Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


303 Record(s) Found in our database

Search Results

1. Record Number: 28800
Author(s): Mews, Constant J.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Speculum dominarum" ("Miroir des dames") and Transformations of the Literature of Instruction for Women in the Early Fourteenth Century [The author analyzes the "Speculum dominarum," a treatise written by Durand de Champagne for Joanne de Navarre, wife of Philip IV and queen of France 1285-1305. The text was later translated into French and remained widely read into the sixteenth century. Mews argues that the text "marks a significant shift in the character of religious writing for women, in moving away from a purely interior focus to one that combines spiritual advice with ethical discussion, of a sort traditionally conducted in a scholastic milieu and addressed only to men." (p. 14).
Source: Virtue Ethics for Women 1250-1500.   Edited by Karen Green and Constant J. Mews .   Springer, 2011.  Pages 13 - 30.
Year of Publication: 2011.

2. Record Number: 27613
Author(s): Gaudette, Helen A.,
Contributor(s):
Title : The Spending Power of a Crusader Queen: Melisende of Jerusalem [The author analyzes three projects which Melisende supported in part to increase public support for her rule: Bethgibelin Castle, the women's monastery of Bethany, and the covered market street in Jerusalem called "Malquisinat" (literally the Street of Bad Cooking). Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Women and Wealth in Late Medieval Europe.   Edited by Theresa Earenfight The New Middle Ages. .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.  Pages 135 - 148.
Year of Publication: 2010.

3. Record Number: 28346
Author(s): Constantine the African, ,
Contributor(s): Wallis, Faith, translator
Title : Medicalizing Sex: Constantine the African [Constantine came from North Africa and brought Arabic medical texts with him to Italy. He translated or adapted his book, “On Sexual Intercourse”, from Arabic sources. He discusses issues from a medical point of view and includes many remedies for sexual problems. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Medieval Medicine: A Reader.   Edited by Faith Wallis Readings in Medieval Civilizations and Cultures, 15.   University of Toronto Press, 2010.  Pages 511 - 523.
Year of Publication: 2010.

4. Record Number: 28446
Author(s): Hanaphy, Stephen,
Contributor(s):
Title : Consolation and Desperation: A Study of the Letters of Peter of Blois in the Name of Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine
Source: Medieval Italy, Medieval and Early Modern Women: Essays in Honour of Christine Meek.   Edited by Conor Kostick .   Four Courts Press, 2010.  Pages 206 - 219.
Year of Publication: 2010.

5. Record Number: 27900
Author(s):
Contributor(s): Curley, Michael J., trans.
Title : XX. On the Elephant [The text recounts in part the way in which the female and male elephant copulate. While the female elephant gives birth in water, the male elephant stands guard against snakes. The elephants are allegorized as Eve and Adam who do not have “any awareness of the mingling of their flesh” until the female ate of the tree (in the elephant’s story mandrake) and became evil. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Physiologus. .   University of Chicago Press, 2009. Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 5., ( 2009):  Pages 29 - 32.
Year of Publication: 2009.

6. Record Number: 27901
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : XXXVII. On the Beaver [The male beaver’s genitals are used as a medicine. When a hunter pursues the beaver, the animal bites off his genitals and throws them at the hunter to save himself. So too, the author allegorizes, should we throw our sins at the devil and acquire spiritual fruits including continence and chastity in good works. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Physiologus. .   University of Chicago Press, 2009. Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 5., ( 2009):  Pages 52 - 52.
Year of Publication: 2009.

7. Record Number: 27903
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : XXXVIII. On the Hyena or the Brute [The hyena can alternate as both male and female, and is thus unclean. The author allegorizes the hyena as a double-minded man who is courageous at a gathering but womanly afterward. The woman’s nature is further equated with being unfaithful. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Physiologus. .   University of Chicago Press, 2009. Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 5., ( 2009):  Pages 52 - 53.
Year of Publication: 2009.

8. Record Number: 27904
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : XLIII. On the Turtle-Dove [The turtle-dove remains faithful to her mate, even if he is captured or killed. The author notes her chastity and allegorizes her as the Church faithful to her crucified mate. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Physiologus. .   University of Chicago Press, 2009. Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 5., ( 2009):  Pages 56 - 57.
Year of Publication: 2009.

9. Record Number: 28347
Author(s):
Contributor(s): Gallagher, Eric James, translator
Title : Agnes, who was the wife of Adam the son of Robert, claims against Waleran de Muncy… [Item 300 from the hundred of Blything concerns Agnes who pleads on her own behalf because her husband has been outlawed. She recovers land because it was part of her marriage portion (“maritagium”). Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: The Civil Pleas of the Suffolk Eyre of 1240.   Edited by Eric James Gallagher Suffolk Records Society, 52.   Boydell Press , 2009. Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 5., ( 2009):  Pages 53 - 53.
Year of Publication: 2009.

10. Record Number: 22417
Author(s): Izbicki, Thomas M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Failed Censures: Ecclesiastical Regulation of Women’s Clothing in Late Medieval Italy [Ecclesiastical efforts to regulate vanity of dress were few in late medieval Italy. Most significant was a constitution written by Cardinal Latino Malabranca intended to limit display of flesh and waste of cloth. By the fourteenth century compromises were being made in the enforcement of this decree, and new issues involving the wearing of jewelry and other ornaments were being addressed. By the fifteenth century, sumptuary legislation was largely left to the Italian communes, although some of the clergy still advocated strict measures against vain dress and ornamentation. The appendices include: Appendix 3.1 Cardinal Latino Malabranca's Constitution on Women's dress (1279); Appendix 3.2 Cardinal Bertrand du Poujet's Modification of Cardinal Latino's Constitution (ca. 1327) ; Appendix 3.3 The Constitution of Antonio d'Orso Biliotti, Bishop of Florence (ca. 1310). Title note submitted by the author.]
Source:   Edited by Robin Netherton; Gale R. Owen-Crocker Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 5., ( 2009):  Pages 37 - 53.
Year of Publication: 2009.

11. Record Number: 27116
Author(s): Giovini, Marco
Contributor(s):
Title : "A nugace in castum": L’Itinerario salvifico di "Callimaco," "Adulescens" innamorato de Rosvita [The "Callimachus" of Hrotsvitha is based on the plays of Terence with poetic influences from Prudentius. The play focuses on the desires of Callimachus for a married Christian woman. He even desires her dead body. The play ends with the conversion of Callimachus to a Christian life. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Mediaevalia , 28., 2 ( 2007):  Pages 137 - 164.
Year of Publication: 2007.

12. Record Number: 20967
Author(s): Giovini, Marco
Contributor(s):
Title : La Cucina infernale e la mirabile illusione: Il "Dulcitius" di Rosvita fra drammaturgia e innografia [Hrotsvitha used the Christian poetry of Prudentius in the composition of her plays, but she borrowed from the Roman dramatist Terence for comic relief and to lampoon enemies of the faith. In "Dulcitius," the pagan judge is humiliated by devils when he enters a kitchen while seeking to exploit captive Christian girls. Instead he embraces pots and pans, soiling his garment and making a lot of noise. This comedy was intended to reinforce the religious message of the play by humiliating the evil judge. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Mediaevalia , 27., 1 ( 2006):  Pages 155 - 183.
Year of Publication: 2006.

13. Record Number: 13675
Author(s): Sheridan, Maia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mothers and Sons: Emma of Normandy's Role in the English Succession Crisis, 1035-42 [The author examines Queen Emma's relationship with her sons as presented in the text "Encomium Emmae reginae." She commissioned the work to strengthen her sons' positions after King Cnut's death. Not surprisingly it criticized Cnut's illegitimate son, but it also responded to suspicions concerning Emma's involvement in her son Alfred's death. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies on Medieval and Early Modern Women 4: Victims or Viragos?   Edited by Christine Meek and Catherine Lawless .   Four Courts Press, 2005. Mediaevalia , 27., 1 ( 2006):  Pages 39 - 48.
Year of Publication: 2005.

14. Record Number: 14698
Author(s): Luongo, F. Thomas.
Contributor(s):
Title : Saintly Authorship in the Italian Renaissance: The Quattrocento Reception of Catherine of Siena's Letters [The author argues that fifteenth century readers saw Catherine's letters as an important source of moral guidance. Furthermore their being written in the Italian vernacular was not a detraction. Catherine's mysticism conveyed authority as surely as Latin and Greek did for the classics. These trends crystalize in the edition of Catherine's letters printed by Aldus Manutius in 1500. He combines spiritual and literary goals with a new typeface for the saint's inspired vernacular. [Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Journal of the Early Book Society for the Study of Manuscripts and Printing History , 8., ( 2005):  Pages 1 - 46.
Year of Publication: 2005.

15. Record Number: 14567
Author(s): Tyler, Elizabeth M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Fictions of Family: The "Encomium Emmae Reginae" and Virgil's "Aeneid" [Tyler argues that the author of the "Encomium" sought to support Queen Emma by recounting the Danish conquest and rule of England. His history makes use of fiction and even lies to fashion a politically favorable account. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Viator , 36., ( 2005):  Pages 149 - 179.
Year of Publication: 2005.

16. Record Number: 14748
Author(s): Tolhurst, Fiona.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Great Divide?: History and Literary History as Partners in Medieval Mythology [The author takes four literary works by Geoffrey of Monmouth, Matthew Paris, Boccaccio, and Christine de Pizan as case studies. She argues that they all demonstrate a sophisticated mix of historical, legendary, and Biblical figures. Furthermore in their representations of women they each perform significant cultural work. Geoffrey of Monmouth sought to legitimize Empress Matilda's rule of England. Matthew Paris reinforced desirable female behavior by critcizing dangerous female traits. Boccaccio offered models for women to emulate. Christine de Pizan took this further by acknowledging misogyny in her sources and championing woman's moral nature. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 30., 1 (Spring 2004):  Pages 7 - 27.
Year of Publication: 2004.

17. Record Number: 10822
Author(s): Góngora, María Eugenia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Feminea Forma and "Virga": Two Images of Incarnation in Hildegard of Bingen's "Symophonia"
Source: The Voice of Silence: Women's Literacy in a Men's Church.   Edited by Thérèse de Hemptinne and María Eugenia Góngora Medieval Church Studies .   Brepols, 2004. Speculum , 79., 3 (July 2004):  Pages 23 - 36.
Year of Publication: 2004.

18. Record Number: 10823
Author(s): Flisfisch, María Isabel.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Eve-Mary Dichotomy in the "Symphonia" of Hildegard of Bingen
Source: The Voice of Silence: Women's Literacy in a Men's Church.   Edited by Thérèse de Hemptinne and María Eugenia Góngora Medieval Church Studies .   Brepols, 2004. Speculum , 79., 3 (July 2004):  Pages 37 - 46.
Year of Publication: 2004.

19. Record Number: 10824
Author(s): Meli, Beatriz.
Contributor(s):
Title : Virginitas and "Auctoritas": Two Threads in the Fabric of Hildegard of Bingen's "Symphonia armonie celestium revelationum"
Source: The Voice of Silence: Women's Literacy in a Men's Church.   Edited by Thérèse de Hemptinne and María Eugenia Góngora Medieval Church Studies .   Brepols, 2004. Speculum , 79., 3 (July 2004):  Pages 47 - 55.
Year of Publication: 2004.

20. Record Number: 10826
Author(s): Simons, Walter.
Contributor(s):
Title : Staining the Speech of Things Divine: The Uses of Literacy in Medieval Beguine Communities [The author examines different kinds of evidence including vernacular texts written by Beguines, wills that bequeathed manuscripts to or from Beguines, and daily activities of Beguines involving the written word. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Voice of Silence: Women's Literacy in a Men's Church.   Edited by Thérèse de Hemptinne and María Eugenia Góngora Medieval Church Studies .   Brepols, 2004. Speculum , 79., 3 (July 2004):  Pages 85 - 110.
Year of Publication: 2004.

21. Record Number: 10828
Author(s): Desplenter, Youri.
Contributor(s):
Title : Songs of Praise for the "Illiterate": Latin Hymns in Middle Dutch Prose Translation [The author focuses on a group of manuscripts which provide vernacular translations of breviary hymns. Desplenter argues that the manuscripts' intended users were mostly women, both Franciscan tertiaries and canonesses of the Windesheim Chapter. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Voice of Silence: Women's Literacy in a Men's Church.   Edited by Thérèse de Hemptinne and María Eugenia Góngora Medieval Church Studies .   Brepols, 2004. Speculum , 79., 3 (July 2004):  Pages 127 - 142.
Year of Publication: 2004.

22. Record Number: 10829
Author(s): Heene, Katrien.
Contributor(s):
Title : De litterali et morali earum instruccione: Women's Literacy in Thirteenth-Century Latin Agogic Texts [The author examines didactic texts, particularly saints' lives and exempla, to find out what their clerical authors thought about the connections between women and literacy. Generally reading is associated for women with prayer, while for men it leads to more active engagements in the world, whether it be preaching or directing a noble household. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Voice of Silence: Women's Literacy in a Men's Church.   Edited by Thérèse de Hemptinne and María Eugenia Góngora Medieval Church Studies .   Brepols, 2004. Speculum , 79., 3 (July 2004):  Pages 145 - 166.
Year of Publication: 2004.

23. Record Number: 10877
Author(s): Heene, Katrien.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender and Mobility in the Low Countires: Travelling Women in Thirteenth-Century Exempla and Saints Lives [The author examines Latin saints' lives and exempla, didactic stories used to teach moral and religious values, for mentions of women travelling. Although the clerical authors thought that women's mobility ought to be restricted, this does not appear to have lessened women's travels, particularly for religious pilgrimages. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Texture of Society: Medieval Women in the Southern Low Countries.   Edited by Ellen E. Kittell and Mary A. Suydam .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. Speculum , 79., 3 (July 2004):  Pages 31 - 49.
Year of Publication: 2004.

24. Record Number: 11008
Author(s): Pettit, Emma.
Contributor(s):
Title : Holiness and Masculimity in Aldhelms's "Opus geminatum De virginitate" [The author traces two approaches to masculinity. Both male and female religious need to be masculinized spiritual combatants against vice; in contrast only male saints are masculinized when preforming miracles. Female saints are less autonomous and associated with characteristics that are gendered feminine. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Holiness and Masculinity in the Middle Ages.   Edited by P. H. Cullum and Katherine J. Lewis .   Religion and Culture in the Middle Ages Series. University of Wales Press, 2004. Speculum , 79., 3 (July 2004):  Pages 8 - 23.
Year of Publication: 2004.

25. Record Number: 10847
Author(s): Burgwinkle, William.
Contributor(s):
Title : Visible and Invisible Bodies and Subjects in Peter Damian
Source: Troubled Vision: Gender, Sexuality, and Sight in Medieval Text and Image.   Edited by Emma Campbell and Robert Mills .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 30., 1 (Spring 2004):  Pages 47 - 62.
Year of Publication: 2004.

26. Record Number: 12611
Author(s): Denny-Brown, Andrea.
Contributor(s):
Title : How Philosophy Matters: Death, Sex, Clothes, and Boethius [Lady Philosophy’s garment has an important symbolic significance, yet Boethius still depicts it as a material object. The materiality of Philosophy’s garment unsettles her supposed status as a purely immaterial abstraction. The corporeal status of her sexually-violated body and the gaps in her garment align her with the Muses of Poetry, negating a perception of Philosophy as pure, perfect, or whole. Her imperfect garment and female body thus symbolize human loss, corruption and mortality. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Fabrications: Dress, Textiles, Clothwork, and Other Cultural Imaginings.   Edited by E. Jane Burns .   Palgrave, 2004. Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 30., 1 (Spring 2004):  Pages 177 - 191.
Year of Publication: 2004.

27. Record Number: 11427
Author(s): Parker, Holt N.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and Humanism: Nine Factors for the Woman Learning
Source: Viator , 35., ( 2004):  Pages 581 - 616.
Year of Publication: 2004.

28. Record Number: 10932
Author(s): Bitel, Lisa M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ekphrasis at Kildare: The Imaginative Architecture of a Seventh Century Hagiographer [The author argues that the hagiographer Cogitosus wrote an extensive descripton of the church at Kildare in his "Vita" of Saint Brigit in order to link the space more closely with her sainted presence. Visitors to Kildare were not only connecting to Brigit, but to the center of Christian history with the church's borrowings from Rome. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Speculum , 79., 3 (July 2004):  Pages 605 - 627.
Year of Publication: 2004.

29. Record Number: 14637
Author(s): Fleck, Cathleen A
Contributor(s):
Title : To exercise yourself in these things by continued contemplation: Visual and Textual Literacy in the Frescoes at Santa Maria Donna Regina [The author argues that the Donna Regina fresco program was planned to enhance the resident nuns' understanding and meditation on the tenets of the faith. Furthermore many of the nuns would have had a visual literacy as well as a textual literacy to understand the sophisticated iconography and the Latin inscriptions. The nuns also would need to summon up relevant Biblical texts and other readings from memory. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Church of Santa Maria Donna Regina: Art, Iconography, and Patronage in Fourteenth-Century Naples.   Edited by Janis Elliott and Cordelia Warr .   Ashgate, 2004. Speculum , 79., 3 (July 2004):  Pages 109 - 128.
Year of Publication: 2004.

30. Record Number: 8706
Author(s): de Trafford, Claire.
Contributor(s):
Title : Share and Share Alike? The Marriage Portion, Inheritance, and Family Politics [The author explores the use of the marriage portion or "maritagium" given by the bride's family, usually in the form of land or rents. Since wives had a say in the disposal of their "maritagia," it tended to increase their status in the family. Also there was an effort to provide for all children, including daughters, rather than the later emphasis on a sole male heir with primogeniture. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies on Medieval and Early Modern Women: Pawns or Players?   Edited by Christine Meek and Catherine Lawless .   Four Courts Press, 2003. Mediaeval Studies , 65., ( 2003):  Pages 36 - 48.
Year of Publication: 2003.

31. Record Number: 10564
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Textual Spaces/ Playing Places: An Exploration of Convent Drama in the Abbey of Origny-Sainte-Benoîte [The author explores two plays, "Ludus paschalis" and "Visitatio sepulchri," (both partially in French) that were performed at Easter time in the Benedictine women's monastary at Origny-Sainte-Benoîte. Matthews considers issues involving performance, women's spirituality, public versus private venues, and the connections these two plays had with other plays from women's monasteries. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: European Medieval Drama , 7., ( 2003):  Pages 69 - 85.
Year of Publication: 2003.

32. Record Number: 9637
Author(s): Robertson, Elizabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : This Living Hand: Thirteenth-Century Female Literacy, Materialist Immanence, and the Reader of the "Ancrene Wisse" [The author first surveys the manuscripts of the "Ancrene Wisse" and the languages that early readers would have used. Then she analyzes the broadly historical context of thirteenth century female religious readers. In the final section, Robertson focuses
Source: Speculum , 78., 1 (January 2003):  Pages 1 - 36. Abridged version published in Medieval Literature: Criticism and Debates. Edited by Holly A. Crocker and D. Vance Smith. Routledge, 2014. Pages 162-179.
Year of Publication: 2003.

33. Record Number: 10558
Author(s): Field, Sean.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gilbert of Tournai's Letter to Isabelle of France: An Edition of the Complete Text [The author works from a recently discovered manuscript of the letter that the Franciscan preacher wrote to the daughter of King Louis VIII. Writing on his own initiative, Gilbert offered much of the standard spiritual advice to the religiously inclined princess. However, he also included a sophisticated section on spiritual ascent based on Pseudo-Dionysius. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Mediaeval Studies , 65., ( 2003):  Pages 57 - 97.
Year of Publication: 2003.

34. Record Number: 8052
Author(s): Jeffrey, Jane E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Radegund and the Letter of Foundation [The author provides a brief overview of Radegund's life as queen and founder-abbess of the Convent of the Holy Cross. There follows the Latin text and English translation of her "Letter of Foundation," written near the end of her life to set the direction of the monastery. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Women Writing Latin from Roman Antiquity to Early Modern Europe. Volume 2: Medieval Women Writing Latin.   Edited by Laurie J. Churchill, Phyllis R. Brown, and Jane E. Jeffrey .   Routledge, 2002. Mediaeval Studies , 64., ( 2002):  Pages 11 - 23.
Year of Publication: 2002.

35. Record Number: 9179
Author(s): Holsinger, Bruce and David Townsend
Contributor(s):
Title : Ovidian Homoerotics in Twelfth-century Paris: The Letters of Leoninus, Poet and Polyphone [The authors analyze two Latin poems by Leoninus, a cathedral canon in Paris. Leoninus uses echoes from Ovid not only to establish a playful, loving exchange with his male addressees but, according to Holsinger and Townsend, to celebrate male-male sexual consummation as "a noble and ennobling pursuit." The Appendix presents the Latin texts of the two poems from Bibliothèque nationale MS Latin 14759 ("On a Ring Given by Cardinal Henry" and "To a Friend Who Will Come for the Festival of the Staff") along with English translations. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies (Full Text via Project Muse) 8, 3 (2002): 389-423. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2002.

36. Record Number: 8053
Author(s): Stofferahn, Steven A.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Schoolgirl and Mistress Felhin: A Devout Petition from Ninth Century Saxony [The author provides a brief introduction to the Latin request in a manuscript from Essen by a ninth century female student in a woman's monastery. The writer wants to keep vigil overnight with the lady Adalu. The Latin text and an English translation follow the introduction. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Women Writing Latin from Roman Antiquity to Early Modern Europe. Volume 2: Medieval Women Writing Latin.   Edited by Laurie J. Churchill, Phyllis R. Brown, and Jane E. Jeffrey .   Routledge, 2002. Mediaeval Studies , 64., ( 2002):  Pages 25 - 35.
Year of Publication: 2002.

37. Record Number: 8057
Author(s): Smith, Anne Collins.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Problemata" of Heloise [The author provides a brief overview of Heloise's life and an introduction to the "Problemata", a list of questions regarding scripture that were collected by Heloise and her students and sent to Abelard. The author argues that the text demonstrates both Heloise's scholarship and her patient concern as a teacher. Excepts from the "Problemata" follow in Latin and English translation. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Women Writing Latin from Roman Antiquity to Early Modern Europe. Volume 2: Medieval Women Writing Latin.   Edited by Laurie J. Churchill, Phyllis R. Brown, and Jane E. Jeffrey .   Routledge, 2002. Mediaeval Studies , 64., ( 2002):  Pages 173 - 196.
Year of Publication: 2002.

38. Record Number: 8059
Author(s): Griffiths, Fiona.
Contributor(s):
Title : Herrad of Hohenbourg and the Poetry of the "Hortus deliciarum: Cantat tibi cantica" [The author provides a brief overview of Herrad's encyclopedic "Hortus." She suggests that in addition to the dedicatory poem for the women of Hohenberg, Herrad probably also wrote "De primo homine" and "Rithmus de Domino" which share her same tone of joyful love for Christ. Latin texts and English translations of selected poems from the "Hortus deliciarum follow." Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women Writing Latin from Roman Antiquity to Early Modern Europe. Volume 2: Medieval Women Writing Latin.   Edited by Laurie J. Churchill, Phyllis R. Brown, and Jane E. Jeffrey .   Routledge, 2002. Mediaeval Studies , 64., ( 2002):  Pages 231 - 263.
Year of Publication: 2002.

39. Record Number: 8061
Author(s): Wiethaus, Ulrike.
Contributor(s):
Title : Street Mysticism: An Introduction to "The Life and Revelations" of Agnes Blannbekin [The author provides a brief overview of Blannbekin's life and the record of her revelations. Blannbekin was a Beguine from Vienna whose confessor wrote down her visions and thoughts in Latin. It is unclear how much influence the confessor/scribe had on Agnes' written account. Excerpts from the Latin text and English translation follow. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Women Writing Latin from Roman Antiquity to Early Modern Europe. Volume 2: Medieval Women Writing Latin.   Edited by Laurie J. Churchill, Phyllis R. Brown, and Jane E. Jeffrey .   Routledge, 2002. Mediaeval Studies , 64., ( 2002):  Pages 281 - 307.
Year of Publication: 2002.

40. Record Number: 8062
Author(s): Straubhaar, Sandra.
Contributor(s):
Title : Birgitta Birgersdotter, Saint Bride of Sweden (1303?- 1373) [The author provides a brief overview of Saint Bridget's life and writings. She dictated her revelations, presumably in Swedish, to a series of male religious scribes. She also participated in the editorial work that came when translating the text into Latin. Short excerpts from the Latin text with English translations follow the overview. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Women Writing Latin from Roman Antiquity to Early Modern Europe. Volume 2: Medieval Women Writing Latin.   Edited by Laurie J. Churchill, Phyllis R. Brown, and Jane E. Jeffrey .   Routledge, 2002. Mediaeval Studies , 64., ( 2002):  Pages 309 - 318.
Year of Publication: 2002.

41. Record Number: 8088
Author(s): Stanton, Robert.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage, Socialization, and Domestic Violence in the "Life of Christina of Markyate" [The author emphasizes the social dimensions of the "Life" and argues that the monk/author was critical of the social acculturation required for the nobility. Stanton also argues that previous authors downplayed the violence her parents and fiancé do to Christina. Another important aspect of the "Life" is the pivotal moment it represents in the transformation of marriage when consent of both partners becomes more important. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Domestic Violence in Medieval Texts.   Edited by Eve Salisbury, Georgiana Donavin, and Merrall Llewelyn Price .   University Press of Florida, 2002.  Pages 242 - 271.
Year of Publication: 2002.

42. Record Number: 7270
Author(s): Beach, Alison I.
Contributor(s):
Title : Voices from a Distant Land: Fragments of a Twelfth-Century Nuns' Letter Collection [The author has identified nineteen full or partial letters written by nuns at Admont. Some are routine correspondence relating to patronage, but others are of a personal nature including a mother who wants her young daughter brought to her and a nun who
Source: Speculum , 77., 1 (January 2002):  Pages 34 - 54.
Year of Publication: 2002.

43. Record Number: 9510
Author(s): Walters, Lori J.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Royal Vernacular: Poet and Patron in Christine de Pizan's "Charles V" and the "Sept Psaumes Allégorisés [The author argues that Christine speaks as a female Evangelist, substituting Middle French for Biblical Hebrew. Christine does much to affirm the sanctity and authority of Middle French. Walters also underlines the serious political issues addressed in b
Source: The Vernacular Spirit: Essays on Medieval Religious Literature.   Edited by Renate Blumenfeld-Kosinski, Duncan Robertson, and Nancy Bradley Warren .   The New Middle Ages series. Palgrave, 2002. Speculum , 77., 1 (January 2002):  Pages 145 - 182.
Year of Publication: 2002.

44. Record Number: 7825
Author(s): Elliott, Dyan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Seeing Double: John Gerson, the Discernment of Spirits, and Joan of Arc
Source: American Historical Review , 107., 1 (February 2002):  Pages 26 - 54.
Year of Publication: 2002.

45. Record Number: 10457
Author(s): Blanton-Whetsell, Virginia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Tota integra, tota incorrupta: The Shrine of St. Aethelthryth as Symbol of Monastic Autonomy [The author examines the "Liber Eliensis," a Latin compilation of charters, deeds, and other documents chronicling the history of Saint Etheldreda, her shrine, and the male monastery on the island of Ely. Norman monks were introduced to Ely by William the Conqueror, but they identified with their protective saint against both royal and episcopal interests. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (Full Text via Project Muse) 32, 2 (Spring 2002): 227-267. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2002.

46. Record Number: 9333
Author(s): Cain, James D.
Contributor(s):
Title : Unnatural History: Gender and Genealogy in Gerald of Wales's "Topographia Hibernica" [In his text, the "Topographia Hibernica," Giradus Cambrensis had two major complaints about the Irish: their sexual immorality and their difficulties in organizing themselves politically. He saw these as symptoms of the lack of self-restraint which plagued the country in many different ways. The Anglo-Normans attempted to impose order in Ireland through inheritance favoring the eldest son and marriage according to the dictates of the Church. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Essays in Medieval Studies (Full Text via Project Muse) 19 (2002): 29-43. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2002.

47. Record Number: 10533
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Henry Suso and the Medieval Devotion to Christ the Goddess
Source: Spiritus: A Journal of Christian Spirituality (Full Text via Project Muse) 2, 1 (Spring 2002): 1-14. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2002.

48. Record Number: 7401
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage, Sexual Pleasure, and Learned Brides in the Wedding Orations of Fifteenth-Century Italy
Source: Renaissance Quarterly , 55., 2 (Summer 2002):  Pages 379 - 433.
Year of Publication: 2002.

49. Record Number: 9339
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Feminization of Magic and the Emerging Idea of the Female Witch in the Late Middle Ages [This article explores Johannes Nider's text "Formicarius," written around 1437, and the first to state that women were more likely to be witches. Previously theologians had expressed concern over necromancy performed by learned men. However, women now posed a threat because their natures suited them to witchcraft, a feminized form of magic requiring sexual submission to the devil. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Essays in Medieval Studies (Full Text via Project Muse) 19 (2002): 120-134. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2002.

50. Record Number: 8058
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Autobiography or Autohagioglraphy? Decoding the subtext in the "Visions" of Elisabeth of Schonau [The author provides a brief overview of Elisabeth's life and her writings. She discusses the influence that Elisabeth's brother Ekbert may have had on the written accounts of her visions. She also considers the themes of pain and suffering and the devil's temptations that feature prominently in Elisabeth's visions. Excepts follow from the Latin text and English translation of Elizabeth's vision. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Women Writing Latin from Roman Antiquity to Early Modern Europe. Volume 2: Medieval Women Writing Latin.   Edited by Laurie J. Churchill, Phyllis R. Brown, and Jane E. Jeffrey .   Routledge, 2002.  Pages 197 - 229.
Year of Publication: 2002.

51. Record Number: 9511
Author(s): Wiberg Pedersen, Else Marie
Contributor(s):
Title : Can God Speak in the Vernacular? On Beatrice of Nazareth's Flemish Exposition of the Love for God [The author examines the "Seven manieren van heiliger Minnen," a vernacular text written by Beatrice, a prioress of the Cistercian convent of Nazareth in present day Belgium near Antwerp. Wiberg Pedersen also looks at Beatrice's "vita," written in Latin by an unknown monk. The monk also translated her "Seven manieren" text into Latin for inclusion with the "vita." Wiberg Pedersen argues that the Church was frequently uncomfortable with women who wrote theological texts, particularly in the vernacular. Nevertheless Beatrice and other "mulieres religiosae" found various orthodox outlets for their writings. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Vernacular Spirit: Essays on Medieval Religious Literature.   Edited by Renate Blumenfeld-Kosinski, Duncan Robertson, and Nancy Bradley Warren .   The New Middle Ages series. Palgrave, 2002.  Pages 185 - 208.
Year of Publication: 2002.

52. Record Number: 8056
Author(s): Tsakiropoulou-Summers, Tatiana.
Contributor(s):
Title : Hildegard of Bingen: The Teutonic Prophetess [The author presents a brief overview of Hildegard's life and works, emphasizing the various strategies Hildegard used to lend both her writings and her actions the kind of authority generally denied to women. The appended Latin texts and English translations are excerpts from Hildegard's writings and were chosen to demonstrate the breadth of her accomplishments. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women Writing Latin from Roman Antiquity to Early Modern Europe. Volume 2: Medieval Women Writing Latin.   Edited by Laurie J. Churchill, Phyllis R. Brown, and Jane E. Jeffrey .   Routledge, 2002.  Pages 133 - 172.
Year of Publication: 2002.

53. Record Number: 9331
Author(s): Monahan, Jennifer.
Contributor(s):
Title : Reading Matilda: The Self-Fashioning of a Duchess [The author examines how Matilda, Countess of Tuscany, identified herself in documents in order to understand what kind of image she fashioned for herself as a female ruler. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Essays in Medieval Studies (Full Text via Project Muse) 19 (2002): 1-13. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2002.

54. Record Number: 8055
Author(s): Sheerin, Daniel.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sisters in the Literary Agon: Texts from Communities of Women on the Mortuary Roll of the Abbess Matilda of La Trinité, Caen [The author provides a brief introduction to the mortuary roll for Matilda, abbess of la Trinité monastery in Caen. Mortuary rolls announced the deaths of prominent religious women and men and provided space for monasteries and cathedrals to record prayers and commemorative poems. The author suggests that groups competed for the most elegant and rhetorically inventive entries. He also suggests that poems written by nuns may have prompted the misogynous comments in several of the entries from male religious communities. Latin texts and English translations follow of Matilda's obituary notice and the poems on the mortuary roll from women's communities. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Women Writing Latin from Roman Antiquity to Early Modern Europe. Volume 2: Medieval Women Writing Latin.   Edited by Laurie J. Churchill, Phyllis R. Brown, and Jane E. Jeffrey .   Routledge, 2002.  Pages 93 - 131.
Year of Publication: 2002.

55. Record Number: 8511
Author(s): Curley, Michael J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Five Lecciones for the Feast of St. Nonita: A Text and its Context [Curley analyzes a set of liturgical lessons for the Welsh Saint Nonita, mother of Saint David. He argues that the author of the text adapted Rhigyfarch's "Vita Sancti David" (circa 1095) to emphasize the saint's mother's actions. The text cannot be dated but it was in circulation by 1458. The text as it comes down was copied by a fifteenth century antiquarian but is not complete. It is particularly valuable because most Welsh service books have not survived. The article concludes with the Latin text and an English translation. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Cambrian Medieval Celtic Studies , 43., (Summer 2002):  Pages 59 - 75.
Year of Publication: 2002.

56. Record Number: 8474
Author(s): Resnick, Irven M.
Contributor(s):
Title : PS.- Albert the Great on the Physiognomy of Jesus and Mary [The author analyzes the Latin text "Mariale" which in earlier years was attributed to Albert the Great. The "Mariale" author used medical and philosophical authorities to establish the most perfect human bodies for Mary and Christ. In so doing, the author makes Mary a real historical person, rather than a theological symbol. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Mediaeval Studies , 64., ( 2002):  Pages 217 - 240.
Year of Publication: 2002.

57. Record Number: 11036
Author(s): Evans, Ruth.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Devil in Disguise: Perverse Female Origins of the Nation [The author examines the connections among women's sexuality, demons and the supernatural, and the myths of the origins of nations. The Latin translation of the story of Albina and her sisters, the discoverers of Britain who had sex with giants, is the text that Evans first analyzes. However, she also briefly considers "Sir Orfeo," "Wife of Bath's Tale," and the York Play, "Joseph's Trouble about Mary." Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Consuming Narrative: Gender and Monstrous Appetite in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.   Edited by Liz Herbert McAvoy and Teresa Walters .   University of Wales Press, 2002. Mediaeval Studies , 64., ( 2002):  Pages 182 - 195.
Year of Publication: 2002.

58. Record Number: 8054
Author(s): Damen, Mark.
Contributor(s):
Title : Hrotsvit's "Callimachus" and the Art of Comedy [The author provides a brief introduction to his English translation of Hrotsvitha's play, "Callimachus." He concentrates on the classical sources and the comedic elements that were revealed through performance. He also discusses the challenges of translating Hrotsvitha's humor, both verbal and visual. The Latin text and the author's English translation are appended. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Women Writing Latin from Roman Antiquity to Early Modern Europe. Volume 2: Medieval Women Writing Latin.   Edited by Laurie J. Churchill, Phyllis R. Brown, and Jane E. Jeffrey .   Routledge, 2002. Mediaeval Studies , 64., ( 2002):  Pages 37 - 91.
Year of Publication: 2002.

59. Record Number: 5960
Author(s): Kienzle, Beverly Mayne and Nancy Nienhuis
Contributor(s):
Title : Battered Women and the Construction of Sanctity [the authors explore written accounts of the lives of Monica, the mother of Augustine, Godelieve of Gistel, whose husband had her murdered, Dorothy of Montau, and Catherine of Genoa, all of whom suffered psychological and physical abuse at the hands of their husbands; they demonstrate a "complex theological internplay between holiness, patience, and suffering in the eyes of these women's hagiographers" (p. 59)].
Source: Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion , 17., 1 (Spring 2001):  Pages 33 - 61.
Year of Publication: 2001.

60. Record Number: 5374
Author(s): Elsakkers, Marianne.
Contributor(s):
Title : In Pain You Shall Bear Children (Gen. 3:16): Medieval Prayers for a Safe Delivery [The author argues in part that the rhythms of the "Peperit" charm helped a pregnant woman adjust to the different stages of labor; the Appendix reproduces the texts of four versions of the "Peperit" charm].
Source: Women and Miracle Stories: A Multidisciplinary Exploration.   Edited by Anne-Marie Korte Studies in the History of Religions, 88.   Brill, 2001. Viator , 32., ( 2001):  Pages 179 - 207.
Year of Publication: 2001.

61. Record Number: 6717
Author(s): Power, Kim E.
Contributor(s):
Title : From Ecclesiology to Mariology: Patristic Traces and Innovation in the "Speculum virginum"
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001. Viator , 32., ( 2001):  Pages 85 - 110.
Year of Publication: 2001.

62. Record Number: 6719
Author(s): Jeffreys, Catherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Listen, Daughters of Light: The Epithalamium and Musical Innovation in Twelfth-Century Germany
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001. Viator , 32., ( 2001):  Pages 137 - 157.
Year of Publication: 2001.

63. Record Number: 5603
Author(s): Pike, David L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Le dreit enfer vus mosterruns: Marie de France's "Espurgatoire Seint Patriz"
Source: Viator , 32., ( 2001):  Pages 43 - 57.
Year of Publication: 2001.

64. Record Number: 10645
Author(s): Karkov, Catherine E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Broken Bodies and Singing Tongues: Gender and Voice in the Cambridge, Corpus Christi College 23 "Psychomachia" [The author argues that the Anglo-Saxon reader of the "Psychomachia" and the "Passio Sancti Romani" (also by Prudentius) was encouraged through text and illustrations to see the self as masculine and the body as feminine. Karkov notes that the Anglo-Saxon "Psychomachia" manuscripts were the first to depict the Virtues and Vices as primarily female, rather than the earlier practice of Virtues as male warriors and the Vices as monsters. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Anglo-Saxon England , 30., ( 2001):  Pages 115 - 136.
Year of Publication: 2001.

65. Record Number: 6716
Author(s): Hotchin, Julie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Female Religious Life and the "Cura Monialium" in Hirsau Monasticism, 1080 to 1150
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001. Viator , 32., ( 2001):  Pages 59 - 83.
Year of Publication: 2001.

66. Record Number: 6050
Author(s): Ferrante, Joan M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Licet longinquis regionibus corpore separati: Letters as a Link in and to the Middle Ages [in a presidential address delivered to the Medieval Academy of America, Ferrante describes the goals and contents of the online database "Epistolae" (http://db.ccnmtl.columbia.edu/Ferrante/about2.html) that presents the texts of letters from and to women, 4th through 13th centuries; the author traces a number of themes from the letters including women's involvement in public struggles, support of women by other women, and strong relationships between women and men].
Source: Speculum , 76., 4 (October 2001):  Pages 877 - 895.
Year of Publication: 2001.

67. Record Number: 16582
Author(s): Borsje, Jacqueline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women in Columba's Life, as Seen Through the Eyes of His Biographer Adomnán
Source: Women and Miracle Stories: A Multidisciplinary Exploration.   Edited by Anne-Marie Korte Studies in the History of Religions, 88.   Brill, 2001. Speculum , 76., 4 (October 2001):  Pages 87 - 122.
Year of Publication: 2001.

68. Record Number: 6718
Author(s): Powell, Morgan.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Speculum virginum and the Audio-Visual Poetics of Women's Religious Instruction
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001. Speculum , 76., 4 (October 2001):  Pages 59 - 83.
Year of Publication: 2001.

69. Record Number: 6724
Author(s): Küsters, Urban.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Second Blossoming of a Text: The "Spieghel der Maechden" and the Modern Devotion
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001. Speculum , 76., 4 (October 2001):  Pages 245 - 261.
Year of Publication: 2001.

70. Record Number: 6022
Author(s): Wailes, Stephen L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Beyond Virginity: Flesh and Spirit in the Plays of Hrotsvit of Gandersheim [The author argues that the theme of Hrotsvit's plays is the flesh versus the spirit not virginity as many earlier critics have maintained. The author uses the heroines' names for the titles of four of the plays ("Agape, Chiona, and Hurena" in place of "Dulcitius"; "Drusiana" in place of "Calimachus"; "Maria" in place of "Abraham"; and "Thais" in place of "Pafnutius") while the author retains the traditional titles for "Gallicanus" and "Sapientia".]
Source: Speculum , 76., 1 ( 2001):  Pages 1 - 27. Full-text of Dulcitus and Gallicanus in English (from the Medieval Sourcebook).
Year of Publication: 2001.

71. Record Number: 5604
Author(s): Mews, Constant J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Hugh Metel, Heloise, and Peter Abelard: The Letters of an Augustinian Canon and the Challenge of Innovation in Twelfth-Century Lorraine [in the Appendix the author presents transcriptions along with English translations of the two Latin letters written by Hugh Metel to Heloise].
Source: Viator , 32., ( 2001):  Pages 59 - 91.
Year of Publication: 2001.

72. Record Number: 6714
Author(s): Mews, Constant J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Virginity, Theology, and Pedagogy in the "Speculum Virginum"
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001. Viator , 32., ( 2001):  Pages 15 - 40.
Year of Publication: 2001.

73. Record Number: 6720
Author(s): Pinder, Janice M.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Cloister and the Garden: Gendered Images of Religious Life from the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001. Viator , 32., ( 2001):  Pages 159 - 179.
Year of Publication: 2001.

74. Record Number: 5784
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Men, Women, and Miracles in Normandy, 1050- 1150 [the author argues that the representation of women in Norman miracle reports is surprisingly positive; women's testimony is recorded (when men are unavailable) and their tender care of children is emphasized; the author suggests that the monk-authors of the "miracula" were not misogynists and had contact with women, both in the monastery and in the secular world].
Source: Medieval Memories: Men, Women, and the Past, 700-1300.   Edited by Elisabeth van Houts .   Women and Men in History Series. Longman, 2001. Viator , 32., ( 2001):  Pages 53 - 71.
Year of Publication: 2001.

75. Record Number: 6723
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Herrad of Hohenbourg: A Synthesis of Learning in "The Garden of Delights"
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001. Viator , 32., ( 2001):  Pages 221 - 243.
Year of Publication: 2001.

76. Record Number: 6721
Author(s): Flanagan, Sabina.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Speculum virginum and Traditions of Medieval Dialogue
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001. Viator , 32., ( 2001):  Pages 181 - 200.
Year of Publication: 2001.

77. Record Number: 6023
Author(s): Cadden, Joan
Contributor(s):
Title : Nothing Natural Is Shameful: Vestiges of a Debate about Sex and Science in a Group of Late-Medieval Manuscripts [The author examines Pietro d'Abano's commentary, Walter Burley's abbreviated version, and reactions to Burley's text, all in regard to "Problemata," Part Four on sexual intercourse; Burley forthrightly justifies the propriety of studying sex for natural history and philosophy although he chose to remove Pietro d'Abano's comments on male homosexuality from his text; subsequent copyists and readers of Burley's text reacted to the section on sexual intercourse, in one case by toning down his defensive arguments and in another by eliminating the entire offending section].
Source: Speculum , 76., 1 (January 2001):  Pages 66 - 89.
Year of Publication: 2001.

78. Record Number: 7911
Author(s): Cannon, Christopher.
Contributor(s):
Title : Chaucer and Rape: Uncertainty's Certainties
Source: Representing Rape in Medieval and Early Modern Literature.   Edited by Elizabeth Robertson and Christine M. Rose .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001. Speculum , 76., 1 (January 2001):  Pages 255 - 279.
Year of Publication: 2001.

79. Record Number: 6715
Author(s): Seyfarth, Jutta.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Speculum virginum": The Testimony of the Manuscripts
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001. Speculum , 76., 1 (January 2001):  Pages 41 - 57.
Year of Publication: 2001.

80. Record Number: 6742
Author(s): Schein, Sylvia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women in Medieval Colonial Society: The Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem in the Twelfth Century [The author argues that noble and royal women in the Crusader Kingdom had a better legal status and more freedom of action than women in Europe because the conditions of constant war often overruled traditional gender roles. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Gendering the Crusades.   Edited by Susan B. Edgington and Sarah Lambert .   University of Wales Press, 2001. Speculum , 76., 1 (January 2001):  Pages 140 - 153.
Year of Publication: 2001.

81. Record Number: 5972
Author(s): McMillan, Kirsten.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Story of Conflicts: Marriage and Conquest in the "Gesta Regum Anglorum"
Source: Gender and Conflict in the Middle Ages. Gender and Medieval Studies Conference, York, January 5-7 2001. .  2001. Speculum , 76., 1 (January 2001):
Year of Publication: 2001.

82. Record Number: 11156
Author(s): Lee, Christina.
Contributor(s):
Title : Voices in the Wilderness [Anglo-Latin women's writings]
Source: Old English Newsletter , 34., 3 (Spring 2001): Appendix A: Abstracts of Papers in Anglo-Saxon Studies. Conference paper presented at the Thirty-Sixth International Congress on Medieval Studies, the Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University, May 3-6, 2001, Nineteenth Symposium on the Sources of A
Year of Publication: 2001.

83. Record Number: 11160
Author(s): Franc, Catherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Rejected Suitor and Rape in Hagiography: The Unusual Case of Thecla
Source: Old English Newsletter , 34., 3 (Spring 2001): Appendix A: Abstracts of Papers in Anglo-Saxon Studies. Conference paper presented at the International Medieval Congress, University of Leeds, July 9-12, 2001, Session 801: "Re-Reading Old English I: Excluding the Other."
Year of Publication: 2001.

84. Record Number: 5605
Author(s): Mann, Jill.
Contributor(s):
Title : Wife-Swapping in Medieval Literature [in order to understand better the relationships among Dorigen, Arveragus, and Aurelius, the author considers the exchange of wives between friends in a number of earlier medieval texts, including the Latin poem "Lantfrid and Cobbo," the many versions of "Amis and Amiloun," the thirteenth-century romance "Athis and Prophilias," Boccaccio's story in the "Decameron" concerning Titus and Gisippus, the story of Rollo and Resus in Walter Map's "De Nugis Curialium," and Giovanni Fiorentino's story of Stricca and Galgano in his fourteenth-century collection "Il Pecorone"].
Source: Viator , 32., ( 2001):  Pages 93 - 112.
Year of Publication: 2001.

85. Record Number: 5371
Author(s): Nie, Giselle de.
Contributor(s):
Title : Fatherly and Motherly Curing in Sixth-Century Gaul: Saint Radegund's "Mysterium"
Source: Women and Miracle Stories: A Multidisciplinary Exploration.   Edited by Anne-Marie Korte Studies in the History of Religions, 88.   Brill, 2001. Viator , 32., ( 2001):  Pages 53 - 86. Word, Image and Experience: Dynamics of Miracle and Self-Perception in Sixth-Century Gaul. Giselle de Nie. Variorum Collected Studies Series, 771. Ashgate/ Variorum, 2003. Article 13.
Year of Publication: 2001.

86. Record Number: 7910
Author(s): Schotter, Anne Howland.
Contributor(s):
Title : Rape in the Medieval Latin Comedies
Source: Representing Rape in Medieval and Early Modern Literature.   Edited by Elizabeth Robertson and Christine M. Rose .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001. Viator , 32., ( 2001):  Pages 241 - 253.
Year of Publication: 2001.

87. Record Number: 4548
Author(s): Fassler, Margot.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mary's Nativity, Fulbert of Chartres, and the "Stirps Jesse": Liturgical Innovation circa 1000 and Its Afterlife
Source: Speculum , 75., 2 (April 2000):  Pages 389 - 434.
Year of Publication: 2000.

88. Record Number: 7171
Author(s): Ives, Margaret and Almut Suerbaum
Contributor(s):
Title : The Middle Ages [The authors provide a brief overview of women authors in Germany, surveying female scribes, religious writers, and later women authors at princely courts. The individuals described include the monastic scribes, Gisela of Kerssenbrock and Guda, the religious writers, Hrotsvitha of Gandersheim, Frau Ava, Hildegard of Bingen, and Mechthild von Magdeburg, and the noble women, Elisabeth von Nassau-Saarbrücken and Eleonore von Schottland. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: A History of Women's Writing in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland.   Edited by Jo Catling .   Cambridge University Press, 2000. Anglo-Saxon England , 30., ( 2001):  Pages 13 - 26.
Year of Publication: 2000.

89. Record Number: 4875
Author(s): Green, Monica H.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "De genecia" Attributed to Constantine the African [the author argues that "De Genecia," the women's medical text attributed by Peter the Deacon to Constantine the African, is in fact a text that begins "De Genitalibus membris" and is a translation of a portion of al-Majusi's medical text known in Latin as the "Pantegni;" the gynecological text "De Passionibus mulierum," a collection of diseases and remedies, was attributed to Constantine but in fact shows no evidence connecting it with his circle at Monte Cassino; the Appendix presents an edition of the Latin medical text, "De Genitalibus membris"].
Source: Women's Healthcare in the Medieval West: Texts and Contexts.   Edited by Monica H. Green Variorum Collected Studies Series, 680.   Ashgate Publishing, 2000. Speculum , 75., 2 (April 2000):  Pages 299 - 323. Originally published in Speculum (Full Text via JSTOR) 62, 2 (April 1987): 299-323. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2000.

90. Record Number: 5460
Author(s): McGovern-Mouron, Anne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Listen to Me, Daughter, Listen to a Faithful Counsel: The "Liber de modo bene vivendi ad sororem" [The author argues that the "Liber" and its translation are indications of the concern that some monks felt for the spiritual welfare of nuns; the Appendix lists the chapter headings of the "Liber de modo bene vivendi ad sororem"].
Source: Writing Religious Women: Female Spiritual and Textual Practices in Late Medieval England.   Edited by Denis Renevey and Christiania Whitehead .   University of Toronto Press, 2000. Speculum , 75., 2 (April 2000):  Pages 81 - 106.
Year of Publication: 2000.

91. Record Number: 5593
Author(s): Evans, Michael R.
Contributor(s):
Title : Twenty-Fourth Saint Louis Conference on Manuscript Studies: Abstracts of Papers, Friday, 10 October 1997, Session II--Women of the Book: Düsseldorf, Landes-und Universitätsbibliothek Sammelhandschrift B. 3 and Its Place in Carolingian Literary Culture. [the author argues that the manuscript was completed by or for a woman based on the selection of the fourteen texts included; the saints' lives, prayers, and romances all demonstrate a pronounced interest in female characters and women's concerns; the courtesy texts in the manuscript would have been used by women in the education of their children or others' children in their charge].
Source: Christianizing peoples and converting individuals.   Edited by Guyda Armstrong and Ian N. Wood International Medieval Research .   Brepols, 2000. Speculum , 75., 2 (April 2000):  Pages 195 - 2002.
Year of Publication: 2000.

92. Record Number: 5661
Author(s): Ugé, Karine.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Legend of Saint Rictrude: Formation and Transformations (Tenth- Twelfth Century) [the author argues that the narrative cycle that began with Hucbald's "Vita Rictrudis" changed over time to meet the needs of various male monastic communities; in one text the emphasis was on enhancing the saint's social prestige while another underlined the sanctity of the monastery's lands given by Saint Rictrude; in most cases there was a concern to provide the monastery in question with a usable past].
Source: Anglo-Norman Studies , 23., ( 2000):  Pages 281 - 297.
Year of Publication: 2000.

93. Record Number: 6690
Author(s): Troncarelli, Fabio.
Contributor(s):
Title : Immagini di streghe nei manoscritti medievali [increased belief in witches in the late Middle Ages also involved more frequent illustration of them and their revels; lascivious human figures were combined with animal or demonic figures, often in orgiastic scenes; like Venus, lascivious witches were symbols of lust, in contrast to sacred love; satanic love magic was one of the crimes attributed to witches].
Source: Imaging Humanity/Immagini dell' umanità.   Edited by John Casey, Mary Warnement, Jim Whelton, and Anne Wingenter .   Bordighera, 2000. Anglo-Norman Studies , 23., ( 2000):  Pages 79 - 92.
Year of Publication: 2000.

94. Record Number: 7847
Author(s): Maggioni, Giovanni Paolo.
Contributor(s):
Title : La "Vita sanctae Theodorae" (BHL 8070). La revisione imperfetta di una traduzione perfettibile [The legend of Theodora, who repented her sins in a monastery disguised as a man, originated in Greek. The tale was received in the West via Naples and Rome beginning in the ninth century. A Greek community in Rome at the time of Pope Paschal I is a plausible conduit for the transmission of the "Vita" of Theodora. The Latin texts show many signs of imperfect translations from the Greek. The Appendix presents the Latin text of the "Vita Theodorae," Cap. 241-242. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Hagiographica: Rivista di agiografia e biografia della società internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino/ Journal of Hagiography and Biography of Società Internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino , 7., ( 2000):  Pages 201 - 268.
Year of Publication: 2000.

95. Record Number: 4733
Author(s): Voaden, Rosalynn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Drinking from the Golden Cup: Courtly Ritual and Order in the "Liber specialis gratiae" of Mechthild of Hackeborn [The author argues that Mechthild described her visions with ceremonial splendor and courtly discourse in which she played the role of the gracious queen].
Source: Mystics Quarterly , 26., 3 (September 2000):  Pages 109 - 119.
Year of Publication: 2000.

96. Record Number: 5497
Author(s): Lifshitz, Felice.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender and Exemplarity East of the Middle Rhine: Jesus, Mary, and the Saints in Manuscript Context
Source: Early Medieval Europe , 9., 3 ( 2000):  Pages 325 - 343.
Year of Publication: 2000.

97. Record Number: 4747
Author(s): Devroey, Jean-Pierre.
Contributor(s):
Title : Men and Women in Early Medieval Serfdom: The Ninth-Century North Frankish Evidence [the author takes issue with Susan Stuard's article "Ancillary Evidence for the Decline of Medieval Slavery" in Past and Present 149 (November 1995): 3-28; he argues that the unfree had obligations to their masters but were not in total subjection; the "ancilla" was more likely to suffer sexual abuse but that "was not determined by the juridical status of the women" page 30].
Source: Past and Present , 166., (February 2000):  Pages 3 - 30.
Year of Publication: 2000.

98. Record Number: 10125
Author(s): Emblom, Katherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Forbuga&00F0; unrihtwisnesse: Sin and Sexuality in the Transmission of Aelfric's "De initio creaturae"
Source: Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000): Paper presented at the Thirty-Fifth International Congress on Medieval Studies, The Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University, May 4-7, 2000
Year of Publication: 2000.

99. Record Number: 5034
Author(s): Mews, Constant J.
Contributor(s):
Title : From "Scivias" to the "Liber Divinorum Operum": Hildegard's Apocalyptic Imagination and the Call to Reform
Source: Journal of Religious History , 24., 1 (February 2000):  Pages 44 - 56.
Year of Publication: 2000.

100. Record Number: 4508
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Petrarch, Boccaccio, and Chaucer's "Clerk's Tale" [The author compares the three versions of Griselda's tale; he argues that the differences are not as great as critics have maintained with Chaucer deriving more from Boccaccio than was previously believed].
Source: Studies in Philology , 97., 3 (Summer 2000):  Pages 255 - 275.
Year of Publication: 2000.

101. Record Number: 5452
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Transformations of the "buona Gualdrada" Legend from Boccaccio to Vasari: A Study in the Politics of Florentine Narrative [the story was told that Gualdrada's father offered to order her to kiss the visiting Emperor Otho IV; she refused indignantly and reminded her father of his responsibilities to make a good marriage for her; for Boccaccio Gualdrada's act is a symbol of republican virtue, while for Vasari Gualdrada represents contemporary Florence and Cosimo de Medici, resisting the influence of Emperor Charles V].
Source: Women in Italian Renaissance Culture and Society.   Edited by Letizia Panizza .   European Humanities Research Centre, University of Oxford, 2000. Studies in Philology , 97., 3 (Summer 2000):  Pages 401 - 420.
Year of Publication: 2000.

102. Record Number: 5393
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Fifteenth Century: (i) Humanism [The author gives a brief overview of women humanists including Battista da Montefeltro Malatesta, Isotta Nogarola, Cassandra Fedele, Laura Cereta, and Nicolosa Castellani Sanuti].
Source: A History of Women's Writing in Italy.   Edited by Letizia Panizza and Sharon Wood .   Cambridge University Press, 2000. Studies in Philology , 97., 3 (Summer 2000):  Pages 25 - 30.
Year of Publication: 2000.

103. Record Number: 5396
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Immaculate Conception in the Works of Peter Auriol [the author analyzes Auriol's commentary on Book III of Peter Lombard's "Sentences" and his two treatises, "De Conceptione Beatae Mariae Virginis" and "Repercussorium editum contra adversarium innocentiae matris Dei;" the author is particularly interested in establishing the time sequence in which Auriol produced the three texts].
Source: Vivarium , 38., 1 ( 2000):  Pages 5 - 34.
Year of Publication: 2000.

104. Record Number: 4609
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Virile Bride of Bernard of Clairvaux [The author analyzes the figure of the Bride in Bernard's "Sermon on the Song of Songs;" the Bride combines feminine affectivity with the rationality and strength of the masculine].
Source: Church History , 69., 2 (June 2000):  Pages 304 - 327.
Year of Publication: 2000.

105. Record Number: 4581
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Romantic Entreaty in "The Kagero Diary" and "The Letters of Abelard and Heloise" [The author compares the requests of two women to renew contact with their lovers; they are both constrained by social expectations but use rhetoric to be both loving and wronged].
Source: Crossing the Bridge: Comparative Essays on Medieval European and Heian Japanese Women Writers.   Edited by Barbara Stevenson and Cynthia Ho .   Palgrave, 2000. Church History , 69., 2 (June 2000):  Pages 117 - 132.
Year of Publication: 2000.

106. Record Number: 5443
Author(s): Zarri, Gabriella
Contributor(s):
Title : Christian Good Manners: Spiritual and Monastic Rules in the Quattro- and Cinquecento [the author surveys texts on comportment and morals addressed to different groups of women (virgins, wives, widows, nuns, etc.); authors and works discussed from the fifteenth century are Giovanni di Dio da Venezia, "Decor puellarum," "Gloria mulierum," and "Palma virtutum" and Cherubino da Spoleto, "Regola di vita matrimoniale" and "Regola di vita spirituale"].
Source: Women in Italian Renaissance Culture and Society.   Edited by Letizia Panizza .   European Humanities Research Centre, University of Oxford, 2000. Church History , 69., 2 (June 2000):  Pages 76 - 91.
Year of Publication: 2000.

107. Record Number: 5308
Author(s): Pugh, Tison.
Contributor(s):
Title : Personae, Same-Sex Desire, and Salvation in the Poetry of Marbod of Rennes, Baudri of Bourgueil, and Hildebert of Lavardin [the author analyzes the poetry of the three clerical authors which presents paradoxical viewpoints on same-sex activity; the author argues that their writings were an attempt "to establish a pathway to God's forgiveness and salvation when interpreted in the light of biblical teachings of reversal and inversion" (Page 74).]
Source: Comitatus , 31., ( 2000):  Pages 57 - 84.
Year of Publication: 2000.

108. Record Number: 4245
Author(s): Farmer, Sharon.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Beggar's Body: Intersections of Gender and Social Status in High Medieval Paris [The author argues that gender must be viewed within a matrix of other factors including social status; she examines the case of lower status men who, in the eyes of the elite, had an association with the body as did women].
Source: Monks and Nuns, Saints and Outcasts: Religion in Medieval Society. Essays in Honor of Lester K. Little.   Edited by Sharon Farmer and Barbara H. Rosenwein .   Cornell University Press, 2000. Comitatus , 31., ( 2000):  Pages 153 - 171.
Year of Publication: 2000.

109. Record Number: 4468
Author(s): Saunders, Corinne.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Matter of Consent: Middle English Romance and the Law of "Raptus"
Source: Medieval Women and the Law.   Edited by Noël James Menuge .   Boydell Press, 2000. Comitatus , 31., ( 2000):  Pages 105 - 124.
Year of Publication: 2000.

110. Record Number: 4836
Author(s): Freeman, Elizabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Medieval Nuns at Watton: Reading Female Agency from Male-Authored Didatic Texts [The author argues that not only did Aelred imbue the nuns at Watton with the Cistercian values of friendship, charity, and chastity, but he also did not object to their acts of revenge against the canon and his pregnant nun lover].
Source: Magistra , 6., 1 (Summer 2000):  Pages 3 - 36.
Year of Publication: 2000.

111. Record Number: 4883
Author(s): Cornish, Alison.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Lady Asks: The Gender of Vulgarization in Late Medieval Italy
Source: PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association of America (Full Text via JSTOR) 115, 2 (March 2000): 166-180. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2000.

112. Record Number: 5451
Author(s): Robin, Diana.
Contributor(s):
Title : Humanism and Feminism in Laura Cereta's Public Letters [the author considers six epistolary essays: "De amicitia" ("On Friendship"), "De adventu Turchorum" ("On the Coming of the Turks"), "Topographia et Epicuri defensio" ("A Topography and a Defence of Epicurus"), "De falsa delectatione vitae privatae admonitio" ("An Admonition Against the False Pleasure of the Solitary Life"), "De subeundo maritali iugo iudicium" ("An Opinion on Entering into the Bond of Matrimony"), and "De liberali mulierum institutione defensio" ("In Defense of a Liberal Education for Women")].
Source: Women in Italian Renaissance Culture and Society.   Edited by Letizia Panizza .   European Humanities Research Centre, University of Oxford, 2000.  Pages 368 - 384.
Year of Publication: 2000.

113. Record Number: 4987
Author(s): Macy, Gary.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Ordination of Women in the Early Middle Ages
Source: Theological Studies , 61., 3 (September 2000):  Pages 481 - 507.
Year of Publication: 2000.

114. Record Number: 4840
Author(s): Barratt, Alexandra.
Contributor(s):
Title : Infancy and Education in the Writings of Gertrud the Great of Helfta
Source: Magistra , 6., 2 (Winter 2000):  Pages 5 - 30.
Year of Publication: 2000.

115. Record Number: 3904
Author(s): Cohen, Adam S.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Art of Reform in a Bavarian Nunnery around 1000 [the author explores the efforts to reform Niedermünster, a noble foundation of canonesses, and turn it into a more strict Benedictine nunnery; the author uses surviving art and architecture, concentrating in particular on two manuscripts, the rule book and the Uta Codex, both of which feature illuminations of Niedermünster's reforming abbess, Uta.]
Source: Speculum , 74., 4 (October 1999):  Pages 992 - 1020.
Year of Publication: 1999.

116. Record Number: 4332
Author(s): Elsakkers, Marianne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Raptus ultra Rhenum: Early Ninth-Century Saxon Laws on Abduction and Rape [The author consults four law codes: "Leges Saxonum," "Lex Chamavorum," "Lex Frisionum," and "Lex Thuringorum."
Source: Amsterdamer Beiträge zur älteren Germanistik , 52., ( 1999):  Pages 27 - 53.
Year of Publication: 1999.

117. Record Number: 4827
Author(s): Bestul, Thomas H.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Meditation on Mary Magdalene of Alexander Nequam [The author provides the first edition of Alexander Neckham's "Meditation on Mary Magdalene" written in Latin].
Source: Journal of Medieval Latin , 9., ( 1999):  Pages 1 - 40.
Year of Publication: 1999.

118. Record Number: 5656
Author(s): Bausi, Francesco.
Contributor(s):
Title : Le Lodi della Madonna nella poesia religiosa di Ugolino Verino [the poet Ugolino Verino wrote many religious poems in Latin; among these is a set of four poems dedicated to the conception, birth, dormition, and assumption of the Virgin Mary; Verino used Biblical and medieval sources, including the "Legenda Aurea," but made little use of classical texts; Marian themes also figure in Verino's poems about Charlemagne and Esther].
Source: Interpres: Rivista di Studi Quattrocenteschi , 18., ( 1999):  Pages 275 - 289.
Year of Publication: 1999.

119. Record Number: 7364
Author(s): Devroey, Jean-Pierre.
Contributor(s):
Title : Femmes au mirroir des polyptyques: une approche des rapports du couple dans l'exploitation rurale dépendante entre Seine et Rhin au IXe siècle [The author argues that the history of women can only be fully understood when it is considered along with the history of men. Using ninth century polyptiques, the author analyzes women's and men's roles for peasants, serfs, and the unfree. He also suggests reasons for the smaller numbes of women and larger numbers of men in the rural populations. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Femmes et pouvoirs des femmes à Byzance et en Occident (VIe -XIe siècles). Colloque international organisé les 28, 29 et 30 mars 1996 à Bruxelles et Villeneuve d'Ascq.   Edited by Stéphane Lebecq, Alain Dierkens, Régine Le Jan, and Jean-Marie Sansterre .   Centre de Recherche sur l'Histoire de l'Europe du Nord-Ouest, Université Charles de Gaulle-Lille 3, 1999. Interpres: Rivista di Studi Quattrocenteschi , 18., ( 1999):  Pages 227 - 249.
Year of Publication: 1999.

120. Record Number: 7439
Author(s): Giovini, Marco.
Contributor(s):
Title : O admirabile Veneris ydolum: un carme d'amore paidico del X secolo e il mito di Deucalione ["O admirabile Veneris ydolum" is the oldest surviving Latin love poem from the Middle Ages. The poem is a pastiche of classical allusions. Among these is a reference to the tale of Deucalion and Pyrrha who repopulated the earth by throwing stones (the bones of Mother Earth) over their shoulders. The poet knew this story through Ovid. The article includes the text of the Latin poem and an Italian translation. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studi Medievali , 40., 1 (Giugno 1999):  Pages 261 - 278.
Year of Publication: 1999.

121. Record Number: 7951
Author(s): Bolard, Laurent.
Contributor(s):
Title : Thalamus Virginis. Images de la "Devotio moderna" dans la peinture italienne du XVe siècle
Source: Revue de l'Histoire des Religions , 216., 1 (janvier-mars 1999):  Pages 87 - 110.
Year of Publication: 1999.

122. Record Number: 8490
Author(s): Mirri, Luciana.
Contributor(s):
Title : La preghiera nella "Vita Sanctae Mariae Aegyptiacae [The story of Mary of Egypt, prostitute turned hermit, entered Latin hagiography through a text by Paul the Deacon. The legend includes accounts of personal prayer by Abba Zosimus and Mary plus echoes of the liturgy, especially monastic usages. Zosimus helped Mary leave the life of the body for the prayerful inward life of the soul. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studia Patristica , 35., ( 1999):  Pages 466 - 483.
Year of Publication: 1999.

123. Record Number: 9623
Author(s): Guareschi, Massimiliano.
Contributor(s):
Title : Fra "Canones" e "Leges": "Magister Vacarius" e il Matrimonio [The relative importance of consent and consummation in validating marriage was disputed by canonists and theologians. Vacarius, an Italian jurist who worked in England, attempted to resolve this question by finding a "Third Way." Vacarius believed the couple's giving of themselves to each other established a marriage. Vacarius was not just a theorist, but a practicing jurist who served as a judge in a case of bigamy in the Archdiocese of York. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Mélanges de l'Ecole française de Rome. Moyen âge , 111., 1 ( 1999):  Pages 105 - 139.
Year of Publication: 1999.

124. Record Number: 4721
Author(s): Castricum, Sarah.
Contributor(s):
Title : Rationalitas in the Gospel Homilies of Hildegard von Bingen
Source: Magistra , 5., 2 (Winter 1999):  Pages 5 - 28.
Year of Publication: 1999.

125. Record Number: 4686
Author(s): Marchand, James W.
Contributor(s):
Title : Quoniam, Wife of Bath's Prologue D. 608 [The author cites several humorous uses of "quoniam" for vagina in Latin, French, Spanish, and Provençal texts].
Source: Neuphilologische Mitteilungen , 100., 1 ( 1999):  Pages 43 - 49.
Year of Publication: 1999.

126. Record Number: 4254
Author(s): Galloway, Andrew.
Contributor(s):
Title : Word-Play and Political Satire: Solving the Riddle of the Text of "Jezebel" [The author suggests that "Jezebel" is a political satire against Cnut and his concubine, Aelfgifu, and was written at the Norman court].
Source: Medium Aevum , 68., 2 ( 1999):  Pages 189 - 208.
Year of Publication: 1999.

127. Record Number: 4271
Author(s): Otter, Monika.
Contributor(s):
Title : Closed Doors: An Epithalamium for Queen Edith, Widow and Virgin
Source: Constructions of Widowhood and Virginity in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Cindy L. Carlson and Angela Jane Weisl .   St. Martin's Press, 1999. Medium Aevum , 68., 2 ( 1999):  Pages 63 - 92.
Year of Publication: 1999.

128. Record Number: 5363
Author(s): van Houts, Elisabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Countess Gunnor of Normandy (c. 950-1031)
Source: Collegium Medievale , 12., ( 1999):  Pages 7 - 24.
Year of Publication: 1999.

129. Record Number: 4715
Author(s): Parra-Pirela, Carlos Hugo.
Contributor(s):
Title : Preaching by Hildegard and Aelred on the Purification of Mary [though their methods and gender emphases differed, both Hildegard and Aelred delivered a moral message to their listeners with an eschatological emphasis; the author includes a parallel chronology for Hildegard and Aelred as well as a comparison of the textual parallels in Hildegard's two sermons on the Purification of Mary].
Source: Magistra , 5., 1 (Summer 1999):  Pages 43 - 68.
Year of Publication: 1999.

130. Record Number: 3171
Author(s): Stuard, Susan Mosher.
Contributor(s):
Title : Single by Law and Custom [Mediterranean women slaves might be mothers and wives but they remained single].
Source: Singlewomen in the European Past, 1250-1800.   Edited by Judith M. Bennett and Amy M. Froide .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999. Magistra , 5., 1 (Summer 1999):  Pages 106 - 126.
Year of Publication: 1999.

131. Record Number: 3920
Author(s): Hayward, Paul Anthony.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Miracula Inventionis Beate Mylburge Virginis" Attributed to "the Lord Ato, Cardinal Bishop of Ostia" [the article ends with an edition of the Latin text of the "Miracula"].
Source: English Historical Review (Full Text via JSTOR) 114, 457 (June 1999): 543-573. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1999.

132. Record Number: 4371
Author(s): Pratt, Karen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Translating Misogamy: The Authority of the Intertext in the "Lamentationes Matheoluli" and Its Middle French Translation [The author highlights the role that Jean de Meun's "Roman de la Rose " plays in LeFevre's efforts to expand and enliven the antifeminist content].
Source: Forum for Modern Language Studies , 35., 2 ( 1999):  Pages 421 - 435.
Year of Publication: 1999.

133. Record Number: 3980
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Lives of St. Wenefred (BHL 8847-8851) [The author analyzes two "Lives" of the Welsh virgin martyr Wenefred, considering the relationship between the two Latin texts, their origins, and their dates.]
Source: Analecta Bollandiana , 117., 40180 ( 1999):  Pages 89 - 132.
Year of Publication: 1999.

134. Record Number: 4375
Author(s): Wiberg Pedersen, Else Marie
Contributor(s):
Title : The In-Carnation of Beatrice of Nazareth's Theology [The author compares the writing of Beatrice's hagiographer with her own texts; The hagiographer embodies her holiness in her illnesses and her bodily exercises while Beatirce makes God the focus of all her reflections].
Source: New Trends in Feminine Spirituality: The Holy Women of Liège and Their Impact.   Edited by Juliette Dor, Lesley Johnson, and Jocelyn Wogan-Browne Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts, 2.   Brepols, 1999. Analecta Bollandiana , 117., 40180 ( 1999):  Pages 61 - 79.
Year of Publication: 1999.

135. Record Number: 5336
Author(s): Brook, Leslie C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Rewards and Punishments in the "De Amore" and Kindred Texts [the author analyzes an allegory in which noble women, and to a lesser extent men, were punished or rewarded according to their service to love; the author argues that the original intention may have been to frighten or cajole women into surrendering themselves to suitors].
Source: Reading Medieval Studies , 25., ( 1999):  Pages 3 - 16.
Year of Publication: 1999.

136. Record Number: 3946
Author(s): Brown, Cynthia J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Allegorical Design and Image-Making in Fifteenth Century France: Alain Chartier's Joan of Arc [The author analyzes two other texts by Chartier as well to establish the ways that he creates allegorical figures and powerful images].
Source: French Studies , 53., 4 (October 1999):  Pages 385 - 404.
Year of Publication: 1999.

137. Record Number: 4330
Author(s): Cooper, Kate
Contributor(s):
Title : The Martyr, the "matrona," and the Bishop: the Matron Lucina and the Politics of Martyr Cult in Fifth- and Sixth- Century Rome
Source: Early Medieval Europe , 8., 3 ( 1999):  Pages 297 - 317.
Year of Publication: 1999.

138. Record Number: 5391
Author(s): Noell, Brian.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marian Lyric in the Cistercian Monastery During the High Middle Ages ["This paper will place lyric poetry dedicated to the Virgin within the Cistercian context. I shall attempt to show that Marian verse, the sequence in particular, was well suited to the devotional needs of the monks of the twelfth- and early thirteenth-century Cistercian houses. Furthermore, I will demonstrate that it conformed well to a monastic environment which focused on the religious value of interactions of the monks with written texts. Finally, I shall illustrate how poetry provided an expanded vocabulary for the expression of the ever growing devotion in the order to Our Lady. The paper will conclude with an analysis of a collection of verse from the early thirteenth century composed by an anonymouse monk of Saint Mary of Noah (La Noë), a Cistercian house in northern France." (Pages 39-40)].
Source: Comitatus , 30., ( 1999):  Pages 37 - 61.
Year of Publication: 1999.

139. Record Number: 4446
Author(s): Killerby, Catherine Kovesi.
Contributor(s):
Title : Heralds of a Well-Instructed Mind: Nicolosa Sanuti's Defence of Women and Their Clothes [in the Appendix the author gives an English translation of Nicolosa Sanuti's protest against a new sumptuary law].
Source: Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 13., 3 (September 1999):  Pages 255 - 282.
Year of Publication: 1999.

140. Record Number: 11864
Author(s): Dutton, Marsha L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Chaucer's Two Nuns [The author argues that Chaucer presents the Second Nun as a positive figure in contrast to the Prioress who is verbally and intellectually incompetent. The Prioress mistranslates Latin and tells a tale of vengeance that subordinates Christ to both Mary and the martyrs. The Second Nun instead emphasizes God's love and grace. Her Saint Cecilia is not an innocent victim because she chooses to follow Christ, knowing that the risks are worth eternal life. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Monasteries and society in medieval Britain: proceedings of the 1994 Harlaxton Symposium.   Edited by Benjamin Thompson Harlaxton medieval studies .   Stamford Watkins , 1999. Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 13., 3 (September 1999):  Pages 296 - 311.
Year of Publication: 1999.

141. Record Number: 4311
Author(s): Hogg, James.
Contributor(s):
Title : Adam Easton's "Defensorium Sanctae Birgittae"
Source: The Medieval Mystical Tradition England, Ireland, and Wales. Exeter Symposium VI. Papers read at Charney Manor, July 1999.   Edited by Marion Glasscoe .   D. S. Brewer, 1999. Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 13., 3 (September 1999):  Pages 20 - 26.
Year of Publication: 1999.

142. Record Number: 5370
Author(s): Ward, John.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and Latin Rhetoric from Hrotsvit to Hildegard [The author briefly discusses the learning of Hrotsvitha of Gandersheim, the wife and daughters of Manegold of Lautenbach, the female poets mentioned by Baudri of Bourgeuil, Heloise, Abbess of Le Paraclet, and Hildegard].
Source: The Changing Tradition: Women in the History of Rhetoric.   Edited by Christine Mason Sutherland and Rebecca Sutcliffe .   Papers at the Conference of the International Society for the History of Rhetoric at the University of Saskatchewan in July, 1997. University of Calgary Press, 1999. Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 13., 3 (September 1999):  Pages 121 - 132.
Year of Publication: 1999.

143. Record Number: 4753
Author(s): Kemp, Theresa D.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Lingua Materna" and the Conflict Over Vernacular Religious Discourse in Fifteenth-Century England [the author examines varied clerical writings that react to or make use of the vernacular; each text "depicts the struggle over who should have access to religious discourse as a gendered contest between a potentially transgressive vernacular, feminized as the 'Lingua Materna,' or 'the mother tongue,' and the authoritative Latin of the male-dominated Church"; clerics who used the vernacular to teach the laity had to distinguish between good uses that they masculinized and bad uses, such as demystifying theology, which they saw as a feminization].
Source: Philological Quarterly , 78., 3 (Summer 1999):  Pages 233 - 257.
Year of Publication: 1999.

144. Record Number: 3753
Author(s): Ailes, M. J.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Medieval Male Couple and the Language of Homosociality
Source: Masculinity in Medieval Europe.   Edited by D.M. Hadley .   Women and Men in History Series. Addison Wesley Longman, 1999. Philological Quarterly , 78., 3 (Summer 1999):  Pages 214 - 237.
Year of Publication: 1999.

145. Record Number: 3016
Author(s): Armstrong, Dorsey.
Contributor(s):
Title : Holy Queens as Agents of Christianization in Bede's "Ecclesiastical History": A Reconsideration
Source: Medieval Encounters: Jewish, Christian, and Muslim Culture in Confluence and Dialogue , 4., 3 (November 1998):  Pages 228 - 241.
Year of Publication: 1998.

146. Record Number: 3524
Author(s): Fanger, Claire.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Formative Feminine and the Immobility of God: Gender and Cosmogony in Bernard Silvestris's "Cosmographia" [The author focuses on the divine femininity of Noys and her relationship to the masculine First Being].
Source: The Tongue of the Fathers: Gender and Ideology in Twelfth-Century Latin.   Edited by David Townsend and Andrew Taylor .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998. Medieval Encounters: Jewish, Christian, and Muslim Culture in Confluence and Dialogue , 4., 3 (November 1998):  Pages 80 - 101.
Year of Publication: 1998.

147. Record Number: 5307
Author(s): Russell, Kenneth C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Peter Damian's "Liber gomorrhianus": The Text vs. the Scholarly Tradition
Source: American Benedictine Review , 49., 3 (September 1998):  Pages 299 - 315.
Year of Publication: 1998.

148. Record Number: 5556
Author(s): Moulinier, Laurence.
Contributor(s):
Title : Hildegarde exorciste: la "Vie de Hildegarde" en français et sa principale source inédite [The author examines three fifteenth century manuscripts that contain a French-language "Life" of Hildegard; he suggests several Latin texts as the source for the "Life" and concentrates on the dialog between a priest and a devil in which Hildegard demonstrates her powers as an exorcist; in the Appendix the author presents the text of the French "Life of Hildegarde" from the Douai manuscript].
Source: Hagiographica: Rivista di agiografia e biografia della società internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino/ Journal of Hagiography and Biography of Società Internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino , 5., ( 1998):  Pages 91 - 118.
Year of Publication: 1998.

149. Record Number: 5588
Author(s): Weston, L. M. C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender Without Sexuality: Hrotsvitha's Imagining of a Chaste Female Community
Source: The community, the family, and the saint: patterns of power in early medieval Europe: selected proceedings of the International Medieval Congress, University of Leeds, 4-7 July 1994, 10-13 July 1995.   Edited by Joyce Hill and Mary Swan International Medieval Research .   Brepols, 1998. Hagiographica: Rivista di agiografia e biografia della società internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino/ Journal of Hagiography and Biography of Società Internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino , 5., ( 1998):  Pages 127 - 142.
Year of Publication: 1998.

150. Record Number: 5589
Author(s): de Jong, Mayke.
Contributor(s):
Title : Pollution, Penance, and Sanctity: Ekkehard's "Life" of Iso of St. Gall [Ekkehard is mainly concerned with the circumstances of Iso's conception; his parents accidentally had sex on a forbidden holy day, but through their extraordinary and deeply sincere public penance, were not only able to avoid the punishment of a deformed or otherwise marked child but were blessed by a holy child; the article includes an English translation of the relevant portion of Ekkehard's "Life" of Iso].
Source: The community, the family, and the saint: patterns of power in early medieval Europe: selected proceedings of the International Medieval Congress, University of Leeds, 4-7 July 1994, 10-13 July 1995.   Edited by Joyce Hill and Mary Swan International Medieval Research .   Brepols, 1998. Hagiographica: Rivista di agiografia e biografia della società internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino/ Journal of Hagiography and Biography of Società Internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino , 5., ( 1998):  Pages 145 - 158.
Year of Publication: 1998.

151. Record Number: 6290
Author(s): Siegmund, Frank.
Contributor(s):
Title : Pactus Legis Salicae § 13; Über den Frauenraub in der Merowingerzeit
Source: Frühmittelalterliche Studien , 32., ( 1998):  Pages 101 - 123.
Year of Publication: 1998.

152. Record Number: 5065
Author(s): Dabke, Roswitha.
Contributor(s):
Title : Desiderium dei and the Cast of Souls in Hildegard von Bingen's Play "Ordo Virtutum" [the notion that Hildegard was a conservative fighting new ideas needs to be replaced because she drew on a variety of religious thinkers including her near contemporaries Abelard and Hugh of Saint Victor].
Source: Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 16., 1 (July 1998):  Pages 1 - 18.
Year of Publication: 1998.

153. Record Number: 9806
Author(s): De Vogüé, Adalbert.
Contributor(s):
Title : La Passion de Sainte Cécile. Ses rapports avec la vie de Saint Samson et la "Règle du Maître" [In a brief note the author signals similarities in phrasing among the "Passio sanctae Caeciliae," the "Vita" of Saint Samson of Dol, and the "Regula magistri." He suggests that the writer of Saint Cecilia's "Passio" may have borrowed from the "Regula magistri" and in turn later influenced the "Vita" of Saint Samson. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studia Monastica , 40., 1 ( 1998):  Pages 7 - 10.
Year of Publication: 1998.

154. Record Number: 3525
Author(s): Ferrante, Joan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Scribe quae vides et audis: Hildegard, Her Language, and Her Secretaries [The author suggests that Guibert, Hildegard's last secretary, had her permission to embellish her texts with ornate rhetoric while all her earlier scribes had confined themselves to making corrections].
Source: The Tongue of the Fathers: Gender and Ideology in Twelfth-Century Latin.   Edited by David Townsend and Andrew Taylor .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998. Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 16., 1 (July 1998):  Pages 102 - 135.
Year of Publication: 1998.

155. Record Number: 6643
Author(s): Howlett, David.
Contributor(s):
Title : Vita I Sanctae Brigitae
Source: Peritia: Journal of the Medieval Academy of Ireland , 12., ( 1998):  Pages 1 - 23.
Year of Publication: 1998.

156. Record Number: 6644
Author(s): Howlett, David.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Brigitine Hymn "Xpistus in Nostra Insula" [Latin text and English translation of three stanzas of what may have been a complete alphabetical hymn; the author demonstrates a complex alpha-numeric scheme in the hymn] ;
Source: Peritia: Journal of the Medieval Academy of Ireland , 12., ( 1998):  Pages 79 - 86.
Year of Publication: 1998.

157. Record Number: 4478
Author(s): Fenster, Thelma.
Contributor(s):
Title : Perdre son latin: Christine de Pizan and Vernacular Humanism [The author suggests that rather than argue over Christine's command of Latin, scholars should recognize the contributions she made to French prose].
Source: Christine de Pizan and the Categories of Difference.   Edited by Marilynn Desmond .   University of Minnesota Press, 1998. Peritia: Journal of the Medieval Academy of Ireland , 12., ( 1998):  Pages 91 - 107.
Year of Publication: 1998.

158. Record Number: 5345
Author(s): Virtue, Nancy E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Another Look at Medieval Rape Legislation [The author argues that Gratian made important distinctions that heralded the emergence of the legal concept of female consent in sexual relations].
Source: Mediaevalia , 22., 1 ( 1998):  Pages 79 - 94. Published by the Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, State University of New York at Binghamton
Year of Publication: 1998.

159. Record Number: 3202
Author(s): Blacker, Jean.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women, Power, and Violence in Orderic Vitalis's "Historia Ecclesiastica"
Source: Violence Against Women in Medieval Texts.   Edited by Anna Roberts .   University Press of Florida, 1998. Mediaevalia , 22., 1 ( 1998):  Pages 44 - 55.
Year of Publication: 1998.

160. Record Number: 3501
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Bede's Women
Source: Women, Marriage, and Family in Medieval Christendom: Essays in Memory of Michael M. Sheehan, C.S.B.   Edited by Constance M. Rousseau and Joel T. Rosenthal .   Western Michigan University, 1998. Mediaevalia , 22., 1 ( 1998):  Pages 19 - 46.
Year of Publication: 1998.

161. Record Number: 3992
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Poet: "Where the Living Majesty Utters Mysteries"
Source: Voice of the Living Light: Hildegard of Bingen and Her World.   Edited by Barbara Newman .   University of California Press, 1998. Mediaevalia , 22., 1 ( 1998):  Pages 176 - 192.
Year of Publication: 1998.

162. Record Number: 6645
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Aldhelm's De virginitate - Patristic Pastiche or Innovative Exposition?
Source: Peritia: Journal of the Medieval Academy of Ireland , 12., ( 1998):  Pages 271 - 295.
Year of Publication: 1998.

163. Record Number: 3367
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Misogyny in a Medieval University? The "Hoc contra malos" Commentary on Walter Map's "Dissuasio Valerii" [the commentator makes no attempt to develop or justify the bigotry expressed by Map against women].
Source: Journal of Medieval Latin , 8., ( 1998):  Pages 156 - 191.
Year of Publication: 1998.

164. Record Number: 3395
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Dominus/"Ancilla": Rhetorical Subjectivity and Sexual Violence in the Letters of Heloise
Source: The Tongue of the Fathers: Gender and Ideology in Twelfth-Century Latin.   Edited by David Townsend and Andrew Taylor .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998. Journal of Medieval Latin , 8., ( 1998):  Pages 35 - 54.
Year of Publication: 1998.

165. Record Number: 3701
Author(s): Hollis, Stephanie.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Minster-in-Thanet Foundation Story [The author argues that the story of Domne Eafe and her daughter affirm the monastery's claim to its lands and give evidence of the power of monastic women].
Source: Anglo-Saxon England , 27., ( 1998):  Pages 41 - 64.
Year of Publication: 1998.

166. Record Number: 4744
Author(s): Kelly, Henry Ansgar.
Contributor(s):
Title : Meanings and Uses of "Raptus" in Chaucer's Time [the Appendix presents twelve Latin legal texts with English translations from the Public Record Office that the author discusses in his article].
Source: Studies in the Age of Chaucer , 20., ( 1998):  Pages 101 - 165. Later published in Inquisitions and Other Trial Procedures in the Medieval West. Ashgate Variorum, 2001
Year of Publication: 1998.

167. Record Number: 4891
Author(s): Sanok, Catherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Criseyde, Cassandre, and the "Thebaid": Women and the Theban Subtext of Chaucer's "Troilus and Criseyde" [The author argues that the Theban subtext emphasizes female vulnerability to male violence, while the male characters do not recognize war's violence and sublimate warlike rhetoric in the service of love].
Source: Studies in the Age of Chaucer , 20., ( 1998):  Pages 41 - 71.
Year of Publication: 1998.

168. Record Number: 3465
Author(s): Warren, Nancy B.
Contributor(s):
Title : Saving the Market: Textual Strategies and Cultural Transformations in Fifteenth Century Translations of the Benedictine Rule for Women [The author argues that the translations/adaptations work to set up a hierarchical sex/gender system in which the female is constrained and Latin is privileged over the vernacular].
Source: Disputatio: An International Transdisciplinary Journal of the Late Middle Ages , 3., ( 1998):  Pages 34 - 50. Translation, Transformation, and Transubstantiation in the Late Middle Ages
Year of Publication: 1998.

169. Record Number: 4292
Author(s): Garber, Rebecca L.R.
Contributor(s):
Title : Where is the Body? Images of Eve and Mary in the "Scivias" [The author argues that Hildegard redeems Eve through Mary and emphasizes the positive roles that women play in salvation].
Source: Hildegard of Bingen: A book of Essays.   Edited by Maud Burnett McInerney .   Garland Publishing, 1998. Disputatio: An International Transdisciplinary Journal of the Late Middle Ages , 3., ( 1998):  Pages 103 - 132.
Year of Publication: 1998.

170. Record Number: 3566
Author(s): Maguire, Joanne.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Paradox of Unlikeness in Achard of St. Victor and Marguerite Porete [the author argues that comparing Marguerite's thought with that of Achard's points to a shift in theological currents; Achard believes humankind's unlikeness to God marks it for exile, while Marguerite sees the unlikeness to God as the soul's only hope for union with God].
Source: Magistra , 4., 1 (Summer 1998):  Pages 79 - 105.
Year of Publication: 1998.

171. Record Number: 3394
Author(s): Taylor, Andrew.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Second Ajax: Peter Abelard and the Violence of Dialectic [The author focuses on dialectic as a site of masculine aggression; at the same time he notes self-mockery and self-doubt in Abelard's writings].
Source: The Tongue of the Fathers: Gender and Ideology in Twelfth-Century Latin.   Edited by David Townsend and Andrew Taylor .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998. Magistra , 4., 1 (Summer 1998):  Pages 14 - 34.
Year of Publication: 1998.

172. Record Number: 3702
Author(s): Gwara, Scott.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Transmission of the "Digby" Corpus of Bilingual Glosses to Aldhelm's "Prosa de virginitate
Source: Anglo-Saxon England , 27., ( 1998):  Pages 139 - 168.
Year of Publication: 1998.

173. Record Number: 3526
Author(s): Townsend, David.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sex and the Single Amazon in Twelfth-Century Latin Epic
Source: The Tongue of the Fathers: Gender and Ideology in Twelfth-Century Latin.   Edited by David Townsend and Andrew Taylor .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998. Anglo-Saxon England , 27., ( 1998):  Pages 136 - 155.
Year of Publication: 1998.

174. Record Number: 5433
Author(s): Baker, Joan and Susan Signe Morrison
Contributor(s):
Title : The Luxury of Gender: "Piers Plowman" and "The Merchant's Tale" ["We do not wish to suggest from our reading of these texts that Langland is indifferent to the gender concern Chaucer delightedly and delightfully explores. On the contrary, we regardLangland's relentless search for Truth throughout his poem as evidence that he would be uneasy at the very least about offering a painless placebo, a quick fix, for the problems of gender. We conclude our study, therefore, with a close look at some differences in the versions of "Piers Plowman" to assert that Langland was, indeed, not only aware of, but deeply concerned with such issues, particularly those concerning a gendered readership of his text. And this, we contend, makes his ultimate subordination of gender to other social and spiritual agendas a more deliberate and hence more compelling argument for the 'luxury' of gender." (Page 52)].
Source: Yearbook of Langland Studies , 12., ( 1998):  Pages 31 - 63.
Year of Publication: 1998.

175. Record Number: 1942
Author(s): Peters, Diane E.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Life of Martha of Bethany by Pseudo-Marcilia
Source: Theological Studies , 58., 3 (September 1997):  Pages 441 - 460.
Year of Publication: 1997.

176. Record Number: 1599
Author(s): Lewis, Flora.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Wound in Christ's Side and the Instruments of the Passion: Gendered Experience and Response [images of sexual union and childbirth as well as knightly combat were used by both women and men to contemplate the Passion].
Source: Women and the Book: Assessing the Visual Evidence.   Edited by Lesley Smith and Jane H.M. Taylor .   British Library and University of Toronto Press, 1997. Theological Studies , 58., 3 (September 1997):  Pages 204 - 229.
Year of Publication: 1997.

177. Record Number: 1914
Author(s): O'Connor, Eugene.
Contributor(s):
Title : Panormita's Reply to His Critics: The "Hermaphroditus" and the Literary Defense
Source: Renaissance Quarterly (Full Text via JSTOR) 50, 4 (Winter 1997): 985-1010. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1997.

178. Record Number: 2267
Author(s): Ehrenschwendtner, Marie Luise.
Contributor(s):
Title : Puellae litteratae: The Use of the Vernacular in the Dominican Convents of Southern Germany
Source: Medieval Women in Their Communities.   Edited by Diane Watt .   University of Toronto Press, 1997.  Pages 49 - 71.
Year of Publication: 1997.

179. Record Number: 2527
Author(s): Bertrand, Paul.
Contributor(s):
Title : La Vie de Sainte Madelberte de Maubeuge. Édition du texte (BHL 5129) et traduction française
Source: Analecta Bollandiana , 115., 40180 ( 1997):  Pages 39 - 76.
Year of Publication: 1997.

180. Record Number: 3292
Author(s): Clifton-Everest, John M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Wolfram und Statius: Zum Namen "Antikonie" und zum VIII [achten] Buch von "Parzival."
Source: Zeitschrift für deutsche Philologie , 116., ( 1997):  Pages 321 - 351.
Year of Publication: 1997.

181. Record Number: 3300
Author(s): Eisermann, Falk.
Contributor(s):
Title : Diversae et plurimae materiae in diversis capitulis: Der "Stimulus amoris" als literarisches Dokument der normativen Zentrierung
Source: Frühmittelalterliche Studien , 31., ( 1997):  Pages 214 - 232.
Year of Publication: 1997.

182. Record Number: 4343
Author(s): East, W.G.
Contributor(s):
Title : This Body of Death: Abelard, Heloise, and the Religious Life [The author explores the relationship between Heloise and Abelard after they had entered monasteries].
Source: Medieval Theology and the Natural Body.   Edited by Peter Biller and A.J. Minnis York Studies in Medieval Theology .   York Medieval Press, 1997. Frühmittelalterliche Studien , 31., ( 1997):  Pages 43 - 59.
Year of Publication: 1997.

183. Record Number: 1600
Author(s): Sutton, Anne F. and Livia Visser-Fuchs
Contributor(s):
Title : The Cult of Angels in Late Fifteenth-Century England: An Hours of the Guardian Angel Presented to Queen Elizabeth Woodville [appendices include a full description of the manuscript along with a transcription of the Latin text of the "Hymn to the Guardian Angel" and an English translation].
Source: Women and the Book: Assessing the Visual Evidence.   Edited by Lesley Smith and Jane H.M. Taylor .   British Library and University of Toronto Press, 1997. Studia Monastica , 40., 1 ( 1998):  Pages 230 - 265.
Year of Publication: 1997.

184. Record Number: 1865
Author(s): Billy, Dennis J., C.S.S.R.
Contributor(s):
Title : Redemption in Hildegard of Bingen's "Scivias"
Source: American Benedictine Review , 48., 4 (December 1997):  Pages 361 - 371.
Year of Publication: 1997.

185. Record Number: 2982
Author(s): Gilman, Donald.
Contributor(s):
Title : Petrarch's Sophonisba: Seduction, Sacrifice, and Patriarchal Politics [Carthaginian Sophonisba uses her feminine wiles to oppose the inevitable Roman triumph].
Source: Sex and Gender in Medieval and Renaissance Texts: The Latin Tradition.   Edited by Barbara K. Gold, Paul Allen Miller, and Charles Platter .   State University of New York Press, 1997. American Benedictine Review , 48., 4 (December 1997):  Pages 111 - 138.
Year of Publication: 1997.

186. Record Number: 1994
Author(s): Calabrese, Michael.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ovid and the Female Voice in the "De Amore" and the "Letters" of Abelard and Heloise
Source: Modern Philology (Full Text via JSTOR) 95, 1 (August 1997): 1-26. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1997.

187. Record Number: 2891
Author(s): DeAragon, RáGena C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queen or Consort: Rulership and Politics in the Latin East, 1118-1228 [explores the dynastic history of the kingdom of Jerusalem which had four reigning queens, Melisende, Sibylla, Isabella, and Maria of Montferrat].
Source: Queens and Queenship in Medieval Europe: Proceedings of a Conference Held at King's College London, April 1995.   Edited by Anne J. Duggan .   Boydell Press, 1997.  Pages 153 - 169.
Year of Publication: 1997.

188. Record Number: 2979
Author(s): Gold, Barbara K.
Contributor(s):
Title : Hrotswitha Writes Herself: "Clamor Validus Gandeshemensis"
Source: Sex and Gender in Medieval and Renaissance Texts: The Latin Tradition.   Edited by Barbara K. Gold, Paul Allen Miller, and Charles Platter .   State University of New York Press, 1997.  Pages 41 - 70.
Year of Publication: 1997.

189. Record Number: 2978
Author(s): Jones, Nancy A.
Contributor(s):
Title : By Woman's Tears Redeemed: Female Lament in St. Augustine's "Confessions" and the Correspondence of Abelard and Heloise
Source: Sex and Gender in Medieval and Renaissance Texts: The Latin Tradition.   Edited by Barbara K. Gold, Paul Allen Miller, and Charles Platter .   State University of New York Press, 1997.  Pages 15 - 39.
Year of Publication: 1997.

190. Record Number: 34282
Author(s): Irvine, Martin,
Contributor(s):
Title : Abelard and (Re)Writing the Male Body: Castration, Identity, and Remasculinization
Source: Becoming Male in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Jeffrey Jerome Cohen and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1997. Frühmittelalterliche Studien , 31., ( 1997):  Pages 87 - 106.
Year of Publication: 1997.

191. Record Number: 1864
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Bride as Friend in Bernard of Clairvaux's "Sermones Super Cantica"
Source: American Benedictine Review , 48., 1 (March 1997):  Pages 69 - 87.
Year of Publication: 1997.

192. Record Number: 2418
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Origenary Fantasies: Abelard's Castration and Confession
Source: Becoming Male in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Jeffrey Jerome Cohen and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1997. American Benedictine Review , 48., 1 (March 1997):  Pages 107 - 128.
Year of Publication: 1997.

193. Record Number: 2983
Author(s): Miller, Paul Allen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Laurel as the Sign of Sin: Laura's Textual Body in Petrarch's "Secretum"
Source: Sex and Gender in Medieval and Renaissance Texts: The Latin Tradition.   Edited by Barbara K. Gold, Paul Allen Miller, and Charles Platter .   State University of New York Press, 1997. American Benedictine Review , 48., 1 (March 1997):  Pages 139 - 163.
Year of Publication: 1997.

194. Record Number: 2325
Author(s): Moulinier, Laurence.
Contributor(s):
Title : Quand le malin fait de l'esprit. Le rire au Moyen Age vu depuis l'hagiographie [discusses cases from the "vitae" of Hildegard and Saint Bernard in which demons make a mockery of the saints' attempts to exorcism them; the author also explores the negative aspects of laughter in the writings of Bernard and Hildegard].
Source: Annales : Histoire, Sciences Sociales , 52., 3 (mai-juin 1997):  Pages 457 - 475.
Year of Publication: 1997.

195. Record Number: 2985
Author(s): Parker, Holt.
Contributor(s):
Title : Latin and Greek Poetry by Five Renaissance Italian Women Humanists [Angela Nogarola, Isotta Nogarola, Costanza Varano, Alessandra Scala, and Fulvia Olympia Morata].
Source: Sex and Gender in Medieval and Renaissance Texts: The Latin Tradition.   Edited by Barbara K. Gold, Paul Allen Miller, and Charles Platter .   State University of New York Press, 1997. Annales : Histoire, Sciences Sociales , 52., 3 (mai-juin 1997):  Pages 247 - 285.
Year of Publication: 1997.

196. Record Number: 2981
Author(s): Flynn, St. John E.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Saint of the Womanly Body: Raimon de Cornet's Fourteenth-Century Male Poetics [analyzes links between the Virgin and Bernard of Clairvaux in Raimon de Cornet's two religious poems which are written from a male point of view; the appendix gives the Latin texts of the two poems followed by the English translations].
Source: Sex and Gender in Medieval and Renaissance Texts: The Latin Tradition.   Edited by Barbara K. Gold, Paul Allen Miller, and Charles Platter .   State University of New York Press, 1997. Annales : Histoire, Sciences Sociales , 52., 3 (mai-juin 1997):  Pages 91 - 109.
Year of Publication: 1997.

197. Record Number: 2668
Author(s): Dietrich, Julia.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Visionary Rhetoric of Hildegard of Bingen
Source: Listening to Their Voices: The Rhetorical Activities of Historical Women.   Edited by Molly Meijer Wertheimer .   University of South Carolina Press, 1997. Annales : Histoire, Sciences Sociales , 52., 3 (mai-juin 1997):  Pages 199 - 214.
Year of Publication: 1997.

198. Record Number: 1202
Author(s): Glendinning, Robert.
Contributor(s):
Title : Love, Death, and the Art of Compromise: Aeneas Sylvius Piccolomini's "Tale of Two Lovers" [influences from "Pyramus and Thisbe" and "Tristan" shape a roman à clef novella in which Kaspar Schlick loves and leaves a Sienese married woman].
Source: Fifteenth Century Studies , 23., ( 1997):  Pages 101 - 120.
Year of Publication: 1997.

199. Record Number: 1868
Author(s): Freeman, Elizabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Public and Private Functions of Heloise's Letters
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 23., 1 (March 1997):  Pages 15 - 28.
Year of Publication: 1997.

200. Record Number: 2984
Author(s): Robin, Diana.
Contributor(s):
Title : Woman, Space, and Renaissance Discourse [explores the landscape that Laura Cereta creates in her letters; also mentions Renaissance catalogs of famous women and Christine de Pizan's "Cité des dames" and her use of urban space].
Source: Sex and Gender in Medieval and Renaissance Texts: The Latin Tradition.   Edited by Barbara K. Gold, Paul Allen Miller, and Charles Platter .   State University of New York Press, 1997. Journal of Medieval History , 23., 1 (March 1997):  Pages 165 - 187.
Year of Publication: 1997.

201. Record Number: 2416
Author(s): Townsend, David.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ironic Intertextuality and the Reader's Resistance to Heroic Masculinity in the "Waltharius" [suggests that monastic readers viewed Hildegund as a subversive character who undercut the warriors' bravado; comparisons are made with the "Aeneid's" Dido episode and slasher films].
Source: Becoming Male in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Jeffrey Jerome Cohen and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1997. Journal of Medieval History , 23., 1 (March 1997):  Pages 67 - 86.
Year of Publication: 1997.

202. Record Number: 1870
Author(s): Nicholson, Helen
Contributor(s):
Title : Women on the Third Crusade [discusses the evidence of women warriors in the Christian chronicles and the accounts of Muslim historians, Imad al-Din and Baha al-Din].
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 23., 4 (December 1997):  Pages 335 - 349.
Year of Publication: 1997.

203. Record Number: 3597
Author(s): Federico, Sylvia.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Fourteenth-Century Erotics of Politics: London as a Feminine New Troy
Source: Studies in the Age of Chaucer , 19., ( 1997):  Pages 121 - 155.
Year of Publication: 1997.

204. Record Number: 647
Author(s): O' Connor, Eugene.
Contributor(s):
Title : Hell's Pit and Heaven's Rose: The Typology of Female Sights and Smells in Panormita's "Hermaphroditus"
Source: Medievalia Et Humanistica New Series , 23., ( 1996):  Pages 25 - 51.
Year of Publication: 1996.

205. Record Number: 820
Author(s): Chavasse, Ruth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Latin Lay Piety and Vernacular Lay Piety in Word and Image: Venice, 1471- Early 1500s [devotion to the Virgin Mary].
Source: Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 10., 3 (Sept. 1996):  Pages 319 - 342.
Year of Publication: 1996.

206. Record Number: 2520
Author(s): Bourgain, Pascale.
Contributor(s):
Title : Clovis et Clotilde chez les historiens médiévaux des temps mérovingiens au premier siècle capétien
Source: Bibliothèque de l'École des Chartes , 154., 1 (janvier-juin 1996):  Pages 53 - 85.
Year of Publication: 1996.

207. Record Number: 1342
Author(s): Delasanta, Rodney K. and Constance M. Rousseau
Contributor(s):
Title : Chaucer's "Orygenes Upon the Maudeleyne": A Translation [Latin text and English translation of Pseudo- Origen's "De Maria Magdalena" that Chaucer translated early in his career; the Chaucer translation is lost].
Source: Chaucer Review , 30., 4 ( 1996):  Pages 319 - 342.
Year of Publication: 1996.

208. Record Number: 2957
Author(s): Green, Monica H.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Handlist of the Latin and Vernacular Manuscripts of the So-Called "Trotula" Texts [provides detailed descriptions of 122 extant Latin manuscripts of the Trotula texts].
Source: Scriptorium , 50., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 137 - 175.
Year of Publication: 1996.

209. Record Number: 4624
Author(s): Catalini, Claire.
Contributor(s):
Title : Luxuria and Its Branches [The author examines the subdivisions of "luxuria," the sin of lust, as they developed, culminating in Alain de Lille's "De Virtutibus"].
Source: Sex, Love and Marriage in Medieval Literature and Reality: Thematische Beiträge im Rahmen des 31th [sic] International Congress on Medieval Studies an der Western Michigan University (Kalamazoo-USA) 8.-12. Mai 1996.   Edited by Danielle Buschinger and Wolfgang Spiewok WODAN Bd. 69. Serie 3 Tagungsbände und Sammelschriften Actes de Colloques et Ouvrages Collectifs, 40.   Reineke-Verlag, 1996. Scriptorium , 50., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 13 - 20.
Year of Publication: 1996.

210. Record Number: 4625
Author(s): Ferroul, Yves.
Contributor(s):
Title : Le Livre de Gomorrhe [The author questions Peter Damian's arguments against homosexuality and other sex acts "against nature;" the author analyzes three kinds of arguments: based on evidence, on Biblical scripture, and on rhetorical figures].
Source: Sex, Love and Marriage in Medieval Literature and Reality: Thematische Beiträge im Rahmen des 31th [sic] International Congress on Medieval Studies an der Western Michigan University (Kalamazoo-USA) 8.-12. Mai 1996.   Edited by Danielle Buschinger and Wolfgang Spiewok WODAN Bd. 69. Serie 3 Tagungsbände und Sammelschriften Actes de Colloques et Ouvrages Collectifs, 40.   Reineke-Verlag, 1996. Scriptorium , 50., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 21 - 31.
Year of Publication: 1996.

211. Record Number: 3675
Author(s): Ferrante, Joan M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women's Role in Latin Letters from the Fourth to the Early Twelfth Century [The author examines three classes of Latin literature; religious tracts, lyric poetry, and histories and biographies; the author argues that the literary works represented a collaborative effort between the writer and the female patron].
Source: The Cultural Patronage of Medieval Women.   Edited by June Hall McCash .   University of Georgia Press, 1996. Chaucer Review , 30., 4 ( 1996):  Pages 73 - 104.
Year of Publication: 1996.

212. Record Number: 1386
Author(s): Brennan, Brian.
Contributor(s):
Title : Deathless Marriage and Spiritual Fecundity in Venantius Fortunatus's "De Virginitate" [written for Radegunde probably on the occasion of her "spiritual daughter's" installation as abbess; the text combines an "epithalamium" with a "consolatio" for women who neither married nor had children].
Source: Traditio , 51., ( 1996):  Pages 73 - 97.
Year of Publication: 1996.

213. Record Number: 1217
Author(s): Johnson, Timothy.
Contributor(s):
Title : To Her Who Is Half of Her Soul: Clare of Assisi and the Medieval Epistolary Tradition [analysis of Clare's letters to Agnes of Prague].
Source: Magistra , 2., 1 (Summer 1996):  Pages 24 - 50.
Year of Publication: 1996.

214. Record Number: 1586
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Medieval Concept of the Witches' Sabbath [analysis of four early texts from the 1430's ; the author argues that the witches' sabbath gained quick acceptance because it explained how common people could take command of a learned form of magic].
Source: Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 8., 2 (Fall 1996):  Pages 419 - 439.
Year of Publication: 1996.

215. Record Number: 1632
Author(s): Godorecci, Barbara J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Re-Writing Griselda: Trials of the Grey Battle Maiden [the handling of the testing theme in Boccaccio, Petrarch's Latin translation, and Chaucer's English version].
Source: Romance Languages Annual , 8., ( 1996):  Pages 192 - 196.
Year of Publication: 1996.

216. Record Number: 1936
Author(s): Jager, Eric.
Contributor(s):
Title : Did Eve Invent Writing? Script and the Fall in "The Adam Books" [Eve's role as represented in a patristic Latin text and two Middle English metrical versions, the Auchinleck (c.1330) and Trinity (1375) texts].
Source: Studies in Philology , 93., 3 (Summer 1996):  Pages 229 - 250.
Year of Publication: 1996.

217. Record Number: 813
Author(s): Clough, Cecil H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Daughters and Wives of the Montefeltro: Outstanding Bluestockings of the Quattrocento [discusses their learning, roles in public life, and Christian devotion].
Source: Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 10., 1 (March 1996):  Pages 31 - 55.
Year of Publication: 1996.

218. Record Number: 3637
Author(s): Brown, Catherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Muliebriter: Doing Gender in the Letters of Heloise [argues that Heloise adopts a number of gendered personae in her letters, including whore, castrata, and hypocrite in order to assert her mastery over Abelard].
Source: Gender and Text in the Later Middle Ages.   Edited by Jane Chance .   University Press of Florida, 1996. Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 10., 1 (March 1996):  Pages 25 - 51.
Year of Publication: 1996.

219. Record Number: 1091
Author(s): Rigg, A. G.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Latin Poem on St. Hilda and Whitby Abbey
Source: Journal of Medieval Latin , 6., ( 1996):  Pages 12 - 43.
Year of Publication: 1996.

220. Record Number: 1563
Author(s): Brumbaugh- Walter, Lynnea.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Grace of That Mutual Glance: Reciprocal Gazing and Unholy Voyeurism in "The Life of Christina of Markyate" [analyzes the nurturing, mutual gazes Christina shares with her rescuer, the hermit Roger, and the Virgin Mary ; these gazes are contrasted with the public voyeuristic gazes that Christina's Mother Beatrix arranges to destroy her daughter's chastity]
Source: Medieval Perspectives , 11., ( 1996):  Pages 74 - 95. Proceedings of the Twenty-First Annual Conference of the Southeastern Medieval Association
Year of Publication: 1996.

221. Record Number: 1126
Author(s): Feiss, Hugh, O.S.B.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Poet Abbess from Notre-Dame de Saintes [verses on a mortuary roll are attributed to Sibille, fifth abbess of the monastery; in the poems she celebrates the deceased, Abbess Mathilda of Holy Trinity Monastery, Caen, and reflects on the inevitability of death].
Source: Magistra , 1., 1 (Summer 1995):  Pages 39 - 54.
Year of Publication: 1995.

222. Record Number: 1444
Author(s): Zehringer, William C.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Sound of Praise and Bliss of Life: The Place of Music in the Visionary Art of Hildegard of Bingen [analysis of her sequence "O ignis spiritus"].
Source: American Benedictine Review , 46., 2 (June 1995):  Pages 194 - 206.
Year of Publication: 1995.

223. Record Number: 1708
Author(s): Richards, Earl Jeffrey.
Contributor(s):
Title : In Search of a Feminist Patrology : Christine de Pizan and "Les Glorieux Dotteurs"
Source: Une femme de Lettres au Moyen Age: Études autour de Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Liliane Dulac and Bernard Ribémont .   Paradigme, 1995. American Benedictine Review , 46., 2 (June 1995):  Pages 281 - 295. First published in Mystics Quarterly 21, 1 (March 1995): 3-17.
Year of Publication: 1995.

224. Record Number: 1988
Author(s): Tipton, Thomas.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Toads on the Text: The Spirituality of Psalter Reading in the "Life of Christina of Markyate"
Source: Proceedings of the Medieval Association of the Midwest , 3., ( 1995):  Pages 51 - 68.
Year of Publication: 1995.

225. Record Number: 5647
Author(s): Caitucoli, Christiane.
Contributor(s):
Title : Nobles et chevaliers dans le "Livre des miracles de Sainte Foy"
Source: Annales du Midi , 107., 212 (octobre-décembre 1995):  Pages 401 - 416.
Year of Publication: 1995.

226. Record Number: 6682
Author(s): Saunders, Corinne J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Woman Displaced: Rape and Romance in Chaucer's "Wife of Bath's Tale" ["Thus, the 'Wife of Bath's Tale' achieves two ends simultaneously. It explores minutely the problem of rape as a crime and the legal confusion over its status, referring to changing views of rape and the legal displacement of women, to the desire of women for action against rape, and to the possibility of the education of men regarding the need for equality in relationships yet at the same time, the tale affirms patriarchal values, inserting the woman within these structures and sustaining a traditional insistence on the action of rape as an element of romance: we hear no more of the victim, the knight is punished, but finally rewarded through otherworldly adventure, and the ideal of the young, beautiful and obedient wife is upheld." (page 131)].
Source: Arthurian Literature , 13., ( 1995):  Pages 115 - 131.
Year of Publication: 1995.

227. Record Number: 6754
Author(s): Hurst, Peter W.
Contributor(s):
Title : On the Interplay of Learned and Popular Elements in the "De Phyllide et Flora" (Carm. Bur. 92) [the author examines the Latin debate poem between Phyllis and Flora who argue the merits of the priest versus the knight as lovers; the poem has a number of folklore elements including the Fairy Rade or wild hunt and the other world; the poem also has learned borrowings from the "De nuptiis" of Martianus Capella and references to the intellectual concerns of the day].
Source: Mittellateinisches Jahrbuch , 30., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 47 - 59.
Year of Publication: 1995.

228. Record Number: 6946
Author(s): Dronke, Peter.
Contributor(s):
Title : Medieval Sibyls: Their Character and Their "Auctoritas" [The author analyzes a 7th century Latin poem from Spain, two French texts from the 12th century, and two German poems from the 14th century. The author traces several folklore motifs involving the Sibyl as the Queen of Sheba, frequently with a goose foot which is miraculously cured after she foresees and honors Christ's future sacrifice. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studi Medievali , 36., 2 (Dicembre 1995):  Pages 581 - 615.
Year of Publication: 1995.

229. Record Number: 11620
Author(s): Jongen, Ludo.
Contributor(s):
Title : Like a Pharmacy with Fragrant Herbs: The "Legenda Sanctae Clarae Virginis" in Middle Dutch [The author analyzes a fifteenth century Dutch adaptation of the life of Saint Clare. Jongen suggests that it was written for a house of Poor Clares or Colettines. The first appendix lists English translations of the chapter headings from the adaptation. The second appendix presents a brief excerpt from the Brabant translation and the Northeastern translation, both Middle Dutch translations of the life of Saint Clare. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Collectanea Franciscana , 65., 40180 ( 1995):  Pages 221 - 245.
Year of Publication: 1995.

230. Record Number: 20923
Author(s): Bisanti, Armando
Contributor(s):
Title : Donne Biliche e "mondo alla rovescia" nei "Carmina Burana" 6 e 39 ["Carmina Burana" 6 plays off the Biblical pairs Rachel and Leah, Mary and Martha. The pairs are used to distinguish the contemplative from the active life and the Church from the Synagogue. The poem says it is useless to choose between different ways of life in an age of decay. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Mittellateinisches Jahrbuch , 30., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 61 - 75.
Year of Publication: 1995.

231. Record Number: 1721
Author(s): Fenster, Thelma.
Contributor(s):
Title : Simplece et sagesse : Christine de Pizan et Isotta Nogarola sur la culpabilité d'Ève
Source: Une femme de Lettres au Moyen Age: Études autour de Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Liliane Dulac and Bernard Ribémont .   Paradigme, 1995. Annales du Midi , 107., 212 (octobre-décembre 1995):  Pages 481 - 493.
Year of Publication: 1995.

232. Record Number: 31
Author(s): Stuard, Susan Mosher.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ancillary Evidence for the Decline of Medieval Slavery [Experience of women slaves in the countryside and in wealthy households counters the standard argument made about slavery. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Past and Present , 149 ( 1995):  Pages 3 - 28. Republished in Considering Medieval Women and Gender. Susan Mosher Stuard. Ashgate Variorum, 2010. Chapter VII.
Year of Publication: 1995.

233. Record Number: 16578
Author(s): Yohe, Katherine Te Pas.
Contributor(s):
Title : Aelred's Guidelines for Physical Attractions [The author analyzes Aelred's text, "Speculum caritatis," and finds that physical attraction could only be tolerated under very special circumstances that led to an appreciation of the loved one's spiritual virtues; homosexual attraction is wicked and het
Source: Cîteaux: Revue d'Histoire Cistercienne , 46., 40241 ( 1995):  Pages 339 - 351.
Year of Publication: 1995.

234. Record Number: 5648
Author(s): Bonnassie, Pierre and Frédéric de Gournay
Contributor(s):
Title : Sur la datation du "Livre des miracles de Sainte Foy de Conques"
Source: Annales du Midi , 107., 212 (octobre-décembre 1995):  Pages 457 - 473.
Year of Publication: 1995.

235. Record Number: 1116
Author(s): Richards, Earl Jeffrey.
Contributor(s):
Title : In Search of a Feminist Patrology: Christine de Pizan and "les glorieux dotteurs" of the Church
Source:   Edited by Liliane Dulac and Bernard Ribémont Mystics Quarterly , 21., 1 (March 1995):  Pages 3 - 17. Later published in Une femme de Lettres au Moyen Age: Études autour de Christine de Pizan. Edited by Liliane Dulac and Bernard Ribémont. Paradigme, 1995. Pages 281-295
Year of Publication: 1995.

236. Record Number: 5052
Author(s): Kamerick, Kathleen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Patronage and Devotion in the Prayer Book of Anne of Brittany, Newberry Library MS 83 [The author analyzes the prayer book, arguing that the individualized contents reflect the queen's concerns including safe delivery from childbirth, private prayers during Mass, and the steps necessary to earn indulgences].
Source: Manuscripta , 39., 1 (March 1995):  Pages 40 - 50.
Year of Publication: 1995.

237. Record Number: 1720
Author(s): Brown-Grant, Rosalind.
Contributor(s):
Title : Des hommes et des femmes illustres : modalités narratives et transformations génériques chez Pétrarque, Boccace, et Christine de Pizan
Source: Une femme de Lettres au Moyen Age: Études autour de Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Liliane Dulac and Bernard Ribémont .   Paradigme, 1995. Manuscripta , 39., 1 (March 1995):  Pages 469 - 480.
Year of Publication: 1995.

238. Record Number: 1682
Author(s): Bange, P.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Image of Women of the Nobility in the German Chronicles of the Tenth and Eleventh Centuries [focuses on women's role in politics and their piety; chronicles and annals cited are by Thietmar of Merseurg, Widukind of Corvey, Adalbert, Luitprand, Alpert of Metz, Lampert of Hersfeld, Wipo, Herman of Reichenau, and Frutolf].
Source: The Empress Theophano: Byzantium and the West at the Turn of the First Millennium.   Edited by Adelbert Davids .   Cambridge University Press, 1995. Manuscripta , 39., 1 (March 1995):  Pages 150 - 168.
Year of Publication: 1995.

239. Record Number: 140
Author(s): Barratt, Alexandra.
Contributor(s):
Title : Language and the Body in Thomas of Cantimpré's Life of Lutgard of Aywières
Source: Cistercian Studies Quarterly , 30., 4 ( 1995):  Pages 339 - 347.
Year of Publication: 1995.

240. Record Number: 2695
Author(s): Gwara, Scott.
Contributor(s):
Title : Manuscripts of Aldhelm's "Prosa de Virginitate" and the Rise of Hermeneutic Literacy in Tenth-Century England [descriptions of several "Prosa de virginitate" manuscripts with a proposed textual transmission; the author suggests that Glastonbury and Canterbury were the Benedictine centers that produced the extensive glosses and were responsible for the Aldhelm revival in the tenth century].
Source: Studi Medievali , 35., 1 (Giugno 1994):  Pages 101 - 159.
Year of Publication: 1994.

241. Record Number: 5130
Author(s): Casaretto, Francesco Mosetti
Contributor(s):
Title : Il topos misogino del "poculum mortis" nell' "Ecloga Theoduli" e i suoi esiti in Pietro Abelardo [the "Ecloga" written in a Virgilian style by a Carolingian monk awards victory to Christian truth in a dispute with falsehood; this text blames Eve for Adam's Fall because she tempted him to sin; this is described in terms of poisoning, a crime associated with women in the classical tradition; this image was transmitted through literary sources to Marbod of Rennes and Peter Abelard].
Source: Studi Medievali , 35., 2 (Dicembre 1994):  Pages 543 - 576.
Year of Publication: 1994.

242. Record Number: 9778
Author(s): Moscheo, Rosario.
Contributor(s):
Title : Religiosita e cultura nella Messina del '500 Maurolico biografo di S. Eustochia [Francesco Maurolico wrote a biography of Eustochia of Messina in the sixteenth century, employing an earlier "Vita." Giovan Pietro Villadicani translated that life from Latin into Italian. His own life of the saint now is lost. Maurolico’s life remained in manuscript until it was printed in the seventeenth century. Appendix: Poems by Maurilico, Villadicani and others about Eustochia (translated into Italian at pp. 153-159). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Francescanesimo al femminile: Chiara d'Assisi ed Eustochia da Messina.   Edited by Giuseppe Miligi et al .   EDAS, 1994. Studi Medievali , 35., 2 (Dicembre 1994):  Pages 115 - 141.
Year of Publication: 1994.

243. Record Number: 4190
Author(s): Thompson, Anne B.
Contributor(s):
Title : Shaping a Saint's Life: Frideswide of Oxford [The author argues that the Middle English "Life" emphasizes Frideswide's agency and subjectivity; also the Latin and Middle English texts differ in their narrative approaches and treatment of space and time].
Source: Medium Aevum , 63., 1 ( 1994):  Pages 34 - 52.
Year of Publication: 1994.

244. Record Number: 1237
Author(s): Monson, Don A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Andreas Capellanus's Scholastic Definition of Love
Source: Viator , 25., ( 1994):  Pages 197 - 214.
Year of Publication: 1994.

245. Record Number: 8477
Author(s): Simons, Walter.
Contributor(s):
Title : Reading a Saint's Body: Rapture and Bodily Movement in the "vitae" of Thirteenth-century Beguines [The author concentrates on Elisabeth van Spalbeek but also briefly discusses Saint Lutgard, Juliana of Mont Cornillon, Ida of Louvain, Beatrice of Nazareth, and Marie d'Oignies. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Framing Medieval Bodies.   Edited by Sarah Kay and Miri Rubin .   Manchester University Press, 1994. Viator , 25., ( 1994):  Pages 10 - 23.
Year of Publication: 1994.

246. Record Number: 12603
Author(s): Reynolds, Philip Lyndon.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Dotal Charter as Theological Charter [The author analyzes four dotal charters from a printed collection in the "Monumenta Germaniae Historica" entitled "Formulae Merowingici et Karolini Aevi." Rather than simply record the bridegrooms' promised gifts, they include small theological treatises on the sanctity of marriage. They draw on liturgical sources to explain important events in sacred history including Eve's creation as a help to Adam and Christ's miracle at the marriage in Cana. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Recherches de Théologie ancienne et médiévale , 61., ( 1994):  Pages 54 - 68.
Year of Publication: 1994.

247. Record Number: 5569
Author(s): Duclow, Donald F.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Virgin's "Good Death": The Dormition in Fifteenth-Century Drama and Art [The author argues that the Virgin's dormition served as a model for dying well; handbooks in the "ars moriendi" tradition also emphasize a serene, holy death with the consoling intervention of the Virgin Mary].
Source: Fifteenth Century Studies , 21., ( 1994):  Pages 55 - 86.
Year of Publication: 1994.

248. Record Number: 3353
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Continuance of Aldhelm Studies in Post-Conquest England and Glosses to the "Prosa de Virginitate" in Hereford CATH.LIB.MS.P.I.17 [The author transcribes many of the Latin glosses in the body of his article].
Source: Scriptorium , 48., ( 1994):  Pages 18 - 38.
Year of Publication: 1994.

249. Record Number: 11743
Author(s): Fell, Christine E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Saint Æðelþryð: A Historical-Hagiographical Dichotomy Revisited [The author examines Bede's account of St. Aethelthryth in his "Ecclesiastical History." He celebrates her as the closest English equivalent to a virgin martyr. Later accounts built a whole line of royal abbesses after Aethelthryth (beginning with her sister Seaxburh), but contemporary evidence suggests that Ely was only a personal monument to her particular asceticism. It was not a center of learning and probably faded soon after her sister's death only to be refounded as a male monastery which enhanced and capitalized on Aethelthryth's reputation for sanctity. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Nottingham Medieval Studies , 38., ( 1994):  Pages 18 - 34.
Year of Publication: 1994.

250. Record Number: 8733
Author(s): Beech, George T.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queen Mathilda of England (1066-1083) and the Abbey of La Chaise-Dieu in the Auvergne [The author investigates the verity and historical implications of a local legend, which tells of an English queen buried at the Abbey of La Chaise-Dieu in France. Appendix offers passages from the "Vitae Adelelmi" on the English queen episode. Title note
Source: Frühmittelalterliche Studien , 27., ( 1993):  Pages 350 - 374.
Year of Publication: 1993.

251. Record Number: 5335
Author(s): O'Brien, Dennis J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Warrior Queen: The Character of Zenobia According to Giovanni Boccaccio, Christine de Pizan, and Sir Thomas Elyot [The author argues that Boccaccio describes Zenobia in misogynistic terms, while Christine de Pizan emphasizes her moral intergrity and natural skills at politics and governing].
Source: Medieval Perspectives , 8., ( 1993):  Pages 53 - 68.
Year of Publication: 1993.

252. Record Number: 8468
Author(s): Carrai, Stefano and Giorgio Inglese
Contributor(s):
Title : Epigrammi inediti del Poliziano e del Naldi [A manuscript in Poppi contains an exchange of epigrams between Angelo Poliziano, a leading humanist, and the coutesan Ginevra. He accused her of greed, and she accused him of sodomy and pedophilia. Seven of their Latin epigrams are appended to the article. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Rinascimento , 33., ( 1993):  Pages 111 - 123.
Year of Publication: 1993.

253. Record Number: 292
Author(s): Gally, Michèle.
Contributor(s):
Title : Quand l'Art d'Aimer était mis à l'Index... [Proscription of Andreas Capellanus's "Art of Love" did not diminish its impact nor prevent Drouart la Vache from making a vernacular translation in verse].
Source: Romania , 113., 40241 ( 1992):  Pages 421 - 440.
Year of Publication: 1992.

254. Record Number: 7417
Author(s): Samons, Loren J., II
Contributor(s):
Title : The Vita Liutbirgae [The author responds to major historical questions surrounding the "Vita Liutbirgae" -- from manuscript history, to dates and locations, to details about Liutbirg herself. A ninth-century anchoress, Liutbirg was raised by a noblewoman. It should be noted that Liutbirg was never canonized and that the author of the "Life" does not refer to her as "sancta." Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Classica et Mediaevalia , 43., ( 1992):  Pages 273 - 286.
Year of Publication: 1992.

255. Record Number: 8700
Author(s): Feiss, Hugh, O.S.B.
Contributor(s):
Title : Care for the Text: A Twelfth-Century Glossed Rule of Benedict for Notre Dame de Saintes [The author examines a Latin copy of St. Benedict’s "Rule" belonging to the women’s monastery of Notre Dame in Saintes. Many of the Latin endings were changed to the feminine forms and extensive glosses were added to the prologue and first two chapters. The author suggests that the scribe/editor was a nun although there is no certain evidence. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: American Benedictine Review , 43., 1 (March 1992):  Pages 47 - 56.
Year of Publication: 1992.

256. Record Number: 8777
Author(s): O'Gorman, Richard.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Stabat mater" in Middle French Verse: An Edition of Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, fr 24865 [The author discusses the relationship between this manuscript, which includes a Middle French version of the "Stabat mater," and five other manuscript versions. The Appendix presents editions of the text from BN fr 24865 and from the much different version in Poitiers, Bibliothèque Municipale 95. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Franciscan Studies , 52., ( 1992):  Pages 191 - 201.
Year of Publication: 1992.

257. Record Number: 9067
Author(s): Olson, Robert.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Green Man in Hildegard of Bingen [In his analysis of the "Liber Divinorum Operum" ("Book of Divine Works"), the author argues that Hildegard's concept of "viriditas" plays a central role in her cosmology. Roughly equivalent to "greenness," the term refers to the creative force behind everything in the world; it sustains and reflects the salvific work that both men and women perform. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studia Mystica New Series , 15., 4 (Winter 1992):  Pages 3 - 18.
Year of Publication: 1992.

258. Record Number: 9492
Author(s): Roy, Gopa.
Contributor(s):
Title : A virgin acts manfully: Ælfric's “Life of St. Eugenia” and the Latinversions [The article demonstrates that Ælfric’s Old English version of St. Eugenia’s “Life” is more sympathetic to women than its closest Latin source. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Leeds Studies in English , ( 1992):  Pages 1 - 27.
Year of Publication: 1992.

259. Record Number: 9535
Author(s): Laiou, Angeliki E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Consensus facit nuptias--Et non: Pope Nicholas I's "Responsa" to the Bulgarians as a Source for Byzantine Marriage Customs [The author examines Pope Nicholas I's response to questions from the newly converted czar of Bulgaria. Byzantine missionaries had told the czar about their beliefs and practices. The Latin papal text gives evidence for Byzantine marriage customs including a greater emphasis on a church ceremony than in the West and a discouragement of remarriage. The Appendix presents the Latin text of Chapter Three from the "Response to the Bulgarians" which deals with marriage. The article was originally published in Rechtshistorisches Journal 4 (1985): 189-201. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Gender, Society, and Economic Life in Byzantium. Angeliki E. Laiou Variorum Collected Studies Series .   Ashgate, 1992. Leeds Studies in English , ( 1992):  Pages 189 - 201. Earlier published in Studies in Church History 27 (1990): 53-78.
Year of Publication: 1992.

260. Record Number: 10005
Author(s): Morse, Charlotte Cook.
Contributor(s):
Title : What to Call Petrarch’s Griselda [The story about Griselda appears in many medieval manuscripts and early printed editions, but each version is unique, with different introductory and concluding rubrics (headings and titles). These rubrics provide insights into the variety of ways early scribes and readers read the story: it could be read as a myth, history, fable, or exemplum. A bibliography lists 188 manuscripts containing Petrarch’s Latin Griselda story. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Uses of manuscripts in literary studies: essays in memory of Judson Boyce Allen.   Edited by Charlotte Cook Morse, Penelope Reed Doob, and Marjorie Curry Woods Studies in medieval culture .   Medieval Institute Publications, Western Michigan University, 1992. Leeds Studies in English , ( 1992):  Pages 263 - 303.
Year of Publication: 1992.

261. Record Number: 10008
Author(s): Ziolkowski, Jan M.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Fairy Tale from before Fairy Tales: Egbert of Liege’s "De puella a lupellis seruata" and the Medieval Background of "Little Red Riding Hood" [The author analyzes Egbert’s eleventh-century Latin poem as an early analogue to the famous fairy tale about a girl and a wolf. Folklorists differ on the value of medieval texts for their studies, because most see them as too literary to be pure representations of an oral tradition and yet too early to qualify as literary fairy tales. Egbert claims an oral origin to his poem, which appears in a schoolbook for students learning Latin. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Speculum , 67., 3 (July 1992):  Pages 549 - 575.
Year of Publication: 1992.

262. Record Number: 10212
Author(s): Karlin-Hayter, Patricia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Further Notes on Byzantine Marriage: "Raptus" - harpage or mnesteiai [The author discusses two topics related to marriage, "raptus" and engagements. "Raptus" in the Byzantine canons refers to the act of abducting a woman in order to marry her. The Church canons in regard to engagement changed, so that emperors felt they had to make the rules less strict for young women and men who were often promised in marriage at the age of seven. The Appendix presents four English translations of sources from two churchmen, Xiphilinos and John the Thrakesian, along with legislation from Emperor Alexios I Komnenos. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Dumbarton Oaks Papers (Full Text via JSTOR) 46 (1992): 133-154. Homo Byzantinus: Papers in Honor of Alexander Kazhdan. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1992.

263. Record Number: 10790
Author(s): Runte, Hans R.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marie de France dans ses "Fables" [The author discusses Marie's authorial presence in her "Fables," and considers bother her technique of self-naming and her distinctive use on incipits and epimythia (morals of the story). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: In Quest of Marie de France: A Twelfth-Century Poet.   Edited by Chantal A. Marechal .   Edwin Mellen Press, 1992.  Pages 28 - 44.
Year of Publication: 1992.

264. Record Number: 9479
Author(s): Gravdal, Kathryn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Chrétien de Troyes, Gratian, and the Medieval Romance of Sexual Violence [The author urges a re-reading of Chretien de Troyes, suggesting that his identification of rape with romance influences our own cultural assumptions today. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society (Full Text via JSTOR) 17, 3 (Spring 1992): 558-585. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1992.

265. Record Number: 10744
Author(s): Greilsammer, Myriam.
Contributor(s):
Title : Le Mariage en pays flamand: un "fait social total" [The author identifies three cruical themes for marriag in the Low Countries in the late Middle Ages: 1)The superiority of the male, 2)The centrality of the female, and 3) The fear that men had for the dangers that women posed. Greilsammer examines these themes in the areas of popular culture and Church doctrine. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Marriage and Social Mobility in the Late Middle Ages/Marriage et mobilité sociale au bas moyen-âge. Handelingen van het colloquieum gehouden te Gent op 18 april 1988.   Edited by W. Prevenier Studia Historica Gandensia .   Department of History of the Arts Faculty of the University of Gent, 1992.  Pages 60 - 98. Second printing, revised and corrected by the editor
Year of Publication: 1992.

266. Record Number: 10302
Author(s): TePas, Katherine M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Spiritual Friendship in Ælred of Rievaulx and Mutual Sanctification in Marriage (I) [The author attempts to examine theories of Christian friendship and mutual sanctification in marriage, by focusing on Aelred of Rievaulx. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Cistercian Studies Quarterly , 27., 1 ( 1992):  Pages 63 - 76.
Year of Publication: 1992.

267. Record Number: 10303
Author(s): TePas, Katherine M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Spiritual Friendship in Ælred of Rievaulx and Mutual Sanctification in Marriage (II) [The article continues the author‚s study of Christian friendship and marriage, concluding that Aelred of Rievaulx developed a theology in which God encourages and involves himself with human relationships. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Cistercian Studies Quarterly , 27., 2 ( 1992):  Pages 153 - 165.
Year of Publication: 1992.

268. Record Number: 8635
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and the Writing of History in the Early Middle Ages: the Case of Abbess Matilda of Essen and Aethelweard [The author discusses Matilda of Essen's role as a preserver of history generally, and in the production of the Latin version of the "Anglo-Saxon Chronicle," specifically. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Early Medieval Europe , 1., 1 ( 1992):  Pages 53 - 68.
Year of Publication: 1992.

269. Record Number: 9457
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : A Note on “Jezebel” and “Semiramis,” Two Latin Norman Poems from the Early Eleventh Century [These two Latin poems, written in Normandy, are about ancient queens commonly associated with wantonness, adultery, and idolatry throughout the Middle Ages. The dialog form of “Semiramis” suggests it be viewed as a drama that satirizes an event that took place in 1017: Emma’s abduction by King Cnut. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Journal of Medieval Latin , 2., ( 1992):  Pages 18 - 24.
Year of Publication: 1992.

270. Record Number: 10195
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Images of Women in Anglo-Saxon Art III: A Paean for a Queen: The Frontispiece to the "Encomium Emmae Reginae"
Source: Old English Newsletter , 26., 1 (Fall 1992):  Pages 56 - 58.
Year of Publication: 1992.

271. Record Number: 10561
Author(s): Helvétius, Anne-Marie
Contributor(s):
Title : Sainte Aldegonde et les origines du monastère de Maubeuge [The author focuses on the earliest "vita" of Saint Aldegonde written by a monk who had some contact with her. The "Life" emphasizes her visions and the miracles associated with her, both during her lifetime and after death. At Maubeuge the noble woman Al
Source: Revue du Nord , 74., 295 (avril-juin 1992):  Pages 221 - 237.
Year of Publication: 1992.

272. Record Number: 1514
Author(s): Sperberg-McQueen, M. R.
Contributor(s):
Title : Whose Body Is It? Chaste Strategies and the Reinforcement of Patriarchy in Three Plays by Hrotswitha von Gandersheim ["The Martyrdom of the Holy Virgins Agape, Chione, and Irena," "The Fall and Repentance of Mary, Niece of the Hermit Abraham," and "The Resurrection of Drusiana and of Callimachus"].
Source: Women in German Yearbook , 8., ( 1992):  Pages 47 - 71.
Year of Publication: 1992.

273. Record Number: 10777
Author(s): Smith, Robin.
Contributor(s):
Title : Glimpses of Some Anglo-Saxon Women [The author briefly profiles three Anglo-Saxon women: Abbess Hilda, the nun Hygeburg (author of a pilgrimage account), and Aethelflaed, ruler of the Mercians. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: A Wyf Ther Was: Essays in Honour of Paule Mertens-Fonck.   Edited by Juliette Dor .   English Department, University of Liège, 1992. Women in German Yearbook , 8., ( 1992):  Pages 256 - 263.
Year of Publication: 1992.

274. Record Number: 8776
Author(s): Neu, Renee.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mythology as Code: Lapo da Castiglionchio's View of Homosexuality and Materialism at the Curia [The author suggests that Lapo da Castiglionchio's defense of the Papal Curia may indirectly refer to homosexual relationships under the guise of mythological allusion. Although he does not necessarily condemn these relationships, his dialogue may contain more criticism than scholars generally allow. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Journal of the History of Ideas (Full Text via JSTOR) 53, 1 (January-March 1992): 138-144. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1992.

275. Record Number: 9456
Author(s): Karras, Ruth Mazo.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Latin Vocabulary of Illicit Sex in English Ecclesiastical Court Records [The author conducts a survey of the terminology that courts used to refer to various types of sexual behavior, particularly adultery, fornication, and prostitution. The language is far from straightforward, as different terms could be used for the same behaviors, depending on the individual case. Moreover, it is often unclear what behaviors are being described. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Journal of Medieval Latin , 2., ( 1992):  Pages 1 - 17.
Year of Publication: 1992.

276. Record Number: 10245
Author(s): Lawton, David.
Contributor(s):
Title : Voice, Authority, and Blasphemy in "The Book of Margery Kempe" [The author examines the importance of blasphemy in the production of literary texts in fifteenth-century England; during this time, vernacular writing was sometimes associated with heresy. While some readers fear Kempe expresses unorthodox religious ideas, the author notes that Kempe espouses orthodox views. Kempe also demonstrates a knowledge of Latin texts even though she claims to be illiterate. Ultimately, Kempe’s unique voice as a woman is preserved through the text even if her speech is mediated by a long line of male scribes and editors. Title note supplied by Feminae].
Source: Margery Kempe: A Book of Essays.   Edited by Sandra J. McEntire .   Garland Publishing, 1992. Journal of Medieval Latin , 2., ( 1992):  Pages 93 - 115.
Year of Publication: 1992.

277. Record Number: 10175
Author(s): Olsen, Glenn W.
Contributor(s):
Title : One Heart and One Soul ("Acts" 4:32 and 34) in Dhuoda's "Manual" [The author argues that Dhuoda's interpretation of "Acts" for her son is distinctly original. She sees the life of the early apostles as a model for lay spirituality and a means of ending the deadly conflict among Carolingian noble men. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Church History (Full Text via JSTOR) 61, 1 (March 1992): 23-33. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1992.

278. Record Number: 10019
Author(s): Schotter, Anne H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Rhetoric versus rape in the medieval Latin Pamphilus [The author examines language and force as instruments of power in the "Pamphilus." Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Philological Quarterly , 71., 2 (Spring 1992):  Pages 243 - 260.
Year of Publication: 1992.

279. Record Number: 8628
Author(s): Billy, Dennis J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Translatio fontis et passio martyris: Narrative Diptych in Hrotsvitha's "Gongolfus" [Hrotsvitha wrote a short hagiographical poem about the life and miracles of Saint Gongolf, the patron of cuckolded husbands. Gongolf was a saintly warrior who performed miracles including ones that revealed the guilt of his adulterous wife. Hrotsvitha emphasizes the power of faith in her text. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Germanic Notes , 22., 40241 ( 1991):  Pages 67 - 71.
Year of Publication: 1991.

280. Record Number: 10979
Author(s): Hozeski, Bruce W.
Contributor(s):
Title : Faith: Hildegard von Bingen and Some of the Modern Theologians [The author compares modern definitions of faith with Hildegard’s, arguing that the medieval mystic and the modern theologians share much in common. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Mystics Quarterly , 17., 1 ( 1991):  Pages 20 - 26.
Year of Publication: 1991.

281. Record Number: 11502
Author(s): Quetglas, Pere J.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Muses of the "Cançoner Eròtic" of Ripoll [The author proposes that two figures in the Latin poem "Cançoner Eròtic de Ripoll" be identified with abbesses, one at Remiremont and the other at Ripoll in Spain. In both cases the women were identified with sexual scandals at their monasteries. However, the poet does not censure the women but praises them for their beauty. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Mittellateinisches Jahrbuch , 26., ( 1991):  Pages 133 - 139.
Year of Publication: 1991.

282. Record Number: 8661
Author(s): Craine, Renate.
Contributor(s):
Title : Hildegard of Bingen: "The Earth Hungers for the Fullness of Justice" [The author interprets Hildegard of Bingen’s "Liber Vitae Meritorum" as a call for present-day readers to make ecology a spiritual priority. The striking imagery in Hildegard’s writing reminds us that humans are in a relationship with God’s creation and are responsible for taking care of the environment. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Cistercian Studies Quarterly , 26., 2 ( 1991):  Pages 120 - 126.
Year of Publication: 1991.

283. Record Number: 11670
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Mark of Gender in Saint Bernard's "De diligendo deo" [In his treatise on loving God, Bernard figures the soul at times as feminine and at times as masculine in his exploration of the ascent toward union with God. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Romance Languages Annual , 3., ( 1991):  Pages 7 - 11.
Year of Publication: 1991.

284. Record Number: 10696
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Two Hymeneal Compositions: Reflections of Fifteenth-Century Ecclesiastical Diplomacy [The author argues that the two songs written to celebrate the marriage of Cleophe Malatesta da Pesaro with Theodore II Palaiologus, Despot of the Morea, in fact serve as a failed attempt to solidify diplomatic relations between the eastern and western branches of Christendom. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Explorations in Renaissance Culture , 17., ( 1991):  Pages 87 - 108.
Year of Publication: 1991.

285. Record Number: 11211
Author(s): Dronke, Peter.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Symbolic Cities of Hildegard of Bingen [Hildegard’s image of the Heavenly City of Jerusalem employs complex symbolism, combining imagery of the city as a flowering garden, as a cosmic tree, and as a place built of precious stones. Hildegard fuses this bud, stone, and tree imagery from Biblical and literary sources, especially the "Apocalypse of John," a Christian allegory by the second-century author Hermas, and “The City of God” by Saint Augustine. Similar metaphors drawn from nature (including images of the cosmos as an egg) run through Hildegard’s other major works. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Journal of Medieval Latin , 1., ( 1991):  Pages 168 - 183.
Year of Publication: 1991.

286. Record Number: 12282
Author(s): Goez, Werner.
Contributor(s):
Title : Matilda Dei gratia si quid est. Die Urkunden-Unterfertigung der Burgherrin von Canossa [Author discusses the use of the formula "Dei gratia si quid est" in Countess Mathilda of Tuscany's signature on documents. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Deutsches Archiv für Erforschung des Mittelalters , 47., ( 1991):  Pages 378 - 394.
Year of Publication: 1991.

287. Record Number: 10681
Author(s): Sharpe, Richard.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Date of Saint Mildreth's Translation from Minster-in-Thanet to Canterbury [According to Goscelin's account of the life of Saint Mildreth, the saint's remains were moved to Saint Augustine's Abbey in Canterbury on 18 May 1030. The author maintains that Goscelin's dating is correct even though other historians dispute his chronology (the write apparently names the wrong pope and wrong emperor in his account of the saint's life). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Mediaeval Studies , 53., ( 1991):  Pages 349 - 354.
Year of Publication: 1991.

288. Record Number: 6388
Author(s): Troubat, Olivier.
Contributor(s):
Title : Maria di Borbone imperatrice di Costantinopoli [Louis I of Bourbon advanced his ambitions in the eastern Mediterranean by marrying his daughter Marie to Guy de Lusignan of Cyprus; after she was widowed, her brother Pierre married her to Robert, prince of Taranto; after being widowed a second time she ruled Morea-Achaia; she then retired to Naples where she was active in politics until her death in 1387; her nephew Louis II of Bourbon became her heir, maintaining a political role in the eastern Mediterranean until his death in 1410].
Source: Archivio Storico Italiano , 148., 546 ( 1990):  Pages 739 - 765.
Year of Publication: 1990.

289. Record Number: 6508
Author(s): Robertini, Luca.
Contributor(s):
Title : L'Uso del diminutivo in Rosvita [the diminutive has an informal, oral ring in Hrotsvitha's Latin; she used it frequently in her early works but less thereafter; many of Hrotsvitha's diminutives seem to have been derived from the Latin classics via the grammarians].
Source: Medioevo e Rinascimento , ( 1990):  Pages 123 - 142.
Year of Publication: 1990.

290. Record Number: 12694
Author(s): O'Connor, Eugene M.
Contributor(s):
Title : More on the "Priapeum" of Jacobus Cremonensis [This fifteenth century Latin poem describes an erotic encounter between the Classical fertility god Priapus and the nymph Dione. The author corrects and expands the commentary written on the poem by a previous editor, Ian Thompson. In his commentary, Thompson failed to recognize that many of the Latin terms in the poem are not euphemisms but sexually explicit terms. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Traditio , 45., ( 1990):  Pages 389 - 391.
Year of Publication: 1990.

291. Record Number: 12737
Author(s): Saradi-Mendelovici, Helen.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Contribution to the Study of the Byzantine Notarial Formulas: The "infirmitas sexus" of Women and the "senatusconsultum Velleianum" [The author traces two notarial formulae that were commonly used in legal documents under Roman and Byzantine law: the “infirmitas sexus” (the legal designation of the inferiority of women as a natural characteristic) and the “senatusconsultum Velleianum” (a set of imperial provisions and restrictions imposed upon women). Both of these formulae appear in the middle to late Byzantine periods, where the Byzantine legislation perpetuates ancient restrictions on women’s legal capacities. The natural inferiority of women was often cited as the reason for why imperial legislation must protect and limit their actions. Appendix includes a list of relevant notarial documents in chronological order, including the parties involved , the notary who drew up the document, the location, and the legal formulation used. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Byzantinische Zeitschrift , 83., ( 1990):  Pages 72 - 90.
Year of Publication: 1990.

292. Record Number: 15597
Author(s): Polo de Beaulieu, Marie Anne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mulier and "Femina": The Representation of Women in the "Scala celi" of Jean Gobi [The author analyzes Jean Gobi's use of terms for women. While these are many negative portrayals, especially as embodiments of vices, Jean Gobi does devote a section of his collected moral stories to the virtues of women. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Medieval Women and the Sources of Medieval History.   Edited by Joel T. Rosenthal .   University of Georgia Press, 1990. Mittellateinisches Jahrbuch , 26., ( 1991):  Pages 50 - 65.
Year of Publication: 1990.

293. Record Number: 15596
Author(s): Berlioz, Jacques.
Contributor(s):
Title : Exempla: A Discussion and a Case Study [Exempla, illustrative moral stories often used by preachers, proved an important portrayal of gender as well as the details of every day life. Title not supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Women and the Sources of Medieval History.   Edited by Joel T. Rosenthal .   University of Georgia Press, 1990. Mittellateinisches Jahrbuch , 26., ( 1991):  Pages 37 - 50.
Year of Publication: 1990.

294. Record Number: 12741
Author(s): Featherstone, Jeffrey
Contributor(s):
Title : Olga’s Visit to Constantinople [Princess Olga of Kiev’s conversion to Christianity and her baptism in Constantinople in the middle of the tenth century are events variously described in Slavonic, Byzantine, and Latin accounts. The article contains a translation of excerpt from the Book
Source: Harvard Ukrainian Studies , 14., 3 (December 1990):  Pages 293 - 312.
Year of Publication: 1990.

295. Record Number: 12679
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Science and Discipline: The Ethos of Sex Education in a Fourteenth-Century Classroom [The author briefly surveys a commentary by William of Wheteley on a grammar school text. In lecturing on Aristotelian natural philosophy to his male students, aged seven to fourteen, William went into some detail on the male and female reproductive systems. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Homo Carnalis: The Carnal Aspect of Medieval Human Life.   Edited by Helen Rodite Lemay Acta .   Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, State University of New York at Binghamton, 1990. Harvard Ukrainian Studies , 14., 3 (December 1990):  Pages 157 - 172. Papers presented at a conference held at the State University of New York at Stony Brook in 1987
Year of Publication: 1990.

296. Record Number: 12771
Author(s): Casey, Michael.
Contributor(s):
Title : Bernard of Clairvaux and the Assumption [The author discusses Bernard of Clairvaux’s Marian writings, with particular attention to this treatment of the Assumption. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Word and Spirit , 12., ( 1990):  Pages 21 - 41.
Year of Publication: 1990.

297. Record Number: 12740
Author(s): Breeze, Andrew.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Virgin Mary, Daughter of Her Son [The “mater et filia” topos, or the notion of the Virgin Mary as being simultaneously the mother and daughter of Christ, originated in the writings of late Antiquity but the theme also appears in the early poetry of Ireland and Britain. The first known reference to the topos in Ireland occurs in the seventh century Latin poem; an eleventh century poem written in the Irish language is perhaps the oldest vernacular example of the topos. The earliest example of the topos in Welsh poetry probably dates from around 1400. In all these instances, poets borrow and adapt ideas about the Virgin Mary from Continental sources like sermons, Church teachings, or poetry. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Études Celtiques , 27., ( 1990):  Pages 267 - 283.
Year of Publication: 1990.

298. Record Number: 12730
Author(s): Breeze, Andrew.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Blessed Virgin's Joys and Sorrows [Based upon a comparison with analogous material in English, Latin, and Anglo-Norman texts, the author establishes the dating and attribution of three religious poems (two in Welsh and one in Irish) that concern the Virgin's joys and sorrows. Although the manuscripts attribute the three poems to three thirteenth century poets, the textual evidence indicates that they were actually written by three entirely different poets in the fourteenth century. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Cambridge Medieval Celtic Studies , 19., (Summer 1990):  Pages 41 - 54.
Year of Publication: 1990.

299. Record Number: 15607
Author(s): Schulenburg, Jane Tibbetts.
Contributor(s):
Title : Saints' Lives as a Source for the History of Women, 500-1100 The author argues that saints' lives are still a relatively underutilized source for the early Middle Ages generally and for women's history in particular. The lives convey social values, collective mentalities, and much indirect information on women's experience. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Women and the Sources of Medieval History.   Edited by Joel T. Rosenthal .   University of Georgia Press, 1990. Cambridge Medieval Celtic Studies , 19., (Summer 1990):  Pages 285 - 320.
Year of Publication: 1990.

300. Record Number: 11196
Author(s): Ahern, John.
Contributor(s):
Title : Nudi Grammantes: The Grammar and Rhetoric of Deviation in Inferno XV [Male genitalia have a complex range of metaphorical meanings. Certain writers in the medieval rhetorical tradition align sexuality and rhetoric, comparing forms unorthodox sexuality (like sodomy) with perversions of language. Most notably, Brunetto Latini, a grammarian and sodomite who appears in the Inferno, uses a series of puns involving the word “fico” (fig or tree), confusing the word’s natural (biological) and grammatical gender. In Latin and Italian, this word (meaning both tree and fruit) could metaphorically stand for either the male or the female sexual organs. Brunetto’s learned yet ambiguous use of language thus suggests his own sexual deviancy. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Romanic Review , 81., 4 ( 1990):  Pages 466 - 486.
Year of Publication: 1990.

301. Record Number: 28769
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Allegorical Harvesting Scene
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/55/Mittelrheinischer_Meister_des_13._Jahrhunderts_001.jpg/250px-Mittelrheinischer_Meister_des_13._Jahrhunderts_001.jpg
Year of Publication:

302. Record Number: 31215
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Ladder of Virtue
Source:
Year of Publication:

303. Record Number: 31220
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Temptation through Impatience
Source:
Year of Publication: