Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


  • Record Number: 12678
  • Author(s)/Creator(s): Cohen , Adam S.
  • Contributor(s):
  • Title: The Art of Reform in a Bavarian Nunnery around 1000 [the author explores the efforts to reform Niedermünster, a noble foundation of canonesses, and turn it into a more strict Benedictine nunnery; the author uses surviving art and architecture, concentrating in particular on two manuscripts, the rule book and the Uta Codex, both of which feature illuminations of Niedermünster's reforming abbess, Uta.]
  • Source: Speculum 74, 4 (October 1999): Pages 992 - 1020.
  • Description:
  • Article Type: Journal Article
  • Subject (See Also): Abbesses Art History- Painting Benedictine Order Ecclesiastical Reform Erhard, Saint Illumination of Manuscripts Manuscripts Monasticism Nuns Regensburg, Upper Palatinate, Bavaria, Germany Uta, Abbess of Niedermunster
  • Award Note:
  • Geographic Area: Germany
  • Century: 10-11
  • Primary Evidence: Manuscript; 1. Bamberg, Staatsbibliothek, Msc. Lit 142. The text includes the Rule of St. Benedict and Caesarius of Arles's "Rule for Nuns." Circa 990.2. Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Clm 13601, Uta Codex. A Gospel lectionary. Dated between 1025 and 1030.
  • Illustrations: Ten figures. Figure One "Cleansing of the Temple," manuscript illumination (New York, Pierpont Morgan Library, MS M.492, fol.84 r.) Figure Two "Portrait of Abbot Ramwold," manuscript illumination (Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, clm 14000, Fol 1r.) Figure 3 "Maiestas Domini," manuscript illumination (Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Clm 14000, fol. 6v.) Figure Four "Portrait of Abbess Uta," manuscript illumination (Bamberg, Staatsbibliothek, MS Msc. Lit. 142, fol. 58v.) Figure Five "Portrait of Duke Henry," manuscript illumination (Bamberg, Staatsbibliothek, MS Msc. Lit. 142. fol. 4v.) Figure Six "Caesarius of Arles Presents His Rule to Two Nuns," manuscript illumination (Bamberg, Staatsbibliothek, MS Msc. Lit. 142, fol. 65r.) Figure Seven "Dedication Frontispiece with Abbess Uta," manuscript illumination (Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Clm 13061, Fol. 2r.) Figure Eight "Erhard Frontispiece," manuscript illumination (Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Clm 13601, fol. 4r.) Figure Nine Architectural history of the Niedermünster church. Line drawings that show the stages from 700 until 1100 including floorplan, exterior elevation, and main entrance. Figure Ten A Photograph of the excavation of Saint Erhard's tomb at the Niedermünster church. Figure Ten B Line drawings of Erhard's tomb in relation to the floor level in successive phases of the Niedermünster church.
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  • Conference Info: - , -
  • Year of Publication: 1999.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN/ISBN: 00387134