Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


50 Record(s) Found in our database

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1. Record Number: 43204
Author(s): Johnston, Mark D.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sex, Lies and verdugados: Juana of Portugal and the Invention of Hoopskirts
Source: Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 16., ( 2020):  Pages 101 - 122.
Year of Publication: 2020.

2. Record Number: 38478
Author(s): [no author]
Contributor(s):
Title : La Prammatica sulle vesti delle donne fiorentine (Firenze 1343-1345)
Source: Draghi rossi e querce azzurre: elenchi descrittivi di abiti di lusso (Firenze 1343-1345).   Edited by Laurence Gérard-Marchant .   SISMEL, 2013. Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 16., ( 2020):  Pages 1 - 516.
Year of Publication: 2013.

3. Record Number: 22417
Author(s): Izbicki, Thomas M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Failed Censures: Ecclesiastical Regulation of Women’s Clothing in Late Medieval Italy [Ecclesiastical efforts to regulate vanity of dress were few in late medieval Italy. Most significant was a constitution written by Cardinal Latino Malabranca intended to limit display of flesh and waste of cloth. By the fourteenth century compromises were being made in the enforcement of this decree, and new issues involving the wearing of jewelry and other ornaments were being addressed. By the fifteenth century, sumptuary legislation was largely left to the Italian communes, although some of the clergy still advocated strict measures against vain dress and ornamentation. The appendices include: Appendix 3.1 Cardinal Latino Malabranca's Constitution on Women's dress (1279); Appendix 3.2 Cardinal Bertrand du Poujet's Modification of Cardinal Latino's Constitution (ca. 1327) ; Appendix 3.3 The Constitution of Antonio d'Orso Biliotti, Bishop of Florence (ca. 1310). Title note submitted by the author.]
Source:   Edited by Robin Netherton; Gale R. Owen-Crocker Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 5., ( 2009):  Pages 37 - 53.
Year of Publication: 2009.

4. Record Number: 17748
Author(s): Dietl, Cora
Contributor(s):
Title : The Virgin, the Church, and the Heathens: The Innsbruck "Ludus de assumptione beatae Mariae virginis" [The author examines a German language play about the Assumption of the Virgin Mary found in a late 14th Century manuscript. The play presents Mary as mediator and emphasizes the malignity and deceit of the Jews who want to burn her body in revenge. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: European Medieval Drama , 10., ( 2006):  Pages 187 - 205.
Year of Publication: 2006.

5. Record Number: 14605
Author(s): Esposito, Anna.
Contributor(s):
Title : La normative suntuaria romana tra Quattrocento e Cinquecento [The sumptuary laws of Renaissance Rome survive from the 15th century onward. Laws made by the Romans themselves, with papal approval, try to distinguish citizens of higher or lower class from curialists, nobles and foreigners. Among the concerns of the legislators were ever growing amounts spent on dowries and display of wealth at marriages and funerals. Foods served at banquets also were regulated by these decrees. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Economia e societa a Roma tra Medioevo e Rinascimento: Studi dedicati ad Arnold Esch.   Edited by Anna Esposito and Luciano Palermo .   Viella, 2005. European Medieval Drama , 9., ( 2005):  Pages 147 - 179.
Year of Publication: 2005.

6. Record Number: 20780
Author(s): Eckhard, Simon
Contributor(s):
Title : The First German Mary Assumption Play (c.1300) and the Mary Portal of Strasbourg Cathedral [Investigates the relationship between thirteenth and fourteenth century German Assumption plays, the Song of Solomon/Song of Songs, and the carvings of Strasbourg Cathedral. Focuses on the plays' and carvings' use of the figures of "Ecclesia" as bride and God as Solomon, with God/Solomon's embrace of "Synagoga" acting as a device to encourage the conversion of Jews. The relationship between Mary and the figure of "Ecclesia" is also discussed. Title note supplied by Feminae].
Source: European Medieval Drama , 9., ( 2005):  Pages 1 - 23.
Year of Publication: 2005.

7. Record Number: 14144
Author(s): Stuard, Susan Mosher.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage Gifts and Fashion Mischief [Susan Mosher Stuard in "Marriage Gifts and Fashion Mischief" details Italian wedding transactions, including the Lombard "male dowry," and the Roman bride's fiscal gift to her husband. She links the increasing pressure from husbands to receive liquid ass
Source: The Medieval Marriage Scene: Prudence, Passion, Policy.   Edited by Sherry Roush and Cristelle L. Baskins .   Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2005. European Medieval Drama , 9., ( 2005):  Pages 169 - 185. Republished in Considering Medieval Women and Gender. Susan Mosher Stuard. Ashgate Variorum, 2010. Chapter V.
Year of Publication: 2005.

8. Record Number: 11455
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Threads Bared: Dress and Textiles in Late Medieval English Wills [The author analyzes 550 wills from London and Canterbury dating from 1327 to 1487. the majority are from artisans and merchants with 16.5% made by women. Women tended to bequeath more items than men, especially clothing and household textiles. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval clothing and textiles. Vol. 1.   Edited by Robin Netherton and Gale R Owen-Crocker .   Boydell Press, 2005. European Medieval Drama , 9., ( 2005):  Pages 133 - 153.
Year of Publication: 2005.

9. Record Number: 14022
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : A Spectacular Celebration of the Assumption in Siena
Source: Renaissance Quarterly , 58., 2 (Summer 2005):  Pages 435 - 463.
Year of Publication: 2005.

10. Record Number: 20781
Author(s): Kovacs, Lenke
Contributor(s):
Title : The Staging of the "Ludus de assumptione beatae Mariae virginis" (cod. 960, University Library, Innsbruck) [Describes the variations of stage settings and performance venues used for Assumption plays, emphasizing how practical concerns (such as needing to silence the audience) were incorporated into play scripts. Examines the relationship between the Virgin Mary and the Bride in the Song of Songs, and the depiction of Jews and Jerusalem. Title note supplied by Feminae].
Source: European Medieval Drama , 9., ( 2005):  Pages 25 - 34.
Year of Publication: 2005.

11. Record Number: 11062
Author(s): Gastaldelli, Ferruccio.
Contributor(s):
Title : Una mariologia d'avanguardia nel secolo XII: Immacolata Concezione e Assunzione corporea di Maria secondo Goffredo d'Auxerre [Although Geoffroi d'Auxerre is identified with Bernard of Clairvaux's attack on Peter Abelard's theological innovations, he was an innovator in Mariology. Unlike Bernard, Geoffroi believed in Mary's Immaculate Conception and the Assumption of her body into heaven after death. He employed biblical texts as proof, but he also argued that Mary's body was not inferior to her soul. Includes text of "De vocatione sponsae in Cantico Canticorum" and "De verbis sapientiae." Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Figure poetiche e figure teologiche nella mariologia dei secoli XI e XII: Atti del II Convegno Mariologico della Fondazione Ezio Franceschini con la collaborazione della Biblioteca Palatina di Parma, Parma, 19-20 maggio 2000.   Edited by Clelia Maria Piastra and Francesco Santi .   SISMEL, 2004. European Medieval Drama , 8., ( 2004):  Pages 71 - 107.
Year of Publication: 2004.

12. Record Number: 11751
Author(s): Denny-Brown, Andrea.
Contributor(s):
Title : Rips and Slits: The Torn Garment and the Medieval Self [A fashion for garments with slits, tears, or perforations originated in the 12th century and flourished after 1340. Some slits were intended to reveal undergarments or flesh, exposing them to the gaze of others. This erotic element inspired sumptuary laws and denunciations. Medieval literature also reveals a close relationship between the terms for these slits and violence, as in dagging and daggers. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Clothing Culture, 1350-1650.   Edited by Catherine Richardson .   Ashgate, 2004. European Medieval Drama , 8., ( 2004):  Pages 223 - 237.
Year of Publication: 2004.

13. Record Number: 12609
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Limiting Yardage and Changes of Clothes: Sumptuary Legislation in Thirteenth-Century France, Languedoc, and Italy [In Western Europe, the first laws to control the expenditure and display of dress by laypersons appeared in the thirteenth century. The initial period of regulating activity in Occitania, France, and Italy developed from ecclesiastical laws regulating clerical dress, but the political origins and motivations for the legislation varied by region. Italian and Occitan cities based their legislation upon Roman law, while northern regions of France used customary law; the cities of Montpellier and Siena focused more attention on women’s display than men’s, while most French regions were more interested in keeping a clear correlation between social status and wealth in general. The effects of sumptuary legislation on people in these regions are reflected by numerous sartorial concerns in contemporary vernacular poetry and didactic literatures. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Fabrications: Dress, Textiles, Clothwork, and Other Cultural Imaginings.   Edited by E. Jane Burns .   Palgrave, 2004. European Medieval Drama , 9., ( 2005):  Pages 121 - 136.
Year of Publication: 2004.

14. Record Number: 13633
Author(s): Mazingue, Aurélie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Paroles et présence de Marie dans le "Mystère de l'Assomption" de Rodez [The author analyzes a fifteenth century French play of more than 1700 verses concerning the Virgin Mary's bodily elevation to heaven. Although there is an emphasis on death, Mary adopts a hopeful attitude and encourages others facing their mortality. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: European Medieval Drama , 8., ( 2004):  Pages 173 - 183.
Year of Publication: 2004.

15. Record Number: 19983
Author(s): Mulè, Viviana
Contributor(s):
Title : L'Inventario dei beni dell'Infanta Isabella d'Aragona prima contessa di Caltabellotta [The author discusses the inventory of goods belonging to Isabella of Aragon, daughter of Frederick III of Sicily and wife of Raymond, count of Caltabellotta. The inventory was prepared in 1334 in connection with her will when Isabella was a widow. She had earlier brought lands and moveable goods to her husband, one of her father's lieutenants. In her inventory Isabella possessed many valuble objects, both secular and religious, including silks and pearls. The appendix presents two transcribed documents in Latin: 1) Inventory of the goods of Isabella of Caltabellotta (1334) and 2) Excerpt from Rosario Gregorio's "Biblioteca scriptorum qui res in Sicilia gestas sub Aragonum imperio retulere," concerning events in 1338. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Schede Medievali , 41., (gennaio-dicembre 2003):  Pages 69 - 96.
Year of Publication: 2003.

16. Record Number: 10659
Author(s): Murphy, Kevin J.F.
Contributor(s):
Title : Lilium inter spinas: Bianca Spini and the Decoration of the Spini Chapel in Santa Trinita [The author argues that Bianca, the widowed daughter of a wealthy and powerful member of the Spini family, commissioned an altarpiece for the family chapel with references to her personal identity. As a widow who evidently chose not to remarry, Bianca struggled with her husband's family for restitution of her dowry. The frequent suspicions about unmarried women's virtue seem to be answered in the Spini altarpiece painting of the Assumption by the Virgin's purity and authority. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Italian History and Culture , 8., ( 2002):  Pages 51 - 65.
Year of Publication: 2002.

17. Record Number: 8802
Author(s): Sebregondi, Ludovica.
Contributor(s):
Title : Clothes and Teenagers: What Young Men Wore in Fifteenth-Century Florence [The author argues that young Florentine men wore distinctive clothing. Tight-fitting and revealing cothing that emphasized the wearer's masculinity were popular. Moralists complained but did not succeed in changing fashions. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: The Premodern Teenager: Youth in Society, 1150-1650.   Edited by Konrad Eisenbichler .   Publications of the Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies, Essays and Studies, 1. Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies, 2002. Schede Medievali , 41., (gennaio-dicembre 2003):  Pages 27 - 50.
Year of Publication: 2002.

18. Record Number: 8084
Author(s): Kirshner, Julius.
Contributor(s):
Title : Li Emergenti Bisogni Matrimoniali in Renaissance Florence
Source: Society and Individual in Renaissance Florence.   Edited by William J. Connell .   University of California Press, 2002. Schede Medievali , 41., (gennaio-dicembre 2003):  Pages 79 - 109. Reprinted in Marriage, Dowry, and Citizenship in Late Medieval and Renaissance Italy. Written by Julius Kirshner. University of Toronto Press, 2015. Pages 55-73.
Year of Publication: 2002.

19. Record Number: 4637
Author(s): Gibbons, Rachel C.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Queen as "Social Mannequin." Consumerism and Expenditure at the Court of Isabeau of Bavaria, 1393- 1422
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 26., 4 (December 2000):  Pages 371 - 395.
Year of Publication: 2000.

20. Record Number: 7169
Author(s): Muzzarelli, Maria Giuseppina.
Contributor(s):
Title : Seta posseduta et seta consentita: dalle aspirazioni individuali alle norme suntuarie nel basso medioevo [Regulation of the use of silk, like all sumptuary norms, reinforced social distinctions, preventing people from posing as members of a higher social class. Not just wearing silk, but wearing different types of the fabric was regulated. Regulation differed by sex and by the status of a woman's husband or father. Silk, however, though regulated, was not the greatest concern of the Italian legislators. Nevertheless it does appear frequently in dowries. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: La seta in Italia dal Medioevo al Seicento. Dal baco al drappo.   Edited by Luca Molà, Reinhold C. Mueller, and Claudio Zanier .   Marsilio, 2000. Journal of Medieval History , 26., 4 (December 2000):  Pages 211 - 232.
Year of Publication: 2000.

21. Record Number: 5448
Author(s): Bridgeman, Jane.
Contributor(s):
Title : Pagare le pompe: Why Quattrocento Sumptuary Laws Did Not Work [the author argues that given the very high costs for fabric, especially luxury fabrics, sumptuary laws were intended as a supplementary taxation on the wealthy; instead of forbidding costly attire, the system gave those of high status the opportunity to dress opulently by paying fines].
Source: Women in Italian Renaissance Culture and Society.   Edited by Letizia Panizza .   European Humanities Research Centre, University of Oxford, 2000. Italian History and Culture , 8., ( 2002):  Pages 209 - 226.
Year of Publication: 2000.

22. Record Number: 4977
Author(s): Labarge, Margaret Wade.
Contributor(s):
Title : Stitches in Time: Medieval Embroidery in Its Social Setting [The author examines surviving physical evidence as well as some documentary evidence of embroiderers (who were mostly women); she traces the increasing luxuriousness of royal embroideries with gems and gold thread].
Source: Florilegium , 16., ( 1999):  Pages 77 - 96.
Year of Publication: 1999.

23. Record Number: 3657
Author(s): Stuard, Susan Mosher.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gravitas and Consumption [The author explores why the "sapientes," the leaders of Venice and Florence, regulated consumption for their wives, daughters and sons but not for themselves].
Source: Conflicted Identities and Multiple Masculinities: Men in the Medieval West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray .   Garland Medieval Casebooks, volume 25. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, volume 2078. Garland Publishing, 1999. Journal of Medieval History , 26., 4 (December 2000):  Pages 215 - 242. Republished in Considering Medieval Women and Gender. Susan Mosher Stuard. Ashgate Variorum, 2010. Chapter IV.
Year of Publication: 1999.

24. Record Number: 4446
Author(s): Killerby, Catherine Kovesi.
Contributor(s):
Title : Heralds of a Well-Instructed Mind: Nicolosa Sanuti's Defence of Women and Their Clothes [in the Appendix the author gives an English translation of Nicolosa Sanuti's protest against a new sumptuary law].
Source: Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 13., 3 (September 1999):  Pages 255 - 282.
Year of Publication: 1999.

25. Record Number: 4386
Author(s): Wiethaus, Ulrike.
Contributor(s):
Title : Female Spirituality, Medieval Women, and Commercialism in the United States [the author examines popular, commercialized uses of medieval women and religion including the figure of the witch, calendars and other merchandise, and two popular anthologies of women's spiritual writings, "Beguine Spirituality" edited by Fiona Bowie and "The Hidden Tradition" edited by Lavinia Byrne].
Source: New Trends in Feminine Spirituality: The Holy Women of Liège and Their Impact.   Edited by Juliette Dor, Lesley Johnson, and Jocelyn Wogan-Browne Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts, 2.   Brepols, 1999. Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 13., 3 (September 1999):  Pages 297 - 311.
Year of Publication: 1999.

26. Record Number: 5565
Author(s): Stinson, John.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Dominican Liturgy of the Assumption: Texts and Music for the Divine Office [The author studies the Office for the feast of the Assumption in a set of early fourteenth-century Dominican choir-books made for the Church of San Domenico in Perugia; the Appendix presents an edition of the text and music of the Office (along with thre
Source: The Art of the Book: Its Place in Medieval Worship.   Edited by Margaret M. Manion and Bernard J. Muir .   University of Exeter Press, 1998. Florilegium , 16., ( 1999):  Pages 163 - 193.
Year of Publication: 1998.

27. Record Number: 5564
Author(s): Manion, Margaret M.
Contributor(s):
Title : An Unusual Image of the Assumption in a Fourteenth-Century Dominican Choir-Book [within the initial the Virgin sits beside Christ, leaning on his shoulder and holding his hand; the author argues that the close, tender relationship depicted draws upon the "Song of Songs"; this image of the Assumption was soon displaced by the majestic
Source: The Art of the Book: Its Place in Medieval Worship.   Edited by Margaret M. Manion and Bernard J. Muir .   University of Exeter Press, 1998. Florilegium , 16., ( 1999):  Pages 153 - 161.
Year of Publication: 1998.

28. Record Number: 2704
Author(s): Evans, Ruth.
Contributor(s):
Title : When a Body Meets a Body: Fergus and Mary in the York Cycle [argues that the staging and audience reaction to the "other" embodied by the crossdressing actor as Mary and the feminized figure of Fergus the Jew play upon complex symbolisms of gender and social group].
Source: New Medieval Literatures , 1., ( 1997):  Pages 193 - 212.
Year of Publication: 1997.

29. Record Number: 9505
Author(s): Dever, Vincent M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Aquinas on the Practice of Prostitution [The author argues that Aquinas's views on prostitution in the "Summa Theologiae" had an important impact. While acknowledging the sinfulness of the prostitute, Aquinas tolerated her activities and even recognized her monetary right for just payment. Aqui
Source: Essays in Medieval Studies , 13., ( 1996):  Pages 39 - 50.
Year of Publication: 1996.

30. Record Number: 5676
Author(s): Karkov, Catherine E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Francesco Botticini's Palmieri Altar-piece [Matteo Palmieri commissioned the altarpiece from Botticini; the panel includes donor portraits of his wife Niccolosa (in a Benedictine habit) and himself; after Matteo's death Botticini and Niccolosa executed a document in 1477 agreeing that the contract for the altarpiece had been fulfilled; Niccolosa and Matteo's nephew acquired a chapel in S. Pier Maggiore where the altarpiece was installed and where Matteo was buried; the Appendix provides transcriptions of six documents, four concerning Botticini, one about the Palmieri chapel, and the first being the agreement between Niccolosa and Botticini].
Source: Burlington Magazine (Full Text via JSTOR) 138, 1118 (May 1996): 308-314. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1996.

31. Record Number: 2337
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Aelfric's Sources and His Gendered Audiences
Source: Old English Newsletter , 29., 3 (Spring 1996):
Year of Publication: 1996.

32. Record Number: 871
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Struggle Over Mary's Body: Theological and Dramatic Resolution in the N- Town Assumption Play
Source: JEGP: Journal of English and Germanic Philology , 95., 2 (Apr. 1996):  Pages 190 - 203.
Year of Publication: 1996.

33. Record Number: 1528
Author(s): Saranyana, Josep-Ignasi.
Contributor(s):
Title : La Teología sobre la Mujer en la Universidad de Paris (1215-1245)
Source: Caballeros, Monjas y Maestros en la Edad Media.   Edited by Lillian von der Walde Moheno, Concepción Company Company and Aurelio González .   Publicaciones de Medievalia 13. Universidad Nacional Autómna de México, El Colegio de México, 1996. JEGP: Journal of English and Germanic Philology , 95., 2 (Apr. 1996):  Pages 313 - 322.
Year of Publication: 1996.

34. Record Number: 1827
Author(s): Millett, Bella.
Contributor(s):
Title : Peintunge and "Schadewe" in "Ancrene Wisse" Part 4 [argues that the source for "Schadewe" (Shadow) and "Peintunge" (Image) comes, not from Hugh of St. Victor and ultimately Plato's theory of ideas, but from Alain de Lille's "Summa de arte praedicatoria" in which he describes three kinds of fire].
Source: Notes and Queries , 4 (December 1996):  Pages 399 - 403.
Year of Publication: 1996.

35. Record Number: 5669
Author(s): Von Teuffel, Christa Gardner.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Contract for Perugino's "Assumption of the Virgin" at Vallambrosa [between 1498 and 1500, Perugino was commissioned to paint the altarpiece for the monks at Vallambrosa by Don Biagio Milanesi, member of a wealthy family and general of the order; the Appendix presents five documents related to the painting, including the contract, further instructions, a subcontract, a record of payment, and excerpts from Don Biagio's brother's will, demonstrating the family's support of the Vallambrosan order].
Source: Burlington Magazine (Full Text via JSTOR) 137, 1106 (May 1995): 307-312. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1995.

36. Record Number: 4683
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Hail Most Saintly Lady: Change and Continuity in Marian Altarpieces [The author analyzes two Sienese altarpieces in detail with comparisons to Florentine and Paduan altarpieces].
Source: Siena, Florence, and Padua: Art, Society, and Religion, 1280-1400. Volume II: Case Studies.   Edited by Diana Norman .   Yale University Press in association with The Open University, 1995. Essays in Medieval Studies , 13., ( 1996):  Pages 194 - 215.
Year of Publication: 1995.

37. Record Number: 523
Author(s): Cox, Catherine S.
Contributor(s):
Title : Grope Wel Bihynde: The Subversive Erotics of Chaucer's Summoner
Source: Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 7., 1 (Spring 1995):  Pages 145 - 177.
Year of Publication: 1995.

38. Record Number: 383
Author(s): Blamires, Alcuin.
Contributor(s):
Title : Limits of Bible Study for Medieval Women
Source: Women, the Book and the Godly: Selected Proceedings of the St. Hilda's Conference, 1993. Volume 1 [Volume 2: Women, the Book and the Worldly].   Edited by Lesley Smith and Jane H. M. Taylor .   D.S. Brewer, 1995. Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 7., 1 (Spring 1995):  Pages 1 - 12.
Year of Publication: 1995.

39. Record Number: 12603
Author(s): Reynolds, Philip Lyndon.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Dotal Charter as Theological Charter [The author analyzes four dotal charters from a printed collection in the "Monumenta Germaniae Historica" entitled "Formulae Merowingici et Karolini Aevi." Rather than simply record the bridegrooms' promised gifts, they include small theological treatises on the sanctity of marriage. They draw on liturgical sources to explain important events in sacred history including Eve's creation as a help to Adam and Christ's miracle at the marriage in Cana. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Recherches de Théologie ancienne et médiévale , 61., ( 1994):  Pages 54 - 68.
Year of Publication: 1994.

40. Record Number: 5569
Author(s): Duclow, Donald F.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Virgin's "Good Death": The Dormition in Fifteenth-Century Drama and Art [The author argues that the Virgin's dormition served as a model for dying well; handbooks in the "ars moriendi" tradition also emphasize a serene, holy death with the consoling intervention of the Virgin Mary].
Source: Fifteenth Century Studies , 21., ( 1994):  Pages 55 - 86.
Year of Publication: 1994.

41. Record Number: 5301
Author(s): Chabot, Isabelle.
Contributor(s):
Title : La Sposa in Nero. La Ritualizzazione del Lutto delle Vedove Fiorentine (Secoli XIV-XV) [the Italian dowry system gave the husband temporary control of additional property, but his death deprived his paternal kin group of that property ; Florentine marriage ceremonies emphasized an exchange of gifts, but these rituals did not always include permanent transfer of the objects given; a new widow was dressed in mourning by her husband's family to display family solidarity, but any effort to leave the home or remarry was resisted, partly because property would pass out of the family's control; a marriageable widow might be returned to her birth family in a procession mirroring the earlier one to her husband's house on her wedding day; a long-term trend, however, saw the husband's family gain a greater share of the goods the wife had brought to the marriage].
Source: Quaderni Storici , 2 (agosto 1994):  Pages 421 - 462.
Year of Publication: 1994.

42. Record Number: 6389
Author(s): Guimbard, Catherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Appunti sulla legislazione suntuaria a Firenze dal 1281 al 1384 [as the Florentine republic matured, it began to regulate women's dress and expenditures on private festivities to safeguard the stability of the commune; limitations on women's costume was part of a larger effort to moderate any personal expressions that might lead to public disorder; these laws diminished differences between classes without removing them; various arrangements were made for enforcing these laws, including assigning special magistrates to that work; sumptuary laws, however, could not prevent a growing trend toward self expression].
Source: Archivio Storico Italiano , 150., 551 ( 1992):  Pages 57 - 81.
Year of Publication: 1992.

43. Record Number: 10523
Author(s): Hughes, Diane Owen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Regulating Women’s Fashion [Obsession with fashion was not seen as a particularly feminine problem until the twelfth century, when it became common to condemn women for their appetite for fancy clothing. As commerce in cloth increased, excessive clothing became increasingly associated with women. Governments enacted sumptuary laws (specifying what styles and colors of clothes one could wear) in order to fix social rank and status through clothing. Bourgeois women who were able to adopt rich array and change clothes according to recent fashion trends threatened social hierarchies. In the later Middle Ages clothing began to take on new meanings; it was seen not only as a mark of social status but as a sign of virtue or sin. Women often evaded the clothing constraints forced upon them, thereby reordering social distinctions. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: A History of Women in the West. Volume 2: Silences of the Middle Ages.   Edited by Christiane Klapisch-Zuber .   Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1992. Quaderni Storici , 2 (agosto 1994):  Pages 136 - 158.
Year of Publication: 1992.

44. Record Number: 9465
Author(s): Karras, Ruth Mazo.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gendered Sin and Misogyny in John of Bromyard’s "Summa Predicantium" [The author examines misogyny in the “Summa Predicantium,” a popular compendium of exempla (stories offering moral lessons). In these stories, Bromyard’s female characters are more often figures of vice than virtue; however, the exempla are not inherently misogynist in this regard because the male characters are equally sinful. What makes Bromyard a misogynist is the root of these characters’ sins: Women commit sins because of their femininity; men commit them because they are human (not because they are male). Moreover, women are disproportionately depicted as lustful. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Traditio , 47., ( 1992):  Pages 233 - 257.
Year of Publication: 1992.

45. Record Number: 10889
Author(s): Massip, J. Francesc
Contributor(s):
Title : The Staging of the Assumption in Europe [The death and Assumption of the Virgin Mary was one of the most widely enacted sequences in late medieval religious dramas. Various staging solutions were used across Europe: horizontal staging in churches; urban staging on fixed, horizontal stages; church staging with a vertical arrangement; urban staging on a moveable stage; and urban staging on a fixed vertical stage. While performances in the North often featured demons and devils, displays in the South featured sets that depicted the heavens and made use of aerial machines. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Comparative Drama , 25., 1 ( 1991):  Pages 17 - 28.
Year of Publication: 1991.

46. Record Number: 10890
Author(s): Nichols, Ann Eljenholm.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Hierosphthitic Topos, or the Fate of Fergus: Notes on the N-Town Assumption [The "N-Town Assumption of Mary Play" contains a reference to the apocryphal story of Fergus, a Jew who interrupts the Virgin Mary’s funeral by attacking her bier as it is carried by the Apostles. In some versions of the story, Fergus is punished for his
Source: Comparative Drama , 25., 1 ( 1991):  Pages 29 - 41.
Year of Publication: 1991.

47. Record Number: 10679
Author(s): Elliott, Dylan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Dress as Mediator Between Inner and Outer Self: The Pious Matron of the High and Later Middle ages [Clothing often served as a saint's way of signifying the discrepancy between her percieved social standing (according to secular values) and her own individual selfhood (one based on spiritual beliefs). For married female saints, clothing was an even more complex form of symbolism as it often thwarted the wife's expected subordination to her husband while also projecting an image of virginity which was at odds with a married social persona. During the later Middle Ages, clergy began to endorse efforts to restrict the clothing of laywomen in order to maintain husbands' supremacy over their pious wives. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Mediaeval Studies , 53., ( 1991):  Pages 279 - 308.
Year of Publication: 1991.

48. Record Number: 11079
Author(s): Finnegan, Robert Emmett.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Wife's Dead Child and Friar John: Parallels and Oppositions in the "Summoner's Tale" [The author suggests that the wife's dead child in the "Summoner’s Tale" may be a product of her affair with Friar John, in which case the child serves as a symbol for the Friar's spiritual condition. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Neuphilologische Mitteilungen , 92., 4 ( 1991):  Pages 457 - 462.
Year of Publication: 1991.

49. Record Number: 12771
Author(s): Casey, Michael.
Contributor(s):
Title : Bernard of Clairvaux and the Assumption [The author discusses Bernard of Clairvaux’s Marian writings, with particular attention to this treatment of the Assumption. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Word and Spirit , 12., ( 1990):  Pages 21 - 41.
Year of Publication: 1990.

50. Record Number: 12794
Author(s): McKinnell, John S.
Contributor(s):
Title : Producing the York Mary Plays [The author discusses the problems facing modern producers of mystery plays, using a production of the Death, Assumption, and Coronation of the Virgin as his primary example. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval English Theatre , 12., 2 ( 1990):  Pages 101 - 123.
Year of Publication: 1990.