Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


257 Record(s) Found in our database

SEE ALSO: kinship

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1. Record Number: 35524
Author(s): Datini, Margherita,
Contributor(s): Pagliaro, Antonio, trans. and James, Carolyn, trans.
Title : Letters to Francesco Datini
Source: Letters to Francesco Datini. Margherita Datini   Edited by Carolyn James and Antonio Pagliaro. The Other Voice in Early Modern Europe: The Toronto Series .   Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies, 2012.  Pages 1 - 431.
Year of Publication: 2012.

2. Record Number: 30105
Author(s): Laszlovszky, József
Contributor(s):
Title : "Fama sanctitatis" and the Emergence of St. Margaret's Cult in the Rural Countryside: The Canonization Process and Social Mobility in Thirteenth-Century Hungary [The author analyzes a family's testimony in the canonization process of Saint Margaret of Hungary in 1276. The mother found her infant son dead in bed next to her and prayed to Saint Margaret for help. A few hours later he came back to life. Laszlovsz
Source: Promoting the Saints: Cults and Their Contexts from Late Antiquity until the Early Modern Period. Essays in Honor of Gábor Klaniczay for His 60th Birthday.   Edited by Ottó Gecser, József Laszlovszky, Balázs Nagy, Marcell Sebok, and Katalin Szende .   Central European University Press, 2011.  Pages 103 - 123.
Year of Publication: 2011.

3. Record Number: 25137
Author(s): Brizio, Elena
Contributor(s):
Title : In the Shadow of the Campo: Sienese Women and Their Families (c. 1400- 1600) [Although Siena issued statutes limiting women's agency, Sienese women found ways to exercise power over property to benefit their families and themselves. Women also served as executors of wills and guardians of minor children. Sienese women occasionally played political roles, especially when the men of the family were in exile. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Across the Religious Divide: Women, Property, and Law in the Wider Mediterranean (ca. 1300- 1800).   Edited by Jutta Gisela Sperling and Shona Kelly Wray .   Routledge, 2010.  Pages 122 - 136.
Year of Publication: 2010.

4. Record Number: 27619
Author(s): Dronzek, Anna
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and Property Conflicts in Late Medieval England
Source: Women and Wealth in Late Medieval Europe.   Edited by Theresa Earenfight. The New Middle Ages. .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.  Pages 187 - 207.
Year of Publication: 2010.

5. Record Number: 28347
Author(s):
Contributor(s): Gallagher, Eric James, translator
Title : Agnes, who was the wife of Adam the son of Robert, claims against Waleran de Muncy… [Item 300 from the hundred of Blything concerns Agnes who pleads on her own behalf because her husband has been outlawed. She recovers land because it was part of her marriage portion (“maritagium”). Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: The Civil Pleas of the Suffolk Eyre of 1240.   Edited by Eric James Gallagher Suffolk Records Society, 52.   Boydell Press , 2009.  Pages 53 - 53.
Year of Publication: 2009.

6. Record Number: 26949
Author(s): Gullino, Giuseppe
Contributor(s):
Title : Il "Clan" dei Foscari. Politica matrimoniale e interessi familiari (secc. XIV-XV) [The Foscari family had many branches by the fourteenth century, and their children married into other prominent families. These ties were intended to advance the economic interests, and later the political ambitions, of the Foscari. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Studi Veneziani , 54., ( 2007):  Pages 31 - 64.
Year of Publication: 2007.

7. Record Number: 15806
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Gerson's Stance on Women [Anderson argues that scholarly opinion about Jean Gerson has been excessively negative. Gerson was capable of being controlling with his sisters and suspecting the inspiration of mystics like Bridget of Sweden, whom he blamed in part for the Great Schism. He was, however, capable of being supportive of devout women; and his criticisms of male figures who erred must be taken into account. Moreover, Gerson was capable of supporting Joan of Arc and, for a time, Ermine of Reims, despite their not fitting into passive roles. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: A Companion to Jean Gerson.   Edited by Brian Patrick McGuire Brill's Companions to the Christian Tradition: A Series of handbooks and reference works on the intellectual and religious life of Europe, 500-1700 .   Brill, 2006. Studi Veneziani , 54., ( 2007):  Pages 293 - 315.
Year of Publication: 2006.

8. Record Number: 20733
Author(s): Harris, Barbara J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Aristocratic and Gentry Women, 1460-1640
Source: History Compass , 4., 4 ( 2006):  Pages 668 - 686.
Year of Publication: 2006.

9. Record Number: 21343
Author(s): Bellavitis, Anna
Contributor(s):
Title : A proposito di "Men and Women in Renaissance Venice" di Stanley Chojnacki
Source: Quaderni Storici , 118., 1 ( 2005):  Pages 203 - 238.
Year of Publication: 2005.

10. Record Number: 24522
Author(s): Cavell, Emma.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Burial of Noblewomen in Thirteenth-Century Shropshire [The author examines evidence of the burial locations of Shropshire noble women during the long thirteenth century (1150 to 1350 C.E.). Cavell finds a connection between a woman’s possession of land as an heiress and her freedom to determine her own place of burial and the associated gifts to the monastery involved. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Thirteenth Century England , 11., ( 2005):  Pages 174 - 191.
Year of Publication: 2005.

11. Record Number: 14137
Author(s): Elliott, Dyan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Lollardy and the Integrity of Marriage and the Family [The author argues that Lollardy saw women's roles in the orthodox church as open to exploitation by the clergy. Lollardy targeted such abuse as friars taking advantage of women both for sex and for alms, as well as for priests becoming too familiar with
Source: The Medieval Marriage Scene: Prudence, Passion, Policy.   Edited by Sherry Roush and Cristelle L. Baskins .   Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2005. History Compass , 4., 4 ( 2006):  Pages 37 - 54.
Year of Publication: 2005.

12. Record Number: 11027
Author(s): Mazour-Matusevich, Yelena.
Contributor(s):
Title : Late Medieval "Counseling": Jean Gerson (1363-1419) as a Family Pastor
Source: Journal of Family History , 29., 2 (April 2004):  Pages 153 - 167.
Year of Publication: 2004.

13. Record Number: 11500
Author(s): Muessig, Carolyn
Contributor(s):
Title : Inherited Status and Slavery in Late Medieval Italy and Venetian Crete [In comparing the situation of slaves' children fathered by their masters in Crete and in the mainland cities of Venice, Genoa, and Florence, the author argues that "Latin" ancestry counted in the colonial setting but not in the Italian cities. Introducing children of mixed parentage into society mattered more for a frontier society where the conquering Western Europeans were in the minority. However, in both areas in the late Middle Ages, custom pushed to extend free status to the children of slaves by assuming that the children inherited their fathers' status rather than their mothers' servile condition. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Past and Present , 182., (February 2004):  Pages 31 - 53.
Year of Publication: 2004.

14. Record Number: 11427
Author(s): Parker, Holt N.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and Humanism: Nine Factors for the Woman Learning
Source: Viator , 35., ( 2004):  Pages 581 - 616.
Year of Publication: 2004.

15. Record Number: 11420
Author(s): Hall, Dianne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Necessary Collaborations: Religious Women and Lay Communities in Medieval Ireland, c. 1200-1540 [The author argues that the boundaries between Irish women's monastic houses and lay communities were permeable. Nuns sought good relations with neighbors and family members to ensure material and political support. Monastic women needed to ignore the rules of enclosure in order to adminster the monasteries' lands and keep in touch with their families. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Irish Women's History.   Edited by Alan Hayes and Diane Urquhart .   Irish Academic Press, 2004. Viator , 35., ( 2004):  Pages 15 - 28.
Year of Publication: 2004.

16. Record Number: 14754
Author(s): Blanton, Virginia.
Contributor(s):
Title : King Anna's Daughters: Genealogical Narrative and Cult Formation in the "Liber Eliensis" [The "Liber Eliensis" written by twelfth century monks at Ely, created Wihtburg as another sister for Aethelthryth to underline her sanctity and importance by emphasizing virginity, royalty and holy kinship. These stories went beyond the monastery to local communities in East Anglia and appear in saints' lives and parish records as late as the fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 30., 1 (Spring 2004):  Pages 127 - 149.
Year of Publication: 2004.

17. Record Number: 8706
Author(s): de Trafford, Claire.
Contributor(s):
Title : Share and Share Alike? The Marriage Portion, Inheritance, and Family Politics [The author explores the use of the marriage portion or "maritagium" given by the bride's family, usually in the form of land or rents. Since wives had a say in the disposal of their "maritagia," it tended to increase their status in the family. Also there was an effort to provide for all children, including daughters, rather than the later emphasis on a sole male heir with primogeniture. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies on Medieval and Early Modern Women: Pawns or Players?   Edited by Christine Meek and Catherine Lawless .   Four Courts Press, 2003. Scandinavian Studies , 75., 1 (Spring 2003):  Pages 36 - 48.
Year of Publication: 2003.

18. Record Number: 10617
Author(s): Keen, Maurice.
Contributor(s):
Title : Heraldry and the Medieval Gentlewoman [The author provides a brief overview of the importance of women's descent in heraldic arms in medieval England. While the cases of noble women predominate, Keen also discusses gentry families like the Pastons. Note that the article is written for a general audience and does not include footnotes. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: History Today , 53., 3 (March 2003):  Pages 21 - 27.
Year of Publication: 2003.

19. Record Number: 14555
Author(s): Rock, Vivienne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Shadow Royals? The Political Use of the Extended Family of Lady Margaret Beaufort [The author analyzes how Margaret Beaufort made advantageous marriages and positions for her extended family of half and step siblings and their descendants. At the same time these arrangements usually furthered the political aims of the Tudor dynasty. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Family and Dynasty in Late Medieval England: Proceedings of the 1997 Harlaxton Symposium.   Edited by Richard Eales and Shaun Tyas Harlaxton medieval studies .   Shaun Tyas, 2003. Scandinavian Studies , 75., 1 (Spring 2003):  Pages 193 - 210.
Year of Publication: 2003.

20. Record Number: 9651
Author(s): Kuehn, Thomas.
Contributor(s):
Title : Family Solidarity in Exile and in Law: Alberti Lawsuits of the Early Quattrocento [The author examines two legal cases brought by the Alberti family in the early fifteenth century. Various members of the family were exiled from Florence for plotting against the government. In some cases Alberti wives were left in Florence to manage wha
Source: Speculum , 78., 2 (April 2003):  Pages 421 - 439.
Year of Publication: 2003.

21. Record Number: 8063
Author(s): McNamara, Jo Ann.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and Power through the Family Revisited
Source: Gendering the Master Narrative: Women and Power in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Mary C. Erler and Maryanne Kowaleski .   Cornell University Press, 2003. Speculum , 78., 2 (April 2003):  Pages 17 - 30.
Year of Publication: 2003.

22. Record Number: 10451
Author(s): Ingham, Patricia Clare.
Contributor(s):
Title : From Kinship to Kingship: Mourning, Gender, and Anglo-Saxon Community [The author examines the characters Wealthow and Hildeburh in "Beowulf" and, to a lesser degree, the poems, "The Wife's Lament" and "Wulf and Eadwacer." Ingham argues that the women do important cultural work as the ones responsible for hopeless loss. In the larger historical moment they uphold the ties of kinship as society comes to accept the personal loyalty owed to a centralizing sovereign. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Grief and Gender: 700-1700.   Edited by Jennifer C. Vaught with Lynne Dickson Bruckner .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Speculum , 78., 2 (April 2003):  Pages 17 - 31.
Year of Publication: 2003.

23. Record Number: 11950
Author(s): Shadis, Miriam and Constance Hoffman Berman
Contributor(s):
Title : A Taste of the Feast: Reconsidering Eleanor of Aquitaine's Female Descendants [The authors profile Eleanor's female descendants, especially her daughters and their daughters. In the lives of figures including Blanche of Castile and Leonor, queen of Aragon, Shadis and Berman analyze their uses of power in the areas of politics, patronage, and family. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady.   Edited by Bonnie Wheeler and John Carmi Parsons The New Middle Ages .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 30., 1 (Spring 2004):  Pages 177 - 211.
Year of Publication: 2003.

24. Record Number: 10559
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Princesses of Chernigov (1054-1246) [The author investigates around fifty princesses from seven generations in the Chernihiv dynasty. He describes their responsibilities, family relationships, and involvements with politics. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Mediaeval Studies , 65., ( 2003):  Pages 163 - 212.
Year of Publication: 2003.

25. Record Number: 9720
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Affairs of State: The Illegitimate Children of Henry I [Appendix A lists and comments on the twenty-five illegitimate children acknowledged by Henry I].
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 29., 2 (June 2003):  Pages 129 - 151.
Year of Publication: 2003.

26. Record Number: 8708
Author(s): Kenny, Gillian.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Power of Dower: The Importance of Dower in the Lives of Medieval Women in Ireland [The author argues that the financial resources made available to widows from their dowers transformed their lives. They took over many of their husbands' roles including bringing suits in court and donating to local religious institutions. Both the widows and their heirs sometimes had difficulties accustoming themselves to the changes in power. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies on Medieval and Early Modern Women: Pawns or Players?   Edited by Christine Meek and Catherine Lawless .   Four Courts Press, 2003. Journal of Medieval History , 29., 2 (June 2003):  Pages 59 - 74.
Year of Publication: 2003.

27. Record Number: 13052
Author(s): Cullum, P. H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Life-Cycle and Life-Course in a Clerical and Celibate Milieu: Northern England in the Later Middle Ages [The author compares the life-cycles of clergy with those of laymen. In many cases the clerics experienced an extended adolescence. Not infrequently they also lived in poverty in both youth and old age. When clerics set up households, they often created quasi-families either with blood nephews or with promising young men whom they treated as their sons. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Time and eternity: the medieval discourse.   Edited by Gerhard Jaritz and Gerson Moreno-Riaño International Medieval Research .   Brepols, 2003. Journal of Medieval History , 29., 2 (June 2003):  Pages 271 - 281.
Year of Publication: 2003.

28. Record Number: 10704
Author(s): Karras, Ruth Mazo.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage and the Creation of Kin in the Sagas [The author concludes in part: "The fact that kinship networks were up for negotiation, that each conjugal unit in a sense selected for itself when which kinship bonds were the most important, meant that power within marriage was up for negotiation too. The default obligation for men was their blood relatives and for women seems rather to have been to their husbands; but the system was flexible enough that each couple worked out for itself which relationships were most important." (page 488).]
Source: Scandinavian Studies , 75., 1 (Spring 2003):  Pages 473 - 490.
Year of Publication: 2003.

29. Record Number: 8078
Author(s): Donavin, Georgiana.
Contributor(s):
Title : Taboo and Transgression in Gower's "Apollonius of Tyre" [The author examines the themes of violence and incest in the story of Apollonius and Antiochus. The author argues that prohibitions against these crimes serve in part to evoke them. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Domestic Violence in Medieval Texts.   Edited by Eve Salisbury, Georgiana Donavin, and Merrall Llewelyn Price .   University Press of Florida, 2002. Medieval Feminist Forum , 33., (Spring 2002):  Pages 94 - 121.
Year of Publication: 2002.

30. Record Number: 9502
Author(s): Horodowich, Elizabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Beyond Marriage and the Convent: Women, Class, and Honour in Renaissance Italy [Among the books discussed in this review essay are two medieval titles: Ann Crabb's "The Strozzi of Florence: Widowhood and Family Solidarity in the Renaissance" and Stanley Chojnacki's "Women and Men in Renaissance Venice: Twelve Essays on Patrician Society." Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Gender and History , 14., 2 (August 2002):  Pages 340 - 345.
Year of Publication: 2002.

31. Record Number: 8074
Author(s): Salisbury, Eve, Georgiana Donavin and Merrall Llewelyn Price
Contributor(s):
Title : Introduction [In this introductory essay the authors briefly survey the historiography and surviving evidence for domestic violence in the Middle Ages. They argue for the importance of the essays in this collection because they consider issues of domestic violence more broadly than much of the previous scholarship on the topic. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Domestic Violence in Medieval Texts.   Edited by Eve Salisbury, Georgiana Donavin, and Merrall Llewelyn Price .   University Press of Florida, 2002. Scandinavian Studies , 75., 1 (Spring 2003):  Pages 1 - 27.
Year of Publication: 2002.

32. Record Number: 10659
Author(s): Murphy, Kevin J.F.
Contributor(s):
Title : Lilium inter spinas: Bianca Spini and the Decoration of the Spini Chapel in Santa Trinita [The author argues that Bianca, the widowed daughter of a wealthy and powerful member of the Spini family, commissioned an altarpiece for the family chapel with references to her personal identity. As a widow who evidently chose not to remarry, Bianca struggled with her husband's family for restitution of her dowry. The frequent suspicions about unmarried women's virtue seem to be answered in the Spini altarpiece painting of the Assumption by the Virgin's purity and authority. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Italian History and Culture , 8., ( 2002):  Pages 51 - 65.
Year of Publication: 2002.

33. Record Number: 8088
Author(s): Stanton, Robert.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage, Socialization, and Domestic Violence in the "Life of Christina of Markyate" [The author emphasizes the social dimensions of the "Life" and argues that the monk/author was critical of the social acculturation required for the nobility. Stanton also argues that previous authors downplayed the violence her parents and fiancé do to Christina. Another important aspect of the "Life" is the pivotal moment it represents in the transformation of marriage when consent of both partners becomes more important. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Domestic Violence in Medieval Texts.   Edited by Eve Salisbury, Georgiana Donavin, and Merrall Llewelyn Price .   University Press of Florida, 2002. Scandinavian Studies , 75., 1 (Spring 2003):  Pages 242 - 271.
Year of Publication: 2002.

34. Record Number: 8083
Author(s): Najemy, John M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Giannozzo and His Elders: Alberti's Critique of Renaissance Patriarchy [The author argues that the figure of Giannozzo is used by Alberti to criticize the arbitrary power of fathers over sons and the resulting efforts of sons to control their wives, thereby recuperating some of their lost masculinity. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Society and Individual in Renaissance Florence.   Edited by William J. Connell .   University of California Press, 2002. Scandinavian Studies , 75., 1 (Spring 2003):  Pages 51 - 78.
Year of Publication: 2002.

35. Record Number: 10562
Author(s): Scarcia Amoretti, Biancamaria.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women's Names in Early Islamic Pro-Shiite Texts on the Genealogy of the "Talibiyyin" [The author analyzes mentions of women in three texts, "Kitab al mu'aqqibin," "Sirr al-silsila al-'Alawiyya," and "al-Majdi fi ansab al-Talibiyyin." In addition to tracing patterns and meaning in women's given names, Scarcia Amoretti also looks at the importance of women in establishing descent and the strategies for marriage within the Hasayni family, descendants of the Prophet Muhammad. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Prosopography , 23., ( 2002):  Pages 141 - 165.
Year of Publication: 2002.

36. Record Number: 10786
Author(s): Barefield, Laura.
Contributor(s):
Title : Lineage and Women's Patronage: Mary of Woodstock and Nicholas Trevet's "Les Cronicles" [The author explores Mary of Woodstock's impact as patron of a history that regularly took account of women in its listings of lineage. In this way, the author argues, aristocratic women displayed their power and preserved a record for their female descendants. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Feminist Forum , 33., (Spring 2002):  Pages 21 - 30.
Year of Publication: 2002.

37. Record Number: 8079
Author(s): Straus, Barrie Ruth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Reframing the Violence of the Father: Reverse Oedipal Fantasies in Chaucer's Clerk's, Man of Law's, and Prioress's Tales [The author argues that the family relations both in the tales of Griselda and of Custance manifest a profound anxiety about paternity and a need for concealed violence, both physical and psychic. The happy endings do not mask the father's violence and the conflict between the generations. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Domestic Violence in Medieval Texts.   Edited by Eve Salisbury, Georgiana Donavin, and Merrall Llewelyn Price .   University Press of Florida, 2002. Medieval Feminist Forum , 33., (Spring 2002):  Pages 122 - 138.
Year of Publication: 2002.

38. Record Number: 10209
Author(s): Laiou, Angeliki E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women in the Marketplace of Constantinople 10th - 14th Centuries [The author surveys the evidence for women's activities in the market as hawkers, shop owners, investors, textile workers, and other roles. Laiou also explores the links between these economic activities and both dowry and family networks. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Byzantine Constantinople: Monuments, Topography, and Everyday Life.   Edited by Nevra Necipoglu. The Medieval Mediterranean: Peoples, Economies, and Cultures, 400-1453, Volume 33 Medieval Mediterranean, 33.   Brill, 2001. Early Medieval Europe , 10., 2 ( 2001):  Pages 261 - 273.
Year of Publication: 2001.

39. Record Number: 12685
Author(s): Wareham, Andrew.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Transformation of Kinship and the Family in Late Anglo-Saxon England
Source: Early Medieval Europe , 10., 3 ( 2001):  Pages 375 - 399.
Year of Publication: 2001.

40. Record Number: 5782
Author(s): Innes, Matthew.
Contributor(s):
Title : Keeping It in the Family: Women and Aristocratic Memory, 700- 1200
Source: Medieval Memories: Men, Women, and the Past, 700-1300.   Edited by Elisabeth van Houts .   Women and Men in History Series. Longman, 2001. Italian History and Culture , 8., ( 2002):  Pages 17 - 35.
Year of Publication: 2001.

41. Record Number: 6748
Author(s): Kuehn, Thomas.
Contributor(s):
Title : Daughters, Mothers, Wives, and Widows: Women as Legal Persons [The author traces women's legal agency across the life span; each phase had its limits even widowhood in which many women had to struggle for the return of their dowry or accept remarriage at their natal family's behest].
Source: Time, Space, and Women's Lives in Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Anne Jackson Schutte, Thomas Kuehn, and Silvana Seidel Menchi Sixteenth Century Essays and Studies, 57.   Truman State University Press, 2001. Italian History and Culture , 8., ( 2002):  Pages 97 - 115.
Year of Publication: 2001.

42. Record Number: 5781
Author(s): van Houts, Elisabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Introduction: Medieval Memories [the author provides a brief overview of the themes explored in the book's essays; she considers the ways that gender informed the writing of history and the remembrance of the dead within the contexts of the aristocracy, authority, family, rites for the dead, prophecy of the future, and memory in art].
Source: Medieval Memories: Men, Women, and the Past, 700-1300.   Edited by Elisabeth van Houts .   Women and Men in History Series. Longman, 2001. Italian History and Culture , 8., ( 2002):  Pages 1 - 16.
Year of Publication: 2001.

43. Record Number: 5818
Author(s): Payling, S. J.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Economics of Marriage in Late Medieval England: The Marriage of Heiresses
Source: Economic History Review , 54., 3 (August 2001):  Pages 413 - 429.
Year of Publication: 2001.

44. Record Number: 5784
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Men, Women, and Miracles in Normandy, 1050- 1150 [the author argues that the representation of women in Norman miracle reports is surprisingly positive; women's testimony is recorded (when men are unavailable) and their tender care of children is emphasized; the author suggests that the monk-authors of the "miracula" were not misogynists and had contact with women, both in the monastery and in the secular world].
Source: Medieval Memories: Men, Women, and the Past, 700-1300.   Edited by Elisabeth van Houts .   Women and Men in History Series. Longman, 2001. Economic History Review , 54., 3 (August 2001):  Pages 53 - 71.
Year of Publication: 2001.

45. Record Number: 5791
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Donatello's Bronze "David" and "Judith" as Metaphors of Medici Rule in Florence
Source: Art Bulletin , 83., 1 (March 2001):  Pages 32 - 47.
Year of Publication: 2001.

46. Record Number: 5892
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Familial Relationships in the Writings of Theoleptos of Philadelphia to Irene-Eulogia Choumnaina Palaiologina [Theoleptos, archbishop of Philadelphia, served as spiritual director to Irene, abbess of the double monastery Philanthropos Soter; in his letters he repeatedly advised her to stop seeing members of her family but she refused to comply].
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 27., ( 2001):  Pages 63
Year of Publication: 2001.

47. Record Number: 6664
Author(s): Ribordy, Geneviève.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Two Paths to Marriage: The Preliminaries of Noble Marriage in Late Medieval France
Source: Journal of Family History , 26., 3 (July 2001):  Pages 323 - 336.
Year of Publication: 2001.

48. Record Number: 5718
Author(s): Kent, Dale.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women in Renaissance Florence [the author gives a brief overview of the factors and attendant evidence that characterized the lives of Florentine noble women including marriage and the painted wedding chests (cassone), childbirth and the celebratory birth trays, clothing and sumptuary laws, religious devotion, and death].
Source: Virtue and Beauty: Leonardo's "Ginevra de'Benci" and Renaissance Portraits of Women." Catalog of an exhibition held Sept. 30, 2001-Jan. 6, 2002 at the National Gallery of Art.   Edited by David Alan Brown et al.; with contributions by Elizabeth Cropper and Eleonora Luciano. .   National Gallery of Art in association with Princeton University Press, 2001. Journal of Family History , 26., 3 (July 2001):  Pages 24 - 47.
Year of Publication: 2001.

49. Record Number: 6435
Author(s): Stafford, Pauline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Powerful Women in the Early Middle Ages: Queens and Abbesses [the author compares the network of royal women originating from the tenth century Ottonians with the royal women in the seventh century English kingdoms; she examines the structures (including family, monasteries, queenship, and regencies) through which women exercised power].
Source: The Medieval World.   Edited by Peter Linehan and Janet L. Nelson .   Routledge, 2001. Journal of Family History , 26., 3 (July 2001):  Pages 398 - 415.
Year of Publication: 2001.

50. Record Number: 8844
Author(s): Stafford, Pauline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Review Article: Parents and Children in the Early Middle Ages [The author considers recent scholarship on parenting and children while discussing the books by Katrien Heene ("The Legacy of Paradise: Marriage, Motherhood, and Women in Carolingian Edifying Literature"), Sally Crawford ("Children in Anglo-Saxon England"), and the translation of Dhuoda's "Handbook" by Marcelle Thiébaux ("Handboook for her Warrior Son"). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Early Medieval Europe , 10., 2 ( 2001):  Pages 257 - 271.
Year of Publication: 2001.

51. Record Number: 6747
Author(s): Chojnacki, Stanley.
Contributor(s):
Title : Getting Back the Dowry: Venice, c. 1360-1530 [the author explores the dowry system for the elite in Venice; he is particularly interested in the relationships within natal and marital families both in terms of widows seeking dowry restitution and for husbands-to-be seeking ways to guarantee their brides' dowries; in both cases the dowry system made women active and vital participants in familial networks].
Source: Time, Space, and Women's Lives in Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Anne Jackson Schutte, Thomas Kuehn, and Silvana Seidel Menchi Sixteenth Century Essays and Studies, 57.   Truman State University Press, 2001. Early Medieval Europe , 10., 2 ( 2001):  Pages 77 - 96. Republished as Getting Back the Dowry. By Stanley Chojnacki. Women and Men in Renaissance Venice: Twelve Essays on Patrician Society. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000. Pages 95-111.
Year of Publication: 2001.

52. Record Number: 6750
Author(s): Harris, Barbara J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Space, Time, and the Power of Aristocratic Wives in Yorkist and Early Tudor England, 1450-1550 [The author argues that the stages of life that noble wives generally moved through were complex, both in terms of their increasing responsibilities and the spaces in which they lived and to which they traveled].
Source: Time, Space, and Women's Lives in Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Anne Jackson Schutte, Thomas Kuehn, and Silvana Seidel Menchi Sixteenth Century Essays and Studies, 57.   Truman State University Press, 2001. Early Medieval Europe , 10., 2 ( 2001):  Pages 245 - 264.
Year of Publication: 2001.

53. Record Number: 6925
Author(s): Ashley, Kathleen.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Miroir des bonnes Femmes": Not for Women Only? ["To read the 'Miroir des bonnes femmes' as relating only to women, therefore, would be to misunderstand its role in the formation of new ideologies during the fourteenth through the sixteenth centuries. The conjunction of female-based rhetoric, familial identities, and the promise of social advancement through proper conduct marks the first stage of a distinctive bourgeois ideology that will be fully articulated and culturally dominant by the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Despite the assumption, perhaps, on the part of conduct book owners that they are justifying a claim to 'noble' rank, it is in bourgeois culture that female honor is made the symbolic basis of a family's social reputation. As they cultivated that reputation and fostered a process of social advancement, fathers as well as their daughters therefore had a vital interest in owning conduct texts addressed to women." p. 102].
Source: Medieval Conduct.   Edited by Kathleen Ashley and Robert L. A. Clark .   Medieval Cultures, Volume 29. University of Minnesota Press, 2001. Early Medieval Europe , 10., 2 ( 2001):  Pages 86 - 105.
Year of Publication: 2001.

54. Record Number: 4467
Author(s): Menuge, Noël James.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Few Home Truths: The Medieval Mother as Guardian in Romance and Law [The author examines the roles of mothers and step-mothers in legal treatises and wardship romances; both genres favor the interests of a patrilineal, primogenitive feudal society by showing family members as untrustworthy and only the lord as reliable].
Source: Medieval Women and the Law.   Edited by Noël James Menuge .   Boydell Press, 2000. Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 26., ( 2000):  Pages 77 - 103.
Year of Publication: 2000.

55. Record Number: 4495
Author(s): Hill, Barbara
Contributor(s):
Title : Actions Speak Louder Than Words: Anna Komnene's Attempted Usurpation
Source: Anna Komnene and Her Times.   Edited by Thalia Gouma-Peterson .   Garland Publishing, 2000. Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 26., ( 2000):  Pages 45 - 62.
Year of Publication: 2000.

56. Record Number: 5445
Author(s): Medioli, Francesca.
Contributor(s):
Title : To Take or Not to Take the Veil: Selected Italian Case Histories, the Renaissance and After [The author briefly surveys cases of young women who were forced to become nuns by family members in order to co-opt their inheritances].
Source: Women in Italian Renaissance Culture and Society.   Edited by Letizia Panizza .   European Humanities Research Centre, University of Oxford, 2000. Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 26., ( 2000):  Pages 122 - 137.
Year of Publication: 2000.

57. Record Number: 14583
Author(s): Russo, Maria Antonietta
Contributor(s):
Title : Sciacca, l'Infanta Eleonora e Guglielmo Peralta: tre nomi intrecciati in un'unica storia [Eleanor of Aragon, a niece of King Peter II of Sicily, married Guglielmo Peralta, count of Caltabellotta in Sicily. Eleanor played a prominent role in the affairs of the Peralta family after the deaths of her husband and of Nicola, their son. She was named guardian of her granddaughters in Nicola's will. Eleanor also was an important patron of monastic foundations. The appendix presents an edited version of Count Nicola's testament in Latin dated 1398. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Schede medievali , 38., ( 2000):  Pages 277 - 294.
Year of Publication: 2000.

58. Record Number: 5450
Author(s): Tinagli, Paola.
Contributor(s):
Title : Womanly Virtues in Quattrocento Florentine Marriage Furnishings [the author examines how behavioral ideals for both new husbands and wives, as represented on cassoni, spalliere, and other furnishings given to the bridal couple, emphasized chastity, restraint, and other virtues that contributed to a well-ordered civic society].
Source: Women in Italian Renaissance Culture and Society.   Edited by Letizia Panizza .   European Humanities Research Centre, University of Oxford, 2000. Early Medieval Europe , 10., 3 ( 2001):  Pages 265 - 284.
Year of Publication: 2000.

59. Record Number: 4493
Author(s): Laiou, Angeliki.
Contributor(s):
Title : Introduction: Why Anna Komnene? [The author explores the reasons why Anna Komnena commands our attention].
Source: Anna Komnene and Her Times.   Edited by Thalia Gouma-Peterson .   Garland Publishing, 2000. Early Medieval Europe , 10., 3 ( 2001):  Pages 1 - 14.
Year of Publication: 2000.

60. Record Number: 10120
Author(s): Clift, Shelly Rae.
Contributor(s):
Title : Re-Writing and Un-Writing Violent Women in the Old English "Orosius"
Source: Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000): Paper presented at the Thirty-Fifth International Congress on Medieval Studies, The Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University, May 4-7, 2000, Session 334: "Alfredian Texts and Contexts."
Year of Publication: 2000.

61. Record Number: 4621
Author(s): Klein, Elka
Contributor(s):
Title : The Widow's Portion: Law, Custom, and Marital Property among Medieval Catalan Jews
Source: Viator , 31., ( 2000):  Pages 147 - 163.
Year of Publication: 2000.

62. Record Number: 5360
Author(s): Connor, Carolyn L.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Sense of Family: Monastic Portraits in the Lincoln College Typikon
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 26., ( 2000):  Pages 107 - 108.
Year of Publication: 2000.

63. Record Number: 5392
Author(s): Doglio, Maria Luisa.
Contributor(s):
Title : Letter Writing, 1350-1650 [The author gives a brief profile of a handful of women letter writers including St. Catherine of Siena and Alessandra Strozzi for the Middle Ages].
Source: A History of Women's Writing in Italy.   Edited by Letizia Panizza and Sharon Wood .   Cambridge University Press, 2000. Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 26., ( 2000):  Pages 13 - 24.
Year of Publication: 2000.

64. Record Number: 8551
Author(s): Edmunds, Sheila.
Contributor(s):
Title : Anna Rügerin Revealed [The author argues that Anna actually printed the two books with her colophon. Rügerin had a family network involved in the printing trade. The author identifies Rügerin's brother as the printer Johann Schönsperger. Furthermore her mother, Barbara Traut Schönsperger, married the printer Johann Bämler as her second husband. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Journal of the Early Book Society for the Study of Manuscripts and Printing History , 2., ( 1999):  Pages 179 - 181.
Year of Publication: 1999.

65. Record Number: 4722
Author(s): Dirks, Doris A.
Contributor(s):
Title : I Will Make the Inquisition Burn You and Your Sisters: The Role of Gender and Kinship in Accusations Against "Conversas" [The author examines two cases from Spain and a case from Mexico].
Source: Magistra , 5., 2 (Winter 1999):  Pages 29 - 57.
Year of Publication: 1999.

66. Record Number: 3777
Author(s): Livingstone, Amy
Contributor(s):
Title : Aristocratic Women in the Chartrain
Source: Aristocratic Women in Medieval France.   Edited by Theodore Evergates .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999. Magistra , 5., 2 (Winter 1999):  Pages 44 - 73.
Year of Publication: 1999.

67. Record Number: 5591
Author(s): Wareham, Andrew.
Contributor(s):
Title : Two Models of Marriage: Kinship and the Social Order in England and Normandy [the models in question are serial exogamy over long distances in England and endogamy and monogamy in Normandy with the tacit approval of Church authorities; the author studies three families, descendants of Uhtred of Northumbria, Ralph of Tosny, and William FitzOsbern].
Source: Negotiating secular and ecclesiastical power: Western Europe in the Central Middle Ages.   Edited by A. J. Bijsterveld, Henk Teunis, and Andrew Wareham. International Medieval Research .   Brepols, 1999. Magistra , 5., 2 (Winter 1999):  Pages 107 - 132.
Year of Publication: 1999.

68. Record Number: 7069
Author(s): Downie, Fiona.
Contributor(s):
Title : And They Lived Happily Ever After? Medieval Queenship and Marriage in Scotland, 1424-1449 [The author explores the training and roles of queens, both women married to Scottish kings and Scottish princesses married to foreign rulers. Women discussed include Joan Beaufort, Mary of Guelders, and the daughters of James I, Margaret, Isabella, Mary, Annabella, Eleanor, and Johanna. The author argues that political alliances were often a failure, but that marriage created a communications network based on family ties. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Gendering Scottish History: An International Approach.   Edited by Terry Brotherstone, Deborah Simonton, and Oonagh Walsh Mackie Occasional Colloquia Series .   Cruithne Press, 1999. Magistra , 5., 2 (Winter 1999):  Pages 129 - 141.
Year of Publication: 1999.

69. Record Number: 4328
Author(s): Oliva, Marilyn.
Contributor(s):
Title : All in the Family? Monastic and Clerical Careers Among Famly Members in the Late Middle Ages
Source: Medieval Prosopography , 20., ( 1999):  Pages 161 - 180.
Year of Publication: 1999.

70. Record Number: 3756
Author(s): Livingstone, Amy
Contributor(s):
Title : Powerful Allies and Dangerous Adversaries: Noblewomen in Medieval Society [the author writes an introductory overview of noble women's lives as daughters, wives, mothers, and widows including their relationships with the church and land].
Source: Women in Medieval Western European Culture.   Edited by Linda E. Mitchell .   Garland Publishing, 1999. Medieval Prosopography , 20., ( 1999):  Pages 7 - 30.
Year of Publication: 1999.

71. Record Number: 3940
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and the Household Economy in the Preindustrial Period: An Assessment of "Women, Work, and Family" [The author reassesses the work of Louise A. Tilly and Joan W. Scott, "Women, Work, and Family" (1978) in terms of recent scholarship on medieval women's economic contributions].
Source: Journal of Women's History (Full Text via Project Muse) 11, 3 (Autumn 1999): 10-16. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1999.

72. Record Number: 3650
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Jean Gerson and Traumas of Masculine Affectivity and Sexuality [The author explores Gerson's relationship with his two younger brothers, his friendship with Pierre d'Ailly, and his emphasis on sexual temptation].
Source: Conflicted Identities and Multiple Masculinities: Men in the Medieval West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray .   Garland Medieval Casebooks, volume 25. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, volume 2078. Garland Publishing, 1999.  Pages 45 - 72.
Year of Publication: 1999.

73. Record Number: 3806
Author(s): Byrne, Joseph P. and Eleanor A. Congdon
Contributor(s):
Title : Mothering in the Casa Datini
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 25., 1 (March 1999):  Pages 35 - 56.
Year of Publication: 1999.

74. Record Number: 7351
Author(s): La Rocca, Cristina.
Contributor(s):
Title : Pouvoirs des femmes, pouvoir de la loi dans l'Italie Lombarde [The author argues that one can speak of women's rights in this period, but only those that aristocratic families negotiated with the king in order to preserve patrimonies. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Femmes et pouvoirs des femmes à Byzance et en Occident (VIe -XIe siècles). Colloque international organisé les 28, 29 et 30 mars 1996 à Bruxelles et Villeneuve d'Ascq.   Edited by Stéphane Lebecq, Alain Dierkens, Régine Le Jan, and Jean-Marie Sansterre .   Centre de Recherche sur l'Histoire de l'Europe du Nord-Ouest, Université Charles de Gaulle-Lille 3, 1999.  Pages 37 - 50.
Year of Publication: 1999.

75. Record Number: 4771
Author(s): Ruiz-Domènec, José Enrique.
Contributor(s):
Title : Les souvenirs croisés de Blanche de Castille [The author argues in part that Blanche developed marriage strategies that brought forth the state centered on the person of the king].
Source: Cahiers de Civilization Médiévale , 42., ( 1999):  Pages 39 - 54.
Year of Publication: 1999.

76. Record Number: 7352
Author(s): Croizy-Naquet, Catherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Les Stratégies matrimoniales de l'aristocratie Byzantine aux IXe et Xe siècles [The author argues that the powerful Byzantine noble families planned marriages carefully and struggled for the financial and political advantages that a "good" marriage brought. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Femmes et pouvoirs des femmes à Byzance et en Occident (VIe -XIe siècles). Colloque international organisé les 28, 29 et 30 mars 1996 à Bruxelles et Villeneuve d'Ascq.   Edited by Stéphane Lebecq, Alain Dierkens, Régine Le Jan, and Jean-Marie Sansterre .   Centre de Recherche sur l'Histoire de l'Europe du Nord-Ouest, Université Charles de Gaulle-Lille 3, 1999. Cahiers de Civilization Médiévale , 42., ( 1999):  Pages 51 - 61.
Year of Publication: 1999.

77. Record Number: 3700
Author(s): Crick, Julia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women, Posthumous Benefaction, and Family Strategy in Pre-Conquest England [The author analyzes wills in which women play a prominent part, particularly in the granting and receiving of property; the author argues that women cared for family property and passed it on to the church as the original donors wished].
Source: Journal of British Studies (Full Text via JSTOR) 38, 4 (October 1999): 399-422 Link Info
Year of Publication: 1999.

78. Record Number: 5150
Author(s): Crick, Julia.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Wealth, Patronage, and Connections of Women's Houses in Late Anglo-Saxon England
Source: Revue Bénédictine , 109., 40180 ( 1999):  Pages 154 - 185.
Year of Publication: 1999.

79. Record Number: 4761
Author(s): Chabot, Isabelle.
Contributor(s):
Title : Lineage Strategies and the Control of Widows in Renaissance Florence [The author argues that to ensure the male monopoly over wealth and power, men manipulated maternity (ranging from relationships with children to inheritance) for the interests of their patrilineage].
Source: Widowhood in Medieval and Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Sandra Cavallo and Lyndan Warner .   Women and Men in History. Longman, 1999. Revue Bénédictine , 109., 40180 ( 1999):  Pages 127 - 144.
Year of Publication: 1999.

80. Record Number: 3808
Author(s): Kittell, Ellen E.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Construction of Women's Social Identity in Medieval Douai: Evidence from Identifying Epithets [many women acted for themselves in doing public business].
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 25., 3 (September 1999):  Pages 215 - 227.
Year of Publication: 1999.

81. Record Number: 4327
Author(s): Skinner, Patricia.
Contributor(s):
Title : And Her Name Was...? Gender and Naming in Medieval Southern Italy
Source: Medieval Prosopography , 20., ( 1999):  Pages 23 - 49.
Year of Publication: 1999.

82. Record Number: 3666
Author(s): Guzzetti, Linda.
Contributor(s):
Title : Separations and Separated Couples in Fourteenth-Century Venice [The author studies the cases of sixteen couples; the appendix includes the sources and amounts of dowry and maintenance for each case].
Source: Marriage in Italy, 1300-1650.   Edited by Trevor Dean and K. J. P. Lowe .   Cambridge University Press, 1998. Monatshefte , 90., 2 (Summer 1998):  Pages 249 - 274.
Year of Publication: 1998.

83. Record Number: 4619
Author(s): Klapisch-Zuber, Christiane.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Cruel Mother": Maternity, Widowhood, and Dowry in Florence in the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries [The author examines the plight of widows who were frequently forced to remarry by their natal families and leave their children behind with the first husbands' kin].
Source: Debating the Middle Ages: Issues and Readings.   Edited by Lester K. Little and Barbara H. Rosenwein .   Blackwell Publishers, 1998. Monatshefte , 90., 2 (Summer 1998):  Pages 264 - 276. Originally published in Women, Family, and Ritual in Renaissance Italy. University of Chicago Press, 1985. Pages 117-131. Also reprinted in Feminism and Renaissance Studies. Edited by Lorna Hutson. Oxford Reading in Feminism series. Oxford University Pres
Year of Publication: 1998.

84. Record Number: 5582
Author(s): Valori, Alessandro.
Contributor(s):
Title : L'Onore femminile attraverso l'epistolario di Margherita e Francesco Datini da Prato [Francesco Datini, a merchant of Prato, has left us many letters detailing his business dealings and his anxieties; one goal was to return from doing business abroad to his wife and his household; to this end he married a much younger woman, Margherita Bandini; Francesco shared the common assumptions of his day and class about women needing male tutelage and marriages creating alliances between families, as well as the importance of dowries; Datini's ideas of honor, applied to his wife and his illegitimate daughter, are based on submission and service to the family; Margherita too internalized these values, even though she was childless].
Source: Giornale Storico della Letteratura Italiana , 175., ( 1998):  Pages 53 - 83.
Year of Publication: 1998.

85. Record Number: 9549
Author(s): Allegrezza, Franca.
Contributor(s):
Title : Legami di affinita nel baronato romano: il caso degli Orsini (xiii-xiv secc.) [Beginning in the early13th century, marriages united Rome's new nobility. The Orsini are a notable example of this homogenous group of nobles. Eventually branches of the Orsini clan began to intermarry. Beginning in the reign of the Orsini pope Nicholas III (1277-1280), the family began to diversify its marriage strategy by intermarrying with noble families from central and Southern Italy. Still, it tried to keep inheritance from dispersing the family's patrimony to daughters, bastards, and sons in the clergy. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Le ricchezze delle donne: Diritti patrimoniali e poteri familiari in Italia (xiii-xix secc.).   Edited by Giulia Calvi and Isabelle Chabot .   Rosenberg & Sellier, 1998. Giornale Storico della Letteratura Italiana , 175., ( 1998):  Pages 21 - 41.
Year of Publication: 1998.

86. Record Number: 3688
Author(s): Hamilton, J. S.
Contributor(s):
Title : Another Daughter for Piers Gaveston? Amie de Gaveston, Damsel of the Queen's Chamber
Source: Medieval Prosopography , 19., ( 1998):  Pages 177 - 186.
Year of Publication: 1998.

87. Record Number: 15503
Author(s): Precopi Lombardo, Annamaria
Contributor(s):
Title : La Condizione femminile nelle comunità ebraiche di Sicilia [The late medieval Jewish community in Sicily maintained commercial, religious, and linguistic contacts throughout the Mediterranean region. Daughters of Sicilian Jewish families were treated like guests in their houses until they married. A young bride was expected to bring her husband a dowry and bear children. Royal law recognized Jewish legal norms and rites of marriage, except where Sicilian law differed from Jewish law. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Archivio Storico Siciliano , 24., 1 ( 1998):  Pages 94 - 119.
Year of Publication: 1998.

88. Record Number: 4825
Author(s): Swabey, ffiona.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Letter Book of Alice de Bryene and Alice de Sutton's List of Debts [the author analyzes eight letters written to Alice de Bryene, commenting on the familial and administrative duties Alice undertook; her grandmother, Alice de Sutton, serves as an example of irresponsible management because she hadn't paid her husband's legacies thirty years after his death; the appendices reproduce the texts of the eight letters in French and the list of debts in Latin].
Source: Nottingham Medieval Studies , 42., ( 1998):  Pages 121 - 145.
Year of Publication: 1998.

89. Record Number: 3504
Author(s): McSheffrey, Shannon.
Contributor(s):
Title : I Will Never Have None Ayenst My Faders Will: Consent and the Making of Marriage in the Late Medieval Diocese of London [depositions given before the diocese of London's consistory and commissary courts 1467-1476 and 1489-1497, give evidence of women's need for the permission of their families, employers, and friends in order to contract a marriage].
Source: Women, Marriage, and Family in Medieval Christendom: Essays in Memory of Michael M. Sheehan, C.S.B.   Edited by Constance M. Rousseau and Joel T. Rosenthal .   Western Michigan University, 1998. Nottingham Medieval Studies , 42., ( 1998):  Pages 153 - 174.
Year of Publication: 1998.

90. Record Number: 3183
Author(s): Martines, Lauro.
Contributor(s):
Title : Séduction, espace familial et autorité dans la renaissance Italienne
Source: Annales : Histoire, Sciences Sociales , 53., 2 (mars-avril 1998):  Pages 255 - 290.
Year of Publication: 1998.

91. Record Number: 5027
Author(s): Szende, Katalin G.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Other Half of the Town: Women in Private, Professional, and Public Life in Two Towns of Late Medieval Western Hungary
Source: East Central Europe , 1 ( 1998):  Pages 171 - 190. Women and Power in East Central Europe - Medieval and Modern. Edited by Marianne Sághy.
Year of Publication: 1998.

92. Record Number: 3570
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Many Faces in Dhuoda's Mirror: The "Liber Manualis" and a Century of Scholarship [explores the wide range of scholarly opinion in the last century concerning Dhuoda's writing skills, knowledge of politics, role as an educator, degree of agency, and importance as a spiritual guide].
Source: Magistra , 4., 2 (Winter 1998):  Pages 89 - 134.
Year of Publication: 1998.

93. Record Number: 2977
Author(s): Bornstein, Daniel.
Contributor(s):
Title : Spiritual Kinship and Domestic Devotions [analyzes Dominican writings, including those by Giovanni Dominici, that emphasized spirituality in patrician households and sought to minimize nuns' ties with their families].
Source: Gender and Society in Renaissance Italy.   Edited by Judith C. Brown and Robert C. Davis .   Longman, 1998. Magistra , 4., 2 (Winter 1998):  Pages 173 - 192.
Year of Publication: 1998.

94. Record Number: 6503
Author(s): Musacchio, Jacqueline Marie.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Medici-Tornabuoni "Desco da Parto" in Context [the author argues that the large and elaborately painted birth tray now in the Metropolitan Museum was given by Piero de Medici to his wife Lucrezia Tornabuoni on the birth of their son, Lorenzo de Medici; the author explores the production and use of birth trays in the celebration of childbirth in post-plague Italy].
Source: Metropolitan Museum Journal , 33., ( 1998):  Pages 137 - 151.
Year of Publication: 1998.

95. Record Number: 6294
Author(s): Rouse, Robert Allen.
Contributor(s):
Title : eyn ganss truwe frunt: Frauen und Kinder also Opfer männlicher Freundschaftstreue in zwei Exempln des Grossen Seelentrostes
Source: Neophilologus , 82., 3 ( 1998):  Pages 425 - 433.
Year of Publication: 1998.

96. Record Number: 3053
Author(s): Kittell, Ellen E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Guardianship over Women in Medieval Flanders: A Reappraisal
Source: Journal of Social History , 31., 4 (Summer 1998):  Pages 897 - 930.
Year of Publication: 1998.

97. Record Number: 2972
Author(s): Chojnacki, Stanley.
Contributor(s):
Title : Daughters and Oligarchs: Gender and the Early Renaissance State [argues that the state intervened to define the roles of men and women; studies the efforts to keep nuns' convents chaste and respectable, to control the ever rising cost of dowries, and to control the members of the male elite].
Source: Gender and Society in Renaissance Italy.   Edited by Judith C. Brown and Robert C. Davis .   Longman, 1998. Journal of Social History , 31., 4 (Summer 1998):  Pages 63 - 86. Republished in slightly altered form as Gender and the Early Renaissance State. By Stanley Chojnacki. Women and Men in Renaissance Venice: Twelve Essays on Patrician Society. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000. Pages 27-52.
Year of Publication: 1998.

98. Record Number: 3077
Author(s): Sullivan, Joseph M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Brother Hermann's "Iolande": A Tale of Ideal Female Spirituality
Source: Monatshefte , 90., 2 (Summer 1998):  Pages 161 - 175.
Year of Publication: 1998.

99. Record Number: 3507
Author(s): Parsons, John Carmi.
Contributor(s):
Title : Que Nos in Infancia Lactauit: The Impact of Childhood Care-Givers on Plantagenet Family Relationships in the Thirteenth and Early Fourteenth Centuries [topics discussed include the concern of the royal parents, the efforts made to integrate children into their birth families, and the loyalty adult children felt for their caregivers and their families].
Source: Women, Marriage, and Family in Medieval Christendom: Essays in Memory of Michael M. Sheehan, C.S.B.   Edited by Constance M. Rousseau and Joel T. Rosenthal .   Western Michigan University, 1998. Monatshefte , 90., 2 (Summer 1998):  Pages 289 - 324.
Year of Publication: 1998.

100. Record Number: 3508
Author(s): Haskett, Timothy S.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Curteys Women in Chancery: The Legacy of Henry and Rye Brown [the author examines two wills from a husband and a wife along with a Chancery bill from five female relatives of the husband who ask for help in obtaining some property wrongly appropriated by the husband's executor; appendices include the requests and directions of Henry Browne and Rye Browne, and an edition of the Chancery bill from the Curteys women].
Source: Women, Marriage, and Family in Medieval Christendom: Essays in Memory of Michael M. Sheehan, C.S.B.   Edited by Constance M. Rousseau and Joel T. Rosenthal .   Western Michigan University, 1998. Monatshefte , 90., 2 (Summer 1998):  Pages 349 - 398.
Year of Publication: 1998.

101. Record Number: 2224
Author(s): Stasser, Thierry.
Contributor(s):
Title : Adélaïde d'Anjou, sa famille, ses unions, sa descendance
Source: Moyen Age , 103., 1 ( 1997):  Pages 9 - 52.
Year of Publication: 1997.

102. Record Number: 2736
Author(s): Rivers, Theodore John.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Legal Status of Widows in Late Anglo-Saxon England [argues that widows at this time had exceptional opportunities under the protection of the king and lords; the author argues that the power of kin over widows was diminished based in part on the examples of widows' inheritance of bookland].
Source: Medievalia Et Humanistica New Series , 24., ( 1997):  Pages 1 - 16.
Year of Publication: 1997.

103. Record Number: 3292
Author(s): Clifton-Everest, John M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Wolfram und Statius: Zum Namen "Antikonie" und zum VIII [achten] Buch von "Parzival."
Source: Zeitschrift für deutsche Philologie , 116., ( 1997):  Pages 321 - 351.
Year of Publication: 1997.

104. Record Number: 3299
Author(s): Poppe, Andrzej.
Contributor(s):
Title : Theophana von Novgorod
Source: Byzantinoslavica , 58., 1 ( 1997):  Pages 131 - 158.
Year of Publication: 1997.

105. Record Number: 6667
Author(s): Kent, Francis W.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sainted Mother, Magnificent Son: Lucrezia Tornabuoni and Lorenzo de' Medici
Source: Italian History and Culture , 3., ( 1997):  Pages 3 - 34.
Year of Publication: 1997.

106. Record Number: 2324
Author(s): Smail, Daniel Lord.
Contributor(s):
Title : Démanteler le patrimoine. Les femmes et les biens dans la Marseille médiévale
Source: Annales : Histoire, Sciences Sociales , 52., 2 (mars-avril 1997):  Pages 343 - 368.
Year of Publication: 1997.

107. Record Number: 2887
Author(s): Jäschke, Kurt-Ulrich.
Contributor(s):
Title : From Famous Empresses to Unspectacular Queens: The Romano-German Empire to Margaret of Brabant, Countess of Luxemburg and Queen of the Romans (d. 1311) [the appendices discuss Habsburg burials at Gaming, Vienna, and Stams; Appendix Two lists the empresses and queens in the Romano-German empire to 1324.].
Source: Queens and Queenship in Medieval Europe: Proceedings of a Conference Held at King's College London, April 1995.   Edited by Anne J. Duggan .   Boydell Press, 1997. Annales : Histoire, Sciences Sociales , 52., 2 (mars-avril 1997):  Pages 75 - 108.
Year of Publication: 1997.

108. Record Number: 2735
Author(s): Payne, Paddy and Caroline Barron
Contributor(s):
Title : The Letters and Life of Elizabeth Despenser, Lady Zouche (d. 1408) [her letters and will provide a glimpse of her personal concerns regarding family, household and servants, business affairs, and religion; appendices include an English translation of her will, a calendar of documents by or about Lady Elizabeth, and texts of her letters, 1402-1403].
Source: Nottingham Medieval Studies , 4., ( 1997):  Pages 126 - 156.
Year of Publication: 1997.

109. Record Number: 2508
Author(s): Stoertz, Fiona Harris.
Contributor(s):
Title : Relationships Between Parents and their Absent Adolescent Offspring in the High Middle Ages [briefly considers contact between parents and children who were away because of marriage, apprenticeship, education at universities, or entrance into a monastery].
Source: Medieval Feminist Newsletter , 24., (Fall 1997):  Pages 38 - 42.
Year of Publication: 1997.

110. Record Number: 2666
Author(s): Richardson, Malcolm.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women, Commerce, and Rhetoric in Medieval England [analyzes women's business letters, primarily from the collections of the Paston, Stonor, and Plumpton families; many of these gentry women were left in charge of the family estates while their husbands stayed in London on business].
Source: Listening to Their Voices: The Rhetorical Activities of Historical Women.   Edited by Molly Meijer Wertheimer .   University of South Carolina Press, 1997. Medieval Feminist Newsletter , 24., (Fall 1997):  Pages 133 - 149.
Year of Publication: 1997.

111. Record Number: 2206
Author(s): Livingstone, Amy
Contributor(s):
Title : Noblewomen's Control of Property in Early Twelfth-Century Blois-Chartres
Source: Medieval Prosopography , 18., ( 1997):  Pages 55 - 71.
Year of Publication: 1997.

112. Record Number: 1968
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Chaucer's "St. Anne Trinity" : Devotion, Dynasty, Dogma, and Debate [cults and literary allusions toSaint Anne, her daughter, the Virgin Mary, and her grandson, Jesus Christ ; the author relates them to religious and social issues including the debate over the Immaculate Conception, the sanctity and worth of marriage, and the new model of the mother as saint].
Source: Studies in Philology , 94., 4 (Fall 1997):  Pages 395 - 416.
Year of Publication: 1997.

113. Record Number: 2387
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage and Mutiliation: Vendetta in Late Medieval Italy [analysis of the events that triggered a vendetta, among which was the dishonor of having one's intended bride given to another].
Source: Past and Present (Full Text via JSTOR) 157 (November 1997): 3-36. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1997.

114. Record Number: 2643
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Late Medieval Care and Control of Women: Jean Gerson and His Sisters [Gerson wrote a series of letters and treatises for his six sisters in which he outlined a life devoted to virginity and to prayer in the family home; he specifically told them not to join a religious house for women; texts by Gerson discussed in the article are: "Sept enseignements et autres extraits du Traité sur l'excellence de la virginité" (after 1395), "Neuf considerations" (late 1390s), "Montaigne de contemplation" (1399 or 1400), "Onze ordonnances" (after June 1401), and "Dialogue spirituel" (1407 or 1408)].
Source: Revue d'Histoire Ecclésiastique , 92., 1 (janvier-mars 1997):  Pages 5 - 37.
Year of Publication: 1997.

115. Record Number: 2003
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Review Essay: Family and Law in Late Medieval and Renaissance Florence [three recent books by Molho, Stern, and Trexler].
Source: Historian , 59., 2 (Winter 1997):  Pages 406 - 410.
Year of Publication: 1997.

116. Record Number: 1998
Author(s): Emigh, Rebecca Jean.
Contributor(s):
Title : Land Tenure, Household Structure, and Age at Marriage in Fifteenth-Century Tuscany
Source: Journal of Interdisciplinary History (Full Text via JSTOR) 27, 4 (Spring 1997): 613-635. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1997.

117. Record Number: 2408
Author(s): Popkin, Beate.
Contributor(s):
Title : Wives, Mothers, and Witches: The Learned Discourse about Women in Early Modern Europe [book reviews][review of four recent titles, one of which concerns the Middle Ages while the rest deal with the early modern period].
Source: Journal of Women's History , 9., 3 (Autumn 1997):  Pages 193 - 202.
Year of Publication: 1997.

118. Record Number: 2335
Author(s): Skinner, Patricia.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Light of My Eyes: Medieval Motherhood in the Mediterranean
Source: Women's History Review , 6., 3 ( 1997):  Pages 391 - 410.
Year of Publication: 1997.

119. Record Number: 1918
Author(s): Schulman, N. M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Husband, Father, Bishop? Grosseteste in Paris [suggests, based on a bequest of a house, that Grosseteste may have lived in Paris for over twenty years and had a wife and three children; the article includes a edition of the bequest from the cartulary of Sainte-Opportune].
Source: Speculum (Full Text via JSTOR) 72, 2 (April 1997): 330-346. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1997.

120. Record Number: 1811
Author(s): Archibald, Elizabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gold in the Dungheap: Incest Stories and Family Values in the Middle Ages
Source: Journal of Family History , 22., 2 (April 1997):  Pages 133 - 149.
Year of Publication: 1997.

121. Record Number: 3680
Author(s): Jambeck, Karen K.
Contributor(s):
Title : Patterns of Women's Literary Patronage: England, 1200- ca.1475 [The author argues that many noble women managed their estates while their husbands were away or deceased; in order to train their daughters they patronized literature that reflected female capacity and self-worth.]
Source: The Cultural Patronage of Medieval Women.   Edited by June Hall McCash .   University of Georgia Press, 1996. Reading Medieval Studies , 22., ( 1996):  Pages 228 - 265.
Year of Publication: 1996.

122. Record Number: 620
Author(s): Parker, Deborah.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women in the Book Trade in Italy, 1475- 1620
Source: Renaissance Quarterly (Full Text via JSTOR) 49, 3 (Autumn 1996): 509-511. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1996.

123. Record Number: 684
Author(s): McKenna, Elizabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Was There a Political Role For Women in Medieval Ireland?: Lady Margaret Butler and Lady Eleanor MacCarthy
Source: The Fragility of Her Sex?: Medieval Irishwomen in Their European Context.   Edited by Christine Meek and Katherine Simms .   Four Courts Press, 1996.  Pages 163 - 174.
Year of Publication: 1996.

124. Record Number: 756
Author(s): Rusconi, Roberto.
Contributor(s):
Title : St. Bernardino of Siena, the Wife, and Possessions [St. Bernardino's sermons on the ethical aspects of marriage].
Source: Women and Religion in Medieval and Renaissance Italy.   Edited by Daniel Bornstein and Roberto Rusconi. Trans. by Margery J. Schneider .   University of Chicago Press, 1996.  Pages 182 - 196. Originally published as "S. Bernardino da Siena, la donna e la 'roba'" in Mistiche e devote nell'Italia tardomedievale. Edited by Daniel Bornstein and Roberto Rusconi (Liguori Editore, 1992). Pages 171-186.
Year of Publication: 1996.

125. Record Number: 816
Author(s): Warr, Cordelia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Painting in Late Fourteenth Century Padua: The Patronage of Fina Buzzacarini
Source: Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 10., 2 (June 1996):  Pages 139 - 155.
Year of Publication: 1996.

126. Record Number: 823
Author(s): Bestor, Jane Fair.
Contributor(s):
Title : Bastardy and Legitimacy in the Formation of a Regional State in Italy: The Estense Succession
Source: Comparative Studies in Society and History (Full Text via JSTOR) 38, 3 (July 1996): 549-585. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1996.

127. Record Number: 2772
Author(s): Brunner, Karl.
Contributor(s):
Title : Leopold III. von Österreich. Wege zur Heiligkeit
Source: Homme: Zeitschrift für feministische Geschichtswissenschaft , 7., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 34 - 45.
Year of Publication: 1996.

128. Record Number: 741
Author(s): Molho, Anthony, Roberto Barducci, Gabriella Battista and Francesco Donnini
Contributor(s):
Title : Genealogy and Marriage Alliance: Memories of Power in Late Medieval Florence [Giovanni Rucellai's genealogies from 1457 and 1476 differ; the former emphasizes male descent, while the latter focuses on women who married into the Rucellai; it is suggested that the 1476 genealogy was intended to help Giovanni's grandsons identify relatives from the female side who could render favors during times of financial need.]
Source: Portraits of Medieval and Renaissance Living: Essays in Honor of David Herlihy.   Edited by Samual K. Cohn, Jr. and Steven A. Epstein .   University of Michigan Press, 1996. Italian History and Culture , 3., ( 1997):  Pages 39 - 70.
Year of Publication: 1996.

129. Record Number: 2987
Author(s): Edwards, Carolyn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Dynastic Sanctity in Two Early Medieval Women's "Lives" [Hathumoda, abbess of Gandersheim, and St. Mathilde, pious widow of Henry I].
Source: Medieval Family Roles: A Book of Essays.   Edited by Cathy Jorgensen Itnyre .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Homme: Zeitschrift für feministische Geschichtswissenschaft , 7., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 3 - 19.
Year of Publication: 1996.

130. Record Number: 3590
Author(s): Rosenthal, Joel T.
Contributor(s):
Title : Looking for Grandmother: The Pastons and Their Counterparts in Late Medieval England
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Homme: Zeitschrift für feministische Geschichtswissenschaft , 7., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 259 - 277.
Year of Publication: 1996.

131. Record Number: 7447
Author(s): Piccinni, Gabriella.
Contributor(s):
Title : Le Donne nella vita economica, sociale e politica dell'Italia medievale [The historiography of women and work in Italy now gives more attention to the Middle Ages and to regional studies which cast light on local differences. The documentation is incomplete, especially where a woman's work may be lumped together with her husband's or their kin. This is particularly true of artisan work in cities and towns. Women also were intensively involved in agriculture. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Il Lavoro delle donne.   Edited by Angela Groppi .   Storia delle donne in Italia. Editori Laterza, 1996. Homme: Zeitschrift für feministische Geschichtswissenschaft , 7., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 5 - 46.
Year of Publication: 1996.

132. Record Number: 7448
Author(s): Chabot, Isabelle.
Contributor(s):
Title : Risorse e diritti patrimoniali [The Black Death (1348) frequently put wealth into the hands of women by killing off male heirs. Subsequent efforts to limit a daughter's property to her dowry was counterbalanced by inheritance through wills. Roman law gave women an equal claim on an inheritance, but Italian statutes severely limited that right. The cities also were slow to let women inherit where any male heirs existed. Birth families often struggled with husbands over control of the daughter's dowry and had to claim restitution if the husband predeceased the wife. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Il Lavoro delle donne.   Edited by Angela Groppi .   Storia delle donne in Italia. Editori Laterza, 1996. Homme: Zeitschrift für feministische Geschichtswissenschaft , 7., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 47 - 70.
Year of Publication: 1996.

133. Record Number: 546
Author(s): Kuehn, Thomas.
Contributor(s):
Title : Understanding Gender Inequality in Renaissance Florence: Personhood and Gifts of Maternal Inheritance by Women
Source: Journal of Women's History , 8., 2 (Summer 1996):  Pages 58 - 80.
Year of Publication: 1996.

134. Record Number: 1778
Author(s): Gwara, Joseph J.
Contributor(s):
Title : A New Epithalamial Allegory by Juan de Flores: "La coronacíon de la Señora Gracisla" (1475) [argues that the text was written by Juan de Flores and staged as a puppet show for children, since it celebrated the betrothal of Leonor de Acuña (aged 6 to 10 years) and Pedro Alvarez Osorio (aged around 13 years)].
Source: Revista de Estudios Hispánicos , 30., 2 (Mayo 1996):  Pages 227 - 257.
Year of Publication: 1996.

135. Record Number: 744
Author(s): White, Stephen D.
Contributor(s):
Title : Clotild's Revenge: Politics, Kinship, and Ideology in the Merovingian Blood Feud [the Frankish- Burgundian feud was a cultural scheme and a political process that accomplished many different goals].
Source: Portraits of Medieval and Renaissance Living: Essays in Honor of David Herlihy.   Edited by Samual K. Cohn, Jr. and Steven A. Epstein .   University of Michigan Press, 1996. Revista de Estudios Hispánicos , 30., 2 (Mayo 1996):  Pages 107 - 130.
Year of Publication: 1996.

136. Record Number: 681
Author(s): Affeldt, Werner.
Contributor(s):
Title : The English Noblewoman and Her Family in the Later Middle Ages [surviving sources show that family relations spanned a wide range of feeling].
Source: The Fragility of Her Sex?: Medieval Irishwomen in Their European Context.   Edited by Christine Meek and Katherine Simms .   Four Courts Press, 1996. Revista de Estudios Hispánicos , 30., 2 (Mayo 1996):  Pages 119 - 135.
Year of Publication: 1996.

137. Record Number: 2769
Author(s): Goetz, Hans-Werner.
Contributor(s):
Title : Nomen feminile: Namen und Namengebung der Frauen im frühen Mittelalter
Source: Francia , 23., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 99 - 134.
Year of Publication: 1996.

138. Record Number: 772
Author(s): Stuard, Susan Mosher.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Swift Coming of Age: History of Medieval Women [trends in scholarship and publication with five specific titles reviewed].
Source: Journal of Women's History , 8., 3 (Fall 1996):  Pages 228 - 241.
Year of Publication: 1996.

139. Record Number: 707
Author(s): Christelow, Stephanie Mooers.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Division of Inheritance and the Provision of Non- Inheriting Offspring Among the Anglo- Norman Elite [study of some fifty families over three generations with an emphasis on the careers of younger children through marriage, the Church, and royal service].
Source: Medieval Prosopography , 17., 2 (Autumn 1996):  Pages 3 - 44.
Year of Publication: 1996.

140. Record Number: 685
Author(s): Rosenwein, Barbara H.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Family Politics of Berengar I, King of Italy (888-924) [Berengar gave gifts and privileges to three groups: important women, loyal friends at court, and sometime allies beyond the Adda].
Source: Speculum (Full Text via JSTOR) 71,2 (April 1996): 247-289. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1996.

141. Record Number: 743
Author(s): Rosenwein, Barbara H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Friends and Family, Politics and Privilege in the Kingship of Berengar I [among the recipients and petitioners were his wife, Queen Bertilla, daughter Berta, abbess of San Salvatore di Brescia, and son-in-law Adalbert, married to daughter Gisla].
Source: Portraits of Medieval and Renaissance Living: Essays in Honor of David Herlihy.   Edited by Samual K. Cohn, Jr. and Steven A. Epstein .   University of Michigan Press, 1996.  Pages 91 - 106.
Year of Publication: 1996.

142. Record Number: 3595
Author(s): Partner, Nancy F.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Family Romance of Guibert of Nogent: His Story/ Her Story
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996.  Pages 359 - 379.
Year of Publication: 1996.

143. Record Number: 814
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : David Herlihy (1930-1991)
Source: Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 10., 1 (March 1996):  Pages 126 - 128.
Year of Publication: 1996.

144. Record Number: 682
Author(s): Meek, Christine E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women, Dowries, and the Family in Late Medieval Italian Cities [emphasis is on upper class families with a brief consideration of artisans and peasants].
Source: The Fragility of Her Sex?: Medieval Irishwomen in Their European Context.   Edited by Christine Meek and Katherine Simms .   Four Courts Press, 1996. Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 10., 1 (March 1996):  Pages 136 - 152.
Year of Publication: 1996.

145. Record Number: 5543
Author(s): Ferroul, Yves.
Contributor(s):
Title : Origine familiale de trois comtesses de Pallars
Source: Anuario de Estudios Medievales , 26., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 3 - 18.
Year of Publication: 1996.

146. Record Number: 952
Author(s): Gradowicz- Pancer, Nira.
Contributor(s):
Title : Papa, mama, l' abbé et moi. "Conversion morum" et pathologie familiale d' après les sources hagiographiques du haut Moyen Age [suggests that young men joined monasteries in search of an ideal father figure, the abbot, because their own fathers were absent or harsh; mothers in the sources were, for the most part, nurturing and encouraged their sons' religious vocations].
Source: Moyen Age , 102., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 7 - 25.
Year of Publication: 1996.

147. Record Number: 2988
Author(s): Classen, Albrecht.
Contributor(s):
Title : Family Life in the High and Late Middle Ages: The Testimony of German Literary Sources
Source: Medieval Family Roles: A Book of Essays.   Edited by Cathy Jorgensen Itnyre .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Moyen Age , 102., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 39 - 65.
Year of Publication: 1996.

148. Record Number: 746
Author(s): Epstein, Steven A.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Medieval Family: A Place of Refuge and Sorrow [examples of violence, exploitation, and incest in Genoese families; also looks at entries in Giovanni Balbi's dictionary relating to family].
Source: Portraits of Medieval and Renaissance Living: Essays in Honor of David Herlihy.   Edited by Samual K. Cohn, Jr. and Steven A. Epstein .   University of Michigan Press, 1996. Moyen Age , 102., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 149 - 171.
Year of Publication: 1996.

149. Record Number: 2995
Author(s): Cuesta, María Luzdivina.
Contributor(s):
Title : Notes on Family Relationships in Medieval Castilian Narrative
Source: Medieval Family Roles: A Book of Essays.   Edited by Cathy Jorgensen Itnyre .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Moyen Age , 102., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 197 - 224.
Year of Publication: 1996.

150. Record Number: 813
Author(s): Clough, Cecil H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Daughters and Wives of the Montefeltro: Outstanding Bluestockings of the Quattrocento [discusses their learning, roles in public life, and Christian devotion].
Source: Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 10., 1 (March 1996):  Pages 31 - 55.
Year of Publication: 1996.

151. Record Number: 2432
Author(s): Sayers, William.
Contributor(s):
Title : Principled Women, Pressured Men: Nostalgia in "Fljótsdœla saga" [the last of the family sagas recalls an age in which heroic women and active men struggled for honor and material advantage].
Source: Reading Medieval Studies , 22., ( 1996):  Pages 21 - 62.
Year of Publication: 1996.

152. Record Number: 3593
Author(s): LoPrete, Kimberly A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Adela of Blois as Mother and Countess
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Reading Medieval Studies , 22., ( 1996):  Pages 313 - 333.
Year of Publication: 1996.

153. Record Number: 2993
Author(s): Archibald, Elizabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Appalling Dangers of Family Life: Incest in Medieval Literature [The author analyzes saints' lives, exempla, adventure stories, and romances].
Source: Medieval Family Roles: A Book of Essays.   Edited by Cathy Jorgensen Itnyre .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Reading Medieval Studies , 22., ( 1996):  Pages 157 - 171.
Year of Publication: 1996.

154. Record Number: 3679
Author(s): Shadis, Miriam.
Contributor(s):
Title : Piety, Politics, and Power: The Patronage of Leonor of England and Her Daughters Berenguela of Léon and Blanche of Castile [The author argues that Leonor and her daughters used patronage as a means to power, authority, and piety; they did this to ensure the power of their families and lineage, hence their active efforts to memorialize their dead].
Source: The Cultural Patronage of Medieval Women.   Edited by June Hall McCash .   University of Georgia Press, 1996. Reading Medieval Studies , 22., ( 1996):  Pages 202 - 227.
Year of Publication: 1996.

155. Record Number: 163
Author(s): Dinn, Robert.
Contributor(s):
Title : Monuments Answerable to Men's Worth: Burial Patterns, Social Status, and Gender in Late Medieval Bury St. Edmunds
Source: Journal of Ecclesiastical History , 46., 2 (Apr. 1995):  Pages 237 - 255.
Year of Publication: 1995.

156. Record Number: 243
Author(s): Réal, Isabelle.
Contributor(s):
Title : Vie et "Vita" de sainte Ségolène, abbesse du Troclar au VIIe siècle
Source: Moyen Age , 101., 40241 ( 1995):  Pages 384 - 406.
Year of Publication: 1995.

157. Record Number: 256
Author(s): Watson, Laura.
Contributor(s):
Title : Disposal of Paston Daughters [Family plans for boarding and for marriage.]
Source: Sovereign Lady: Essays on Women in Middle English Literature.   Edited by Muriel Whitaker .   Garland Publishing, 1995. Moyen Age , 101., 40241 ( 1995):  Pages 45 - 62.
Year of Publication: 1995.

158. Record Number: 655
Author(s): Drell, Joanna H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Family Structure in the Principality of Salerno During the Norman Period, 1077- 1154 [extent of kin groups, for both noble and non- noble families, that participated in the management of family properties].
Source: Anglo-Norman Studies , 18., ( 1995):  Pages 79 - 103.
Year of Publication: 1995.

159. Record Number: 1065
Author(s): Greilsammer, Myriam.
Contributor(s):
Title : Autour de la maison: trois études sur l' univers de la famille au Moyen Âge [Verdon's Les Françaises pendant la guerre de Cent Ans, Klapisch- Zuber's La Maison et le nom, and Shahar's Childhood in the Middle Ages].
Source: Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Historie , 73., 1 ( 1995):  Pages 409 - 432.
Year of Publication: 1995.

160. Record Number: 1545
Author(s): Patlagean, Evelyne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Une sainte souveraine grecque: Theodora impératrice d'Épire (XIIIe siècle) [political and social background of Theodora's "Vita"].
Source: Byzantinoslavica , 56., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 453 - 460.
Year of Publication: 1995.

161. Record Number: 1572
Author(s): Johns, Susan.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Wives and Widows of the Earls of Chester, 1100-1252: The Charter Evidence [focuses on their power to make land transactions, particularly in support of the Church].
Source: The Haskins Society Journal , 7., ( 1995):  Pages 117 - 132.
Year of Publication: 1995.

162. Record Number: 1617
Author(s): Akel, Catherine S.
Contributor(s):
Title : Familial Structure in the Religious Relationships and Visionary Experiences of Margery Kempe [argues that Margery, like other female mystics, created her own family of supportive clerics and lay believers ; furthermore familial ties with Jesus and Mary allowed Margery to achieve the kind or reconciliation and love that she had not found in her earthly family].
Source: Studia Mystica New Series , 16., 1 ( 1995):  Pages 116 - 132.
Year of Publication: 1995.

163. Record Number: 1618
Author(s): Vickers, Noreen.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Social Class of Yorkshire Medieval Nuns [evidence taken from charters, visitations, and wills].
Source: Yorkshire Archaeological Journal , 67., ( 1995):  Pages 127 - 132.
Year of Publication: 1995.

164. Record Number: 2765
Author(s): Goez, Elke.
Contributor(s):
Title : Die Markgrafen von Canossa und die Klöster
Source: Deutsches Archiv , 51., ( 1995):  Pages 83 - 114.
Year of Publication: 1995.

165. Record Number: 2821
Author(s): Maître, Jacques.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sainte Catherine de Sienne: patronne des anorexiques?
Source: CLIO, Histoire, Femmes et Sociétés , 2., ( 1995):  Pages 109 - 132.
Year of Publication: 1995.

166. Record Number: 3729
Author(s): Herlihy, David.
Contributor(s):
Title : Did Women Have a Renaissance? A Reconsideration [the author asks if women enjoyed a higher social status and more favorable treatment at the end of the Middle Ages; the author argues that the usual negative response does not take into consideration the many charismatic women who challenged the prevailing hierarchies].
Source: Women, Family, and Society in Medieval Europe: Historical Essays, 1978-1991.   Edited by David Herlihy .   Berghahn Books, 1995. CLIO, Histoire, Femmes et Sociétés , 2., ( 1995):  Pages 33 - 56. Earlier published in Studies in Church History 27 (1990): 53-78.
Year of Publication: 1995.

167. Record Number: 3733
Author(s): Herlihy, David.
Contributor(s):
Title : Santa Caterina and San Bernardino: Their Teachings on the Family
Source: Women, Family, and Society in Medieval Europe: Historical Essays, 1978-1991.   Edited by David Herlihy .   Berghahn Books, 1995. CLIO, Histoire, Femmes et Sociétés , 2., ( 1995):  Pages 174 - 192. The article was originally published in Atti del simposio internazionale Cateriniano- bernardiniano. Siena, 17-20 aprile 1980 a cura di Domenico Maffei e Paolo Nardi. Accademia senese degli Intronati, 1982. 917-933.
Year of Publication: 1995.

168. Record Number: 6779
Author(s): Kiefer, Lauren.
Contributor(s):
Title : My Family First: Draft-dodging Parents in the "Confessio Amantis" [The author examines the theme of men's bonds to their children and wives in Books Three, Four, and Five of the "Confessio Amantis," concentrating on the stories of Ulysses and Namplus who were devoted to their sons].
Source: Essays in Medieval Studies , 12., ( 1995):  Pages 1 - 5. and 1-2 (notes) [in the electronic version available through Project Muse]. Issue title: Children and the Family in the Middle Ages.
Year of Publication: 1995.

169. Record Number: 6781
Author(s): Steuer, Susan M. B.
Contributor(s):
Title : Family Strategies in Medieval London: Financial Planning and the Urban Widow, 1123-1473 [the author uses the published edition of the cartulary of St. Bartholomew's Hospital to trace the help given to widows not just aid to needy widows but also taking over property management and making retirement arrangements for well-to-do widows who lacked family support].
Source: Essays in Medieval Studies , 12., ( 1995):  Pages 1 - 4. and 1-2 (notes) [in the electronic version available through Project Muse]. Issue title: Children and the Family in the Middle Ages.
Year of Publication: 1995.

170. Record Number: 8587
Author(s): Kennedy, Craig.
Contributor(s):
Title : Fathers, Sons, and Brothers: Ties of Metaphorical Kinship Between the Muscovite Grand Princes and the Tatar Elite [The author examines the connections established between Muscovite princes and Mongol allies. He argues that the hierarchy in family relationships was useful for conveying political status. Since both cultures gave similar meanings to birth order and age, it worked well. In some cases multiple connections (e.g. son and brother) were established when the relationship was somehwat ambiguous. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Harvard Ukrainian Studies , 19., ( 1995):  Pages 292 - 301. Kamen' Kraeog "I'n": Rhetoric of the Medieval Slavic World: Essays Presented to Edward L. Keenan on His Sixtieth Birthday by His Colleagues and Students. Edited by Nancy Shields Kollmann, Donald Ostrowski, Andrei Pliguzov, and Daniel Rowland.
Year of Publication: 1995.

171. Record Number: 15
Author(s): Henderson, John.
Contributor(s):
Title : Miraculous Childbirth and the Portinari Altarpiece
Source: Art Bulletin (Full Text via JSTOR) 77, 2 (June 1995): 249-261. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1995.

172. Record Number: 324
Author(s): Nicholas, David.
Contributor(s):
Title : Child and Adolescent Labour in the Late Medieval City: A Flemish Model in Regional Perspective
Source: English Historical Review (Full Text via JSTOR) 110 (Nov. 1995): 1103-1131. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1995.

173. Record Number: 432
Author(s): Duby, Georges.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and Power [the ways in which aristocratic women in northern France took part in the power of command and of punishment].
Source: Cultures of Power: Lordship, Status, and Process in Twelfth-Century Europe.   Edited by Thomas N. Bisson .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1995.  Pages 69 - 85.
Year of Publication: 1995.

174. Record Number: 438
Author(s): Howell, Martha.
Contributor(s):
Title : Rewriting Marriage in Late Medieval Douai [from emphasis on the conjugal pair to the interests of the next generation].
Source: Romanic Review , 86., 2 (March 1995):  Pages 307 - 337. Special issue: The Production of Knowledge: Institutionalizing Sex, Gender, and Sexualiity in Medieval Discourse. Ed. by Kathryn Gravdal.
Year of Publication: 1995.

175. Record Number: 6732
Author(s): Kruk, Remke.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ibn Battuta: Travel, Family Life, and Chronology: How Seriously Do We Take a Father? [the author analyzes Ibn Battuta's mentions of women and children in his text, finding that he enjoys the company of women, both his wives and his slaves; although he leaves his wives behind on his travels, he appears to have an interest in his wives and children since he sometimes returns to visit or sends them money].
Source: Al-Qantara , 16., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 369 - 384.
Year of Publication: 1995.

176. Record Number: 2299
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : An Introduction to the "Vita Beatricis"
Source: Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women. Book One. Medieval Religious Women Volume Three.   Edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, O.S.C.O Cistercian Studies Series .   Cistercian Publications, 1995. Al-Qantara , 16., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 345 - 359.
Year of Publication: 1995.

177. Record Number: 429
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Saint Anne: A Holy Grandmother and Her Children
Source: Sanctity and Motherhood: Essays on Holy Mothers in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Anneke B. Mulder-Bakker Garland Medieval Casebooks, 14.   Garland Publishing, 1995. Al-Qantara , 16., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 31 - 65.
Year of Publication: 1995.

178. Record Number: 29
Author(s): Smith, Julia M H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Problem of Female Sanctity in Carolingian Europe c. 780-920
Source: Past and Present (Full Text via JSTOR) 146 (Feb. 1995): 3-37. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1995.

179. Record Number: 5036
Author(s): Mineo, E. Igor.
Contributor(s):
Title : Formazione delle élites urbane nella Sicilia del tardo medioevo: Matrimonio e sistemi di successione [Sicilian customs of inheritance recognized the rights of male and female kin and granted women wide property rights; by the fourteenth century the nobility favored the paternal line, but urban inheritances frequently followed customary norms; eventually the desire to conserve patrimony led to wider imitation of feudal practices, excluding daughters from inheriting; daughters were given dowries, and only sons could share in the family inheritance].
Source: Quaderni Storici , 1 (aprile 1995):  Pages 9 - 41.
Year of Publication: 1995.

180. Record Number: 1006
Author(s): Reisinger, Roman.
Contributor(s):
Title : Les Femmes Catalanes à travers leurs testaments (938-1131)
Source: La Femme dans l' histoire et la société méridionales (IXe-XIXe S.): Actes du 66e congrés. .   Fédération historique du Languedoc méditerranéen et du Roussillon, 1995. Quaderni Storici , 1 (aprile 1995):  Pages 91 - 101.
Year of Publication: 1995.

181. Record Number: 5579
Author(s): de Visser- van Terwisga, Marijke.
Contributor(s):
Title : Les Portugais dans l'entourage de la duchesse de Bourgogne Isabelle de Portugal (1430- 1471) [the Appendix presents a transcript dated May 6, 1453, of the marriage contract between Béatrice of Coïmbre, niece of the duchess Isabel, and Adolphe of Clèves, nephew of Duke Philip the Good; both uncle and aunt endowed the bride generously with land, money, and luxury goods].
Source: Revue du Nord , 77., 310 (avril-juin 1995):  Pages 321 - 343.
Year of Publication: 1995.

182. Record Number: 275
Author(s): Nassiet, Michel.
Contributor(s):
Title : Parenté et successions dynastiques aux 14e et 15e siècles
Source: Annales : Histoire, Sciences Sociales , 50., 3 (Mai-Juin 1995):  Pages 621 - 644.
Year of Publication: 1995.

183. Record Number: 574
Author(s): Olson, Sherri.
Contributor(s):
Title : Families Have Their Fate and Periods: Varieties of Family Experience in the Pre-Industrial Village [case studies of twelve families in the village of Ellington. After 1350 there is a dramatic decrease in the number of women's names in the village records].
Source: The Salt of Common Life: Individuality and Choice in the Medieval Town, Countryside, and Church: Essays Presented to J. Ambrose Raftis.   Edited by Edwin Brezette DeWindt Studies in Medieval Culture, 36.   Medieval Institute Publications, Western Michigan University, 1995. Annales : Histoire, Sciences Sociales , 50., 3 (Mai-Juin 1995):  Pages 409 - 448.
Year of Publication: 1995.

184. Record Number: 431
Author(s): Spijker, Ineke van’t.
Contributor(s):
Title : Family Ties: Mothers and Virgins in the Ninth Century [saints Waudru de Mons, her sister, Aldegonde de Maubeuge, and Rictrude de Marchiennes].
Source: Sanctity and Motherhood: Essays on Holy Mothers in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Anneke B. Mulder-Bakker Garland Medieval Casebooks, 14.   Garland Publishing, 1995. Annales : Histoire, Sciences Sociales , 50., 3 (Mai-Juin 1995):  Pages 164 - 190.
Year of Publication: 1995.

185. Record Number: 34
Author(s): McKee, Sally.
Contributor(s):
Title : Households in Fourteenth-Century Venetian Crete
Source: Speculum (Full Text via JSTOR) 70 (1995): 27-67. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1995.

186. Record Number: 2767
Author(s): Pohl-Resl, Brigitte.
Contributor(s):
Title : Vorsorge, Memoria und soziales Ereignis: Frauen als Schenkerinnen in den bayerischen und alemannischen Urkunden des 8. und 9. Jahrhunderts
Source: Mitteilungen des Instituts für österreichische Geschichtsforschung , 103., 40241 ( 1995):  Pages 265 - 287.
Year of Publication: 1995.

187. Record Number: 1950
Author(s): Negredo, Navas A. and Elisa Cifuentes Pérez
Contributor(s):
Title : The Paston Letters: Marriage and Family
Source: Papers from the VII International Conference of the Spanish Society for Medieval English Language & Literature. .  1994. Harvard Ukrainian Studies , 19., ( 1995):  Pages 207 - 215.
Year of Publication: 1994.

188. Record Number: 2123
Author(s): Goodich, Michael.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sexuality, Family, and the Supernatural in the Fourteenth Century [the author looks at saints' miracles for evidence of familial problems involving illicit sexuality or violence; the supernatural comes into play both as the cause of the problem (temptaion by the devil, bewitching love potions, or evil magic) and its miraculous solution (the intervention of the saint or holy person following pious vows and prayers by family members)].
Source: Journal of the History of Sexuality , 4., 4 (April 1994):  Pages 493 - 516.
Year of Publication: 1994.

189. Record Number: 2642
Author(s): Settipani, Christian.
Contributor(s):
Title : Les origines maternelles du comte de Bourgogne Otte- Guillaume. Nouvelle synthèse [traces the current research on Ermentrude, Otto Guillaume's wife, Gerberge, Otto Guillaume's mother, and Adélaïde, Otto Guillaume's grandmother; the author also proposes that Adélaïde descended from a marriage between the families of the duke of Saxony and the king of Burgundy].
Source: Annales de Bourgogne , 66., (janvier-décembre 1994):  Pages 5 - 63.
Year of Publication: 1994.

190. Record Number: 2718
Author(s): Sabaté, Flocel.
Contributor(s):
Title : Femmes et violence dans la Catalogne du XIVe siècle
Source: Annales du Midi , 106., 207 (juillet-septembre 1994):  Pages 277 - 316.
Year of Publication: 1994.

191. Record Number: 16623
Author(s): Klapisch-Zuber, Christiane
Contributor(s):
Title : Les femmes dans les rituels de l'alliance et de la naissance à Florence [Christiane Klapisch-Zuber explores Florentine women's roles in rituals celebrating marriage and childbirth. She looks in particular at the meanings of "cassoni" (wedding chests) and "deschi da parto" (painted plates associated with the birth of children). She frequently finds situations in which the needs of the patrilineage and family honor trump the concerns of wives, mothers, and their natal families. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Riti e rituali nelle società medievali.   Edited by Jacques Chiffoleau, Lauro Martines, and Agostino Paravicini Bagliani .   Centro Italiano di Studi sull'Alto Medioevo, 1994. Annales du Midi , 106., 207 (juillet-septembre 1994):  Pages 3 - 22.
Year of Publication: 1994.

192. Record Number: 5348
Author(s): Klapisch-Zuber, Christiane.
Contributor(s):
Title : Albero genealogico e construzione della parentela nel Rinascimento [Florentines of all classes had their sense of family lineage, one molded by their ideas of gender relations; patrimony ordinarily was transmitted through the male line, and family records often ignored daughters; kin by marriage or in the maternal line are acknowledged but are given less attention than are blood kin in the paternal line in records left by maels; females, where they have left documentation, were more open to mentioning kin by marriage or in the meternal line].
Source: Quaderni Storici , 2 (agosto 1994):  Pages 405 - 420.
Year of Publication: 1994.

193. Record Number: 4912
Author(s): Posa, Carmel
Contributor(s):
Title : Responses to Issue 16: Towards a Complete Medieval History [The author argues that historians need to consider Jewish families together with Christian families in order to arrive at a complete medieval social history].
Source: Medieval Feminist Newsletter , 17., (Spring 1994):  Pages 9 - 10.
Year of Publication: 1994.

194. Record Number: 1542
Author(s): Klassen, John M.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Challenge of Marriage through the Eyes of a Fifteenth Century Noble Woman
Source: Husitství-Reformace-Renesance. Sborník K 60. narozeninám Frantis?ka S?mahela.   Edited by Jaroslav Pánek, Miloslav Polívka, and Noemi Rejchrtová in collaboration with Jaroslav Boubín and Jaroslav Láník Práce Historického Ústavu Cav Opera Instituti Historici Pragae .   Historicky ustav, 1994. Medieval Feminist Newsletter , 17., (Spring 1994):  Pages 649 - 660.
Year of Publication: 1994.

195. Record Number: 2848
Author(s): Sommé, Monique.
Contributor(s):
Title : Des Alliances liées à la procréation: Les fonctions du mariage dans les Pays-Bas Bourguignons [based on the writings of four chroniclers, Jean, lord of Haynin, Mathieu d'Escouchy, Jacques du Clercq, and Olivier, lord of La Marche].
Source: Mediaevistik , 7., ( 1994):  Pages 11 - 69.
Year of Publication: 1994.

196. Record Number: 1537
Author(s): Lauranson- Rosaz, Christian.
Contributor(s):
Title : Les origines d'Odon de Cluny [The author argues that Ava, wife of Abbo, is the mother of St. Odo; includes the Latin text and French translation of a charter in which Ava donates many properties to Saint Pierre de Maurs].
Source: Cahiers de Civilization Médiévale , 37., ( 1994):  Pages 255 - 270.
Year of Publication: 1994.

197. Record Number: 1372
Author(s): Rheubottom, David B.
Contributor(s):
Title : Genealogical Skewing and Political Support: Patrician Politics in Fifteenth-Century Ragusa (Dubrovnik)
Source: Continuity and Change , 9., 3 (December 1994):  Pages 369 - 390.
Year of Publication: 1994.

198. Record Number: 9537
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Pope Innocent III and Familial Relationships of Clergy and Religious [The author draws on the letters of Pope Innocent III (1198-1216) to answer these questions: "Did Innocent permit illegitimate children, especially those of the major clergy, to receive ecclesiastical offices and benefices when they reached maturity? What was the papal position when the nuclear or extended family attempted to provide support for its children, nephews, and other kin? Did the pope intervene in any way to aid in the maintenance of these individuals?" (page 108).].
Source: Studies in Medieval and Renaissance History , ( 1993):  Pages 105 - 148.
Year of Publication: 1993.

199. Record Number: 8101
Author(s): Ruiz-Domenec, José Enrique.
Contributor(s):
Title : Genealogie femminili e genealogie maschili nel romanzo cortese [Arthurian romances, particularly those of the Grail, frequently emphasize the maternal line of the hero's descent. Perceval in the work of Chrétien de Troyes is a notable example. Later writers sometimes shifted the genealogical emphasis to the paternal line or sought equilibrium between the two. Ecclesiastical norms reinforced the emphasis on paternal descent. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Quaderni Storici , 2 (agosto 1993):  Pages 311 - 339.
Year of Publication: 1993.

200. Record Number: 8735
Author(s): Kleimola, Ann M.
Contributor(s):
Title : In Accordance with the Canons of the Holy Apostles: Muscovite Dowries and Women’s Property Rights [The author argues that women’s property rights and management responsibilities through both dowries and inheritance increased during the sixteenth century but were significantly restricted in the following century. The chief concern became to allot all l
Source: Russian Review (Full Text via JSTOR) 51, 2 (April 1992): 204-229. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1992.

201. Record Number: 8579
Author(s): Mitchell, Linda E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Noble Widowhood in the Thirteenth Century: Three Generations of Mortimer Widows, 1246-1334 [The author looks at three generations of noble widows in Wales, considering the important roles they held in the public sphere. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Upon My Husband's Death: Widows in the Literature and Histories of Medieval Europe.   Edited by Louise Mirrer Studies in Medieval and Early Modern Civilization .   University of Michigan Press, 1992. Quaderni Storici , 2 (agosto 1993):  Pages 169 - 190.
Year of Publication: 1992.

202. Record Number: 9528
Author(s): Mitchell, Linda E.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Lady is a Lord: Noble Widows and Land in Thirteenth-Century Britain [Independent noble widows were common in medieval England; many chose to remain single after the death of a husband, thereby holding large amounts of land and maintaining control over their families and their tenants. These women actively participated in the public sphere, and social class carried greater importance than gender in defining their roles. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 18., 1 (Winter 1992):  Pages 71 - 97.
Year of Publication: 1992.

203. Record Number: 9532
Author(s): Laiou, Angeliki E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Addendum to the Report of the Role of Women in Byzantine Society [The author makes a short addition to her earlier article "The Role of Women in Byzantine Society" (Record #9531). Laiou briefly discusses new directions for research in Byzantine women's history. The article was originally published in Jahrbuch der Österreichischen Byzantinistik 31, 1 (1982): 198-204. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Gender, Society, and Economic Life in Byzantium. Angeliki E. Laiou Variorum Collected Studies Series .   Ashgate, 1992.  Pages 198 - 204. Earlier published in Studies in Church History 27 (1990): 53-78.
Year of Publication: 1992.

204. Record Number: 9533
Author(s): Laiou, Angeliki E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Observations on the Life and Ideology of Byzantine Women [The author briefly examines texts written by Byzantine women including wills. She looks at greater length at women who endowed monasteries and at the lives women led within convents. The article was originally published in Byzantinische Forschungen 9 (1985): 59-102. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Gender, Society, and Economic Life in Byzantium. Angeliki E. Laiou Variorum Collected Studies Series .   Ashgate, 1992.  Pages 59 - 102. Earlier published in Studies in Church History 27 (1990): 53-78.
Year of Publication: 1992.

205. Record Number: 9536
Author(s): Laiou, Angeliki E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Contribution à l'étude de l'institution familiale en Épire au XIIIème siècle [The author uses legal opinions from Demetrios Chomatenos and John Apokaukos to identify important trends in the history of the family in Epirus. Laiou argues that there was more flexibility in practice, citing divorce, concubines and illegitimate children, than the law would seem to suggest. The Appendix presents the Greek texts of two acts on divorce by Demetrios Chomatenos. The Article was originally published in Forschungen zur byzantinischen Rechtsgeschichte, 6 (1984): 275-323. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Gender, Society, and Economic Life in Byzantium. Angeliki E. Laiou Variorum Collected Studies Series .   Ashgate, 1992.  Pages 275 - 323. Earlier published in Studies in Church History 27 (1990): 53-78.
Year of Publication: 1992.

206. Record Number: 10742
Author(s): Jacob, Robert.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mobilité sociale et coutumes familiales dans la France du nord et dans les Pays-Bas méridionaux [The author discusses broad trends in family strategies for marriage and inheritance. Jacob concludes that in the Low Countries conditions favored the natal family's interests over the marital couple in conserving wealth and social position. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Marriage and Social Mobility in the Late Middle Ages/Marriage et mobilité sociale au bas moyen-âge. Handelingen van het colloquieum gehouden te Gent op 18 april 1988.   Edited by W. Prevenier Studia Historica Gandensia .   Department of History of the Arts Faculty of the University of Gent, 1992. Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 18., 1 (Winter 1992):  Pages 50 - 59. Second printing, revised and corrected by the editor
Year of Publication: 1992.

207. Record Number: 11431
Author(s): Wood, Charles T.
Contributor(s):
Title : The First Two Queens Elizabeth, 1464-1503 [The author analyzes the careers of Elizabeth Woodville and her daughter, Elizabeth of York. Wood argues that their complicated allegiances to family put enormous obstacles in their way of exercising sovereignty. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women and Sovereignty.   Edited by Louise Olga Fradenburg. Cosmos: The Yearbook of the Traditional Cosmology Society, volume 7 Cosmos: The Yearbook of the Traditional Cosmology Society, 7.   Edinburgh University Press, 1992. Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 18., 1 (Winter 1992):  Pages 121 - 131.
Year of Publication: 1992.

208. Record Number: 10247
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Margery Kempe and King’s Lynn [King’s Lynn, Kempe’s hometown in East Anglia, played a central role in shaping her self-image. Home, family, social networks, and domestic space are key concerns for Kempe, whose “Book” expresses a tension between the desire for inclusion (acceptance by the townspeople) and the simultaneous desire to be excluded by society (in order to have her special social status acknowledged). Kempe’s double perspective resolves the perceived opposition between her guarded, private married life and her highly active public life. The article includes two appendices (a list of the citizens of King’s Lynn and a list of Kempe’s neighbors) and a map of medieval King’s Lynn. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Margery Kempe: A Book of Essays.   Edited by Sandra J. McEntire .   Garland Publishing, 1992. Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 18., 1 (Winter 1992):  Pages 139 - 163.
Year of Publication: 1992.

209. Record Number: 10772
Author(s): Housington, Brenda M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mélusines de France et d'Outremanche: Portraits of Women in Jean d'Arras, Coudrette, and Their Middle English Translators
Source: A Wyf Ther Was: Essays in Honour of Paule Mertens-Fonck.   Edited by Juliette Dor .   English Department, University of Liège, 1992. Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 18., 1 (Winter 1992):  Pages 199 - 208.
Year of Publication: 1992.

210. Record Number: 10745
Author(s): Danneel, Marianne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Orphanhood and Marriage in Fifteenth-Century Ghent [The author examined municipal records concerning orphans in regard to inventories of goods, contested guardianship, and marriage. Orphan girls with property were especially vulnerable to ill-advised courtships and forced marriages. Both sets of natal kin were generally concerned that orphans make the best matches, so that the family patrimony would be well administered. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Marriage and Social Mobility in the Late Middle Ages/Marriage et mobilité sociale au bas moyen-âge. Handelingen van het colloquieum gehouden te Gent op 18 april 1988.   Edited by W. Prevenier Studia Historica Gandensia .   Department of History of the Arts Faculty of the University of Gent, 1992. Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 18., 1 (Winter 1992):  Pages 123 - 139. Second printing, revised and corrected by the editor
Year of Publication: 1992.

211. Record Number: 10521
Author(s): Vecchio, Silvana.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Good Wife [Pastoral literature aimed at women helped spread church doctrine on women’s duties in marriage, often using examples from the lives of virtuous Biblical figures like Sarah or of female saints. These writings and others (like sermons) support the Aristotelian doctrine of marriage as a relationship between unequal partners; the wife must be faithful and submit to the will of her husband. The article also provides an overview of social views on the role of the husband as master and guide to the wife and family as well as the wife’s supplemental role in household management and the education and raising of children. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: A History of Women in the West. Volume 2: Silences of the Middle Ages.   Edited by Christiane Klapisch-Zuber .   Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1992. Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 18., 1 (Winter 1992):  Pages 105 - 135.
Year of Publication: 1992.

212. Record Number: 6460
Author(s): Nardi, Carlo.
Contributor(s):
Title : La "Leggenda riccardiana" di Santa Maria all' Impruneta: un anonimo oppositore del pievano Stefano alla fine del Trecento? [The image of Mary at Santa Maria all' Impruneta came to be attributed to Saint Luke; foundation of the shrine was dated by the "Leggenda" to the reign of Pope Urban II with an image created by a painter named "Luca;" the "Leggenda" gives an unusually accurate description of the image of the Virgin and Child, and it reuses earlier material in its discussion of the history of the shrine; the text also reflects the eventual displacement of other local patrons by the Buondelmonte family; the article concludes with three transcriptions from the "Storia di Santa Maria dell' Impruneta"].
Source: Archivio Storico Italiano , 149., ( 1991):  Pages 503 - 551.
Year of Publication: 1991.

213. Record Number: 11802
Author(s): Freccero, Carla.
Contributor(s):
Title : Economy, Woman, and Renaissance Discourse [Using Marxist theory, the author argues that patriarchal ideology is particularly visible in Renaissance writings on education and family. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Refiguring Woman: Perspectives on Gender and the Italian Renaissance.   Edited by Marilyn Migiel and Juliana Schiesari .   Cornell University Press, 1991. Continuity and Change , 6., 3 (December 1991):  Pages 192 - 210.
Year of Publication: 1991.

214. Record Number: 11222
Author(s): Saller, Richard.
Contributor(s):
Title : European Family History and Roman Law
Source: Continuity and Change , 6., 3 (December 1991):  Pages 335 - 346.
Year of Publication: 1991.

215. Record Number: 11223
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The European Family and Canon Law
Source: Continuity and Change , 6., 3 (December 1991):  Pages 347 - 360.
Year of Publication: 1991.

216. Record Number: 11221
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Christianity and Endogamy
Source: Continuity and Change , 6., 3 (December 1991):  Pages 295 - 333.
Year of Publication: 1991.

217. Record Number: 11805
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Cold Are the Counsels of Women: The Revengeful Woman in Icelandic Family Sagas [The author argues that the large number of vengeful female characters in Icelandic sagas indicates the existence of a stereotype, one which should receive more scholarly attention. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women as Protagonists and Poets in the German Middle Ages: An Anthology of Feminist Approaches to Middle High German Literature.   Edited by Albrecht Classen .   Kümmerle Verlag, 1991. Continuity and Change , 6., 3 (December 1991):  Pages 1 - 27.
Year of Publication: 1991.

218. Record Number: 11214
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Why Found a Medieval Cistercian Nunnery? [Isabel de Aubigny, Countess of Arundel, was a noble-born English woman who established a Cistercian monastery in the thirteenth century. Isabel’s husband and many close relatives died when she was young, and she chose to remain a widow. After a series of additional family deaths, Isabel used the dowry she had been given by her father upon her marriage in order to establish a Cistercian nunnery. She had many motivations for founding the monastery: religious convictions (doing charity to benefit her soul in the afterlife), economic and political goals (disposing of estates), and social aspirations and responsibilities (maintaining family honor and increasing her social prestige). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Prosopography , 12., 1 (Spring 1991):  Pages 1 - 28.
Year of Publication: 1991.

219. Record Number: 11224
Author(s): Bonfield, Lloyd.
Contributor(s):
Title : Canon Law and Family Law in Medieval Western Christendom
Source: Continuity and Change , 6., 3 (December 1991):  Pages 361 - 374.
Year of Publication: 1991.

220. Record Number: 11219
Author(s): Kelly, H. Ansgar.
Contributor(s):
Title : Shades of Incest and Cuckoldry: Pandarus and John of Gaunt [The appendix includes a transcription and English translation of Pope Boniface IX’s Latin letter of dispensation for John of Gaunt and Katherine Swynford. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies in the Age of Chaucer , 13., ( 1991):  Pages 121 - 140.
Year of Publication: 1991.

221. Record Number: 8660
Author(s): McSheffrey, Shannon.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and Lollardy: A Reassessment [The author examines the role of women in the Lollard movement (a heretical sect in medieval England) by focusing on a Lollard community in fifteenth-century East Anglia. Members of this community believed that women as well as men could become preachers; they held that marriage was a private affair that did not need solemnization in church; and many social factors, such as the influence of one’s immediate social circle, compelled both men and women to join the movement. The author explores the court records of two female Lollards, Hawise Mone and Margery Baxter, and shows them to be assertive and daring women. Nonetheless, the author concludes that women were not any more involved in the Lollard movement than they were in orthodox religion. Title note supplied by Feminae].
Source: Canadian Journal of History , 26., ( 1991):  Pages 199 - 223.
Year of Publication: 1991.

222. Record Number: 13262
Author(s): Crum, Roger J. and David G. Wilkins
Contributor(s):
Title : In the Defense of Florentine Republicanism: Saint Anne and Florentine Art, 1343-1575 [After Walter of Brienne was expelled from Florence on her feast, Saint Anne became a patron saint of Florence. Her feast was a public holiday, and a chapel was built in her honor. Anne's cult was especially popular whenever the Florentine commune was threatened, including by the Medici. When the Medici triumphed, they coopted the saint to watch over their family's rule. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Interpreting Cultural Symbols: Saint Anne in Late Medieval Society.   Edited by Kathleen Ashley and Pamela Sheingorn .   The University of Georgia Press, 1990. Archivio Storico Italiano , 149., ( 1991):  Pages 131 - 168.
Year of Publication: 1990.

223. Record Number: 8484
Author(s): Deug- Su, I.
Contributor(s):
Title : La "Vita Rictrudis" di Ubaldo di Saint- Amand: un'agiografia intellettuale e i santi imperfetti [Hucbald of Saint Amand described Saint Rictrude of Marchiennes in terms not entirely derived from traditional hagiography. Her difficulties dealing with her mother are particularly individualized. Hucbald's portraits of the saint and her family reveal their imperfections as well as their virtues. The reader is left to judge their qualities and achievements. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studi Medievali , 31., 2 (Dicembre 1990):  Pages 545 - 582.
Year of Publication: 1990.

224. Record Number: 12697
Author(s): Jessee, W. Scott.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Missing Capetian Princess: Advisa, Daughter of King Robert II of France [Historical sources are inconsistent on the number and names of the daughters of the Capetian King Robert II of France. One of Robert's daughters was married off to Raynald, Count of Nevers, in order to build an alliance between the Capetian dynasty and the family of Nevers. The author identifies this daughter as Advisa, who married Raynald sometime after January 1016. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Prosopography , 11., 2 (Autumn 1990):  Pages 1 - 15.
Year of Publication: 1990.

225. Record Number: 13263
Author(s): Sheingorn, Pamela.
Contributor(s):
Title : Appropriating the Holy Kinship: Gender and Family History [The descent of Jesus could be traced in the male line from Jesse, father of King David, or in the female line from the family of Saint Anne. Late medieval pictures of the Holy Kinship focus on Anne as grandmother with her daughters, the three Marys, and their young children. These mothers were important, however, only because of their male children. There was a gradual shift away from this Kinship to male-oriented nuclear families, especially when the Trinubium Annae was challenged by reforming scholars. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Interpreting Cultural Symbols: Saint Anne in Late Medieval Society.   Edited by Kathleen Ashley and Pamela Sheingorn .   The University of Georgia Press, 1990. Medieval Prosopography , 11., 2 (Autumn 1990):  Pages 169 - 198.
Year of Publication: 1990.

226. Record Number: 12699
Author(s): Brown, David Alan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Leonardo and the Ladies with the Ermine and the Book [Although Isabella d'Este and Cecilia Gallerani were both active, fashionable, and learned patrons of letters, Leonardo da Vinci (who was patronized by both) depicts the women very differently in his paintings. Cecilia appears in Leonardo's "Lady with the Ermine" as a lively woman whose gaze faces the viewer, but Isabella d'Este appears in Leonardo's drawings as more stately and reserved, sometimes pointing at a book. Isabella likely played a large role in shaping her own image in her portraits, preferring more formal and Classical motifs including the profile pose. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Artibus et Historiae , 11., 21 ( 1990):  Pages 47 - 61.
Year of Publication: 1990.

227. Record Number: 12750
Author(s): LoPrete, Kimberly A.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Anglo-Norman Card of Adela of Blois [Adela occupied a high social status and power by virtue of her royal blood (she was the daughter of William the Conqueror), her role as the Countess of Blois, Chartres, and Meaux, and her position as the mother of Stephen, future King of England. She exerted authority as family head, accumulating land holdings and inheritance claims for the family by negotiating marriage alliances between her own family (the Thebaudians) and other powerful dynasties. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Albion , 22., 4 (Winter 1990):  Pages 567 - 589.
Year of Publication: 1990.

228. Record Number: 12799
Author(s): Meyer, Marc A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Early Anglo-Saxon Penitentials and the Position of Women [The author argues that, although women in Anglo-Saxon culture were subjugated to men, examining penitential books from the period reveals an elevation in the position and status of women in the family. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: The Haskins Society Journal , 2., ( 1990):  Pages 47 - 61.
Year of Publication: 1990.

229. Record Number: 12801
Author(s): Edbury, Peter
Contributor(s):
Title : Women in Orderic Vitalis [The author argues that, in his writing, Orderic treated women as part of the social order, not as a class apart; Orderic also showed women acting, albeit in limited roles, in his society. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Haskins Society Journal , 2., ( 1990):  Pages 105 - 121. Reprinted in Piety, Power, and History in Medieval England and Normandy. By Marjorie Chibnall. Ashgate Variorum, 2000. Article 6
Year of Publication: 1990.

230. Record Number: 13260
Author(s): Gibson, Gail McMurray.
Contributor(s):
Title : Saint Anne and the Religion of Childbed: Some East Anglian Texts and Talismans [The feast of Saint Anne existed in England before it received official recognition in 1382. East Anglian devotion to Anne focused on family ties and childbirth. Osbern Bokenham's poems about Anne were written for Katherine Denston, who desired vainly the birth of a son. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Interpreting Cultural Symbols: Saint Anne in Late Medieval Society.   Edited by Kathleen Ashley and Pamela Sheingorn .   The University of Georgia Press, 1990. The Haskins Society Journal , 2., ( 1990):  Pages 95 - 110.
Year of Publication: 1990.

231. Record Number: 12698
Author(s): Turner, Ralph V.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Children of Anglo-Norman Royalty and Their Upbringing [Although royals did demonstrate affection toward their children (both legitimate and illegitimate), aristocratic parents did not consider childcare their primary responsibility. Although noblewomen participated in the education of children, they saw other roles as more important: supervising household affairs, acting as regents when their husbands were away, giving birth to heirs, and negotiating marriage alliances for their sons and daughters. Many other people (including household servants, nurses, and relatives) shared the responsibility of childrearing. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Prosopography , 11., 2 (Autumn 1990):  Pages 17 - 52.
Year of Publication: 1990.

232. Record Number: 15599
Author(s): Freed, John B.
Contributor(s):
Title : German Source Collections: The Archdiocese of Salzburg as a Case Study [The author uses printed source collections to study the women of the Pettau family, an extremely successful group of archiepiscopal ministerials, who served the archbishops of Salzburg as bondsmen. Freed concludes that the male family members married up in social status, while the females did not. He also found that women generally retained a good deal of control over thier property. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Women and the Sources of Medieval History.   Edited by Joel T. Rosenthal .   University of Georgia Press, 1990. Medieval Prosopography , 11., 2 (Autumn 1990):  Pages 80 - 121.
Year of Publication: 1990.

233. Record Number: 15604
Author(s): Loengard, Janet Senderowitz.
Contributor(s):
Title : Legal History and the Medieval Englishwoman Revisited [The author surveys recent scholarship on English law and medieval women. She analyzes important articles, signals noteworthy trends, and suggests areas which need more research. Loengard notes in particular the contributions made by social and economic historians beyond the publishing venues of legal history. Part of this essay was earlier published as "Legal History and the Medieval Englishwoman: A Fragmented View" in "Law and History Review" 4 (1986): 161-178. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Women and the Sources of Medieval History.   Edited by Joel T. Rosenthal .   University of Georgia Press, 1990. Medieval Prosopography , 11., 2 (Autumn 1990):  Pages 210 - 236.
Year of Publication: 1990.

234. Record Number: 12804
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Terms of Kindred, or Kindred on Good and Bad Terms: Parzival's Vulgar Slaying of His Father's "Neve" Ither [The author interrogates the meaning of the polysemous term “neve” (which can mean grandson, nephew, or cousin) as it relates to kinship ties in Parzival. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Forum for Modern Language Studies , 26., 2 ( 1990):  Pages 160 - 184.
Year of Publication: 1990.

235. Record Number: 15595
Author(s): Bedos, Rezak, Brigitte
Contributor(s):
Title : Medieval Women in French Sigillographic Sources [The author analyzes surviving seals used to authenticate the owners' agreements on charters and other documents. The iconography falls into three categories: 1) Images on women's Seals, 2) Female representations on women's seals, 3) Female representations on other seals. The article was later republished in Form and Order in Medieval France: Studies in Social and Quantitative Sigillography. By Brigitte Bedos-Rezak. Variorum, 1993. Article 10. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Medieval Women and the Sources of Medieval History.   Edited by Joel T. Rosenthal .   University of Georgia Press, 1990. Forum for Modern Language Studies , 26., 2 ( 1990):  Pages 1 - 36.
Year of Publication: 1990.

236. Record Number: 11192
Author(s): Harris, Barbara J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Property, Power, and Personal Relations: Elite Mothers and Sons in Yorkist and Early Tudor England [Women were often marginalized by patriarchal power structures that placed the father at the head of the family, but the birth of a son often elevated the wife’s position. Since the first son was greatly valued in a system of primogenitural inheritance, noble mothers often had close emotional ties to their sons. The political and social future of the family often rested on the mother’s ability to manage the household, display the family’s wealth and status, and negotiate marriages and other alliances for the family’s children. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society (Full Text via JSTOR) 15, 3 (Spring 1990): 606-632. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1990.

237. Record Number: 28573
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Allegory of August with Three Decans
Source: Albion , 22., 4 (Winter 1990):
Year of Publication:

238. Record Number: 28732
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Maria Maddalena Portinari
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/55/Hans_Memling_044.jpg/250px-Hans_Memling_044.jpg
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239. Record Number: 28739
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Woman with Ermine
Source:
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240. Record Number: 28748
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Three Decans of March
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/55/Marzo,_francesco_del_cossa,_14.jpg/250px-Marzo,_francesco_del_cossa,_14.jpg
Year of Publication:

241. Record Number: 28814
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : April: Triumph of Venus
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/ab/Aprile%2C_francesco_del_cossa%2C_06.jpg/250px-Aprile%2C_francesco_del_cossa%2C_06.jpg
Year of Publication:

242. Record Number: 28822
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Isidore of Seville presents his work to Florentine (or Florentina), his sister
Source:
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243. Record Number: 28829
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Geoffrey Luttrell Prepares for Battle
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/ff/LuttrellPsalterFol202vGeoffLutrellMounted.jpg/250px-LuttrellPsalterFol202vGeoffLutrellMounted.jpg
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244. Record Number: 28841
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Pallas and the Centaur
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Palas_y_el_Centauro.jpg/250px-Palas_y_el_Centauro.jpg
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245. Record Number: 28843
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Scenes from Old and New Testaments
Source:
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246. Record Number: 28948
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Manuel II Palaiologos, Byzantine Emperor, and His Family Blessed by the Virgin and Christ Child
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/archive/1/1d/20110602224629%21Manuel_II_Helena_sons.JPG/250px-Manuel_II_Helena_sons.JPG
Year of Publication:

247. Record Number: 28951
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : St. Margaret and Mary Magdalene with Maria Portinari
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fd/Hugo_van_der_goes_portinari_triptych_right.jpg/250px-Hugo_van_der_goes_portinari_triptych_right.jpg
Year of Publication:

248. Record Number: 30909
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Primavera (Spring)
Source:
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249. Record Number: 30923
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Luttrell Family at Table
Source:
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250. Record Number: 30962
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Visitation
Source:
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251. Record Number: 31115
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Camera picta (Camera degli sposi): Ludovico Gonzaga, his Family and Court
Source:
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252. Record Number: 31180
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Panel from the Humility Polyptych - Umilta resuscitates a dead child
Source:
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253. Record Number: 31221
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Holy Family at Work: Opening Image for Saturday Hours of the Virgin, Sext
Source:
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254. Record Number: 32130
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Tristan Embraces King Mark
Source:
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255. Record Number: 32144
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Margaret Irby's Daughters
Source:
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256. Record Number: 37213
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Woman who leaves her husband’s house
Source:
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257. Record Number: 37559
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Beatrice d'Este from the Pala Sforzesca (Sforza Altarpiece)
Source:
Year of Publication: