Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


  • Record Number: 7382
  • Author(s)/Creator(s): Dronke , Peter.
  • Contributor(s):
  • Title: The Symbolic Cities of Hildegard of Bingen [Hildegard’s image of the Heavenly City of Jerusalem employs complex symbolism, combining imagery of the city as a flowering garden, as a cosmic tree, and as a place built of precious stones. Hildegard fuses this bud, stone, and tree imagery from Biblical and literary sources, especially the "Apocalypse of John," a Christian allegory by the second-century author Hermas, and “The City of God” by Saint Augustine. Similar metaphors drawn from nature (including images of the cosmos as an egg) run through Hildegard’s other major works. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
  • Source: Journal of Medieval Latin 1, ( 1991): Pages 168 - 183.
  • Description:
  • Article Type: Journal Article
  • Subject (See Also): Architecture, Image of Art History- Painting Cities and Towns in Literature Cities and Towns, Image of Earth, Image of Hildegard of Bingen, Abbess of Rupertsberg Illumination of Manuscripts Imagery Jerusalem, Image of Latin Literature Literature- Drama Li
  • Award Note:
  • Geographic Area: Germany
  • Century: 12
  • Primary Evidence:
  • Illustrations: Four Figures. Figure One “Caritas, Mundus, Homo.” Manuscript illustration depicts a human figure standing in the middle of concentric rings depicting the four elements of earth, water, air, and fire. From the “Liber divinorum operum,” 1.2.1. Figure Two Manuscript illustration depicts part of the triple wall of the Heavenly City, each layer of the wall representing one of the three estates (clergy, nobility, and peasantry). From “Scivias,” 3.6. Figure Three Manuscript illustration depicts the prehistory of the City of Jerusalem, emphasizing images of human interactions before and after the Flood. From the “Liber divinorum operum,” 3.2 (Migne 3.7). Figure Four “Caritas, Fountain, and City.” Manuscript illustration features a cloud of saints at the top of the picture with a fountain above the city and three maidens representing virtues. From the “Liber divinorum operum,” 3.3. (Migne 3.8).
  • Table:
  • Abstract:
  • Author's Affiliation: University of Cambridge
  • Conference Info: - , -
  • Year of Publication: 1991.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN/ISBN: 07789750