Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


514 Record(s) Found in our database

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1. Record Number: 39175
Author(s): Wei, John C.
Contributor(s):
Title : From Penitential Theology to the Canon Law of Magic
Source: Gratian the Theologian. John C. Wei .   Catholic University of America Press, 2016.  Pages 186 - 226.
Year of Publication: 2016.

2. Record Number: 29056
Author(s): Burger, Glenn
Contributor(s):
Title : In the Merchant's Bedchamber
Source: Thresholds of Medieval Visual Culture: Liminal Spaces.   Edited by Elina Gertsman and Jill Stevenson .   Boydell Press, 2012.  Pages 239 - 259.
Year of Publication: 2012.

3. Record Number: 28443
Author(s): Meyer, Andreas,
Contributor(s):
Title : The Sweet Beloved and His Legacy: A Lawsuit for Love and Money from Lucca (1237)
Source: Medieval Italy, Medieval and Early Modern Women: Essays in Honour of Christine Meek.   Edited by Conor Kostick .   Four Courts Press, 2010.  Pages 86 - 100.
Year of Publication: 2010.

4. Record Number: 36627
Author(s): Roig, Jaume,
Contributor(s):
Title : The Mirror of Jaume Roig
Source: The Mirror of Jaume Roig: An Edition and an English Translation of MS. Vat. Lat. 4806. Jaume Roig   Edited by Maria Celeste Delgado-Librero Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies .   ACMRS (Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies), 2010.  Pages 65 - 427.
Year of Publication: 2010.

5. Record Number: 28347
Author(s):
Contributor(s): Gallagher, Eric James, translator
Title : Agnes, who was the wife of Adam the son of Robert, claims against Waleran de Muncy… [Item 300 from the hundred of Blything concerns Agnes who pleads on her own behalf because her husband has been outlawed. She recovers land because it was part of her marriage portion (“maritagium”). Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: The Civil Pleas of the Suffolk Eyre of 1240.   Edited by Eric James Gallagher Suffolk Records Society, 52.   Boydell Press , 2009.  Pages 53 - 53.
Year of Publication: 2009.

6. Record Number: 20921
Author(s): Clarke, Peter
Contributor(s):
Title : The Papal Penitentiary and Marriage: Popular Knowledge of Law and Procedure
Source: Western Canon Law and Eastern Churches: Thirteenth International Congress of Medieval Canon Law. Abstracts. .  2008.  Pages 28
Year of Publication: 2008.

7. Record Number: 24113
Author(s): Magnúsdóttir, Auður G
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and Sexual Politics [The author briefly examines the roles of women in Viking society in terms of political influence. Frequently women attained some power as wives or concubines. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: The Viking World.   Edited by Stefan Brink in collaboration with Neil Price .   Routledge, 2008.  Pages 40 - 48.
Year of Publication: 2008.

8. Record Number: 28341
Author(s):
Contributor(s): Richards, D.S., translator
Title : A Strange Turn of Events without Parallel [The passage concerns the royal succession in Georgia. The only heir left was female. She took the throne, but finding a suitable husband was difficult. She married the son of a neighboring Muslim ruler (once he had converted to Christianity). Subsequently the queen sent her husband away, so that she could have relationships with other men. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: The Chronicle of Ibn al-Athir for the Crusading Period from al-Kamil fi’l-ta’rikh. Part 3 The Years 589-629/1193-1231: The Ayyubids after Saladin and the Mongol Menace. .   Ashgate, 2008.  Pages 244 - 245.
Year of Publication: 2008.

9. Record Number: 20601
Author(s): Stuard, Susan Mosher
Contributor(s):
Title : Satisfying the Laws: The "Legenda" of Maria of Venice [Susan Mosher Stuard analyzes the "Vita" of Maria Sturion written by her confessor, Thomas Caffarini. Thomas had been given the task of writing a rule for Dominican penitents, lay people who lived a religious life without vows (and also known as tertiaries or third orders). Maria Sturion (or Maria of Venice) had been abandoned by her young husband and led a religious life at the home of her parents; Caffarini developed a close relationship with her as confessor and teacher. He saw Maria's "vita" as a model that other wealthy, young Venetian women could follow. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Law and the Illicit in Medieval Europe.   Edited by Ruth Mazo Karras, Joel Kaye, and E. Ann Matter .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008.  Pages 197 - 210.
Year of Publication: 2008.

10. Record Number: 20600
Author(s): Karras, Ruth Mazo
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage, Concubinage, and the Law [The author analyzes the meaning of concubinage in the Middle Ages with some references to ancient Roman practices. In the later Middle Ages "concubine" came to have two separate meanings: 1) A woman who lived with a man in a domestic arrangement but was not married to him and 2) In a more technical sense "concubine" was used as a legal term for a status that accorded some rights but was inferior to that of wives. Includes a detailed look at a 15th century legal opinion as to whether a priest's concubine and son could receive legacies from the cleric. The suit was brought by the chief heir, the priest's brother. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Law and the Illicit in Medieval Europe.   Edited by Ruth Mazo Karras, Joel Kaye, and E. Ann Matter .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008.  Pages 117 - 129.
Year of Publication: 2008.

11. Record Number: 23594
Author(s): Salonen, Kirsi
Contributor(s):
Title : Diemunda and Heinrich- Married or Not? About a Marriage Litigation in the Consistorial Court of Freising in the Late Middle Ages [Diemunda sued Heinrich de Empach to enforce what she claimed was a promise of marriage. She procured a dispensation from the Penitentiary because of consanguinity in the third or fourth degree. The ecclesiastical court in Freising had denied her petition for lack of adequate evidence of both consent and consanguinity. Despite the dispensation from the Penitentiary, Heinrich tried to avoid paying for support of their short-lived illegitimate child and the fine for taking Diemunda's virginity. [Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: ... et usque ad ultimum terrae: The Apostolic Penitentiary in Local Contexts   Edited by Gerhard Jaritz, Torstein Jørgensen, and Kirsi Salonen Ceu Medievalia .   Central European University Press, 2007. French Historical Studies , 30., 1 (Winter 2007):  Pages 43 - 59.
Year of Publication: 2007.

12. Record Number: 23596
Author(s): Schmugge, Ludwig
Contributor(s):
Title : Matrimonial Dispensation: How the Penitentiary Handled Cases of Impotence [The inability of one partner to consumate a marriage could be grounds for dissolving the bond. Dissolution with the right to remarry was not easy to obtain. Couples usually were expected to keep trying for three years before permission might be granted. The brief article appendix presents Latin excerpts from two registers of the Penitentiary from Italy in 1477 and Germany in 1484. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: ... et usque ad ultimum terrae: The Apostolic Penitentiary in Local Contexts   Edited by Gerhard Jaritz, Torstein Jørgensen, and Kirsi Salonen Ceu Medievalia .   Central European University Press, 2007. French Historical Studies , 30., 1 (Winter 2007):  Pages 71 - 82.
Year of Publication: 2007.

13. Record Number: 26949
Author(s): Gullino, Giuseppe
Contributor(s):
Title : Il "Clan" dei Foscari. Politica matrimoniale e interessi familiari (secc. XIV-XV) [The Foscari family had many branches by the fourteenth century, and their children married into other prominent families. These ties were intended to advance the economic interests, and later the political ambitions, of the Foscari. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Studi Veneziani , 54., ( 2007):  Pages 31 - 64.
Year of Publication: 2007.

14. Record Number: 20608
Author(s): Seabourne, Gwen
Contributor(s):
Title : Eleanor of Brittany and Her Treatment by King John and Henry III [Eleanor of Brittany, daughter of Geoffrey Plantagenet, older brother of King John of England, did not lead the life expected of noble women. She did not succeed to any of her father's territories nor did she marry. Instead King John and his son, Henry III, held her in confinement for over 40 years. Seabourne argues that at first the conditions were conceived as guardianship. There were even some efforts made toward advantageous marriages for Eleanor. Nothing materialized, and her supervision became more strict. Henry III held her prisoner until her death even though in those later years she could no longer bear children to threaten the royal succession. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Nottingham Medieval Studies , 51., ( 2007):  Pages 73 - 110.
Year of Publication: 2007.

15. Record Number: 19528
Author(s): Dabrowska, Malgorzata
Contributor(s):
Title : Ought One to Marry? Manuel II Palaiologos' Point of View [The Emperor Manuel wrote a dialog on marriage between 1394 and 1397. His aim was to emphasize how important inheritance was for the imperial family. Dabrowska suggests that the emperor later revised the text to encourage his own son to marry. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies , 31., 2 ( 2007):  Pages 146 - 156.
Year of Publication: 2007.

16. Record Number: 20611
Author(s): Klinck, Anne L
Contributor(s):
Title : To have and to hold: The Bridewealth of Wives and the "Mund" of Widows in Anglo-Saxon England [The author examine women's status, particularly brides and widows, and the control that men exercised over them. Klinck brings in Anglo-Saxon vocabulary from legal sources as evidence. She also considers recent historiographic developments. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Nottingham Medieval Studies , 51., ( 2007):  Pages 231 - 245.
Year of Publication: 2007.

17. Record Number: 19950
Author(s): Jordan, Erin L.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Abduction" of Ida of Boulogne: Assessing Women's Agency in Thirteenth-Century France
Source: French Historical Studies , 30., 1 (Winter 2007):  Pages 1 - 20.
Year of Publication: 2007.

18. Record Number: 23595
Author(s): Marinkovic, Ana
Contributor(s):
Title : Si et in quantum: The Role of Papal Dispensations in Matrimonial Contracts of Fifteenth Century Ragusa [The author has found five instances in which dispensations figured in the marriage contracts of elite families in fifteenth century Ragusa. Any dispensation was supposed to predate transfer of the bride to the groom's home. Couples who did not wait for a dispensation had to seek absolution and legitimization of offspring. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: ... et usque ad ultimum terrae: The Apostolic Penitentiary in Local Contexts   Edited by Gerhard Jaritz, Torstein Jørgensen, and Kirsi Salonen Ceu Medievalia .   Central European University Press, 2007. French Historical Studies , 30., 1 (Winter 2007):  Pages 61 - 69.
Year of Publication: 2007.

19. Record Number: 19218
Author(s): Shepard, Laurie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marking Time: The Lives of the Young in Fifteenth-century Tuscany [In this short, introductory essay for an art exhibit, the author reviews religious and secular beliefs about infancy, childhood and adolescence. Gender distinctions affected girls' education, marriage, and spousal duties. Title note supplied by Feminae].
Source: Secular Sacred: 11th-16th Century Works from the Boston Public Library and the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.   Edited by Nancy Netzer .   McMullen Museum of Art, 2006. Studi Veneziani , 54., ( 2007):  Pages 74 - 79.
Year of Publication: 2006.

20. Record Number: 19219
Author(s): Leone, Stephanie C.
Contributor(s):
Title : In Vogue in Fifteenth-Century Florence: The Material Culture of Marriage [In this short, introductory essay for an art exhibit, the author surveys the meaning of the sumptuously painted wedding chest ("cassone") given by the groom and used to transport the bride's trousseau. The rich iconography of specific "cassoni" is discussed including the Meeting of Esther. Title Note Supplied by Feminae].
Source: Secular Sacred: 11th-16th Century Works from the Boston Public Library and the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.   Edited by Nancy Netzer .   McMullen Museum of Art, 2006. Studi Veneziani , 54., ( 2007):  Pages 81 - 87.
Year of Publication: 2006.

21. Record Number: 20473
Author(s): Winroth, Anders
Contributor(s):
Title : Neither Slave nor Free: Theology and Law in Gratian's Thoughts on the Definition of Marriage and Unfree Persons [The original text of Gratian's "Decretum" favored the right of unfree persons to marry, even when the other partner was ignorant of a spouse's servile status. The vulgate version of the text inserted older canons requiring a master's consent to the marriage. The canonists eventually adopted Gratian's opinion. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Medieval Church Law and the Origins of the Western Legal Tradition: A Tribute to Kenneth Pennington.   Edited by Wolfgang P. Müller and Mary E. Sommar .   Catholic University of America Press, 2006. Studies in Iconography , 27., ( 2006):  Pages 97 - 109.
Year of Publication: 2006.

22. Record Number: 20474
Author(s): Donahue, Charles, Jr
Contributor(s):
Title : Johannes Faventinus on Marriage (with an Appendix Revisiting the Question of the Dating of Alexander III's Marriage Decretals) [Two ideas of marriage coexisted in the 12th century. The canonist Gratian favored consummation as the decisive element in matrimony. Peter Lombard, a theologian, emphasized consent. The canonist Johannes Faventinus, whose teachings may have helped mold the influential decrees of Pope Alexander III, accepted Peter Lombard's distinction of a promise to wed and words of consent in the present tense. Consummation was equated in Faventinus' opinion with consent in the present tense. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Medieval Church Law and the Origins of the Western Legal Tradition: A Tribute to Kenneth Pennington.   Edited by Wolfgang P. Müller and Mary E. Sommar .   Catholic University of America Press, 2006. Studies in Iconography , 27., ( 2006):  Pages 179 - 197.
Year of Publication: 2006.

23. Record Number: 20475
Author(s): Schmugge, Ludwig
Contributor(s):
Title : Barbara Zymermanin's Two Husbands [In 1465 the Papal Penitentiary commissioned the bishop of Bamberg to examine the case of Barbara Zimermanin. She was wed to one man by her guardians but compelled by her brothers to marry another. The second man tried to claim Barbara and her possessions; but she cohabitated with the first man as his wife, bearing him children. One of Zymermanin's concerns in petitioning the penitentiary was to defend the legitimacy of her children. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Medieval Church Law and the Origins of the Western Legal Tradition: A Tribute to Kenneth Pennington.   Edited by Wolfgang P. Müller and Mary E. Sommar .   Catholic University of America Press, 2006. Studies in Iconography , 27., ( 2006):  Pages 289 - 298.
Year of Publication: 2006.

24. Record Number: 20621
Author(s): Turco, Iole
Contributor(s):
Title : Cristina di Markyate e la "mistica femminile" [Twelfth-century intellectuals doubted women's spiritual capacities, but the same period saw many women mystics gain recognition for their experience of God. Christina of Markyate was a visionary with her earliest visions tied to the defense of her virginity. Some are concerned with Christina's mystical marriage to Christ. Her experiences transcended the limits of the intellect through love. Title note supplies by Feminae.]
Source: Schede medievali , 44., ( 2006):  Pages 127 - 147.
Year of Publication: 2006.

25. Record Number: 20013
Author(s): Vacca, Diane Duyos.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage and Morals in the Fourteenth Century: The Evidence of Bishop Hamo's Register [The author looks at cases from Bishop Hamo's register, 1317- 1352 in the area of Rochester. The cases concern marriage and sexual offenses, including adultery, priests' concubines, clandestine marriages (which one party often preferred to deny), and violations of betrothals. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: English Historical Review , 121., 491 (April 2006):  Pages 467 - 486.
Year of Publication: 2006.

26. Record Number: 16303
Author(s): Niles, John D
Contributor(s):
Title : Why the Bishop of Florence Had to Get Married [The author analyzes the "adventus" ceremony in Florence when a new bishop took possession of his see. The ceremony included a ritual marriage with the abbess of San Pier Maggiore monastery. Miller argues that the bishop's outsider status and role as head of a lineage needed the connection with a highly placed abbess to symbolize his alliance with the city's most important political families. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Speculum , 81., 4 (October 2006):  Pages 1055 - 1091.
Year of Publication: 2006.

27. Record Number: 20779
Author(s): Meyer, Mati
Contributor(s):
Title : The Levite's Concubine: Imaging the Marginal Woman in Byzantine Society [Provides comparative discussion of different representations of the rape of the concubine within the corpus of illuminated Byzantine manuscripts; extrapolates on what these different representations -particularly of clothing--reveal about contemporary clergy's attitudes towards the concepts of women, sexuality, and the function of marriage. Title note supplied by Feminae].
Source: Studies in Iconography , 27., ( 2006):  Pages 45 - 76.
Year of Publication: 2006.

28. Record Number: 13653
Author(s): Bogomoletz, Wladimir V.
Contributor(s):
Title : Anna of Kiev: An Enigmatic Capetian Queen of the Eleventh Century: A Reassessment of Biographical Sources
Source: French History , 19., 3 (September 2005):  Pages 299 - 323.
Year of Publication: 2005.

29. Record Number: 20357
Author(s): Fabbri, Lorenzo
Contributor(s):
Title : I carteggi familiari degli Strozzi e il tema del matrimonio: un'esperienza di ricerca [Private papers like those of the Strozzi family cast light on marriage negotiations in fifteenth century Florence. The letters of Alessandra Strozzi and Marco Pareti, her brother-in-law, reveal personal qualities sought in the brides for her sons, as well as practical issues like dowry. The character and appearance of the prospective bride were as important as the size of her dowry. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Mélanges de l'Ecole française de Rome. Moyen âge , 117., 1 ( 2005):  Pages 223 - 237.
Year of Publication: 2005.

30. Record Number: 21343
Author(s): Bellavitis, Anna
Contributor(s):
Title : A proposito di "Men and Women in Renaissance Venice" di Stanley Chojnacki
Source: Quaderni Storici , 118., 1 ( 2005):  Pages 203 - 238.
Year of Publication: 2005.

31. Record Number: 14144
Author(s): Stuard, Susan Mosher.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage Gifts and Fashion Mischief [Susan Mosher Stuard in "Marriage Gifts and Fashion Mischief" details Italian wedding transactions, including the Lombard "male dowry," and the Roman bride's fiscal gift to her husband. She links the increasing pressure from husbands to receive liquid ass
Source: The Medieval Marriage Scene: Prudence, Passion, Policy.   Edited by Sherry Roush and Cristelle L. Baskins .   Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2005. Schede medievali , 44., ( 2006):  Pages 169 - 185. Republished in Considering Medieval Women and Gender. Susan Mosher Stuard. Ashgate Variorum, 2010. Chapter V.
Year of Publication: 2005.

32. Record Number: 14137
Author(s): Elliott, Dyan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Lollardy and the Integrity of Marriage and the Family [The author argues that Lollardy saw women's roles in the orthodox church as open to exploitation by the clergy. Lollardy targeted such abuse as friars taking advantage of women both for sex and for alms, as well as for priests becoming too familiar with
Source: The Medieval Marriage Scene: Prudence, Passion, Policy.   Edited by Sherry Roush and Cristelle L. Baskins .   Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2005. Schede medievali , 44., ( 2006):  Pages 37 - 54.
Year of Publication: 2005.

33. Record Number: 14138
Author(s): Baldwin, John W.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Many Loves of Philip Augustus [The author analyzes the French king's sexual liaisons with women. The driving forces are his need for legitimate heirs and his strong antipathy toward his second wife, Ingeborg of Denmark. Philip Augustus spent twenty years repudiating the marriage, only
Source: The Medieval Marriage Scene: Prudence, Passion, Policy.   Edited by Sherry Roush and Cristelle L. Baskins .   Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2005. Schede medievali , 44., ( 2006):  Pages 67 - 80.
Year of Publication: 2005.

34. Record Number: 14142
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Dilemma of the Widow of Property for Late Medieval London [The author argues that wealthy widows, with both capital and property, served as conduits of wealth. Widows tended to remarry within the same social group to which their previous husbands had belonged, strengthening guild and status solidarities. Title n
Source: The Medieval Marriage Scene: Prudence, Passion, Policy.   Edited by Sherry Roush and Cristelle L. Baskins .   Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2005. Schede medievali , 44., ( 2006):  Pages 135 - 146.
Year of Publication: 2005.

35. Record Number: 14139
Author(s): Jochens, Jenny.
Contributor(s):
Title : Germanic Marriage : The Case of Medieval Iceland [The author analyzes the Germanic model of marriage, using written evidence from Iceland. Jochens characterizes pagan marriage as a commercial contract with the right to consent for both the woman and the man. Another important concept, marital fidelity,
Source: The Medieval Marriage Scene: Prudence, Passion, Policy.   Edited by Sherry Roush and Cristelle L. Baskins .   Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2005. Schede medievali , 44., ( 2006):  Pages 55 - 65.
Year of Publication: 2005.

36. Record Number: 14140
Author(s): Baskins, Cristelle L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Scenes from a Marriage : Hospitality and Commerce in Boccaccio's "Tale of Saladin and Torello" [The author reads the panel paintings of a story from Boccaccio in terms of both gender and economics. Adalieta, the wife of Torello, gives him gifts (rather than vice versa as was customary). The Saracen figures in the story need to be domesticated, with
Source: The Medieval Marriage Scene: Prudence, Passion, Policy.   Edited by Sherry Roush and Cristelle L. Baskins .   Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2005. Schede medievali , 44., ( 2006):  Pages 81 - 99.
Year of Publication: 2005.

37. Record Number: 14141
Author(s): Poe, Elizabeth W.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Old and the Feckless: Fabliau Husbands
Source: The Medieval Marriage Scene: Prudence, Passion, Policy.   Edited by Sherry Roush and Cristelle L. Baskins .   Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2005. Schede medievali , 44., ( 2006):  Pages 115 - 134.
Year of Publication: 2005.

38. Record Number: 14143
Author(s): Pederson, Frederik.
Contributor(s):
Title : Counsel and Consent : Preparing for Marriage Litigation according to the Fourteenth- Century York Cause Papers [The author presents evidence from eight cases appearing in the York cause papers. In all of these instances the woman and man with the support of their families and friends tried a variety of informal meetings and tribunals to establish the facts and, if
Source: The Medieval Marriage Scene: Prudence, Passion, Policy.   Edited by Sherry Roush and Cristelle L. Baskins .   Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2005. Schede medievali , 44., ( 2006):  Pages 147 - 168.
Year of Publication: 2005.

39. Record Number: 14135
Author(s): Baskin, Judith R.
Contributor(s):
Title : Medieval Jewish Models of Marriage [The author discusses a variety of aspects relating to Jewish marriage both in Christian and Muslim regions. Specific topics include Rabbinic law, Jewish mysticism, documentary evidence, sexual relationships between Jews and non-Jews, and Jewish wedding c
Source: The Medieval Marriage Scene: Prudence, Passion, Policy.   Edited by Sherry Roush and Cristelle L. Baskins .   Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2005. Schede medievali , 44., ( 2006):  Pages 1 - 22.
Year of Publication: 2005.

40. Record Number: 11531
Author(s): Doran, John.
Contributor(s):
Title : Innocent III and the Uses of Spiritual Marriage [Medieval traditions divided over whether a bishop married his see or was Christ's groom's man in marrying a local church. Innocent III argued in a sermon that he, as Vicar of Christ, married the church. Other bishops were groom's men, friends of the bridegroom but not wedded to their own sees.Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Pope, Church and City: Essays in Honour of Brenda M. Bolton.   Edited by Frances Andrews, Christoph Egger and Constance M. Rousseau Medieval Mediterranean .   Brill, 2004. Speculum , 79., 4 (October 2004):  Pages 101 - 114.
Year of Publication: 2004.

41. Record Number: 11667
Author(s): Marchetto, Giuliano.
Contributor(s):
Title : Primus fuit Lamech: La bigamia tra irregolarita e delitto nella dottrina di diritto commune [Bigamy was an equivocal term in early medieval law, originally used for both remarriage and polygamy. A man who remarried, married a widow or wed a single woman who was not a virgin was denied promotion to holy orders. Only gradually was the term restricted to a man who had two or more wives at once. Arguments against polygamy, which was sanctioned by the Old Testament, turned on domestic harmony or on the impossibility of two marriages coexisting under the New Law. Roman law punished a bigamist for seduction, not for adultery. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Trasgressioni: Seduzione, concubinato, adulterio, bigamia (XIV-XVIII secolo).   Edited by Silvana Seidel Menchi and Diego Quaglini .   Il Mulino, 2004. Speculum , 79., 4 (October 2004):  Pages 43 - 105.
Year of Publication: 2004.

42. Record Number: 11668
Author(s): Ferrante, Lucia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Consensus concubinarius: un'invenzione giuridica per il principe [Ecclesiastical concepts of marriage as consensual and a sacrament coexisted in practice during the Middle Ages with a less formal union, concubinage. Servants frequently served as concubines of their employers. Lawyers had to deal with the nebulous status of the concubine and with that of her children too. In later centuries, a greater emphasis on matrimony led to the identification of concubinage with prostitution. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Trasgressioni: Seduzione, concubinato, adulterio, bigamia (XIV-XVIII secolo).   Edited by Silvana Seidel Menchi and Diego Quaglini .   Il Mulino, 2004. Speculum , 79., 4 (October 2004):  Pages 107 - 132.
Year of Publication: 2004.

43. Record Number: 11669
Author(s): Orlando, Ermanno.
Contributor(s):
Title : Il matrimonio delle beffe: Unioni finte, simulate, per gioco, Padova e Venezia, fine secolo XIV - inizi secolo XVI [The emphasis on consent in medieval ecclesiastical regulations concerning matrimony left the way open for clandestine and simulated marriages. The lack of required public formalities permitted men to mislead women they desired by simulating marriage, and a couple could pretend to be wed. Weddings might be held in jest, especially in a tavern. Church authorities sought eventually to prevent clandestine marriages and eliminate rowdy elements from weddings, while the Venetian republic too worked to make simulated or secret marriages impossible. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Trasgressioni: Seduzione, concubinato, adulterio, bigamia (XIV-XVIII secolo).   Edited by Silvana Seidel Menchi and Diego Quaglini .   Il Mulino, 2004. Speculum , 79., 4 (October 2004):  Pages 231 - 267.
Year of Publication: 2004.

44. Record Number: 21331
Author(s): Soldani, Maria Elisa
Contributor(s):
Title : Alleanze matrimoniali e strategie patrimoniali nella Barcellona del XV secolo: i mercanti toscani fra integrazione e consolidamento della ricchezza [Italian merchants resident in Barcelona might choose to stay, becoming permanent residents, or return home later. These decisions affected their strategies for marriage, both for themselves and their children. Intermarriages with citizen families of Barcelona helped Italian families assimilate. Women, especially widows, played important roles in the social and economic life of the Italian merchant community. The appendix presents documents in the divorce of Joan Boffill and Giovanna della Setta, 1455. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Archivio Storico Italiano , 162., 1 ( 2004):  Pages 667 - 696.
Year of Publication: 2004.

45. Record Number: 16588
Author(s): McSheffrey, Shannon.
Contributor(s):
Title : Place, Space, and Situation: Public and Private in the Making of Marriage in Late Medieval London [The author argues that marriage in fourteenth century London was a process that moved through a series of well-recognized steps with increasing publicity. Situations that we moderns would characterize as private (e.g. exchange of consent in the bride's h
Source: Speculum , 79., 4 (October 2004):  Pages 960 - 990.
Year of Publication: 2004.

46. Record Number: 30069
Author(s): Fiori, Antonia,
Contributor(s):
Title : La prima condanna canonica del duello e il suo contesto storico: Niccolò I e il divorzio di Lotario e Teutberga
Source: "Panta rei": Studi dedicati a Manlio Bellomo.   Edited by Orazio Condorelli .   Il Cigno, 2004. Archivio Storico Italiano , 162., 1 ( 2004):  Pages 353 - 374. Vol. 2.
Year of Publication: 2004.

47. Record Number: 11025
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Violence, the Queen's Body, and the Medieval Body Politic [The author explores historical and literary accounts of queens and noble women appearing before their husbands in their shifts to refute false accusations. Wearing a shift was next to nudity; moreover the woman had discarded the dress provided by her husband as a mark of social status. Frequently this was intended as an act of resistance to salvage a troubled marriage. These stories reflect concerns about the consort as a potential locus of resistance, instead of a support for the regime, even when reclaiming her rightful status. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: A Great Effusion of Blood? Interpreting Medieval Violence.   Edited by Mark D. Meyerson, Daniel Thiery, and Oren Falk .   University of Toronto Press, 2004. Speculum , 79., 4 (October 2004):  Pages 241 - 267.
Year of Publication: 2004.

48. Record Number: 12606
Author(s): Starkey, Kathryn.
Contributor(s):
Title : “Tristan” Slippers: An Image of Adultery or a Symbol of Marriage? [Leather slippers decorated with iconography apparently representing the adulterous courtly couple Tristan and Isolde were popular in the urban centers of the Low Countries, and these shoes were perhaps given as bridal gifts or in betrothal ceremonies. Although the image of an adulterous couple may not seem appropriate for shoes associated with marriage, other iconography on the slippers (such as an orchard, falcon, chessboard, and literary inscriptions) and contemporary Dutch literature about the Tristan story indicate that the urban public was reappropriating elements of courtly culture. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Fabrications: Dress, Textiles, Clothwork, and Other Cultural Imaginings.   Edited by E. Jane Burns .   Palgrave, 2004. Speculum , 79., 4 (October 2004):  Pages 35 - 53.
Year of Publication: 2004.

49. Record Number: 14093
Author(s): Goldberg, P. J. P.
Contributor(s):
Title : Migration, Youth, and Gender in Later Medieval England [The author looks at English records from church courts and from taxation. He concludes that most migrants were young and travelled relatively short distances. In addition, women were more likely to move away from home than men. Goldberg adds that, while migration was a lifecycle phase for many young people, some individuals because of poverty were obligated to remain migrant servants or laborers all their lives. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Youth in the Middle Ages.   Edited by P. J. P. Goldberg and Felicity Riddy .   York Medieval Press in association with the Boydell Press, 2004. Speculum , 79., 4 (October 2004):  Pages 85 - 99.
Year of Publication: 2004.

50. Record Number: 10817
Author(s): Martin, Russell E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Archival Sleuths and Documentary Transpositions: Notes on the Typology and Textology of Muscovite Royal Wedding Descriptions [The author surveys royal wedding documents from the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, particularly ceremonials (narrative descriptions of weddings) and wedding masters (rosters of courtiers who performed various roles in the ceremonies). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Russian History , 30., 3 (Fall 2003):  Pages 253 - 300.
Year of Publication: 2003.

51. Record Number: 8706
Author(s): de Trafford, Claire.
Contributor(s):
Title : Share and Share Alike? The Marriage Portion, Inheritance, and Family Politics [The author explores the use of the marriage portion or "maritagium" given by the bride's family, usually in the form of land or rents. Since wives had a say in the disposal of their "maritagia," it tended to increase their status in the family. Also there was an effort to provide for all children, including daughters, rather than the later emphasis on a sole male heir with primogeniture. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies on Medieval and Early Modern Women: Pawns or Players?   Edited by Christine Meek and Catherine Lawless .   Four Courts Press, 2003. Russian History , 30., 3 (Fall 2003):  Pages 36 - 48.
Year of Publication: 2003.

52. Record Number: 9515
Author(s): Bennett, Judith M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Writing Fornication: Medieval Leyrwite and Its Historians (Read 4 July 2002) [In the Appendix the author lists the printed editions of primary sources that she consulted. She also includes brief comments on the situation for south-western England (Devon and Cornwall), since leyrwite was exceptionally high in Cornwall.].
Source: Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. Sixth Series , 13., ( 2003):  Pages 131 - 162.
Year of Publication: 2003.

53. Record Number: 10902
Author(s): Hornaday, Aline G.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Capetian Queen as Street Demonstrator: Isabelle of Hainaut [The author argues against the standard representation of Isabelle as an abused child whose early death in childbirth is worth only a passing footnote. Hornaday notes instead her courage confronting her husband when he contemplated divorce, her commitment to her regal responsibilities, and her Christian generosity. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Capetian Women.   Edited by Kathleen Nolan .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. Sixth Series , 13., ( 2003):  Pages 77 - 97.
Year of Publication: 2003.

54. Record Number: 14555
Author(s): Rock, Vivienne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Shadow Royals? The Political Use of the Extended Family of Lady Margaret Beaufort [The author analyzes how Margaret Beaufort made advantageous marriages and positions for her extended family of half and step siblings and their descendants. At the same time these arrangements usually furthered the political aims of the Tudor dynasty. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Family and Dynasty in Late Medieval England: Proceedings of the 1997 Harlaxton Symposium.   Edited by Richard Eales and Shaun Tyas Harlaxton medieval studies .   Shaun Tyas, 2003. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. Sixth Series , 13., ( 2003):  Pages 193 - 210.
Year of Publication: 2003.

55. Record Number: 16345
Author(s): Batany, Jean.
Contributor(s):
Title : Quelques effets burlesques dans le "Livre des Manières"
Source: Risus Mediaevalis: Laughter in Medieval Literature and Art.   Edited by Herman Braet, Guido Latré, and Werner Verbeke Mediaevalia Lovaniensia, Series 1, Studia 30. .   Leuven University Press, 2003. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. Sixth Series , 13., ( 2003):  Pages 119 - 128.
Year of Publication: 2003.

56. Record Number: 16346
Author(s): Brusegan, Rosanna
Contributor(s):
Title : La plaisanterie dans le "Lai de Nabaret"
Source: Risus Mediaevalis: Laughter in Medieval Literature and Art.   Edited by Herman Braet, Guido Latré, and Werner Verbeke Mediaevalia Lovaniensia, Series 1, Studia 30. .   Leuven University Press, 2003. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. Sixth Series , 13., ( 2003):  Pages 129 - 141.
Year of Publication: 2003.

57. Record Number: 16353
Author(s): Lodder, Fred.
Contributor(s):
Title : Of Wives and Men: Middle Dutch Fabliaux on a Hot Urban Issue
Source: Risus Mediaevalis: Laughter in Medieval Literature and Art.   Edited by Herman Braet, Guido Latré, and Werner Verbeke Mediaevalia Lovaniensia, Series 1, Studia 30. .   Leuven University Press, 2003. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. Sixth Series , 13., ( 2003):  Pages 181 - 194.
Year of Publication: 2003.

58. Record Number: 10725
Author(s): Lehfeldt, Elizabeth A.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Gender Shared Sovereignty: Texts and the Royal Marriage of Isabella and Ferdinand [The author analyzes the first year of Isabella's and Ferdinand's joint reign through the texts of four chroniclers: Fernando del Pulgar, Alfonso de Palencia, Diego de Valera, and Juan de Flores. Lehfeldt finds that Valera consistently defends Isabella's right to rule, while Palencia is harshly critical much of the time. Flores and Pulgar seemingly tried to avoid committing themselves to either monarch. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women, Texts, and Authority in the Early Modern Spanish World.   Edited by Marta V. Vicente and Luis R. Corteguera .   Ashgate, 2003. Archivio Storico Italiano , 162., 1 ( 2004):  Pages 37 - 55.
Year of Publication: 2003.

59. Record Number: 10903
Author(s): Schowalter, Kathleen S.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Ingeborg Psalter: Queenship, Legitimacy, and the Appropriation of Byzantine Art in the West [Ingeberg of Denmark married Philippe Auguste, but he repudiated her the following day. She insisted on her legitimacy for twenty years before being restored. Schowalter argues that her psalter models itself on the one belonging to Queen Melisande and that changes in the iconography were made deliberately to emphasize Ingeborg's queenship including representations of anointing and coronation. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Capetian Women.   Edited by Kathleen Nolan .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Archivio Storico Italiano , 162., 1 ( 2004):  Pages 99 - 135.
Year of Publication: 2003.

60. Record Number: 10559
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Princesses of Chernigov (1054-1246) [The author investigates around fifty princesses from seven generations in the Chernihiv dynasty. He describes their responsibilities, family relationships, and involvements with politics. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Mediaeval Studies , 65., ( 2003):  Pages 163 - 212.
Year of Publication: 2003.

61. Record Number: 8071
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Public Exposure? Consorts and Ritual in Late Medieval Europe: The Example of the Entrance of the Dogaresse of Venice [The author argues that the ceremonial processions of the wives of the new doges both contained and empowered these women. The ceremonies had something in common with coronation rites and with wedding ceremonies. The peculiar conditions governing the doge's political power meant that dynastic succession (and his consort's fertility) were not issues of concern. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Gendering the Master Narrative: Women and Power in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Mary C. Erler and Maryanne Kowaleski .   Cornell University Press, 2003. Mediaeval Studies , 65., ( 2003):  Pages 174 - 189.
Year of Publication: 2003.

62. Record Number: 8707
Author(s): Smith, Brendan.
Contributor(s):
Title : I Have Nothing But Through Her: Women and the Conquest of Ireland, 1170-1240 [The author explores the various roles that women played: given as prizes in marriage to cement alliances among the conquerors, victims of brutality and rape from the invading army, and inciters to "grant crueté" whether urging their husbands to sterner retaliations or, like Alice of Abervenny, the beheader of seventy Irish prisoners after the battle of Baginbun. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies on Medieval and Early Modern Women: Pawns or Players?   Edited by Christine Meek and Catherine Lawless .   Four Courts Press, 2003. Mediaeval Studies , 65., ( 2003):  Pages 49 - 58.
Year of Publication: 2003.

63. Record Number: 8501
Author(s): Lansing, Carol.
Contributor(s):
Title : Concubines, Lovers, Prostitutes: Infamy and Female Identity in Medieval Bologna [The author analyzes secular law court records both for the attitudes of poor men and women toward the informal living arrangements which some couples maintained and for the attitudes of the elite and of judges. The author argues that it was the intention of those with power to reinforce behavior norms for "honest" women. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Beyond Florence: The Contours of Medieval and Early Modern Italy.   Edited by Paula Findlen, Michelle M. Fontaine, and Duane J. Osheim .   Stanford University Press, 2003. Mediaeval Studies , 65., ( 2003):  Pages 85
Year of Publication: 2003.

64. Record Number: 10816
Author(s): Raffensperger, Christian.
Contributor(s):
Title : Evpraksia Vsevolodovna between East and West [Eupraxia, daughter of the Grand Prince of Kiev, was married to the German rulers, though both alliances were short-lived. Raffensperger argues that her life illustrates the European connections that Russian princes maintained at this time through dynastic marriages. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Russian History , 30., 40180 (Spring-Summer 2003):  Pages 23 - 34.
Year of Publication: 2003.

65. Record Number: 10704
Author(s): Karras, Ruth Mazo.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage and the Creation of Kin in the Sagas [The author concludes in part: "The fact that kinship networks were up for negotiation, that each conjugal unit in a sense selected for itself when which kinship bonds were the most important, meant that power within marriage was up for negotiation too. The default obligation for men was their blood relatives and for women seems rather to have been to their husbands; but the system was flexible enough that each couple worked out for itself which relationships were most important." (page 488).]
Source: Scandinavian Studies , 75., 1 (Spring 2003):  Pages 473 - 490.
Year of Publication: 2003.

66. Record Number: 10900
Author(s): Huneycutt, Lois L.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Creation of a Crone: The Historical Reputation of Adelaide of Maurienne [The author cites a story from a seventeenth century history which portrays Adelaide as a spiteful and lascivious old woman. Hunneycutt argues that Adelaide confused contemporaries by acting as an integral part of the monarchy. Her second marriage also caused concern. Adeliza of Louvain, by contrast, did not take an active role in government and is remembered chiefly for her beauty. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Capetian Women.   Edited by Kathleen Nolan .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Scandinavian Studies , 75., 1 (Spring 2003):  Pages 27 - 43.
Year of Publication: 2003.

67. Record Number: 10899
Author(s): Adair, Penelope Ann.
Contributor(s):
Title : Constance of Arles: A Study in Duty and Frustration [Constance's struggle to conserve financial resources put her in conflict with both her husband and sons. This difficulty coupled with other notable handicaps, including suspicion of her as a foreigner and her husband's less than full support, doomed this
Source: Capetian Women.   Edited by Kathleen Nolan .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Scandinavian Studies , 75., 1 (Spring 2003):  Pages 9 - 26.
Year of Publication: 2003.

68. Record Number: 11653
Author(s): Huntington, Joanna.
Contributor(s):
Title : Edward the Celibate, Edward the Saint: Virginity in the Construction of Edward the Confessor [The author analyzes three Latin "Lives" of the saintly king: the anonymous "Vita," Osbert of Clare's "Vita beati Eadwardi regis Anglorum," and Aelred of Rievaulx's "Vita S. Edwardi regis et confessoris." The king's virginity is presented differently in each text with Osbert mostly concerned in terms of the incorruptible virginal body, while Aelred portrays him as a living virgin king. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Virginities.   Edited by Anke Bernau, Ruth Evans, and Sarah Salih .   Religion and Culture in the Middle Ages series. University of Wales Press; University of Toronto Press, 2003. Scandinavian Studies , 75., 1 (Spring 2003):  Pages 119 - 139.
Year of Publication: 2003.

69. Record Number: 14607
Author(s): Bock, Gisela and Margarete Zimmermann
Contributor(s):
Title : The European "Querelle des femmes" [The authors trace the history of the "Querelle des femmes," the debate concerning women's nature and status during the late Middle Ages and Early Modern period. They are particularly interested in the ways that modern scholars have represented the "Querelle" given its multidisciplinary scope and international extent. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval forms of argument: disputation and debate.   Edited by Georgiana Donavin, Carol Poster, and Richard Utz Disputatio .   Wipf and Stock, 5 2002. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. Sixth Series , 13., ( 2003):  Pages 127 - 156.
Year of Publication: 2002.

70. Record Number: 9502
Author(s): Horodowich, Elizabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Beyond Marriage and the Convent: Women, Class, and Honour in Renaissance Italy [Among the books discussed in this review essay are two medieval titles: Ann Crabb's "The Strozzi of Florence: Widowhood and Family Solidarity in the Renaissance" and Stanley Chojnacki's "Women and Men in Renaissance Venice: Twelve Essays on Patrician Society." Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Gender and History , 14., 2 (August 2002):  Pages 340 - 345.
Year of Publication: 2002.

71. Record Number: 9703
Author(s): Howell, Margaret.
Contributor(s):
Title : Royal Women of England and France in the Mid-Thirteenth Century: A Gendered Perspective [The author examines the lives of twelve royal women associated with Henry III, King of England, and Louis IX, King of France. Howell analyzes various issues conditioned by gender including motherhood, relations with husbands, intercession, and political power. She concludes that for queens like Isabella of Angoulme, Blanche of Castile, Marguerite of Provence, Eleanor of Castile, and Eleanor of Provence, marriage brought lives that were varied, interesting, and satisfying. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: England and Europe in the Reign of Henry III (1216-1272).   Edited by Bjšrn K. U. Weiler with Ifor W. Rowlands .   Ashgate, 2002. Gender and History , 14., 2 (August 2002):  Pages 163 - 181.
Year of Publication: 2002.

72. Record Number: 8088
Author(s): Stanton, Robert.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage, Socialization, and Domestic Violence in the "Life of Christina of Markyate" [The author emphasizes the social dimensions of the "Life" and argues that the monk/author was critical of the social acculturation required for the nobility. Stanton also argues that previous authors downplayed the violence her parents and fiancé do to Christina. Another important aspect of the "Life" is the pivotal moment it represents in the transformation of marriage when consent of both partners becomes more important. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Domestic Violence in Medieval Texts.   Edited by Eve Salisbury, Georgiana Donavin, and Merrall Llewelyn Price .   University Press of Florida, 2002. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. Sixth Series , 13., ( 2003):  Pages 242 - 271.
Year of Publication: 2002.

73. Record Number: 6612
Author(s): Walker, Alicia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Myth and Magic in Early Byzantine Marriage Jewelry: The Persistence of Pre-Christian Traditions [the author argues that early Byzantine marriage rings were intended to promote and protect marital harmony; "In contrast to the marriage belt from the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and the belt buckle from the Metropolitan Museum, Byzantine marriage rings do not express an overt association with pagan traditions. But, the resonance of their inscriptions with pagan magical texts may still indicate a perpetuation, on some level, of non-Christian practices and beliefs within the social context of Byzantine marriage." p. 69]
Source: The Material Culture of Sex, Procreation, and Marriage in Premodern Europe.   Edited by Anne L. McClanan and Karen Rosoff Encarnación .   Palgrave, 2002. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. Sixth Series , 13., ( 2003):  Pages 59 - 78.
Year of Publication: 2002.

74. Record Number: 8280
Author(s): Marín, Manuela.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage and Sexuality in Al-Andalus [The author examines Muslim ideas of sexuality through three texts, a religious treatise ("Kitab Adab al-nisa' " ("Treatise on the Proper Behavior of Women")), an encyclopedia ("'al- 'Iqd al-farid" ("The Unique Necklace")), and a literary anthology ("Bahjat al-majalis" ("The Beauty of Literary Gatherings")). The texts advise their male readers on rules for women's sexual conduct in order to ensure honor and legitimate heirs. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Marriage and Sexuality in Medieval and Early Modern Iberia. Hispanic Issues, Volume 26.   Edited by Eukene Lacarra Lanz .   Routledge, 2002. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. Sixth Series , 13., ( 2003):  Pages 3 - 20.
Year of Publication: 2002.

75. Record Number: 8283
Author(s): Bratsch-Prince, Dawn
Contributor(s):
Title : Pawn or Player? Violant of Bar and the Game of Matrimonial Politics in the Crown of Aragon (1380-1396) [The author argues that Violant of Bar actively participated in arranging politically advantageous marriages for her children as well as for members of her court. The Appendix presents the Catalan texts along with English translations of ten of her letters concerning some of her marriage arrangements. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Marriage and Sexuality in Medieval and Early Modern Iberia. Hispanic Issues, Volume 26.   Edited by Eukene Lacarra Lanz .   Routledge, 2002. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. Sixth Series , 13., ( 2003):  Pages 59 - 89.
Year of Publication: 2002.

76. Record Number: 10562
Author(s): Scarcia Amoretti, Biancamaria.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women's Names in Early Islamic Pro-Shiite Texts on the Genealogy of the "Talibiyyin" [The author analyzes mentions of women in three texts, "Kitab al mu'aqqibin," "Sirr al-silsila al-'Alawiyya," and "al-Majdi fi ansab al-Talibiyyin." In addition to tracing patterns and meaning in women's given names, Scarcia Amoretti also looks at the importance of women in establishing descent and the strategies for marriage within the Hasayni family, descendants of the Prophet Muhammad. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Prosopography , 23., ( 2002):  Pages 141 - 165.
Year of Publication: 2002.

77. Record Number: 7870
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Chastity, Love, and Marriage in the Margins of the "Wharncliffe Hours" [The author argues that the marginal illustrations in the "Wharncliffe Hours" represent the theme of marriage and its moral opposites including lust and rape. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Reading Texts and Images: Essays on Medieval and Renaissance Art and Patronage in Honour of Margaret M. Manion.   Edited by Bernard J. Muir .   University of Exeter Press, 2002. Medieval Prosopography , 23., ( 2002):  Pages 201 - 220.
Year of Publication: 2002.

78. Record Number: 7401
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage, Sexual Pleasure, and Learned Brides in the Wedding Orations of Fifteenth-Century Italy
Source: Renaissance Quarterly , 55., 2 (Summer 2002):  Pages 379 - 433.
Year of Publication: 2002.

79. Record Number: 8080
Author(s): Drake, Graham N.
Contributor(s):
Title : Not Safe Even in Their Own Castles: Reading Domestic Violence Against Children in Four Middle English Romances [The author argues that the physical abuse, danger in homes, abusive foster guardians, and forced marriages experienced by the children in these romances served to evoke pathos. Readers among the gentry and urban middle class were anxious about violence and insecurity but in these romances the children usually triumphed over extreme difficulties with a happy ending. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Domestic Violence in Medieval Texts.   Edited by Eve Salisbury, Georgiana Donavin, and Merrall Llewelyn Price .   University Press of Florida, 2002. Renaissance Quarterly , 55., 2 (Summer 2002):  Pages 139 - 163.
Year of Publication: 2002.

80. Record Number: 8852
Author(s): Baskins, Cristelle L.
Contributor(s):
Title : (In)Famous Men: The Continence of Scipio and Formations of Masculinity in Fifteenth-Century Tuscan Domestic Painting [The author explores the representation of Scipio Africanus in Florentine "cassoni" paintings on wedding furniture and argues for a range of masculinities. Some paintings celebrate his sexual restraint with Scipio returning the captured princess to her betrothed. However, other paintings present him as a conqueror with booty, an exemplar of masculine financial and political success for the bridegroom viewer. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies in Iconography , 23., ( 2002):  Pages 109 - 136.
Year of Publication: 2002.

81. Record Number: 8282
Author(s): Cortijo Ocaña, Antonio.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Consells- Consejos" on Marriage and Their Broader Sentimental Context [The author examines three works of advice on marriage ("Advice of Good Doctrine which a French lady Gave Her Daughter Who Married the King of England" ("Conseyll de bones doctrines que una reyna de França dona a una filla sua que fonch muller del rey Danglaterra"), "Letter from the Marquis of Villena to His Daughter Joana" ("Letra deval scrita feu lo marques de Villena e compte de Ribagortça qui apres fo intitulat duch de Gandia, per dona Joahan filla sua quant la marida ab don Johan fill del compte de Gardona, per la qual liscrivi castich e bons nodriments, dient axi"), and "Advice from a Wiseman to His Daughters" ("Castigos y dotrinas que un sabio daba a sus hijas")) that bear structured and thematic parallels to sentimental romances. The texts emphasize women's chastity, honor, humility, and piety, but also stress a misogynous view of women's out-of-control sexuality. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Marriage and Sexuality in Medieval and Early Modern Iberia. Hispanic Issues, Volume 26.   Edited by Eukene Lacarra Lanz .   Routledge, 2002. Studies in Iconography , 23., ( 2002):  Pages 39 - 56.
Year of Publication: 2002.

82. Record Number: 8084
Author(s): Kirshner, Julius.
Contributor(s):
Title : Li Emergenti Bisogni Matrimoniali in Renaissance Florence
Source: Society and Individual in Renaissance Florence.   Edited by William J. Connell .   University of California Press, 2002. Studies in Iconography , 23., ( 2002):  Pages 79 - 109. Reprinted in Marriage, Dowry, and Citizenship in Late Medieval and Renaissance Italy. Written by Julius Kirshner. University of Toronto Press, 2015. Pages 55-73.
Year of Publication: 2002.

83. Record Number: 9362
Author(s): Hilsdale, Cecily J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Bride, Book, and Visuality
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 28., ( 2002):  Pages 40 - 41.
Year of Publication: 2002.

84. Record Number: 9359
Author(s): Mladjov, Ian S. R.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Case of Iusta Grata Honoria and Imperial Women in Late Antiquity
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 28., ( 2002):  Pages 25 - 27.
Year of Publication: 2002.

85. Record Number: 6616
Author(s): Johnson, Geraldine A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Beautiful Brides and Model Mothers: The Devotional and Talismanic Functions of Early Modern Marian Reliefs [The author discusses fifteenth century madonna and child reliefs in regard to their production, devotional uses, levels of contemplation evoked, and as magical objects for marriage and the procreation of male babies].
Source: The Material Culture of Sex, Procreation, and Marriage in Premodern Europe.   Edited by Anne L. McClanan and Karen Rosoff Encarnación .   Palgrave, 2002. Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 28., ( 2002):  Pages 135 - 161.
Year of Publication: 2002.

86. Record Number: 7866
Author(s): Berkhofer, Robert F., III
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage, Lordship, and the "Greater Unfree" in Twelfth-Century France [The author uses records from northern French monasteries and information about two well-documented unfree mayoral families to explore the supervision that lords (in these cases abbots) could exert on the marriages of the more important and wealthy unfree. The author also looks at the changes in canon law in regard to marriage and the comparative case of "merchet" (a marriage payment owed to the lord by the unfree) in England. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Past and Present , 173., (November 2001):  Pages 3 - 27.
Year of Publication: 2001.

87. Record Number: 10218
Author(s): Bolton, Brenda and Constance M. Rousseau
Contributor(s):
Title : Palmerius of Picciati: Innocent III meets his "Martin Guerre" [In the early thirteenth century, Pope Innocent III drafted a decretal covering a case of disputed identity. A man claiming to be the missing Palmerius of Picciati sued for return of his wife, who had remarried in his absence, and of his property. Faced with conflicting testimony, the pope ruled that the wife, Gilla, should remain with her second husband. Innocent preferred leaving Gilla with her second husband rather than forcing her to return to "Palmerius," with whom she might have been unhappy, despite existing law favoring a first husband over a second if a man presumed dead reappeared. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress of Medieval Canon Law, Syracuse, New York, 13-18 August 1996.   Edited by Kenneth Pennington, Stanley Chodorow, and Keith H. Kendall .   Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, 2001. Gender and History , 14., 2 (August 2002):  Pages 361 - 385.
Year of Publication: 2001.

88. Record Number: 5907
Author(s): Schmidt, Victor M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Painting and Individual Devotion in Late Medieval Italy: The Case of Saint Catherine of Alexandria because Catherine of Alexandria is ill-documented, possibly even legendary, ample room was left for invention by hagiographers; the tale of Catherine's conversion and mystical marriage to Christ is not in the earliest Latin or Greek sources; these stories are documented first in Italy, and they soon had an influence on artistic depictions of this popular saint; the same motif of mystical marriage appears in the lives of Italian women saints beginning in the fourteenth century; it is difficult to tell whether the Catherine story influenced these women or their mystical piety influenced the hagiographers who wrote about Catherine].
Source: Visions of Holiness: Art and Devotion in Renaissance Italy.   Edited by Andrew Ladis and Shelley E. Zuraw .   Georgia Museum of Art, University of Georgia, 2001. Past and Present , 173., (November 2001):  Pages 21 - 36.
Year of Publication: 2001.

89. Record Number: 6941
Author(s): Seidel Menchi, Silvana.
Contributor(s):
Title : Percorsi variegati, percorsi obligati: elogio del matrimonio pre-tridentino [Medieval ideas of marriage emphasized consent. This permitted individuals a great deal of control over their marriage choices, including through clandestine unions. Sexual consummation, however, was not ignored. The power of individuals, even against familial interests, led, after the Council of Trent, to greater regulation of marriages by both Church and political entities. Title note supplied by Feminae].
Source: Matrimoni in dubbio: unioni controverse e nozze clandestine in Italia dal XIV al XVIII secolo   Edited by Edited by Silvana Seidel Menchi and Diego Quaglioni. .   Mulino, 2001. Past and Present , 173., (November 2001):  Pages 17 - 60.
Year of Publication: 2001.

90. Record Number: 6942
Author(s): Quaglioni, Diego.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sacramenti detestabili: La forma del matrimonio prima e dopo Trento [Medieval jurists combined natural law and Biblical knowledge, as well as sexual and emotional elements, in their teaching on marriage. There were enough ambiguities in local practices to further complicate litigation over contested marriages. This prompted the Council of Trent to attempt a systematization of matrimonial practices, forbidding clandestine unions and emphasizing the role of the priest as witness to the exchange of consents. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Matrimoni in dubbio: unioni controverse e nozze clandestine in Italia dal XIV al XVIII secolo.   Edited by Silvana Seidel Menchi and Diego Quaglioni .   Mulino, 2001. Past and Present , 173., (November 2001):  Pages 61 - 79.
Year of Publication: 2001.

91. Record Number: 6943
Author(s): Marchetto, Giuliano.
Contributor(s):
Title : Matrimoni incerti tra dottrina e prassi: un "consilium sapientis iudiciale" di Baldo degli Ubaldi (1327-1400) [The jurist Baldus de Ubaldis was asked to advise an appellate judge in the case of a man seeking the dowry of a girl with whom he contracted but did not consummate marriage. A statute of Vicenza favored consummation as the most important element in marriage, contrary to the learned law. Baldus advised in his "consilium" that the husband had not sustained the burdens of marriage, and therefore he had no right to the dowry. (The text of the "consilium" is found on pp. 104-105.) Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Matrimoni in dubbio: unioni controverse e nozze clandestine in Italia dal XIV al XVIII secolo.   Edited by Silvana Seidel Menchi and Diego Quaglioni .   Mulino, 2001. Past and Present , 173., (November 2001):  Pages 83 - 105.
Year of Publication: 2001.

92. Record Number: 6944
Author(s): Meek, Christine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Un unione incerta: la vicenda di Neria, figlia dell‚organista, e di Baldassare, mercaio pistoiese (Lucca, 1396-1397)
Source: Matrimoni in dubbio: unioni controverse e nozze clandestine in Italia dal XIV al XVIII secolo.   Edited by Silvana Seidel Menchi and Diego Quaglioni .   Mulino, 2001. Past and Present , 173., (November 2001):  Pages 107 - 121.
Year of Publication: 2001.

93. Record Number: 7053
Author(s): Cristellon, Cecilia.
Contributor(s):
Title : La sposa in convento (Padova e Venezia 1455-1458) [Maddalena di Sicilia tried to end her union with Giorgio Zaccarotto by entering a monastery. The case over this marriage was heard by ecclesiastical judges in Padua and Venice. Giorgio based his claim to Maddalena on consummation. Maddalena blamed family pressure that made her lie about her being of sufficient age for sexual relations. Her plea was successful, and she remained a nun. (Additional documentation on CD-ROM accompanying the book). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Matrimoni in dubbio: unioni controverse e nozze clandestine in Italia dal XIV al XVIII secolo.   Edited by Silvana Seidel Menchi and Diego Quaglioni .   Mulino, 2001. Past and Present , 173., (November 2001):  Pages 123 - 148.
Year of Publication: 2001.

94. Record Number: 7054
Author(s): Benussi, Paola.
Contributor(s):
Title : Oltre il processo: itinerari di ricerca intorno al matrimonio controverso di Giorgio Zaccarotto e Maddalena di Sicilia (Padova e Venezia 1455-1458) [The archives of San Mattia, Padua, reveal that Maddalena di Sicilia was an illegitimate child naturalized as her father's heir. The girl was married off at age 11 despite her desire to become a nun. In the end, Maddalena stayed at San Mattia as a nun. Gi
Source: Matrimoni in dubbio: unioni controverse e nozze clandestine in Italia dal XIV al XVIII secolo.   Edited by Silvana Seidel Menchi and Diego Quaglioni .   Mulino, 2001. Past and Present , 173., (November 2001):  Pages 149 - 173.
Year of Publication: 2001.

95. Record Number: 7055
Author(s): Minnucci, Giovanni.
Contributor(s):
Title : Simpliciter et de plamno, ac sine sterpitu et figura iudicii: il processo di ità matrimoniale vertente Giorgio Zaccarotto e Maddalena di Sicilia (Padova e Venezia 1455-1458): una lettura storico-giuridica [Fantino Dandolo, bishop of Padua, was excluded from the Zaccarotto-di Sicilia case on the grounds that he wanted the girl’s dowry for the Church. Nonetheless, the judge in Venice ruled against the validity of the marriage, and Maddalena remained a nun. Maddalena's age at the time of marriage (11 years old) and proof of Zaccarotto's failure to consummate - despite his claim to the contrary - told in the girl's favor. (Additional documentation on CD-ROM accompanying the book). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Matrimoni in dubbio: unioni controverse e nozze clandestine in Italia dal XIV al XVIII secolo.   Edited by Silvana Seidel Menchi and Diego Quaglioni .   Mulino, 2001. Past and Present , 173., (November 2001):  Pages 175 - 197.
Year of Publication: 2001.

96. Record Number: 7056
Author(s): Chojnacki, Stanley.
Contributor(s):
Title : Valori patrizi nel tribunale patriarcale: Girolamo da Mula e Marietta Soranzo (Venezia 1460) [Venetian ecclesiastical tribunals often had to balance canon law and political considerations. Giovanni Gabriel was able to argue successfully the importance of the disparate social stranding of Orsa Dolfin and himself. Girolamo da Mula, however, was unsuccessful in using a similar argument to deny that he was married to Marietta Soranzo. Her family was noble and simply out of favor politically. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Matrimoni in dubbio: unioni controverse e nozze clandestine in Italia dal XIV al XVIII secolo.   Edited by Silvana Seidel Menchi and Diego Quaglioni .   Mulino, 2001. Past and Present , 173., (November 2001):  Pages 199 - 245.
Year of Publication: 2001.

97. Record Number: 7057
Author(s): Marchetto, Giuliano.
Contributor(s):
Title : Il matrimonium meticulosam in un "consilium" di Bartolomeo Cipolla (ca. 1420-1475) [Bartolomeo Cipolla had to weigh indirect evidence in the case between Alvise de Sonzino and Ursina Basso to determine whether the groom had been coerced into marriage. The jurist weighed the evidence presented and advised the judge to dismiss fear as a factor in the wedding. The judge, however, ignored the jurist's advice and used his judicial discretion to rule against the marriage. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Matrimoni in dubbio: unioni controverse e nozze clandestine in Italia dal XIV al XVIII secolo.   Edited by Silvana Seidel Menchi and Diego Quaglioni .   Mulino, 2001. Past and Present , 173., (November 2001):  Pages 247 - 278.
Year of Publication: 2001.

98. Record Number: 7058
Author(s): Cristellon, Cecilia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ursina Basso contro Alvise Soncin: il "consilium" respinto di Bartolomeo Cipolla e gli atti del processo (Padova e Venezia 1461-1462) [Although Bartolomeo Cipolla advised the judge in Padua that Alvise de Sonzino had not been coerced into marrying Ursina Basso, the judge in Padua ruled against the claim of a valid marriage. The appellate judge in Venice unearthed evidence that Ursina's witnesses were suspect for reasons including low social status. He concurred in the original decision. (Additional documentation on CD-ROM accompanying the book). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Matrimoni in dubbio: unioni controverse e nozze clandestine in Italia dal XIV al XVIII secolo.   Edited by Silvana Seidel Menchi and Diego Quaglioni .   Mulino, 2001. Past and Present , 173., (November 2001):  Pages 279 - 303.
Year of Publication: 2001.

99. Record Number: 7908
Author(s): Jones, Nancy A.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Daughter's Text and the Thread of Lineage in the Old French "Philomena"
Source: Representing Rape in Medieval and Early Modern Literature.   Edited by Elizabeth Robertson and Christine M. Rose .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001. Past and Present , 173., (November 2001):  Pages 161 - 187.
Year of Publication: 2001.

100. Record Number: 13636
Author(s): Denis, Françoise.
Contributor(s):
Title : Primauté d'une politique territoriale dans certains marriages épiques. "Raoul de Cambrai": un cas exemplaire? [The author analyzes the marriages arranged for territorial gain by the king in the epic "Raoul de Cambrai." The king wants to bind the territories in northeast France, including Artois and Ponthieu, to him by installing loyal new men as the husbands of heiresses and widowed noble women. The text is critical of the king's all powerful, ruthless approach. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: L' Épopée romane au moyen âge et aux temps modernes: Actes du XIVe Congrès International de la Société Rencesvals pour l' étude des épopées romanes: Naples, 24-30 juillet 1997. 2 volumes.   Edited by Salvatore Luongo .   Fridericiana Editrice Universitaria, 2001. Past and Present , 173., (November 2001):  Pages 213 - 227.
Year of Publication: 2001.

101. Record Number: 13638
Author(s): Ion, Despina.
Contributor(s):
Title : Politique matrimoniale et stratégies narratives dans "Garin le Loheren" [The author explores the marriage exchanges made by the king, Pippin, which sometimes favor the noble men from Lorraine and sometimes instead help their rivals, the nobles from Bordeaux. There is a great deal of maneuvering with the group from Bordeaux declaring matches invalid. Marriage is generally with a higher ranked woman which confers status and resources on the new husband. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: L' Épopée romane au moyen âge et aux temps modernes: Actes du XIVe Congrès International de la Société Rencesvals pour l' étude des épopées romanes: Naples, 24-30 juillet 1997. 2 volumes.   Edited by Salvatore Luongo .   Fridericiana Editrice Universitaria, 2001. Past and Present , 173., (November 2001):  Pages 247 - 265.
Year of Publication: 2001.

102. Record Number: 6748
Author(s): Kuehn, Thomas.
Contributor(s):
Title : Daughters, Mothers, Wives, and Widows: Women as Legal Persons [The author traces women's legal agency across the life span; each phase had its limits even widowhood in which many women had to struggle for the return of their dowry or accept remarriage at their natal family's behest].
Source: Time, Space, and Women's Lives in Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Anne Jackson Schutte, Thomas Kuehn, and Silvana Seidel Menchi Sixteenth Century Essays and Studies, 57.   Truman State University Press, 2001. Gender and History , 14., 2 (August 2002):  Pages 97 - 115.
Year of Publication: 2001.

103. Record Number: 5891
Author(s): Hennessy, Cecily Jane.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Child Bride and Her Representation [The author examines Vatican Ms. gr. 1851 which contains the partial text of a poem with illustrations concerning the reception of a foreign child bride by a Byzantine emperor and his two children, the bridegroom son and his young princess sister].
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 27., ( 2001):  Pages 53
Year of Publication: 2001.

104. Record Number: 5818
Author(s): Payling, S. J.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Economics of Marriage in Late Medieval England: The Marriage of Heiresses
Source: Economic History Review , 54., 3 (August 2001):  Pages 413 - 429.
Year of Publication: 2001.

105. Record Number: 5721
Author(s): Landini, Roberta Orsi and Mary Westerman Bulgarella
Contributor(s):
Title : Costume in Fifteenth-Century Florentine Portraits of Women
Source: Virtue and Beauty: Leonardo's "Ginevra de'Benci" and Renaissance Portraits of Women." Catalog of an exhibition held Sept. 30, 2001-Jan. 6, 2002 at the National Gallery of Art.   Edited by David Alan Brown et al.; with contributions by Elizabeth Cropper and Eleonora Luciano. .   National Gallery of Art in association with Princeton University Press, 2001. Gender and History , 14., 2 (August 2002):  Pages 88 - 97.
Year of Publication: 2001.

106. Record Number: 11151
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Reading the Lives of the Married Saints in Aelfric's "Lives of Saints"
Source: Old English Newsletter , 34., 3 (Spring 2001): Appendix A: Abstracts of Papers in Anglo-Saxon Studies. Conference paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Modern Language Association of America, Washington, D.C., December 27-30, 2000, Session 16: "Editing, Interpretation, Canonization
Year of Publication: 2001.

107. Record Number: 5998
Author(s): Stoertz, Fiona Harris.
Contributor(s):
Title : Young Women in France and England, 1050- 1300
Source: Journal of Women's History (Full Text via Project Muse) 12, 4 (Winter 2001): 22-46. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2001.

108. Record Number: 6746
Author(s): Seidel Menchi, Silvana.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Girl and the Hourglass: Periodization of Women's Lives in Western Preindustrial Societies [The author examines various models that were used to indicate the significant ages in men's and women's lives; in the latter half of the article, the author concentrates on medieval Italian child brides, using case studies, prescriptive literature, and l
Source: Time, Space, and Women's Lives in Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Anne Jackson Schutte, Thomas Kuehn, and Silvana Seidel Menchi Sixteenth Century Essays and Studies, 57.   Truman State University Press, 2001.  Pages 41 - 74.
Year of Publication: 2001.

109. Record Number: 6664
Author(s): Ribordy, Geneviève.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Two Paths to Marriage: The Preliminaries of Noble Marriage in Late Medieval France
Source: Journal of Family History , 26., 3 (July 2001):  Pages 323 - 336.
Year of Publication: 2001.

110. Record Number: 5718
Author(s): Kent, Dale.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women in Renaissance Florence [the author gives a brief overview of the factors and attendant evidence that characterized the lives of Florentine noble women including marriage and the painted wedding chests (cassone), childbirth and the celebratory birth trays, clothing and sumptuary laws, religious devotion, and death].
Source: Virtue and Beauty: Leonardo's "Ginevra de'Benci" and Renaissance Portraits of Women." Catalog of an exhibition held Sept. 30, 2001-Jan. 6, 2002 at the National Gallery of Art.   Edited by David Alan Brown et al.; with contributions by Elizabeth Cropper and Eleonora Luciano. .   National Gallery of Art in association with Princeton University Press, 2001. Journal of Family History , 26., 3 (July 2001):  Pages 24 - 47.
Year of Publication: 2001.

111. Record Number: 7911
Author(s): Cannon, Christopher.
Contributor(s):
Title : Chaucer and Rape: Uncertainty's Certainties
Source: Representing Rape in Medieval and Early Modern Literature.   Edited by Elizabeth Robertson and Christine M. Rose .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001. Journal of Family History , 26., 3 (July 2001):  Pages 255 - 279.
Year of Publication: 2001.

112. Record Number: 6436
Author(s): Burrell, Margaret.
Contributor(s):
Title : Tel seit la lei de mariage: Fact and Fiction in Models of Twelfth-Century Marriage [the author examines the depiction of marriage in two French texts, the "Mystère d'Adam" and "Erec et Enide," which explore both the theories of marriage and its practice; for Adam and Eve, marriage fails because of a lack of loyalty, but for Chrétien's couple mutual trust and devotion are rewarded].
Source: Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 18., 2 (January 2001):  Pages 1 - 15.
Year of Publication: 2001.

113. Record Number: 6749
Author(s): Kirshner, Julius.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women Married Elsewhere: Gender and Citizenship in Italy
Source: Time, Space, and Women's Lives in Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Anne Jackson Schutte, Thomas Kuehn, and Silvana Seidel Menchi Sixteenth Century Essays and Studies, 57.   Truman State University Press, 2001. Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 18., 2 (January 2001):  Pages 117 - 149. Marriage, Dowry, and Citizenship in Late Medieval and Renaissance Italy. Edited by Julius Kirshner. University of Toronto Press, 2015. Pages 161-188.
Year of Publication: 2001.

114. Record Number: 6742
Author(s): Schein, Sylvia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women in Medieval Colonial Society: The Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem in the Twelfth Century [The author argues that noble and royal women in the Crusader Kingdom had a better legal status and more freedom of action than women in Europe because the conditions of constant war often overruled traditional gender roles. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Gendering the Crusades.   Edited by Susan B. Edgington and Sarah Lambert .   University of Wales Press, 2001. Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 18., 2 (January 2001):  Pages 140 - 153.
Year of Publication: 2001.

115. Record Number: 5972
Author(s): McMillan, Kirsten.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Story of Conflicts: Marriage and Conquest in the "Gesta Regum Anglorum"
Source: Gender and Conflict in the Middle Ages. Gender and Medieval Studies Conference, York, January 5-7 2001. .  2001. Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 18., 2 (January 2001):
Year of Publication: 2001.

116. Record Number: 6435
Author(s): Stafford, Pauline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Powerful Women in the Early Middle Ages: Queens and Abbesses [the author compares the network of royal women originating from the tenth century Ottonians with the royal women in the seventh century English kingdoms; she examines the structures (including family, monasteries, queenship, and regencies) through which women exercised power].
Source: The Medieval World.   Edited by Peter Linehan and Janet L. Nelson .   Routledge, 2001. Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 18., 2 (January 2001):  Pages 398 - 415.
Year of Publication: 2001.

117. Record Number: 6750
Author(s): Harris, Barbara J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Space, Time, and the Power of Aristocratic Wives in Yorkist and Early Tudor England, 1450-1550 [The author argues that the stages of life that noble wives generally moved through were complex, both in terms of their increasing responsibilities and the spaces in which they lived and to which they traveled].
Source: Time, Space, and Women's Lives in Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Anne Jackson Schutte, Thomas Kuehn, and Silvana Seidel Menchi Sixteenth Century Essays and Studies, 57.   Truman State University Press, 2001. Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 18., 2 (January 2001):  Pages 245 - 264.
Year of Publication: 2001.

118. Record Number: 5605
Author(s): Mann, Jill.
Contributor(s):
Title : Wife-Swapping in Medieval Literature [in order to understand better the relationships among Dorigen, Arveragus, and Aurelius, the author considers the exchange of wives between friends in a number of earlier medieval texts, including the Latin poem "Lantfrid and Cobbo," the many versions of "Amis and Amiloun," the thirteenth-century romance "Athis and Prophilias," Boccaccio's story in the "Decameron" concerning Titus and Gisippus, the story of Rollo and Resus in Walter Map's "De Nugis Curialium," and Giovanni Fiorentino's story of Stricca and Galgano in his fourteenth-century collection "Il Pecorone"].
Source: Viator , 32., ( 2001):  Pages 93 - 112.
Year of Publication: 2001.

119. Record Number: 6432
Author(s): Paterson, Linda.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender Negotiations in France during the Central Middle Ages: The Literary Evidence [the author argues that vernacular literature is especially valuable for details of daily life and contemporary sensibilities; she considers the themes of marriage, courtly love, gendered identity and violence (including rape) in literature along with the larger trends in French and Occitan society at the time].
Source: The Medieval World.   Edited by Peter Linehan and Janet L. Nelson .   Routledge, 2001. Viator , 32., ( 2001):  Pages 246 - 266.
Year of Publication: 2001.

120. Record Number: 4669
Author(s): Pasztor, Edith.
Contributor(s):
Title : L'eremitismo femminile (secoli XII-XV) [Despite a conciliar prohibition of female religious living alone, anchoresses are found in northern Europe from the twelfth through fourteenth centuries. Their spirituality focused at first on mystical experience, including bridal imagery. Later, under Franciscan influence, female recluses focused more on Christ crucified].
Source: Donne e sante: Studi sulla religiosità femminile nel Medio Evo. Edith Pasztor .   Edizioni Studium, 2000. Church History , 69., 2 (June 2000):  Pages 65 - 96. Originally published as "Ideali dell'eremitismoi femminile in Europa tra i secoli XII-XV," in Eremitismo nel francescaneismo medievale (Roma, 1989). Pages 129-164.
Year of Publication: 2000.

121. Record Number: 4808
Author(s): Menuge, No‘l James.
Contributor(s):
Title : Reading Constructed Narratives: An Orphaned Medieval Heiress and the Legal Case as Literature [The author argues that both the coerced heiress and her rejected husband construct narrative cases (found in the York cause papers); but the woman has a stronger witness, and makes shrewd, strategic decisions].
Source: Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts in Late Medieval Britain. Essays for Felicity Riddy.   Edited by Jocelyn Wogan-Browne, Rosalynn Voaden, Arlyn Diamond, Ann Hutchison, Carol M. Meale, and Lesley Johnson Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts .   Brepols, 2000. Church History , 69., 2 (June 2000):  Pages 115 - 129.
Year of Publication: 2000.

122. Record Number: 5593
Author(s): Evans, Michael R.
Contributor(s):
Title : Twenty-Fourth Saint Louis Conference on Manuscript Studies: Abstracts of Papers, Friday, 10 October 1997, Session II--Women of the Book: Düsseldorf, Landes-und Universitätsbibliothek Sammelhandschrift B. 3 and Its Place in Carolingian Literary Culture. [the author argues that the manuscript was completed by or for a woman based on the selection of the fourteen texts included; the saints' lives, prayers, and romances all demonstrate a pronounced interest in female characters and women's concerns; the courtesy texts in the manuscript would have been used by women in the education of their children or others' children in their charge].
Source: Christianizing peoples and converting individuals.   Edited by Guyda Armstrong and Ian N. Wood International Medieval Research .   Brepols, 2000. Church History , 69., 2 (June 2000):  Pages 195 - 2002.
Year of Publication: 2000.

123. Record Number: 6283
Author(s): Ronchey, Silvia
Contributor(s):
Title : Malatesta/Paleologhi Un'Alleanza Dinastica per Rifondare Bisanzio nel Quindicesimo Secolo [the last Byzantine dynasty, the Palaiologi, spread a network of dynastic marriages across Europe; when Thomas Palaiologos fled to Italy, he was received not only by Pope Pius II but by the Malatesta and the Gonzaga, to whom he was connected through his brother Theodore's wife, Cleopa Malatesta; Thomas also married a daughter, Zoe, to Ivan III, Prince of Moscow; this marriage benefited Moscow which began to claim to be the third Rome in the place of the Papacy].
Source: Byzantinische Zeitschrift , 93., ( 2000):  Pages 521
Year of Publication: 2000.

124. Record Number: 7061
Author(s): Quaglini, Diego.
Contributor(s):
Title : Divortium a diversitate mentium: La separazione personale dei coniugi nelle dottrine di diritto commune (appunti per una discussione) [Although Roman law permitted divorce, theology and canon law distinguished between separation of spouses and dissolution of marriage. Separation was permitted on certain grounds, including adultery, mistreatment of wife by husband and the desire of one spouse to enter the religious life. The Council of Trent, however, reaffirmed the sacramental nature of marriage, including its indissolubility. Later canon law also restricted the possibility of separation. Title note supplied by Feminae].
Source: Coniugi nemici: la separazione in Italia dal XII al XVIII secolo.   Edited by Silvana Seidel Menchi and Diego Quaglioni .   Il mulino, 2000. Byzantinische Zeitschrift , 93., ( 2000):  Pages 95 - 118.
Year of Publication: 2000.

125. Record Number: 7062
Author(s): Meek, Christine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Simone ha aderito alla fede di Maometto: La 'fornicazione spirituale'come causa di separazione (Lucca 1424)" [The ecclesiastical courts of Lucca largely dealt with the bond of marriage, leaving the property issues of a dissolution to the lay courts. In her petition for a divorce from Simone di Iacopo, Bartolomea di Matteo argued that her husband had gone over to Islam and had taken a Muslim wife. The ecclesiastical tribunal made careful inquiries and concluded that this was true. Bartolomea was granted a separation from Simone, but the marriage was not annulled. Title note supplied by Feminae].
Source: Coniugi nemici: la separazione in Italia dal XII al XVIII secolo.   Edited by Silvana Seidel Menchi and Diego Quaglioni .   Il mulino, 2000. Byzantinische Zeitschrift , 93., ( 2000):  Pages 121 - 139.
Year of Publication: 2000.

126. Record Number: 7063
Author(s): Chojnacki, Stanley.
Contributor(s):
Title : Il divorzio di Cateruzza: rappresentazione femminile ed esito processuale (Venezia 1465 [Marriages helped unify the Venetian patriciate, and their dissolution undermined unity. Church courts dealing with dissolution of marriages had to take into account both law and politics. Church courts did not grant separations lightly, demanding evidence of marital failure; and they tried to promote reconciliation of spouses. The charges Cateruzza Vittori brought against her husband included keeping a servant as a concubine and failing to support his stepsons. Cateruzza obtained a rare case in this situation, perhaps because she had strong backing from her family and its connections. Title note supplied by Feminae]
Source: Coniugi nemici: la separazione in Italia dal XII al XVIII secolo.   Edited by Silvana Seidel Menchi and Diego Quaglioni .   Il mulino, 2000. Byzantinische Zeitschrift , 93., ( 2000):  Pages 371 - 416.
Year of Publication: 2000.

127. Record Number: 7064
Author(s): Minnucci, Giovanni.
Contributor(s):
Title : An mulier verberari possit‚: Una Œquaestio disputata‚ di argomento matrimoniale [An Italian jurist composed a "disputed question" debating whether an abusive husband could be bound under threat of a financial penalty not to beat his wife. The jurist answered, drawing on the work of the Bolognese legist Bulgarus, that the wife owed her husband the conjugal debt but that he could be bound not to inflict physical abuse. Title note supplied by Feminae].
Source: Coniugi nemici: la separazione in Italia dal XII al XVIII secolo.   Edited by Silvana Seidel Menchi and Diego Quaglioni .   Il mulino, 2000. Byzantinische Zeitschrift , 93., ( 2000):  Pages 491 - 498.
Year of Publication: 2000.

128. Record Number: 7065
Author(s): Esposito, Anna.
Contributor(s):
Title : Convivenza e separazione a Roma nel primo Rinascimento [Wills from early-Renaissance Rome reveal frequent sexual use of servants as concubines, some of whom had illegitimate children. Many of the fathers were married men. Adultery did not often lead to divorce, but wife beating could. Six primary source documents, pp. 512-517. Title note supplied by Feminae].
Source: Coniugi nemici: la separazione in Italia dal XII al XVIII secolo.   Edited by Silvana Seidel Menchi and Diego Quaglioni .   Il mulino, 2000. Byzantinische Zeitschrift , 93., ( 2000):  Pages 499 - 517.
Year of Publication: 2000.

129. Record Number: 7365
Author(s): Miglio, Massimo.
Contributor(s):
Title : Feste di matrimonio a Roma [A papal master of ceremonies complained about the small part religion played in Roman marriages. Accounts of actual marriages, like that of Rosata Caffari, reveal a complex series of agreements between families, gift giving and festivities. This culminated in the bride's transfer to the groom's residence. These practices exalted the families involved and reinforced social solidarity.]
Source: Patrimonium in festa: cortei, tornei, artifici e feste alla fine del Medioevo (secoli XV-XVI).   Edited by Anna Modigliani .   Centro di Studi per il Patrimonio di S. Pietro in Tuscia; Ente Ottava Medievale di Orte, 2000. Byzantinische Zeitschrift , 93., ( 2000):  Pages 119 - 131.
Year of Publication: 2000.

130. Record Number: 7366
Author(s): Nuovo, Isabella.
Contributor(s):
Title : La festa tra spettacolo e invenzione: il corte nuziale di Isabella d'Aragona e Gian Galeazzo Sforza [Magnificence was expected of Italian courts in the 15th century. This extended to wedding with their diplomatic overtones. In 1489 King Alfonso of Naples married his daughter Isabella to the young duke of Milan, Gin Galeazzo Sforza. Ceremonies in both Naples and Milan were marked by conspicuous display. Scholars and artists, including Leonardo da Vinci, were enlisted to ornament these nuptials.]
Source: Patrimonium in festa: cortei, tornei, artifici e feste alla fine del Medioevo (secoli XV-XVI).   Edited by Anna Modigliani .   Centro di Studi per il Patrimonio di S. Pietro in Tuscia; Ente Ottava Medievale di Orte, 2000. Byzantinische Zeitschrift , 93., ( 2000):  Pages 133 - 148.
Year of Publication: 2000.

131. Record Number: 5450
Author(s): Tinagli, Paola.
Contributor(s):
Title : Womanly Virtues in Quattrocento Florentine Marriage Furnishings [the author examines how behavioral ideals for both new husbands and wives, as represented on cassoni, spalliere, and other furnishings given to the bridal couple, emphasized chastity, restraint, and other virtues that contributed to a well-ordered civic society].
Source: Women in Italian Renaissance Culture and Society.   Edited by Letizia Panizza .   European Humanities Research Centre, University of Oxford, 2000. Past and Present , 173., (November 2001):  Pages 265 - 284.
Year of Publication: 2000.

132. Record Number: 5357
Author(s): Walker, Alicia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Byzantine Marriage Rings Reconsidered
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 26., ( 2000):  Pages 32 - 33.
Year of Publication: 2000.

133. Record Number: 4810
Author(s): Collette, Carolyn P.
Contributor(s):
Title : Chaucer and the French Tradition Revisited: Philippe de Mézières and the Good Wife ["Philippe de Mézières' book on marriage and good wives shows that even before Christine de Pizan, an exact contemporary of Chaucer's dealt with the idea of marriage and the good woman in terms and stories that indicated the public nature of the marriage bond, and, within that bond, the power of women to stabilize and destabilize elements of society through virtue and through uncontrolled will." (Page 167)].
Source: Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts in Late Medieval Britain. Essays for Felicity Riddy.   Edited by Jocelyn Wogan-Browne, Rosalynn Voaden, Arlyn Diamond, Ann Hutchison, Carol M. Meale, and Lesley Johnson Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts .   Brepols, 2000. Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 26., ( 2000):  Pages 151 - 168.
Year of Publication: 2000.

134. Record Number: 4621
Author(s): Klein, Elka
Contributor(s):
Title : The Widow's Portion: Law, Custom, and Marital Property among Medieval Catalan Jews
Source: Viator , 31., ( 2000):  Pages 147 - 163.
Year of Publication: 2000.

135. Record Number: 4749
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender, Sacrament, and Ritual: The Making and Meaning of Marriage in Late Medieval and Early Modern England
Source: Past and Present , 169., (November 2000):  Pages 63 - 96.
Year of Publication: 2000.

136. Record Number: 4135
Author(s): Lawless, Catherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Widow of God? St. Anne and Representations of Widowhood in Fifteenth-century Florence
Source: Women in Renaissance and Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Christine Meek .   Four Courts Press, 2000. Past and Present , 169., (November 2000):  Pages 15 - 42.
Year of Publication: 2000.

137. Record Number: 7328
Author(s): Anlezark, Daniel.
Contributor(s):
Title : An Ideal Marriage: Abraham and Sarah in Old English Literature [The author analyzes passages in "Genesis A" and in Aelfric's writings concerning the complex relationship between Sarah and Abraham. This includes Abraham's sexual relationship with Sarah's servant, Hagar, and the unlikely promise from God that Sarah will bear an heir. Both Aelfric and the "Genesis A" author are anxious to maintain Abraham's sanctity and emphasize Sarah's obedience. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medium Aevum , 69., 2 ( 2000):  Pages 187 - 210.
Year of Publication: 2000.

138. Record Number: 5380
Author(s): Burch, Sally L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Amadas et Ydoine, "Cliges" and the Impediment of Crime [the author uses the attitude of the "Amadas" poet toward adultery to argue that Chrétien may not have intended the marriage of Cliges and Fenice to have been a happy conclusion; instead the marriage of the adulterers may have been an indication of how decadent their society had become].
Source: Forum for Modern Language Studies , 36., 2 (April 2000):  Pages 185 - 195.
Year of Publication: 2000.

139. Record Number: 4838
Author(s): Matusevich, Yelena.
Contributor(s):
Title : From Monastic to Individual Spirituality: Another Perspective on Jean Gerson's Attitude Toward Women [the author argues against McGuire's interpretation in "Late Medieval Care and Control of Women: Jean Gerson and His Sisters" (Revue de l'Histoire Ecclésiastique, 92 (1997)) in which he characterizes Gerson as controlling and as a predecessor of the inquisitors in his desire for control over women].
Source: Magistra , 6., 1 (Summer 2000):  Pages 61 - 88.
Year of Publication: 2000.

140. Record Number: 5717
Author(s): Ives, Eric.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marrying for Love: The Experience of Edward IV and Henry VIII [a brief treatment aimed at a popular audience; there are no footnotes].
Source: History Today , 50., 12 (December 2000):  Pages 48 - 53.
Year of Publication: 2000.

141. Record Number: 4468
Author(s): Saunders, Corinne.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Matter of Consent: Middle English Romance and the Law of "Raptus"
Source: Medieval Women and the Law.   Edited by Noël James Menuge .   Boydell Press, 2000. History Today , 50., 12 (December 2000):  Pages 105 - 124.
Year of Publication: 2000.

142. Record Number: 5057
Author(s): McCarthy, Conor.
Contributor(s):
Title : Love and Marriage in the "Confessio Amantis"
Source: Neophilologus , 84., 3 (July 2000):  Pages 485 - 499.
Year of Publication: 2000.

143. Record Number: 5408
Author(s): Collier, Jo-Kate.
Contributor(s):
Title : Cassoni: The Inside Story [The author argues that the nude paintings of men and women inside the cassoni lids were intended to arouse sexually the newly married husband and wife so that they would quickly produce a male heir].
Source: Renaissance Papers , ( 2000):  Pages 1 - 11.
Year of Publication: 2000.

144. Record Number: 5470
Author(s): Jackson, Peter.
Contributor(s):
Title : Aelfric and the Purpose of Christian Marriage: A Reconsideration of the "Life of Aethelthryth," Lines 120- 30 [The author argues that Aelfric adds a story from the "Historia monachorum in Aegypto" to the "Life of Aethelthryth" because he is uneasy about the saint's unilateral refusal of sex in marriage; by adding the exemplum about a man and his wife who have three sons and then agree to live together while abstaining from sex, Aelfric is able to reassert the Augustinian ideal of a Christian marriage].
Source: Anglo-Saxon England , 29., ( 2000):  Pages 235 - 260.
Year of Publication: 2000.

145. Record Number: 4611
Author(s): Resnick, Irven M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage in Medieval Culture: Consent Theory and the Case of Joseph and Mary [The author argues that the Church emphasized the importance of consent in order to remove marriage from the control of the laity; yet in order to prove consent practical, theologians came around to conjugal relations as a sure sign of consent].
Source: Church History , 69., 2 (June 2000):  Pages 350 - 371.
Year of Publication: 2000.

146. Record Number: 5453
Author(s): Rawson, Judy.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marrying for Love: Society in the Quattrocento Novella [The author suggests that Alberti wrote the "Istorietta" of two feuding families brought together by love and the determination of the women in both families].
Source: Women in Italian Renaissance Culture and Society.   Edited by Letizia Panizza .   European Humanities Research Centre, University of Oxford, 2000. Church History , 69., 2 (June 2000):  Pages 421 - 437.
Year of Publication: 2000.

147. Record Number: 3777
Author(s): Livingstone, Amy
Contributor(s):
Title : Aristocratic Women in the Chartrain
Source: Aristocratic Women in Medieval France.   Edited by Theodore Evergates .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999. Scottish Historical Review , 206., 2 (October 1999):  Pages 44 - 73.
Year of Publication: 1999.

148. Record Number: 3707
Author(s): Hatlie, Peter.
Contributor(s):
Title : The City a Desert: Theodore of Stoudios on "Porneia" [The author presents case studies in which Theodore counselled monks against sexual misconduct and expressed his views on the marriages of Emperor Constantine VI and Michael II].
Source: Desire and Denial in Byzantium: Papers from the Thirty-First Spring Symposium of Byzantine Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton, March 1997.   Edited by Liz James. Society for the Promotion of Byzantine Studies, Publications 6 .   Variorum (Ashgate Publishing), 1999. Scottish Historical Review , 206., 2 (October 1999):  Pages 67 - 74.
Year of Publication: 1999.

149. Record Number: 3708
Author(s): Stolte, Bernard.
Contributor(s):
Title : Desires Denied: Marriage, Adultery, and Divorce in Early Byzantine Law
Source: Desire and Denial in Byzantium: Papers from the Thirty-First Spring Symposium of Byzantine Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton, March 1997.   Edited by Liz James. Society for the Promotion of Byzantine Studies, Publications 6 .   Variorum (Ashgate Publishing), 1999. Scottish Historical Review , 206., 2 (October 1999):  Pages 77 - 86.
Year of Publication: 1999.

150. Record Number: 3738
Author(s): Matter, E. Ann.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mystical Marriage [The author traces the idea of mystical marriage which drew on Biblical exegesis, liturgy, mysticism, and monastic life; she argues that it represented a liberating potential].
Source: Women and Faith: Catholic Religious Life in Italy from Late Antiquity to the Present.   Edited by Lucetta Scaraffia and Gabriella Zarri .   Harvard University Press, 1999. Scottish Historical Review , 206., 2 (October 1999):  Pages 31 - 41.
Year of Publication: 1999.

151. Record Number: 3759
Author(s): Baskin, Judith R.
Contributor(s):
Title : Medieval Jewish Women [an introductory overview].
Source: Women in Medieval Western European Culture.   Edited by Linda E. Mitchell .   Garland Publishing, 1999. Scottish Historical Review , 206., 2 (October 1999):  Pages 65 - 80.
Year of Publication: 1999.

152. Record Number: 3760
Author(s): Laiou, Angeliki E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women in Byzantine Society [The author provides an introductory overview touching on family, marriage, politics, and work].
Source: Women in Medieval Western European Culture.   Edited by Linda E. Mitchell .   Garland Publishing, 1999. Scottish Historical Review , 206., 2 (October 1999):  Pages 81 - 94.
Year of Publication: 1999.

153. Record Number: 3836
Author(s): Botticini, Maristella.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Loveless Economy? Intergenerational Altruism and the Marriage Market in a Tuscan Town, 1415-1436 [The author sees dowry as a marriage payment and as an intergenerational transfer; the statistical data that the author gathers argues that the larger the bride's contribution (in youth, status, etc.), the smaller her dowry; large dowries were given by al
Source: Journal of Economic History (Full Text via JSTOR) 59, 1 (March 1999): 104-121. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1999.

154. Record Number: 4332
Author(s): Elsakkers, Marianne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Raptus ultra Rhenum: Early Ninth-Century Saxon Laws on Abduction and Rape [The author consults four law codes: "Leges Saxonum," "Lex Chamavorum," "Lex Frisionum," and "Lex Thuringorum."
Source: Amsterdamer Beiträge zur älteren Germanistik , 52., ( 1999):  Pages 27 - 53.
Year of Publication: 1999.

155. Record Number: 5149
Author(s): Meyer, Marc Anthony.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queens, Convents, and Conversion in Early Anglo-Saxon England [the author argues for the importance of royal and noble women who made politically strategic marriages, in part to convert pagans; some of these same women were then charged with ruling newly founded monasteries or double houses and passed on to their daughters this unique opportunity for exercising power].
Source: Revue Bénédictine , 109., 40180 ( 1999):  Pages 90 - 116.
Year of Publication: 1999.

156. Record Number: 5353
Author(s): Vinson, M. P.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sexual Slander in Byzantium [The author examines the uses of sexual slander in politics; often the virginity of the empress was called into question as well as the emperor's choice of wife].
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 25., ( 1999):  Pages 102 - 103.
Year of Publication: 1999.

157. Record Number: 5591
Author(s): Wareham, Andrew.
Contributor(s):
Title : Two Models of Marriage: Kinship and the Social Order in England and Normandy [the models in question are serial exogamy over long distances in England and endogamy and monogamy in Normandy with the tacit approval of Church authorities; the author studies three families, descendants of Uhtred of Northumbria, Ralph of Tosny, and William FitzOsbern].
Source: Negotiating secular and ecclesiastical power: Western Europe in the Central Middle Ages.   Edited by A. J. Bijsterveld, Henk Teunis, and Andrew Wareham. International Medieval Research .   Brepols, 1999. Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 25., ( 1999):  Pages 107 - 132.
Year of Publication: 1999.

158. Record Number: 5611
Author(s): Viscuso, Patrick, Father.
Contributor(s):
Title : Late Byzantine Canonical Views on the Dissolution of Marriage
Source: Greek Orthodox Theological Review , 44., 40182 ( 1999):  Pages 273 - 290.
Year of Publication: 1999.

159. Record Number: 6286
Author(s): Störmer-Caysa, Uta.
Contributor(s):
Title : Kriemhilds erste Ehe: Ein Vorschlag zum Verständnis von Siegfrieds Tod im Nibelungenlied
Source: Neophilologus , 83., 1 ( 1999):  Pages 93 - 113.
Year of Publication: 1999.

160. Record Number: 6678
Author(s): Tamburri, Pascual.
Contributor(s):
Title : Bianca, regina di Sicilia e di Navarra: Pamplona (Spagna), 26-29 ottobre 1998 [this conference focused on Bianca, daughter of Charles III of Navarre; through successive husbands she was queen of Sicily and then of Navarre; her marriage to Martin "the Younger" of Sicily was just one of several ties between Navarre and the island kingdom; her marriage to Juan II, King of Navarre, helped their claim to the Navarrese throne in succession to her father, who lacked a male heir].
Source: Quaderni Medievali , 47., (giugno 1999):  Pages 289 - 294.
Year of Publication: 1999.

161. Record Number: 7069
Author(s): Downie, Fiona.
Contributor(s):
Title : And They Lived Happily Ever After? Medieval Queenship and Marriage in Scotland, 1424-1449 [The author explores the training and roles of queens, both women married to Scottish kings and Scottish princesses married to foreign rulers. Women discussed include Joan Beaufort, Mary of Guelders, and the daughters of James I, Margaret, Isabella, Mary, Annabella, Eleanor, and Johanna. The author argues that political alliances were often a failure, but that marriage created a communications network based on family ties. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Gendering Scottish History: An International Approach.   Edited by Terry Brotherstone, Deborah Simonton, and Oonagh Walsh Mackie Occasional Colloquia Series .   Cruithne Press, 1999. Quaderni Medievali , 47., (giugno 1999):  Pages 129 - 141.
Year of Publication: 1999.

162. Record Number: 9623
Author(s): Guareschi, Massimiliano.
Contributor(s):
Title : Fra "Canones" e "Leges": "Magister Vacarius" e il Matrimonio [The relative importance of consent and consummation in validating marriage was disputed by canonists and theologians. Vacarius, an Italian jurist who worked in England, attempted to resolve this question by finding a "Third Way." Vacarius believed the couple's giving of themselves to each other established a marriage. Vacarius was not just a theorist, but a practicing jurist who served as a judge in a case of bigamy in the Archdiocese of York. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Mélanges de l'Ecole française de Rome. Moyen âge , 111., 1 ( 1999):  Pages 105 - 139.
Year of Publication: 1999.

163. Record Number: 3672
Author(s): McSheffrey, Shannon.
Contributor(s):
Title : Men and Masculinity in Late Medieval London Civic Culture: Governance, Patriarchy, and Reputation [The author argues that both women and men were judged to be disorderly and misgoverned when they misbehaved sexually].
Source: Conflicted Identities and Multiple Masculinities: Men in the Medieval West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray .   Garland Medieval Casebooks, volume 25. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, volume 2078. Garland Publishing, 1999. Byzantinische Zeitschrift , 93., ( 2000):  Pages 243 - 278.
Year of Publication: 1999.

164. Record Number: 3761
Author(s): Berkey, Jonathan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women in Medieval Islamic Society [The author provides an introductory overview touching on orientalism, gender, Islam, sexuality, marriage, work, and politics].
Source: Women in Medieval Western European Culture.   Edited by Linda E. Mitchell .   Garland Publishing, 1999. Byzantinische Zeitschrift , 93., ( 2000):  Pages 95 - 111.
Year of Publication: 1999.

165. Record Number: 3169
Author(s): Kowaleski, Maryanne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Singlewomen in Medieval and Early Modern Europe: The Demographic Perspective
Source: Singlewomen in the European Past, 1250-1800.   Edited by Judith M. Bennett and Amy M. Froide .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999. Byzantinische Zeitschrift , 93., ( 2000):  Pages 38
Year of Publication: 1999.

166. Record Number: 4001
Author(s): Bestor, Jane Fair.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage Transactions in Renaissance Italy and Mauss's "Essay on the Gift" [The author focuses on the gifts that the groom gave the bride including jewelry, ornaments, and rich clothing; by the fifteenth century grooms retained use over these expensive items and often rented them out or sold them.]
Source: Past and Present (Full Text via JSTOR) 164 (August 1999): 6-46. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1999.

167. Record Number: 7355
Author(s): Herrin, Judith
Contributor(s):
Title : L'Enseignement maternel à Byzance [The author argues that mothers passed on a special training to their children. This oral tradition is largely lost, but some evidence survives in written texts, especially hagiographies in which widows raise their young children either for successful marriage or for the monastic life. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Femmes et pouvoirs des femmes à Byzance et en Occident (VIe -XIe siècles). Colloque international organisé les 28, 29 et 30 mars 1996 à Bruxelles et Villeneuve d'Ascq.   Edited by Stéphane Lebecq, Alain Dierkens, Régine Le Jan, and Jean-Marie Sansterre .   Centre de Recherche sur l'Histoire de l'Europe du Nord-Ouest, Université Charles de Gaulle-Lille 3, 1999.  Pages 91 - 102.
Year of Publication: 1999.

168. Record Number: 4688
Author(s): Puhvel, Martin.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Wife of Bath's Tale: Mirror of Her Mind [the author argues that the tale of the loathly lady and the knight who needs to learn about women reflects the wish fulfillment of the Wife of Bath, specifically in her need to dominate men, desire for uninhibited sex, and concerns about aging and ugliness].
Source: Neuphilologische Mitteilungen , 100., 3 ( 1999):  Pages 291 - 300.
Year of Publication: 1999.

169. Record Number: 5299
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Not Tonight Dear, I Have a Vow of Chastity: Sexual Abstinence and Marital Vocation in "The Book of Margery Kempe"
Source: Publications of the Medieval Association of the Midwest , 6., ( 1999):  Pages 133 - 147.
Year of Publication: 1999.

170. Record Number: 3757
Author(s): Hanawalt, Barbara A. and Anna Dronzek
Contributor(s):
Title : Women in Medieval Urban Society [The authors provide an introductory overview touching on childhood and education, marriage and remarriage, motherhood, and participation in the work force].
Source: Women in Medieval Western European Culture.   Edited by Linda E. Mitchell .   Garland Publishing, 1999. Byzantinische Zeitschrift , 93., ( 2000):  Pages 31 - 45.
Year of Publication: 1999.

171. Record Number: 4771
Author(s): Ruiz-Domènec, José Enrique.
Contributor(s):
Title : Les souvenirs croisés de Blanche de Castille [The author argues in part that Blanche developed marriage strategies that brought forth the state centered on the person of the king].
Source: Cahiers de Civilization Médiévale , 42., ( 1999):  Pages 39 - 54.
Year of Publication: 1999.

172. Record Number: 7352
Author(s): Croizy-Naquet, Catherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Les Stratégies matrimoniales de l'aristocratie Byzantine aux IXe et Xe siècles [The author argues that the powerful Byzantine noble families planned marriages carefully and struggled for the financial and political advantages that a "good" marriage brought. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Femmes et pouvoirs des femmes à Byzance et en Occident (VIe -XIe siècles). Colloque international organisé les 28, 29 et 30 mars 1996 à Bruxelles et Villeneuve d'Ascq.   Edited by Stéphane Lebecq, Alain Dierkens, Régine Le Jan, and Jean-Marie Sansterre .   Centre de Recherche sur l'Histoire de l'Europe du Nord-Ouest, Université Charles de Gaulle-Lille 3, 1999. Cahiers de Civilization Médiévale , 42., ( 1999):  Pages 51 - 61.
Year of Publication: 1999.

173. Record Number: 7354
Author(s): Santinelli, Emmanuelle.
Contributor(s):
Title : La Veuve du prince au tournant de l'an mil: l'exemple de Berthe de Bourgogne [Berthe, the widow of the count of Blois, preserved her children's inheritance, the author argues, in a shrewd move by marrying the King of France. Though censured by the Church, Berthe was in all other ways an exemplary widow: preserving the "memoria" of her first husband, giving generously to monasteries, and ruling until her son came of age. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Femmes et pouvoirs des femmes à Byzance et en Occident (VIe -XIe siècles). Colloque international organisé les 28, 29 et 30 mars 1996 à Bruxelles et Villeneuve d'Ascq.   Edited by Stéphane Lebecq, Alain Dierkens, Régine Le Jan, and Jean-Marie Sansterre .   Centre de Recherche sur l'Histoire de l'Europe du Nord-Ouest, Université Charles de Gaulle-Lille 3, 1999. Cahiers de Civilization Médiévale , 42., ( 1999):  Pages 75 - 89.
Year of Publication: 1999.

174. Record Number: 5337
Author(s): Burch, Sally L.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Lady, the Lords, and the Priests: The Making and Unmaking of Marriage in "Amadas et Ydoine" [The author emphasizes the authority of the lords in the text to arrange marriages; clergy are clearly subordinates, but Ydoine uses deceit to manage the lords and arrive at her desired end].
Source: Reading Medieval Studies , 25., ( 1999):  Pages 17 - 31.
Year of Publication: 1999.

175. Record Number: 5959
Author(s): Müller, Miriam.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Function and Evasion of Marriage Fines on a Fourteenth-Century English Manor
Source: Continuity and Change , 14., 2 (August 1999):  Pages 169 - 190.
Year of Publication: 1999.

176. Record Number: 4709
Author(s): Bawcutt, Priscilla and Bridget Henisch
Contributor(s):
Title : Scots Abroad in the Fifteenth Century: The Princesses Margaret, Isabella, and Eleanor [The author traces the cultural activities of three daughters of James I; Margaret wrote verse, Isabella collected books, and Eleanor patronized literary translations].
Source: Women in Scotland c. 1100-c. 1750.   Edited by Elizabeth Ewan and Maureen M. Meikle .   Tuckwell Press, 1999. Byzantinische Zeitschrift , 93., ( 2000):  Pages 45 - 55.
Year of Publication: 1999.

177. Record Number: 4759
Author(s): Crick, Julia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Men, Women, and Widows: Widowhood in Pre-Conquest England [the author argues that the Christian idea of monogamous marriage did not change habits of concubinage in Anglo-Saxon England; therefore, "widow" was a term used by the Church only for certain specific cases, not for all the women that we would consider widows].
Source: Widowhood in Medieval and Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Sandra Cavallo and Lyndan Warner .   Women and Men in History. Longman, 1999. Continuity and Change , 14., 2 (August 1999):  Pages 24 - 36.
Year of Publication: 1999.

178. Record Number: 4761
Author(s): Chabot, Isabelle.
Contributor(s):
Title : Lineage Strategies and the Control of Widows in Renaissance Florence [The author argues that to ensure the male monopoly over wealth and power, men manipulated maternity (ranging from relationships with children to inheritance) for the interests of their patrilineage].
Source: Widowhood in Medieval and Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Sandra Cavallo and Lyndan Warner .   Women and Men in History. Longman, 1999. Continuity and Change , 14., 2 (August 1999):  Pages 127 - 144.
Year of Publication: 1999.

179. Record Number: 4881
Author(s): Downie, Fiona.
Contributor(s):
Title : La voie quelle menace tenir: Annabella Stewart, Scotland, and the European Marriage Market, 1444-1456 [the author examines Annabella's betrothal to Louis, Count of Geneva, which lasted from 1444 until it was dissolved in 1456; continental politics favored the alliance in 1444 but conditions had changed in the next decade; Annabella wanted to stay in Savoy at the court where she had lived since the age of nine, but personal feelings did not matter in marital politics].
Source: Scottish Historical Review , 206., 2 (October 1999):  Pages 170 - 191.
Year of Publication: 1999.

180. Record Number: 4028
Author(s): Menuge, No‘l James.
Contributor(s):
Title : Female Wards and Marriage in Romance and Law: A Question of Consent
Source: Young Medieval Women.   Edited by Katherine J. Lewis, Noel James Menuge, and Kim M. Phillips .   St. Martin's Press, 1999. Scottish Historical Review , 206., 2 (October 1999):  Pages 153 - 171.
Year of Publication: 1999.

181. Record Number: 3055
Author(s): Randolph, Adrian W. B.
Contributor(s):
Title : Performing the Bridal Body in Fifteenth-Century Florence
Source: Art History , 21., 2 (June 1998):  Pages 182 - 200.
Year of Publication: 1998.

182. Record Number: 3666
Author(s): Guzzetti, Linda.
Contributor(s):
Title : Separations and Separated Couples in Fourteenth-Century Venice [The author studies the cases of sixteen couples; the appendix includes the sources and amounts of dowry and maintenance for each case].
Source: Marriage in Italy, 1300-1650.   Edited by Trevor Dean and K. J. P. Lowe .   Cambridge University Press, 1998. Art History , 21., 2 (June 1998):  Pages 249 - 274.
Year of Publication: 1998.

183. Record Number: 4619
Author(s): Klapisch-Zuber, Christiane.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Cruel Mother": Maternity, Widowhood, and Dowry in Florence in the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries [The author examines the plight of widows who were frequently forced to remarry by their natal families and leave their children behind with the first husbands' kin].
Source: Debating the Middle Ages: Issues and Readings.   Edited by Lester K. Little and Barbara H. Rosenwein .   Blackwell Publishers, 1998. Art History , 21., 2 (June 1998):  Pages 264 - 276. Originally published in Women, Family, and Ritual in Renaissance Italy. University of Chicago Press, 1985. Pages 117-131. Also reprinted in Feminism and Renaissance Studies. Edited by Lorna Hutson. Oxford Reading in Feminism series. Oxford University Pres
Year of Publication: 1998.

184. Record Number: 5238
Author(s): Englade, Emilio.
Contributor(s):
Title : Straw for Youre Gentillesse: Masculine Identity, Honor, and Dorigen
Source: Publications of the Medieval Association of the Midwest , 5., ( 1998):  Pages 34 - 57.
Year of Publication: 1998.

185. Record Number: 5590
Author(s): Heidecker, Karl.
Contributor(s):
Title : Why Should Bishops Be Involved in Marital Affairs? Hincmar of Rheims on the Divorce of King Lothar II (855- 869)
Source: The community, the family, and the saint: patterns of power in early medieval Europe: selected proceedings of the International Medieval Congress, University of Leeds, 4-7 July 1994, 10-13 July 1995.   Edited by Joyce Hill and Mary Swan International Medieval Research .   Brepols, 1998. Publications of the Medieval Association of the Midwest , 5., ( 1998):  Pages 225 - 235.
Year of Publication: 1998.

186. Record Number: 5994
Author(s): Adelman, Howard.
Contributor(s):
Title : Italian Jewish Women [The author provides a brief overview of women's lives dealing with women's roles in Judaism, as writers, in various kinds of work, education, and marriage].
Source: Jewish Women in Historical Perspective.   Edited by Judith R. Baskin .   Second edition. Wayne State University Press, 1998. Publications of the Medieval Association of the Midwest , 5., ( 1998):  Pages 150 - 168.
Year of Publication: 1998.

187. Record Number: 6290
Author(s): Siegmund, Frank.
Contributor(s):
Title : Pactus Legis Salicae § 13; Über den Frauenraub in der Merowingerzeit
Source: Frühmittelalterliche Studien , 32., ( 1998):  Pages 101 - 123.
Year of Publication: 1998.

188. Record Number: 6291
Author(s): Schnell, Rüdiger.
Contributor(s):
Title : Geschlechtergeschichte, Diskursgeschichte und Literaturgeschichte: Eine Studie zu konkurrierenden Männerbildern in Mittelalter und Früher Neuzeit
Source: Frühmittelalterliche Studien , 32., ( 1998):  Pages 307 - 364.
Year of Publication: 1998.

189. Record Number: 9549
Author(s): Allegrezza, Franca.
Contributor(s):
Title : Legami di affinita nel baronato romano: il caso degli Orsini (xiii-xiv secc.) [Beginning in the early13th century, marriages united Rome's new nobility. The Orsini are a notable example of this homogenous group of nobles. Eventually branches of the Orsini clan began to intermarry. Beginning in the reign of the Orsini pope Nicholas III (1277-1280), the family began to diversify its marriage strategy by intermarrying with noble families from central and Southern Italy. Still, it tried to keep inheritance from dispersing the family's patrimony to daughters, bastards, and sons in the clergy. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Le ricchezze delle donne: Diritti patrimoniali e poteri familiari in Italia (xiii-xix secc.).   Edited by Giulia Calvi and Isabelle Chabot .   Rosenberg & Sellier, 1998. Frühmittelalterliche Studien , 32., ( 1998):  Pages 21 - 41.
Year of Publication: 1998.

190. Record Number: 15503
Author(s): Precopi Lombardo, Annamaria
Contributor(s):
Title : La Condizione femminile nelle comunità ebraiche di Sicilia [The late medieval Jewish community in Sicily maintained commercial, religious, and linguistic contacts throughout the Mediterranean region. Daughters of Sicilian Jewish families were treated like guests in their houses until they married. A young bride was expected to bring her husband a dowry and bear children. Royal law recognized Jewish legal norms and rites of marriage, except where Sicilian law differed from Jewish law. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Archivio Storico Siciliano , 24., 1 ( 1998):  Pages 94 - 119.
Year of Publication: 1998.

191. Record Number: 13754
Author(s): Blumenthal, Uta-Renate.
Contributor(s):
Title : Pope Gregory VII and the Prohibition of Nicolaitism [The author examines Gregory's efforts to eliminate nicolaitism, marriage by the clergy. Blumenthal also takes into consideration earlier legistlation and beliefs that valued clerical celibacy. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Purity and Piety: Essays on Medieval Clerical Celibacy and Religious Reform.   Edited by Michael Frassetto Garland Medieval Casebooks Series .   Garland Publishing, 1998. Yearbook of Langland Studies , 12., ( 1998):  Pages 239 - 267.
Year of Publication: 1998.

192. Record Number: 3504
Author(s): McSheffrey, Shannon.
Contributor(s):
Title : I Will Never Have None Ayenst My Faders Will: Consent and the Making of Marriage in the Late Medieval Diocese of London [depositions given before the diocese of London's consistory and commissary courts 1467-1476 and 1489-1497, give evidence of women's need for the permission of their families, employers, and friends in order to contract a marriage].
Source: Women, Marriage, and Family in Medieval Christendom: Essays in Memory of Michael M. Sheehan, C.S.B.   Edited by Constance M. Rousseau and Joel T. Rosenthal .   Western Michigan University, 1998. Yearbook of Langland Studies , 12., ( 1998):  Pages 153 - 174.
Year of Publication: 1998.

193. Record Number: 5436
Author(s): Galloway, Andrew.
Contributor(s):
Title : Intellectual Pregnancy, Metaphysical Femininity, and the Social Doctrine of the Trinity in "Piers Plowman"
Source: Yearbook of Langland Studies , 12., ( 1998):  Pages 117 - 152.
Year of Publication: 1998.

194. Record Number: 3659
Author(s): Jacobi, Renate.
Contributor(s):
Title : Secular Brides and Convent Brides: Wedding Ceremonies in Italy During the Renaissance and Counter-Reformation [The author examines ceremonies of vestition, profession, and consecration in terms of the different meanings they held for the various interested parties].
Source: Marriage in Italy, 1300-1650.   Edited by Trevor Dean and K. J. P. Lowe .   Cambridge University Press, 1998. Yearbook of Langland Studies , 12., ( 1998):  Pages 41 - 65.
Year of Publication: 1998.

195. Record Number: 3099
Author(s): Hurwich, Judith J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage Strategy Among the German Nobility, 1400-1699 [argues that men of lower rank married women of higher rank].
Source: Journal of Interdisciplinary History , 29., 2 (Autumn 1998):  Pages 169 - 195.
Year of Publication: 1998.

196. Record Number: 5345
Author(s): Virtue, Nancy E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Another Look at Medieval Rape Legislation [The author argues that Gratian made important distinctions that heralded the emergence of the legal concept of female consent in sexual relations].
Source: Mediaevalia , 22., 1 ( 1998):  Pages 79 - 94. Published by the Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, State University of New York at Binghamton
Year of Publication: 1998.

197. Record Number: 8522
Author(s): Vroom, Theresia de.
Contributor(s):
Title : In the Context of "Rough Music": The Representation of Unequal Couples in Some Medieval Plays [The author discusses the custom of "charivari" in which the community shamed and mocked inappropriate couples (including age disparity, adultery, and such violations of gender norms as shrewish wives and henpecked husbands). Vroom offers some examples fr
Source: European Medieval Drama , 2., ( 1998):  Pages 237 - 260.
Year of Publication: 1998.

198. Record Number: 4365
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Nikephoros II Phokas and Theophanou in Cavusin: The Imperial Family as Model [The author argues that the portrait portrays the imperial couple, Nikephoros and Theophanou, flanked by his father and mother on one side; the intent was to memorialize the marriage along with that of the emperor's parents].
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 24., ( 1998):  Pages 23 - 24.
Year of Publication: 1998.

199. Record Number: 3660
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Rape of the Sabine Women on Quattrocento Marriage-Panels [the author argues that the theme of the rape of the Sabine women urged women to observe their duties of childbearing in a society seriously depopulated by multiple plague outbreaks].
Source: Marriage in Italy, 1300-1650.   Edited by Trevor Dean and K. J. P. Lowe .   Cambridge University Press, 1998. Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 24., ( 1998):  Pages 66 - 82.
Year of Publication: 1998.

200. Record Number: 3661
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Fathers and Daughters: Marriage Laws and Marriage Disputes in Bologna and Italy, 1200-1500 [The author analyzes criminal law and court cases involving adultery, bigamy, rape and clandestine marriages, concluding with case studies from Bologna].
Source: Marriage in Italy, 1300-1650.   Edited by Trevor Dean and K. J. P. Lowe .   Cambridge University Press, 1998. Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 24., ( 1998):  Pages 85 - 106.
Year of Publication: 1998.

201. Record Number: 5347
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Sir Gowther: The Marriage of Romance and Hagiography [The author argues that "Sir Gowther" was a didactic work adapted from the Old French "Robert le Diable;" it was intended to highlight the sacramental nature of marriage and the crucial role the Church plays in redemption].
Source: Mediaevalia , 22., 1 ( 1998):  Pages 175 - 198. Published by the Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, State University of New York at Binghamton
Year of Publication: 1998.

202. Record Number: 6645
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Aldhelm's De virginitate - Patristic Pastiche or Innovative Exposition?
Source: Peritia: Journal of the Medieval Academy of Ireland , 12., ( 1998):  Pages 271 - 295.
Year of Publication: 1998.

203. Record Number: 5992
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Jewish Women in the Middle Ages [The author provides a brief overview of women's lives both in the Muslim world and in Christian Europe, touching on marriage, work, education, roles in Judaism, and Jewish-Christian relations].
Source: Jewish Women in Historical Perspective.   Edited by Judith R. Baskin .   Second edition. Wayne State University Press, 1998. Peritia: Journal of the Medieval Academy of Ireland , 12., ( 1998):  Pages 101 - 127.
Year of Publication: 1998.

204. Record Number: 2955
Author(s): Schnell, Rüdiger.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Discourse on Marriage in the Middle Ages [based on marriage sermons which offer pragmatic advice and emphasize mutuality over the authority of husbands].
Source: Speculum , 73., 3 (July 1998):  Pages 771 - 786.
Year of Publication: 1998.

205. Record Number: 3662
Author(s): d'Avray, David.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage Ceremonies and the Church in Italy After 1215 [The author concludes that during this period of time priests were not required to conduct marriages; instead notaries frequently performed the ceremony].
Source: Marriage in Italy, 1300-1650.   Edited by Trevor Dean and K. J. P. Lowe .   Cambridge University Press, 1998. Speculum , 73., 3 (July 1998):  Pages 107 - 115.
Year of Publication: 1998.

206. Record Number: 3505
Author(s): Pedersen, Frederik.
Contributor(s):
Title : Maritalis Affectio: Marital Affection and Property in Fourteenth-Century York Cause Papers [marital affection is an elusive concept; in Roman law it meant the quality of will necessary for both the establishment of a legally valid marriage and for the transfer of property; in the Middle Ages it developed into a phrase that meant the internal psychological quality of marriage].
Source: Women, Marriage, and Family in Medieval Christendom: Essays in Memory of Michael M. Sheehan, C.S.B.   Edited by Constance M. Rousseau and Joel T. Rosenthal .   Western Michigan University, 1998. Speculum , 73., 3 (July 1998):  Pages 175 - 209.
Year of Publication: 1998.

207. Record Number: 4744
Author(s): Kelly, Henry Ansgar.
Contributor(s):
Title : Meanings and Uses of "Raptus" in Chaucer's Time [the Appendix presents twelve Latin legal texts with English translations from the Public Record Office that the author discusses in his article].
Source: Studies in the Age of Chaucer , 20., ( 1998):  Pages 101 - 165. Later published in Inquisitions and Other Trial Procedures in the Medieval West. Ashgate Variorum, 2001
Year of Publication: 1998.

208. Record Number: 3046
Author(s): Airlie, Stuart.
Contributor(s):
Title : Private Bodies and the Body Politic in the Divorce Case of Lothar II [Lothar II tried over the course of more than fifteen years to rid himself of his wife Theutberga in order to marry his concubine Waldrada].
Source: Past and Present , 161., (November 1998):  Pages 3 - 38.
Year of Publication: 1998.

209. Record Number: 3664
Author(s): Cohn, Samuel Kline Jr.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage in the Mountains: The Florentine Territorial State, 1348- 1500 [the author analyzes peasant marriage patterns in three regions, one in the plains and two in the mountains; dowry prices suggest that society was less egalitarian in the mountains than in the plains; the distances between spouses suggest that the people in the mountains were much less insular than those in the plains in which a third married within their own village].
Source: Marriage in Italy, 1300-1650.   Edited by Trevor Dean and K. J. P. Lowe .   Cambridge University Press, 1998. Past and Present , 161., (November 1998):  Pages 174 - 196.
Year of Publication: 1998.

210. Record Number: 13753
Author(s): McLaughlin, Megan.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Bishop as Bridegroom: Marital Imagery and Clerical Celibacy in the Eleventh and Early Twelfth Centuries [The author argues that reformers used the longstanding image of the bishop as a bridegroom of his church to combat problems of lay investiture, simony, and episcopal elections. In instances of clerical celibacy, the bridegroom allegory complicated matters. Nevertheless, it was not entirely eliminated from the debate. McLaughlin suggests this is an indication of the importance of the bridegroom metaphor to the reformist program. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Purity and Piety: Essays on Medieval Clerical Celibacy and Religious Reform.   Edited by Michael Frassetto Garland Medieval Casebooks Series .   Garland Publishing, 1998. Past and Present , 161., (November 1998):  Pages 209 - 237.
Year of Publication: 1998.

211. Record Number: 3665
Author(s): Kolsky, Stephen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Bending the Rules: Marriage in Renaissance Collections of Biographies of Famous Women [The author argues that court biographies represent an effort to rethink women's roles].
Source: Marriage in Italy, 1300-1650.   Edited by Trevor Dean and K. J. P. Lowe .   Cambridge University Press, 1998. Past and Present , 161., (November 1998):  Pages 227 - 248.
Year of Publication: 1998.

212. Record Number: 13752
Author(s): Moore, R. I.
Contributor(s):
Title : Property, Marriage, and the Eleventh-Century Revolution: A Context for Early Medieval Communism
Source: Medieval Purity and Piety: Essays on Medieval Clerical Celibacy and Religious Reform.   Edited by Michael Frassetto Garland Medieval Casebooks Series .   Garland Publishing, 1998. Past and Present , 161., (November 1998):  Pages 179 - 208.
Year of Publication: 1998.

213. Record Number: 3663
Author(s): Chojnacki, Stanley.
Contributor(s):
Title : Nobility, Women and the State: Marriage Regulation in Venice, 1420-1535
Source: Marriage in Italy, 1300-1650.   Edited by Trevor Dean and K. J. P. Lowe .   Cambridge University Press, 1998. Past and Present , 161., (November 1998):  Pages 128 - 151. Republished in slightly altered form as Marriage Regulation in Venice, 1420-1535. By Stanley Chojnacki. Women and Men in Renaissance Venice: Twelve Essays on Patrician Society. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000. Pages 53-75.
Year of Publication: 1998.

214. Record Number: 3094
Author(s): Jones, Ernest D.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Spalding Priory Merchet Evidence from the 1250s to the1470s
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 24., 2 (June 1998):  Pages 155 - 175.
Year of Publication: 1998.

215. Record Number: 3503
Author(s): Murray, Jacqueline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Individualism and Consensual Marriage: Some Evidence from Medieval England
Source: Women, Marriage, and Family in Medieval Christendom: Essays in Memory of Michael M. Sheehan, C.S.B.   Edited by Constance M. Rousseau and Joel T. Rosenthal .   Western Michigan University, 1998. Journal of Medieval History , 24., 2 (June 1998):  Pages 121 - 151.
Year of Publication: 1998.

216. Record Number: 5433
Author(s): Baker, Joan and Susan Signe Morrison
Contributor(s):
Title : The Luxury of Gender: "Piers Plowman" and "The Merchant's Tale" ["We do not wish to suggest from our reading of these texts that Langland is indifferent to the gender concern Chaucer delightedly and delightfully explores. On the contrary, we regardLangland's relentless search for Truth throughout his poem as evidence that he would be uneasy at the very least about offering a painless placebo, a quick fix, for the problems of gender. We conclude our study, therefore, with a close look at some differences in the versions of "Piers Plowman" to assert that Langland was, indeed, not only aware of, but deeply concerned with such issues, particularly those concerning a gendered readership of his text. And this, we contend, makes his ultimate subordination of gender to other social and spiritual agendas a more deliberate and hence more compelling argument for the 'luxury' of gender." (Page 52)].
Source: Yearbook of Langland Studies , 12., ( 1998):  Pages 31 - 63.
Year of Publication: 1998.

217. Record Number: 2224
Author(s): Stasser, Thierry.
Contributor(s):
Title : Adélaïde d'Anjou, sa famille, ses unions, sa descendance
Source: Moyen Age , 103., 1 ( 1997):  Pages 9 - 52.
Year of Publication: 1997.

218. Record Number: 2537
Author(s): Kolia-Dermitzaki, Athina.
Contributor(s):
Title : Michael VII Doukas, Robert Guiscard, and the Byzantine-Norman Marriage Negotiations [study of two letters sent by the Emperor to Robert Guiscard offering to marry the Byzantine heir apparent to one of Robert's daughters].
Source: Byzantinoslavica , 58., 2 ( 1997):  Pages 251 - 268.
Year of Publication: 1997.

219. Record Number: 3152
Author(s): Viscuso, Patrick.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sexual Intercourse and the Priesthood: Late Byzantine Views on Marriage and Ordination
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 23., ( 1997):  Pages 67
Year of Publication: 1997.

220. Record Number: 3291
Author(s): Spicker, Johannes.
Contributor(s):
Title : Oswald von Wolkenstein und die romanische Chanson de la malmariée
Source: Zeitschrift für deutsche Philologie , 116., ( 1997):  Pages 413 - 416.
Year of Publication: 1997.

221. Record Number: 3619
Author(s): Stasser, Thierry.
Contributor(s):
Title : Autour de Roger le Vieux: les alliances matrimoniales des comtes de Carcassonne [the author, comparing given names, reconstructs the family ties for both Adelaide and Arsinde]
Source: Annales du Midi , 108., 214 (avril-juin 1997):  Pages 165 - 187.
Year of Publication: 1997.

222. Record Number: 6293
Author(s): Affeldt, Werner.
Contributor(s):
Title : Frauen und Geschlechterbeziehungen im Frühmittelalter. Ein Forschungsbericht
Source: Mediaevistik , 10., ( 1997):  Pages 15 - 156.
Year of Publication: 1997.

223. Record Number: 6299
Author(s): Heinrichs, Anne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Der liebeskranke Freyr, euhemeristisch entmythisiert
Source: Alvíssmál , 7., ( 1997):  Pages 21 - 62.
Year of Publication: 1997.

224. Record Number: 2884
Author(s): Wall, Valerie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queen Margaret of Scotland (1070-93): Burying the Past, Enshrining the Future
Source: Queens and Queenship in Medieval Europe: Proceedings of a Conference Held at King's College London, April 1995.   Edited by Anne J. Duggan .   Boydell Press, 1997. Archivio Storico Siciliano , 24., 1 ( 1998):  Pages 27 - 38.
Year of Publication: 1997.

225. Record Number: 2251
Author(s): Smith, Julie Ann.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Earliest Queen-Making Rites [analysis of the liturgies that consecrated Judith (in 856) and her mother Ermentrude (in 866) as queens].
Source: Church History (Full Text via JSTOR) 66, 1 (March 1997): 18-35. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1997.

226. Record Number: 2466
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Apprentice Janekyn/Clerk Jankyn: Discrete Phases in Chaucer's Developing Conception of the Wife of Bath [argues that Jankyn went from an apprentice, to a clerk boarding in the house, to a clerk boarding with the Wife of Bath's gossip; this final situation allowed the Wife to make a knowledgeable refutation of the misogynist traditions and have a more developed courtship with her fifth husband].
Source: Chaucer Review , 32., 2 ( 1997):  Pages 146 - 161.
Year of Publication: 1997.

227. Record Number: 2885
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Ingeborg of Denmark, Queen of France, 1193-1223 [analysis of Ingeborg's over twenty-year-long struggle to be recognized as the wife of Philippe II and queen of France; based on letters to, from, and about Ingeborg].
Source: Queens and Queenship in Medieval Europe: Proceedings of a Conference Held at King's College London, April 1995.   Edited by Anne J. Duggan .   Boydell Press, 1997. Chaucer Review , 32., 2 ( 1997):  Pages 39 - 52.
Year of Publication: 1997.

228. Record Number: 2707
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Woman's "Pryvete," May, and the Privy: Fissures in the Narrative Voice in the "Merchant's Tale," 1944-86 [examines the disjunction in May's character between the raped young bride and the duplicitous shrew who cuckolds the old knight in the misogynous fabliau ending].
Source: Chaucer Yearbook , 4., ( 1997):  Pages 61 - 77.
Year of Publication: 1997.

229. Record Number: 1968
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Chaucer's "St. Anne Trinity" : Devotion, Dynasty, Dogma, and Debate [cults and literary allusions toSaint Anne, her daughter, the Virgin Mary, and her grandson, Jesus Christ ; the author relates them to religious and social issues including the debate over the Immaculate Conception, the sanctity and worth of marriage, and the new model of the mother as saint].
Source: Studies in Philology , 94., 4 (Fall 1997):  Pages 395 - 416.
Year of Publication: 1997.

230. Record Number: 2860
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Joncvrouwen, hydrauden, clercken ende missagiere: Bräute und Boten als Spiegel der bayerisch-holländischen Kommunikation um 1390
Source: Amsterdamer Beiträge zur älteren Germanistik , 48., ( 1997):  Pages 87 - 113.
Year of Publication: 1997.

231. Record Number: 2387
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage and Mutiliation: Vendetta in Late Medieval Italy [analysis of the events that triggered a vendetta, among which was the dishonor of having one's intended bride given to another].
Source: Past and Present (Full Text via JSTOR) 157 (November 1997): 3-36. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1997.

232. Record Number: 2643
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Late Medieval Care and Control of Women: Jean Gerson and His Sisters [Gerson wrote a series of letters and treatises for his six sisters in which he outlined a life devoted to virginity and to prayer in the family home; he specifically told them not to join a religious house for women; texts by Gerson discussed in the article are: "Sept enseignements et autres extraits du Traité sur l'excellence de la virginité" (after 1395), "Neuf considerations" (late 1390s), "Montaigne de contemplation" (1399 or 1400), "Onze ordonnances" (after June 1401), and "Dialogue spirituel" (1407 or 1408)].
Source: Revue d'Histoire Ecclésiastique , 92., 1 (janvier-mars 1997):  Pages 5 - 37.
Year of Publication: 1997.

233. Record Number: 2545
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Make Me a Match: Motifs of Betrothal in the Sagas of the Icelanders [discusses the desirable characteristics for husbands and wives and the particular cases of only daughters and widows].
Source: Scandinavian Studies , 69., 3 (Summer 1997):  Pages 296 - 319.
Year of Publication: 1997.

234. Record Number: 2003
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Review Essay: Family and Law in Late Medieval and Renaissance Florence [three recent books by Molho, Stern, and Trexler].
Source: Historian , 59., 2 (Winter 1997):  Pages 406 - 410.
Year of Publication: 1997.

235. Record Number: 2788
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Opening the Secret: Marriage, Narration, and Nascent Subjectivity in Middle English Romance [impact of marriage in romances not only in terms of the love relationship and the individual but also the narrative; romances studied are King Horn, Syr Launfal, and the Weddynge of Sir Gawen and Dame Ragnell].
Source: Philological Quarterly , 76., 2 (Spring 1997):  Pages 133 - 157.
Year of Publication: 1997.

236. Record Number: 2706
Author(s): Harding, Wendy.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Dynamics of Law in the "Clerk's Tale" [examines three relationships which embody the law: the interaction between lord and people, between husband and wife, and between God and believer].
Source: Chaucer Yearbook , 4., ( 1997):  Pages 45 - 59.
Year of Publication: 1997.

237. Record Number: 2229
Author(s): Chareyron, Nicole.
Contributor(s):
Title : De l'histoire à la chanson. Les fiançailles rompues de Louis de Male [Louis was betrothed to Isabel, the daughter of Edward III, King of England; politics and personal inclination led him to delay the match and then break it in favor of Marguerite, the daughter of the count of Brabant].
Source: Moyen Age , 103., 40241 ( 1997):  Pages 545 - 559.
Year of Publication: 1997.

238. Record Number: 2747
Author(s): Pedersen, Frederik.
Contributor(s):
Title : The York Cause Papers: A Reply to Jeremy Goldberg [reply by Frederik Pedersen to P.J.P. Goldberg's critique of Pedersen's earlier article on the York cause papers; he continues to argue that the data from the cause papers must be interpreted with great care].
Source: Continuity and Change , 12., 3 (December 1997):  Pages 447 - 455.
Year of Publication: 1997.

239. Record Number: 1998
Author(s): Emigh, Rebecca Jean.
Contributor(s):
Title : Land Tenure, Household Structure, and Age at Marriage in Fifteenth-Century Tuscany
Source: Journal of Interdisciplinary History (Full Text via JSTOR) 27, 4 (Spring 1997): 613-635. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1997.

240. Record Number: 2114
Author(s): Stafford, Pauline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Did the Priests Plant a Cross in This Woman's Loins?" Love and/or Marriage in the Middle Ages [book reviews][review of five recent books].
Source: Gender and History , 9., 2 (August 1997):  Pages 375 - 379.
Year of Publication: 1997.

241. Record Number: 2465
Author(s): Smith, Warren S.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Wife of Bath Debates Jerome [argues that the Wife of Bath takes a centrist position on marriage and cleverly refutes the extreme misogyny of Jerome's "Adversus Jovinianum" and the classical tradition of anti-woman diatribe upon which he draws].
Source: Chaucer Review , 32., 2 ( 1997):  Pages 129 - 145.
Year of Publication: 1997.

242. Record Number: 20791
Author(s): Wrightson, Kellinde
Contributor(s):
Title : The Jilted Fiancée: The Old Icelandic Miracle Poem "Vitnisvísur af Maríu" and its Modern English Translation
Source: Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies , 15., 1 ( 1997):  Pages 117 - 136.
Year of Publication: 1997.

243. Record Number: 2463
Author(s): Taylor, Mark N.
Contributor(s):
Title : Servant and Lord/Lady and Wife: The "Franklin's Tale" and traditions of Courtly and Conjugal Love [The author traces ideas in the anti-adultery tradition, represented by Marcabru and Chrétien, that are developed in the story of the married love of Dorigen and Arveragus].
Source: Chaucer Review , 32., 1 ( 1997):  Pages 64 - 81.
Year of Publication: 1997.

244. Record Number: 1918
Author(s): Schulman, N. M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Husband, Father, Bishop? Grosseteste in Paris [suggests, based on a bequest of a house, that Grosseteste may have lived in Paris for over twenty years and had a wife and three children; the article includes a edition of the bequest from the cartulary of Sainte-Opportune].
Source: Speculum (Full Text via JSTOR) 72, 2 (April 1997): 330-346. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1997.

245. Record Number: 3347
Author(s): O'Loughlin, Thomas.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage and Sexuality in the "Hibernensis"
Source: Peritia: Journal of the Medieval Academy of Ireland , 11., ( 1997):  Pages 188 - 206.
Year of Publication: 1997.

246. Record Number: 2746
Author(s): Goldberg, P.J.P.
Contributor(s):
Title : Debate: Fiction in the Archive: the York Cause Papers as a Source for Later Medieval Social History [Goldberg critiques Frederik Pedersen's recent article "Demography in the Archives: Social and Geographical Gactors in fourteenth-century York Cause Paper Marriage Litigation;" he argues against Pedersen's social groupings of litigants and witnesses as well as for the significance and value of the demographic and social evidence contained in the York cause papers].
Source: Continuity and Change , 12., 3 (December 1997):  Pages 425 - 445.
Year of Publication: 1997.

247. Record Number: 666
Author(s): Jaski, Bart.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage Laws in Ireland and on the Continent in the Early Middle Ages
Source: The Fragility of Her Sex?: Medieval Irishwomen in Their European Context.   Edited by Christine Meek and Katherine Simms .   Four Courts Press, 1996. Medieval Life , 5., (Summer 1996):  Pages 16 - 42.
Year of Publication: 1996.

248. Record Number: 756
Author(s): Rusconi, Roberto.
Contributor(s):
Title : St. Bernardino of Siena, the Wife, and Possessions [St. Bernardino's sermons on the ethical aspects of marriage].
Source: Women and Religion in Medieval and Renaissance Italy.   Edited by Daniel Bornstein and Roberto Rusconi. Trans. by Margery J. Schneider .   University of Chicago Press, 1996. Medieval Life , 5., (Summer 1996):  Pages 182 - 196. Originally published as "S. Bernardino da Siena, la donna e la 'roba'" in Mistiche e devote nell'Italia tardomedievale. Edited by Daniel Bornstein and Roberto Rusconi (Liguori Editore, 1992). Pages 171-186.
Year of Publication: 1996.

249. Record Number: 892
Author(s): Finch, A.J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sexual Relations and Marriage in Later Medieval Normandy [ecclesiastical courts regulated courtship and sexual relationships, imposing marriage or fines on couples found guilty of fornication, cohabitation, or where the woman was judged a concubine].
Source: Journal of Ecclesiastical History , 47., 2 (Apr. 1996):  Pages 236 - 256.
Year of Publication: 1996.

250. Record Number: 1088
Author(s): Finch, Andrew.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Disciplining of the Laity in Late Medieval Normandy [counters Muchembled's argument that late medieval Church authorities exercised little control over lay behavior; the Cerisy register shows a determined effort to regulate sexual and marital behavior].
Source: French History , 10., 2 (June 1996):  Pages 163 - 181.
Year of Publication: 1996.

251. Record Number: 1742
Author(s): Brand, Charles M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Slave Women in the Legislation of Alexius I [discussion of two decrees issued in 1095 regarding slaves; the first declares that slaves born of free parents were to be freed, while the second affirms the right of slaves to marriage with the blessing of the church].
Source: Byzantinische Forschungen , 23., ( 1996):  Pages 19 - 24. Revised papers that were originally read at the session entitled "Komnenian Culture" at the Twentieth Annual Byzantine Studies Conference, Ann Arbor, Michigan, on September 21, 1994
Year of Publication: 1996.

252. Record Number: 1866
Author(s): Mullally, Evelyn.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Portrayal of Women in the "Histoire de Guillaume le Maréchal"
Source: Peritia: Journal of the Medieval Academy of Ireland , 10., ( 1996):  Pages 351 - 362.
Year of Publication: 1996.

253. Record Number: 1985
Author(s): Irmscher, J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Bertha von Sulzbach, Gemahlin Manuels I
Source: Byzantinische Forschungen , 22., ( 1996):  Pages 279 - 290. Issue Title: Byzance et l'Europe. 6e Symposion Byzantinon l'Automne 1992.
Year of Publication: 1996.

254. Record Number: 2283
Author(s): Viscuso, Patrick D.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Prohibition of Second Marriage for Women Married to Priests
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 22., ( 1996):  Pages 71
Year of Publication: 1996.

255. Record Number: 2451
Author(s): Castelli, Elizabeth A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Will It Be a Church Same-Sex Union? [The author questions Boswell's translation and analysis of Greco-Roman texts in his "Same-Sex Unions"].
Source: GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies , 3., 40212 ( 1996):  Pages 289 - 299.
Year of Publication: 1996.

256. Record Number: 2453
Author(s): Jordan, Mark D.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Romance of the Gay Couple [The author characterizes Boswell's approach in "Same-Sex Unions" as essentialist, flawed in scholarship, and framed in romantic terms].
Source: GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies , 3., 40212 ( 1996):  Pages 301 - 310.
Year of Publication: 1996.

257. Record Number: 741
Author(s): Molho, Anthony, Roberto Barducci, Gabriella Battista and Francesco Donnini
Contributor(s):
Title : Genealogy and Marriage Alliance: Memories of Power in Late Medieval Florence [Giovanni Rucellai's genealogies from 1457 and 1476 differ; the former emphasizes male descent, while the latter focuses on women who married into the Rucellai; it is suggested that the 1476 genealogy was intended to help Giovanni's grandsons identify relatives from the female side who could render favors during times of financial need.]
Source: Portraits of Medieval and Renaissance Living: Essays in Honor of David Herlihy.   Edited by Samual K. Cohn, Jr. and Steven A. Epstein .   University of Michigan Press, 1996. Alvíssmál , 7., ( 1997):  Pages 39 - 70.
Year of Publication: 1996.

258. Record Number: 3295
Author(s): Ruhe, Ernstpeter.
Contributor(s):
Title : Intertextueller Dialog im Decamerone
Source: Archiv für das Studium der neueren Sprachen und Literaturen , 233., ( 1996):  Pages 52 - 64.
Year of Publication: 1996.

259. Record Number: 4628
Author(s): Masse, Marie-Sophie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mariage et adultere dans les "Maeren" de Heinrich Kaufringer [The author argues that Kaufringer explores the notion of "trewe," faithfulness, in stories that mix both humor and horrific revenge].
Source: Sex, Love and Marriage in Medieval Literature and Reality: Thematische Beiträge im Rahmen des 31th [sic] International Congress on Medieval Studies an der Western Michigan University (Kalamazoo-USA) 8.-12. Mai 1996.   Edited by Danielle Buschinger and Wolfgang Spiewok WODAN Bd. 69. Serie 3 Tagungsbände und Sammelschriften Actes de Colloques et Ouvrages Collectifs, 40.   Reineke-Verlag, 1996. Archiv für das Studium der neueren Sprachen und Literaturen , 233., ( 1996):  Pages 47 - 52.
Year of Publication: 1996.

260. Record Number: 6298
Author(s): Klingenberg, Heinz.
Contributor(s):
Title : For Skírnis: Brautwerbungsfahrt eines Werbungshelfers
Source: Alvíssmál , 6., ( 1996):  Pages 3 - 36.
Year of Publication: 1996.

261. Record Number: 7450
Author(s): Angiolini, Franco.
Contributor(s):
Title : Schiave [In the Middle Ages, slaves brought into Italy primarily came from the Black Sea region, and most were women. The sixteenth century saw an inversion of the gender ratio, as well as fresh supplies from Africa, the Balkans, and, for a time, Muslim Granada. There also was a shift from domestic to agricultural bondage. Slave women were exploited sexually, but some attained manumission through marriage. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Il Lavoro delle donne.   Edited by Angela Groppi .   Storia delle donne in Italia. Editori Laterza, 1996. Alvíssmál , 6., ( 1996):  Pages 92 - 115.
Year of Publication: 1996.

262. Record Number: 6304
Author(s): Rohlmann, Michael.
Contributor(s):
Title : Botticellis "Primavera". Zu Anlass, Adressat und Funktion von mythologischen Gemälden im Florentiner Quattrocento
Source: Artibus et historiae , 33., 17 ( 1996):  Pages 97 - 132.
Year of Publication: 1996.

263. Record Number: 1344
Author(s): Beecher, Donald.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Silenced Knight: Questions of Power and Reciprocity in the "Wife of Bath's Tale"
Source: Chaucer Review , 30., 4 ( 1996):  Pages 359 - 378.
Year of Publication: 1996.

264. Record Number: 1347
Author(s): Pulham, Carol A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Promises, Promises: Dorigen's Dilemma Revisited
Source: Chaucer Review , 31., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 76 - 86.
Year of Publication: 1996.

265. Record Number: 20793
Author(s): Hendershot, Cyndy
Contributor(s):
Title : Male Subjectivity, "Fin Amor," and Melancholia in "The Book of the Duchess"
Source: Mediaevalia , 21., ( 1996):  Pages 1 - 26.
Year of Publication: 1996.

266. Record Number: 681
Author(s): Affeldt, Werner.
Contributor(s):
Title : The English Noblewoman and Her Family in the Later Middle Ages [surviving sources show that family relations spanned a wide range of feeling].
Source: The Fragility of Her Sex?: Medieval Irishwomen in Their European Context.   Edited by Christine Meek and Katherine Simms .   Four Courts Press, 1996. Chaucer Review , 31., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 119 - 135.
Year of Publication: 1996.

267. Record Number: 6316
Author(s): Spiewok, Wolfgang.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ehe, Ehebruch und seine Folgen in mittelalterlicher Literatur und Wirklichkeit
Source: Sex, Love and Marriage in Medieval Literature and Reality: Thematische Beiträge im Rahmen des 31th [sic] International Congress on Medieval Studies an der Western Michigan University (Kalamazoo-USA) 8.-12. Mai 1996.   Edited by Danielle Buschinger and Wolfgang Spiewok WODAN Bd. 69. Serie 3 Tagungsbände und Sammelschriften Actes de Colloques et Ouvrages Collectifs, 40.   Reineke-Verlag, 1996. Chaucer Review , 31., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 73 - 78.
Year of Publication: 1996.

268. Record Number: 707
Author(s): Christelow, Stephanie Mooers.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Division of Inheritance and the Provision of Non- Inheriting Offspring Among the Anglo- Norman Elite [study of some fifty families over three generations with an emphasis on the careers of younger children through marriage, the Church, and royal service].
Source: Medieval Prosopography , 17., 2 (Autumn 1996):  Pages 3 - 44.
Year of Publication: 1996.

269. Record Number: 1623
Author(s): Elliott, Dyan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Bernardino of Siena Versus the Marriage Debt [argues that Bernardino questioned the assumption of equality in the marriage debt and recognized female spirituality as a legitimate reason for women to refuse sex with their husbands].
Source: Desire and Discipline: Sex and Sexuality in the Premodern West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray and Konrad Eisenbichler .   University of Toronto Press, 1996. Medieval Prosopography , 17., 2 (Autumn 1996):  Pages 168 - 200.
Year of Publication: 1996.

270. Record Number: 2989
Author(s): Keller, Kimberly.
Contributor(s):
Title : For Better and Worse: Women and Marriage in "Piers Plowman"
Source: Medieval Family Roles: A Book of Essays.   Edited by Cathy Jorgensen Itnyre .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Medieval Prosopography , 17., 2 (Autumn 1996):  Pages 67 - 83.
Year of Publication: 1996.

271. Record Number: 2280
Author(s): Sivan, Hagith.
Contributor(s):
Title : Forbidden Unions in the Early Byzantine Empire: A Prosopographical Evaluation [Early Byzantine laws prohibited marriage with barbarians and with Jews. The author considers specific cases of marriages in order to discover actual social practices. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 22., ( 1996):  Pages 49
Year of Publication: 1996.

272. Record Number: 1564
Author(s): McCash, June Hall.
Contributor(s):
Title : Images of Women in the "Lais" of Marie de France
Source: Medieval Perspectives , 11., ( 1996):  Pages 96 - 112. Proceedings of the Twenty-First Annual Conference of the Southeastern Medieval Association
Year of Publication: 1996.

273. Record Number: 1099
Author(s): Gates, Lori A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Widows, Property, and Remarriage: Lessons from Glastonbury's Deverill Manors [contrasts found in the manorial communities of Longbridge and Monkton, with the latter being less hospitable to widowed property holders; the author argues against a direct connection between land availability and widow remarriage, favoring instead a multiplicity of socio-economic conditions including labor pool, social hierarchy, manorial industries, age at widowhood, and children in the household.]
Source: Albion , 28., 1 (Spring 1996):  Pages 19 - 35.
Year of Publication: 1996.

274. Record Number: 1428
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Eastern Orthodox Christianity [medieval Greek and Slavic orthodox beliefs and practices].
Source: Handbook of Medieval Sexuality.   Edited by Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage .   Garland Reference Library of the Humanities vol. 1696. Garland Publishing, 1996. Albion , 28., 1 (Spring 1996):  Pages 329 - 343.
Year of Publication: 1996.

275. Record Number: 6312
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Mater et sponsa: Einige Bemerkungen zur Kunst der Zisterzienser in Böhmen
Source: Cîteaux: Revue d'Histoire Cistercienne , 47., ( 1996):  Pages 313 - 327.
Year of Publication: 1996.

276. Record Number: 990
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Occurrences of Nuptial Imagery in Old English Hagiographical Texts
Source: English Language Notes , 33., 4 (June 1996):  Pages 1 - 9.
Year of Publication: 1996.

277. Record Number: 1029
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Soverign as Pirate: Charles II of Anjou and the Marriage of His Daughter, 1304. Notes and Documents [economic aspects of Beatrice d' Anjou's marriage to Azzo VIII d' Este].
Source: English Historical Review (Full Text via JSTOR) 111, 441 (Apr. 1996): 350-356. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1996.

278. Record Number: 708
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Dowry and inheritance Patterns: Some Examples from the Descendants of King Henry I of England
Source: Medieval Prosopography , 17., 2 (Autumn 1996):  Pages 45 - 61.
Year of Publication: 1996.

279. Record Number: 1071
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Middle Cornish Interlude: Genre and Tradition [discusses the speaking part of the matchmaker in a secular interlude that was written on the back of a final contract; the matchmaker persuades a man to take a wife but then advises the young woman to exert control over her husband from the start].
Source: Comparative Drama , 30., 2 (Summer 1996):  Pages 266 - 281.
Year of Publication: 1996.

280. Record Number: 668
Author(s): Williams, Bernadette.
Contributor(s):
Title : Cursed Be My Parents: A View of Marriage From the "Lais" of Marie de France
Source: The Fragility of Her Sex?: Medieval Irishwomen in Their European Context.   Edited by Christine Meek and Katherine Simms .   Four Courts Press, 1996. Comparative Drama , 30., 2 (Summer 1996):  Pages 73 - 86.
Year of Publication: 1996.

281. Record Number: 682
Author(s): Meek, Christine E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women, Dowries, and the Family in Late Medieval Italian Cities [emphasis is on upper class families with a brief consideration of artisans and peasants].
Source: The Fragility of Her Sex?: Medieval Irishwomen in Their European Context.   Edited by Christine Meek and Katherine Simms .   Four Courts Press, 1996. Comparative Drama , 30., 2 (Summer 1996):  Pages 136 - 152.
Year of Publication: 1996.

282. Record Number: 5543
Author(s): Ferroul, Yves.
Contributor(s):
Title : Origine familiale de trois comtesses de Pallars
Source: Anuario de Estudios Medievales , 26., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 3 - 18.
Year of Publication: 1996.

283. Record Number: 4629
Author(s): Voisenet, Jacques.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mariage et Interdits sexuels au Moyen Age (Ve- XIIe siècle) [The author examines the many restrictions that the Church placed on the sexuality of married couples].
Source: Sex, Love and Marriage in Medieval Literature and Reality: Thematische Beiträge im Rahmen des 31th [sic] International Congress on Medieval Studies an der Western Michigan University (Kalamazoo-USA) 8.-12. Mai 1996.   Edited by Danielle Buschinger and Wolfgang Spiewok WODAN Bd. 69. Serie 3 Tagungsbände und Sammelschriften Actes de Colloques et Ouvrages Collectifs, 40.   Reineke-Verlag, 1996. Anuario de Estudios Medievales , 26., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 53 - 72.
Year of Publication: 1996.

284. Record Number: 2988
Author(s): Classen, Albrecht.
Contributor(s):
Title : Family Life in the High and Late Middle Ages: The Testimony of German Literary Sources
Source: Medieval Family Roles: A Book of Essays.   Edited by Cathy Jorgensen Itnyre .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Anuario de Estudios Medievales , 26., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 39 - 65.
Year of Publication: 1996.

285. Record Number: 1631
Author(s): Durling, Nancy Vine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Social Class Ideology and Medieval Love: Marriage Fictions in "Girart de Roussillon"
Source: Romance Languages Annual , 8., ( 1996):  Pages 84 - 90.
Year of Publication: 1996.

286. Record Number: 746
Author(s): Epstein, Steven A.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Medieval Family: A Place of Refuge and Sorrow [examples of violence, exploitation, and incest in Genoese families; also looks at entries in Giovanni Balbi's dictionary relating to family].
Source: Portraits of Medieval and Renaissance Living: Essays in Honor of David Herlihy.   Edited by Samual K. Cohn, Jr. and Steven A. Epstein .   University of Michigan Press, 1996. Romance Languages Annual , 8., ( 1996):  Pages 149 - 171.
Year of Publication: 1996.

287. Record Number: 1168
Author(s): Nors, Thyra.
Contributor(s):
Title : Illegitimate Children and Their High-Born Mothers: Changes in the Perception of Legitimacy in Mediaeval Denmark [distinctions made between children born from arranged concubinage, secret liaisons, and relations between freemen and bondswomen; the Church censured illegitimacy, causing a steep decline in status].
Source: Scandinavian Journal of History , 21., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 17 - 37.
Year of Publication: 1996.

288. Record Number: 2342
Author(s): Hall, Thomas N.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Earliest Anglo-Saxon Text of the "Trinubium Annae" (BHL 505z1)
Source: Old English Newsletter , 29., 3 (Spring 1996):
Year of Publication: 1996.

289. Record Number: 1415
Author(s): Brundage, James A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sex and Canon Law [canon law defined the norms of permissible sexual activity very strictly; clerical concubines, adultery, sodomy, and all kinds of sexual pleasure were prohibited].
Source: Handbook of Medieval Sexuality.   Edited by Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage .   Garland Reference Library of the Humanities vol. 1696. Garland Publishing, 1996. Old English Newsletter , 29., 3 (Spring 1996):  Pages 33 - 50.
Year of Publication: 1996.

290. Record Number: 1621
Author(s): Gonz‡lez-Casanovas, Roberto J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender Models in Alfonso X's 'Siete partidas': The Sexual Politics of 'Nature' and 'Society' [this interpretation based on historicist theories looks at the "Siete Partidas" as a literary creation and a social utopia].
Source: Desire and Discipline: Sex and Sexuality in the Premodern West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray and Konrad Eisenbichler .   University of Toronto Press, 1996. Old English Newsletter , 29., 3 (Spring 1996):  Pages 42 - 60.
Year of Publication: 1996.

291. Record Number: 879
Author(s): Flake, Timothy H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Love, "Trouthe," and the Happy Ending of the "Franklin's Tale" [Dorigen and Arveragus keep their word, proving the power of "trouthe" in the service of "gentillesse."]
Source: English Studies , 77., 3 (May 1996):  Pages 209 - 226.
Year of Publication: 1996.

292. Record Number: 996
Author(s): Jones, E. D.
Contributor(s):
Title : Medieval Merchets as Demographic Data: Some Evidence from the Spalding Priory Estates, Lincolnshire
Source: Continuity and Change , 11., 3 (Dec. 1996):  Pages 459 - 470.
Year of Publication: 1996.

293. Record Number: 725
Author(s): Shatzmiller, Maya.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage, Family, and the Faith: Women's Conversion to Islam [legal aspects of women's conversion as well as the cultural and emotional factors].
Source: Journal of Family History , 21., 3 (July 1996):  Pages 235 - 266.
Year of Publication: 1996.

294. Record Number: 1418
Author(s): McGlynn, Margaret and Richard J. Moll
Contributor(s):
Title : Chaste Marriage in the Middle Ages
Source: Handbook of Medieval Sexuality.   Edited by Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage .   Garland Reference Library of the Humanities vol. 1696. Garland Publishing, 1996. Alvíssmál , 7., ( 1997):  Pages 103 - 122.
Year of Publication: 1996.

295. Record Number: 1752
Author(s): Chamberlayne, Joanna.
Contributor(s):
Title : Joan of Kent's Tale: Adultery and Rape in the Age of Chivalry
Source: Medieval Life , 5., (Summer 1996):  Pages 6 - 9.
Year of Publication: 1996.

296. Record Number: 3594
Author(s): Shadis, Miriam.
Contributor(s):
Title : Berenguela of Castile's Political Motherhood : The Management of Sexuality, Marriage, and Succession
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Medieval Life , 5., (Summer 1996):  Pages 335 - 358.
Year of Publication: 1996.

297. Record Number: 5136
Author(s): Labarge, Margaret Wade
Contributor(s):
Title : Aspects of Social Life in the Middle Ages [The author reflects in part on the career of Michael M. Sheehan and comments on his collection of papers, "Marriage, Family, and Law in Medieval Europe" as well as the Festschrift collection done in his memory, "Wife and Widow in Medieval Europe"].
Source: Florilegium , 14., ( 1995- 1996):  Pages 197 - 204.
Year of Publication: 1995- 1996.

298. Record Number: 5132
Author(s): Lee, Becky R.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Purification of Women After Childbirth: A Window onto Medieval Perceptions of Women [The author suggests that women may have seen childbirth and the attendant rituals, including churching, as an opportunity for gender reversal and time to spend with other women].
Source: Florilegium , 14., ( 1995- 1996):  Pages 43 - 55.
Year of Publication: 1995- 1996.

299. Record Number: 8589
Author(s): Martin, Russell E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Royal Weddings and Crimean Diplomacy: New Sources on Muscovite Chancellery Practice during the Reign of Vasilii III [The author presents a critical edition and historical analysis of a ceremonial ("chin") for the wedding of Prince Andrei Staritskii, brother of Grand Prince Vasilii III, and Evfrosiniia Khovanskaia. This document, along with a diplomatic letter, provide evidence of chancellery practices. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Harvard Ukrainian Studies , 19., ( 1995):  Pages 389 - 420. Kamen' Kraeog "I'n": Rhetoric of the Medieval Slavic World: Essays Presented to Edward L. Keenan on His Sixtieth Birthday by His Colleagues and Students. Edited by Nancy Shields Kollmann, Donald Ostrowski, Andrei Pliguzov, and Daniel Rowland.
Year of Publication: 1995.

300. Record Number: 55
Author(s): Fowler, Elizabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Civil Death and the Maiden: Agency and the Conditions of Contract in Piers Plowman
Source: Speculum (Full Text via JSTOR) 70 (1995): 760-792. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1995.

301. Record Number: 3
Author(s): Brundage, James A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Merry Widow's Serious Sister: Remarriage in Classical Canon Law
Source: Matrons and Marginal Women in Medieval Society.   Edited by Robert R. Edwards and Vickie Ziegler .   Boydell Press, 1995.  Pages 33 - 48.
Year of Publication: 1995.

302. Record Number: 6
Author(s): Kleinhenz, Christopher.
Contributor(s):
Title : Pulzelle e maritate: Coming of Age, Rites of Passage, and the Question of Marriage in Some Early Italian Poems
Source: Matrons and Marginal Women in Medieval Society.   Edited by Robert R. Edwards and Vickie Ziegler .   Boydell Press, 1995.  Pages 89 - 110.
Year of Publication: 1995.

303. Record Number: 7
Author(s): Edwards, Robert R.
Contributor(s):
Title : Some Pious Talk About Marriage: Two Speeches from the Canterbury Tales [Franklin's Tale and Merchant's Tale].
Source: Matrons and Marginal Women in Medieval Society.   Edited by Robert R. Edwards and Vickie Ziegler .   Boydell Press, 1995.  Pages 111 - 127. A portion of this essay is taken from Edwards's article published in Speculum (Full Text via JSTOR) 66 (1991): 342-367. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1995.

304. Record Number: 256
Author(s): Watson, Laura.
Contributor(s):
Title : Disposal of Paston Daughters [Family plans for boarding and for marriage.]
Source: Sovereign Lady: Essays on Women in Middle English Literature.   Edited by Muriel Whitaker .   Garland Publishing, 1995.  Pages 45 - 62.
Year of Publication: 1995.

305. Record Number: 511
Author(s): Hammer, Carl I.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Handmaid's Tale: Morganatic Relationships in Early- mediaeval Bavaria [evidence from law codes and deeds].
Source: Continuity and Change , 10., 3 (Dec. 1995):  Pages 345 - 368.
Year of Publication: 1995.

306. Record Number: 655
Author(s): Drell, Joanna H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Family Structure in the Principality of Salerno During the Norman Period, 1077- 1154 [extent of kin groups, for both noble and non- noble families, that participated in the management of family properties].
Source: Anglo-Norman Studies , 18., ( 1995):  Pages 79 - 103.
Year of Publication: 1995.

307. Record Number: 1065
Author(s): Greilsammer, Myriam.
Contributor(s):
Title : Autour de la maison: trois études sur l' univers de la famille au Moyen Âge [Verdon's Les Françaises pendant la guerre de Cent Ans, Klapisch- Zuber's La Maison et le nom, and Shahar's Childhood in the Middle Ages].
Source: Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Historie , 73., 1 ( 1995):  Pages 409 - 432.
Year of Publication: 1995.

308. Record Number: 1609
Author(s): Georgi, Wolfgang.
Contributor(s):
Title : Bischof Keonwald von Worcester und die Heirat Ottos I. mit Edgitha im Jahre 929
Source: Historisches Jahrbuch , 115., 1 ( 1995):  Pages 1 - 40.
Year of Publication: 1995.

309. Record Number: 1982
Author(s): Heinrichs, Anne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Die jüngere und die ältere Thóra: Form und Bedeutung einer Episode in Haukdœla Tháttr
Source: Alvíssmál , 5., ( 1995):  Pages 3 - 28.
Year of Publication: 1995.

310. Record Number: 2785
Author(s): Miklautsch, Lydia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Minne - flust: Zur Rolle des Minnerittertums in Wolframs "Willehalm"
Source: Beiträge zur Geschichte der deutschen Sprache und Literatur , 117., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 218 - 234.
Year of Publication: 1995.

311. Record Number: 3732
Author(s): Herlihy, David.
Contributor(s):
Title : Making Sense of Incest: Women and the Marriage Rule of the Early Middle Ages [the Church prohibited marriages between people related up to the seventh degree as well as non-kin relationships; the author suggests that the Church's aims were to give fairer access to women, reduce levels of violence, and ensure harmony in the household. The article was originally published in Law, Custom, and the Social Fabric in Medieval Europe. Essays in Honor of Bryce Lyon. Edited by Bernard S. Bachrach and David Nicholas. Studies in Medieval Culture, 28, 1990. 1-16. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women, Family, and Society in Medieval Europe: Historical Essays, 1978-1991.   Edited by David Herlihy .   Berghahn Books, 1995. Beiträge zur Geschichte der deutschen Sprache und Literatur , 117., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 96 - 109. The article was originally published in Law, Custom, and the Social Fabric in Medieval Europe. Essays in Honor of Bryce Lyon. Edited by Bernard S. Bachrach and David Nicholas. Studies in Medieval Culture, 28, 1990. 1-16.
Year of Publication: 1995.

312. Record Number: 5558
Author(s): Klapisch-Zuber, Christiane.
Contributor(s):
Title : Les Noces feintes: sur quelques lectures de deux thèmes iconographiques dans les "cassoni" florentins [The author analyzes the scenes painted on a wedding cassone, formerly from the Rose Art Museum; scholars had believed that the scenes illustrated the story of lovers who reconciled their warring families from the "Istorietta Amorosa," but the author argu
Source: I Tatti Studies: Essays in the Renaissance , 6., ( 1995):  Pages 11 - 30.
Year of Publication: 1995.

313. Record Number: 6010
Author(s): Ragone, Franca.
Contributor(s):
Title : Le spose del signore: scelte politiche e ceremonie alla corte di Paolo Guinigi [Paolo Guinigi rose to power in Lucca following the assassination of his brother Lazzari; to buttress his regime, he married a descendant of a previous ruler of Lucca, Castruccio Castracani; then he wed Ilaria del Carretto, whose family had ties to the Visconti of Milan; Paolo's third and fourth wives, like the spouses of his children, were from outside Lucca; these marriages were intended to buttress the prestige of the Guinigi regime].
Source: Ilaria del Carretto e il suo monumento: la donna nell'arte, la cultura, e la società del '400. Atti del convegno Internazionale di Studi, 15-16-17 Settembre, 1994, Palazzo Ducale, Lucca.   Edited by Stéphane Toussaint. Translated by Clotilde Soave Bowe. .   Edizioni S. Marco Litotipo, 1995. I Tatti Studies: Essays in the Renaissance , 6., ( 1995):  Pages 119 - 136.
Year of Publication: 1995.

314. Record Number: 6011
Author(s): Meek, Christine.
Contributor(s):
Title : La donna, la famiglia, e la legge nell'epoca di Ilaria del Carretto [the limits imposed on Italian women were imposed in Lucca as they were elsewhere; law and practice, however, could differ, often to the women's advantage; women can be found bringing suits claiming that they had been coerced by their families into marriages to which they had not consented; wives of insolvent husbands can be found petitioning for restitution of their dowries; widows can be found serving as guardians of their minor children without the advice or consent of their late husbands' kin].
Source: Ilaria del Carretto e il suo monumento: la donna nell'arte, la cultura, e la società del '400. Atti del convegno Internazionale di Studi, 15-16-17 Settembre, 1994, Palazzo Ducale, Lucca.   Edited by Stéphane Toussaint. Translated by Clotilde Soave Bowe. .   Edizioni S. Marco Litotipo, 1995. I Tatti Studies: Essays in the Renaissance , 6., ( 1995):  Pages 137 - 163.
Year of Publication: 1995.

315. Record Number: 6016
Author(s): Furlan, Francesco.
Contributor(s):
Title : L'idea della donna nella cultura della prima metà del Quattrocento toscano [for the Middle Ages we have vastly more material written by men than by women, and the evidence is skewed in favor of the upper classes; much of early and high medieval writing on women was influenced by the misogyny of Jerome and favored celibacy; late medieval theologians came to speak more highly of marriage and the family, but they still favored discipline as the ideal for women; the humanists placed even greater emphasis on marriage; Italian merchants placed a great emphasis on procreation, but their memoirs can speak of wives in loving terms].
Source: Ilaria del Carretto e il suo monumento: la donna nell'arte, la cultura, e la società del '400. Atti del convegno Internazionale di Studi, 15-16-17 Settembre, 1994, Palazzo Ducale, Lucca.   Edited by Stéphane Toussaint. Translated by Clotilde Soave Bowe. .   Edizioni S. Marco Litotipo, 1995. I Tatti Studies: Essays in the Renaissance , 6., ( 1995):  Pages 251 - 270.
Year of Publication: 1995.

316. Record Number: 6017
Author(s): Magnavacca, Silvia.
Contributor(s):
Title : La moglie nel discorso individualistico di Leon Battista Alberti [for the later Middle Ages, we have better records of women's lives, not just normative sources; the prescriptive writings of clerics contain different emphases--on complementarity and on obedience; Leon Battista Alberti stresses individuality, but the only individual in his ideal household is the husband; the wife is expected to be fertile; otherwise, her role differs little from that of servants in the household].
Source: Ilaria del Carretto e il suo monumento: la donna nell'arte, la cultura, e la società del '400. Atti del convegno Internazionale di Studi, 15-16-17 Settembre, 1994, Palazzo Ducale, Lucca.   Edited by Stéphane Toussaint. Translated by Clotilde Soave Bowe. .   Edizioni S. Marco Litotipo, 1995. I Tatti Studies: Essays in the Renaissance , 6., ( 1995):  Pages 271 - 281.
Year of Publication: 1995.

317. Record Number: 6682
Author(s): Saunders, Corinne J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Woman Displaced: Rape and Romance in Chaucer's "Wife of Bath's Tale" ["Thus, the 'Wife of Bath's Tale' achieves two ends simultaneously. It explores minutely the problem of rape as a crime and the legal confusion over its status, referring to changing views of rape and the legal displacement of women, to the desire of women for action against rape, and to the possibility of the education of men regarding the need for equality in relationships yet at the same time, the tale affirms patriarchal values, inserting the woman within these structures and sustaining a traditional insistence on the action of rape as an element of romance: we hear no more of the victim, the knight is punished, but finally rewarded through otherworldly adventure, and the ideal of the young, beautiful and obedient wife is upheld." (page 131)].
Source: Arthurian Literature , 13., ( 1995):  Pages 115 - 131.
Year of Publication: 1995.

318. Record Number: 1529
Author(s): Peláez, Manuel J., Jean Louis Hague and Josep Maria Peral
Contributor(s):
Title : La Femme veuve dans l'oeuvre de l'Évêque d'Elne, Francesc Eieximenis, 1330-1409
Source: La Femme dans l' histoire et la société méridionales (IXe-XIXe S.): Actes du 66e congrés. .   Fédération historique du Languedoc méditerranéen et du Roussillon, 1995. Florilegium , 14., ( 1995- 1996):  Pages 117 - 128.
Year of Publication: 1995.

319. Record Number: 438
Author(s): Howell, Martha.
Contributor(s):
Title : Rewriting Marriage in Late Medieval Douai [from emphasis on the conjugal pair to the interests of the next generation].
Source: Romanic Review , 86., 2 (March 1995):  Pages 307 - 337. Special issue: The Production of Knowledge: Institutionalizing Sex, Gender, and Sexualiity in Medieval Discourse. Ed. by Kathryn Gravdal.
Year of Publication: 1995.

320. Record Number: 420
Author(s): Van Dyke, Carolynn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Clerk's and Franklin's Subjected Subjects [individual agency of Dorigen and Griselda].
Source: Studies in the Age of Chaucer , 17., ( 1995):  Pages 45 - 68.
Year of Publication: 1995.

321. Record Number: 343
Author(s): Kennedy, Beverly.
Contributor(s):
Title : Variant Passages in the Wife of Bath's Prologue and the Textual Transmission of the "Canterbury Tales": The "Great Tradition" Revisited
Source: Women, the Book and the Worldly: Selected Proceedings of the St. Hilda's Conference, 1993. Volume 2. [Volume 1: Women, the Book, and the Godly].   Edited by Lesley Smith and Jane H. M. Taylor .   D.S.Brewer, 1995. Studies in the Age of Chaucer , 17., ( 1995):  Pages 85 - 101.
Year of Publication: 1995.

322. Record Number: 1678
Author(s): Herrin, Judith
Contributor(s):
Title : Theophano: Considerations on the Education of a Byzantine Princess
Source: The Empress Theophano: Byzantium and the West at the Turn of the First Millennium.   Edited by Adelbert Davids .   Cambridge University Press, 1995. Studies in the Age of Chaucer , 17., ( 1995):  Pages 64 - 85. Essay reproduced in Unrivalled Influence: Women and Empire in Byzantium. By Judith Herrin. Princeton University Press, 2013. Pages 238-260.
Year of Publication: 1995.

323. Record Number: 429
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Saint Anne: A Holy Grandmother and Her Children