medieval Feminist Newsletter , 24., (Fall 1997):  Pages 20 - 23.
Year of Publication: 1997.

52. Record Number: 1597
Author(s): Stanton, Anne Rudloff.
Contributor(s):
Title : From Eve to Bathsheba and Beyond: Motherhood in the Queen Mary Psalter [discussion of the many strong mothers portrayed in the manuscript ; in the Old Testament preface there are illustrations of Eve, Sarah, Hagar, Rebecca, Rachel, Hannah, and Bathsheba; in the New Testament illustrations of the Psalms there are illustrations of the Virgin Mary and the mothers of such saints as Thomas Becket and Nicholas of Myra].
Source: Women and the Book: Assessing the Visual Evidence.   Edited by Lesley Smith and Jane H.M. Taylor .   British Library and University of Toronto Press, 1997. Medieval Feminist Newsletter , 24., (Fall 1997):  Pages 172 - 189.
Year of Publication: 1997.

53. Record Number: 2335
Author(s): Skinner, Patricia.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Light of My Eyes: Medieval Motherhood in the Mediterranean
Source: Women's History Review , 6., 3 ( 1997):  Pages 391 - 410.
Year of Publication: 1997.

54. Record Number: 769
Author(s): Valdez Del Alamo, Elizabeth
Contributor(s):
Title : Lament for a Lost Queen: The Sarcophagus of Doña Blanca in Nájera
Source: Art Bulletin (Full Text via JSTOR) 78, 2 (June 1996): 311-333. Link Info Later published in Memory and the Medieval Tomb. Edited by Elizabeth Valdez del Alamo with Carol Stamatis Pendergast. Ashgate, 2000. Pages 43-79.
Year of Publication: 1996.

55. Record Number: 3589
Author(s): Grundy, Stephan.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Viking's Mother: Relations Between Mothers and Their Grown Sons in Icelandic Sagas
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996.  Pages 223 - 237.
Year of Publication: 1996.

56. Record Number: 3590
Author(s): Rosenthal, Joel T.
Contributor(s):
Title : Looking for Grandmother: The Pastons and Their Counterparts in Late Medieval England
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996.  Pages 259 - 277.
Year of Publication: 1996.

57. Record Number: 3581
Author(s): Newton, Allyson.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Occlusion of Maternity in Chaucer's "Clerk's Tale"
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Italian History and Culture , 3., ( 1997):  Pages 63 - 75.
Year of Publication: 1996.

58. Record Number: 3592
Author(s): Chibnall, Marjorie M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Public Lives, Private Ties: Royal Mothers in England and Scotland, 1070 -1204
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Italian History and Culture , 3., ( 1997):  Pages 295 - 311.
Year of Publication: 1996.

59. Record Number: 3591
Author(s): Chibnall, Marjorie.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Empress Matilda and her Sons
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Italian History and Culture , 3., ( 1997):  Pages 279 - 294.
Year of Publication: 1996.

60. Record Number: 2770
Author(s): Schäfer, Daniel.
Contributor(s):
Title : Embryulkie zwishen Mythos, Recht und Medizin: Zur Überlieferungsgeschichte von Sectio in mortua und Embryotomie in Spätantike und Mittelalter
Source: Medizinhistorisches Journal , 31., 40241 ( 1996):  Pages 275 - 297.
Year of Publication: 1996.

61. Record Number: 3579
Author(s): Quattrin, Patricia Ann.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Milk of Christ: Herzeloydë as Spiritual Symbol in Wolfram von Eschenbach's "Parzival"
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Medizinhistorisches Journal , 31., 40241 ( 1996):  Pages 25 - 38.
Year of Publication: 1996.

62. Record Number: 2541
Author(s): Nolan, Kathleen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ploratus et Ululatus: The Mothers in the Massacre of the Innocents at Chartres Cathedral [argues that female viewers of the Frieze cared about the welfare of their children, saw the Virgin at Chartres as a protector of children, and recognized mourning as a particularly female responsibility ; also surveys twelfth-century representations of the Massacre in manuscript illuminations and sculpture].
Source: Studies in Iconography , 17., ( 1996):  Pages 95 - 141.
Year of Publication: 1996.

63. Record Number: 3578
Author(s): MacLehose, William F.
Contributor(s):
Title : Nurturing Danger: High Medieval Medicine and the Problem(s) of the Child
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Studies in Iconography , 17., ( 1996):  Pages 3 - 24.
Year of Publication: 1996.

64. Record Number: 3595
Author(s): Partner, Nancy F.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Family Romance of Guibert of Nogent: His Story/ Her Story
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Studies in Iconography , 17., ( 1996):  Pages 359 - 379.
Year of Publication: 1996.

65. Record Number: 3588
Author(s): Jochens, Jenny.
Contributor(s):
Title : Old Norse Motherhood
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Studies in Iconography , 17., ( 1996):  Pages 201 - 222.
Year of Publication: 1996.

66. Record Number: 952
Author(s): Gradowicz- Pancer, Nira.
Contributor(s):
Title : Papa, mama, l' abbé et moi. "Conversion morum" et pathologie familiale d' après les sources hagiographiques du haut Moyen Age [suggests that young men joined monasteries in search of an ideal father figure, the abbot, because their own fathers were absent or harsh; mothers in the sources were, for the most part, nurturing and encouraged their sons' religious vocations].
Source: Moyen Age , 102., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 7 - 25.
Year of Publication: 1996.

67. Record Number: 1582
Author(s): Marvin, Corey J.
Contributor(s):
Title : I Will Thee Not Forsake: The Kristevan Maternal Space in Chaucer's "Prioress's Tale" and John of Garland's "Stella maris"
Source: Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 8., 1 (Spring 1996):  Pages 35 - 58.
Year of Publication: 1996.

68. Record Number: 742
Author(s): Bitel, Lisa M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Reproduction and Production in Early Ireland [roles of women, especially as makers of babies and makers of cloth].
Source: Portraits of Medieval and Renaissance Living: Essays in Honor of David Herlihy.   Edited by Samual K. Cohn, Jr. and Steven A. Epstein .   University of Michigan Press, 1996. Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 8., 1 (Spring 1996):  Pages 71 - 89.
Year of Publication: 1996.

69. Record Number: 2995
Author(s): Cuesta, María Luzdivina.
Contributor(s):
Title : Notes on Family Relationships in Medieval Castilian Narrative
Source: Medieval Family Roles: A Book of Essays.   Edited by Cathy Jorgensen Itnyre .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 8., 1 (Spring 1996):  Pages 197 - 224.
Year of Publication: 1996.

70. Record Number: 615
Author(s): Claussen, M. A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Fathers of Power and Mothers of Authority: Dhuoda and the "Liber manualis" [Dhuoda uses scripture and St. Benedict's rule to teach her son Christian values].
Source: French Historical Studies (Full Text via JSTOR) 19, 3 (Spring 1996): 785-809. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1996.

71. Record Number: 3593
Author(s): LoPrete, Kimberly A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Adela of Blois as Mother and Countess
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996.  Pages 313 - 333.
Year of Publication: 1996.

72. Record Number: 1169
Author(s): Tasioulas, J.A.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Mother's Lament: "Wulf and Eadwacer" Reconsidered [suggests that the poem concerns a mother mourning the fate of her illegitimate infant, left to die in the woods].
Source: Medium Aevum , 65., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 1 - 18.
Year of Publication: 1996.

73. Record Number: 2032
Author(s): Spellberg, D.A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Writing the Unwritten Life of the Islamic Eve: Menstruation and the Demonization of Motherhood
Source: International Journal of Middle East Studies (Full Text via JSTOR) 28, 3 (August 1996): 305-324. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1996.

74. Record Number: 3580
Author(s): Parsons, John Carmi.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Pregnant Queen as Counsellor and the Medieval Construction of Motherhood
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996.  Pages 39 - 61.
Year of Publication: 1996.

75. Record Number: 3594
Author(s): Shadis, Miriam.
Contributor(s):
Title : Berenguela of Castile's Political Motherhood : The Management of Sexuality, Marriage, and Succession
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996.  Pages 335 - 358.
Year of Publication: 1996.

76. Record Number: 5833
Author(s): Sinclair, Finn E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Suppression, Sacrifice, Subversion: Redefining the Feminine in the "Naissance du Chevalier au Cygne" [the author argues that the three female characters (the swan-maiden, her mother, and the evil mother-in-law) were changed or diminished from their initial roles in folk stories to the twelfth-century epics in order to support the importance of the male lineage].
Source: Olifant , 20., 40182 (Fall/Summer 1995-1996):  Pages 33 - 61.
Year of Publication: 1995-1996.

77. Record Number: 5133
Author(s): Brumlik, Joan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Thoughts on Renaut's Use of Marie's "Fresne" in "Galeran de Bretagne"
Source: Florilegium , 14., ( 1995- 1996):  Pages 87 - 98.
Year of Publication: 1995- 1996.

78. Record Number: 421
Author(s): Rowe, Elizabeth Ashman.
Contributor(s):
Title : Female Body Politic and the Miscarriage of Justice in "Athelston" [political critique of Richard II in which society is represented as a family].
Source: Studies in the Age of Chaucer , 17., ( 1995):  Pages 79 - 98.
Year of Publication: 1995.

79. Record Number: 476
Author(s): Petrakopoulos, Anja.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sanctity and Motherhood: Elizabeth of Thuringia
Source: Sanctity and Motherhood: Essays on Holy Mothers in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Anneke B. Mulder-Bakker Garland Medieval Casebooks, 14.   Garland Publishing, 1995. Studies in the Age of Chaucer , 17., ( 1995):  Pages 259 - 296.
Year of Publication: 1995.

80. Record Number: 477
Author(s): Nieuwland, Jeannette.
Contributor(s):
Title : Motherhood and Sanctity in the Life of Saint Birgitta of Sweden: An Insoluble Conflict?
Source: Sanctity and Motherhood: Essays on Holy Mothers in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Anneke B. Mulder-Bakker Garland Medieval Casebooks, 14.   Garland Publishing, 1995. Studies in the Age of Chaucer , 17., ( 1995):  Pages 296 - 329.
Year of Publication: 1995.

81. Record Number: 2821
Author(s): Maître, Jacques.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sainte Catherine de Sienne: patronne des anorexiques?
Source: CLIO, Histoire, Femmes et Sociétés , 2., ( 1995):  Pages 109 - 132.
Year of Publication: 1995.

82. Record Number: 6778
Author(s): Cowgill, Jane.
Contributor(s):
Title : Chaucer's Missing Children ["In the lyrics, the drama, and in Chaucer's religious tales, then, the sufferings of mothers and children are made analogous to those of Mary and Christ. Children are appropriate, even essential, to this genre because, in their relationships to their mothers, they embody one of the central mysteries of the faith. Conversely, the relationships between fathers and suffering children, while presented as significant in the tales of tragedy and morality, hint at but cannot carry the same spiritual valence. Further, to recapitulate my introductory remarks, children are largely absent from the romances and fabliaux because they would be a hindrance to the internal necessities of those forms. Children are depicted in 'The Canterbury Tales' not according to any principles of realism, but according to their appropriateness to particular literary genres." p. 5 of the electronic version available through Project Muse].
Source: Essays in Medieval Studies , 12., ( 1995):  Pages 1 - 5. and 1-2 (notes) [in the electronic version available through Project Muse]. Issue title: Children and the Family in the Middle Ages.
Year of Publication: 1995.

83. Record Number: 6782
Author(s): Schwartz, Debora B.
Contributor(s):
Title : A la guise de Gales l'atorna: Maternal Influence in Chretien's "Conte du Graal" [the author argues that Perceval's mother's influence appears throughout the text and is the chief influence in guiding her son toward selfless Christian knighthood; the value of relationships with women is also underlined by Perceval's love for Blancheflor].
Source: Essays in Medieval Studies , 12., ( 1995):  Pages 1 - 8. and 1-2 (notes) [in the electronic version available through Project Muse]. Issue title: Children and the Family in the Middle Ages.
Year of Publication: 1995.

84. Record Number: 6945
Author(s): Trexler, Richard C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Discussioni - Francis of Assisi, His Mother's Son [The author advances arguments concerning the renunciation of worldly goods by St. Francis which the author believes primarily involved the property belonging to his mother, Pica. The author responds in detail to Alessandro Barbero's criticisms of his book, "Naked Before the Father; The Renunciation of Francis of Assisi." Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Studi Medievali , 36., 1 (Giugno 1995):  Pages 363 - 374. Later published in Religion in Social Context in Europe and America, 1200-1700. By Richard C. Trexler. Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2002. Pages 171-182
Year of Publication: 1995.

85. Record Number: 177
Author(s): Haas, Louis.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mio Buono Compare: Choosing Godparents and the Uses of Baptismal Kinship in Renaissance Florence
Source: Journal of Social History , 29., 2 (Winter 1995):  Pages 341 - 356.
Year of Publication: 1995.

86. Record Number: 2309
Author(s): O'Dell, Colman, O.C.S.O.
Contributor(s):
Title : On Eagles' Wings: Symbols of Spiritual Motherhood in the Writings of the Early Cistercian Fathers
Source: Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women. Book Two. Medieval Religious Women Volume Three.   Edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, O.S.C.O Cistercian Studies Series .   Cistercian Publications, 1995. Journal of Social History , 29., 2 (Winter 1995):  Pages 787 - 806.
Year of Publication: 1995.

87. Record Number: 429
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Saint Anne: A Holy Grandmother and Her Children
Source: Sanctity and Motherhood: Essays on Holy Mothers in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Anneke B. Mulder-Bakker Garland Medieval Casebooks, 14.   Garland Publishing, 1995. Journal of Social History , 29., 2 (Winter 1995):  Pages 31 - 65.
Year of Publication: 1995.

88. Record Number: 364
Author(s): Goodman, Jennifer R.
Contributor(s):
Title : That Wommen Holde in Ful Greet Reverence: Mothers and Daughters Reading Chivalric Romances
Source: Women, the Book and the Worldly: Selected Proceedings of the St. Hilda's Conference, 1993. Volume 2. [Volume 1: Women, the Book, and the Godly].   Edited by Lesley Smith and Jane H. M. Taylor .   D.S.Brewer, 1995. Journal of Social History , 29., 2 (Winter 1995):  Pages 25 - 30.
Year of Publication: 1995.

89. Record Number: 1353
Author(s): Corthals, Johan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Affiliation of Children: "Immathchor nAilella Ocus Airt"
Source: Peritia: Journal of the Medieval Academy of Ireland , 9., ( 1995):  Pages 92 - 124.
Year of Publication: 1995.

90. Record Number: 4870
Author(s): Bejczy, Istvan and Marie-José Heijkant
Contributor(s):
Title : Il Prete Gianni el le Amazzoni: Donne in un' utopia medievale (secondo la tradizione Italiana) [classical ideas of Amazons as women inverting the proper social order were included in the "Letter of Prester John;" they were described as living on the fringes of his well-ordered realm, in which women were subordinate childbearers; Amazons were described as a threat to chastity because they saw men only for sexual contact and reproduction; the "Letter of Prester John," however, unlike classical texts, depicts the Amazons as tolerated and difficult to defeat].
Source: Neophilologus , 79., ( 1995):  Pages 439 - 449.
Year of Publication: 1995.

91. Record Number: 474
Author(s): Nip, Renée.
Contributor(s):
Title : Godelieve of Gistel and Ida of Boulogne [martyred wife and saintly mother of crusaders].
Source: Sanctity and Motherhood: Essays on Holy Mothers in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Anneke B. Mulder-Bakker Garland Medieval Casebooks, 14.   Garland Publishing, 1995. Peritia: Journal of the Medieval Academy of Ireland , 9., ( 1995):  Pages 191 - 223.
Year of Publication: 1995.

92. Record Number: 475
Author(s): Mulder- Bakker, Anneke B.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ivetta of Huy: Mater et Magistra [the construction of sanctity for a wife and mother].
Source: Sanctity and Motherhood: Essays on Holy Mothers in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Anneke B. Mulder-Bakker Garland Medieval Casebooks, 14.   Garland Publishing, 1995. Peritia: Journal of the Medieval Academy of Ireland , 9., ( 1995):  Pages 224 - 258.
Year of Publication: 1995.

93. Record Number: 431
Author(s): Spijker, Ineke van’t.
Contributor(s):
Title : Family Ties: Mothers and Virgins in the Ninth Century [saints Waudru de Mons, her sister, Aldegonde de Maubeuge, and Rictrude de Marchiennes].
Source: Sanctity and Motherhood: Essays on Holy Mothers in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Anneke B. Mulder-Bakker Garland Medieval Casebooks, 14.   Garland Publishing, 1995. Peritia: Journal of the Medieval Academy of Ireland , 9., ( 1995):  Pages 164 - 190.
Year of Publication: 1995.

94. Record Number: 341
Author(s): Coletti, Theresa.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ther Be But Women: Gender Conflict and Gender Identity in the Middle English Innocents Plays [role of mothers versus the male sphere of public authority]
Source: Mediaevalia , 18., ( 1995):  Pages 245 - 261. (1995 (for 1992)) Published by the Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, State University of New York at Binghamton
Year of Publication: 1995.

95. Record Number: 443
Author(s): Carpenter, Jennifer.
Contributor(s):
Title : Juette of Huy, Recluse and Mother (1158-1228): Children and Mothering in the Saintly Life
Source: Power of the Weak: Studies on Medieval Women. A selection of a papers presented at the annual conference of the Centre for Medieval Studies, University of Toronto, Feb. 1990.   Edited by Jennifer Carpenter and Sally- Beth MacLean .   University of Illinois Press, 1995. Mediaevalia , 18., ( 1995):  Pages 57 - 93.
Year of Publication: 1995.

96. Record Number: 428
Author(s): Mulder- Bakker, Anneke B.
Contributor(s): Madou, Mireille, in collaboration with
Title : Introduction [sections on iconography, the "Acta Sanctorum," models of female sanctity, and the cultural force of the laity].
Source: Sanctity and Motherhood: Essays on Holy Mothers in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Anneke B. Mulder-Bakker Garland Medieval Casebooks, 14.   Garland Publishing, 1995. Neophilologus , 79., ( 1995):  Pages 2 - 30.
Year of Publication: 1995.

97. Record Number: 430
Author(s): Nie, Giselle de.
Contributor(s):
Title : Consciousness Fecund Through God : From Male Fighter to Spiritual Bride- Mother in Late Antique Female Sanctity [though most of the article deals with women before 450 C.E., the last section (pp. 139-149) concerns Queen Radegunde as a spiritual mother].
Source: Sanctity and Motherhood: Essays on Holy Mothers in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Anneke B. Mulder-Bakker Garland Medieval Casebooks, 14.   Garland Publishing, 1995. Mediaevalia , 18., ( 1995):  Pages 100 - 161.
Year of Publication: 1995.

98. Record Number: 1233
Author(s): Ettlinger, Helen S.
Contributor(s):
Title : Visibilis et Invisibilis: The Mistress in Italian Renaissance Court Society [a study of the highborn concubines of rulers primarily at the courts of Milan, Ferrara, and Rimini].
Source: Renaissance Quarterly (Full Text via JSTOR) 47, 4 (Winter 1994): 770-792. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1994.

99. Record Number: 2642
Author(s): Settipani, Christian.
Contributor(s):
Title : Les origines maternelles du comte de Bourgogne Otte- Guillaume. Nouvelle synthèse [traces the current research on Ermentrude, Otto Guillaume's wife, Gerberge, Otto Guillaume's mother, and Adélaïde, Otto Guillaume's grandmother; the author also proposes that Adélaïde descended from a marriage between the families of the duke of Saxony and the king of Burgundy].
Source: Annales de Bourgogne , 66., (janvier-décembre 1994):  Pages 5 - 63.
Year of Publication: 1994.

100. Record Number: 3497
Author(s): Thyrêt, Isolde.
Contributor(s):
Title : Blessed is the Tsaritsa's Womb: The Myth of Miraculous Birth and Royal Motherhood in Muscovite Russia [The author argues that the tsaritsas developed the idea of miraculous conceptions to give them some protection from the political pressures of producing an heir]
Source: Russian Review (Full Text via JSTOR) 53, 4 (Oct. 1994): 479-496. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1994.

101. Record Number: 16623
Author(s): Klapisch-Zuber, Christiane
Contributor(s):
Title : Les femmes dans les rituels de l'alliance et de la naissance à Florence [Christiane Klapisch-Zuber explores Florentine women's roles in rituals celebrating marriage and childbirth. She looks in particular at the meanings of "cassoni" (wedding chests) and "deschi da parto" (painted plates associated with the birth of children). She frequently finds situations in which the needs of the patrilineage and family honor trump the concerns of wives, mothers, and their natal families. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Riti e rituali nelle società medievali.   Edited by Jacques Chiffoleau, Lauro Martines, and Agostino Paravicini Bagliani .   Centro Italiano di Studi sull'Alto Medioevo, 1994.  Pages 3 - 22.
Year of Publication: 1994.

102. Record Number: 5958
Author(s): McMahon, James V.
Contributor(s):
Title : Valkyries, Midwives, Weavers, and Shape-Changers: Atli's Mother the Snake
Source: Scandinavian Studies , 66., 4 (Fall 1994):  Pages 475 - 487.
Year of Publication: 1994.

103. Record Number: 1412
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Conversion of Margery Kempe's Son
Source: English Language Notes , 32., 2 (December 1994):  Pages 9 - 13.
Year of Publication: 1994.

104. Record Number: 3346
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Images of Women in Anglo-Saxon Art V: Matron as Ring-giver in Harley 630 [The author argues that the illumination for Psalm 130.2 shows a mother blessing her departing son and giving him an armband, symbol of the property he will inherit].
Source: Old English Newsletter , 28., 1 (Fall 1994):  Pages 22 - 24.
Year of Publication: 1994.

105. Record Number: 1537
Author(s): Lauranson- Rosaz, Christian.
Contributor(s):
Title : Les origines d'Odon de Cluny [The author argues that Ava, wife of Abbo, is the mother of St. Odo; includes the Latin text and French translation of a charter in which Ava donates many properties to Saint Pierre de Maurs].
Source: Cahiers de Civilization Médiévale , 37., ( 1994):  Pages 255 - 270.
Year of Publication: 1994.

106. Record Number: 1588
Author(s): Dobrov, Gregory W.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Dialogue with Death: Ritual Lament and the "Threnos Theotokou" of Romanos Melodos [a "kontakion," a dramatic and complex chanted dialogue, in this case, between Mary and Christ, exploring paradoxes of gender, body, and voice].
Source: Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies , 35., 4 (Winter 1994):  Pages 385 - 405.
Year of Publication: 1994.

107. Record Number: 7059
Author(s): Rosada, Roberta.
Contributor(s):
Title : Per l'identificazione della madre di Pietro bembo [Later testimony about the mother of the humanist Pietro Bembo is confused. Was she a Marcello or a Morosini? The archival evdence shows her called Elena Morosini; but she was closely related to the Marcello family. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Quaderni Veneti , 15., (Giugno 1992):  Pages 163 - 172.
Year of Publication: 1992.

108. Record Number: 10293
Author(s): Leland, Blake.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Mothers of the Believers in the Hadith [The article discusses the medieval Hadith on the Prophet's wives within the context of historical responses to it. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Muslim World , 82., 40180 (January-April 1992):  Pages 1 - 36.
Year of Publication: 1992.

109. Record Number: 9481
Author(s): Harding, Wendy.
Contributor(s):
Title : Medieval Women’s Unwritten Discourse on Motherhood: A Reading of Two Fifteenth-Century Texts [The author examines two late medieval texts, those of Margery Kempe and Margaret Paston, in order to consider the relationship between masculine, public discourses on motherhood and private, feminine ones. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women's Studies , 21., 2 ( 1992):  Pages 197 - 209.
Year of Publication: 1992.

110. Record Number: 10521
Author(s): Vecchio, Silvana.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Good Wife [Pastoral literature aimed at women helped spread church doctrine on women’s duties in marriage, often using examples from the lives of virtuous Biblical figures like Sarah or of female saints. These writings and others (like sermons) support the Aristotelian doctrine of marriage as a relationship between unequal partners; the wife must be faithful and submit to the will of her husband. The article also provides an overview of social views on the role of the husband as master and guide to the wife and family as well as the wife’s supplemental role in household management and the education and raising of children. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: A History of Women in the West. Volume 2: Silences of the Middle Ages.   Edited by Christiane Klapisch-Zuber .   Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1992. Women's Studies , 21., 2 ( 1992):  Pages 105 - 135.
Year of Publication: 1992.

111. Record Number: 10175
Author(s): Olsen, Glenn W.
Contributor(s):
Title : One Heart and One Soul ("Acts" 4:32 and 34) in Dhuoda's "Manual" [The author argues that Dhuoda's interpretation of "Acts" for her son is distinctly original. She sees the life of the early apostles as a model for lay spirituality and a means of ending the deadly conflict among Carolingian noble men. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Church History (Full Text via JSTOR) 61, 1 (March 1992): 23-33. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1992.

112. Record Number: 11800
Author(s): Chojnacki, Stanley.
Contributor(s):
Title : “The Most Serious Duty”: Motherhood, Gender, and Patrician Culture in Renaissance Venice [The essay analyzes the gendered child-rearing roles of patrician families in republican Venice, and shows that women were able to work with or against the wishes of their husbands. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Refiguring Woman: Perspectives on Gender and the Italian Renaissance.   Edited by Marilyn Migiel and Juliana Schiesari .   Cornell University Press, 1991. Quaderni Veneti , 15., (Giugno 1992):  Pages 133 - 154. Republished in slightly altered form as “The Most Serious Duty”: Motherhood, Gender, and Patrician Culture. By Stanley Chojnacki. Women and Men in Renaissance Venice: Twelve Essays on Patrician Society. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000. Pages 169-182. [Reprinted in The Italian Renaissance. Edited by Paula Findlen. Blackwell Publishing, 2002. Pages 173-191
Year of Publication: 1991.

113. Record Number: 11225
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : A Relic, Some Pictures and the Mothers of Florence in the Late Fourteenth Century
Source: Gesta (Full Text via JSTOR) 30, 2 (1991): 91-99. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1991.

114. Record Number: 13056
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Tradition et renouveau dans la "Ballade pour prier Notre Dame" de Villon [The author argues that the poet entreats his mother to recite his prayer because she is a humble believer. Villon's rhetoric and acrostic signature suggest that he puts his faith in the powers of literature. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Romance Quarterly , 38., 4 (November 1991):  Pages 387 - 397.
Year of Publication: 1991.

115. Record Number: 11819
Author(s): Cestaro, Gary P.
Contributor(s):
Title : ...quanquam Sarnum biberimus ante dentes...: The Primal Scene of Suckling in Dante's De vulgari eloquentia [In his treatise on language, Dante foregrounds suckling imagery and the importance of the maternal body. This maternal imagery stems from a long tradition of representing the allegorical figure of Grammatica (grammar) as a nurse. According to psychoanalytic theory, the assumed natural primacy of the vernacular as a mother tongue (a native language acquired before Latin) evokes a primal scene of union with the mother (a state that precedes linguistic communication in human development). Nonetheless, the rationalistic male grammarian perpetually struggles to obscure the feminine origins of speech in order to maintain strict gender boundaries. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Dante Studies , 109., ( 1991):  Pages 119 - 147.
Year of Publication: 1991.

116. Record Number: 12733
Author(s): Grieve, Patricia E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mothers and Daughters in Fifteenth-century Spanish Sentimental Romances: Implications for "Celestina" [Towards the end of the fifteenth century, it became less common for Spanish authors of sentimental romances to present favorable representations of active mother figures. Although it is not a sentimental romance, “Celestina” by Fernando de Rojas was influenced by the genre and can be seen as the culmination of this literary trend. In this text, the active mother figure is a bawd and the biological mother barely appears. These texts perpetuate the misogynist trope that depicts women who act upon sheer emotion or will as the agents of sexual violence; men, on the other hand, base their actions upon reason. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Bulletin of Hispanic Studies , 67., 4 (October 1990):  Pages 345 - 355.
Year of Publication: 1990.

117. Record Number: 12698
Author(s): Turner, Ralph V.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Children of Anglo-Norman Royalty and Their Upbringing [Although royals did demonstrate affection toward their children (both legitimate and illegitimate), aristocratic parents did not consider childcare their primary responsibility. Although noblewomen participated in the education of children, they saw other roles as more important: supervising household affairs, acting as regents when their husbands were away, giving birth to heirs, and negotiating marriage alliances for their sons and daughters. Many other people (including household servants, nurses, and relatives) shared the responsibility of childrearing. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Prosopography , 11., 2 (Autumn 1990):  Pages 17 - 52.
Year of Publication: 1990.

118. Record Number: 12800
Author(s): Vaughn, Sally N.
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Title : St. Anselm and Women [The author argues that St. Anselm's letters reveal that he admired women who were wives and mothers, and that he had many friendships with women, in particular, with Countess Ida of Boulogne. The author also discusses Anselm's relationship with his own m
Source: The Haskins Society Journal , 2., ( 1990):  Pages 83 - 93.
Year of Publication: 1990.

119. Record Number: 12740
Author(s): Breeze, Andrew.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Virgin Mary, Daughter of Her Son [The “mater et filia” topos, or the notion of the Virgin Mary as being simultaneously the mother and daughter of Christ, originated in the writings of late Antiquity but the theme also appears in the early poetry of Ireland and Britain. The first known reference to the topos in Ireland occurs in the seventh century Latin poem; an eleventh century poem written in the Irish language is perhaps the oldest vernacular example of the topos. The earliest example of the topos in Welsh poetry probably dates from around 1400. In all these instances, poets borrow and adapt ideas about the Virgin Mary from Continental sources like sermons, Church teachings, or poetry. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Études Celtiques , 27., ( 1990):  Pages 267 - 283.
Year of Publication: 1990.

120. Record Number: 11192
Author(s): Harris, Barbara J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Property, Power, and Personal Relations: Elite Mothers and Sons in Yorkist and Early Tudor England [Women were often marginalized by patriarchal power structures that placed the father at the head of the family, but the birth of a son often elevated the wife’s position. Since the first son was greatly valued in a system of primogenitural inheritance, noble mothers often had close emotional ties to their sons. The political and social future of the family often rested on the mother’s ability to manage the household, display the family’s wealth and status, and negotiate marriages and other alliances for the family’s children. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society (Full Text via JSTOR) 15, 3 (Spring 1990): 606-632. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1990.

121. Record Number: 31180
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Title : Panel from the Humility Polyptych - Umilta resuscitates a dead child
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122. Record Number: 31274
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Title : The Birth of Julius Caesar (Les Faits des Romains)
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123. Record Number: 31275
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Title : The Birth of Julius Caesar (Commentaires de Cesar)
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124. Record Number: 31299
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Title : The Birth of Julius Caesar (Commentaires de Cesar)
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125. Record Number: 31894
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Title : Roman Siege of Jerusalem with Infanticide and Isabel de Byron between the Arms of Neville of Hornby and those of Byron
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126. Record Number: 31990
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Title : Louis IX learning to read
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127. Record Number: 32140
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Title : Daughters of Joan, Lady of Cobham
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128. Record Number: 32144
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Title : Margaret Irby's Daughters
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129. Record Number: 32271
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Title : Wild Woman Holding a Shield with a Lion's Head
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130. Record Number: 32298
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Title : Icon of the Madonna and Child from Santa Maria Nova
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131. Record Number: 32550
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Title : Melusine flees after being discovered by her husband, but she returns to care for her infants
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132. Record Number: 34807
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Title : Choosing a wet nurse
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