Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


  • Record Number: 3169
  • Author(s)/Creator(s): Everhart , Deborah.
  • Contributor(s):
  • Title: Anna Komnene, Learned Women, and the Book in Byzantine Art [The author examines the representation of women in art with books or scrolls and argues that it was probably influenced by the female members of the imperial family who valued and promoted learning].
  • Source: Anna Komnene and Her Times.  Edited by Thalia Gouma-Peterson.  Garland Publishing, 2000.  Pages 125 - 156.
  • Description:
  • Article Type: Essay
  • Subject (See Also): Art History- Painting Books in Art Illumination of Manuscripts Komnena, Anna, Historian Manuscripts in Art Mary, Virgin, Saint in Art Readers Scrolls in Art Women in Art
  • Geographic Area: Eastern Mediterranean
  • Century: 9- 10- 11- 12
  • Related Resources:
  • Primary Evidence: Manuscript; Rome, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, gr. 1162. Known as the Basil Menologium and dated to the middle years of the rule of Basil II (976-1025). It includes many illustrations of saints, including quite a few female saints and the Virgin.
  • Illustrations: Twelve Figures. Figure One Manuscript illumination, The Virgin gives a scroll to Romanos the Melode (Rome, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, gr. 1613, p. 78). Figure Two Manuscript illumination, The Dream of Joseph (Rome, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, gr. 1613, p. 273). Figure Three Manuscript illumination, The Virgin (Mount Sinai, Monastery of Saint Catherine, gr. 204, p. 3; reported through the courtesy of the Michigan-Princeton-Alexandria Expedition to Mount Sinai). Figure Four Manuscript illumination, The Presentation of Christ in the Temple (Rome, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, gr. 1613, p. 365; courtesy of the Vatican Library). Figure Five Wall painting, clockwise from top left, Saints Thekla, Constantine, Helena, Agatha, Eugenia, Febronia, and Anastasia (Phocis, Hosios Loukas, Katholikon narthex). Figure Six Painted icon, The Virgin and Christ with Prophets, Apostles, and others (Mount Sinai, Monastery of Saint Catherine, icon inv. 113; reproduced through the courtesy of the Michigan-Princeton-Alexandria Expedition to Mount Sinai). Figure Seven Engraving, The Virgin Kykkotissa (1778), Detail, Saint Luke with his portraits of the Virgin and Christ (after Perdikes). Figure Eight Manuscript illumination, Annunciation, Virgin with a Book, Visitation (Washington, Dumbarton Oaks Collection, MS 3, fol. 80v). Figure Nine Manuscript illumination, Virgin as a child in the house of Joachim and Anne (Rome, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, gr. 1162, fol. 38v; courtesy of the Vatican Library). Figure Ten Manuscript illumination, Virgin in the Temple (Rome, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, gr. 1162, fol. 92; courtesy of the Vatican Library). Figure Eleven Manuscript illumination, The Virgin and Saint James (Rome, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, gr. 1162, fol. 144v; courtesy of the Vatican Library). Figure Twelve Manuscript illumination, The Virgin, Joseph, and Saint James (Rome, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, gr. 1162, fol. 164v; courtesy of the Vatican Library).
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  • Abstract:
  • Author's Affiliation: Georgetown University
  • Conference Info: - , -
  • Year of Publication: 2000.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN/ISBN: 0815336454
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