Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


  • Record Number: 5742
  • Author(s)/Creator(s): Caviness , Madeline H.
  • Contributor(s):
  • Title: Anchoress, Abbess, and Queen: Donors and Patrons or Intercessors and Matrons?
  • Source: The Cultural Patronage of Medieval Women.  Edited by June Hall McCash.  University of Georgia Press, 1996.  Pages 105 - 154. Reprinted in Art in the Medieval West and its Audience. By Madeline H. Caviness. Ashgate Variorum, 2001. Article 6.
  • Description:
  • Article Type: Essay
  • Subject (See Also): Abbesses Herrad, Abbess of Hohenbourg- Hortus Deliciarum Manuscripts Noble Women Patronage, Artistic Patronage, Ecclesiastical Queens Saint Albans Psalter
  • Geographic Area: General
  • Century: 11- 12- 13- 14
  • Related Resources:
  • Primary Evidence:
  • Illustrations: Twenty Nine Figures. Figure One Initial to Psalm 110, Psalter of Christina of Markyate or Saint Albans Psalter ( Hildesheim, Dombibliothek, MS God. 1, p.300). Figure Two Initial to Psalm 36, Psalter of Christina of Markyate or Saint Albans Psalter (Hildesheim, Dombibliothek, MS God. 1, p.140). Figure Three Initial to Psalm 51:3, Psalter of Christina of Markyate or Saint Albans Psalter (Hildesheim, Dombibliothek, MS God. 1, p.173). Figure Four Initial to the Litany, Psalter of Christina of Markyate or Saint Albans Psalter (Hildesheim, Dombibliothek, MS God.1, p.403). Figure Five Initial pasted in at Psalm 105, Psalter of Christina of Markyate or Saint Albans Psalter (Hildesheim, Dombibliothek, MS God. 1, p.285). Figure Six Mary Magdalene telling the Apostles Christ has risen, prefatory page, Psalter of Christina of Markyate or Saint Albans Psalter (Hildesheim, Dombibliothek, MS God. 1, p.51). Figure Seven Christ in Majesty with suppliant "patron," Shaftesbury Psalter (London, British Library, Landsdowne MS 383, f. 14v). Figure Eight Pentecost, prefatory page to the Ingeborg Psalter, c. 1195 (Chantilly, Musée Condé, MS 1695, f. 32v.). Figure Nine Hildegard of Bingen as author with her scribe Volmar, frontispiece to the lost "Scivias" manuscript, before 1179 (formerly Wiesbaden, Nassauische Landesbibliothek MS 1). Figure Ten Saint Gregory as author observed by his biographer, Peter the Deacon, leaf from a "Registrum Gregorii," c.983 (Trier, Stadtbibliothek). Figure Eleven The Virgin with Saint John the Evangelist, patron of virgins, Herrad of Landsberg's "Hortus deliciarum," nineteenth-century copy of destroyed original, f.176v, c.1180-1195. Figure Twelve The Ladder of Virtues, Herrad of Landsberg's "Hortus deliciarum," nineteenth-century copy of destroyed original, f.215v, c.1180-1195. Figure Thirteen The Pillar of the Humanity of the Savior, book 3, vision 8 of Hildegard of Bingen's lost "Scrivias" manuscript , before 1179 (formerly Wiesbaden, Nassauische Landesbibliothek, MS1). Figure Fourteen Philosophy and the Liberal Arts, Herrad of Landsberg's "Hortus deliciarum," nineteenth-century copy of destroyed original, f.32r, c. 1180-1195. Figure Fifteen The Foundation of the Monastery of Hohenburg, Herrad of Landsberg's "Hortus deliciarum," nineteenth-century copy of destroyed original, f. 322v, c.1180-1195. Figure Sixteen The Nuns of Hohenburg at the Time of Abbess Rilinda and Herrad, Herrad of Landsberg's "Hortus deliciarum," nineteenth century copy of destroyed original, f.323r, c. 1180-1195. Figure Seventeen Judith, Countess of Flanders, at the Foot of the Cross, Gospel Books, c.1050-1065 (New York, Pierpont Morgan Library, MS 709, F. 1v). Figure Eighteen Queen Aelfgifu (Emma) and King Cnut Presenting a Cross to New Minister, Winchester, "Liber Vitae," 1031 (London, British Library, Stowe MS 944, f. 6r). Figure Nineteen The book presented to the Queen Mother Emma-Aelfgifu, "Encomium Emmae Reginae, c.1040 (London, British Library, Add. MS 33241, f. 1v). Figure Twenty Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine and King Henry II of England as Donors, lowest panel, Great East Window of Poitiers Cathedral, c. 1155-1170. Figure Twenty-One The King and Queen of Hungary, page with prayers, Landgrafenpsalt, first half of the thirteenth century (Stuttgart, Wüttembergische Landesbibliothek, HB II 24, f. 175v). Figure Twenty-Two Seals of Count Robert I of Dreux and Agnes of Braine, countess of Bar, copied with a document of 1158 (Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, MS lat. 5479, f.39r). Figure Twenty-Three Seal of Isabelle de Coucy, wife of Robert II of Dreux, 1202 (Paris, Archives nationales). Figure Twenty-Four Jesse Tree, prefatory page to the Ingeborg Psalter, c.1195 (Chantilly, Musée Condé, MS 1695, f. 14v). Figure Twenty-Five Christ and the Woman Accused of Adultery, prefatory page to the Ingeborg Psalter, c. 1195 (Chantilly, Musée Condé, MS 1695, f. 21r). Figure Twenty-Six Queen Regent Blanche of Castile Directing Her Son's Education, Hours of Saint Louis, Psalter of Jeanne II de Navarre, c. 1335-1340 (Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, MS lat. 3145, f. 85v). Figure Twenty-Seven A Queen (Blanche of Castile?) and King (Louis IX?) Presiding Over the Production of the Bible moralisée, c. 1230 (New York, Pierpont Morgan Library, MS 240, f. 8). Figure Twenty-Eight Matilda of Courtenai, countess of Nevers (d. 1257), as donor of a window with Saint William, archbishop of Bourges, upper window of inner choir aisle, Bourges Cathedral, c. 1215-1230. Figure Twenty-Nine Annunciation and initial with Jeanne II de Navarre, Hours of the Virgin, Psalter of Jeanne II de Navarre, c. 1335-1340 (Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, MS n. acq. lat. 3145, f. 39r).
  • Table:
  • Abstract: Madeline Caviness reflects here on the complex relationships that existed in the Middle Ages between the production of art objects and their first owners. Although it appears that works were normally commissioned, the patron's control was seldom absolute, and many of the books used
  • Author's Affiliation: Tufts University
  • Conference Info: - , -
  • Year of Publication: 1996.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN/ISBN: 0820317014
  • Material/Technique :
  • Rights: