Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index

34 Record(s) Found in our database

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1. Record Number: 43204
Author(s): Johnston, Mark D.
Title : Sex, Lies and verdugados: Juana of Portugal and the Invention of Hoopskirts
Source: Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 16., ( 2020):  Pages 101 - 122.
Year of Publication: 2020.

2. Record Number: 35776
Author(s): van Houts, Elisabeth
Title : The Fate of the Priests' Sons in Normandy with Special Reference to Serlo of Bayeux
Source: Haskins Society Journal , 25., ( 2013):  Pages 57 - 105. The Warren Hollister Memorial Essay.
Year of Publication: 2013.

3. Record Number: 32974
Author(s): Nilsson, Bertil,
Title : The Lars Vit Case: A Fragmentary Example of Swedish Ecclesiastical Legal Practice and Sexual Mentality at the Beginning of the Fifteenth Century
Source: Medieval Christianity in the North: New Studies.   Edited by Kirsi Salonen, Kurt Villads Jensen, and Torstein Jørgensen .   Brepols, 2012. Haskins Society Journal , 25., ( 2013):  Pages 237 - 260.
Year of Publication: 2012.

4. Record Number: 20600
Author(s): Karras, Ruth Mazo
Title : Marriage, Concubinage, and the Law [The author analyzes the meaning of concubinage in the Middle Ages with some references to ancient Roman practices. In the later Middle Ages "concubine" came to have two separate meanings: 1) A woman who lived with a man in a domestic arrangement but was not married to him and 2) In a more technical sense "concubine" was used as a legal term for a status that accorded some rights but was inferior to that of wives. Includes a detailed look at a 15th century legal opinion as to whether a priest's concubine and son could receive legacies from the cleric. The suit was brought by the chief heir, the priest's brother. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Law and the Illicit in Medieval Europe.   Edited by Ruth Mazo Karras, Joel Kaye, and E. Ann Matter .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008. Haskins Society Journal , 25., ( 2013):  Pages 117 - 129.
Year of Publication: 2008.

5. Record Number: 23594
Author(s): Salonen, Kirsi
Title : Diemunda and Heinrich- Married or Not? About a Marriage Litigation in the Consistorial Court of Freising in the Late Middle Ages [Diemunda sued Heinrich de Empach to enforce what she claimed was a promise of marriage. She procured a dispensation from the Penitentiary because of consanguinity in the third or fourth degree. The ecclesiastical court in Freising had denied her petition for lack of adequate evidence of both consent and consanguinity. Despite the dispensation from the Penitentiary, Heinrich tried to avoid paying for support of their short-lived illegitimate child and the fine for taking Diemunda's virginity. [Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: ... et usque ad ultimum terrae: The Apostolic Penitentiary in Local Contexts   Edited by Gerhard Jaritz, Torstein Jørgensen, and Kirsi Salonen Ceu Medievalia .   Central European University Press, 2007. Haskins Society Journal , 25., ( 2013):  Pages 43 - 59.
Year of Publication: 2007.

6. Record Number: 23593
Author(s): McDonald, Jennifer R
Title : Illegitimate Scots in the Registers of Supplications and the Registers of the Apostolic Penitentiary during the Pontificate of Sixtus IV (1471- 1484) [The Papal Penitentiary was one source of dispensation for men of illegitimate birth seeking clerical livings. Suppliants of humble origins were more likely to petition the Penitentiary. Those of noble origins or well connected socially or politically petitioned the Datary successfully. University educated men of illegitimate birth also successfully petitioned the Datary for dispensations. These men could afford the Datary's higher fees, while the humbler suppliant had to petition the more affordable penitentiary. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: ... et usque ad ultimum terrae: The Apostolic Penitentiary in Local Contexts   Edited by Gerhard Jaritz, Torstein Jørgensen, and Kirsi Salonen Ceu Medievalia .   Central European University Press, 2007. Haskins Society Journal , 25., ( 2013):  Pages 33 - 42.
Year of Publication: 2007.

7. Record Number: 23595
Author(s): Marinkovic, Ana
Title : Si et in quantum: The Role of Papal Dispensations in Matrimonial Contracts of Fifteenth Century Ragusa [The author has found five instances in which dispensations figured in the marriage contracts of elite families in fifteenth century Ragusa. Any dispensation was supposed to predate transfer of the bride to the groom's home. Couples who did not wait for a dispensation had to seek absolution and legitimization of offspring. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: ... et usque ad ultimum terrae: The Apostolic Penitentiary in Local Contexts   Edited by Gerhard Jaritz, Torstein Jørgensen, and Kirsi Salonen Ceu Medievalia .   Central European University Press, 2007. Haskins Society Journal , 25., ( 2013):  Pages 61 - 69.
Year of Publication: 2007.

8. Record Number: 20475
Author(s): Schmugge, Ludwig
Title : Barbara Zymermanin's Two Husbands [In 1465 the Papal Penitentiary commissioned the bishop of Bamberg to examine the case of Barbara Zimermanin. She was wed to one man by her guardians but compelled by her brothers to marry another. The second man tried to claim Barbara and her possessions; but she cohabitated with the first man as his wife, bearing him children. One of Zymermanin's concerns in petitioning the penitentiary was to defend the legitimacy of her children. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Medieval Church Law and the Origins of the Western Legal Tradition: A Tribute to Kenneth Pennington.   Edited by Wolfgang P. Müller and Mary E. Sommar .   Catholic University of America Press, 2006. Haskins Society Journal , 25., ( 2013):  Pages 289 - 298.
Year of Publication: 2006.

9. Record Number: 11668
Author(s): Ferrante, Lucia.
Title : Consensus concubinarius: un'invenzione giuridica per il principe [Ecclesiastical concepts of marriage as consensual and a sacrament coexisted in practice during the Middle Ages with a less formal union, concubinage. Servants frequently served as concubines of their employers. Lawyers had to deal with the nebulous status of the concubine and with that of her children too. In later centuries, a greater emphasis on matrimony led to the identification of concubinage with prostitution. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Trasgressioni: Seduzione, concubinato, adulterio, bigamia (XIV-XVIII secolo).   Edited by Silvana Seidel Menchi and Diego Quaglini .   Il Mulino, 2004. Past and Present , 182., (February 2004):  Pages 107 - 132.
Year of Publication: 2004.

10. Record Number: 14752
Author(s): Goldy, Charlotte Newman.
Title : The shiftiness of a woman: Narratizing the Anstey Case [The author examines documents surrounding an inheritance case that hinged on the legitimacy of a disputed marriage. From the court case reported by John of Salisbury, Goldy reconstructs the daughter Mabel's efforts to right the wrongs done to her mother. At the same time John of Salisbury leaves hints that the report of the father's deathbed remorse for abandoning Mabel's mother in favor of his previous bethrothed should not be trusted. After five years of litigation, church courts found in favor of the father's nephew and declared Mabel illegitimate. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 30., 1 (Spring 2004):  Pages 89 - 107.
Year of Publication: 2004.

11. Record Number: 11500
Author(s): McKee, Sally
Title : Inherited Status and Slavery in Late Medieval Italy and Venetian Crete [In comparing the situation of slaves' children fathered by their masters in Crete and in the mainland cities of Venice, Genoa, and Florence, the author argues that "Latin" ancestry counted in the colonial setting but not in the Italian cities. Introducing children of mixed parentage into society mattered more for a frontier society where the conquering Western Europeans were in the minority. However, in both areas in the late Middle Ages, custom pushed to extend free status to the children of slaves by assuming that the children inherited their fathers' status rather than their mothers' servile condition. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Past and Present , 182., (February 2004):  Pages 31 - 53.
Year of Publication: 2004.

12. Record Number: 9720
Title : Affairs of State: The Illegitimate Children of Henry I [Appendix A lists and comments on the twenty-five illegitimate children acknowledged by Henry I].
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 29., 2 (June 2003):  Pages 129 - 151.
Year of Publication: 2003.

13. Record Number: 8711
Author(s): Lawless, Catherine
Title : Women on the Margins: The "Beloved" and the "Mistress" in Renaissance Florence [The author discusses women who were in irrgular relationships with men, whether as idealized love objects or in extra-marital sexual relationships. The women involved range from the daughters of the most important families and nuns to slaves and poor women. While wealthy young brides like Ginevra de'Benci could flirt with romantic love without loss of status, concubines who lived outside the family structure risked marginality and illegitimacy for their children. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies on Medieval and Early Modern Women: Pawns or Players?   Edited by Christine Meek and Catherine Lawless .   Four Courts Press, 2003. Journal of Medieval History , 29., 2 (June 2003):  Pages 111 - 130.
Year of Publication: 2003.

14. Record Number: 9332
Author(s): Meredith, Gwenn.
Title : Henry I's Concubines [The author concentrates on the cases of Nest, daughter of the prince of South Wales and grandmother of Giraldus Cambrensis, and Sybil Corbet, daughter of a minor baron. Meredith argues that the women displayed a surprising amount of independence, navigat
Source: Essays in Medieval Studies (Full Text via Project Muse) 19 (2002): 14-28. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2002.

15. Record Number: 7065
Author(s): Esposito, Anna.
Title : Convivenza e separazione a Roma nel primo Rinascimento [Wills from early-Renaissance Rome reveal frequent sexual use of servants as concubines, some of whom had illegitimate children. Many of the fathers were married men. Adultery did not often lead to divorce, but wife beating could. Six primary source documents, pp. 512-517. Title note supplied by Feminae].
Source: Coniugi nemici: la separazione in Italia dal XII al XVIII secolo.   Edited by Silvana Seidel Menchi and Diego Quaglioni .   Il mulino, 2000.  Pages 499 - 517.
Year of Publication: 2000.

16. Record Number: 5655
Author(s): Zaccaria, Raffaella Maria.
Title : Documenti e ipotesi sulla madre di Giulio de' Medici [when Giuliano de' Medici was murdered in the Pazzi Conspiracy, he left an illegitimate son, Giulio, the future Pope Clement VII; we cannot accurately identify his mother, variously mentioned as Fioretta Gorini or Fioretta del Cittadino in our sources; we do know that Lorenzo de' Medici raised this nephew with his own children; Lorenzo's son, Leo X, invented a marriage between Giulio's parents when making his cousin a cardinal].
Source: Interpres: Rivista di Studi Quattrocenteschi , 18., ( 1999):  Pages 234 - 243. Reprinted in Raffaella Maria Zaccaria, Studi sulla trasmissione archivistica: secoli XV-XVI. Conte Editore, 2002. Pages 219-226.
Year of Publication: 1999.

17. Record Number: 3608
Author(s): Cartlidge, Neil.
Title : Alas, I Go with Chylde : Representations of Extra-Marital Pregnancy in the Middle English Lyric
Source: English Studies , 79., 2 ( 1998):  Pages 395 - 414.
Year of Publication: 1998.

18. Record Number: 8866
Author(s): Yorke, Barbara.
Title : The Legitimacy of St. Edith [The author argues that Edith, daughter of King Edgar, figured in the political struggles to establish a successor to her father. The question of Edith's legitimacy raised by Edgar's widow, Queen Ælfthryth, favored the queen's two sons, Æthelred and Edmund, over Edgar's earlier children, Edward the Martyr and his half-sister Edith. The material that established Edith's credentials as a princess was turned into proof of her sanctity (and her role as Wilton's protector) after her death between 984 and 987. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Haskins Society Journal , 11., ( 1998):  Pages 97 - 113.
Year of Publication: 1998.

19. Record Number: 3688
Author(s): Hamilton, J. S.
Title : Another Daughter for Piers Gaveston? Amie de Gaveston, Damsel of the Queen's Chamber
Source: Medieval Prosopography , 19., ( 1998):  Pages 177 - 186.
Year of Publication: 1998.

20. Record Number: 7210
Author(s): Zale, Sanford.
Title : Bastards or Kings or Both? Louis III and Carloman in Late-Medieval French Historiography [The author surveys histories and chronicles written between 1380 and 1515 to trace their treatment of the two Carolingian kings' illegitimacy. Despite strong royalist propaganda which maintained that the French royal line was "pure," a substantial minority of authors acknowledged both that the two were kigns and were the sons of a concubine. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Comitatus , 29., ( 1998):  Pages 95 - 112.
Year of Publication: 1998.

21. Record Number: 823
Author(s): Bestor, Jane Fair.
Title : Bastardy and Legitimacy in the Formation of a Regional State in Italy: The Estense Succession
Source: Comparative Studies in Society and History (Full Text via JSTOR) 38, 3 (July 1996): 549-585. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1996.

22. Record Number: 7450
Author(s): Angiolini, Franco.
Title : Schiave [In the Middle Ages, slaves brought into Italy primarily came from the Black Sea region, and most were women. The sixteenth century saw an inversion of the gender ratio, as well as fresh supplies from Africa, the Balkans, and, for a time, Muslim Granada. There also was a shift from domestic to agricultural bondage. Slave women were exploited sexually, but some attained manumission through marriage. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Il Lavoro delle donne.   Edited by Angela Groppi .   Storia delle donne in Italia. Editori Laterza, 1996.  Pages 92 - 115.
Year of Publication: 1996.

23. Record Number: 3588
Author(s): Jochens, Jenny.
Title : Old Norse Motherhood
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. The Haskins Society Journal , 11., ( 1998):  Pages 201 - 222.
Year of Publication: 1996.

24. Record Number: 1168
Author(s): Nors, Thyra.
Title : Illegitimate Children and Their High-Born Mothers: Changes in the Perception of Legitimacy in Mediaeval Denmark [distinctions made between children born from arranged concubinage, secret liaisons, and relations between freemen and bondswomen; the Church censured illegitimacy, causing a steep decline in status].
Source: Scandinavian Journal of History , 21., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 17 - 37.
Year of Publication: 1996.

25. Record Number: 347
Title : Italian Hussies and German Matrons: Luitprand of Cremona on Dynastic Legitimacy [Luitprand's charges of sexual improprieties against Lombard queens were part of Otto I's political strategy].
Source: Frühmittelalterliche Studien , 29., ( 1995):  Pages 207 - 225. Jahrbuch des Instituts für Frühmittelalterforschung der Universität Münster
Year of Publication: 1995.

26. Record Number: 1233
Author(s): Ettlinger, Helen S.
Title : Visibilis et Invisibilis: The Mistress in Italian Renaissance Court Society [a study of the highborn concubines of rulers primarily at the courts of Milan, Ferrara, and Rimini].
Source: Renaissance Quarterly (Full Text via JSTOR) 47, 4 (Winter 1994): 770-792. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1994.

27. Record Number: 9537
Title : Pope Innocent III and Familial Relationships of Clergy and Religious [The author draws on the letters of Pope Innocent III (1198-1216) to answer these questions: "Did Innocent permit illegitimate children, especially those of the major clergy, to receive ecclesiastical offices and benefices when they reached maturity? What was the papal position when the nuclear or extended family attempted to provide support for its children, nephews, and other kin? Did the pope intervene in any way to aid in the maintenance of these individuals?" (page 108).].
Source: Studies in Medieval and Renaissance History , ( 1993):  Pages 105 - 148.
Year of Publication: 1993.

28. Record Number: 9536
Author(s): Laiou, Angeliki E.
Title : Contribution à l'étude de l'institution familiale en Épire au XIIIème siècle [The author uses legal opinions from Demetrios Chomatenos and John Apokaukos to identify important trends in the history of the family in Epirus. Laiou argues that there was more flexibility in practice, citing divorce, concubines and illegitimate children, than the law would seem to suggest. The Appendix presents the Greek texts of two acts on divorce by Demetrios Chomatenos. The Article was originally published in Forschungen zur byzantinischen Rechtsgeschichte, 6 (1984): 275-323. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Gender, Society, and Economic Life in Byzantium. Angeliki E. Laiou Variorum Collected Studies Series .   Ashgate, 1992. Studies in Medieval and Renaissance History , ( 1993):  Pages 275 - 323. Earlier published in Studies in Church History 27 (1990): 53-78.
Year of Publication: 1992.

29. Record Number: 11820
Author(s): Pulsiano, Phillip and Kirsten Wolf
Title : The "Hwelp" in "Wulf and Eadwacer" [The symbolic meaning of the "hwelp" (whelp, young dog or wolf) in is much debated in this Old English poem. Some critics interpret the "hwelp" as representing a child who is born as a result of an illicit love affair, but the authors argue that many references to wolves in Old Norse literature and law suggest that the "hwelp" in this poem is the child of an outlaw father. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: English Language Notes , 28., 3 (March 1991):  Pages 1 - 9.
Year of Publication: 1991.

30. Record Number: 12698
Author(s): Turner, Ralph V.
Title : The Children of Anglo-Norman Royalty and Their Upbringing [Although royals did demonstrate affection toward their children (both legitimate and illegitimate), aristocratic parents did not consider childcare their primary responsibility. Although noblewomen participated in the education of children, they saw other roles as more important: supervising household affairs, acting as regents when their husbands were away, giving birth to heirs, and negotiating marriage alliances for their sons and daughters. Many other people (including household servants, nurses, and relatives) shared the responsibility of childrearing. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Prosopography , 11., 2 (Autumn 1990):  Pages 17 - 52.
Year of Publication: 1990.

31. Record Number: 11195
Author(s): de Looze, Laurence.
Title : Marie de France et la Textualisation: Arbre, Enfant, Oeuvre dans le Lai de "Fresne" [Throughout the poem, Marie de France exploits metaphorical language that connects the process of procreation (the birth of a child through sexual reproduction) and the generation of a text by a writer. The metaphorical correspondence between the labor or “work” of writing and the labor of childbirth informs the language of many French texts written during this time. The anxieties expressed by modern scholars who attempt to use manuscripts to reconstruct a pure and authorial edition of a text thus reflect medieval writers’ own anxieties about the legitimacy of sexual and textual reproduction. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Romanic Review , 81., 4 ( 1990):  Pages 396 - 408.
Year of Publication: 1990.

32. Record Number: 11019
Author(s): Karras, Ruth Mazo.
Title : Concubinage and Slavery in the Viking Age [The author argues that although not all concubines were slaves, concubinage was associated with slavery and low status. Children of both slave women and concubines needed their fathers' recognition in order to inherit. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Scandinavian Studies , 62., 2 (Spring 1990):  Pages 141 - 162.
Year of Publication: 1990.

33. Record Number: 28928
Title : Aelfgyva and a Cleric
Source: Scandinavian Studies , 62., 2 (Spring 1990):
Year of Publication:

34. Record Number: 37559
Title : Beatrice d'Este from the Pala Sforzesca (Sforza Altarpiece)
Source: Scandinavian Studies , 62., 2 (Spring 1990):
Year of Publication: