Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


63 Record(s) Found in our database

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1. Record Number: 27901
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : XXXVII. On the Beaver [The male beaver’s genitals are used as a medicine. When a hunter pursues the beaver, the animal bites off his genitals and throws them at the hunter to save himself. So too, the author allegorizes, should we throw our sins at the devil and acquire spiritual fruits including continence and chastity in good works. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Physiologus. .   University of Chicago Press, 2009.  Pages 52 - 52.
Year of Publication: 2009.

2. Record Number: 27904
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : XLIII. On the Turtle-Dove [The turtle-dove remains faithful to her mate, even if he is captured or killed. The author notes her chastity and allegorizes her as the Church faithful to her crucified mate. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Physiologus. .   University of Chicago Press, 2009.  Pages 56 - 57.
Year of Publication: 2009.

3. Record Number: 27116
Author(s): Giovini, Marco
Contributor(s):
Title : "A nugace in castum": L’Itinerario salvifico di "Callimaco," "Adulescens" innamorato de Rosvita [The "Callimachus" of Hrotsvitha is based on the plays of Terence with poetic influences from Prudentius. The play focuses on the desires of Callimachus for a married Christian woman. He even desires her dead body. The play ends with the conversion of Callimachus to a Christian life. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Mediaevalia , 28., 2 ( 2007):  Pages 137 - 164.
Year of Publication: 2007.

4. Record Number: 20779
Author(s): Meyer, Mati
Contributor(s):
Title : The Levite's Concubine: Imaging the Marginal Woman in Byzantine Society [Provides comparative discussion of different representations of the rape of the concubine within the corpus of illuminated Byzantine manuscripts; extrapolates on what these different representations -particularly of clothing--reveal about contemporary clergy's attitudes towards the concepts of women, sexuality, and the function of marriage. Title note supplied by Feminae].
Source: Studies in Iconography , 27., ( 2006):  Pages 45 - 76.
Year of Publication: 2006.

5. Record Number: 10855
Author(s): Huot, Sylvia
Contributor(s):
Title : Visualizing the Feminine in the "Roman de Perceforest": The Episode of the "Conte de la rose" [The author argues that in this episode the wife's love and loyalty are celebrated, while the knights who want to shame her husband are emasculated by her cleverness. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Troubled Vision: Gender, Sexuality, and Sight in Medieval Text and Image.   Edited by Emma Campbell and Robert Mills .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. Studies in Iconography , 27., ( 2006):  Pages 193 - 206.
Year of Publication: 2004.

6. Record Number: 11009
Author(s): Murray, Jacqueline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Masculinizing Religious Life: Sexual Prowess, the Battle for Chastity and Monastic Identity [The author argues that both monks and priests were concerned to maintain their masculine identity even when the most pronounced markers (fathering children and waging war) were now forbidden. Murray identifies two compensatory strategies. Clergy saw themselves as possessing sexual potency because they struggled for celibacy. Moreover they wed the language of military prowess in their battle for celibacy. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Holiness and Masculinity in the Middle Ages.   Edited by P. H. Cullum and Katherine J. Lewis .   Religion and Culture in the Middle Ages Series. University of Wales Press, 2004. Studies in Iconography , 27., ( 2006):  Pages 24 - 42.
Year of Publication: 2004.

7. Record Number: 11652
Author(s): Arnold, John H.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Labour of Continence: Masculinity and Clerical Virginity [The author looks at three narratives concerned in part with clerical chastity: "Jewel of the Church" by Gerald of Wales, Jacob of Voragine's "Golden Legend," and Caesarius of Heisterbach's "Dialogue on Miracles." Arnold identifies four different tropes in overcoming sexual temptations including divine intervention to remove the male saint's desire. In most cases though male chastity required vigilance and willpower because masculinity itself was flawed in its inclination toward temptation. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Virginities.   Edited by Anke Bernau, Ruth Evans, and Sarah Salih .   Religion and Culture in the Middle Ages series. University of Wales Press; University of Toronto Press, 2003. Studies in Iconography , 27., ( 2006):  Pages 102 - 118.
Year of Publication: 2003.

8. Record Number: 11051
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Tak and Bren Hir: Lollardry as Conversion Motif in "The Book of Margery Kempe" [The author argues that the text presents Margery as religously and socially aberrant. Yet this is necessary to prove that she is chosen by God as a spiritual instructor. The charges of Lollardy allow her doubters to convert eventually, while also emphasizing her orthodoxy. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Mystics Quarterly , 29., 40180 (March-June 2003):  Pages 24 - 44.
Year of Publication: 2003.

9. Record Number: 9707
Author(s): Powell, Raymond A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Margery Kempe: An Exemplar of Late Medieval English Piety [The author argues that scholars for the most part have not put Margery Kempe within the context of late medieval English religious beliefs and practices. He suggests that Kempe was not religiously abnormal and that the themes in her book reflect contemporary religious concerns. Powell argues that people reacted badly to Kempe because she was annoying. Furthermore, Kempe was writing an account of her life as a saint, and persecution from her peers was part of her suffering. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Catholic Historical Review (Full Text via Project Muse) 89, 1 (January 2003): 1-23. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2003.

10. Record Number: 11650
Author(s): Cartwright, Jane.
Contributor(s):
Title : Virginity and Chastity Tests in Medieval Welsh Prose [The author examines a range of literary texts including the "Fourth Branch of Mabinogi," Welsh law codes, Arthurian tales, and medical texts. In many instances the texts present a false virgin who is revealed through magical or medical texts. She is then often subjected to public humiliation as is the cuckolded husband. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Medieval Virginities.   Edited by Anke Bernau, Ruth Evans, and Sarah Salih .   Religion and Culture in the Middle Ages series. University of Wales Press; University of Toronto Press, 2003.  Pages 56 - 79.
Year of Publication: 2003.

11. Record Number: 11653
Author(s): Huntington, Joanna.
Contributor(s):
Title : Edward the Celibate, Edward the Saint: Virginity in the Construction of Edward the Confessor [The author analyzes three Latin "Lives" of the saintly king: the anonymous "Vita," Osbert of Clare's "Vita beati Eadwardi regis Anglorum," and Aelred of Rievaulx's "Vita S. Edwardi regis et confessoris." The king's virginity is presented differently in each text with Osbert mostly concerned in terms of the incorruptible virginal body, while Aelred portrays him as a living virgin king. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Virginities.   Edited by Anke Bernau, Ruth Evans, and Sarah Salih .   Religion and Culture in the Middle Ages series. University of Wales Press; University of Toronto Press, 2003.  Pages 119 - 139.
Year of Publication: 2003.

12. Record Number: 8282
Author(s): Cortijo Ocaña, Antonio.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Consells- Consejos" on Marriage and Their Broader Sentimental Context [The author examines three works of advice on marriage ("Advice of Good Doctrine which a French lady Gave Her Daughter Who Married the King of England" ("Conseyll de bones doctrines que una reyna de França dona a una filla sua que fonch muller del rey Danglaterra"), "Letter from the Marquis of Villena to His Daughter Joana" ("Letra deval scrita feu lo marques de Villena e compte de Ribagortça qui apres fo intitulat duch de Gandia, per dona Joahan filla sua quant la marida ab don Johan fill del compte de Gardona, per la qual liscrivi castich e bons nodriments, dient axi"), and "Advice from a Wiseman to His Daughters" ("Castigos y dotrinas que un sabio daba a sus hijas")) that bear structured and thematic parallels to sentimental romances. The texts emphasize women's chastity, honor, humility, and piety, but also stress a misogynous view of women's out-of-control sexuality. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Marriage and Sexuality in Medieval and Early Modern Iberia. Hispanic Issues, Volume 26.   Edited by Eukene Lacarra Lanz .   Routledge, 2002.  Pages 39 - 56.
Year of Publication: 2002.

13. Record Number: 6633
Author(s): Murray, Jacqueline.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Law of Sin That is in My Members: The Problem of Male Embodiment [the author argues that there was a problem not only with women's bodies but with men's as well; there was a fundamental dis-ease with the male body and its manifestations of sexuality as seen in such examples as Abelard's castration and the problem of nocturnal emissions].
Source: Gender and Holiness: Men, Women, and Saints in Late Medieval Europe.   Edited by Samantha J. E. Riches and Sarah Salih .   Routledge, 2002.  Pages 9 - 22.
Year of Publication: 2002.

14. Record Number: 6722
Author(s): Bos, Elisabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Literature of Spiritual Formation for Women in France and England, 1080-1180 [The author draws on letters written by such notable ecclesiastics as Peter the Venerable, Anselm, and Bernard of Clairvaux to nuns and to secular women, offering them advice on their spiritual problems].
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001. Old English Newsletter , 34., 3 (Spring 2001):  Pages 201 - 220.
Year of Publication: 2001.

15. Record Number: 11151
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Reading the Lives of the Married Saints in Aelfric's "Lives of Saints"
Source: Old English Newsletter , 34., 3 (Spring 2001): Appendix A: Abstracts of Papers in Anglo-Saxon Studies. Conference paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Modern Language Association of America, Washington, D.C., December 27-30, 2000, Session 16: "Editing, Interpretation, Canonization
Year of Publication: 2001.

16. Record Number: 4598
Author(s): Lehfeldt, Elizabeth A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ruling Sexuality: The Political Legitimacy of Isabel of Castile
Source: Renaissance Quarterly (Full Text via JSTOR) 53, 1 (Spring 2000): 31-56. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2000.

17. Record Number: 5452
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Transformations of the "buona Gualdrada" Legend from Boccaccio to Vasari: A Study in the Politics of Florentine Narrative [the story was told that Gualdrada's father offered to order her to kiss the visiting Emperor Otho IV; she refused indignantly and reminded her father of his responsibilities to make a good marriage for her; for Boccaccio Gualdrada's act is a symbol of republican virtue, while for Vasari Gualdrada represents contemporary Florence and Cosimo de Medici, resisting the influence of Emperor Charles V].
Source: Women in Italian Renaissance Culture and Society.   Edited by Letizia Panizza .   European Humanities Research Centre, University of Oxford, 2000.  Pages 401 - 420.
Year of Publication: 2000.

18. Record Number: 5470
Author(s): Jackson, Peter.
Contributor(s):
Title : Aelfric and the Purpose of Christian Marriage: A Reconsideration of the "Life of Aethelthryth," Lines 120- 30 [The author argues that Aelfric adds a story from the "Historia monachorum in Aegypto" to the "Life of Aethelthryth" because he is uneasy about the saint's unilateral refusal of sex in marriage; by adding the exemplum about a man and his wife who have three sons and then agree to live together while abstaining from sex, Aelfric is able to reassert the Augustinian ideal of a Christian marriage].
Source: Anglo-Saxon England , 29., ( 2000):  Pages 235 - 260.
Year of Publication: 2000.

19. Record Number: 4611
Author(s): Resnick, Irven M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage in Medieval Culture: Consent Theory and the Case of Joseph and Mary [The author argues that the Church emphasized the importance of consent in order to remove marriage from the control of the laity; yet in order to prove consent practical, theologians came around to conjugal relations as a sure sign of consent].
Source: Church History , 69., 2 (June 2000):  Pages 350 - 371.
Year of Publication: 2000.

20. Record Number: 4268
Author(s): Carlson, Cindy L. and Angela Jane Weisl
Contributor(s):
Title : Introduction: Constructions of Widowhood and Virginity [The authors explore the themes in the essays and argue that both widowhood and virginity carry multiple meanings in the Middle Ages].
Source: Constructions of Widowhood and Virginity in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Cindy L. Carlson and Angela Jane Weisl .   St. Martin's Press, 1999. Church History , 69., 2 (June 2000):  Pages 1 - 21.
Year of Publication: 1999.

21. Record Number: 9053
Author(s): Kelly, Joan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Did Women Have a Renaissance? [This is an influential article from the 1970s that still bears up under a close reading. Kelly makes a very convincing argument that Renaissance women lost opportunities and were defined more narrowly than women in earlier generations. She argues that new social relations in the state paralleled a new relation between the sexes, with the public sphere reserved for men only and women dependent on their husbands alone. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Feminism and Renaissance Studies.   Edited by Lorna Hutson .   Oxford Reading in Feminism series. Oxford University Press, 1999. Church History , 69., 2 (June 2000):  Pages 21 - 47. Originally published in Women, History & Theory: The Essays of Joan Kelly. By Joan Kelly. University of Chicago press, 1984. Pages 19-50. Originally published in "Becoming Visible: Women in European History." Edited by Renate Bridenthal and Claudia Koonz.
Year of Publication: 1999.

22. Record Number: 3648
Author(s): McNamara, Jo Ann.
Contributor(s):
Title : An Unresolved Syllogism: The Search For a Christian Gender System [The author traces the changing values of the sexes from late Rome to the Ninth Century demonstrating how gender theories enhanced and then diminished women's moral position in relation to that of men].
Source: Conflicted Identities and Multiple Masculinities: Men in the Medieval West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray .   Garland Medieval Casebooks, volume 25. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, volume 2078. Garland Publishing, 1999. Church History , 69., 2 (June 2000):  Pages 1 - 24.
Year of Publication: 1999.

23. Record Number: 5299
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Not Tonight Dear, I Have a Vow of Chastity: Sexual Abstinence and Marital Vocation in "The Book of Margery Kempe"
Source: Publications of the Medieval Association of the Midwest , 6., ( 1999):  Pages 133 - 147.
Year of Publication: 1999.

24. Record Number: 4437
Author(s): McAvoy, Liz Herbert.
Contributor(s):
Title : Margery's Last Child [The author counters Laura Howes' suggestion that Margery Kempe gave birth in Italy on her way to Jerusalem; instead the author establishes a chronology for the birth, vow of chastity, trip to Norwich, and pilgrimage to the Holy Land].
Source: Notes and Queries , 2 (June 1999):  Pages 181 - 183.
Year of Publication: 1999.

25. Record Number: 3651
Author(s): Murray, Jacqueline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mystical Castration: Some Reflections on Peter Abelard, Hugh of Lincoln, and Sexual Control
Source: Conflicted Identities and Multiple Masculinities: Men in the Medieval West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray .   Garland Medieval Casebooks, volume 25. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, volume 2078. Garland Publishing, 1999. Notes and Queries , 2 (June 1999):  Pages 73 - 91.
Year of Publication: 1999.

26. Record Number: 4448
Author(s): Hoch, Adrian S.
Contributor(s):
Title : Pictures of Penitence From a Trecento Neapolitan Nunnery
Source: Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte , 61., ( 1998):  Pages 206 - 226.
Year of Publication: 1998.

27. Record Number: 4293
Author(s): McInerney, Maud Burnett.
Contributor(s):
Title : Like a Virgin: The Problem of Male Virginity in the "Symphonia" [The author argues that Hildegard regarded the virginal as female; for male saints to participate in virginity, they had to be transformed].
Source: Hildegard of Bingen: A book of Essays.   Edited by Maud Burnett McInerney .   Garland Publishing, 1998. Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte , 61., ( 1998):  Pages 133 - 154.
Year of Publication: 1998.

28. Record Number: 6645
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Aldhelm's De virginitate - Patristic Pastiche or Innovative Exposition?
Source: Peritia: Journal of the Medieval Academy of Ireland , 12., ( 1998):  Pages 271 - 295.
Year of Publication: 1998.

29. Record Number: 4347
Author(s): Voaden, Rosalynn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Beholding Men's Members: The Sexualizing of Transgression in "The Book of Margery Kempe" [The author argues that Margery's sense of sin as well as punishment were mapped onto her sexuality].
Source: Medieval Theology and the Natural Body.   Edited by Peter Biller and A.J. Minnis York Studies in Medieval Theology .   York Medieval Press, 1997. Romanic Review , 88., 4 (November 1997):  Pages 175 - 190.
Year of Publication: 1997.

30. Record Number: 2480
Author(s): Black, Nancy B.
Contributor(s):
Title : Woman as Savior: The Virgin Mary and the Empress of Rome in Gautier de Coinci's "Miracles" [analysis of the thirteenth century text and its manuscript illustrations, emphasizing the chastity and spiritual authority of the empress; Gautier addressed his text to the abbess of Notre Dame at Soissons and the abbess of Fontevrault].
Source: Romanic Review , 88., 4 (November 1997):  Pages 503 - 517.
Year of Publication: 1997.

31. Record Number: 2420
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Eunuchs Who Keep the Sabbath: Becoming Male and the Ascetic Ideal in Thirteenth-Century Jewish Mysticism
Source: Becoming Male in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Jeffrey Jerome Cohen and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1997. Romanic Review , 88., 4 (November 1997):  Pages 151 - 185.
Year of Publication: 1997.

32. Record Number: 645
Author(s): Brockington, Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Separating Sword in the "Tristan" Romances: Possible Celtic Analogues Re- examined [author argues that the Irish tales of Diarmaid and Grainne do not provide a source for the chaste lovers discovered sleeping by King Marc].
Source: Modern Language Review , 91., 2 (Apr. 1996):  Pages 281 - 300.
Year of Publication: 1996.

33. Record Number: 9507
Author(s): Klein, Stacy S.
Contributor(s):
Title : Aelfric's Sources and His Gendered Audiences [Aelfric's "Life" of Judith was intended for two different audiences: nuns who needed encouragement toward chastity and the noble man Sigeweard and his warriors who were fighting the Vikings. Aelfric's message about chastity could profit warriors because uncontrolled sexual desire would lead men to dishonor. Klein argues that Aelfric's narrative reflects his anxieties both about female sexuality and men's sexual desires. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Essays in Medieval Studies , 13., ( 1996):  Pages 111 - 119.
Year of Publication: 1996.

34. Record Number: 2030
Author(s): Berkey, Jonathan P.
Contributor(s):
Title : Circumcision Circumscribed: Female Excision and Cultural Accommodation in the Medieval Near East
Source: International Journal of Middle East Studies (Full Text via JSTOR) 28, 1 (February 1996): 19-38. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1996.

35. Record Number: 4629
Author(s): Voisenet, Jacques.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mariage et Interdits sexuels au Moyen Age (Ve- XIIe siècle) [The author examines the many restrictions that the Church placed on the sexuality of married couples].
Source: Sex, Love and Marriage in Medieval Literature and Reality: Thematische Beiträge im Rahmen des 31th [sic] International Congress on Medieval Studies an der Western Michigan University (Kalamazoo-USA) 8.-12. Mai 1996.   Edited by Danielle Buschinger and Wolfgang Spiewok WODAN Bd. 69. Serie 3 Tagungsbände und Sammelschriften Actes de Colloques et Ouvrages Collectifs, 40.   Reineke-Verlag, 1996.  Pages 53 - 72.
Year of Publication: 1996.

36. Record Number: 905
Author(s): Cullum, P. H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Vowesses and Female Lay Piety in the Province of York, 1300-1530
Source: Northern History , 32., ( 1996):  Pages 21 - 41.
Year of Publication: 1996.

37. Record Number: 1562
Author(s): Hanawalt, Barbara A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Separation Anxieties in Late Medieval London: Gender in "The Wright's Chaste Wife" [includes a discussion of historical instances in which wives coped with their husbands' long absences].
Source: Medieval Perspectives , 11., ( 1996):  Pages 23 - 41. Also reprinted in "Of Good and Ill Repute": Gender and Social Control in Medieval England. Barbara A. Hanawalt. Oxford University Press, 1998. 88-103 Proceedings of the Twenty-First Annual Conference of the Southeastern Medieval Association
Year of Publication: 1996.

38. Record Number: 1624
Author(s): Straus, Barrie Ruth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Freedom Through Renunciation? Women's Voices, Women's Bodies, and the Phallic Order [female literary characters who want to abstain from sex].
Source: Desire and Discipline: Sex and Sexuality in the Premodern West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray and Konrad Eisenbichler .   University of Toronto Press, 1996. Medieval Perspectives , 11., ( 1996):  Pages 245 - 264.
Year of Publication: 1996.

39. Record Number: 1418
Author(s): McGlynn, Margaret and Richard J. Moll
Contributor(s):
Title : Chaste Marriage in the Middle Ages
Source: Handbook of Medieval Sexuality.   Edited by Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage .   Garland Reference Library of the Humanities vol. 1696. Garland Publishing, 1996. Romanic Review , 88., 4 (November 1997):  Pages 103 - 122.
Year of Publication: 1996.

40. Record Number: 5132
Author(s): Lee, Becky R.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Purification of Women After Childbirth: A Window onto Medieval Perceptions of Women [The author suggests that women may have seen childbirth and the attendant rituals, including churching, as an opportunity for gender reversal and time to spend with other women].
Source: Florilegium , 14., ( 1995- 1996):  Pages 43 - 55.
Year of Publication: 1995- 1996.

41. Record Number: 22
Author(s): Erler, Mary C.
Contributor(s):
Title : English Vowed Women at the End of the Middle Ages
Source: Mediaeval Studies , 57., ( 1995):  Pages 155 - 203.
Year of Publication: 1995.

42. Record Number: 23
Author(s): Erler, Mary C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Appendix Late Medieval Vowed Women: A Provisional List
Source: Mediaeval Studies , 57., ( 1995):  Pages 183 - 203.
Year of Publication: 1995.

43. Record Number: 1916
Author(s): Bowers, John M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Chaste Marriage: Fashion and Texts at the Court of Richard II [analysis of texts (Chaucer's "Life of Saint Cecilia" and the "Canterbury Tales," "Cleanness," Philippe de Méziere's "Letter to King Richard II," and "Sir Gawain and the Green Knight") and courtly fashion during Richard II's reign; argues that Richard II's homosexuality favored both the theme of chaste marriage and the satiric representation of foppish men who were squeamish about the opposite sex].
Source: Pacific Coast Philology , 30., ( 1995):  Pages 15 - 26.
Year of Publication: 1995.

44. Record Number: 639
Author(s): Ní Dhonnchadha, Máirín.
Contributor(s):
Title : Caillech and Other Terms for Veiled Women in Medieval Irish Texts [meanings discussed are: wife, nun, penitent spouse, witch, and housekeeper].
Source: Éigse: A Journal of Irish Studies , 28., ( 1994):  Pages 71 - 96.
Year of Publication: 1994.

45. Record Number: 1382
Author(s): Clayton, Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : Aelfric's "Judith": Manipulative or Manipulated? [argues for multiple audiences for the literal, typological, and tropological levels of the text; by emphasizing Judith's chastity and humility, Aelfric attempts to defuse Judith's power and sexuality in the Biblical narrative]
Source: Anglo-Saxon England , 23., ( 1994):  Pages 215 - 227.
Year of Publication: 1994.

46. Record Number: 8478
Author(s): Wogan-Browne, Jocelyn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Chaste Bodies: Frames and Experiences [The author explores the "Ancrene Wisse," arguing that it embodies an ideology of containment for women in its emphasis on the enclosed, chaste body. At the same time there are slips since the manuscript shows glimpses of a textual community and even of anchoresses living together. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Framing Medieval Bodies.   Edited by Sarah Kay and Miri Rubin .   Manchester University Press, 1994. Anglo-Saxon England , 23., ( 1994):  Pages 24 - 42.
Year of Publication: 1994.

47. Record Number: 6404
Author(s): Predelli, Maria Bendinelli.
Contributor(s):
Title : La situazione iniziale nel "Cantare di Madonna Elena" [the test of a woman's chastity after her husband has boasted of it, is a motif shared by the "Cantare di Madonna Elena" with several other medieval literary works].
Source: Medioevo Romanzo , 18., ( 1993):  Pages 91 - 103.
Year of Publication: 1993.

48. Record Number: 1514
Author(s): Sperberg-McQueen, M. R.
Contributor(s):
Title : Whose Body Is It? Chaste Strategies and the Reinforcement of Patriarchy in Three Plays by Hrotswitha von Gandersheim ["The Martyrdom of the Holy Virgins Agape, Chione, and Irena," "The Fall and Repentance of Mary, Niece of the Hermit Abraham," and "The Resurrection of Drusiana and of Callimachus"].
Source: Women in German Yearbook , 8., ( 1992):  Pages 47 - 71.
Year of Publication: 1992.

49. Record Number: 8704
Author(s): Benedictow, Ole Jørgen.
Contributor(s):
Title : On the Origin and Spread of the Notion that Breast-feeding Women Should Abstain from Sexual Intercourse [The author argues that the idea that sexual relations and a new pregnancy were injurious to a mother’s milk came from such ancient medical authorities as Galen and Soranus. Clerics like Ivo of Chartres picked up the idea and advised caution. However, it never had the status of a taboo. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Scandinavian Journal of History , 17., 1 ( 1992):  Pages 65 - 76.
Year of Publication: 1992.

50. Record Number: 11217
Author(s): Twomey, Michael W.
Contributor(s):
Title : Christ’s Leap and Mary’s Clean Catch in “Piers Plowman” B.12.136-44a and C.14.81-88a [In his allegorical poem, William Langland combines conventional images of Christ and Mary in order to represent how Christ’s love and Mary’s purity played a key role in the foundation of the Church. The poet achieves this effect through poetic devices, including allusion and metaphor. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Yearbook of Langland Studies , 5., ( 1991):  Pages 165 - 174.
Year of Publication: 1991.

51. Record Number: 11799
Author(s): Dinshaw, Carolyn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Chastity on the Page: A Feminist Use of Paleography [The author shows the ways in which fifteenth-century humanist graphic practices were gendered, and argues the material production of cultural discourse also transmits sexual violence. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Refiguring Woman: Perspectives on Gender and the Italian Renaissance.   Edited by Marilyn Migiel and Juliana Schiesari .   Cornell University Press, 1991. Yearbook of Langland Studies , 5., ( 1991):  Pages 114 - 132.
Year of Publication: 1991.

52. Record Number: 11080
Author(s): Brodman, Marian Masiuk.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Livre de Caradoc"'s Chastity Test [The author examines the themes of chastity in le "Livre de Caradoc," and argues that, according to the text, feminine weakness requires masculine correction, protection, and guidance morally as well as physically. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Neuphilologische Mitteilungen , 92., 4 ( 1991):  Pages 471 - 484.
Year of Publication: 1991.

53. Record Number: 11790
Author(s): Sinicropi, Giovanni.
Contributor(s):
Title : Chastity and Love in the Decameron [The author studies the differences between the Decameron story of Nastagio degli Onesti and its sources, showing that Boccaccio’s version’s affirms social harmony and marriage. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Olde Daunce: Love, Friendship, Sex, and Marriage in the Medieval World.   Edited by Robert R. Edwards and Stephen Spector .   State University of New York Press, 1991. Neuphilologische Mitteilungen , 92., 4 ( 1991):  Pages 104 - 120.
Year of Publication: 1991.

54. Record Number: 11782
Author(s): Schulenburg, Jane Tibbetts.
Contributor(s):
Title : Saints and Sex, ca. 500-1100: Striding Down the Nettled Path of Life [The author argues that the numerous surviving vitae of medieval saints offer us a wide variety of information on ecclesiastical attitudes towards sex. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Sex in the Middle Ages: A Book of Essays.   Edited by Joyce E. Salisbury .   Garland Publishing, 1991. Neuphilologische Mitteilungen , 92., 4 ( 1991):  Pages 203 - 231.
Year of Publication: 1991.

55. Record Number: 12674
Author(s): Coudert, Allison.
Contributor(s):
Title : Exemplary Biblical Couples and the Sacrament of Marriage [The author explores the church's attitude toward marriage through medieval interpretations of Adam and Eve, Mary and Joseph, and the soul and Christ. Coudert concludes that the church's views on sexuality and women were decidedly hostile. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Homo Carnalis: The Carnal Aspect of Medieval Human Life.   Edited by Helen Rodite Lemay Acta .   Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, State University of New York at Binghamton, 1990. Neuphilologische Mitteilungen , 92., 4 ( 1991):  Pages 59 - 83. Papers presented at a conference held at the State University of New York at Stony Brook in 1987
Year of Publication: 1990.

56. Record Number: 12693
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Flaws in the Golden Bowl: Gender and Spiritual Formation in the Twelfth Century [In twelfth century Western Europe, religious writers debated whether arrangements for men and for women in religious life were meant to be identical, equal, or separate. While works on religious formation and spiritual growth can present monastic values as gender neutral and some writings (like Abelard's letters to Heloise) purport to praise the virtues of women, misogyny is nonetheless pervasive in monastic writings (women are aligned with carnality, loquacity, and curiosity). Moreover, gender plays an important role in differentiating the importance of chastity for men and for women, and gender profoundly affects how communal life and spiritual growth are represented. The Appendix offers a list of religious literature of formation produced between 1075 and 1225. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Traditio , 45., ( 1990):  Pages 111 - 146. Republished in From Virile Woman to WomanChrist: Studies in Medieval Religion and Literature. By Barbara Newman. Middle Ages Series. University of Pennsylvania Press, 1995. Pages 19-45
Year of Publication: 1990.

57. Record Number: 12735
Author(s): Garland, Lynda.
Contributor(s):
Title : Be Amorous, But Be Chaste…’: Sexual morality in Byzantine learned and vernacular romance [Aristocratic Byzantine readers enjoyed romances, which often derived tales of love and adventure from Hellenstic or ancient Greek influences and traditions. From the twelfth century onwards, authors of romances in Greek often borrowed themes from ancient pagan texts including the idea of passionate erotic love, yet unlike Classical authors, Byzantine writers strictly presented marriage as the ultimate goal to which all characters strive. Despite threats to their chastity, these romances featured heroes and heroines who remain chaste until the wedding ceremony that ends the story. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies , 14., ( 1990):  Pages 62 - 120.
Year of Publication: 1990.

58. Record Number: 31172
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Panel from the Humility Polyptych - Umilta persuades her husband to allow a separation
Source: Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies , 14., ( 1990):
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59. Record Number: 31173
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Panel from the Humility Polyptych - Umilta watches her husband take the religious habit
Source: Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies , 14., ( 1990):
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60. Record Number: 31500
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Claudia Quinta
Source: Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies , 14., ( 1990):
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61. Record Number: 34917
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Story of Nastagio degli Onesti (Part III)
Source: Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies , 14., ( 1990):
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62. Record Number: 36069
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Cantiga 105 How the wicked bridegroom planned to do something and committed a shameful deed
Source: Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies , 14., ( 1990):
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63. Record Number: 36282
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Man who had taken a vow of chastity reclaims his fiancée
Source: Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies , 14., ( 1990):
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