Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


  • Record Number: 18763
  • Author(s)/Creator(s): Lewis , Suzanne.
  • Contributor(s):
  • Title: The Apocalypse of Isabella of France: Paris, Bibl. Nat. MS Fr. 13096. The Appendix outlines the picture cycle and text of the manuscript, listing the text (by chapter and verse number) and subject matter of images on each folio [Title note supplied by Feminae].
  • Source: Art Bulletin 72, 2 (June 1990): Pages 224 - 260.
  • Description:
  • Article Type: Journal Article
  • Subject (See Also): Art History- Decorative Arts Apocalypse Bible- New Testament- Book of Revelation in Art Bibles Moralisees Commentary, Literary Genre Devotional Literature Devotional Objects Devotional Practices French Language Iconography Illumination of Manuscripts Imag
  • Geographic Area: British Isles;France
  • Century: 14
  • Related Resources:
  • Primary Evidence: Manuscript; Paris, Bibliotheque Nationiale MS Fr. 13096. Lavishly illustrated vernacular text and commentary of the Apocalypse probably produced in 1313 for Isabella of France, including a detailedcycle of miniatures. Text was copied most likely copied out by profess
  • Illustrations: Fifty Three Figures. Figure One “Philippe IV le Bel Enthroned with Queen Isabella of England, King Louis X of Navarre, Philippe~~le Long, Charles le Bel, and Charles of Valois,” from the Livre de Dina et Kalia (Paris, Bibliothque Nationale MS Lat. 8504, fol. 1v). Philip sits enthroned between his daughter Isabella and his son Louis. Figure Two Historiated Initial to Psalm 119 depicts Isabella of France kneeling between the shields of England and of France, from the Psalter of Queen Isabella (Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Cod. gall. 16, fol. 94). Figure Three “The Pouring of the Sixth Vial,” from the Apocalypse of Queen~~Isabella (Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 13096, fol. 50). Manuscript~~Illumination depicts a French king and English prince leading kings of the East at the battle of Armageddon, with the rulers of Castile and the German Empire below. Figure Four “John and the Elder,” from the Apocalypse of Queen Isabella (Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 13096, fol. 20v). Figure Five “Adoration of the Lamb,” from the Apocalypse of Queen Isabella~~(Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 13096, fol. 21v). Figure Six “Heavenly Jerusalem,” from the Apocalypse of Queen Isabella (Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 13096, fol. 82). Manuscript Illumination~~depicts a bishop and a French king kneeling before the image of the Lamb in the city of Jerusalem. Figure Seven “The Miraculous Coronation of Charlemagne by Angels,” from a collection of French poems made for Marie de Brabant, ca. 1300 (Paris, Bibliotheque de l’Arsenal MS 3142 fol. 229). Figure Eight “Baptism of Christ and a King Preaching before a Crowd,” from~~the Apocalypse of Queen Isabella (Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 13096, fol. 14v). Figure Nine “Christ in Majesty Adored by Saints and the Lamb Adored by Elders,” from the Apocalypse of Queen Isabella (Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 13096, fol. 15). Figure Ten “Torments of the Damned,” from the Apocalypse of Queen Isabella (Paris, Bibliotheque~~Nationale MS Fr. 13096, fol. 86v). Manuscript Illumination depicts a two~~headed monster eating sinners. Figure Eleven “Torments of the Damned,” from~~the Apocalypse of Queen Isabella (Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 13096, fol. 87). Manuscript Illumination depicts numerous demons physically torturing sinners with various instruments. Figure Twelve “Torments of the Damned and Author Portrait,” from the Apocalypse of Queen Isabella (Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 13096, fol. 87v). Manuscript Illumination depicts demons torturing nude sinners with various instruments, and below this a tonsured scribe sits at his desk writing. Figure Thirteen “The Last Judgment,” from the Apocalypse of Queen Isabella (Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 13096, fol. 76). Manuscript Illumination depicts Mary~~Magdalene and John the Baptist kneeling before a throne bearing an open book, and to the side of the throne are two crosses bearing a crown of thorns and a spear. Figure Fourteen “The Lord in Heaven Adored by Saints,” from the Apocalypse of Queen Isabella (Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 13096, fol. 85). Figure Fifteen “The Woman in the Sun,” from the Apocalypse of Queen Isabella (Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 13096, fol. 34). Manuscript Illumination depicts a robed woman holding the sun, and a rooster appears outside the border of the image. Figure Sixteen “The Last Judgment,” from the Apocalypse of Queen Isabella (Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 13096, fol. 75). Manuscript Illumination of Christ in~~Heaven above an open book is enclosed within a decorative border, the frame~~standing on a pair of human legs and feet planted on wooden stumps, and on the top margin are hands with salamander tails. Figure Seventeen “The Crucifixion,” from “La Somme le Roi” (Paris, Bibliotheque de l’Arsenal MS 6329, fol. 2). Figure Eighteen “Martyrdom of Saint Benedicta,” from “Vie de Saint Benoite” (Berlin, Staatliche Museen, Kupferstichkabinett MS 78.B.16,~~fol. 40). Figure Nineteen “Woman in the Sun Threatened by the Dragon,” from the Apocalypse of Queen Isabella (Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 13096, fol. 38v). Manuscript Illumination depicts a haloed John the Evangelist with his head resting on his had as he sits at a desk with an open scroll. Figure Twenty “War against the Woman’s Progeny,” from the Apocalypse of Queen Isabella (Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 13096, fol. 37). Figure Twenty One “Council of Kings in Babylon,” from the Apocalypse of Queen Isabella (Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 13096, fol. 58). Manuscript Illumination depicts ten kings aligned behind battlements of the walled city. Figure Twenty Two “Armageddon,” from the Apocalypse of Queen Isabella (Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 13096, fol. 51). Manuscript Illumination depicts John the Evangelist writing at a desk with an open scroll. The illustration on the facing page depicts Christ plunging down from the clouds holding a scroll while people below~~drink and play dice. Figure Twenty Three “The Four Winds,” from the Apocalypse of Queen Isabella (Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 13096, fol. 19). Manuscript Illumination depicts an angel holding a cross and four dark-faced angels holding gold vials, while below John the Evangelist writes at his desk next to a large wheel with twelve spokes. Figure Twenty~~Four “John of Patmos and His First Vision,” from the Apocalypse of Queen~~Isabella (Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 13096, fol. 3v). Manuscript~~Illustration depicts John seated with his hand on his cheek below a trumpeting angel, and John kneeling before Christ, who holds an open book in His hand and a sword in His mouth. Figure Twenty Five “First Vision,” from the Apocalypse (Basel, Burckhardt-Wildt Collection, Fol. 8).~~Manuscript Illumination depicts John kneeling with hands folded at the feet of the enthroned Christ, who holds a book in His hand and a sword in His mouth. Figure Twenty Six “Christ in Majesty and Adoration by the Twenty-four Elders,” from the Apocalypse of Queen Isabella (Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 13096, fol. 13). Manuscript Illumination~~features Christ holding a book attended by winged angels and Christ attended by elders throwing down their crowns. Figure Twenty Seven “Adoration by the Elders,” from the Apocalypse (Basel, Burckhardt-Wildt Collection, fol. 9). Manuscript Illumination depicts Christ holding an open book while elders at his feet throw down their crowns. Figure Twenty Eight “Massacre of the Witnesses and Rejoicing over Their Death,” from the~~Apocalypse of Queen Isabella (Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 13096, fol. 32). Manuscript Illumination features citizens gesturing toward unburied corpses lying within the walls of the city. Figure Twenty Nine “Rejoicing over the Dead Witnesses,” from the Apocalypse (Basel,~~Burckhardt-Wildt Collection, fol. 22v). Manuscript Illumination features citizens gesturing toward unburied corpses lying just outside the walls of the city. Figure Thirty “Distribution of Vials,” from the Apocalypse of Queen Isabella (Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 13096, fol. 47). Manuscript Illumination depicts a row of five standing angels, one of whom hands a golden vial to a haloed angel. Figure Thirty One “Distribution of Vials,” from the Apocalypse (Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale MS Lat. 10474, fol. 31v). Manuscript Illumination depicts a row of six standing angels, one of whom hands a golden vial to an eagle. Figure Thirty Two “John on~~Patmos and the Seven Churches of Asia,” from the Apocalypse of Queen Isabella (Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 13096, fol. 3). Manuscript Illumination depicts John sleeping on the ground while an winged angel trumpets into his ear, and in the upper half of the image are row of seven churches with high steeples. Figure Thirty Four “John on Patmos,” from the~~Apocalypse (Basel, Bruckhardt-Wildt Collection, fol. 7). Manuscript~~Illumination depicts John sleeping on the ground while an angel speaks to him from the heavens while holding an open scroll. Figure Thirty Five “The Seven Churches of Asia,” from the Apocalypse (Basel, Burckhardt-Wildt Collection, fol. 7v). Manuscript Illumination depicts seven churches with high steeples, with an angel standing on top of each church. Figure Thirty Six “John on Patmos and the Seven Churches,” from the Bible Moralisee~~(Vienna, Oesterreichische Nationalbibliothek MS 1179, fol. 223v). Manuscript Illumination depicts John sitting before an unrolled scroll holding a pen, and he gazes up at a trumpet descending form the heavens. Behind him are seven churches. Figure Thirty Seven “Adoration of the Lamb,” from the Apocalypse of Queen Isabella (Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 13096, fols. 19v-20). Christ in Heaven floats above the Lamb of God, who is~~adored by numerous kneeling angels and saints; some of the saints on the bottom left of the image (fol. 20) spill over into the illustration on the facing page (fol. 19v), which features an author portrait of John at his desk writing. Figure Thirty Eight “Fifth Trumpet,” from the Apocalypse of Queen Isabella (Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 13096, fol. 24v-25). Illumination (fol. 24v) depicts John at his desk writing and a winged angel blowing a trumpet, while the facing page (fol. 25) depicts the vision~~toward which the trumpeting angel gestures. Figure Thirty Nine “Noah’s Ark:~~Open Door and Adoration by the Twenty-four Elders,” from the Apocalypse of Queen Isabella (Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 13096, fol. 11v-12).~~Illumination (fol. 11v) depicts Noah in the Ark speaking with an angel and Noah releasing a dove with a rainbow in the sky; the facing page (fol. 12) depicts Christ in majesty adored by crowned figures. Figure Forty “John Consoled by the Elder and Majesty and Adoration of the Elders,” from the Apocalypse of Queen Isabella (Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 13096, fol. 13v). A crying John is comforted by a crowned Elder, who points toward the Lion of Judah killing another beast; on the facing page Christ sits in majesty while crowned figures kneel before the Lamb of God. Figure Forty One “Woman in the Sun Threatened by the Dragon and Rescued in the Desert,” from the Apocalypse of Queen Isabella (Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 13096, fol. 35). Above, the Madonna and Child face a seven-headed dragon;~~below, the Madonna and Child sit alone in a desert landscape. Figure Forty Two “Tree of Life,” from the Apocalypse of Queen Isabella (Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 13096, fol. 83). Adam and Eve stand beneath a tree as a serpent winds up its trunk; the tree is filled with nimbed heads~~surrounding that of Christ. Figure Forty Three “John Examining His Pen,” from the Apocalypse of Queen Isabella (Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 13096, fol. 51v). John sits with an empty scroll unrolled before him on his desk while he examines his pen. Figure Forty Four “John Biting His Nails,” from the Apocalypse of Queen Isabella (Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 13096, fol. 58v). John sits at his desk with an empty scroll in his right hand while he bites the nails on his left. Figure Forty Five “John Examining His Pen,” from the Apocalypse of Queen Isabella (Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale MS Fr. 13096, fol. 58v). John sits at his desk, with his left hand writing onto a half-filled scroll and his right hand holding a pen, which he is examining. Figure Forty Six “Second Seal,” from the Apocalypse (Oxford, New College MS 65, fol. 21). Within a decorated border, a standing haloed figure looks at a horseman who rides away, bearing a sword; outside the border, four armor wearing figures fight with swords and axes. “Woman in the Sun,” from the Apocalypse (Oxford, New College MS 65, fol. 39). A crowned woman lies in a bed giving birth to a great gold disk; the bed is enclosed by an architectural structure resembling a church. Figure Forty Seven “The Lord’s Command,” from the Apocalypse (Oxford, New College MS 65, fol. 88). The Lord stands alone, his right hand raised in a gesture of speaking while the left hand holds the Latin text of Revelation 22:16 (“I, Jesus, have sent my angel to make these revelations to you”).~~Figure Forty Eight “New Heaven and New Earth,” from the Apocalypse (Oxford, New College MS 65, fol. 78v). An empty golden orb is silhouetted against a blue universe filled with stars, as Christ embraces the cosmos (only his head, feet, and hands are visible). Figure Forty Nine “John on Patmos and the Seven Churches of Asia” from the Apocalypse (New York Public Library MS~~Spencer 57, fols. 2v-3). On the left, John sits at his desk writing while a heavenly trumpet sounds into his ear; on the right, the front façade of seven churches are presented. Figure Fifty “The First Vision,” from the Apocalypse (New York Public Library MS Spencer 57, fol. 5v). John sleeps at the lap of Christ in Majesty; on the top right of the illustration are seven stars, and lined in a row on the bottom of the illustration are a row of seven golden vials. Figure Fifty One “Woman in the Desert,” from the Apocalypse (New York Public Library MS Spencer 57, fol. 42v). A robed woman stands in a pastoral landscape, populated by a rabbit, deer, and birds. Figure Fifty Two “Commentary Illustration on 14:17-20,” from the Apocalypse (New York Public Library MS Spencer 57, fol. 57). A mixed group of kings, bishops, and rich laymen ride on horseback. Figure Fifty Three “Kings of Armageddon,” from the Apocalypse (New York Public Library MS Spencer 57, fol. 64). A group of undifferentiated crowned and armored men ride in battle while the heads of dead corpses like below.
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  • Year of Publication: 1990.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN/ISBN: 00043079
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