Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


60 Record(s) Found in our database

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1. Record Number: 37749
Author(s): Cooper, Kate
Contributor(s):
Title : The Heroine and the Historian: Procopius of Caesarea on the Troubled Reign of Queen Amalasuentha
Source: A Companion to Ostrogothic Italy   Edited by Jonathan J. Arnold, M. Shane Bjornlie, Kristina Sessa .   Brill, 2016.  Pages 296 - 315.
Year of Publication: 2016.

2. Record Number: 35788
Author(s): Templar of Tyre, ,
Contributor(s): Crawford, Paul , trans.
Title : The Templar of Tyre on the Fall of Acre, 1291
Source: Crusade and Christendom: Annotated Documents in Translation from Innocent III to the Fall of Acre, 1187-1291.   Edited by Jessalyn Bird, Edward Peters, and James M. Powell .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 2013.  Pages 483 - 485.
Year of Publication: 2013.

3. Record Number: 29863
Author(s): Curry, Anne,
Contributor(s):
Title : The Theory and Practice of Female Immunity in the Medieval West
Source: Sexual Violence in Conflict Zones: From the Ancient World to the Era of Human Rights.   Edited by Elizabeth D. Heineman .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011.  Pages 173 - 188.
Year of Publication: 2011.

4. Record Number: 13676
Author(s): Healy, Patrick.
Contributor(s):
Title : Merito nominetur virago: Matilda of Tuscany in the Polemics of the Investiture Contest [The author explores Matilda's importance as an armed protector of Pope Gregory VII and the reform movement as well as her role as an inspiration for Bible exegesis and other polemics in the Gregorian versus royalist struggle. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies on Medieval and Early Modern Women 4: Victims or Viragos?   Edited by Christine Meek and Catherine Lawless .   Four Courts Press, 2005.  Pages 49 - 56.
Year of Publication: 2005.

5. Record Number: 10983
Author(s): Milfull, Inge B.
Contributor(s):
Title : War and Truce: Women in "The Wallace" [The author concentrates on the scenes of Wallace's courtship of his future wife and the diplomatic efforts of the English queen. Milfull argues that in both cases the poet regards the women as intrusive and potentially dangerous. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Woman and the Feminine in Medieval and Early Modern Scottish Writing.   Edited by Sarah M. Dunnigan, C. Marie Harker, and Evelyn S. Newlyn .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.  Pages 19 - 30.
Year of Publication: 2004.

6. Record Number: 10982
Author(s): Ewan, Elizabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Dangers of Manly Women: Late Medieval Perceptions of Female Heroism in Scotland's Second War of Independence [The author examines accounts of two noble women in Scottish histories. Lady Seton urged her husband to resist the English, even at the cost of her hostage son's life. Agnes, countess of Dunbar, held her castle and defied the English attackers repeatedly. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Woman and the Feminine in Medieval and Early Modern Scottish Writing.   Edited by Sarah M. Dunnigan, C. Marie Harker, and Evelyn S. Newlyn .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.  Pages 3 - 18.
Year of Publication: 2004.

7. Record Number: 11009
Author(s): Murray, Jacqueline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Masculinizing Religious Life: Sexual Prowess, the Battle for Chastity and Monastic Identity [The author argues that both monks and priests were concerned to maintain their masculine identity even when the most pronounced markers (fathering children and waging war) were now forbidden. Murray identifies two compensatory strategies. Clergy saw themselves as possessing sexual potency because they struggled for celibacy. Moreover they wed the language of military prowess in their battle for celibacy. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Holiness and Masculinity in the Middle Ages.   Edited by P. H. Cullum and Katherine J. Lewis .   Religion and Culture in the Middle Ages Series. University of Wales Press, 2004.  Pages 24 - 42.
Year of Publication: 2004.

8. Record Number: 11026
Author(s): Hay, David.
Contributor(s):
Title : Canon Laws Regarding Female Military Commanders up to the Time of Gratian: Some Texts and Their Historical Contexts [The author analyzes a canon law text by Bonizo de Sutri which criticizes women who lead military expeditions. Hay suggests that this in part refers to Matilda of Tuscany's strong military support of the pope. Other contemporary canonists took a more liberal view, accepting and even defending Matilda's role as commander. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: A Great Effusion of Blood? Interpreting Medieval Violence.   Edited by Mark D. Meyerson, Daniel Thiery, and Oren Falk .   University of Toronto Press, 2004.  Pages 287 - 313.
Year of Publication: 2004.

9. Record Number: 8707
Author(s): Smith, Brendan.
Contributor(s):
Title : I Have Nothing But Through Her: Women and the Conquest of Ireland, 1170-1240 [The author explores the various roles that women played: given as prizes in marriage to cement alliances among the conquerors, victims of brutality and rape from the invading army, and inciters to "grant crueté" whether urging their husbands to sterner retaliations or, like Alice of Abervenny, the beheader of seventy Irish prisoners after the battle of Baginbun. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies on Medieval and Early Modern Women: Pawns or Players?   Edited by Christine Meek and Catherine Lawless .   Four Courts Press, 2003.  Pages 49 - 58.
Year of Publication: 2003.

10. Record Number: 8803
Author(s): Karras, Ruth Mazo.
Contributor(s):
Title : Young Knights under the Feminine Gaze ["The women served a ratifying function for a youth's entry into a masculine hierarchy of knightly prestige, but they did not themselves choose the criteria by which they evaluated men. A woman's gaze at a young knight was not a sign of her activity as opposed to his passivity, but rather the sign that she was the prize he was to win, the currency in which his worth in other men's eyes was to be measured." Page 203.]
Source: The Premodern Teenager: Youth in Society, 1150-1650.   Edited by Konrad Eisenbichler .   Publications of the Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies, Essays and Studies, 1. Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies, 2002.  Pages 189 - 205.
Year of Publication: 2002.

11. Record Number: 6741
Author(s): Friedman, Yvonne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Captivity and Ransom: The Experience of Women [The author explores cases of Jewish and Muslim, as well as Christian, women in captivity. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Gendering the Crusades.   Edited by Susan B. Edgington and Sarah Lambert .   University of Wales Press, 2001.  Pages 121 - 139. Reprinted in Medieval Warfare 1000-1300. Edited by John France. Ashgate, 2006. Pages 613-631.
Year of Publication: 2001.

12. Record Number: 6739
Author(s): Caspi-Reisfeld, Keren.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women Warriors during the Crusades, 1095-1254 [The author explores the range of roles for women including support (water carriers, ammunition suppliers, and pillagers), command (noble women who brought their own troops and some who led their forces in battle), and combat (women who wore arms and fought as archers or with spears on horseback). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Gendering the Crusades.   Edited by Susan B. Edgington and Sarah Lambert .   University of Wales Press, 2001.  Pages 94 - 107.
Year of Publication: 2001.

13. Record Number: 6736
Author(s): Knapp, Peggy A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Unfit to Bear Arms: The Gendering of Arms and Armour in Accounts of Women on Crusade [the author examines various models that were used to indicate the significant ages in men's and women's lives; in the latter half of the article, the author concentrates on medieval Italian child brides, using case studies, prescriptive literature, and legal evidence to argue that consummated marriages with pre-pubescent girls was not uncommon because a woman's period of biologic utility was viewed as brief and fleeting].
Source: Gendering the Crusades.   Edited by Susan B. Edgington and Sarah Lambert .   University of Wales Press, 2001.  Pages 45 - 58.
Year of Publication: 2001.

14. Record Number: 5966
Author(s): Dunn, Diana.
Contributor(s):
Title : Margaret of Anjou, the Warlike Queen: The Making of a Reputation
Source: Gender and Conflict in the Middle Ages. Gender and Medieval Studies Conference, York, January 5-7 2001. .  2001.
Year of Publication: 2001.

15. Record Number: 6734
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Virile Latins, Effeminate Greeks, and Strong Women: Gender Definitions on Crusade? [The author explores a variety of gender models in Crusades literature including Bohemond, Nicephorus Bryennius, Eleanor of Aquitane, Queen Melisende, and women warriors. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Gendering the Crusades.   Edited by Susan B. Edgington and Sarah Lambert .   University of Wales Press, 2001.  Pages 16 - 30.
Year of Publication: 2001.

16. Record Number: 16594
Author(s): Hennequin, M. Wendy.
Contributor(s):
Title : Judith Warrior Princess?
Source: Old English Newsletter , 34., 3 (Spring 2001): Appendix A: Abstracts of Papers in Anglo-Saxon Studies. Conference paper presented at the Thirty-Sixth International Congress on Medieval Studies, the Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University, May 3-6, 2001, Nineteenth Symposium on the Sources of A
Year of Publication: 2001.

17. Record Number: 5091
Author(s): Lourie, Elena.
Contributor(s):
Title : Black Women Warriors in the Muslim Army Besieging Valencia and the Cid's Victory: A Problem of Interpretation [the story relates how a group of female archers were attacked by El Cid's second-in-command and as a result stampeded the rest of the Muslim army and caused a rout;the author argues that the story origintated with Arabic writers as an excuse by Muslim males for military failure].
Source: Traditio , 55., ( 2000):  Pages 181 - 209.
Year of Publication: 2000.

18. Record Number: 4496
Author(s): Macrides, Ruth.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Pen and the Sword: Who Wrote the "Alexiad"? [the author examines the questions around Anna's authorship of the "Alexiad" and argues against the 1996 volume by James Howard-Johnston in which he maintained that Anna's husband, Nikephoros Bryennios, was the author because no woman would be able to write so knowledgeably about military campaigns].
Source: Full-text of the Alexiad in English (from the Medieval Sourcebook)
Year of Publication: 2000.

19. Record Number: 4500
Author(s): McKee, Sally.
Contributor(s):
Title : Bohemond and the Rooster: Byzantines, Normans, and the Artful Ruse [The author examines the political and military stratagems that were practiced both by the Normans and Byzantines; Anna Komnena made frequent mention of these tricks].
Source: Anna Komnene and Her Times.   Edited by Thalia Gouma-Peterson .   Garland Publishing, 2000.  Pages 157 - 168.
Year of Publication: 2000.

20. Record Number: 4188
Author(s): Dennis, George T.
Contributor(s):
Title : Woman Repels Pirates: Note in a Florentine Manuscript [a brief notice in a Greek manuscript describes a woman archer who in 1341 drove away two pirate ships; includes Greek text and English translation].
Source: Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies , 23., ( 1999):  Pages 256 - 257.
Year of Publication: 1999.

21. Record Number: 3745
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Military Masculinity in England and Northern France c.1050 - c.1225 [the ideal aristocratic warrior was physically and morally complete, adept at war, and loyal, but above all he had deep friendships with his warrior companions].
Source: Masculinity in Medieval Europe.   Edited by D.M. Hadley .   Women and Men in History Series. Addison Wesley Longman, 1999. Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies , 23., ( 1999):  Pages 71 - 88.
Year of Publication: 1999.

22. Record Number: 4410
Author(s): Lacarra Lanz, Eukene.
Contributor(s):
Title : Political Discourse and the Construction and Representation of Gender in "Mocedades de Rodrigo" [The author concludes "The construction of masculinity, as it apears in 'MR,' is predicated on the marginalization of women, who are viewed exclusively as commodities circulating among men." (page 487)].
Source: Hispanic Review , 67., ( 1999):  Pages 467 - 491.
Year of Publication: 1999.

23. Record Number: 3654
Author(s): Dressler, Rachel.
Contributor(s):
Title : Steel Corpse: Imaging the Knight in Death [The author argues that British tomb effigies constructed an elite, warrior masculinity].
Source: Conflicted Identities and Multiple Masculinities: Men in the Medieval West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray .   Garland Medieval Casebooks, volume 25. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, volume 2078. Garland Publishing, 1999. Hispanic Review , 67., ( 1999):  Pages 135 - 167.
Year of Publication: 1999.

24. Record Number: 4906
Author(s): Slanicka, Simona.
Contributor(s):
Title : Male Markings: Unifoms in the Parisian Civil War as a Blurring of the Gender Order (A. D. 1410- 1420)
Source: Medieval History Journal , 2., 2 (July-December 1999):  Pages 209 - 244.
Year of Publication: 1999.

25. Record Number: 3655
Author(s): Taylor, Andrew.
Contributor(s):
Title : Chivalric Conversation and the Denial of Male Fear [the author argues that late medieval knights were taught courage and loyalty through the code of chivalry and endless discussions of battles].
Source: Conflicted Identities and Multiple Masculinities: Men in the Medieval West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray .   Garland Medieval Casebooks, volume 25. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, volume 2078. Garland Publishing, 1999. Medieval History Journal , 2., 2 (July-December 1999):  Pages 169 - 188.
Year of Publication: 1999.

26. Record Number: 4474
Author(s): Willard, Charity Cannon.
Contributor(s):
Title : Christine de Pizan on the Art of Warfare [The author briefly surveys Christine's writings including "The Ballades," "Corps de policie," "Fais et bonnes meurs," and more; the author then concentrates briefly on "Fais d'Armes et de chevalerie"].
Source: Christine de Pizan and the Categories of Difference.   Edited by Marilynn Desmond .   University of Minnesota Press, 1998. Studies in the Age of Chaucer , 20., ( 1998):  Pages 3 - 15.
Year of Publication: 1998.

27. Record Number: 3835
Author(s): Delpech, François.
Contributor(s):
Title : Pilosités héroïques et femmes travesties: Archéologie d'un stratagème
Source: Bulletin Hispanique , 100., 1 (janvier-juin 1998):  Pages 131 - 164.
Year of Publication: 1998.

28. Record Number: 5264
Author(s): Mazeika, Rasa.
Contributor(s):
Title : Nowhere Was the Fragility of Their Sex Apparent: Women Warriors in the Baltic Crusade Chronicles [The author argues that the chroniclers, members of military monastic orders, expected women to defend themselves in a war zone where there were constant raiding parties].
Source: From Clermont to Jerusalem: the Crusades and Crusader societies, 1095-1500: selected proceedings of the International Medieval Congress, University of Leeds, 10-13 July 1995.   Edited by Alan V. Murray International Medieval Research .   Brepols, 1998. Bulletin Hispanique , 100., 1 (janvier-juin 1998):  Pages 229 - 248.
Year of Publication: 1998.

29. Record Number: 4891
Author(s): Sanok, Catherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Criseyde, Cassandre, and the "Thebaid": Women and the Theban Subtext of Chaucer's "Troilus and Criseyde" [The author argues that the Theban subtext emphasizes female vulnerability to male violence, while the male characters do not recognize war's violence and sublimate warlike rhetoric in the service of love].
Source: Studies in the Age of Chaucer , 20., ( 1998):  Pages 41 - 71.
Year of Publication: 1998.

30. Record Number: 3394
Author(s): Taylor, Andrew.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Second Ajax: Peter Abelard and the Violence of Dialectic [The author focuses on dialectic as a site of masculine aggression; at the same time he notes self-mockery and self-doubt in Abelard's writings].
Source: The Tongue of the Fathers: Gender and Ideology in Twelfth-Century Latin.   Edited by David Townsend and Andrew Taylor .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998. Studies in the Age of Chaucer , 20., ( 1998):  Pages 14 - 34.
Year of Publication: 1998.

31. Record Number: 2488
Author(s): Westphal, Sarah.
Contributor(s):
Title : Amazons and Guérillères [meaning of Amazons for medieval society and comparison with Wittig's vision of women warriors in "Guérillères"].
Source: Medieval Feminist Newsletter , 23., (Spring 1997):  Pages 24 - 28.
Year of Publication: 1997.

32. Record Number: 2387
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage and Mutiliation: Vendetta in Late Medieval Italy [analysis of the events that triggered a vendetta, among which was the dishonor of having one's intended bride given to another].
Source: Past and Present (Full Text via JSTOR) 157 (November 1997): 3-36. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1997.

33. Record Number: 1870
Author(s): Nicholson, Helen
Contributor(s):
Title : Women on the Third Crusade [discusses the evidence of women warriors in the Christian chronicles and the accounts of Muslim historians, Imad al-Din and Baha al-Din].
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 23., 4 (December 1997):  Pages 335 - 349.
Year of Publication: 1997.

34. Record Number: 683
Author(s): McAuliffe, Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Lady in the Tower: The Social and Political Role of Women in Tower Houses [responsible for food, hospitality, and comfort. Some women also built tower houses and waged war].
Source: The Fragility of Her Sex?: Medieval Irishwomen in Their European Context.   Edited by Christine Meek and Katherine Simms .   Four Courts Press, 1996. Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 8., 1 (Spring 1996):  Pages 153 - 162.
Year of Publication: 1996.

35. Record Number: 9507
Author(s): Klein, Stacy S.
Contributor(s):
Title : Aelfric's Sources and His Gendered Audiences [Aelfric's "Life" of Judith was intended for two different audiences: nuns who needed encouragement toward chastity and the noble man Sigeweard and his warriors who were fighting the Vikings. Aelfric's message about chastity could profit warriors because uncontrolled sexual desire would lead men to dishonor. Klein argues that Aelfric's narrative reflects his anxieties both about female sexuality and men's sexual desires. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Essays in Medieval Studies , 13., ( 1996):  Pages 111 - 119.
Year of Publication: 1996.

36. Record Number: 3023
Author(s): DeVries, Kelly.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Woman as Leader of Men: Joan of Arc's Military Career
Source: Fresh Verdicts on Joan of Arc.   Edited by Bonnie Wheeler and Charles T. Wood .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Journal of Medieval History , 23., 4 (December 1997):  Pages 3 - 18.
Year of Publication: 1996.

37. Record Number: 1585
Author(s): Westphal, Sarah.
Contributor(s):
Title : Camilla: The Amazon Body in Medieval German Literature [psychoanalytic reading of von Veldeke's version of the "Aeneid"].
Source: Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 8., 1 (Spring 1996):  Pages 231 - 258.
Year of Publication: 1996.

38. Record Number: 5
Author(s): Clover, Carol J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Maiden Warriors and Other Sons
Source: Matrons and Marginal Women in Medieval Society.   Edited by Robert R. Edwards and Vickie Ziegler .   Boydell Press, 1995. Harvard Ukrainian Studies , 19., ( 1995):  Pages 75 - 87. Originally published in Journal of English and Germanic Philology (1986): 35-49
Year of Publication: 1995.

39. Record Number: 365
Author(s): Willard, Charity Cannon.
Contributor(s):
Title : Pilfering Vegetius? Christine de Pizan's "Faits D' Armes et de Chevalerie"
Source: Women, the Book and the Worldly: Selected Proceedings of the St. Hilda's Conference, 1993. Volume 2. [Volume 1: Women, the Book, and the Godly].   Edited by Lesley Smith and Jane H. M. Taylor .   D.S.Brewer, 1995. Harvard Ukrainian Studies , 19., ( 1995):  Pages 31 - 37.
Year of Publication: 1995.

40. Record Number: 1366
Author(s): Pasteur, Claude.
Contributor(s):
Title : Jean d'Aulon, écuyer de Jeanne d'Arc, ne pourra la sauver [article does not include footnotes or bibliography of sources consulted].
Source: Historia , 579., (mars 1995):  Pages 80 - 81.
Year of Publication: 1995.

41. Record Number: 1368
Author(s): Binet, Sylvie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Jeanne Hachette sauve Beauvais. Comment une jeune paysanne devient une héroïne nationale [while Burgundians laid siege to Beauvais, Jeanne Hachette bravely seized an enemy standard and rallied the people of Beauvais to resist the attackers; article does not include footnotes or bibliography of sources consulted].
Source: Historia , 582., (juin 1995):  Pages 82 - 85.
Year of Publication: 1995.

42. Record Number: 6779
Author(s): Kiefer, Lauren.
Contributor(s):
Title : My Family First: Draft-dodging Parents in the "Confessio Amantis" [The author examines the theme of men's bonds to their children and wives in Books Three, Four, and Five of the "Confessio Amantis," concentrating on the stories of Ulysses and Namplus who were devoted to their sons].
Source: Essays in Medieval Studies , 12., ( 1995):  Pages 1 - 5. and 1-2 (notes) [in the electronic version available through Project Muse]. Issue title: Children and the Family in the Middle Ages.
Year of Publication: 1995.

43. Record Number: 1084
Author(s): Ní Dhonnchadha, Máirín.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Lex Innocentium": Adomnán's Law for Women, Clerics, and Youths, 697 A. D [Adomnán attempted to shield women, youth, and clerics from warfare and levied heavy penalties against those who injured or killed women].
Source: Chattel, Servant, or Citizen: Women's Status in Church, State, and Society.   Edited by Mary O' Dowd and Sabine Wichert .   Historical Studies 19. Papers Read Before the XXIst Irish Conference of Historians, Held at Queen's University of Belfast, 27-30 May 1993. Institute of Irish Studies, The Queen's University of Belfast, 1995. Essays in Medieval Studies , 13., ( 1996):  Pages 58 - 69.
Year of Publication: 1995.

44. Record Number: 1484
Author(s): Neal, Sharon Bryant.
Contributor(s):
Title : Las Donas e las femnas, las tozas avinens: Women in "La Canso de la Crozada" [while Guilhem de Tudela primarily limits women's roles to that of victim, the continuator of La Canso shows women as leaders and even fighters in the war against the Northern French forces; as a member of Southern society it was natural for him to represent women with more detail and care; the appendix reproduces thirty-nine excerpts from the "Canso de la Crozada" that deal with women].
Source: Tenso , 10., 2 (Spring 1995):  Pages 110 - 138.
Year of Publication: 1995.

45. Record Number: 1690
Author(s): Pagot, Simone.
Contributor(s):
Title : Du bon usage de la compilation et du discours didactique : analyse du thème "guerre et paix" chez Christine de Pizan
Source: Une femme de Lettres au Moyen Age: Études autour de Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Liliane Dulac and Bernard Ribémont .   Paradigme, 1995. Tenso , 10., 2 (Spring 1995):  Pages 39 - 50.
Year of Publication: 1995.

46. Record Number: 8620
Author(s): Stock, Lorraine Kochanske.
Contributor(s):
Title : Arms and the (Wo)man in Medieval Romance: the Gendered Arming of Female Warriors in the "Roman d'Eneas" and Heldris's "Roman de Silence"
Source: Arthuriana , 5., 4 (Winter 1995):  Pages 56 - 83.
Year of Publication: 1995.

47. Record Number: 8588
Author(s): Martin, Janet.
Contributor(s):
Title : Widows, Welfare, and the "Pomest'e" System in the Sixteenth Century [The author argues that through the "pomest'e" system the state not only supported soldiers but also their survivors (widows, mothers, or dependent children) for their lifetimes. It went far beyond the state's desire to raise minor sons to become soldiers. The data from the 1550s indicates that the estates were usually more than adequate to support the women's households. However, by the 1580s, 40 percent of the "pomest'ia" could not support the surveyed women's households. The author ascribes the problems to serious economic deterioration rather than to the "pomest'e" system. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Harvard Ukrainian Studies , 19., ( 1995):  Pages 375 - 388. Kamen' Kraeog "I'n": Rhetoric of the Medieval Slavic World: Essays Presented to Edward L. Keenan on His Sixtieth Birthday by His Colleagues and Students. Edited by Nancy Shields Kollmann, Donald Ostrowski, Andrei Pliguzov, and Daniel Rowland.
Year of Publication: 1995.

48. Record Number: 1506
Author(s): Dufresne, Laura Rinaldi.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women Warriors: A Special Case from the Fifteenth Century: "The City of Ladies" [manuscript illustrations from the later fifteenth century generally ignore or distort the military, moral, and heroic qualities of Christine's women warriors in favor of domestic scenes and aristocratic women's fashions].
Source: Women's Studies , 23., 2 ( 1994):  Pages 111 - 131.
Year of Publication: 1994.

49. Record Number: 8813
Author(s): Vitullo, Juliann.
Contributor(s):
Title : Contained Conlict: Wild Men and Warrior Women in the Early Italian Epic [The author explores the figure of the Amazon in several Italian epics including "L'Aspramonte" and "Cantare d'Aspramonte" and the epics concerning Rinaldo da Montalbano. The author argues that the Italian epic writers figured Amazons and wild men as the Other (frequently literally for the women since they were often identified as Saracens) who were ultimately defeated by noble knights. The author argues that this theme was connected to social anxieties since the Italian elites needed to reiterate their superiority over all other social groups because they no longer performed the role of mounted knights. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Annali d'Italianistica , 12., ( 1994):  Pages 39 - 59.
Year of Publication: 1994.

50. Record Number: 13640
Author(s): Campbell, Kimberlee Anne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Fighting Back: A Survey of Patterns of Female Aggressiveness in the Old French "chanson de geste" [The author argues that in the "chansons de geste" genre, women are sometimes represented as fighting defensively in order to save a loved one or themselves. Campbell also suggests that a woman's sexual identity diminishes the impact of her aggression. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Charlemagne in the North: Proceedings of the Twelfth International Conference of the Société Rencesvals Edinburgh 4th to 11th August 1991.   Edited by Philip E. Bennett, Anne Elizabeth Cobby, and Graham A. Runnalls .   Société Rencesvals British Branch, 1993. Women's Studies , 23., 2 ( 1994):  Pages 241 - 251.
Year of Publication: 1993.

51. Record Number: 11117
Author(s): Leppig, Linda.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Political Rhetoric of Christine de Pizan: "Lamentation sur les maux de la guerre civile [Christine addresses the Duke of Berry, calling on him to abandon his allegiance to the Duke of Orléans and seek peace for the good of the French people. Leppig argues that Christine combines elements from two literary forms, the "complainte" and the epistle, in order to excite pity and, at the same time, reproach those in the ruling elite she held responsible. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Politics, Gender, and Genre: The Political Thought of Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Margaret Brabant .   Westview Press, 1992. Women's Studies , 23., 2 ( 1994):  Pages 141 - 156.
Year of Publication: 1992.

52. Record Number: 8577
Author(s): Rosenthal, Joel T.
Contributor(s):
Title : Other Victims: Peeresses as War Widows, 1450-1500 [The author examines the lives of English war widows, who often suffered for their dead husbands' military and political disgraces. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Upon My Husband's Death: Widows in the Literature and Histories of Medieval Europe.   Edited by Louise Mirrer Studies in Medieval and Early Modern Civilization .   University of Michigan Press, 1992. Women's Studies , 23., 2 ( 1994):  Pages 131 - 152. Originally published in History: The Journal of the Historical Association 72, 235 (1987): 213-230.
Year of Publication: 1992.

53. Record Number: 12860
Author(s): McLaughlin, Megan.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Woman Warrior: Gender, Warfare, and Society in Medieval Europe [The article studies the small group of medieval women warriors, and considers its implications for gender and society. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women's Studies , 17., 40241 ( 1990):  Pages 193 - 209.
Year of Publication: 1990.

54. Record Number: 12747
Author(s): Emison, Patricia.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Word Made Naked in Pollaiuolo's "Battle of the Nudes" [It is unknown whether Antonio Pollaiuolo's late fifteenth century engraving of nude men engaged in battle refers to a text or not. While previous depictions of nude males (such as figures of David) often relied upon an explicit or implicit textual reference and depicted the youthful male as the ideal of masculine beauty, Pollaiulo's engraving does not clearly invoke any text and offers a virile, adult ideal for the male nude. Interpretations of the engraving have varied, as some of the items throughout the image (such as weapons and chains) could have allegorical significance if they are interpreted as iconography. The author suggests that works of art produced during Pollaiuolo's time that feature nudes, which some have tried to interpret as depicting certain classical myths, epics, or moments in history, may communicate as images without reference to any text. Artists may produce works of art for purely formal or aesthetic reasons with no subject or text in mind. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Art History , 13., 3 ( 1990):  Pages 261 - 275.
Year of Publication: 1990.

55. Record Number: 28763
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Title : Woman Kills a Would-Be Rapist and is Presented with his Belongings
Source: Art History , 13., 3 ( 1990):
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56. Record Number: 28825
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Title : Siege of Paris
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/37/Vigiles_du_roi_Charles_VII_05.jpeg/250px-Vigiles_du_roi_Charles_VII_05.jpeg
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57. Record Number: 31894
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Title : Roman Siege of Jerusalem with Infanticide and Isabel de Byron between the Arms of Neville of Hornby and those of Byron
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58. Record Number: 32406
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Title : Queen Penthesilea
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59. Record Number: 37665
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Title : Panel with four scenes including St Clare Driving Saracens out of San Damiano
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60. Record Number: 40422
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Title : Martyrdom of Saints Nicasius and Eutropia
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