Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


  • Record Number: 8809
  • Author(s)/Creator(s): Laskaya , Anne.
  • Contributor(s):
  • Title: The Feminized World and Divine Violence: Texts and Images of the Apocalypse [The author argues that the illustrations in late medieval Apocalypse books present a triumphant militant masculinity opposed to a variety of feminized threats including the Great Whore of Babylon, monsters, and even the verdant earth. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
  • Source: Domestic Violence in Medieval Texts.  Edited by Eve Salisbury, Georgiana Donavin, and Merrall Llewelyn Price.  University Press of Florida, 2002.  Pages 299 - 341.
  • Description:
  • Article Type: Essay
  • Subject (See Also): Apocalypse Art History- Painting Bible- New Testament- Book of Revelation in Art Femininity in Art Gender in Art Iconography Illumination of Manuscripts Masculinity in Art Violence in Art Women in Art
  • Geographic Area: British Isles;France
  • Century: 13- 14- 15
  • Related Resources:
  • Primary Evidence:
  • Illustrations: Thirty seven figures. Figure One St. John's first vision of Christ, manuscript illumination (London, British Library, Department of Manuscripts, facsimile 57 (formerly Metz, Bibliothèque municipale, MS Salis 38, fol. 4)). Figure Two The Army of Heaven follows Christ, who brings judgment on the earth, manuscript illumination (London, British Library, Department of Manuscripts, facsimile 57 (formerly Metz, Bibliothèque municipale, MS Salis 38, fol. 27)). Figure Three The Second Seal, manuscript illumination (London, British Library, Department of Manuscripts, facsimile 57 (formerly Metz, Bibliothèque municipale, MS Salis 38, fol. 5)). Figure Four The Lamb opens the Fourth Seal, manuscript illumination (Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Douce 180, p. 16). Figure Five The Fall of Babylon depicted beneath the words of Revelation, manuscript illumination (New York, Pierpont Morgan Library, MS M 524, fol. 17). Figure Six The Lamb opens the Fifth Seal, manuscript illumination (Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Douce 180, p. 17). Figure Seven The horseman from the First Seal, manuscript illumination (New York, Pierpont Morgan, MS M 524, fol. 2). Figure Eight The Second Horseman, manuscript illumination (Los Angeles, J. Paul Getty Museum, MS Ludwig III, i, fol. 6v). Figures Nine- Ten The Third Seal (above); The Fourth Seal (below), manuscript illumination, (New York, Pierpont Morgan, MS M 524, fol. 2v). Figures Eleven-Twelve The Fifth Seal (above); The Sixth Seal (below), manuscript illumination, (New York, Pierpont Morgan Library, MS M 524, fol. 3). Figure Thirteen John worships Christ in his first vision, manuscript illumination, (Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Douce 180, p. 3). Figure Fourteen John Adores Christ, manuscript illumination, (London, British Library, MS Add. 35166, fol. 30v). Figure Fifteen Angelic trumpeter sends the sun to earth, manuscript illumination, (Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Douce 180, p. 25). Figure Sixteen The Lamb opens the Sixth Seal, unleashing cosmic violence, manuscript illumination, (Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Douce 180, p. 18). Figure Seventeen St. John receiving his vision on the island of Patmos, manuscript illumination, (London, British Library, MS Add. 35166, fol. 3). Figure Eighteen The beast of Hell unleashed, manuscript illumination, (Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Douce 180, p. 50). Figures Nineteen-Twenty A monster wars against children who obeyed God's commandments (above); John's vision of the sea beast (below), manuscript illumination, (New York, Pierpont Morgan, MS M 524, fol. 10). Figure Twenty-One-Twenty-Two Satan cast into Hell's mouth (above); the Last Judgment (below), manuscript illumination, (New York, Pierpont Morgan, MS M 524, fol. 20). Figures Twenty-Three-Twenty-Four The Whore of Babylon sits on the waters of the earth (above); she rides the seven-headed beast (below), manuscript illumination, (New York, Pierpont Morgan, MS M 524, fol. 16v). Figure Twenty-Five Heaven rejoices as God destroys the Harlot, manuscript illumination, (Los Angeles, J. Paul Getty Museum, MS Ludwig III, i, fol. 38v). Figures Twenty-Six-Twenty-Seven Woman of the Sun hands her blessed children to an angel to protect them from the beast (above); St. Michael battles the beast (below), manuscript illumination, (New York, Pierpont Morgan, MS M 524, fol. 8v). Figure Twenty-Eight St. John watches an angel send birds to feed on human flesh, manuscript illumination, (Los Angeles, J. Paul Getty Museum, MS Ludwig III, i, fol. 40v). Figure Twenty- Nine Angels pour vials on the earth's rivers and seas, turning them to blood and drowning humanity, manuscript illumination, (London, British Library, Department of Manuscripts, facsimilie 57 (formerly Metz, Bibliothèque municipale, MS Salis 38, fol. 8)). Figure Thirty John protects himself as an angel unleashes the Fourth Vial, turning the sun into fire that rains on the earth, manuscript illumination, (Los Angeles, J. Paul Getty Museum, MS Ludwig III, i, fol. 33). Figure Thirty-One The Seventh Vial creates earthquakes and storms that topple cities and mountains and swallow islands whole, manuscript illumination, (Los Angeles, J. Paul Getty Museum, MS Ludwig III, i, fol. 35). Figures Thirty-Two-Thirty-Three Christ reaps the earth (above); angels harvest the earth's grapes, throwing them into the wine press of God's anger (below), manuscript illumination, (New York, Pierpont Morgan, MS M 524, fol. 13v). Figure Thirty- Four, Christ leads an army against the beast, manuscript illumination, (Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, MS lat. 10474, fol. 41v). Figure Thirty-Five The New Jerusalem, manuscript illumination, (Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Douce 180, p. 41). Figure Thirty-Six The Lamb of God on Mount Sion with 144,000 faithful, manuscript illumination, (Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, MS lat. 10474, fol. 27). Figure Thirty-Seven An angel measures New Jerusalem with a gold rod, showing John its absolute perfection, manuscript illumination, (Cambridge, Trinity College, MS R 16.2, fol. 25v).
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  • Abstract:
  • Author's Affiliation: University of Oregon, Eugene
  • Conference Info: - , -
  • Year of Publication: 2002.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN/ISBN: 0813024420
  • Material/Technique :
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