Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


166 Record(s) Found in our database

Search Results

1. Record Number: 11753
Author(s): Evans, Ruth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Signs of the Body: Gender, Sexuality, and Space in York and the York Cycle [The author explores the Corpus Christi play cycle in York for the identities of women and space in plays concerning Eve and Procula, Pilate's wife. Also in the essay Evans considers social and political evidence of women's involvements with the plays as patrons and possibly as actresses in addition to the more usual cross-dressing males in female parts. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women's Space: Patronage, Place, and Gender in the Medieval Church.   Edited by Virginia Chieffo Raguin and Sarah Stanbury .   State University of New York Press, 2005.  Pages 23 - 45.
Year of Publication: 2005.

2. Record Number: 10848
Author(s): Nicholson, Francesca.
Contributor(s):
Title : Seeing Women Troubadours without the "-itz" and "isms" [The author analyzes two poems attributed to women, Na Bieris de Roman and Azalais. Nicholson argues that they sometimes identify with a male lover and sometimes speak as women. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Troubled Vision: Gender, Sexuality, and Sight in Medieval Text and Image.   Edited by Emma Campbell and Robert Mills .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. European Medieval Drama , 8., ( 2004):  Pages 63 - 76.
Year of Publication: 2004.

3. Record Number: 11008
Author(s): Pettit, Emma.
Contributor(s):
Title : Holiness and Masculimity in Aldhelms's "Opus geminatum De virginitate" [The author traces two approaches to masculinity. Both male and female religious need to be masculinized spiritual combatants against vice; in contrast only male saints are masculinized when preforming miracles. Female saints are less autonomous and associated with characteristics that are gendered feminine. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Holiness and Masculinity in the Middle Ages.   Edited by P. H. Cullum and Katherine J. Lewis .   Religion and Culture in the Middle Ages Series. University of Wales Press, 2004. European Medieval Drama , 8., ( 2004):  Pages 8 - 23.
Year of Publication: 2004.

4. Record Number: 11023
Author(s): Crachiolo, Beth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Seeing the Gendering of Violence: Female and Male Martyrs in the "South English Legendary" [The author argues that while male martyrs have a variety of roles to play in the church, women martyrs simply react to those around them, ranging from cruel suitors to unfeeling torturers. Crachiolo suggests that the audience saw the female body as an object of entertainment though the hagiographer intended the descriptions of torture as a denial of the material world in the favor of Christian spirituality. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: A Great Effusion of Blood? Interpreting Medieval Violence.   Edited by Mark D. Meyerson, Daniel Thiery, and Oren Falk .   University of Toronto Press, 2004.  Pages 147 - 163.
Year of Publication: 2004.

5. Record Number: 10849
Author(s): Gaunt, Simon.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Look of Love: The Gender of the Gaze in Troubadour Lyric
Source: Troubled Vision: Gender, Sexuality, and Sight in Medieval Text and Image.   Edited by Emma Campbell and Robert Mills .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.  Pages 79 - 95.
Year of Publication: 2004.

6. Record Number: 13632
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Putting on the Girls: Mary's Girlhood and the Performance of Monarchical Authority in Philippe de Mézières's Dramatic Office for the "Presentation of the Virgin in the Temple" [The author finds a connection between the presentation of Mary's feminine virtues and French royal authority. The play, written by courtier Philippe de Mézières, called for a young girl of three or four to portray Mary. Udry draws parallels with conduct literature to argue that Mary's feminine qualities would have been a model not only for men and women but also for the king of France. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: European Medieval Drama , 8., ( 2004):  Pages 1 - 17.
Year of Publication: 2004.

7. Record Number: 10985
Author(s): McGinley, Kevin J.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Fenzeit" and the Feminine: Robert Henryson's "Orpheus and Eurydice" and the Gendering of Poetry [The author argues that the narrative in the poem is associated with the feminine while the concluding "moralitas" is identified as masculine. McGinley suggests that in this way the poet calls into question the traditional patriarchal values and presents the feminine more positively. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Woman and the Feminine in Medieval and Early Modern Scottish Writing.   Edited by Sarah M. Dunnigan, C. Marie Harker, and Evelyn S. Newlyn .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. European Medieval Drama , 8., ( 2004):  Pages 74 - 85.
Year of Publication: 2004.

8. Record Number: 10853
Author(s): Keen, Catherine M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sex and the Medieval City: Viewing the Body Politic from Exile in Early Italian Verse [Keen examines poems by four authors in exile (Dante, Cino da Pistoia, Pietro dei Faitinelli, and Niccolò del Rosso) in which the natal city is depicted as a beautiful woman; sometimes she is to be pitied, but other times she is hateful. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Troubled Vision: Gender, Sexuality, and Sight in Medieval Text and Image.   Edited by Emma Campbell and Robert Mills .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. European Medieval Drama , 8., ( 2004):  Pages 155 - 171.
Year of Publication: 2004.

9. Record Number: 10703
Author(s): Phelpstead, Carl,
Contributor(s):
Title : The Sexual Ideology of Hrólfs saga kraka [The author argues that "Hrólfs saga" embodies patriachal values influenced by Christian concerns. This homosocial world of men generally views women in a misogynist light. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Scandinavian Studies , 75., 1 (Spring 2003):  Pages 1 - 24.
Year of Publication: 2003.

10. Record Number: 11022
Author(s): Johnston, Mark.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender as Conduct in the Courtesy Guides for Aristocratic Boys and Girls of Amanieu de Sescás [Amanieu de Sescás wrote his poems of advice for young women and young men in the early 1290s. Johnston argues that while a few behaviors are gender specific, the poet generally emphasizes a common ethic of courtliness for nobles of both sexes. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Essays in Medieval Studies (Full Text via Project Muse) 20 (2003): 75-84. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2003.

11. Record Number: 9763
Author(s): Gerli, E. Michael.
Contributor(s):
Title : Masculinity, Reform, and Clerical Culture: Narratives of Episcopal Holiness in the Gregorian Era [The author examines two versions of the "Life" of Saint Ulrich to trace the differences in the representation of masculinity, both clerical and lay. Miller argues that the proponents of the Gregorian Reform tried to establish a priestly hypermasculinity (untouched by female impurity and removed from familial entanglements) that separated the clergy from the male laity and justifed their special authority. Furthermore this competition between clerics and lay men strengthened the misogynist discourse in that era. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Church History , 72., 1 (March 2003):  Pages 25 - 52.
Year of Publication: 2003.

12. Record Number: 10451
Author(s): Ingham, Patricia Clare.
Contributor(s):
Title : From Kinship to Kingship: Mourning, Gender, and Anglo-Saxon Community [The author examines the characters Wealthow and Hildeburh in "Beowulf" and, to a lesser degree, the poems, "The Wife's Lament" and "Wulf and Eadwacer." Ingham argues that the women do important cultural work as the ones responsible for hopeless loss. In the larger historical moment they uphold the ties of kinship as society comes to accept the personal loyalty owed to a centralizing sovereign. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Grief and Gender: 700-1700.   Edited by Jennifer C. Vaught with Lynne Dickson Bruckner .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Church History , 72., 1 (March 2003):  Pages 17 - 31.
Year of Publication: 2003.

13. Record Number: 10453
Author(s): Bodden, M. C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Disordered Grief and Fashionable Afflictions in Chaucer's "Franklin's Tale" and the "Clerk's Tale" [The author examines the gendered treatment of grief. Dorigen's expressions are extremely anguished and disordered, while the male characters experience grief more "rationally" in connection with honor and the loss of power over women. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Grief and Gender: 700-1700.   Edited by Jennifer C. Vaught with Lynne Dickson Bruckner .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Church History , 72., 1 (March 2003):  Pages 51 - 63.
Year of Publication: 2003.

14. Record Number: 8069
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Did Goddesses Empower Women? The Case of Dame Nature [The author argues that Christine de Pizan reinterprets the figure of Nature, making her a representation of all forms of female creativity. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Gendering the Master Narrative: Women and Power in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Mary C. Erler and Maryanne Kowaleski .   Cornell University Press, 2003. Church History , 72., 1 (March 2003):  Pages 135 - 155.
Year of Publication: 2003.

15. Record Number: 10448
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Por coi la pucele pleure: The Feminine Enigma of the Grail Quest
Source: Neophilologus , 87., 4 (October 2003):  Pages 517 - 527.
Year of Publication: 2003.

16. Record Number: 10447
Author(s): Klinck, Anne L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Poetic Markers of Gender in Medieval "Woman's Song": Was Anonymous a Woman? [The author examines five pairs of love-complaints, written wholly or in part in a woman's voice. The poems are drawn from Old English, Occitan, German, Italian, Galician-Portuguese, and Middle English. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Neophilologus , 87., 3 (July 2003):  Pages 339 - 359.
Year of Publication: 2003.

17. Record Number: 10531
Author(s): Colwell, Tania.
Contributor(s):
Title : Medieval Masculinities: Transgressions and Transformations
Source: Our Medieval Heritage: Essays in Honour of John Tillotson for His 60th Birthday.   Edited by Linda Rasmussen, Valerie Spear, and Dianne Tillotson .   Merton Priory Press, 2002. Neophilologus , 87., 3 (July 2003):  Pages 137 - 156.
Year of Publication: 2002.

18. Record Number: 11032
Author(s): Davis, Isabel.
Contributor(s):
Title : Consuming the Body of the Working Man in the Later Middle Ages [The author argues for a more nuanced reading of the working man's body. Davis cites literary texts in which the male peasant is associated with food and sustenance while other texts emphasize the pain and bodily disfigurement that the work brings. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Consuming Narrative: Gender and Monstrous Appetite in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.   Edited by Liz Herbert McAvoy and Teresa Walters .   University of Wales Press, 2002. Speculum , 77., 1 (January 2002):  Pages 42 - 53.
Year of Publication: 2002.

19. Record Number: 6224
Author(s): Nicholson, Francesca.
Contributor(s):
Title : Seeing Women Troubadours without the "-itz" and "-isms"
Source: Seeing Gender: Perspectives on Medieval Gender and Sexuality. Gender and Medieval Studies Conference, King's College, London, January 4-6, 2002. .  2002. Neophilologus , 87., 3 (July 2003):
Year of Publication: 2002.

20. Record Number: 7397
Author(s): Jordan, Constance.
Contributor(s):
Title : More from "The Other Voice" in Early Modern Europe [The author writes a review essay concerning seven recent titles in the University of Chicago Press Series "The Other Voice." Three of the titles are by medieval authors: Sister Bartolomea Riccoboni, "Life and Death in a Venetian Convent;" Lucrezia Tornabuoni de' Medici, "Sacred Narratives;" and Cassandra Fedele, "Letters and Orations." Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Renaissance Quarterly , 55., 1 (Spring 2002):  Pages 258 - 271.
Year of Publication: 2002.

21. Record Number: 8083
Author(s): Najemy, John M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Giannozzo and His Elders: Alberti's Critique of Renaissance Patriarchy [The author argues that the figure of Giannozzo is used by Alberti to criticize the arbitrary power of fathers over sons and the resulting efforts of sons to control their wives, thereby recuperating some of their lost masculinity. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Society and Individual in Renaissance Florence.   Edited by William J. Connell .   University of California Press, 2002. Renaissance Quarterly , 55., 1 (Spring 2002):  Pages 51 - 78.
Year of Publication: 2002.

22. Record Number: 7305
Author(s): Rasmussen, Ann Marie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gendered Knowledge and Eavesdropping in the Late-Medieval "Minnerede" [The author argues for a poetics of gender in the "Minnerede" with an eavesdropping male narrator and a female speaker whose concerns about love are voiced in secret. The "Minnereden" narratives take place in two different milieu, the city and the court. The appendix inventories twenty-five "Minnereden" and seven "maeren" that feature an eavesdropping motif. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Speculum , 77., 4 (October 2002):  Pages 1168 - 1194.
Year of Publication: 2002.

23. Record Number: 6212
Author(s): Gaunt, Simon.
Contributor(s):
Title : The look of love: the gender of the gaze in troubadour lyric
Source: Seeing Gender: Perspectives on Medieval Gender and Sexuality. Gender and Medieval Studies Conference, King's College, London, January 4-6, 2002. .  2002. Speculum , 77., 4 (October 2002):
Year of Publication: 2002.

24. Record Number: 10863
Author(s): Perfetti, Lisa.
Contributor(s):
Title : Is the Undergraduate Classroom Post-Feminist Yet? [Second article in a roundtable entitled "Are We Post-Feminist Yet?"] [The author argues for the importance of feminism, both for understanding medieval literary texts and for educating students to take active roles in their communities. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Feminist Forum , 34., (Fall 2002):  Pages 31 - 34.
Year of Publication: 2002.

25. Record Number: 9334
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender in the World of William Marshal and Bertran de Born [The author analyzes the lives of both William Marshal, knight "extraordinaire," and Bertran de Born, a French lord and troubadour, arguing for a continuity in their culture of a secular, knightly world made up largely of men. However, from Bertran's poem
Source: Essays in Medieval Studies (Full Text via Project Muse) 19 (2002): 44-60. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2002.

26. Record Number: 6203
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Seeing Heroes and Ladies in Medieval Romance and Contemporary Mainstream Cinema
Source: Seeing Gender: Perspectives on Medieval Gender and Sexuality. Gender and Medieval Studies Conference, King's College, London, January 4-6, 2002. .  2002.
Year of Publication: 2002.

27. Record Number: 8281
Author(s): Vasvári, Louise O.
Contributor(s):
Title : Intimate Violence: Shrew Taming as Wedding Ritual in the "Conde Lucanor"
Source: Marriage and Sexuality in Medieval and Early Modern Iberia. Hispanic Issues, Volume 26.   Edited by Eukene Lacarra Lanz .   Routledge, 2002.  Pages 21 - 38.
Year of Publication: 2002.

28. Record Number: 10861
Author(s): Hennequinn, M. Wendy.
Contributor(s):
Title : Not Quite One of the Guys: Pantysyllya as Virgin Warrior in Lydgate's "Troy Book" [The author argues that Lydgate represents Penthesilea with a mixture of manly and womanly characteristics, thus having her fall into the more flexible gender of the virgin. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Feminist Forum , 34., (Fall 2002):  Pages 8 - 24.
Year of Publication: 2002.

29. Record Number: 6640
Author(s): Salih, Sarah.
Contributor(s):
Title : Staging Conversion: The Digby Saint Plays and "The Book of Margery Kempe" [the author examines the representation of conversion in Margery Kempe's "Book" and in the Digby saint plays of Mary Magdalene and Saint Paul; she argues that conversion is a predominantly masculine topos which affects Margery's and Mary Magdalene's gender identity].
Source: Gender and Holiness: Men, Women, and Saints in Late Medieval Europe.   Edited by Samantha J. E. Riches and Sarah Salih .   Routledge, 2002. Medieval Feminist Forum , 34., (Fall 2002):  Pages 121 - 134.
Year of Publication: 2002.

30. Record Number: 6208
Author(s): Currey, Kate.
Contributor(s):
Title : Re-presenting Joan of Arc: The Embodiment of Female Identity in Late- Medieval Literature
Source: Seeing Gender: Perspectives on Medieval Gender and Sexuality. Gender and Medieval Studies Conference, King's College, London, January 4-6, 2002. .  2002. Medieval Feminist Forum , 34., (Fall 2002):
Year of Publication: 2002.

31. Record Number: 6200
Author(s): Batt, Catherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gendered Patronage and the Metatextual in Thomas Hoccleve's Series
Source: Seeing Gender: Perspectives on Medieval Gender and Sexuality. Gender and Medieval Studies Conference, King's College, London, January 4-6, 2002. .  2002. Medieval Feminist Forum , 34., (Fall 2002):
Year of Publication: 2002.

32. Record Number: 6211
Author(s): Franc, Catherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Beastly pagan men and Christian virgin martyrs: rape in Anglo-Latin and Anglo-Saxon hagiography
Source: Seeing Gender: Perspectives on Medieval Gender and Sexuality. Gender and Medieval Studies Conference, King's College, London, January 4-6, 2002. .  2002. Medieval Feminist Forum , 34., (Fall 2002):
Year of Publication: 2002.

33. Record Number: 7271
Author(s): McCracken, Peggy.
Contributor(s):
Title : Engendering Sacrifice: Blood, Lineage, and Infanticide in Old French Literature [The author analyzes the theme of infanticide in Chretien de Troyes' "Philomena," "Ami et Amile," accounts of Abraham and Isaac, and "Jourdain de Blaye." The author argues that the child's death takes on a different meaning according to the gender of the sacrificer. When the father kills the child, the blood is paternal blood and represents a sacrifice for loyalty or for God. When the mother kills the child, the blood is maternal, associated with the impurities of childbirth, and is done only as an act of revenge. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Speculum , 77., 1 (January 2002):  Pages 55 - 75.
Year of Publication: 2002.

34. Record Number: 11031
Author(s): Watt, Diane.
Contributor(s):
Title : Consuming Passions in Book VIII of John Gower's "Confessio Amantis" [The author argues that the various "appetites" condemned by Gower (incest, latent homosexuality, and female desire) are part of a mirror for princes guide to proper manly behavior that emphasizes the control of sexuality. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Consuming Narrative: Gender and Monstrous Appetite in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.   Edited by Liz Herbert McAvoy and Teresa Walters .   University of Wales Press, 2002. Speculum , 77., 1 (January 2002):  Pages 28 - 41.
Year of Publication: 2002.

35. Record Number: 9512
Author(s): Wiethaus, Ulrike.
Contributor(s):
Title : Thieves and Carnivals: Gender in German Dominican Literature of the Fourteenth Century [The author examines two autobiographical vernacular texts from Margarete Ebner and Heinrich Seuse. She argues that Seuse was concerned in part with disciplining nuns under his care and showing that female spirituality was inferior to his more intellectual approach. Ebner, on the other hand, wrote a spiritual manual for the nuns in her house in order to enhance their daily practices. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Vernacular Spirit: Essays on Medieval Religious Literature.   Edited by Renate Blumenfeld-Kosinski, Duncan Robertson, and Nancy Bradley Warren .   The New Middle Ages series. Palgrave, 2002. Speculum , 77., 1 (January 2002):  Pages 209 - 238.
Year of Publication: 2002.

36. Record Number: 5979
Author(s): Ryan, Denise.
Contributor(s):
Title : Herod's Law: Sovereignty and Trespass in the "Coventry Shearmen and Taylors Pageant"
Source: Gender and Conflict in the Middle Ages. Gender and Medieval Studies Conference, York, January 5-7 2001. .  2001. New Medieval Literatures , 4., ( 2001):
Year of Publication: 2001.

37. Record Number: 7816
Author(s): Johns, Susan M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Poetry and Prayer: Women and Politics of Spiritual Relationships in the Early Twelfth Century
Source: European Review of History , 8., 1 ( 2001):  Pages 7 - 22.
Year of Publication: 2001.

38. Record Number: 10645
Author(s): Karkov, Catherine E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Broken Bodies and Singing Tongues: Gender and Voice in the Cambridge, Corpus Christi College 23 "Psychomachia" [The author argues that the Anglo-Saxon reader of the "Psychomachia" and the "Passio Sancti Romani" (also by Prudentius) was encouraged through text and illustrations to see the self as masculine and the body as feminine. Karkov notes that the Anglo-Saxon "Psychomachia" manuscripts were the first to depict the Virtues and Vices as primarily female, rather than the earlier practice of Virtues as male warriors and the Vices as monsters. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Anglo-Saxon England , 30., ( 2001):  Pages 115 - 136.
Year of Publication: 2001.

39. Record Number: 6676
Author(s): Seaman, Myra.
Contributor(s):
Title : Engendering Genre in Middle English Romance: Performing the Feminine in "Sir Beves of Hamtoun" [the author argues that Josian, the heroine, does not behave according to French romance expectations; she uses the assumptions of other characters concerning standard feminine weaknesses in order to take action and save herself; the narrator rewards Josian for her bold actions and, in a role reversal, devotes portions of the poem to her adventures when she and the hero are separated].
Source: Studies in Philology , 98., 1 (Winter 2001):  Pages 49 - 75.
Year of Publication: 2001.

40. Record Number: 11157
Author(s): Anderson, Rachel.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Power of Speech: Gender and Direct Discourse in AElfric's "Lives of Saints"
Source: Old English Newsletter , 34., 3 (Spring 2001): Appendix A: Abstracts of Papers in Anglo-Saxon Studies. Conference paper presented at the Thirty-Sixth International Congress on Medieval Studies, the Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University, May 3-6, 2001, Nineteenth Symposium on the Sources of A
Year of Publication: 2001.

41. Record Number: 5785
Author(s): Nip, Renée.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gendered Memories from Flanders [the author argues that the clergy and monk authors of hagiographies and chronicles reported women's testimony but only as indirect informants whose reliability was proven by their noble status or guaranteed by a clergyman; the texts analyzed by the author include: two versions of the "Life" of the Flemish saint Arnulf of Oudenburg, bishop of Soissons; Herman of Tournai's chronicle, "The Restoration of the Monastery of Saint Martin of Tournai;" Galbert of Bruges's account of the murder of Count Charles the Good of Flanders; Lambert of Ardres's "History of the Counts of Guînes;" and the autobiography of Abbot Guibert of Nogent].
Source: Medieval Memories: Men, Women, and the Past, 700-1300.   Edited by Elisabeth van Houts .   Women and Men in History Series. Longman, 2001. Old English Newsletter , 34., 3 (Spring 2001):  Pages 113 - 131.
Year of Publication: 2001.

42. Record Number: 6437
Author(s): Dell, Helen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Voices, "Realities," and Narrative Style in the Anonymous "chansons de toile" [The author examines 16 anonymous "chansons de toile" (particularly the nine in the "Chansonnier Français de Saint-Germain-des-Prés") and argues that the male narrating voice allows the female character and her song to be fully realized].
Source: Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 18., 2 (January 2001):  Pages 17 - 33.
Year of Publication: 2001.

43. Record Number: 6929
Author(s): Rondeau, Jennifer Fisk.
Contributor(s):
Title : Conducting Gender: Theories and Practices in Italian Confraternity Literature [The author explores both confraternity statutes and "laude," vernacular hymns, for their uses of gender. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Conduct.   Edited by Kathleen Ashley and Robert L. A. Clark .   Medieval Cultures, Volume 29. University of Minnesota Press, 2001. Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 18., 2 (January 2001):  Pages 183 - 206.
Year of Publication: 2001.

44. Record Number: 6432
Author(s): Paterson, Linda.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender Negotiations in France during the Central Middle Ages: The Literary Evidence [the author argues that vernacular literature is especially valuable for details of daily life and contemporary sensibilities; she considers the themes of marriage, courtly love, gendered identity and violence (including rape) in literature along with the larger trends in French and Occitan society at the time].
Source: The Medieval World.   Edited by Peter Linehan and Janet L. Nelson .   Routledge, 2001. Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 18., 2 (January 2001):  Pages 246 - 266.
Year of Publication: 2001.

45. Record Number: 6666
Author(s): Hilles, Carroll.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender and Politics in Osbern Bokenham's Legendary [the author argues that Bokenham's works advance the claim of Richard, duke of York, for the throne; not only does Bokenham question Lancastrian political hegemony, in part by denying the authority of the literature patronized by the court, but also "Bokenham strategically deploys 'woman' as signifier of privacy, piety, and humility to develop a language of political dissent which anticipates the tactics of later Yorkist propaganda." (page 209)].
Source: New Medieval Literatures , 4., ( 2001):  Pages 189 - 212.
Year of Publication: 2001.

46. Record Number: 10111
Author(s): Drout, Michael D. C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Blood and Deeds: Gender, Inheritance, and Death in "Beowulf"
Source: Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000): Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Modern Language Association of America, Chicago, December 27-30, 1999, Session 314: "Ways of Reading Old English Texts: Colonialism, Gender, and Identity."
Year of Publication: 2000.

47. Record Number: 5014
Author(s): Finke, Laurie A. and Martin B. Shichtman
Contributor(s):
Title : Magical Mistress Tour: Patronage, Intellectual Property, and the Dissemination of Wealth in the "Lais" of Marie de France
Source: Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society (Full Text via JSTOR) 25, 2 (Winter 2000): 479-503. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2000.

48. Record Number: 4584
Author(s): Lybarger, Loren D.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender and Prophetic Authority in the Qur'anic Story of Maryam: A Literary Approach
Source: Journal of Religion (Full Text via JSTOR) 80, 2 (April 2000): 240-270. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2000.

49. Record Number: 4610
Author(s): Moore, Stephen D.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Song of Songs" in the History of Sexuality [The author argues that medieval commentators read the "Song of Songs" as an allegory about the celibate male as the Bride who unites with Christ as the Bridegroom].
Source: Church History , 69., 2 (June 2000):  Pages 328 - 349.
Year of Publication: 2000.

50. Record Number: 7823
Author(s): Halloran, Susan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender and Identity: Teaching the Middle Ages in a College Survey Class [The author argues that the "otherness" of medieval literature can be overcome for students by concentrating on the themes of gender and identity. She speaks about experiences in her world literature survey class. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies in Medieval and Renaissance Teaching: SMART , 8., 1 (Spring 2000):  Pages 53 - 59.
Year of Publication: 2000.

51. Record Number: 5462
Author(s): Boklund-Lagopoulou, Karin.
Contributor(s):
Title : Yate of Heven: Conceptions of the Female Body in the Religious Lyrics [The author explores a variety of images including Jesus as nourishing mother, the soul as the bride of Christ, the body as the site of decay and corruption, and the closed, virginal body].
Source: Writing Religious Women: Female Spiritual and Textual Practices in Late Medieval England.   Edited by Denis Renevey and Christiania Whitehead .   University of Toronto Press, 2000. Studies in Medieval and Renaissance Teaching: SMART , 8., 1 (Spring 2000):  Pages 133 - 154.
Year of Publication: 2000.

52. Record Number: 5341
Author(s): Papaioannou, Eustratios N.
Contributor(s):
Title : Michael Psellos' Rhetorical Gender
Source: Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies , 24., ( 2000):  Pages 133 - 146.
Year of Publication: 2000.

53. Record Number: 4498
Author(s): Gouma-Peterson, Thalia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender and Power: Passages to the Maternal in Anna Komnene's "Alexiad"
Source: Full-text of the Alexiad in English (from the Medieval Sourcebook)
Year of Publication: 2000.

54. Record Number: 4542
Author(s): Barolini, Teodolinda.
Contributor(s):
Title : Dante and Francesca da Rimini: Realpolitik, Romance, Gender [The author explores the minimal historical evidence for Francesca da Polenta, wife of Gianciotto Malatesta and lover of his brother, Paolo; in contrast Dante memorializes Francesca with a striking, psychological portrait].
Source: Speculum , 75., 1 (January 2000):  Pages 1 - 28.
Year of Publication: 2000.

55. Record Number: 4843
Author(s): Al-Sajdi, Dana.
Contributor(s):
Title : Trespassing the Male Domain: The "Qasidah" of Layla Al-Akhyaliyyah ["Here, she trespasses in the male domain by composing her poetry in a historically and experientially male form, but retains her female poetic voice by manipulating the form in such a way as to empty it of the male experience and re-inscribe it with her own poetic voice." Page 143; the Appendix presents the poem in Arabic].
Source: Journal of Arabic Literature , 31., 2 ( 2000):  Pages 121 - 143.
Year of Publication: 2000.

56. Record Number: 5497
Author(s): Lifshitz, Felice.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender and Exemplarity East of the Middle Rhine: Jesus, Mary, and the Saints in Manuscript Context
Source: Early Medieval Europe , 9., 3 ( 2000):  Pages 325 - 343.
Year of Publication: 2000.

57. Record Number: 4764
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Bodily Peril: Sexuality and the Subversion of Order in Jean de Meun's "Roman de la Rose"
Source: Modern Language Review , 95., 1 (January 2000):  Pages 41 - 61.
Year of Publication: 2000.

58. Record Number: 5533
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Unnatural Authority: Translating Beyond the Heroic in "The Wife's Lament" [The author argues that translators and editors have been influenced by gender expectations in their reading and editing of the "Wife's Lament"].
Source: Medievalia et Humanistica New Series , 27., ( 2000):  Pages 19 - 31. Literacy and the Lay Reader
Year of Publication: 2000.

59. Record Number: 4609
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Virile Bride of Bernard of Clairvaux [The author analyzes the figure of the Bride in Bernard's "Sermon on the Song of Songs;" the Bride combines feminine affectivity with the rationality and strength of the masculine].
Source: Church History , 69., 2 (June 2000):  Pages 304 - 327.
Year of Publication: 2000.

60. Record Number: 10126
Author(s): Mullally, Erin.
Contributor(s):
Title : Repossessing Power: Gender in Old English Hagiography
Source: Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000): Paper presented at the Thirty-Fifth International Congress on Medieval Studies, The Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University, May 4-7, 2000, Session 537: "Old English Poetry III."
Year of Publication: 2000.

61. Record Number: 10127
Author(s): Lindley, Carrie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Wundenlocc and "Hupseax": Gender Expression and Transgression in the Old English "Judith"
Source: Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000): Paper presented at the Thirty-Fifth International Congress on Medieval Studies, The Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University, May 4-7, 2000, Session 537: "Old English Poetry III."
Year of Publication: 2000.

62. Record Number: 4303
Author(s): Darrup, Cathy C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender, Skin Color, and the Power of Place in the Medieval Dutch "Romance of Moriaen" [The author analyzes the story of Moriaen, a Black Moorish knight in the Dutch "Lancelot;" Blackness is not diluted but its exotic qualities are minimized].
Source: Medieval Feminist Newsletter , 27., (Spring 1999):  Pages 15 - 24.
Year of Publication: 1999.

63. Record Number: 3962
Author(s): Clark, Robert. L. A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queering "Orientalism": The East as Closet in Said, Ackerley, and the Medieval Christian West [The author briefly analyzes a play, "Miracle la fille d'un Roy," based on "Yde et Olive," in which the main character Ysabel assumes a masculine identity and ends up married to the princess of Byzantium before her gender is revealed].
Source: Medieval Encounters: Jewish, Christian, and Muslim Culture in Confluence and Dialogue , 5., 3 ( 1999):  Pages 336 - 349.
Year of Publication: 1999.

64. Record Number: 4273
Author(s): Chewning, Susannah Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Paradox of Virginity within the Anchoritic Tradition: The Masculine Gaze and the Feminine Body in the "Wohunge" Group
Source: Constructions of Widowhood and Virginity in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Cindy L. Carlson and Angela Jane Weisl .   St. Martin's Press, 1999. Medieval Encounters: Jewish, Christian, and Muslim Culture in Confluence and Dialogue , 5., 3 ( 1999):  Pages 113 - 134.
Year of Publication: 1999.

65. Record Number: 4367
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender and Authority in the Medieval French Lai [The author argues that Marie de France is a fantasy figure; the author of the lais is "layered and plural, male and female..."].
Source: Forum for Modern Language Studies , 35., 1 ( 1999):  Pages 42 - 56.
Year of Publication: 1999.

66. Record Number: 3652
Author(s): Bullough, Vern L. and Gwen Whitehead Brewer
Contributor(s):
Title : Medieval Masculinities and Modern Interpretations: The Problem of the Pardoner
Source: Conflicted Identities and Multiple Masculinities: Men in the Medieval West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray .   Garland Medieval Casebooks, volume 25. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, volume 2078. Garland Publishing, 1999. Church History , 69., 2 (June 2000):  Pages 93 - 110.
Year of Publication: 1999.

67. Record Number: 4385
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Speaking "In Propria Persona": Authorizing the Subject as a Political Act in Late Medieval Feminine Spirituality [The author examines the writings of Marguerite Porete, Christine de Pizan, and Margery Kempe to see how they speak in their own voice; when they encounter resistance, they reappropriate it and feminize it].
Source: New Trends in Feminine Spirituality: The Holy Women of Liège and Their Impact.   Edited by Juliette Dor, Lesley Johnson, and Jocelyn Wogan-Browne Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts, 2.   Brepols, 1999. Forum for Modern Language Studies , 35., 1 ( 1999):  Pages 269 - 294.
Year of Publication: 1999.

68. Record Number: 4276
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Blood and Rosaries: Virginity, Violence, and Desire in Chaucer's "Prioress's Tale"
Source: Constructions of Widowhood and Virginity in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Cindy L. Carlson and Angela Jane Weisl .   St. Martin's Press, 1999. Forum for Modern Language Studies , 35., 1 ( 1999):  Pages 181 - 198.
Year of Publication: 1999.

69. Record Number: 4410
Author(s): Lacarra Lanz, Eukene.
Contributor(s):
Title : Political Discourse and the Construction and Representation of Gender in "Mocedades de Rodrigo" [The author concludes "The construction of masculinity, as it apears in 'MR,' is predicated on the marginalization of women, who are viewed exclusively as commodities circulating among men." (page 487)].
Source: Hispanic Review , 67., ( 1999):  Pages 467 - 491.
Year of Publication: 1999.

70. Record Number: 4272
Author(s): Salih, Sarah.
Contributor(s):
Title : Performing Virginity: Sex and Violence in the "Katherine" Group
Source: Constructions of Widowhood and Virginity in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Cindy L. Carlson and Angela Jane Weisl .   St. Martin's Press, 1999. Hispanic Review , 67., ( 1999):  Pages 95 - 112.
Year of Publication: 1999.

71. Record Number: 3930
Author(s): Scheil, Andrew P.
Contributor(s):
Title : Somatic Ambiguity and Masculine Desire in the Old English Life of Euphrosyne [Euphrosyne lives as a eunuch in a monastery ; the text brings out the erotic aspects of homosociality among the monks].
Source: Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 11., 2 (Spring 1999):  Pages 345 - 361.
Year of Publication: 1999.

72. Record Number: 4313
Author(s): Coletti, Theresa.
Contributor(s):
Title : Genealogy, Sexuality, and Sacred Power: The Saint Anne Dedication of the Digby "Candlemas Day and the Killing of the Children of Israel"
Source: Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies , 29., 1 (Winter 1999):  Pages 25 - 59.
Year of Publication: 1999.

73. Record Number: 5047
Author(s): McAvoy, Liz Herbert.
Contributor(s):
Title : Spiritual Virgin to Virgin Mother: The Confessions of Margery Kempe [The author argues that Margery's struggle to relinquish her sexuality and motherhood paradoxically gives her models for framing her spirituality].
Source: Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 17., 1 (July 1999):  Pages 9 - 44.
Year of Publication: 1999.

74. Record Number: 4753
Author(s): Kemp, Theresa D.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Lingua Materna" and the Conflict Over Vernacular Religious Discourse in Fifteenth-Century England [the author examines varied clerical writings that react to or make use of the vernacular; each text "depicts the struggle over who should have access to religious discourse as a gendered contest between a potentially transgressive vernacular, feminized as the 'Lingua Materna,' or 'the mother tongue,' and the authoritative Latin of the male-dominated Church"; clerics who used the vernacular to teach the laity had to distinguish between good uses that they masculinized and bad uses, such as demystifying theology, which they saw as a feminization].
Source: Philological Quarterly , 78., 3 (Summer 1999):  Pages 233 - 257.
Year of Publication: 1999.

75. Record Number: 5043
Author(s): Pulsiano, Phillip.
Contributor(s):
Title : Blessed Bodies: The "Vitae" of Anglo-Saxon Female Saints ["More specifically, I am interested in reading these "vitae" as gendered texts, wherein are inscribed perceptions of the female religious that mark the narratives as requiring from reader and compositor alike the appropriation and also construction of sets of conventions different from those of male "vitae" and centered, most prominently, on chastity and, by implication, on the woman's body as source of sanctity and power but also as the locus of sexuality and violence, whether in the form of enforced marriage, attempted rape, psychological persecution, physical torture, murder, or self-mutilation." (Pages 11-12)].
Source: Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 16., 2 (January 1999):  Pages 1 - 42.
Year of Publication: 1999.

76. Record Number: 3229
Author(s): Gertz, Sun Hee Kim and Paul S. Ropp
Contributor(s):
Title : Literary Women, Fiction, and Marginalization. Nicolette and Shuangqing [The authors argue that both characters are agents of transformation who turn from polar oppositions to a fuller, more creative vision].
Source: Comparative Literature Studies , 35., 3 ( 1998):  Pages 219 - 254.
Year of Publication: 1998.

77. Record Number: 5588
Author(s): Weston, L. M. C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender Without Sexuality: Hrotsvitha's Imagining of a Chaste Female Community
Source: The community, the family, and the saint: patterns of power in early medieval Europe: selected proceedings of the International Medieval Congress, University of Leeds, 4-7 July 1994, 10-13 July 1995.   Edited by Joyce Hill and Mary Swan International Medieval Research .   Brepols, 1998. Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 10., 1 (Spring 1998):  Pages 127 - 142.
Year of Publication: 1998.

78. Record Number: 5436
Author(s): Galloway, Andrew.
Contributor(s):
Title : Intellectual Pregnancy, Metaphysical Femininity, and the Social Doctrine of the Trinity in "Piers Plowman"
Source: Yearbook of Langland Studies , 12., ( 1998):  Pages 117 - 152.
Year of Publication: 1998.

79. Record Number: 4475
Author(s): Krueger, Roberta.
Contributor(s):
Title : Christine's Anxious Lessons: Gender, Morality, and the Social Order from the "Enseignemens" to the "Avision" [The author maintains that Christine's didactic works from 1399 to 1405 argue for the importance of female virtue].
Source: Christine de Pizan and the Categories of Difference.   Edited by Marilynn Desmond .   University of Minnesota Press, 1998. Yearbook of Langland Studies , 12., ( 1998):  Pages 16 - 40.
Year of Publication: 1998.

80. Record Number: 4322
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Two "Sisters in Wisdom": Hildegard of Bingen, Christina Rossetti, and Feminist Theology
Source: Hildegard of Bingen: A book of Essays.   Edited by Maud Burnett McInerney .   Garland Publishing, 1998. Yearbook of Langland Studies , 12., ( 1998):  Pages 227 - 253.
Year of Publication: 1998.

81. Record Number: 5346
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Heo Man Ne Waes: Cross-Dressing, Sex-Change, and Womanhood in Aelfric's Life of Eugenia [The author compares Alefric's version with the "Vitae patrum" text, arguing that Aelfric emphasizes the renunciation of the material world while virginity is not his primary concern].
Source: Mediaevalia , 22., 1 ( 1998):  Pages 113 - 131. Published by the Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, State University of New York at Binghamton
Year of Publication: 1998.

82. Record Number: 6645
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Aldhelm's De virginitate - Patristic Pastiche or Innovative Exposition?
Source: Peritia: Journal of the Medieval Academy of Ireland , 12., ( 1998):  Pages 271 - 295.
Year of Publication: 1998.

83. Record Number: 5434
Author(s): Paxson, James J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender Personified, Personification Gendered, and the Body Figuralized in "Piers Plowman" [The author first considers the tradition of personifications embodied as females and then argues that the gender of Meed and Anima are key feature in Langland's allegory].
Source: Yearbook of Langland Studies , 12., ( 1998):  Pages 65 - 96.
Year of Publication: 1998.

84. Record Number: 5020
Author(s): Trigg, Stephanie.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Traffic in Medieval Women: Alice Perrers, Feminist Criticism, and "Piers Plowman" [The author warns against affirming the gender system of Western patriarchy while analyzing stereotypes of femininity in Lady Meed].
Source: Yearbook of Langland Studies , 12., ( 1998):  Pages 5 - 29.
Year of Publication: 1998.

85. Record Number: 5435
Author(s): Bishop, Louise.
Contributor(s):
Title : Dame Study and Women's Literacy ["Langland's poem negotiates the discourse of reading, recognizing the competition between the accepted female discursive mode and the call to social activism: 'Piers Plowman' embodies that competition in the figure of Study. As wife of Wit, Study dramatizes the competition for a reader's conscience, and traces in her disquisition the readerly paths to the heart. The one thing that recuperates the social experience of reading is its communal and sensual component: texts are read, heard, and felt. Study's emphasis on charity reveals a bold, feminized component of the discourse of social activism as antidote, if you will, to the constructed female reader of texts of affective piety." (Page 112)].
Source: Yearbook of Langland Studies , 12., ( 1998):  Pages 97 - 115.
Year of Publication: 1998.

86. Record Number: 3526
Author(s): Townsend, David.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sex and the Single Amazon in Twelfth-Century Latin Epic
Source: The Tongue of the Fathers: Gender and Ideology in Twelfth-Century Latin.   Edited by David Townsend and Andrew Taylor .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998. Yearbook of Langland Studies , 12., ( 1998):  Pages 136 - 155.
Year of Publication: 1998.

87. Record Number: 3146
Author(s): Watt, Diane.
Contributor(s):
Title : Behaving like a Man? Incest, Lesbian Desire, and Gender Play in "Yde et Olive" and Its Adaptations [Yde masquerades as a man to escape her incestuous father, is given the emperor's daughter in marriage, and miraculously becomes a man].
Source: Comparative Literature (Full Text via JSTOR) 50, 4 (Autumn 1998): 265-285. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1998.

88. Record Number: 5433
Author(s): Baker, Joan and Susan Signe Morrison
Contributor(s):
Title : The Luxury of Gender: "Piers Plowman" and "The Merchant's Tale" ["We do not wish to suggest from our reading of these texts that Langland is indifferent to the gender concern Chaucer delightedly and delightfully explores. On the contrary, we regardLangland's relentless search for Truth throughout his poem as evidence that he would be uneasy at the very least about offering a painless placebo, a quick fix, for the problems of gender. We conclude our study, therefore, with a close look at some differences in the versions of "Piers Plowman" to assert that Langland was, indeed, not only aware of, but deeply concerned with such issues, particularly those concerning a gendered readership of his text. And this, we contend, makes his ultimate subordination of gender to other social and spiritual agendas a more deliberate and hence more compelling argument for the 'luxury' of gender." (Page 52)].
Source: Yearbook of Langland Studies , 12., ( 1998):  Pages 31 - 63.
Year of Publication: 1998.

89. Record Number: 3612
Author(s): Lionarons, Joyce Tally.
Contributor(s):
Title : Cultural Syncretism and the Construction of Gender in Cynewulf's "Elene" [The author cites instances of gender category inversions; for example, Elene acts as a mother and spiritual mother while she takes on a masculine role using physical force to make Judas convert].
Source: Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 10., 1 (Spring 1998):  Pages 51 - 68.
Year of Publication: 1998.

90. Record Number: 1817
Author(s): Gilbert, Jane.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Practice of Gender in "Aucassin et Nicolette"
Source: Forum for Modern Language Studies , 33., 3 (July 1997):  Pages 217 - 228.
Year of Publication: 1997.

91. Record Number: 3362
Author(s): Delierneux, N.
Contributor(s):
Title : Virilité physique et sainteté feminine dans l'hagiographie orientale du IVe au VIIe siècle [Saints' lives used include those of Mary the Egyptian, Anastasia, Apollinaria, Athanasia, Euphrosyne, Theodora of Alexandria, and Matrona].
Source: Byzantion , 67., 1 ( 1997):  Pages 179 - 243.
Year of Publication: 1997.

92. Record Number: 2786
Author(s): Dockray-Miller, Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Feminized Cross of "The Dream of the Rood" [interprets Christ as an aggressively heterosexual male figure whose heroism, masculinity, and majesty dominate the cross as the feminized other].
Source: Philological Quarterly , 76., 1 (Winter 1997):  Pages 1 - 18.
Year of Publication: 1997.

93. Record Number: 7341
Author(s): Rasmussen, Mark David.
Contributor(s):
Title : Feminist Chaucer? Some Implications for Teaching [The author briefly examines the approaches of Jill Mann ("Geoffrey Chaucer" (1991) in the "Feminist Readings" series) and Elaine Tuttle Hansen ("Chaucer and the Fictions of Gender" (1992)). He argues that Mann's approach is humanist, taking a positive view of Chaucer's representation of women. Hansen, the author feels, has a much more negative interpretation of Chaucer as a misogynist who feared feminization and struggled to establish his own identity unrelated to female characteristics. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Studies in Medieval and Renaissance Teaching: SMART , 5., 2 (Fall 1997):  Pages 77 - 85.
Year of Publication: 1997.

94. Record Number: 2461
Author(s): Ross, Valerie A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Believing Cassandra: Intertextual Politics and the Interpretation of Dreams in "Troilus and Criseyde" [argues for a reading of Chaucer as resisting a legacy of notions about gender, authority, and agency; Chaucer makes an alliance with his female characters against misogyny].
Source: Chaucer Review , 31., 4 ( 1997):  Pages 339 - 356.
Year of Publication: 1997.

95. Record Number: 2329
Author(s): Affeldt, Werner.
Contributor(s):
Title : L'expression féminine dans la poésie lyrique occitane [two linguistic and stylistic analyses and comparisons of discourse; the first case compares the "cansos" of four trobairitz (comtesse de Dia, Castelloza, Azalaïs, and Clara d'Anduza) with thise of four troubadours (Peire Vidal, Raimon de Miraval, Guilhem de Cabestanh, and Bertran de Born), while the second analysis looks at twenty-two "tensos" in which there are dialogues between male and female characters].
Source: Romance Philology , 51., 2 (November 1997):  Pages 107 - 193.
Year of Publication: 1997.

96. Record Number: 3913
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Boys Will Be... What? Gender, Sexuality, and Childhood in "Floire et Blancheflor" and "Floris et Lyriope" [The author argues that in both texts boyish sexuality leads to inappropriate choices, Floris transgresses social hierarchy and Floire calls into question the categories of gender and kinship].
Source: Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 9., 1 (Spring 1997):  Pages 39 - 61.
Year of Publication: 1997.

97. Record Number: 2545
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Make Me a Match: Motifs of Betrothal in the Sagas of the Icelanders [discusses the desirable characteristics for husbands and wives and the particular cases of only daughters and widows].
Source: Scandinavian Studies , 69., 3 (Summer 1997):  Pages 296 - 319.
Year of Publication: 1997.

98. Record Number: 2427
Author(s): Epp, Garrett P.J.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Vicious Guise: Effeminacy, Sodomy, and "Mankind"
Source: Becoming Male in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Jeffrey Jerome Cohen and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1997. Scandinavian Studies , 69., 3 (Summer 1997):  Pages 303 - 320.
Year of Publication: 1997.

99. Record Number: 1378
Author(s): Zago, Esther.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women, Medicine, and the Law in Boccaccio's "Decameron" [differences in the therapy available to women and men who are victims of lovesickness].
Source: Women Healers and Physicians: Climbing a Long Hill.   Edited by Lilian R. Furst .   University Press of Kentucky, 1997. Scandinavian Studies , 69., 3 (Summer 1997):  Pages 64 - 78.
Year of Publication: 1997.

100. Record Number: 2035
Author(s): Fee, Christopher.
Contributor(s):
Title : Judith and the Rhetoric of Heroism in Anglo-Saxon England [argues that the Anglo-Saxon "Judith" is restricted to a purely inspirational role in contrast to the Vulgate "Judith" who plans and executes a daring strategy; the author suggests that Anglo-Saxon culture equated active heroism only with masculine military might].
Source: English Studies , 78., 5 (September 1997):  Pages 401 - 406.
Year of Publication: 1997.

101. Record Number: 2668
Author(s): Dietrich, Julia.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Visionary Rhetoric of Hildegard of Bingen
Source: Listening to Their Voices: The Rhetorical Activities of Historical Women.   Edited by Molly Meijer Wertheimer .   University of South Carolina Press, 1997. English Studies , 78., 5 (September 1997):  Pages 199 - 214.
Year of Publication: 1997.

102. Record Number: 2425
Author(s): Sturges, Robert S.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Pardoner, Veiled and Unveiled
Source: Becoming Male in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Jeffrey Jerome Cohen and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1997. English Studies , 78., 5 (September 1997):  Pages 261 - 277.
Year of Publication: 1997.

103. Record Number: 2464
Author(s): Warner, Lawrence.
Contributor(s):
Title : Woman is Man's Babylon: Chaucer's "Nembrot" and the Tyranny of Enclosure in the "Nun's Priest's Tale" [gendered analysis of "wandering" (sexual, narrative, and linguistic) discusses several themes including woman as tyrant, transgressive sexuality, and the dangerous influence of Biblical translations on women].
Source: Chaucer Review , 32., 1 ( 1997):  Pages 82 - 107.
Year of Publication: 1997.

104. Record Number: 2416
Author(s): Townsend, David.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ironic Intertextuality and the Reader's Resistance to Heroic Masculinity in the "Waltharius" [suggests that monastic readers viewed Hildegund as a subversive character who undercut the warriors' bravado; comparisons are made with the "Aeneid's" Dido episode and slasher films].
Source: Becoming Male in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Jeffrey Jerome Cohen and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1997. Chaucer Review , 32., 1 ( 1997):  Pages 67 - 86.
Year of Publication: 1997.

105. Record Number: 3640
Author(s): Richards, Earl Jeffrey.
Contributor(s):
Title : Rejecting Essentialism and Gendered Writing: The Case of Christine de Pizan [Christine de Pizan challenges the misogyny inherent in medieval literary culture].
Source: Gender and Text in the Later Middle Ages.   Edited by Jane Chance .   University Press of Florida, 1996. Old English Newsletter , 29., 3 (Spring 1996):  Pages 96 - 131.
Year of Publication: 1996.

106. Record Number: 20793
Author(s): Hendershot, Cyndy
Contributor(s):
Title : Male Subjectivity, "Fin Amor," and Melancholia in "The Book of the Duchess"
Source: Mediaevalia , 21., ( 1996):  Pages 1 - 26.
Year of Publication: 1996.

107. Record Number: 3647
Author(s): Nouvet, Claire.
Contributor(s):
Title : Writing (In) Fear [The author analyzes Christine's authorial personae, Cupid and Creintis(Fear); in writing her defense of women Christine must speak as a man].
Source: Gender and Text in the Later Middle Ages.   Edited by Jane Chance .   University Press of Florida, 1996. Byzantion , 67., 1 ( 1997):  Pages 279 - 305.
Year of Publication: 1996.

108. Record Number: 3639
Author(s): Sahlin, Claire L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender and Prophetic Authority in Birgitta of Sweden's "Revelations"
Source: Gender and Text in the Later Middle Ages.   Edited by Jane Chance .   University Press of Florida, 1996. Byzantion , 67., 1 ( 1997):  Pages 69 - 95.
Year of Publication: 1996.

109. Record Number: 3638
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Use of Gender and Gender-Related Imagery in Hadewijch [focusing on how Hadewijch used gender-related imagery to create a language to address her female audience].
Source: Gender and Text in the Later Middle Ages.   Edited by Jane Chance .   University Press of Florida, 1996. Byzantion , 67., 1 ( 1997):  Pages 52 - 68.
Year of Publication: 1996.

110. Record Number: 1431
Author(s): Lampe, David.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sex Roles and the Role of Sex in Medieval English Literature [overview of Old and Middle English literature with many illustrative quotations].
Source: Handbook of Medieval Sexuality.   Edited by Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage .   Garland Reference Library of the Humanities vol. 1696. Garland Publishing, 1996. Byzantion , 67., 1 ( 1997):  Pages 401 - 426.
Year of Publication: 1996.

111. Record Number: 1629
Author(s): Hovland, Deborah.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Woman's Place is in the Home: Gender and Staging in the Early French Trickster Farce
Source: Romance Languages Annual , 8., ( 1996):  Pages 41 - 45.
Year of Publication: 1996.

112. Record Number: 2702
Author(s): Ross, Valerie A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Resisting Chaucerian Misogyny: Reinscribing Criseyde [argues that Chaucer is a gender-conscious social visionary who seeks to subvert the "auctores" and the misogynist ideology in his transgressive alliance with Criseyde].
Source: Aestel , 4., ( 1996):  Pages 29 - 58.
Year of Publication: 1996.

113. Record Number: 1621
Author(s): Gonz‡lez-Casanovas, Roberto J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender Models in Alfonso X's 'Siete partidas': The Sexual Politics of 'Nature' and 'Society' [this interpretation based on historicist theories looks at the "Siete Partidas" as a literary creation and a social utopia].
Source: Desire and Discipline: Sex and Sexuality in the Premodern West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray and Konrad Eisenbichler .   University of Toronto Press, 1996. Aestel , 4., ( 1996):  Pages 42 - 60.
Year of Publication: 1996.

114. Record Number: 2432
Author(s): Sayers, William.
Contributor(s):
Title : Principled Women, Pressured Men: Nostalgia in "Fljótsdœla saga" [the last of the family sagas recalls an age in which heroic women and active men struggled for honor and material advantage].
Source: Reading Medieval Studies , 22., ( 1996):  Pages 21 - 62.
Year of Publication: 1996.

115. Record Number: 3637
Author(s): Brown, Catherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Muliebriter: Doing Gender in the Letters of Heloise [argues that Heloise adopts a number of gendered personae in her letters, including whore, castrata, and hypocrite in order to assert her mastery over Abelard].
Source: Gender and Text in the Later Middle Ages.   Edited by Jane Chance .   University Press of Florida, 1996. Reading Medieval Studies , 22., ( 1996):  Pages 25 - 51.
Year of Publication: 1996.

116. Record Number: 1562
Author(s): Hanawalt, Barbara A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Separation Anxieties in Late Medieval London: Gender in "The Wright's Chaste Wife" [includes a discussion of historical instances in which wives coped with their husbands' long absences].
Source: Medieval Perspectives , 11., ( 1996):  Pages 23 - 41. Also reprinted in "Of Good and Ill Repute": Gender and Social Control in Medieval England. Barbara A. Hanawalt. Oxford University Press, 1998. 88-103 Proceedings of the Twenty-First Annual Conference of the Southeastern Medieval Association
Year of Publication: 1996.

117. Record Number: 9517
Author(s): Cox, Catherine S.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Jangler's "Bourde": Gender, Renunciation, and Chaucer's Manciple [The author argues that the Manciple speaks in his mother's voice to emphasize anti-feminist themes. The kinds of indirect language used by the Manciple fit in with the "Parson's Tale" and the "Retractions," suggesting a resistant reading of Chaucer's reaction to orthodox theology. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: South Atlantic Review (Full Text via JSTOR) 61, 4 (Fall 1996): 1-21. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1996.

118. Record Number: 2341
Author(s): Davidson, Mary Catherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Speech, Gender, and Linguistic Change in "Beowulf"
Source: Old English Newsletter , 29., 3 (Spring 1996):
Year of Publication: 1996.

119. Record Number: 2525
Author(s): Gravdal, Kathryn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Confessing Incests: Legal Erasures and Literary Celebrations in Medieval France [a study of the narrative structures related to gender in six old French incest stories: "Dit de la bourgeoise de Rome," "Dit du boeuf," "Vie de Saint Grégoire," "La Manekine," "Roman du Comte d'Anjou," and "Belle Hélène de Constantinople"].
Source: Comparative Literature Studies , 32., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 280 - 295.
Year of Publication: 1995.

120. Record Number: 1651
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The New Judith: Teresa de Cartagena [analysis of the "Admiraçión operum dey," a defense of Teresa's first text, the "Arboleda de los enfermos"; the chapter focuses on three images in the text: bark/pith as a symbol for male and female and, as symbols of the author, the biblical Judith and the blind man on the road to Jericho].
Source: Writing Women in Late Medieval and Early Modern Spain: The Mothers of Saint Teresa of Avila. Ronald E. Surtz .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1995. Comparative Literature Studies , 32., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 21 - 40.
Year of Publication: 1995.

121. Record Number: 1871
Author(s): Dallapiazza, Michael.
Contributor(s):
Title : Männlich-Weiblich: Bilder des Scheiterns in Gottfrieds "Tristan" und Wolframs "Titurel"
Source: Arthurian Romance and Gender. Selected Proceedings of the XVIIth International Arthurian Congress.   Edited by Friedrich Wolfzettel Internationale Forschungen zur Allgemeinen und Vergleichenden Literaturwissenschaft .   Rodopi, 1995. Comparative Literature Studies , 32., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 176 - 182.
Year of Publication: 1995.

122. Record Number: 1880
Author(s): Ihring, Peter.
Contributor(s):
Title : Die überlistete Laudine. Korrektur eines antihöfischen Weiblichkeitskonzepts in Chrétiens "Yvain"
Source: Arthurian Romance and Gender. Selected Proceedings of the XVIIth International Arthurian Congress.   Edited by Friedrich Wolfzettel Internationale Forschungen zur Allgemeinen und Vergleichenden Literaturwissenschaft .   Rodopi, 1995. Comparative Literature Studies , 32., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 147 - 159.
Year of Publication: 1995.

123. Record Number: 2522
Author(s): Freccero, Carla.
Contributor(s):
Title : From Amazon to Court Lady: Generic Hybridization in Boccaccio's "Teseida" [analyzes feminine resistance and domestication as represented by Ipolita, Emilia, and the goddess Diana; also argues that Boccaccio combines the genres of heroic epic and courtly romance].
Source: Comparative Literature Studies , 32., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 226 - 243.
Year of Publication: 1995.

124. Record Number: 2526
Author(s): Kay, Sarah.
Contributor(s):
Title : Contesting "Romance Influence": The Poetics of the Gift [analyzes the figure of the Saracen princess in later "chansons de geste" ; aspects discussed are: the individual versus the political, sexual and gender identities, marriage as exchange, and the irony of control].
Source: Comparative Literature Studies , 32., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 320 - 341.
Year of Publication: 1995.

125. Record Number: 8620
Author(s): Stock, Lorraine Kochanske.
Contributor(s):
Title : Arms and the (Wo)man in Medieval Romance: the Gendered Arming of Female Warriors in the "Roman d'Eneas" and Heldris's "Roman de Silence"
Source: Arthuriana , 5., 4 (Winter 1995):  Pages 56 - 83.
Year of Publication: 1995.

126. Record Number: 559
Author(s): Brownlee, Kevin.
Contributor(s):
Title : Rethinking Medieval French Graduate Studies: Syllabuses in Light of Gender Issues
Source: Medieval Feminist Newsletter , 19., (Spring 1995):  Pages 23 - 24.
Year of Publication: 1995.

127. Record Number: 523
Author(s): Cox, Catherine S.
Contributor(s):
Title : Grope Wel Bihynde: The Subversive Erotics of Chaucer's Summoner
Source: Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 7., 1 (Spring 1995):  Pages 145 - 177.
Year of Publication: 1995.

128. Record Number: 104
Author(s): Haywood, Louise M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gradissa: A Fictional Female Reader in/of a Male Author's Text
Source: Medium Aevum , 64., 1 ( 1995):  Pages 85 - 99.
Year of Publication: 1995.

129. Record Number: 8813
Author(s): Vitullo, Juliann
Contributor(s):
Title : Contained Conlict: Wild Men and Warrior Women in the Early Italian Epic [The author explores the figure of the Amazon in several Italian epics including "L'Aspramonte" and "Cantare d'Aspramonte" and the epics concerning Rinaldo da Montalbano. The author argues that the Italian epic writers figured Amazons and wild men as the Other (frequently literally for the women since they were often identified as Saracens) who were ultimately defeated by noble knights. The author argues that this theme was connected to social anxieties since the Italian elites needed to reiterate their superiority over all other social groups because they no longer performed the role of mounted knights. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Annali d'Italianistica , 12., ( 1994):  Pages 39 - 59.
Year of Publication: 1994.

130. Record Number: 3562
Author(s): Baswell, Christopher.
Contributor(s):
Title : Men in the "Roman d'Eneas": The Construction of Empire [the author argues that the "Roman d'Eneas" is a controlled political and social work that confronts important issues in Angevin society including emergent manhood, patriarchal imperialism, and the limits of feminine power].
Source: Medieval Masculinities: Regarding Men in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Clare A. Lees with the assistance of Thelma Fenster and Jo Ann McNamara Medieval Cultures, 7.   University of Minnesota Press, 1994. Annali d'Italianistica , 12., ( 1994):  Pages 149 - 168.
Year of Publication: 1994.

131. Record Number: 5515
Author(s): Lichtmann, Maria.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marguerite Porete and Meister Eckhart: The "Mirror of Simple Souls" Mirrored
Source: Meister Eckhart and the Beguine Mystics: Hadewijch of Brabant, Mechthild of Magdeburg, and Marguerite Porete.   Edited by Bernard McGinn .   Continuum, 1994. Annali d'Italianistica , 12., ( 1994):  Pages 65 - 86.
Year of Publication: 1994.

132. Record Number: 3560
Author(s): Spiegel, Harriet.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Male Animal in the "Fables" of Marie de France [The author explores both female and male worlds in both the public and private spheres].
Source: Medieval Masculinities: Regarding Men in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Clare A. Lees with the assistance of Thelma Fenster and Jo Ann McNamara Medieval Cultures, 7.   University of Minnesota Press, 1994. Annali d'Italianistica , 12., ( 1994):  Pages 111 - 126.
Year of Publication: 1994.

133. Record Number: 11166
Author(s): Cormack, Margaret
Contributor(s):
Title : Visions, Demons, and Gender in the Sagas of Icelandic Saints
Source: Collegium Medievale , 7., ( 1994):  Pages 185 - 209.
Year of Publication: 1994.

134. Record Number: 2725
Author(s): Stanbury, Sarah.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Body and the City in "Pearl" [argues that the narrator's loss of his infant daughter is the central issue in the poem and that the visions of the maiden, the city, and the Lamb are informed by the dreamer's work of mourning and quest for consolation].
Source: Representations (Full Text via JSTOR) 48 (Fall 1994): 30-47. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1994.

135. Record Number: 5517
Author(s): Sells, Michael.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Pseudo-Woman and the Meister: "Unsaying" and Essentialism ["In this essay, I will focus on the concept of the 'work' of the divine, first in Porete, then in Eckhart. I will examine how in each author the conception of the divine work is central to the destabilizing of essentialist notions of deity, of humanity, and of gender (in both the divine and the human realms). I will suggest that it is within the theme of the divine work in the world that the conversation between Eckhart and Porete's mystical languages is at its deepest. The essay will close with some questions concerning the relationship of the standard categories of male writer and female writer to two major writers (and schools) that differ so radically from such categories" (Pages 116-117)].
Source: Meister Eckhart and the Beguine Mystics: Hadewijch of Brabant, Mechthild of Magdeburg, and Marguerite Porete.   Edited by Bernard McGinn .   Continuum, 1994.  Pages 114 - 146.
Year of Publication: 1994.

136. Record Number: 2730
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Flesh and Flood: The Function of Female Asceticism in the Digby "Mary Magdalene"
Source: Philological Quarterly , 73., 4 (Fall 1994):  Pages 385 - 401.
Year of Publication: 1994.

137. Record Number: 6593
Author(s): Horner, Shari.
Contributor(s):
Title : En/closed Subjects: "The Wife's Lament" and the Culture of Early Medieval Female Monasticism [The author argues that "The Wife's Lament" should be read within the context of female monastic enclosure; the repeated gendered acts establish a feminine speaking self].
Source: Aestel , 2., ( 1994):  Pages 45 - 61.
Year of Publication: 1994.

138. Record Number: 3561
Author(s): Lees, Clare A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Men and "Beowulf" [The author argues that the masculinity in "Beowulf" is not as transparent as earlier critics have thought; the poem is both appreciative and critical of the patriarchal warriors].
Source: Medieval Masculinities: Regarding Men in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Clare A. Lees with the assistance of Thelma Fenster and Jo Ann McNamara Medieval Cultures, 7.   University of Minnesota Press, 1994. Aestel , 2., ( 1994):  Pages 129 - 148. Reprinted in The Postmodern "Beowulf": A Critical Casebook. Edited by Eileen A. Joy and Mary K. Ramsey with the assistance of Bruce D. Gilchrist. West Virginia University Press, 2006. Pages 417-438.
Year of Publication: 1994.

139. Record Number: 5834
Author(s): Tarbin, Stephanie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Knowledge and Gender: The "Malleus Malificarum" of 1485 [The author argues that the "Malleus" equates the Church with masculine power and knowledge while witchcraft, female nature, and devils all share the same negative characteristics].
Source: Sexuality and Gender in History: Selected Essays.   Edited by Penelope Hetherington and Philippa Maddern .   Centre for Western Australian History, University of Western Australia, 1993. Aestel , 2., ( 1994):  Pages 45 - 62.
Year of Publication: 1993.

140. Record Number: 9455
Author(s): Calabrese, Michael.
Contributor(s):
Title : The “Double Sorwe” of the Wife of Bath: Chaucer and the Misogynist Tradition [Although the Wife of Bath can be read as a strong voice of defiance against male authority, she is ultimately an ambivalent figure. She expresses both anger and sorrow in response to conflicting and contradictory male attitudes toward marriage, female sexuality, and the worth of women. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Florilegium , 11., ( 1992):  Pages 179 - 205.
Year of Publication: 1992.

141. Record Number: 4630
Author(s): González-Casanovas, R. J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marian Devotion as Gendered Discourse in Berceo and Alfonso X: Popular Reception of the "Milagros" and "Cantigas" [the author compares two miracle stories that appear in both Berceo and Alfonso X, "The Marvelous Birth" and "The Drunk Monk;" the author argues that gender plays a major role for both authors, with Berceo transforming the Virgin Mary into a cultural icon of chivalry, while Alfonso "reintroduces the maternal imagery into his 'Cantigas de Santa Maria' in such a way that it humanizes the effects of an embodied devotion and socializes the effects of a spiritualized courtesy" (Page 23)].
Source: Bulletin of the Cantigueiros de Santa Maria , 4., (Spring 1992):  Pages 17 - 31.
Year of Publication: 1992.

142. Record Number: 8703
Author(s): Gravdal, Kathryn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Metaphor, Metonymy, and the Medieval Women Trobairitz [The author argues that the metaphorical expressions of the troubadour’s love and suffering before an all-powerful "domna" figure him as a woman. The female trobairitz counter this self-serving construction of gender by creating songs in which women have the possibility of self-expression and agency. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Romanic Review , 83., 4 ( 1992):  Pages 411 - 426.
Year of Publication: 1992.

143. Record Number: 11121
Author(s): Brabant, Margaret and Michael Brint
Contributor(s):
Title : Identity and Difference in Christine de Pizan's "Cité des Dames" [The author explores tensions within the "Cité des dames." Christine frequently calls on universal Christian values, but she also gives voice to others, in particular women who have been marginalized. By demonstrating a mutual respect for these differences, Christine skillfully navigates between universalism and a politics of the other. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Politics, Gender, and Genre: The Political Thought of Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Margaret Brabant .   Westview Press, 1992. Aestel , 2., ( 1994):  Pages 207 - 222.
Year of Publication: 1992.

144. Record Number: 10763
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Difference and the Difference it Makes: Sex and Gender in Chaucer's Poetry [The author briefly considers three passages from Chaucer in answering whether Chaucher was "woman's friend." Delany argues for ambiguity citing both the creative power of some of his female characters and the profound exclusion of women from many parts of English society. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: A Wyf Ther Was: Essays in Honour of Paule Mertens-Fonck.   Edited by Juliette Dor .   English Department, University of Liège, 1992. Romanic Review , 83., 4 ( 1992):  Pages 103 - 111.
Year of Publication: 1992.

145. Record Number: 7346
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Geographies of Desire: Orientalism in Chaucer's Legend of Good Women [The author compares cultural and racial forms of medieval alterity with the category of gender in the Legend of Good Women. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Chaucer Yearbook , 1., ( 1992):  Pages 1 - 32.
Year of Publication: 1992.

146. Record Number: 8701
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : From Epic to Romance: Gender and Sexuality in the "Roman d’Enéas" [The author argues that the "Roman d’Enéas" represents a major ideological shift from epic to romance. Here the male hero is foregrounded at the expense of the group, and his bonds with other males are now mediated by women compliant to patriarchal values. The homophobic sentiments expressed by some of the characters spring from the underlying homosocial desire present throughout the romance. Feminist and queer theory form the framework for the author's reading. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Romanic Review , 83., 1 ( 1992):  Pages 1 - 27.
Year of Publication: 1992.

147. Record Number: 7420
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Issue of Feminine Monstrosity: A Reevaluation of Grendel's Mother [The author argues that labeling Grendel's mother "monstrous" is a relatively recent trend, originating not in the text itself (which calls her a "lady" and a "warrior"), but in translations and literary critical treatments of the text. The author argues that Grendel's mother was considered terrible because she violated gender norms. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Comitatus , 23., ( 1992):  Pages 1 - 16.
Year of Publication: 1992.

148. Record Number: 10193
Author(s): Justice, Steven.
Contributor(s):
Title : Þeah seo bryd duge!: The Freoðuwebbe in Anglo-Saxon Literature and Society
Source: Old English Newsletter , 25., 3 (Spring 1992): Appendix A: Abstracts of Papers in Anglo-Saxon Studies. Conference paper presented at the Twenty-Seventh Congress on Medieval Studies, Western Michigan University, May 7-10, 1992, Session 16: "Old English Literature I
Year of Publication: 1992.

149. Record Number: 10764
Author(s): Monroe, James T.
Contributor(s):
Title : Quarrels, Rivals, and Rape: Gower and Chaucer [The author argues that the tradition of a quarrel between Chaucer and Gower simply valorizes aggression. Dinshaw suggests instead that Gower's texts should be read along with Chaucer's to avoid violent denigration of the female. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: A Wyf Ther Was: Essays in Honour of Paule Mertens-Fonck.   Edited by Juliette Dor .   English Department, University of Liège, 1992. Old English Newsletter , 25., 3 (Spring 1992):  Pages 112 - 122.
Year of Publication: 1992.

150. Record Number: 7413
Author(s): Hahn, Thomas.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Performance of Gender in the Prioress [The author argues that Chaucer's Prioress both wears a kind of "mask of womanliness," and also identifies herself with a predominantly masculine Christian community by performing femininity. Title note supplied by Feminae].
Source: Chaucer Yearbook , 1., ( 1992):  Pages 111 - 134.
Year of Publication: 1992.

151. Record Number: 10767
Author(s): Evans, Ruth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Feminist Re-Enactments: Gender and the Towneley "Vxor Noe"
Source: A Wyf Ther Was: Essays in Honour of Paule Mertens-Fonck.   Edited by Juliette Dor .   English Department, University of Liège, 1992. Chaucer Yearbook , 1., ( 1992):  Pages 141 - 154.
Year of Publication: 1992.

152. Record Number: 10693
Author(s): Vasvari, Louise O.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Battle of Flesh and Lent in the Libro del Arçipreste: Gastro-genital Rites of Reversal [The author considers the ritualistic carnivalesque "battle" between the feminine, emaciated Lent and the masculine, corpulent Flesh in the "Libro de Buen Amor." Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Corónica , 20., 1 (Spring 1991):  Pages 1 - 15.
Year of Publication: 1991.

153. Record Number: 13054
Author(s): Germain, Ellen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Lunete, Women, and Power in Chrétien's "Yvain" [One of the Curtain Talk given before performances of "The Lark." Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Romance Quarterly , 38., 1 (February 1991):  Pages 15 - 25.
Year of Publication: 1991.

154. Record Number: 10698
Author(s): de Looze, Laurence.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Gender of Fiction: Womanly Poetics in Jean Renart's "Guillaume de Dole" [The author argues that the "Guillaume de Dole" reconciles male and female poetics, particularly through the figure of Lienor. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: French Review , 64., 4 (March 1991):  Pages 596 - 606.
Year of Publication: 1991.

155. Record Number: 11083
Author(s): Baldwin, John W.
Contributor(s):
Title : Five Discourses on Desire: Sexuality and Gender in Northern France Around 1200 [The author examines works by five different authors in order to determine the various ways in which sexual desire (homosexual as well as heterosexual) and gender were understood in thirteenth-century France. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Speculum , 66., 4 ( 1991):  Pages 797 - 819.
Year of Publication: 1991.

156. Record Number: 11670
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Mark of Gender in Saint Bernard's "De diligendo deo" [In his treatise on loving God, Bernard figures the soul at times as feminine and at times as masculine in his exploration of the ascent toward union with God. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Romance Languages Annual , 3., ( 1991):  Pages 7 - 11.
Year of Publication: 1991.

157. Record Number: 16591
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Marguerite Reads Giovanni: Gender and Narration in the "Heptaméron" and the "Decameron" [The article studies the ways in which Marguerite de Navarre rewrites the gender of Boccaccio's narrative voice in her translation, thereby questioning the function of gender in authorship. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Renaissance and Reformation/Renaissance et Réforme New Series , 1 ( 1991):  Pages 21 - 36.
Year of Publication: 1991.

158. Record Number: 11793
Author(s): Fyler, John M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Man, Men, and Women in Chaucer’s Poetry [The author discusses the way Chaucer uses the words “man” (with its dual meaning of “male” and “human”) and “woman” to comment upon the relationship between naming and gender differentiation. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Olde Daunce: Love, Friendship, Sex, and Marriage in the Medieval World.   Edited by Robert R. Edwards and Stephen Spector .   State University of New York Press, 1991. Renaissance and Reformation/Renaissance et Réforme New Series , 1 ( 1991):  Pages 154 - 176.
Year of Publication: 1991.

159. Record Number: 11216
Author(s): Cooper, Helen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender and Personification in "Piers Plowman" [Although most allegorical writings associate personifications with femininity (abstract nouns often being grammatically feminine in Latin and Romance languages), Langland’s Middle English poem genders personifications based on what attribute they are intended to represent, sometimes representing them as male and sometimes as female. The Seven Deadly Sins, for instance, are not personified as abstract concepts but are exemplified in the behavior of representative individuals (both men and women). Rather than seeing various figures in the poem as allegorical, medieval rhetoricians would claim they are metonyms (parts or attributes representing the larger whole). Thus male figures in the poem can be read as representing particular aspects of the (male) poet’s self. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Yearbook of Langland Studies , 5., ( 1991):  Pages 31 - 48.
Year of Publication: 1991.

160. Record Number: 11078
Author(s): Classen, Albrecht.
Contributor(s):
Title : Misogyny and the Battle of Genders in the Stricker's "Maeren" [The author argues that the Stricker’s "maeren" work against traditional male attitudes towards women, and that, in fact, the Stricker can be seen as a defender of Women's Rights. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Neuphilologische Mitteilungen , 92., 1 ( 1991):  Pages 105 - 122.
Year of Publication: 1991.

161. Record Number: 9546
Author(s): Mieszkowski, Gretchen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Chaucer’s Much Loved Criseyde [Chaucer portrays Criseyde as weak, inconsistent, and lacking selfhood, and this portrayal is in accordance with the Western male’s tendency to define his selfhood in opposition to a non-human female Other. Chaucer alters Criseyde from her literary precursor Criseida (from Boccaccio’s "Filostrato") by increasing Criseyde’s passivity; thus he renders her more pointedly feminine and attractive to male readers (including male literary critics). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Chaucer Review , 26., 2 ( 1991):  Pages 109 - 132.
Year of Publication: 1991.

162. Record Number: 12798
Author(s): Cramer, Patricia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Lordship, Bondage, and the Erotic: The Psychological Bases of Chaucer's "Clerk's Tale" [The author offers a psychoanalytic interpretation of "The Clerk's Tale," questioning readings of the story which see Walter and Griselda as an "ideal" Oedipal couple. She further attempts to invalidate Oedipal resolutions by revealing their negative psyc
Source: JEGP: Journal of English and Germanic Philology , 89., 4 (October 1990):  Pages 491 - 511.
Year of Publication: 1990.

163. Record Number: 12789
Author(s): Tougher, Shaun
Contributor(s):
Title : The Significance of Silence [The author argues that the Roman de Silence exposes a fear of women which is disguised as misogyny, and that this misogyny draws attention to the very anxiety Heldris de Cornualle attempts to conceal. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Paragraph , 13., 2 ( 1990):  Pages 202 - 216.
Year of Publication: 1990.

164. Record Number: 12869
Author(s): Tougher, Shaun
Contributor(s):
Title : Marginal Men, Marcabru and Orthodoxy: The Early Troubadours and Adultery [The author explores references to adultery in early troubadour verse in order to determine what models for marriage are represented there. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medium Ævum , 59., 1 ( 1990):  Pages 55 - 72.
Year of Publication: 1990.

165. Record Number: 12787
Author(s): Krueger, Roberta.
Contributor(s):
Title : Constructing Sexual Identities in the High Middle Ages: The Didactic Poetry of Robert de Blois [The author examines the courtesy manuals of Robert de Blois in order to examine the ways they contributed to medieval definitions of masculinity and femininity, as well as to reveal the ways those same traditional gender categories were destabilized and even transgressed in his writing. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Paragraph , 13., 2 (July 1990):  Pages 105 - 131.
Year of Publication: 1990.

166. Record Number: 12866
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Franklin as Dorigen [The author argues for the Franklin's marginal social status, and examines his gender and social rank in relation to the romance genre. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Chaucer Review , 24., 3 ( 1990):  Pages 236 - 252.
Year of Publication: 1990.