Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


91 Record(s) Found in our database

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1. Record Number: 24047
Author(s): Wells, Scott
Contributor(s):
Title : The Politics of Gender and Ethnicity in East Francia: The Case of Gandersheim, ca. 850-950 [The author argues that the women’s community at the monastery of Gandersheim was important because it conveyed multiple meanings for the Liudolfing-Saxon dynasty during a period of shifting familial and ethnic politics. During this time variations in royal support coincided with the monastery’s success or failure at articulating the ruling dynasty’s political identity. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Negotiating Community and Difference in Medieval Europe: Gender, Power, Patronage, and the Authority of Religion in Latin Christendom.   Edited by Katherine Allen Smith and Scott Wells Studies in the History of Christian Traditions .   Brill, 2009.  Pages 113 - 135.
Year of Publication: 2009.

2. Record Number: 24043
Author(s): Auslander, Diane Peters
Contributor(s):
Title : Living with a Saint: Monastic Identity, Community, and the Ideal of Asceticism in the Life of an Irish Saint [The author analyzes a ninth century “vita” of Saint Darerca, a conversion-era abbess who subjected herself to extremely harsh ascetic practices. Auslander concentrates on the ways in which the hagiographer reconciled the strains of the solitary and the communal within Irish monastic life. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Negotiating Community and Difference in Medieval Europe: Gender, Power, Patronage, and the Authority of Religion in Latin Christendom.   Edited by Katherine Allen Smith and Scott Wells Studies in the History of Christian Traditions .   Brill, 2009.  Pages 17 - 32.
Year of Publication: 2009.

3. Record Number: 24049
Author(s): Valentine, Susan,
Contributor(s):
Title : Inseparable Companions: Mary Magdalene, Abelard, and Heloise [The author analyzes both Abelard’s and Heloise’s ideas about Mary Magdalene. Rather than concentrating on her sinful life, Abelard emphasized her devotion to Christ and her role of apostle to the apostles in first bringing news of the Resurrection. The strong presence of the Magdalene in the Paraclete liturgy and Heloise’s questioning about her in the “Problemata” help to indicate Heloise’s concern to emulate the Magdalene’s loving devotion perhaps not only for Christ but for Abelard as well. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Negotiating Community and Difference in Medieval Europe: Gender, Power, Patronage, and the Authority of Religion in Latin Christendom.   Edited by Katherine Allen Smith and Scott Wells Studies in the History of Christian Traditions .   Brill, 2009.  Pages 151 - 171.
Year of Publication: 2009.

4. Record Number: 16303
Author(s): Niles, John D
Contributor(s):
Title : Why the Bishop of Florence Had to Get Married [The author analyzes the "adventus" ceremony in Florence when a new bishop took possession of his see. The ceremony included a ritual marriage with the abbess of San Pier Maggiore monastery. Miller argues that the bishop's outsider status and role as head of a lineage needed the connection with a highly placed abbess to symbolize his alliance with the city's most important political families. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Speculum , 81., 4 (October 2006):  Pages 1055 - 1091.
Year of Publication: 2006.

5. Record Number: 14646
Author(s): Brolis, Maria Teresa.
Contributor(s):
Title : Un monastero assalito dagli uomini, ignorato dagli storici e ricostruito dalla monache: Santa Maria di Valmarina presso Bergamo (secoli XII-XV) [The twelfth century saw contemporaneous development of monastic and civic institutions in Bergamo and its vicinity. Santa Maria di Valmarina was founded outside Bergamo in the twelfth century as a monastery for nuns. It was patronized by the city's elite, but it suffered in the upheavals of the fourteenth century. Finally, the nuns were forced to relocate inside the city. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Chiesa, vita religiosa, societa nel Medioevo italiano: Studi offerti a Giuseppina De Sandre Gasparini.   Edited by Mariaclara Rossi and Gian Maria Varanini .   Herder, 2005. Speculum , 81., 4 (October 2006):  Pages 121 - 137.
Year of Publication: 2005.

6. Record Number: 11419
Author(s): Bitel, Lisa M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Hail Brigit!: Gender, Authority, and Worship in Early Ireland [The author sets her study of Brigit within seventh century struggles for political and religious dominance in Ireland. Brigit's hagiographers sought to bolster her authority in order to strengthen the claims of the abbess of Kildare and her communitity to not only the churches in Leinster and the midlands but to all the religious women in Ireland. Bitel argues that paradoxically the basis of Brigit's authority comes from her gender; her hagiographies identify her powers as uniquely female. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Irish Women's History.   Edited by Alan Hayes and Diane Urquhart .   Irish Academic Press, 2004. Speculum , 81., 4 (October 2006):  Pages 1 - 14.
Year of Publication: 2004.

7. Record Number: 10843
Author(s): Jarrett, Jonathan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Power Over Past and Future: Abbess Emma and the Nunnery of Sant Joan de les Abadesses
Source: Early Medieval Europe , 12., 3 ( 2003):  Pages 229 - 258.
Year of Publication: 2003.

8. Record Number: 8712
Author(s): Hall, Dianne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and Violence in Late Medieval Ireland [The author provides a brief overview of women who committed violent acts in Ireland. She concentrates on the case of Elicia Butler, abbess of Kilculliheen , who in the early sixteenth century attacked her nuns in anger. The author argues that the abbess violated social constraints on violence since she committed the violence herself, attacked social peers, and acted in anger rather than in an effort to discipline the nuns. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies on Medieval and Early Modern Women: Pawns or Players?   Edited by Christine Meek and Catherine Lawless .   Four Courts Press, 2003. Early Medieval Europe , 12., 3 ( 2003):  Pages 131 - 140.
Year of Publication: 2003.

9. Record Number: 8052
Author(s): Jeffrey, Jane E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Radegund and the Letter of Foundation [The author provides a brief overview of Radegund's life as queen and founder-abbess of the Convent of the Holy Cross. There follows the Latin text and English translation of her "Letter of Foundation," written near the end of her life to set the direction of the monastery. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Women Writing Latin from Roman Antiquity to Early Modern Europe. Volume 2: Medieval Women Writing Latin.   Edited by Laurie J. Churchill, Phyllis R. Brown, and Jane E. Jeffrey .   Routledge, 2002. New Medieval Literatures , 5., ( 2002):  Pages 11 - 23.
Year of Publication: 2002.

10. Record Number: 7914
Author(s): Simonetti, Adele.
Contributor(s):
Title : Margherita da Faenza tra storia e agiografia [Margherita of Faenza, an early abbess of the monastery founded by Umiltà of Faenza, lived in tension betwen her spiritual life and monastic business. Her biographers depict Margherita as achieving harmony between these tensions. The early lives of Marghe
Source: Hagiographica: Rivista di agiografia e biografia della società internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino/ Journal of Hagiography and Biography of Società Internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino , 9., ( 2002):  Pages 161 - 206.
Year of Publication: 2002.

11. Record Number: 8059
Author(s): Griffiths, Fiona.
Contributor(s):
Title : Herrad of Hohenbourg and the Poetry of the "Hortus deliciarum: Cantat tibi cantica" [The author provides a brief overview of Herrad's encyclopedic "Hortus." She suggests that in addition to the dedicatory poem for the women of Hohenberg, Herrad probably also wrote "De primo homine" and "Rithmus de Domino" which share her same tone of joyful love for Christ. Latin texts and English translations of selected poems from the "Hortus deliciarum follow." Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women Writing Latin from Roman Antiquity to Early Modern Europe. Volume 2: Medieval Women Writing Latin.   Edited by Laurie J. Churchill, Phyllis R. Brown, and Jane E. Jeffrey .   Routledge, 2002. Hagiographica: Rivista di agiografia e biografia della società internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino/ Journal of Hagiography and Biography of Società Internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino , 9., ( 2002):  Pages 231 - 263.
Year of Publication: 2002.

12. Record Number: 8055
Author(s): Sheerin, Daniel.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sisters in the Literary Agon: Texts from Communities of Women on the Mortuary Roll of the Abbess Matilda of La Trinité, Caen [The author provides a brief introduction to the mortuary roll for Matilda, abbess of la Trinité monastery in Caen. Mortuary rolls announced the deaths of prominent religious women and men and provided space for monasteries and cathedrals to record prayers and commemorative poems. The author suggests that groups competed for the most elegant and rhetorically inventive entries. He also suggests that poems written by nuns may have prompted the misogynous comments in several of the entries from male religious communities. Latin texts and English translations follow of Matilda's obituary notice and the poems on the mortuary roll from women's communities. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Women Writing Latin from Roman Antiquity to Early Modern Europe. Volume 2: Medieval Women Writing Latin.   Edited by Laurie J. Churchill, Phyllis R. Brown, and Jane E. Jeffrey .   Routledge, 2002. Early Medieval Europe , 12., 3 ( 2003):  Pages 93 - 131.
Year of Publication: 2002.

13. Record Number: 7134
Author(s): Warren, Nancy Bradley.
Contributor(s):
Title : Monastic Politics: St. Colette of Corbie, Franciscan Reform, and the House of Burgundy
Source: New Medieval Literatures , 5., ( 2002):  Pages 203 - 228.
Year of Publication: 2002.

14. Record Number: 5539
Author(s): Baader, Gerhard.
Contributor(s):
Title : Elections of Abbesses and Notions of Identity in Fifteenth- and Sixteenth-Century Italy, with Special Reference to Venice
Source: Renaissance Quarterly (Full Text via JSTOR) 54, 2 (Summer 2001): 389-429. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2001.

15. Record Number: 5540
Author(s): Radke, Gary M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Nuns and Their Art: The Case of San Zaccaria in Renaissance Venice [the nuns of San Zaccaria, mostly of good birth, had a symbiotic relationship with the city of Venice; public and private interests supported the nuns; and they responded by, among other things, patronizing art that was seen by visitors to their church; during the fifteenth century the nuns both redecorated their original church and, in the 1460s, built a new church alongside the old; the nuns not only funded these projects, they supervised the work to see that their wishes were heeded].
Source: Renaissance Quarterly (Full Text via JSTOR) 54, 2 (Summer 2001): 430-459. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2001.

16. Record Number: 6435
Author(s): Stafford, Pauline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Powerful Women in the Early Middle Ages: Queens and Abbesses [the author compares the network of royal women originating from the tenth century Ottonians with the royal women in the seventh century English kingdoms; she examines the structures (including family, monasteries, queenship, and regencies) through which women exercised power].
Source: The Medieval World.   Edited by Peter Linehan and Janet L. Nelson .   Routledge, 2001.  Pages 398 - 415.
Year of Publication: 2001.

17. Record Number: 6192
Author(s): Passolunghi, Pier Angelo.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sulla Beata Giuliana di Collalto [the abbess Giuliana di Collalto died in 1262; thereafter she was commemorated in Venetian hagiography and art down to the eighteenth century].
Source: Archivio Veneto Series V , 189., 131 ( 2000):  Pages 103 - 111.
Year of Publication: 2000.

18. Record Number: 21265
Author(s): Milisenda, Floriana
Contributor(s):
Title : l monasteri delle Clarisse in Sicilia nel XIII e nel XIV secolo [The first monastery of the Poor Clares in Sicily was founded at Catania after 1228. Most of the houses were founded in the 14th century. This slow growth can be attributed to political turmoil in the 13th century. The growth in the following century owed much to royal patronage. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Collectanea Franciscana , 70., 40241 ( 2000):  Pages 485 - 519.
Year of Publication: 2000.

19. Record Number: 4872
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : An Abbess and a Painter: Emilia Pannocchieschi d'Elci and a Fresco From the Circle of Simone Martini
Source: Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 14., 3 (September 2000):  Pages 273 - 300.
Year of Publication: 2000.

20. Record Number: 4636
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Viewing and Commissioning Pietro Lorenzetti's Saint Humility Polyptych
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 26., 3 (September 2000):  Pages 269 - 300.
Year of Publication: 2000.

21. Record Number: 4837
Author(s): Skinner, Mary S.
Contributor(s):
Title : French Abbesses in Action: Structuring Carolingian and Cluniac Communities [The author analyzes charters from six women's and five men's monasteries from Anjou, Touraine, and Poitou; the women's houses are Sainte Croix and Trinity, Poitiers; St. Loup/Beaumont, Tours; Ronceray, Angers; S. Georges, Rennes; and Notre Dame, Saintes]
Source: Magistra , 6., 1 (Summer 2000):  Pages 37 - 60.
Year of Publication: 2000.

22. Record Number: 4987
Author(s): Macy, Gary.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Ordination of Women in the Early Middle Ages
Source: Theological Studies , 61., 3 (September 2000):  Pages 481 - 507.
Year of Publication: 2000.

23. Record Number: 3904
Author(s): Cohen, Adam S.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Art of Reform in a Bavarian Nunnery around 1000 [the author explores the efforts to reform Niedermünster, a noble foundation of canonesses, and turn it into a more strict Benedictine nunnery; the author uses surviving art and architecture, concentrating in particular on two manuscripts, the rule book and the Uta Codex, both of which feature illuminations of Niedermünster's reforming abbess, Uta.]
Source: Speculum , 74., 4 (October 1999):  Pages 992 - 1020.
Year of Publication: 1999.

24. Record Number: 5150
Author(s): Crick, Julia.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Wealth, Patronage, and Connections of Women's Houses in Late Anglo-Saxon England
Source: Revue Bénédictine , 109., 40180 ( 1999):  Pages 154 - 185.
Year of Publication: 1999.

25. Record Number: 7170
Author(s): Lazzari, Loredana.
Contributor(s):
Title : Regine, badesse, sante: il contributo della donna anglosassone all'evangelizzazione (secc. VII e VIII) [Anglo-Saxon women inherited a peacemaking role from their Germanic ancestors while adding a new responsibility for spreading the gospel. Well-born Anglo-Saxon nuns might become abbesses, even of double houses. Holy nuns feature prominently in Anglo-Saxon hagiography, and Aldhelm wrote on virginity for nuns. Later generations of nuns were more thoroughly subjected to male authority. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Studi Medievali , 39., 2 (Dicembre 1998):  Pages 601 - 632.
Year of Publication: 1998.

26. Record Number: 3501
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Bede's Women
Source: Women, Marriage, and Family in Medieval Christendom: Essays in Memory of Michael M. Sheehan, C.S.B.   Edited by Constance M. Rousseau and Joel T. Rosenthal .   Western Michigan University, 1998. Speculum , 74., 4 (October 1999):  Pages 19 - 46.
Year of Publication: 1998.

27. Record Number: 3085
Author(s): Hollis, Stephanie.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Old English "Ritual of the Admission of Mildrith" (London, Lambeth Palace 427, fol. 210) [Mildrith's mother, Domne Eafe, was abbess of Minister-in-Thanet and formally admitted her daughter to the nunnery; the text bears witness to the traditions of double monasteries].
Source: JEGP: Journal of English and Germanic Philology , 97., 3 (July 1998):  Pages 311 - 321.
Year of Publication: 1998.

28. Record Number: 3701
Author(s): Hollis, Stephanie.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Minster-in-Thanet Foundation Story [The author argues that the story of Domne Eafe and her daughter affirm the monastery's claim to its lands and give evidence of the power of monastic women].
Source: Anglo-Saxon England , 27., ( 1998):  Pages 41 - 64.
Year of Publication: 1998.

29. Record Number: 3985
Author(s): Van Engen, John.
Contributor(s):
Title : Abbess: 'Mother and Teacher' [The author analyzes the many roles that Hildegard of Bingen played as abbess].
Source: Voice of the Living Light: Hildegard of Bingen and Her World.   Edited by Barbara Newman .   University of California Press, 1998. Anglo-Saxon England , 27., ( 1998):  Pages 30 - 51.
Year of Publication: 1998.

30. Record Number: 2081
Author(s): Walmsley, John.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Early Abbesses, Nuns, and Female Tenants of the Abbey of Holy Trinity, Caen [using charters and early surveys, the author examines the administration of the abbesses, the social origins of the nuns, and the status of female tenants both in Normandy and England, particularly the inheritance rights of widows].
Source: Journal of Ecclesiastical History , 48., 3 (July 1997):  Pages 425 - 444.
Year of Publication: 1997.

31. Record Number: 2527
Author(s): Bertrand, Paul.
Contributor(s):
Title : La Vie de Sainte Madelberte de Maubeuge. Édition du texte (BHL 5129) et traduction française
Source: Analecta Bollandiana , 115., 40180 ( 1997):  Pages 39 - 76.
Year of Publication: 1997.

32. Record Number: 2528
Author(s): Corrêa, Alicia.
Contributor(s):
Title : St. Austraberta of Pavilly in the Anglo-Saxon Liturgy [a study of her cult based on metrical calendars, litanies, liturgical calendars, and benedictionals].
Source: Analecta Bollandiana , 115., 40180 ( 1997):  Pages 77 - 112.
Year of Publication: 1997.

33. Record Number: 4997
Author(s): Barone, Giulia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Come studiare il monachesimo femminile [The history of nuns needs to go beyond famous names to include nuances of rules, practices, and the daily lives of the sisters. The least formal elements are the hardest to recover. Records and writings produced by nuns are scarce, and accounts of women mystics most often were written by men].
Source: Il monachesimo femminile in Italia dall' Alto Medioevo al secolo XVII a confronto con l' oggi.   Edited by Gabriella Zarri .   San Pietro in Cariano: Il Segno dei Gabrielli editori, 1997. Analecta Bollandiana , 115., 40180 ( 1997):  Pages 1 - 15.
Year of Publication: 1997.

34. Record Number: 5000
Author(s): Medici, Maria Teresa Guerra.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sulla giurisdizione temporale e spirituale della abbadessa First recorded in the West in the sixth century, abbesses had considerable power over their nuns and over any estates owned by the monastery. Beginning with the time of Charlemagne, legislators tried to prohibit abbesses from performing certain ritual acts, like vesting their new nuns, prohibitions that entered the canon law. Gregory IX did concede an abbess the power to censure critics who disobeyed them. Canonists described this as a customary power, involving a command to ordained clergy to censure the disobedient. Baldus de Ubaldus and other jurists defended the immunity of abbesses from imprisonment because of the debts of their monasteries].
Source: Il monachesimo femminile in Italia dall' Alto Medioevo al secolo XVII a confronto con l' oggi.   Edited by Gabriella Zarri .   San Pietro in Cariano: Il Segno dei Gabrielli editori, 1997. Analecta Bollandiana , 115., 40180 ( 1997):  Pages 75 - 86.
Year of Publication: 1997.

35. Record Number: 5005
Author(s): Facchiano, Annamaria.
Contributor(s):
Title : Monachesimo femminile nel Mezzogiorno medievale e moderno [The monastic history of southern Italy is complex. Several orders were present, some of Greek background; and regions display differences between them. Lay patrons often reserved to themselves the right to name the abbess, and nuns even built themselves private houses within the enclosure. Reform of these houses might require importing a new abbess from elsewhere, as well as strict enforcement of monastic enclosure and proper care for the monastery's patrimony].
Source: Il monachesimo femminile in Italia dall' Alto Medioevo al secolo XVII a confronto con l' oggi.   Edited by Gabriella Zarri .   San Pietro in Cariano: Il Segno dei Gabrielli editori, 1997. Analecta Bollandiana , 115., 40180 ( 1997):  Pages 169 - 191.
Year of Publication: 1997.

36. Record Number: 14678
Author(s): Marano, Maria Cristina.
Contributor(s):
Title : Le Clarisse nelle Marche gli insediamenti del XIII secolo [Houses of Poor Clares began appearing in the March of Ancona by the middle of the thirteenth century. Their early histories can be documented from privileges granted by popes, cardinals, and bishops. Among the most frequent grants were those for indulgences and immunity from episcopal juristiction. Houses of Clares spred in the March early on, often developing in larger towns that also had nearby convents of friars to provide for their spiritual care. Title note provided by Feminae.].
Source: Collectanea Franciscana , 67., 40180 ( 1997):  Pages 105 - 166.
Year of Publication: 1997.

37. Record Number: 997
Author(s): Hatlie, Peter.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women of Discipline During the Second Iconoclast Age [nuns' support of icons and of their abbesses contrasted with monks' behavior, 815-843].
Source: Byzantinische Zeitschrift , 89., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 37 - 44.
Year of Publication: 1996.

38. Record Number: 2330
Author(s): Neuman de Vegvar, Carol.
Contributor(s):
Title : Saints and Companions to Saints: Anglo-Saxon Royal Women Monastics in Context
Source: Holy Men and Holy Women: Old English Prose Saints' Live and Their Contexts.   Edited by Paul E. Szarmach .   State University of New York Press, 1996. Byzantinische Zeitschrift , 89., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 51 - 93.
Year of Publication: 1996.

39. Record Number: 2987
Author(s): Edwards, Carolyn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Dynastic Sanctity in Two Early Medieval Women's "Lives" [Hathumoda, abbess of Gandersheim, and St. Mathilde, pious widow of Henry I].
Source: Medieval Family Roles: A Book of Essays.   Edited by Cathy Jorgensen Itnyre .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Byzantinische Zeitschrift , 89., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 3 - 19.
Year of Publication: 1996.

40. Record Number: 1105
Author(s): Hyland, William Patrick.
Contributor(s):
Title : Missionary Nuns and the Monastic Vocation in Anglo-Saxon England [nuns aided the missionary efforts of Boniface and his colleagues in Germany through their prayers and gifts; a few nuns, most notably Leoba, travelled to Germany, founded monasteries, and served as abbesses].
Source: American Benedictine Review , 47., 2 (June 1996):  Pages 141 - 174.
Year of Publication: 1996.

41. Record Number: 3584
Author(s): Lifshitz, Felice.
Contributor(s):
Title : Is Mother Superior? Towards a History of Feminine "Amtscharisma"
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. American Benedictine Review , 47., 2 (June 1996):  Pages 117 - 138.
Year of Publication: 1996.

42. Record Number: 685
Author(s): Rosenwein, Barbara H.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Family Politics of Berengar I, King of Italy (888-924) [Berengar gave gifts and privileges to three groups: important women, loyal friends at court, and sometime allies beyond the Adda].
Source: Speculum (Full Text via JSTOR) 71,2 (April 1996): 247-289. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1996.

43. Record Number: 747
Author(s): Venarde, Bruce L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Praesidentes Negotiis: Abbesses as Managers in Twelfth- Century France [Hersende and Petronilla of Fontevraud and Héloïse, of Paraclet].
Source: Portraits of Medieval and Renaissance Living: Essays in Honor of David Herlihy.   Edited by Samual K. Cohn, Jr. and Steven A. Epstein .   University of Michigan Press, 1996.  Pages 189 - 205.
Year of Publication: 1996.

44. Record Number: 3676
Author(s): Caviness, Madeline H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Anchoress, Abbess, and Queen: Donors and Patrons or Intercessors and Matrons?
Source: The Cultural Patronage of Medieval Women.   Edited by June Hall McCash .   University of Georgia Press, 1996.  Pages 105 - 154. Reprinted in Art in the Medieval West and its Audience. By Madeline H. Caviness. Ashgate Variorum, 2001. Article 6.
Year of Publication: 1996.

45. Record Number: 1854
Author(s): Keller, John E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Peccadillo and Veniality in the "Cantigas de Santa María"
Source: Bulletin of the Cantigueiros de Santa Maria , 8., (Spring 1996):  Pages 31 - 34.
Year of Publication: 1996.

46. Record Number: 922
Author(s): Head, Pauline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Integritas in Rudolph of Fulda's "Vita Leobae Abbatissae"
Source: Parergon: Bulletin of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Renaissance Studies. New Series , 13., 1 (July 1995):  Pages 33 - 51.
Year of Publication: 1995.

47. Record Number: 243
Author(s): Réal, Isabelle.
Contributor(s):
Title : Vie et "Vita" de sainte Ségolène, abbesse du Troclar au VIIe siècle
Source: Moyen Age , 101., 40241 ( 1995):  Pages 384 - 406.
Year of Publication: 1995.

48. Record Number: 1126
Author(s): Feiss, Hugh, O.S.B.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Poet Abbess from Notre-Dame de Saintes [verses on a mortuary roll are attributed to Sibille, fifth abbess of the monastery; in the poems she celebrates the deceased, Abbess Mathilda of Holy Trinity Monastery, Caen, and reflects on the inevitability of death].
Source: Magistra , 1., 1 (Summer 1995):  Pages 39 - 54.
Year of Publication: 1995.

49. Record Number: 2289
Author(s): Degler-Spengler, Brigitte.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Incorporation of Cistercian Nuns Into the Order in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Century
Source: Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women. Book One. Medieval Religious Women Volume Three.   Edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, O.S.C.O Cistercian Studies Series .   Cistercian Publications, 1995. Magistra , 1., 1 (Summer 1995):  Pages 85 - 134.
Year of Publication: 1995.

50. Record Number: 2296
Author(s): Tartara, Lucia, O.C.S.O. and Manuela Strola, O.C.S.O.
Contributor(s):
Title : Saint Franca of Italy
Source: Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women. Book One. Medieval Religious Women Volume Three.   Edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, O.S.C.O Cistercian Studies Series .   Cistercian Publications, 1995. Byzantinische Zeitschrift , 89., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 283 - 303.
Year of Publication: 1995.

51. Record Number: 6012
Author(s): Benedetto, Giuseppe.
Contributor(s):
Title : Fra corruzione e riforme: i monasteri femminili della città e del territorio di Lucca nella seconda metà del Trecento e nel primo Quattrocento [complaints about physical or moral decay of women's monasteries in Lucca mounted following the Black Death and the beginning of the Great Schism; reform of these houses could be impeded by exemption from episcopal control; nonetheless, visitations were held under the Guinigi regime; some monasteries received good reports, but others were penalized for moral or financial abuses; some nuns were confined to other monasteries as punishments].
Source: Ilaria del Carretto e il suo monumento: la donna nell'arte, la cultura, e la società del '400. Atti del convegno Internazionale di Studi, 15-16-17 Settembre, 1994, Palazzo Ducale, Lucca.   Edited by Stéphane Toussaint. Translated by Clotilde Soave Bowe. .   Edizioni S. Marco Litotipo, 1995. Magistra , 1., 1 (Summer 1995):  Pages 165 - 197.
Year of Publication: 1995.

52. Record Number: 2286
Author(s): Connor, Elizabeth, O.C.S.O.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Abbeys of Las Huelgas and Tart and Their Filiations
Source: Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women. Book One. Medieval Religious Women Volume Three.   Edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, O.S.C.O Cistercian Studies Series .   Cistercian Publications, 1995. Byzantinische Zeitschrift , 89., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 29 - 48.
Year of Publication: 1995.

53. Record Number: 1193
Author(s): Wallace, D. Patricia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Feminine Rhetoric and the Epistolary Tradition: The Boniface Correspondence [discusses letters written by Eangyth and Bugga and Abbess Ecgburg to Boniface and letters from the nun Berhtgyth to her brother Balthard].
Source: Women's Studies , 24., 3 ( 1995):  Pages 229 - 246. Special Issue: Issues in Medieval and Renaissance Scholarship
Year of Publication: 1995.

54. Record Number: 1212
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Merovingian Monastic Women: A Work in Progress [second in a series of articles drawn from a biographical dictionary of Benedictine women compiled by the late author; the editors of Magistra are revising the manuscript and adding bibliographical sources in preparation for final publication].
Source: Magistra , 1., 2 (Winter 1995):  Pages 333 - 372.
Year of Publication: 1995.

55. Record Number: 1132
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Anglo-Saxon Monastic Women: A Work in Progress [the late author compiled a biographical dictionary of Benedictine women; the editors of Magistra are revising the manuscript and adding bibliographical sources in preparation for final publication].
Source: Magistra , 1., 1 (Summer 1995):  Pages 139 - 171.
Year of Publication: 1995.

56. Record Number: 867
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Anglo- Saxon Double Monasteries [abbesses in charge of double monasteries often came from royal families; their powerful influence was felt in education, politics, and the Church].
Source: History Today , 45., 10 (Oct. 1995):  Pages 33 - 39.
Year of Publication: 1995.

57. Record Number: 442
Author(s): Wogan- Browne, Jocelyn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Rerouting the Dower: The Anglo- Norman Life of St. Audrey by Marie (of Chatteris?) [St. Audrey (Latin: Etheldreda) was a 7th century queen of Northumbria, a twice married virgin, and a monastic foundress].
Source: Power of the Weak: Studies on Medieval Women. A selection of a papers presented at the annual conference of the Centre for Medieval Studies, University of Toronto, Feb. 1990.   Edited by Jennifer Carpenter and Sally- Beth MacLean .   University of Illinois Press, 1995. History Today , 45., 10 (Oct. 1995):  Pages 27 - 56.
Year of Publication: 1995.

58. Record Number: 1679
Author(s): Winter, Johanna Maria van.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Education of the Daughters of the Nobility in the Ottonian Empire
Source: The Empress Theophano: Byzantium and the West at the Turn of the First Millennium.   Edited by Adelbert Davids .   Cambridge University Press, 1995. History Today , 45., 10 (Oct. 1995):  Pages 86 - 98.
Year of Publication: 1995.

59. Record Number: 5103
Author(s): Bouton, Jean de la Croix.
Contributor(s):
Title : Les Abbesses cisterciennes
Source: Les Religieuses dans le Cloître et dans le Monde des Origines à Nos Jours. Actes du Deuxième Colloque International de C.E.R.C.O.R. Poitiers, 29 septembre-2 octobre 1988. .   Publications de l'Université de Sainte-Etienne, 1994. Magistra , 1., 1 (Summer 1995):  Pages 187 - 196.
Year of Publication: 1994.

60. Record Number: 1327
Author(s): Mellinger, Laura.
Contributor(s):
Title : Politics in the Convent: The Election of a Fifteenth Century Abbess [the record of Perrine du Feu's election by scrutin gives evidence of political maneuvering and factionalism; in the end the rank and file prevailed over the older, higher ranking members].
Source: Church History (Full Text via JSTOR) 63, 4 (Dec. 1994): 529-540. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1994.

61. Record Number: 5432
Author(s): Klueting, Edeltraud.
Contributor(s):
Title : Les Pouvoirs des abbesses dans les couvents de femmes de la congrégation de Bursfeld [the reformers from Bursfeld decided that Benedictine abbots and abbesses needed to have their powers restricted].
Source: Les Religieuses dans le Cloître et dans le Monde des Origines à Nos Jours. Actes du Deuxième Colloque International de C.E.R.C.O.R. Poitiers, 29 septembre-2 octobre 1988. .   Publications de l'Université de Sainte-Etienne, 1994.  Pages 219 - 238.
Year of Publication: 1994.

62. Record Number: 4391
Author(s): Feiss, Hugh, O.S.B.
Contributor(s):
Title : Consecrated to Christ, Nuns of This Church Community: The Benedictines of Notre-Dame de Saintes, 1047-1792 [the author maintains that the documents and other evidence present "the picture of a large, independent, and self-consciously feminine community, which played an important part in the economic and cultural life of its region and possesed the vitality to survive long periods of war and other hardships during the 750 years of its existence" (Page 270)].
Source: American Benedictine Review , 45., 3 (September 1994):  Pages 269 - 302.
Year of Publication: 1994.

63. Record Number: 5098
Author(s): Dabrowska, Elzbieta.
Contributor(s):
Title : La Crosse de l'Abbesse Florence et la sépulture des abbesses du XIe au XIIIe siècle
Source: Les Religieuses dans le Cloître et dans le Monde des Origines à Nos Jours. Actes du Deuxième Colloque International de C.E.R.C.O.R. Poitiers, 29 septembre-2 octobre 1988. .   Publications de l'Université de Sainte-Etienne, 1994. American Benedictine Review , 45., 3 (September 1994):  Pages 111 - 124.
Year of Publication: 1994.

64. Record Number: 5102
Author(s): L'Hermite-Leclercq, Paulette.
Contributor(s):
Title : Les Pouvoirs de la supérieure au Moyen Âge
Source: Les Religieuses dans le Cloître et dans le Monde des Origines à Nos Jours. Actes du Deuxième Colloque International de C.E.R.C.O.R. Poitiers, 29 septembre-2 octobre 1988. .   Publications de l'Université de Sainte-Etienne, 1994. American Benedictine Review , 45., 3 (September 1994):  Pages 165 - 185.
Year of Publication: 1994.

65. Record Number: 11743
Author(s): Fell, Christine E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Saint Æðelþryð: A Historical-Hagiographical Dichotomy Revisited [The author examines Bede's account of St. Aethelthryth in his "Ecclesiastical History." He celebrates her as the closest English equivalent to a virgin martyr. Later accounts built a whole line of royal abbesses after Aethelthryth (beginning with her sister Seaxburh), but contemporary evidence suggests that Ely was only a personal monument to her particular asceticism. It was not a center of learning and probably faded soon after her sister's death only to be refounded as a male monastery which enhanced and capitalized on Aethelthryth's reputation for sanctity. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Nottingham Medieval Studies , 38., ( 1994):  Pages 18 - 34.
Year of Publication: 1994.

66. Record Number: 8856
Author(s): Tunc, S.
Contributor(s):
Title : De l'élection des abbesses de Fontevraud à leur nomination par le Roi
Source: Annales de Bretagne et des Pays de l'Ouest , 99., 3 ( 1992):  Pages 205 - 213.
Year of Publication: 1992.

67. Record Number: 11428
Author(s): Wogan-Browne, Jocelyn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queens, Virgins, and Mothers: Hagiographic Representations of the Abbess and Her Powers in Twelfth- and Thirteenth-Century Britain [The author briefly explores a variety of themes related to abbesses including royalty, vocation, virginity, role as a mother, asceticism, and miracles. Wogan-Browne also compares the activities of Saint Modwenna as reported in her Anglo-Norman life with records concerning Ela, countess of Salisbury and founder-abbess of the convent of Lacock. The author argues that the ultimate goals for administration, protection, and economic development of their respective houses were very much the same. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women and Sovereignty.   Edited by Louise Olga Fradenburg. Cosmos: The Yearbook of the Traditional Cosmology Society, volume 7 Cosmos: The Yearbook of the Traditional Cosmology Society, 7.   Edinburgh University Press, 1992. Nottingham Medieval Studies , 38., ( 1994):  Pages 14 - 35.
Year of Publication: 1992.

68. Record Number: 10561
Author(s): Helvétius, Anne-Marie
Contributor(s):
Title : Sainte Aldegonde et les origines du monastère de Maubeuge [The author focuses on the earliest "vita" of Saint Aldegonde written by a monk who had some contact with her. The "Life" emphasizes her visions and the miracles associated with her, both during her lifetime and after death. At Maubeuge the noble woman Al
Source: Revue du Nord , 74., 295 (avril-juin 1992):  Pages 221 - 237.
Year of Publication: 1992.

69. Record Number: 10777
Author(s): Smith, Robin.
Contributor(s):
Title : Glimpses of Some Anglo-Saxon Women [The author briefly profiles three Anglo-Saxon women: Abbess Hilda, the nun Hygeburg (author of a pilgrimage account), and Aethelflaed, ruler of the Mercians. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: A Wyf Ther Was: Essays in Honour of Paule Mertens-Fonck.   Edited by Juliette Dor .   English Department, University of Liège, 1992. Revue du Nord , 74., 295 (avril-juin 1992):  Pages 256 - 263.
Year of Publication: 1992.

70. Record Number: 11502
Author(s): Quetglas, Pere J.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Muses of the "Cançoner Eròtic" of Ripoll [The author proposes that two figures in the Latin poem "Cançoner Eròtic de Ripoll" be identified with abbesses, one at Remiremont and the other at Ripoll in Spain. In both cases the women were identified with sexual scandals at their monasteries. However, the poet does not censure the women but praises them for their beauty. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Mittellateinisches Jahrbuch , 26., ( 1991):  Pages 133 - 139.
Year of Publication: 1991.

71. Record Number: 11054
Author(s): Kelso, Carl, Jr.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women in Power: Fontevrault and the Paraclete Compared [The author argues that the Paraclet under Heloise shared many similarities with Fontevrault. Most importantly both institutions and their daughter houses were independent, not being affiliated with any monastic order and using their own rules. Both called for strong abbesses who held authority even over male functionaries. With their emphasis on female responsibility, both houses made provisions for noncloistered nuns to do business with the world. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Comitatus , 22., ( 1991):  Pages 55 - 69.
Year of Publication: 1991.

72. Record Number: 15608
Author(s): Stahl, Alan M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Coinage in the Name of Medieval Women [The appendix gives a preliminary listing of coins from Europe, Byzantium, and the Islamic world from 500 to 1500 C.E. which have a woman ruler's name. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Women and the Sources of Medieval History.   Edited by Joel T. Rosenthal .   University of Georgia Press, 1990. Mittellateinisches Jahrbuch , 26., ( 1991):  Pages 321 - 341.
Year of Publication: 1990.

73. Record Number: 15600
Author(s): Gold, Penny S.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Charters of Le Ronceray D'Angers; Male/Female Interaction in Monastic Business [The author briefly documents and analyzes women's and men's interactions and roles in administering the female Benedictine monastery of Ronceray d'Angers in western France. Gold compares working relationships with Fontevrault to demonstrate that the Ronceray abbesses had less clean-cut control over the priests and coanons attached to thier houses. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Women and the Sources of Medieval History.   Edited by Joel T. Rosenthal .   University of Georgia Press, 1990. Mittellateinisches Jahrbuch , 26., ( 1991):  Pages 122 - 132.
Year of Publication: 1990.

74. Record Number: 28772
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Community of Hohenbourg, detail: Abbess Herrad
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/ce/Herrad_von_landsberg.jpg
Year of Publication:

75. Record Number: 31171
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Panel from the Humility Polyptych - Umilta reading to her nuns while they eat
Source:
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76. Record Number: 31172
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Panel from the Humility Polyptych - Umilta persuades her husband to allow a separation
Source:
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77. Record Number: 31173
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Panel from the Humility Polyptych - Umilta watches her husband take the religious habit
Source:
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78. Record Number: 31174
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Panel from the Humility Polyptych - Umilta helps to build the church and monastery of San Giovanni Evangelista
Source:
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79. Record Number: 31175
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Central Panel from the Humility Polyptych - Umilta and a lay patron
Source:
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80. Record Number: 31176
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Panel from the Humility Polyptych - Umilta miraculously leaves the convent of Santa Perpetua and crosses the river Lamone with dry feet
Source:
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81. Record Number: 31177
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Panel from the Humility Polyptych - A monk refuses to have his gangrenous leg amputated
Source:
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82. Record Number: 31178
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Panel from the Humility Polyptych - Umilta heals the monk with the gangrenous leg
Source:
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83. Record Number: 31179
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Panel from the Humility Polyptych - Umilta leaves Faenza and arrives at the gates of Florence
Source:
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84. Record Number: 31180
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Panel from the Humility Polyptych - Umilta resuscitates a dead child
Source:
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85. Record Number: 31181
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Panel from the Humility Polyptych - Umilta dictates her sermons
Source:
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86. Record Number: 31182
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Panel from the Humility Polyptych - Umilta cures a nun of a hemorrhage
Source:
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87. Record Number: 31183
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Panel from the Humility Polyptych - The miraculous discovery of ice in August
Source:
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88. Record Number: 31184
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Panel from the Humility Polyptych - The translation of the body of Humility on 6 June 1311
Source:
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89. Record Number: 31967
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The abbess of White Nuns cuts the hair of a novice
Source:
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90. Record Number: 33957
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Abbess Hitda gives a codex to St. Walburga
Source:
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91. Record Number: 35959
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Cantiga 7 The pregnant abbess
Source:
Year of Publication: