Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


  • Record Number: 1795
  • Author(s)/Creator(s): Keen , Maurice.
  • Contributor(s):
  • Title: Heraldry and the Medieval Gentlewoman [The author provides a brief overview of the importance of women's descent in heraldic arms in medieval England. While the cases of noble women predominate, Keen also discusses gentry families like the Pastons. Note that the article is written for a general audience and does not include footnotes. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
  • Source: History Today 53, 3 (March 2003): Pages 21 - 27.
  • Description:
  • Article Type: Journal Article
  • Subject (See Also): Family Genealogy Heraldry Noble Women
  • Award Note:
  • Geographic Area: British Isles
  • Century: 12- 13- 14- 15
  • Primary Evidence:
  • Illustrations: Thirteen figures. Figure One Seal of Rohesia de Clare (d. 1152) who used the de Clare chevrons even after her marriage to the Earl of Lincoln. Figure Two Manuscript illumination of Richard Neville and his wife Alice Montagu, heiress of Sailsbury, from Writhe's Garter Book, 1483/4. She displays her natal arms on the sinister side of her mantle (color picture). Figure Three Seal and counter seal (1282) of Dervorguilla de Balliol, the counter seal shows her natal arms on the dexter side, taking precedence over those of her husband. Figure Four The marks of cadency, distinguishing the birth order of sons, from the "Strangways' Book" circa 1450. Figure Five An eighteenth century drawing of the counter seal (1139) of Waleran de Meulan, with the arms he inherited from his mother, Isabel de Vermandois. Figure Six Manuscript page showing Anne, duchess of Bedford (Bedford Book of Hours, 1424). The shield beneath displays the Bedford arms and Anne's arms of Burgundy (in color). Figure Seven Manuscript illumination of Ralph de Monthermer, Earl of Gloucester, with his wife Jean of Acre, daughter of Edward I, from the Salisbury Roll, circa 1464. Jean's robe shows her father's arms on the sinister side (in color). Figure Eight Illustration of Robert the Bruce and his second wife, daughter of the Earl of Ulster, from "Seton's Armorial Crests." She holds a quartered shield with arms (in color). Figure Nine Church brass of Robert Ingelton (d. 1472), Chancellor of the Exchequer, with his three wives (Buckinghamshire, Thornton Church). All four figures have a shield with arms above their heads. Figure Ten Illustration of two knights fighting in a tournament. Their clothing and the coverings on their horses all bear their arms (in color). Figure Eleven Manuscript illumination of Jesus with arms from the Hyghalmen Roll (in color). Figure Twelve Two shields from the Paston Family: above Paston on the dexter with Barry on the sinister and below Paston on the dexter with Somerton on the sinister (in color). Figure Thirteen Manuscript illumination of Sir Geoffrey Luttrell being handed his helmet and shield by his wife, 14th century (Luttrell Psalter) (in color).
  • Table:
  • Abstract:
  • Author's Affiliation: Balliol College, University of Oxford [Emeritus Fellow]
  • Conference Info: - , -
  • Year of Publication: 2003.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN/ISBN: 00182753