Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


496 Record(s) Found in our database

SEE ALSO: active orders contemplative orders nuns

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1. Record Number: 39237
Author(s): Beaumont, Casey,
Contributor(s):
Title : Monastic Autonomy, Episcopal Authority and the Norman Conquest: The Records of Barking Abbey (The Marjorie Chibnall Memorial Essay, 2015)
Source: Anglo-Norman Studies , 38 ( 2015):  Pages 35 - 50.
Year of Publication: 2015.

2. Record Number: 34733
Author(s): Cogitosus
Contributor(s):
Title : The Life of Saint Brigid
Source: The World of Saint Patrick   Edited by Philip Freeman .   Oxford University Press, 2014. Anglo-Norman Studies , 38 ( 2015):  Pages 95 - 128.
Year of Publication: 2014.

3. Record Number: 35567
Author(s): , Pseudo-Bernard
Contributor(s): Mouron, Anne E., ed.
Title : A devoute tretes of holy Saynt Bernard, drawne oute of Latyn into English, callid The Manere of Good Lyvyng
Source: The Manere of Good Lyvyng: A Middle English Translation of Pseudo-Bernard's Liber de modo bene vivendi ad sororem.   Edited by Anne E. Mouron. Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts series .   Brepols, 2014. Anglo-Norman Studies , 38 ( 2015):  Pages 41 - 182.
Year of Publication: 2014.

4. Record Number: 34779
Author(s): Villar, Pablo Abella,
Contributor(s):
Title : Pora la enfermeria del monesterio: La enfermería de las Huelgas de Burgos en contexto
Source: Viator: Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 44., 3 ( 2013):  Pages 85 - 124.
Year of Publication: 2013.

5. Record Number: 31673
Author(s): Amt, Emilie
Contributor(s):
Title : The Foundation Legend of Godstow Abbey: A Holy Woman's Life in Anglo-Norman Verse
Source: Writing Medieval Women's Lives.   Edited by Charlotte Newman Goldy and Amy Livingstone .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2012. Viator: Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 44., 3 ( 2013):  Pages 13 - 31.
Year of Publication: 2012.

6. Record Number: 29128
Author(s): Welch, Anna,
Contributor(s):
Title : Presence and Absence : Reading Clare of Assisi in Franciscan Liturgy and Community
Source: Gender, Catholicism and Spirituality: Women and the Roman Catholic Church in Britain and Europe, 1200-1900.   Edited by Laurence Lux-Sterritt and Carmen M. Mangion .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2011. Viator: Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 44., 3 ( 2013):  Pages 19 - 37.
Year of Publication: 2011.

7. Record Number: 27566
Author(s): Higley, Sarah
Contributor(s):
Title : Dressing up the Nuns: The “Lingua ignota” and Hildegard of Bingen’s Clothing [The author analyzes the words that Hildegard invented for women’s clothing in the “Lingua ignota.” The abbess placed an emphasis on hierarchy and order, marking the special status of virgins. Higley connects this to the crowns and floor-length veils worn by Hildegard’s nuns on feast days. The canoness Tenxwind wrote Hildegard complaining about this practice as immodest. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 6., ( 2010):  Pages 93 - 109.
Year of Publication: 2010.

8. Record Number: 27902
Author(s): Clare of Assisi
Contributor(s):
Title : Clare's "Forma vitae" [See also Joan Mueller's commentary on the "Forma vitae" in Chapter Seven, pages 209-257.]
Source: A Companion to Clare of Assisi: Life, Writings, and Spirituality. Joan Mueller. Brill's Companions to the Christian Tradition, , 21. .   Brill, 2010. Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 6., ( 2010):  Pages 275 - 285.
Year of Publication: 2010.

9. Record Number: 29622
Author(s): Cignoni, Arianna Pecorini
Contributor(s):
Title : Fondazioni francescane femminili nella Provincia Tusciae del XIII secolo [The Franciscan province of Tuscany was founded in 1217, and its first list of nuns' houses dates to 1228. This article gives information about twenty Franciscan women's monasteries in the province, few of which survive today. Most of these monasteries we
Source: Collectanea Franciscana , 80., 1-2 ( 2010):  Pages 181 - 206.
Year of Publication: 2010.

10. Record Number: 29907
Author(s): Berman, Constance Hoffman
Contributor(s):
Title : Two Medieval Women’s Property and Religious Benefactions in France: Eleanor of Vermandois and Blanche of Castile
Source: Viator , 41., 2 ( 2010):  Pages 151 - 182.
Year of Publication: 2010.

11. Record Number: 29909
Author(s): Ehrenschwendtner, Marie-Luise
Contributor(s):
Title : Creating the Sacred Space Within: Enclosure as a Defining Feature in the Convent Life of Medieval Dominican Sisters (13th–15th c.)
Source: Viator , 41., 2 ( 2010):  Pages 301 - 316.
Year of Publication: 2010.

12. Record Number: 30087
Author(s): Schlotheuber, Eva
Contributor(s):
Title : Best Clothes and Everyday Attire of Late Medieval Nuns
Source: Fashion and Clothing in Late Medieval Europe/ Mode und Kleidung im Europa des späten Mittelalters.   Edited by Regula Schorta and Rainer C. Schwinges .   Abegg-Stiftung/Schwabe Verlag, 2010. Viator , 41., 2 ( 2010):  Pages 139 - 154.
Year of Publication: 2010.

13. Record Number: 36545
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Être enfant au Moyen Âge
Source: Être enfant au Moyen Âge: Anthologie de textes consacrés à la vie de l'enfant du Ve au XVe siècle.   Edited by Pierre Riché .   Editions Fabert, 2010. Viator , 41., 2 ( 2010):  Pages 14 - 209.
Year of Publication: 2010.

14. Record Number: 24042
Author(s): Smith, Katherine Allen and Scott Wells
Contributor(s):
Title : Penelope D. Johnson, the Boswell Thesis, and "Negotiating Community and Difference in Medieval Europe" [The editors highlight the contributions made by Penelope Johnson to the understanding of women’s monasticism, gender history, and violence. John Boswell was her dissertation advisor, and they shared an interest in questions of religion and community. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Negotiating Community and Difference in Medieval Europe: Gender, Power, Patronage, and the Authority of Religion in Latin Christendom.   Edited by Katherine Allen Smith and Scott Wells Studies in the History of Christian Traditions .   Brill, 2009. Viator , 41., 2 ( 2010):  Pages 1 - 13.
Year of Publication: 2009.

15. Record Number: 24047
Author(s): Wells, Scott
Contributor(s):
Title : The Politics of Gender and Ethnicity in East Francia: The Case of Gandersheim, ca. 850-950 [The author argues that the women’s community at the monastery of Gandersheim was important because it conveyed multiple meanings for the Liudolfing-Saxon dynasty during a period of shifting familial and ethnic politics. During this time variations in royal support coincided with the monastery’s success or failure at articulating the ruling dynasty’s political identity. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Negotiating Community and Difference in Medieval Europe: Gender, Power, Patronage, and the Authority of Religion in Latin Christendom.   Edited by Katherine Allen Smith and Scott Wells Studies in the History of Christian Traditions .   Brill, 2009. Viator , 41., 2 ( 2010):  Pages 113 - 135.
Year of Publication: 2009.

16. Record Number: 24043
Author(s): Auslander, Diane Peters
Contributor(s):
Title : Living with a Saint: Monastic Identity, Community, and the Ideal of Asceticism in the Life of an Irish Saint [The author analyzes a ninth century “vita” of Saint Darerca, a conversion-era abbess who subjected herself to extremely harsh ascetic practices. Auslander concentrates on the ways in which the hagiographer reconciled the strains of the solitary and the communal within Irish monastic life. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Negotiating Community and Difference in Medieval Europe: Gender, Power, Patronage, and the Authority of Religion in Latin Christendom.   Edited by Katherine Allen Smith and Scott Wells Studies in the History of Christian Traditions .   Brill, 2009. Viator , 41., 2 ( 2010):  Pages 17 - 32.
Year of Publication: 2009.

17. Record Number: 28349
Author(s):
Contributor(s): Gallagher, Eric James, translator
Title : The prioress of Campsey [Ash] presented herself… [Item 903 from the hundred of Blything concerns the women’s monastery of Campsey in Suffolk. The prioress entered a plea asking that William the Fleming discharge her from services and customs on the tenement she held from him. The services were demanded by the earl of Norfolk. For other cases involving the priory of Campsey see items 557 and 932. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: The Civil Pleas of the Suffolk Eyre of 1240.   Edited by Eric James Gallagher Suffolk Records Society, 52.   Boydell Press , 2009. Viator , 41., 2 ( 2010):  Pages 188 - 188.
Year of Publication: 2009.

18. Record Number: 31270
Author(s): Leander, Archbishop of Seville, Saint
Contributor(s): Martyn, John R. C., trans.
Title : On the Teaching of Nuns and Contempt for the Other World
Source: A Book on the Teaching of Nuns and a Homily in Praise of the Church. Leander, Archbishop of Sevilla   Edited by John R. C. Martyn .   Lexington Books, 2009. Viator , 41., 2 ( 2010):  Pages 62 - 132.
Year of Publication: 2009.

19. Record Number: 24049
Author(s): Valentine, Susan,
Contributor(s):
Title : Inseparable Companions: Mary Magdalene, Abelard, and Heloise [The author analyzes both Abelard’s and Heloise’s ideas about Mary Magdalene. Rather than concentrating on her sinful life, Abelard emphasized her devotion to Christ and her role of apostle to the apostles in first bringing news of the Resurrection. The strong presence of the Magdalene in the Paraclete liturgy and Heloise’s questioning about her in the “Problemata” help to indicate Heloise’s concern to emulate the Magdalene’s loving devotion perhaps not only for Christ but for Abelard as well. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Negotiating Community and Difference in Medieval Europe: Gender, Power, Patronage, and the Authority of Religion in Latin Christendom.   Edited by Katherine Allen Smith and Scott Wells Studies in the History of Christian Traditions .   Brill, 2009. Viator , 41., 2 ( 2010):  Pages 151 - 171.
Year of Publication: 2009.

20. Record Number: 24048
Author(s): Berman, Constance Hoffman
Contributor(s):
Title : Noble Women's Power as Reflected in the Foundations of Cistercian Houses for Nuns in Thirteenth-Century Northern France: Port-Royal, les Clairets, Moncey, Lieu and Eau-lez-Chartres [The author examines five Cistercian female houses supported by Matilda of Brunswick, the Countess of the Perche; Matilda of Garlande, Lady of Marly; and Isabelle, Countess of Chartres with the help of her daughter, Matilda of Amboise. Berman argues that these actions reveal the power and authority women exercised and need to be incorporated into the historical narrative. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Negotiating Community and Difference in Medieval Europe: Gender, Power, Patronage, and the Authority of Religion in Latin Christendom.   Edited by Katherine Allen Smith and Scott Wells Studies in the History of Christian Traditions .   Brill, 2009. Viator , 41., 2 ( 2010):  Pages 137 - 149.
Year of Publication: 2009.

21. Record Number: 20599
Author(s): Engen, John van
Contributor(s):
Title : Illicit Religion: The Case of Friar Matthew Grabow, O.P [In the Middle Ages "Religious" could mean a person who joined a vowed order of monks, nuns or friars or it could apply more broadly to anyone who lived a chiristian life. The Dominican Matthew Grabow attacked the followers of the "Devotio Moderna," especially women's communities, for living a common life without vows. He also thought that it was not legal for the laity to give up their property rights and pursue a religious life without taking monastic vows. This argument was condemned, even by other friars, for making religious life broadly understood, illicit. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Law and the Illicit in Medieval Europe.   Edited by Ruth Mazo Karras, Joel Kaye, and E. Ann Matter .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008. Viator , 41., 2 ( 2010):  Pages 103 - 116.
Year of Publication: 2008.

22. Record Number: 19088
Author(s): Goldfrank, David M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sisterhood Just Might be Powerful: The Testament-Rule of Elena Devochkina [A testament-rule survives for the women’s monastery of Novodevichi in Moscow. It was written by the monastery’s superior, Elena Devochkina, around the middle of the sixteenth century. Goldfrank argues that Devochkina’s rule for her nuns is unusual in the emphasis she places on their role in praying to ensure new heirs for Ivan IV and his younger brother. The article concludes with an English language translation of the testament-rule. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Russian History , 34., 40182 (Spring-Summer-Fall-Winter 2007):  Pages 189 - 205.
Year of Publication: 2007.

23. Record Number: 23299
Author(s): Dunlop, Anne
Contributor(s):
Title : The Dominicans and Cloistered Women: The Convent of Sant'Aurea in Rome
Source: Early Modern Women: An Interdisciplinary Journal , 2., ( 2007):  Pages 43 - 71.
Year of Publication: 2007.

24. Record Number: 18397
Author(s): Twomey, Lesley K
Contributor(s):
Title : Poverty and Richly Decorated Garments: A Re-Evaluation of Their Significance in the "Vita Christi" of Isabel de Villena
Source: Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 3., ( 2007):  Pages 119 - 134.
Year of Publication: 2007.

25. Record Number: 18624
Author(s): Bradbrooke, S. M. and W. G. Wiseman
Contributor(s):
Title : Margaret Prestwich and the Priory of Seaton
Source: Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archeological Society. Third Series , 6., ( 2006):  Pages 77 - 87.
Year of Publication: 2006.

26. Record Number: 15840
Author(s): Weddle, Saundra.
Contributor(s):
Title : Identity and Alliance: Urban Presence, Spatial Privilege, and Florentine Renaissance Convents [The author analyses the locations and functions of women's monasteries in late medieval and early modern Florence. Weddle argues that architectural spaces carried multiple meanings. Womens' monasteries were places of spiritual work, but they also could convey meanings related to patronage and politics. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Renaissance Florence: A Social History.   Edited by Roger J. Crum and John T. Paoletti .   Cambridge University Press, 2006. Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archeological Society. Third Series , 6., ( 2006):  Pages 394 - 412.
Year of Publication: 2006.

27. Record Number: 11759
Author(s): Hayum, Andrée
Contributor(s):
Title : A Renaissance Audience Considered: The Nuns at S. Apollonia and Castagno's "Last Supper" [The author explores the possible meanings of the Castagno fresco for the nuns who commissioned the work for their refectory in the monastery of Santa Apollonia in Florence. Hayum notes Castagno's dramatic effects in the scale of figures and the spatial illusion. This kind of immediacy fits with the numerous decoration in the monastery representing nuns recieving blessings from Saint Apollonia and praying before Christ on the crucifix. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Art Bulletin , 88., 2 ( 2006):  Pages 243 - 266.
Year of Publication: 2006.

28. Record Number: 16303
Author(s): Niles, John D
Contributor(s):
Title : Why the Bishop of Florence Had to Get Married [The author analyzes the "adventus" ceremony in Florence when a new bishop took possession of his see. The ceremony included a ritual marriage with the abbess of San Pier Maggiore monastery. Miller argues that the bishop's outsider status and role as head of a lineage needed the connection with a highly placed abbess to symbolize his alliance with the city's most important political families. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Speculum , 81., 4 (October 2006):  Pages 1055 - 1091.
Year of Publication: 2006.

29. Record Number: 20730
Author(s): Mecham, June L
Contributor(s):
Title : Breaking Old Habits: Recent Research on Women, Spirituality, and the Arts in the Middle Ages
Source: History Compass , 4., 3 ( 2006):  Pages 448 - 480.
Year of Publication: 2006.

30. Record Number: 11454
Author(s): Carroll-Clark, Susan M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Bad Habits: Clothing and Textile References in the Register of Eudes Rigaud, Archbishop of Rouen [Eudes Rigaud paid inspection visits to all the religious groups in his archbishopric including women's monasteries. In his register nuns were frequently reprimanded for wearing luxury furs, metal belts, and secular clothes. They were also faulted for doing fine needlework as gifts for friends or as items for sale. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Medieval clothing and textiles. Vol. 1.   Edited by Robin Netherton and Gale R Owen-Crocker .   Boydell Press, 2005. PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association of America , 120., 2 ( 2005):  Pages 81 - 103.
Year of Publication: 2005.

31. Record Number: 14604
Author(s): Carbonetti Vendittelli, Cristina.
Contributor(s):
Title : In registro di entrate e uscite del convento domenicano di San Sisto negli anni 1369-1381 [Dominican friars kept administrative records for the nuns of San Sisto Vecchio, as well as for their convent at the same church. These records occasionally reflect records kept by the nuns themselves. The accounting of income reflects the economic base of the two houses, including from land held for the nuns and gifts given by their friends and kin. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Economia e societa a Roma tra Medioevo e Rinascimento: Studi dedicati ad Arnold Esch.   Edited by Anna Esposito and Luciano Palermo .   Viella, 2005. PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association of America , 120., 2 ( 2005):  Pages 83 - 121.
Year of Publication: 2005.

32. Record Number: 14646
Author(s): Brolis, Maria Teresa.
Contributor(s):
Title : Un monastero assalito dagli uomini, ignorato dagli storici e ricostruito dalla monache: Santa Maria di Valmarina presso Bergamo (secoli XII-XV) [The twelfth century saw contemporaneous development of monastic and civic institutions in Bergamo and its vicinity. Santa Maria di Valmarina was founded outside Bergamo in the twelfth century as a monastery for nuns. It was patronized by the city's elite, but it suffered in the upheavals of the fourteenth century. Finally, the nuns were forced to relocate inside the city. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Chiesa, vita religiosa, societa nel Medioevo italiano: Studi offerti a Giuseppina De Sandre Gasparini.   Edited by Mariaclara Rossi and Gian Maria Varanini .   Herder, 2005. PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association of America , 120., 2 ( 2005):  Pages 121 - 137.
Year of Publication: 2005.

33. Record Number: 14650
Author(s): Sorelli, Fernanda.
Contributor(s):
Title : Vita religiosa delle donne nel medioevo veneziano: indicazioni delle fonti dei secoli XII-XIV [Venetian archives are rich in documents touching on the lives of medieval women, lay and religious. These include evidence of the Republic's intervention in the lives of women's monasteries. Support of these foundations was combined with efforts to correct lapses in discipline and bad morals. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Chiesa, vita religiosa, societa nel Medioevo italiano: Studi offerti a Giuseppina De Sandre Gasparini.   Edited by Mariaclara Rossi and Gian Maria Varanini .   Herder, 2005. PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association of America , 120., 2 ( 2005):  Pages 613 - 630.
Year of Publication: 2005.

34. Record Number: 20700
Author(s): Nichols, Stephen G
Contributor(s):
Title : Writing the New Middle Ages [Contemporary medieval studies attempts to escape the traps of regarding the Middle Ages as either entirely "other" or simply "modern." Nichols reviews the contributions of five recent authors: Jody Enders, Suzannah Biernoff, Jeffrey Hamburger, R. Howard Bloch, and Daniel Heller-Roazen. All have made advances by refusing to adhere to the fixed boundaries drawn by previous scholarship. Of particular interest are works by Hamburger, discussing the agency nuns attained even when cloistered, and Bloch, describing the role of Marie de France in creating vernacular literature. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association of America , 120., 2 ( 2005):  Pages 422 - 441.
Year of Publication: 2005.

35. Record Number: 14630
Author(s): Elliott, Janis and Cordelia Warr
Contributor(s):
Title : Introduction [The authors briefly survey Angevin patronage, the nuns' practices, the pictorial program, and the architectural scheme of the church of Santa Maria Donna Regina in Naples. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Church of Santa Maria Donna Regina: Art, Iconography, and Patronage in Fourteenth-Century Naples.   Edited by Janis Elliott and Cordelia Warr .   Ashgate, 2004. PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association of America , 120., 2 ( 2005):  Pages 1 - 12.
Year of Publication: 2004.

36. Record Number: 10572
Author(s): Alberzoni, Maria Pia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Da Pauperes Domine a Sorores Pauperes: la negazione di un modello di santita itinerante femminile? [In 1263 Pope Urban IV attempted to bring unity to the Poor Clares, imposing norms of monastic enclosure that limited the ideal of Franciscan poverty. Clare's own letters reveal her past struggles with Cardinal Ugolino (Gregory IX) for preservation of the ideal of strict poverty and mendicancy. Urban's bull also required that the Franciscan friars limit their care of women religious to the Clares. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Pellegrinaggi e culto dei Santi: Santita minoritica del primo e secundo ordine.   Edited by Benedetto Vetere .   Mario Congedo editore, 2004. Cîteaux: Revue d'Histoire Cistercienne , 55., 40241 ( 2004):  Pages 39 - 59.
Year of Publication: 2004.

37. Record Number: 10824
Author(s): Meli, Beatriz.
Contributor(s):
Title : Virginitas and "Auctoritas": Two Threads in the Fabric of Hildegard of Bingen's "Symphonia armonie celestium revelationum"
Source: The Voice of Silence: Women's Literacy in a Men's Church.   Edited by Thérèse de Hemptinne and María Eugenia Góngora Medieval Church Studies .   Brepols, 2004. Cîteaux: Revue d'Histoire Cistercienne , 55., 40241 ( 2004):  Pages 47 - 55.
Year of Publication: 2004.

38. Record Number: 10830
Author(s): Hamburger, Jeffrey F.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Various Writings of Humanity": Johannes Tauler on Hildegard of Bingen's "Scivias" [The author analyzes Tauler's sermon delivered in Cologne to the Dominican nuns of St. Gertrude's in 1339. The sermon concerns in part an image in the nuns' refectory which was a copy of an illustration from Hildegard's "Scivias." Hamburger argues that Tauler adapts her visions to his particular needs, both as a mystic and a preacher. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Voice of Silence: Women's Literacy in a Men's Church.   Edited by Thérèse de Hemptinne and María Eugenia Góngora Medieval Church Studies .   Brepols, 2004. Cîteaux: Revue d'Histoire Cistercienne , 55., 40241 ( 2004):  Pages 167 - 191. Printed in an extended version in Visual Culture and the German Middle Ages. Edited by Kathryn Starkey and Horst Wenzel. Palgrave Macmillan, 2005. New Middle Ages series. Pages 161-205.
Year of Publication: 2004.

39. Record Number: 11529
Author(s): Barclay-Lloyd, Joan E.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Church and Monastery of S. Pancrazio, Rome [In 1204 Innocent III crowned Peter II of Aragon at San Pancrazio outside Rome. San Pancrazio had been a Benedictine monastery since the late 6th century, but the monks were replaced by a group of penitent women in 1255. These women became Cistercians shortly thereafter, remaining until Ambrosian Friars replaced them in 1438. The 13th-century reduction of the church to a single nave without side aisles and divided by a screen wall may represent adaptation to the need of these nuns for more privacy. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Pope, Church and City: Essays in Honour of Brenda M. Bolton.   Edited by Frances Andrews, Christoph Egger and Constance M. Rousseau Medieval Mediterranean .   Brill, 2004. Cîteaux: Revue d'Histoire Cistercienne , 55., 40241 ( 2004):  Pages 245 - 266.
Year of Publication: 2004.

40. Record Number: 14095
Author(s): Reimann, Heike.
Contributor(s):
Title : Cistercian Nuns in the High Middle Ages: The Cistercians of Bergen in the Principality of Rügen (North Germany)
Source: Cîteaux: Revue d'Histoire Cistercienne , 55., 40241 ( 2004):  Pages 231 - 244.
Year of Publication: 2004.

41. Record Number: 15871
Author(s): Piatti, Pierantonio.
Contributor(s):
Title : Augustinianae mulieres: "Un problema storiografico: il "moveimento femminile agostiniano" nel Medioevo tra carisma ed istituzione [The Augustinian hermits, like the other mendicant orders, were mostly based in cities and towns. One of their roles was spiritual direction of pious women, both nuns and tertiaries. The hermits promoted the cult of Saint Monica, the mother of Augustine of Hippo. They also adapted the Rule of Augustine for use by women connected to the order. The hermits, however, issued few regulations for the care of these women. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Quaderni Medievali , 58., (dicembre 2004):  Pages 43 - 61.
Year of Publication: 2004.

42. Record Number: 17744
Author(s): Tovalieri, Sabrina
Contributor(s):
Title : Damianite e Clarisse in Trentino e in Alto Adige nel XIII e XIV secolo [The Poor Clares had settled in Trent by 1228, where they received support from Pope Gregory IX. The monastery existed until 1809. The Clares' monastery in Bressanone was founded by 1235. It survives to the present day. The monastery in Merano was founded ca. 1309 and lasted until 1787. The houses in Merano and Bressanone were the object of reform efforts by Cardinal Nicholas of Cusa. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Collectanea Franciscana , 74., ( 2004):  Pages 557 - 580.
Year of Publication: 2004.

43. Record Number: 20787
Author(s): Fleck, Cathleen A
Contributor(s):
Title : Blessed the eyes that see those things you see: The Trecento Choir Frescoes at Santa Maria Donnaregina in Naples [Describes the events depicted in the fresco cycles of the monastery, and makes connections between the relationship of the nun's agency as viewer of the frescoes to her relationship with the male mendicant orders of the monastery. Also examines how the content of the frescoes alludes to increases in women's literacy in Naples during this period. Title note supplied by Femiane.].
Source: Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte , 67., ( 2004):  Pages 201 - 224.
Year of Publication: 2004.

44. Record Number: 11407
Author(s): Lifshitz, Felice.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Persistence of Late Antiquity: Christ as Man and Woman in an Eighth-Century Miniature [The author discusses a miniature in which she argues that Christ is portrayed twice, once as the crucified Jesus and beneath as a female blessing figure. Lifshitz connects this to an intellectual milieu in which aristocratic women in monastic double houses were used to having spiritual authority. Furthermore they had access to late antique sources with similar outlooks including the Priscillianist tractates and the "Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles." Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Medieval Feminist Forum , 38., (Winter 2004):  Pages 18 - 27.
Year of Publication: 2004.

45. Record Number: 18224
Author(s): Herzig, Tamar
Contributor(s):
Title : The Rise and Fall of a Savonarolan Visionary: Lucia Brocadelli's Contribution to the Piagnone Movement [The author explores Lucia Brocadelli's activities in the reform movement inspired by Girolamo Savonarola. The duke, Ercole d'Este, brought her to Ferrara because of her reputation for saintliness and her support of the Piagnoni, followers of Savonarola. Lucia promoted Savonarola's cult in the monastery she directed. Despite historians' interests in the Piagnoni movement, Lucia's role has been ignored. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte / Archive for Reformation History , 95., ( 2004):  Pages 34 - 59.
Year of Publication: 2004.

46. Record Number: 14636
Author(s): Yakou, Hisashi.
Contributor(s):
Title : Contemplating Angels and the "Madonna of the Apocalypse" [The author briefly discusses antecedents for the nuns' elevated choir and then turns to the church's frescoes. Yakou in particular focuses on the "Angelic Choirs" and the "Madonna of the Apocalypse" in terms both of iconography and meditative use by the Clarissan nuns. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Church of Santa Maria Donna Regina: Art, Iconography, and Patronage in Fourteenth-Century Naples.   Edited by Janis Elliott and Cordelia Warr .   Ashgate, 2004. Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte / Archive for Reformation History , 95., ( 2004):  Pages 93 - 107.
Year of Publication: 2004.

47. Record Number: 14638
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Passion Cycle": Images to Contemplate and Imitate amid Clarissan "clausura" [The author argues that the passion cycle in the church of Santa Maria Donna Regina emphasized an "imitatio Mariae," a devotion to the Eucharist, and Franciscan concerns for female viewers. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Church of Santa Maria Donna Regina: Art, Iconography, and Patronage in Fourteenth-Century Naples.   Edited by Janis Elliott and Cordelia Warr .   Ashgate, 2004. Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte / Archive for Reformation History , 95., ( 2004):  Pages 129 - 153.
Year of Publication: 2004.

48. Record Number: 14632
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Religious Patronage and Royal Propaganda in Angevin Naples: Santa Maria Donna Regina in Context [The author explores the Angevin rulers' connections with Franciscanism, their religious patronage generally, and their efforts to strengthen and lend prestige to their dynasty. Kelly maintains that Angevin support of Franciscan Spirituals and religious p
Source: The Church of Santa Maria Donna Regina: Art, Iconography, and Patronage in Fourteenth-Century Naples.   Edited by Janis Elliott and Cordelia Warr .   Ashgate, 2004. Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte / Archive for Reformation History , 95., ( 2004):  Pages 27 - 43.
Year of Publication: 2004.

49. Record Number: 14094
Author(s): Faesen, Rob S.J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Was Hadewijch a Beguine or a Cistercian? An Annotated Hypothesis
Source: Cîteaux: Revue d'Histoire Cistercienne , 55., 40180 ( 2004):  Pages 47 - 63.
Year of Publication: 2004.

50. Record Number: 11392
Author(s): Berman, Constance H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Eleanor of Aquitane and the Quarrel Over Medieval Women's Power [Third article in a roundtable entitled "Re-presenting Eleanor of Aquitaine." The author addresses the historiography of women in the Middle Ages, arguing that since medieval survey courses are often taught in two parts, the periodization distorts women's history. Berman urges historians to do more archival work, particularly in monastic sources where the careers of postmenopausal women who exercised power and authority are more apparent. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Feminist Forum , 37., (Spring 2004):  Pages 21 - 26.
Year of Publication: 2004.

51. Record Number: 11420
Author(s): Hall, Dianne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Necessary Collaborations: Religious Women and Lay Communities in Medieval Ireland, c. 1200-1540 [The author argues that the boundaries between Irish women's monastic houses and lay communities were permeable. Nuns sought good relations with neighbors and family members to ensure material and political support. Monastic women needed to ignore the rules of enclosure in order to adminster the monasteries' lands and keep in touch with their families. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Irish Women's History.   Edited by Alan Hayes and Diane Urquhart .   Irish Academic Press, 2004. Medieval Feminist Forum , 37., (Spring 2004):  Pages 15 - 28.
Year of Publication: 2004.

52. Record Number: 14754
Author(s): Blanton, Virginia.
Contributor(s):
Title : King Anna's Daughters: Genealogical Narrative and Cult Formation in the "Liber Eliensis" [The "Liber Eliensis" written by twelfth century monks at Ely, created Wihtburg as another sister for Aethelthryth to underline her sanctity and importance by emphasizing virginity, royalty and holy kinship. These stories went beyond the monastery to local communities in East Anglia and appear in saints' lives and parish records as late as the fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 30., 1 (Spring 2004):  Pages 127 - 149.
Year of Publication: 2004.

53. Record Number: 14096
Author(s): Freeman, Elizabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Houses of a Peculiar Order: Cistercian Nunneries in Medieval England, with Special Attention to the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries [Only two English women's monasteries, Marham and Tarrant, were officially incorporated as Cistercian houses. However, visitation records, mortuary rolls, and other evidence document unofficial houses for women that claimed Cistercian privileges. Freeman
Source: Cîteaux: Revue d'Histoire Cistercienne , 55., 40241 ( 2004):  Pages 245 - 287.
Year of Publication: 2004.

54. Record Number: 14641
Author(s): Gardner, Julian.
Contributor(s):
Title : Santa Maria Donna Regina in its European Context [The author argues for Santa Maria Donna Regina's importance as a royal monastery for women. Other contemporary examples like Longchamps and Poissy do not survive. Furthermore, Mary of Hungary's tomb and the extensive fresco program incorporate complex dynastic and sacred themes. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Church of Santa Maria Donna Regina: Art, Iconography, and Patronage in Fourteenth-Century Naples.   Edited by Janis Elliott and Cordelia Warr .   Ashgate, 2004. Cîteaux: Revue d'Histoire Cistercienne , 55., 40241 ( 2004):  Pages 195 - 201.
Year of Publication: 2004.

55. Record Number: 14637
Author(s): Fleck, Cathleen A
Contributor(s):
Title : To exercise yourself in these things by continued contemplation: Visual and Textual Literacy in the Frescoes at Santa Maria Donna Regina [The author argues that the Donna Regina fresco program was planned to enhance the resident nuns' understanding and meditation on the tenets of the faith. Furthermore many of the nuns would have had a visual literacy as well as a textual literacy to understand the sophisticated iconography and the Latin inscriptions. The nuns also would need to summon up relevant Biblical texts and other readings from memory. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Church of Santa Maria Donna Regina: Art, Iconography, and Patronage in Fourteenth-Century Naples.   Edited by Janis Elliott and Cordelia Warr .   Ashgate, 2004. Cîteaux: Revue d'Histoire Cistercienne , 55., 40241 ( 2004):  Pages 109 - 128.
Year of Publication: 2004.

56. Record Number: 10057
Author(s): Callan, Maeve B.
Contributor(s):
Title : St. Darerca and Her Sister Scholars: Women and Education in Medieval Ireland
Source: Gender and History , 15., 1 (April 2003):  Pages 32 - 49.
Year of Publication: 2003.

57. Record Number: 10569
Author(s): Scheepsma, Wybren.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mysticism and Modern Devotion: Alijt Bake's (1415-1455) Lessons in the Mystical Way of Living [Alijt Bake had a special gift for the mystical life. When she became prioress of Galilea (a house associated with the Modern Devotion), she attempted to reform the nuns' external methods toward a more internalized spirituality. Bake wrote texts for the nuns as well as a spiritual autobiography and a letter from exile. The leaders of the Windesheim Chapter not only removed her as prioress in 1454 but sent her from Ghent to Antwerp. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Spirituality renewed: studies on significant representatives of the Modern Devotion.   Edited by Hein Blommestijn, Charles Caspers, and Rijcklof Hofman Studies in spirituality. Supplement .  10 2003. Gender and History , 15., 1 (April 2003):  Pages 157 - 167.
Year of Publication: 2003.

58. Record Number: 10782
Author(s): Field, Richard S.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Fifteenth-Century Woodcut of the "Death of the Virgin" in a Manuscript of "Der Stachel der Liebe" [The author examines the development and meaning of an iconographic theme, the figure of the kneeling Virgin in woodcut scenes of the Dormition. This devotional image presented Mary as humankind's stongest intercessor with both her son and God. It also served as a model for the good death with Mary kneeling in pious prayer as her earthly life ends. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies in Iconography , 24., ( 2003):  Pages 71 - 137.
Year of Publication: 2003.

59. Record Number: 18423
Author(s): Freeman, Elizabeth
Contributor(s):
Title : Cistercian Women in Medieval England, Twelfth to Sixteenth Centuries [The author briefly outlines her current research on female Cistercian houses (official and unofficial) in England. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Monastic Research Bulletin , 9., ( 2003):  Pages 25 - 26.
Year of Publication: 2003.

60. Record Number: 10896
Author(s): Mueller, Joan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Agnes of Prague and the Rule of St. Clare
Source: Studies in Spirituality , 13., ( 2003):  Pages 155 - 167.
Year of Publication: 2003.

61. Record Number: 10748
Author(s): Carroll, Jane L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Woven Devotions: Reform and Piety in Tapestries by Dominican Nuns [The author examines two tapestries that were produced by Dominican nuns in Germany. Both have small depictions of nuns working at looms in the margins. Carroll suggests that these images are part self-portraits, part devotional images, while also serving as exemplars of the Dominican reform for a "vita activa" that avoided luxury and sloth. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Saints, Sinners, and Sisters: Gender and Northern Art in Medieval and Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Jane L. Carroll and Alison G. Stewart .   Ashgate, 2003. Studies in Spirituality , 13., ( 2003):  Pages 182 - 201.
Year of Publication: 2003.

62. Record Number: 9712
Author(s): Wolbrink, Shelley Amiste.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women in the Premonstratensian Order of Northwestern Germany, 1120-1250 [The established historiography of the Premonstratensians shows women being marginalized from the early years onward. The documentary record is more complex. The German records show men's houses serving as "mother" houses to women's monasteries. This relationship was not free of conflict, but it shows a more vital presence of women in the order than the historiography has claimed. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Catholic Historical Review (Full Text via Project Muse) 89, 3 (July 2003): 387-408. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2003.

63. Record Number: 10963
Author(s): Strocchia, Sharon T.
Contributor(s):
Title : Taken into Custody: Girls and Convent Guardianship in Renaissance Florence
Source: Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 17., 2 (June 2003):  Pages 177 - 200.
Year of Publication: 2003.

64. Record Number: 8066
Author(s): Wogan-Browne, Jocelyn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Powers of Record, Powers of Example: Hagiography and Women's History [The author compares an Anglo-Norman hagiography collection from Campsey with the "Ancrene Wisse" and its associated "Katherine Group." While the "Ancrene Wisse" presents hagiography as romance, the Campsey manuscript presents many role models for women in which they act together in groups and inhabit an historical setting. The author argues that the collection represents a collectivity of noble women's interests in the areas of monasticism, ecclesiastic issues, and family. It is centered on East Anglia but has networks of connections running through England and the continent. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Gendering the Master Narrative: Women and Power in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Mary C. Erler and Maryanne Kowaleski .   Cornell University Press, 2003. Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 17., 2 (June 2003):  Pages 71 - 93.
Year of Publication: 2003.

65. Record Number: 13673
Author(s): Wogan-Browne, Jocelyn
Contributor(s):
Title : Dead to the World? Death and the Maiden Revisited in Medieval Women's Convent Culture [This essay looks at letters and biographies in the convents of Heloise and her English and French colleagues against the social and cultural history of medieval death. Rejecting stereotypes of nuns as immured from the world in the gothic embrace of a grave, the essay explores a living culture of death in which women interceded on behalf of themselves and others, organized their cultural traditions, shaped institutional memory, and dealt with the administrative, practical, and symbolic aspects of nunnery cemeteries. Equipping women for the work of commemoration and communion with the dead was to equip them with the means of self-conscious shaping of their own and others’ lives and spiritualities. Abstract submitted to Feminae by the author.]
Source: Guidance for Women in Twelfth-Century Convents.   Edited by Translated by Vera Morton with an interpretive essay by Jocelyn Wogan-Browne Library of Medieval Women .   D. S. Brewer, 2003. Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 17., 2 (June 2003):  Pages 157 - 180.
Year of Publication: 2003.

66. Record Number: 10907
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Isabelle of France and Religious Devotion at the Court of Louis IX
Source: Capetian Women.   Edited by Kathleen Nolan .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 17., 2 (June 2003):  Pages 209 - 223.
Year of Publication: 2003.

67. Record Number: 10564
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Textual Spaces/ Playing Places: An Exploration of Convent Drama in the Abbey of Origny-Sainte-Benoîte [The author explores two plays, "Ludus paschalis" and "Visitatio sepulchri," (both partially in French) that were performed at Easter time in the Benedictine women's monastary at Origny-Sainte-Benoîte. Matthews considers issues involving performance, women's spirituality, public versus private venues, and the connections these two plays had with other plays from women's monasteries. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: European Medieval Drama , 7., ( 2003):  Pages 69 - 85.
Year of Publication: 2003.

68. Record Number: 11827
Author(s): Manzalaoui, Mahmoud A.
Contributor(s):
Title : English Medieval Nunneries: Buildings, Precincts, and Estates [The author surveys both archaeological and textual monastic buildings and estates. Bond concludes that women's houses, unlike men's monasteries, were not distinctive according to religious order. They tend to be poorer and were usually not able to increase their holdings after the twelfth century. Bond describes all the different kinds of buildings involved including churches, gatehouses, cloisters, refectories, bake houses, and barns. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women and Religion in Medieval England.   Edited by Diana Wood .   Oxbow Books, 2003. European Medieval Drama , 7., ( 2003):  Pages 46 - 90.
Year of Publication: 2003.

69. Record Number: 10781
Author(s): Schmidt, Peter.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Use of Prints in German Convents of the Fifteenth Century: The Example of Nuremberg [The author focuses on the uses made by nuns in the Dominican house, the Katharinenkloster. Schmidt argues that the woodcuts were a medium of communication among nuns as well as between confessors and their female penitents. Title note supplied by Feminae
Source: Studies in Iconography , 24., ( 2003):  Pages 43 - 69.
Year of Publication: 2003.

70. Record Number: 9719
Author(s): Mecham, June L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Reading Between the Lines: Compilation, Variation, and the Recovery of an Authentic Female Voice in the "Dornenkron" Prayer Books from Wienhausen
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 29., 2 (June 2003):  Pages 109 - 128.
Year of Publication: 2003.

71. Record Number: 8712
Author(s): Hall, Dianne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and Violence in Late Medieval Ireland [The author provides a brief overview of women who committed violent acts in Ireland. She concentrates on the case of Elicia Butler, abbess of Kilculliheen , who in the early sixteenth century attacked her nuns in anger. The author argues that the abbess violated social constraints on violence since she committed the violence herself, attacked social peers, and acted in anger rather than in an effort to discipline the nuns. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies on Medieval and Early Modern Women: Pawns or Players?   Edited by Christine Meek and Catherine Lawless .   Four Courts Press, 2003. Journal of Medieval History , 29., 2 (June 2003):  Pages 131 - 140.
Year of Publication: 2003.

72. Record Number: 11092
Author(s): Innes-Parker, Catherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Legacy of "Ancrene Wisse ": Translations, Adaptations, Influences, and Audience, with Special Attention to Women Readers [The author traces the adaptations and echoes of the "Ancrene Wisse" in fourteenth and fifteenth century vernacular devotional literature. In looking at manuscript ownership and wills, Innes-Parker finds circles of reading among religious and lay women. Surprisingly the most innovative texts quickly found their way into women's possession. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: A Companion to "Ancrene Wisse."   Edited by Yoko Wada .   D. S. Brewer, 2003. Journal of Medieval History , 29., 2 (June 2003):  Pages 145 - 173.
Year of Publication: 2003.

73. Record Number: 11825
Author(s): Foot, Sarah.
Contributor(s):
Title : Unveiling Anglo-Saxon Nuns [The author addresses the widely held belief that the number of women's monasteries dramatically decreased in the late Anglo-Saxon period. Foot cites a variety of reasons for these circumstances including the Viking wars, loss of native royal families that had served as active patrons, and concerns about nuns needing much closer control. However, in tracing contemporary references to religious women, Foot found many instances of women leading consecrated religious lives, many as vowesses, outside of monasteries with the support of their families. These women need to be included when evaluating the state of late Anglo-Saxon female religious life. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women and Religion in Medieval England.   Edited by Diana Wood .   Oxbow Books, 2003. Journal of Medieval History , 29., 2 (June 2003):  Pages 13 - 31.
Year of Publication: 2003.

74. Record Number: 11085
Author(s): Millett, Bella.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Genre of "Ancrene Wisse" [The author traces the sources that influenced the "Ancrene Wisse," beginning with Augustine's "libellus" of practical and spiritual advice through the near-contemporary Domincan adaptations of the Premonstratensian customary. Millett also signals the influence of the Fourth Lateran Council in 1215 which would have made the "Ancrene Wisse" author more leery of encouraging new religious orders as well as taking on the pastoral care of religious women. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: A Companion to "Ancrene Wisse."   Edited by Yoko Wada .   D. S. Brewer, 2003. Journal of Medieval History , 29., 2 (June 2003):  Pages 29 - 44.
Year of Publication: 2003.

75. Record Number: 10649
Author(s): MacLean, Simon.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queenship, Nunneries, and Royal Widowhood in Carolingian Europe [The author traces the political implications of these three phenomena which came together very strongly during the second half of the ninth century. MacLean uses case studies of Empress Richgard's management of the monastery of Andlau in Alsace and of Empress Engelberga's administration of S. Sisto in Piacenza, Italy. In both instances the royal widows drew on natal family ties and regional connections to establish their authority. MacLean suggests that the rise in queenly influence at this period was in part an effort to establish a moral role for queens whose reputations had been badly tarnished by such events as Lothar's divorce. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Past and Present , 178., (February 2003):  Pages 3 - 38.
Year of Publication: 2003.

76. Record Number: 8052
Author(s): Jeffrey, Jane E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Radegund and the Letter of Foundation [The author provides a brief overview of Radegund's life as queen and founder-abbess of the Convent of the Holy Cross. There follows the Latin text and English translation of her "Letter of Foundation," written near the end of her life to set the direction of the monastery. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Women Writing Latin from Roman Antiquity to Early Modern Europe. Volume 2: Medieval Women Writing Latin.   Edited by Laurie J. Churchill, Phyllis R. Brown, and Jane E. Jeffrey .   Routledge, 2002. Journal of Medieval History , 28., ( 2002):  Pages 11 - 23.
Year of Publication: 2002.

77. Record Number: 8053
Author(s): Stofferahn, Steven A.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Schoolgirl and Mistress Felhin: A Devout Petition from Ninth Century Saxony [The author provides a brief introduction to the Latin request in a manuscript from Essen by a ninth century female student in a woman's monastery. The writer wants to keep vigil overnight with the lady Adalu. The Latin text and an English translation follow the introduction. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Women Writing Latin from Roman Antiquity to Early Modern Europe. Volume 2: Medieval Women Writing Latin.   Edited by Laurie J. Churchill, Phyllis R. Brown, and Jane E. Jeffrey .   Routledge, 2002. Journal of Medieval History , 28., ( 2002):  Pages 25 - 35.
Year of Publication: 2002.

78. Record Number: 8059
Author(s): Griffiths, Fiona.
Contributor(s):
Title : Herrad of Hohenbourg and the Poetry of the "Hortus deliciarum: Cantat tibi cantica" [The author provides a brief overview of Herrad's encyclopedic "Hortus." She suggests that in addition to the dedicatory poem for the women of Hohenberg, Herrad probably also wrote "De primo homine" and "Rithmus de Domino" which share her same tone of joyful love for Christ. Latin texts and English translations of selected poems from the "Hortus deliciarum follow." Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women Writing Latin from Roman Antiquity to Early Modern Europe. Volume 2: Medieval Women Writing Latin.   Edited by Laurie J. Churchill, Phyllis R. Brown, and Jane E. Jeffrey .   Routledge, 2002. Journal of Medieval History , 28., ( 2002):  Pages 231 - 263.
Year of Publication: 2002.

79. Record Number: 8314
Author(s): Matter, E. Ann.
Contributor(s):
Title : Bible and Rule in the Clarissan Tradition [Clare and her sisters lobbied for papal approval of their rule. It can be understood as representing her own voice. The Rule quotes the gospels, while Clare's letters refer to the "Song of Songs" and other bridal images. Later Clares are found to be using both patterns of Biblical references. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Magistra , 8., 2 (Winter 2002):  Pages 77 - 83.
Year of Publication: 2002.

80. Record Number: 10516
Author(s): Rasmussen, Linda.
Contributor(s):
Title : Order, Order! Determining Order in Medieval English Nunneries [The author examines Stamford Priory, a house for women founded around 1160, as a case study for the importance of monastic affiliation. At various points the prioress petitioned for tax relief based on poverty and the priory's affiliation as a Cistercian house. At the same time the male Benedictine monastery at Peterborough, Stamford's patron, successfully resisted Stamford's efforts to stop paying fees to the large Benedictine house. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Our Medieval Heritage: Essays in Honour of John Tillotson for His 60th Birthday.   Edited by Linda Rasmussen, Valerie Spear, and Dianne Tillotson .   Merton Priory Press, 2002. Magistra , 8., 2 (Winter 2002):  Pages 30 - 49.
Year of Publication: 2002.

81. Record Number: 10515
Author(s): Spear, Valerie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Change and Decay? The Nunnery and the Secular World in Late Medieval England
Source: Our Medieval Heritage: Essays in Honour of John Tillotson for His 60th Birthday.   Edited by Linda Rasmussen, Valerie Spear, and Dianne Tillotson .   Merton Priory Press, 2002. Monastic Research Bulletin , 9., ( 2003):  Pages 15 - 29.
Year of Publication: 2002.

82. Record Number: 10705
Author(s): Charansonnet, Alexis.
Contributor(s):
Title : Robert d' Arbrissel et la vie religieuse dans l'ouest de la France: Colloque international à l'occasion du 9e centenaire de la fondation de Fontevraud, Abbaye royale, 13- 16 décembre 2001
Source: Revue Mabillon: Nouvelle Série , 13., 74 ( 2002):  Pages 339 - 343.
Year of Publication: 2002.

83. Record Number: 10517
Author(s): Hotchin, Julie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Abbot as Guardian and Cultivator of Virtues: Two Perspectives on the "cura monialium" in Practice [The author explores two twelfth century letters from the abbey of Reinhandsbrunn concerning the pastoral care of nuns. The first is from a papal legate to the abbey's abbot answering his concerns about providing spiritual direction for the women at his monastery. The second letter is from the abbess of a nearby female house asking Reinhandsbrunn for one of its monks as a spiritual director. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Our Medieval Heritage: Essays in Honour of John Tillotson for His 60th Birthday.   Edited by Linda Rasmussen, Valerie Spear, and Dianne Tillotson .   Merton Priory Press, 2002. Monastic Research Bulletin , 9., ( 2003):  Pages 50 - 64.
Year of Publication: 2002.

84. Record Number: 8307
Author(s): Gaunt, Simon.
Contributor(s):
Title : Widows, Consecrated Virgins, and Deaconesses in Ancient Gaul [The author argues that the tradition of female ministries in which women served the Church in official capacities took various forms in Gaul including deaconesses, blessed virgins, and chaste widows. All of these women were celibate but took part in the life of the Church and did not live in monasteries. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Magistra , 8., 1 (Summer 2002):  Pages 53 - 84.
Year of Publication: 2002.

85. Record Number: 7270
Author(s): Beach, Alison I.
Contributor(s):
Title : Voices from a Distant Land: Fragments of a Twelfth-Century Nuns' Letter Collection [The author has identified nineteen full or partial letters written by nuns at Admont. Some are routine correspondence relating to patronage, but others are of a personal nature including a mother who wants her young daughter brought to her and a nun who
Source: Speculum , 77., 1 (January 2002):  Pages 34 - 54.
Year of Publication: 2002.

86. Record Number: 8085
Author(s): Strocchia, Sharon T.
Contributor(s):
Title : Naming a Nun: Spiritual Exemplars and Corporate Identity in Florentine Convents, 1450-1530 [A newly professed nun frequently took a new name to mark her separation from the world and integration into a monastic community. This practice only slowly became common, especially for older girls entering monasteries. By the end of the fifteenth century, the practice, once sporadic, had become the norm. Names with classical or literary resonances were among those most frequently changed to more pious ones. Communities controlled their own naming practices, recycling the names of respected sisters for generations. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Society and Individual in Renaissance Florence.   Edited by William J. Connell .   University of California Press, 2002. Speculum , 77., 1 (January 2002):  Pages 215 - 240.
Year of Publication: 2002.

87. Record Number: 7135
Author(s): Wogan-Brown, Jocelyn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Analytical Survey 5: "Reading is Good Prayer": Recent Research on Female Reading Communities [The author has written an extended bibliographic essay that thoughtfully surveys and evaluates the recent historiography on women readers, their texts, and their communities, especially monastic houses. Note also the valuable bibliography on pages 276-297.].
Source: New Medieval Literatures , 5., ( 2002):  Pages 229 - 297.
Year of Publication: 2002.

88. Record Number: 7833
Author(s): Sluhovsky, Moshe.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Devil in the Convent
Source: American Historical Review , 107., 5 (December 2002):  Pages 1378 - 1411.
Year of Publication: 2002.

89. Record Number: 8592
Author(s): Tokunaga, Satoko.
Contributor(s):
Title : Assessing Book Use by Women in Late Medieval England [The author surveys the difficulties in establishing actual use of books by women. Topics briefly discussed include marks of ownership, instances of women writing, communal reading, and the roles of men, particularly as chaplains, as readers, and as interpreters of Latin texts. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Journal of the Early Book Society for the Study of Manuscripts and Printing History , 5., ( 2002):  Pages 169 - 176.
Year of Publication: 2002.

90. Record Number: 8851
Author(s): Blanton-Whetsell, Virginia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Imagines Aetheldredae: Mapping Hagiographic Representations of Abbatial Power and Religious Patronage [The author studies the veneration of Saint Æthelthryth (or Etheldreda) in England across the Middle Ages and across both lay and religious audiences. She argues that scholars frequently divide the evidence of a saint's cult along academic disciplinary lines. They thereby miss evidence that is crucial for their understanding of a saint and those who honored her. Appendix A is an extensive inventory of representations, texts, and buildings concerning or devoted to Saint Ethelreda. Known origins are also indicated. Appendix B is a chart that tabulates the data in Appendix A. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies in Iconography , 23., ( 2002):  Pages 55 - 107.
Year of Publication: 2002.

91. Record Number: 8058
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Autobiography or Autohagioglraphy? Decoding the subtext in the "Visions" of Elisabeth of Schonau [The author provides a brief overview of Elisabeth's life and her writings. She discusses the influence that Elisabeth's brother Ekbert may have had on the written accounts of her visions. She also considers the themes of pain and suffering and the devil's temptations that feature prominently in Elisabeth's visions. Excepts follow from the Latin text and English translation of Elizabeth's vision. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Women Writing Latin from Roman Antiquity to Early Modern Europe. Volume 2: Medieval Women Writing Latin.   Edited by Laurie J. Churchill, Phyllis R. Brown, and Jane E. Jeffrey .   Routledge, 2002. Studies in Iconography , 23., ( 2002):  Pages 197 - 229.
Year of Publication: 2002.

92. Record Number: 8311
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Suffering, Sacrifice, and Stability: "The Life of Aleydis of Schaerbeek" in a Contemporary Context [The author meditates on the meaning of Alice of Schaarbeek's "Vita" for her own troubles in an abusive marriage. Krahmer maintains that the themes of redemptive suffering and the virtue of stability proved dangerous when she applied them to her own situation. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Magistra , 8., 2 (Winter 2002):  Pages 25 - 44.
Year of Publication: 2002.

93. Record Number: 8060
Author(s): McMillin, Linda.
Contributor(s):
Title : Anonymous Lives: Documents from the Benedictine Convent of Sant Pere de les Puelles [The author introduces three documents from a monastic archive in Barcelona. They all concern women who are disposing of financial assets, either through a will or through donations to the monastery upon becoming a nun there. In all three cases the women went to some length to ensure that their wishes would be obeyed. Latin texts of the documents along with English translations follow. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women Writing Latin from Roman Antiquity to Early Modern Europe. Volume 2: Medieval Women Writing Latin.   Edited by Laurie J. Churchill, Phyllis R. Brown, and Jane E. Jeffrey .   Routledge, 2002. Magistra , 8., 2 (Winter 2002):  Pages 265 - 280.
Year of Publication: 2002.

94. Record Number: 8055
Author(s): Sheerin, Daniel.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sisters in the Literary Agon: Texts from Communities of Women on the Mortuary Roll of the Abbess Matilda of La Trinité, Caen [The author provides a brief introduction to the mortuary roll for Matilda, abbess of la Trinité monastery in Caen. Mortuary rolls announced the deaths of prominent religious women and men and provided space for monasteries and cathedrals to record prayers and commemorative poems. The author suggests that groups competed for the most elegant and rhetorically inventive entries. He also suggests that poems written by nuns may have prompted the misogynous comments in several of the entries from male religious communities. Latin texts and English translations follow of Matilda's obituary notice and the poems on the mortuary roll from women's communities. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Women Writing Latin from Roman Antiquity to Early Modern Europe. Volume 2: Medieval Women Writing Latin.   Edited by Laurie J. Churchill, Phyllis R. Brown, and Jane E. Jeffrey .   Routledge, 2002. Magistra , 8., 2 (Winter 2002):  Pages 93 - 131.
Year of Publication: 2002.

95. Record Number: 10456
Author(s): Rollo-Koster, Joëlle.
Contributor(s):
Title : From Prostitutes to Brides of Christ: The Avignonese "Repenties" in the Late Middle Ages
Source: Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (Full Text via Project Muse) 32, 1 (Winter 2002): 109-144. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2002.

96. Record Number: 7134
Author(s): Warren, Nancy Bradley.
Contributor(s):
Title : Monastic Politics: St. Colette of Corbie, Franciscan Reform, and the House of Burgundy
Source: New Medieval Literatures , 5., ( 2002):  Pages 203 - 228.
Year of Publication: 2002.

97. Record Number: 9512
Author(s): Wiethaus, Ulrike.
Contributor(s):
Title : Thieves and Carnivals: Gender in German Dominican Literature of the Fourteenth Century [The author examines two autobiographical vernacular texts from Margarete Ebner and Heinrich Seuse. She argues that Seuse was concerned in part with disciplining nuns under his care and showing that female spirituality was inferior to his more intellectual approach. Ebner, on the other hand, wrote a spiritual manual for the nuns in her house in order to enhance their daily practices. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Vernacular Spirit: Essays on Medieval Religious Literature.   Edited by Renate Blumenfeld-Kosinski, Duncan Robertson, and Nancy Bradley Warren .   The New Middle Ages series. Palgrave, 2002. New Medieval Literatures , 5., ( 2002):  Pages 209 - 238.
Year of Publication: 2002.

98. Record Number: 8189
Author(s): Sorrentino, Janet.
Contributor(s):
Title : In Houses of Nuns, in Houses of Canons: A Liturgical Dimension to Double Monasteries
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 28., ( 2002):  Pages 361 - 372.
Year of Publication: 2002.

99. Record Number: 7078
Author(s): Boynton, Susan and Martina Pantarotto
Contributor(s):
Title : Ricerche sul breviario di Santa Giulia (Brescia, Biblioteca Queriniana, ms. H VI 21) [The monastery of Santa Giulia, Brescia, by the eleventh century had passed from imperial to local patronage. The paleographic and musical evidence place the origin of the manuscript in the eleventh century with additions made in the twelfth. Saint Agatha, a virgin martyr of noble birth, who had a special appeal to well-born nuns, received particular attention. The manuscript also shows scarce evidence of the glossing of liturgical texts. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studi Medievali , 42., 1 (Giugno 2001):  Pages 301 - 318.
Year of Publication: 2001.

100. Record Number: 4770
Author(s): Koslin, Desiree.
Contributor(s):
Title : Initiation, Robing, and Veiling of Nuns in the Middle Ages
Source: Robes and Honor: The Medieval World of Investiture.   Edited by Stewart Gordon .   Palgrave, 2001. Mediaeval Studies , 63., ( 2001):  Pages 255 - 274.
Year of Publication: 2001.

101. Record Number: 5908
Author(s): Smith, Janet G.
Contributor(s):
Title : Santa Umiltà of Faenza: Her Florentine Convent and Its Art [in the early 16th century the Florentines destroyed the monastery of San Giovanni Evangelista, outside the walls, to improve the city's defenses; this house had been founded by the Vallombrosan nun Umiltà of Faenza; much of its surviving art depicts Umiltà with a weasel, the enemy of the serpent, symbol of evil; this animal was displaced in later art by a book, and that too vanished in Counter-Reformation depictions of Umiltà, in which she becomes a generic saint without distinguishing symbols].
Source: Visions of Holiness: Art and Devotion in Renaissance Italy.   Edited by Andrew Ladis and Shelley E. Zuraw .   Georgia Museum of Art, University of Georgia, 2001. Mediaeval Studies , 63., ( 2001):  Pages 37 - 65.
Year of Publication: 2001.

102. Record Number: 6717
Author(s): Power, Kim E.
Contributor(s):
Title : From Ecclesiology to Mariology: Patristic Traces and Innovation in the "Speculum virginum"
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001. Mediaeval Studies , 63., ( 2001):  Pages 85 - 110.
Year of Publication: 2001.

103. Record Number: 6722
Author(s): Bos, Elisabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Literature of Spiritual Formation for Women in France and England, 1080-1180 [The author draws on letters written by such notable ecclesiastics as Peter the Venerable, Anselm, and Bernard of Clairvaux to nuns and to secular women, offering them advice on their spiritual problems].
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001. Mediaeval Studies , 63., ( 2001):  Pages 201 - 220.
Year of Publication: 2001.

104. Record Number: 7053
Author(s): Cristellon, Cecilia.
Contributor(s):
Title : La sposa in convento (Padova e Venezia 1455-1458) [Maddalena di Sicilia tried to end her union with Giorgio Zaccarotto by entering a monastery. The case over this marriage was heard by ecclesiastical judges in Padua and Venice. Giorgio based his claim to Maddalena on consummation. Maddalena blamed family pressure that made her lie about her being of sufficient age for sexual relations. Her plea was successful, and she remained a nun. (Additional documentation on CD-ROM accompanying the book). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Matrimoni in dubbio: unioni controverse e nozze clandestine in Italia dal XIV al XVIII secolo.   Edited by Silvana Seidel Menchi and Diego Quaglioni .   Mulino, 2001. Mediaeval Studies , 63., ( 2001):  Pages 123 - 148.
Year of Publication: 2001.

105. Record Number: 7207
Author(s): Simonetti, Adele.
Contributor(s):
Title : Le Vite e gli agiografi della bedta Stefana Quinzani [Stefana Quinzani was of humble birth and became a Dominican tertiary in 1500. She enjoyed good relations with the nobility and was able to found a religious house at Soncino. Much of the documentation available was connected with her cult which culiminated in her beatification in the eighteenth century. Only in Bartolomeo da Mantová's account do we hear of Stefana's voice, including her account of visions which she received concerning her choice between the Dominican and Franciscan third orders. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Hagiographica: Rivista di agiografia e biografia della società internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino/ Journal of Hagiography and Biography of Società Internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino , 8., ( 2001):  Pages 191 - 231.
Year of Publication: 2001.

106. Record Number: 10210
Author(s): Talbot, Alice-Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : Building Activity in Constantinople under Andronikos II: The Role of Women Patrons in the Construction and Restoration of Monasteries [The author notes the substantial number of both female patrons and women's monasteries during this period. The patrons are connected to the royal family by blood or marriage. Individuals profiled include Theodora Raoulaina, Maria Palaiologina, Theodora Synadene, Irene Choumnaina Palaiologina, and Maria Doukaina Komnene Branaina Palaiologina. The women were all widows at the time of their donations and gave substantial gifts for a monastery to which they could retire and where they could bury their family members. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Byzantine Constantinople: Monuments, Topography, and Everyday Life.   Edited by Nevra Necipoglu. The Medieval Mediterranean: Peoples, Economies, and Cultures, 400-1453, Volume 33 Medieval Mediterranean, 33.   Brill, 2001. Hagiographica: Rivista di agiografia e biografia della società internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino/ Journal of Hagiography and Biography of Società Internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino , 8., ( 2001):  Pages 329 - 343.
Year of Publication: 2001.

107. Record Number: 6716
Author(s): Hotchin, Julie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Female Religious Life and the "Cura Monialium" in Hirsau Monasticism, 1080 to 1150
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001. Studi Medievali , 42., 1 (Giugno 2001):  Pages 59 - 83.
Year of Publication: 2001.

108. Record Number: 6449
Author(s): Spear, Valerie.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Canterbury Lament [the author analyzes a petition (transcribed and translated in the Appendix) sent from prioresses and abbesses to the king complaining about the advantages their ecclesiastical guardians were taking of them, charging them unfair fees and forcing them to take in new nuns when they had neither the space nor the money for them; the author argues that the petition demonstrates how the nuns could appropriate both religious and non-religious discourse to try to remedy their situation].
Source: Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 18., 3 (July 2001):  Pages 15 - 36.
Year of Publication: 2001.

109. Record Number: 6067
Author(s): Mortimer, Julia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Reflections in "The Myroure of Oure Ladye": The Translation of a Desiring Body [the author analyzes a number of Brigittine texts, in particular the "Myroure of Oure Ladye" written for the nuns at Syon; the author notes the efforts made to minimize Bridget's individual voice and the instances where Bridget identifies herself with the Virgin Mary's experiences through dissolving body boundaries].
Source: Mystics Quarterly , 27., 2 (June 2001):  Pages 58 - 76.
Year of Publication: 2001.

110. Record Number: 6740
Author(s): Warren, Ann K
Contributor(s):
Title : The Head of St. Euphemia: Templar Devotion to Female Saints
Source: Gendering the Crusades.   Edited by Susan B. Edgington and Sarah Lambert .   University of Wales Press, 2001. Mystics Quarterly , 27., 2 (June 2001):  Pages 108 - 120.
Year of Publication: 2001.

111. Record Number: 21266
Author(s): Rossi Vairo, Giulia
Contributor(s):
Title : Isabella d'Aragona, "Rainha santa de Portugal," e il monastero di Santa Clara e Santa Isabel di Coimbra (1286-1336) [The monastery of Santa Clara e Santa Isabel was founded by Donna Mor Dias in 1286. Isabel, queen of Portugal, took over patronage of the monastery, refounded it, and completed the buildings. Isabel played a key role in the building project and secured favors for the monastery from the pope. The Queen played an active role in the community's life down to her death, when she was buried in the monastery. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Collectanea Franciscana , 71., 40180 ( 2001):  Pages 139 - 170.
Year of Publication: 2001.

112. Record Number: 5539
Author(s): Baader, Gerhard.
Contributor(s):
Title : Elections of Abbesses and Notions of Identity in Fifteenth- and Sixteenth-Century Italy, with Special Reference to Venice
Source: Renaissance Quarterly (Full Text via JSTOR) 54, 2 (Summer 2001): 389-429. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2001.

113. Record Number: 6085
Author(s): Lichtmann, Maria R.
Contributor(s):
Title : Three Models of Self-Governance: Medieval English Translations of Latin Rules for Nuns [The author looks at the rules for the Benedictines, Brigittines, and Poor Clares in regard to issues of governance and discipline].
Source: Magistra , 7., 2 (Winter 2001):  Pages 100 - 125.
Year of Publication: 2001.

114. Record Number: 6078
Author(s): Quispe-Agnoli, Rocío.
Contributor(s):
Title : Teaching, Learning, Reading, and Writing: Educational Tools from Women for Women in Fifteenth-Century Spain [The author considers women writers in Iberia, mostly nuns, and the religious thinking that allowed them a certain amount of education and opportunities to write].
Source: Magistra , 7., 1 (Summer 2001):  Pages 30 - 51.
Year of Publication: 2001.

115. Record Number: 6714
Author(s): Mews, Constant J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Virginity, Theology, and Pedagogy in the "Speculum Virginum"
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001. Magistra , 7., 1 (Summer 2001):  Pages 15 - 40.
Year of Publication: 2001.

116. Record Number: 6720
Author(s): Pinder, Janice M.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Cloister and the Garden: Gendered Images of Religious Life from the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001. Magistra , 7., 1 (Summer 2001):  Pages 159 - 179.
Year of Publication: 2001.

117. Record Number: 6723
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Herrad of Hohenbourg: A Synthesis of Learning in "The Garden of Delights"
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001. Magistra , 7., 1 (Summer 2001):  Pages 221 - 243.
Year of Publication: 2001.

118. Record Number: 5892
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Familial Relationships in the Writings of Theoleptos of Philadelphia to Irene-Eulogia Choumnaina Palaiologina [Theoleptos, archbishop of Philadelphia, served as spiritual director to Irene, abbess of the double monastery Philanthropos Soter; in his letters he repeatedly advised her to stop seeing members of her family but she refused to comply].
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 27., ( 2001):  Pages 63
Year of Publication: 2001.

119. Record Number: 5540
Author(s): Radke, Gary M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Nuns and Their Art: The Case of San Zaccaria in Renaissance Venice [the nuns of San Zaccaria, mostly of good birth, had a symbiotic relationship with the city of Venice; public and private interests supported the nuns; and they responded by, among other things, patronizing art that was seen by visitors to their church; during the fifteenth century the nuns both redecorated their original church and, in the 1460s, built a new church alongside the old; the nuns not only funded these projects, they supervised the work to see that their wishes were heeded].
Source: Renaissance Quarterly (Full Text via JSTOR) 54, 2 (Summer 2001): 430-459. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2001.

120. Record Number: 6423
Author(s): Jäggi, Carola.
Contributor(s):
Title : Eastern Choir or Western Gallery? The Problem of the Place of the Nuns' Choir in Königsfelden and Other Early Mendicant Nunneries
Source: Gesta , 40., 1 ( 2001):  Pages 79 - 93.
Year of Publication: 2001.

121. Record Number: 6721
Author(s): Flanagan, Sabina.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Speculum virginum and Traditions of Medieval Dialogue
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001. Gesta , 40., 1 ( 2001):  Pages 181 - 200.
Year of Publication: 2001.

122. Record Number: 7040
Author(s): Uffmann, Heike.
Contributor(s):
Title : Inside and Outside the Convent Walls: The Norm and Practice of Enclosure in the Rerformed Nunneries of Late Medieval Germany
Source: Medieval History Journal , 4., 1 (January-June 2001):  Pages 83 - 108.
Year of Publication: 2001.

123. Record Number: 6715
Author(s): Seyfarth, Jutta.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Speculum virginum": The Testimony of the Manuscripts
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001. Medieval History Journal , 4., 1 (January-June 2001):  Pages 41 - 57.
Year of Publication: 2001.

124. Record Number: 8328
Author(s): Cossar, Roisin.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Good Woman: Gender Roles and Female Religious Identity in Late Medieval Bergamo [The author argues that women in Bergamo in the late Middle Ages saw a growing limitation on their participation in public religion. Confraternities became more male-dominated and changed their female members from participants to clients for services including estate management and memorial masses. However, women did find other outlets for their religious devotion within private, domestic environments, such as female monasteries. This resulted in women meeting their spiritual needs by cobbling together a network of relationships and services as reflected by women's bequests from Bergamo of household goods, money, and land to female monasteries, parish churches and confraternities. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome , 46., ( 2001):  Pages 119 - 132.
Year of Publication: 2001.

125. Record Number: 6495
Author(s): Graff, Eric.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Neglected Episode in the Prehistory of Syon Abbey: The Letter of Katillus Thornberni in Uppsala University Library Pappersbrev 1410-1420 [Katillus, a Brigittine brother from Sweden, was brought over to England to help establish the order in the British Isles by converting the hospital of St. Nicholas outside of York into a Brigittine abbey with female and male houses].
Source: Mediaeval Studies , 63., ( 2001):  Pages 323 - 336.
Year of Publication: 2001.

126. Record Number: 4869
Author(s): Natvig, Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : Rich Clares, Poor Clares: Celebrating the Divine Office ["The goal of this study is to trace the role of music in the Clarissan liturgy throughout the development of the order, from its origins in the early thirteenth century through its reform more than two hundred years later. Most of the extant evidence comes from the interpretation of numerous rules that governed the sisters." (Page. 60). Appendices include two extracts from the "Acta sanctorum" that describe how the Poor Clares celebrate the Divine Office, an extract from "Historiae seu vitae sanctorum" by Surius again describing the performance of the Office, and a list of polyphonic manuscripts with possible connections to the convents of St. Clare].
Source: Women and Music , 4., ( 2000):  Pages 59 - 70.
Year of Publication: 2000.

127. Record Number: 5445
Author(s): Medioli, Francesca.
Contributor(s):
Title : To Take or Not to Take the Veil: Selected Italian Case Histories, the Renaissance and After [The author briefly surveys cases of young women who were forced to become nuns by family members in order to co-opt their inheritances].
Source: Women in Italian Renaissance Culture and Society.   Edited by Letizia Panizza .   European Humanities Research Centre, University of Oxford, 2000. Women and Music , 4., ( 2000):  Pages 122 - 137.
Year of Publication: 2000.

128. Record Number: 5498
Author(s): Bodarwé, Katrinette.
Contributor(s):
Title : Roman Martyrs and Their Veneration in Ottonian Saxony: The Case of the "sanctimoniales" of Essen
Source: Early Medieval Europe , 9., 3 ( 2000):  Pages 345 - 365.
Year of Publication: 2000.

129. Record Number: 5661
Author(s): Ugé, Karine.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Legend of Saint Rictrude: Formation and Transformations (Tenth- Twelfth Century) [the author argues that the narrative cycle that began with Hucbald's "Vita Rictrudis" changed over time to meet the needs of various male monastic communities; in one text the emphasis was on enhancing the saint's social prestige while another underlined the sanctity of the monastery's lands given by Saint Rictrude; in most cases there was a concern to provide the monastery in question with a usable past].
Source: Anglo-Norman Studies , 23., ( 2000):  Pages 281 - 297.
Year of Publication: 2000.

130. Record Number: 5865
Author(s): East, W. G.
Contributor(s):
Title : Educating Heloise [The author analyzes the texts that Abelard wrote for Heloise and her nuns including the "History of Nuns," "Rule for Nuns," and hymns].
Source: Medieval Monastic Education.   Edited by George Ferzoco and Carolyn Muessig .   Leicester University Press, 2000. Anglo-Norman Studies , 23., ( 2000):  Pages 105 - 116.
Year of Publication: 2000.

131. Record Number: 6192
Author(s): Passolunghi, Pier Angelo.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sulla Beata Giuliana di Collalto [the abbess Giuliana di Collalto died in 1262; thereafter she was commemorated in Venetian hagiography and art down to the eighteenth century].
Source: Archivio Veneto Series V , 189., 131 ( 2000):  Pages 103 - 111.
Year of Publication: 2000.

132. Record Number: 4733
Author(s): Voaden, Rosalynn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Drinking from the Golden Cup: Courtly Ritual and Order in the "Liber specialis gratiae" of Mechthild of Hackeborn [The author argues that Mechthild described her visions with ceremonial splendor and courtly discourse in which she played the role of the gracious queen].
Source: Mystics Quarterly , 26., 3 (September 2000):  Pages 109 - 119.
Year of Publication: 2000.

133. Record Number: 4607
Author(s): Kay, Sarah.
Contributor(s):
Title : Audacious Nuns: Institutionalizing the Franciscan Order of Saint Clare [The author analyzes the legal and political struggles between the Poor Clares and the male Franciscan order, with the women finally successful in ensuring that the Franciscans would provide them with spiritual care].
Source: Church History , 69., 1 (March 2000):  Pages 41 - 62.
Year of Publication: 2000.

134. Record Number: 21265
Author(s): Milisenda, Floriana
Contributor(s):
Title : l monasteri delle Clarisse in Sicilia nel XIII e nel XIV secolo [The first monastery of the Poor Clares in Sicily was founded at Catania after 1228. Most of the houses were founded in the 14th century. This slow growth can be attributed to political turmoil in the 13th century. The growth in the following century owed much to royal patronage. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Collectanea Franciscana , 70., 40241 ( 2000):  Pages 485 - 519.
Year of Publication: 2000.

135. Record Number: 5229
Author(s): Mueller, Joan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Agnes of Prague and the Juridical Implications of the Privilege of Poverty [Agnes, daughter of the King of Bohemia, was inspired by Clare of Assisi to enter the order of Poor Clares ; Agnes resisted papal efforts to force her acceptance of property and other endowments for her monastery].
Source: Franciscan Studies , 58., ( 2000):  Pages 261 - 287.
Year of Publication: 2000.

136. Record Number: 5573
Author(s): Green, Monica H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Books as a Source of Medical Education for Women in the Middle Ages
Source: Dynamis: Acta Hispanica ad Medicinae Scientiarumque Historiam Illustrandam , 20., ( 2000):  Pages 331 - 369.
Year of Publication: 2000.

137. Record Number: 4841
Author(s): Crean, John E., Jr.
Contributor(s):
Title : Liturgia Horarum Feminina: The Office in German for Women [The author compares three German translations of the "Rule" (the "Oxford Rule," the "Berlin Rule," and the "Altenburg Rule") intended for women's houses].
Source: Magistra , 6., 2 (Winter 2000):  Pages 87 - 96.
Year of Publication: 2000.

138. Record Number: 5863
Author(s): Kienzle, Beverly Mayne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Hildegard of Bingen's Teaching in Her "Expositiones evangeliorum" and "Ordo virtutum" [The author focuses on the variety of exegetical interpretations Hildegard offers in the "Expositiones"].
Source: Medieval Monastic Education.   Edited by George Ferzoco and Carolyn Muessig .   Leicester University Press, 2000. Magistra , 6., 2 (Winter 2000):  Pages 72 - 86.
Year of Publication: 2000.

139. Record Number: 4243
Author(s): Beach, Alison I.
Contributor(s):
Title : Claustration and Collaboration Between the Sexes in the Twelfth-Century Scriptorium [the author compares the book production practices of two German double houses; Admont valued women's learning and the abbot worked with nuns to write down his Biblical commentaries; Schäftlarn did not train women in writing nor allow them access to books, but women who could already write were put to work in the scriptorium].
Source: Monks and Nuns, Saints and Outcasts: Religion in Medieval Society. Essays in Honor of Lester K. Little.   Edited by Sharon Farmer and Barbara H. Rosenwein .   Cornell University Press, 2000. Magistra , 6., 2 (Winter 2000):  Pages 57 - 75.
Year of Publication: 2000.

140. Record Number: 5444
Author(s): Primhak, Victoria.
Contributor(s):
Title : Benedictine Communities in Venetian Society: The Convent of S. Zaccaria [S. Zaccaria was a conventual convent where the nuns did not observe "clausura" and had use of their private incomes; the nuns were able to resist reform because the convent was one of the oldest and most prestigious in the city and welcomed the daughters
Source: Women in Italian Renaissance Culture and Society.   Edited by Letizia Panizza .   European Humanities Research Centre, University of Oxford, 2000. Magistra , 6., 2 (Winter 2000):  Pages 92 - 104.
Year of Publication: 2000.

141. Record Number: 4872
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : An Abbess and a Painter: Emilia Pannocchieschi d'Elci and a Fresco From the Circle of Simone Martini
Source: Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 14., 3 (September 2000):  Pages 273 - 300.
Year of Publication: 2000.

142. Record Number: 4837
Author(s): Skinner, Mary S.
Contributor(s):
Title : French Abbesses in Action: Structuring Carolingian and Cluniac Communities [The author analyzes charters from six women's and five men's monasteries from Anjou, Touraine, and Poitou; the women's houses are Sainte Croix and Trinity, Poitiers; St. Loup/Beaumont, Tours; Ronceray, Angers; S. Georges, Rennes; and Notre Dame, Saintes]
Source: Magistra , 6., 1 (Summer 2000):  Pages 37 - 60.
Year of Publication: 2000.

143. Record Number: 4244
Author(s): Pellegrini, Luigi.
Contributor(s):
Title : Female Religious Experience and Society in Thirteenth-Century Italy [the author examines the Church's reaction to the waves of religious enthusiasm experienced by Italian women; despite the new order of Poor Clares, many women in the second half of the thirteenth century could not or perhaps would not be accommodated there].
Source: Monks and Nuns, Saints and Outcasts: Religion in Medieval Society. Essays in Honor of Lester K. Little.   Edited by Sharon Farmer and Barbara H. Rosenwein .   Cornell University Press, 2000. Magistra , 6., 1 (Summer 2000):  Pages 97 - 122.
Year of Publication: 2000.

144. Record Number: 5864
Author(s): Muessig, Carolyn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Learning and Mentoring in the Twelfth Century: Hildegard of Bingen and Herrad of Landsberg [The author argues that both Hildegard and Herrad shared in the broader educational trends of their day; Herrad emphasized the study of the texts of authorities while, as a teacher, Hildegard relied upon her role as a prophet].
Source: Medieval Monastic Education.   Edited by George Ferzoco and Carolyn Muessig .   Leicester University Press, 2000. Magistra , 6., 1 (Summer 2000):  Pages 87 - 104.
Year of Publication: 2000.

145. Record Number: 4594
Author(s): Roman, Marco D.
Contributor(s):
Title : Reclaiming the Self Through Silence: "The Riverside Counselor's Stories" and the "Lais" of Marie de France [The author compares two stories in which the wronged women use silence to express their disapproval].
Source: Crossing the Bridge: Comparative Essays on Medieval European and Heian Japanese Women Writers.   Edited by Barbara Stevenson and Cynthia Ho .   Palgrave, 2000. Magistra , 6., 1 (Summer 2000):  Pages 175 - 188.
Year of Publication: 2000.

146. Record Number: 4635
Author(s): Berman, Constance H.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Labours of Hercules," the Cartulary, Church, and Abbey for Nuns of la Cour- Notre- Dame- de- Michery
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 26., 1 (March 2000):  Pages 33 - 70.
Year of Publication: 2000.

147. Record Number: 4418
Author(s): Stafford, Pauline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Cherchez la femme. Queens, Queens' Lands, and Nunneries: Missing Links in the Foundation of Reading Abbey
Source: History: The Journal of the Historical Association , 85., 277 (January 2000):  Pages 4 - 27. Reprinted in Gender, Family and the Legitimation of Power: England from the Ninth to Early Twelfth Century. By Pauline Stafford. Ashgate Variorum, 2006. Article XII.
Year of Publication: 2000.

148. Record Number: 5359
Author(s): Korac, Dusan.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Empress, the Despoina, the Sultana, and Black-Robed Monks: Three Serbian Ladies on Mount Athos [The author cites the cases of three prominent women who were allowed to visit the monasteries that normally barred access to women].
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 26., ( 2000):  Pages 106 - 107.
Year of Publication: 2000.

149. Record Number: 4836
Author(s): Freeman, Elizabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Medieval Nuns at Watton: Reading Female Agency from Male-Authored Didatic Texts [The author argues that not only did Aelred imbue the nuns at Watton with the Cistercian values of friendship, charity, and chastity, but he also did not object to their acts of revenge against the canon and his pregnant nun lover].
Source: Magistra , 6., 1 (Summer 2000):  Pages 3 - 36.
Year of Publication: 2000.

150. Record Number: 5360
Author(s): Connor, Carolyn L.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Sense of Family: Monastic Portraits in the Lincoln College Typikon
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 26., ( 2000):  Pages 107 - 108.
Year of Publication: 2000.

151. Record Number: 4865
Author(s): Koopmans, Rachel M.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Conclusion of Christina of Markyate's "Vita" [the author argues that Christina's "Vita" was left unfinished due to the death of Geoffrey, Abbot of St. Alban's, and supporter of and believer in Christina's sanctity]; evidently some of the monks were dismayed at Geoffrey's spending on alms (including twice rebuilding Markyate for Christina) as welll as the rumors about sexual improprieties between the abbot and the holy woman].
Source: Journal of Ecclesiastical History , 51., 4 (October 2000):  Pages 663 - 698.
Year of Publication: 2000.

152. Record Number: 6094
Author(s): Nyberg, Tore.
Contributor(s):
Title : On Female Monasticism and Scandinavia [The author provides a brief overview of the development of women's monastic houses in Scandinavia, concentrating in particular on the Cistercian, mendicant, and Brigittine orders].
Source: Mediaeval Scandinavia , 13., ( 2000):  Pages 181 - 197.
Year of Publication: 2000.

153. Record Number: 3778
Author(s): Evergates, Theodore.
Contributor(s):
Title : Aristocratic Women in the County of Champagne [The author explores three roles of noble women in Champagne: as countesses, as married women, and as nuns].
Source: Aristocratic Women in Medieval France.   Edited by Theodore Evergates .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999. Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 16., 2 (January 1999):  Pages 74 - 110.
Year of Publication: 1999.

154. Record Number: 3737
Author(s): Consolino, Franca Ela.
Contributor(s):
Title : Female Asceticism and Monasticism in Italy from the Fourth to the Eighth Centuries
Source: Women and Faith: Catholic Religious Life in Italy from Late Antiquity to the Present.   Edited by Lucetta Scaraffia and Gabriella Zarri .   Harvard University Press, 1999. Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 16., 2 (January 1999):  Pages 8 - 30.
Year of Publication: 1999.

155. Record Number: 3739
Author(s): Barone, Giulia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Society and Women's Religiosity, 750-1450 [The author surveys women's religious activities in this historical period, briefly discussing topics including the Gregorian reform, heresy, the Virgin Mary, the mendicant orders, saints, mystics, family life, and sanctity and politics].
Source: Women and Faith: Catholic Religious Life in Italy from Late Antiquity to the Present.   Edited by Lucetta Scaraffia and Gabriella Zarri .   Harvard University Press, 1999. Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 16., 2 (January 1999):  Pages 42 - 71.
Year of Publication: 1999.

156. Record Number: 3740
Author(s): Rigaux, Dominique.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women, Faith, and Image in the Late Middle Ages [The author explores the representations of female saints including Clare of Assisi, Catherine of Siena, and others; the discussion includes the kinds of iconography used and where the paintings were displayed].
Source: Women and Faith: Catholic Religious Life in Italy from Late Antiquity to the Present.   Edited by Lucetta Scaraffia and Gabriella Zarri .   Harvard University Press, 1999. Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 16., 2 (January 1999):  Pages 72 - 82.
Year of Publication: 1999.

157. Record Number: 3904
Author(s): Cohen, Adam S.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Art of Reform in a Bavarian Nunnery around 1000 [the author explores the efforts to reform Niedermünster, a noble foundation of canonesses, and turn it into a more strict Benedictine nunnery; the author uses surviving art and architecture, concentrating in particular on two manuscripts, the rule book and the Uta Codex, both of which feature illuminations of Niedermünster's reforming abbess, Uta.]
Source: Speculum , 74., 4 (October 1999):  Pages 992 - 1020.
Year of Publication: 1999.

158. Record Number: 4236
Author(s): Nicholson, H. J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Margaret de Lacy and the Hospital of St. John at Aconbury, Herefordshire [The author examines Magaret de Lacy's successful effort to oust the Hospitallers from the priory that she had founded for women].
Source:   Edited by Anthony Luttrell and Helen J. Nicholson Journal of Ecclesiastical History , 50., 4 (October 1999):  Pages 629 - 651. Later version published in Hospitaller Women in the Middle Ages. Edited by Anthony Luttrell and Helen J. Nicholson. Ashgate, 2006. Pages 153-178
Year of Publication: 1999.

159. Record Number: 5149
Author(s): Meyer, Marc Anthony.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queens, Convents, and Conversion in Early Anglo-Saxon England [the author argues for the importance of royal and noble women who made politically strategic marriages, in part to convert pagans; some of these same women were then charged with ruling newly founded monasteries or double houses and passed on to their daughters this unique opportunity for exercising power].
Source: Revue Bénédictine , 109., 40180 ( 1999):  Pages 90 - 116.
Year of Publication: 1999.

160. Record Number: 6670
Author(s): Simonetti, Adele.
Contributor(s):
Title : Santita femminile vallombrosana fra due e trecento [Vallombrosan nuns brought the spirituality of the wilderness into cities like Florence; they fulfilled their individual spiritual needs in an institutional context acceptable to the Church, and they subordinated their own needs to those of the community; penitent women like Umilta of Faenza also became community assets through their reputations for piety and miracle working; Vallombrosan hagiography endorses apostolic poverty while avoiding the extremes of Franciscan claims to exceptionality].
Source: Il colloquio vallombrosano: L'Ordo Vallisumbrosae tra XII e XIII Secolo: Gli sviluppi istituzionali e culturali e l'espansione geografica (1101-1293):Vallombrosa, 25-28 agosto 1996. Vol. 1.   Edited by Giordano Monzo Compagnoni .   Edizioni Vallombrosa, 1999. Revue Bénédictine , 109., 40180 ( 1999):  Pages 467 - 481.
Year of Publication: 1999.

161. Record Number: 3956
Author(s): Holman, Beth L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Exemplum and "Imitatio" : Countess Matilda and Lucrezia Pico della Mirandola at Polirone Italy [the Appendix reproduces four documents in Latin concerning Lucrezia Pico della Mirandola and the monastery at Polirone].
Source: Art Bulletin (Full Text via JSTOR) 81,4 (December 1999): 637-664. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1999.

162. Record Number: 4387
Author(s): Irigaray, Luce.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Way of the Feminine [Irigaray examines four paintings from women's convents to come to an understanding of women's spirituality].
Source: New Trends in Feminine Spirituality: The Holy Women of Liège and Their Impact.   Edited by Juliette Dor, Lesley Johnson, and Jocelyn Wogan-Browne Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts, 2.   Brepols, 1999.  Pages 315 - 328. Essay originally published as "La Voie du Féminin" in Le jardin clos de l'åme. L'imaginaire des religieuses dans les Pays-Bas du Sud, depuis le 13e siècle. Edited by Paul Vandenbroeck.
Year of Publication: 1999.

163. Record Number: 5531
Author(s): De Courcelles, Dominique.
Contributor(s):
Title : Recherches sur les livres et les femmes en Catalogne aux XVe et XVIe siècles [the author briefly considers the literary debate about woman's nature, the roles which women played in the creation of literary works as authors, dedicatees, and commissioners, and the kinds of books found in women's libraries; in briefly considering women's literary circles, the author mentions the noble woman Isabel Suaris who promoted courtly literature and Abbess Isabel de Villena whose convent was a center of literary activity].
Source: Des Femmes et des Livres: France et Espagnes, XIVe-XVIIe siècle. Actes de la journée d'étude organisée par l'École nationale des chartes et l'École normale supérieure de Fontenay/Saint-Cloud (Paris, 30 avril 1998).   Edited by Dominique de Courcelles and Carmen Val Julián .   Études et Rencontres de l'École des Chartes, 4. École des Chartes, 1999.  Pages 95 - 114.
Year of Publication: 1999.

164. Record Number: 3542
Author(s): Hale, Rosemary Drage.
Contributor(s):
Title : Rocking the Cradle: Margaretha Ebner (Be)Holds the Divine [The author explores fourteenth century Dominican convent literature in which the nuns assumed the role of Mary and engaged in a tactile relationship with a figure or image of Christ].
Source: Performance and Transformation: New Approaches to Late Medieval Spirituality.   Edited by Mary A. Suydam and Joanna E. Ziegler .   St. Martin's Press, 1999.  Pages 211 - 239.
Year of Publication: 1999.

165. Record Number: 4328
Author(s): Oliva, Marilyn.
Contributor(s):
Title : All in the Family? Monastic and Clerical Careers Among Famly Members in the Late Middle Ages
Source: Medieval Prosopography , 20., ( 1999):  Pages 161 - 180.
Year of Publication: 1999.

166. Record Number: 3648
Author(s): McNamara, Jo Ann.
Contributor(s):
Title : An Unresolved Syllogism: The Search For a Christian Gender System [The author traces the changing values of the sexes from late Rome to the Ninth Century demonstrating how gender theories enhanced and then diminished women's moral position in relation to that of men].
Source: Conflicted Identities and Multiple Masculinities: Men in the Medieval West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray .   Garland Medieval Casebooks, volume 25. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, volume 2078. Garland Publishing, 1999. Medieval Prosopography , 20., ( 1999):  Pages 1 - 24.
Year of Publication: 1999.

167. Record Number: 3838
Author(s): Connon, Anne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Among Friends? : Early German Evidence of Friendship among Women
Source: Women in German Yearbook , 14., ( 1999):  Pages 1 - 18.
Year of Publication: 1999.

168. Record Number: 4714
Author(s): Lynn, Beth.
Contributor(s):
Title : What Difference Does a Rule Make? Clare's "Poor Sisters" and Gregory IX's Nuns [The author examines the various rules used by communities of Poor Clares, seeking to determine the degree of faithfulness to the values of Clare and Francis of Assisi].
Source: Magistra , 5., 1 (Summer 1999):  Pages 25 - 42.
Year of Publication: 1999.

169. Record Number: 4713
Author(s): Sutera, Judith, O.S.B.
Contributor(s):
Title : Benedictine Spirituality in the Life and Works of Hildegard of Bingen
Source: Magistra , 5., 1 (Summer 1999):  Pages 3 - 23.
Year of Publication: 1999.

170. Record Number: 4374
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Devout Women and Demoniacs in the World of Thomas of Cantimpré
Source: New Trends in Feminine Spirituality: The Holy Women of Liège and Their Impact.   Edited by Juliette Dor, Lesley Johnson, and Jocelyn Wogan-Browne Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts, 2.   Brepols, 1999. Magistra , 5., 1 (Summer 1999):  Pages 35 - 60.
Year of Publication: 1999.

171. Record Number: 4329
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Changing Views of Carolingian Women's Literary Culture: The Evidence From Essen [the Appendix provides a detailed listing of the contents of Düsseldorf, Landes- und Universitätsbibliothek Sammelhandschrift B.3].
Source: Early Medieval Europe , 8., 1 ( 1999):  Pages 69 - 97.
Year of Publication: 1999.

172. Record Number: 4378
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Thirteenth-Century Religious Women: Further Reflections on the Low Countries "Special Case" [The author compares the beguines of the Low Countries with the recluses of England].
Source: New Trends in Feminine Spirituality: The Holy Women of Liège and Their Impact.   Edited by Juliette Dor, Lesley Johnson, and Jocelyn Wogan-Browne Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts, 2.   Brepols, 1999. Early Medieval Europe , 8., 1 ( 1999):  Pages 129 - 157.
Year of Publication: 1999.

173. Record Number: 3771
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Nuns and Other Religious: Women and Christianity in the Middle Ages [The author provides an introductory overview surveying not only the varied monastic orders but also beguines, anchorites, heretical groups, and the "Devotio Moderna."]
Source: Women in Medieval Western European Culture.   Edited by Linda E. Mitchell .   Garland Publishing, 1999. Early Medieval Europe , 8., 1 ( 1999):  Pages 277 - 293.
Year of Publication: 1999.

174. Record Number: 7363
Author(s): Kaplan, Michel.
Contributor(s):
Title : L'Aristocrate byzantine et sa Fortune [The author explores a number of cases where wealthy noble women administered their estates themselves and disposed of their properties and other goods. The women profiled include Danielis, a weathy and powerful noble woman associated with Emperor Basil I, Eudocie Bourion, who sold some of her dowry lands while her husband was still alive, Empress Irene Doukaina, Kale Basiliake, a wealthy young woman who became a nun upon her husband's death. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Femmes et pouvoirs des femmes à Byzance et en Occident (VIe -XIe siècles). Colloque international organisé les 28, 29 et 30 mars 1996 à Bruxelles et Villeneuve d'Ascq.   Edited by Stéphane Lebecq, Alain Dierkens, Régine Le Jan, and Jean-Marie Sansterre .   Centre de Recherche sur l'Histoire de l'Europe du Nord-Ouest, Université Charles de Gaulle-Lille 3, 1999. Early Medieval Europe , 8., 1 ( 1999):  Pages 205 - 226.
Year of Publication: 1999.

175. Record Number: 7361
Author(s): Auzepy, Marie-France.
Contributor(s):
Title : La Sainteté et le couvent: libération ou normalisation des femmes? [The author examines the Byzantine female saint, both in saints' lives and accounts of women's monasteries. In the seventh and eight centuries stories of saintly women disguised as men and penitent prostitutes were very popular, but in the ninth century these saints were supplanted by holy empresses (both wives and mothers and then nuns) whose cults were promoted for familial and political reasons. Women entered monasteries for a wide variety of reasons, including punishment for adultery and political incarceration. However, in some situations women had important responsibilities as abbesses or "higoumene" ( ) of double houses. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Femmes et pouvoirs des femmes à Byzance et en Occident (VIe -XIe siècles). Colloque international organisé les 28, 29 et 30 mars 1996 à Bruxelles et Villeneuve d'Ascq.   Edited by Stéphane Lebecq, Alain Dierkens, Régine Le Jan, and Jean-Marie Sansterre .   Centre de Recherche sur l'Histoire de l'Europe du Nord-Ouest, Université Charles de Gaulle-Lille 3, 1999. Early Medieval Europe , 8., 1 ( 1999):  Pages 175 - 188.
Year of Publication: 1999.

176. Record Number: 7362
Author(s): Helvétius, Anne-Marie
Contributor(s):
Title : Virgo et Virago: Réflexions sur le pouvoir du voile consacré d'après les sources hagiographiques de la Gaule du nord [The author examines the kinds of power that women acquired by becoming nuns. She argues that virginity and, even more, virility (an egalitarian, unisex ideal in which consecrated women became honorary men) gave religious women a special importance. However, in terms of the power available to every nun, it was essentially confined to the cultural area of learning and to the command of laymen of lower status. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Femmes et pouvoirs des femmes à Byzance et en Occident (VIe -XIe siècles). Colloque international organisé les 28, 29 et 30 mars 1996 à Bruxelles et Villeneuve d'Ascq.   Edited by Stéphane Lebecq, Alain Dierkens, Régine Le Jan, and Jean-Marie Sansterre .   Centre de Recherche sur l'Histoire de l'Europe du Nord-Ouest, Université Charles de Gaulle-Lille 3, 1999. Early Medieval Europe , 8., 1 ( 1999):  Pages 189 - 203.
Year of Publication: 1999.

177. Record Number: 4707
Author(s): McDonald, R. Andrew.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Foundation and Patronage of Nunneries by Native Elites in Twelfth- and Early Thirteenth-Century Scotland
Source: Women in Scotland c. 1100-c. 1750.   Edited by Elizabeth Ewan and Maureen M. Meikle .   Tuckwell Press, 1999. Early Medieval Europe , 8., 1 ( 1999):  Pages 3 - 15.
Year of Publication: 1999.

178. Record Number: 4375
Author(s): Wiberg Pedersen, Else Marie
Contributor(s):
Title : The In-Carnation of Beatrice of Nazareth's Theology [The author compares the writing of Beatrice's hagiographer with her own texts; The hagiographer embodies her holiness in her illnesses and her bodily exercises while Beatirce makes God the focus of all her reflections].
Source: New Trends in Feminine Spirituality: The Holy Women of Liège and Their Impact.   Edited by Juliette Dor, Lesley Johnson, and Jocelyn Wogan-Browne Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts, 2.   Brepols, 1999. Early Medieval Europe , 8., 1 ( 1999):  Pages 61 - 79.
Year of Publication: 1999.

179. Record Number: 4307
Author(s): Edden, Valerie.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Mantle of Elijah: Carmelite Spirituality in England in the Fourteenth Century [The author examines two essential elements in male carmelite spiritualty: the heritage of Elijah and the devotion to the Virgin Mary as a model for the religious life and as a patron and mediator for the order].
Source: The Medieval Mystical Tradition England, Ireland, and Wales. Exeter Symposium VI. Papers read at Charney Manor, July 1999.   Edited by Marion Glasscoe .   D. S. Brewer, 1999. Early Medieval Europe , 8., 1 ( 1999):  Pages 67 - 83.
Year of Publication: 1999.

180. Record Number: 4372
Author(s): Wogan-Browne, Jocelyn and Marie-Élisabeth Henneau
Contributor(s):
Title : Introduction: Liège, the Medieval "Woman Question," and the Question of Medieval Women
Source: New Trends in Feminine Spirituality: The Holy Women of Liège and Their Impact.   Edited by Juliette Dor, Lesley Johnson, and Jocelyn Wogan-Browne Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts, 2.   Brepols, 1999. Collectanea Franciscana , 70., 40241 ( 2000):  Pages 1 - 32.
Year of Publication: 1999.

181. Record Number: 5150
Author(s): Crick, Julia.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Wealth, Patronage, and Connections of Women's Houses in Late Anglo-Saxon England
Source: Revue Bénédictine , 109., 40180 ( 1999):  Pages 154 - 185.
Year of Publication: 1999.

182. Record Number: 5148
Author(s): Hen, Yitzhak.
Contributor(s):
Title : Milites Christi utriusque sexus: Gender and the Politics of Conversion in the Circle of Boniface [The author argues that Boniface gave nuns new roles in inculcating Christian ideas and values; the author cites the case study of Leoba who had direct interaction with the people she had come to teach].
Source: Revue Bénédictine , 109., 40180 ( 1999):  Pages 17 - 31.
Year of Publication: 1999.

183. Record Number: 4379
Author(s): Morris, Bridget.
Contributor(s):
Title : Birgittines and Beguines in Medieval Sweden
Source: New Trends in Feminine Spirituality: The Holy Women of Liège and Their Impact.   Edited by Juliette Dor, Lesley Johnson, and Jocelyn Wogan-Browne Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts, 2.   Brepols, 1999. Revue Bénédictine , 109., 40180 ( 1999):  Pages 159 - 175.
Year of Publication: 1999.

184. Record Number: 3827
Author(s): Berman, Constance H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Were There Twelfth-Century Cistercian Nuns?
Source: Church History (Full Text via JSTOR) 68, 4 (Dec. 1999): 824-864. Link Info Later published in Medieval Religion: New Approaches. Edited by Constance Hoffman Berman. Routledge, 2005. Pages 217-248.
Year of Publication: 1999.

185. Record Number: 4000
Author(s): Stafford, Pauline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queens, Nunneries, and Reforming Churchmen: Gender, Religious Status, and Reform in Tenth- and Eleventh-Century England
Source: Past and Present (Full Text via JSTOR) 163 (May 1999): 3-35. Link Info. Reprinted in Gender, Family and the Legitimation of Power: England from the Ninth to Early Twelfth Century. By Pauline Stafford. Ashgate Variorum, 2006. Article XI.
Year of Publication: 1999.

186. Record Number: 3840
Author(s): Flanagan, Sabina.
Contributor(s):
Title : Hildegard's Entry into Religion Reconsidered [The author examines the chronology provided in the "Life of the Lady Jutta" and argues that Hildegard entered the monastery of Disibodenberg around the age of ten in 1108].
Source: Mystics Quarterly , 25., 3 (September 1999):  Pages 77 - 97.
Year of Publication: 1999.

187. Record Number: 4723
Author(s): Nolte, Claudia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Hildegard of Bingen and Ramon Lull: Two Approaches to Medieval Spirituality
Source: Magistra , 5., 2 (Winter 1999):  Pages 59 - 92.
Year of Publication: 1999.

188. Record Number: 4311
Author(s): Hogg, James.
Contributor(s):
Title : Adam Easton's "Defensorium Sanctae Birgittae"
Source: The Medieval Mystical Tradition England, Ireland, and Wales. Exeter Symposium VI. Papers read at Charney Manor, July 1999.   Edited by Marion Glasscoe .   D. S. Brewer, 1999. Magistra , 5., 2 (Winter 1999):  Pages 20 - 26.
Year of Publication: 1999.

189. Record Number: 3547
Author(s): Clark, Anne L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Holy Woman or Unworthy Vessel? The Representations of Elisabeth of Schšnau [The author explores the relationship between Elisabeth and her brother Ekbert who managed the publication of her visions; he preferred to downplay her piety while Elisabeth emphasized her prophetic role].
Source: Gendered Voices: Medieval Saints and Their Interpreters.   Edited by Catherine M. Mooney .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999. Magistra , 5., 2 (Winter 1999):  Pages 16 - 34.
Year of Publication: 1999.

190. Record Number: 4310
Author(s): Grise, C. Annette.
Contributor(s):
Title : In the Blessid Vyneyerd of Oure Holy Saueour : Female Religious Readers and Textual Reception in the "Myroure of Oure Ladye" and the "Orcherd of Syon" [The author argues that the two devotional works that come from Syon emphasized the ideal reader, whether lay or religious, as someone who was as meek, obedient, submissive, and devout as a nun from Syon].
Source: The Medieval Mystical Tradition England, Ireland, and Wales. Exeter Symposium VI. Papers read at Charney Manor, July 1999.   Edited by Marion Glasscoe .   D. S. Brewer, 1999. Magistra , 5., 2 (Winter 1999):  Pages 380 - 381.
Year of Publication: 1999.

191. Record Number: 3705
Author(s): Warren, Nancy Bradley.
Contributor(s):
Title : Kings, Saints, and Nuns: Gender, Religion, and Authority in the Reign of Henry V
Source: Viator , 30., ( 1999):  Pages 307 - 322.
Year of Publication: 1999.

192. Record Number: 5043
Author(s): Pulsiano, Phillip.
Contributor(s):
Title : Blessed Bodies: The "Vitae" of Anglo-Saxon Female Saints ["More specifically, I am interested in reading these "vitae" as gendered texts, wherein are inscribed perceptions of the female religious that mark the narratives as requiring from reader and compositor alike the appropriation and also construction of sets of conventions different from those of male "vitae" and centered, most prominently, on chastity and, by implication, on the woman's body as source of sanctity and power but also as the locus of sexuality and violence, whether in the form of enforced marriage, attempted rape, psychological persecution, physical torture, murder, or self-mutilation." (Pages 11-12)].
Source: Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 16., 2 (January 1999):  Pages 1 - 42.
Year of Publication: 1999.

193. Record Number: 3233
Author(s): Yorke, Barbara.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Bonifacian Mission and Female Religious in Wessex
Source: Early Medieval Europe , 7., 2 ( 1998):  Pages 145 - 172.
Year of Publication: 1998.

194. Record Number: 3990
Author(s): Glaze, Florence Eliza.
Contributor(s):
Title : Medical Writer: "Behold the Human Creature"
Source: Voice of the Living Light: Hildegard of Bingen and Her World.   Edited by Barbara Newman .   University of California Press, 1998. Early Medieval Europe , 7., 2 ( 1998):  Pages 125 - 148.
Year of Publication: 1998.

195. Record Number: 5265
Author(s): Goodrich, Margaret.
Contributor(s):
Title : Westwood, a Rural English Nunnery with Its Local and French Connections [The author suggests that Westwood, a double house and daughter house of Fontevrault, is notable because of its connections to that important French monastery, its local involvement with the salt industry, and its surviving archive of documents].
Source: The vocation of service to God and neighbour: essays on the interests, involvements, and problems of religious communities and their members in medieval society: selected proceedings of the International Medieval Congress, University of Leeds, 14-17 July   Edited by Joan Greatrex International Medieval Research .   Brepols, 1998. Early Medieval Europe , 7., 2 ( 1998):  Pages 43 - 57.
Year of Publication: 1998.

196. Record Number: 5610
Author(s): Stramara, Daniel F., Jr.
Contributor(s):
Title : Double Monasticism in the Greek East: Eighth Through Fifteenth Centuries [the author argues that double houses were not suppressed by Eastern ecclesiastical authorities to the point of disappearance; in fact new ones were built even in Constantinople throughout the period; the confusion comes in part from mixed houses, in which monks and nuns lived in the same space and were abolished due to sexual improprieties].
Source: Greek Orthodox Theological Review , 43., 40182 ( 1998):  Pages 185 - 202.
Year of Publication: 1998.

197. Record Number: 7170
Author(s): Lazzari, Loredana.
Contributor(s):
Title : Regine, badesse, sante: il contributo della donna anglosassone all'evangelizzazione (secc. VII e VIII) [Anglo-Saxon women inherited a peacemaking role from their Germanic ancestors while adding a new responsibility for spreading the gospel. Well-born Anglo-Saxon nuns might become abbesses, even of double houses. Holy nuns feature prominently in Anglo-Saxon hagiography, and Aldhelm wrote on virginity for nuns. Later generations of nuns were more thoroughly subjected to male authority. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Studi Medievali , 39., 2 (Dicembre 1998):  Pages 601 - 632.
Year of Publication: 1998.

198. Record Number: 3988
Author(s): Ferrante, Joan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Correspondent: "Blessed is the Speech of Your Mouth" [Hildegard of Bingen as a letter writer].
Source: Voice of the Living Light: Hildegard of Bingen and Her World.   Edited by Barbara Newman .   University of California Press, 1998. Revue Bénédictine , 109., 40180 ( 1999):  Pages 91 - 109.
Year of Publication: 1998.

199. Record Number: 3370
Author(s): Walker, Rose.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sancha, Urraca, and Elvira: the Virtues and Vices of Spanish Royal Women "Dedicated to God" [The author traces evidence of the power of Urraca and Sancha; Urraca had the institution of the infantado which placed monasteries within her control; Sancha evidently was involved with the change from the Mozarabic liturgy to the Roman liturgy].
Source: Reading Medieval Studies , 24., ( 1998):  Pages 113 - 138.
Year of Publication: 1998.

200. Record Number: 4338
Author(s): Talbot, Alice-Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women's Space in Byzantine Monasteries
Source: Dumbarton Oaks Papers (Full Text via JSTOR) 52 (1998): 113-127. Link Info Reprinted in Women and Religious Life in Byzantium. By Alice-Mary Talbot. Variorum Collected Studies Series. Ashgate, 2001. Article 15.
Year of Publication: 1998.

201. Record Number: 3659
Author(s): Jacobi, Renate.
Contributor(s):
Title : Secular Brides and Convent Brides: Wedding Ceremonies in Italy During the Renaissance and Counter-Reformation [The author examines ceremonies of vestition, profession, and consecration in terms of the different meanings they held for the various interested parties].
Source: Marriage in Italy, 1300-1650.   Edited by Trevor Dean and K. J. P. Lowe .   Cambridge University Press, 1998.  Pages 41 - 65.
Year of Publication: 1998.

202. Record Number: 3984
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Sibyl of the Rhine: Hildegard's Life and Times
Source: Voice of the Living Light: Hildegard of Bingen and Her World.   Edited by Barbara Newman .   University of California Press, 1998.  Pages 1 - 29.
Year of Publication: 1998.

203. Record Number: 2977
Author(s): Bornstein, Daniel.
Contributor(s):
Title : Spiritual Kinship and Domestic Devotions [analyzes Dominican writings, including those by Giovanni Dominici, that emphasized spirituality in patrician households and sought to minimize nuns' ties with their families].
Source: Gender and Society in Renaissance Italy.   Edited by Judith C. Brown and Robert C. Davis .   Longman, 1998.  Pages 173 - 192.
Year of Publication: 1998.

204. Record Number: 3630
Author(s): Cuadra García, Cristina.
Contributor(s):
Title : Religious Women in the Monasteries of Castile-León(VIth -XIth Centuries) [The author surveys the development of women's monasteries; in the later period she discusses familial settlement monasteries, urban monasteries with Mozarabic influence, and royal monasteries ("Infantadgos")].
Source: Women at Work in Spain: From the Middle Ages to Early Modern Times.   Edited by Marilyn Stone and Carmen Benito-Vessels .   Peter Lang, 1998.  Pages 33 - 63.
Year of Publication: 1998.

205. Record Number: 3333
Author(s): Koutava-Delivoria, Barbara.
Contributor(s):
Title : Figures féminines dans la littérature mariale (XIIe- XIlIe siècles) [The author analyses three stories from Gautier de Coinci's "Miracles de Nostre Dame: the Empress, Saint Leocadie, and the Young Girl from Arras].
Source: Moyen Age , 104., 40241 ( 1998):  Pages 435 - 459.
Year of Publication: 1998.

206. Record Number: 3085
Author(s): Hollis, Stephanie.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Old English "Ritual of the Admission of Mildrith" (London, Lambeth Palace 427, fol. 210) [Mildrith's mother, Domne Eafe, was abbess of Minister-in-Thanet and formally admitted her daughter to the nunnery; the text bears witness to the traditions of double monasteries].
Source: JEGP: Journal of English and Germanic Philology , 97., 3 (July 1998):  Pages 311 - 321.
Year of Publication: 1998.

207. Record Number: 2956
Author(s): Kolve, V. A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ganymede / "Son of Getron": Medieval Monasticism and the Drama of Same-Sex Desire
Source: Speculum , 73., 4 (October 1998):  Pages 1014 - 1067.
Year of Publication: 1998.

208. Record Number: 3431
Author(s): Bitel, Lisa M.
Contributor(s):
Title : From Goddesses to Anabaptists: Christian and Pagan Women in Premodern Europe [review essay of recent titles including Jochens' "Old Norse Images of Women," McNamara's "Sisters in Arms," and Venarde's "Women's Monasticism and Medieval Society"].
Source: Journal of Women's History , 10., 3 (Autumn 1998):  Pages 192 - 203.
Year of Publication: 1998.

209. Record Number: 4222
Author(s): Naughton, Joan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Friars and Their Books at Saint-Louis de Poissy, a Dominican Foundation for Nuns [in an appendix the author lists and describes manuscripts that were owned by the friars at Poissy].
Source: Scriptorium , 52., 1 ( 1998):  Pages 83 - 102.
Year of Publication: 1998.

210. Record Number: 5563
Author(s): Naughton, Joan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Books for a Dominican Nuns' Choir: Illustrated Liturgical Manuscripts at Saint-Louis de Poissy, c. 1330- 1350 [The author examines a group of six manuscripts made for the Dominican women's house at Poissy; the author argues that the group "reflect an established tradition for liturgical book production and illustration as supervised by the Dominicans in Paris at
Source: The Art of the Book: Its Place in Medieval Worship.   Edited by Margaret M. Manion and Bernard J. Muir .   University of Exeter Press, 1998. Scriptorium , 52., 1 ( 1998):  Pages 67 - 100.
Year of Publication: 1998.

211. Record Number: 3109
Author(s): Warren, Nancy Bradley.
Contributor(s):
Title : Pregnancy and Productivity: The Imagery of Female Monasticism Within and Beyond the Cloister Walls [drawing on the exemplum of the Pregnant Abbess and the didactic work, "Book to a Mother, " the author argues that they strive to control women's productivity and regulate women's use of property; the Brigittine Order provides a counter example which encourages women's productivity, values women's work, and legitimates women's rights to control material resources]
Source: Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies , 28., 3 (Fall 1998):  Pages 531 - 552.
Year of Publication: 1998.

212. Record Number: 3465
Author(s): Warren, Nancy B.
Contributor(s):
Title : Saving the Market: Textual Strategies and Cultural Transformations in Fifteenth Century Translations of the Benedictine Rule for Women [The author argues that the translations/adaptations work to set up a hierarchical sex/gender system in which the female is constrained and Latin is privileged over the vernacular].
Source: Disputatio: An International Transdisciplinary Journal of the Late Middle Ages , 3., ( 1998):  Pages 34 - 50. Translation, Transformation, and Transubstantiation in the Late Middle Ages
Year of Publication: 1998.

213. Record Number: 2972
Author(s): Chojnacki, Stanley.
Contributor(s):
Title : Daughters and Oligarchs: Gender and the Early Renaissance State [argues that the state intervened to define the roles of men and women; studies the efforts to keep nuns' convents chaste and respectable, to control the ever rising cost of dowries, and to control the members of the male elite].
Source: Gender and Society in Renaissance Italy.   Edited by Judith C. Brown and Robert C. Davis .   Longman, 1998. Disputatio: An International Transdisciplinary Journal of the Late Middle Ages , 3., ( 1998):  Pages 63 - 86. Republished in slightly altered form as Gender and the Early Renaissance State. By Stanley Chojnacki. Women and Men in Renaissance Venice: Twelve Essays on Patrician Society. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000. Pages 27-52.
Year of Publication: 1998.

214. Record Number: 3985
Author(s): Van Engen, John.
Contributor(s):
Title : Abbess: 'Mother and Teacher' [The author analyzes the many roles that Hildegard of Bingen played as abbess].
Source: Voice of the Living Light: Hildegard of Bingen and Her World.   Edited by Barbara Newman .   University of California Press, 1998. Disputatio: An International Transdisciplinary Journal of the Late Middle Ages , 3., ( 1998):  Pages 30 - 51.
Year of Publication: 1998.

215. Record Number: 3564
Author(s): Weed, Stanley E.
Contributor(s):
Title : My Sister, Bride, and Mother: Aspects of Female Piety in Some Images of the "Virgo Inter Virgines" [The author argues that art representing the Virgin among virgins carried multiple layers of symbolism; the art work examined was produced for an audience of nuns].
Source: Magistra , 4., 1 (Summer 1998):  Pages 3 - 26.
Year of Publication: 1998.

216. Record Number: 3077
Author(s): Sullivan, Joseph M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Brother Hermann's "Iolande": A Tale of Ideal Female Spirituality
Source: Monatshefte , 90., 2 (Summer 1998):  Pages 161 - 175.
Year of Publication: 1998.

217. Record Number: 3523
Author(s): Blamires, Alcuin.
Contributor(s):
Title : Caput a femina, membra a viris: Gender Polemic in Abelard's Letter "On the Authority and Dignity of the Nun's Profession [Abelard, at the request of Heloise, writes about the precedents for and the origins of female religious, emphasizing their parity, priority, exclusivity, and supremacy in a pro-feminist apology].
Source: The Tongue of the Fathers: Gender and Ideology in Twelfth-Century Latin.   Edited by David Townsend and Andrew Taylor .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998. Monatshefte , 90., 2 (Summer 1998):  Pages 55 - 79.
Year of Publication: 1998.

218. Record Number: 1595
Author(s): Ehrenschwendtner, Marie-Luise.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Library Collected by and for the Use of Nuns: St. Catherine's Convent, Nuremberg [by the end of the fifteenth century the library had between 500 and 600 books, mostly in German, consisting of spritual literature and texts supporting the reformed Dominican life].
Source: Women and the Book: Assessing the Visual Evidence.   Edited by Lesley Smith and Jane H.M. Taylor .   British Library and University of Toronto Press, 1997. Notes and Queries , 3 (September 1997):  Pages 123 - 132.
Year of Publication: 1997.

219. Record Number: 2081
Author(s): Walmsley, John.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Early Abbesses, Nuns, and Female Tenants of the Abbey of Holy Trinity, Caen [using charters and early surveys, the author examines the administration of the abbesses, the social origins of the nuns, and the status of female tenants both in Normandy and England, particularly the inheritance rights of widows].
Source: Journal of Ecclesiastical History , 48., 3 (July 1997):  Pages 425 - 444.
Year of Publication: 1997.

220. Record Number: 2267
Author(s): Ehrenschwendtner, Marie Luise.
Contributor(s):
Title : Puellae litteratae: The Use of the Vernacular in the Dominican Convents of Southern Germany
Source: Medieval Women in Their Communities.   Edited by Diane Watt .   University of Toronto Press, 1997. Journal of Ecclesiastical History , 48., 3 (July 1997):  Pages 49 - 71.
Year of Publication: 1997.

221. Record Number: 2527
Author(s): Bertrand, Paul.
Contributor(s):
Title : La Vie de Sainte Madelberte de Maubeuge. Édition du texte (BHL 5129) et traduction française
Source: Analecta Bollandiana , 115., 40180 ( 1997):  Pages 39 - 76.
Year of Publication: 1997.

222. Record Number: 2528
Author(s): Corrêa, Alicia.
Contributor(s):
Title : St. Austraberta of Pavilly in the Anglo-Saxon Liturgy [a study of her cult based on metrical calendars, litanies, liturgical calendars, and benedictionals].
Source: Analecta Bollandiana , 115., 40180 ( 1997):  Pages 77 - 112.
Year of Publication: 1997.

223. Record Number: 2915
Author(s): Berman, Constance
Contributor(s):
Title : Sisters in Arms: Reshaping the Research Agenda for the Future [the book's impact on the study of monasteries and monastic women].
Source: Magistra , 3., 2 (Winter 1997):  Pages 48 - 69.
Year of Publication: 1997.

224. Record Number: 3300
Author(s): Eisermann, Falk.
Contributor(s):
Title : Diversae et plurimae materiae in diversis capitulis: Der "Stimulus amoris" als literarisches Dokument der normativen Zentrierung
Source: Frühmittelalterliche Studien , 31., ( 1997):  Pages 214 - 232.
Year of Publication: 1997.

225. Record Number: 3512
Author(s): Ellis, Roger.
Contributor(s):
Title : Further Thoughts on the Spirituality of Syon Abbey
Source: Mysticism and Spirituality in Medieval England.   Edited by William F. Pollard and Robert Boenig .   D.S. Brewer, 1997. Frühmittelalterliche Studien , 31., ( 1997):  Pages 219 - 243.
Year of Publication: 1997.

226. Record Number: 4342
Author(s): Luscombe, David
Contributor(s):
Title : Peter Abelard's Carnal Thoughts [The author examines Abelard's arguments about the relationships among body, soul, and intentionality; the author concludes by analyzing the discussion between Abelard and Heloise concerning the Rule for the Paraclete].
Source: Medieval Theology and the Natural Body.   Edited by Peter Biller and A.J. Minnis York Studies in Medieval Theology .   York Medieval Press, 1997. Frühmittelalterliche Studien , 31., ( 1997):  Pages 31 - 41.
Year of Publication: 1997.

227. Record Number: 4343
Author(s): East, W.G.
Contributor(s):
Title : This Body of Death: Abelard, Heloise, and the Religious Life [The author explores the relationship between Heloise and Abelard after they had entered monasteries].
Source: Medieval Theology and the Natural Body.   Edited by Peter Biller and A.J. Minnis York Studies in Medieval Theology .   York Medieval Press, 1997. Frühmittelalterliche Studien , 31., ( 1997):  Pages 43 - 59.
Year of Publication: 1997.

228. Record Number: 4997
Author(s): Barone, Giulia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Come studiare il monachesimo femminile [The history of nuns needs to go beyond famous names to include nuances of rules, practices, and the daily lives of the sisters. The least formal elements are the hardest to recover. Records and writings produced by nuns are scarce, and accounts of women mystics most often were written by men].
Source: Il monachesimo femminile in Italia dall' Alto Medioevo al secolo XVII a confronto con l' oggi.   Edited by Gabriella Zarri .   San Pietro in Cariano: Il Segno dei Gabrielli editori, 1997. Frühmittelalterliche Studien , 31., ( 1997):  Pages 1 - 15.
Year of Publication: 1997.

229. Record Number: 4998
Author(s): Jenal, Georg.
Contributor(s):
Title : Il monachesimo femminile in Italia tra Tardo Anticho e Medioevo [Early Italian monasticism, modeled on Egyptian practices, had a predominant number of female ascetics. Many lived with their families, and communities only took shape gradually. Virgins ranked first; then widows; then married women vowed to continence. The numbers of ascetic women, compared to the number of monks, had declined by the time of Gregory the Great].
Source: Il monachesimo femminile in Italia dall' Alto Medioevo al secolo XVII a confronto con l' oggi.   Edited by Gabriella Zarri .   San Pietro in Cariano: Il Segno dei Gabrielli editori, 1997. Frühmittelalterliche Studien , 31., ( 1997):  Pages 17 - 39.
Year of Publication: 1997.

230. Record Number: 4999
Author(s): Bergamaschi, Maria Bettelli.
Contributor(s):
Title : Monachesimo femminile e potere politico nell' Alto Medioevo: Il caso di San Salvatore di Brescia [Monasticism began as an alternative to the rapprochement between Church and Empire. Gradually, however, even women's communities were assimilated into the noble culture of the early Middle Ages. San Salvatore was founded and led by noble women. Moreover, noble families expected both spiritual and political benefits from their patronage. Desiderius, king of the Lombards, with his wife Ansa, supported San Salvatore as a political move when he was consolidating his regime, demonstrating his power and orthodoxy to a key city].
Source: Il monachesimo femminile in Italia dall' Alto Medioevo al secolo XVII a confronto con l' oggi.   Edited by Gabriella Zarri .   San Pietro in Cariano: Il Segno dei Gabrielli editori, 1997. Frühmittelalterliche Studien , 31., ( 1997):  Pages 41 - 74.
Year of Publication: 1997.

231. Record Number: 5000
Author(s): Medici, Maria Teresa Guerra.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sulla giurisdizione temporale e spirituale della abbadessa First recorded in the West in the sixth century, abbesses had considerable power over their nuns and over any estates owned by the monastery. Beginning with the time of Charlemagne, legislators tried to prohibit abbesses from performing certain ritual acts, like vesting their new nuns, prohibitions that entered the canon law. Gregory IX did concede an abbess the power to censure critics who disobeyed them. Canonists described this as a customary power, involving a command to ordained clergy to censure the disobedient. Baldus de Ubaldus and other jurists defended the immunity of abbesses from imprisonment because of the debts of their monasteries].
Source: Il monachesimo femminile in Italia dall' Alto Medioevo al secolo XVII a confronto con l' oggi.   Edited by Gabriella Zarri .   San Pietro in Cariano: Il Segno dei Gabrielli editori, 1997. Frühmittelalterliche Studien , 31., ( 1997):  Pages 75 - 86.
Year of Publication: 1997.

232. Record Number: 5005
Author(s): Facchiano, Annamaria.
Contributor(s):
Title : Monachesimo femminile nel Mezzogiorno medievale e moderno [The monastic history of southern Italy is complex. Several orders were present, some of Greek background; and regions display differences between them. Lay patrons often reserved to themselves the right to name the abbess, and nuns even built themselves private houses within the enclosure. Reform of these houses might require importing a new abbess from elsewhere, as well as strict enforcement of monastic enclosure and proper care for the monastery's patrimony].
Source: Il monachesimo femminile in Italia dall' Alto Medioevo al secolo XVII a confronto con l' oggi.   Edited by Gabriella Zarri .   San Pietro in Cariano: Il Segno dei Gabrielli editori, 1997. Frühmittelalterliche Studien , 31., ( 1997):  Pages 169 - 191.
Year of Publication: 1997.

233. Record Number: 5006
Author(s): Sensi, Mario.
Contributor(s):
Title : Monachesimo femminile nell' Italia centrale (sec. xv) [New women's orders were limited by thirteenth-century conciliar decrees requiring that all monastics accept existing rules. Nevertheless, communities of penitent women grew up under episcopal supervision. Some adopted the Augustinian or the Benedictine rule and claustration. Only in the fifteenth century would the papacy give final approval to the Franciscan Third Order. More traditional women's houses tended to follow the Augustinian rule].
Source: Il monachesimo femminile in Italia dall' Alto Medioevo al secolo XVII a confronto con l' oggi.   Edited by Gabriella Zarri .   San Pietro in Cariano: Il Segno dei Gabrielli editori, 1997. Frühmittelalterliche Studien , 31., ( 1997):  Pages 135 - 168. Reprinted in "Mulieres in ecclesia": Storie di monache e bizzoche. Volume One. Mario Sensi. Fondazione Centro italiano di studi sull'alto Medioevo, 2010. Pages 71-104.
Year of Publication: 1997.

234. Record Number: 5007
Author(s): Occhipinti, Elisa.
Contributor(s):
Title : Il monachesimo femminile benedettino nell' Italia nord-occidentale (secc. Xi-xiii) [To the end of the thirteenth century, most aspects of monasticism, male or female, remained substantially similar. The women's monasteries of northwest Italy, many of them inside cities, tended to be controlled by powerful families, noble or patrician, who tended to provide both the abbesses and the lay managers of their patrimony. These monasteries took part in urban expansion and the exploitation of rural districts. Strict monastic enclosure, imposed late in the Middle Ages, reduced the importance of these ties with urban life and politics].
Source: Il monachesimo femminile in Italia dall' Alto Medioevo al secolo XVII a confronto con l' oggi.   Edited by Gabriella Zarri .   San Pietro in Cariano: Il Segno dei Gabrielli editori, 1997. Frühmittelalterliche Studien , 31., ( 1997):  Pages 135 - 168.
Year of Publication: 1997.

235. Record Number: 5471
Author(s): Marini, Alfonso.
Contributor(s):
Title : La "Forma Vitae" di san Francesco per San damiano fra Chiara d'Assisi, Agnese di Boemia ed interventi papali [The rule of Agnes' monastery in Prague evolved through correspondence with Francis and Clare, as well as with Pope Gregory IX; finally Gregory imposed on her foundation the same constitutions prepared for San Damiano, Assisi; the dietary rigor of these constitutions was moderated by Innocent IV; all of this can be seen as part of a process of regularizing new orders along the lines of preexisting ones].
Source: Hagiographica: Rivista di agiografia e biografia della società internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino/ Journal of Hagiography and Biography of Società Internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino , 4., ( 1997):  Pages 179 - 195.
Year of Publication: 1997.

236. Record Number: 5680
Author(s): Thomas, Anabel.
Contributor(s):
Title : A New Date for Neri di Bicci's S. Giovannino dei Cavalieri "Coronation of the Virgin" [the author presents document transcriptions in the article's Appendix that prove that Neri di Bicci was selected by the nuns of S. Niccolò dei Frieri to paint an altarpiece in 1488; further document extracts indicate the nuns' additional efforts to make the high altar more splendid].
Source: Burlington Magazine (Full Text via JSTOR) 139, 1127 (February 1997): 103-106. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1997.

237. Record Number: 11748
Author(s): Young, Abigail A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Theater-going Nuns in Rural Devon? [In 1329 the new bishop of Exeter ordered the canonesses at Canonsleigh Abbey to observe strict enclosure. In part he warned that they must avoid worldly shows ("spectacula"). Young suggests that he may have had in mind lay-sponsored events in Exeter like the satiric "ludus" against the city's shoemakers which later offended the bishop in 1352. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Records of Early English Drama , 22., 2 ( 1997):  Pages 25 - 29.
Year of Publication: 1997.

238. Record Number: 14678
Author(s): Marano, Maria Cristina.
Contributor(s):
Title : Le Clarisse nelle Marche gli insediamenti del XIII secolo [Houses of Poor Clares began appearing in the March of Ancona by the middle of the thirteenth century. Their early histories can be documented from privileges granted by popes, cardinals, and bishops. Among the most frequent grants were those for indulgences and immunity from episcopal juristiction. Houses of Clares spred in the March early on, often developing in larger towns that also had nearby convents of friars to provide for their spiritual care. Title note provided by Feminae.].
Source: Collectanea Franciscana , 67., 40180 ( 1997):  Pages 105 - 166.
Year of Publication: 1997.

239. Record Number: 14679
Author(s): Alberzoni, Maria Pia.
Contributor(s):
Title : San Damiano nel 1228 Contributo alla "Questione Clariana" [The privilege of poverty supposedly granted to Clare of Assisi by Pope Innocent III has been doubted by recent scholars. Gregory IX pressed Clare and her sisters to become like traditional nuns, which Clare resisted as far as she could. We can discern this resistance behind papal documents and Franciscan hagiography, both of which emphasize the creation of an order of San Damiano under the aegis of Saint Francis. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Collectanea Franciscana , 67., 40241 ( 1997):  Pages 459 - 476.
Year of Publication: 1997.

240. Record Number: 2907
Author(s): Otter, Monika.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Temptation of St. AEthelthryth
Source: Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 9., 1 (Spring 1997):  Pages 139 - 163.
Year of Publication: 1997.

241. Record Number: 2916
Author(s): Lynn, Beth, O.S.C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Clare of Assisi and Isabelle of Longchamp: Further Light on the Early Development of the Franciscan Charism
Source: Magistra , 3., 2 (Winter 1997):  Pages 71 - 98.
Year of Publication: 1997.

242. Record Number: 2914
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Two Women Scholars Look at Medieval Nuns: Lina Eckenstein and Jo Ann McNamara
Source: Magistra , 3., 2 (Winter 1997):  Pages 30 - 47.
Year of Publication: 1997.

243. Record Number: 2268
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : All Girls Together: Community , Gender, and Vision at Helfta [analysis of the environment at Helfta based on the writings of its visionaries: Mechthild of Hackeborn, Mechthild of Magdeburg, and Gertrude the Great; the experience within this supportive community allowed Gertrude and Mechthild of Hackeborn to ascribe female characteristics to the divine that drew on images of female biology including enclosure, blood, and the vagina].
Source: Medieval Women in Their Communities.   Edited by Diane Watt .   University of Toronto Press, 1997. Magistra , 3., 2 (Winter 1997):  Pages 72 - 91.
Year of Publication: 1997.

244. Record Number: 2266
Author(s): Cartwright, Jane.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Desire to Corrupt: Convent and Community in Medieval Wales [discusses the number of nunneries in Wales, their population, and economic condition; also considers Welsh social and cutltural attitudes toward women's sexuality and religious devotion as reflected by the Cywyddwyr poets, a group that wrote under aristocratic patronage in the fourteenth century].
Source: Medieval Women in Their Communities.   Edited by Diane Watt .   University of Toronto Press, 1997. Magistra , 3., 2 (Winter 1997):  Pages 20 - 48.
Year of Publication: 1997.

245. Record Number: 1955
Author(s): Linehan, Peter.
Contributor(s):
Title : Zamora's Nuns in the Oven [Dominican Friars were accused of scandalous affairs with the nuns of Zamora; the Pope's efforts to curb the mendicant orders and force strict enclosure on nuns may have been in reaction to the well-known case at Zamora].
Source: History Today , 47., 3 (March 1997):  Pages 46 - 51.
Year of Publication: 1997.

246. Record Number: 2500
Author(s): Bitel, Lisa M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Matrix Project: A Collection of Resources for the Study of Women's Religious Communities, 500-1500 [on the Web at http://matrix.divinity.yale.edu].
Source: Medieval Feminist Newsletter , 24., (Fall 1997):  Pages 6 - 7.
Year of Publication: 1997.

247. Record Number: 2419
Author(s): Ferroul, Yves.
Contributor(s):
Title : Abelard's Blissful Castration
Source: Becoming Male in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Jeffrey Jerome Cohen and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1997. Medieval Feminist Newsletter , 24., (Fall 1997):  Pages 129 - 149.
Year of Publication: 1997.

248. Record Number: 1969
Author(s): Tobin, Frank.
Contributor(s):
Title : Audience, Authorship, and Authority in Mechthild von Magdeburg's "Flowing Light of the Godhead" [argues that her primary audience was religious (clergy and male and female monastics) and that her shared authorship (both God and Mechthild, an unlettered Beguine, were resposible) required a variety of strategies to assert the authority of her text].
Source: Mystics Quarterly , 23., 1 (March 1997):  Pages 8 - 17.
Year of Publication: 1997.

249. Record Number: 2917
Author(s): Schroeder, Joy A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Spiritual Friendship in the "Vita" of Beatrice of Nazareth
Source: Magistra , 3., 2 (Winter 1997):  Pages 99 - 140.
Year of Publication: 1997.

250. Record Number: 2734
Author(s): Porter, J. M. B.
Contributor(s):
Title : Prostitution and Monastic Reform [discussion of monastic houses set up for repentant prostitutes].
Source: Nottingham Medieval Studies , 4., ( 1997):  Pages 72 - 79.
Year of Publication: 1997.

251. Record Number: 1376
Author(s): Stoudt, Debra L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Medieval German Women and the Power of Healing [both lay and religious women acted as healers using such traditional methods as diet, herbs, and the intervention of God and the saints].
Source: Women Healers and Physicians: Climbing a Long Hill.   Edited by Lilian R. Furst .   University Press of Kentucky, 1997. Nottingham Medieval Studies , 4., ( 1997):  Pages 13 - 42.
Year of Publication: 1997.

252. Record Number: 2070
Author(s): Barratt, Alexandra.
Contributor(s):
Title : Books for Nuns: Cambridge University Library MS Additional 3042 [the manuscript contains twenty texts including liturgical pieces, private prayers, mystical treatises, and didactic works ; the article concludes with editions of the two texts: "Form of Confession for a Female Augustinian" and "English Version of De Triplici Via"].
Source: Notes and Queries , 3 (September 1997):  Pages 310 - 319.
Year of Publication: 1997.

253. Record Number: 749
Author(s): Rigon, Antonio.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Community of Female Penitents in Thirteenth- Century Padua [group of female penitents evolved into a Benedictine monastery].
Source: Women and Religion in Medieval and Renaissance Italy.   Edited by Daniel Bornstein and Roberto Rusconi. Trans. by Margery J. Schneider .   University of Chicago Press, 1996. Journal of Medieval Latin , 6., ( 1996):  Pages 28 - 38. Originally published as "Una comunità femminile di penitenti a Padova agli inizi del secolo XIII" in Mistiche e devote nell'Italia tardomedievale. Edited by Daniel Bornstein and Roberto Rusconi (Liguori Editore, 1992). Pages 25-35.
Year of Publication: 1996.

254. Record Number: 750
Author(s): Gennaro, Clara.
Contributor(s):
Title : Clare, Agnes, and Their Earliest Followers: From the Poor Ladies of San Damiano to the Poor Clares [Clare's efforts to follow Franciscan ideals of poverty and service versus Cardinal Ugolino's (later Pope Gregory IX) constitutions for the women that emphasized a cloistered life].
Source: Women and Religion in Medieval and Renaissance Italy.   Edited by Daniel Bornstein and Roberto Rusconi. Trans. by Margery J. Schneider .   University of Chicago Press, 1996. Journal of Medieval Latin , 6., ( 1996):  Pages 39 - 55. Originally published as "Chiara d'Assisi, Agnese e le prime consorelle: dalle 'Pauperes Dominae' di S. Damiano alle Clarisse'" in Mistiche e devote nell'Italia tardomedievale. Edited by Daniel Bornstein and Roberto Rusconi (Liguori Editore, 1992). Pages 3
Year of Publication: 1996.

255. Record Number: 751
Author(s): Sensi, Mario.
Contributor(s):
Title : Anchoresses and Penitents in Thirteenth- and Fourteenth Century Umbria
Source: Women and Religion in Medieval and Renaissance Italy.   Edited by Daniel Bornstein and Roberto Rusconi. Trans. by Margery J. Schneider .   University of Chicago Press, 1996. Journal of Medieval Latin , 6., ( 1996):  Pages 56 - 83. Originally published as "Incarcerate e recluse in Umbria nei secoli XIII e XIV: un bizzocaggio centro-italiano" in Mistiche e devote nell'Italia tardomedievale. Edited by Daniel Bornstein and Roberto Rusconi (Liguori Editore, 1992). Pages 57-84.
Year of Publication: 1996.

256. Record Number: 752
Author(s): Benvenuti Papi, Anna.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mendicant Friars and Female "Pinzochere" in Tuscany: From Social Marginality to Models of Sancity
Source: Women and Religion in Medieval and Renaissance Italy.   Edited by Daniel Bornstein and Roberto Rusconi. Trans. by Margery J. Schneider .   University of Chicago Press, 1996. Journal of Medieval Latin , 6., ( 1996):  Pages 85 - 106. Originally published as "Frati mendicanti e pinzochere in Toscana: dalla marginalità sociale a modello di santità" in Mistiche e devote nell'Italia tardomedievale. Edited by Daniel Bornstein and Roberto Rusconi (Liguori Editore, 1992). Pages 85-106.
Year of Publication: 1996.

257. Record Number: 757
Author(s): Esposito, Anna.
Contributor(s):
Title : St. Francesca and the Female Religious Communities of Fifteenth- Century Rome [the sociopolitical environment of Saint Francesca and the penitent noble women who formed the community of Tor de' Specchi].
Source: Women and Religion in Medieval and Renaissance Italy.   Edited by Daniel Bornstein and Roberto Rusconi. Trans. by Margery J. Schneider .   University of Chicago Press, 1996. Journal of Medieval Latin , 6., ( 1996):  Pages 197 - 218. Originally published as "S. Francesca Bussa dei Ponziani e le comunità religiose femminili a Roma nel secolo XV" in Mistiche e devote nell'Italia tardomedievale. Edited by Daniel Bornstein and Roberto Rusconi (Liguori Editore, 1992). Pages 187-208.
Year of Publication: 1996.

258. Record Number: 758
Author(s): Rusconi, Roberto.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women Religious in Late Medieval Italy: New Sources and Directions [documentary sources discussed include monastic records, notarial documents, hagiographical works, nuns' writings, and visual images].
Source: Women and Religion in Medieval and Renaissance Italy.   Edited by Daniel Bornstein and Roberto Rusconi. Trans. by Margery J. Schneider .   University of Chicago Press, 1996. Journal of Medieval Latin , 6., ( 1996):  Pages 305 - 326.
Year of Publication: 1996.

259. Record Number: 997
Author(s): Hatlie, Peter.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women of Discipline During the Second Iconoclast Age [nuns' support of icons and of their abbesses contrasted with monks' behavior, 815-843].
Source: Byzantinische Zeitschrift , 89., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 37 - 44.
Year of Publication: 1996.

260. Record Number: 1064
Author(s): Wortley, John.
Contributor(s):
Title : Documents: De Latrone Converso: The Tale of the Converted Robber (BHG 1450kb W861) [a robber chief infiltrates a women's monastery where he is welcomed as a holy man; when he inadvertently cures a nun, he repents and becomes a monk].
Source: Byzantion , 66., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 219 - 243. Reprinted in Studies on the Cult of Relics in Byzantium up to 1204. By John Wortley. Ashgate Variorum, 2009. Article X.
Year of Publication: 1996.

261. Record Number: 1155
Author(s): Hasenohr, Geneviève.
Contributor(s):
Title : Du bon usage de la galette des rois [a meditation describes in detail the traditional holiday game in which the person who finds the bean hidden in the twelfth night cake is named king; the text appears in a manuscript copied by a Benedictine nun; the article includes an edition of the text
Source: Romania , 40241 ( 1996):  Pages 445 - 467.
Year of Publication: 1996.

262. Record Number: 1224
Author(s): Giangrosso, Patricia A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Weibliche Stimmen in Early German Translations of the "Regula Benedicti" [degree of feminization in three adaptations of the "Rule" for women's monasteries].
Source: Magistra , 2., 2 (Winter 1996):  Pages 70 - 91.
Year of Publication: 1996.

263. Record Number: 1225
Author(s): Hotchin, Julie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Enclosure and Containment: Jutta and Hildegard at the Abbey of St. Disibod [concerns Jutta's role among the female recluses associated with the monks at Disibodenberg and details about Hildegard found in Jutta's "Vita"].
Source: Magistra , 2., 2 (Winter 1996):  Pages 103 - 123.
Year of Publication: 1996.

264. Record Number: 2330
Author(s): Neuman de Vegvar, Carol.
Contributor(s):
Title : Saints and Companions to Saints: Anglo-Saxon Royal Women Monastics in Context
Source: Holy Men and Holy Women: Old English Prose Saints' Live and Their Contexts.   Edited by Paul E. Szarmach .   State University of New York Press, 1996. Magistra , 2., 2 (Winter 1996):  Pages 51 - 93.
Year of Publication: 1996.

265. Record Number: 2515
Author(s): Halpin, Patricia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Anglo-Saxon Women and Pilgrimage [discusses trips to the Continent, to English shrines, and pilgrimages of the "heart" through devotional texts and art; includes a brief analysis of four devotional objects, a crucifix, two manuscript illuminations, and an embroidered alb, that were commissioned by women].
Source: Anglo-Norman Studies , 19., ( 1996):  Pages 97 - 122.
Year of Publication: 1996.

266. Record Number: 2773
Author(s): Rath, Brigitte.
Contributor(s):
Title : Im Reich der Topoi. Nonnenleben im mittelalterlichen Österreich zwischen Norm und Praxis
Source: Homme: Zeitschrift für feministische Geschichtswissenschaft , 7., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 122 - 134.
Year of Publication: 1996.

267. Record Number: 2987
Author(s): Edwards, Carolyn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Dynastic Sanctity in Two Early Medieval Women's "Lives" [Hathumoda, abbess of Gandersheim, and St. Mathilde, pious widow of Henry I].
Source: Medieval Family Roles: A Book of Essays.   Edited by Cathy Jorgensen Itnyre .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Homme: Zeitschrift für feministische Geschichtswissenschaft , 7., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 3 - 19.
Year of Publication: 1996.

268. Record Number: 6332
Author(s): Bodarwé, Katrinette.
Contributor(s):
Title : Frauenleben zwischen Klosterregeln und Luxus? Alltag in frühmittelalterlichen Frauenklöstern
Source: Königen, Klosterfrau, Bäuerin: Frauen im Frühmittelalter. Bericht zur dritten Tagung des Netzwerks archäologisch arbeitender Frauen 19.-22. Oktober 1995 in Kiel.   Edited by Helga Brandt and Julie K. Koch .   Agenda, 1996. Homme: Zeitschrift für feministische Geschichtswissenschaft , 7., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 117 - 143.
Year of Publication: 1996.

269. Record Number: 1105
Author(s): Hyland, William Patrick.
Contributor(s):
Title : Missionary Nuns and the Monastic Vocation in Anglo-Saxon England [nuns aided the missionary efforts of Boniface and his colleagues in Germany through their prayers and gifts; a few nuns, most notably Leoba, travelled to Germany, founded monasteries, and served as abbesses].
Source: American Benedictine Review , 47., 2 (June 1996):  Pages 141 - 174.
Year of Publication: 1996.

270. Record Number: 1803
Author(s): Weinstock, Elizabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender, Geneaology, and the Politics of Lineage in Marie de France's "Eliduc" [International Congress on Medieval Studies. Kalamazoo, May 1996].
Source: Le Cygne: Bulletin of the International Marie de France Society: Abstracts, Notes, and Queries , 2., (April 1996):  Pages 29 - 31.
Year of Publication: 1996.

271. Record Number: 2396
Author(s): Holloway, Julia Bolton, Sister
Contributor(s):
Title : Saint Birgitta of Sweden and Brigittine Music
Source: Women Composers: Music Through the Ages.   Edited by Martha Furman Schleifer and Sylvia Glickman .   Volume 1 Composers Born Before 1599. G.K. Hall ; Prentice Hall International, 1996. Le Cygne: Bulletin of the International Marie de France Society: Abstracts, Notes, and Queries , 2., (April 1996):  Pages 78 - 83.
Year of Publication: 1996.

272. Record Number: 1108
Author(s): Mellinger, Laura.
Contributor(s):
Title : Prayer and Politics in Medieval Brittany: The Making of Saint- Georges [the abbey was founded by Duke Alain III for his sister Adèle; it continued its close association with the ducal family, making Saint- Georges a prestigious Breton institution].
Source: American Benedictine Review , 47., 4 (December 1996):  Pages 433 - 444.
Year of Publication: 1996.

273. Record Number: 714
Author(s): McGinn, Bernard.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Changing Shape of Late Medieval Mysticism [themes discussed include connections between men and women in religion, Latin and the vernaculars, and the world and the cloister].
Source: Church History (Full Text via JSTOR) 65, 2 (June 1996): 197-219. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1996.

274. Record Number: 6311
Author(s): Magirius, Heinrich.
Contributor(s):
Title : Architektur der Zisterzienserklöster in der Lausitz
Source: Cîteaux: Revue d'Histoire Cistercienne , 47., ( 1996):  Pages 263 - 283.
Year of Publication: 1996.

275. Record Number: 2394
Author(s): Yardley, Anne Bagnall.
Contributor(s):
Title : Was Anonymous a Woman? [suggests that some liturgical chants may have been composed by nuns].
Source: Women Composers: Music Through the Ages.   Edited by Martha Furman Schleifer and Sylvia Glickman .   Volume 1 Composers Born Before 1599. G.K. Hall ; Prentice Hall International, 1996. Cîteaux: Revue d'Histoire Cistercienne , 47., ( 1996):  Pages 69 - 72.
Year of Publication: 1996.

276. Record Number: 3584
Author(s): Lifshitz, Felice.
Contributor(s):
Title : Is Mother Superior? Towards a History of Feminine "Amtscharisma"
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Cîteaux: Revue d'Histoire Cistercienne , 47., ( 1996):  Pages 117 - 138.
Year of Publication: 1996.

277. Record Number: 1386
Author(s): Brennan, Brian.
Contributor(s):
Title : Deathless Marriage and Spiritual Fecundity in Venantius Fortunatus's "De Virginitate" [written for Radegunde probably on the occasion of her "spiritual daughter's" installation as abbess; the text combines an "epithalamium" with a "consolatio" for women who neither married nor had children].
Source: Traditio , 51., ( 1996):  Pages 73 - 97.
Year of Publication: 1996.

278. Record Number: 2354
Author(s): Wilkins, Constance L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Textual Production and Reproduction: Hild, Whitby, and the Christianization of the North
Source: Old English Newsletter , 29., 3 (Spring 1996):
Year of Publication: 1996.

279. Record Number: 1217
Author(s): Johnson, Timothy.
Contributor(s):
Title : To Her Who Is Half of Her Soul: Clare of Assisi and the Medieval Epistolary Tradition [analysis of Clare's letters to Agnes of Prague].
Source: Magistra , 2., 1 (Summer 1996):  Pages 24 - 50.
Year of Publication: 1996.

280. Record Number: 937
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Life of Alice" and the Silver Age at Villers [suggests that the "Life" of Alice the Leper was written by Arnulf II, Abbot of Villers, to inspire his monks to Eucharistic devotion and to an acceptance of greater austerity and a more cloistered life.]
Source: Cistercian Studies Quarterly , 31., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 51 - 74.
Year of Publication: 1996.

281. Record Number: 6310
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Laien als Wohltäter der Zisterzienserinnen in Böhmen und Mähren im Licht der Urkunden
Source: Cîteaux: Revue d'Histoire Cistercienne , 47., ( 1996):  Pages 115 - 134.
Year of Publication: 1996.

282. Record Number: 6312
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Mater et sponsa: Einige Bemerkungen zur Kunst der Zisterzienser in Böhmen
Source: Cîteaux: Revue d'Histoire Cistercienne , 47., ( 1996):  Pages 313 - 327.
Year of Publication: 1996.

283. Record Number: 1853
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Berceo's "Milagros" and the "Cantigas de Santa Maria" : The Question of Intended Audience [The author argues, based on the inter-Church political concerns of many of the miracles, that Berceo primarily addressed monastics and clergy].
Source: Bulletin of the Cantigueiros de Santa Maria , 8., (Spring 1996):  Pages 15 - 29.
Year of Publication: 1996.

284. Record Number: 2751
Author(s): Wybourne, Catherine and Dame
Contributor(s):
Title : Seafarers and Stay-At-Homes: Anglo-Saxon Nuns and Mission [The author traces the activity of nuns during the Anglo Saxon period from Leoba's missionary efforts in Germany to the much more restricted period in the tenth and eleventh centuries as double houses disappeared].
Source: Downside Review , 114., 397 (October 1996):  Pages 246 - 266.
Year of Publication: 1996.

285. Record Number: 1106
Author(s): McMillin, Linda A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sant Pere de les Puelles: A Medieval Women's Community [study of Sant Pere's documents yields information on the number of nuns, their familial background and inheritance, men associated with the convent, and the elected officials of the community].
Source: American Benedictine Review , 47., 2 (June 1996):  Pages 200 - 222.
Year of Publication: 1996.

286. Record Number: 747
Author(s): Venarde, Bruce L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Praesidentes Negotiis: Abbesses as Managers in Twelfth- Century France [Hersende and Petronilla of Fontevraud and Héloïse, of Paraclet].
Source: Portraits of Medieval and Renaissance Living: Essays in Honor of David Herlihy.   Edited by Samual K. Cohn, Jr. and Steven A. Epstein .   University of Michigan Press, 1996. American Benedictine Review , 47., 2 (June 1996):  Pages 189 - 205.
Year of Publication: 1996.

287. Record Number: 952
Author(s): Gradowicz- Pancer, Nira.
Contributor(s):
Title : Papa, mama, l' abbé et moi. "Conversion morum" et pathologie familiale d' après les sources hagiographiques du haut Moyen Age [suggests that young men joined monasteries in search of an ideal father figure, the abbot, because their own fathers were absent or harsh; mothers in the sources were, for the most part, nurturing and encouraged their sons' religious vocations].
Source: Moyen Age , 102., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 7 - 25.
Year of Publication: 1996.

288. Record Number: 2355
Author(s): Farr, Carol A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Reception of Word and Image at Whitby and Its Daughter Houses
Source: Old English Newsletter , 29., 3 (Spring 1996):
Year of Publication: 1996.

289. Record Number: 1349
Author(s): Kelly, Henry Ansgar.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Neo-Revisionist Looks at Chaucer's Nuns [historical sketch of English nuns' conditions including estimated numbers, sources of income, opportunities to go on pilgrimage, and the priests associated with women's monasteries].
Source: Chaucer Review , 31., 2 ( 1996):  Pages 115 - 132.
Year of Publication: 1996.

290. Record Number: 2135
Author(s): Rapp, Claudia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Figures of Female Sanctity: Byzantine Edifying Manuscripts and Their Audience [analysis of six manuscript collections of women saints' lives; the author argues that the intended audience was not always exclusively female and, furthermore, that women hagiographers and patrons did not always favor female saints].
Source: Dumbarton Oaks Papers (Full Text via JSTOR) 50 (1996): 313-344. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1996.

291. Record Number: 2771
Author(s): Borries, Ekkehard.
Contributor(s):
Title : Die besessene Schwester Agnes: Ein Schwesternspiegel des 15. Jahrhunderts aus dem Haus Ten Orten in Herzogenbusch. Edition der Berliner Handschrift mit Kommentaren und Untersuchungen
Source: Ons geesttlijk erf , 70., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 10 - 61.
Year of Publication: 1996.

292. Record Number: 1218
Author(s): Spreckelmeyer, Antha.
Contributor(s):
Title : Reclaiming the "Wayward Nun": Thematic Similarities in Three Middle English Versions of the Benedictine Rule
Source: Magistra , 2., 1 (Summer 1996):  Pages 51 - 62.
Year of Publication: 1996.

293. Record Number: 1081
Author(s): Freeman, Elizabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Nuns in the Public Sphere: Aelred of Rievaulx's "De Sanctimoniali De Wattun" and the Gendering of Authority [how the Gilbertine nuns of Watton punished a sister who had sexual relations with a man belonging to the double house].
Source: Comitatus , 27., ( 1996):  Pages 55 - 80. [contributions are accepted from graduate students and those who have received their doctorates within the last three years]
Year of Publication: 1996.

294. Record Number: 2356
Author(s): Hawkes, Jane.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sermons in Stone: Sculpture, Iconography, and the Christianization of the North
Source: Old English Newsletter , 29., 3 (Spring 1996):
Year of Publication: 1996.

295. Record Number: 1091
Author(s): Rigg, A. G.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Latin Poem on St. Hilda and Whitby Abbey
Source: Journal of Medieval Latin , 6., ( 1996):  Pages 12 - 43.
Year of Publication: 1996.

296. Record Number: 922
Author(s): Head, Pauline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Integritas in Rudolph of Fulda's "Vita Leobae Abbatissae"
Source: Parergon: Bulletin of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Renaissance Studies. New Series , 13., 1 (July 1995):  Pages 33 - 51.
Year of Publication: 1995.

297. Record Number: 243
Author(s): Réal, Isabelle.
Contributor(s):
Title : Vie et "Vita" de sainte Ségolène, abbesse du Troclar au VIIe siècle
Source: Moyen Age , 101., 40241 ( 1995):  Pages 384 - 406.
Year of Publication: 1995.

298. Record Number: 521
Author(s): Richards, Marie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Community and Poverty in the Reformed Order of St. Clare in the Fifteenth Century
Source: Journal of Religious History , 19., 1 (June 1995):  Pages 10 - 25.
Year of Publication: 1995.

299. Record Number: 1125
Author(s): Henderson, J. Frank.
Contributor(s):
Title : Feminizing the Rule of Benedict in Medieval England [study of five Middle English translations and one Latin version, examining changes from masculine language as well as feminization of such aspects of monastic life as clothing and the practice of charity]
Source: Magistra , 1., 1 (Summer 1995):  Pages 9 - 38.
Year of Publication: 1995.

300. Record Number: 1126
Author(s): Feiss, Hugh, O.S.B.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Poet Abbess from Notre-Dame de Saintes [verses on a mortuary roll are attributed to Sibille, fifth abbess of the monastery; in the poems she celebrates the deceased, Abbess Mathilda of Holy Trinity Monastery, Caen, and reflects on the inevitability of death].
Source: Magistra , 1., 1 (Summer 1995):  Pages 39 - 54.
Year of Publication: 1995.

301. Record Number: 1614
Author(s): Stoudt, Debra L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Wer Pistu Daz Mit Mir Reddet?: Dialogue in the Works of the Fourteenth Century German Female Mystics [analyzes the use of diaogue in autobiographical revelations and in sister books that chronicle nuns' lives and deathbed experiences].
Source: Studia Mystica New Series , 16., 1 ( 1995):  Pages 30 - 51.
Year of Publication: 1995.

302. Record Number: 1618
Author(s): Vickers, Noreen.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Social Class of Yorkshire Medieval Nuns [evidence taken from charters, visitations, and wills].
Source: Yorkshire Archaeological Journal , 67., ( 1995):  Pages 127 - 132.
Year of Publication: 1995.

303. Record Number: 2285
Author(s): Bouton, Jean de la Croix, O.C.S.O.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Life of the Twelfth and Thirteenth Century Nuns of Cîteaux
Source: Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women. Book One. Medieval Religious Women Volume Three.   Edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, O.S.C.O Cistercian Studies Series .   Cistercian Publications, 1995. Yorkshire Archaeological Journal , 67., ( 1995):  Pages 11 - 27.
Year of Publication: 1995.

304. Record Number: 2288
Author(s): Carville, Geraldine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Cistercian Nuns in Medieval Ireland: Plary Abbey, Ballymore, County Westmeath
Source: Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women. Book One. Medieval Religious Women Volume Three.   Edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, O.S.C.O Cistercian Studies Series .   Cistercian Publications, 1995. Yorkshire Archaeological Journal , 67., ( 1995):  Pages 62 - 84.
Year of Publication: 1995.

305. Record Number: 2289
Author(s): Degler-Spengler, Brigitte.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Incorporation of Cistercian Nuns Into the Order in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Century
Source: Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women. Book One. Medieval Religious Women Volume Three.   Edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, O.S.C.O Cistercian Studies Series .   Cistercian Publications, 1995. Yorkshire Archaeological Journal , 67., ( 1995):  Pages 85 - 134.
Year of Publication: 1995.

306. Record Number: 2294
Author(s): King, Margot H.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Dove at the Window: The Ascent of the Soul in Thomas de Cantimpré's "Life of Lutgard of Aywières"
Source: Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women. Book One. Medieval Religious Women Volume Three.   Edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, O.S.C.O Cistercian Studies Series .   Cistercian Publications, 1995. Yorkshire Archaeological Journal , 67., ( 1995):  Pages 225 - 253.
Year of Publication: 1995.

307. Record Number: 2295
Author(s): Deboutte, Alfred, C.SS.R.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Vita Lutgardis" of Thomas of Cantimpré
Source: Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women. Book One. Medieval Religious Women Volume Three.   Edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, O.S.C.O Cistercian Studies Series .   Cistercian Publications, 1995. Yorkshire Archaeological Journal , 67., ( 1995):  Pages 255 - 281.
Year of Publication: 1995.

308. Record Number: 2302
Author(s): Mikkers, Edmund, O.C.S.O.
Contributor(s):
Title : Meditations on the "Life" of Alice of Schaerbeek
Source: Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women. Book One. Medieval Religious Women Volume Three.   Edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, O.S.C.O Cistercian Studies Series .   Cistercian Publications, 1995. Yorkshire Archaeological Journal , 67., ( 1995):  Pages 395 - 413.
Year of Publication: 1995.

309. Record Number: 2308
Author(s): Mikkers, Edmund, O.C.S.O.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Spirituality of Cistercian Nuns: A Methodological Approach [overview of sources available including the "Usages," official records, biographies, spiritual writings by nuns, works by monks for women, and material remains].
Source: Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women. Book Two. Medieval Religious Women Volume Three.   Edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, O.S.C.O Cistercian Studies Series .   Cistercian Publications, 1995. Yorkshire Archaeological Journal , 67., ( 1995):  Pages 525 - 539.
Year of Publication: 1995.

310. Record Number: 2724
Author(s): Sheridan, J. Mark, O.S.B.
Contributor(s):
Title : Steersman of the Mind: The Virgin Mary as Ideal Nun (an Interpretation of Luke 1:29 by Rufus of Shotep) [Rufus emphasizes her prudence, study of scripture, and spiritual vigilance].
Source: Studia Patristica , 30., ( 1995):  Pages 265 - 269. Papers Presented at the Twelfth International Conference on Patristic Studies Held in Oxford. Biblica et Apocrypha, Ascetica, Liturgica
Year of Publication: 1995.

311. Record Number: 2765
Author(s): Goez, Elke.
Contributor(s):
Title : Die Markgrafen von Canossa und die Klöster
Source: Deutsches Archiv , 51., ( 1995):  Pages 83 - 114.
Year of Publication: 1995.

312. Record Number: 2296
Author(s): Tartara, Lucia, O.C.S.O. and Manuela Strola, O.C.S.O.
Contributor(s):
Title : Saint Franca of Italy
Source: Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women. Book One. Medieval Religious Women Volume Three.   Edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, O.S.C.O Cistercian Studies Series .   Cistercian Publications, 1995. Homme: Zeitschrift für feministische Geschichtswissenschaft , 7., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 283 - 303.
Year of Publication: 1995.

313. Record Number: 5651
Author(s): Gardner, Julian.
Contributor(s):
Title : Nuns and Altarpieces: Agendas for Research [the author examines a group of late thirteenth-century paintings from Italian nunneries and a group of fourteenth-century convent altarpieces, mostly from Florence; he then considers the social, cultural, and physical conditions in which these artworks were created and viewed; he concludes by asking what kind of control did the nuns have over artworks that were commissioned through middlemen and, for that matter, did the nuns even see the altarpieces located beyond the grills required by "clausura"].
Source: Römisches Jahrbuch der Bibliotheca Hertziana , 30., ( 1995):  Pages 27 - 57.
Year of Publication: 1995.

314. Record Number: 6012
Author(s): Benedetto, Giuseppe.
Contributor(s):
Title : Fra corruzione e riforme: i monasteri femminili della città e del territorio di Lucca nella seconda metà del Trecento e nel primo Quattrocento [complaints about physical or moral decay of women's monasteries in Lucca mounted following the Black Death and the beginning of the Great Schism; reform of these houses could be impeded by exemption from episcopal control; nonetheless, visitations were held under the Guinigi regime; some monasteries received good reports, but others were penalized for moral or financial abuses; some nuns were confined to other monasteries as punishments].
Source: Ilaria del Carretto e il suo monumento: la donna nell'arte, la cultura, e la società del '400. Atti del convegno Internazionale di Studi, 15-16-17 Settembre, 1994, Palazzo Ducale, Lucca.   Edited by Stéphane Toussaint. Translated by Clotilde Soave Bowe. .   Edizioni S. Marco Litotipo, 1995. Römisches Jahrbuch der Bibliotheca Hertziana , 30., ( 1995):  Pages 165 - 197.
Year of Publication: 1995.

315. Record Number: 6013
Author(s): Papi, Anna Benvenuti.
Contributor(s):
Title : Religiosità e società femminile tra Medioevo e Rinascimento: disciplinamento sociale e istitutzioni religiose [women had few religious opportunities in the rural environment, and the new towns frequently offered just as few; thus women readily were attracted to heretical movements; only gradually were new forms of religiosity developed by the orthodox establishment to meet the needs of these women; even then, clergy who provided women with spiritual guidance emphasized discipline over all else].
Source: Ilaria del Carretto e il suo monumento: la donna nell'arte, la cultura, e la società del '400. Atti del convegno Internazionale di Studi, 15-16-17 Settembre, 1994, Palazzo Ducale, Lucca.   Edited by Stéphane Toussaint. Translated by Clotilde Soave Bowe. .   Edizioni S. Marco Litotipo, 1995. Römisches Jahrbuch der Bibliotheca Hertziana , 30., ( 1995):  Pages 199 - 206.
Year of Publication: 1995.

316. Record Number: 2293
Author(s): Bussels, Amandus, O.C.S.O.
Contributor(s):
Title : Saint Lutgard's Mystical Spirituality
Source: Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women. Book One. Medieval Religious Women Volume Three.   Edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, O.S.C.O Cistercian Studies Series .   Cistercian Publications, 1995. Homme: Zeitschrift für feministische Geschichtswissenschaft , 7., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 211 - 223.
Year of Publication: 1995.

317. Record Number: 2286
Author(s): Connor, Elizabeth, O.C.S.O.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Abbeys of Las Huelgas and Tart and Their Filiations
Source: Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women. Book One. Medieval Religious Women Volume Three.   Edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, O.S.C.O Cistercian Studies Series .   Cistercian Publications, 1995. Homme: Zeitschrift für feministische Geschichtswissenschaft , 7., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 29 - 48.
Year of Publication: 1995.

318. Record Number: 9519
Author(s): Bruzelius, Caroline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queen Sancia of Mallorca and the Convent Church of Sta. Chiara in Naples [The author argues that the convent church building significantly departs from previous models of architectural planning in the Poor Clare tradition. In part she attributes this to Queen Sancia's deep devotion to the original ideals of Francis which prompted her to found a double house and redesign the church layout so that the nuns could see the host while remaining unseen by the laity and the Friars. The queen also was reacting to ecclesiastical controversies in which her own relatives took leading roles as proponents of the Franciscan Spirituals against Pope John XXII. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome , 40., ( 1995):  Pages 69 - 100.
Year of Publication: 1995.

319. Record Number: 2305
Author(s): Schmitt, Miriam, O.S.B.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gertrud of Helfta: Her Monastic Milieu and Her Spirituality
Source: Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women. Book Two. Medieval Religious Women Volume Three.   Edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, O.S.C.O Cistercian Studies Series .   Cistercian Publications, 1995. Homme: Zeitschrift für feministische Geschichtswissenschaft , 7., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 471 - 496.
Year of Publication: 1995.

320. Record Number: 1443
Author(s): Norris, Kathleen.
Contributor(s):
Title : What I Do Not See I Do Not Know -- Hildegard and the Poetic Way of Knowing [includes comparisons with such modern poets as Emily Dickinson].
Source: American Benedictine Review , 46., 2 (June 1995):  Pages 183 - 193.
Year of Publication: 1995.

321. Record Number: 6337
Author(s): Schneider-Lastin, Wolfram.
Contributor(s):
Title : Die Forsetzung des ötenbacher Schwesternbuchs und andere vermisste Texte in Breslau: Handschriftenfunde zur Literatur des Mittelalters. 116. Beitrag
Source: Zeitschrift für deutsches Altertum und deutsche Literatur , 124., ( 1995):  Pages 201 - 210.
Year of Publication: 1995.

322. Record Number: 172
Author(s): Harline, Craig.
Contributor(s):
Title : Actives and Contemplatives: The Female Religious of the Low Countries Before and After Trent
Source: Catholic Historical Review , 81., 4 (Oct. 1995):  Pages 541 - 567.
Year of Publication: 1995.

323. Record Number: 2292
Author(s): McGuire, Brian Patrick.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Cistercians and Friendship: An Opening to Women [descriptions of spiritual friendships between male Cistercians and women; the author then suggests reasons for this change in attitude from the earlier Cistercian practice of avoiding any involvement with women].
Source: Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women. Book One. Medieval Religious Women Volume Three.   Edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, O.S.C.O Cistercian Studies Series .   Cistercian Publications, 1995. Catholic Historical Review , 81., 4 (Oct. 1995):  Pages 171 - 200.
Year of Publication: 1995.

324. Record Number: 570
Author(s): Mellinger, Laura.
Contributor(s):
Title : Environmentalist Nuns in Medieval Brittany? Saint-Georges and the River Vilaine
Source: Medieval Perspectives , 10., ( 1995):  Pages 157 - 168. Proceedings of the Twentieth Annual Conference of the Southeastern Medieval Association
Year of Publication: 1995.

325. Record Number: 354
Author(s): Bartlett, Anne Clark.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Reasonable Affection: Gender and Spiritual Friendship in Middle English Devotional Literature
Source: Vox Mystica: Essays on Medieval Mysticism in Honor of Professor Valerie M Lagorio.   Edited by Anne Clark Bartlett, Thomas H. Bestul, Janet Goebel, and William F. Pollard .   D.S. Brewer, 1995. Medieval Perspectives , 10., ( 1995):  Pages 131 - 145.
Year of Publication: 1995.

326. Record Number: 1208
Author(s): Birkel, Michael.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Meditation on the Magnificat Attributable to Guigo II
Source: Magistra , 1., 2 (Winter 1995):  Pages 249 - 265.
Year of Publication: 1995.

327. Record Number: 572
Author(s): Tuten, Belle Stoddard.
Contributor(s):
Title : Disputing Corpses: Le Ronceray d'Angers Versus Saint-Nicolas d'Angers, Ca. 1080-1140 [nuns and monks contest parish boundaries and the rights to burials and offerings].
Source: Medieval Perspectives , 10., ( 1995):  Pages 178 - 188. Proceedings of the Twentieth Annual Conference of the Southeastern Medieval Association
Year of Publication: 1995.

328. Record Number: 1193
Author(s): Wallace, D. Patricia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Feminine Rhetoric and the Epistolary Tradition: The Boniface Correspondence [discusses letters written by Eangyth and Bugga and Abbess Ecgburg to Boniface and letters from the nun Berhtgyth to her brother Balthard].
Source: Women's Studies , 24., 3 ( 1995):  Pages 229 - 246. Special Issue: Issues in Medieval and Renaissance Scholarship
Year of Publication: 1995.

329. Record Number: 271
Author(s): Oliva, Marilyn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Counting Nuns: A Prosopography of Late Medieval English Nuns in the Diocese of Norwich
Source: Medieval Prosopography , 16., 1 (Spring 1995):  Pages 27 - 55.
Year of Publication: 1995.

330. Record Number: 2304
Author(s): Blamires, Alcuin.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ida of Léau, or, The Inconveniences of Ecstasy
Source: Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women. Book Two. Medieval Religious Women Volume Three.   Edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, O.S.C.O Cistercian Studies Series .   Cistercian Publications, 1995. Medieval Prosopography , 16., 1 (Spring 1995):  Pages 445 - 470.
Year of Publication: 1995.

331. Record Number: 506
Author(s): Ward, Jennifer C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and the Old English Benedictine "Rule": A Theory of Chaos and Masculine Incompetence [Seventh Biennial Meeting of the International Society of Anglo- Saxonists, "Old and New Ways in the Study of Anglo- Saxon Culture," Stanford University, August 6-12, 1995. Session 1].
Source: Old English Newsletter , 28., 3 (Spring 1995):
Year of Publication: 1995.

332. Record Number: 1130
Author(s): McNamara, Jo Ann.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Nun of Watton [translation of Aelred's account of the nun who sleeps with a young monk and becomes pregnant; the other nuns castrate the guilty youth but when the foetus disappears they judge it to be a miracle and cease punishing the penitent nun].
Source: Magistra , 1., 1 (Summer 1995):  Pages 122 - 137.
Year of Publication: 1995.

333. Record Number: 582
Author(s): McNamara, Jo Ann.
Contributor(s):
Title : Canossa and the Ungendering of the Public Man [men in religion and politics both acted to eliminate women's access to power and create a public space without women].
Source: Render Unto Caesar: The Religious Sphere in World Politics.   Edited by Sabrina Petra Ramet and Donald W. Treadgold .   American University Press, 1995. Magistra , 1., 1 (Summer 1995):  Pages 131 - 150. Later published in Medieval Religion: New Approaches. Edited by Constance Hoffman Berman. Routledge, 2005. Pages 102-122.
Year of Publication: 1995.

334. Record Number: 2301
Author(s): Scholl, Edith, O.C.S.O.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Golden Cross: Aleydis of Schaerbeek
Source: Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women. Book One. Medieval Religious Women Volume Three.   Edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, O.S.C.O Cistercian Studies Series .   Cistercian Publications, 1995. Magistra , 1., 1 (Summer 1995):  Pages 377 - 393.
Year of Publication: 1995.

335. Record Number: 2303
Author(s): O'Dell, Colman, O.C.S.O.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ida of Léau: Woman of Desire
Source: Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women. Book One. Medieval Religious Women Volume Three.   Edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, O.S.C.O Cistercian Studies Series .   Cistercian Publications, 1995. Magistra , 1., 1 (Summer 1995):  Pages 415 - 443.
Year of Publication: 1995.

336. Record Number: 2306
Author(s): McCabe, Maureen, O.C.S.O.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Scriptures and Personal Identity: A Study in the "Exercises" of St. Gertrud
Source: Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women. Book Two. Medieval Religious Women Volume Three.   Edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, O.S.C.O Cistercian Studies Series .   Cistercian Publications, 1995. Magistra , 1., 1 (Summer 1995):  Pages 497 - 507.
Year of Publication: 1995.

337. Record Number: 2309
Author(s): O'Dell, Colman, O.C.S.O.
Contributor(s):
Title : On Eagles' Wings: Symbols of Spiritual Motherhood in the Writings of the Early Cistercian Fathers