Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


  • Record Number: 17843
  • Author(s)/Creator(s): Bynum , Caroline Walker.
  • Contributor(s):
  • Title: The Body of Christ in the Later Middle Ages: A Reply to Leo Steinberg [The author argues against Steinberg’s notion that Renaissance painters focused on Christ’s penis in order to make a theological statement about sexuality; she suggests instead that fifteenth-century artists show Jesus as both male and female, and saw his as a generative body. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
  • Source: Fragmentation and Redemption: Essays on Gender and the Human Body in Medieval Religion.Caroline Walker Bynum.  MIT Press, 1991.  Pages 79 - 118.
  • Description:
  • Article Type: Essay
  • Subject (See Also): Art History- General Body Iconography Jesus Christ as Mother Jesus Christ- Humanity of Jesus Christ in Art Mary, Virgin, Saint and Child in Art Sexuality in Art Steinberg, Leo, Art Historian (1920- )
  • Geographic Area: General
  • Century: 15- 16
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  • Illustrations: Fourteen Illustrations. Figure One Max Ernst, The Virgin Chastising the Christ Child before Three Witnesses: Andre Breton, Paul Eluard, and the Painter (1926). Figure Two Anna Selbdritt, sixteenth century, painted statue. Anne stands holding the Virgin and infant Christ (Utrecht, Museum of the Catherine Convent). Figure Three Jean Malouel (?), Pieta or Lamentation of the Holy Trinity, painting, ca. 1400. Figure Four Sponsa, the bride, seated beside Christ the Bridegroom, illumination from Honorius Augustodunensis’s “Commentary on the Song of Songs,” twelfth century (Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Cod. Lat. 4550, fol. 4). Figure Five Giovanni Pisano, Ecclesia lactans standing over the Cardinal Virtues, sculptural detail from a pulpit in the Cathedral, Pisa. Figure Six Detail of two birth scenes from a French moralized Bible, Eve being born from Adam's side and the Church being born from the crucified Christ's side, ca. 1240 (Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS 270b, fol. 6r). Figure Seven Robert Campin (d. 1444), Madonna and Child before a Firescreen. Figure Eight Retable of the Mystical Mill, central panel, ca. 1440. Figure Nine Studio of Friedrich Herlin, Christ with Ears of Wheat and Grape Vine, 1469. Figure Ten Quirizio of Murano (fl. 1460-1478), The Savior. Figure Eleven Northwest German master, Christ and Charity, ca. 1470. Figure Twelve Fountain of the Virtues, 16th cntury, Nurnberg. Figure Thirteen Painter in the style of Konrad Witz, Man of Sorrows and Mary Intercede with God the Father, ca. 1450. Figure Fourteen Goswyn van der Weyden, Triptych of Antonius Tsgrooten, 1507.
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  • Year of Publication: 1991.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN/ISBN: 0942299639
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