Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


  • Record Number: 3640
  • Author(s)/Creator(s): Vseteckova , Zuzana.
  • Contributor(s):
  • Title: The Cistercian Origin of the Osek Lectionary and the Mural Paintings in the Royal Chapel of the Cistercian Monastery of Plasy
  • Source: Cîteaux: Revue d'Histoire Cistercienne 47, ( 1996): Pages 285 - 300.
  • Description:
  • Article Type: Journal Article
  • Subject (See Also): Art History- Painting Cistercian Order Illumination of Manuscripts Liturgical Books Manuscripts Marienstern, Sachsen, Germany- Cistercian House for Women Osek Lectionary
  • Award Note:
  • Geographic Area: Eastern Europe
  • Century: 13
  • Primary Evidence: Manuscript; Prague, National Library, Osek 7. Known as the winter part of the Osek Lectionary. The summer part is now lost though photographs and a scholarly description are available. The Osek Lectionary had 124 painted initials along with biblical and homilectic re
  • Illustrations: Six figures. Figure One Manuscript illumination within the initial letter C: Consecration of a palm carried in a funeral procession by the Virgin, Osek Lectionary, summer part (now lost), 1270-1290 (Osek 76, fol. 177r). Figure Two Manuscript illumination within the initial letter D: Coronation of the Virgin (octave of the Feast of the Assumption of the Virgin), Osek Lectionary, summer part (now lost), 1270-1290 (Osek 76, fol. 187v). Figure Three Manuscript illumination within the initial letter S: The Virgin hands a needle to Saint Thomas Becket after sewing his hair shirt, Osek Lectionary, winter part, 1270-1290 (Prague, National Library, Osek 76, fol. 150). Figure Four Manuscript illumination within the initial letter Q: "Dedicatio ecclesiae," Osek Lectionary, summer part (now lost), 1270-1290 (Osek 76, fol. 251r). Figure Five Painting of Saint Wenceslas with donors, circa 1270-1280 (Plasy Abbey, north wall of the royal chapel.). Figure Six Painting of Saint Benedict, circa 1270-1280 (Plasy Abbey, north wall of the royal chapel).
  • Table:
  • Abstract: The Osek Lectionary, originally in two parts, became known in 1928 when A. Friedl published the summer part that is missing today. Both J. Krása and H. Soukupová studied the winter part that is now in the Prague National Library (Osek 76), although their opinions differed as to the identification of the person who commissioned the manuscript. A. Friedl and J. Krása suggest that Bernhard III of Kamenz, who was responsible for the construction of the Cistercian nunnery Marienstern, while H. Soukupová believes that the manuscript was commissioned by Saint Agnes of Prague, founder of the Clarisse nunnery of Na Františku, Prague. The feasts listed by A. Friedl do not point to a minorite origin for this manuscript - Saint Francis, Saint Claire, and Saint Elisabeth of Thuringia are missing. A possible Cistercian connection may be seen in the unusual virgin iconography on the day of Saint Thomas Becket, whose cult was highly popular in Cistercian nunneries from the end of the 12th century.
  • Author's Affiliation: Institute of Art History, Prague.
  • Conference Info: - , -
  • Year of Publication: 1996.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN/ISBN: 07744919