Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


442 Record(s) Found in our database

Search Results

1. Record Number: 44996
Author(s): Dalarun, Jacques, Sean L. Field and Valerio Cappozzo,
Contributor(s):
Title : A Female Apostle in Medieval Italy: The Life of Clare of Rimini
Source: A Female Apostle in Medieval Italy: The Life of Clare of Rimini. Jacques Dalarun, Sean L. Field and Valerio Cappozzo, translators.   Edited by Jacques Dalarun, Sean L. Field and Valerio Cappozzo .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 2022.  Pages 9 - 152. Available with a subscription from JSTOR: https://doi.org/10.9783/9781512823059
Year of Publication: 2022.

2. Record Number: 45041
Author(s): Varnam, Laura
Contributor(s):
Title : Poems for the Women of Beowulf: A ‘Contemporary Medieval’ Project
Source: Postmedieval: A Journal of Medieval Cultural Studies , 13., 1- 2 ( 2022):  Pages 105 - 121. Available with a subscription from Springer: https://doi.org/10.1057/s41280-022-00225-3
Year of Publication: 2022.

3. Record Number: 45227
Author(s): Meir of Rothenburg, , Rabbi and Elisheva Baumgarten
Contributor(s):
Title : Travel on the Sabbath
Source: Jewish Everyday Life in Medieval Northern Europe, 1080-1350: A Sourcebook.   Edited by Tzafrir Barzilay, Eyal Levinson, and Elisheva Baumgarten. The text is introduced by Elisheva Baumgarten and comes from Simcha Emanuel, The Responsa of Rabbi Meir of Rothenburg and his Companions (Alon Shvut: World Union of Jewish Studies, 2014), 739, §374 .  2022. Postmedieval: A Journal of Medieval Cultural Studies , 13., 1- 2 ( 2022):  Pages 59 - 60. The book is available open access: https://scholarworks.wmich.edu/mip_teamsdp/9/
Year of Publication: 2022.

4. Record Number: 45229
Author(s): Eliezer son of Nathan, , and Elisheva Baumgarten
Contributor(s):
Title : Women as Business Partners
Source: Jewish Everyday Life in Medieval Northern Europe, 1080-1350: A Sourcebook.   Edited by Tzafrir Barzilay, Eyal Levinson, and Elisheva Baumgarten. The text is introduced by Elisheva Baumgarten and comes from Sefer Ra’avan hu Even haEzer, vol. 1, Deblitzky edition (Bnei Brak, 2012), 431–32, §115 .  2022. Postmedieval: A Journal of Medieval Cultural Studies , 13., 1- 2 ( 2022):  Pages 63 - 64. The book is available open access: https://scholarworks.wmich.edu/mip_teamsdp/9/
Year of Publication: 2022.

5. Record Number: 44399
Author(s): Ogden, Amy V.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Life of Saint Eufrosine
Source: The Life of Saint Eufrosine: In Old French Verse, with English Translation. Amy V. Ogden, editor and translator .   Modern Language Association, 2021. Postmedieval: A Journal of Medieval Cultural Studies , 13., 1- 2 ( 2022):  Pages 2 - 151.
Year of Publication: 2021.

6. Record Number: 44977
Author(s): Moen, Marianne and Matthew J. Walsh,
Contributor(s):
Title : Agents of Death: Reassessing Social Agency and Gendered Narratives of Human Sacrifice in the Viking Age
Source: Cambridge Archaeological Journal , 31., 4 ( 2021):  Pages 597 - 611. Available open access from Cambridge Core: http://doi.org/10.1017/S0959774321000111
Year of Publication: 2021.

7. Record Number: 43871
Author(s): Purvis, Meghan,
Contributor(s):
Title : From Scop to Subversive: Beowulf as a Force for Inclusivity
Source: Beowulf in Contemporary Culture.   Edited by David Clark .   Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2020. Cambridge Archaeological Journal , 31., 4 ( 2021):  Pages 134 - 152.
Year of Publication: 2020.

8. Record Number: 43872
Author(s): Larrington, Carolyne and Maria Dahvana Headley,
Contributor(s):
Title : A Conversation between Maria Dahvana Headley and Carolyne Larrington
Source: Beowulf in Contemporary Culture.   Edited by David Clark .   Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2020. Cambridge Archaeological Journal , 31., 4 ( 2021):  Pages 200 - 211. Available open access as an Oxford University podcast transcript: https://media.podcasts.ox.ac.uk/engfac/fantasy_lit/2021-06-Headley.pdf
Year of Publication: 2020.

9. Record Number: 44375
Author(s): Kirakosian, Racha
Contributor(s):
Title : The Life of Christina of Hane
Source: The Life of Christina of Hane Racha Kirakosian, translator .   Yale University Press, 2020. Cambridge Archaeological Journal , 31., 4 ( 2021):  Pages 1 - 124. The book is available with a subscription from JSTOR and from Yale University Press: https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctv18sqz5n
Year of Publication: 2020.

10. Record Number: 44383
Author(s): Headley, Maria Dahvana,
Contributor(s):
Title : Beowulf
Source: Beowulf: A New Translation. Maria Dahvana Headley, translator .   MCD x FSG imprint, Macmillan Publishers, 2020. Cambridge Archaeological Journal , 31., 4 ( 2021):  Pages 3 - 136.
Year of Publication: 2020.

11. Record Number: 44720
Author(s): Sturluson, Snorri
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender Instability: Trans-Gender and Gender-Shifting: (a) From Gulathing Law: On Seriously Insulting Speech, (c) From Loki’s Flyting (Lokasenna), (d) Loki and Svadilfari: Loki’s Adventure as a Mare
Source: The Viking Age: A Reader.   Edited by Angus A. Somerville and R. Andrew McDonald .   University of Toronto Press, 2020. Cambridge Archaeological Journal , 31., 4 ( 2021):  Pages 138 - 143.
Year of Publication: 2020.

12. Record Number: 44755
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Thorfin Karlsefni in Vinland
Source: The Viking Age: A Reader.   Edited by Angus A. Somerville and R. Andrew McDonald .   University of Toronto Press, 2020. Cambridge Archaeological Journal , 31., 4 ( 2021):  Pages 328 - 330.
Year of Publication: 2020.

13. Record Number: 44908
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Testimony of Rolandina Roncaglia []
Source:
Year of Publication: 2020.

14. Record Number: 44909
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Testimony of Rolandina Roncaglia
Source: The Intolerant Middle Ages: A Reader.   Edited by Eugene Smelyansky .   University of Toronto Press, 2020.  Pages 269 - 270.
Year of Publication: 2020.

15. Record Number: 45000
Author(s): Purnell, Alison,
Contributor(s):
Title : York Cause Paper E.92: Redyng c. Boton (1366–67)
Source: Medieval Disability Sourcebook: Western Europe.   Edited by Cameron Hunt McNabb .   punctum books, 2020.  Pages 25 - 55. Available open access from the JSTOR website: https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctv11hptcd.4
Year of Publication: 2020.

16. Record Number: 45013
Author(s): Allor, Danielle,
Contributor(s):
Title : Dame Sirith (ca. 1272–82)
Source: Medieval Disability Sourcebook: Western Europe.   Edited by Cameron Hunt McNabb .   punctum books, 2020.  Pages 292 - 303. Available open access from the JSTOR website: https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctv11hptcd.28
Year of Publication: 2020.

17. Record Number: 38478
Author(s): [no author]
Contributor(s):
Title : La Prammatica sulle vesti delle donne fiorentine (Firenze 1343-1345)
Source: Draghi rossi e querce azzurre: elenchi descrittivi di abiti di lusso (Firenze 1343-1345).   Edited by Laurence Gérard-Marchant .   SISMEL, 2013.  Pages 1 - 516.
Year of Publication: 2013.

18. Record Number: 44382
Author(s): Purvis, Meghan,
Contributor(s):
Title : Beowulf
Source: Beowulf. Meghan Purvis, translator .   Penned in the Margins, 2013.  Pages 15 - 110.
Year of Publication: 2013.

19. Record Number: 29190
Author(s): Kupfer, Marcia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Abraham Circumcises Himself: A Scene at the Endgame of Jewish Utility to Christian Art
Source: Judaism and Christian Art: Aesthetic Anxieties from the Catacombs to Colonialism.   Edited by Herbert L. Kessler and David Nirenberg .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011.  Pages 143 - 182.
Year of Publication: 2011.

20. Record Number: 29256
Author(s): Rowe, Nina,
Contributor(s):
Title : Rethinking "Ecclesia" and "Synagoga" in the Thirteenth Century [The author argues that the representation of "Synagoga" in the sculptural programs at Bamberg, Reims, and Strasbourg was meant to project a view of Judaism as subordinate to "Ecclesia" triumphant and to the kingly rulers on the portals. Title note suppl
Source: Gothic Art and Thought in the Later Medieval Period: Essays in Honor of Willibald Sauerländer.   Edited by Colum Hourihane .   Index of Christian Art, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University in association with Penn State University Press, 2011.  Pages 264 - 291.
Year of Publication: 2011.

21. Record Number: 27567
Author(s): Sayers, William
Contributor(s):
Title : Flax and Linen in Walter of Bibbesworth’s Thirteenth-Century French Treatise for English Housewives [Walter of Bibbesworth wrote a handbook for English-speaking landowners giving the French terminology for estate management. The reader he addressed was the “mesuer,” or“housewif,” who oversaw many of the processes detailed in his book. Sayers analyzes the section on growing and harvesting flax, processing and spinning the thread, and weaving linen. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 6., ( 2010):  Pages 111 - 126.
Year of Publication: 2010.

22. Record Number: 27568
Author(s): Stanford, Charlotte A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Donations from the Body for the Soul: Apparel, Devotion, and Status in Late Medieval Strasbourg [The author analyzes evidence of lay people’s contributions to the building and services of Strasbourg’s cathedral as recorded in the “Book of Donors” from the early fourteenth century to 1521. Many people contributed clothing and related items, both for resale and for use in liturgical services. Stanford notes women’s participation as donors and the varieties of women’s clothing and ornaments given as gifts. She underlines the personal nature of many women’s gifts including elaborate linens decorated with gold and silk destined for the Virgin’s chapel. The appendices include a glossary of apparel-related terms in the “Book of Donors” both in Latin and in German (pages 199-205). Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 6., ( 2010):  Pages 173 - 205.
Year of Publication: 2010.

23. Record Number: 27618
Author(s): Farina, Lara
Contributor(s):
Title : Money, Books and Prayers: Anchoresses and Exchange in Thirteenth-century England [The author explores texts in the “Wooing Group,” analyzing the language of bargaining and exchange in the relationships the anchoress has both with Christ and her spiritual adviser. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Women and Wealth in Late Medieval Europe.   Edited by Theresa Earenfight The New Middle Ages. .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2010. Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 6., ( 2010):  Pages 171 - 185.
Year of Publication: 2010.

24. Record Number: 28346
Author(s): Constantine the African, ,
Contributor(s): Wallis, Faith, translator
Title : Medicalizing Sex: Constantine the African [Constantine came from North Africa and brought Arabic medical texts with him to Italy. He translated or adapted his book, “On Sexual Intercourse”, from Arabic sources. He discusses issues from a medical point of view and includes many remedies for sexual problems. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Medieval Medicine: A Reader.   Edited by Faith Wallis Readings in Medieval Civilizations and Cultures, 15.   University of Toronto Press, 2010. Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 6., ( 2010):  Pages 511 - 523.
Year of Publication: 2010.

25. Record Number: 28445
Author(s): Kostick, Conor.
Contributor(s):
Title : Eleanor of Aquitaine and the Women of the Second Crusade
Source: Medieval Italy, Medieval and Early Modern Women: Essays in Honour of Christine Meek.   Edited by Conor Kostick .   Four Courts Press, 2010. Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 6., ( 2010):  Pages 195 - 205.
Year of Publication: 2010.

26. Record Number: 27573
Author(s): Sinkevic, Ida,
Contributor(s):
Title : Fresco-Icons in Royal Portraits of Queen Tamar
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference , 35., ( 2009):  Pages 26 - 26.
Year of Publication: 2009.

27. Record Number: 28318
Author(s):
Contributor(s): Jefferson, Lisa, translator
Title : “Fees: Alice Bridenelle, the daughter of Thomas Picot, the son of John Picot, the son of Nicholas Picot, sometime mercer of London, for a fee to make her free – 20s.” [1427-1428, folio 94v.] [Alice Bridenelle is the only woman (apart from widows) noted in these records as being admitted to the Mercers’ Company. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: The Medieval Account Books of the Mercers of London: An Edition and Translation. Volume 1   Edited by Lisa Jefferson .   Ashgate, 2009. Byzantine Studies Conference , 35., ( 2009):  Pages 384 - 385.
Year of Publication: 2009.

28. Record Number: 28319
Author(s):
Contributor(s): Jefferson, Lisa, translator
Title : “This ordinance was revised during the term of office of the aforesaid wardens… And it is fully agreed that all widows of the mistery who wish to live as a feme-sole and carry on the trade with their household, who are under the governance of the mistery, or those who are with husbands who are men of the same mistery and under its governance, shall enjoy the full benefit of the aforesaid ordinance.” [1417, folio 71v.]
Source: The Medieval Account Books of the Mercers of London: An Edition and Translation. Volume 1   Edited by Lisa Jefferson .   Ashgate, 2009. Byzantine Studies Conference , 35., ( 2009):  Pages 296 - 299.
Year of Publication: 2009.

29. Record Number: 22417
Author(s): Izbicki, Thomas M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Failed Censures: Ecclesiastical Regulation of Women’s Clothing in Late Medieval Italy [Ecclesiastical efforts to regulate vanity of dress were few in late medieval Italy. Most significant was a constitution written by Cardinal Latino Malabranca intended to limit display of flesh and waste of cloth. By the fourteenth century compromises were being made in the enforcement of this decree, and new issues involving the wearing of jewelry and other ornaments were being addressed. By the fifteenth century, sumptuary legislation was largely left to the Italian communes, although some of the clergy still advocated strict measures against vain dress and ornamentation. The appendices include: Appendix 3.1 Cardinal Latino Malabranca's Constitution on Women's dress (1279); Appendix 3.2 Cardinal Bertrand du Poujet's Modification of Cardinal Latino's Constitution (ca. 1327) ; Appendix 3.3 The Constitution of Antonio d'Orso Biliotti, Bishop of Florence (ca. 1310). Title note submitted by the author.]
Source:   Edited by Robin Netherton; Gale R. Owen-Crocker Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 5., ( 2009):  Pages 37 - 53.
Year of Publication: 2009.

30. Record Number: 20336
Author(s): Bertini Malgiarini, Patrizia and Ugo Vignuzzi
Contributor(s):
Title : Matilde a Helfta, Melchiade in Umbria (e oltre): un antico volgarizzamento umbro del "Liber specialis gratiae" [Mechthild von Hackeborn's "Liber specialis gratiae" was translated into Italian in the 15th or 16th century. It probably was made for nuns. The translation renames Mechthild "Melchiadis," as do other non-German versions. The appendix provides a compariso
Source: Dire l'ineffabile: Caterina da Siena e il linguaggio della mistica.   Edited by Lino Leonardi and Pietro Trifone .   Edizioni del Galluzzo, 2006. Byzantine Studies Conference , 35., ( 2009):  Pages 291 - 307.
Year of Publication: 2006.

31. Record Number: 20339
Author(s): Ricci, Alessio
Contributor(s):
Title : Recorsivita e semplicita delle "visioni" di Francesca Romana: su alcuni aspetti sintattici e testuali del discorso mistico [The Latin translation of Giovanni Mattioti's collection of evidence for the sanctity of Frances of Rome leaves out the flavor of the Italian original. The iconography of Frances' visions is described, but some of her less tactful remarks also are exclude
Source: Dire l'ineffabile: Caterina da Siena e il linguaggio della mistica.   Edited by Lino Leonardi and Pietro Trifone .   Edizioni del Galluzzo, 2006. Speculum , 81., 2 (April 2006):  Pages 231 - 255.
Year of Publication: 2006.

32. Record Number: 16302
Author(s): Eichhorn-Mulligan, Amy C.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Anatomy of Power and the Miracle of Kingship: The Female Body of Sovereignty in a Medieval Irish Kingship Tale
Source: Speculum , 81., 4 (October 2006):  Pages 1014 - 1054.
Year of Publication: 2006.

33. Record Number: 16280
Author(s): Burns, E. Jane.
Contributor(s):
Title : Saracen Silk and the Virgin's "Chemise": Cultural Crossings in Cloth [The article explores the meanings attached to a relic at Chartres, an undergartment belonging to the Virgin. Burns traces connections from the imagined Western linen "chemise" to Islamic silks and Byzantine cuts of clothing. She concludes by arguing that in this way Chartres became more "Saracen." Title note supplied by Feminae].
Source: Speculum , 81., 2 (April 2006):  Pages 365 - 397.
Year of Publication: 2006.

34. Record Number: 11760
Author(s): Schleif, Corine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Men on the Right- Women on the Left: (A)symmetrical Spaces and Gendered Places [The author argues that the symbolism attached to left and right becomes gendered so that male and female donors have their appointed places. Yet some situations and artworks make the categories more complicated than a simple binary. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women's Space: Patronage, Place, and Gender in the Medieval Church.   Edited by Virginia Chieffo Raguin and Sarah Stanbury .   State University of New York Press, 2005. Speculum , 81., 2 (April 2006):  Pages 207 - 249.
Year of Publication: 2005.

35. Record Number: 14741
Author(s): Haycock, Marged.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sy abl fodd, Sibli fain: Sibyl in Medieval Wales [The author analyzes two different instances of the Sibyl figure in Welsh literature. The first examples come from two thirteenth century Welsh translations of the Latin Tiburtine oracles, "Breuddwyd Sibli" and "Proffwydoliaeth Sibli Ddoeth." The second example is drawn from a poem by the female poet Gwerful Mechain who countered Ieuan Dyfi's misogynist complaint by recounting the lives of brave women capped by the Sibyl. Haycock suggests that Gwerful may have taken the example of the Sibyl as a female forerunner to legitimize her public writing. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source:   Edited by Joseph Falaky Nagy and Leslie Ellen Jones Celtic Studies Association of North America (CSANA) Yearbook , 3-4., ( 2005):  Pages 115 - 130. Heroic Poets and Poetic Heroes in Celtic Tradition: A Festschrift for Patrick K. Ford. Edited by Joseph Falaky Nagy and Leslie Ellen Jones. Four Courts Press, 2005
Year of Publication: 2005.

36. Record Number: 11755
Author(s): Stanbury, Sarah.
Contributor(s):
Title : Margery Kempe and the Arts of Self-Patronage [The author argues that Margery Kempe frequently presents herself in her book as a patron and donor to the church. Stanbury compares this to surviving devotional art with donor portraits to suggest the imagery and social recognition Kempe may have had in mind. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women's Space: Patronage, Place, and Gender in the Medieval Church.   Edited by Virginia Chieffo Raguin and Sarah Stanbury .   State University of New York Press, 2005. Speculum , 81., 2 (April 2006):  Pages 75 - 103.
Year of Publication: 2005.

37. Record Number: 20780
Author(s): Eckhard, Simon
Contributor(s):
Title : The First German Mary Assumption Play (c.1300) and the Mary Portal of Strasbourg Cathedral [Investigates the relationship between thirteenth and fourteenth century German Assumption plays, the Song of Solomon/Song of Songs, and the carvings of Strasbourg Cathedral. Focuses on the plays' and carvings' use of the figures of "Ecclesia" as bride and God as Solomon, with God/Solomon's embrace of "Synagoga" acting as a device to encourage the conversion of Jews. The relationship between Mary and the figure of "Ecclesia" is also discussed. Title note supplied by Feminae].
Source: European Medieval Drama , 9., ( 2005):  Pages 1 - 23.
Year of Publication: 2005.

38. Record Number: 11456
Author(s): Tilghman, Carla.
Contributor(s):
Title : Giovanna Cenami's Veil: A Neglected Detail [The author analyzes the woman's veil in Van Eyck's "Wedding of Arnolfini." Evidence in other artworks suggests that this ruffled veil had its heyday in the mid-to-late fourteenth century. In 1434 Van Eyck may have used the old fashioned veil to signal a ceremonial occasion in which the betrothed young woman by her headress and clothing conveyed dignity and a prosperous social status. Tilghman wove some linen samples to determine the best methods for making ruffled edges. The veil would have had to be a single length without seams approximately six yards long. It would probably have been a specialty item and would have been costly. Tilghman speculates that it might have been a family treasure passed down to Giovanna Cenami. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval clothing and textiles. Vol. 1.   Edited by Robin Netherton and Gale R Owen-Crocker .   Boydell Press, 2005. European Medieval Drama , 9., ( 2005):  Pages 155 - 172.
Year of Publication: 2005.

39. Record Number: 14121
Author(s): Lorentz, Philippe.
Contributor(s):
Title : Children's Portraits: Between Politics and Family Memories [The author briefly surveys portraits done in the late medieval period, looking most closely at paintings of Margaret of Austria. In some cases the portraits were made to be sent to potential husbands in marriage negotiations. Title note supplied by Femin
Source: Women of Distinction: Margaret of York | Margaret of Austria.   Edited by Dagmar Eichberger .   Brepols, 2005. European Medieval Drama , 9., ( 2005):  Pages 114 - 123.
Year of Publication: 2005.

40. Record Number: 13760
Author(s): Campbell, Lorne and Yvonne Szafran
Contributor(s):
Title : The Portrait of Isabella of Portugal, Duchess of Burgundy, in the J. Paul Getty Museum [The authors argue that the portrait was based on Rogier van der Weyden's donor portrait of Isabel done for the altarpiece given to the Portugese monastery of Batalha. An assistant painted the panel portrait perhaps around 1450 without the skill or sensitivity of van der Weyden. The painting evidently passed to Isabel's great-granddaughter, Margaret of Austria, where it was given more magnificent clothing and jewels around 1530. An inscription was added perhaps around 1600 identifying the woman as a sibyl. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Burlington Magazine , 146., 1212 (March 2004):  Pages 148 - 157.
Year of Publication: 2004.

41. Record Number: 10828
Author(s): Desplenter, Youri.
Contributor(s):
Title : Songs of Praise for the "Illiterate": Latin Hymns in Middle Dutch Prose Translation [The author focuses on a group of manuscripts which provide vernacular translations of breviary hymns. Desplenter argues that the manuscripts' intended users were mostly women, both Franciscan tertiaries and canonesses of the Windesheim Chapter. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Voice of Silence: Women's Literacy in a Men's Church.   Edited by Thérèse de Hemptinne and María Eugenia Góngora Medieval Church Studies .   Brepols, 2004. Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 30., 1 (Spring 2004):  Pages 127 - 142.
Year of Publication: 2004.

42. Record Number: 10877
Author(s): Heene, Katrien.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender and Mobility in the Low Countires: Travelling Women in Thirteenth-Century Exempla and Saints Lives [The author examines Latin saints' lives and exempla, didactic stories used to teach moral and religious values, for mentions of women travelling. Although the clerical authors thought that women's mobility ought to be restricted, this does not appear to have lessened women's travels, particularly for religious pilgrimages. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Texture of Society: Medieval Women in the Southern Low Countries.   Edited by Ellen E. Kittell and Mary A. Suydam .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 30., 1 (Spring 2004):  Pages 31 - 49.
Year of Publication: 2004.

43. Record Number: 15868
Author(s): Scarabello, Giovanni.
Contributor(s):
Title : Per una storia della prostituzione a Venezia tra il XIII e il XVIII sec [Beginning in the thirteenth century, the Venetian Republic made efforts to regulate rather than eliminate prostitution entirely. By the fourteenth century authorities were trying to concentrate prostitutes in regulated neighborhoods. Nevertheless, prostitutes continued to operate outside these sanctioned areas, especially in taverns and bath houses. Venetian laws protected prostitutes from abusive pimps but also tried to protect their patrons from diseases. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studi Veneziani , 47., ( 2004):  Pages 15 - 101.
Year of Publication: 2004.

44. Record Number: 11409
Author(s): Blumreich, Kathleen.
Contributor(s):
Title : I Ne Sey Noght is in Despyt of Women: Antifeminism in Robert de Gretham's Mirror
Source: Medieval Feminist Forum , 38., (Winter 2004):  Pages 38 - 46.
Year of Publication: 2004.

45. Record Number: 10854
Author(s): Simon, Anne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Reading Reading Women: Double-Mirroring the "Dame" in "Der Ritter vom Turn"
Source: Troubled Vision: Gender, Sexuality, and Sight in Medieval Text and Image.   Edited by Emma Campbell and Robert Mills .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. Medieval Feminist Forum , 38., (Winter 2004):  Pages 175 - 192.
Year of Publication: 2004.

46. Record Number: 10857
Author(s): Salih, Sarah.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Medieval Looks Back: A Response to "Troubled Vision" [Salih provides a brief case study of manuscript illuminations of monsters from a copy of "Mandeville's Travels." She argues that the hyper-masculinity of the naked giants defines them as other, bereft of culture and social order. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Troubled Vision: Gender, Sexuality, and Sight in Medieval Text and Image.   Edited by Emma Campbell and Robert Mills .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. Medieval Feminist Forum , 38., (Winter 2004):  Pages 223 - 231.
Year of Publication: 2004.

47. Record Number: 11420
Author(s): Hall, Dianne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Necessary Collaborations: Religious Women and Lay Communities in Medieval Ireland, c. 1200-1540 [The author argues that the boundaries between Irish women's monastic houses and lay communities were permeable. Nuns sought good relations with neighbors and family members to ensure material and political support. Monastic women needed to ignore the rules of enclosure in order to adminster the monasteries' lands and keep in touch with their families. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Irish Women's History.   Edited by Alan Hayes and Diane Urquhart .   Irish Academic Press, 2004. Medieval Feminist Forum , 38., (Winter 2004):  Pages 15 - 28.
Year of Publication: 2004.

48. Record Number: 14754
Author(s): Blanton, Virginia.
Contributor(s):
Title : King Anna's Daughters: Genealogical Narrative and Cult Formation in the "Liber Eliensis" [The "Liber Eliensis" written by twelfth century monks at Ely, created Wihtburg as another sister for Aethelthryth to underline her sanctity and importance by emphasizing virginity, royalty and holy kinship. These stories went beyond the monastery to local communities in East Anglia and appear in saints' lives and parish records as late as the fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 30., 1 (Spring 2004):  Pages 127 - 149.
Year of Publication: 2004.

49. Record Number: 10782
Author(s): Field, Richard S.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Fifteenth-Century Woodcut of the "Death of the Virgin" in a Manuscript of "Der Stachel der Liebe" [The author examines the development and meaning of an iconographic theme, the figure of the kneeling Virgin in woodcut scenes of the Dormition. This devotional image presented Mary as humankind's stongest intercessor with both her son and God. It also served as a model for the good death with Mary kneeling in pious prayer as her earthly life ends. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies in Iconography , 24., ( 2003):  Pages 71 - 137.
Year of Publication: 2003.

50. Record Number: 10843
Author(s): Jarrett, Jonathan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Power Over Past and Future: Abbess Emma and the Nunnery of Sant Joan de les Abadesses
Source: Early Medieval Europe , 12., 3 ( 2003):  Pages 229 - 258.
Year of Publication: 2003.

51. Record Number: 10748
Author(s): Carroll, Jane L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Woven Devotions: Reform and Piety in Tapestries by Dominican Nuns [The author examines two tapestries that were produced by Dominican nuns in Germany. Both have small depictions of nuns working at looms in the margins. Carroll suggests that these images are part self-portraits, part devotional images, while also serving as exemplars of the Dominican reform for a "vita activa" that avoided luxury and sloth. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Saints, Sinners, and Sisters: Gender and Northern Art in Medieval and Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Jane L. Carroll and Alison G. Stewart .   Ashgate, 2003. Early Medieval Europe , 12., 3 ( 2003):  Pages 182 - 201.
Year of Publication: 2003.

52. Record Number: 9712
Author(s): Wolbrink, Shelley Amiste.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women in the Premonstratensian Order of Northwestern Germany, 1120-1250 [The established historiography of the Premonstratensians shows women being marginalized from the early years onward. The documentary record is more complex. The German records show men's houses serving as "mother" houses to women's monasteries. This relationship was not free of conflict, but it shows a more vital presence of women in the order than the historiography has claimed. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Catholic Historical Review (Full Text via Project Muse) 89, 3 (July 2003): 387-408. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2003.

53. Record Number: 10996
Author(s): de Vries, Joyce.
Contributor(s):
Title : Caterina Sforza's Portrait Medals: Power, Gender and Representation in the Italian Renaissance Court [Caterina Sforza ruled Forli and Imola after the murder of her husband. She commissioned a series of portrait medals that established her persona first as a noble young wife, then a widow-ruler, and finally as a triumphant regent. The medals use motifs associated with male political power to indicate her authority and success. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Woman's Art Journal , 24., 1 (Spring/Summer 2003):  Pages 23 - 28.
Year of Publication: 2003.

54. Record Number: 8709
Author(s): Webb, Diana.
Contributor(s):
Title : Freedom of Movement? Women Travellers in the Middle Ages [The author provides a brief overview of women who travelled during the late Middle Ages. On occasion demands of business, politics, or war required women to travel. However, the most frequent reason for travel was pilgrimage, sometimes to local or religious shrines, but also to distant locations like Rome and Jerusalem. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies on Medieval and Early Modern Women: Pawns or Players?   Edited by Christine Meek and Catherine Lawless .   Four Courts Press, 2003. Woman's Art Journal , 24., 1 (Spring/Summer 2003):  Pages 75 - 89.
Year of Publication: 2003.

55. Record Number: 8947
Author(s): Griffiths, Fiona J
Contributor(s):
Title : Brides and "Dominae": Abelard's "Cura monialium" at the Augustinian Monastery of Marbach [The Appendix presents the Latin text and the English translation of "Beati pauperes." It addresses the pastoral care of nuns and was inspired in large part by Abelard's Sermon 30, "On Alms for the Nuns of the Paraclete." Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Viator , 34., ( 2003):  Pages 57 - 88.
Year of Publication: 2003.

56. Record Number: 9721
Author(s): Craig, Leigh Ann
Contributor(s):
Title : Stronger Than Men and Braver Than Knights: Women and the Pilgrimages to Jerusalem and Rome in the Later Middle Ages
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 29., 3 (September 2003):  Pages 153 - 175.
Year of Publication: 2003.

57. Record Number: 10454
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Grief in Avalon: Sir Palomydes' Psychic Pain [The author explores the failures and grief of Sir Palomydes, a Saracen, who eventually converts to Christianity, in Malory's "Morte Darthur." He is always second-best in tournaments and adventures. His friendship with Sir Tristram emphasizes the unequal competitions at the heart of chivalry. Even his lady love will not return his passion. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Grief and Gender: 700-1700.   Edited by Jennifer C. Vaught with Lynne Dickson Bruckner .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Journal of Medieval History , 29., 3 (September 2003):  Pages 65 - 77.
Year of Publication: 2003.

58. Record Number: 11827
Author(s): Manzalaoui, Mahmoud A.
Contributor(s):
Title : English Medieval Nunneries: Buildings, Precincts, and Estates [The author surveys both archaeological and textual monastic buildings and estates. Bond concludes that women's houses, unlike men's monasteries, were not distinctive according to religious order. They tend to be poorer and were usually not able to increase their holdings after the twelfth century. Bond describes all the different kinds of buildings involved including churches, gatehouses, cloisters, refectories, bake houses, and barns. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women and Religion in Medieval England.   Edited by Diana Wood .   Oxbow Books, 2003. Journal of Medieval History , 29., 3 (September 2003):  Pages 46 - 90.
Year of Publication: 2003.

59. Record Number: 11092
Author(s): Innes-Parker, Catherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Legacy of "Ancrene Wisse ": Translations, Adaptations, Influences, and Audience, with Special Attention to Women Readers [The author traces the adaptations and echoes of the "Ancrene Wisse" in fourteenth and fifteenth century vernacular devotional literature. In looking at manuscript ownership and wills, Innes-Parker finds circles of reading among religious and lay women. Surprisingly the most innovative texts quickly found their way into women's possession. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: A Companion to "Ancrene Wisse."   Edited by Yoko Wada .   D. S. Brewer, 2003. Journal of Medieval History , 29., 3 (September 2003):  Pages 145 - 173.
Year of Publication: 2003.

60. Record Number: 11052
Author(s): Marshall, Simone Celine
Contributor(s):
Title : An Abstracte Owte of a Boke That is Callid Formula Nouiciorum [the author presents an edition of a Middle English translation of Part One of a Latin devotional work known as "De exterioris et interioris hominis compositione." Marshall argues that the translators' audience was probably female, though it is not clear whether it was for religious or lay women. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Mystics Quarterly , 29., 40241 (September-December 2003):  Pages 70 - 139.
Year of Publication: 2003.

61. Record Number: 14696
Author(s): Lee, Becky R.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Medieval Hysteric and Psychedelic Psychologist: A Revaluation of the Mysticism of Margery Kempe in the Light of the Transpersonal Psychology of Stanislav Grof
Source: Studia Mystica , 23., ( 2002):  Pages 102 - 126.
Year of Publication: 2002.

62. Record Number: 6637
Author(s): Riches, Samantha J. E.
Contributor(s):
Title : St. George as a Male Virgin Martyr [the author argues that Saint George's representation borrowed from the female virgin martyrs to establish his virginity as a third gender; stories and images also emphasized his chastity by his connection to the Virgin Mary and his defeat of sexualized dragons].
Source: Gender and Holiness: Men, Women, and Saints in Late Medieval Europe.   Edited by Samantha J. E. Riches and Sarah Salih .   Routledge, 2002. Studia Mystica , 23., ( 2002):  Pages 65 - 85.
Year of Publication: 2002.

63. Record Number: 7343
Author(s): Smith, Karen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Snake-maiden Transformation Narratives in Hagiography and Folklore
Source: Fabula. Zeitschrift für Erzählforschung , 43., 40241 ( 2002):  Pages 251 - 263.
Year of Publication: 2002.

64. Record Number: 10075
Author(s): Knauer, Elfrieda Regina.
Contributor(s):
Title : Portrait of a Lady? Some Reflections on Images of Prostitutes from the Later Fifteenth Century [The author concentrates on a painting of a woman attributed to Jacometto Veneziano (now in the Philadelphia Museum of Art). She argues that the woman is a prostitute, and that the artist emphasizes her thinning hair, wrinkles, and other defects associated with prostitution. The author suggests that the inscription on the back of the panel should be translated as: "The whore dedicated herself to wantonness, license, lewdness." Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome , 47., ( 2002):  Pages 95 - 117.
Year of Publication: 2002.

65. Record Number: 9508
Author(s): Powell, Morgan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Translating Scripture for "Ma Dame de Champagne": The Old French "Paraphrase" of Psalm 44 ("Eructavit") [The author analyzes the Old French translation of Psalm Forty-Four made for Marie de Champagne. The poet sets his wedding song for Christ and his bride, Holy Church, within the context of the secular court which is seen as the equivalent of heaven. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Vernacular Spirit: Essays on Medieval Religious Literature.   Edited by Renate Blumenfeld-Kosinski, Duncan Robertson, and Nancy Bradley Warren .   The New Middle Ages series. Palgrave, 2002. Studies in Iconography , 24., ( 2003):  Pages 83 - 103.
Year of Publication: 2002.

66. Record Number: 9336
Author(s): Sterling-Hellenbrand, Alexandra.
Contributor(s):
Title : Uta and Isolde: Designing a Perfect Woman [The author argues that Gottfried von Strassburg, the creator of Isolde, and the Naumburger Meister who sculpted the statues of Uta and Reglindis not only shared a set of ideals in regard to women but also made their representations of women dynamic and interactive. The description of Isolde's dress does not emphasize color or richness of cloth but instead continuous movement that produces a performance of gender. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Essays in Medieval Studies (Full Text via Project Muse) 19 (2002): 70-89. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2002.

67. Record Number: 7293
Author(s): McCash, June Hall.
Contributor(s):
Title : La vie seinte Audree: A Fourth Text by Marie de France? [The author suggests that the saint's life was written by Marie de France. She argues that vocabulary, style, and literary technique are all very similar to Marie de France's texts. She also argues that the theme of spiritual marriage in the saint's life would be congenial to the author of "Eliduc." Moreover, the author names herself Marie and asks to be remembered as does Marie de France. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Speculum , 77., 3 (July 2002):  Pages 744 - 777.
Year of Publication: 2002.

68. Record Number: 9334
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender in the World of William Marshal and Bertran de Born [The author analyzes the lives of both William Marshal, knight "extraordinaire," and Bertran de Born, a French lord and troubadour, arguing for a continuity in their culture of a secular, knightly world made up largely of men. However, from Bertran's poem
Source: Essays in Medieval Studies (Full Text via Project Muse) 19 (2002): 44-60. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2002.

69. Record Number: 7848
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Hoccleve, the Virgin, and the Politics of Complaint
Source: PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association of America , 117., 5 (October 2002):  Pages 1172 - 1187.
Year of Publication: 2002.

70. Record Number: 6611
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Weapons to Probe the Womb: The Material Culture of Abortion and Contraception in the Early Byzantine Period [The author examines surviving medical instruments designed for surgical abortions and a variety of literary texts to determine the procedures as well as the social and religious contexts for birth control].
Source: The Material Culture of Sex, Procreation, and Marriage in Premodern Europe.   Edited by Anne L. McClanan and Karen Rosoff Encarnación .   Palgrave, 2002. PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association of America , 117., 5 (October 2002):  Pages 33 - 57.
Year of Publication: 2002.

71. Record Number: 9511
Author(s): Wiberg Pedersen, Else Marie
Contributor(s):
Title : Can God Speak in the Vernacular? On Beatrice of Nazareth's Flemish Exposition of the Love for God [The author examines the "Seven manieren van heiliger Minnen," a vernacular text written by Beatrice, a prioress of the Cistercian convent of Nazareth in present day Belgium near Antwerp. Wiberg Pedersen also looks at Beatrice's "vita," written in Latin by an unknown monk. The monk also translated her "Seven manieren" text into Latin for inclusion with the "vita." Wiberg Pedersen argues that the Church was frequently uncomfortable with women who wrote theological texts, particularly in the vernacular. Nevertheless Beatrice and other "mulieres religiosae" found various orthodox outlets for their writings. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Vernacular Spirit: Essays on Medieval Religious Literature.   Edited by Renate Blumenfeld-Kosinski, Duncan Robertson, and Nancy Bradley Warren .   The New Middle Ages series. Palgrave, 2002. PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association of America , 117., 5 (October 2002):  Pages 185 - 208.
Year of Publication: 2002.

72. Record Number: 6229
Author(s): Simon, Anne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Reading, Reading Women: Double-Mirroring the Dame in the German Book of the Knight of the Tower (1493)
Source: Seeing Gender: Perspectives on Medieval Gender and Sexuality. Gender and Medieval Studies Conference, King's College, London, January 4-6, 2002. .  2002. PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association of America , 117., 5 (October 2002):
Year of Publication: 2002.

73. Record Number: 6641
Author(s): Cullum, P. H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gendering Charity in Medieval Hagiography [the author argues that not only did ideas about gendered behavior affect views of sanctity but conceptions of sanctity also had an impact on gender roles; men were expected to be charitable but responsible while women were often characterized as irresponsible, excessive, and other negative feminine stereotypes; in transgressing gender lines some charitable holy women and men were still canonized (e.g., Saint Francis and Elizabeth of Hungary) while others were rejected as role models (e.g., Charles of Blois and Peter Valdes)].
Source: Gender and Holiness: Men, Women, and Saints in Late Medieval Europe.   Edited by Samantha J. E. Riches and Sarah Salih .   Routledge, 2002. PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association of America , 117., 5 (October 2002):  Pages 135 - 151.
Year of Publication: 2002.

74. Record Number: 8423
Author(s): Gilbertson, Leanne.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Vanni Altarpiece and the Relic Cult of Saint Margaret: Considering a Female Audience [The author argues that the altarpiece, originally in the cathedral of Montefiascone, was associated with the saint's tomb there. The altarpiece highlights St. Margaret's role as a helper to women in childbirth. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Decorations for the holy dead: visual embellishments on tombs and shrines of saints.   Edited by Stephen Lamia and Elizabeth Valdez del Álamo International Medieval Research .   Brepols, 2002. PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association of America , 117., 5 (October 2002):  Pages 179 - 190.
Year of Publication: 2002.

75. Record Number: 8054
Author(s): Damen, Mark.
Contributor(s):
Title : Hrotsvit's "Callimachus" and the Art of Comedy [The author provides a brief introduction to his English translation of Hrotsvitha's play, "Callimachus." He concentrates on the classical sources and the comedic elements that were revealed through performance. He also discusses the challenges of translating Hrotsvitha's humor, both verbal and visual. The Latin text and the author's English translation are appended. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Women Writing Latin from Roman Antiquity to Early Modern Europe. Volume 2: Medieval Women Writing Latin.   Edited by Laurie J. Churchill, Phyllis R. Brown, and Jane E. Jeffrey .   Routledge, 2002. PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association of America , 117., 5 (October 2002):  Pages 37 - 91.
Year of Publication: 2002.

76. Record Number: 7866
Author(s): Berkhofer, Robert F., III
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage, Lordship, and the "Greater Unfree" in Twelfth-Century France [The author uses records from northern French monasteries and information about two well-documented unfree mayoral families to explore the supervision that lords (in these cases abbots) could exert on the marriages of the more important and wealthy unfree. The author also looks at the changes in canon law in regard to marriage and the comparative case of "merchet" (a marriage payment owed to the lord by the unfree) in England. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Past and Present , 173., (November 2001):  Pages 3 - 27.
Year of Publication: 2001.

77. Record Number: 5374
Author(s): Elsakkers, Marianne.
Contributor(s):
Title : In Pain You Shall Bear Children (Gen. 3:16): Medieval Prayers for a Safe Delivery [The author argues in part that the rhythms of the "Peperit" charm helped a pregnant woman adjust to the different stages of labor; the Appendix reproduces the texts of four versions of the "Peperit" charm].
Source: Women and Miracle Stories: A Multidisciplinary Exploration.   Edited by Anne-Marie Korte Studies in the History of Religions, 88.   Brill, 2001. Past and Present , 173., (November 2001):  Pages 179 - 207.
Year of Publication: 2001.

78. Record Number: 5603
Author(s): Pike, David L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Le dreit enfer vus mosterruns: Marie de France's "Espurgatoire Seint Patriz"
Source: Viator , 32., ( 2001):  Pages 43 - 57.
Year of Publication: 2001.

79. Record Number: 6033
Author(s): Dunlop, Anne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Masculinity, Crusading, and Devotion: Francesco Casali's Fresco in the Trecento Perugian "Contado"
Source: Speculum , 76., 2 (April 2001):  Pages 315 - 336.
Year of Publication: 2001.

80. Record Number: 5539
Author(s): Baader, Gerhard.
Contributor(s):
Title : Elections of Abbesses and Notions of Identity in Fifteenth- and Sixteenth-Century Italy, with Special Reference to Venice
Source: Renaissance Quarterly (Full Text via JSTOR) 54, 2 (Summer 2001): 389-429. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2001.

81. Record Number: 6085
Author(s): Lichtmann, Maria R.
Contributor(s):
Title : Three Models of Self-Governance: Medieval English Translations of Latin Rules for Nuns [The author looks at the rules for the Benedictines, Brigittines, and Poor Clares in regard to issues of governance and discipline].
Source: Magistra , 7., 2 (Winter 2001):  Pages 100 - 125.
Year of Publication: 2001.

82. Record Number: 6724
Author(s): Küsters, Urban.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Second Blossoming of a Text: The "Spieghel der Maechden" and the Modern Devotion
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001. Magistra , 7., 2 (Winter 2001):  Pages 245 - 261.
Year of Publication: 2001.

83. Record Number: 11161
Author(s): Waugh, Robin.
Contributor(s):
Title : Aelfgifu/Emma and the Reader's Desire
Source: Old English Newsletter , 34., 3 (Spring 2001): Appendix A: Abstracts of Papers in Anglo-Saxon Studies. Conference paper presented at the International Medieval Congress, University of Leeds, July 9-12, 2001, Session 1016: "Concerning Interpretation and Overinterpretation I
Year of Publication: 2001.

84. Record Number: 5721
Author(s): Landini, Roberta Orsi and Mary Westerman Bulgarella
Contributor(s):
Title : Costume in Fifteenth-Century Florentine Portraits of Women
Source: Virtue and Beauty: Leonardo's "Ginevra de'Benci" and Renaissance Portraits of Women." Catalog of an exhibition held Sept. 30, 2001-Jan. 6, 2002 at the National Gallery of Art.   Edited by David Alan Brown et al.; with contributions by Elizabeth Cropper and Eleonora Luciano. .   National Gallery of Art in association with Princeton University Press, 2001. Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome , 47., ( 2002):  Pages 88 - 97.
Year of Publication: 2001.

85. Record Number: 6839
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Popular Literacy in the Middle Ages: "The Book of Margery Kempe" [The author argues that Margery Kempe demonstrates a text-based literacy in her text because she has a wide knowledge of religious writings, many from heart, that she learned by listening. Margery Kempe expands our definition of literate because of her sophisticated composition and use of written sources. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Popular Literacy: Studies in Cultural Practices and Poetics.   Edited by John Trimbur .   University of Pittsburgh Press, 2001. Old English Newsletter , 34., 3 (Spring 2001):  Pages 56
Year of Publication: 2001.

86. Record Number: 6851
Author(s): Narbona-Cárceles, María.
Contributor(s):
Title : Woman at Court: A Prosopographic Study of the Court of Carlos III of Navarre (1387-1425) [The appendix lists the 364 women investigated along with their positions at court. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Prosopography , 22., ( 2001):  Pages 31 - 64.
Year of Publication: 2001.

87. Record Number: 6023
Author(s): Cadden, Joan
Contributor(s):
Title : Nothing Natural Is Shameful: Vestiges of a Debate about Sex and Science in a Group of Late-Medieval Manuscripts [The author examines Pietro d'Abano's commentary, Walter Burley's abbreviated version, and reactions to Burley's text, all in regard to "Problemata," Part Four on sexual intercourse; Burley forthrightly justifies the propriety of studying sex for natural history and philosophy although he chose to remove Pietro d'Abano's comments on male homosexuality from his text; subsequent copyists and readers of Burley's text reacted to the section on sexual intercourse, in one case by toning down his defensive arguments and in another by eliminating the entire offending section].
Source: Speculum , 76., 1 (January 2001):  Pages 66 - 89.
Year of Publication: 2001.

88. Record Number: 5720
Author(s): Woods-Marsden, Joanna.
Contributor(s):
Title : Portrait of the Lady, 1430- 1520 [the author traces the development of the patrician female ideal; portrait forms evolved very rapidly from the profile that suggested self-control and inaccessibility to the intimate frontal pose; the author argues that the change was due in part to the influence of humanism with its emphasis on the individual and subjectivity].
Source: Virtue and Beauty: Leonardo's "Ginevra de'Benci" and Renaissance Portraits of Women." Catalog of an exhibition held Sept. 30, 2001-Jan. 6, 2002 at the National Gallery of Art.   Edited by David Alan Brown et al.; with contributions by Elizabeth Cropper and Eleonora Luciano. .   National Gallery of Art in association with Princeton University Press, 2001. Speculum , 76., 1 (January 2001):  Pages 62 - 87.
Year of Publication: 2001.

89. Record Number: 5718
Author(s): Kent, Dale.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women in Renaissance Florence [the author gives a brief overview of the factors and attendant evidence that characterized the lives of Florentine noble women including marriage and the painted wedding chests (cassone), childbirth and the celebratory birth trays, clothing and sumptuary laws, religious devotion, and death].
Source: Virtue and Beauty: Leonardo's "Ginevra de'Benci" and Renaissance Portraits of Women." Catalog of an exhibition held Sept. 30, 2001-Jan. 6, 2002 at the National Gallery of Art.   Edited by David Alan Brown et al.; with contributions by Elizabeth Cropper and Eleonora Luciano. .   National Gallery of Art in association with Princeton University Press, 2001. Speculum , 76., 1 (January 2001):  Pages 24 - 47.
Year of Publication: 2001.

90. Record Number: 6927
Author(s): Dronzek, Anna.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gendered Theories of Education in Fifteenth-Century Conduct Books [The author compares texts written for boys and girls and argues that medieval ideas about gender affected both content and teaching methods. Boys learned visually, could handle abstract ideas, and did not need examples of violence to ensure obedience, while girls learned by listening, could only understand the concrete, and had to be threatened with corporal punishment regularly to preserve their sexual purity and by extension the family's honor. The texts the author analyzes are: For girls: "The Good Wife Taught Her Daughter" "The Good Wyfe Wold a Pylgremage" "The Book of the Knight of the Tower" For boys: "The Babees Book" "Lerne or Be Lewde" "The ABC of Aristotle" "Urbanitatis" "The Lytylle Childrenes Lytil Boke" "The Young Children's Book" "Stans puer ad mensam" "How the Wise Man Taught His Son" "The Boke of Curtasye" "Symon's Lesson of Wysedome for All Maner Chyldryn." Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Conduct.   Edited by Kathleen Ashley and Robert L. A. Clark .   Medieval Cultures, Volume 29. University of Minnesota Press, 2001. Speculum , 76., 1 (January 2001):  Pages 135 - 159.
Year of Publication: 2001.

91. Record Number: 6750
Author(s): Harris, Barbara J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Space, Time, and the Power of Aristocratic Wives in Yorkist and Early Tudor England, 1450-1550 [The author argues that the stages of life that noble wives generally moved through were complex, both in terms of their increasing responsibilities and the spaces in which they lived and to which they traveled].
Source: Time, Space, and Women's Lives in Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Anne Jackson Schutte, Thomas Kuehn, and Silvana Seidel Menchi Sixteenth Century Essays and Studies, 57.   Truman State University Press, 2001. Speculum , 76., 1 (January 2001):  Pages 245 - 264.
Year of Publication: 2001.

92. Record Number: 6236
Author(s): Wilkins, David G.
Contributor(s):
Title : Introduction: Recognizing New Patrons, Posing New Questions [The author identifies secular women as important patrons of art whose identities and motivations need to be explored].
Source: Beyond Isabella: Secular Women Patrons of Art in Renaissance Italy.   Edited by Sheryl E. Reiss and David G. Wilkins .   Sixteenth Century Essays and Studies, Volume 54. Truman State University Press, 2001. Speculum , 76., 1 (January 2001):  Pages 1 - 17.
Year of Publication: 2001.

93. Record Number: 6184
Author(s): Crawford, Anne.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Queen's Council in the Middle Ages [the author traces the evidence available for the queen's council, looking at its judicial, administrative, and advisory functions; queens whose councils are discussed in some detail include Eleanor of Provence, Eleanor of Castile, Philippa of Hainault, Margaret of Anjou, and Elizabeth Woodville].
Source: English Historical Review , 116., 469 (November 2001):  Pages 1193 - 1211.
Year of Publication: 2001.

94. Record Number: 11165
Author(s): Thompson, Pauline.
Contributor(s):
Title : AElfric's Portrayal of the Saint as Catechist in His "Life of St. Cecilia"
Source: Old English Newsletter , 34., 3 (Spring 2001): Appendix A: Abstracts of Papers in Anglo-Saxon Studies. Conference Paper presented at the Tenth Biennial Meeting of the International Society of Anglo-Saxonists, University of Helsinki, August 6-11, 2001, "Anglo-Saxons and the North
Year of Publication: 2001.

95. Record Number: 6168
Author(s): Demaitre, Luke.
Contributor(s):
Title : Domesticity in Middle Dutch "Secrets of Men and Women"
Source: Social History of Medicine , 14., 1 (April 2001):  Pages 1 - 25.
Year of Publication: 2001.

96. Record Number: 6665
Author(s): Kemp, Theresa D.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Knight of the Tower" and the Queen in Sanctuary: Elizabeth Woodville's Use of Meaningful Silence and Absence
Source: New Medieval Literatures , 4., ( 2001):  Pages 189 - 212.
Year of Publication: 2001.

97. Record Number: 10108
Author(s): Towell, Julie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Transforming Power: Mis-Glossing Female Figures in "Beowulf" and "Judith" [Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Medieval Association, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, October 14-16, 1999, Session 4: "Anglo-Saxon Appropriations: Translating, Glossing, Editing Old English Texts."]
Source: Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000):
Year of Publication: 2000.

98. Record Number: 10116
Author(s): Wiscombe, Samuel C., Jr.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Female Translator of Old English and Rooting for a Grisly Supper with the Boar
Source: Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000): Paper presented at the Thirty-Fifth International Congress on Medieval Studies, The Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University, May 4-7, 2000, Session 105: "Old English Editing."
Year of Publication: 2000.

99. Record Number: 4875
Author(s): Green, Monica H.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "De genecia" Attributed to Constantine the African [the author argues that "De Genecia," the women's medical text attributed by Peter the Deacon to Constantine the African, is in fact a text that begins "De Genitalibus membris" and is a translation of a portion of al-Majusi's medical text known in Latin as the "Pantegni;" the gynecological text "De Passionibus mulierum," a collection of diseases and remedies, was attributed to Constantine but in fact shows no evidence connecting it with his circle at Monte Cassino; the Appendix presents an edition of the Latin medical text, "De Genitalibus membris"].
Source: Women's Healthcare in the Medieval West: Texts and Contexts.   Edited by Monica H. Green Variorum Collected Studies Series, 680.   Ashgate Publishing, 2000. Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000):  Pages 299 - 323. Originally published in Speculum (Full Text via JSTOR) 62, 2 (April 1987): 299-323. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2000.

100. Record Number: 4876
Author(s): Green, Monica H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Obstetrical and Gynecological Texts in Middle English [The author complies a list of Middle English manuscripts that contain different texts on childbirth, women’s health, sexuality, and cosmetics. Some of the manuscripts also contain medicinal and culinary recipes. Many of the medical complications are attributed to the female healer Trota (or Trotula) of Salerno, but others are attributed to male authors like Galen and Hippocrates. Although the Trotula texts were popular in late medieval England, the manuscripts indicate that the most widely disseminated medical text was “The Sekeness of Wymmen” by Gilbertus Anglicus. The textual and codicological evidence of these manuscripts suggests that both men and women (and both physicians and laypersons) possessed and read these texts. The author describes each manuscript and lists its contents, and the appendix transcribes a new manuscript (the Middle English "Nature of Wommen") that has never been described. Originally published in Studies in the Age of Chaucer 14 (1992): 53-88. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: 2000. Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000): Originally published in Studies in the Age of Chaucer 14 (1992): 53-88.
Year of Publication: 2000.

101. Record Number: 4877
Author(s): Green, Monica H.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Development of the "Trotula" [the Trotula collection has a complicated history; the earliest texts mix European medical lore with Arabic material derived from Constantine the African and other translators; the collection and its component parts were translated into several vernacular languages, including Hebrew and Irish; appendices include a listing of "Trotula" Latin manuscripts, a list of medieval translations by language, and three collations of "Trotula" texts, the "Liber de sinthomatibus mulierum," the "De curis mulierum," and the "De ornatu mulierum"].
Source: Women's Healthcare in the Medieval West: Texts and Contexts.   Edited by Monica H. Green Variorum Collected Studies Series, 680.   Ashgate Publishing, 2000. Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000):  Pages 119 - 203. Originally published in Revue d'histoire des textes 26 (1996).
Year of Publication: 2000.

102. Record Number: 4878
Author(s): Green, Monica H.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Possibilities of Literacy and the Limits of Reading: Women and the Gendering of Medical Literacy
Source: Women's Healthcare in the Medieval West: Texts and Contexts.   Edited by Monica H. Green Variorum Collected Studies Series, 680.   Ashgate Publishing, 2000. Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000):  Pages 1 - 76.
Year of Publication: 2000.

103. Record Number: 4879
Author(s): Green, Monica H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Medieval Gynecological Texts: A Handlist [the texts range from the 4th through the 15th centuries and include translations into the vernaculars].
Source: Women's Healthcare in the Medieval West: Texts and Contexts.   Edited by Monica H. Green Variorum Collected Studies Series, 680.   Ashgate Publishing, 2000. Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000):  Pages 1 - 36.
Year of Publication: 2000.

104. Record Number: 5446
Author(s): Chavasse, Ruth.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Virgin Mary: Consoler, Protector, and Social Worker in Quattrocento Miracle Tales [The author examines women's problems and needs as represented in such miracle texts as the late fifteenth century "Miracoli della Vergine Maria" and the poem by Lorenzo de' Oppizi, "Miracoli della Vergine della Carcere," a catalog of the miracles worked
Source: Women in Italian Renaissance Culture and Society.   Edited by Letizia Panizza .   European Humanities Research Centre, University of Oxford, 2000. Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000):  Pages 138 - 164.
Year of Publication: 2000.

105. Record Number: 5460
Author(s): McGovern-Mouron, Anne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Listen to Me, Daughter, Listen to a Faithful Counsel: The "Liber de modo bene vivendi ad sororem" [The author argues that the "Liber" and its translation are indications of the concern that some monks felt for the spiritual welfare of nuns; the Appendix lists the chapter headings of the "Liber de modo bene vivendi ad sororem"].
Source: Writing Religious Women: Female Spiritual and Textual Practices in Late Medieval England.   Edited by Denis Renevey and Christiania Whitehead .   University of Toronto Press, 2000. Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000):  Pages 81 - 106.
Year of Publication: 2000.

106. Record Number: 6459
Author(s): Lokaj, Rodney J.
Contributor(s):
Title : La Cleopatra Napoletana: Giovanna d'Angiò nelle "Familiares" di Petrarca [almost all contemporary writings speak badly of Giovanna I of Naples; Boccaccio is a partial exception, but Petrarca's letters contrast Giovanna's reign with that of her grandfather Robert, to her disadvantage; the poet also contrasts Giovanna's weak character with the strengths shown by Maria of Pozzuoli, both of them beset by hostile kin; Petrarca compared Maria to Camilla, Virgil's Italian Amazon, while in the "Familiares" he consistently compared Giovanna and her court to the scandalous Cleopatra and her courtiers].
Source: Giornale Storico della Letteratura Italiana , 177., ( 2000):  Pages 481 - 521.
Year of Publication: 2000.

107. Record Number: 7847
Author(s): Maggioni, Giovanni Paolo.
Contributor(s):
Title : La "Vita sanctae Theodorae" (BHL 8070). La revisione imperfetta di una traduzione perfettibile [The legend of Theodora, who repented her sins in a monastery disguised as a man, originated in Greek. The tale was received in the West via Naples and Rome beginning in the ninth century. A Greek community in Rome at the time of Pope Paschal I is a plausible conduit for the transmission of the "Vita" of Theodora. The Latin texts show many signs of imperfect translations from the Greek. The Appendix presents the Latin text of the "Vita Theodorae," Cap. 241-242. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Hagiographica: Rivista di agiografia e biografia della società internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino/ Journal of Hagiography and Biography of Società Internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino , 7., ( 2000):  Pages 201 - 268.
Year of Publication: 2000.

108. Record Number: 14582
Author(s): Di Giorgi, Marianna
Contributor(s):
Title : Santa Maria Egiziaca tra Oriente e Occidente. La "Vita Sanctae Mariae Aegyptiacae Meretricis" di Paolo Diacono Napoletano [In the ninth century, Paul the Deacon translated a Greek life of Mary the Egyptian into Latin. Mary had an extensive cult in the East, and it had reached the West by the sixth century. Paul came from Naples, a center of Mary's cult and its texts. His translation was free enough to make his own theological points in a style that was unique. The article ends with a series of tables giving Paul's Latin renderings of Greek words and phrases. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Schede medievali , 38., ( 2000):  Pages 155 - 197.
Year of Publication: 2000.

109. Record Number: 4507
Author(s): Bowers, Terence N.
Contributor(s):
Title : Margery Kempe as Traveler [The author argues that Margery Kempe uses travel to establish a new status, to wield power, and to question the patriarchal ordering of society].
Source: Studies in Philology , 97., 1 (Winter 2000):  Pages 1 - 28.
Year of Publication: 2000.

110. Record Number: 4841
Author(s): Crean, John E., Jr.
Contributor(s):
Title : Liturgia Horarum Feminina: The Office in German for Women [The author compares three German translations of the "Rule" (the "Oxford Rule," the "Berlin Rule," and the "Altenburg Rule") intended for women's houses].
Source: Magistra , 6., 2 (Winter 2000):  Pages 87 - 96.
Year of Publication: 2000.

111. Record Number: 10117
Author(s): Anderson, Rachel.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sinful Contracts in AElfric's "Life of St. Basil"
Source: Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000): Paper presented at the Thirty-Fifth International Congress on Medieval Studies, The Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University, May 4-7, 2000, Session 110: "Ælfric's Saints."
Year of Publication: 2000.

112. Record Number: 4243
Author(s): Beach, Alison I.
Contributor(s):
Title : Claustration and Collaboration Between the Sexes in the Twelfth-Century Scriptorium [the author compares the book production practices of two German double houses; Admont valued women's learning and the abbot worked with nuns to write down his Biblical commentaries; Schäftlarn did not train women in writing nor allow them access to books, but women who could already write were put to work in the scriptorium].
Source: Monks and Nuns, Saints and Outcasts: Religion in Medieval Society. Essays in Honor of Lester K. Little.   Edited by Sharon Farmer and Barbara H. Rosenwein .   Cornell University Press, 2000. Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000):  Pages 57 - 75.
Year of Publication: 2000.

113. Record Number: 10120
Author(s): Clift, Shelly Rae.
Contributor(s):
Title : Re-Writing and Un-Writing Violent Women in the Old English "Orosius"
Source: Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000): Paper presented at the Thirty-Fifth International Congress on Medieval Studies, The Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University, May 4-7, 2000, Session 334: "Alfredian Texts and Contexts."
Year of Publication: 2000.

114. Record Number: 4508
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Petrarch, Boccaccio, and Chaucer's "Clerk's Tale" [The author compares the three versions of Griselda's tale; he argues that the differences are not as great as critics have maintained with Chaucer deriving more from Boccaccio than was previously believed].
Source: Studies in Philology , 97., 3 (Summer 2000):  Pages 255 - 275.
Year of Publication: 2000.

115. Record Number: 4633
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Historicizing Canonicity: Tradition and the Invisible Talent of Mechthild von Magdeburg
Source: Women in German Yearbook , 15., ( 2000):  Pages 49 - 72.
Year of Publication: 2000.

116. Record Number: 4837
Author(s): Skinner, Mary S.
Contributor(s):
Title : French Abbesses in Action: Structuring Carolingian and Cluniac Communities [The author analyzes charters from six women's and five men's monasteries from Anjou, Touraine, and Poitou; the women's houses are Sainte Croix and Trinity, Poitiers; St. Loup/Beaumont, Tours; Ronceray, Angers; S. Georges, Rennes; and Notre Dame, Saintes]
Source: Magistra , 6., 1 (Summer 2000):  Pages 37 - 60.
Year of Publication: 2000.

117. Record Number: 4245
Author(s): Farmer, Sharon.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Beggar's Body: Intersections of Gender and Social Status in High Medieval Paris [The author argues that gender must be viewed within a matrix of other factors including social status; she examines the case of lower status men who, in the eyes of the elite, had an association with the body as did women].
Source: Monks and Nuns, Saints and Outcasts: Religion in Medieval Society. Essays in Honor of Lester K. Little.   Edited by Sharon Farmer and Barbara H. Rosenwein .   Cornell University Press, 2000. Magistra , 6., 1 (Summer 2000):  Pages 153 - 171.
Year of Publication: 2000.

118. Record Number: 5459
Author(s): Selman, Rebecca.
Contributor(s):
Title : Spirituality and Sex Change: "Horologium sapientiae" and "Speculum devotorum" [The author argues that the "Speculum devotorum" was written for women; the intended readers, possibly Bridgettine nuns, were presented with the figures of Mary and Bridget as models].
Source: Writing Religious Women: Female Spiritual and Textual Practices in Late Medieval England.   Edited by Denis Renevey and Christiania Whitehead .   University of Toronto Press, 2000. Magistra , 6., 1 (Summer 2000):  Pages 63 - 79.
Year of Publication: 2000.

119. Record Number: 5455
Author(s): Renevey, Denis.
Contributor(s):
Title : Introduction--Female Vernacular Theology [defined by the authors as "this subcategory embodies religious works either written and performed by women, written for women, and/or, to a lesser degree, representing women." (Page 5).].
Source: Writing Religious Women: Female Spiritual and Textual Practices in Late Medieval England.   Edited by Denis Renevey and Christiania Whitehead .   University of Toronto Press, 2000. Magistra , 6., 1 (Summer 2000):  Pages 1 - 5.
Year of Publication: 2000.

120. Record Number: 4635
Author(s): Berman, Constance H.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Labours of Hercules," the Cartulary, Church, and Abbey for Nuns of la Cour- Notre- Dame- de- Michery
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 26., 1 (March 2000):  Pages 33 - 70.
Year of Publication: 2000.

121. Record Number: 4883
Author(s): Cornish, Alison.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Lady Asks: The Gender of Vulgarization in Late Medieval Italy
Source: PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association of America (Full Text via JSTOR) 115, 2 (March 2000): 166-180. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2000.

122. Record Number: 5360
Author(s): Connor, Carolyn L.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Sense of Family: Monastic Portraits in the Lincoln College Typikon
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 26., ( 2000):  Pages 107 - 108.
Year of Publication: 2000.

123. Record Number: 4603
Author(s): Hairston, Julia L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Skirting the Issue: Machiavelli's Caterina Sforza
Source: Renaissance Quarterly (Full Text via JSTOR) 53, 3 (Autumn 2000): 687-712. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2000.

124. Record Number: 4786
Author(s): Brasington, Bruce C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Crusader, Castration, Canon Law: Ivo of Chartres' Letter 135 [the author considers the case of a former crusader who castrated a priest in a dispute over property; Ivo, though shocked by the horrific crime, showed mercy by allowing the knight to go to Rome and ask the pope to remove Ivo's penance; the appendix reproduces Ivo's letter in Latin].
Source: Catholic Historical Review , 85., 3 (July 1999):  Pages 367 - 382.
Year of Publication: 1999.

125. Record Number: 3777
Author(s): Livingstone, Amy
Contributor(s):
Title : Aristocratic Women in the Chartrain
Source: Aristocratic Women in Medieval France.   Edited by Theodore Evergates .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999. Catholic Historical Review , 85., 3 (July 1999):  Pages 44 - 73.
Year of Publication: 1999.

126. Record Number: 3709
Author(s): Ringrose, Kathryn M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Passing the Test of Sanctity: Denial of Sexuality and Involuntary Castration [the author traces the changing status of eunuchs in the spiritual life; in Late Antiquity, eunuchs had a negative image and could not achieve sanctity but by the ninth to the twelfth century eunuchs could achieve sanctity through denial (other than the flesh) and other forms of selflessness].
Source: Desire and Denial in Byzantium: Papers from the Thirty-First Spring Symposium of Byzantine Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton, March 1997.   Edited by Liz James. Society for the Promotion of Byzantine Studies, Publications 6 .   Variorum (Ashgate Publishing), 1999. Catholic Historical Review , 85., 3 (July 1999):  Pages 123 - 137.
Year of Publication: 1999.

127. Record Number: 5481
Author(s): Paolino, Laura.
Contributor(s):
Title : Visible Narrare: L'Edizione in facsimile della "Griselda" di Petrarca [Petrarch was the first to translate a tale from the "Decameron," the Griselda story, into Latin; like much of Boccaccio's own work, this translation was, in turn, translated into French; Petrarch presents Griselda as the perfect wife; this work has a place in the development of the "pocket book" form in manuscript and in print].
Source: Medioevo e Rinascimento , ( 1999):  Pages 301 - 308.
Year of Publication: 1999.

128. Record Number: 3543
Author(s): Rodgers, Susan and Joanna E. Ziegler
Contributor(s):
Title : Elisabeth of Spalbeek's Trance Dance of Faith: A Performance Theory Interpretation from Anthropological and Art Historical Perspectives
Source: Performance and Transformation: New Approaches to Late Medieval Spirituality.   Edited by Mary A. Suydam and Joanna E. Ziegler .   St. Martin's Press, 1999. Schede medievali , 38., ( 2000):  Pages 299 - 355.
Year of Publication: 1999.

129. Record Number: 3839
Author(s): Stokes, Charity Scott.
Contributor(s):
Title : Margery Kempe: Her Life and the Early History of Her Book [The author examines Margery's life at length including background on medieval Lynn and Margery's family].
Source: Mystics Quarterly , 25., 40180 (March/June 1999):  Pages 9 - 68.
Year of Publication: 1999.

130. Record Number: 9055
Author(s): Vickers, Nancy J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Diana Described: Scattered Woman and Scattered Rhyme [The author explores the connections between Laura/the goddess Diana and the poet/Actaeon. By visualizing Laura only in her perfect parts and minimizing her opportunities to speak, Petrarch affirms himself as a poet. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Feminism and Renaissance Studies.   Edited by Lorna Hutson .   Oxford Reading in Feminism series. Oxford University Press, 1999. Mystics Quarterly , 25., 40180 (March/June 1999):  Pages 233 - 248. Earlier published in Studies in Church History 27 (1990): 53-78.
Year of Publication: 1999.

131. Record Number: 4312
Author(s): Gibson, Gail McMurray
Contributor(s):
Title : Scene and Obscene: Seeing and Performing Late Medieval Childbirth
Source: Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies , 29., 1 (Winter 1999):  Pages 7 - 24.
Year of Publication: 1999.

132. Record Number: 3657
Author(s): Stuard, Susan Mosher.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gravitas and Consumption [The author explores why the "sapientes," the leaders of Venice and Florence, regulated consumption for their wives, daughters and sons but not for themselves].
Source: Conflicted Identities and Multiple Masculinities: Men in the Medieval West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray .   Garland Medieval Casebooks, volume 25. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, volume 2078. Garland Publishing, 1999. Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies , 29., 1 (Winter 1999):  Pages 215 - 242. Republished in Considering Medieval Women and Gender. Susan Mosher Stuard. Ashgate Variorum, 2010. Chapter IV.
Year of Publication: 1999.

133. Record Number: 3929
Author(s): Kim, Susan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Bloody Signs: Circumcision and Pregnancy in the Old English Judith [The author argues that the beheading of Holofernes can be read as a castration or circumcision while the severed head of Holofernes figures as the result of Judith's symbolic pregnancy].
Source: Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 11., 2 (Spring 1999):  Pages 285 - 307.
Year of Publication: 1999.

134. Record Number: 3538
Author(s): Finke, Laurie A.
Contributor(s):
Title : More Than I Fynde Written: Dialogue and Power in the English Translation of "The Mirror of Simple Souls" [The author analyzes the fifteenth-century Middle English translation of Marguerite Porete's text; the translator struggled to give passages an orthodox interpretation].
Source: Performance and Transformation: New Approaches to Late Medieval Spirituality.   Edited by Mary A. Suydam and Joanna E. Ziegler .   St. Martin's Press, 1999. Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 11., 2 (Spring 1999):  Pages 47 - 67.
Year of Publication: 1999.

135. Record Number: 4488
Author(s): Suydam, Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ever in Unrest: Translating Hadewijch of Antwerp's "Mengeldichten" [The author uses feminist and post-structuralist ideas to examine the manuscript tradition and questions about Hadewijch as an historical person or as a group of Beguine authors; the author looks at two cases, Hadewijch's use of gendered pronouns and plur
Source: Women's Studies , 28., 2 (March 1999):  Pages 157 - 184.
Year of Publication: 1999.

136. Record Number: 4371
Author(s): Pratt, Karen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Translating Misogamy: The Authority of the Intertext in the "Lamentationes Matheoluli" and Its Middle French Translation [The author highlights the role that Jean de Meun's "Roman de la Rose " plays in LeFevre's efforts to expand and enliven the antifeminist content].
Source: Forum for Modern Language Studies , 35., 2 ( 1999):  Pages 421 - 435.
Year of Publication: 1999.

137. Record Number: 3770
Author(s): Angelos, Mark.
Contributor(s):
Title : Urban Women, Investment, and the Commercial Revolution of the Middle Ages
Source: Women in Medieval Western European Culture.   Edited by Linda E. Mitchell .   Garland Publishing, 1999. Forum for Modern Language Studies , 35., 2 ( 1999):  Pages 257 - 272.
Year of Publication: 1999.

138. Record Number: 3980
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Lives of St. Wenefred (BHL 8847-8851) [The author analyzes two "Lives" of the Welsh virgin martyr Wenefred, considering the relationship between the two Latin texts, their origins, and their dates.]
Source: Analecta Bollandiana , 117., 40180 ( 1999):  Pages 89 - 132.
Year of Publication: 1999.

139. Record Number: 5297
Author(s): Jacobs, Kathryn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Extra-Marital Contracts in the "Canterbury Tales" [The author argues that Chaucer's lovers delay consummation and pledge a contractual, legalistic promise to one another in imitation of marriage and courtship practices].
Source: Publications of the Medieval Association of the Midwest , 6., ( 1999):  Pages 25 - 33.
Year of Publication: 1999.

140. Record Number: 4370
Author(s): McCreesh, Bernadine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Translation and Adaptation in "Lay le Freine" [The author argues that the English translation of "Le Fresne" was skilled and made alterations to improve Marie de France's story with more dramatic dialogue, emphasis on important decisions, sympathy for the baby's fate, and less wooden characters].
Source: Forum for Modern Language Studies , 35., 2 ( 1999):  Pages 386 - 395.
Year of Publication: 1999.

141. Record Number: 4375
Author(s): Wiberg Pedersen, Else Marie
Contributor(s):
Title : The In-Carnation of Beatrice of Nazareth's Theology [The author compares the writing of Beatrice's hagiographer with her own texts; The hagiographer embodies her holiness in her illnesses and her bodily exercises while Beatirce makes God the focus of all her reflections].
Source: New Trends in Feminine Spirituality: The Holy Women of Liège and Their Impact.   Edited by Juliette Dor, Lesley Johnson, and Jocelyn Wogan-Browne Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts, 2.   Brepols, 1999. Forum for Modern Language Studies , 35., 2 ( 1999):  Pages 61 - 79.
Year of Publication: 1999.

142. Record Number: 4278
Author(s): Hayward, Rebecca.
Contributor(s):
Title : Between the Living and the Dead: Widows as Heroines of Medieval Romances
Source: Constructions of Widowhood and Virginity in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Cindy L. Carlson and Angela Jane Weisl .   St. Martin's Press, 1999. Forum for Modern Language Studies , 35., 2 ( 1999):  Pages 221 - 243.
Year of Publication: 1999.

143. Record Number: 4710
Author(s): Ewan, Elizabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : For Whatever Ales Ye: Women as Consumers and Producers in Late Medieval Scottish Towns [The author considers women's economic roles by concentrating on ale brewing, a flexible part-time occupation that grew out of women's work as purchasers of goods for the household].
Source: Women in Scotland c. 1100-c. 1750.   Edited by Elizabeth Ewan and Maureen M. Meikle .   Tuckwell Press, 1999. Forum for Modern Language Studies , 35., 2 ( 1999):  Pages 125 - 135.
Year of Publication: 1999.

144. Record Number: 5338
Author(s): Hardman, Phillipa.
Contributor(s):
Title : Dear Enemies: The Motif of the Converted Saracen and "Sir Gawain and the Green Knight" [the author examines the representations of both female and male Saracens in the Middle English romances of Charlemagne; the beautiful Saracen maiden is eager, perhaps too eager, to help the Christian knight with her magical girdle, though it may be at the cost of betraying her father].
Source: Reading Medieval Studies , 25., ( 1999):  Pages 59 - 74.
Year of Publication: 1999.

145. Record Number: 3651
Author(s): Murray, Jacqueline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mystical Castration: Some Reflections on Peter Abelard, Hugh of Lincoln, and Sexual Control
Source: Conflicted Identities and Multiple Masculinities: Men in the Medieval West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray .   Garland Medieval Casebooks, volume 25. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, volume 2078. Garland Publishing, 1999. Reading Medieval Studies , 25., ( 1999):  Pages 73 - 91.
Year of Publication: 1999.

146. Record Number: 5554
Author(s): Zanoboni, Maria Paola
Contributor(s):
Title : O Ribaldo prevosto... Pedofilia nella Milano Quattrocentesca [evidence for pedophilia in the Middle Ages is scarce before the fifteenth century; the evidence from Milan is scattered but the surviving material includes complaints about violent assaults on children, some done by clerics; in an appendix the author presents the Latin text of documents from a notary in 1469 dealing with apparent cases of pedophilia].
Source: Archivio Storico Lombardo. Twelfth Series , 124., ( 1998- 1999):  Pages 535 - 544.
Year of Publication: 1998- 1999.

147. Record Number: 3466
Author(s): Kosta-ThéFaine, Jean-François.
Contributor(s):
Title : La ballade XI ("Seulete suy et seulete vueil estre") de Christine de Pizan et la ballade 59 ("Alone am y and wille to be alone') des Poésies anglaises de Charles d'Orléans: adaptation, traduction ou simple coïncidence?
Source: Disputatio: An International Transdisciplinary Journal of the Late Middle Ages , 3., ( 1998):  Pages 51 - 63. Translation, Transformation, and Transubstantiation in the Late Middle Ages
Year of Publication: 1998.

148. Record Number: 4401
Author(s): Biller, Peter.
Contributor(s):
Title : Confessors' Manuals and the Avoiding of Offspring [The author argues that pastoral concern over efforts to prevent conception indicates an increase in the practice and may be correlated to overpopulation].
Source: Handling Sin: Confession in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Peter Biller and A.J. Minnis York Studies in Medieval Theology .   York Medieval Press, 1998. Disputatio: An International Transdisciplinary Journal of the Late Middle Ages , 3., ( 1998):  Pages 165 - 187.
Year of Publication: 1998.

149. Record Number: 5556
Author(s): Moulinier, Laurence.
Contributor(s):
Title : Hildegarde exorciste: la "Vie de Hildegarde" en français et sa principale source inédite [The author examines three fifteenth century manuscripts that contain a French-language "Life" of Hildegard; he suggests several Latin texts as the source for the "Life" and concentrates on the dialog between a priest and a devil in which Hildegard demonstrates her powers as an exorcist; in the Appendix the author presents the text of the French "Life of Hildegarde" from the Douai manuscript].
Source: Hagiographica: Rivista di agiografia e biografia della società internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino/ Journal of Hagiography and Biography of Società Internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino , 5., ( 1998):  Pages 91 - 118.
Year of Publication: 1998.

150. Record Number: 4825
Author(s): Swabey, ffiona.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Letter Book of Alice de Bryene and Alice de Sutton's List of Debts [the author analyzes eight letters written to Alice de Bryene, commenting on the familial and administrative duties Alice undertook; her grandmother, Alice de Sutton, serves as an example of irresponsible management because she hadn't paid her husband's legacies thirty years after his death; the appendices reproduce the texts of the eight letters in French and the list of debts in Latin].
Source: Nottingham Medieval Studies , 42., ( 1998):  Pages 121 - 145.
Year of Publication: 1998.

151. Record Number: 6644
Author(s): Howlett, David.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Brigitine Hymn "Xpistus in Nostra Insula" [Latin text and English translation of three stanzas of what may have been a complete alphabetical hymn; the author demonstrates a complex alpha-numeric scheme in the hymn] ;
Source: Peritia: Journal of the Medieval Academy of Ireland , 12., ( 1998):  Pages 79 - 86.
Year of Publication: 1998.

152. Record Number: 4481
Author(s): Green, Monica H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Traittié tout de mençonges: The "Secrés des dames," "Trotula," and Attitudes toward Women's Medicine in Fourteenth- and Early-Fifteenth-Century France
Source: Christine de Pizan and the Categories of Difference.   Edited by Marilynn Desmond .   University of Minnesota Press, 1998. Peritia: Journal of the Medieval Academy of Ireland , 12., ( 1998):  Pages 146 - 178. Later reprinted in Women's Healthcare in the Medieval West: Texts and Contexts. Monica H. Green. Variorum Collected Studies Series, CS680. Ashgate Publishing, 2000, VI:146-178.
Year of Publication: 1998.

153. Record Number: 4365
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Nikephoros II Phokas and Theophanou in Cavusin: The Imperial Family as Model [The author argues that the portrait portrays the imperial couple, Nikephoros and Theophanou, flanked by his father and mother on one side; the intent was to memorialize the marriage along with that of the emperor's parents].
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 24., ( 1998):  Pages 23 - 24.
Year of Publication: 1998.

154. Record Number: 3281
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Gottfried's "Huote" Excursus ("Tristan" 17817-18114) [The author argues that the imposition of "huote" (surveillance) on Isolde causes her to act rashly and makes her fall from the ranks of ideal women].
Source: Medium Aevum , 67., 1 ( 1998):  Pages 85 - 103.
Year of Publication: 1998.

155. Record Number: 3208
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender Subversion and LInguistic Castration in Fifteenth-Century English Translations of Christine de Pizan [translations excised her authority and her authorship; moreover they cut away her feminizing influence, removing or masculinizing all that she offered for female empowerment].
Source: Violence Against Women in Medieval Texts.   Edited by Anna Roberts .   University Press of Florida, 1998. Medium Aevum , 67., 1 ( 1998):  Pages 161 - 194.
Year of Publication: 1998.

156. Record Number: 6503
Author(s): Musacchio, Jacqueline Marie.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Medici-Tornabuoni "Desco da Parto" in Context [the author argues that the large and elaborately painted birth tray now in the Metropolitan Museum was given by Piero de Medici to his wife Lucrezia Tornabuoni on the birth of their son, Lorenzo de Medici; the author explores the production and use of birth trays in the celebration of childbirth in post-plague Italy].
Source: Metropolitan Museum Journal , 33., ( 1998):  Pages 137 - 151.
Year of Publication: 1998.

157. Record Number: 3629
Author(s): Borrero Fernández, Mercedes.
Contributor(s):
Title : Peasant and Aristocratic Women: Their role in the Rural Economy of Seville at the End of the Middle Ages
Source: Women at Work in Spain: From the Middle Ages to Early Modern Times.   Edited by Marilyn Stone and Carmen Benito-Vessels .   Peter Lang, 1998. Metropolitan Museum Journal , 33., ( 1998):  Pages 11 - 31.
Year of Publication: 1998.

158. Record Number: 6405
Author(s): Gagliardi, Donatella.
Contributor(s):
Title : La "Historia de la linda Melosina": una o due versioni Castigliane del romano di Jean d'Arras? [the author considers two editions in Castilian Spanish of the "Melusine" of Jean d'Arras; the version published in Toulouse in 1489 is one of several translations of the "Melusine" published in the fifteenth century; this translation is similar to the versions circulating in France at the time but with deliberate modifications; the other translation (Seville, 1526) differs to a greater degree; the latter uses illustrations less suitable to the story, drawing on stock plates in the printer's shop].
Source: Medioevo Romanzo , 22., ( 1998):  Pages 116 - 141.
Year of Publication: 1998.

159. Record Number: 3430
Author(s): Kittell, Ellen E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women, Audience, and Public Acts in Medieval Flanders
Source: Journal of Women's History , 10., 3 (Autumn 1998):  Pages 74 - 96.
Year of Publication: 1998.

160. Record Number: 3615
Author(s): Sturges, Robert S.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Construction of Heterosexual Desire in Gottfried von Strassburg's "Tristan" [The author argues for a reading of same-sex erotics in King Mark's feelings for Tristan and a heterosexual hegemony in Mark's lukewarm marriage to Isolde].
Source: Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 10., 2 (Fall 1998):  Pages 243 - 269.
Year of Publication: 1998.

161. Record Number: 3361
Author(s): Corfis, Ivy A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Empire and Romance: "Historia de la linda Melosina"
Source: Neophilologus , 82., 4 (October 1998):  Pages 559 - 575.
Year of Publication: 1998.

162. Record Number: 3360
Author(s): Johnson, Laurie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Reading the Excursus on Women as a Model of "Modern" Temporality in Gottfried's Tristan
Source: Neophilologus , 82., 2 (April 1998):  Pages 247 - 257.
Year of Publication: 1998.

163. Record Number: 1377
Author(s): Nenno, Nancy P.
Contributor(s):
Title : Between Magic and Medicine: Medieval Images of the Woman Healer [the figures of Queen Îsôt and Feimurgan demonstrate worries that women healers provoked: unregulated practices, superstition, use of magic, even dependence on demonic aid].
Source: Women Healers and Physicians: Climbing a Long Hill.   Edited by Lilian R. Furst .   University Press of Kentucky, 1997. Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient , 40., 2 (May 1997):  Pages 43 - 63.
Year of Publication: 1997.

164. Record Number: 2528
Author(s): Corrêa, Alicia.
Contributor(s):
Title : St. Austraberta of Pavilly in the Anglo-Saxon Liturgy [a study of her cult based on metrical calendars, litanies, liturgical calendars, and benedictionals].
Source: Analecta Bollandiana , 115., 40180 ( 1997):  Pages 77 - 112.
Year of Publication: 1997.

165. Record Number: 3668
Author(s): Musacchio, Jacqueline Marie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Imaginative Conceptions in Renaissance Italy [The author argues that women were encouraged to fulfill their maternal role through a wide variety of images and objects that emphasized the delivery of healthy, male babies].
Source: Picturing Women in Renaissance and Baroque Italy.   Edited by Geraldine A. Johnson and Sara F. Mathews Grieco .   Cambridge University Press, 1997. Analecta Bollandiana , 115., 40180 ( 1997):  Pages 42 - 60.
Year of Publication: 1997.

166. Record Number: 4160
Author(s): Vetrani, Anthony J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Christian Allegory in Selected "Milagros" of Gonzalo de Berceo [The author examines the use of allegory in two "Milagros," one of which is "The Pregnant Abbess"].
Source: Journal of Hispanic Philology , 18., ( 1997):  Pages 179 - 193.
Year of Publication: 1997.

167. Record Number: 2982
Author(s): Gilman, Donald.
Contributor(s):
Title : Petrarch's Sophonisba: Seduction, Sacrifice, and Patriarchal Politics [Carthaginian Sophonisba uses her feminine wiles to oppose the inevitable Roman triumph].
Source: Sex and Gender in Medieval and Renaissance Texts: The Latin Tradition.   Edited by Barbara K. Gold, Paul Allen Miller, and Charles Platter .   State University of New York Press, 1997. Hagiographica: Rivista di agiografia e biografia della società internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino/ Journal of Hagiography and Biography of Società Internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino , 5., ( 1998):  Pages 111 - 138.
Year of Publication: 1997.

168. Record Number: 3914
Author(s): Dunkelman, Martha Levine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Between Despair and Ecstasy: Marco Polo's Life of the Buddha [The author explores Polo's accounts of Asian sexuality; Polo is not a missionary and celebrates Oriental sexual difference with tolerance].
Source: Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 9., 1 (Spring 1997):  Pages 189 - 229.
Year of Publication: 1997.

169. Record Number: 2467
Author(s): Raybin, David.
Contributor(s):
Title : Chaucer's Creation and Recreation of the "Lyf of Seynt Cecile" [concerns how Chaucer fit the translated saint's life into the profane context of the Cantrbury tales; compares the austere otherworldliness of Saint Cecilia with the more complex, spiritual views of the "Canon's Yeoman's Prologue" and "Tale" and other tales].
Source: Chaucer Review , 32., 2 ( 1997):  Pages 196 - 212.
Year of Publication: 1997.

170. Record Number: 1589
Author(s): Smith, Lesley.
Contributor(s):
Title : Scriba, Femina: Medieval Depictions of Women Writing [appendix inventories the Western European manuscript illustrations that depict women writing].
Source: Women and the Book: Assessing the Visual Evidence.   Edited by Lesley Smith and Jane H.M. Taylor .   British Library and University of Toronto Press, 1997. Chaucer Review , 32., 2 ( 1997):  Pages 21 - 44.
Year of Publication: 1997.

171. Record Number: 34282
Author(s): Irvine, Martin,
Contributor(s):
Title : Abelard and (Re)Writing the Male Body: Castration, Identity, and Remasculinization
Source: Becoming Male in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Jeffrey Jerome Cohen and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1997. Journal of Hispanic Philology , 18., ( 1997):  Pages 87 - 106.
Year of Publication: 1997.

172. Record Number: 1899
Author(s): Sinclair, Keith V.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Translations of the "Vitas patrum," " Thaïs," "Antichrist," and "Vision de saint Paul" Made for Anglo-Norman Templars: Some Neglected Literary Considerations
Source: Speculum (Full Text via JSTOR) 72, 3 (July 1997): 741-762. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1997.

173. Record Number: 2086
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Petrarchan Love and the Pleasures of Frustration [influences of Petrarch and courtly love on literary representations of unfulfilled love including "La Princesse de Clèves" and Wharton's "Age of Innocence"].
Source: Journal of the History of Ideas (Full Text via Project Muse) 58, 4 (October 1997): 557-572. Link Info [This link will work only if your institution has a paid subscription through Project Muse].
Year of Publication: 1997.

174. Record Number: 1590
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Aesop's Cock and Marie's Hen: Gendered Authorship in Text and Image in Manuscripts of Marie de France's "Fables"
Source: Women and the Book: Assessing the Visual Evidence.   Edited by Lesley Smith and Jane H.M. Taylor .   British Library and University of Toronto Press, 1997.  Pages 45 - 56.
Year of Publication: 1997.

175. Record Number: 2456
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : God and Gynaecology: "Women's Secrets" in the Dutch "Historiebijbel van 1360"
Source: German Life and Letters , 50., 4 (October 1997):  Pages 390 - 402.
Year of Publication: 1997.

176. Record Number: 2418
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Origenary Fantasies: Abelard's Castration and Confession
Source: Becoming Male in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Jeffrey Jerome Cohen and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1997. German Life and Letters , 50., 4 (October 1997):  Pages 107 - 128.
Year of Publication: 1997.

177. Record Number: 2983
Author(s): Miller, Paul Allen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Laurel as the Sign of Sin: Laura's Textual Body in Petrarch's "Secretum"
Source: Sex and Gender in Medieval and Renaissance Texts: The Latin Tradition.   Edited by Barbara K. Gold, Paul Allen Miller, and Charles Platter .   State University of New York Press, 1997. German Life and Letters , 50., 4 (October 1997):  Pages 139 - 163.
Year of Publication: 1997.

178. Record Number: 2419
Author(s): Ferroul, Yves.
Contributor(s):
Title : Abelard's Blissful Castration
Source: Becoming Male in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Jeffrey Jerome Cohen and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1997. German Life and Letters , 50., 4 (October 1997):  Pages 129 - 149.
Year of Publication: 1997.

179. Record Number: 2483
Author(s): Donovan, Josephine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and the Framed-Novelle: A Tradition of Their Own [argues that women used the prose fiction form to counter such misogynist ideas as women as commodities of exchange and thereby developed a feminist consciousness, an awareness of the unjust subordination of women; though primarily devoted to women authors in the early modern period, the author briefly discusses the "Livre de la cité des dames" and the "Evangiles des quenouilles"].
Source: Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society (Full Text via JSTOR) 22, 4 (Summer 1997): 947-980. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1997.

180. Record Number: 2207
Author(s): Thomas, Hugh M.
Contributor(s):
Title : An Upwardly Mobile Medieval Woman: Juliana of Warwick [Juliana managed Countess Matilda's household (as "cameraria") and received gifts of land from her employer/patroness; Matilda also probably arranged Juliana's advantageous marriage with the wealthy knight, Nigel of Plumpton].
Source: Medieval Prosopography , 18., ( 1997):  Pages 109 - 121.
Year of Publication: 1997.

181. Record Number: 1833
Author(s): Lees, Clare A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Engendering Religious Desire: Sex, Knowledge, and Christian Identity in Anglo- Saxon England [representations of the body, sexuality, and eroticism in vernacular literary culture].
Source: Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (Full Text via Project Muse) 27, 1 (Winter 1997): 17-45. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1997.

182. Record Number: 20791
Author(s): Wrightson, Kellinde
Contributor(s):
Title : The Jilted Fiancée: The Old Icelandic Miracle Poem "Vitnisvísur af Maríu" and its Modern English Translation
Source: Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies , 15., 1 ( 1997):  Pages 117 - 136.
Year of Publication: 1997.

183. Record Number: 2136
Author(s): Shatzmiller, Maya.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and Wage Labour in the Medieval Islamic West: Legal Issues in an Economic Context
Source: Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient , 40., 2 (May 1997):  Pages 174 - 206.
Year of Publication: 1997.

184. Record Number: 1425
Author(s): Kuefler, Mathew S.
Contributor(s):
Title : Castration and Eunuchism in the Middle Ages
Source: Handbook of Medieval Sexuality.   Edited by Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage .   Garland Reference Library of the Humanities vol. 1696. Garland Publishing, 1996. Monatshefte , 88., 1 (Spring 1996):  Pages 279 - 306.
Year of Publication: 1996.

185. Record Number: 7939
Author(s): Baldassarri, Stefano Ugo.
Contributor(s):
Title : Adfluit incautis insidiosus amor: la precettistica Ovidiana nel "Filostrato" di Boccaccio [Boccaccio's "Filostrato" makes extensive use of Ovid's works, particularly in its account of Troilus and Criseyde. Ovid's "Heroides" was a particular source for the account of Helena and Paris. "Filostrato" was a youthful work, more dependent on classical models than were Boccaccio's mature writings.]
Source: Rivista di Studi Italiani , 14., 2 (Dicembre 1996):  Pages 20 - 42.
Year of Publication: 1996.

186. Record Number: 1216
Author(s): Kline, Barbara.
Contributor(s):
Title : Editing Women's Visions: Some Thoughts on the Transmission of Female Mystics' Texts [women mystics' writings were changed by late medieval English editors and translators who minimized and sometimes eliminated the female identity of the authors].
Source: Magistra , 2., 1 (Summer 1996):  Pages 3 - 23.
Year of Publication: 1996.

187. Record Number: 1224
Author(s): Giangrosso, Patricia A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Weibliche Stimmen in Early German Translations of the "Regula Benedicti" [degree of feminization in three adaptations of the "Rule" for women's monasteries].
Source: Magistra , 2., 2 (Winter 1996):  Pages 70 - 91.
Year of Publication: 1996.

188. Record Number: 1659
Author(s): McCash, June Hall.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Visit to Saint Patrick's Purgatory [description of a day trip to Station Island where the cave is located that is associated with St. Patrick's Purgatory].
Source: Le Cygne: Bulletin of the International Marie de France Society: Abstracts, Notes, and Queries , 2., (April 1996):  Pages 1
Year of Publication: 1996.

189. Record Number: 1815
Author(s): Rütten, Thomas.
Contributor(s):
Title : Receptions of the Hippocratic "Oath" in the Renaissance: The Prohibition of Abortion as a Case Study in Reception
Source: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences , 51., 4 (October 1996):  Pages 456 - 483.
Year of Publication: 1996.

190. Record Number: 2331
Author(s): Waterhouse, Ruth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Discourse and Hypersignification in Two of Aelfric's Saint's Lives [Aethelthryth (or Etheldreda) and Oswald; the author discusses differences in interpretation of the narrative among contemporaries of the saints, readers of Bede's version in the eighth century, Aelfric's version in the late tenth century, and a reading in the late twentieth century].
Source: Holy Men and Holy Women: Old English Prose Saints' Live and Their Contexts.   Edited by Paul E. Szarmach .   State University of New York Press, 1996. Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences , 51., 4 (October 1996):  Pages 333 - 352.
Year of Publication: 1996.

191. Record Number: 2515
Author(s): Halpin, Patricia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Anglo-Saxon Women and Pilgrimage [discusses trips to the Continent, to English shrines, and pilgrimages of the "heart" through devotional texts and art; includes a brief analysis of four devotional objects, a crucifix, two manuscript illuminations, and an embroidered alb, that were commissioned by women].
Source: Anglo-Norman Studies , 19., ( 1996):  Pages 97 - 122.
Year of Publication: 1996.

192. Record Number: 1342
Author(s): Delasanta, Rodney K. and Constance M. Rousseau
Contributor(s):
Title : Chaucer's "Orygenes Upon the Maudeleyne": A Translation [Latin text and English translation of Pseudo- Origen's "De Maria Magdalena" that Chaucer translated early in his career; the Chaucer translation is lost].
Source: Chaucer Review , 30., 4 ( 1996):  Pages 319 - 342.
Year of Publication: 1996.

193. Record Number: 3294
Author(s): Schneider-Lastin, Wolfram Johannes.
Contributor(s):
Title : Christine de Pizan deutsch: Eine Übersetzung des "Livre des fais d'armes et de chevalerie" in einer unbekannten Handschrift des 15. Jahrhunderts [includes an edition of the prologue, pages 199-201].
Source: Zeitschrift für deutsches Altertum und deutsche Literatur , 125., ( 1996):  Pages 187 - 201.
Year of Publication: 1996.

194. Record Number: 5502
Author(s): Pernoud, Regine.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Preaching Peregrinations of a Twelfth-Century Nun, ca. 1158- 70
Source: Wisdom Which Encircles Circles: Papers on Hildegard of Bingen.   Edited by Audrey Ekdahl Davidson .   Medieval Institute Publications, Western Michigan University, 1996. Zeitschrift für deutsches Altertum und deutsche Literatur , 125., ( 1996):  Pages 15 - 26.
Year of Publication: 1996.

195. Record Number: 7450
Author(s): Angiolini, Franco.
Contributor(s):
Title : Schiave [In the Middle Ages, slaves brought into Italy primarily came from the Black Sea region, and most were women. The sixteenth century saw an inversion of the gender ratio, as well as fresh supplies from Africa, the Balkans, and, for a time, Muslim Granada. There also was a shift from domestic to agricultural bondage. Slave women were exploited sexually, but some attained manumission through marriage. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Il Lavoro delle donne.   Edited by Angela Groppi .   Storia delle donne in Italia. Editori Laterza, 1996. Zeitschrift für deutsches Altertum und deutsche Literatur , 125., ( 1996):  Pages 92 - 115.
Year of Publication: 1996.

196. Record Number: 20629
Author(s): Duso, Elena Maria
Contributor(s):
Title : Laura sua al buon Petrarca, a me la mia (CCLVI, 8): Marco Piacentini e l'influsso delle Tre Corone nella costruzione del personaggio femminile [Marco Piacentini's depictions of women drew on Petrarch, including his praise of Laura. Piacentini also drew upon Dante, but he made little use of Boccaccio. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Quaderni Veneti , 23., ( 1996):  Pages 85 - 131.
Year of Publication: 1996.

197. Record Number: 1341
Author(s): Jankowski, Eileen S.
Contributor(s):
Title : Reception of Chaucer's "Second Nun's Tale": Osbern Bokenham's "Lyf of S. Cycyle" [the appendix reproduces lines from the "Second Nun's Tale" and the "Lyf of S. Cycyle" that are similar].
Source: Chaucer Review , 30., 3 ( 1996):  Pages 306 - 318.
Year of Publication: 1996.

198. Record Number: 1852
Author(s): Kay, Sarah.
Contributor(s):
Title : Holy Mary Intervenes for the Clergy in the "Cantigas" of Alfonso X and in the "Milagros" of Berceo: Observations Concerning the Implicit Audience
Source: Bulletin of the Cantigueiros de Santa Maria , 8., (Spring 1996):  Pages 3 - 13.
Year of Publication: 1996.

199. Record Number: 5676
Author(s): Karkov, Catherine E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Francesco Botticini's Palmieri Altar-piece [Matteo Palmieri commissioned the altarpiece from Botticini; the panel includes donor portraits of his wife Niccolosa (in a Benedictine habit) and himself; after Matteo's death Botticini and Niccolosa executed a document in 1477 agreeing that the contract for the altarpiece had been fulfilled; Niccolosa and Matteo's nephew acquired a chapel in S. Pier Maggiore where the altarpiece was installed and where Matteo was buried; the Appendix provides transcriptions of six documents, four concerning Botticini, one about the Palmieri chapel, and the first being the agreement between Niccolosa and Botticini].
Source: Burlington Magazine (Full Text via JSTOR) 138, 1118 (May 1996): 308-314. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1996.

200. Record Number: 1669
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Old French "Lai" and Romance [Southeastern Medieval Association. Charleston, South Carolina, October 5-7, 1995].
Source: Le Cygne: Bulletin of the International Marie de France Society: Abstracts, Notes, and Queries , 2., (April 1996):  Pages 11
Year of Publication: 1996.

201. Record Number: 1424
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Contraception and Early Abortion in the Middle Ages
Source: Handbook of Medieval Sexuality.   Edited by Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage .   Garland Reference Library of the Humanities vol. 1696. Garland Publishing, 1996. Le Cygne: Bulletin of the International Marie de France Society: Abstracts, Notes, and Queries , 2., (April 1996):  Pages 261 - 277.
Year of Publication: 1996.

202. Record Number: 1586
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Medieval Concept of the Witches' Sabbath [analysis of four early texts from the 1430's ; the author argues that the witches' sabbath gained quick acceptance because it explained how common people could take command of a learned form of magic].
Source: Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 8., 2 (Fall 1996):  Pages 419 - 439.
Year of Publication: 1996.

203. Record Number: 1853
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Berceo's "Milagros" and the "Cantigas de Santa Maria" : The Question of Intended Audience [The author argues, based on the inter-Church political concerns of many of the miracles, that Berceo primarily addressed monastics and clergy].
Source: Bulletin of the Cantigueiros de Santa Maria , 8., (Spring 1996):  Pages 15 - 29.
Year of Publication: 1996.

204. Record Number: 5996
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Count's Wife in "La condesa traidora," the "Poema de Fernán González," and the "Romanz del infant Garçía": How Many Sanchas? [The author argues that the development of the character Sancha is very similar in three of the epics belonging to the cycle of the Counts of Castile].
Source: Bulletin of Hispanic Studies (University of Glasgow) , 73., 4 (October 1996):  Pages 371 - 378.
Year of Publication: 1996.

205. Record Number: 1584
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Don't Ask, Don't Tell: The Wife of Bath and Vernacular Translations [the Wife of Bath's "Prologue" amd "Tale" promote the status of the vernacular and acknowledge the role female audiences play in the translations of "authoritative" texts like Trotula].
Source: Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 8., 1 (Spring 1996):  Pages 97 - 123.
Year of Publication: 1996.

206. Record Number: 837
Author(s): Appleby, David F.
Contributor(s):
Title : Spiritual Progress in Carolingian Saxony: A Case from Ninth- Century Corvey [the text recording the transferral of Saint Pusinna's relics to Herford in Saxony praises the Saxons before and after their conversion].
Source: Catholic Historical Review , 82., 4 (Oct. 1996):  Pages 599 - 613.
Year of Publication: 1996.

207. Record Number: 1632
Author(s): Godorecci, Barbara J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Re-Writing Griselda: Trials of the Grey Battle Maiden [the handling of the testing theme in Boccaccio, Petrarch's Latin translation, and Chaucer's English version].
Source: Romance Languages Annual , 8., ( 1996):  Pages 192 - 196.
Year of Publication: 1996.

208. Record Number: 3366
Author(s): Lacy, Paul de.
Contributor(s):
Title : Aspects of Christianisation and Cultural Adaptation in the Old English "Judith"
Source: Neuphilologische Mitteilungen , 97., 4 ( 1996):  Pages 393 - 410.
Year of Publication: 1996.

209. Record Number: 1109
Author(s): Squires, Ann.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Treatment of the Figure of Judith in the Middle English Metrical Paraphrase of the Old Testament
Source: Neuphilologische Mitteilungen , 97., 2 ( 1996):  Pages 187 - 200.
Year of Publication: 1996.

210. Record Number: 1218
Author(s): Spreckelmeyer, Antha.
Contributor(s):
Title : Reclaiming the "Wayward Nun": Thematic Similarities in Three Middle English Versions of the Benedictine Rule
Source: Magistra , 2., 1 (Summer 1996):  Pages 51 - 62.
Year of Publication: 1996.

211. Record Number: 1667
Author(s): Pickens, Rupert T.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marie de France's Bestiary: Acculturation in the Anglo-Norman Court [International Courtly Literature Society. Eighth Triennial Congress. Queen's University of Belfast, July- August 1995].
Source: Le Cygne: Bulletin of the International Marie de France Society: Abstracts, Notes, and Queries , 2., (April 1996):  Pages 8 - 9.
Year of Publication: 1996.

212. Record Number: 1782
Author(s): Maréchal, Chantal A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marie de France or "Sapientia"? A Study of Author Portraits in Four Manuscripts of the "Fables" [International Congress on Medieval Studies. Kalamazoo, May 1996].
Source: Le Cygne: Bulletin of the International Marie de France Society: Abstracts, Notes, and Queries , 2., (April 1996):  Pages 19
Year of Publication: 1996.

213. Record Number: 1861
Author(s): Palmer, Craig.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Question of Manhood: Overcoming the Paternal Homoerotic in Gottfried's "Tristan"
Source: Monatshefte , 88., 1 (Spring 1996):  Pages 17 - 30.
Year of Publication: 1996.

214. Record Number: 148
Author(s): Dufresne, Laura Rinaldi
Contributor(s):
Title : Christine de Pizan's "Treasure of the City of Ladies": A study of Dress and Social Hierarchy [in four illustrated manuscripts].
Source: Woman's Art Journal , 16., 2 ( 1995- 1996):  Pages 29 - 34. Available through JSTOR.
Year of Publication: 1995- 1996.

215. Record Number: 55
Author(s): Fowler, Elizabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Civil Death and the Maiden: Agency and the Conditions of Contract in Piers Plowman
Source: Speculum (Full Text via JSTOR) 70 (1995): 760-792. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1995.

216. Record Number: 230
Author(s): Long, Jane C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Salvation Through Meditation: The Tomb Frescoes in the Holy Confessors Chapel at Santa Croce in Florence [one prominently portrays a female donor]
Source: Gesta (Full Text via JSTOR) 34, 1 (1995): 77-88. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1995.

217. Record Number: 330
Author(s): Heffernan, Carol Falvo.
Contributor(s):
Title : Contraception and the Pear Tree Episode of Chaucer's Merchant's Tale
Source: JEGP: Journal of English and Germanic Philology , 94., 1 (Jan. 1995):  Pages 31 - 41.
Year of Publication: 1995.

218. Record Number: 1010
Author(s): Romestan, Guy.
Contributor(s):
Title : Femmes esclaves à Perpignan aux XIVe et XVe siècles
Source: La Femme dans l' histoire et la société méridionales (IXe-XIXe S.): Actes du 66e congrés. .   Fédération historique du Languedoc méditerranéen et du Roussillon, 1995. JEGP: Journal of English and Germanic Philology , 94., 1 (Jan. 1995):  Pages 187 - 218.
Year of Publication: 1995.

219. Record Number: 1125
Author(s): Henderson, J. Frank.
Contributor(s):
Title : Feminizing the Rule of Benedict in Medieval England [study of five Middle English translations and one Latin version, examining changes from masculine language as well as feminization of such aspects of monastic life as clothing and the practice of charity]
Source: Magistra , 1., 1 (Summer 1995):  Pages 9 - 38.
Year of Publication: 1995.

220. Record Number: 1546
Author(s): Dimitrova, Margaret.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mary of Egypt in Medieval Slavic Literacy [comparisons among five Old Church Slavonic versions of the Life of St. Mary of Egypt].
Source: Byzantinoslavica , 56., 3 ( 1995):  Pages 617 - 624.
Year of Publication: 1995.

221. Record Number: 1686
Author(s): Kulp-Hill, Kathleen.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Captions to the Miniatures of the "Codice Rico" of the "Cantigas de Santa Maria," a Translation [English Translation of the captions for the 194 "cantigas"].
Source: Bulletin of the Cantigueiros de Santa Maria , 7., (Spring 1995):  Pages 3 - 64.
Year of Publication: 1995.

222. Record Number: 1709
Author(s): Margolis, Nadia.
Contributor(s):
Title : La progression polémique, spirituelle et personelle dans les écrits religieux de Christine de Pizan
Source: Une femme de Lettres au Moyen Age: Études autour de Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Liliane Dulac and Bernard Ribémont .   Paradigme, 1995. Bulletin of the Cantigueiros de Santa Maria , 7., (Spring 1995):  Pages 297 - 316.
Year of Publication: 1995.

223. Record Number: 2722
Author(s): Jensen, Robin M.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Femininity of Christ in Early Christian Iconography [suggests that feminine attributes of Jesus, including long, curly hair, smooth, beardless cheeks, and small, protruding breasts, were borrowed from savior deities of the mystery cults, especially Dionysus and Orpheus].
Source: Studia Patristica , 29., ( 1995):  Pages 269 - 282. Papers Presented at the Twelfth International Conference on Patristic Studies Held in Oxford. Historia, Theologica et Philosophica, Critica et Philologica
Year of Publication: 1995.

224. Record Number: 2296
Author(s): Tartara, Lucia, O.C.S.O. and Manuela Strola, O.C.S.O.
Contributor(s):
Title : Saint Franca of Italy
Source: Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women. Book One. Medieval Religious Women Volume Three.   Edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, O.S.C.O Cistercian Studies Series .   Cistercian Publications, 1995. Neophilologus , 79., ( 1995):  Pages 283 - 303.
Year of Publication: 1995.

225. Record Number: 5558
Author(s): Klapisch-Zuber, Christiane.
Contributor(s):
Title : Les Noces feintes: sur quelques lectures de deux thèmes iconographiques dans les "cassoni" florentins [The author analyzes the scenes painted on a wedding cassone, formerly from the Rose Art Museum; scholars had believed that the scenes illustrated the story of lovers who reconciled their warring families from the "Istorietta Amorosa," but the author argu
Source: I Tatti Studies: Essays in the Renaissance , 6., ( 1995):  Pages 11 - 30.
Year of Publication: 1995.

226. Record Number: 5584
Author(s): Trotta, Stefania.
Contributor(s):
Title : L "Elegia di Madonna Fiammetta" di Giovanni Boccaccio e un volgarizzamento delle "Epistulae heroidum" di Ovidio attribuito a Filippo Ceffi [Boccaccio knew the classics in both Latin and Italian versions; among his sources for the "Elegia" was the translation attributed to Filippo Ceffi, the most widely read Italian version of Ovid's "Epistulae;" Boccaccio's vocabulary and syntax both show similarities to Ceffi's].
Source: Italia Medioevale e Umanistica , 38., ( 1995):  Pages 217 - 261.
Year of Publication: 1995.

227. Record Number: 5653
Author(s): Nelson, Jonathan.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Place of Women in Filippino Lippi's Nerli Altarpiece [the author argues that the donor portrait of Nanna, wife of Tanai de' Nerli, as well as the domestic scene in the background of husband, wife, and small child, were intended to enhance Tanai's role as husband and father; Nanna is not represented as an individual but as an ideal wife: modest, pious, and honorable].
Source: Italian History and Culture , 1., ( 1995):  Pages 65 - 80.
Year of Publication: 1995.

228. Record Number: 6015
Author(s): Rossi, Luciano.
Contributor(s):
Title : La donna nella novelistica del Quattrocento: Sercambi e le "Cent nouvelles nouvelles" [one of Boccaccio's imitators was Giovanni Sercambi; many stereotypes about women, most derived from the novelistic tradition, appear in his tales; by the fifteenth century, the novel had become, for reasons of its erotic content, limited to an all-male audience; Sercambi's tales were circulated in such circles, including that of Philip the Good of Burgundy, both in the original Italian and in translation].
Source: Ilaria del Carretto e il suo monumento: la donna nell'arte, la cultura, e la società del '400. Atti del convegno Internazionale di Studi, 15-16-17 Settembre, 1994, Palazzo Ducale, Lucca.   Edited by Stéphane Toussaint. Translated by Clotilde Soave Bowe. .   Edizioni S. Marco Litotipo, 1995. Italian History and Culture , 1., ( 1995):  Pages 237 - 249.
Year of Publication: 1995.

229. Record Number: 1124
Author(s): Sutera, Judith, O.S.B. and Deborah. Vess
Contributor(s):
Title : Editorial [tribute to Margot King and her journal, Vox Benedictina]
Source: Magistra , 1., 1 (Summer 1995):  Pages 3 - 8.
Year of Publication: 1995.

230. Record Number: 1354
Author(s): Johnston, Elva.
Contributor(s):
Title : Transforming Women in Irish Hagiography
Source: Peritia: Journal of the Medieval Academy of Ireland , 9., ( 1995):  Pages 197 - 220.
Year of Publication: 1995.

231. Record Number: 567
Author(s): Brink, Maryann E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Social Description of Property in Late Medieval Avignon [women's roles in the ownership and conveyance of property].
Source: Medieval Perspectives , 10., ( 1995):  Pages 67 - 76. Proceedings of the Twentieth Annual Conference of the Southeastern Medieval Association
Year of Publication: 1995.

232. Record Number: 438
Author(s): Howell, Martha.
Contributor(s):
Title : Rewriting Marriage in Late Medieval Douai [from emphasis on the conjugal pair to the interests of the next generation].
Source: Romanic Review , 86., 2 (March 1995):  Pages 307 - 337. Special issue: The Production of Knowledge: Institutionalizing Sex, Gender, and Sexualiity in Medieval Discourse. Ed. by Kathryn Gravdal.
Year of Publication: 1995.

233. Record Number: 1191
Author(s): Milliken, Roberta.
Contributor(s):
Title : Neither "Clere Laude" Nor "Sklaundre"; Chaucer's Translation of Criseyde [Chaucer amplified character traits from Boccaccio, emphasizing Criseyde as lonely, fearful, and controllable; all of this contributes to a realistic portrayal of an individual woman].
Source: Women's Studies , 24., 3 ( 1995):  Pages 191 - 204. Special Issue: Issues in Medieval and Renaissance Scholarship
Year of Publication: 1995.

234. Record Number: 345
Author(s): Cole, William D.
Contributor(s):
Title : Purgatory vs. Eden: Béroul's Forest and Gottfried's Cave
Source: Germanic Review , 70., 1 (Winter 1995):  Pages 2 - 8.
Year of Publication: 1995.

235. Record Number: 1130
Author(s): McNamara, Jo Ann.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Nun of Watton [translation of Aelred's account of the nun who sleeps with a young monk and becomes pregnant; the other nuns castrate the guilty youth but when the foetus disappears they judge it to be a miracle and cease punishing the penitent nun].
Source: Magistra , 1., 1 (Summer 1995):  Pages 122 - 137.
Year of Publication: 1995.

236. Record Number: 1163
Author(s): Brooks, Sarah T.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Double Portrait of Kale Kavalasea from Mistra [Kale is represented in secular and monastic dress along with her daughter and son].
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 21., ( 1995):  Pages 79
Year of Publication: 1995.

237. Record Number: 16578
Author(s): Yohe, Katherine Te Pas.
Contributor(s):
Title : Aelred's Guidelines for Physical Attractions [The author analyzes Aelred's text, "Speculum caritatis," and finds that physical attraction could only be tolerated under very special circumstances that led to an appreciation of the loved one's spiritual virtues; homosexual attraction is wicked and het
Source: Cîteaux: Revue d'Histoire Cistercienne , 46., 40241 ( 1995):  Pages 339 - 351.
Year of Publication: 1995.

238. Record Number: 6732
Author(s): Kruk, Remke.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ibn Battuta: Travel, Family Life, and Chronology: How Seriously Do We Take a Father? [the author analyzes Ibn Battuta's mentions of women and children in his text, finding that he enjoys the company of women, both his wives and his slaves; although he leaves his wives behind on his travels, he appears to have an interest in his wives and children since he sometimes returns to visit or sends them money].
Source: Al-Qantara , 16., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 369 - 384.
Year of Publication: 1995.

239. Record Number: 343
Author(s): Kennedy, Beverly
Contributor(s):
Title : Variant Passages in the Wife of Bath's Prologue and the Textual Transmission of the "Canterbury Tales": The "Great Tradition" Revisited
Source: Women, the Book and the Worldly: Selected Proceedings of the St. Hilda's Conference, 1993. Volume 2. [Volume 1: Women, the Book, and the Godly].   Edited by Lesley Smith and Jane H. M. Taylor .   D.S.Brewer, 1995. Al-Qantara , 16., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 85 - 101.
Year of Publication: 1995.

240. Record Number: 3416
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Aucassin et Nicolette: the Economics of Desire
Source: Neophilologus , 79., ( 1995):  Pages 197 - 206.
Year of Publication: 1995.

241. Record Number: 1652
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Costanza de Castilla and the Gynaeceum of Compassion [Costanza, royal princess and prioress, wrote for a female audience and celebrated the feminine virtues of compassion and motherhood].
Source: Writing Women in Late Medieval and Early Modern Spain: The Mothers of Saint Teresa of Avila. Ronald E. Surtz .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1995. Neophilologus , 79., ( 1995):  Pages 41 - 67.
Year of Publication: 1995.

242. Record Number: 6627
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : St. Catherine of Siena in Late Medieval Britain: Feminizing Literary Reception Through Gender and Class [The author argues that the life and writings of St. Catherine had a great influence in England for 160 years following her death; she was valued for her role as a bridge between Christ and humanity, female and male, the lower social classes and the highe
Source: Annali d'Italianistica , 13., ( 1995):  Pages 163 - 203. Women Mystic Writers. Edited by Dino S. Cervigni
Year of Publication: 1995.

243. Record Number: 5053
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : De caelesti hierarchia and "Le mirouer des simples ames anienties": Chantilly, Musée Condé, Ms. F xiv 26 and Codex Vaticanus latinus 4355 [The author argues that the Latin translator of Marguerite Porete's "Miroir" was influenced by Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite in translating a description of angels; From the twenty-second Saint Louis conference on manuscript studies].
Source: Manuscripta , 39., 3 (November 1995):  Pages 160 - 161.
Year of Publication: 1995.

244. Record Number: 340
Author(s): Vasvari, Louise O
Contributor(s):
Title : Joseph on the Margin: The Mérode Tryptic and Medieval Spectacle [Joseph as Cuckold in paintings and in mystery plays]
Source: Mediaevalia , 18., ( 1995):  Pages 163 - 189. (1995 (for 1992)) Published by the Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, State University of New York at Binghamton
Year of Publication: 1995.

245. Record Number: 1871
Author(s): Dallapiazza, Michael.
Contributor(s):
Title : Männlich-Weiblich: Bilder des Scheiterns in Gottfrieds "Tristan" und Wolframs "Titurel"
Source: Arthurian Romance and Gender. Selected Proceedings of the XVIIth International Arthurian Congress.   Edited by Friedrich Wolfzettel Internationale Forschungen zur Allgemeinen und Vergleichenden Literaturwissenschaft .   Rodopi, 1995. Mediaevalia , 18., ( 1995):  Pages 176 - 182.
Year of Publication: 1995.

246. Record Number: 360
Author(s): Hogg, James.
Contributor(s):
Title : St. Birgitta's "Revelationes" Reduced to a Book of Pious Instruction [15th century editions and translations].
Source: Vox Mystica: Essays on Medieval Mysticism in Honor of Professor Valerie M Lagorio.   Edited by Anne Clark Bartlett, Thomas H. Bestul, Janet Goebel, and William F. Pollard .   D.S. Brewer, 1995. Mediaevalia , 18., ( 1995):  Pages 201 - 229.
Year of Publication: 1995.

247. Record Number: 1602
Author(s): Classen, Albrecht.
Contributor(s):
Title : Tragische Frauengestalten in der mittelhochdeutschen Literatur
Source: Studia Neophilologica , 67., ( 1995):  Pages 41 - 60.
Year of Publication: 1995.

248. Record Number: 1979
Author(s): Classen, Albrecht.
Contributor(s):
Title : Die Mystikerin als Peregrina: Margery Kempe. Reisende in corpore - Reisende in spiritu
Source: Studies in Spirituality , 5., ( 1995):  Pages 127 - 145.
Year of Publication: 1995.

249. Record Number: 4870
Author(s): Bejczy, Istvan and Marie-José Heijkant
Contributor(s):
Title : Il Prete Gianni el le Amazzoni: Donne in un' utopia medievale (secondo la tradizione Italiana) [classical ideas of Amazons as women inverting the proper social order were included in the "Letter of Prester John;" they were described as living on the fringes of his well-ordered realm, in which women were subordinate childbearers; Amazons were described as a threat to chastity because they saw men only for sexual contact and reproduction; the "Letter of Prester John," however, unlike classical texts, depicts the Amazons as tolerated and difficult to defeat].
Source: Neophilologus , 79., ( 1995):  Pages 439 - 449.
Year of Publication: 1995.

250. Record Number: 903
Author(s): Brown, Cynthia J.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Late Medieval Cultural Artifact: "The Twelve Ladies of Rhetoric" ("Les Douze Dames de Rhétorique")
Source: Allegorica , 16., ( 1995):  Pages 73 - 105.
Year of Publication: 1995.

251. Record Number: 1133
Author(s): Crean, John E., Jr.
Contributor(s):
Title : Benedict in Berlin: Another Feminine Voice [close textual comparison of a German language translation ("Berlin Rule" at the Prussian State Library) with Benedict's Rule in order to analyze its use of feminine language].
Source: Magistra , 1., 1 (Summer 1995):  Pages 172 - 190.
Year of Publication: 1995.

252. Record Number: 1209
Author(s): Spreckelmeyer, Antha.
Contributor(s):
Title : Feminine Experience in the Nothern Metrical Version of the Benedictine Rule [differences in emphasis in the metrical translation indicate issues of concern for nuns' behavior].
Source: Magistra , 1., 2 (Winter 1995):  Pages 267 - 280.
Year of Publication: 1995.

253. Record Number: 1720
Author(s): Brown-Grant, Rosalind.
Contributor(s):
Title : Des hommes et des femmes illustres : modalités narratives et transformations génériques chez Pétrarque, Boccace, et Christine de Pizan
Source: Une femme de Lettres au Moyen Age: Études autour de Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Liliane Dulac and Bernard Ribémont .   Paradigme, 1995. Magistra , 1., 2 (Winter 1995):  Pages 469 - 480.
Year of Publication: 1995.

254. Record Number: 2540
Author(s): Thurlow, Peter.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gottfried and Minnesang
Source: German Life and Letters , 48., 3 (July 1995):  Pages 401 - 412.
Year of Publication: 1995.

255. Record Number: 349
Author(s): Barratt, Alexandra.
Contributor(s):
Title : How Many Children Had Julian of Norwich? Editions, Translations, and Versions of Her Revelations
Source: Vox Mystica: Essays on Medieval Mysticism in Honor of Professor Valerie M Lagorio.   Edited by Anne Clark Bartlett, Thomas H. Bestul, Janet Goebel, and William F. Pollard .   D.S. Brewer, 1995. German Life and Letters , 48., 3 (July 1995):  Pages 27 - 39.
Year of Publication: 1995.

256. Record Number: 1607
Author(s): Adamson, Melitta Weiss.
Contributor(s):
Title : Der deutsche Anhang zu Hildegard von Bingens "Liber simplicis medicinae" in Codex 6952 der Bibliothèque nationale in Paris (fol. 232v-238v) [includes an edition of the German text on pages 178, 180-191].
Source: Sudhoffs Archiv , 79., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 173 - 191.
Year of Publication: 1995.

257. Record Number: 411
Author(s): Goldberg, Harriet.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queen of Almost All She Surveys: The Sexual Dynamics of Female Sovereignty
Source: Corónica , 23., 2 (Spring 1995):  Pages 51 - 63.
Year of Publication: 1995.

258. Record Number: 5832
Author(s): Besamusca, Bart.
Contributor(s):
Title : Beerte metten breden voeten [The author examines the translation work done by the unknown Dutch poet who used Adenet le Roi's "Berte" as a basis for "Beerte"].
Source: Olifant , 19., 40241 (Fall/Winter 1994-1995):  Pages 145 - 153.
Year of Publication: 1994-1995.

259. Record Number: 8538
Author(s): Polet, Caroline, Rosine Orban and Alain Herbosch
Contributor(s):
Title : Différences sexuelles des teneurs en zinc et en strontium dans les ossements humains de quelques échantillons médiévaux de Belgique (résultats préliminaires)
Source: La Femme pendant le Moyen Âge et l'époque moderne. Actes des Sixiémes Journées Anthropologiques de Valbonne 9-10-11 juin 1992.   Edited by Luc Buchet Dossier de Documentation Archéologique, 17.   CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Centre de Recherches Archéologiques) Éditions, 1994. Olifant , 19., 40241 (Fall/Winter 1994-1995):  Pages 173 - 187.
Year of Publication: 1994.

260. Record Number: 1330
Author(s): Devos, Paul.
Contributor(s):
Title : La Jeune martyre perse Sainte Sirin († 559) [includes a French translation of the Greek Passio BHG 1637].
Source: Analecta Bollandiana , 112., 40180 ( 1994):  Pages 4 - 31.
Year of Publication: 1994.

261. Record Number: 2085
Author(s): Tillotson, John..
Contributor(s):
Title : Visitation and Reform of the Yorkshire Nunneries in the Fourteenth Century [argues that the archbishops reacted to the papal bull "Periculoso," not by enforcing strict enclosure, but by regulating travel and contact with the outside world, so that the nuns would maintain their respectability].
Source: Northern History , 30., ( 1994):  Pages 1 - 21.
Year of Publication: 1994.

262. Record Number: 3414
Author(s): De Weever, Jacqueline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Nicolette's "Blackness"- Lost in Translation [The author argues that recent translators have "lightened" Nicolette's blackness and that the poet's original description should be honored]
Source: Romance Notes , 34., 3 (Spring 1994):  Pages 317 - 325.
Year of Publication: 1994.

263. Record Number: 16623
Author(s): Klapisch-Zuber, Christiane
Contributor(s):
Title : Les femmes dans les rituels de l'alliance et de la naissance à Florence [Christiane Klapisch-Zuber explores Florentine women's roles in rituals celebrating marriage and childbirth. She looks in particular at the meanings of "cassoni" (wedding chests) and "deschi da parto" (painted plates associated with the birth of children). She frequently finds situations in which the needs of the patrilineage and family honor trump the concerns of wives, mothers, and their natal families. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Riti e rituali nelle società medievali.   Edited by Jacques Chiffoleau, Lauro Martines, and Agostino Paravicini Bagliani .   Centro Italiano di Studi sull'Alto Medioevo, 1994. Analecta Bollandiana , 112., 40180 ( 1994):  Pages 3 - 22.
Year of Publication: 1994.

264. Record Number: 935
Author(s): Calabrese, Michael.
Contributor(s):
Title : Citations from Antiquity in Renaissance Medical Treatises on Love [physicians viewed erotic love as a pathological state akin to melancholy].
Source: Parergon: Bulletin of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Renaissance Studies. New Series , 12., 1 (July 1994):  Pages 1 - 13.
Year of Publication: 1994.

265. Record Number: 1558
Author(s): Grimbert, Joan Tasker.
Contributor(s):
Title : Translating Tristan-Love from the Prose "Tristan" to the "Tavola Ritonda" [argues that the author of the "Tavola" views Tristan's love for Iseult in a favorable light as loyal and "chaste" in contrast to Lancelot's carnal love for Guenevere].
Source: Romance Languages Annual , 6., ( 1994):  Pages 92 - 97.
Year of Publication: 1994.

266. Record Number: 1331
Author(s): Talbot, Alice-Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Posthumous Miracles of St. Photeine [identified by the Byzantines as the Samaritan woman who spoke with Jesus; her cult in Constantinople was active and known for healing eye diseases and blindness; article includes an English translation of BHG 1541m "The Discovery of the Relics of Holy Great Martyr Photeine and a Partial Account of Her Miracles"].
Source: Analecta Bollandiana , 112., 40180 ( 1994):  Pages 85 - 104. Reprinted in Women and Religious Life in Byzantium. By Alice-Mary Talbot. Variorum Collected Studies Series. Ashgate, 2001. Article 8
Year of Publication: 1994.

267. Record Number: 1308
Author(s): Angelos, Mark.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women in Genoese "Commenda" Contracts, 1155-1216 [one out of four commenda contracts, investment partnerships for Mediterranean trade, involved women].
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 20., 4 (December 1994):  Pages 299 - 312. Special Issue: The Genoese and Their Rivals in Medieval Mediterranean Commerce: Studies in Honour of Hilmar C. Krueger on His Ninetieth Birthday.
Year of Publication: 1994.

268. Record Number: 3351
Author(s): Uhlman, Diana R.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Comfort of Voice, the Solace of Script: Orality and Literacy in "The Book of Margery Kempe" [The author argues against a dichotomy between oral versus written and instead suggests a complex interdependence].
Source: Studies in Philology , 91., 1 (Winter 1994):  Pages 50 - 69.
Year of Publication: 1994.

269. Record Number: 3352
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Bartering of Blauncheflur in the Middle English "Floris and Blauncheflur"
Source: Studies in Philology , 91., 2 (Spring 1994):  Pages 101 - 110.
Year of Publication: 1994.

270. Record Number: 1951
Author(s): Shaw, Patricia.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Anglo-Saxon Attitudes of the "Ingenious and Learned Mrs. Elstob"
Source: Papers from the VII International Conference of the Spanish Society for Medieval English Language & Literature. .  1994. Studies in Philology , 91., 2 (Spring 1994):  Pages 327 - 349.
Year of Publication: 1994.

271. Record Number: 5102
Author(s): L'Hermite-Leclercq, Paulette.
Contributor(s):
Title : Les Pouvoirs de la supérieure au Moyen Âge
Source: Les Religieuses dans le Cloître et dans le Monde des Origines à Nos Jours. Actes du Deuxième Colloque International de C.E.R.C.O.R. Poitiers, 29 septembre-2 octobre 1988. .   Publications de l'Université de Sainte-Etienne, 1994. Studies in Philology , 91., 2 (Spring 1994):  Pages 165 - 185.
Year of Publication: 1994.

272. Record Number: 1764
Author(s): Brownlee, Kevin.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mélusine's Hybrid Body and the Poetics of Metamorphosis [discussion of multiple aspects including the monstrous, the erotic, the courtly, the maternal, and the political].
Source: Yale French Studies (Full Text via JSTOR) 86 (1994): 18-38. Corps Mystique, Corps Sacré: Textual Transfigurations of the Body from the Middle Ages to the Seventeenth Century.Link Info
Year of Publication: 1994.

273. Record Number: 9483
Author(s): Haahr, Joan G.
Contributor(s):
Title : Criseyde's Inner Debate: The Dialectic of Enamorment in the "Filostrato" and the "Troilus" [The author examines Criseyde’s rhetorical “inner” disputation about whether or not she should fall in love with Troilus, and suggests Chaucer uses this narrative convention to add to her character. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies in Philology , 89., 3 (Summer 1992):  Pages 257 - 271.
Year of Publication: 1992.

274. Record Number: 10364
Author(s): Shell, Janice and Grazioso Sironi
Contributor(s):
Title : Cecilia Gallerani: Leonardo’s Lady with an Ermine [The authors identify the sitter for Leonardo’s portrait as Cecilia Gallerani, the mistress of Duke Ludovico Sforza. It is not the lady’s resemblance to other women in other contemporary portraits but the iconography of the painting that identifies her. She holds an ermine (weasel) because Sforza's emblem was the ermine, or because the Greek word for ermine is “gale” (a pun on the lady’s surname). Cecilia may also have been the model for the pointing angel in Leonardo’s “Virgin of the Rocks.” The Appendix transcribes six Latin documents concerning Cecilia. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Artibus et Historiae , 13., 25 ( 1992):  Pages 47 - 66.
Year of Publication: 1992.

275. Record Number: 8872
Author(s): Kerby-Fulton, Kathryn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Hildegard of Bingen: Two Recent Studies [The author praises the new biography bu Sabina Flanagan and Barbara Newman's edition of Hildegard's "Symphonia." Title note supplied by feminae.].
Source: Medievalia et Humanistica New Series , 18., ( 1992):  Pages 189 - 197.
Year of Publication: 1992.

276. Record Number: 9529
Author(s): Brownlee, Kevin.
Contributor(s):
Title : Commentary and the Rhetoric of Exemplarity: Griseldis in Petrarch, Philippe de Mezieres, and the "Estoire" [The story of patient Griselda was retold throughout the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries in different languages; in each treatment of the story, authors see Griselda as an exemplary figure, but they disagree on what exactly she exemplifies. Petrarch portrays Griselda’s submission to her husband figuratively (she represents a Christian’s submission to God). For Philippe, Griselda’s story has both figurative and literal meanings. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: South Atlantic Quarterly , 91., 4 (Fall 1992):  Pages 865 - 890.
Year of Publication: 1992.

277. Record Number: 9533
Author(s): Laiou, Angeliki E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Observations on the Life and Ideology of Byzantine Women [The author briefly examines texts written by Byzantine women including wills. She looks at greater length at women who endowed monasteries and at the lives women led within convents. The article was originally published in Byzantinische Forschungen 9 (1985): 59-102. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Gender, Society, and Economic Life in Byzantium. Angeliki E. Laiou Variorum Collected Studies Series .   Ashgate, 1992. South Atlantic Quarterly , 91., 4 (Fall 1992):  Pages 59 - 102. Earlier published in Studies in Church History 27 (1990): 53-78.
Year of Publication: 1992.

278. Record Number: 9548
Author(s): Gaggi, Silvio.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Tie that Binds: "Arnolfini's Wedding" and Ideology [Van Eyck's painting has been interpreted as legal documentation of a consensual marriage. The artist's signature is documentary in nature. Although portraits had no evidentiary value in law, Van Eyck depicted the values of merchants who tried to reconcile religion with their focus on property transactions. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Word and Image , 8., 4 (October-December 1992):  Pages 344 - 350.
Year of Publication: 1992.

279. Record Number: 10005
Author(s): Morse, Charlotte Cook.
Contributor(s):
Title : What to Call Petrarch’s Griselda [The story about Griselda appears in many medieval manuscripts and early printed editions, but each version is unique, with different introductory and concluding rubrics (headings and titles). These rubrics provide insights into the variety of ways early scribes and readers read the story: it could be read as a myth, history, fable, or exemplum. A bibliography lists 188 manuscripts containing Petrarch’s Latin Griselda story. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Uses of manuscripts in literary studies: essays in memory of Judson Boyce Allen.   Edited by Charlotte Cook Morse, Penelope Reed Doob, and Marjorie Curry Woods Studies in medieval culture .   Medieval Institute Publications, Western Michigan University, 1992. Word and Image , 8., 4 (October-December 1992):  Pages 263 - 303.
Year of Publication: 1992.

280. Record Number: 10008
Author(s): Ziolkowski, Jan M.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Fairy Tale from before Fairy Tales: Egbert of Liege’s "De puella a lupellis seruata" and the Medieval Background of "Little Red Riding Hood" [The author analyzes Egbert’s eleventh-century Latin poem as an early analogue to the famous fairy tale about a girl and a wolf. Folklorists differ on the value of medieval texts for their studies, because most see them as too literary to be pure representations of an oral tradition and yet too early to qualify as literary fairy tales. Egbert claims an oral origin to his poem, which appears in a schoolbook for students learning Latin. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Speculum , 67., 3 (July 1992):  Pages 549 - 575.
Year of Publication: 1992.

281. Record Number: 10225
Author(s): King, Catherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Medieval and Renaissance Matrons, Italian-style [Women were able to commission art and architecture in fourteenth and fifteenth century Italy in a variety of ways, even if their involvement in the production of images and construction of buildings wasn’t as widespread as men’s. For instance, wealthy widows could control the making of large, public images such as funerary altarpieces, while nuns could commission artwork and buildings through convent endowments. Through their acts of patronage, these “matrons” challenged conventional expectations that women inhabit a small, private sphere. The author also analyzes how women chose to represent themselves visually within the works they commissioned. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte , 55., ( 1992):  Pages 372 - 393.
Year of Publication: 1992.

282. Record Number: 10300
Author(s): Hepburn, Frederick.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Portraiture of Lady Margaret Beaufort [The article surveys the various surviving portraits of Lady Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond and Derby. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Antiquaries Journal , 72., ( 1992):  Pages 118 - 140.
Year of Publication: 1992.

283. Record Number: 10372
Author(s): Hicks, Eric.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Mirror for Misogynists: John of Salisbury’s “Policraticus” (8.11) in the Translation of Denis Foulechat (1372) [The author presents a translation and transcription of a misogynist text written in French by Foulechat, itself a translation of a Latin text by John of Salisbury. The writings of John of Salisbury influenced Christine’s politics, as her works often seek to address misogyny in the literary tradition. The author argues that it is plausible that Christine read Foulechat’s translation of John’s work. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Reinterpreting Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Earl Jeffrey Richards, Joan Williamson, Nadia Margolis, and Christine Reno .   University of Georgia Press, 1992. Antiquaries Journal , 72., ( 1992):  Pages 77 - 107.
Year of Publication: 1992.

284. Record Number: 10381
Author(s): Richards, Earl Jeffrey.
Contributor(s):
Title : Christine de Pizan, the Conventions of Courtly Diction, and Italian Humanism [Christine dramatically transformed French poetic conventions through the influence of Italian humanist literary culture. The author argues that Christine prefers the models of eloquence offered by Italian poets like Dante and Petrarch over those offered by the French tradition (including the “Roman de la Rose” and Guillaume Machaut’s poetry). Christine’s writings offer a revolutionary political vision, espousing a unifying ideology of French nationalism over class division. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Reinterpreting Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Earl Jeffrey Richards, Joan Williamson, Nadia Margolis, and Christine Reno .   University of Georgia Press, 1992. Antiquaries Journal , 72., ( 1992):  Pages 250 - 271.
Year of Publication: 1992.

285. Record Number: 10673
Author(s): Davies, Oliver.
Contributor(s):
Title : Transformational Processes in the Work of Julian of Norwich and Mechthild of Magdeburg
Source: Medieval Mystical Tradition in England: Exeter Symposium , 5., ( 1992):  Pages 39 - 52.
Year of Publication: 1992.

286. Record Number: 10794
Author(s): Mickel, Emanuel J., Jr.
Contributor(s):
Title : Antiquities in Marie's "Lais" [The author considers the contemporary and historical aspects of Marie's “Lais,” arguing against the assertion that they derive from an ancient oral tradition. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: In Quest of Marie de France: A Twelfth-Century Poet.   Edited by Chantal A. Marechal .   Edwin Mellen Press, 1992. Medieval Mystical Tradition in England: Exeter Symposium , 5., ( 1992):  Pages 123 - 137.
Year of Publication: 1992.

287. Record Number: 10799
Author(s): Holten, Kathryn I.
Contributor(s):
Title : Metamorphosis and Language in the Lay of "Bisclavret" [The author shows that Marie uses the image of the domesticated werewolf to both awaken and soothe cultural anxieties regarding feudalism (a system which relies upon language codes to function). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: In Quest of Marie de France: A Twelfth-Century Poet.   Edited by Chantal A. Marechal .   Edwin Mellen Press, 1992. Medieval Mystical Tradition in England: Exeter Symposium , 5., ( 1992):  Pages 193 - 211.
Year of Publication: 1992.

288. Record Number: 10802
Author(s): Freeman, Michelle A.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Changing Figure of the Male: the Revenge of the Female Storyteller [The author argues that the female protagonists in “Yonec” and “Laustic” invent their own stories, and, figuratively, undergo the true transformations in their respective “Lais.” Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: In Quest of Marie de France: A Twelfth-Century Poet.   Edited by Chantal A. Marechal .   Edwin Mellen Press, 1992. Medieval Mystical Tradition in England: Exeter Symposium , 5., ( 1992):  Pages 243 - 261.
Year of Publication: 1992.

289. Record Number: 14682
Author(s): Smith, Jeffrey Chipps.
Contributor(s):
Title : Margaret of York and the Burgundian Portrait Tradition [The author surveys nine surviving manuscript paintings of Margaret, arguing that she was the first Burgundian duchess to develop an individualized image. Her representations emphasize her devotional piety and charity but also take motifs from ducal portraits. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Margaret of York, Simon Marmion, and "The Visions of Tondal": Papers Delivered at a Symposium organized by the Department of Manuscripts of the J. Paul Getty Museum in Collaboration with the Huntington Library and Art Collections, June 21-24, 1990.   Edited by Thomas Kren .   J. Paul Getty Museum, 1992. Medieval Mystical Tradition in England: Exeter Symposium , 5., ( 1992):  Pages 47 - 56.
Year of Publication: 1992.

290. Record Number: 4630
Author(s): González-Casanovas, R. J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marian Devotion as Gendered Discourse in Berceo and Alfonso X: Popular Reception of the "Milagros" and "Cantigas" [the author compares two miracle stories that appear in both Berceo and Alfonso X, "The Marvelous Birth" and "The Drunk Monk;" the author argues that gender plays a major role for both authors, with Berceo transforming the Virgin Mary into a cultural icon of chivalry, while Alfonso "reintroduces the maternal imagery into his 'Cantigas de Santa Maria' in such a way that it humanizes the effects of an embodied devotion and socializes the effects of a spiritualized courtesy" (Page 23)].
Source: Bulletin of the Cantigueiros de Santa Maria , 4., (Spring 1992):  Pages 17 - 31.
Year of Publication: 1992.

291. Record Number: 7246
Author(s): Gertz, SunHee Kim.
Contributor(s):
Title : Transferral, Transformation, and the Act of Reading in Marie deFrance's "Bisclavret" [The author observes that in Marie's "lai" "Bisclavret," the characters who are the most careful readers are also the most convincing storytellers. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Romance Quarterly , 39., 4 (November 1992):  Pages 399 - 410.
Year of Publication: 1992.

292. Record Number: 9183
Author(s): Harley, Marta Powell.
Contributor(s):
Title : Of Widewhod: A Middle English Tract in Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Bodley 938 [The author traces the Biblical and patristic sources for this tract on widowhood and defines it as essentially a translation of the final chapter of the "De vita christiana" with an introduction added of admonitions, scriptural references, and commentary. The author also supplies an edition of the Middle English text of the tract. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Manuscripta , 36., 3 (November 1992):  Pages 178 - 190.
Year of Publication: 1992.

293. Record Number: 8632
Author(s): Helfers, James P.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Mystic as Pilgrim: Margery Kempe and the Tradition of Nonfictional Travel Narrative [The author proposes to re-read "The Book of Margery Kempe" as a bridge between the medieval allegorical pilgrimage narrative and the humanist, curiosity-centered travel-literature tradition of the Renaissance. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Journal of the Rocky Mountain Medieval and Renaissance Association , 13., ( 1992):  Pages 25 - 45.
Year of Publication: 1992.

294. Record Number: 11110
Author(s): Willard, Charity Cannon.
Contributor(s):
Title : Christine de Pizan: From Poet to Political Commentator [The author analyzes and dates two little known works by Christine, "Livre de la prod'hommie de l'homme" and the "Livre de prudence" (which is in many respects identical to the first text). Willard suggests that the former was an early work immediately following the "Querelle de la Rose" writing and marks Christine's transition from poet to political moralist. While writing to attract the favor of princes, Christine felt duty bound to offer advice in regard to their behavior and to plead for them to aid France in its troubles. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Politics, Gender, and Genre: The Political Thought of Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Margaret Brabant .   Westview Press, 1992. Journal of the Rocky Mountain Medieval and Renaissance Association , 13., ( 1992):  Pages 17 - 32.
Year of Publication: 1992.

295. Record Number: 8688
Author(s): Archer, Rowena E.
Contributor(s):
Title : How Ladies ... Who Live on Their Manors Ought to Manage Their Households and Estates: Women as Landholders and Administrators in the Later Middle Ages [The author studies the range of administrative roles held by women landholders and estate managers in medieval England. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Woman is a Worthy Wight: Women in English Society c. 1200-1500.   Edited by P.J.P. Goldberg .   Alan Sutton Publishing, 1992. Journal of the Rocky Mountain Medieval and Renaissance Association , 13., ( 1992):  Pages 149 - 181.
Year of Publication: 1992.

296. Record Number: 10365
Author(s): Bull, David.
Contributor(s):
Title : Two Portraits by Leonardo: "Ginevra de’ Benci" and the "Lady with an Ermine."
Source: Artibus et Historiae , 13., 25 ( 1992):  Pages 67 - 83.
Year of Publication: 1992.

297. Record Number: 9181
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : A Comparison of Texts of One Episode in the "Life of St. Catherine of Alexandria" [Paper from the nineteenth Saint Louis conference].
Source: Manuscripta , 36., 3 (November 1992):  Pages 165 - 166.
Year of Publication: 1992.

298. Record Number: 7344
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Privileged Knowledge: St. Cecilia and the Alchemist in the "Canterbury Tales" [The author reads the "Second Nun's Tale" against the Alchemist's Tale in order to explore Chaucer's interest in the "epistemology of artistic transformation." Title note supplied by Feminae].
Source: Chaucer Review , 27., 1 ( 1992):  Pages 87 - 96.
Year of Publication: 1992.

299. Record Number: 10195
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Images of Women in Anglo-Saxon Art III: A Paean for a Queen: The Frontispiece to the "Encomium Emmae Reginae"
Source: Old English Newsletter , 26., 1 (Fall 1992):  Pages 56 - 58.
Year of Publication: 1992.

300. Record Number: 9466
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Marriage of Edward III and the Transmission of French Motets to England
Source: Journal of the American Musicological Society , 45., 1 (Spring 1992):  Pages 1 - 29.
Year of Publication: 1992.

301. Record Number: 7420
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Issue of Feminine Monstrosity: A Reevaluation of Grendel's Mother [The author argues that labeling Grendel's mother "monstrous" is a relatively recent trend, originating not in the text itself (which calls her a "lady" and a "warrior"), but in translations and literary critical treatments of the text. The author argues that Grendel's mother was considered terrible because she violated gender norms. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Comitatus , 23., ( 1992):  Pages 1 - 16.
Year of Publication: 1992.

302. Record Number: 10772
Author(s): Housington, Brenda M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mélusines de France et d'Outremanche: Portraits of Women in Jean d'Arras, Coudrette, and Their Middle English Translators
Source: A Wyf Ther Was: Essays in Honour of Paule Mertens-Fonck.   Edited by Juliette Dor .   English Department, University of Liège, 1992. Comitatus , 23., ( 1992):  Pages 199 - 208.
Year of Publication: 1992.

303. Record Number: 9460
Author(s): Kjaer, Jonna.
Contributor(s):
Title : Franco-Scandinavian Literary Transmission in the Middle Ages: Two Old Norse Translations of Chretien de Troyes -- "Ivens Saga" and "Erex Saga" [In the thirteenth century, some of Chretien’s Old French romances were translated into Old Norse sagas. The author compares two Norse translations of Chretien’s “Yvain” and “Erec et Enide” and finds that the saga-authors censor Chretien’s sexual references and emphasize the role of the Church over that of Arthur. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Arthurian Yearbook , 2., ( 1992):  Pages 113 - 134.
Year of Publication: 1992.

304. Record Number: 10194
Author(s): Nelson, Marie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Three Fighting Female Saints
Source: Old English Newsletter , 25., 3 (Spring 1992): Appendix A: Abstracts of Papers in Anglo-Saxon Studies. Conference paper presented at the Twenty-Seventh Congress on Medieval Studies, Western Michigan University, May 7-10, 1992, Session 347: "Anglo-Saxon Foundlings: Reclaiming Neglected Texts."
Year of Publication: 1992.

305. Record Number: 6602
Author(s): Martens, Maximiliaan P. J.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Epitaph of Anna van Nieuwenhove [the author argues that the donor portrait of a young woman with St. Anne, the Virgin, and the infant Christ was intended to memorialize Anna de Blasere who died shortly after giving birth; the painting probably hung in the Church of Our Lady in Bruges near the Nieuwenhove family monument].
Source: Metropolitan Museum Journal , 27., ( 1992):  Pages 37 - 42.
Year of Publication: 1992.

306. Record Number: 10378
Author(s): Mombello, Gianni
Contributor(s): Margolis, Nadia, trans. and ed.
Title : Christine de Pizan and the House of Savoy [The author traces the relationship between Christine’s family and the royal House of Savoy, particularly the ties between Christine’s father Thomas and members of the Savoy court. The article lists the manuscripts of Christine’s works recorded in Savoy household accounts during the fifteenth century. Although most of the manuscripts in the Savoy collection were destroyed in later centuries, some remain. The article ends with a bibliography of the current manuscript holdings of Christine’s works in the Savoy; the contents and codicological details of each manuscript are described. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Reinterpreting Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Earl Jeffrey Richards, Joan Williamson, Nadia Margolis, and Christine Reno .   University of Georgia Press, 1992. Analecta Bollandiana , 112., 40180 ( 1994):  Pages 187 - 204.
Year of Publication: 1992.

307. Record Number: 9490
Author(s): Ross, Robert C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Oral life, written text: the genesis of the "Book of Margery Kempe." [The author proposes to treat Kempe’s “Book” as a form of oral life-history, in order to better understand its compositional integrity. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Yearbook of English Studies , 22., ( 1992):  Pages 226 - 237.
Year of Publication: 1992.

308. Record Number: 9530
Author(s): France, James.
Contributor(s):
Title : From Bernard to Bridget: Cistercian Contribution to a Unique Scandinavian Monastic Body
Source: Cîteaux: Revue d'Histoire Cistercienne , 42., ( 1991):  Pages 479 - 495.
Year of Publication: 1991.

309. Record Number: 10973
Author(s): Wollin, Lars.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Monastery of Vadstena. Investigating the Great Translation Workshop in Medieval Scandinavia [The article identifies patterns of translation in the texts produced at St. Bridget’s Monastery of Vadstena, the most important site of literary translation in medieval Sweden. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Translator , 2., ( 1991):  Pages 65 - 88.
Year of Publication: 1991.

310. Record Number: 10974
Author(s): Brook, Leslie C.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Translator and His Reader: Jean de Meun and the Abelard-Heloise Correspondence [The author discusses Jean de Meun's role as a translator of Latin texts into French prose, focusing in particular on the translation strategies he used in approaching the Abelard-Heloise Correspondence. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Translator , 2., ( 1991):  Pages 99 - 122.
Year of Publication: 1991.

311. Record Number: 10975
Author(s): Pezzini, Domenico.
Contributor(s):
Title : Brigittine Tracts of Spiritual Guidance in Fifteenth-century England: A Study in Translation [The author discusses the fifteenth-century translations of St. Bridget‚s Revelations, by way of studying late medieval English devotional prose. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Translator , 2., ( 1991):  Pages 175 - 207.
Year of Publication: 1991.

312. Record Number: 11068
Author(s): Nichols, Stephen G.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marie de France’s Commonplaces [In her lais, Marie espouses the low culture of oral tradition and Breton folk tales over the literate Latin tradition, which was held in high esteem. The poetic technique of her lais combines classical rhetoric and popular narrative elements (like the use of vernacular and common proverbs). Her innovative use of commonplaces departs from Classical traditions and reforms the attitudes toward women and sexuality expressed in canonical Latin poetry. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Yale French Studies (Full Text via JSTOR) (1991): 134-148. Special Editions: Style and Values in Medieval Art and Literature.Link Info
Year of Publication: 1991.

313. Record Number: 11204
Author(s): Baumer-Despeigne, Odette.
Contributor(s):
Title : Hadewijch of Antwerp and Hadewijch II; Mysticism of Being in the Thirteenth Century in Brabant [The poems of the female mystic Hadewijch of Antwerp, composed between 1220 and 1240, were revised and augmented by another beguine (member of a sisterhood of laywomen) a decade later. This collaboration reflects the contemporary social trend among laywomen in the Low Countries to voluntary take up a simple life of chastity and poverty without joining a religious order. Although the poems composed by the Hadewijchs are written in the language of the trouveres and courtly love, they express a deep spirituality and love for God (not men). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studia Mystica , 14., 4 (Winter 1991):  Pages 16 - 37.
Year of Publication: 1991.

314. Record Number: 11038
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Oral Contraceptives and Early-Term Abortifacients during Classical Antiquity and the Middle Ages [The author argues that pre-modern traditional medicine used chemical birth control methods in order to successfully control the birth-rate. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Past and Present (Full Text via JSTOR) 132 (August 1991): 3-32. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1991.

315. Record Number: 11773
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Erotic Magic in Medieval Europe [The author argues that while medieval treatises on magic express a belief in the power of spells used to provoke and manipulate love and sex, medieval literature shows love as a force uncontrollable even by magic. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Sex in the Middle Ages: A Book of Essays.   Edited by Joyce E. Salisbury .   Garland Publishing, 1991.  Pages 30 - 55.
Year of Publication: 1991.

316. Record Number: 11776
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : A Fifteenth-Century Physician's Attitude Toward Sexuality: Dr. Johann Hartlieb's Secreta Mulierum Translation [The author discusses the range of approaches to women’s medicine taken in Hartlieb’s translation of the Secreta mulierum. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Sex in the Middle Ages: A Book of Essays.   Edited by Joyce E. Salisbury .   Garland Publishing, 1991.  Pages 110 - 125.
Year of Publication: 1991.

317. Record Number: 16591
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Marguerite Reads Giovanni: Gender and Narration in the "Heptaméron" and the "Decameron" [The article studies the ways in which Marguerite de Navarre rewrites the gender of Boccaccio's narrative voice in her translation, thereby questioning the function of gender in authorship. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Renaissance and Reformation/Renaissance et Réforme New Series , 1 ( 1991):  Pages 21 - 36.
Year of Publication: 1991.

318. Record Number: 10891
Author(s): Hunt, Lucy-Anne
Contributor(s):
Title : A Woman’s Prayer to Saint Sergios in Latin Syria: Interpreting a Thirteenth-century Icon at Mount Sinai [The icons at Saint Catherine’s Monastery at Mount Sinai include one depicting a black-veiled woman keeling in prayer before an equestrian Saint Sergios. The symbolic significance of the woman’s black veil is unknown, but the painting may indicate the imp
Source: Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies , 15., ( 1991):  Pages 96 - 145.
Year of Publication: 1991.

319. Record Number: 10696
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Two Hymeneal Compositions: Reflections of Fifteenth-Century Ecclesiastical Diplomacy [The author argues that the two songs written to celebrate the marriage of Cleophe Malatesta da Pesaro with Theodore II Palaiologus, Despot of the Morea, in fact serve as a failed attempt to solidify diplomatic relations between the eastern and western branches of Christendom. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Explorations in Renaissance Culture , 17., ( 1991):  Pages 87 - 108.
Year of Publication: 1991.

320. Record Number: 11228
Author(s): Tallan, Cheryl.
Contributor(s):
Title : Medieval Jewish Widows: Their Control of Resources
Source: Jewish History , 5., 1 (Spring 1991):  Pages 63 - 74.
Year of Publication: 1991.

321. Record Number: 11040
Author(s): Hosington, Brenda.
Contributor(s):
Title : Voices of Protest and Submission: Portraits of Women in "Partonopeu de Blois" and its Middle English Translation [The author compares the two title characters of the Old French and Middle English versions of the Partonopeu romance, showing that the fifteenth-century translator of the original text followed his source closely in representing female characters. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Reading Medieval Studies , 17., ( 1991):  Pages 51 - 75.
Year of Publication: 1991.

322. Record Number: 11822
Author(s): Rudat, Wolfgang E. H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Reading Chaucer's Earnest Games: Folk-Mode or Literary Sophistication? [There is no strict difference between the categories of "ernest" (serious, moral) and "game" (light, entertaining) in Chaucer's Canterbury Tales. The Merchant's Tale, a bawdy fabliau about an unfaithful wife and impotent husband, is an example of an "ernest game," a humorous form of story telling that has its roots in folklore and the oral tradition. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: English Language Notes , 29., 2 (December 1991):  Pages 16 - 20.
Year of Publication: 1991.

323. Record Number: 9546
Author(s): Mieszkowski, Gretchen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Chaucer’s Much Loved Criseyde [Chaucer portrays Criseyde as weak, inconsistent, and lacking selfhood, and this portrayal is in accordance with the Western male’s tendency to define his selfhood in opposition to a non-human female Other. Chaucer alters Criseyde from her literary precursor Criseida (from Boccaccio’s "Filostrato") by increasing Criseyde’s passivity; thus he renders her more pointedly feminine and attractive to male readers (including male literary critics). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Chaucer Review , 26., 2 ( 1991):  Pages 109 - 132.
Year of Publication: 1991.

324. Record Number: 11054
Author(s): Kelso, Carl, Jr.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women in Power: Fontevrault and the Paraclete Compared [The author argues that the Paraclet under Heloise shared many similarities with Fontevrault. Most importantly both institutions and their daughter houses were independent, not being affiliated with any monastic order and using their own rules. Both called for strong abbesses who held authority even over male functionaries. With their emphasis on female responsibility, both houses made provisions for noncloistered nuns to do business with the world. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Comitatus , 22., ( 1991):  Pages 55 - 69.
Year of Publication: 1991.

325. Record Number: 10687
Author(s): Bowers, John M.
Contributor(s):
Title : The House of Chaucer & Son: The Business of Lancastrian Canon-Formation [The author argues that Thomas Chaucer, son of the poet Geoffrey Chaucer, maintained the lease on his father’s tenement in Westminster Abbey in order to maintain control over the poet’s manuscripts. Here, exemplars for the authoritative Chaucer manuscripts were assembled for copying by professional scribes. By overseeing the transmission of his father’s texts, Thomas wished to maintain political connections to the Lancastrians (the ruling dynasty) and to establish Chaucer’s place in the canon as the “father” of English poetry. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Perspectives , 6., ( 1991):  Pages 135 - 143.
Year of Publication: 1991.

326. Record Number: 10658
Author(s): Turville-Petre, Thorlac.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Middle English Life of St. Zita [The author briefly notes a fragment of the Middle English translation of the "Life" of Saint Zitra, a thirteenth century servant in Lucca, Italy. The article includes a transcription of the surviving text. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Nottingham Medieval Studies , 35., ( 1991):  Pages 102 - 105.
Year of Publication: 1991.

327. Record Number: 10680
Author(s): Stoudt, Debra L.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Production and Preservation of Letters by Fourteenth-Century Dominican Nuns [Dominican priests often advised members of female religious houses on both practical and spiritual matters, and at times they aided women writers like Margaretha Ebner and Elsbeth Stagel as scribes or editors of their work. Letters by priests to nuns are more likely to be preserved than correspondence written by nuns themselves. The author gives two major reasons for the discrepancy: the letters were pereived to have historical and instructional values for the convent community, and priests held higher rank in the church hierarchy than nuns. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Mediaeval Studies , 53., ( 1991):  Pages 309 - 326.
Year of Publication: 1991.

328. Record Number: 13055
Author(s): Sherberg, Michael.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Patriarch's Pleasure and the Frametale Crisis: "Decameron" IV-V [The author argues that the various storytellers react to Filostrato's theme for Day IV which reinstitutes the male order and denies women any choice in love. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Romance Quarterly , 38., 2 (May 1991):  Pages 227 - 238.
Year of Publication: 1991.

329. Record Number: 12670
Author(s): Dufresne, Laura Rinaldi
Contributor(s):
Title : A Woman of Excellent Character: A Case Study of Dress, Reputation, and the Changing Costume of Christine de Pizan in the Fifteenth Century [The author surveys fifteenth century manuscript representations of Christine de Pizan. During her lifetime in manuscripts prepared under her supervision, Christine is presented in modest dress as befits a scirbe and court author. This is in keeping with the message of "Le Trésor" which emphasizes proper conduct for women of every social group. Manuscripts from later in the century, however, give her greater authority by depicting her in furs, elaborate headdresses, and other fashions of contemporary high-born ladies. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Dress: Annual Journal of the Costume Society of America , 17., ( 1990):  Pages 104 - 117.
Year of Publication: 1990.

330. Record Number: 8505
Author(s): Grieve, Patricia E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Vida de Santa María Egipciaca: Economic Discourse and the Hagiographic Pattern
Source: Corónica , 19., 1 (Fall 1990):  Pages 185 - 187.
Year of Publication: 1990.

331. Record Number: 12743
Author(s): Keefer, Sarah Larratt.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Monastic Echo in an Old English Charm [The Old English metrical poem most commonly known as “Charm for Delayed Birth” is often interpreted as a magical incantation intended to protect a woman from a spontaneous miscarriage or stillbirth. Although the poem may have origins in pagan practices, the poem’s references to Bethlehem and the Nativity give it Christian relevance. Moreover, the poem repeatedly echoes monastic references to scripture and liturgy, giving the poem an oral quality that could serve a prayerful or devotional purpose instead of just being a pagan incantation with Christian terminology. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Leeds Studies in English , 21., ( 1990):  Pages 71 - 80.
Year of Publication: 1990.

332. Record Number: 12748
Author(s): Al-Heitty, Abd Al-Kareem.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Contrasting Spheres of Free Women and Jawari in the Literary Life of the Early Abbasid Caliphate [Women, both bond and free, contributed much to Arabic literary life in the courts of the Abbasid caliphs. The poetry of women poets illustrates the overlapping social spheres occupied by free noble women and jawari (female slaves or prisoners of war) in early Abbasid times. Women of the courts could play active roles in governance and education and also played a crucial role in majalis (courtly social gatherings) by composing and performing poetry or facilitating more serious assemblies for intellectual discussion. However, as the luxury of the court increased and the number of jawari in the court grew, noble born upper class women began to be subjected to more circumscribed social roles and strict moral codes. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Al-Masåq , 3., ( 1990):  Pages 31 - 51.
Year of Publication: 1990.

333. Record Number: 12857
Author(s): De Weever, Jacqueline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Candace in the Alexander Romances: Variations on the Portrait Theme [The author studies the literary development of Candace in the Alexander romances, paying particular attention to the way her appearance and character as a queen change in the different retellings. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Romance Philology , 43., 4 (May 1990):  Pages 529 - 546.
Year of Publication: 1990.

334. Record Number: 15600
Author(s): Gold, Penny S.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Charters of Le Ronceray D'Angers; Male/Female Interaction in Monastic Business [The author briefly documents and analyzes women's and men's interactions and roles in administering the female Benedictine monastery of Ronceray d'Angers in western France. Gold compares working relationships with Fontevrault to demonstrate that the Ronceray abbesses had less clean-cut control over the priests and coanons attached to thier houses. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Women and the Sources of Medieval History.   Edited by Joel T. Rosenthal .   University of Georgia Press, 1990. Romance Philology , 43., 4 (May 1990):  Pages 122 - 132.
Year of Publication: 1990.

335. Record Number: 12678
Author(s): Westrem, Scott D.
Contributor(s):
Title : Medieval Western European Views of Sexuality Reflected in the Narratives of Travelers to the Orient [The author briefly surveys four influential travel accounts written in the span of a century. Westrem cites discussion of fornication, adultery, polygamy, and incest. The authors, even the two churchmen, are surprisingly moderate in their attitudes toward these sexual crimes, although they indicate the increasingly serious nature of the offenses. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Homo Carnalis: The Carnal Aspect of Medieval Human Life.   Edited by Helen Rodite Lemay Acta .   Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, State University of New York at Binghamton, 1990. Romance Philology , 43., 4 (May 1990):  Pages 141 - 156. Papers presented at a conference held at the State University of New York at Stony Brook in 1987
Year of Publication: 1990.

336. Record Number: 11197
Author(s): Head, Thomas.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Marriages of Christina of Markyate
Source: Viator , 21., ( 1990):  Pages 75 - 101.
Year of Publication: 1990.

337. Record Number: 15603
Author(s): Lemay, Helen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and the Literature of Obstetrics and Gynecology [The author argues that the practices of learned physicians should not be held in opposition to those of midwives. Some folklore was adapted into the humoral system of medicine. In other cases doctors accepted superstitious cures particularly in childbirth and fertility where problems needed decisive remedies. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Women and the Sources of Medieval History.   Edited by Joel T. Rosenthal .   University of Georgia Press, 1990. Viator , 21., ( 1990):  Pages 189 - 209.
Year of Publication: 1990.

338. Record Number: 12742
Author(s): Beattie, D. R. G.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Yemenite Tradition of Targum Ruth [The author examines the language in eleven Yemenite manuscripts containing Aramaic translations of the Book of Ruth from the Hebrew Bible. Although the modifications and variants in the manuscripts that have been introduced in the text resemble developments that occurred in Western medieval manuscripts and Yemenite manuscripts of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, the author establishes that these eleven manuscripts are much more recent productions based upon European printed texts. Nonetheless, these more recent manuscripts do contain improvements upon the text of the Targum Ruth, including the correct use of an idiomatic form of the Aramaic verb “to marry” in place of a literal translation of the Hebrew verb “to take” (introduced in the twelfth or thirteenth century). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Journal of Jewish Studies , 41., 2 (Autumn 1990):  Pages 49 - 56.
Year of Publication: 1990.

339. Record Number: 12759
Author(s): Waugh, Scott L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women's Inheritance and the Growth of Bureaucratic Monarchy in Twelfth- and Thirteenth-Century England [The author documents changes in English inheritance laws as they pertain to female heirs and coheirs, showing that, by 1250, the process of partitioning inheritances had changed in such a way that administrative roles were assumed increasingly by royal officials and justices rather than lords. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Nottingham Medieval Studies , 34., ( 1990):  Pages 71 - 92.
Year of Publication: 1990.

340. Record Number: 12778
Author(s): Prestwich, Michael.
Contributor(s):
Title : Edward I and the Maid of Norway [The author discusses the Maid of Norway episode in relation to English diplomacy and trade, with particular attention to Edward I’s role. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Scottish Historical Review , 69., 2 (October 1990):  Pages 157 - 174.
Year of Publication: 1990.

341. Record Number: 12767
Author(s): Millet, Bella.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Audience of the Saints’ Lives of the Katherine Group [The author posits that the Katherine Group had two “concentric” audiences, one composed of anchoresses, and the other, a general audience, directly addressed by the text, who may have received the Lives orally, in church. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Reading Medieval Studies , 16., ( 1990):  Pages 127 - 156.
Year of Publication: 1990.

342. Record Number: 12868
Author(s): Millett, Bella.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Textual Transmission of "Seinte Iuliene" [The author discusses the transmission of the Middle English alliterative Seinte Iuliene. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medium Ævum , 59., 1 ( 1990):  Pages 41 - 54.
Year of Publication: 1990.

343. Record Number: 12779
Author(s): Crawford, Barbara E.
Contributor(s):
Title : North Sea Kingdoms, North Sea Bureaucrat: A Royal Official Who Transcended National Boundaries [The author argues for an identification of Weland of Stiklaw (a Scottish royal officer) with the Weland recorded to have accompanied Margaret, Maid of Norway, on her voyage to Scotland. The article includes an Appendix, an inventory of Isabella Bruce’s Goods. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Scottish Historical Review , 69., 2 (October 1990):  Pages 175 - 184.
Year of Publication: 1990.

344. Record Number: 12863
Author(s): Spearing, A.C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marie de France and Her Middle English Adapters [The author examines three Middle English lays alongside Le Fresne and Lanval in order to discover what such a comparison reveals about Marie de France's poems, as well as the English versions of them. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies in the Age of Chaucer , 12., ( 1990):  Pages 117 - 156.
Year of Publication: 1990.

345. Record Number: 28574
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : St. Catherine of Siena and Female Devotee
Source: Al-Masåq , 3., ( 1990):
Year of Publication:

346. Record Number: 28575
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Portrait of a Woman
Source: Al-Masåq , 3., ( 1990):
Year of Publication:

347. Record Number: 28579
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Profile of a Woman
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/83/Antonio_del_Pollaiolo_-_Portrait_of_a_Young_Woman_-_WGA18048.jpg/250px-Antonio_del_Pollaiolo_-_Portrait_of_a_Young_Woman_-_WGA18048.jpg
Year of Publication:

348. Record Number: 28586
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Profile of a Woman
Source:
Year of Publication:

349. Record Number: 28718
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Portrait of a Woman
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/55/Antonio_Pollaiuolo_005.jpg/250px-Antonio_Pollaiuolo_005.jpg
Year of Publication:

350. Record Number: 28721
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Profile of a Woman
Source:
Year of Publication:

351. Record Number: 28722
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Head of a Woman
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/55/Domenico_Ghirlandaio_-_Elderly_Woman_-_WGA08918.jpg/250px-Domenico_Ghirlandaio_-_Elderly_Woman_-_WGA08918.jpg
Year of Publication:

352. Record Number: 28723
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Portrait of a Woman
Source:
Year of Publication:

353. Record Number: 28725
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Coronation of the Virgin
Source:
Year of Publication:

354. Record Number: 28727
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Portrait of a Woman
Source:
Year of Publication:

355. Record Number: 28729
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Giovanna Tornabuoni
Source:
Year of Publication:

356. Record Number: 28731
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Ginevra de' Benci (obverse)
Source:
Year of Publication:

357. Record Number: 28732
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Maria Maddalena Portinari
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/55/Hans_Memling_044.jpg/250px-Hans_Memling_044.jpg
Year of Publication:

358. Record Number: 28737
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Widow of Alvise Contarini
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/55/Jacometto_Veneziano_003.jpg/250px-Jacometto_Veneziano_003.jpg
Year of Publication:

359. Record Number: 28738
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Portrait of a Woman
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/55/Jacometto_Veneziano_008.jpg/250px-Jacometto_Veneziano_008.jpg
Year of Publication:

360. Record Number: 28739
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Woman with Ermine
Source:
Year of Publication:

361. Record Number: 28744
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Portrait of a Man and Woman at a Casement
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/55/Lippo_lippi_woman.jpg/250px-Lippo_lippi_woman.jpg
Year of Publication:

362. Record Number: 28746
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Margaret of Austria at Age Three
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/55/Margarethe_of_Austria_Young.jpeg/250px-Margarethe_of_Austria_Young.jpeg
Year of Publication:

363. Record Number: 28749
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Margaret of Austria
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/55/Master_of_Moulins_-_Portrait_of_Margaret_of_Austria_%28Portrait_of_a_Young_Princess%29_-_WGA14462.jpg/250px-Master_of_Moulins_-_Portrait_of_Margaret_of_Austria_%28Portrait_of_a_Young_Princess%29_-_WGA14462.jpg
Year of Publication:

364. Record Number: 28751
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Young Lady of Fashion
Source:
Year of Publication:

365. Record Number: 28752
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Portrait of Female Donor
Source:
Year of Publication:

366. Record Number: 28753
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Federico da Montefeltro and His Wife Battista Sforza
Source:
Year of Publication:

367. Record Number: 28754
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Simonetta Vespucci as Cleopatra
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/55/Piero_di_Cosimo_043.jpg/250px-Piero_di_Cosimo_043.jpg
Year of Publication:

368. Record Number: 28756
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Princess Ginevra d'Este
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/55/Pisanello_016.jpg/250px-Pisanello_016.jpg
Year of Publication:

369. Record Number: 28758
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Bianca Maria Sforza
Source:
Year of Publication:

370. Record Number: 28759
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Portrait of a Woman
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/55/Weyden_Portrait_of_a_Lady.jpg/250px-Weyden_Portrait_of_a_Lady.jpg
Year of Publication:

371. Record Number: 28761
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Simonetta Vespucci as Mythological Nymph
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/55/Sandro_Botticelli_-_weiBliches_Brustbild.png/250px-Sandro_Botticelli_-_weiBliches_Brustbild.png
Year of Publication:

372. Record Number: 28764
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Widow Danielis carried on a Litter
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c3/Danielis.jpg/250px-Danielis.jpg
Year of Publication:

373. Record Number: 28770
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Saint Hedwig of Silesia with Duke Ludwig of Legnica and Brieg and Duchess Agnés
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/55/Hedwig_of_Andechs.jpg/250px-Hedwig_of_Andechs.jpg
Year of Publication:

374. Record Number: 28815
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Birth of St. John the Baptist
Source:
Year of Publication:

375. Record Number: 28816
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Desco da parto [birth tray]: Birthing Chamber Scene (obverse view)
Source:
Year of Publication:

376. Record Number: 28822
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Isidore of Seville presents his work to Florentine (or Florentina), his sister
Source:
Year of Publication:

377. Record Number: 28829
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Geoffrey Luttrell Prepares for Battle
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/ff/LuttrellPsalterFol202vGeoffLutrellMounted.jpg/250px-LuttrellPsalterFol202vGeoffLutrellMounted.jpg
Year of Publication:

378. Record Number: 28830
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Lucrezia Tornabuoni
Source:
Year of Publication:

379. Record Number: 28842
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Scenes from the Passion of Christ
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9e/Passione_di_torino_01.jpg/250px-Passione_di_torino_01.jpg
Year of Publication:

380. Record Number: 28951
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : St. Margaret and Mary Magdalene with Maria Portinari
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fd/Hugo_van_der_goes_portinari_triptych_right.jpg/250px-Hugo_van_der_goes_portinari_triptych_right.jpg
Year of Publication:

381. Record Number: 28956
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Desco da parto [Birth tray] depicting The Triumph of Love
Source:
Year of Publication:

382. Record Number: 29096
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Portrait of Margaret of York
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/37/Margaret_of_York.jpg/250px-Margaret_of_York.jpg
Year of Publication:

383. Record Number:
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Trinity
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/3c/Masaccio_-_Trinity_-_WGA14208.jpg/250px-Masaccio_-_Trinity_-_WGA14208.jpg
Year of Publication:

384. Record Number:
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Dedication Stone of Ulm Cathedral
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/71/Ulm-Muenster-ReliefGrundsteinlegung-061209.jpg/250px-Ulm-Muenster-ReliefGrundsteinlegung-061209.jpg
Year of Publication:

385. Record Number:
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Dioscorides Receives Mandrake from Euresis
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e2/ViennaDioscoridesAuthorPortrait.jpg/250px-ViennaDioscoridesAuthorPortrait.jpg
Year of Publication:

386. Record Number:
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Portrait of Princess Anicia Juliana
Source:
Year of Publication:

387. Record Number:
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Portrait of Isabella of Portugal
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f2/Isabella_of_portugal.jpg/250px-Isabella_of_portugal.jpg
Year of Publication:

388. Record Number: 30914
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Arnolfini Portrait
Source:
Year of Publication:

389. Record Number: 30923
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Luttrell Family at Table
Source:
Year of Publication:

390. Record Number: 30932
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Tree of Jesse
Source:
Year of Publication:

391. Record Number:
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Mary of Guelders in Hortus Conclusus
Source:
Year of Publication:

392. Record Number:
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Portrait of Israhel von Meckenem and his wife Ida
Source:
Year of Publication:

393. Record Number:
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Catherine of Cleves before the Virgin and Child
Source:
Year of Publication:

394. Record Number:
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Young Girl
Source:
Year of Publication:

395. Record Number:
Author(s):
Contributor(s):