Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


248 Record(s) Found in our database

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1. Record Number: 29256
Author(s): Rowe, Nina,
Contributor(s):
Title : Rethinking "Ecclesia" and "Synagoga" in the Thirteenth Century [The author argues that the representation of "Synagoga" in the sculptural programs at Bamberg, Reims, and Strasbourg was meant to project a view of Judaism as subordinate to "Ecclesia" triumphant and to the kingly rulers on the portals. Title note suppl
Source: Gothic Art and Thought in the Later Medieval Period: Essays in Honor of Willibald Sauerländer.   Edited by Colum Hourihane .   Index of Christian Art, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University in association with Penn State University Press, 2011.  Pages 264 - 291.
Year of Publication: 2011.

2. Record Number: 27565
Author(s): Garver, Valerie L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Weaving Words in Silk: Women and Inscribed Bands in the Carolingian World [The author analyzes three silk woven bands surviving from Carolingian Germany: Witgar’s belt, Ailbecunda band, and the Speyer band. Witgar’s belt was a gift from Emma, wife of King Louis the German, to Witgar, the future bishop of Augsburg. In these three cases women not only donated high-status silk inscribed bands, but evidence also points to women as weavers of the tablet bands. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 6., ( 2010):  Pages 33 - 56.
Year of Publication: 2010.

3. Record Number: 27568
Author(s): Stanford, Charlotte A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Donations from the Body for the Soul: Apparel, Devotion, and Status in Late Medieval Strasbourg [The author analyzes evidence of lay people’s contributions to the building and services of Strasbourg’s cathedral as recorded in the “Book of Donors” from the early fourteenth century to 1521. Many people contributed clothing and related items, both for resale and for use in liturgical services. Stanford notes women’s participation as donors and the varieties of women’s clothing and ornaments given as gifts. She underlines the personal nature of many women’s gifts including elaborate linens decorated with gold and silk destined for the Virgin’s chapel. The appendices include a glossary of apparel-related terms in the “Book of Donors” both in Latin and in German (pages 199-205). Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 6., ( 2010):  Pages 173 - 205.
Year of Publication: 2010.

4. Record Number: 27613
Author(s): Gaudette, Helen A.,
Contributor(s):
Title : The Spending Power of a Crusader Queen: Melisende of Jerusalem [The author analyzes three projects which Melisende supported in part to increase public support for her rule: Bethgibelin Castle, the women's monastery of Bethany, and the covered market street in Jerusalem called "Malquisinat" (literally the Street of Bad Cooking). Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Women and Wealth in Late Medieval Europe.   Edited by Theresa Earenfight The New Middle Ages. .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2010. Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 6., ( 2010):  Pages 135 - 148.
Year of Publication: 2010.

5. Record Number: 28444
Author(s): Robinson, I. S.,
Contributor(s):
Title : Conversio and conversatio in the Life of Herluca of Epfach
Source: Medieval Italy, Medieval and Early Modern Women: Essays in Honour of Christine Meek.   Edited by Conor Kostick .   Four Courts Press, 2010. Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 6., ( 2010):  Pages 172 - 194.
Year of Publication: 2010.

6. Record Number: 29907
Author(s): Berman, Constance Hoffman
Contributor(s):
Title : Two Medieval Women’s Property and Religious Benefactions in France: Eleanor of Vermandois and Blanche of Castile
Source: Viator , 41., 2 ( 2010):  Pages 151 - 182.
Year of Publication: 2010.

7. Record Number: 29909
Author(s): Ehrenschwendtner, Marie-Luise
Contributor(s):
Title : Creating the Sacred Space Within: Enclosure as a Defining Feature in the Convent Life of Medieval Dominican Sisters (13th–15th c.)
Source: Viator , 41., 2 ( 2010):  Pages 301 - 316.
Year of Publication: 2010.

8. Record Number: 30087
Author(s): Schlotheuber, Eva
Contributor(s):
Title : Best Clothes and Everyday Attire of Late Medieval Nuns
Source: Fashion and Clothing in Late Medieval Europe/ Mode und Kleidung im Europa des späten Mittelalters.   Edited by Regula Schorta and Rainer C. Schwinges .   Abegg-Stiftung/Schwabe Verlag, 2010. Viator , 41., 2 ( 2010):  Pages 139 - 154.
Year of Publication: 2010.

9. Record Number: 24047
Author(s): Wells, Scott
Contributor(s):
Title : The Politics of Gender and Ethnicity in East Francia: The Case of Gandersheim, ca. 850-950 [The author argues that the women’s community at the monastery of Gandersheim was important because it conveyed multiple meanings for the Liudolfing-Saxon dynasty during a period of shifting familial and ethnic politics. During this time variations in royal support coincided with the monastery’s success or failure at articulating the ruling dynasty’s political identity. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Negotiating Community and Difference in Medieval Europe: Gender, Power, Patronage, and the Authority of Religion in Latin Christendom.   Edited by Katherine Allen Smith and Scott Wells Studies in the History of Christian Traditions .   Brill, 2009. Viator , 41., 2 ( 2010):  Pages 113 - 135.
Year of Publication: 2009.

10. Record Number: 24048
Author(s): Berman, Constance Hoffman
Contributor(s):
Title : Noble Women's Power as Reflected in the Foundations of Cistercian Houses for Nuns in Thirteenth-Century Northern France: Port-Royal, les Clairets, Moncey, Lieu and Eau-lez-Chartres [The author examines five Cistercian female houses supported by Matilda of Brunswick, the Countess of the Perche; Matilda of Garlande, Lady of Marly; and Isabelle, Countess of Chartres with the help of her daughter, Matilda of Amboise. Berman argues that these actions reveal the power and authority women exercised and need to be incorporated into the historical narrative. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Negotiating Community and Difference in Medieval Europe: Gender, Power, Patronage, and the Authority of Religion in Latin Christendom.   Edited by Katherine Allen Smith and Scott Wells Studies in the History of Christian Traditions .   Brill, 2009. Viator , 41., 2 ( 2010):  Pages 137 - 149.
Year of Publication: 2009.

11. Record Number: 24046
Author(s): Schulenburg, Jane Tibbetts
Contributor(s):
Title : Holy Women and the Needle Arts: Piety, Devotion, and Stitching the Sacred, ca. 500- 1150 [The author catalogs evidence of women’s embroidery for the Church done by queens, noble women, and nuns. They decorated Church vestments with gold, silver, and jewels. Schulenburg argues that their skills were values and associated with wisdom. Many of the embroiderers and patrons hoped for the special prayers of saints in return for their shining gifts. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Negotiating Community and Difference in Medieval Europe: Gender, Power, Patronage, and the Authority of Religion in Latin Christendom.   Edited by Katherine Allen Smith and Scott Wells Studies in the History of Christian Traditions .   Brill, 2009. Viator , 41., 2 ( 2010):  Pages 83 - 110.
Year of Publication: 2009.

12. Record Number: 24169
Author(s): Franco, Tiziana
Contributor(s):
Title : Sul "muricciolo" nella chiesa di Sant'Andrea di Sommacampagna "per il quale restavan divisi gli uomini dalle donne" [Until late in the 15th century, Italian churches divided clergy from laity and men from women with barriers. Remains of the low wall have been excavated at Sant'Andrea, Sommacampagna, showing that it ran across the width of the nave. The women's section
Source: Hortus Artium Medievalium , 14., ( 2008):  Pages 181 - 191.
Year of Publication: 2008.

13. Record Number: 26907
Author(s): Cavell, Emma
Contributor(s):
Title : The Burial of Noblewomen in Thirteenth-Century Shropshire
Source:   Edited by Björn Weiler, Janet Burton, Phillipp Schofield, and Karen Stöber  Boydell Press, Thirteenth Century England: Proceedings of the Gregynog Conference 2005 , 11., ( 2007):  Pages 174 - 192.
Year of Publication: 2007.

14. Record Number: 20607
Author(s): Herzig, Tamar
Contributor(s):
Title : Women's Participation in the Savonarolan Reform in Ferrara [The author explores women's activities in late 15th and early 16th century Ferrara. The holy woman, Lucia Brocadelli, was brought to the city by Duke Ercole d'Este to confer her prestige as a living saint on Ferrara. Lucia founded a house for female tertiaries dedicated to Saint Catherine of Siena. Savonarola's niece and other impoverished girls were encouraged to join (with their dowry paid by the duke) and perpetuate Savonarola's reformist ideals. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: French Historical Studies , 29., 4 (Fall 2006):  Pages 543 - 564.
Year of Publication: 2006.

15. Record Number: 15840
Author(s): Weddle, Saundra.
Contributor(s):
Title : Identity and Alliance: Urban Presence, Spatial Privilege, and Florentine Renaissance Convents [The author analyses the locations and functions of women's monasteries in late medieval and early modern Florence. Weddle argues that architectural spaces carried multiple meanings. Womens' monasteries were places of spiritual work, but they also could convey meanings related to patronage and politics. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Renaissance Florence: A Social History.   Edited by Roger J. Crum and John T. Paoletti .   Cambridge University Press, 2006. Thirteenth Century England: Proceedings of the Gregynog Conference 2005 , 11., ( 2007):  Pages 394 - 412.
Year of Publication: 2006.

16. Record Number: 20013
Author(s): Vacca, Diane Duyos.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage and Morals in the Fourteenth Century: The Evidence of Bishop Hamo's Register [The author looks at cases from Bishop Hamo's register, 1317- 1352 in the area of Rochester. The cases concern marriage and sexual offenses, including adultery, priests' concubines, clandestine marriages (which one party often preferred to deny), and violations of betrothals. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: English Historical Review , 121., 491 (April 2006):  Pages 467 - 486.
Year of Publication: 2006.

17. Record Number: 14776
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : An Analysis of Power in the Writing of Mechtild of Magdeburg
Source: Feminist Theology , 14., 2 ( 2006):  Pages 189 - 204.
Year of Publication: 2006.

18. Record Number: 17748
Author(s): Dietl, Cora
Contributor(s):
Title : The Virgin, the Church, and the Heathens: The Innsbruck "Ludus de assumptione beatae Mariae virginis" [The author examines a German language play about the Assumption of the Virgin Mary found in a late 14th Century manuscript. The play presents Mary as mediator and emphasizes the malignity and deceit of the Jews who want to burn her body in revenge. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: European Medieval Drama , 10., ( 2006):  Pages 187 - 205.
Year of Publication: 2006.

19. Record Number: 11752
Author(s): Stanbury, Sarah and Virginia Chieffo Raguin
Contributor(s):
Title : Introduction [The authors briefly discuss ideas involved with women and their relations to the physical spaces of churches. They introduce theorists who have had an influence in this area including Pierre Bourdieu. They discuss the case of the squint, a hole in the screen around the chancel allowing a view of the altar, in terms of women's use and the subjective experience of peeping into a privileged space. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women's Space: Patronage, Place, and Gender in the Medieval Church.   Edited by Virginia Chieffo Raguin and Sarah Stanbury .   State University of New York Press, 2005. French Historical Studies , 29., 4 (Fall 2006):  Pages 1 - 21.
Year of Publication: 2005.

20. Record Number: 11760
Author(s): Schleif, Corine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Men on the Right- Women on the Left: (A)symmetrical Spaces and Gendered Places [The author argues that the symbolism attached to left and right becomes gendered so that male and female donors have their appointed places. Yet some situations and artworks make the categories more complicated than a simple binary. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women's Space: Patronage, Place, and Gender in the Medieval Church.   Edited by Virginia Chieffo Raguin and Sarah Stanbury .   State University of New York Press, 2005. French Historical Studies , 29., 4 (Fall 2006):  Pages 207 - 249.
Year of Publication: 2005.

21. Record Number: 11454
Author(s): Carroll-Clark, Susan M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Bad Habits: Clothing and Textile References in the Register of Eudes Rigaud, Archbishop of Rouen [Eudes Rigaud paid inspection visits to all the religious groups in his archbishopric including women's monasteries. In his register nuns were frequently reprimanded for wearing luxury furs, metal belts, and secular clothes. They were also faulted for doing fine needlework as gifts for friends or as items for sale. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Medieval clothing and textiles. Vol. 1.   Edited by Robin Netherton and Gale R Owen-Crocker .   Boydell Press, 2005. Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome , 50., ( 2005):  Pages 81 - 103.
Year of Publication: 2005.

22. Record Number: 11755
Author(s): Stanbury, Sarah.
Contributor(s):
Title : Margery Kempe and the Arts of Self-Patronage [The author argues that Margery Kempe frequently presents herself in her book as a patron and donor to the church. Stanbury compares this to surviving devotional art with donor portraits to suggest the imagery and social recognition Kempe may have had in mind. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women's Space: Patronage, Place, and Gender in the Medieval Church.   Edited by Virginia Chieffo Raguin and Sarah Stanbury .   State University of New York Press, 2005. French Historical Studies , 29., 4 (Fall 2006):  Pages 75 - 103.
Year of Publication: 2005.

23. Record Number: 11756
Author(s): Raguin, Virginia Chieffo.
Contributor(s):
Title : Real and Imagined Bodies in Architectural Space: The Setting for Margery Kempe's "Book" [The author argues that Margery Kempe constructs an image of herself in her text based on experiences in religious spaces. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women's Space: Patronage, Place, and Gender in the Medieval Church.   Edited by Virginia Chieffo Raguin and Sarah Stanbury .   State University of New York Press, 2005. French Historical Studies , 29., 4 (Fall 2006):  Pages 105 - 140.
Year of Publication: 2005.

24. Record Number: 20780
Author(s): Eckhard, Simon
Contributor(s):
Title : The First German Mary Assumption Play (c.1300) and the Mary Portal of Strasbourg Cathedral [Investigates the relationship between thirteenth and fourteenth century German Assumption plays, the Song of Solomon/Song of Songs, and the carvings of Strasbourg Cathedral. Focuses on the plays' and carvings' use of the figures of "Ecclesia" as bride and God as Solomon, with God/Solomon's embrace of "Synagoga" acting as a device to encourage the conversion of Jews. The relationship between Mary and the figure of "Ecclesia" is also discussed. Title note supplied by Feminae].
Source: European Medieval Drama , 9., ( 2005):  Pages 1 - 23.
Year of Publication: 2005.

25. Record Number: 13629
Author(s): Butler, Sara M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Maintenance Agreements and Male Responsibility in Late Medieval England [The author examines cases brought by separated wives asking for support before both royal and ecclesiastical courts. Although there was no one single pattern for alimony, courts generally sought equity in the couples' financial arrangements. However, the courts had difficulty forcing angry or estranged husbands to pay the decreed amounts to their wives. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Boundaries of the Law: Geography, Gender, and Jurisdiction in Medieval and Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Anthony Musson .   Ashgate, 2005. European Medieval Drama , 9., ( 2005):  Pages 67 - 83.
Year of Publication: 2005.

26. Record Number: 11758
Author(s): Heller, Ena Giurescu.
Contributor(s):
Title : Access to Salvation: The Place (and Space) of Women Patrons in Fourteenth-century Florence [The author provides a case study of Monna Andrea Acciaiuoli's patronage of her husband's family chapel in Santa Maria Novella. She commissioned the glass windows and the altarpiece. Heller raises the question of whether Monna Andrea and other female patrons had access to these family chapels beyond the rood screen. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women's Space: Patronage, Place, and Gender in the Medieval Church.   Edited by Virginia Chieffo Raguin and Sarah Stanbury .   State University of New York Press, 2005. European Medieval Drama , 9., ( 2005):  Pages 161 - 183.
Year of Publication: 2005.

27. Record Number: 11757
Author(s): French, Katherine L.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Seat under Our Lady: Gender and Seating in Late Medieval English Parish Churches [The author argues that women's seating arrangements in churches give access to information about women in parish life that is otherwise unavailable. In her study of pew usage in Winchester, French demonstrates that women had a sanctioned space in the nave that frequently expressed status and the promotion of family interests. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women's Space: Patronage, Place, and Gender in the Medieval Church.   Edited by Virginia Chieffo Raguin and Sarah Stanbury .   State University of New York Press, 2005. European Medieval Drama , 9., ( 2005):  Pages 141 - 160.
Year of Publication: 2005.

28. Record Number: 13676
Author(s): Healy, Patrick.
Contributor(s):
Title : Merito nominetur virago: Matilda of Tuscany in the Polemics of the Investiture Contest [The author explores Matilda's importance as an armed protector of Pope Gregory VII and the reform movement as well as her role as an inspiration for Bible exegesis and other polemics in the Gregorian versus royalist struggle. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies on Medieval and Early Modern Women 4: Victims or Viragos?   Edited by Christine Meek and Catherine Lawless .   Four Courts Press, 2005. European Medieval Drama , 9., ( 2005):  Pages 49 - 56.
Year of Publication: 2005.

29. Record Number: 20781
Author(s): Kovacs, Lenke
Contributor(s):
Title : The Staging of the "Ludus de assumptione beatae Mariae virginis" (cod. 960, University Library, Innsbruck) [Describes the variations of stage settings and performance venues used for Assumption plays, emphasizing how practical concerns (such as needing to silence the audience) were incorporated into play scripts. Examines the relationship between the Virgin Mary and the Bride in the Song of Songs, and the depiction of Jews and Jerusalem. Title note supplied by Feminae].
Source: European Medieval Drama , 9., ( 2005):  Pages 25 - 34.
Year of Publication: 2005.

30. Record Number: 14143
Author(s): Pederson, Frederik.
Contributor(s):
Title : Counsel and Consent : Preparing for Marriage Litigation according to the Fourteenth- Century York Cause Papers [The author presents evidence from eight cases appearing in the York cause papers. In all of these instances the woman and man with the support of their families and friends tried a variety of informal meetings and tribunals to establish the facts and, if
Source: The Medieval Marriage Scene: Prudence, Passion, Policy.   Edited by Sherry Roush and Cristelle L. Baskins .   Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2005. European Medieval Drama , 9., ( 2005):  Pages 147 - 168.
Year of Publication: 2005.

31. Record Number: 13630
Author(s): Musson, Anthony.
Contributor(s):
Title : Crossing Boundaries: Attitudes to Rape in Late Medieval England [The author argues that many recent researchers have misinterpreted documents about rape because they do not have a full understanding of the legal system. Musson cites cases in royal, ecclesiastical and civic courts in which rape apparently was not actually involved. For example, a jury gave a very brief sentence perhaps in order to control behavior like extramarital sex. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Boundaries of the Law: Geography, Gender, and Jurisdiction in Medieval and Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Anthony Musson .   Ashgate, 2005. European Medieval Drama , 9., ( 2005):  Pages 84 - 101.
Year of Publication: 2005.

32. Record Number: 13631
Author(s): Korpiola, Mia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Rethinking Incest and Heinous Sexual Crime: Changing Boundaries of Secular and Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction in Late Medieval Sweden [The author argues that, like the rest of Europe, Sweden came to punish sexual crimes more severely over time, especially incest, bestiality, and homosexuality. Secular courts gradually took over responsibility for these crimes, although the church continued to receive a portion of the fines paid. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Boundaries of the Law: Geography, Gender, and Jurisdiction in Medieval and Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Anthony Musson .   Ashgate, 2005. European Medieval Drama , 9., ( 2005):  Pages 102 - 117.
Year of Publication: 2005.

33. Record Number: 20782
Author(s): Trout, Dennis
Contributor(s):
Title : Theodelinda's Rome: "Ampullae," "Pittacia," and the Image of the City [Describes the political significance of Theodelinda's patronage of a collection of oils from the Roman "martyria," its repercussions on her relationship with Pope Gregory the Great, and that of Lombardy with the papacy in Rome. Also investigates how the burial locations of saints defined the layout of medieval cities. Title note supplied by Feminae].
Source: Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome , 50., ( 2005):  Pages 131 - 145.
Year of Publication: 2005.

34. Record Number: 14630
Author(s): Elliott, Janis and Cordelia Warr
Contributor(s):
Title : Introduction [The authors briefly survey Angevin patronage, the nuns' practices, the pictorial program, and the architectural scheme of the church of Santa Maria Donna Regina in Naples. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Church of Santa Maria Donna Regina: Art, Iconography, and Patronage in Fourteenth-Century Naples.   Edited by Janis Elliott and Cordelia Warr .   Ashgate, 2004. Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome , 50., ( 2005):  Pages 1 - 12.
Year of Publication: 2004.

35. Record Number: 14095
Author(s): Reimann, Heike.
Contributor(s):
Title : Cistercian Nuns in the High Middle Ages: The Cistercians of Bergen in the Principality of Rügen (North Germany)
Source: Cîteaux: Revue d'Histoire Cistercienne , 55., 40241 ( 2004):  Pages 231 - 244.
Year of Publication: 2004.

36. Record Number: 14633
Author(s): Clear, Matthew J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Maria of Hungary as Queen, Patron, and Exemplar [The author considers Mary of Hungary's areas of influence including her role as regent ("vicar") during her husband's absences, her economic resources for political and religious activities, and her importance to her many family members as a support and a role model. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Church of Santa Maria Donna Regina: Art, Iconography, and Patronage in Fourteenth-Century Naples.   Edited by Janis Elliott and Cordelia Warr .   Ashgate, 2004. Cîteaux: Revue d'Histoire Cistercienne , 55., 40241 ( 2004):  Pages 45 - 60.
Year of Publication: 2004.

37. Record Number: 16588
Author(s): McSheffrey, Shannon.
Contributor(s):
Title : Place, Space, and Situation: Public and Private in the Making of Marriage in Late Medieval London [The author argues that marriage in fourteenth century London was a process that moved through a series of well-recognized steps with increasing publicity. Situations that we moderns would characterize as private (e.g. exchange of consent in the bride's h
Source: Speculum , 79., 4 (October 2004):  Pages 960 - 990.
Year of Publication: 2004.

38. Record Number: 14635
Author(s): Bruzelius, Caroline.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Architectural Context of Santa Maria Donna Regina [The author briefly surveys three aspects of the church's architecture: the organization of the spaces, the particular needs of Clarissan churches, and the development of the church's design in relation to other Neapolitan churches, especially the cathedral with the tomb of Charles I. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Church of Santa Maria Donna Regina: Art, Iconography, and Patronage in Fourteenth-Century Naples.   Edited by Janis Elliott and Cordelia Warr .   Ashgate, 2004. Speculum , 79., 4 (October 2004):  Pages 79 - 92.
Year of Publication: 2004.

39. Record Number: 18224
Author(s): Herzig, Tamar
Contributor(s):
Title : The Rise and Fall of a Savonarolan Visionary: Lucia Brocadelli's Contribution to the Piagnone Movement [The author explores Lucia Brocadelli's activities in the reform movement inspired by Girolamo Savonarola. The duke, Ercole d'Este, brought her to Ferrara because of her reputation for saintliness and her support of the Piagnoni, followers of Savonarola. Lucia promoted Savonarola's cult in the monastery she directed. Despite historians' interests in the Piagnoni movement, Lucia's role has been ignored. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte / Archive for Reformation History , 95., ( 2004):  Pages 34 - 59.
Year of Publication: 2004.

40. Record Number: 14636
Author(s): Yakou, Hisashi.
Contributor(s):
Title : Contemplating Angels and the "Madonna of the Apocalypse" [The author briefly discusses antecedents for the nuns' elevated choir and then turns to the church's frescoes. Yakou in particular focuses on the "Angelic Choirs" and the "Madonna of the Apocalypse" in terms both of iconography and meditative use by the Clarissan nuns. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Church of Santa Maria Donna Regina: Art, Iconography, and Patronage in Fourteenth-Century Naples.   Edited by Janis Elliott and Cordelia Warr .   Ashgate, 2004. Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte / Archive for Reformation History , 95., ( 2004):  Pages 93 - 107.
Year of Publication: 2004.

41. Record Number: 14632
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Religious Patronage and Royal Propaganda in Angevin Naples: Santa Maria Donna Regina in Context [The author explores the Angevin rulers' connections with Franciscanism, their religious patronage generally, and their efforts to strengthen and lend prestige to their dynasty. Kelly maintains that Angevin support of Franciscan Spirituals and religious p
Source: The Church of Santa Maria Donna Regina: Art, Iconography, and Patronage in Fourteenth-Century Naples.   Edited by Janis Elliott and Cordelia Warr .   Ashgate, 2004. Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte / Archive for Reformation History , 95., ( 2004):  Pages 27 - 43.
Year of Publication: 2004.

42. Record Number: 11420
Author(s): Hall, Dianne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Necessary Collaborations: Religious Women and Lay Communities in Medieval Ireland, c. 1200-1540 [The author argues that the boundaries between Irish women's monastic houses and lay communities were permeable. Nuns sought good relations with neighbors and family members to ensure material and political support. Monastic women needed to ignore the rules of enclosure in order to adminster the monasteries' lands and keep in touch with their families. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Irish Women's History.   Edited by Alan Hayes and Diane Urquhart .   Irish Academic Press, 2004. Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte / Archive for Reformation History , 95., ( 2004):  Pages 15 - 28.
Year of Publication: 2004.

43. Record Number: 14641
Author(s): Gardner, Julian.
Contributor(s):
Title : Santa Maria Donna Regina in its European Context [The author argues for Santa Maria Donna Regina's importance as a royal monastery for women. Other contemporary examples like Longchamps and Poissy do not survive. Furthermore, Mary of Hungary's tomb and the extensive fresco program incorporate complex dynastic and sacred themes. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Church of Santa Maria Donna Regina: Art, Iconography, and Patronage in Fourteenth-Century Naples.   Edited by Janis Elliott and Cordelia Warr .   Ashgate, 2004. Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte / Archive for Reformation History , 95., ( 2004):  Pages 195 - 201.
Year of Publication: 2004.

44. Record Number: 14093
Author(s): Goldberg, P. J. P.
Contributor(s):
Title : Migration, Youth, and Gender in Later Medieval England [The author looks at English records from church courts and from taxation. He concludes that most migrants were young and travelled relatively short distances. In addition, women were more likely to move away from home than men. Goldberg adds that, while migration was a lifecycle phase for many young people, some individuals because of poverty were obligated to remain migrant servants or laborers all their lives. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Youth in the Middle Ages.   Edited by P. J. P. Goldberg and Felicity Riddy .   York Medieval Press in association with the Boydell Press, 2004. Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte / Archive for Reformation History , 95., ( 2004):  Pages 85 - 99.
Year of Publication: 2004.

45. Record Number: 10569
Author(s): Scheepsma, Wybren.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mysticism and Modern Devotion: Alijt Bake's (1415-1455) Lessons in the Mystical Way of Living [Alijt Bake had a special gift for the mystical life. When she became prioress of Galilea (a house associated with the Modern Devotion), she attempted to reform the nuns' external methods toward a more internalized spirituality. Bake wrote texts for the nuns as well as a spiritual autobiography and a letter from exile. The leaders of the Windesheim Chapter not only removed her as prioress in 1454 but sent her from Ghent to Antwerp. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Spirituality renewed: studies on significant representatives of the Modern Devotion.   Edited by Hein Blommestijn, Charles Caspers, and Rijcklof Hofman Studies in spirituality. Supplement .  10 2003. Past and Present , 178., (February 2003):  Pages 157 - 167.
Year of Publication: 2003.

46. Record Number: 10896
Author(s): Mueller, Joan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Agnes of Prague and the Rule of St. Clare
Source: Studies in Spirituality , 13., ( 2003):  Pages 155 - 167.
Year of Publication: 2003.

47. Record Number: 10748
Author(s): Carroll, Jane L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Woven Devotions: Reform and Piety in Tapestries by Dominican Nuns [The author examines two tapestries that were produced by Dominican nuns in Germany. Both have small depictions of nuns working at looms in the margins. Carroll suggests that these images are part self-portraits, part devotional images, while also serving as exemplars of the Dominican reform for a "vita activa" that avoided luxury and sloth. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Saints, Sinners, and Sisters: Gender and Northern Art in Medieval and Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Jane L. Carroll and Alison G. Stewart .   Ashgate, 2003. Studies in Spirituality , 13., ( 2003):  Pages 182 - 201.
Year of Publication: 2003.

48. Record Number: 10963
Author(s): Strocchia, Sharon T.
Contributor(s):
Title : Taken into Custody: Girls and Convent Guardianship in Renaissance Florence
Source: Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 17., 2 (June 2003):  Pages 177 - 200.
Year of Publication: 2003.

49. Record Number: 9763
Author(s): Gerli, E. Michael.
Contributor(s):
Title : Masculinity, Reform, and Clerical Culture: Narratives of Episcopal Holiness in the Gregorian Era [The author examines two versions of the "Life" of Saint Ulrich to trace the differences in the representation of masculinity, both clerical and lay. Miller argues that the proponents of the Gregorian Reform tried to establish a priestly hypermasculinity (untouched by female impurity and removed from familial entanglements) that separated the clergy from the male laity and justifed their special authority. Furthermore this competition between clerics and lay men strengthened the misogynist discourse in that era. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Church History , 72., 1 (March 2003):  Pages 25 - 52.
Year of Publication: 2003.

50. Record Number: 8065
Author(s): Watson, Nicholas.
Contributor(s):
Title : With the Heat of the Hungry Heart : Empowerment and "Ancrene Wisse" [Watson presents his article in two parts. First he argues that the author of the "Ancrene Wisse" conceives of his anchoress readers as herioc figures whose difficult lives raise them above others and serve as a sign of the coming breakdown between clergy and laity. Secondly Watson looks at the influences the text had on later writings which were addressed to lay readers, frequently men. Title note supplied by Feminae. ].
Source: Gendering the Master Narrative: Women and Power in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Mary C. Erler and Maryanne Kowaleski .   Cornell University Press, 2003. Church History , 72., 1 (March 2003):  Pages 52 - 70.
Year of Publication: 2003.

51. Record Number: 11094
Author(s): Watson, Nicholas.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ancrene Wisse, Religious Reform and the Late Middle Ages [The author examines later Middle English texts that borrowed heavily from the "Ancrene Wisse." For the most part their authors were interested in adapting the anchoritic life for devout lay men and women. In some cases the texts have a pronounced puritan streak. The "Ancrene Wisse's" theme of living a life of perfection appealed to many reformist authors in fourteenth century England. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: A Companion to "Ancrene Wisse."   Edited by Yoko Wada .   D. S. Brewer, 2003. Church History , 72., 1 (March 2003):  Pages 197 - 226.
Year of Publication: 2003.

52. Record Number: 11950
Author(s): Shadis, Miriam and Constance Hoffman Berman
Contributor(s):
Title : A Taste of the Feast: Reconsidering Eleanor of Aquitaine's Female Descendants [The authors profile Eleanor's female descendants, especially her daughters and their daughters. In the lives of figures including Blanche of Castile and Leonor, queen of Aragon, Shadis and Berman analyze their uses of power in the areas of politics, patronage, and family. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady.   Edited by Bonnie Wheeler and John Carmi Parsons The New Middle Ages .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Cîteaux: Revue d'Histoire Cistercienne , 55., 40241 ( 2004):  Pages 177 - 211.
Year of Publication: 2003.

53. Record Number: 8710
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Gender of Lordly Women: The Case of Adela of Blois [The author argues that scholars who view medieval women rulers as "honorary men" are wrong. Instead medieval understandings of gender and lordship situated ruling women like Adela within royal and noble families. While acknowledging that they sometimes needed to act like men, it did not negate their femininity since they fulfilled important roles as daughters, wives, and mothers. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies on Medieval and Early Modern Women: Pawns or Players?   Edited by Christine Meek and Catherine Lawless .   Four Courts Press, 2003. Church History , 72., 1 (March 2003):  Pages 90 - 110.
Year of Publication: 2003.

54. Record Number: 8947
Author(s): Griffiths, Fiona J
Contributor(s):
Title : Brides and "Dominae": Abelard's "Cura monialium" at the Augustinian Monastery of Marbach [The Appendix presents the Latin text and the English translation of "Beati pauperes." It addresses the pastoral care of nuns and was inspired in large part by Abelard's Sermon 30, "On Alms for the Nuns of the Paraclete." Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Viator , 34., ( 2003):  Pages 57 - 88.
Year of Publication: 2003.

55. Record Number: 8067
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Who is the Master of This Narrative? Maternal Patronage of the Cult of St. Margaret [The author argues that the needs of women in childbirth prevailed in the texts and images of Saint Margaret. The surviving artifacts emphasize her miraculous deliverance from the dragon although learned clerics tried to excise this doubtful incident from the tradition. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Gendering the Master Narrative: Women and Power in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Mary C. Erler and Maryanne Kowaleski .   Cornell University Press, 2003. Viator , 34., ( 2003):  Pages 94 - 104.
Year of Publication: 2003.

56. Record Number: 10662
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Reading Queenship in Cynewulf's "Elene" [The author argues that Cynewulf wanted his audience to read Elene both typologically and as a figure relevant to three different historical periods: early Christian Rome, the present age of the tenth century, and a Golden Age of English conversion. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (Full Text via Project Muse) 33, 1 (Winter 2003): 47-89. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2003.

57. Record Number: 11944
Author(s): de La Roncière, Charles M. Bourel.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queen Eleanor and Aquitaine, 1137-1189 [The author analyzes 50 surviving charters which Eleanor issued in Aquitaine. While she served as Louis VII's agent, she had more authority during the early years of her marriage to Henry II. Following the long years of confinement ordered by Henry, Elean
Source: Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady.   Edited by Bonnie Wheeler and John Carmi Parsons The New Middle Ages .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.  Pages 55 - 76.
Year of Publication: 2003.

58. Record Number: 9719
Author(s): Mecham, June L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Reading Between the Lines: Compilation, Variation, and the Recovery of an Authentic Female Voice in the "Dornenkron" Prayer Books from Wienhausen
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 29., 2 (June 2003):  Pages 109 - 128.
Year of Publication: 2003.

59. Record Number: 10900
Author(s): Huneycutt, Lois L.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Creation of a Crone: The Historical Reputation of Adelaide of Maurienne [The author cites a story from a seventeenth century history which portrays Adelaide as a spiteful and lascivious old woman. Hunneycutt argues that Adelaide confused contemporaries by acting as an integral part of the monarchy. Her second marriage also caused concern. Adeliza of Louvain, by contrast, did not take an active role in government and is remembered chiefly for her beauty. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Capetian Women.   Edited by Kathleen Nolan .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Journal of Medieval History , 29., 2 (June 2003):  Pages 27 - 43.
Year of Publication: 2003.

60. Record Number: 11825
Author(s): Foot, Sarah.
Contributor(s):
Title : Unveiling Anglo-Saxon Nuns [The author addresses the widely held belief that the number of women's monasteries dramatically decreased in the late Anglo-Saxon period. Foot cites a variety of reasons for these circumstances including the Viking wars, loss of native royal families that had served as active patrons, and concerns about nuns needing much closer control. However, in tracing contemporary references to religious women, Foot found many instances of women leading consecrated religious lives, many as vowesses, outside of monasteries with the support of their families. These women need to be included when evaluating the state of late Anglo-Saxon female religious life. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women and Religion in Medieval England.   Edited by Diana Wood .   Oxbow Books, 2003. Journal of Medieval History , 29., 2 (June 2003):  Pages 13 - 31.
Year of Publication: 2003.

61. Record Number: 10649
Author(s): MacLean, Simon.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queenship, Nunneries, and Royal Widowhood in Carolingian Europe [The author traces the political implications of these three phenomena which came together very strongly during the second half of the ninth century. MacLean uses case studies of Empress Richgard's management of the monastery of Andlau in Alsace and of Empress Engelberga's administration of S. Sisto in Piacenza, Italy. In both instances the royal widows drew on natal family ties and regional connections to establish their authority. MacLean suggests that the rise in queenly influence at this period was in part an effort to establish a moral role for queens whose reputations had been badly tarnished by such events as Lothar's divorce. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Past and Present , 178., (February 2003):  Pages 3 - 38.
Year of Publication: 2003.

62. Record Number: 10659
Author(s): Murphy, Kevin J.F.
Contributor(s):
Title : Lilium inter spinas: Bianca Spini and the Decoration of the Spini Chapel in Santa Trinita [The author argues that Bianca, the widowed daughter of a wealthy and powerful member of the Spini family, commissioned an altarpiece for the family chapel with references to her personal identity. As a widow who evidently chose not to remarry, Bianca struggled with her husband's family for restitution of her dowry. The frequent suspicions about unmarried women's virtue seem to be answered in the Spini altarpiece painting of the Assumption by the Virgin's purity and authority. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Italian History and Culture , 8., ( 2002):  Pages 51 - 65.
Year of Publication: 2002.

63. Record Number: 10515
Author(s): Spear, Valerie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Change and Decay? The Nunnery and the Secular World in Late Medieval England
Source: Our Medieval Heritage: Essays in Honour of John Tillotson for His 60th Birthday.   Edited by Linda Rasmussen, Valerie Spear, and Dianne Tillotson .   Merton Priory Press, 2002. Past and Present , 178., (February 2003):  Pages 15 - 29.
Year of Publication: 2002.

64. Record Number: 10705
Author(s): Charansonnet, Alexis.
Contributor(s):
Title : Robert d' Arbrissel et la vie religieuse dans l'ouest de la France: Colloque international à l'occasion du 9e centenaire de la fondation de Fontevraud, Abbaye royale, 13- 16 décembre 2001
Source: Revue Mabillon: Nouvelle Série , 13., 74 ( 2002):  Pages 339 - 343.
Year of Publication: 2002.

65. Record Number: 6634
Author(s): Larson, Wendy R.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Role of Patronage and Audience in the Cults of Sts. Margaret and Marina of Antioch [the author compares the cults of the two saints who share virtually the same "vita" but whose powers and devotees were very different; Saint Marina offered help against demonic influences in general to men and women alike while Saint Margaret was most venerated for the aid she offered to women and babies in childbirth].
Source: Gender and Holiness: Men, Women, and Saints in Late Medieval Europe.   Edited by Samantha J. E. Riches and Sarah Salih .   Routledge, 2002. Past and Present , 178., (February 2003):  Pages 23 - 35.
Year of Publication: 2002.

66. Record Number: 7270
Author(s): Beach, Alison I.
Contributor(s):
Title : Voices from a Distant Land: Fragments of a Twelfth-Century Nuns' Letter Collection [The author has identified nineteen full or partial letters written by nuns at Admont. Some are routine correspondence relating to patronage, but others are of a personal nature including a mother who wants her young daughter brought to her and a nun who
Source: Speculum , 77., 1 (January 2002):  Pages 34 - 54.
Year of Publication: 2002.

67. Record Number: 7833
Author(s): Sluhovsky, Moshe.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Devil in the Convent
Source: American Historical Review , 107., 5 (December 2002):  Pages 1378 - 1411.
Year of Publication: 2002.

68. Record Number: 8487
Author(s): Cotsonis, John.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Virgin and Justinian on Seals of the "Ekklesiekdikoi" of Hagia Sophia [The author explores the various meanings carried by the seals made for the clerical tribunal from Hagia Sophia, which present the standing figures of the Virgin and the Emperor Justinian, holding between them a model of the church Hagia Sophia. The church building in part signifies a place of mercy and refuge. Justinian was not only the builder of the church but also the patron of the clerical tribunal. The Virgin was the most powerful intermediary and an object of hope for the penitent and those in trouble. The clerics from the tribunal turned to the Virgin Mary and Justinian for help in coming to just and merciful decisions. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Dumbarton Oaks Papers (Full Text via JSTOR) 56 (2002): 41-55. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2002.

69. Record Number: 8851
Author(s): Blanton-Whetsell, Virginia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Imagines Aetheldredae: Mapping Hagiographic Representations of Abbatial Power and Religious Patronage [The author studies the veneration of Saint Æthelthryth (or Etheldreda) in England across the Middle Ages and across both lay and religious audiences. She argues that scholars frequently divide the evidence of a saint's cult along academic disciplinary lines. They thereby miss evidence that is crucial for their understanding of a saint and those who honored her. Appendix A is an extensive inventory of representations, texts, and buildings concerning or devoted to Saint Ethelreda. Known origins are also indicated. Appendix B is a chart that tabulates the data in Appendix A. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies in Iconography , 23., ( 2002):  Pages 55 - 107.
Year of Publication: 2002.

70. Record Number: 8060
Author(s): McMillin, Linda.
Contributor(s):
Title : Anonymous Lives: Documents from the Benedictine Convent of Sant Pere de les Puelles [The author introduces three documents from a monastic archive in Barcelona. They all concern women who are disposing of financial assets, either through a will or through donations to the monastery upon becoming a nun there. In all three cases the women went to some length to ensure that their wishes would be obeyed. Latin texts of the documents along with English translations follow. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women Writing Latin from Roman Antiquity to Early Modern Europe. Volume 2: Medieval Women Writing Latin.   Edited by Laurie J. Churchill, Phyllis R. Brown, and Jane E. Jeffrey .   Routledge, 2002. Studies in Iconography , 23., ( 2002):  Pages 265 - 280.
Year of Publication: 2002.

71. Record Number: 6614
Author(s): Rieder, Paula M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Insecure Borders: Symbols of Clerical Privilege and Gender Ambiguity in the Liturgy of Churching [The author argues that while churching recognized male superiority and clerical authority it also allowed for gender subversion with women invading holy places and repeatedly celebrating the rite in honor of their neighbors].
Source: The Material Culture of Sex, Procreation, and Marriage in Premodern Europe.   Edited by Anne L. McClanan and Karen Rosoff Encarnación .   Palgrave, 2002. Studies in Iconography , 23., ( 2002):  Pages 93 - 113.
Year of Publication: 2002.

72. Record Number: 7134
Author(s): Warren, Nancy Bradley.
Contributor(s):
Title : Monastic Politics: St. Colette of Corbie, Franciscan Reform, and the House of Burgundy
Source: New Medieval Literatures , 5., ( 2002):  Pages 203 - 228.
Year of Publication: 2002.

73. Record Number: 6043
Author(s): Patterson, Lee.
Contributor(s):
Title : Chaucer's Pardoner on the Couch: Psyche and Clio in Medieval Literary Studies [the author argues that psycholanalytic theory has been abandoned by psychology and medicine while at the same time medieval literary historians have adopted it with great enthusiasm; the author takes the "Pardoner's Prologue" and "Tale" as a case study and suggests that the castration and homosexuality frequently seen as the key elements in the Pardoner's character were intended by Chaucer to be read metaphorically as indications of the Pardoner's barrenness and false religious beliefs].
Source: Speculum , 76., 3 (July 2001):  Pages 638 - 680.
Year of Publication: 2001.

74. Record Number: 8729
Author(s): Tringham, Nigel J.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Parochial Visitation of Tarvin (Cheshire) in 1317 [The author analyzes the visitation records from the parish of Tarvin. A church official held court for three days, judging the behavior of clergy and lay people. Many of the charges involved sexual misconduct, with the vicar accused of relations with nine women in the village. The article concludes with an English translation of the Latin visitation texts. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Northern History , 38., 2 (September 2001):  Pages 197 - 220.
Year of Publication: 2001.

75. Record Number: 10210
Author(s): Talbot, Alice-Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : Building Activity in Constantinople under Andronikos II: The Role of Women Patrons in the Construction and Restoration of Monasteries [The author notes the substantial number of both female patrons and women's monasteries during this period. The patrons are connected to the royal family by blood or marriage. Individuals profiled include Theodora Raoulaina, Maria Palaiologina, Theodora Synadene, Irene Choumnaina Palaiologina, and Maria Doukaina Komnene Branaina Palaiologina. The women were all widows at the time of their donations and gave substantial gifts for a monastery to which they could retire and where they could bury their family members. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Byzantine Constantinople: Monuments, Topography, and Everyday Life.   Edited by Nevra Necipoglu. The Medieval Mediterranean: Peoples, Economies, and Cultures, 400-1453, Volume 33 Medieval Mediterranean, 33.   Brill, 2001. Northern History , 38., 2 (September 2001):  Pages 329 - 343.
Year of Publication: 2001.

76. Record Number: 6256
Author(s): Halpin, Patricia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and Piety. Part Three of Court and Piety in Late Anglo-Saxon England by Mary Frances Smith, Robin Fleming, and Patricia Halpin [the author focuses on the often rich material goods, sometimes of their own making, that women gave to the Church, including embroideries, woven cloth, ecclesiastical vestments, crucifixes, books, and jewelry; the author argues that women in general were concerned with encouraging a private, personal spirituality and had more control over the dispersal of their material goods than their land].
Source: Catholic Historical Review (Full Text via Project Muse) 87, 4 (October 2001): 588-602. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2001.

77. Record Number: 6716
Author(s): Hotchin, Julie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Female Religious Life and the "Cura Monialium" in Hirsau Monasticism, 1080 to 1150
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001.  Pages 59 - 83.
Year of Publication: 2001.

78. Record Number: 21266
Author(s): Rossi Vairo, Giulia
Contributor(s):
Title : Isabella d'Aragona, "Rainha santa de Portugal," e il monastero di Santa Clara e Santa Isabel di Coimbra (1286-1336) [The monastery of Santa Clara e Santa Isabel was founded by Donna Mor Dias in 1286. Isabel, queen of Portugal, took over patronage of the monastery, refounded it, and completed the buildings. Isabel played a key role in the building project and secured favors for the monastery from the pope. The Queen played an active role in the community's life down to her death, when she was buried in the monastery. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Collectanea Franciscana , 71., 40180 ( 2001):  Pages 139 - 170.
Year of Publication: 2001.

79. Record Number: 5539
Author(s): Baader, Gerhard.
Contributor(s):
Title : Elections of Abbesses and Notions of Identity in Fifteenth- and Sixteenth-Century Italy, with Special Reference to Venice
Source: Renaissance Quarterly (Full Text via JSTOR) 54, 2 (Summer 2001): 389-429. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2001.

80. Record Number: 6724
Author(s): Küsters, Urban.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Second Blossoming of a Text: The "Spieghel der Maechden" and the Modern Devotion
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001.  Pages 245 - 261.
Year of Publication: 2001.

81. Record Number: 5540
Author(s): Radke, Gary M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Nuns and Their Art: The Case of San Zaccaria in Renaissance Venice [the nuns of San Zaccaria, mostly of good birth, had a symbiotic relationship with the city of Venice; public and private interests supported the nuns; and they responded by, among other things, patronizing art that was seen by visitors to their church; during the fifteenth century the nuns both redecorated their original church and, in the 1460s, built a new church alongside the old; the nuns not only funded these projects, they supervised the work to see that their wishes were heeded].
Source: Renaissance Quarterly (Full Text via JSTOR) 54, 2 (Summer 2001): 430-459. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2001.

82. Record Number: 7040
Author(s): Uffmann, Heike.
Contributor(s):
Title : Inside and Outside the Convent Walls: The Norm and Practice of Enclosure in the Rerformed Nunneries of Late Medieval Germany
Source: Medieval History Journal , 4., 1 (January-June 2001):  Pages 83 - 108.
Year of Publication: 2001.

83. Record Number: 6715
Author(s): Seyfarth, Jutta.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Speculum virginum": The Testimony of the Manuscripts
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001. Medieval History Journal , 4., 1 (January-June 2001):  Pages 41 - 57.
Year of Publication: 2001.

84. Record Number: 6434
Author(s): Brundage, James A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sin, Crime, and the Pleasures of the Flesh: The Medieval Church Judges Sexual Offences [The author provides a brief overview of the issues involved in the medieval church's efforts to enforce rules about sexual behavior].
Source: The Medieval World.   Edited by Peter Linehan and Janet L. Nelson .   Routledge, 2001. Medieval History Journal , 4., 1 (January-June 2001):  Pages 294 - 307.
Year of Publication: 2001.

85. Record Number: 8328
Author(s): Cossar, Roisin.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Good Woman: Gender Roles and Female Religious Identity in Late Medieval Bergamo [The author argues that women in Bergamo in the late Middle Ages saw a growing limitation on their participation in public religion. Confraternities became more male-dominated and changed their female members from participants to clients for services including estate management and memorial masses. However, women did find other outlets for their religious devotion within private, domestic environments, such as female monasteries. This resulted in women meeting their spiritual needs by cobbling together a network of relationships and services as reflected by women's bequests from Bergamo of household goods, money, and land to female monasteries, parish churches and confraternities. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome , 46., ( 2001):  Pages 119 - 132.
Year of Publication: 2001.

86. Record Number: 4138
Author(s): McKenna, Elizabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Gift of a Lady: Women as Patrons of the Arts in Medieval Ireland
Source: Women in Renaissance and Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Christine Meek .   Four Courts Press, 2000. Gender and History , 12., 1 (April 2000):  Pages 84 - 94.
Year of Publication: 2000.

87. Record Number: 4808
Author(s): Menuge, No‘l James.
Contributor(s):
Title : Reading Constructed Narratives: An Orphaned Medieval Heiress and the Legal Case as Literature [The author argues that both the coerced heiress and her rejected husband construct narrative cases (found in the York cause papers); but the woman has a stronger witness, and makes shrewd, strategic decisions].
Source: Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts in Late Medieval Britain. Essays for Felicity Riddy.   Edited by Jocelyn Wogan-Browne, Rosalynn Voaden, Arlyn Diamond, Ann Hutchison, Carol M. Meale, and Lesley Johnson Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts .   Brepols, 2000. Gender and History , 12., 1 (April 2000):  Pages 115 - 129.
Year of Publication: 2000.

88. Record Number: 4607
Author(s): Kay, Sarah.
Contributor(s):
Title : Audacious Nuns: Institutionalizing the Franciscan Order of Saint Clare [The author analyzes the legal and political struggles between the Poor Clares and the male Franciscan order, with the women finally successful in ensuring that the Franciscans would provide them with spiritual care].
Source: Church History , 69., 1 (March 2000):  Pages 41 - 62.
Year of Publication: 2000.

89. Record Number: 21265
Author(s): Milisenda, Floriana
Contributor(s):
Title : l monasteri delle Clarisse in Sicilia nel XIII e nel XIV secolo [The first monastery of the Poor Clares in Sicily was founded at Catania after 1228. Most of the houses were founded in the 14th century. This slow growth can be attributed to political turmoil in the 13th century. The growth in the following century owed much to royal patronage. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Collectanea Franciscana , 70., 40241 ( 2000):  Pages 485 - 519.
Year of Publication: 2000.

90. Record Number: 5534
Author(s): Edsall, Mary Agnes.
Contributor(s):
Title : Like Wise Master Builders: Jean Gerson's Ecclesiology, "Lectio Divina," and Christine de Pizan's "Livre de la Cité des Dames"
Source: Medievalia et Humanistica New Series , 27., ( 2000):  Pages 33 - 56. Literacy and the Lay Reader
Year of Publication: 2000.

91. Record Number: 5229
Author(s): Mueller, Joan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Agnes of Prague and the Juridical Implications of the Privilege of Poverty [Agnes, daughter of the King of Bohemia, was inspired by Clare of Assisi to enter the order of Poor Clares ; Agnes resisted papal efforts to force her acceptance of property and other endowments for her monastery].
Source: Franciscan Studies , 58., ( 2000):  Pages 261 - 287.
Year of Publication: 2000.

92. Record Number: 5444
Author(s): Primhak, Victoria.
Contributor(s):
Title : Benedictine Communities in Venetian Society: The Convent of S. Zaccaria [S. Zaccaria was a conventual convent where the nuns did not observe "clausura" and had use of their private incomes; the nuns were able to resist reform because the convent was one of the oldest and most prestigious in the city and welcomed the daughters
Source: Women in Italian Renaissance Culture and Society.   Edited by Letizia Panizza .   European Humanities Research Centre, University of Oxford, 2000. Franciscan Studies , 58., ( 2000):  Pages 92 - 104.
Year of Publication: 2000.

93. Record Number: 5034
Author(s): Mews, Constant J.
Contributor(s):
Title : From "Scivias" to the "Liber Divinorum Operum": Hildegard's Apocalyptic Imagination and the Call to Reform
Source: Journal of Religious History , 24., 1 (February 2000):  Pages 44 - 56.
Year of Publication: 2000.

94. Record Number: 4872
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : An Abbess and a Painter: Emilia Pannocchieschi d'Elci and a Fresco From the Circle of Simone Martini
Source: Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 14., 3 (September 2000):  Pages 273 - 300.
Year of Publication: 2000.

95. Record Number: 4837
Author(s): Skinner, Mary S.
Contributor(s):
Title : French Abbesses in Action: Structuring Carolingian and Cluniac Communities [The author analyzes charters from six women's and five men's monasteries from Anjou, Touraine, and Poitou; the women's houses are Sainte Croix and Trinity, Poitiers; St. Loup/Beaumont, Tours; Ronceray, Angers; S. Georges, Rennes; and Notre Dame, Saintes]
Source: Magistra , 6., 1 (Summer 2000):  Pages 37 - 60.
Year of Publication: 2000.

96. Record Number: 4547
Author(s): Kelly, Henry Ansgar.
Contributor(s):
Title : Bishop, Prioress, and Bawd in the Stews of Southwark [the author explores the financial and legal relationships among the Bishop of Winchester, the nuns of Stratford, and the proprietors of houses of prostitution in Southwark; in the Appendix the author provides translations from four relevant documents or series of documents: The will of Richard Bronde, London, 1500; Overdue rents from Southwark, Winchester Diocese Pipe Roll, 1503-1504; Mentions of stewhouses in the court roll of the bishop of Winchester's manor, October 13, 1505 - September 21, 1506; Houses in the liberty of the bishop of Winchester in Southwark at which suspect persons were found, July 17, 1519].
Source: Speculum , 75., 2 (April 2000):  Pages 342 - 388.
Year of Publication: 2000.

97. Record Number: 4635
Author(s): Berman, Constance H.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Labours of Hercules," the Cartulary, Church, and Abbey for Nuns of la Cour- Notre- Dame- de- Michery
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 26., 1 (March 2000):  Pages 33 - 70.
Year of Publication: 2000.

98. Record Number: 4418
Author(s): Stafford, Pauline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Cherchez la femme. Queens, Queens' Lands, and Nunneries: Missing Links in the Foundation of Reading Abbey
Source: History: The Journal of the Historical Association , 85., 277 (January 2000):  Pages 4 - 27. Reprinted in Gender, Family and the Legitimation of Power: England from the Ninth to Early Twelfth Century. By Pauline Stafford. Ashgate Variorum, 2006. Article XII.
Year of Publication: 2000.

99. Record Number: 5359
Author(s): Korac, Dusan.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Empress, the Despoina, the Sultana, and Black-Robed Monks: Three Serbian Ladies on Mount Athos [The author cites the cases of three prominent women who were allowed to visit the monasteries that normally barred access to women].
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 26., ( 2000):  Pages 106 - 107.
Year of Publication: 2000.

100. Record Number: 5441
Author(s): Welch, Evelyn S.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women as Patrons and Clients in the Courts of Quattrocento Italy [The author examines cases of "clientelismo" in Italian courts involving duchesses and their household staff in relationships with groups ranging from clients to religious houses].
Source: Women in Italian Renaissance Culture and Society.   Edited by Letizia Panizza .   European Humanities Research Centre, University of Oxford, 2000. Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 26., ( 2000):  Pages 18 - 34.
Year of Publication: 2000.

101. Record Number: 4546
Author(s): Kerby-Fulton, Kathryn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Prophecy and Suspicion: Closet Radicalism, Reformist Politics, and the Vogue for Hildegardiana in Ricardian England [The author argues that Hildegard's prophetic texts inspired late-medieval English reformers and thinkers, even when other writers were regarded as too dangerous].
Source: Speculum , 75., 2 (April 2000):  Pages 318 - 341.
Year of Publication: 2000.

102. Record Number: 15185
Author(s): Cubitt, Catherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Virginity and Misogyny in Tenth- and Eleventh-Century England
Source: Gender and History , 12., 1 (April 2000):  Pages 1 - 32.
Year of Publication: 2000.

103. Record Number: 4465
Author(s): Beattie, Cordelia.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Room of One's Own? The Legal Evidence for the Residential Arrangements of Women Without Husbands in Late Fourteenth- and Early Fifteenth-Century York
Source: Medieval Women and the Law.   Edited by Noël James Menuge .   Boydell Press, 2000. Gender and History , 12., 1 (April 2000):  Pages 41 - 56.
Year of Publication: 2000.

104. Record Number: 3777
Author(s): Livingstone, Amy
Contributor(s):
Title : Aristocratic Women in the Chartrain
Source: Aristocratic Women in Medieval France.   Edited by Theodore Evergates .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999. Viator , 30., ( 1999):  Pages 44 - 73.
Year of Publication: 1999.

105. Record Number: 3904
Author(s): Cohen, Adam S.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Art of Reform in a Bavarian Nunnery around 1000 [the author explores the efforts to reform Niedermünster, a noble foundation of canonesses, and turn it into a more strict Benedictine nunnery; the author uses surviving art and architecture, concentrating in particular on two manuscripts, the rule book and the Uta Codex, both of which feature illuminations of Niedermünster's reforming abbess, Uta.]
Source: Speculum , 74., 4 (October 1999):  Pages 992 - 1020.
Year of Publication: 1999.

106. Record Number: 4236
Author(s): Nicholson, H. J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Margaret de Lacy and the Hospital of St. John at Aconbury, Herefordshire [The author examines Magaret de Lacy's successful effort to oust the Hospitallers from the priory that she had founded for women].
Source:   Edited by Anthony Luttrell and Helen J. Nicholson Journal of Ecclesiastical History , 50., 4 (October 1999):  Pages 629 - 651. Later version published in Hospitaller Women in the Middle Ages. Edited by Anthony Luttrell and Helen J. Nicholson. Ashgate, 2006. Pages 153-178
Year of Publication: 1999.

107. Record Number: 4977
Author(s): Labarge, Margaret Wade.
Contributor(s):
Title : Stitches in Time: Medieval Embroidery in Its Social Setting [The author examines surviving physical evidence as well as some documentary evidence of embroiderers (who were mostly women); she traces the increasing luxuriousness of royal embroideries with gems and gold thread].
Source: Florilegium , 16., ( 1999):  Pages 77 - 96.
Year of Publication: 1999.

108. Record Number: 3956
Author(s): Holman, Beth L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Exemplum and "Imitatio" : Countess Matilda and Lucrezia Pico della Mirandola at Polirone Italy [the Appendix reproduces four documents in Latin concerning Lucrezia Pico della Mirandola and the monastery at Polirone].
Source: Art Bulletin (Full Text via JSTOR) 81,4 (December 1999): 637-664. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1999.

109. Record Number: 5363
Author(s): van Houts, Elisabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Countess Gunnor of Normandy (c. 950-1031)
Source: Collegium Medievale , 12., ( 1999):  Pages 7 - 24.
Year of Publication: 1999.

110. Record Number: 3756
Author(s): Livingstone, Amy
Contributor(s):
Title : Powerful Allies and Dangerous Adversaries: Noblewomen in Medieval Society [the author writes an introductory overview of noble women's lives as daughters, wives, mothers, and widows including their relationships with the church and land].
Source: Women in Medieval Western European Culture.   Edited by Linda E. Mitchell .   Garland Publishing, 1999. Collegium Medievale , 12., ( 1999):  Pages 7 - 30.
Year of Publication: 1999.

111. Record Number: 7360
Author(s): Sansterre, Jean-Marie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mère du roi, épouse du Christ, et fille de Saint Pierre: les dernières années de l'impératrice Agnès de Poitou. Entre image et réalité [The author argues that Agnes, wife and regent for Holy Roman emperors, gave up the power and pomp of the world for holy widowhood. However, she was still active in supporting the reform popes against the anti-popes established by her son. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Femmes et pouvoirs des femmes à Byzance et en Occident (VIe -XIe siècles). Colloque international organisé les 28, 29 et 30 mars 1996 à Bruxelles et Villeneuve d'Ascq.   Edited by Stéphane Lebecq, Alain Dierkens, Régine Le Jan, and Jean-Marie Sansterre .   Centre de Recherche sur l'Histoire de l'Europe du Nord-Ouest, Université Charles de Gaulle-Lille 3, 1999. Collegium Medievale , 12., ( 1999):  Pages 163 - 174.
Year of Publication: 1999.

112. Record Number: 4707
Author(s): McDonald, R. Andrew.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Foundation and Patronage of Nunneries by Native Elites in Twelfth- and Early Thirteenth-Century Scotland
Source: Women in Scotland c. 1100-c. 1750.   Edited by Elizabeth Ewan and Maureen M. Meikle .   Tuckwell Press, 1999. Collegium Medievale , 12., ( 1999):  Pages 3 - 15.
Year of Publication: 1999.

113. Record Number: 7359
Author(s): Mckitterick, Rosamond.
Contributor(s):
Title : Les Femmes, les arts et la culture en occident dans le haut moyen âge [The author examines the efforts made by learned women during the Carolingian era to promote Biblical knowledge and reform the liturgy. In monasteries high-born women copied important texts and wrote in all the valued literary genres. Royal and noblewomen, including Gisela, the sister of Charlemagne, and Rotrude, his daughter, developed relationships as patrons and allies with scholars and churchmen from whom they commissioned texts which responded to their religious needs. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Femmes et pouvoirs des femmes à Byzance et en Occident (VIe -XIe siècles). Colloque international organisé les 28, 29 et 30 mars 1996 à Bruxelles et Villeneuve d'Ascq.   Edited by Stéphane Lebecq, Alain Dierkens, Régine Le Jan, and Jean-Marie Sansterre .   Centre de Recherche sur l'Histoire de l'Europe du Nord-Ouest, Université Charles de Gaulle-Lille 3, 1999. Collegium Medievale , 12., ( 1999):  Pages 149 - 161.
Year of Publication: 1999.

114. Record Number: 3700
Author(s): Crick, Julia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women, Posthumous Benefaction, and Family Strategy in Pre-Conquest England [The author analyzes wills in which women play a prominent part, particularly in the granting and receiving of property; the author argues that women cared for family property and passed it on to the church as the original donors wished].
Source: Journal of British Studies (Full Text via JSTOR) 38, 4 (October 1999): 399-422 Link Info
Year of Publication: 1999.

115. Record Number: 5150
Author(s): Crick, Julia.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Wealth, Patronage, and Connections of Women's Houses in Late Anglo-Saxon England
Source: Revue Bénédictine , 109., 40180 ( 1999):  Pages 154 - 185.
Year of Publication: 1999.

116. Record Number: 4000
Author(s): Stafford, Pauline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queens, Nunneries, and Reforming Churchmen: Gender, Religious Status, and Reform in Tenth- and Eleventh-Century England
Source: Past and Present (Full Text via JSTOR) 163 (May 1999): 3-35. Link Info. Reprinted in Gender, Family and the Legitimation of Power: England from the Ninth to Early Twelfth Century. By Pauline Stafford. Ashgate Variorum, 2006. Article XI.
Year of Publication: 1999.

117. Record Number: 3705
Author(s): Warren, Nancy Bradley.
Contributor(s):
Title : Kings, Saints, and Nuns: Gender, Religion, and Authority in the Reign of Henry V
Source: Viator , 30., ( 1999):  Pages 307 - 322.
Year of Publication: 1999.

118. Record Number: 3016
Author(s): Armstrong, Dorsey.
Contributor(s):
Title : Holy Queens as Agents of Christianization in Bede's "Ecclesiastical History": A Reconsideration
Source: Medieval Encounters: Jewish, Christian, and Muslim Culture in Confluence and Dialogue , 4., 3 (November 1998):  Pages 228 - 241.
Year of Publication: 1998.

119. Record Number: 3269
Author(s): Storey, Ann.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Theophany of the Feminine: Hildegard of Bingen, Elisabeth of Schönau, and Herrad of Landsberg [The author explores the female aspects of the divine that are found in the three women's writings and the illustrations accompanying Herrad's and Hildegard's works].
Source: Woman's Art Journal (Full Text via JSTOR) 19, 1 (Spring/Summer 1998):16-20. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1998.

120. Record Number: 4340
Author(s): Brundage, James A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Juridical Space: Female Witnesses in Canon Law
Source: Dumbarton Oaks Papers (Full Text via JSTOR) 52 (1998): 147-156. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1998.

121. Record Number: 13750
Author(s): Frassetto, Michael.
Contributor(s):
Title : Heresy, Celibacy, and Reform in the Sermons of Ademar of Chabannes [The monk Ademar records interconnecting concerns in his sermons. Heretics in Aquitaine called priests' behavior into question. Church councils sought to prevent clergy from having wives or concubines in order to ensure the purity of the Eucharist. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Purity and Piety: Essays on Medieval Clerical Celibacy and Religious Reform.   Edited by Michael Frassetto Garland Medieval Casebooks Series .   Garland Publishing, 1998.  Pages 131 - 148.
Year of Publication: 1998.

122. Record Number: 13751
Author(s): Van Meter, David C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Eschatological Order and the Moral Arguments for Clerical Celibacy in Francia Around the Year 1000 [The author traces the thinking of various abbots and bishops in the debates over the moral order of society. Celibacy was claimed by the monks, which gave them a higher rank than secular clergy. All sides in the debate used apocalyptic rhetoric to press for reform while strengthening their own positions. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Purity and Piety: Essays on Medieval Clerical Celibacy and Religious Reform.   Edited by Michael Frassetto Garland Medieval Casebooks Series .   Garland Publishing, 1998. Florilegium , 16., ( 1999):  Pages 149 - 175.
Year of Publication: 1998.

123. Record Number: 13754
Author(s): Blumenthal, Uta-Renate.
Contributor(s):
Title : Pope Gregory VII and the Prohibition of Nicolaitism [The author examines Gregory's efforts to eliminate nicolaitism, marriage by the clergy. Blumenthal also takes into consideration earlier legistlation and beliefs that valued clerical celibacy. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Purity and Piety: Essays on Medieval Clerical Celibacy and Religious Reform.   Edited by Michael Frassetto Garland Medieval Casebooks Series .   Garland Publishing, 1998. Florilegium , 16., ( 1999):  Pages 239 - 267.
Year of Publication: 1998.

124. Record Number: 4339
Author(s): Beaucamp, Joëlle
Contributor(s):
Title : Les Femmes et l'espace public à Byzance: Le cas des tribunaux
Source: Dumbarton Oaks Papers (Full Text via JSTOR) 52 (1998): 129-145. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1998.

125. Record Number: 3504
Author(s): McSheffrey, Shannon.
Contributor(s):
Title : I Will Never Have None Ayenst My Faders Will: Consent and the Making of Marriage in the Late Medieval Diocese of London [depositions given before the diocese of London's consistory and commissary courts 1467-1476 and 1489-1497, give evidence of women's need for the permission of their families, employers, and friends in order to contract a marriage].
Source: Women, Marriage, and Family in Medieval Christendom: Essays in Memory of Michael M. Sheehan, C.S.B.   Edited by Constance M. Rousseau and Joel T. Rosenthal .   Western Michigan University, 1998.  Pages 153 - 174.
Year of Publication: 1998.

126. Record Number: 3370
Author(s): Walker, Rose.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sancha, Urraca, and Elvira: the Virtues and Vices of Spanish Royal Women "Dedicated to God" [The author traces evidence of the power of Urraca and Sancha; Urraca had the institution of the infantado which placed monasteries within her control; Sancha evidently was involved with the change from the Mozarabic liturgy to the Roman liturgy].
Source: Reading Medieval Studies , 24., ( 1998):  Pages 113 - 138.
Year of Publication: 1998.

127. Record Number: 4338
Author(s): Talbot, Alice-Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women's Space in Byzantine Monasteries
Source: Dumbarton Oaks Papers (Full Text via JSTOR) 52 (1998): 113-127. Link Info Reprinted in Women and Religious Life in Byzantium. By Alice-Mary Talbot. Variorum Collected Studies Series. Ashgate, 2001. Article 15.
Year of Publication: 1998.

128. Record Number: 3202
Author(s): Blacker, Jean.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women, Power, and Violence in Orderic Vitalis's "Historia Ecclesiastica"
Source: Violence Against Women in Medieval Texts.   Edited by Anna Roberts .   University Press of Florida, 1998.  Pages 44 - 55.
Year of Publication: 1998.

129. Record Number: 13746
Author(s): Beaudette, Paul.
Contributor(s):
Title : In the world but not of it: Clerical Celibacy as a Symbol of the Medieval Church
Source: Medieval Purity and Piety: Essays on Medieval Clerical Celibacy and Religious Reform.   Edited by Michael Frassetto Garland Medieval Casebooks Series .   Garland Publishing, 1998.  Pages 23 - 46.
Year of Publication: 1998.

130. Record Number: 3501
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Bede's Women
Source: Women, Marriage, and Family in Medieval Christendom: Essays in Memory of Michael M. Sheehan, C.S.B.   Edited by Constance M. Rousseau and Joel T. Rosenthal .   Western Michigan University, 1998.  Pages 19 - 46.
Year of Publication: 1998.

131. Record Number: 4336
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Women at Church in Byzantium: Where, When- and Why? [The author argues that women were segregated in church and had other limitations to preserve church order, decorum, and offer protection].
Source: Dumbarton Oaks Papers (Full Text via JSTOR) 52 (1998): 27-87. Link Info Reprinted in Divine Liturgies - Human Problems in Byzantium, Armenia, Syria and Palestine. By Robert F. Taft. Ashgate Variorum, 2001. Article 1.
Year of Publication: 1998.

132. Record Number: 13755
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Pope Gregory VII and the Chastity of the Clergy [The author examines the activities of Pope Gregory with an emphasis on his efforts to enforce clerical celibacy, particularly in Germany and France. He brought a moral emphasis to the issue and communicated its importance to every level within the church and among the laiety. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Purity and Piety: Essays on Medieval Clerical Celibacy and Religious Reform.   Edited by Michael Frassetto Garland Medieval Casebooks Series .   Garland Publishing, 1998.  Pages 269 - 302.
Year of Publication: 1998.

133. Record Number: 3505
Author(s): Pedersen, Frederik.
Contributor(s):
Title : Maritalis Affectio: Marital Affection and Property in Fourteenth-Century York Cause Papers [marital affection is an elusive concept; in Roman law it meant the quality of will necessary for both the establishment of a legally valid marriage and for the transfer of property; in the Middle Ages it developed into a phrase that meant the internal psychological quality of marriage].
Source: Women, Marriage, and Family in Medieval Christendom: Essays in Memory of Michael M. Sheehan, C.S.B.   Edited by Constance M. Rousseau and Joel T. Rosenthal .   Western Michigan University, 1998.  Pages 175 - 209.
Year of Publication: 1998.

134. Record Number: 13748
Author(s): Bond, James.
Contributor(s):
Title : Why Celibacy? Odo of Cluny and the Development of a New Sexual Morality
Source: Medieval Purity and Piety: Essays on Medieval Clerical Celibacy and Religious Reform.   Edited by Michael Frassetto Garland Medieval Casebooks Series .   Garland Publishing, 1998.  Pages 81 - 115.
Year of Publication: 1998.

135. Record Number: 3141
Author(s): Spreadbury, Jo.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Gender of the Church: The Female Image of"Ecclesia" in the Middle Ages [explores the tensions between the female "Ecclesia" holding a chalice and women who were forbidden the priesthood and limited in their access to the sacrament].
Source: Gender and Christian religion: papers read at the 1996 Summer Meeting and the 1997 Winter Meeting of the Ecclesiastical History Society.   Edited by R. N. Swanson Studies in Church History, 34.  1998.  Pages 93 - 103.
Year of Publication: 1998.

136. Record Number: 2900
Author(s): Helmholz, R.H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Harboring Sexual Offenders: Ecclesiastical Courts and Controlling Misbehavior [prosecution of those who knowingly allow illicit sex to take place in their houses].
Source: Journal of British Studies (Full Text via JSTOR) 37, 3 (July 1998): 258-268 Link Info
Year of Publication: 1998.

137. Record Number: 4337
Author(s): Gerstel, Sharon E. J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Painted Sources for Female Piety in Medieval Byzantium [the author analyzes the depictions of female saints in Byzantine churches in order to deduce the roles that women played in the Church; women prayed for fertility and healthy children in chapels decorated with paintings of Saint Anne, and they mourned the dead in narthexes decorated with portraits of female saints].
Source: Dumbarton Oaks Papers (Full Text via JSTOR) 52 (1998): 89-111. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1998.

138. Record Number: 13753
Author(s): McLaughlin, Megan.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Bishop as Bridegroom: Marital Imagery and Clerical Celibacy in the Eleventh and Early Twelfth Centuries [The author argues that reformers used the longstanding image of the bishop as a bridegroom of his church to combat problems of lay investiture, simony, and episcopal elections. In instances of clerical celibacy, the bridegroom allegory complicated matters. Nevertheless, it was not entirely eliminated from the debate. McLaughlin suggests this is an indication of the importance of the bridegroom metaphor to the reformist program. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Purity and Piety: Essays on Medieval Clerical Celibacy and Religious Reform.   Edited by Michael Frassetto Garland Medieval Casebooks Series .   Garland Publishing, 1998.  Pages 209 - 237.
Year of Publication: 1998.

139. Record Number: 3140
Author(s): Leyser, Conrad.
Contributor(s):
Title : Custom, Truth, and Gender in Eleventh-Century Reform [argues that Gregory VII and his reformers used a rhetoric of sexual pollution and womanly influence against their clerical contemporaries.]
Source: Gender and Christian religion: papers read at the 1996 Summer Meeting and the 1997 Winter Meeting of the Ecclesiastical History Society.   Edited by R. N. Swanson Studies in Church History, 34.  1998.  Pages 75 - 91.
Year of Publication: 1998.

140. Record Number: 13752
Author(s): Moore, R. I.
Contributor(s):
Title : Property, Marriage, and the Eleventh-Century Revolution: A Context for Early Medieval Communism
Source: Medieval Purity and Piety: Essays on Medieval Clerical Celibacy and Religious Reform.   Edited by Michael Frassetto Garland Medieval Casebooks Series .   Garland Publishing, 1998.  Pages 179 - 208.
Year of Publication: 1998.

141. Record Number: 3508
Author(s): Haskett, Timothy S.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Curteys Women in Chancery: The Legacy of Henry and Rye Brown [the author examines two wills from a husband and a wife along with a Chancery bill from five female relatives of the husband who ask for help in obtaining some property wrongly appropriated by the husband's executor; appendices include the requests and directions of Henry Browne and Rye Browne, and an edition of the Chancery bill from the Curteys women].
Source: Women, Marriage, and Family in Medieval Christendom: Essays in Memory of Michael M. Sheehan, C.S.B.   Edited by Constance M. Rousseau and Joel T. Rosenthal .   Western Michigan University, 1998.  Pages 349 - 398.
Year of Publication: 1998.

142. Record Number: 3987
Author(s): Kerby-Fulton, Kathryn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Prophet and Reformer: "Smoke in the Vineyard" [Hildegard of Bingen].
Source: Voice of the Living Light: Hildegard of Bingen and Her World.   Edited by Barbara Newman .   University of California Press, 1998.  Pages 70 - 90.
Year of Publication: 1998.

143. Record Number: 447
Author(s): Krustev, Georgi.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Poem by Maria Comnene Palaeologina from Manuscript No. 177 of the Ivan Dujcev Centre for Slavo-Byzantine Studies [suggests that the author of the poem was the illegitimate daughter of Michael VIII Palaeologus and was married to Abaka, the Mongol ruler of Persia; she may have found Codex No. 177 in Persia and donated it to the Monastery of the Chora in Constantinople; article includes the text of the poem].
Source: Byzantinoslavica , 58., 1 ( 1997):  Pages 71 - 77.
Year of Publication: 1997.

144. Record Number: 2081
Author(s): Walmsley, John.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Early Abbesses, Nuns, and Female Tenants of the Abbey of Holy Trinity, Caen [using charters and early surveys, the author examines the administration of the abbesses, the social origins of the nuns, and the status of female tenants both in Normandy and England, particularly the inheritance rights of widows].
Source: Journal of Ecclesiastical History , 48., 3 (July 1997):  Pages 425 - 444.
Year of Publication: 1997.

145. Record Number: 4999
Author(s): Bergamaschi, Maria Bettelli.
Contributor(s):
Title : Monachesimo femminile e potere politico nell' Alto Medioevo: Il caso di San Salvatore di Brescia [Monasticism began as an alternative to the rapprochement between Church and Empire. Gradually, however, even women's communities were assimilated into the noble culture of the early Middle Ages. San Salvatore was founded and led by noble women. Moreover, noble families expected both spiritual and political benefits from their patronage. Desiderius, king of the Lombards, with his wife Ansa, supported San Salvatore as a political move when he was consolidating his regime, demonstrating his power and orthodoxy to a key city].
Source: Il monachesimo femminile in Italia dall' Alto Medioevo al secolo XVII a confronto con l' oggi.   Edited by Gabriella Zarri .   San Pietro in Cariano: Il Segno dei Gabrielli editori, 1997. Journal of Ecclesiastical History , 48., 3 (July 1997):  Pages 41 - 74.
Year of Publication: 1997.

146. Record Number: 2269
Author(s): Galloway, Penelope.
Contributor(s):
Title : Discreet and Devout Maidens: Women's Involvement in Beguine Communities in Northern France, 1200-1500 [explores the efforts of rulers (including the countesses of Flanders, Jeanne and Marguerite), members of the bourgeoisie, and beguines themselves to develop and finance beguine houses in Douai and Lille].
Source: Medieval Women in Their Communities.   Edited by Diane Watt .   University of Toronto Press, 1997.  Pages 92 - 115.
Year of Publication: 1997.

147. Record Number: 2273
Author(s): Zimmermann, Margarete
Contributor(s):
Title : English Noblewomen and the Local Community in the Later Middle Ages [roles that noble women played at the local level as employers, almsgivers, supporters of the parish, providers of hospitality and entertainment, and members of confraternities].
Source: Medieval Women in Their Communities.   Edited by Diane Watt .   University of Toronto Press, 1997.  Pages 186 - 203.
Year of Publication: 1997.

148. Record Number: 4830
Author(s): Rosser, Susan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Aethelthryth: A Conventional Saint? [the author argues that French hagiography had a strong influence on Anglo-Saxon expectations of holy women; she points out that there were a number of reasons that contributed to Aethlthryth's sainthood including her royal status, gifts to the Church, virginity, asceticism, support of her cult by her powerful family, ease with which her life fit earlier models, and the importance of native-born saints for the English Church].
Source: Bulletin of the John Rylands University Library of Manchester , 79., 3 (Autumn 1997):  Pages 15 - 24.
Year of Publication: 1997.

149. Record Number: 2206
Author(s): Livingstone, Amy
Contributor(s):
Title : Noblewomen's Control of Property in Early Twelfth-Century Blois-Chartres
Source: Medieval Prosopography , 18., ( 1997):  Pages 55 - 71.
Year of Publication: 1997.

150. Record Number: 2747
Author(s): Pedersen, Frederik.
Contributor(s):
Title : The York Cause Papers: A Reply to Jeremy Goldberg [reply by Frederik Pedersen to P.J.P. Goldberg's critique of Pedersen's earlier article on the York cause papers; he continues to argue that the data from the cause papers must be interpreted with great care].
Source: Continuity and Change , 12., 3 (December 1997):  Pages 447 - 455.
Year of Publication: 1997.

151. Record Number: 2459
Author(s): Martindale, Andrew.
Contributor(s):
Title : Theodolinda: The Fifteenth-Century Recollection of a Lombard Queen [analysis of Theodolinda's meaning for the late medieval period, based on the art in the Theodolinda Chapel, the Cathedral's treasures associated with the queen, and the accounts by the fourteenth century chronicler Bonincontro and the eighth century historian, Paul the Deacon].
Source: The church retrospective: papers read at the 1995 Summer Meeting and the 1996 Winter Meeting of the Ecclesiastical History Society.   Edited by R. N. Swanson Studies in Church History, 33.  1997. Continuity and Change , 12., 3 (December 1997):  Pages 195 - 225.
Year of Publication: 1997.

152. Record Number: 2557
Author(s): Kisby, Fiona.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Mirror of Monarchy: Music and Musicians in the Household Chapel of the Lady Margaret Beaufort, Mother of Henry VII [article includes an appendix listing the members of the chapel of Lady Margaret Beaufort].
Source: Early Music History (Full Text via JSTOR) 16 (1997): 203-234. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1997.

153. Record Number: 2318
Author(s): Puff, Helmut.
Contributor(s):
Title : Localizing Sodomy: the "Priest and Sodomite" in Pre-Reformation Germany and Switzerland [case studies of two priests accused of sodomy; conflict ensued between secular authorities who favored public, harsh punishments and Church authorities who were more lenient and wanted the cases kept secret].
Source: Journal of the History of Sexuality , 8., 2 (October 1997):  Pages 165 - 195.
Year of Publication: 1997.

154. Record Number: 2734
Author(s): Porter, J. M. B.
Contributor(s):
Title : Prostitution and Monastic Reform [discussion of monastic houses set up for repentant prostitutes].
Source: Nottingham Medieval Studies , 4., ( 1997):  Pages 72 - 79.
Year of Publication: 1997.

155. Record Number: 2746
Author(s): Goldberg, P.J.P.
Contributor(s):
Title : Debate: Fiction in the Archive: the York Cause Papers as a Source for Later Medieval Social History [Goldberg critiques Frederik Pedersen's recent article "Demography in the Archives: Social and Geographical Gactors in fourteenth-century York Cause Paper Marriage Litigation;" he argues against Pedersen's social groupings of litigants and witnesses as well as for the significance and value of the demographic and social evidence contained in the York cause papers].
Source: Continuity and Change , 12., 3 (December 1997):  Pages 425 - 445.
Year of Publication: 1997.

156. Record Number: 892
Author(s): Finch, A.J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sexual Relations and Marriage in Later Medieval Normandy [ecclesiastical courts regulated courtship and sexual relationships, imposing marriage or fines on couples found guilty of fornication, cohabitation, or where the woman was judged a concubine].
Source: Journal of Ecclesiastical History , 47., 2 (Apr. 1996):  Pages 236 - 256.
Year of Publication: 1996.

157. Record Number: 1088
Author(s): Finch, Andrew.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Disciplining of the Laity in Late Medieval Normandy [counters Muchembled's argument that late medieval Church authorities exercised little control over lay behavior; the Cerisy register shows a determined effort to regulate sexual and marital behavior].
Source: French History , 10., 2 (June 1996):  Pages 163 - 181.
Year of Publication: 1996.

158. Record Number: 2515
Author(s): Halpin, Patricia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Anglo-Saxon Women and Pilgrimage [discusses trips to the Continent, to English shrines, and pilgrimages of the "heart" through devotional texts and art; includes a brief analysis of four devotional objects, a crucifix, two manuscript illuminations, and an embroidered alb, that were commissioned by women].
Source: Anglo-Norman Studies , 19., ( 1996):  Pages 97 - 122.
Year of Publication: 1996.

159. Record Number: 2987
Author(s): Edwards, Carolyn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Dynastic Sanctity in Two Early Medieval Women's "Lives" [Hathumoda, abbess of Gandersheim, and St. Mathilde, pious widow of Henry I].
Source: Medieval Family Roles: A Book of Essays.   Edited by Cathy Jorgensen Itnyre .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Anglo-Norman Studies , 19., ( 1996):  Pages 3 - 19.
Year of Publication: 1996.

160. Record Number: 3674
Author(s): McClanan, Anne
Contributor(s):
Title : The Empress Theodora and the Tradition of Women's Patronage in the Early Byzantine Empire
Source: The Cultural Patronage of Medieval Women.   Edited by June Hall McCash .   University of Georgia Press, 1996. Anglo-Norman Studies , 19., ( 1996):  Pages 50 - 72.
Year of Publication: 1996.

161. Record Number: 5502
Author(s): Pernoud, Regine.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Preaching Peregrinations of a Twelfth-Century Nun, ca. 1158- 70
Source: Wisdom Which Encircles Circles: Papers on Hildegard of Bingen.   Edited by Audrey Ekdahl Davidson .   Medieval Institute Publications, Western Michigan University, 1996. Anglo-Norman Studies , 19., ( 1996):  Pages 15 - 26.
Year of Publication: 1996.

162. Record Number: 3677
Author(s): Kay, Sarah.
Contributor(s):
Title : Proclaiming Her Dignity Abroad: The Literary and Artistic Network of Matilda of Scotland, Queen of England 1100-1118 [The author argues that Matilda pursued extensive projects in poetry, music, art, architecture, and literature in part to increase her prestige and spread her fame].
Source: The Cultural Patronage of Medieval Women.   Edited by June Hall McCash .   University of Georgia Press, 1996. Downside Review , 114., 397 (October 1996):  Pages 155 - 174.
Year of Publication: 1996.

163. Record Number: 2346
Author(s): Armstrong, Dorsey.
Contributor(s):
Title : Holy Queens as Agents of Christianization in Bede's "Ecclesiastical History": A Reconsideration [argues that Bede marginalizes the queens in order to represent them without power or influence].
Source: Old English Newsletter , 29., 3 (Spring 1996):
Year of Publication: 1996.

164. Record Number: 2284
Author(s): Shahid, Irfan.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Church of Sts. Sergius and Bacchus in Constantinople: Who Built It and Why? [Suggests that both Justinian and his wife Theodora were responsible but had different motives. Theodora was moved by religious concerns while Justinian was worried about the outcome of the Persian War].
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 22., ( 1996):  Pages 84
Year of Publication: 1996.

165. Record Number: 1566
Author(s): Yoshikawa, Naoë Kukita.
Contributor(s):
Title : Searching for the Image of New "Ecclesia": Margery Kempe's Spiritual Pilgrimage Reconsidered
Source: Medieval Perspectives , 11., ( 1996):  Pages 125 - 138. Proceedings of the Twenty-First Annual Conference of the Southeastern Medieval Association
Year of Publication: 1996.

166. Record Number: 3683
Author(s): Willard, Charity Cannon.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Patronage of Isabel of Portugal
Source: The Cultural Patronage of Medieval Women.   Edited by June Hall McCash .   University of Georgia Press, 1996. Medieval Perspectives , 11., ( 1996):  Pages 306 - 320.
Year of Publication: 1996.

167. Record Number: 2751
Author(s): Wybourne, Catherine and Dame
Contributor(s):
Title : Seafarers and Stay-At-Homes: Anglo-Saxon Nuns and Mission [The author traces the activity of nuns during the Anglo Saxon period from Leoba's missionary efforts in Germany to the much more restricted period in the tenth and eleventh centuries as double houses disappeared].
Source: Downside Review , 114., 397 (October 1996):  Pages 246 - 266.
Year of Publication: 1996.

168. Record Number: 747
Author(s): Venarde, Bruce L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Praesidentes Negotiis: Abbesses as Managers in Twelfth- Century France [Hersende and Petronilla of Fontevraud and Héloïse, of Paraclet].
Source: Portraits of Medieval and Renaissance Living: Essays in Honor of David Herlihy.   Edited by Samual K. Cohn, Jr. and Steven A. Epstein .   University of Michigan Press, 1996. Medieval Perspectives , 11., ( 1996):  Pages 189 - 205.
Year of Publication: 1996.

169. Record Number: 3676
Author(s): Caviness, Madeline H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Anchoress, Abbess, and Queen: Donors and Patrons or Intercessors and Matrons?
Source: The Cultural Patronage of Medieval Women.   Edited by June Hall McCash .   University of Georgia Press, 1996. Medieval Perspectives , 11., ( 1996):  Pages 105 - 154. Reprinted in Art in the Medieval West and its Audience. By Madeline H. Caviness. Ashgate Variorum, 2001. Article 6.
Year of Publication: 1996.

170. Record Number: 1620
Author(s): Brundage, James A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Playing by the Rules: Sexual behaviour and Legal Norms in Medieval Europe [ways in which ecclesiastical courts judged and punished sexual crimes].
Source: Desire and Discipline: Sex and Sexuality in the Premodern West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray and Konrad Eisenbichler .   University of Toronto Press, 1996. Medieval Perspectives , 11., ( 1996):  Pages 23 - 41.
Year of Publication: 1996.

171. Record Number: 705
Author(s): Gilmour- Bryson, Anne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sodomy and the Knights Templar [examines the testimony of Templars recorded during Inquisition trials].
Source: Journal of the History of Sexuality , 7., 2 (Oct. 1996):  Pages 151 - 183.
Year of Publication: 1996.

172. Record Number: 3681
Author(s): Underhill, Frances A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Elizabeth de Burgh: Connoisseur and Patron [The author surveys Elizabeth de Burgh's extensive patronage of literary, academic, and artistic endeavors; she devoted her greatest efforts to Clare College, an unusual choice of patronage for the time.]
Source: The Cultural Patronage of Medieval Women.   Edited by June Hall McCash .   University of Georgia Press, 1996. Journal of the History of Sexuality , 7., 2 (Oct. 1996):  Pages 266 - 287.
Year of Publication: 1996.

173. Record Number: 521
Author(s): Richards, Marie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Community and Poverty in the Reformed Order of St. Clare in the Fifteenth Century
Source: Journal of Religious History , 19., 1 (June 1995):  Pages 10 - 25.
Year of Publication: 1995.

174. Record Number: 1571
Author(s): Wertheimer, Laura.
Contributor(s):
Title : Adeliza of Louvain and Anglo- Norman Queenship
Source: The Haskins Society Journal , 7., ( 1995):  Pages 101 - 115.
Year of Publication: 1995.

175. Record Number: 1572
Author(s): Johns, Susan.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Wives and Widows of the Earls of Chester, 1100-1252: The Charter Evidence [focuses on their power to make land transactions, particularly in support of the Church].
Source: The Haskins Society Journal , 7., ( 1995):  Pages 117 - 132.
Year of Publication: 1995.

176. Record Number: 1610
Author(s): Struve, Tilman.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mathilde von Tuszien- Canossa und Heinrich IV. Der Wandel ihrer Beziehungen vor dem Hintergrund des Investiturstreites
Source: Historisches Jahrbuch , 115., 1 ( 1995):  Pages 41 - 84.
Year of Publication: 1995.

177. Record Number: 1844
Author(s): Nelson, Janet L.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Wary Widow [case study of the will of Erkanfrida, widow of a minor noble man and a "deo sacrata," a woman consecrated to God in her widowhood; the author includes an English translation of the will and an appendix gives the Latin text of the will from Wampach's "Urkunden- und Quellenbuch zur Geschichte der altluxemburgischen Territorien," Reprinted in Courts, Elites, and Gendered Power in the Early Middle Ages: Charlemagne and Others. By Janet L. Nelson. Ashgate Variorum, 2007. Article 2. Pages 87-90].
Source: Property and Power in the Early Middle Ages.   Edited by Wendy Davies and Paul Fouracre .   Cambridge University Press, 1995. Historisches Jahrbuch , 115., 1 ( 1995):  Pages 82 - 113. Reprinted in Courts, Elites, and Gendered Power in the Early Middle Ages: Charlemagne and Others. By Janet L. Nelson. Ashgate Variorum, 2007. Article 2.
Year of Publication: 1995.

178. Record Number: 338
Author(s): McGurk, Patrick and Jane Rosenthal
Contributor(s):
Title : Anglo-Saxon Gospelbooks of Judith, Countess of Flanders: Their Text, Make-Up, and Function
Source: Anglo-Saxon England , 24., ( 1995):  Pages 251 - 308.
Year of Publication: 1995.

179. Record Number: 2765
Author(s): Goez, Elke.
Contributor(s):
Title : Die Markgrafen von Canossa und die Klöster
Source: Deutsches Archiv , 51., ( 1995):  Pages 83 - 114.
Year of Publication: 1995.

180. Record Number: 2768
Author(s): Thümmel, Hans Georg.
Contributor(s):
Title : Muttergottesikonen und Mariengnadenbilder
Source: Byzantinoslavica , 56., 3 ( 1995):  Pages 759
Year of Publication: 1995.

181. Record Number: 5651
Author(s): Gardner, Julian.
Contributor(s):
Title : Nuns and Altarpieces: Agendas for Research [the author examines a group of late thirteenth-century paintings from Italian nunneries and a group of fourteenth-century convent altarpieces, mostly from Florence; he then considers the social, cultural, and physical conditions in which these artworks were created and viewed; he concludes by asking what kind of control did the nuns have over artworks that were commissioned through middlemen and, for that matter, did the nuns even see the altarpieces located beyond the grills required by "clausura"].
Source: Römisches Jahrbuch der Bibliotheca Hertziana , 30., ( 1995):  Pages 27 - 57.
Year of Publication: 1995.

182. Record Number: 5669
Author(s): Von Teuffel, Christa Gardner.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Contract for Perugino's "Assumption of the Virgin" at Vallambrosa [between 1498 and 1500, Perugino was commissioned to paint the altarpiece for the monks at Vallambrosa by Don Biagio Milanesi, member of a wealthy family and general of the order; the Appendix presents five documents related to the painting, including the contract, further instructions, a subcontract, a record of payment, and excerpts from Don Biagio's brother's will, demonstrating the family's support of the Vallambrosan order].
Source: Burlington Magazine (Full Text via JSTOR) 137, 1106 (May 1995): 307-312. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1995.

183. Record Number: 2286
Author(s): Connor, Elizabeth, O.C.S.O.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Abbeys of Las Huelgas and Tart and Their Filiations
Source: Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women. Book One. Medieval Religious Women Volume Three.   Edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, O.S.C.O Cistercian Studies Series .   Cistercian Publications, 1995. Anglo-Saxon England , 24., ( 1995):  Pages 29 - 48.
Year of Publication: 1995.

184. Record Number: 9519
Author(s): Bruzelius, Caroline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queen Sancia of Mallorca and the Convent Church of Sta. Chiara in Naples [The author argues that the convent church building significantly departs from previous models of architectural planning in the Poor Clare tradition. In part she attributes this to Queen Sancia's deep devotion to the original ideals of Francis which prompted her to found a double house and redesign the church layout so that the nuns could see the host while remaining unseen by the laity and the Friars. The queen also was reacting to ecclesiastical controversies in which her own relatives took leading roles as proponents of the Franciscan Spirituals against Pope John XXII. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome , 40., ( 1995):  Pages 69 - 100.
Year of Publication: 1995.

185. Record Number: 444
Author(s): Huneycutt, Lois L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Intercession and the High- Medieval Queen: The Esther Topos [study of Queen Matilda, Consort of Henry I of England].
Source: Power of the Weak: Studies on Medieval Women. A selection of a papers presented at the annual conference of the Centre for Medieval Studies, University of Toronto, Feb. 1990.   Edited by Jennifer Carpenter and Sally- Beth MacLean .   University of Illinois Press, 1995. Anglo-Saxon England , 24., ( 1995):  Pages 126 - 146.
Year of Publication: 1995.

186. Record Number: 195
Author(s): Poos, L. R.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sex, Lies, and the Church Courts of Pre-Reformation England [gender in defamation cases].
Source: Journal of Interdisciplinary History (Full Text via JSTOR) 25, 4 (Spring 1995): 585-607. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1995.

187. Record Number: 582
Author(s): McNamara, Jo Ann.
Contributor(s):
Title : Canossa and the Ungendering of the Public Man [men in religion and politics both acted to eliminate women's access to power and create a public space without women].
Source: Render Unto Caesar: The Religious Sphere in World Politics.   Edited by Sabrina Petra Ramet and Donald W. Treadgold .   American University Press, 1995.  Pages 131 - 150. Later published in Medieval Religion: New Approaches. Edited by Constance Hoffman Berman. Routledge, 2005. Pages 102-122.
Year of Publication: 1995.

188. Record Number: 1086
Author(s): Meek, Christine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women, the Church, and the Law: Matrimonial Litigation in Lucca Under Bishop Nicolao Guinigi (1394-1435)
Source: Chattel, Servant, or Citizen: Women's Status in Church, State, and Society.   Edited by Mary O' Dowd and Sabine Wichert .   Historical Studies 19. Papers Read Before the XXIst Irish Conference of Historians, Held at Queen's University of Belfast, 27-30 May 1993. Institute of Irish Studies, The Queen's University of Belfast, 1995.  Pages 82 - 90.
Year of Publication: 1995.

189. Record Number: 1009
Author(s): Falcón-Pérez, Maria Isabel.
Contributor(s):
Title : Le marriage en Aragon au XVe siècle [examines ecclesiastical court documents from Zaragoza in which marriages are contested by one spouse or the family of a spouse].
Source: La Femme dans l' histoire et la société méridionales (IXe-XIXe S.): Actes du 66e congrés. .   Fédération historique du Languedoc méditerranéen et du Roussillon, 1995.  Pages 151 - 186.
Year of Publication: 1995.

190. Record Number: 512
Author(s): Pedersen, Frederik.
Contributor(s):
Title : Demography in the Archives: Social and Geographical Factors in Fourteenth- Century York Cause Paper Marriage Litigation
Source: Continuity and Change , 10., 3 (Dec. 1995):  Pages 405 - 436.
Year of Publication: 1995.

191. Record Number: 1677
Author(s): Ciggaar, K.
Contributor(s):
Title : Theophano: An Empress Reconsidered [evaluates contemporary accounts of Theophano, both positive and negative ; among the latter is a German nun's vision of Theophano in purgatory and numerous complaints about her love of foreign luxury].
Source: The Empress Theophano: Byzantium and the West at the Turn of the First Millennium.   Edited by Adelbert Davids .   Cambridge University Press, 1995. Continuity and Change , 10., 3 (Dec. 1995):  Pages 49 - 63.
Year of Publication: 1995.

192. Record Number: 1685
Author(s): Zomer, Hiltje F. H.
Contributor(s):
Title : The So-Called Women's Gallery in the Medieval Church: An Import from Byzantium [argues that the galleries were a symbol of royal power, not a place for women to be kept separate during services ; the author traces the use of church galleries from Constantine the Great and Justinian to their introduction in Germany at the convent basilica of Gernrode, perhaps under the influence of Theophano, and in France at St. Remi, a victory church for the Capets].
Source: The Empress Theophano: Byzantium and the West at the Turn of the First Millennium.   Edited by Adelbert Davids .   Cambridge University Press, 1995. Continuity and Change , 10., 3 (Dec. 1995):  Pages 169 - 193.
Year of Publication: 1995.

193. Record Number: 404
Author(s): Leyser, Conrad.
Contributor(s):
Title : Cities of the Plain: The Rhetoric of Sodomy in Peter Damian's "Book of Gomorrah"
Source: Romanic Review , 86., 2 (March 1995):  Pages 191 - 211. Special issue: The Production of Knowledge: Institutionalizing Sex, Gender, and Sexualiity in Medieval Discourse. Ed. by Kathryn Gravdal.
Year of Publication: 1995.

194. Record Number: 449
Author(s): Shklar, Ruth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Cobham's Daughter: "The Book of Margery Kempe" and the Power of Heterodox Thinking
Source: MLQ: Modern Language Quarterly , 56., 3 (Sept. 1995):  Pages 277 - 304.
Year of Publication: 1995.

195. Record Number: 2767
Author(s): Pohl-Resl, Brigitte.
Contributor(s):
Title : Vorsorge, Memoria und soziales Ereignis: Frauen als Schenkerinnen in den bayerischen und alemannischen Urkunden des 8. und 9. Jahrhunderts
Source: Mitteilungen des Instituts für österreichische Geschichtsforschung , 103., 40241 ( 1995):  Pages 265 - 287.
Year of Publication: 1995.

196. Record Number: 1531
Author(s): Bienvenu, Jean-Marc.
Contributor(s):
Title : Henri II Plantegenêt et Fontevraud
Source: Cahiers de Civilization Médiévale , 37., ( 1994):  Pages 25 - 32.
Year of Publication: 1994.

197. Record Number: 1532
Author(s): Lozinski, Jean Louise.
Contributor(s):
Title : Henri II, Aliénor d'Aquitane et la cathédrale de Poitiers
Source: Cahiers de Civilization Médiévale , 37., ( 1994):  Pages 91 - 100.
Year of Publication: 1994.

198. Record Number: 1573
Author(s): Halpin, Patricia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women Religious in Late Anglo-Saxon England [while nunneries declined in numbers, endowments, and influence during the post-reform period, evidence suggests that religious women, individually and in small groups, were affiliated informally with men's foundations].
Source: The Haskins Society Journal , 6., ( 1994):  Pages 97 - 110.
Year of Publication: 1994.

199. Record Number: 2058
Author(s): Pedersen, Frederik.
Contributor(s):
Title : Did the Medieval Laity Know the Canon Law Rules On Marriage? Some Evidence from Fourteenth-Century York Cause papers [analysis based on thirteen cases of disputed marriage in the York cause papers].
Source: Mediaeval Studies , 56., ( 1994):  Pages 111 - 152.
Year of Publication: 1994.

200. Record Number: 8675
Author(s): Consolino, Franca Ela.
Contributor(s):
Title : L'Invenzione di una biografia: Almanno di Hautvillers e la vita di sant'Elena [Shortly after relics of Saint Helen were stolen from Rome and deposited at Hautvillers, Alamannus was commissioned to write a biography of the saint. He used classical, as well as Biblical and patristic, allusions in the composition of this life. Both the Biblical figures and Helena's finding of the True Cross connect the saint to the figure of "Ecclesia," the Church who finds Christ. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Hagiographica: Rivista di agiografia e biografia della società internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino/ Journal of Hagiography and Biography of Società Internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino , 1., ( 1994):  Pages 81 - 100.
Year of Publication: 1994.

201. Record Number: 2085
Author(s): Tillotson, John..
Contributor(s):
Title : Visitation and Reform of the Yorkshire Nunneries in the Fourteenth Century [argues that the archbishops reacted to the papal bull "Periculoso," not by enforcing strict enclosure, but by regulating travel and contact with the outside world, so that the nuns would maintain their respectability].
Source: Northern History , 30., ( 1994):  Pages 1 - 21.
Year of Publication: 1994.

202. Record Number: 5096
Author(s): Wemple, Suzanne Fonay.
Contributor(s):
Title : Couvents de femmes en Italie, de l' époque du Pape Grégoire le Grand aux environs de 900
Source: Les Religieuses dans le Cloître et dans le Monde des Origines à Nos Jours. Actes du Deuxième Colloque International de C.E.R.C.O.R. Poitiers, 29 septembre-2 octobre 1988. .   Publications de l'Université de Sainte-Etienne, 1994. Northern History , 30., ( 1994):  Pages 73 - 90.
Year of Publication: 1994.

203. Record Number: 5432
Author(s): Klueting, Edeltraud.
Contributor(s):
Title : Les Pouvoirs des abbesses dans les couvents de femmes de la congrégation de Bursfeld [the reformers from Bursfeld decided that Benedictine abbots and abbesses needed to have their powers restricted].
Source: Les Religieuses dans le Cloître et dans le Monde des Origines à Nos Jours. Actes du Deuxième Colloque International de C.E.R.C.O.R. Poitiers, 29 septembre-2 octobre 1988. .   Publications de l'Université de Sainte-Etienne, 1994. Northern History , 30., ( 1994):  Pages 219 - 238.
Year of Publication: 1994.

204. Record Number: 4391
Author(s): Feiss, Hugh, O.S.B.
Contributor(s):
Title : Consecrated to Christ, Nuns of This Church Community: The Benedictines of Notre-Dame de Saintes, 1047-1792 [the author maintains that the documents and other evidence present "the picture of a large, independent, and self-consciously feminine community, which played an important part in the economic and cultural life of its region and possesed the vitality to survive long periods of war and other hardships during the 750 years of its existence" (Page 270)].
Source: American Benedictine Review , 45., 3 (September 1994):  Pages 269 - 302.
Year of Publication: 1994.

205. Record Number: 11659
Author(s): Teixeira, Madalena Braz.
Contributor(s):
Title : Portuguese Art Treasures, Medieval Women and Early Museum Collections [The author briefly explores the early history of art collecting in Portugal. Royal and noble women founded and supported monasteries with gifts of jewels, paintings, liturgical objects, and other artwork. Some of these treasures are still on view in museums and libraries in Portugal. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Museums and the Making of "Ourselves": The Role of Objects in National Identity.   Edited by Flora E. S. Kaplan .   Leicester University Press, 1994. American Benedictine Review , 45., 3 (September 1994):  Pages 291 - 313.
Year of Publication: 1994.

206. Record Number: 5099
Author(s): Oudart, Hervé.
Contributor(s):
Title : Le Landais, un exemple original de vie religieuse féminine dans le diocèse de Bourges au début du XIIe siècle [The author examines a document, reproduced in the Appendix, in which two men grant land in the forest of Landais to a group of holy women who live as hermits].
Source: Les Religieuses dans le Cloître et dans le Monde des Origines à Nos Jours. Actes du Deuxième Colloque International de C.E.R.C.O.R. Poitiers, 29 septembre-2 octobre 1988. .   Publications de l'Université de Sainte-Etienne, 1994. American Benedictine Review , 45., 3 (September 1994):  Pages 125 - 129.
Year of Publication: 1994.

207. Record Number: 5094
Author(s): Gaillard, Michèle.
Contributor(s):
Title : Les Origines du monachisme féminin dans le nord et l'est de la Gaule (Fin VIe siècle - Début VIIIe siècle)
Source: Les Religieuses dans le Cloître et dans le Monde des Origines à Nos Jours. Actes du Deuxième Colloque International de C.E.R.C.O.R. Poitiers, 29 septembre-2 octobre 1988. .   Publications de l'Université de Sainte-Etienne, 1994. American Benedictine Review , 45., 3 (September 1994):  Pages 45 - 54.
Year of Publication: 1994.

208. Record Number: 1235
Author(s): Clayton, Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : Centralism and Uniformity Versus Localism and Diversity: The Virgin and Native Saints in the Monastic Reform
Source: Peritia: Journal of the Medieval Academy of Ireland , 8., ( 1994):  Pages 95 - 106.
Year of Publication: 1994.

209. Record Number: 8479
Author(s): Gilchrist, Roberta.
Contributor(s):
Title : Medieval Bodies in the Material World: Gender, Stigma, and the Body [ The author addresses two issues, one of which concerns the defining of the gendered female body through high status architecture. The author compares the spaces for women in castles with female monasteries. She finds segregation and enclosure in both with physical boundaries to control access. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Framing Medieval Bodies.   Edited by Sarah Kay and Miri Rubin .   Manchester University Press, 1994. Peritia: Journal of the Medieval Academy of Ireland , 8., ( 1994):  Pages 43 - 61.
Year of Publication: 1994.

210. Record Number: 1306
Author(s): Finch, Andrew John.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sexual Morality and Canon Law: The Evidence of the Rochester Consistory Court [the Church court imposed public penance, including public beatings, for fornication, adultery, and incest].
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 20., 3 (September 1994):  Pages 261 - 275.
Year of Publication: 1994.

211. Record Number: 9537
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Pope Innocent III and Familial Relationships of Clergy and Religious [The author draws on the letters of Pope Innocent III (1198-1216) to answer these questions: "Did Innocent permit illegitimate children, especially those of the major clergy, to receive ecclesiastical offices and benefices when they reached maturity? What was the papal position when the nuclear or extended family attempted to provide support for its children, nephews, and other kin? Did the pope intervene in any way to aid in the maintenance of these individuals?" (page 108).].
Source: Studies in Medieval and Renaissance History , ( 1993):  Pages 105 - 148.
Year of Publication: 1993.

212. Record Number: 8638
Author(s): Chauvin, Benoît.
Contributor(s):
Title : À propos des débuts de l'abbaye de Rieunette [The author writes a brief note about the founding of Rieunette, a women's Cistercian monastery in Ladern-sur-Lauquet in the département of Aude. He argues that the Reine mentioned in records is probably Reine de Castillon, the widow of Bernard de Castillon, whose family did a great deal for the religious houses in the area. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Cîteaux: Revue d'Histoire Cistercienne , 43., 40182 ( 1992):  Pages 450 - 454.
Year of Publication: 1992.

213. Record Number: 10216
Author(s): Talbot, Alice-Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : Empress Theodora Palaiologina, Wife of Michael VIII [The author argues that although Theodora was a dutiful wife who engaged in typical imperial activities, she spent her widowhood trying to distance herself from her husband. She had briefly acquiesced in her husband's acceptance of the Church of Rome. Perhaps in expiation, she devoted great efforts as a widow to female monastic endowments and charitable causes. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Dumbarton Oaks Papers (Full Text via JSTOR) 46 (1992): 295-303. Homo Byzantinus: Papers in Honor of Alexander Kazhdan. Link Info Reprinted in Women and Religious Life in Byzantium. By Alice-Mary Talbot. Variorum Collected Studies Series. Ashgate, 2001. Article 5.
Year of Publication: 1992.

214. Record Number: 14681
Author(s): Blockmans, Wim.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Devotion of a Lonely Duchess [The author briefly surveys the life of Margaret of York, concentrating on her involvement in politics, art patronage, charity in particular toward children, support of the church, and commissioning of manuscripts. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Margaret of York, Simon Marmion, and "The Visions of Tondal": Papers Delivered at a Symposium organized by the Department of Manuscripts of the J. Paul Getty Museum in Collaboration with the Huntington Library and Art Collections, June 21-24, 1990.   Edited by Thomas Kren .   J. Paul Getty Museum, 1992.  Pages 29 - 46.
Year of Publication: 1992.

215. Record Number: 9485
Author(s): Johnson, Lynn Staley.
Contributor(s):
Title : Chaucer's Tale of the Second Nun and the Strategies of Dissent [The article considers the way Chaucer uses the Saint Cecilia legend to comment upon the status of the Church’s moral authority in the late fourteenth century. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Studies in Philology , 89., 3 (Summer 1992):  Pages 314 - 333.
Year of Publication: 1992.

216. Record Number: 29956
Author(s): Michaud, Francine
Contributor(s):
Title : Liaisons Particulières? Franciscains et Testatrices a Marseille (1248 - 1320)
Source: Annales du Midi , 104., (janvier - mars) 197 ( 1992):  Pages 7 - 18.
Year of Publication: 1992.

217. Record Number: 9496
Author(s): McMillin, Linda A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender and monastic autonomy in thirteenth-century Barcelona: abbess vs. bishop [The author analyzes the power struggle between a Barcelonian bishop and abbess in order to better understand the status of women in religious communities in the later Middle Ages. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 18., 3 (September 1992):  Pages 267 - 278.
Year of Publication: 1992.

218. Record Number: 8776
Author(s): Neu, Renee.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mythology as Code: Lapo da Castiglionchio's View of Homosexuality and Materialism at the Curia [The author suggests that Lapo da Castiglionchio's defense of the Papal Curia may indirectly refer to homosexual relationships under the guise of mythological allusion. Although he does not necessarily condemn these relationships, his dialogue may contain more criticism than scholars generally allow. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Journal of the History of Ideas (Full Text via JSTOR) 53, 1 (January-March 1992): 138-144. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1992.

219. Record Number: 9456
Author(s): Karras, Ruth Mazo.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Latin Vocabulary of Illicit Sex in English Ecclesiastical Court Records [The author conducts a survey of the terminology that courts used to refer to various types of sexual behavior, particularly adultery, fornication, and prostitution. The language is far from straightforward, as different terms could be used for the same behaviors, depending on the individual case. Moreover, it is often unclear what behaviors are being described. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Journal of Medieval Latin , 2., ( 1992):  Pages 1 - 17.
Year of Publication: 1992.

220. Record Number: 7165
Author(s): Finch, Andrew.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and Violence in the Later Middle Ages: The Evidence of the Officiality of Cerisy
Source: Continuity and Change , 7., 1 ( 1992):  Pages 23 - 45.
Year of Publication: 1992.

221. Record Number: 8683
Author(s): Goldberg, P. J. P.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage, Migration, and Servanthood: The York Cause Paper Evidence [The article examines demographic evidence related to marital age in medieval York, in order to identify a regional marriage regime, and observe how it changed over time. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Woman is a Worthy Wight: Women in English Society c. 1200-1500.   Edited by P.J.P. Goldberg .   Alan Sutton Publishing, 1992. Continuity and Change , 7., 1 ( 1992):  Pages 1 - 15.
Year of Publication: 1992.

222. Record Number: 9182
Author(s): DeMaris, Sarah Glenn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Transmission History of H XIV, a Nuremberg Manuscript for Reformed Dominican Nuns
Source: Manuscripta , 36., 3 (November 1992):  Pages 171 - 172.
Year of Publication: 1992.

223. Record Number: 4712
Author(s): LoPrete, Kimberly.
Contributor(s):
Title : Adela of Blois and Ivo of Chartres: Piety, Politics, and the Peace in the Diocese of Chartres
Source: Anglo-Norman Studies , 14., ( 1991):  Pages 131 - 152.
Year of Publication: 1991.

224. Record Number: 6460
Author(s): Nardi, Carlo.
Contributor(s):
Title : La "Leggenda riccardiana" di Santa Maria all' Impruneta: un anonimo oppositore del pievano Stefano alla fine del Trecento? [The image of Mary at Santa Maria all' Impruneta came to be attributed to Saint Luke; foundation of the shrine was dated by the "Leggenda" to the reign of Pope Urban II with an image created by a painter named "Luca;" the "Leggenda" gives an unusually accurate description of the image of the Virgin and Child, and it reuses earlier material in its discussion of the history of the shrine; the text also reflects the eventual displacement of other local patrons by the Buondelmonte family; the article concludes with three transcriptions from the "Storia di Santa Maria dell' Impruneta"].
Source: Archivio Storico Italiano , 149., ( 1991):  Pages 503 - 551.
Year of Publication: 1991.

225. Record Number: 8486
Author(s): Guerrini, Paola.
Contributor(s):
Title : Il Bessarione a Grottaferrata: un'ipotesi sulla donazione dell'icona [Bessarion of Nicaea, while a cardinal resident in Rome, was commendatory abbot of the abbey at Grottaferrata. Among his donations to the abbey was an icon of the Virgin Mary painted in a Byzantine pictorial style. Although some elements of the painting are common to Rome in the Middle Ages, some elements, especially the inclusion of Saint Nilus in the triptych, are purely local to Grottaferrata. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studi Medievali , 32., 2 (Dicembre 1991):  Pages 807 - 814.
Year of Publication: 1991.

226. Record Number: 10694
Author(s): Cosgrove, Art,
Contributor(s):
Title : Consent, Consummation and Indissolubility: Some Evidence from Medieval Ecclesiastical Courts [The author considers the principle of consent in medieval marriage law and practice during the twelfth through the fifteenth century. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Downside Review , 109., (April 1991):  Pages 94 - 104.
Year of Publication: 1991.

227. Record Number: 10889
Author(s): Massip, J. Francesc
Contributor(s):
Title : The Staging of the Assumption in Europe [The death and Assumption of the Virgin Mary was one of the most widely enacted sequences in late medieval religious dramas. Various staging solutions were used across Europe: horizontal staging in churches; urban staging on fixed, horizontal stages; church staging with a vertical arrangement; urban staging on a moveable stage; and urban staging on a fixed vertical stage. While performances in the North often featured demons and devils, displays in the South featured sets that depicted the heavens and made use of aerial machines. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Comparative Drama , 25., 1 ( 1991):  Pages 17 - 28.
Year of Publication: 1991.

228. Record Number: 11214
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Why Found a Medieval Cistercian Nunnery? [Isabel de Aubigny, Countess of Arundel, was a noble-born English woman who established a Cistercian monastery in the thirteenth century. Isabel’s husband and many close relatives died when she was young, and she chose to remain a widow. After a series of additional family deaths, Isabel used the dowry she had been given by her father upon her marriage in order to establish a Cistercian nunnery. She had many motivations for founding the monastery: religious convictions (doing charity to benefit her soul in the afterlife), economic and political goals (disposing of estates), and social aspirations and responsibilities (maintaining family honor and increasing her social prestige). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Prosopography , 12., 1 (Spring 1991):  Pages 1 - 28.
Year of Publication: 1991.

229. Record Number: 11224
Author(s): Bonfield, Lloyd.
Contributor(s):
Title : Canon Law and Family Law in Medieval Western Christendom
Source: Continuity and Change , 6., 3 (December 1991):  Pages 361 - 374.
Year of Publication: 1991.

230. Record Number: 10691
Author(s): Andrachuk, Gregory Peter.
Contributor(s):
Title : Extra qua us omnino salvatur: The Epilogue of the Vida de Santa
Source: Corónica , 19., 2 (Spring 1991):  Pages 43 - 56.
Year of Publication: 1991.

231. Record Number: 8652
Author(s): Papi, Anna Benvenuti.
Contributor(s):
Title : Donne religiose nella Firenze del Due-Trecento [The calling of Florentine recluses was grounded in the hermit tradition, but their lives came to be regulated according to monastic norms. The hermit ideal was rural, but these women were urban. Communities of recluses could come into conflict with local ecclesiastical authorities, but they often had important lay patrons. Marginal women, including widows and ex-prostitutes, often found homes in communities of penitents. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: In castro poenitentiae: santità e società femminile nell’Italia medievali. Anna Benvenuti Papi .   Herder, 1990. Journal of Medieval History , 16., 3 ( 1990):  Pages 593 - 634. Originally printed as "Donne religiose nella Firenze del Due-Trecento: Appunti per una ricerca in corso," in Le mouvement confraternel au Moyen Âge: France, Suisse, Italie: Actes de la table ronde, Lausanne 9-11 mai 1985 (Droz, 1987). Pages 41-82.
Year of Publication: 1990.

232. Record Number: 12675
Author(s): Haboucha, Reginetta.
Contributor(s):
Title : Clerics, Their Wives, and Their Concubines in the "Partidas" of Alfonso el Sabio [The author focuses on the women, wives and concubines, caught between the demands of the reforming church and their priest-husbands. In general the women were punished more harshly (banished to monasteries, sold into slavery, or worse), while priests had their punishments revoked once they repented. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Homo Carnalis: The Carnal Aspect of Medieval Human Life.   Edited by Helen Rodite Lemay Acta .   Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, State University of New York at Binghamton, 1990. Comparative Drama , 25., 1 ( 1991):  Pages 85 - 104. Papers presented at a conference held at the State University of New York at Stony Brook in 1987
Year of Publication: 1990.

233. Record Number: 12797
Author(s): Murray, Jacqueline.
Contributor(s):
Title : On the Origins and Role of 'Wise Women' in Causes For Annulment on the Grounds of Male Impotence [Article includes an abstract. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 16., 3 ( 1990):  Pages 235 - 249.
Year of Publication: 1990.

234. Record Number: 23437
Author(s): Busch, Johann
Contributor(s):
Title : The Passive Resistance of a Corrupt Convent of Nuns (1455) [From Autobiography of a Reformer]
Source: The Broadview Book of Medieval Anecdotes.   Edited by Richard Kay, compiler .   Broadview Press, 1988. Journal of Medieval History , 16., 3 ( 1990):  Pages 310 - 311.
Year of Publication: 1988.

235. Record Number: 28768
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Otto-Matilda Cross
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/55/Otto_Mathilden_Kreuz.jpg/250px-Otto_Mathilden_Kreuz.jpg
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236. Record Number:
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Garden of Earthly Delights, detail: Pig wearing Nun's Habit
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/75/Bosch-detail.jpg/250px-Bosch-detail.jpg
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237. Record Number:
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Title : Dedication Stone of Ulm Cathedral
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/71/Ulm-Muenster-ReliefGrundsteinlegung-061209.jpg/250px-Ulm-Muenster-ReliefGrundsteinlegung-061209.jpg
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238. Record Number:
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Title : Portrait of Princess Anicia Juliana
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239. Record Number:
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Title : Empress Theodora and Retinue
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d9/Theodora_mosaik_ravenna.jpg/250px-Theodora_mosaik_ravenna.jpg
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240. Record Number:
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Title : Tree of Life and Death Flanked by Eve and Mary-Ecclesia
Source:
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241. Record Number:
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Title : Patronage Letter for Fogdo Abbey
Source:
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242. Record Number: 31186
Author(s):
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Title : New Minster Liber Vitae: Dedication page showing King Cnut and Queen Emma
Source:
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243. Record Number: 32963
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Theodora episcopa, Praxedes, the Virgin Mary, and Pudentiana
Source:
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244. Record Number: 33957
Author(s):
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Title : Abbess Hitda gives a codex to St. Walburga
Source:
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245. Record Number: 34056
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Convent of St. Katherine’s Copy of the Chronicle of Töss
Source:
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246. Record Number: 35098
Author(s):
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Title : Crowned bust of a woman
Source:
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247. Record Number: 36277
Author(s):
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Title : Donor portraits of Margaret Blackburn and her husband Nicholas
Source:
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248. Record Number: 40331
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Matilda of Canossa greeting Pope Paschal II
Source:
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