Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


202 Record(s) Found in our database

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1. Record Number: 38263
Author(s): Troup, Cynthia
Contributor(s):
Title : 'With Open Doors' in the Tor de' Specchi: The Chiesa Vecchia Frescoes and the Monks of Santa Maria Nova
Source: Studies on Florence and the Italian Renaissance in Honour of F. W. Kent.   Edited by Peter Howard and Cecilia Hewlett .   Brepols , 2016.  Pages 405 - 427.
Year of Publication: 2016.

2. Record Number: 36088
Author(s): Ermine de Reims
Contributor(s):
Title : Appendix: The Visions of Ermine de Reims
Source: The Strange Case of Ermine de Reims: A Medieval Woman between Demons and Saints. Renate Blumenfeld-Kosinski .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 2015.  Pages 157 - 186.
Year of Publication: 2015.

3. Record Number: 35786
Author(s): Innocent III, Pope
Contributor(s): Bolton, Brenda, trans.
Title : Innocent III and the Intercessory Processions of 1212
Source: Crusade and Christendom: Annotated Documents in Translation from Innocent III to the Fall of Acre, 1187-1291.   Edited by Jessalyn Bird, Edward Peters, and James M. Powell .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 2013.  Pages 82 - 85. The Latin text may be found in the Patrologia Latina, Volume 216: 698-699.
Year of Publication: 2013.

4. Record Number: 27568
Author(s): Stanford, Charlotte A. ,
Contributor(s):
Title : Donations from the Body for the Soul: Apparel, Devotion, and Status in Late Medieval Strasbourg [The author analyzes evidence of lay people’s contributions to the building and services of Strasbourg’s cathedral as recorded in the “Book of Donors” from the early fourteenth century to 1521. Many people contributed clothing and related items, both for resale and for use in liturgical services. Stanford notes women’s participation as donors and the varieties of women’s clothing and ornaments given as gifts. She underlines the personal nature of many women’s gifts including elaborate linens decorated with gold and silk destined for the Virgin’s chapel. The appendices include a glossary of apparel-related terms in the “Book of Donors” both in Latin and in German (pages 199-205). Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 6., ( 2010):  Pages 173 - 205.
Year of Publication: 2010.

5. Record Number: 28444
Author(s): Robinson, I. S.,
Contributor(s):
Title : Conversio and conversatio in the Life of Herluca of Epfach
Source: Medieval Italy, Medieval and Early Modern Women: Essays in Honour of Christine Meek.   Edited by Conor Kostick .   Four Courts Press, 2010. Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 6., ( 2010):  Pages 172 - 194.
Year of Publication: 2010.

6. Record Number: 24045
Author(s): Schuchman, Anne M.
Contributor(s):
Title : "Within the Walls of Paradise": Space and Community in the "Vita" of Umiliana de' Cerchi [Umiliata dei Cerchi was a 13th century Florentine laywoman who, as a widow, lived a religious life in her family’s tower house. Franciscan friar Vito da Cortona wrote her “vita” shortly after her death in 1246. Schuchman focuses on the text's description of Umiliata’s life in the tower as a substitute for joining a monastery. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Negotiating Community and Difference in Medieval Europe: Gender, Power, Patronage, and the Authority of Religion in Latin Christendom.   Edited by Katherine Allen Smith and Scott Wells Studies in the History of Christian Traditions .   Brill, 2009. Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 6., ( 2010):  Pages 49 - 64.
Year of Publication: 2009.

7. Record Number: 24050
Author(s): Smith, Kathryn A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Book, Body, and the Construction of Self in the Taymouth Hours [The author analyzes miniatures and bas de page illustrations in a book of hours made for an English royal woman in the 1330s. Smith finds evidence of models of appropriate devout behavior for the laity. The portrait of the book owner at prayer during mass shows her with hands extended and the book of hours at her side. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Negotiating Community and Difference in Medieval Europe: Gender, Power, Patronage, and the Authority of Religion in Latin Christendom.   Edited by Katherine Allen Smith and Scott Wells Studies in the History of Christian Traditions .   Brill, 2009. Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 6., ( 2010):  Pages 173 - 204.
Year of Publication: 2009.

8. Record Number: 24046
Author(s): Schulenburg, Jane Tibbetts
Contributor(s):
Title : Holy Women and the Needle Arts: Piety, Devotion, and Stitching the Sacred, ca. 500- 1150 [The author catalogs evidence of women’s embroidery for the Church done by queens, noble women, and nuns. They decorated Church vestments with gold, silver, and jewels. Schulenburg argues that their skills were values and associated with wisdom. Many of the embroiderers and patrons hoped for the special prayers of saints in return for their shining gifts. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Negotiating Community and Difference in Medieval Europe: Gender, Power, Patronage, and the Authority of Religion in Latin Christendom.   Edited by Katherine Allen Smith and Scott Wells Studies in the History of Christian Traditions .   Brill, 2009. Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 6., ( 2010):  Pages 83 - 110.
Year of Publication: 2009.

9. Record Number: 20601
Author(s): Stuard, Susan Mosher
Contributor(s):
Title : Satisfying the Laws: The "Legenda" of Maria of Venice [Susan Mosher Stuard analyzes the "Vita" of Maria Sturion written by her confessor, Thomas Caffarini. Thomas had been given the task of writing a rule for Dominican penitents, lay people who lived a religious life without vows (and also known as tertiaries or third orders). Maria Sturion (or Maria of Venice) had been abandoned by her young husband and led a religious life at the home of her parents; Caffarini developed a close relationship with her as confessor and teacher. He saw Maria's "vita" as a model that other wealthy, young Venetian women could follow. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Law and the Illicit in Medieval Europe.   Edited by Ruth Mazo Karras, Joel Kaye, and E. Ann Matter .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008. Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 6., ( 2010):  Pages 197 - 210.
Year of Publication: 2008.

10. Record Number: 20599
Author(s): Engen, John van
Contributor(s):
Title : Illicit Religion: The Case of Friar Matthew Grabow, O.P [In the Middle Ages "Religious" could mean a person who joined a vowed order of monks, nuns or friars or it could apply more broadly to anyone who lived a chiristian life. The Dominican Matthew Grabow attacked the followers of the "Devotio Moderna," especially women's communities, for living a common life without vows. He also thought that it was not legal for the laity to give up their property rights and pursue a religious life without taking monastic vows. This argument was condemned, even by other friars, for making religious life broadly understood, illicit. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Law and the Illicit in Medieval Europe.   Edited by Ruth Mazo Karras, Joel Kaye, and E. Ann Matter .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008. Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 6., ( 2010):  Pages 103 - 116.
Year of Publication: 2008.

11. Record Number: 15887
Author(s): Anderson, Wendy Love.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Real Presence of Mary: Eucharistic Disbelief and the Limits of Orthodoxy in Fourteenth-Century France [The author analyses the case of Aude Fauré which was recorded in Bishop Jacques Fourniers' inquisitorial "Register." She gave two different accounts of her "error" in belief with the second version accepted by the tribunal and penances assigned. Anderson argues that Aude demonstrates a deeper theological understanding and a more complex spirituality than earlier scholars have recognized. Title notes upplied by Feminae.].
Source: Church History , 75., 4 (December 2006):  Pages 748 - 767.
Year of Publication: 2006.

12. Record Number: 15806
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Gerson's Stance on Women [Anderson argues that scholarly opinion about Jean Gerson has been excessively negative. Gerson was capable of being controlling with his sisters and suspecting the inspiration of mystics like Bridget of Sweden, whom he blamed in part for the Great Schism. He was, however, capable of being supportive of devout women; and his criticisms of male figures who erred must be taken into account. Moreover, Gerson was capable of supporting Joan of Arc and, for a time, Ermine of Reims, despite their not fitting into passive roles. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: A Companion to Jean Gerson.   Edited by Brian Patrick McGuire Brill's Companions to the Christian Tradition: A Series of handbooks and reference works on the intellectual and religious life of Europe, 500-1700 .   Brill, 2006. Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 6., ( 2010):  Pages 293 - 315.
Year of Publication: 2006.

13. Record Number: 28214
Author(s): Newman, Barbara
Contributor(s):
Title : What Did It Mean to Say "I Saw"? The Clash between Theory and Practice in Medieval Visionary Culture [The author analyzes differing approaches to visions within the medieval Church. One view encouraged visions through guided meditation, with Newman citing Christina of Markyate and Mechthild of Hackeborn as examples. The other predominant view rejected visualization and questioned the source of visions. During the later Middle Ages theologians became increasingly concerned about the danger of cultivated visions, especially those of women like Bridget of Sweden and other lay people influenced by the pseudo-Bonaventuran "Meditations on the Life of Christ." Ultimately the more critical approach to visions prevailed among the learned. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Speculum , 80., 1 ( 2005):  Pages 1 - 43.
Year of Publication: 2005.

14. Record Number: 14117
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Margaret of York: The Subtle Influence of a Duchess [The author briefly sketches the life of Margaret of York with an emphasis on her political involvement as well as her support of devotional activities including manuscript production, pilgrimage, and religious reform. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women of Distinction: Margaret of York | Margaret of Austria.   Edited by Dagmar Eichberger .   Brepols, 2005. Church History , 75., 4 (December 2006):  Pages 42 - 55.
Year of Publication: 2005.

15. Record Number: 14126
Author(s): Rudy, Kathryn M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women's Devotions at Court [The author briefly surveys the devotional activities of Margaret of York and her step-grandaughter Margaret of Austria. These included prayers and sacred objects related to fertility and childbirth, books for prayer, meditation, and teaching young childr
Source: Women of Distinction: Margaret of York | Margaret of Austria.   Edited by Dagmar Eichberger .   Brepols, 2005. Church History , 75., 4 (December 2006):  Pages 230 - 239.
Year of Publication: 2005.

16. Record Number: 10924
Author(s): Mengel, David C.
Contributor(s):
Title : From Venice to Jerusalem and Beyond: Milíc of Kromeríz and the Topography of Prostitution in Fourteenth Century Prague [Milíc, a preacher and reformer, established a complex of buildings for a community of repentant prostitutes and preaching clerics in an area known as Venice that had formerly included the city's leading public brothel. The community, named Jerusalem, did not have a long life with Pope Gregory XI condemming Milíc in July 1374 and the emperor Charles IV signing Jerusalem over to the Cistercians in December of that year. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Speculum , 79., 2 (April 2004):  Pages 407 - 442.
Year of Publication: 2004.

17. Record Number: 10536
Author(s): Chavasse, Ruth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Piety, Penance, and Popular Reading in Devotion to the Virgin Mary and Her Miracles: Italian Incunabula and Early Printed Collections
Source: The church and the book: papers read at the 2000 Summer Meeting and the 2001 Winter Meeting of the Ecclesiastical History Society.   Edited by R. N. Swanson Studies in Church History, 38.  2004. Speculum , 79., 2 (April 2004):  Pages 53 - 162.
Year of Publication: 2004.

18. Record Number: 10826
Author(s): Simons, Walter.
Contributor(s):
Title : Staining the Speech of Things Divine: The Uses of Literacy in Medieval Beguine Communities [The author examines different kinds of evidence including vernacular texts written by Beguines, wills that bequeathed manuscripts to or from Beguines, and daily activities of Beguines involving the written word. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Voice of Silence: Women's Literacy in a Men's Church.   Edited by Thérèse de Hemptinne and María Eugenia Góngora Medieval Church Studies .   Brepols, 2004. Speculum , 79., 2 (April 2004):  Pages 85 - 110.
Year of Publication: 2004.

19. Record Number: 10827
Author(s): Hemptinne, Thérèse.de
Contributor(s):
Title : Reading, Writing, and Devotional Practices: Lay and Religious Women and the Written Word in the Low Countries (1350-1550) [The author argues in part that manuscripts in the vernacular served as a means of connection among female relatives and friends, both urban laywomen and those in religious life (Beguines as well as nuns). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Voice of Silence: Women's Literacy in a Men's Church.   Edited by Thérèse de Hemptinne and María Eugenia Góngora Medieval Church Studies .   Brepols, 2004. Speculum , 79., 2 (April 2004):  Pages 111 - 126.
Year of Publication: 2004.

20. Record Number: 10535
Author(s): Clanchy, Michael.
Contributor(s):
Title : Images of Ladies with Prayer Books: What Do They Signify? [The author analyzes a few images including those of Eleanor of Aquitaine and Yolande of Soissons. He is interested particularly in the meaning of private prayer for these women and the influence that their devotion to Mary had on the use of psalters and books of hours. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The church and the book: papers read at the 2000 Summer Meeting and the 2001 Winter Meeting of the Ecclesiastical History Society.   Edited by R. N. Swanson Studies in Church History, 38.  2004. Speculum , 80., 1 ( 2005):  Pages 106 - 122.
Year of Publication: 2004.

21. Record Number: 10934
Author(s): Lehmijoki-Gardner, Maiju.
Contributor(s):
Title : Writing Religious Rules as an Interactive Process: Dominican Penitent Women and the Making of Their "Regula" [In the fifteenth century, when the Dominican Order adopted their affiliated groups of penitent women officially, Thomas Caffarini rewrote the history of that association to make it appear more coherent. In fact, the relationship was informal; and these women and their patrons needed to lobby the friars for attention. Thus the original rule granted by Munio of Zamora was informal, given in response to these women. Once the order adopted the penitents more formally, they lost much of their initiative to the friars, whose histories of the movement buried traces of women's activities. Appendicies present the Latin text of Munio's "Ordinationes" written in 1286 for penitent women in Orvieto and a listing that compares the chapter headings in the "Ordinationes" with those in the "Tractatus," the Dominican penitent rule circa 1402-1405. Title note supplied by Feminae]
Source: Speculum , 79., 3 (July 2004):  Pages 660 - 687.
Year of Publication: 2004.

22. Record Number: 9514
Author(s): Smith, Julia M. H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Einhard: The Sinner and the Saints (Read 15 March 2002)
Source: Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. Sixth Series , 13., ( 2003):  Pages 55 - 77.
Year of Publication: 2003.

23. Record Number: 8065
Author(s): Watson, Nicholas.
Contributor(s):
Title : With the Heat of the Hungry Heart : Empowerment and "Ancrene Wisse" [Watson presents his article in two parts. First he argues that the author of the "Ancrene Wisse" conceives of his anchoress readers as herioc figures whose difficult lives raise them above others and serve as a sign of the coming breakdown between clergy and laity. Secondly Watson looks at the influences the text had on later writings which were addressed to lay readers, frequently men. Title note supplied by Feminae. ].
Source: Gendering the Master Narrative: Women and Power in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Mary C. Erler and Maryanne Kowaleski .   Cornell University Press, 2003. Speculum , 79., 2 (April 2004):  Pages 52 - 70.
Year of Publication: 2003.

24. Record Number: 11094
Author(s): Watson, Nicholas.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ancrene Wisse, Religious Reform and the Late Middle Ages [The author examines later Middle English texts that borrowed heavily from the "Ancrene Wisse." For the most part their authors were interested in adapting the anchoritic life for devout lay men and women. In some cases the texts have a pronounced puritan streak. The "Ancrene Wisse's" theme of living a life of perfection appealed to many reformist authors in fourteenth century England. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: A Companion to "Ancrene Wisse."   Edited by Yoko Wada .   D. S. Brewer, 2003. Speculum , 79., 2 (April 2004):  Pages 197 - 226.
Year of Publication: 2003.

25. Record Number: 8064
Author(s): Elliott, Dyan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and Confession : From Empowerment to Pathology [The author traces the development of the practice of confession. She concentrates in particular on the relationship between the female penitent and the confessor, pointing out the affective aspects with many women predisposed to confess frequently and to be overly scrupulous in their recounting of sins. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Gendering the Master Narrative: Women and Power in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Mary C. Erler and Maryanne Kowaleski .   Cornell University Press, 2003. Speculum , 79., 2 (April 2004):  Pages 31 - 51.
Year of Publication: 2003.

26. Record Number: 9721
Author(s): Craig, Leigh Ann
Contributor(s):
Title : Stronger Than Men and Braver Than Knights: Women and the Pilgrimages to Jerusalem and Rome in the Later Middle Ages
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 29., 3 (September 2003):  Pages 153 - 175.
Year of Publication: 2003.

27. Record Number: 10907
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Isabelle of France and Religious Devotion at the Court of Louis IX
Source: Capetian Women.   Edited by Kathleen Nolan .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Journal of Medieval History , 29., 3 (September 2003):  Pages 209 - 223.
Year of Publication: 2003.

28. Record Number: 11051
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Tak and Bren Hir: Lollardry as Conversion Motif in "The Book of Margery Kempe" [The author argues that the text presents Margery as religously and socially aberrant. Yet this is necessary to prove that she is chosen by God as a spiritual instructor. The charges of Lollardy allow her doubters to convert eventually, while also emphasizing her orthodoxy. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Mystics Quarterly , 29., 40180 (March-June 2003):  Pages 24 - 44.
Year of Publication: 2003.

29. Record Number: 8067
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Who is the Master of This Narrative? Maternal Patronage of the Cult of St. Margaret [The author argues that the needs of women in childbirth prevailed in the texts and images of Saint Margaret. The surviving artifacts emphasize her miraculous deliverance from the dragon although learned clerics tried to excise this doubtful incident from the tradition. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Gendering the Master Narrative: Women and Power in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Mary C. Erler and Maryanne Kowaleski .   Cornell University Press, 2003. Mystics Quarterly , 29., 40180 (March-June 2003):  Pages 94 - 104.
Year of Publication: 2003.

30. Record Number: 8070
Author(s): French, Kathrine L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women in the Late Medieval English Parish [The author argues that parish guilds in England were important because they gave women the opportunity to join single-sex organizations that were approved by the community. Women took leadership roles and created activities and rituals that were meaningful for their lives. While generally reinforcing accepted gender behaviors, customs like Hocktide (in which women held men captive for ransom-contributions to the parish) made authorities uneasy. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Gendering the Master Narrative: Women and Power in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Mary C. Erler and Maryanne Kowaleski .   Cornell University Press, 2003. Mystics Quarterly , 29., 40180 (March-June 2003):  Pages 156 - 173.
Year of Publication: 2003.

31. Record Number: 10571
Author(s): Caspers, Charles.
Contributor(s):
Title : Liduina, the Virgin of Schiedam: Rise, Flourishing, and Waning of a Saint Cult, c. 1400-c. 2000 [As a child, Liduina was injured and spent the rest of her life confined to bed. The author traces the shifting meaning of her acceptance of suffering and devotion to the Eucharist across time. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Spirituality renewed: studies on significant representatives of the Modern Devotion.   Edited by Hein Blommestijn, Charles Caspers, and Rijcklof Hofman Studies in spirituality. Supplement .  10 2003. Mystics Quarterly , 29., 40180 (March-June 2003):  Pages 193 - 207.
Year of Publication: 2003.

32. Record Number: 11830
Author(s): Swanson, R. N.
Contributor(s):
Title : Will the Real Margery Kempe Please Stand Up! [The author examines "The Book of Margery Kempe" for religion as it was experienced by women. Swanson cites in particular male roles in Margery's spiritual life, pilgrimage, the urban milieu, pardons and indulgences, heresy, and the influence of devotional literature read to Margery (who was likely illiterate). Swanson suggests that in some respects Margery was like many other lay women who were deeply concerned about their salvation. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women and Religion in Medieval England.   Edited by Diana Wood .   Oxbow Books, 2003. Mystics Quarterly , 29., 40180 (March-June 2003):  Pages 141 - 165.
Year of Publication: 2003.

33. Record Number: 11828
Author(s): Rawcliffe, Carole
Contributor(s):
Title : Women, Childbirth, and Religion in Later Medieval England [The author traces the means by which the church offered support and aid to women facing childbirth. Rawcliffe also accounts for varied responses provided by popular religion including saints, shrines, and charms. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women and Religion in Medieval England.   Edited by Diana Wood .   Oxbow Books, 2003. Mystics Quarterly , 29., 40180 (March-June 2003):  Pages 91 - 117.
Year of Publication: 2003.

34. Record Number: 11826
Author(s): Leyser, Henrietta.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and the Word of God [The author briefly traces women's use of books from an eighth century Anglo-Saxon copy of the Pauline Epistles that has Ada's name inscribed to late medieval books of hours with illustrations of their female owners. At the same time Leyser reflects on affective piety and women's spirituality, particularly in connection with the book as metaphor for the Christian life as well as for the salvation offered by Christ. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women and Religion in Medieval England.   Edited by Diana Wood .   Oxbow Books, 2003. Mystics Quarterly , 29., 40180 (March-June 2003):  Pages 32 - 45.
Year of Publication: 2003.

35. Record Number: 11829
Author(s): Archer, Rowena.
Contributor(s):
Title : Piety in Question: Noblewomen and Religion in the Later Middle Ages [The author argues that historians have relied on the lives of a few exceptional women to construct a history of noble women's religiosity. In many cases religious observances were conventional and the preoccupations of a worldly life took precedence. The author briefly discusses such topics as devotional literature, marriage and liaisons forbidden by the church, widowhood, pilgrimage, almsgiving, and fouding of religious institutions. Individuals profiled include Cecily Neville, Duchess of York, and Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women and Religion in Medieval England.   Edited by Diana Wood .   Oxbow Books, 2003. Mystics Quarterly , 29., 40180 (March-June 2003):  Pages 118 - 140.
Year of Publication: 2003.

36. Record Number: 11092
Author(s): Innes-Parker, Catherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Legacy of "Ancrene Wisse ": Translations, Adaptations, Influences, and Audience, with Special Attention to Women Readers [The author traces the adaptations and echoes of the "Ancrene Wisse" in fourteenth and fifteenth century vernacular devotional literature. In looking at manuscript ownership and wills, Innes-Parker finds circles of reading among religious and lay women. Surprisingly the most innovative texts quickly found their way into women's possession. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: A Companion to "Ancrene Wisse."   Edited by Yoko Wada .   D. S. Brewer, 2003. Mystics Quarterly , 29., 40180 (March-June 2003):  Pages 145 - 173.
Year of Publication: 2003.

37. Record Number: 10558
Author(s): Field, Sean.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gilbert of Tournai's Letter to Isabelle of France: An Edition of the Complete Text [The author works from a recently discovered manuscript of the letter that the Franciscan preacher wrote to the daughter of King Louis VIII. Writing on his own initiative, Gilbert offered much of the standard spiritual advice to the religiously inclined princess. However, he also included a sophisticated section on spiritual ascent based on Pseudo-Dionysius. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Mediaeval Studies , 65., ( 2003):  Pages 57 - 97.
Year of Publication: 2003.

38. Record Number: 9707
Author(s): Powell, Raymond A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Margery Kempe: An Exemplar of Late Medieval English Piety [The author argues that scholars for the most part have not put Margery Kempe within the context of late medieval English religious beliefs and practices. He suggests that Kempe was not religiously abnormal and that the themes in her book reflect contemporary religious concerns. Powell argues that people reacted badly to Kempe because she was annoying. Furthermore, Kempe was writing an account of her life as a saint, and persecution from her peers was part of her suffering. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Catholic Historical Review (Full Text via Project Muse) 89, 1 (January 2003): 1-23. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2003.

39. Record Number: 7871
Author(s): Backhouse, Janet.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Further Illuminated Devotional Book for the Use of Lady Margaret Beaufort [The author analyzes a recently identified manuscript that was made for Margaret Beaufort in Italy at the order of Giovanni Gigli, an Italian cleric who was made Bishop of Worcester in 1497. The author suggests that the gift commemorated the papal bull in 1494 that sanctioned the observation of the Feast of the Name of Jesus by Margaret Beaufort and others. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Reading Texts and Images: Essays on Medieval and Renaissance Art and Patronage in Honour of Margaret M. Manion.   Edited by Bernard J. Muir .   University of Exeter Press, 2002.  Pages 221 - 235.
Year of Publication: 2002.

40. Record Number: 8062
Author(s): Straubhaar, Sandra.
Contributor(s):
Title : Birgitta Birgersdotter, Saint Bride of Sweden (1303?- 1373) [The author provides a brief overview of Saint Bridget's life and writings. She dictated her revelations, presumably in Swedish, to a series of male religious scribes. She also participated in the editorial work that came when translating the text into Latin. Short excerpts from the Latin text with English translations follow the overview. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Women Writing Latin from Roman Antiquity to Early Modern Europe. Volume 2: Medieval Women Writing Latin.   Edited by Laurie J. Churchill, Phyllis R. Brown, and Jane E. Jeffrey .   Routledge, 2002.  Pages 309 - 318.
Year of Publication: 2002.

41. Record Number: 7410
Author(s): Guzzetti, Linda and Antje Ziemann
Contributor(s):
Title : Women in the Fourteenth-Century Venetian "Scuole"
Source: Renaissance Quarterly , 55., 4 (Winter 2002):  Pages 1151 - 1195.
Year of Publication: 2002.

42. Record Number: 10515
Author(s): Spear, Valerie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Change and Decay? The Nunnery and the Secular World in Late Medieval England
Source: Our Medieval Heritage: Essays in Honour of John Tillotson for His 60th Birthday.   Edited by Linda Rasmussen, Valerie Spear, and Dianne Tillotson .   Merton Priory Press, 2002. Renaissance Quarterly , 55., 4 (Winter 2002):  Pages 15 - 29.
Year of Publication: 2002.

43. Record Number: 8307
Author(s): Gaunt, Simon.
Contributor(s):
Title : Widows, Consecrated Virgins, and Deaconesses in Ancient Gaul [The author argues that the tradition of female ministries in which women served the Church in official capacities took various forms in Gaul including deaconesses, blessed virgins, and chaste widows. All of these women were celibate but took part in the life of the Church and did not live in monasteries. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Magistra , 8., 1 (Summer 2002):  Pages 53 - 84.
Year of Publication: 2002.

44. Record Number: 7369
Author(s): Brolis, Maria Teresa.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Thousand and More Women: The Register of Women for the Confraternity of Misericordia Maggiore in Bergamo, 1265-1339 [The author studied the register in order to understand women's roles in the organization and in "civic" religion in general. Women from different political factions were brought together in the confraternity, perhaps, the author speculates, due in part t
Source: Catholic Historical Review (Full Text via Project Muse) 88, 2 (April 2002): 230-246 Link Info
Year of Publication: 2002.

45. Record Number: 8879
Author(s): Sidéris, Georges
Contributor(s):
Title : Eunuchs of Light: Power, Imperial Ceremonial, and Positive Representations of Eunuchs in Byzantium (4th-12th Centuries A.D.) [The author presents cases in which eunuchs were praised, generally for their piety, beauty, or similarity to angels. The author argues that these favorable views usually were expressed because eunuchs held important roles in the imperial court with direct access to power. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Eunuchs in Antiquity and Beyond.   Edited by Shaun Tougher .   Classical Press of Wales and Duckworth, 2002.  Pages 161 - 175.
Year of Publication: 2002.

46. Record Number: 10834
Author(s): Peterson, Ingrid, O.S.F.
Contributor(s):
Title : Thirteenth-Century Penitential Women: Franciscan Life in the Secular World
Source: Studies in Spirituality , 12., ( 2002):  Pages 43 - 60.
Year of Publication: 2002.

47. Record Number: 9508
Author(s): Powell, Morgan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Translating Scripture for "Ma Dame de Champagne": The Old French "Paraphrase" of Psalm 44 ("Eructavit") [The author analyzes the Old French translation of Psalm Forty-Four made for Marie de Champagne. The poet sets his wedding song for Christ and his bride, Holy Church, within the context of the secular court which is seen as the equivalent of heaven. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Vernacular Spirit: Essays on Medieval Religious Literature.   Edited by Renate Blumenfeld-Kosinski, Duncan Robertson, and Nancy Bradley Warren .   The New Middle Ages series. Palgrave, 2002. Studies in Spirituality , 12., ( 2002):  Pages 83 - 103.
Year of Publication: 2002.

48. Record Number: 8851
Author(s): Blanton-Whetsell, Virginia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Imagines Aetheldredae: Mapping Hagiographic Representations of Abbatial Power and Religious Patronage [The author studies the veneration of Saint Æthelthryth (or Etheldreda) in England across the Middle Ages and across both lay and religious audiences. She argues that scholars frequently divide the evidence of a saint's cult along academic disciplinary lines. They thereby miss evidence that is crucial for their understanding of a saint and those who honored her. Appendix A is an extensive inventory of representations, texts, and buildings concerning or devoted to Saint Ethelreda. Known origins are also indicated. Appendix B is a chart that tabulates the data in Appendix A. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies in Iconography , 23., ( 2002):  Pages 55 - 107.
Year of Publication: 2002.

49. Record Number: 8285
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Writing and Sodomy in the Inquisitorial Trial (1495- 496) of Tecla Servent [Tecla Servent was a Spanish visionary and married laywoman who, despite her humble birth and gender, criticized the Church hierarchy. Her neighbors and noble patrons valued her messages from God, but her letter to the pope drew the ire of theologians and the Inquisition. The Appendix presents the Catalan text and English translation of her letter to the pope. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Marriage and Sexuality in Medieval and Early Modern Iberia. Hispanic Issues, Volume 26.   Edited by Eukene Lacarra Lanz .   Routledge, 2002. Studies in Iconography , 23., ( 2002):  Pages 197 - 213.
Year of Publication: 2002.

50. Record Number: 7066
Author(s): Nirit Ben-Aryeh, Debby.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Preacher as Women's Mentor [Although a preacher like the Dominican Observant Giovanni Dominici guided women's lives, his audience also influenced him. Dominici's sermons praised the patriarchal family and procreation, while decrying all extramarital sex. He also criticized girls who became nuns for the wrong reasons, including the lack of a suitable husband. Dominici shared the misogyny of his age, but he showed an intimate awareness of women's situations and concerns. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Preacher, Sermon and Audience in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Carolyn Muessig .   Brill, 2002. Studies in Iconography , 23., ( 2002):  Pages 229 - 254.
Year of Publication: 2002.

51. Record Number: 10458
Author(s): Sanok, Catherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Performing Feminine Sanctity in Later Medieval England: Parish Guilds, Saints' Plays, and the "Second Nun's Tale" [The author signals the "oppositional potential" of plays, pageants, and Chaucer's dramatic recounting of the lives of female martyrs. Seeing women, who are normally excluded from authority, portrayed as preaching and teaching (without any suggestion of heterodoxy) must have made civic and ecclesiastical officials nervous. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (Full Text via Project Muse) 32, 2 (Spring 2002): 269-303. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2002.

52. Record Number: 6616
Author(s): Johnson, Geraldine A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Beautiful Brides and Model Mothers: The Devotional and Talismanic Functions of Early Modern Marian Reliefs [The author discusses fifteenth century madonna and child reliefs in regard to their production, devotional uses, levels of contemplation evoked, and as magical objects for marriage and the procreation of male babies].
Source: The Material Culture of Sex, Procreation, and Marriage in Premodern Europe.   Edited by Anne L. McClanan and Karen Rosoff Encarnación .   Palgrave, 2002.  Pages 135 - 161.
Year of Publication: 2002.

53. Record Number: 10210
Author(s): Talbot, Alice-Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : Building Activity in Constantinople under Andronikos II: The Role of Women Patrons in the Construction and Restoration of Monasteries [The author notes the substantial number of both female patrons and women's monasteries during this period. The patrons are connected to the royal family by blood or marriage. Individuals profiled include Theodora Raoulaina, Maria Palaiologina, Theodora Synadene, Irene Choumnaina Palaiologina, and Maria Doukaina Komnene Branaina Palaiologina. The women were all widows at the time of their donations and gave substantial gifts for a monastery to which they could retire and where they could bury their family members. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Byzantine Constantinople: Monuments, Topography, and Everyday Life.   Edited by Nevra Necipoglu. The Medieval Mediterranean: Peoples, Economies, and Cultures, 400-1453, Volume 33 Medieval Mediterranean, 33.   Brill, 2001. New Medieval Literatures , 4., ( 2001):  Pages 329 - 343.
Year of Publication: 2001.

54. Record Number: 6256
Author(s): Halpin, Patricia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and Piety. Part Three of Court and Piety in Late Anglo-Saxon England by Mary Frances Smith, Robin Fleming, and Patricia Halpin [the author focuses on the often rich material goods, sometimes of their own making, that women gave to the Church, including embroideries, woven cloth, ecclesiastical vestments, crucifixes, books, and jewelry; the author argues that women in general were concerned with encouraging a private, personal spirituality and had more control over the dispersal of their material goods than their land].
Source: Catholic Historical Review (Full Text via Project Muse) 87, 4 (October 2001): 588-602. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2001.

55. Record Number: 6724
Author(s): Küsters, Urban.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Second Blossoming of a Text: The "Spieghel der Maechden" and the Modern Devotion
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001.  Pages 245 - 261.
Year of Publication: 2001.

56. Record Number: 6928
Author(s): Clark, Robert L. A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Constructing the Female Subject in Late Medieval Devotion [The author analyzes a number of devotional manuals addressed to laywomen and argues that the practices therein advised (prayer, fasting, etc.) empowered women, giving them choices and some control over their everyday lives. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Conduct.   Edited by Kathleen Ashley and Robert L. A. Clark .   Medieval Cultures, Volume 29. University of Minnesota Press, 2001.  Pages 160 - 182.
Year of Publication: 2001.

57. Record Number: 6082
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Literary Collaboration in the "Life of Umiliana dei Cerchi" [The author explores the role of the narrator in Vito da Cortona's "Life" of Umiliana, an affluent Florentine widow who lived a religious life in her father's house].
Source: Magistra , 7., 2 (Winter 2001):  Pages 5 - 22.
Year of Publication: 2001.

58. Record Number: 6735
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Home Front and Battlefield: The Gendering of Papal Crusading Policy (1095-1221) [The author argues that Popes Gregory VIII, Clement III, and, especially, Innocent III brought women into the crusading movement by designating liturgical and fiscal efforts for them on the homefront as well as sanctioning active involvement in Palestine on special occasions. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Gendering the Crusades.   Edited by Susan B. Edgington and Sarah Lambert .   University of Wales Press, 2001. Magistra , 7., 2 (Winter 2001):  Pages 31 - 44.
Year of Publication: 2001.

59. Record Number: 8328
Author(s): Cossar, Roisin.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Good Woman: Gender Roles and Female Religious Identity in Late Medieval Bergamo [The author argues that women in Bergamo in the late Middle Ages saw a growing limitation on their participation in public religion. Confraternities became more male-dominated and changed their female members from participants to clients for services including estate management and memorial masses. However, women did find other outlets for their religious devotion within private, domestic environments, such as female monasteries. This resulted in women meeting their spiritual needs by cobbling together a network of relationships and services as reflected by women's bequests from Bergamo of household goods, money, and land to female monasteries, parish churches and confraternities. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome , 46., ( 2001):  Pages 119 - 132.
Year of Publication: 2001.

60. Record Number: 6034
Author(s): Coletti, Theresa.
Contributor(s):
Title : Paupertas est donum Dei: Hagiography, Lay Religion, and the Economics of Salvation in the Digby "Mary Magdalene" [the author argues that the Digby playwright uses Mary Magdalene to bring into relief questions of salvation for those with landed wealth and in commerce; Mary Magdalene's emphasis on poverty and charity does not question the social order but gives merchants and the gentry opportunities for spiritual benefit by donating to the poor and by striving to be themselves poor in spirit].
Source: Speculum , 76., 2 (April 2001):  Pages 337 - 378.
Year of Publication: 2001.

61. Record Number: 6666
Author(s): Hilles, Carroll.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender and Politics in Osbern Bokenham's Legendary [the author argues that Bokenham's works advance the claim of Richard, duke of York, for the throne; not only does Bokenham question Lancastrian political hegemony, in part by denying the authority of the literature patronized by the court, but also "Bokenham strategically deploys 'woman' as signifier of privacy, piety, and humility to develop a language of political dissent which anticipates the tactics of later Yorkist propaganda." (page 209)].
Source: New Medieval Literatures , 4., ( 2001):  Pages 189 - 212.
Year of Publication: 2001.

62. Record Number: 4834
Author(s): Hostetler, Margaret
Contributor(s):
Title : I Wold Thow Wer Closyd in a Hows of Ston: Sexuality and Lay Sanctity in the Book of Margery Kempe
Source: Lay Sanctity, Medieval and Modern: A Search for Models.   Edited by Ann W. Astell .   University of Notre Dame Press, 2000. History: The Journal of the Historical Association , 85., 277 (January 2000):  Pages 91 - 104.
Year of Publication: 2000.

63. Record Number: 6608
Author(s): Galimberti, Paolo M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Le Lettere di indulgenza per la Scuola delle Quattro Marie di Milano [the Scuola delle Quattro Marie, a Milanese confraternity, is little documented before the 14th century; at that period an altar of the Four Marys can be identified in the old cathedral which honored the Virgin, her supposed sisters, and the Magdalene; but no chapel of that name existed there or in the new cathedral in the Middle Ages; the surviving indulgences document the transformation of a group of "raccomandati della Vergine Maria" into a formal "scuola" or meeting at the cathedral; this development coincided with the stabilization of the Visconti regime; the article concludes with critical editions of the four indulgence letters].
Source: Archivio Storico Lombardo , 6., ( 2000):  Pages 67 - 109.
Year of Publication: 2000.

64. Record Number: 4579
Author(s): Hopenwasser, Nanda and Signe Wegener
Contributor(s):
Title : Vox Matris: The Influence of St. Birgitta's "Revelations" on "The Book of Margery Kempe": St. Birgitta and Margery Kempe as Wives and Mothers
Source: Crossing the Bridge: Comparative Essays on Medieval European and Heian Japanese Women Writers.   Edited by Barbara Stevenson and Cynthia Ho .   Palgrave, 2000. New Medieval Literatures , 4., ( 2001):  Pages 61 - 85.
Year of Publication: 2000.

65. Record Number: 8327
Author(s): Jansen, Katherine L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Like a Virgin: The Meaning of the Magdalen for Female Penitents of Later Medieval Italy [The author argues that the image of Mary Magdalene as a sinner restored to virginity through penance held special meaning for uncloistered religious women. These penitent women, frequently widows, sought the full rewards of virgins in paradise. Among the
Source: Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome , 45., ( 2000):  Pages 131 - 152.
Year of Publication: 2000.

66. Record Number: 4833
Author(s): Scott, Karen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Catherine of Siena and Lay Sanctity in Fourteenth-Century Italy [The author argues that Catherine's status as a Dominican tertiary without monastic vows or enclosure made her a lay person; in her preaching, letters, writings, and active involvement in Church and secular politics, she emphasized the roles of the laity]
Source: Lay Sanctity, Medieval and Modern: A Search for Models.   Edited by Ann W. Astell .   University of Notre Dame Press, 2000. Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome , 45., ( 2000):  Pages 77 - 90.
Year of Publication: 2000.

67. Record Number: 5464
Author(s): Yoshikawa, Naoë Kukita.
Contributor(s):
Title : Veneration of Virgin Martyrs in Margery Kempe's Meditation: Influence of the Sarum Liturgy and Hagiography
Source: Writing Religious Women: Female Spiritual and Textual Practices in Late Medieval England.   Edited by Denis Renevey and Christiania Whitehead .   University of Toronto Press, 2000. Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome , 45., ( 2000):  Pages 177 - 195.
Year of Publication: 2000.

68. Record Number: 4835
Author(s): Wasyliw, Patricia Healy.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Pious Infant: Developments in Popular Piety During the High Middle Ages [the author argues that during this period children became saints in two ways: 1) Pious behavior and 2) Murder victims upon whose short lives some elements of sanctity were superimposed; the author discusses the lives of several girls around whom cults developed including Rose of Viterbo, Imelda Lambertini, Saint Fina of San Gimignano, Contessa or Comitissa Teleapetra, Agnes of Bavaria, Reinildis of Reisenbeck, and Panacea of Novara].
Source: Lay Sanctity, Medieval and Modern: A Search for Models.   Edited by Ann W. Astell .   University of Notre Dame Press, 2000. Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome , 45., ( 2000):  Pages 105 - 115.
Year of Publication: 2000.

69. Record Number: 4832
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Angela of Foligno: A Eucharistic Model of Lay Sanctity
Source: Lay Sanctity, Medieval and Modern: A Search for Models.   Edited by Ann W. Astell .   University of Notre Dame Press, 2000. Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome , 45., ( 2000):  Pages 61 - 75.
Year of Publication: 2000.

70. Record Number: 4244
Author(s): Pellegrini, Luigi.
Contributor(s):
Title : Female Religious Experience and Society in Thirteenth-Century Italy [the author examines the Church's reaction to the waves of religious enthusiasm experienced by Italian women; despite the new order of Poor Clares, many women in the second half of the thirteenth century could not or perhaps would not be accommodated there].
Source: Monks and Nuns, Saints and Outcasts: Religion in Medieval Society. Essays in Honor of Lester K. Little.   Edited by Sharon Farmer and Barbara H. Rosenwein .   Cornell University Press, 2000. Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome , 45., ( 2000):  Pages 97 - 122.
Year of Publication: 2000.

71. Record Number: 5443
Author(s): Zarri, Gabriella.
Contributor(s):
Title : Christian Good Manners: Spiritual and Monastic Rules in the Quattro- and Cinquecento [the author surveys texts on comportment and morals addressed to different groups of women (virgins, wives, widows, nuns, etc.); authors and works discussed from the fifteenth century are Giovanni di Dio da Venezia, "Decor puellarum," "Gloria mulierum," and "Palma virtutum" and Cherubino da Spoleto, "Regola di vita matrimoniale" and "Regola di vita spirituale"].
Source: Women in Italian Renaissance Culture and Society.   Edited by Letizia Panizza .   European Humanities Research Centre, University of Oxford, 2000. Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome , 45., ( 2000):  Pages 76 - 91.
Year of Publication: 2000.

72. Record Number: 4838
Author(s): Matusevich, Yelena.
Contributor(s):
Title : From Monastic to Individual Spirituality: Another Perspective on Jean Gerson's Attitude Toward Women [the author argues against McGuire's interpretation in "Late Medieval Care and Control of Women: Jean Gerson and His Sisters" (Revue de l'Histoire Ecclésiastique, 92 (1997)) in which he characterizes Gerson as controlling and as a predecessor of the inquisitors in his desire for control over women].
Source: Magistra , 6., 1 (Summer 2000):  Pages 61 - 88.
Year of Publication: 2000.

73. Record Number: 4804
Author(s): Meale, Carol M.
Contributor(s):
Title : This is a Deed Bok, the Tother a Quick: Theatre and the Drama of Salvation in the "Book" of Margery Kempe [The author argues that Kempe adopted the tecnhniques of drama in her "Book" in order to add to both her spiritual and her authorial agency].
Source: Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts in Late Medieval Britain. Essays for Felicity Riddy.   Edited by Jocelyn Wogan-Browne, Rosalynn Voaden, Arlyn Diamond, Ann Hutchison, Carol M. Meale, and Lesley Johnson Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts .   Brepols, 2000. Magistra , 6., 1 (Summer 2000):  Pages 49 - 67.
Year of Publication: 2000.

74. Record Number: 5557
Author(s): Caciola, Nancy.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mystics, Demoniacs, and the Physiology of Spirit Possession in Medieval Europe
Source: Comparative Studies in Society and History , 42., 2 (April 2000):  Pages 268 - 306.
Year of Publication: 2000.

75. Record Number: 4418
Author(s): Stafford, Pauline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Cherchez la femme. Queens, Queens' Lands, and Nunneries: Missing Links in the Foundation of Reading Abbey
Source: History: The Journal of the Historical Association , 85., 277 (January 2000):  Pages 4 - 27. Reprinted in Gender, Family and the Legitimation of Power: England from the Ninth to Early Twelfth Century. By Pauline Stafford. Ashgate Variorum, 2006. Article XII.
Year of Publication: 2000.

76. Record Number: 5457
Author(s): Millett, Bella.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ancrene Wisse and the Book of Hours [the author argues that the instructions for devotions in the "Ancrene Wisse" represent a middle stage between monastic practice and the Book of Hours, the "breviary for the use of the laity;" the Appendix reproduces an excerpt from the "Ancrene Wisse" and from the early Dominican Constitution dealing with the instructions for saying Matins].
Source: Writing Religious Women: Female Spiritual and Textual Practices in Late Medieval England.   Edited by Denis Renevey and Christiania Whitehead .   University of Toronto Press, 2000. History: The Journal of the Historical Association , 85., 277 (January 2000):  Pages 21 - 40.
Year of Publication: 2000.

77. Record Number: 4811
Author(s): Watson, Nicholas.
Contributor(s):
Title : Fashioning the Puritan Gentry-Woman's Devotion and Dissent in "Book to a Mother" [The author argues that the son who wrote a devotional text for his mother was a priest or friar who was angry about the corruption in the Church; he joined the worlds of devotion and religious dissent together].
Source: Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts in Late Medieval Britain. Essays for Felicity Riddy.   Edited by Jocelyn Wogan-Browne, Rosalynn Voaden, Arlyn Diamond, Ann Hutchison, Carol M. Meale, and Lesley Johnson Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts .   Brepols, 2000. History: The Journal of the Historical Association , 85., 277 (January 2000):  Pages 169 - 184.
Year of Publication: 2000.

78. Record Number: 3739
Author(s): Barone, Giulia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Society and Women's Religiosity, 750-1450 [The author surveys women's religious activities in this historical period, briefly discussing topics including the Gregorian reform, heresy, the Virgin Mary, the mendicant orders, saints, mystics, family life, and sanctity and politics].
Source: Women and Faith: Catholic Religious Life in Italy from Late Antiquity to the Present.   Edited by Lucetta Scaraffia and Gabriella Zarri .   Harvard University Press, 1999. Philological Quarterly , 78., 3 (Summer 1999):  Pages 42 - 71.
Year of Publication: 1999.

79. Record Number: 7951
Author(s): Bolard, Laurent.
Contributor(s):
Title : Thalamus Virginis. Images de la "Devotio moderna" dans la peinture italienne du XVe siècle
Source: Revue de l'Histoire des Religions , 216., 1 (janvier-mars 1999):  Pages 87 - 110.
Year of Publication: 1999.

80. Record Number: 4907
Author(s): Vauchez, André.
Contributor(s):
Title : Between Virginity and Spiritual Espousals: Models of Feminine Sainthood in the Christian West in the Middle Ages
Source: Medieval History Journal , 2., 2 (July-December 1999):  Pages 349 - 359.
Year of Publication: 1999.

81. Record Number: 5697
Author(s): Bennett, Adelaide.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Woman's Power of Prayer Versus the Devil in a Book of Hours, of ca. 1300 [The author argues that the manuscript is highly personalized with an emphasis on the female owner's need to repent, fight sin, and oppose the devil; even in the hours of the Virgin the initials depict worldly pleasures to be avoided].
Source: Image and Belief: Studies in Celebration of the Eightieth Anniversary of the Index of Christian Art.   Edited by Colum Hourihane .   Index of Christian Art, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University in association with Princeton University Press, 1999. Medieval History Journal , 2., 2 (July-December 1999):  Pages 89 - 108.
Year of Publication: 1999.

82. Record Number: 3553
Author(s): Elliot, Dyan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Authorizing a Life: The Collaboration of Dorothea of Montau and John Marienwerder [the author explores how John Marienwerder's quest for self-authorization in his writings masks Dorothea's spirituality and her life]
Source: Gendered Voices: Medieval Saints and Their Interpreters.   Edited by Catherine M. Mooney .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999. Medieval History Journal , 2., 2 (July-December 1999):  Pages 168 - 191.
Year of Publication: 1999.

83. Record Number: 4780
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Mulieres religiosae, Strictly Speaking: Some Fourteenth-Century Canonical Opinions [The author argues that some canonists chose to stretch the definitions to include such quasi-religious women as beguines and canonesses within the protections and privileges of canon law].
Source: Catholic Historical Review , 85., 1 (January 1999):  Pages 1 - 14.
Year of Publication: 1999.

84. Record Number: 4377
Author(s): Galloway, Penny.
Contributor(s):
Title : Neither Miraculous Nor Astonishing: The Devotional Practice of Beguine Communities in French-Flanders
Source: New Trends in Feminine Spirituality: The Holy Women of Liège and Their Impact.   Edited by Juliette Dor, Lesley Johnson, and Jocelyn Wogan-Browne Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts, 2.   Brepols, 1999. Catholic Historical Review , 85., 1 (January 1999):  Pages 107 - 127.
Year of Publication: 1999.

85. Record Number: 4330
Author(s): Cooper, Kate
Contributor(s):
Title : The Martyr, the "matrona," and the Bishop: the Matron Lucina and the Politics of Martyr Cult in Fifth- and Sixth- Century Rome
Source: Early Medieval Europe , 8., 3 ( 1999):  Pages 297 - 317.
Year of Publication: 1999.

86. Record Number: 4750
Author(s): Connor, Carolyn L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Documents: The Epigram in the Church of Hagios Polyeuktos in Constantinople and Its Byzantine Response [the author argues that Anicia Juliana herself may have composed the seventy-six line epigram that was inscribed inside and outside her magnificent church; later building inscriptions as well as books reacted to her family pride, sumptuous descriptions, and learned rhetoric that was reflected in her influential encomium/dedication; the appendices include a transcription of the Greek epigram that was inscribed in Hagios Polyeuktos; an English translation of the epigram; the Greek epigrams that were inscribed in the church of Saint Euphemia, a church that Juliana refurbished; a transcription of the Greek epigram from the Vienna Dioscurides manuscript (cod. med. gr. 1, fol. 6 verso) which forms an acrostic on Juliana's name; a transcription of the Greek epigram on the frieze of the church of Saints Sergius and Bacchus built by Justin and Theodora shortly after Hagios Polyeuktos].
Source: Byzantion , 69., 2 ( 1999):  Pages 479 - 527.
Year of Publication: 1999.

87. Record Number: 3848
Author(s): Blumenfeld-Kosinski, Renate.
Contributor(s):
Title : Constance de Rabastens: Politics and Visionary Experience in the Time of the Great Schism [Constance, a laywoman from southern France, had dramatic visions between 1384 and 1386 that took strong political stands and criticized the church hierarchy].
Source: Mystics Quarterly , 25., 4 (December 1999):  Pages 147 - 168.
Year of Publication: 1999.

88. Record Number: 5696
Author(s): Stones, Alison.
Contributor(s):
Title : Nipples, Entrails, Severed Heads, and Skin: Devotional Images for Madame Marie [the author argues that the Marie for whom Ms. 16251 was created was the noble woman Marie de Rethel who in 1266 became the third wife of Wautier d'Enghien; the author suggests that the many scenes of torture and death in the illustrations of Bible stories and saints' lives were intended to remind the viewer of Marie's roles as mother and wife].
Source: Image and Belief: Studies in Celebration of the Eightieth Anniversary of the Index of Christian Art.   Edited by Colum Hourihane .   Index of Christian Art, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University in association with Princeton University Press, 1999. Mystics Quarterly , 25., 4 (December 1999):  Pages 47 - 70.
Year of Publication: 1999.

89. Record Number: 4405
Author(s): Millett, Bella.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ancrene Wisse and the Conditions of Confession [the author traces the development of the conditions of confession in the twelfth century in order to evaluate its presentation in the "Ancrene Wisse;" she concludes that the "Ancrene Wisse"'s uniqueness is to be found in its expansion of the conditions of confession with non-scriptural "exempla" and other borrowings].
Source: English Studies , 80., 3 ( 1999):  Pages 193 - 215.
Year of Publication: 1999.

90. Record Number: 4380
Author(s): Woods, Marjorie Curry.
Contributor(s):
Title : Shared Books: Primers, Psalters, and the Adult Acquisition of Literacy Among Devout Laywomen and Women in Orders in Late Medieval England
Source: New Trends in Feminine Spirituality: The Holy Women of Liège and Their Impact.   Edited by Juliette Dor, Lesley Johnson, and Jocelyn Wogan-Browne Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts, 2.   Brepols, 1999. English Studies , 80., 3 ( 1999):  Pages 177 - 193.
Year of Publication: 1999.

91. Record Number: 4753
Author(s): Kemp, Theresa D.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Lingua Materna" and the Conflict Over Vernacular Religious Discourse in Fifteenth-Century England [the author examines varied clerical writings that react to or make use of the vernacular; each text "depicts the struggle over who should have access to religious discourse as a gendered contest between a potentially transgressive vernacular, feminized as the 'Lingua Materna,' or 'the mother tongue,' and the authoritative Latin of the male-dominated Church"; clerics who used the vernacular to teach the laity had to distinguish between good uses that they masculinized and bad uses, such as demystifying theology, which they saw as a feminization].
Source: Philological Quarterly , 78., 3 (Summer 1999):  Pages 233 - 257.
Year of Publication: 1999.

92. Record Number: 3339
Author(s): Sella, Barbara.
Contributor(s):
Title : Northern Italian Confraternities and the Immaculate Conception in the Fourteenth Century [the Appendix provides a transcription of the 1347 statutes of the Consorzio della Donna in Cremona].
Source: Journal of Ecclesiastical History , 49., 4 (October 1998):  Pages 599 - 619.
Year of Publication: 1998.

93. Record Number: 5957
Author(s): Jacobus, Laura.
Contributor(s):
Title : Piety and Propriety in the Arena Chapel [the author argues that the "Early Life of the Virgin" frescoes in the Arena Chapel were intended in part to convey models of behavior to the wife, mother, and daughter of Enrico Scrovegni, the patron; using devotional works and secular conduct literature the author argues that the ideals for upper class women's behavior (modesty, chastity, courtliness, humility, charity, and attention to their husbands and families) were linked to piety and represented by Giotto in the images of the Virgin and other holy women].
Source: Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 12., 2 (June 1998):  Pages 177 - 205.
Year of Publication: 1998.

94. Record Number: 2962
Author(s): Kienzle, Beverly Mayne.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Prostitute-Preacher: Patterns of Polemic Against Medieval Waldensian Women Preachers [the analysis draws on the writings of Geoffrey of Auxerre, Bernard of Fontcaude, and Moneta of Cremona].
Source: Women Preachers and Prophets Through Two Millennia of Christianity.   Edited by Beverly Mayne Kienzle and Pamela J. Walker .   University of California Press, 1998. Revue de l'Histoire des Religions , 216., 1 (janvier-mars 1999):  Pages 99 - 113.
Year of Publication: 1998.

95. Record Number: 13757
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Owe armiu phaffheite: Heinrich von Melk's Views on Clerical Life [The poet Heinrich von Melk criticizes priests for their unworthy behavior. They try to justify their wives and concubines, but they will be punished in the afterlife. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Purity and Piety: Essays on Medieval Clerical Celibacy and Religious Reform.   Edited by Michael Frassetto Garland Medieval Casebooks Series .   Garland Publishing, 1998. Revue de l'Histoire des Religions , 216., 1 (janvier-mars 1999):  Pages 337 - 352.
Year of Publication: 1998.

96. Record Number: 4336
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Women at Church in Byzantium: Where, When- and Why? [The author argues that women were segregated in church and had other limitations to preserve church order, decorum, and offer protection].
Source: Dumbarton Oaks Papers (Full Text via JSTOR) 52 (1998): 27-87. Link Info Reprinted in Divine Liturgies - Human Problems in Byzantium, Armenia, Syria and Palestine. By Robert F. Taft. Ashgate Variorum, 2001. Article 1.
Year of Publication: 1998.

97. Record Number: 3565
Author(s): French, Katherine L.
Contributor(s):
Title : I Leave My Best Gown as a Vestment: Women's Spiritual Interests in the Late Medieval English Parish [The author points out that women often were at pains to suggest how their houshold goods could be adapted to ecclesiastical usage; in this way they were able to express their pious concerns despite social, economic, and legal limitations].
Source: Magistra , 4., 1 (Summer 1998):  Pages 57 - 77.
Year of Publication: 1998.

98. Record Number: 3197
Author(s): French, Katherine L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Maidens' Lights and Wives' Stores: Women's Parish Guilds in Late Medieval England
Source: Sixteenth Century Journal: The Journal of Early Modern Studies (Full Text via JSTOR) 29, 2 (Summer 1998): 399-425. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1998.

99. Record Number: 4337
Author(s): Gerstel, Sharon E. J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Painted Sources for Female Piety in Medieval Byzantium [the author analyzes the depictions of female saints in Byzantine churches in order to deduce the roles that women played in the Church; women prayed for fertility and healthy children in chapels decorated with paintings of Saint Anne, and they mourned the dead in narthexes decorated with portraits of female saints].
Source: Dumbarton Oaks Papers (Full Text via JSTOR) 52 (1998): 89-111. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1998.

100. Record Number: 5562
Author(s): Manion, Margaret M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women, Art, and Devotion: Three French Fourteenth-Century Royal Prayer Books [The author argues that the three prayerbooks were produced by the same group of skilled illuminators under the influence of Franciscan and Dominican spirituality; however, each book has many unique texts and illustrations adapted to the needs and interes
Source: The Art of the Book: Its Place in Medieval Worship.   Edited by Margaret M. Manion and Bernard J. Muir .   University of Exeter Press, 1998.  Pages 21 - 66.
Year of Publication: 1998.

101. Record Number: 3176
Author(s): Schlager, Bernard.
Contributor(s):
Title : Foundresses of the Franciscan Life: Umiliana Cerchi and Margaret of Cortona [models of sanctity for lay women from the order of penitents which became the Franciscan Third Order].
Source: Viator , 29., ( 1998):  Pages 141 - 166.
Year of Publication: 1998.

102. Record Number: 4157
Author(s): Despres, Denise L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Immaculate Flesh and the Social Body: Mary and the Jews
Source: Jewish History , 12., 1 (Spring 1998):  Pages 47 - 69.
Year of Publication: 1998.

103. Record Number: 2966
Author(s): Pryds, Darleen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Proclaiming Sanctity Through Proscribed Acts: The Case of Rose of Viterbo [Rose, a young laywoman, preached to crowds of men and women].
Source: Women Preachers and Prophets Through Two Millennia of Christianity.   Edited by Beverly Mayne Kienzle and Pamela J. Walker .   University of California Press, 1998. Jewish History , 12., 1 (Spring 1998):  Pages 159 - 172.
Year of Publication: 1998.

104. Record Number: 1977
Author(s): Kempster, Hugh.
Contributor(s):
Title : Julian of Norwich: The Westminster Text of "A Revelation of Love" [includes an edition of the Westminster text with some variant readings from other manuscripts; the author argues that the Westminster editor heavily abridged and adapted the text in order to simplify the technical intricacies of julian's mystical theology because the manuscript was destined for a lay audience].
Source: Mystics Quarterly , 23., 4 (December 1997):  Pages 177 - 209.
Year of Publication: 1997.

105. Record Number: 1600
Author(s): Sutton, Anne F. and Livia Visser-Fuchs
Contributor(s):
Title : The Cult of Angels in Late Fifteenth-Century England: An Hours of the Guardian Angel Presented to Queen Elizabeth Woodville [appendices include a full description of the manuscript along with a transcription of the Latin text of the "Hymn to the Guardian Angel" and an English translation].
Source: Women and the Book: Assessing the Visual Evidence.   Edited by Lesley Smith and Jane H.M. Taylor .   British Library and University of Toronto Press, 1997. Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 12., 2 (June 1998):  Pages 230 - 265.
Year of Publication: 1997.

106. Record Number: 6667
Author(s): Kent, Francis W.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sainted Mother, Magnificent Son: Lucrezia Tornabuoni and Lorenzo de' Medici
Source: Italian History and Culture , 3., ( 1997):  Pages 3 - 34.
Year of Publication: 1997.

107. Record Number: 2269
Author(s): Galloway, Penelope.
Contributor(s):
Title : Discreet and Devout Maidens: Women's Involvement in Beguine Communities in Northern France, 1200-1500 [explores the efforts of rulers (including the countesses of Flanders, Jeanne and Marguerite), members of the bourgeoisie, and beguines themselves to develop and finance beguine houses in Douai and Lille].
Source: Medieval Women in Their Communities.   Edited by Diane Watt .   University of Toronto Press, 1997. Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 12., 2 (June 1998):  Pages 92 - 115.
Year of Publication: 1997.

108. Record Number: 2273
Author(s): Zimmermann, Margarete
Contributor(s):
Title : English Noblewomen and the Local Community in the Later Middle Ages [roles that noble women played at the local level as employers, almsgivers, supporters of the parish, providers of hospitality and entertainment, and members of confraternities].
Source: Medieval Women in Their Communities.   Edited by Diane Watt .   University of Toronto Press, 1997. Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 12., 2 (June 1998):  Pages 186 - 203.
Year of Publication: 1997.

109. Record Number: 2799
Author(s): Passerat, G.
Contributor(s):
Title : Douceline, Delphine, et les autres ou la sainteté féminine en occitanie à la fin du moyen âge [considers the impact of Franciscan spirituality on women in Occitania; the author provides short sketches of Douceline de Digne, a Beguine, Delphine de Puymichel who lived in a chaste marriage, and Constance de Rabastens who had visions and made public prophecies].
Source: Bulletin de Littérature Ecclésiastique , 98., 3 (juillet-septembre 1997):  Pages 235 - 250.
Year of Publication: 1997.

110. Record Number: 2643
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Late Medieval Care and Control of Women: Jean Gerson and His Sisters [Gerson wrote a series of letters and treatises for his six sisters in which he outlined a life devoted to virginity and to prayer in the family home; he specifically told them not to join a religious house for women; texts by Gerson discussed in the article are: "Sept enseignements et autres extraits du Traité sur l'excellence de la virginité" (after 1395), "Neuf considerations" (late 1390s), "Montaigne de contemplation" (1399 or 1400), "Onze ordonnances" (after June 1401), and "Dialogue spirituel" (1407 or 1408)].
Source: Revue d'Histoire Ecclésiastique , 92., 1 (janvier-mars 1997):  Pages 5 - 37.
Year of Publication: 1997.

111. Record Number: 2749
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Did Marjory Kempe Suffer From Tourette's Syndrome? [the appendices list the vocal and motor behaviors in "The Book of Margery Kempe" and behaviors by other holy people known to Margery including Marie d'Oignies and St. Bridget of Sweden].
Source: Mediaeval Studies , 59., ( 1997):  Pages 261 - 300.
Year of Publication: 1997.

112. Record Number: 1997
Author(s): French, Katherine L.
Contributor(s):
Title : To Free Them From Binding: Women in the Late Medieval English Parish [analysis of the celebration of Hocktide during which women chased men, tied them up, and took their ransom money for a parish fund raiser].
Source: Journal of Interdisciplinary History (Full Text via JSTOR) 27, 3 (Winter 1997): 387-412. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1997.

113. Record Number: 2557
Author(s): Kisby, Fiona.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Mirror of Monarchy: Music and Musicians in the Household Chapel of the Lady Margaret Beaufort, Mother of Henry VII [article includes an appendix listing the members of the chapel of Lady Margaret Beaufort].
Source: Early Music History (Full Text via JSTOR) 16 (1997): 203-234. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1997.

114. Record Number: 1601
Author(s): Penketh, Sandra.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and Books of Hours [discusses women's use and reading of books of hours ; suggests that many of the illustrations were intended to extol such virtues as obedience, humility, and purity ; and analyzes some female owner portraits].
Source: Women and the Book: Assessing the Visual Evidence.   Edited by Lesley Smith and Jane H.M. Taylor .   British Library and University of Toronto Press, 1997.  Pages 266 - 281.
Year of Publication: 1997.

115. Record Number: 1565
Author(s): Tarvers, Josephine K.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Alleged Illiteracy of Margery Kempe: A Reconsideration of the Evidence
Source: Medieval Perspectives , 11., ( 1996):  Pages 113 - 124. Proceedings of the Twenty-First Annual Conference of the Southeastern Medieval Association
Year of Publication: 1996.

116. Record Number: 749
Author(s): Rigon, Antonio.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Community of Female Penitents in Thirteenth- Century Padua [group of female penitents evolved into a Benedictine monastery].
Source: Women and Religion in Medieval and Renaissance Italy.   Edited by Daniel Bornstein and Roberto Rusconi. Trans. by Margery J. Schneider .   University of Chicago Press, 1996. Medieval Perspectives , 11., ( 1996):  Pages 28 - 38. Originally published as "Una comunità femminile di penitenti a Padova agli inizi del secolo XIII" in Mistiche e devote nell'Italia tardomedievale. Edited by Daniel Bornstein and Roberto Rusconi (Liguori Editore, 1992). Pages 25-35.
Year of Publication: 1996.

117. Record Number: 752
Author(s): Benvenuti Papi, Anna.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mendicant Friars and Female "Pinzochere" in Tuscany: From Social Marginality to Models of Sancity
Source: Women and Religion in Medieval and Renaissance Italy.   Edited by Daniel Bornstein and Roberto Rusconi. Trans. by Margery J. Schneider .   University of Chicago Press, 1996. Medieval Perspectives , 11., ( 1996):  Pages 85 - 106. Originally published as "Frati mendicanti e pinzochere in Toscana: dalla marginalità sociale a modello di santità" in Mistiche e devote nell'Italia tardomedievale. Edited by Daniel Bornstein and Roberto Rusconi (Liguori Editore, 1992). Pages 85-106.
Year of Publication: 1996.

118. Record Number: 754
Author(s): Frugoni, Chiara.
Contributor(s):
Title : Female Mystics, Visions, and Iconography [mystics' uses of images and their affective relationship with a more humanized deity].
Source: Women and Religion in Medieval and Renaissance Italy.   Edited by Daniel Bornstein and Roberto Rusconi. Trans. by Margery J. Schneider .   University of Chicago Press, 1996. Medieval Perspectives , 11., ( 1996):  Pages 130 - 164. Originally published as "Le mistiche, le visioni e l'iconografia: rapporti ed influssi'" in Mistiche e devote nell'Italia tardomedievale. Edited by Daniel Bornstein and Roberto Rusconi (Liguori Editore, 1992). Pages 127-155.
Year of Publication: 1996.

119. Record Number: 755
Author(s): Sorelli, Fernanda.
Contributor(s):
Title : Imitable Sanctity: The Legend of Maria of Venice [a young wife who became a Dominican penitent].
Source: Women and Religion in Medieval and Renaissance Italy.   Edited by Daniel Bornstein and Roberto Rusconi. Trans. by Margery J. Schneider .   University of Chicago Press, 1996. Medieval Perspectives , 11., ( 1996):  Pages 165 - 181.
Year of Publication: 1996.

120. Record Number: 757
Author(s): Esposito, Anna.
Contributor(s):
Title : St. Francesca and the Female Religious Communities of Fifteenth- Century Rome [the sociopolitical environment of Saint Francesca and the penitent noble women who formed the community of Tor de' Specchi].
Source: Women and Religion in Medieval and Renaissance Italy.   Edited by Daniel Bornstein and Roberto Rusconi. Trans. by Margery J. Schneider .   University of Chicago Press, 1996. Medieval Perspectives , 11., ( 1996):  Pages 197 - 218. Originally published as "S. Francesca Bussa dei Ponziani e le comunità religiose femminili a Roma nel secolo XV" in Mistiche e devote nell'Italia tardomedievale. Edited by Daniel Bornstein and Roberto Rusconi (Liguori Editore, 1992). Pages 187-208.
Year of Publication: 1996.

121. Record Number: 820
Author(s): Chavasse, Ruth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Latin Lay Piety and Vernacular Lay Piety in Word and Image: Venice, 1471- Early 1500s [devotion to the Virgin Mary].
Source: Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 10., 3 (Sept. 1996):  Pages 319 - 342.
Year of Publication: 1996.

122. Record Number: 1196
Author(s): Sinclair, K. V.
Contributor(s):
Title : Un élément datable de la piété du "livre de la vertu du sacrement de mariage et du reconfort des dames mariees" de Philippe de Mézières [analysis of the thirteenth chapter "Oroison a la Vierge Marie"].
Source: Recherches de Théologie ancienne et médiévale , 63., ( 1996):  Pages 156 - 176.
Year of Publication: 1996.

123. Record Number: 1561
Author(s): Signori, Gabriela.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Miracle Kitchen and Its Ingredients: A Methodical and Critical Approach to Marian Shrine Wonders (10th to 13th Century)
Source: Hagiographica: Rivista di agiografia e biografia della società internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino/ Journal of Hagiography and Biography of Società Internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino , 3., ( 1996):  Pages 277 - 303.
Year of Publication: 1996.

124. Record Number: 2381
Author(s): Rose-Lefmann, Deborah.
Contributor(s):
Title : As It Is Painted: Reflections of Image-Based Devotional Practices in the "Confessions" of Katherine Tucher [her journal records mystical visions of the intercession of Mary, the crucifixion, and Christ as the bridegroom; all are strongly influenced by popular religious paintings and prints].
Source: Studia Mystica New Series , 17., 2 ( 1996):  Pages 185 - 204.
Year of Publication: 1996.

125. Record Number: 2515
Author(s): Halpin, Patricia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Anglo-Saxon Women and Pilgrimage [discusses trips to the Continent, to English shrines, and pilgrimages of the "heart" through devotional texts and art; includes a brief analysis of four devotional objects, a crucifix, two manuscript illuminations, and an embroidered alb, that were commissioned by women].
Source: Anglo-Norman Studies , 19., ( 1996):  Pages 97 - 122.
Year of Publication: 1996.

126. Record Number: 2752
Author(s): Abbott, Christopher
Contributor(s):
Title : Piety and Egoism in Julian of Norwich: A Reading of Long Text Chapters 2 and 3 [The author analyzes a portion of text that represents the young Julian's affective spirituality; Julian hopes for the gift of touching Christ and other ways of participating in the crucifixion].
Source: Downside Review , 114., 397 (October 1996):  Pages 267 - 282.
Year of Publication: 1996.

127. Record Number: 911
Author(s): Howell, Martha C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Fixing Movables: Gifts by Testament in Late Medieval Douai [The personal goods that women bequeathed to family, friends, and the poor carried social meaning and economic value].
Source: Past and Present (Full Text via JSTOR) 150 (Feb. 1996): 3-45. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1996.

128. Record Number: 3579
Author(s): Quattrin, Patricia Ann.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Milk of Christ: Herzeloydë as Spiritual Symbol in Wolfram von Eschenbach's "Parzival"
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996.  Pages 25 - 38.
Year of Publication: 1996.

129. Record Number: 1566
Author(s): Yoshikawa, Naoë Kukita.
Contributor(s):
Title : Searching for the Image of New "Ecclesia": Margery Kempe's Spiritual Pilgrimage Reconsidered
Source: Medieval Perspectives , 11., ( 1996):  Pages 125 - 138. Proceedings of the Twenty-First Annual Conference of the Southeastern Medieval Association
Year of Publication: 1996.

130. Record Number: 1360
Author(s): Bennett, Adelaide.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Thirteenth-Century French Book of Hours for Marie [Marie, a laywoman, is named in one of the prayers; the manuscript is significant for its numerous and varied representations of women. Sixteen out of twenty-one historiated initials portray laywomen in religious devotion or in family scenes].
Source: Journal of the Walters Art Gallery , 54., ( 1996):  Pages 21 - 37.
Year of Publication: 1996.

131. Record Number: 1433
Author(s): Taylor, Helen Clare.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mulier Quid Ploras? Holy Tears in "The Book of Margery Kempe" [influence of devotional texts, the Psalter, and liturgy on Margery's "rhetoric" of weeping].
Source: Mediaevalia , 19., ( 1996):  Pages 363 - 384. (1996 (for 1993)) Published by the Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, State University of New York at Binghamton
Year of Publication: 1996.

132. Record Number: 6310
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Laien als Wohltäter der Zisterzienserinnen in Böhmen und Mähren im Licht der Urkunden
Source: Cîteaux: Revue d'Histoire Cistercienne , 47., ( 1996):  Pages 115 - 134.
Year of Publication: 1996.

133. Record Number: 1851
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Margery Kempe: Spectacle and Spiritual Governance [argues that the active public spectacle of fits and weeping is a kind of martyrdom and a sign of Margery's contemplative attainments].
Source: Philological Quarterly , 75., 2 (Spring 1996):  Pages 137 - 166.
Year of Publication: 1996.

134. Record Number: 13837
Author(s): Karras, Ruth Mazo.
Contributor(s):
Title : Two Models, Two Standards: Moral Teaching and Sexual Mores [The author examines lay beliefs about sexual behavior in contrast to Church teaching. As evidence Karras analyzes the devotional text, "Dives and Pauper," and ecclesiastical court records. She finds instances of a double standard with women expected to be chaste while men had sex outside of marriage with the fault frequently lodged against the women who had "tempted" the men into sin. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Bodies and Disciplines: Intersections of Literature and History in Fifteenth-Century England.   Edited by Barbara A. Hanawalt and David Wallace .   Medieval Cultures series, 9. University of Minnesota Press, 1996. Philological Quarterly , 75., 2 (Spring 1996):  Pages 123 - 138.
Year of Publication: 1996.

135. Record Number: 905
Author(s): Cullum, P. H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Vowesses and Female Lay Piety in the Province of York, 1300-1530
Source: Northern History , 32., ( 1996):  Pages 21 - 41.
Year of Publication: 1996.

136. Record Number: 813
Author(s): Clough, Cecil H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Daughters and Wives of the Montefeltro: Outstanding Bluestockings of the Quattrocento [discusses their learning, roles in public life, and Christian devotion].
Source: Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 10., 1 (March 1996):  Pages 31 - 55.
Year of Publication: 1996.

137. Record Number: 1418
Author(s): McGlynn, Margaret and Richard J. Moll
Contributor(s):
Title : Chaste Marriage in the Middle Ages
Source: Handbook of Medieval Sexuality.   Edited by Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage .   Garland Reference Library of the Humanities vol. 1696. Garland Publishing, 1996. Italian History and Culture , 3., ( 1997):  Pages 103 - 122.
Year of Publication: 1996.

138. Record Number: 1709
Author(s): Margolis, Nadia.
Contributor(s):
Title : La progression polémique, spirituelle et personelle dans les écrits religieux de Christine de Pizan
Source: Une femme de Lettres au Moyen Age: Études autour de Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Liliane Dulac and Bernard Ribémont .   Paradigme, 1995. Mitteilungen des Instituts für österreichische Geschichtsforschung , 103., 40241 ( 1995):  Pages 297 - 316.
Year of Publication: 1995.

139. Record Number: 1710
Author(s): Willard, Charity Cannon.
Contributor(s):
Title : Christine de Pizan's Allegorized Psalms [commissioned in Paris by Charles the Noble, King of Navarre, during a time of political troubles under Charles VI].
Source: Une femme de Lettres au Moyen Age: Études autour de Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Liliane Dulac and Bernard Ribémont .   Paradigme, 1995. Mitteilungen des Instituts für österreichische Geschichtsforschung , 103., 40241 ( 1995):  Pages 317 - 324.
Year of Publication: 1995.

140. Record Number: 1844
Author(s): Nelson, Janet L.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Wary Widow [case study of the will of Erkanfrida, widow of a minor noble man and a "deo sacrata," a woman consecrated to God in her widowhood; the author includes an English translation of the will and an appendix gives the Latin text of the will from Wampach's "Urkunden- und Quellenbuch zur Geschichte der altluxemburgischen Territorien," Reprinted in Courts, Elites, and Gendered Power in the Early Middle Ages: Charlemagne and Others. By Janet L. Nelson. Ashgate Variorum, 2007. Article 2. Pages 87-90].
Source: Property and Power in the Early Middle Ages.   Edited by Wendy Davies and Paul Fouracre .   Cambridge University Press, 1995. Mitteilungen des Instituts für österreichische Geschichtsforschung , 103., 40241 ( 1995):  Pages 82 - 113. Reprinted in Courts, Elites, and Gendered Power in the Early Middle Ages: Charlemagne and Others. By Janet L. Nelson. Ashgate Variorum, 2007. Article 2.
Year of Publication: 1995.

141. Record Number: 338
Author(s): McGurk, Patrick and Jane Rosenthal
Contributor(s):
Title : Anglo-Saxon Gospelbooks of Judith, Countess of Flanders: Their Text, Make-Up, and Function
Source: Anglo-Saxon England , 24., ( 1995):  Pages 251 - 308.
Year of Publication: 1995.

142. Record Number: 2765
Author(s): Goez, Elke.
Contributor(s):
Title : Die Markgrafen von Canossa und die Klöster
Source: Deutsches Archiv , 51., ( 1995):  Pages 83 - 114.
Year of Publication: 1995.

143. Record Number: 7060
Author(s): Bornstein, Daniel.
Contributor(s):
Title : Le donne di Giovanni Dominici: un caso nella recezione e trasmissione dei messaggi religiosi [Giovanni Dominici, a Dominican observant, was active in ecclesiastical politics but also in counseling pious women. Echoes of his advice are found in his works dedicated to Bartolomea Degli Obizzi, a pious lay woman. This includes Dominici's arguments against women who become nuns for the wrong reasons and his advice on family life. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studi Medievali , 36., 1 (Giugno 1995):  Pages 355 - 361.
Year of Publication: 1995.

144. Record Number: 9519
Author(s): Bruzelius, Caroline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queen Sancia of Mallorca and the Convent Church of Sta. Chiara in Naples [The author argues that the convent church building significantly departs from previous models of architectural planning in the Poor Clare tradition. In part she attributes this to Queen Sancia's deep devotion to the original ideals of Francis which prompted her to found a double house and redesign the church layout so that the nuns could see the host while remaining unseen by the laity and the Friars. The queen also was reacting to ecclesiastical controversies in which her own relatives took leading roles as proponents of the Franciscan Spirituals against Pope John XXII. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome , 40., ( 1995):  Pages 69 - 100.
Year of Publication: 1995.

145. Record Number: 398
Author(s): McSheffrey, Shannon.
Contributor(s):
Title : Literacy and the Gender Gap in the Late Middle Ages: Women and Reading in Lollard Communities
Source: Women, the Book and the Godly: Selected Proceedings of the St. Hilda's Conference, 1993. Volume 1 [Volume 2: Women, the Book and the Worldly].   Edited by Lesley Smith and Jane H. M. Taylor .   D.S. Brewer, 1995. Anglo-Saxon England , 24., ( 1995):  Pages 157 - 170.
Year of Publication: 1995.

146. Record Number: 6623
Author(s): Scott, Karen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Candied Oranges, Vinegar, and Dawn: The Imagery of Conversion in the Letters of Caterina of Siena [The author examines three letters that Catherine wrote in 1378 to Monna Costanza Soderini, wife of one of the Guelph leaders of Florence, to Stefano Maconi, one of her disciples in Siena, and to Pope Urban; all three of her correspondents were having dif
Source: Annali d'Italianistica , 13., ( 1995):  Pages 91 - 107. Women Mystic Writers. Edited by Dino S. Cervigni
Year of Publication: 1995.

147. Record Number: 376
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Lydgate's Lyrics and Women Readers
Source: Women, the Book and the Worldly: Selected Proceedings of the St. Hilda's Conference, 1993. Volume 2. [Volume 1: Women, the Book, and the Godly].   Edited by Lesley Smith and Jane H. M. Taylor .   D.S.Brewer, 1995. Annali d'Italianistica , 13., ( 1995):  Pages 139 - 149.
Year of Publication: 1995.

148. Record Number: 5675
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : New Documents Concerning Desiderio da Settignano and Annalena Malatesta [notarial records survive in which Annalena Malatesta, a noble and wealthy widow, paid the scupltor Desiderio da Settignano for a statue of Mary Magdalene and a bust of Christ; in the Appendix to the article the author transcribes the relevant extracts from the ledger for Annalena; although Annalena founded a Tertiary Dominican house for the protection and education of young widows and virgins, the sculpture of Mary Magdalene was evidently not intended for the convent but for S. Trinità and the altar of the Cerbini family which included Annalena's notary].
Source: Burlington Magazine (Full Text via JSTOR) 137, 1113 (December 1995): 792-799. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1995.

149. Record Number: 429
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Saint Anne: A Holy Grandmother and Her Children
Source: Sanctity and Motherhood: Essays on Holy Mothers in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Anneke B. Mulder-Bakker Garland Medieval Casebooks, 14.   Garland Publishing, 1995.  Pages 31 - 65.
Year of Publication: 1995.

150. Record Number: 791
Author(s): Bremmer, Rolf Hendrik,
Contributor(s):
Title : Widows in Anglo-Saxon England
Source: Between Poverty and the Pyre: Moments in the History of Widowhood.   Edited by Jan Bremmer and Lourens van den Bosch .   Routledge, 1995.  Pages 58 - 88.
Year of Publication: 1995.

151. Record Number: 360
Author(s): Hogg, James.
Contributor(s):
Title : St. Birgitta's "Revelationes" Reduced to a Book of Pious Instruction [15th century editions and translations].
Source: Vox Mystica: Essays on Medieval Mysticism in Honor of Professor Valerie M Lagorio.   Edited by Anne Clark Bartlett, Thomas H. Bestul, Janet Goebel, and William F. Pollard .   D.S. Brewer, 1995.  Pages 201 - 229.
Year of Publication: 1995.

152. Record Number: 1123
Author(s): Kamerick, Kathleen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Art and Moral Vision in Angela of Foligno and Margery Kempe [compares their reactions to sacred art with the ideas in "De oculo morali"].
Source: Mystics Quarterly , 21., 4 (December 1995):  Pages 148 - 158.
Year of Publication: 1995.

153. Record Number: 5052
Author(s): Kamerick, Kathleen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Patronage and Devotion in the Prayer Book of Anne of Brittany, Newberry Library MS 83 [The author analyzes the prayer book, arguing that the individualized contents reflect the queen's concerns including safe delivery from childbirth, private prayers during Mass, and the steps necessary to earn indulgences].
Source: Manuscripta , 39., 1 (March 1995):  Pages 40 - 50.
Year of Publication: 1995.

154. Record Number: 428
Author(s): Mulder- Bakker, Anneke B.
Contributor(s): Madou, Mireille, in collaboration with
Title : Introduction [sections on iconography, the "Acta Sanctorum," models of female sanctity, and the cultural force of the laity].
Source: Sanctity and Motherhood: Essays on Holy Mothers in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Anneke B. Mulder-Bakker Garland Medieval Casebooks, 14.   Garland Publishing, 1995. Downside Review , 114., 397 (October 1996):  Pages 2 - 30.
Year of Publication: 1995.

155. Record Number: 2694
Author(s): Schiferl, Ellen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Caritas and the Iconography of Italian Confraternity Art [explores the iconography of the Madonna della Misericordia, the Madonna of Humility, and the Flagellation of Christ within the lay context of the confraternity where the themes of charity, humility, and mercy were expressed by love for one's neighbor, love for God, and the hope of salvation; also includes an appendix that lists Italian confraternity art, both sculpture and painting, for each of the three themes, 1300-1515].
Source: Studies in Iconography , 14., ( 1995):  Pages 207 - 246.
Year of Publication: 1995.

156. Record Number: 399
Author(s): Biller, Peter.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and Texts in Languedocian Catharism
Source: Women, the Book and the Godly: Selected Proceedings of the St. Hilda's Conference, 1993. Volume 1 [Volume 2: Women, the Book and the Worldly].   Edited by Lesley Smith and Jane H. M. Taylor .   D.S. Brewer, 1995. Studies in Iconography , 14., ( 1995):  Pages 171 - 182.
Year of Publication: 1995.

157. Record Number: 2767
Author(s): Pohl-Resl, Brigitte.
Contributor(s):
Title : Vorsorge, Memoria und soziales Ereignis: Frauen als Schenkerinnen in den bayerischen und alemannischen Urkunden des 8. und 9. Jahrhunderts
Source: Mitteilungen des Instituts für österreichische Geschichtsforschung , 103., 40241 ( 1995):  Pages 265 - 287.
Year of Publication: 1995.

158. Record Number: 2058
Author(s): Pedersen, Frederik.
Contributor(s):
Title : Did the Medieval Laity Know the Canon Law Rules On Marriage? Some Evidence from Fourteenth-Century York Cause papers [analysis based on thirteen cases of disputed marriage in the York cause papers].
Source: Mediaeval Studies , 56., ( 1994):  Pages 111 - 152.
Year of Publication: 1994.

159. Record Number: 5551
Author(s): van Herwaarden, Jan.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Appearance of Joan of Arc [The author considers the varied circumstances that allowed a young peasant girl to play a key role in France's history; the author discusses the English, Burgundian, and French forces contending for territory, the factions at the dauphin's court, popular
Source: Joan of Arc: Reality and Myth.   Edited by Jan van Herwaarden Publikaties van de Faculteit der Historische en Kunstwetenschappen. Maatschappijgeschiedenis .   Verloren, 1994. Mediaeval Studies , 56., ( 1994):  Pages 19 - 73.
Year of Publication: 1994.

160. Record Number: 1949
Author(s): Manzanas Calvo, Ana Maria.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Economics of Salvation in "The Book of Margery Kempe" and "The Pardoner's Prologue": The Vision of Purgatory
Source: Papers from the VII International Conference of the Spanish Society for Medieval English Language & Literature. .  1994. Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome , 40., ( 1995):  Pages 175 - 185.
Year of Publication: 1994.

161. Record Number: 1978
Author(s): Goldberg, Jeremy.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women in Later Medieval English Archives [overview of the various kinds of original records available for the study of women in the subject areas of work, law, lifecycle, and religious devotion].
Source: Journal of the Society of Archivists , 15., 1 (Spring 1994):  Pages 59 - 71.
Year of Publication: 1994.

162. Record Number: 7166
Author(s): Ashley, Kathleen and Pamela Sheingorn
Contributor(s):
Title : An Unsentimental View of Ritual in the Middle ages Or, Sainte Foy Was No Snow White [Using ideas from cultural studies that emphasize social and political tensions, the authors examine the ritual processes surrounding the reliquary of St. Foy as reflected in the collection of her miracles compiled in the eleventh century. Rather than serving to resolve conflict, St. Foy appears as a partisan of the male monastery in Conques, as a threatening figure who punishes those who do not obey her, and as a magnet for popular religious devotion, sometimes beyond the control of the monks.].
Source: Journal of Ritual Studies , 6., 1 (Winter 1992):  Pages 63 - 85.
Year of Publication: 1992.

163. Record Number: 7417
Author(s): Samons, Loren J., II
Contributor(s):
Title : The Vita Liutbirgae [The author responds to major historical questions surrounding the "Vita Liutbirgae" -- from manuscript history, to dates and locations, to details about Liutbirg herself. A ninth-century anchoress, Liutbirg was raised by a noblewoman. It should be noted that Liutbirg was never canonized and that the author of the "Life" does not refer to her as "sancta." Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Classica et Mediaevalia , 43., ( 1992):  Pages 273 - 286.
Year of Publication: 1992.

164. Record Number: 9458
Author(s): Bartlett, Anne Clark.
Contributor(s):
Title : “Delicious Matyr”: Feminine Courtesy in Middle English Devotional Literature for Women [The author explores how devotional texts addressed to women readers often used the discourses of courtly literature and romances, while at the same time critiquing these literary conventions. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Essays in Medieval Studies , 9., ( 1992):  Pages 9 - 18.
Year of Publication: 1992.

165. Record Number: 10006
Author(s): Tarvers, Josephine Koster.
Contributor(s):
Title : “Thys ys my mystrys boke”: English Women and Readers and Writers in Late Medieval England [Women actively participated in manuscript culture and literary production in fourteenth and fifteenth century England. Manuscript evidence shows they could be owners of books as well as translators and scribes. The author provides many examples of manuscripts that were written by and for (and circulated among) women. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Uses of manuscripts in literary studies: essays in memory of Judson Boyce Allen.   Edited by Charlotte Cook Morse, Penelope Reed Doob, and Marjorie Curry Woods Studies in medieval culture .   Medieval Institute Publications, Western Michigan University, 1992. Essays in Medieval Studies , 9., ( 1992):  Pages 305 - 327.
Year of Publication: 1992.

166. Record Number: 10242
Author(s): Mahoney, Dhira B.
Contributor(s):
Title : Margery Kempe’s Tears and the Power Over Language [Margery’s tears play a significant role in her attempt to define herself and her role in society. She communicates her unique status to others through her tears. Weeping marks her as a woman who is both of the world while remaining apart from it, and she demonstrates her power outside of language by means of her tears and prayers. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Margery Kempe: A Book of Essays.   Edited by Sandra J. McEntire .   Garland Publishing, 1992. Journal of Ritual Studies , 6., 1 (Winter 1992):  Pages 37 - 50.
Year of Publication: 1992.

167. Record Number: 10305
Author(s): Moor, Geertruida de.
Contributor(s):
Title : Laybrothers and Laysisters in Frisia and Holland: Circa 1300 - Circa 1600 [The article considers the various roles of lay brothers and sisters of the Cistercian order in Holland and Frisia. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Cistercian Studies Quarterly , 27., 4 ( 1992):  Pages 329 - 339.
Year of Publication: 1992.

168. Record Number: 10678
Author(s): Cleve, Gunnel.
Contributor(s):
Title : Margery Kempe: A Scandanavian Influence in Medieval England? [The author argues that both St. Bridget's life and her writings had a profound influence on Margery Kempe. As a married woman who was extremely anxious about her loss of virginity, Margery welcomes Saint Bridget as a model for her sanctity despite marriage and children. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Medieval Mystical Tradition in England: Exeter Symposium , 5., ( 1992):  Pages 163 - 178.
Year of Publication: 1992.

169. Record Number: 14682
Author(s): Smith, Jeffrey Chipps.
Contributor(s):
Title : Margaret of York and the Burgundian Portrait Tradition [The author surveys nine surviving manuscript paintings of Margaret, arguing that she was the first Burgundian duchess to develop an individualized image. Her representations emphasize her devotional piety and charity but also take motifs from ducal portraits. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Margaret of York, Simon Marmion, and "The Visions of Tondal": Papers Delivered at a Symposium organized by the Department of Manuscripts of the J. Paul Getty Museum in Collaboration with the Huntington Library and Art Collections, June 21-24, 1990.   Edited by Thomas Kren .   J. Paul Getty Museum, 1992. Medieval Mystical Tradition in England: Exeter Symposium , 5., ( 1992):  Pages 47 - 56.
Year of Publication: 1992.

170. Record Number: 14684
Author(s): Morgan, Nigel.
Contributor(s):
Title : Texts of Devotion and Religious Instruction Associated with Margaret of York [The author surveys the religious texts known to have belonged to Margaret of York. Morgan categorizes them as books of religious instruction, texts dealing with the soul and the body, and a related group about prayer and contemplation. Morgan suggests that Margaret may have been very devout and read widely in her comprehensive library. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Margaret of York, Simon Marmion, and "The Visions of Tondal": Papers Delivered at a Symposium organized by the Department of Manuscripts of the J. Paul Getty Museum in Collaboration with the Huntington Library and Art Collections, June 21-24, 1990.   Edited by Thomas Kren .   J. Paul Getty Museum, 1992. Medieval Mystical Tradition in England: Exeter Symposium , 5., ( 1992):  Pages 63 - 76.
Year of Publication: 1992.

171. Record Number: 14685
Author(s): Lewis, Suzanne.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Apocalypse" of Margaret of York [The author briefly discusses the heavily illustrated "Apocalypse" made for Margaret of York. Lewis argues that it was intended to provide Margaret with an intensive meditative reading for devotional purposes. Title note provided by Feminae.].
Source: Margaret of York, Simon Marmion, and "The Visions of Tondal": Papers Delivered at a Symposium organized by the Department of Manuscripts of the J. Paul Getty Museum in Collaboration with the Huntington Library and Art Collections, June 21-24, 1990.   Edited by Thomas Kren .   J. Paul Getty Museum, 1992. Medieval Mystical Tradition in England: Exeter Symposium , 5., ( 1992):  Pages 77 - 88.
Year of Publication: 1992.

172. Record Number: 4630
Author(s): González-Casanovas, R. J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marian Devotion as Gendered Discourse in Berceo and Alfonso X: Popular Reception of the "Milagros" and "Cantigas" [the author compares two miracle stories that appear in both Berceo and Alfonso X, "The Marvelous Birth" and "The Drunk Monk;" the author argues that gender plays a major role for both authors, with Berceo transforming the Virgin Mary into a cultural icon of chivalry, while Alfonso "reintroduces the maternal imagery into his 'Cantigas de Santa Maria' in such a way that it humanizes the effects of an embodied devotion and socializes the effects of a spiritualized courtesy" (Page 23)].
Source: Bulletin of the Cantigueiros de Santa Maria , 4., (Spring 1992):  Pages 17 - 31.
Year of Publication: 1992.

173. Record Number: 9498
Author(s): Johnson, Lynn Staley.
Contributor(s):
Title : Margery Kempe: social critic [The article considers Kempe as a social commentator, and discusses the way she uses her particular vision of social reality not only to support her spiritual biography, but to critique the community. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Journal of Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 22., 2 (Spring 1992):  Pages 159 - 184.
Year of Publication: 1992.

174. Record Number: 10986
Author(s): Gill, Katherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Open Monasteries for Women in Late Medieval and Early Modern Italy: Two Roman Examples [The author examines the cases of the oblates of Tor de' Specchi (a community of religious lay women gathered around Francesca Bussa dei Ponziani in Rome) and the "pinzochere" associated with the church of Sant'Agostino in Rome. Gill argues that the success of these informal religious communities in Italy was associated in part with the opportunities they offered women to play a variety of social roles. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Crannied Wall: Women, Religion, and the Arts in Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Craig A. Monson .   University of Michigan Press, 1992. Journal of Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 22., 2 (Spring 1992):  Pages 15 - 47.
Year of Publication: 1992.

175. Record Number: 9183
Author(s): Harley, Marta Powell.
Contributor(s):
Title : Of Widewhod: A Middle English Tract in Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Bodley 938 [The author traces the Biblical and patristic sources for this tract on widowhood and defines it as essentially a translation of the final chapter of the "De vita christiana" with an introduction added of admonitions, scriptural references, and commentary. The author also supplies an edition of the Middle English text of the tract. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Manuscripta , 36., 3 (November 1992):  Pages 178 - 190.
Year of Publication: 1992.

176. Record Number: 29956
Author(s): Michaud, Francine
Contributor(s):
Title : Liaisons Particulières? Franciscains et Testatrices a Marseille (1248 - 1320)
Source: Annales du Midi , 104., (janvier - mars) 197 ( 1992):  Pages 7 - 18.
Year of Publication: 1992.

177. Record Number: 10243
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Journey into Selfhood: Margery Kempe and Feminine Spirituality [The author reads Margery’s narrative of spiritual progression alongside feminist, psychological and theological accounts of how women achieve selfhood. This process involves self-negation, spiritual awakening, and self-naming. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Margery Kempe: A Book of Essays.   Edited by Sandra J. McEntire .   Garland Publishing, 1992. Manuscripta , 36., 3 (November 1992):  Pages 51 - 69.
Year of Publication: 1992.

178. Record Number: 10241
Author(s): Armstrong, Elizabeth Psakis.
Contributor(s):
Title : “Understanding by Feeling” in Margery Kempe’s Book [When Kempe’s writing is compared to the various devotional writers she mentions in her book (Richard Rolle, Julian of Norwich, Walter Hilton, Saints Bridget of Sweden and Catherine of Siena), it is clear that she borrows from both devotional and hagiographical traditions. She combines these traditions with other discourses in order to triumph over clerical authority and to enact her own new spirituality based on feeling. The author suggests that her religious practices are close to those of Protestants in later periods (including Pentecostal women). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Margery Kempe: A Book of Essays.   Edited by Sandra J. McEntire .   Garland Publishing, 1992. Manuscripta , 36., 3 (November 1992):  Pages 17 - 35.
Year of Publication: 1992.

179. Record Number: 10250
Author(s): Holloway, Julia Bolton.
Contributor(s):
Title : Bride, Margery, Julian, and Alice: Bridget of Sweden’s Textual Community in Medieval England [Kempe models her devotional practices on Saint Bridget of Sweden, replicating the saint’s writings, life, and pilgrimages through her own book and travels. In her pilgrimages, Kempe visited the same sites Bridget did in her lifetime. Pilgrimage was available to both men and women, and writing a text enabled women to gain some access to power by narrating their travels. The author traces the lives, texts, and travels of historical figures like Saint Bridget of Sweden and Julian of Norwich, as well as Dame Alison (Chaucer’s fictional Wife of Bath). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Margery Kempe: A Book of Essays.   Edited by Sandra J. McEntire .   Garland Publishing, 1992. Manuscripta , 36., 3 (November 1992):  Pages 203 - 222.
Year of Publication: 1992.

180. Record Number: 10175
Author(s): Olsen, Glenn W.
Contributor(s):
Title : One Heart and One Soul ("Acts" 4:32 and 34) in Dhuoda's "Manual" [The author argues that Dhuoda's interpretation of "Acts" for her son is distinctly original. She sees the life of the early apostles as a model for lay spirituality and a means of ending the deadly conflict among Carolingian noble men. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Church History (Full Text via JSTOR) 61, 1 (March 1992): 23-33. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1992.

181. Record Number: 10249
Author(s): Barratt, Alexandra.
Contributor(s):
Title : Margery Kempe and the King’s Daughter of Hungary [In her “Book,” English mystic Margery Kempe adapts the text of another woman visionary, Saint Elizabeth of Hungary. Instances of devotional suffering, weeping, and self-martyrdom in Kempe’s book could be modeled on selected incidents in Elizabeth’s writings. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Margery Kempe: A Book of Essays.   Edited by Sandra J. McEntire .   Garland Publishing, 1992.  Pages 189 - 201.
Year of Publication: 1992.

182. Record Number: 6460
Author(s): Nardi, Carlo.
Contributor(s):
Title : La "Leggenda riccardiana" di Santa Maria all' Impruneta: un anonimo oppositore del pievano Stefano alla fine del Trecento? [The image of Mary at Santa Maria all' Impruneta came to be attributed to Saint Luke; foundation of the shrine was dated by the "Leggenda" to the reign of Pope Urban II with an image created by a painter named "Luca;" the "Leggenda" gives an unusually accurate description of the image of the Virgin and Child, and it reuses earlier material in its discussion of the history of the shrine; the text also reflects the eventual displacement of other local patrons by the Buondelmonte family; the article concludes with three transcriptions from the "Storia di Santa Maria dell' Impruneta"].
Source: Archivio Storico Italiano , 149., ( 1991):  Pages 503 - 551.
Year of Publication: 1991.

183. Record Number: 11204
Author(s): Baumer-Despeigne, Odette.
Contributor(s):
Title : Hadewijch of Antwerp and Hadewijch II; Mysticism of Being in the Thirteenth Century in Brabant [The poems of the female mystic Hadewijch of Antwerp, composed between 1220 and 1240, were revised and augmented by another beguine (member of a sisterhood of laywomen) a decade later. This collaboration reflects the contemporary social trend among laywomen in the Low Countries to voluntary take up a simple life of chastity and poverty without joining a religious order. Although the poems composed by the Hadewijchs are written in the language of the trouveres and courtly love, they express a deep spirituality and love for God (not men). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studia Mystica , 14., 4 (Winter 1991):  Pages 16 - 37.
Year of Publication: 1991.

184. Record Number: 11215
Author(s): Winstead, Karen A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Piety, Politics, and Social Commitment in Capgrave’s "Life of St. Katherine" [Capgrave radically changes old conventions of sacred biographies by creating a new saint’s life. Interested in political, historical, and personal frameworks for martyrdom, Capgrave explores the saint’s limitations as a human and examines how her earth-bound social status affects her public involvement in the secular world. This worldly shift in the representation of the female martyr protagonist reflects the poet’s need to appeal to bourgeois women who were the primary audience for saint’s lives and pious tales. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medievalia et Humanistica , 17., ( 1991):  Pages 59 - 80.
Year of Publication: 1991.

185. Record Number: 11202
Author(s): Fite, Patricia P.
Contributor(s):
Title : To “Sytt and Syng of Luf Langyng”: The Feminine Dynamic of Richard Rolle’s Mysticism [Richard Rolle combines masculine and feminine dimensions of spirituality in his mystical writings. He uses feminized language as an alternative to the discourse of clerical authority, invoking the language of “luf langyng” (yearning for love) to express the mystical union of body and soul and the intense desire for union with the divine. Rolle’s concept of spiritual integration and affinity with the feminine anticipates the psychic theories of Carl Jung. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studia Mystica , 14., 40212 (Summer/Fall 1991):  Pages 13 - 29.
Year of Publication: 1991.

186. Record Number: 10679
Author(s): Elliott, Dylan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Dress as Mediator Between Inner and Outer Self: The Pious Matron of the High and Later Middle ages [Clothing often served as a saint's way of signifying the discrepancy between her percieved social standing (according to secular values) and her own individual selfhood (one based on spiritual beliefs). For married female saints, clothing was an even more complex form of symbolism as it often thwarted the wife's expected subordination to her husband while also projecting an image of virginity which was at odds with a married social persona. During the later Middle Ages, clergy began to endorse efforts to restrict the clothing of laywomen in order to maintain husbands' supremacy over their pious wives. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Mediaeval Studies , 53., ( 1991):  Pages 279 - 308.
Year of Publication: 1991.

187. Record Number: 10993
Author(s): Morgan, Nigel.
Contributor(s):
Title : Texts and Images of Marian Devotion in Thirteenth-Century England [Many lay practices focused on the Virgin Mary developed in the thirteenth century. They required a basic knowledge of Latin to read books of hours. Many of the most popular ideas, such as Mary the intercessor, were found in art. Much of thirteenth century Marian art from England has been lost; but illuminated manuscripts employ the most common motifs, including Mary pleading bare-breasted for sinful humanity. The Appendix presents Middle English language texts of Marian antiphons, hymns, and prayers of the Sarum Hours from an early fifteenth century manuscript of "The Prymer or Lay Folks' Prayer Book." Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: England in the Thirteenth Century: Proceedings of the 1989 Harlaxton Symposium.   Edited by W.M. Ormrod Harlaxton Medieval Studies .   Stamford Watkins , 1991. Mediaeval Studies , 53., ( 1991):  Pages 69 - 103.
Year of Publication: 1991.

188. Record Number: 11225
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : A Relic, Some Pictures and the Mothers of Florence in the Late Fourteenth Century
Source: Gesta (Full Text via JSTOR) 30, 2 (1991): 91-99. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1991.

189. Record Number: 10891
Author(s): Hunt, Lucy-Anne
Contributor(s):
Title : A Woman’s Prayer to Saint Sergios in Latin Syria: Interpreting a Thirteenth-century Icon at Mount Sinai [The icons at Saint Catherine’s Monastery at Mount Sinai include one depicting a black-veiled woman keeling in prayer before an equestrian Saint Sergios. The symbolic significance of the woman’s black veil is unknown, but the painting may indicate the imp
Source: Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies , 15., ( 1991):  Pages 96 - 145.
Year of Publication: 1991.

190. Record Number: 11214
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Why Found a Medieval Cistercian Nunnery? [Isabel de Aubigny, Countess of Arundel, was a noble-born English woman who established a Cistercian monastery in the thirteenth century. Isabel’s husband and many close relatives died when she was young, and she chose to remain a widow. After a series of additional family deaths, Isabel used the dowry she had been given by her father upon her marriage in order to establish a Cistercian nunnery. She had many motivations for founding the monastery: religious convictions (doing charity to benefit her soul in the afterlife), economic and political goals (disposing of estates), and social aspirations and responsibilities (maintaining family honor and increasing her social prestige). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Prosopography , 12., 1 (Spring 1991):  Pages 1 - 28.
Year of Publication: 1991.

191. Record Number: 8645
Author(s): Papi, Anna Benvenuti.
Contributor(s):
Title : Una santa vedova [Left a young widow with children, Umiliata declined remarriage. She passed the remainder of her life in her father’s house treated like a servant and distracted from prayer by male relatives. After her death, Umiliata’s cult was promoted by the Franciscans. Her children later favored the Franciscan convent of Santa Croce. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: In castro poenitentiae: santità e società femminile nell’Italia medievali. Anna Benvenuti Papi .   Herder, 1990. Medievalia et Humanistica , 17., ( 1991):  Pages 59 - 98. Earlier published in Studies in Church History 27 (1990): 53-78.
Year of Publication: 1990.

192. Record Number: 8647
Author(s): Papi, Anna Benvenuti.
Contributor(s):
Title : I frati e le donne [Many of the holy women of late-medieval Italy were affiliated with the mendicant orders. These women included widows and penitents, as well as nuns. These ties inspired hagiographic works written by the friars, presenting these women in an acceptable man
Source: In castro poenitentiae: santità e società femminile nell’Italia medievali. Anna Benvenuti Papi .   Herder, 1990. Medievalia et Humanistica , 17., ( 1991):  Pages 119 - 140. Originally published as "Frati mendicanti e pinzochere in Toscana: dalla marginalità sociale a modello di santità," in Temi i problemi della mistica femminile trecentesca: XX convegno del Centro di studi sulla spiritualità medievale, Todi 14-17 ottobre 19
Year of Publication: 1990.

193. Record Number: 8651
Author(s): Papi, Anna Benvenuti.
Contributor(s):
Title : Forme comunitarie [The Franciscan third order originated as a para-monastic status for penitent women. It became, in the fifteenth century, assimilated to a monastic model. The popes permitted common dwellings and conceded privileges, but they expected strict monastic enclosure. Some of the Tuscan houses of tertiaries were tied to convents of the Franciscan observant movement. Appendix: pp. 589-592 Rule of the Third Order, from MS Palatino 118 in the Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, Florence. Originally printed as "Le forme comunitarie della penitenza femminile francescana: Schede per un censimento toscano," in Prime manifestazioni di vita comunitaria maschile e femminile nel movimento francescano della penitenza: Atti del convegno di studi francescani, Assisi 30 giugno-2 luglio 1981, edited by R. Pazzelli and L. Temperini (Commissione Storica Internazionale T.O.R., 1982). Pages 389-449. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: In castro poenitentiae: santità e società femminile nell’Italia medievali. Anna Benvenuti Papi .   Herder, 1990. Medievalia et Humanistica , 17., ( 1991):  Pages 531 - 592. Originally printed as "Le forme comunitarie della penitenza femminile francescana: Schede per un censimento toscano," in Prime manifestazioni di vita comunitaria maschile e femminile nel movimento francescano della penitenza: Atti del convegno di studi fr
Year of Publication: 1990.

194. Record Number: 8654
Author(s): Papi, Anna Benvenuti.
Contributor(s):
Title : Secolo e chiostro [The penitent movement extended the monastic ideal to women living in the world. It was accessible not just to virgins, like Catherine of Siena, but to wives and widows. Originally published as "Penitenza e santità femminile in ambiente cateriniano e bernardiniano," in Atti del simposio internazionale cateriniano-bernardiniano, Siena 17-20 aprile 1980, edited by Domenico Maffei and Paolo Nardi (Accademia Senese degli Intronati, 1982). Pages 865-875. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: In castro poenitentiae: santità e società femminile nell’Italia medievali. Anna Benvenuti Papi .   Herder, 1990. Medievalia et Humanistica , 17., ( 1991):  Pages 247 - 259. Originally published as "Penitenza e santità femminile in ambiente cateriniano e bernardiniano," in Atti del simposio internazionale cateriniano-bernardiniano, Siena 17-20 aprile 1980, edited by Domenico Maffei and Paolo Nardi (Accademia Senese degli Intr
Year of Publication: 1990.

195. Record Number: 8656
Author(s): Papi, Anna Benvenuti.
Contributor(s):
Title : Padri spirituali [The mendicant movement coincided with an increase in the number of penitent women living in the world. Friars frequently became confessors and spiritual guides for these women. Friars advised them how to lead a spiritual life outside the cloister without yielding to temptation or becoming suspected of heresy. Writers like Francesco da Barberino were critical of these close ties between religious and uncloistered. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: In castro poenitentiae: santità e società femminile nell’Italia medievali. Anna Benvenuti Papi .   Herder, 1990. Medievalia et Humanistica , 17., ( 1991):  Pages 205 - 246. Earlier published in Studies in Church History 27 (1990): 53-78.
Year of Publication: 1990.

196. Record Number: 15605
Author(s): McNamara, Jo Ann.
Contributor(s):
Title : De quibusdam mulieribus: Reading Women's History from Hostile Sources [The author analyzes the cases of two women who testified about their religious beliefs to church authorities. In the Abruzzi Catania spoke in support of Celestine V during his canonization process. In Provence Na Prous Boneta testified to her devotion to Peter Olivi, a Franciscan spiritual. Documents like this indicate women's ingenuity and determination to lead meaningful spiritual lives even in cases like that of Prous Bonete where the church declared her a heritic. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Women and the Sources of Medieval History.   Edited by Joel T. Rosenthal .   University of Georgia Press, 1990. Medievalia et Humanistica , 17., ( 1991):  Pages 237 - 258.
Year of Publication: 1990.

197. Record Number: 31227
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Virgin before an enthroned bishop-saint with Robert II de Neville and his wife, Joan de Atherton, observing. Miniature for the second Marian Litany
Source: Medievalia et Humanistica , 17., ( 1991):
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198. Record Number: 34457
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Title : Marie and other pilgrims with St. James
Source: Medievalia et Humanistica , 17., ( 1991):
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199. Record Number: 36214
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Title : Personified figures of Humility and Pride from Somme le roi
Source: Medievalia et Humanistica , 17., ( 1991):
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200. Record Number: 36286
Author(s):
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Title : Murder of Godelieve from The Life and Miracles of Saint Godelieve
Source: Medievalia et Humanistica , 17., ( 1991):
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201. Record Number: 37664
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Title : Mary of Burgundy reading from a book of hours
Source: Medievalia et Humanistica , 17., ( 1991):
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202. Record Number: 37673
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Crowned woman (likely Eleanor of Woodstock) at Mass
Source: Medievalia et Humanistica , 17., ( 1991):
Year of Publication: