Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


  • Record Number: 8952
  • Author(s)/Creator(s): Stones , Alison.
  • Contributor(s):
  • Title: Nipples, Entrails, Severed Heads, and Skin: Devotional Images for Madame Marie [the author argues that the Marie for whom Ms. 16251 was created was the noble woman Marie de Rethel who in 1266 became the third wife of Wautier d'Enghien; the author suggests that the many scenes of torture and death in the illustrations of Bible stories and saints' lives were intended to remind the viewer of Marie's roles as mother and wife].
  • Source: Image and Belief: Studies in Celebration of the Eightieth Anniversary of the Index of Christian Art.  Edited by Colum Hourihane.  Index of Christian Art, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University in association with Princeton University Press, 1999.  Pages 47 - 70.
  • Description:
  • Article Type: Essay
  • Subject (See Also): Devotional Practices Hagiography in Art Illumination of Manuscripts Lay Piety Madame Marie, Owner of a Devotional Picture Book Manuscripts- Ownership of Marie de Rethel, Wife of Wautier d'Enghien Noble Women Picture Books Violence in Art
  • Geographic Area: Low Countries
  • Century: 13
  • Related Resources:
  • Primary Evidence: Manuscript; Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Ms. n. a. fr. 16251. The manuscript originally contained ninety full-page miniatures. Madame Marie appeared in ten of the pictures.
  • Illustrations: Thirteen illustrations. Figure One Massacre of the Innocents (Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Ms. nouv. acq. fr. 16251, f. 24v.). Figure Two Massacre of the Innocents (Aix-en-Provence, Bibliothèque Méjanes, Ms. 15, f. XI). Figure Three Epitome of Tyranny (Valenciennes, Bibliothèque Municipale, Ms. 397, f. 90v). Figure Four Flaying of St. Bartholomew (Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Ms. nouv. acq. fr. 16251, f. 67v). Figure Five Skin man, (Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Ms. fr. 2030, f. 10v). Figure Six Torture of St. Agatha (Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Ms. nouv. acq. fr. 16251, f. 97v). Figure Seven Torture of St. Agatha (Carpentras Bibliothèque Inguimbertine, Ms. 77, f. 178v). Figure Eight Torture of St. Agatha (Collegeville, Minnesota, St. John's University, Ms. 44 (Bean Ms. 3), f. 24a). Figure Nine Evisceration of St. Vincent (Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Ms. nouv. acq. fr. 16251, f. 78r). Figure Ten Statue of St.Mamas (Langres, Cathedral Treasury). Figure Eleven Birth of Julius Caesar (Princeton, University Library, Ms. Garrett 128, f. 144r). Figure Twelve Dissection or autopsy scene (Oxford, Bodleian Library, Ms. Ashmole 399, f. 34r). Figure Thirteen Anatomical drawing (Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Ms. fr. 2030, f. 29r).
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  • Abstract:
  • Author's Affiliation: University of Pittsburgh
  • Conference Info: - , -
  • Year of Publication: 1999.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN/ISBN: 0691010021
  • Material/Technique :
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