Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


104 Record(s) Found in our database

Search Results

1. Record Number: 43447
Author(s): Powell, Austin,
Contributor(s):
Title : Manuscript Miscellanies, Jerome's Letters to Women, and the Dominican Observant Reform in Fifteenth-Century Italy
Source: Renaissance Quarterly , 74., 3 ( 2021):  Pages 722 - 762. Available with a subscription: https://doi.org/10.1017/rqx.2021.99
Year of Publication: 2021.

2. Record Number: 24169
Author(s): Franco, Tiziana
Contributor(s):
Title : Sul "muricciolo" nella chiesa di Sant'Andrea di Sommacampagna "per il quale restavan divisi gli uomini dalle donne" [Until late in the 15th century, Italian churches divided clergy from laity and men from women with barriers. Remains of the low wall have been excavated at Sant'Andrea, Sommacampagna, showing that it ran across the width of the nave. The women's section
Source: Hortus Artium Medievalium , 14., ( 2008):  Pages 181 - 191.
Year of Publication: 2008.

3. Record Number: 20607
Author(s): Herzig, Tamar
Contributor(s):
Title : Women's Participation in the Savonarolan Reform in Ferrara [The author explores women's activities in late 15th and early 16th century Ferrara. The holy woman, Lucia Brocadelli, was brought to the city by Duke Ercole d'Este to confer her prestige as a living saint on Ferrara. Lucia founded a house for female tertiaries dedicated to Saint Catherine of Siena. Savonarola's niece and other impoverished girls were encouraged to join (with their dowry paid by the duke) and perpetuate Savonarola's reformist ideals. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: French Historical Studies , 29., 4 (Fall 2006):  Pages 543 - 564.
Year of Publication: 2006.

4. Record Number: 15565
Author(s): Herzig, Tamar
Contributor(s):
Title : Witches, Saints, and Heretics: Heinrich Kramer's Ties with Italian Women Mystics [Heinrich Kramer is best known for the "Malleus malleficarum," which denounced women as prone to becoming witches. While disputing with heretics in Bohemia, Kramer argued that the holiness of four Dominican tertiaries in Ferrara proved the authenticity of the Church. Kramer's holy women all were given to bodily manifestations of piety, such as stigmata; but they were carefully regulated by friars. They were the mirror opposites of witches, saintly despite bodily appetites that might have led them into error. The heretics were unmoved by their example, but Kramer spread their fame even while the "Malleus" spread negative stereotypes of other women. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Magic, Ritual, and Witchcraft , 1., ( 2006):  Pages 24 - 55.
Year of Publication: 2006.

5. Record Number: 10822
Author(s): Góngora, María Eugenia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Feminea Forma and "Virga": Two Images of Incarnation in Hildegard of Bingen's "Symophonia"
Source: The Voice of Silence: Women's Literacy in a Men's Church.   Edited by Thérèse de Hemptinne and María Eugenia Góngora Medieval Church Studies .   Brepols, 2004. Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 30., 1 (Spring 2004):  Pages 23 - 36.
Year of Publication: 2004.

6. Record Number: 10827
Author(s): Hemptinne, Thérèse.de
Contributor(s):
Title : Reading, Writing, and Devotional Practices: Lay and Religious Women and the Written Word in the Low Countries (1350-1550) [The author argues in part that manuscripts in the vernacular served as a means of connection among female relatives and friends, both urban laywomen and those in religious life (Beguines as well as nuns). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Voice of Silence: Women's Literacy in a Men's Church.   Edited by Thérèse de Hemptinne and María Eugenia Góngora Medieval Church Studies .   Brepols, 2004. Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 30., 1 (Spring 2004):  Pages 111 - 126.
Year of Publication: 2004.

7. Record Number: 10848
Author(s): Nicholson, Francesca.
Contributor(s):
Title : Seeing Women Troubadours without the "-itz" and "isms" [The author analyzes two poems attributed to women, Na Bieris de Roman and Azalais. Nicholson argues that they sometimes identify with a male lover and sometimes speak as women. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Troubled Vision: Gender, Sexuality, and Sight in Medieval Text and Image.   Edited by Emma Campbell and Robert Mills .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 30., 1 (Spring 2004):  Pages 63 - 76.
Year of Publication: 2004.

8. Record Number: 12878
Author(s): Esposito, Anna.
Contributor(s):
Title : Miracoli con il signum: due casi a confronto, Rosa da Viterbo e Simonino da Trento [Devotion to Rose of Viterbo was recorded immediatly after her death in 1251. Her cult benefited from pilgrim traffic through Viterbo to Rome, as well as local devotion. Notaries recorded miracles that supported the cause for Rose's canonization. Similarly, when the body of Simon of Trent, a boy thought murdered by Jews, was found in 1475, notarized documents were prepared to support a less successful campaign for canonization. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Notai, miracoli e culto dei santi: pubblicita e autenticazione del sacro tra XII e XV secolo, Atti del Seminario internazionale, Roma, 5-7 dicembre 2002.   Edited by Raimondo Michetti .   Dott. A. Giuffre editore, 2004. Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 30., 1 (Spring 2004):  Pages 343 - 368.
Year of Publication: 2004.

9. Record Number: 18224
Author(s): Herzig, Tamar
Contributor(s):
Title : The Rise and Fall of a Savonarolan Visionary: Lucia Brocadelli's Contribution to the Piagnone Movement [The author explores Lucia Brocadelli's activities in the reform movement inspired by Girolamo Savonarola. The duke, Ercole d'Este, brought her to Ferrara because of her reputation for saintliness and her support of the Piagnoni, followers of Savonarola. Lucia promoted Savonarola's cult in the monastery she directed. Despite historians' interests in the Piagnoni movement, Lucia's role has been ignored. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte / Archive for Reformation History , 95., ( 2004):  Pages 34 - 59.
Year of Publication: 2004.

10. Record Number: 14752
Author(s): Goldy, Charlotte Newman.
Contributor(s):
Title : The shiftiness of a woman: Narratizing the Anstey Case [The author examines documents surrounding an inheritance case that hinged on the legitimacy of a disputed marriage. From the court case reported by John of Salisbury, Goldy reconstructs the daughter Mabel's efforts to right the wrongs done to her mother. At the same time John of Salisbury leaves hints that the report of the father's deathbed remorse for abandoning Mabel's mother in favor of his previous bethrothed should not be trusted. After five years of litigation, church courts found in favor of the father's nephew and declared Mabel illegitimate. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 30., 1 (Spring 2004):  Pages 89 - 107.
Year of Publication: 2004.

11. Record Number: 10853
Author(s): Keen, Catherine M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sex and the Medieval City: Viewing the Body Politic from Exile in Early Italian Verse [Keen examines poems by four authors in exile (Dante, Cino da Pistoia, Pietro dei Faitinelli, and Niccolò del Rosso) in which the natal city is depicted as a beautiful woman; sometimes she is to be pitied, but other times she is hateful. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Troubled Vision: Gender, Sexuality, and Sight in Medieval Text and Image.   Edited by Emma Campbell and Robert Mills .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 30., 1 (Spring 2004):  Pages 155 - 171.
Year of Publication: 2004.

12. Record Number: 9712
Author(s): Wolbrink, Shelley Amiste.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women in the Premonstratensian Order of Northwestern Germany, 1120-1250 [The established historiography of the Premonstratensians shows women being marginalized from the early years onward. The documentary record is more complex. The German records show men's houses serving as "mother" houses to women's monasteries. This relationship was not free of conflict, but it shows a more vital presence of women in the order than the historiography has claimed. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Catholic Historical Review (Full Text via Project Muse) 89, 3 (July 2003): 387-408. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2003.

13. Record Number: 8947
Author(s): Griffiths, Fiona J
Contributor(s):
Title : Brides and "Dominae": Abelard's "Cura monialium" at the Augustinian Monastery of Marbach [The Appendix presents the Latin text and the English translation of "Beati pauperes." It addresses the pastoral care of nuns and was inspired in large part by Abelard's Sermon 30, "On Alms for the Nuns of the Paraclete." Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Viator , 34., ( 2003):  Pages 57 - 88.
Year of Publication: 2003.

14. Record Number: 11378
Author(s): Passmore, S. Elizabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Painting Lions, Drawing Lines, Writing Lives: Male Authorship in the Lives of Christina of Markyate, Margery Kempe, and Margaret Paston [First article in a Roundtable series entitled "Are You Still Deciding Whether to be a Medievalist or a Feminist?"]
Source: Medieval Feminist Forum , 36., (Fall 2003):  Pages 36 - 40.
Year of Publication: 2003.

15. Record Number: 8711
Author(s): Lawless, Catherine
Contributor(s):
Title : Women on the Margins: The "Beloved" and the "Mistress" in Renaissance Florence [The author discusses women who were in irrgular relationships with men, whether as idealized love objects or in extra-marital sexual relationships. The women involved range from the daughters of the most important families and nuns to slaves and poor women. While wealthy young brides like Ginevra de'Benci could flirt with romantic love without loss of status, concubines who lived outside the family structure risked marginality and illegitimacy for their children. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies on Medieval and Early Modern Women: Pawns or Players?   Edited by Christine Meek and Catherine Lawless .   Four Courts Press, 2003. Medieval Feminist Forum , 36., (Fall 2003):  Pages 111 - 130.
Year of Publication: 2003.

16. Record Number: 8642
Author(s): Lee, Becky R.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Company of Women and Men: Men's Recollections of Childbirth in Medieval England
Source: Journal of Family History , 27., 2 (April 2002):  Pages 92 - 100.
Year of Publication: 2002.

17. Record Number: 9501
Author(s): Lee, Becky R.
Contributor(s):
Title : Men's Recollections of a Women's Rite: Medieval English Men's Recollections Regarding the Rite of the Purification of Women after Childbirth
Source: Gender and History , 14., 2 (August 2002):  Pages 224 - 241.
Year of Publication: 2002.

18. Record Number: 10834
Author(s): Peterson, Ingrid, O.S.F.
Contributor(s):
Title : Thirteenth-Century Penitential Women: Franciscan Life in the Secular World
Source: Studies in Spirituality , 12., ( 2002):  Pages 43 - 60.
Year of Publication: 2002.

19. Record Number: 8280
Author(s): Marín, Manuela.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage and Sexuality in Al-Andalus [The author examines Muslim ideas of sexuality through three texts, a religious treatise ("Kitab Adab al-nisa' " ("Treatise on the Proper Behavior of Women")), an encyclopedia ("'al- 'Iqd al-farid" ("The Unique Necklace")), and a literary anthology ("Bahjat al-majalis" ("The Beauty of Literary Gatherings")). The texts advise their male readers on rules for women's sexual conduct in order to ensure honor and legitimate heirs. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Marriage and Sexuality in Medieval and Early Modern Iberia. Hispanic Issues, Volume 26.   Edited by Eukene Lacarra Lanz .   Routledge, 2002. Studies in Spirituality , 12., ( 2002):  Pages 3 - 20.
Year of Publication: 2002.

20. Record Number: 7066
Author(s): Debby, Nirit Ben-Aryeh
Contributor(s):
Title : The Preacher as Women's Mentor [Although a preacher like the Dominican Observant Giovanni Dominici guided women's lives, his audience also influenced him. Dominici's sermons praised the patriarchal family and procreation, while decrying all extramarital sex. He also criticized girls who became nuns for the wrong reasons, including the lack of a suitable husband. Dominici shared the misogyny of his age, but he showed an intimate awareness of women's situations and concerns. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Preacher, Sermon and Audience in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Carolyn Muessig .   Brill, 2002. Studies in Spirituality , 12., ( 2002):  Pages 229 - 254.
Year of Publication: 2002.

21. Record Number: 8188
Author(s): Kelleher, M. A. ;
Contributor(s):
Title : Like Man and Wife: Clerics' Concubines in the Diocese of Barcelona
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 28., ( 2002):  Pages 349 - 360.
Year of Publication: 2002.

22. Record Number: 8803
Author(s): Karras, Ruth Mazo.
Contributor(s):
Title : Young Knights under the Feminine Gaze ["The women served a ratifying function for a youth's entry into a masculine hierarchy of knightly prestige, but they did not themselves choose the criteria by which they evaluated men. A woman's gaze at a young knight was not a sign of her activity as opposed to his passivity, but rather the sign that she was the prize he was to win, the currency in which his worth in other men's eyes was to be measured." Page 203.]
Source: The Premodern Teenager: Youth in Society, 1150-1650.   Edited by Konrad Eisenbichler .   Publications of the Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies, Essays and Studies, 1. Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies, 2002. Journal of Medieval History , 28., ( 2002):  Pages 189 - 205.
Year of Publication: 2002.

23. Record Number: 9338
Author(s): Westphal, Sarah.
Contributor(s):
Title : Bad Girls in the Middle Ages: Gender, Law, and German Literature [The author examines two cases in German literature, that of Calefurnia in the "Sachsenspiegel" and Brunhilt in "Die Mörin," in which women act as advocates in court. While Calefurnia is presented as outrageous and Brunhilt as angry and animal-like, it still suggests that women and women's issues, in particular their seduction and abandonment by men, may merit a public hearing, both in a law court and with an audience listening to poetry. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Essays in Medieval Studies (Full Text via Project Muse) 19 (2002): 103-119. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2002.

24. Record Number: 6716
Author(s): Hotchin, Julie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Female Religious Life and the "Cura Monialium" in Hirsau Monasticism, 1080 to 1150
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001. Gender and History , 14., 2 (August 2002):  Pages 59 - 83.
Year of Publication: 2001.

25. Record Number: 6050
Author(s): Ferrante, Joan M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Licet longinquis regionibus corpore separati: Letters as a Link in and to the Middle Ages [in a presidential address delivered to the Medieval Academy of America, Ferrante describes the goals and contents of the online database "Epistolae" (http://db.ccnmtl.columbia.edu/Ferrante/about2.html) that presents the texts of letters from and to women, 4th through 13th centuries; the author traces a number of themes from the letters including women's involvement in public struggles, support of women by other women, and strong relationships between women and men].
Source: Speculum , 76., 4 (October 2001):  Pages 877 - 895.
Year of Publication: 2001.

26. Record Number: 6973
Author(s): McCarthy, Terence.
Contributor(s):
Title : Qui était Daniélis [The author argues that the references to Daniélis in two Greek texts suggest that she was a wealthy, noblewoman who had connections to Emperor Basil I. The Appendix presents excerpts in Greek from the two texts in which Daniélis is mentioned, "Theophanes Continuatus" and "Synopsis Historion" by John Skylitzes. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Byzantion , 71., 1 ( 2001):  Pages 98 - 109.
Year of Publication: 2001.

27. Record Number: 6168
Author(s): Demaitre, Luke.
Contributor(s):
Title : Domesticity in Middle Dutch "Secrets of Men and Women"
Source: Social History of Medicine , 14., 1 (April 2001):  Pages 1 - 25.
Year of Publication: 2001.

28. Record Number: 4137
Author(s): Williams, Bermadette.
Contributor(s):
Title : She Was Usually Placed with the Great Men and Leaders of the Land in the Public Assemblies- Alice Kyteler: A Woman of Considerable Power [her step-children accused her of witchcraft ; Richard Ledrede, Bishop of Ossory, doggedly pursued her].
Source: Women in Renaissance and Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Christine Meek .   Four Courts Press, 2000. Past and Present , 166., (February 2000):  Pages 67 - 83.
Year of Publication: 2000.

29. Record Number: 4747
Author(s): Devroey, Jean-Pierre.
Contributor(s):
Title : Men and Women in Early Medieval Serfdom: The Ninth-Century North Frankish Evidence [the author takes issue with Susan Stuard's article "Ancillary Evidence for the Decline of Medieval Slavery" in Past and Present 149 (November 1995): 3-28; he argues that the unfree had obligations to their masters but were not in total subjection; the "ancilla" was more likely to suffer sexual abuse but that "was not determined by the juridical status of the women" page 30].
Source: Past and Present , 166., (February 2000):  Pages 3 - 30.
Year of Publication: 2000.

30. Record Number: 4243
Author(s): Beach, Alison I.
Contributor(s):
Title : Claustration and Collaboration Between the Sexes in the Twelfth-Century Scriptorium [the author compares the book production practices of two German double houses; Admont valued women's learning and the abbot worked with nuns to write down his Biblical commentaries; Schäftlarn did not train women in writing nor allow them access to books, but women who could already write were put to work in the scriptorium].
Source: Monks and Nuns, Saints and Outcasts: Religion in Medieval Society. Essays in Honor of Lester K. Little.   Edited by Sharon Farmer and Barbara H. Rosenwein .   Cornell University Press, 2000. Past and Present , 166., (February 2000):  Pages 57 - 75.
Year of Publication: 2000.

31. Record Number: 5440
Author(s): Knox, Dilwyn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Civility, Courtesy, and Women in the Italian Renaissance [The author traces the origins of the idea of "modestia," decorum and gravity, which was the standard for both women and men; "cortesia" developed in order to give men and women a way to relate to each other].
Source: Women in Italian Renaissance Culture and Society.   Edited by Letizia Panizza .   European Humanities Research Centre, University of Oxford, 2000. Past and Present , 166., (February 2000):  Pages 2 - 17.
Year of Publication: 2000.

32. Record Number: 7364
Author(s): Devroey, Jean-Pierre.
Contributor(s):
Title : Femmes au mirroir des polyptyques: une approche des rapports du couple dans l'exploitation rurale dépendante entre Seine et Rhin au IXe siècle [The author argues that the history of women can only be fully understood when it is considered along with the history of men. Using ninth century polyptiques, the author analyzes women's and men's roles for peasants, serfs, and the unfree. He also suggests reasons for the smaller numbes of women and larger numbers of men in the rural populations. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Femmes et pouvoirs des femmes à Byzance et en Occident (VIe -XIe siècles). Colloque international organisé les 28, 29 et 30 mars 1996 à Bruxelles et Villeneuve d'Ascq.   Edited by Stéphane Lebecq, Alain Dierkens, Régine Le Jan, and Jean-Marie Sansterre .   Centre de Recherche sur l'Histoire de l'Europe du Nord-Ouest, Université Charles de Gaulle-Lille 3, 1999. Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 13., 3 (September 1999):  Pages 227 - 249.
Year of Publication: 1999.

33. Record Number: 4505
Author(s): Allen, Renée.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Roles of Women and Their Homosocial Context in the "Chevalier au Lion"
Source: Romance Quarterly , 46., 3 (Summer 1999):  Pages 141 - 154.
Year of Publication: 1999.

34. Record Number: 3171
Author(s): Stuard, Susan Mosher.
Contributor(s):
Title : Single by Law and Custom [Mediterranean women slaves might be mothers and wives but they remained single].
Source: Singlewomen in the European Past, 1250-1800.   Edited by Judith M. Bennett and Amy M. Froide .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999. Romance Quarterly , 46., 3 (Summer 1999):  Pages 106 - 126.
Year of Publication: 1999.

35. Record Number: 4247
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Identity of Margaret in Thomas Usk's "Testament of Love"
Source: Medium Aevum , 68., 1 ( 1999):  Pages 63 - 72.
Year of Publication: 1999.

36. Record Number: 4187
Author(s): Tuerk, Jacquelyn.
Contributor(s):
Title : An Early Byzantine Inscribed Amulet and Its Narratives
Source: Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies , 23., ( 1999):  Pages 25 - 42.
Year of Publication: 1999.

37. Record Number: 4446
Author(s): Killerby, Catherine Kovesi.
Contributor(s):
Title : Heralds of a Well-Instructed Mind: Nicolosa Sanuti's Defence of Women and Their Clothes [in the Appendix the author gives an English translation of Nicolosa Sanuti's protest against a new sumptuary law].
Source: Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 13., 3 (September 1999):  Pages 255 - 282.
Year of Publication: 1999.

38. Record Number: 3269
Author(s): Storey, Ann.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Theophany of the Feminine: Hildegard of Bingen, Elisabeth of Schönau, and Herrad of Landsberg [The author explores the female aspects of the divine that are found in the three women's writings and the illustrations accompanying Herrad's and Hildegard's works].
Source: Woman's Art Journal (Full Text via JSTOR) 19, 1 (Spring/Summer 1998):16-20. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1998.

39. Record Number: 4620
Author(s): Bynum, Caroline Walker.
Contributor(s):
Title : Men's Use of Female Symbols [the author argues that pardoxically men, powerful and clerical, needed to become weak and human as "spiritual" women for salvation; the author concludes in part: "Whatever explanation one proposes, it is clear that women's way of using and living symbols was different from men's. The differences lay not merely in what symbols were chosen but also in how symbols related to self. Where men stressed male/ female contrasts and used imagery of reversal to express their dependence on God, women expressed their dependence on God in imagery at least partly drawn from their own gender and avoided symbolic reversals." (Pages 288-289)].
Source: Debating the Middle Ages: Issues and Readings.   Edited by Lester K. Little and Barbara H. Rosenwein .   Blackwell Publishers, 1998.  Pages 277 - 289. Originally published in Caroline Walker Bynum, Holy Feast and Holy Fast: The Religious Significance of Food to Medieval Women. University of California Press, 1987. Pages 282-294.
Year of Publication: 1998.

40. Record Number: 4338
Author(s): Talbot, Alice-Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women's Space in Byzantine Monasteries
Source: Dumbarton Oaks Papers (Full Text via JSTOR) 52 (1998): 113-127. Link Info Reprinted in Women and Religious Life in Byzantium. By Alice-Mary Talbot. Variorum Collected Studies Series. Ashgate, 2001. Article 15.
Year of Publication: 1998.

41. Record Number: 8521
Author(s): Higgins, Sydney.
Contributor(s):
Title : Playing the Serpent: Devil, Virgin, or Mythical Beast? [The author briefly traces the development of representations of the serpent in the Garden of Eden in the later Middle Ages. First it was a natural-looking snake, then a winged monster, and finally it had a woman's head and chest on top of a snake's body. Higgins goes on to consider the depiction of the serpent in plays, specifically the Cornish "Ordinalia" (midfourteenth century) and "The Creation of the World" (midsixteenth century). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: European Medieval Drama , 2., ( 1998):  Pages 207 - 214.
Year of Publication: 1998.

42. Record Number: 3401
Author(s): Mooney, Linne R.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Woman's Reply to Her Lover and Four Other New Courtly Love Lyrics in Cambridge, Trinity College MS.3.19 [texts of the five new poems are published in the appendix; the author suggests that the poem "A Woman's Reply to Her Lover" was composed by a woman who sent her love letter in verse to her royal lover].
Source: Medium Aevum , 67., 2 ( 1998):  Pages 235 - 256.
Year of Publication: 1998.

43. Record Number: 7172
Author(s): Barratt, Alexandra.
Contributor(s):
Title : Stabant matres dolorosae: Women as Readers and Writers of Passion Prayers, Meditations, and Visions [The author surveys late medieval writings on Christ's passion from Richard Rolle, the anonymous "Faits and the Passion of our Lord Jesu Christ," Eleanor Hull's translation, Margery Kempe, and Julian of Norwich. With the exception of the last author, the writers all aim at generating strong emotions in order to prompt contrition and reformed behavior. Only Julian emphasizes the joy and love of the Passion and encourages her reader to contemplate new ideas through positive theological metaphors. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Broken Body: Passion Devotion in Late-Medieval Culture.   Edited by A. A. MacDonald, H. N. B. Ridderbos, and R. M. Schlusemann .   Mediaevalia Groningana, vol. 21. Egbert Forsten, 1998. Medium Aevum , 67., 2 ( 1998):  Pages 55 - 71.
Year of Publication: 1998.

44. Record Number: 2966
Author(s): Pryds, Darleen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Proclaiming Sanctity Through Proscribed Acts: The Case of Rose of Viterbo [Rose, a young laywoman, preached to crowds of men and women].
Source: Women Preachers and Prophets Through Two Millennia of Christianity.   Edited by Beverly Mayne Kienzle and Pamela J. Walker .   University of California Press, 1998. Medium Aevum , 67., 2 ( 1998):  Pages 159 - 172.
Year of Publication: 1998.

45. Record Number: 2434
Author(s): Picherit, Jean-Louis.
Contributor(s):
Title : Le "Miroir aux dames" [note on the mirror metaphor as used to describe a man who attracts women].
Source: Zeitschrift für Romanische Philologie , 113., 1 ( 1997):  Pages 26 - 29.
Year of Publication: 1997.

46. Record Number: 4341
Author(s): Blamires, Alcuin.
Contributor(s):
Title : Paradox in the Medieval Gender Doctrine of Head and Body [The author argues that the head-husband and body-wife doctrine had paradoxes which obliged churchmen to offer women other alternatives].
Source: Medieval Theology and the Natural Body.   Edited by Peter Biller and A.J. Minnis York Studies in Medieval Theology .   York Medieval Press, 1997. Zeitschrift für Romanische Philologie , 113., 1 ( 1997):  Pages 13 - 29.
Year of Publication: 1997.

47. Record Number: 3293
Author(s): Dzon, Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : Grenzüberschreitungen: Begegnungen mit der wilden Frau in dem mittelhochdeutschen Epos "Wolfdietrich B"
Source: Monatshefte , 89., 1 ( 1997):  Pages 18 - 30.
Year of Publication: 1997.

48. Record Number: 3597
Author(s): Federico, Sylvia.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Fourteenth-Century Erotics of Politics: London as a Feminine New Troy
Source: Studies in the Age of Chaucer , 19., ( 1997):  Pages 121 - 155.
Year of Publication: 1997.

49. Record Number: 892
Author(s): Finch, A.J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sexual Relations and Marriage in Later Medieval Normandy [ecclesiastical courts regulated courtship and sexual relationships, imposing marriage or fines on couples found guilty of fornication, cohabitation, or where the woman was judged a concubine].
Source: Journal of Ecclesiastical History , 47., 2 (Apr. 1996):  Pages 236 - 256.
Year of Publication: 1996.

50. Record Number: 1088
Author(s): Finch, Andrew.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Disciplining of the Laity in Late Medieval Normandy [counters Muchembled's argument that late medieval Church authorities exercised little control over lay behavior; the Cerisy register shows a determined effort to regulate sexual and marital behavior].
Source: French History , 10., 2 (June 1996):  Pages 163 - 181.
Year of Publication: 1996.

51. Record Number: 3590
Author(s): Rosenthal, Joel T.
Contributor(s):
Title : Looking for Grandmother: The Pastons and Their Counterparts in Late Medieval England
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. French History , 10., 2 (June 1996):  Pages 259 - 277.
Year of Publication: 1996.

52. Record Number: 20793
Author(s): Hendershot, Cyndy
Contributor(s):
Title : Male Subjectivity, "Fin Amor," and Melancholia in "The Book of the Duchess"
Source: Mediaevalia , 21., ( 1996):  Pages 1 - 26.
Year of Publication: 1996.

53. Record Number: 714
Author(s): McGinn, Bernard.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Changing Shape of Late Medieval Mysticism [themes discussed include connections between men and women in religion, Latin and the vernaculars, and the world and the cloister].
Source: Church History (Full Text via JSTOR) 65, 2 (June 1996): 197-219. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1996.

54. Record Number: 5375
Author(s): Ruether, Rosemary Radford.
Contributor(s):
Title : AL-KHAYALANI- A Variation of the Khayal Motif [The author examines the motif of the poet and his beloved, who meet in his dream].
Source: Journal of Arabic Literature , 27., 1 (February 1996):  Pages 2 - 12.
Year of Publication: 1996.

55. Record Number: 1081
Author(s): Freeman, Elizabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Nuns in the Public Sphere: Aelred of Rievaulx's "De Sanctimoniali De Wattun" and the Gendering of Authority [how the Gilbertine nuns of Watton punished a sister who had sexual relations with a man belonging to the double house].
Source: Comitatus , 27., ( 1996):  Pages 55 - 80. [contributions are accepted from graduate students and those who have received their doctorates within the last three years]
Year of Publication: 1996.

56. Record Number: 1672
Author(s): Alama, Pauline J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Female Homosocial Bonding in the "Lais" of Marie de France [International Congress on Medieval Studies. Kalamazoo, May 1996].
Source: Le Cygne: Bulletin of the International Marie de France Society: Abstracts, Notes, and Queries , 2., (April 1996):  Pages 14 - 15.
Year of Publication: 1996.

57. Record Number: 1421
Author(s): Murray, Jacqueline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Twice Marginal and Twice Invisible: Lesbians in the Middle Ages [appendices reproduce two translations, one an excerpt from a poem that describes the "vile sin" of two ladies making love, the other is a nun's letter to her beloved, full of homoerotic images].
Source: Handbook of Medieval Sexuality.   Edited by Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage .   Garland Reference Library of the Humanities vol. 1696. Garland Publishing, 1996. Le Cygne: Bulletin of the International Marie de France Society: Abstracts, Notes, and Queries , 2., (April 1996):  Pages 191 - 222.
Year of Publication: 1996.

58. Record Number: 1780
Author(s): Heidenreich, Brooke J.
Contributor(s):
Title : L'aventure des dames in Marie de France's "Eliduc" [International Congress on Medieval Studies. Kalamazoo, May 1996].
Source: Le Cygne: Bulletin of the International Marie de France Society: Abstracts, Notes, and Queries , 2., (April 1996):  Pages 17
Year of Publication: 1996.

59. Record Number: 7060
Author(s): Bornstein, Daniel.
Contributor(s):
Title : Le donne di Giovanni Dominici: un caso nella recezione e trasmissione dei messaggi religiosi [Giovanni Dominici, a Dominican observant, was active in ecclesiastical politics but also in counseling pious women. Echoes of his advice are found in his works dedicated to Bartolomea Degli Obizzi, a pious lay woman. This includes Dominici's arguments against women who become nuns for the wrong reasons and his advice on family life. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studi Medievali , 36., 1 (Giugno 1995):  Pages 355 - 361.
Year of Publication: 1995.

60. Record Number: 2292
Author(s): McGuire, Brian Patrick.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Cistercians and Friendship: An Opening to Women [descriptions of spiritual friendships between male Cistercians and women; the author then suggests reasons for this change in attitude from the earlier Cistercian practice of avoiding any involvement with women].
Source: Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women. Book One. Medieval Religious Women Volume Three.   Edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, O.S.C.O Cistercian Studies Series .   Cistercian Publications, 1995. Mediaevalia , 21., ( 1996):  Pages 171 - 200.
Year of Publication: 1995.

61. Record Number: 354
Author(s): Bartlett, Anne Clark.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Reasonable Affection: Gender and Spiritual Friendship in Middle English Devotional Literature
Source: Vox Mystica: Essays on Medieval Mysticism in Honor of Professor Valerie M Lagorio.   Edited by Anne Clark Bartlett, Thomas H. Bestul, Janet Goebel, and William F. Pollard .   D.S. Brewer, 1995. Mediaevalia , 21., ( 1996):  Pages 131 - 145.
Year of Publication: 1995.

62. Record Number: 31
Author(s): Stuard, Susan Mosher.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ancillary Evidence for the Decline of Medieval Slavery [Experience of women slaves in the countryside and in wealthy households counters the standard argument made about slavery. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Past and Present , 149 ( 1995):  Pages 3 - 28. Republished in Considering Medieval Women and Gender. Susan Mosher Stuard. Ashgate Variorum, 2010. Chapter VII.
Year of Publication: 1995.

63. Record Number: 1130
Author(s): McNamara, Jo Ann.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Nun of Watton [translation of Aelred's account of the nun who sleeps with a young monk and becomes pregnant; the other nuns castrate the guilty youth but when the foetus disappears they judge it to be a miracle and cease punishing the penitent nun].
Source: Magistra , 1., 1 (Summer 1995):  Pages 122 - 137.
Year of Publication: 1995.

64. Record Number: 342
Author(s): Ricke, Joseph M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Parody, Performance, and the "Ultimate" Meaning of Noah's Shrew
Source: Mediaevalia , 18., ( 1995):  Pages 263 - 281. (1995 (for 1992)) Published by the Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, State University of New York at Binghamton
Year of Publication: 1995.

65. Record Number: 1445
Author(s): Yahe, Katherine M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sexual Attraction and the Motivations for Love and Friendship in Aelred of Rievaulx
Source: American Benedictine Review , 46., 3 (September 1995):  Pages 283 - 307.
Year of Publication: 1995.

66. Record Number: 490
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Relationships Between Women in Old English Texts: Cultural Definitions of Femininity [Thirtieth International Congress on Medieval Studies, the Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University, May 4-7, 1995. Thirtieth Symposium on the Sources of Anglo- Saxon Culture, co- sponsered by the Institute and CEMERS, Binghamton University. Session 244].
Source: Old English Newsletter , 28., 3 (Spring 1995):
Year of Publication: 1995.

67. Record Number: 367
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Woman, Authority, and the Book in the Middle Ages [a female author's response to Richard de Fournival's "Bestiaire d' Amour"].
Source: Women, the Book and the Worldly: Selected Proceedings of the St. Hilda's Conference, 1993. Volume 2. [Volume 1: Women, the Book, and the Godly].   Edited by Lesley Smith and Jane H. M. Taylor .   D.S.Brewer, 1995. Old English Newsletter , 28., 3 (Spring 1995):  Pages 61 - 69.
Year of Publication: 1995.

68. Record Number: 550
Author(s): Rosenthal, Joel T.
Contributor(s):
Title : Men's Place in Women's Studies?
Source: Medieval Feminist Newsletter , 19., (Spring 1995):  Pages 7 - 10.
Year of Publication: 1995.

69. Record Number: 285
Author(s): Badel, Pierre-Yves.
Contributor(s):
Title : Masculin, féminin dans le lai de "Guingamor"
Source: Cahiers de Civilization Médiévale , 38., 2 (Avril-Juin 1995):  Pages 103 - 114.
Year of Publication: 1995.

70. Record Number: 1530
Author(s): Scheelar, Margo Husby.
Contributor(s):
Title : El Auto IX y la Destronizacion de Melibea [The author uses Bakhtin's theory of the carnivalesque to examine the descriptions of Melibea in Act Nine].
Source: Celestinesca , 19., 40180 ( 1995):  Pages 57 - 69.
Year of Publication: 1995.

71. Record Number: 63
Author(s): Bitel, Lisa M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Do Not Marry the Fat Short One: The Early Irish Wisdom on Women
Source: Journal of Women's History , 6., 4 (Winter/Spring 1995):  Pages 137 - 159. (6, 4 / 7, 1)
Year of Publication: 1995.

72. Record Number: 1527
Author(s): Calvo González, José.
Contributor(s):
Title : Femme et monstre dans l'imaginaire médiéval et de la Renaissance (Analyses narratives et idéographiques d'une allégorie)
Source: La Femme dans l' histoire et la société méridionales (IXe-XIXe S.): Actes du 66e congrés. .   Fédération historique du Languedoc méditerranéen et du Roussillon, 1995. Journal of Women's History , 6., 4 (Winter/Spring 1995):  Pages 231 - 241.
Year of Publication: 1995.

73. Record Number: 266
Author(s): Betzig, Laura.
Contributor(s):
Title : Medieval Monogamy [polygynous mating and monogamous marriage - inheritance strategies and the influence of the Church].
Source: Journal of Family History , 20., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 181 - 216.
Year of Publication: 1995.

74. Record Number: 1233
Author(s): Ettlinger, Helen S.
Contributor(s):
Title : Visibilis et Invisibilis: The Mistress in Italian Renaissance Court Society [a study of the highborn concubines of rulers primarily at the courts of Milan, Ferrara, and Rimini].
Source: Renaissance Quarterly (Full Text via JSTOR) 47, 4 (Winter 1994): 770-792. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1994.

75. Record Number: 5552
Author(s): Berents, Dick.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Resurrection of Joan of Arc [The author examines the case of Claude de Armoises who successfully presented herself as Joan of Arc from 1436 to 1439, gaining the confidence and financial support of many, including the burgers of Orléans and various members of the nobility].
Source: Joan of Arc: Reality and Myth.   Edited by Jan van Herwaarden Publikaties van de Faculteit der Historische en Kunstwetenschappen. Maatschappijgeschiedenis .   Verloren, 1994.  Pages 74 - 95.
Year of Publication: 1994.

76. Record Number: 5568
Author(s): De Gendt, Anne Marie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gens qui ont le siècle à main: les grands de ce monde dans le "Livre du Chevalier de la Tour Landry" [the author analyzes two incidents in the "Livre du Chevalier de la Tour Landry" in which men betray women by pledging their love to several women at the same time; despite the Chevalier de la Tour Landry's moral and didactic purposes, he admires the men's high social statuses, their gifts for speaking, and even their reputations as seducers].
Source: Fifteenth Century Studies , 21., ( 1994):  Pages 1 - 15.
Year of Publication: 1994.

77. Record Number: 8540
Author(s): Jornet, Núria.
Contributor(s):
Title : La femme agressée et agresseur. Une analyse des procès criminels civils catalans du XIVe siècle
Source: La Femme pendant le Moyen Âge et l'époque moderne. Actes des Sixiémes Journées Anthropologiques de Valbonne 9-10-11 juin 1992.   Edited by Luc Buchet Dossier de Documentation Archéologique, 17.   CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Centre de Recherches Archéologiques) Éditions, 1994. Fifteenth Century Studies , 21., ( 1994):  Pages 221 - 229.
Year of Publication: 1994.

78. Record Number: 8533
Author(s): Blondiaux, Joël.
Contributor(s):
Title : A propos de la dame d'Hochfelden et de la pratique cavalière: Discussion autour des sites fonctionnels fémoraux
Source: La Femme pendant le Moyen Âge et l'époque moderne. Actes des Sixiémes Journées Anthropologiques de Valbonne 9-10-11 juin 1992.   Edited by Luc Buchet Dossier de Documentation Archéologique, 17.   CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Centre de Recherches Archéologiques) Éditions, 1994. Studi Medievali , 36., 1 (Giugno 1995):  Pages 97 - 109.
Year of Publication: 1994.

79. Record Number: 5518
Author(s): Woods, Richard, O. P.
Contributor(s):
Title : Conclusion: Women and Men in the Development of Late Medieval Mysticism [The author briefly considers some of the female mystics whose writings influenced Eckhart, including Hadewijch of Antwerp, Mechthild of Magdeburg, and Marguerite Porete].
Source: Meister Eckhart and the Beguine Mystics: Hadewijch of Brabant, Mechthild of Magdeburg, and Marguerite Porete.   Edited by Bernard McGinn .   Continuum, 1994. Studi Medievali , 36., 1 (Giugno 1995):  Pages 147 - 164.
Year of Publication: 1994.

80. Record Number: 4424
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Review Articles: Remarks on Medieval "Courtoisie": Poetry and Grace [the author reviews Aldo Scaglione's "Knights at Court: Courtliness, Chivalry, and Courtesy From Ottonian Germany to the Italian Renaissance" (University of California Press, 1991) within the context of a series of case studies that embody "courtoisie"; the author argues that Scaglione ignores the ambiguities and complexities surrounding "courtoisie" in chansons de geste, romances, and other contemporary literature].
Source: Modern Philology (Full Text via JSTOR) 92, 2 (November 1994): 199-210. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1994.

81. Record Number: 1408
Author(s): Taylor, Keith P.
Contributor(s):
Title : Beowulf1259a: The Inherent Nobility of Grendel's Mother [meaning of the phrase "ides aglaecwif].
Source: English Language Notes , 31., 3 (March 1994):  Pages 13 - 25.
Year of Publication: 1994.

82. Record Number: 7185
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Symbols, Performers, and Sponsors: Female Musical Creators in the Late Middle Ages [The author examines representations of "Musica," one of the seven liberal arts, as a woman along with reports of women performing music and commissioning music. The author argues that women had a much greater role in creating music than modern scholars have realized. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Rediscovering the Muses: Women's Musical Traditions.   Edited by Kimberly Marshall .   Northeastern University Press, 1993. Fifteenth Century Studies , 21., ( 1994):  Pages 140 - 168.
Year of Publication: 1993.

83. Record Number: 8638
Author(s): Chauvin, Benoît.
Contributor(s):
Title : À propos des débuts de l'abbaye de Rieunette [The author writes a brief note about the founding of Rieunette, a women's Cistercian monastery in Ladern-sur-Lauquet in the département of Aude. He argues that the Reine mentioned in records is probably Reine de Castillon, the widow of Bernard de Castillon, whose family did a great deal for the religious houses in the area. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Cîteaux: Revue d'Histoire Cistercienne , 43., 40182 ( 1992):  Pages 450 - 454.
Year of Publication: 1992.

84. Record Number: 8731
Author(s): Rispler-Chaim, Vardit.
Contributor(s):
Title : Nushuz Between Medieval and Contemporary Islamic Law: The Human Rights Aspect [The author examines the legal implications, medieval and modern, of "nushuz", which can refer either to the rebellion of a woman against her husband, or to a husband’s cruel treatment of his wife. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Arabica , 39., 3 ( 1992):  Pages 315 - 327.
Year of Publication: 1992.

85. Record Number: 10287
Author(s): Johnson-Haddad, Miranda.
Contributor(s):
Title : Like the Moon It Renews Itself: the Female Body as Text in Dante, Ariosto, and Tasso [The author considers the representations of female bodies in three medieval and renaissance Italian poems. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Stanford Italian Review , 11., 40180 ( 1992):  Pages 203 - 215.
Year of Publication: 1992.

86. Record Number: 10561
Author(s): Helvétius, Anne-Marie
Contributor(s):
Title : Sainte Aldegonde et les origines du monastère de Maubeuge [The author focuses on the earliest "vita" of Saint Aldegonde written by a monk who had some contact with her. The "Life" emphasizes her visions and the miracles associated with her, both during her lifetime and after death. At Maubeuge the noble woman Al
Source: Revue du Nord , 74., 295 (avril-juin 1992):  Pages 221 - 237.
Year of Publication: 1992.

87. Record Number: 9481
Author(s): Harding, Wendy.
Contributor(s):
Title : Medieval Women’s Unwritten Discourse on Motherhood: A Reading of Two Fifteenth-Century Texts [The author examines two late medieval texts, those of Margery Kempe and Margaret Paston, in order to consider the relationship between masculine, public discourses on motherhood and private, feminine ones. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women's Studies , 21., 2 ( 1992):  Pages 197 - 209.
Year of Publication: 1992.

88. Record Number: 6602
Author(s): Martens, Maximiliaan P. J.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Epitaph of Anna van Nieuwenhove [the author argues that the donor portrait of a young woman with St. Anne, the Virgin, and the infant Christ was intended to memorialize Anna de Blasere who died shortly after giving birth; the painting probably hung in the Church of Our Lady in Bruges near the Nieuwenhove family monument].
Source: Metropolitan Museum Journal , 27., ( 1992):  Pages 37 - 42.
Year of Publication: 1992.

89. Record Number: 10522
Author(s): Frugoni, Chiara.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Imagined Woman [The author provides an overview of visual representations of women in the medieval Christian West. Women were represented in a variety of art forms (including manuscripts, paintings, frescos, and sculptures). These images of women reflected perceived expectations of their roles (as virgins, wives, or widows) and reinforced Church doctrine on the sexual regulation of women, women’s roles within marriage, and women’s perceived duties within the domestic and religious spheres. The author argues that most of these representations are misogynistic; although women sometimes appear as saints (like the Virgin Mary) they often take the form of sinners and temptresses (like Eve). The author also examines how the visual arts use women as personifications of virtues and vices or other abstract concepts. In addition, the author argues that images provide insights into women’s private and daily lives, as well as the nature of women’s literacy and the variety of their occupations. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: A History of Women in the West. Volume 2: Silences of the Middle Ages.   Edited by Christiane Klapisch-Zuber .   Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1992. Metropolitan Museum Journal , 27., ( 1992):  Pages 336 - 422.
Year of Publication: 1992.

90. Record Number: 10732
Author(s): Bynum, Caroline Walker.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women’s Stories, Women’s Symbols: A Critique of Victor Turner’s Theory of Liminality [The author critiques Turner’s theories of liminality, arguing that women are fully liminal only to men. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Fragmentation and Redemption: Essays on Gender and the Human Body in Medieval Religion. Caroline Walker Bynum .   MIT Press, 1991. Allegorica , 12., ( 1991):  Pages 27 - 52.
Year of Publication: 1991.

91. Record Number: 10736
Author(s): Bynum, Caroline Walker.
Contributor(s):
Title : “...And Woman His Humanity”: Female Imagery in the Religious Writing of the Later Middle Ages [The essay argues that late medieval writers used gendered imagery in different ways: while male writers saw gender as dichotomous, women writers often used the same imagery to represent a genderless humanity. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Fragmentation and Redemption: Essays on Gender and the Human Body in Medieval Religion. Caroline Walker Bynum .   MIT Press, 1991. Allegorica , 12., ( 1991):  Pages 151 - 180.
Year of Publication: 1991.

92. Record Number: 8658
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Clerkly Allusiveness: Griselda, Xanthippe, and the Woman of Samaria [The author traces many sacred and secular allusions in Chaucer’s "Clerk’s Tale," a narrative about the virtuous peasant Griselda. Some of the allusions in the tale connect Griselda to Biblical exemplars of feminine obedience and submission (such as the Virgin Mary, Rebecca, and the Samaritan woman), but other allusions connect her to secular figures of female disobedience like Xanthippe (the wife of Socrates) and the Wife of Bath. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Allegorica , 12., ( 1991):  Pages 17 - 27.
Year of Publication: 1991.

93. Record Number: 15597
Author(s): Polo de Beaulieu, Marie Anne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mulier and "Femina": The Representation of Women in the "Scala celi" of Jean Gobi [The author analyzes Jean Gobi's use of terms for women. While these are many negative portrayals, especially as embodiments of vices, Jean Gobi does devote a section of his collected moral stories to the virtues of women. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Medieval Women and the Sources of Medieval History.   Edited by Joel T. Rosenthal .   University of Georgia Press, 1990. Allegorica , 12., ( 1991):  Pages 50 - 65.
Year of Publication: 1990.

94. Record Number: 12700
Author(s): Fabianski, Marcin.
Contributor(s):
Title : Federigo da Montefeltro's "Studiolo" in Gubbio Reconsidered. Its Decoration and Its Iconographic Program: An Interpretation [The series of painted panels in a duke's study, attributed to fifteenth century painter Joos van Gent (also known as Justus of Ghent or Giusto da Guanto), depict men kneeling before female personifications of the Liberal Arts. Although the exact attribution, purpose, or arrangement of the panels is unknown, the author suggests a team of artists was instructed to follow a program of iconography of the Arts and Virtues, with revisions to the program (including the inclusion of a duke's likeness and an oration scene) made at the request of the patron. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Artibus et Historiae , 11., 22 ( 1990):  Pages 199 - 214.
Year of Publication: 1990.

95. Record Number: 12769
Author(s): Beck, Jonathan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Genesis, Sexual Antagonism, and the Defective Couple of the Twelfth-Century "Jeu d'Adam" [The author discusses the Jeu d’Adam, a medieval French play which, in retelling the story of Genesis, dramatizes the discord between Adam and Eve (portrayed in the play as a defective couple). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Representations , 29., ( 1990):  Pages 124 - 144.
Year of Publication: 1990.

96. Record Number: 12800
Author(s): Vaughn, Sally N.
Contributor(s):
Title : St. Anselm and Women [The author argues that St. Anselm's letters reveal that he admired women who were wives and mothers, and that he had many friendships with women, in particular, with Countess Ida of Boulogne. The author also discusses Anselm's relationship with his own m
Source: The Haskins Society Journal , 2., ( 1990):  Pages 83 - 93.
Year of Publication: 1990.

97. Record Number: 28764
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Widow Danielis carried on a Litter
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c3/Danielis.jpg/250px-Danielis.jpg
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98. Record Number:
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Catherine of Cleves before the Virgin and Child
Source:
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99. Record Number: 32271
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Wild Woman Holding a Shield with a Lion's Head
Source:
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100. Record Number: 32917
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Woman Clothed with the Sun
Source:
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101. Record Number: 34917
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Story of Nastagio degli Onesti (Part III)
Source:
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102. Record Number: 37464
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The woman with the blood flow
Source:
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103. Record Number: 43306
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : A wild woman and two wild men with fantastic animals
Source:
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104. Record Number: 43650
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Guinevere questioning Lancelot
Source:
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