Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


  • Title: Ivory Plaque with Christ Crowning Emperor Romanus II and Empress Eudokia (Bertha of Provence)
  • Creator:
  • Description: Christ stands between Emperor Romanus II (r. 959-963) and Empress Eudokia, who previously used the name Bertha of Provence. Both wear imperial costume. Christ places a hand on each ruler's crowned head, either as a sign of blessing or an act of coronation. While the object currently is dated to the 10th century, some scholars have made a case for an 11th-century dating.
  • Source: Wikimedia Commons
  • Rights: Gnu Free Documentation License
  • Subject (See Also): Byzantium Emperors Empresses Eudokia, Wife of Emperor Romanos II Portraits
  • Geographic Area: Eastern Mediterranean
  • Century: 10
  • Date:
  • Related Work: Ivory plaque of Emperor Otto II and Empress Theophanu influenced by this Byzantine work: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Otto_II_and_Theophanu.png?uselang=de
  • Current Location: Paris, Bibliotheque nationale de France, D├ępartement des Monnaies, M├ędailles et Antiques
  • Original Location:
  • Artistic Type (Category): Digital images; Sculptures
  • Artistic Type (Material/Technique): Ivory; Plaques
  • Donor:
  • Height/Width/Length(cm): 24.6 cm//
  • Inscription:
  • Related Resources: Bibliography concerning dating of object: Ioli Kalavrezou-Maxeiner, "Eudokia Makrembolitissa and the Romanos Ivory," Dumbarton Oaks Papers 31 (1977): 305-325; Anthony Cutler, "The Date and Significance of the Romanos Ivory" in Byzantine East, Latin West: