Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


570 Record(s) Found in our database

SEE ALSO: clergy- sexual behavior eroticism

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1. Record Number: 33502
Author(s): Martínez de Toledo, Alonso
Contributor(s): Naylor, Eric W., trans. and Rank, Jerry R., trans.
Title : The Archpriest of Talavera: Dealing with the Vices of Wicked Women and the Complexions of Men
Source: The Archpriest of Talavera by Alonso Martínez de Toledo: Dealing with the Vices of Wicked Women and the Complexions of Men.   Edited by Eric W. Naylor and Jerry R. Rank .   Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2013.  Pages 25 - 224.
Year of Publication: 2013.

2. Record Number: 32974
Author(s): Nilsson, Bertil,
Contributor(s):
Title : The Lars Vit Case: A Fragmentary Example of Swedish Ecclesiastical Legal Practice and Sexual Mentality at the Beginning of the Fifteenth Century
Source: Medieval Christianity in the North: New Studies.   Edited by Kirsi Salonen, Kurt Villads Jensen, and Torstein Jørgensen .   Brepols, 2012.  Pages 237 - 260.
Year of Publication: 2012.

3. Record Number: 28342
Author(s): Giles of Rome, , and Jacopo de Forli,
Contributor(s): Wallis, Faith, translator
Title : The Scholastic “Quaestio”: Aristotle vs. Galen on the Generation of the Embryo [Includes two primary source texts: 1) Giles of Rome, “The Formation of the Fetus in the Uterus,” Chapter 6 That a Woman Can Be Impregnated without the Emission of Her Own Sperm (defending the Aristotelian position) and 2) Jacopo de Forli, “On the Generation of the Embryo,” Question Four Does the Seed of the Woman Contribute Actively to the Generation of the Fetus? (the response from the supporters of Galen).]
Source: Medieval Medicine: A Reader.   Edited by Faith Wallis 15  University of Toronto Press, 2010.  Pages 222 - 231.
Year of Publication: 2010.

4. Record Number: 28346
Author(s): Constantine the African, ,
Contributor(s): Wallis, Faith, translator
Title : Medicalizing Sex: Constantine the African [Constantine came from North Africa and brought Arabic medical texts with him to Italy. He translated or adapted his book, “On Sexual Intercourse”, from Arabic sources. He discusses issues from a medical point of view and includes many remedies for sexual problems. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Medieval Medicine: A Reader.   Edited by Faith Wallis Readings in Medieval Civilizations and Cultures, 15.   University of Toronto Press, 2010.  Pages 511 - 523.
Year of Publication: 2010.

5. Record Number: 29199
Author(s): O'Brien, Emily,
Contributor(s):
Title : Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini's Chrysis: Prurient Pastime--or Something More? [The Chrysis by Aeneas Sylvius Piccolomini is less a play than a critique of contemporary ethical ideas. The characters in the play make pronouncements about their values, but they act the opposite as lust overcomes reason. Piccolomini's critique of rational ethics is akin to the philosophical opinions of Lorenzo Valla, who taught a philosophical epicureanism far from mere hedonism. Both men thought many philosophers also acted contrary to their teachings. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: MLN: Modern Language Notes , 124., 1 ( 2009):  Pages 111 - 136.
Year of Publication: 2009.

6. Record Number: 24052
Author(s): Cuffel, Alexandra
Contributor(s):
Title : The Matter of Others: Menstrual Blood and Uncontrolled Semen in Thirteenth-Century Kabbalists' Polemic against Christians, "Bad" Jews, and Muslims [The author argues that Kabbalist writers viewed sexual impurities and intercourse with non-Jewish women with alarm. These sins made Jewish men the equivalent of menstruating women in terms of the pollution they brought their families and the Jewish community. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Negotiating Community and Difference in Medieval Europe: Gender, Power, Patronage, and the Authority of Religion in Latin Christendom.   Edited by Katherine Allen Smith and Scott Wells Studies in the History of Christian Traditions .   Brill, 2009.  Pages 249 - 284.
Year of Publication: 2009.

7. Record Number: 24113
Author(s): Magnúsdóttir, Auður G
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and Sexual Politics [The author briefly examines the roles of women in Viking society in terms of political influence. Frequently women attained some power as wives or concubines. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: The Viking World.   Edited by Stefan Brink in collaboration with Neil Price .   Routledge, 2008. MLN: Modern Language Notes , 124., 1 ( 2009):  Pages 40 - 48.
Year of Publication: 2008.

8. Record Number: 20013
Author(s): Vacca, Diane Duyos.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage and Morals in the Fourteenth Century: The Evidence of Bishop Hamo's Register [The author looks at cases from Bishop Hamo's register, 1317- 1352 in the area of Rochester. The cases concern marriage and sexual offenses, including adultery, priests' concubines, clandestine marriages (which one party often preferred to deny), and violations of betrothals. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: English Historical Review , 121., 491 (April 2006):  Pages 467 - 486.
Year of Publication: 2006.

9. Record Number: 15838
Author(s): Ruggiero, Guido.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mean Streets, Familiar Streets, or The Fat Woodcarver and the Masculine Spaces of Renaissance Florence [The author explores issues of male friendship, honor, and sexuality in Florence through a story about a fat woodcarver who snubs his friends. They teach him a cruel lesson by convincing him that he is someone else. When they reveal the humiliating joke he is forced to leave the city. Ruggiero suggests that the origional incident may have revolved around a homosexual relationship that the other man, the architect Brunelleschi, wanted to end. All the public spaces in the story, including those that we might think private like the workshop and the home, were crucial parts of the regime that defined virtú as masculinity. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Renaissance Florence: A Social History.   Edited by Roger J. Crum and John T. Paoletti .   Cambridge University Press, 2006. English Historical Review , 121., 491 (April 2006):  Pages 295 - 310.
Year of Publication: 2006.

10. Record Number: 11452
Author(s): Hyer, Maren Clegg.
Contributor(s):
Title : Textiles and Textile Imagery in the "Exeter Book" [The author briefly explores three kinds of textile imagery in the tenth century "Exeter Book" manuscript: textile and textile production metaphors for fate, peacemaking, and illicit sexual activity. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval clothing and textiles. Vol. 1.   Edited by Robin Netherton and Gale R Owen-Crocker .   Boydell Press, 2005.  Pages 29 - 39.
Year of Publication: 2005.

11. Record Number: 13628
Author(s): Rider, Catherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Between Theology and Popular Practice: Medieval Canonists on Magic and Impotence [The author argues that canon lawyers in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries created a set of rules to deal with impotence. Their writings indicate that they knew about lay magical practices. Some canonists urged those who were bewitched to seek magical cures. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Boundaries of the Law: Geography, Gender, and Jurisdiction in Medieval and Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Anthony Musson .   Ashgate, 2005. English Historical Review , 121., 491 (April 2006):  Pages 53 - 66.
Year of Publication: 2005.

12. Record Number: 14138
Author(s): Baldwin, John W.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Many Loves of Philip Augustus [The author analyzes the French king's sexual liaisons with women. The driving forces are his need for legitimate heirs and his strong antipathy toward his second wife, Ingeborg of Denmark. Philip Augustus spent twenty years repudiating the marriage, only
Source: The Medieval Marriage Scene: Prudence, Passion, Policy.   Edited by Sherry Roush and Cristelle L. Baskins .   Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2005. English Historical Review , 121., 491 (April 2006):  Pages 67 - 80.
Year of Publication: 2005.

13. Record Number: 14141
Author(s): Poe, Elizabeth W.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Old and the Feckless: Fabliau Husbands
Source: The Medieval Marriage Scene: Prudence, Passion, Policy.   Edited by Sherry Roush and Cristelle L. Baskins .   Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2005. English Historical Review , 121., 491 (April 2006):  Pages 115 - 134.
Year of Publication: 2005.

14. Record Number: 19230
Author(s): Moulinier, Laurence
Contributor(s):
Title : Conception et corps féminin selon Hildegarde de Bingen [The author explores Hildegard of Bingen's ideas about women's reproductive systems in her medical treatise, "Causae et curae." Topics treated in the article include female semen, conception, sexuality, reproduction, menstruation, and aging. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Storia delle donne 1 (2005): 139-157.
Year of Publication: 2005.

15. Record Number: 14135
Author(s): Baskin, Judith R.
Contributor(s):
Title : Medieval Jewish Models of Marriage [The author discusses a variety of aspects relating to Jewish marriage both in Christian and Muslim regions. Specific topics include Rabbinic law, Jewish mysticism, documentary evidence, sexual relationships between Jews and non-Jews, and Jewish wedding c
Source: The Medieval Marriage Scene: Prudence, Passion, Policy.   Edited by Sherry Roush and Cristelle L. Baskins .   Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2005.  Pages 1 - 22.
Year of Publication: 2005.

16. Record Number: 11753
Author(s): Evans, Ruth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Signs of the Body: Gender, Sexuality, and Space in York and the York Cycle [The author explores the Corpus Christi play cycle in York for the identities of women and space in plays concerning Eve and Procula, Pilate's wife. Also in the essay Evans considers social and political evidence of women's involvements with the plays as patrons and possibly as actresses in addition to the more usual cross-dressing males in female parts. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women's Space: Patronage, Place, and Gender in the Medieval Church.   Edited by Virginia Chieffo Raguin and Sarah Stanbury .   State University of New York Press, 2005.  Pages 23 - 45.
Year of Publication: 2005.

17. Record Number: 14136
Author(s): Eisenbichler, Konrad.
Contributor(s):
Title : At Marriage End : Girolamo Savonarola and the Question of Widows in Late Fifteenth-Century Florence [The author discusses the problems that widows encountered and considers the alternatives presented by the Dominican friar Savonarola in his "Book of the Widow's Life." His concern was that widows live in a way that was economically as well as spiritually
Source: The Medieval Marriage Scene: Prudence, Passion, Policy.   Edited by Sherry Roush and Cristelle L. Baskins .   Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2005.  Pages 67 - 80.
Year of Publication: 2005.

18. Record Number: 10846
Author(s): Wolfthal, Diane.
Contributor(s):
Title : Picturing Same-Sex Desire: The Falconer and His Lover in Images by Petrus Christus and the Housebook Master [The author argues that the same-sex couple in the painting by Petrus Christus is intended as a negative example in comparison with the betrothed man and woman buying a ring. However, the drypoint print of the falconer shows a same-sex couple in a positive light. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Troubled Vision: Gender, Sexuality, and Sight in Medieval Text and Image.   Edited by Emma Campbell and Robert Mills .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.  Pages 17 - 46.
Year of Publication: 2004.

19. Record Number: 15868
Author(s): Scarabello, Giovanni.
Contributor(s):
Title : Per una storia della prostituzione a Venezia tra il XIII e il XVIII sec [Beginning in the thirteenth century, the Venetian Republic made efforts to regulate rather than eliminate prostitution entirely. By the fourteenth century authorities were trying to concentrate prostitutes in regulated neighborhoods. Nevertheless, prostitutes continued to operate outside these sanctioned areas, especially in taverns and bath houses. Venetian laws protected prostitutes from abusive pimps but also tried to protect their patrons from diseases. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studi Veneziani , 47., ( 2004):  Pages 15 - 101.
Year of Publication: 2004.

20. Record Number: 10880
Author(s): Bousmar, Eric.
Contributor(s):
Title : Neither Equality nor Radical Oppression: The Elasticity of Women's Roles in the Late Medieval Low Countries [The author argues that in the Low Countries female subjugation was moderated by the frequent practice of "taking over" which allowed women to substitute for absent husbands or fathers. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Texture of Society: Medieval Women in the Southern Low Countries.   Edited by Ellen E. Kittell and Mary A. Suydam .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.  Pages 109 - 127.
Year of Publication: 2004.

21. Record Number: 10847
Author(s): Burgwinkle, William.
Contributor(s):
Title : Visible and Invisible Bodies and Subjects in Peter Damian
Source: Troubled Vision: Gender, Sexuality, and Sight in Medieval Text and Image.   Edited by Emma Campbell and Robert Mills .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.  Pages 47 - 62.
Year of Publication: 2004.

22. Record Number: 14092
Author(s): Phillips, Kim M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Desiring Virgins: Maidens, Martyrs, and Femininity in Late Medieval England [The author explores the attractions of virgin martyr stories for young women in the audience. Phillips suggests that the treatment of sexual themes in these stories should be described as "parasexual" (borrowed from studies of Victorian bar maids), cases in which sexuality is acknowledged but is controlled. At the same time the young virgin martyrs are presented as beautiful, glamorous, and dressed in fashionable clothing; all of this was of prime interest to the young women in the audience. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Youth in the Middle Ages.   Edited by P. J. P. Goldberg and Felicity Riddy .   York Medieval Press in association with the Boydell Press, 2004.  Pages 45 - 59.
Year of Publication: 2004.

23. Record Number: 10933
Author(s): Osborn, Marijane
Contributor(s):
Title : Authorship and Sexual/Allegorical Violence in Jean de Meun's "Roman de la Rose" [The author argues that while Jean de Meun's "Rose" calls attention to authorship and authority, it supports the privileges of patriarchy and the subordination of women. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Speculum , 79., 3 (July 2004):  Pages 628 - 659.
Year of Publication: 2004.

24. Record Number: 22695
Author(s):
Contributor(s): Caballero-Navas, Carmen, ed. and trans
Title : Book of Women's Love, or Book of Regimen of Women
Source: The Book of Women's Love and Jewish Medieval Medical Literature on Women.   Edited by Carmen Caballero-Navas .   Kegan Paul, 2004. Speculum , 79., 3 (July 2004):  Pages 108 - 212.
Year of Publication: 2004.

25. Record Number: 11009
Author(s): Murray, Jacqueline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Masculinizing Religious Life: Sexual Prowess, the Battle for Chastity and Monastic Identity [The author argues that both monks and priests were concerned to maintain their masculine identity even when the most pronounced markers (fathering children and waging war) were now forbidden. Murray identifies two compensatory strategies. Clergy saw themselves as possessing sexual potency because they struggled for celibacy. Moreover they wed the language of military prowess in their battle for celibacy. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Holiness and Masculinity in the Middle Ages.   Edited by P. H. Cullum and Katherine J. Lewis .   Religion and Culture in the Middle Ages Series. University of Wales Press, 2004. Speculum , 79., 3 (July 2004):  Pages 24 - 42.
Year of Publication: 2004.

26. Record Number: 10853
Author(s): Keen, Catherine M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sex and the Medieval City: Viewing the Body Politic from Exile in Early Italian Verse [Keen examines poems by four authors in exile (Dante, Cino da Pistoia, Pietro dei Faitinelli, and Niccolò del Rosso) in which the natal city is depicted as a beautiful woman; sometimes she is to be pitied, but other times she is hateful. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Troubled Vision: Gender, Sexuality, and Sight in Medieval Text and Image.   Edited by Emma Campbell and Robert Mills .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. Speculum , 79., 3 (July 2004):  Pages 155 - 171.
Year of Publication: 2004.

27. Record Number: 10878
Author(s): Naessens, Mariann.
Contributor(s):
Title : Judicial Authorities' Views of Women's Roles in Late Medieval Flanders [The author examines court records concerning various sexual crimes including adultery, brothel keeping, and cross dressing. The judges appear to be most concerned with men's honor as preserved through women's fidelity and subordination. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Texture of Society: Medieval Women in the Southern Low Countries.   Edited by Ellen E. Kittell and Mary A. Suydam .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. Speculum , 79., 3 (July 2004):  Pages 51 - 77.
Year of Publication: 2004.

28. Record Number: 14563
Author(s): Claire, Taylor.
Contributor(s):
Title : Review- Article [The author focuses on the theme of primary sources in discussing three recent books: Bruce L. Venarde's "Robert of Arbrissel: A Medieval Religious Life," "Love, Sex, and Marriage in the Middle Ages: A Sourcebook" edited by Conor McCarthy, and Susan John's "Noblewomen, Aristocracy, and Power in the Twelfth-Century Anglo-Norman Realm." Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Nottingham Medieval Studies , 48., ( 2004):  Pages 245 - 251.
Year of Publication: 2004.

29. Record Number: 9515
Author(s): Bennett, Judith M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Writing Fornication: Medieval Leyrwite and Its Historians (Read 4 July 2002) [In the Appendix the author lists the printed editions of primary sources that she consulted. She also includes brief comments on the situation for south-western England (Devon and Cornwall), since leyrwite was exceptionally high in Cornwall.].
Source: Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. Sixth Series , 13., ( 2003):  Pages 131 - 162.
Year of Publication: 2003.

30. Record Number: 11375
Author(s): Morris, Stephen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Are We Queer? Are We Medieval? The need to be all things to all people [The author looks at reactions to Boswell's "Same-Sex Unions in Premodern Europe" as a case study in queer studies reaching outside its specialized field to different constituencies. While the book was criticized, Morris suggests that Boswell performed an invaluable service in bringing the "adelphopoiia" services to scholarly attention. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Medieval Feminist Forum , 36., (Fall 2003):  Pages 25 - 30.
Year of Publication: 2003.

31. Record Number: 11652
Author(s): Arnold, John H.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Labour of Continence: Masculinity and Clerical Virginity [The author looks at three narratives concerned in part with clerical chastity: "Jewel of the Church" by Gerald of Wales, Jacob of Voragine's "Golden Legend," and Caesarius of Heisterbach's "Dialogue on Miracles." Arnold identifies four different tropes in overcoming sexual temptations including divine intervention to remove the male saint's desire. In most cases though male chastity required vigilance and willpower because masculinity itself was flawed in its inclination toward temptation. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Virginities.   Edited by Anke Bernau, Ruth Evans, and Sarah Salih .   Religion and Culture in the Middle Ages series. University of Wales Press; University of Toronto Press, 2003. Studi Veneziani , 47., ( 2004):  Pages 102 - 118.
Year of Publication: 2003.

32. Record Number: 11374
Author(s): Weston, Lisa.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queering Virginity [The author suggests that queer theory is helpful for teaching students about virginity. It allows virginity to be seen, not as simply unnatural or negation, but rather as a sensual and transgressive act that is better than marriage. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Medieval Feminist Forum , 36., (Fall 2003):  Pages 22 - 24.
Year of Publication: 2003.

33. Record Number: 10703
Author(s): Phelpstead, Carl,
Contributor(s):
Title : The Sexual Ideology of Hrólfs saga kraka [The author argues that "Hrólfs saga" embodies patriachal values influenced by Christian concerns. This homosocial world of men generally views women in a misogynist light. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Scandinavian Studies , 75., 1 (Spring 2003):  Pages 1 - 24.
Year of Publication: 2003.

34. Record Number: 16586
Author(s): Hults, Linda C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Dürer's "Four Witches" Reconsidered [The author argues that Dürer's engraving should be viewed in conjunction with the "Malleus maleficarum" as part of the developing theory on women's sexuality and witchcraft. Hults suggests that Dürer cleverly combined a variety of visual allusions includ
Source: Saints, Sinners, and Sisters: Gender and Northern Art in Medieval and Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Jane L. Carroll and Alison G. Stewart .   Ashgate, 2003. Scandinavian Studies , 75., 1 (Spring 2003):  Pages 94 - 126.
Year of Publication: 2003.

35. Record Number: 11051
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Tak and Bren Hir: Lollardry as Conversion Motif in "The Book of Margery Kempe" [The author argues that the text presents Margery as religously and socially aberrant. Yet this is necessary to prove that she is chosen by God as a spiritual instructor. The charges of Lollardy allow her doubters to convert eventually, while also emphasizing her orthodoxy. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Mystics Quarterly , 29., 40180 (March-June 2003):  Pages 24 - 44.
Year of Publication: 2003.

36. Record Number: 9720
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Affairs of State: The Illegitimate Children of Henry I [Appendix A lists and comments on the twenty-five illegitimate children acknowledged by Henry I].
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 29., 2 (June 2003):  Pages 129 - 151.
Year of Publication: 2003.

37. Record Number: 8713
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Hyr Wombe Insaciate: The Iconography of the Feminised Monster [The author examines woodcuts and a painting in which the monsters are both feminized and sexualized. The author argues that they refer to a type of femininity that is both sexual and bestial. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies on Medieval and Early Modern Women: Pawns or Players?   Edited by Christine Meek and Catherine Lawless .   Four Courts Press, 2003. Journal of Medieval History , 29., 2 (June 2003):  Pages 177 - 196.
Year of Publication: 2003.

38. Record Number: 11372
Author(s): O'Rourke, Michael.
Contributor(s):
Title : Becoming (Queer) Medieval: Queer Methodologies in Medieval Studies: Where are We Now? [First in a series of roundtable article entitled "Queer Methodologies and/or Queers in Medieval Studies: Where are We Now?"] [The author signals two important recent developments: 1)Alan Bray's prediction that Derrida and issues of affect would become the dominant concern rather than Foucault's emphasis on the physicality of sex and 2) Carolyn Dinshaw's efforts to bring together the medieval and post-modern by rethinking heteronormative temporalities. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Medieval Feminist Forum , 36., (Fall 2003):  Pages 9 - 14.
Year of Publication: 2003.

39. Record Number: 10746
Author(s): Smith, Susan L.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Gothic Mirror and the Female Gaze [The author explores the representations of couple on carved ivory mirror cases. Smith argues that in the majority of cases, the depicted female gaze is responsive to that of men with the male lover taking an active role. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Saints, Sinners, and Sisters: Gender and Northern Art in Medieval and Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Jane L. Carroll and Alison G. Stewart .   Ashgate, 2003. Medieval Feminist Forum , 36., (Fall 2003):  Pages 73 - 93.
Year of Publication: 2003.

40. Record Number: 8501
Author(s): Lansing, Carol.
Contributor(s):
Title : Concubines, Lovers, Prostitutes: Infamy and Female Identity in Medieval Bologna [The author analyzes secular law court records both for the attitudes of poor men and women toward the informal living arrangements which some couples maintained and for the attitudes of the elite and of judges. The author argues that it was the intention of those with power to reinforce behavior norms for "honest" women. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Beyond Florence: The Contours of Medieval and Early Modern Italy.   Edited by Paula Findlen, Michelle M. Fontaine, and Duane J. Osheim .   Stanford University Press, 2003. Medieval Feminist Forum , 36., (Fall 2003):  Pages 85
Year of Publication: 2003.

41. Record Number: 11654
Author(s): Hughes, Jonathan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Alchemy and the Exploration of Late Medieval Sexuality [The author explores the natural philosophic principles which, for physicians and alchemists, governed sexuality, conception, and masculinity. Case studies of Henry VI and Edward IV demonstrate ways in which alchemy was used to physic the King. The source of trouble was sometimes identified as a malevolent woman, a witch, or a supernatual threat like the half-serpent Melusine. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Virginities.   Edited by Anke Bernau, Ruth Evans, and Sarah Salih .   Religion and Culture in the Middle Ages series. University of Wales Press; University of Toronto Press, 2003. Medieval Feminist Forum , 36., (Fall 2003):  Pages 140 - 166.
Year of Publication: 2003.

42. Record Number: 11648
Author(s): Salih, Sarah.
Contributor(s):
Title : When is a Bosom Not a Bosom? Problems with "Erotic Mysticism" [The author addresses the issue of eroticism in medieval religion, in female mystics' texts, and in two saints' lives. Salih cogently analyzes current scholarly thinking, including differing interpretations from Caroline Walker Bynum and Nancy Partner. In short passages from the lives of Gilbert of Sempringham and Christina of Markyate, Salih points to instances in which the sexual and the religious were not discrete and separate. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Virginities.   Edited by Anke Bernau, Ruth Evans, and Sarah Salih .   Religion and Culture in the Middle Ages series. University of Wales Press; University of Toronto Press, 2003. Medieval Feminist Forum , 36., (Fall 2003):  Pages 14 - 32. Abridged version published in Medieval Literature: Criticism and Debates. Edited by Holly A. Crocker and D. Vance Smith. Routledge, 2014. Pages 162-179.
Year of Publication: 2003.

43. Record Number: 11649
Author(s): Dor, Juliette.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Sheela-na-Gig: An Incongruous Sign of Sexual Purity? [The author argues for a complex reading of the sheela na gig statues, naked women displaying their vulvas. Dor contextualizes them with references to Celtic goddesses as well as the sovereignty myth in which the old hag turns into a beautiful maiden. In concluding the author suggests that medieval audiences might have had different reactions and that the sculptures lend themselves to multiple readings. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Medieval Virginities.   Edited by Anke Bernau, Ruth Evans, and Sarah Salih .   Religion and Culture in the Middle Ages series. University of Wales Press; University of Toronto Press, 2003. Medieval Feminist Forum , 36., (Fall 2003):  Pages 33 - 55.
Year of Publication: 2003.

44. Record Number: 8711
Author(s): Lawless, Catherine
Contributor(s):
Title : Women on the Margins: The "Beloved" and the "Mistress" in Renaissance Florence [The author discusses women who were in irrgular relationships with men, whether as idealized love objects or in extra-marital sexual relationships. The women involved range from the daughters of the most important families and nuns to slaves and poor women. While wealthy young brides like Ginevra de'Benci could flirt with romantic love without loss of status, concubines who lived outside the family structure risked marginality and illegitimacy for their children. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies on Medieval and Early Modern Women: Pawns or Players?   Edited by Christine Meek and Catherine Lawless .   Four Courts Press, 2003. Medieval Feminist Forum , 36., (Fall 2003):  Pages 111 - 130.
Year of Publication: 2003.

45. Record Number: 11954
Author(s): McCracken, Peggy.
Contributor(s):
Title : Scandalizing Desire: Eleanor of Aquitaine and the Chroniclers
Source: Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady.   Edited by Bonnie Wheeler and John Carmi Parsons The New Middle Ages .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Medieval Feminist Forum , 36., (Fall 2003):  Pages 247 - 263.
Year of Publication: 2003.

46. Record Number: 10450
Author(s): Besamusca, Bart.
Contributor(s):
Title : In Quest of What's on a Woman's Mind. Gauvain as Dwarf in the Middle Dutch "Wrake van Ragisel"
Source: Neophilologus , 87., 4 (October 2003):  Pages 589 - 596.
Year of Publication: 2003.

47. Record Number: 9179
Author(s): Holsinger, Bruce and David Townsend
Contributor(s):
Title : Ovidian Homoerotics in Twelfth-century Paris: The Letters of Leoninus, Poet and Polyphone [The authors analyze two Latin poems by Leoninus, a cathedral canon in Paris. Leoninus uses echoes from Ovid not only to establish a playful, loving exchange with his male addressees but, according to Holsinger and Townsend, to celebrate male-male sexual consummation as "a noble and ennobling pursuit." The Appendix presents the Latin texts of the two poems from Bibliothèque nationale MS Latin 14759 ("On a Ring Given by Cardinal Henry" and "To a Friend Who Will Come for the Festival of the Staff") along with English translations. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies (Full Text via Project Muse) 8, 3 (2002): 389-423. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2002.

48. Record Number: 6232
Author(s): Wolfthal, Diane.
Contributor(s):
Title : Picturing Same-Sex Desire: The Falconer and his Lover by Petrus Christus and the Housebook Master

49. Record Number: 10640
Author(s): Tarbin, Stephanie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Moral Regulation and Civic Identity in London, 1400-1530
Source: Our Medieval Heritage: Essays in Honour of John Tillotson for His 60th Birthday.   Edited by Linda Rasmussen, Valerie Spear, and Dianne Tillotson .   Merton Priory Press, 2002.  Pages 126 - 136.
Year of Publication: 2002.

50. Record Number: 11033
Author(s): Bildhauer, Bettina.
Contributor(s):
Title : Bloodsuckers: The Construction of Female Sexuality in Medieval Science and Fiction [The author briefly examines three texts ("Secrets of Women," Mechthild of Magdeburg's "The Flowing Light of the Godhead," and Der Stricker's "Daniel of the Blossoming Valley"). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Consuming Narrative: Gender and Monstrous Appetite in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.   Edited by Liz Herbert McAvoy and Teresa Walters .   University of Wales Press, 2002.  Pages 104 - 115.
Year of Publication: 2002.

51. Record Number: 11034
Author(s): Rees, Emma L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sheela's Voracity and Victorian Veracity [The author examines the reactions of G.R. Lewis, Victorian artist and church architect, to a sheela-na-gig (a sqatting female figure who pulls open her vulva) carved on a Romanesque church in Kilpeck. Lewis sanitized the figure but Rees argues that the sculpture had meaning for the church's builders most likely as a warning against lust. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Consuming Narrative: Gender and Monstrous Appetite in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.   Edited by Liz Herbert McAvoy and Teresa Walters .   University of Wales Press, 2002.  Pages 116 - 127.
Year of Publication: 2002.

52. Record Number: 9340
Author(s): Broedel, Hans Peter.
Contributor(s):
Title : To Preserve the Manly Form from So Vile a Crime: Ecclesiastical Anti-Sodomitic Rhetoric and the Gendering of Witchcraft in the "Malleus Maleficarum" [Broedel argues that Heinrich Krämer, the author, with the help of Jacob Sprenger, of the "Malleus maleficarum," adopted the language and critiques of sodomy to describe witchcraft, thus making it a crime of deviant sexuality. Since women were naturally predisposed to witchcraft due to weaknesses in their nature, they were lured into sexual sins with demons. Men who were enchanted by witches lost their potency or became emasculated. Using these kinds of arguments, Krämer created a witch that was much more threatening than in other contemporary tracts. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Essays in Medieval Studies (Full Text via Project Muse) 19 (2002): 136-148. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2002.

53. Record Number: 7833
Author(s): Sluhovsky, Moshe.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Devil in the Convent
Source: American Historical Review , 107., 5 (December 2002):  Pages 1378 - 1411.
Year of Publication: 2002.

54. Record Number: 8280
Author(s): Marín, Manuela.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage and Sexuality in Al-Andalus [The author examines Muslim ideas of sexuality through three texts, a religious treatise ("Kitab Adab al-nisa' " ("Treatise on the Proper Behavior of Women")), an encyclopedia ("'al- 'Iqd al-farid" ("The Unique Necklace")), and a literary anthology ("Bahjat al-majalis" ("The Beauty of Literary Gatherings")). The texts advise their male readers on rules for women's sexual conduct in order to ensure honor and legitimate heirs. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Marriage and Sexuality in Medieval and Early Modern Iberia. Hispanic Issues, Volume 26.   Edited by Eukene Lacarra Lanz .   Routledge, 2002. American Historical Review , 107., 5 (December 2002):  Pages 3 - 20.
Year of Publication: 2002.

55. Record Number: 8427
Author(s): Alexander, Jonathan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Obituary: Michael Camille (1958-2002) [Career and life of the art historian is memorialized. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Burlington Magazine , 144., 1196 (November 2002):  Pages 695
Year of Publication: 2002.

56. Record Number: 7832
Author(s): Nirenberg, David.
Contributor(s):
Title : Conversion, Sex, and Segregation: Jews and Christians in Medieval Spain
Source: American Historical Review , 107., 4 (October 2002):  Pages 1065 - 1093.
Year of Publication: 2002.

57. Record Number: 6642
Author(s): Mills, Robert.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ecce Homo [the author critiques both Caroline Bynum and Leo Steinberg in regard to their interpretations of the erotic in religious thought and imagery; the author argues for a recognition of the homoerotic observing "Christ's body was a fundamentally ambivalent symbol, invested with both hegemonic and counter-hegemonic significance" (page 164)].
Source: Gender and Holiness: Men, Women, and Saints in Late Medieval Europe.   Edited by Samantha J. E. Riches and Sarah Salih .   Routledge, 2002. American Historical Review , 107., 4 (October 2002):  Pages 152 - 173.
Year of Publication: 2002.

58. Record Number: 9333
Author(s): Cain, James D.
Contributor(s):
Title : Unnatural History: Gender and Genealogy in Gerald of Wales's "Topographia Hibernica" [In his text, the "Topographia Hibernica," Giradus Cambrensis had two major complaints about the Irish: their sexual immorality and their difficulties in organizing themselves politically. He saw these as symptoms of the lack of self-restraint which plagued the country in many different ways. The Anglo-Normans attempted to impose order in Ireland through inheritance favoring the eldest son and marriage according to the dictates of the Church. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Essays in Medieval Studies (Full Text via Project Muse) 19 (2002): 29-43. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2002.

59. Record Number: 7401
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage, Sexual Pleasure, and Learned Brides in the Wedding Orations of Fifteenth-Century Italy
Source: Renaissance Quarterly , 55., 2 (Summer 2002):  Pages 379 - 433.
Year of Publication: 2002.

60. Record Number: 6228
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : When is a Bosom not a Bosom? Interpreting Medieval Eroticism
Source: Seeing Gender: Perspectives on Medieval Gender and Sexuality. Gender and Medieval Studies Conference, King's College, London, January 4-6, 2002. .  2002. Renaissance Quarterly , 55., 2 (Summer 2002):
Year of Publication: 2002.

61. Record Number: 8804
Author(s): Stoertz, Fiona Harris.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sex and the Medieval Adolescent [The author provides a brief overview of ideas about sexuality and about the sexual behaviors of adolescents. The author concentrates on four groups in the late Middle Ages: monks, male and female royalty and nobles, university students (all young men), and female and male apprentices. Stoertz concludes that young women did not enjoy the freedom that most young men (excluding monks) had in sexual matters, though it was commonly acknowledged that all young people were lustful and full of passion. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: The Premodern Teenager: Youth in Society, 1150-1650.   Edited by Konrad Eisenbichler .   Publications of the Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies, Essays and Studies, 1. Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies, 2002. Renaissance Quarterly , 55., 2 (Summer 2002):  Pages 225 - 243.
Year of Publication: 2002.

62. Record Number: 8802
Author(s): Sebregondi, Ludovica.
Contributor(s):
Title : Clothes and Teenagers: What Young Men Wore in Fifteenth-Century Florence [The author argues that young Florentine men wore distinctive clothing. Tight-fitting and revealing cothing that emphasized the wearer's masculinity were popular. Moralists complained but did not succeed in changing fashions. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: The Premodern Teenager: Youth in Society, 1150-1650.   Edited by Konrad Eisenbichler .   Publications of the Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies, Essays and Studies, 1. Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies, 2002. Renaissance Quarterly , 55., 2 (Summer 2002):  Pages 27 - 50.
Year of Publication: 2002.

63. Record Number: 6206
Author(s): Cadden, Joan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Are Sodomites Feminine? A View from Natural Philosophy
Source: Seeing Gender: Perspectives on Medieval Gender and Sexuality. Gender and Medieval Studies Conference, King's College, London, January 4-6, 2002. .  2002. Renaissance Quarterly , 55., 2 (Summer 2002):
Year of Publication: 2002.

64. Record Number: 6223
Author(s): Lindgren, Amy K.,
Contributor(s):
Title : Violent Erections and Suffocating Wombs: Gendered Sexual Dysfunctions in Medieval Spain
Source: Seeing Gender: Perspectives on Medieval Gender and Sexuality. Gender and Medieval Studies Conference, King's College, London, January 4-6, 2002. .  2002. Renaissance Quarterly , 55., 2 (Summer 2002):
Year of Publication: 2002.

65. Record Number: 7133
Author(s): Salih, Sarah.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queering "Sponsalia Christi": Virginity, Gender, and Desire in the Early Middle English Anchoritic Texts [The author examines virginity, in particular the image of the bride of Christ, in the Katherine Group and "Wohunge of Ure Lauerd." She argues that the sexualization in the text does not imply heterosexualization but an eroticism that emphasizes likeness, sometimes both masculine with images of power and sometimes both feminine with images of beauty. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: New Medieval Literatures , 5., ( 2002):  Pages 155 - 175.
Year of Publication: 2002.

66. Record Number: 6633
Author(s): Murray, Jacqueline.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Law of Sin That is in My Members: The Problem of Male Embodiment [the author argues that there was a problem not only with women's bodies but with men's as well; there was a fundamental dis-ease with the male body and its manifestations of sexuality as seen in such examples as Abelard's castration and the problem of nocturnal emissions].
Source: Gender and Holiness: Men, Women, and Saints in Late Medieval Europe.   Edited by Samantha J. E. Riches and Sarah Salih .   Routledge, 2002. New Medieval Literatures , 5., ( 2002):  Pages 9 - 22.
Year of Publication: 2002.

67. Record Number: 8188
Author(s): Kelleher, M. A. ;
Contributor(s):
Title : Like Man and Wife: Clerics' Concubines in the Diocese of Barcelona
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 28., ( 2002):  Pages 349 - 360.
Year of Publication: 2002.

68. Record Number: 6231
Author(s): Sturges, Robert S.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sodomy and Sense: Bodily (In)Visibility in the Gast of Gy
Source: Seeing Gender: Perspectives on Medieval Gender and Sexuality. Gender and Medieval Studies Conference, King's College, London, January 4-6, 2002. .  2002. Journal of Medieval History , 28., ( 2002):
Year of Publication: 2002.

69. Record Number: 9335
Author(s): Hafner, Susanne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Coward, Traitor, Landless Trojan: Æneas and the Politics of Sodomy [The author argues that the complaints against Æneas, as presented by the queen to her daughter Lavinia, center on the political rather than the sexual aspects of his preferences for men. Furthermore since Æneas abandoned Dido and refused to even leave her pregnant with his baby, the queen worries that her daughter will not have a child and the kingdom no future ruler. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Essays in Medieval Studies (Full Text via Project Muse) 19 (2002): 61-69. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2002.

70. Record Number: 8284
Author(s): Lacarra Lanz, Eukene.
Contributor(s):
Title : Changing Boundaries of Licit and Illicit Unions: Concubinage and Prostitution [The author provides an historical overview of concubinage and prostitution. Topics discussed include Church views, efforts to distinguish "honest" women from dishonest ones, municipal brothels, legalization of prostitution, and the economics of prostitution. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Marriage and Sexuality in Medieval and Early Modern Iberia. Hispanic Issues, Volume 26.   Edited by Eukene Lacarra Lanz .   Routledge, 2002.  Pages 158 - 194.
Year of Publication: 2002.

71. Record Number: 11031
Author(s): Watt, Diane.
Contributor(s):
Title : Consuming Passions in Book VIII of John Gower's "Confessio Amantis" [The author argues that the various "appetites" condemned by Gower (incest, latent homosexuality, and female desire) are part of a mirror for princes guide to proper manly behavior that emphasizes the control of sexuality. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Consuming Narrative: Gender and Monstrous Appetite in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.   Edited by Liz Herbert McAvoy and Teresa Walters .   University of Wales Press, 2002.  Pages 28 - 41.
Year of Publication: 2002.

72. Record Number: 6401
Author(s): Borgerding, Todd M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sic ego te dilegebam: Music, Homoeroticism, and the Sacred in Early Modern Europe [The motet "Planxit autem David," sometimes attributed to Josquin Desprez, can be read as expressing, in both text and music, a homosexual relationship between David and Jonathan; this would place the motet in the same context as the homoerotic myth of Ganymede and the depiction of Orpheus by Ovid as turning to the love of young men after his loss of Eurydice; the emphasis upon the name of Jonathan in this composition can be read as supporting such an interpretation; the Appendix presents the Latin text as set by Josquin Desprez along with an English translation].
Source: Gender, Sexuality, and Early Music.   Edited by Todd M. Borgerding .   Routledge, 2002.  Pages 249 - 263.
Year of Publication: 2002.

73. Record Number: 11036
Author(s): Evans, Ruth.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Devil in Disguise: Perverse Female Origins of the Nation [The author examines the connections among women's sexuality, demons and the supernatural, and the myths of the origins of nations. The Latin translation of the story of Albina and her sisters, the discoverers of Britain who had sex with giants, is the text that Evans first analyzes. However, she also briefly considers "Sir Orfeo," "Wife of Bath's Tale," and the York Play, "Joseph's Trouble about Mary." Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Consuming Narrative: Gender and Monstrous Appetite in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.   Edited by Liz Herbert McAvoy and Teresa Walters .   University of Wales Press, 2002.  Pages 182 - 195.
Year of Publication: 2002.

74. Record Number: 8729
Author(s): Tringham, Nigel J.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Parochial Visitation of Tarvin (Cheshire) in 1317 [The author analyzes the visitation records from the parish of Tarvin. A church official held court for three days, judging the behavior of clergy and lay people. Many of the charges involved sexual misconduct, with the vicar accused of relations with nine women in the village. The article concludes with an English translation of the Latin visitation texts. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Northern History , 38., 2 (September 2001):  Pages 197 - 220.
Year of Publication: 2001.

75. Record Number: 13635
Author(s): Campbell, Kimberlee A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sexual Behavior and Social Consequences in the Old French "Chanson de geste" [The author argues that sexuality in French epics is generally subordinated to concerns of lineage and social order. Young women sometimes express sexual desire and even take the initiative, but it is up to the male characters to determine what will happen. Frequently the hero demonstrates sexual restraint and is rewarded later with marriage to the young girl who turns out to be a king's daughter. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: L' Épopée romane au moyen âge et aux temps modernes: Actes du XIVe Congrès International de la Société Rencesvals pour l' étude des épopées romanes: Naples, 24-30 juillet 1997. 2 volumes.   Edited by Salvatore Luongo .   Fridericiana Editrice Universitaria, 2001. Northern History , 38., 2 (September 2001):  Pages 199 - 211.
Year of Publication: 2001.

76. Record Number: 6022
Author(s): Wailes, Stephen L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Beyond Virginity: Flesh and Spirit in the Plays of Hrotsvit of Gandersheim [the author argues that the theme of Hrotsvit's plays is the flesh versus the spirit not virginity as many earlier critics have maintained; the author uses the heroines' names for the titles of four of the plays ("Agape, Chiona, and Hurena" in place of "Dulcitius"; "Drusiana" in place of "Calimachus"; "Maria" in place of "Abraham"; and "Thais" in place of "Pafnutius") while the author retains the traditional titles for "Gallicanus" and "Sapientia"].
Source: Full-text of Dulcitus andGallicanus in English (from the Medieval Sourcebook)
Year of Publication: 2001.

77. Record Number: 5963
Author(s): Barrett, Jeanelle.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sticks and Stones: The Conflict Between Language and Sexism in Chaucer's Humor

78. Record Number: 6422
Author(s): Cohen, Adam S. and Anne Derbes
Contributor(s):
Title : Bernward and Eve at Hildesheim
Source: Gesta , 40., 1 ( 2001):  Pages 19 - 38.
Year of Publication: 2001.

79. Record Number: 5998
Author(s): Stoertz, Fiona Harris.
Contributor(s):
Title : Young Women in France and England, 1050- 1300
Source: Journal of Women's History (Full Text via Project Muse) 12, 4 (Winter 2001): 22-46. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2001.

80. Record Number: 6282
Author(s): Pearcy, Roy J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Fabliau and Romance: Three Notes [The author argues that fabliaux and romances were intended for the same aristocratic audience; the author cites examples from three fabliaux that suggest a courtly cultural milieu].
Source: Romance Notes , 41., 3 (Spring 2001):  Pages 267 - 272.
Year of Publication: 2001.

81. Record Number: 5978
Author(s): Price, Paul.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Case of Gender Conflict Avoided? The Magnanimous Cuckold in the "Tale of Sir Corneus"
Source: Gender and Conflict in the Middle Ages. Gender and Medieval Studies Conference, York, January 5-7 2001. .  2001. Romance Notes , 41., 3 (Spring 2001):
Year of Publication: 2001.

82. Record Number: 6023
Author(s): Ruda, Jeffrey.
Contributor(s):
Title : Nothing Natural Is Shameful: Vestiges of a Debate about Sex and Science in a Group of Late-Medieval Manuscripts [The author examines Pietro d'Abano's commentary, Walter Burley's abbreviated version, and reactions to Burley's text, all in regard to "Problemata," Part Four on sexual intercourse; Burley forthrightly justifies the propriety of studying sex for natural history and philosophy although he chose to remove Pietro d'Abano's comments on male homosexuality from his text; subsequent copyists and readers of Burley's text reacted to the section on sexual intercourse, in one case by toning down his defensive arguments and in another by eliminating the entire offending section].
Source: Speculum , 76., 1 (January 2001):  Pages 66 - 89.
Year of Publication: 2001.

83. Record Number: 6684
Author(s): Camille, Michael.
Contributor(s):
Title : For Our Devotion and Pleasure: The Sexual Objects of Jean, Duc de Berry
Source: Art History , 24., 2 (April 2001):  Pages 169 - 194.
Year of Publication: 2001.

84. Record Number: 6166
Author(s): Bammesberger, Alfred.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Meaning of Old English "Eowend(e)"
Source: Notes and Queries , 4 (December 2001):  Pages 371 - 372.
Year of Publication: 2001.

85. Record Number: 6434
Author(s): Brundage, James A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sin, Crime, and the Pleasures of the Flesh: The Medieval Church Judges Sexual Offences [The author provides a brief overview of the issues involved in the medieval church's efforts to enforce rules about sexual behavior].
Source: The Medieval World.   Edited by Peter Linehan and Janet L. Nelson .   Routledge, 2001. Notes and Queries , 4 (December 2001):  Pages 294 - 307.
Year of Publication: 2001.

86. Record Number: 6433
Author(s): Karras, Ruth Mazo.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sexuality in the Middle Ages [The author provides a brief overview of the important issues involved in the study of sexuality in the Middle Ages including male-female relations, attitudes of the Church, representations in literature, rape, and homosexuality].
Source: The Medieval World.   Edited by Peter Linehan and Janet L. Nelson .   Routledge, 2001. Notes and Queries , 4 (December 2001):  Pages 279 - 293.
Year of Publication: 2001.

87. Record Number: 6168
Author(s): Demaitre, Luke.
Contributor(s):
Title : Domesticity in Middle Dutch "Secrets of Men and Women"
Source: Social History of Medicine , 14., 1 (April 2001):  Pages 1 - 25.
Year of Publication: 2001.

88. Record Number: 6302
Author(s): Schnyder, Mireille.
Contributor(s):
Title : Die Entdeckung des Begehrens: Das Märe von der halben Birne
Source: Beiträge zur Geschichte der deutschen Sprache und Literatur , 122., ( 2000):  Pages 263 - 278.
Year of Publication: 2000.

89. Record Number: 6303
Author(s): Winter, Carla.
Contributor(s):
Title : Weipplich brust--manlich hertz: Lucretia in der "Römischen Historie"
Source: Beiträge zur Geschichte der deutschen Sprache und Literatur , 122., ( 2000):  Pages 279 - 291.
Year of Publication: 2000.

90. Record Number: 4610
Author(s): Moore, Stephen D.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Song of Songs" in the History of Sexuality [The author argues that medieval commentators read the "Song of Songs" as an allegory about the celibate male as the Bride who unites with Christ as the Bridegroom].
Source: Church History , 69., 2 (June 2000):  Pages 328 - 349.
Year of Publication: 2000.

91. Record Number: 4834
Author(s): Hostetler, Margaret
Contributor(s):
Title : I Wold Thow Wer Closyd in a Hows of Ston: Sexuality and Lay Sanctity in the Book of Margery Kempe
Source: Lay Sanctity, Medieval and Modern: A Search for Models.   Edited by Ann W. Astell .   University of Notre Dame Press, 2000. Church History , 69., 2 (June 2000):  Pages 91 - 104.
Year of Publication: 2000.

92. Record Number: 5056
Author(s): Scheil, Andrew P.
Contributor(s):
Title : Bodies and Boundaries in the Old English "Life of St. Mary of Egypt"
Source: Neophilologus , 84., 1 (January 2000):  Pages 137 - 156.
Year of Publication: 2000.

93. Record Number: 4598
Author(s): Lehfeldt, Elizabeth A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ruling Sexuality: The Political Legitimacy of Isabel of Castile
Source: Renaissance Quarterly (Full Text via JSTOR) 53, 1 (Spring 2000): 31-56. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2000.

94. Record Number: 5300
Author(s): Myers, Jeffrey Rayner.
Contributor(s):
Title : Chaucer's Pardoner as Female Eunuch [The author argues that the Pardoner is not a homosexual or a eunuch but a cross dressing woman who supports the Wife of Bath's defense of women and may have a heterosexual relationship with the Summoner].
Source: Studia Neophilologica , 72., ( 2000):  Pages 54 - 62.
Year of Publication: 2000.

95. Record Number: 4614
Author(s): Park, Katharine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Review Essay: Fallen Bodies: Pollution, Sexuality, and Demonology in the Middle Ages by Dyan Elliott
Source: Church History , 69., 4 (December 2000):  Pages 860 - 866.
Year of Publication: 2000.

96. Record Number: 10117
Author(s): Anderson, Rachel.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sinful Contracts in AElfric's "Life of St. Basil"
Source: Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000): Paper presented at the Thirty-Fifth International Congress on Medieval Studies, The Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University, May 4-7, 2000, Session 110: "Ælfric's Saints."
Year of Publication: 2000.

97. Record Number: 10125
Author(s): Emblom, Katherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Forbuga&00F0; unrihtwisnesse: Sin and Sexuality in the Transmission of Aelfric's "De initio creaturae"
Source: Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000): Paper presented at the Thirty-Fifth International Congress on Medieval Studies, The Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University, May 4-7, 2000
Year of Publication: 2000.

98. Record Number: 4764
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Bodily Peril: Sexuality and the Subversion of Order in Jean de Meun's "Roman de la Rose"
Source: Modern Language Review , 95., 1 (January 2000):  Pages 41 - 61.
Year of Publication: 2000.

99. Record Number: 4412
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : A Priest's Worst (K)nightmare: Fabliau Justice in "Le Prestre et le Chevalier" [The author briefly analyzes a fabliau in which a knight seeks revenge against a greedy priest by having sex with both the priest's niece and his mistress; furthermore the knight threatens to sodomize the priest until the priest pays him a large sum].
Source: French Forum , 25., 2 (May 2000):  Pages 137 - 144.
Year of Publication: 2000.

100. Record Number: 10129
Author(s): Åström, Berit.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Wages of Sex: Repression of Female Sexuality in Old English Texts
Source: Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000): Paper presented at the International Medieval Congress, University of Leeds, July 10-13, 2000, Session 701: "Sexual Politics and the Representation of Women."
Year of Publication: 2000.

101. Record Number: 4779
Author(s): Jestice, Phyllis G.
Contributor(s):
Title : Eternal Flame: State Formation, Deviant Architecture, and the Monumentality of Same-Sex Eroticism in the "Roman d'Eneas" ["My argument in this essay has been that in the heteronormative sexual and political economy of early Old French romance we can reclaim the disrputive effects of dialogism and desire, as well as the potentially subversive trace of the silencing of the other (a rhetorical strategy that is itself far from silent) in the historical process of state formation and in the ongoing processes of constructing national political identities." Page 310].
Source: GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies (Full Text via Project Muse) 6, 2 (2000): 287-319. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2000.

102. Record Number: 5308
Author(s): Pugh, Tison.
Contributor(s):
Title : Personae, Same-Sex Desire, and Salvation in the Poetry of Marbod of Rennes, Baudri of Bourgueil, and Hildebert of Lavardin [the author analyzes the poetry of the three clerical authors which presents paradoxical viewpoints on same-sex activity; the author argues that their writings were an attempt "to establish a pathway to God's forgiveness and salvation when interpreted in the light of biblical teachings of reversal and inversion" (Page 74).]
Source: Comitatus , 31., ( 2000):  Pages 57 - 84.
Year of Publication: 2000.

103. Record Number: 5408
Author(s): Collier, Jo-Kate.
Contributor(s):
Title : Cassoni: The Inside Story [The author argues that the nude paintings of men and women inside the cassoni lids were intended to arouse sexually the newly married husband and wife so that they would quickly produce a male heir].
Source: Renaissance Papers , ( 2000):  Pages 1 - 11.
Year of Publication: 2000.

104. Record Number: 6308
Author(s): Reinle, Christine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Exempla weiblicher Stärke? Zu den Ausprägungen des mittelalterlichen Amazonenbildes
Source: Historische Zeitschrift , 270., 1 ( 2000):  Pages 1 - 38.
Year of Publication: 2000.

105. Record Number: 4836
Author(s): Freeman, Elizabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Medieval Nuns at Watton: Reading Female Agency from Male-Authored Didatic Texts [The author argues that not only did Aelred imbue the nuns at Watton with the Cistercian values of friendship, charity, and chastity, but he also did not object to their acts of revenge against the canon and his pregnant nun lover].
Source: Magistra , 6., 1 (Summer 2000):  Pages 3 - 36.
Year of Publication: 2000.

106. Record Number: 5613
Author(s): Bennett, Judith M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Lesbian-Like and the Social History of Lesbianisms [The author argues that for the study of the Middle Ages the category "lesbian" needs to be expanded to "lesbian-like" to include characteristics that have affinities with modern-day lesbians; the author suggests that cross dressing women, prostitutes and others involved in unsanctioned sexuality, women in single-sex religious houses, and single women can all be understood in new ways when considered as lesbian-like behaviors].
Source: Journal of the History of Sexuality , 9., 40180 (January-April 2000):  Pages 1 - 24.
Year of Publication: 2000.

107. Record Number: 5470
Author(s): Jackson, Peter.
Contributor(s):
Title : Aelfric and the Purpose of Christian Marriage: A Reconsideration of the "Life of Aethelthryth," Lines 120- 30 [The author argues that Aelfric adds a story from the "Historia monachorum in Aegypto" to the "Life of Aethelthryth" because he is uneasy about the saint's unilateral refusal of sex in marriage; by adding the exemplum about a man and his wife who have three sons and then agree to live together while abstaining from sex, Aelfric is able to reassert the Augustinian ideal of a Christian marriage].
Source: Anglo-Saxon England , 29., ( 2000):  Pages 235 - 260.
Year of Publication: 2000.

108. Record Number: 4844
Author(s): Khan, Ruqayya Yasmine.
Contributor(s):
Title : On the Significance of Secrecy in the Medieval Arabic Romances [the author argues that secrecy has both positive and negative connotations in medieval Arabic romances; secrecy between husband and wife can promote love and intimacy, while secrecy between lovers may involve adultery or shame when intimacies are revealed].
Source: Journal of Arabic Literature , 31., 3 ( 2000):  Pages 238 - 253.
Year of Publication: 2000.

109. Record Number: 10109
Author(s): Nugent, Christopher G.
Contributor(s):
Title : Violence and Vernacularity: The Sodom Story in Anglo-Saxon England [Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Medieval Association, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, October 14-16, 1999, Session 30: "Queer Theory and Medieval Studies: Past, Present, Future."]
Source: Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000):
Year of Publication: 2000.

110. Record Number: 4611
Author(s): Resnick, Irven M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage in Medieval Culture: Consent Theory and the Case of Joseph and Mary [The author argues that the Church emphasized the importance of consent in order to remove marriage from the control of the laity; yet in order to prove consent practical, theologians came around to conjugal relations as a sure sign of consent].
Source: Church History , 69., 2 (June 2000):  Pages 350 - 371.
Year of Publication: 2000.

111. Record Number: 10127
Author(s): Lindley, Carrie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Wundenlocc and "Hupseax": Gender Expression and Transgression in the Old English "Judith"
Source: Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000): Paper presented at the Thirty-Fifth International Congress on Medieval Studies, The Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University, May 4-7, 2000, Session 537: "Old English Poetry III."
Year of Publication: 2000.

112. Record Number: 15185
Author(s): Cubitt, Catherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Virginity and Misogyny in Tenth- and Eleventh-Century England
Source: Gender and History , 12., 1 (April 2000):  Pages 1 - 32.
Year of Publication: 2000.

113. Record Number: 5342
Author(s): Walker, Ashley Manjarrez and Michael A. Sells
Contributor(s):
Title : The Wiles of Women and Performative Intertextuality: A'isha, the Hadith of the Slander, and the Sura of Yusuf [the authors argue that A'isha (at least the figure and narrator in the hadith, if not the historical figure) shows a rare political sense as well as a fine theological understanding when she praises Allah alone, not her husband the prophet, for her deliverance from the accusations of slanderers].
Source: Journal of Arabic Literature , 30., ( 1999):  Pages 55 - 77.
Year of Publication: 1999.

114. Record Number: 3706
Author(s): Mullett, Margaret
Contributor(s):
Title : From Byzantium, with Love [The author surveys letters looking for the erotic charge that we connect with love letters; she concludes with a case study of the letters of Theophylact, Archbishop of Ochrid].
Source: Desire and Denial in Byzantium: Papers from the Thirty-First Spring Symposium of Byzantine Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton, March 1997.   Edited by Liz James. Society for the Promotion of Byzantine Studies, Publications 6 .   Variorum (Ashgate Publishing), 1999. Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 17., 1 (July 1999):  Pages 3 - 22.
Year of Publication: 1999.

115. Record Number: 3707
Author(s): Hatlie, Peter.
Contributor(s):
Title : The City a Desert: Theodore of Stoudios on "Porneia" [The author presents case studies in which Theodore counselled monks against sexual misconduct and expressed his views on the marriages of Emperor Constantine VI and Michael II].
Source: Desire and Denial in Byzantium: Papers from the Thirty-First Spring Symposium of Byzantine Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton, March 1997.   Edited by Liz James. Society for the Promotion of Byzantine Studies, Publications 6 .   Variorum (Ashgate Publishing), 1999. Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 17., 1 (July 1999):  Pages 67 - 74.
Year of Publication: 1999.

116. Record Number: 3710
Author(s): Smythe, Dion C.
Contributor(s):
Title : In Denial: Same-Sex Desire in Byzantium
Source: Desire and Denial in Byzantium: Papers from the Thirty-First Spring Symposium of Byzantine Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton, March 1997.   Edited by Liz James. Society for the Promotion of Byzantine Studies, Publications 6 .   Variorum (Ashgate Publishing), 1999. Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 17., 1 (July 1999):  Pages 139 - 148.
Year of Publication: 1999.

117. Record Number: 3711
Author(s): Tougher, Shaun
Contributor(s):
Title : Michael III and Basil the Macedonian: Just Good Friends?
Source: Desire and Denial in Byzantium: Papers from the Thirty-First Spring Symposium of Byzantine Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton, March 1997.   Edited by Liz James. Society for the Promotion of Byzantine Studies, Publications 6 .   Variorum (Ashgate Publishing), 1999. Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 17., 1 (July 1999):  Pages 149 - 158.
Year of Publication: 1999.

118. Record Number: 3712
Author(s): Lauxtermann, Marc.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ninth-Century Classicism and the Erotic Muse [The author argues that the pederastic poetry read and imitated by Leo the Philosopher and his group of students quickly went out of style when Patriarch Photios branded it as corrupt].
Source: Desire and Denial in Byzantium: Papers from the Thirty-First Spring Symposium of Byzantine Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton, March 1997.   Edited by Liz James. Society for the Promotion of Byzantine Studies, Publications 6 .   Variorum (Ashgate Publishing), 1999. Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 17., 1 (July 1999):  Pages 161 - 170.
Year of Publication: 1999.

119. Record Number: 3713
Author(s): Hanson, John.
Contributor(s):
Title : Erotic Imagery on Byzantine Ivory Caskets
Source: Desire and Denial in Byzantium: Papers from the Thirty-First Spring Symposium of Byzantine Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton, March 1997.   Edited by Liz James. Society for the Promotion of Byzantine Studies, Publications 6 .   Variorum (Ashgate Publishing), 1999. Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 17., 1 (July 1999):  Pages 171 - 184.
Year of Publication: 1999.

120. Record Number: 3715
Author(s): Cameron, Averil.
Contributor(s):
Title : Desire in Byzantium- the Ought and the Is [The author contrasts religious desire with sexual passion].
Source: Desire and Denial in Byzantium: Papers from the Thirty-First Spring Symposium of Byzantine Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton, March 1997.   Edited by Liz James. Society for the Promotion of Byzantine Studies, Publications 6 .   Variorum (Ashgate Publishing), 1999. Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 17., 1 (July 1999):  Pages 205 - 213.
Year of Publication: 1999.

121. Record Number: 3787
Author(s): Horne, Peter.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Besotted King and His Adonis: Representations of Edward II and Gaveston in Late Nineteenth-Century England
Source: History Workshop Journal , 47., (Spring 1999):  Pages 30 - 48.
Year of Publication: 1999.

122. Record Number: 4279
Author(s): Callahan, Leslie Abend.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Widow's Tears: The Pedagogy of Grief in Medieval France and the Image of the Grieving Widow
Source: Constructions of Widowhood and Virginity in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Cindy L. Carlson and Angela Jane Weisl .   St. Martin's Press, 1999. History Workshop Journal , 47., (Spring 1999):  Pages 245 - 263.
Year of Publication: 1999.

123. Record Number: 5353
Author(s): Vinson, M. P.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sexual Slander in Byzantium [The author examines the uses of sexual slander in politics; often the virginity of the empress was called into question as well as the emperor's choice of wife].
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 25., ( 1999):  Pages 102 - 103.
Year of Publication: 1999.

124. Record Number: 4358
Author(s): Hamilton, J.S.
Contributor(s):
Title : Menage a Roi: Edward II and Piers Gaveston [The author provides a brief analysis of the relationship between King Edward and Piers Gaveston; aimed at a popular audience, there are no footnotes].
Source: History Today , 49., 6 (June 1999):  Pages 26 - 31.
Year of Publication: 1999.

125. Record Number: 4708
Author(s): Phelpstead, Carl.
Contributor(s):
Title : Power Through Purity: The Virgin Martyrs and Women's Salvation in Pre-Reformation Scotland
Source: Women in Scotland c. 1100-c. 1750.   Edited by Elizabeth Ewan and Maureen M. Meikle .   Tuckwell Press, 1999. History Today , 49., 6 (June 1999):  Pages 16 - 28.
Year of Publication: 1999.

126. Record Number: 3746
Author(s): Schotter, Anne Howland.
Contributor(s):
Title : Images of Effeminate Men: The case of Byzantine Eunuchs
Source: Masculinity in Medieval Europe.   Edited by D.M. Hadley .   Women and Men in History Series. Addison Wesley Longman, 1999. History Today , 49., 6 (June 1999):  Pages 89 - 100.
Year of Publication: 1999.

127. Record Number: 9053
Author(s): Kelly, Joan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Did Women Have a Renaissance? [This is an influential article from the 1970s that still bears up under a close reading. Kelly makes a very convincing argument that Renaissance women lost opportunities and were defined more narrowly than women in earlier generations. She argues that new social relations in the state paralleled a new relation between the sexes, with the public sphere reserved for men only and women dependent on their husbands alone. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Feminism and Renaissance Studies.   Edited by Lorna Hutson .   Oxford Reading in Feminism series. Oxford University Press, 1999. History Today , 49., 6 (June 1999):  Pages 21 - 47. Originally published in Women, History & Theory: The Essays of Joan Kelly. By Joan Kelly. University of Chicago press, 1984. Pages 19-50. Originally published in "Becoming Visible: Women in European History." Edited by Renate Bridenthal and Claudia Koonz.
Year of Publication: 1999.

128. Record Number: 3672
Author(s): McSheffrey, Shannon.
Contributor(s):
Title : Men and Masculinity in Late Medieval London Civic Culture: Governance, Patriarchy, and Reputation [The author argues that both women and men were judged to be disorderly and misgoverned when they misbehaved sexually].
Source: Conflicted Identities and Multiple Masculinities: Men in the Medieval West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray .   Garland Medieval Casebooks, volume 25. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, volume 2078. Garland Publishing, 1999. History Today , 49., 6 (June 1999):  Pages 243 - 278.
Year of Publication: 1999.

129. Record Number: 6322
Author(s): Brall, Helmut.
Contributor(s):
Title : Homosexualität als Thema mittelalterlicher Dichtung und Chronistik
Source: Zeitschrift für deutsche Philologie , 118., 3 ( 1999):  Pages 354 - 349.
Year of Publication: 1999.

130. Record Number: 5363
Author(s): van Houts, Elisabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Countess Gunnor of Normandy (c. 950-1031)
Source: Collegium Medievale , 12., ( 1999):  Pages 7 - 24.
Year of Publication: 1999.

131. Record Number: 3951
Author(s): Miller, Julie B.
Contributor(s):
Title : Eroticized Violence in Medieval Women's Mystical Literature: A Call for a Feminist Critique
Source: Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion , 15., 2 (Fall 1999):  Pages 25 - 49.
Year of Publication: 1999.

132. Record Number: 3648
Author(s): McNamara, Jo Ann.
Contributor(s):
Title : An Unresolved Syllogism: The Search For a Christian Gender System [The author traces the changing values of the sexes from late Rome to the Ninth Century demonstrating how gender theories enhanced and then diminished women's moral position in relation to that of men].
Source: Conflicted Identities and Multiple Masculinities: Men in the Medieval West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray .   Garland Medieval Casebooks, volume 25. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, volume 2078. Garland Publishing, 1999. Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion , 15., 2 (Fall 1999):  Pages 1 - 24.
Year of Publication: 1999.

133. Record Number: 3962
Author(s): Clark, Robert. L. A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queering "Orientalism": The East as Closet in Said, Ackerley, and the Medieval Christian West [The author briefly analyzes a play, "Miracle la fille d'un Roy," based on "Yde et Olive," in which the main character Ysabel assumes a masculine identity and ends up married to the princess of Byzantium before her gender is revealed].
Source: Medieval Encounters: Jewish, Christian, and Muslim Culture in Confluence and Dialogue , 5., 3 ( 1999):  Pages 336 - 349.
Year of Publication: 1999.

134. Record Number: 3748
Author(s): Nelson, J. L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Monks, Secular Men, and Masculinity, c.900 [case studies of elite young men who scrupled over the masculine role models in the secular world].
Source: Masculinity in Medieval Europe.   Edited by D.M. Hadley .   Women and Men in History Series. Addison Wesley Longman, 1999. Medieval Encounters: Jewish, Christian, and Muslim Culture in Confluence and Dialogue , 5., 3 ( 1999):  Pages 121 - 142.
Year of Publication: 1999.

135. Record Number: 3928
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Troubadour's Lady as Seen Through Thick History [The author examines ideas about troubadours and their ladies in the works of literary critics from the nineteenth and early twentieth century; he notes in particular the emphasis on sexual guilt which he believes should be discarded].
Source: Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 11., 2 (Spring 1999):  Pages 221 - 244.
Year of Publication: 1999.

136. Record Number: 3652
Author(s): Bullough, Vern L. and Gwen Whitehead Brewer
Contributor(s):
Title : Medieval Masculinities and Modern Interpretations: The Problem of the Pardoner
Source: Conflicted Identities and Multiple Masculinities: Men in the Medieval West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray .   Garland Medieval Casebooks, volume 25. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, volume 2078. Garland Publishing, 1999. Neophilologus , 84., 1 (January 2000):  Pages 93 - 110.
Year of Publication: 1999.

137. Record Number: 4210
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Wife of Bath's "Prologue," LL. 328-336, and Boccaccio's "Decameron"
Source: Neophilologus , 83., 2 (April 1999):  Pages 313 - 316.
Year of Publication: 1999.

138. Record Number: 5299
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Not Tonight Dear, I Have a Vow of Chastity: Sexual Abstinence and Marital Vocation in "The Book of Margery Kempe"
Source: Publications of the Medieval Association of the Midwest , 6., ( 1999):  Pages 133 - 147.
Year of Publication: 1999.

139. Record Number: 4504
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : A Women is Like… [the author examines three heroines in Chrétien de Troyes and Marie de France; she argues that they are compared to horses and birds in order to indicate their unreliable sexuality]
Source: Romance Quarterly , 46., 2 (Spring 1999):  Pages 67 - 73.
Year of Publication: 1999.

140. Record Number: 3650
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Jean Gerson and Traumas of Masculine Affectivity and Sexuality [The author explores Gerson's relationship with his two younger brothers, his friendship with Pierre d'Ailly, and his emphasis on sexual temptation].
Source: Conflicted Identities and Multiple Masculinities: Men in the Medieval West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray .   Garland Medieval Casebooks, volume 25. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, volume 2078. Garland Publishing, 1999. Romance Quarterly , 46., 2 (Spring 1999):  Pages 45 - 72.
Year of Publication: 1999.

141. Record Number: 3934
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Medieval Prostitution and the Case of a (Mistaken?) Sexual Identity [The author questions the conclusions of Ruth Karras in "Prostitution and the Question of Sexual Identity in Medieval Europe," in particular that prostitutes had a sexual identity].
Source: Journal of Women's History (Full Text via Project Muse) 11, 2 (Summer 1999): 178-185. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1999.

142. Record Number: 5030
Author(s): Clifton, James,
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender and Shame in Masaccio's "Expulsion from the Garden of Eden" ["Here both gestures - Eve in covering her erogenous zones, Adam in leaving his exposed and in covering only his face - suggest that, in conformity with Italian mores, it is only the woman's sexuality that is at issue and that the sin associated with her sexuality dishonours the man. Adam's exposure does not dishonour him; rather it serves to draw the insistent distinction between men and women, fundamental to the honour-shame paradigm, which is manifested most recognizably in anatomy." (Page 650)].
Source: Art History , 22., 5 (December 1999):  Pages 637 - 655.
Year of Publication: 1999.

143. Record Number: 4211
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Rolan, de ceu ke m'avez/ Parti dirai mon samblant: The Feminine Voice in the Old French "Jeu-Parti"
Source: Neophilologus , 83., 4 (October 1999):  Pages 497 - 516.
Year of Publication: 1999.

144. Record Number: 3172
Author(s): Karras, Ruth Mazo.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sex and the Singlewoman
Source: Singlewomen in the European Past, 1250-1800.   Edited by Judith M. Bennett and Amy M. Froide .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999. Neophilologus , 83., 4 (October 1999):  Pages 127 - 145.
Year of Publication: 1999.

145. Record Number: 3656
Author(s): Karras, Ruth Mazo.
Contributor(s):
Title : Separating the Men from the Goats: Masculinity, Civilization, and Identity Formation in the Medieval University [the author analyzes an initiation ritual and argues that students thereby transcend the bestial and the feminine to become part of a cultural male elite].
Source: Conflicted Identities and Multiple Masculinities: Men in the Medieval West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray .   Garland Medieval Casebooks, volume 25. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, volume 2078. Garland Publishing, 1999. Neophilologus , 83., 4 (October 1999):  Pages 189 - 213.
Year of Publication: 1999.

146. Record Number: 3933
Author(s): Karras, Ruth Mazo.
Contributor(s):
Title : Prostitution and the Question of Sexual Identity in Medieval Europe [The author argues that the prostitute's acts defined her identity; furthermore male officials feared prostitutes' independence and needed to control their behavior].
Source: Journal of Women's History (Full Text via Project Muse) 11, 2 (Summer 1999): 159-177. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1999.

147. Record Number: 3936
Author(s): Karras, Ruth Mazo.
Contributor(s):
Title : Response: Identity, Sexuality, and History [The author responds to the criticisms of Theo Van Der Meer ("Medieval Prostitution and the Case of a Mistaken Sexual Identity") and Carla Freccero ("Acts, Identities, and Sexuality's (Pre) Modern Regimes)].
Source: Journal of Women's History (Full Text via Project Muse) 11, 2 (Summer 1999): 193-198. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1999.

148. Record Number: 5297
Author(s): Jacobs, Kathryn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Extra-Marital Contracts in the "Canterbury Tales" [The author argues that Chaucer's lovers delay consummation and pledge a contractual, legalistic promise to one another in imitation of marriage and courtship practices].
Source: Publications of the Medieval Association of the Midwest , 6., ( 1999):  Pages 25 - 33.
Year of Publication: 1999.

149. Record Number: 3653
Author(s): Jochens, Jenny.
Contributor(s):
Title : Triangularity in the Pagan North: The Case Of Bjorn Arngeirsson and Thórthr Kolbeinsson [The author argues that Bjorn and Thórthr care less for the woman Oddny than for their rivalry beginning with Thórthr's homoerotic attraction to the young Bjorn].
Source: Conflicted Identities and Multiple Masculinities: Men in the Medieval West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray .   Garland Medieval Casebooks, volume 25. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, volume 2078. Garland Publishing, 1999. Publications of the Medieval Association of the Midwest , 6., ( 1999):  Pages 111 - 134.
Year of Publication: 1999.

150. Record Number: 3750
Author(s): Swanson, R. N.
Contributor(s):
Title : Angels Incarnate: Clergy and Masculinity From Gregorian Reform to Reformation
Source: Masculinity in Medieval Europe.   Edited by D.M. Hadley .   Women and Men in History Series. Addison Wesley Longman, 1999. Publications of the Medieval Association of the Midwest , 6., ( 1999):  Pages 160 - 177.
Year of Publication: 1999.

151. Record Number: 3935
Author(s): Freccero, Carla.
Contributor(s):
Title : Acts, Identities, and Sexuality's (Pre) Modern Regimes [The author responds to "Prostitution and the Question of Sexual Identity in Medieval Europe" by Ruth Mazo Karras].
Source: Journal of Women's History (Full Text via Project Muse) 11, 2 (Summer 1999): 186-192. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1999.

152. Record Number: 3930
Author(s): Scheil, Andrew P.
Contributor(s):
Title : Somatic Ambiguity and Masculine Desire in the Old English Life of Euphrosyne [Euphrosyne lives as a eunuch in a monastery ; the text brings out the erotic aspects of homosociality among the monks].
Source: Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 11., 2 (Spring 1999):  Pages 345 - 361.
Year of Publication: 1999.

153. Record Number: 3751
Author(s): Cullum, P. H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Clergy, Masculinity, and Transgression in Late Medieval England [The author argues that some clergy were insecure about their masculine identity and used fornication and fighting to reassure themselves].
Source: Masculinity in Medieval Europe.   Edited by D.M. Hadley .   Women and Men in History Series. Addison Wesley Longman, 1999. Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 11., 2 (Spring 1999):  Pages 178 - 196.
Year of Publication: 1999.

154. Record Number: 3747
Author(s): Leyser, C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Masculinity in Flux: Nocturnal Emission and the Limits of Celibacy in the Early Middle Ages
Source: Masculinity in Medieval Europe.   Edited by D.M. Hadley .   Women and Men in History Series. Addison Wesley Longman, 1999. Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 11., 2 (Spring 1999):  Pages 103 - 120.
Year of Publication: 1999.

155. Record Number: 4313
Author(s): Coletti, Theresa.
Contributor(s):
Title : Genealogy, Sexuality, and Sacred Power: The Saint Anne Dedication of the Digby "Candlemas Day and the Killing of the Children of Israel"
Source: Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies , 29., 1 (Winter 1999):  Pages 25 - 59.
Year of Publication: 1999.

156. Record Number: 3799
Author(s): Fein, David A.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Dangerous Sex: Representations of the Female Body in the "Cent Nouvelles Nouvelles" [the author surveys four stories from the "Cent Nouvelles Nouvelles" in which the women with their dangerous sexuality take the upperhand and leave the men thwarted and frequently injured].
Source: Romance Notes , 39., 2 (Winter 1999):  Pages 195 - 202.
Year of Publication: 1999.

157. Record Number: 3749
Author(s): Balzaretti, R.
Contributor(s):
Title : Men and Sex in Tenth-Century Italy [The author examines the writings of three bishops who had a great deal to discuss about the moral aspects of sexuality].
Source: Masculinity in Medieval Europe.   Edited by D.M. Hadley .   Women and Men in History Series. Addison Wesley Longman, 1999. Romance Notes , 39., 2 (Winter 1999):  Pages 143 - 159.
Year of Publication: 1999.

158. Record Number: 4025
Author(s): Gourlay, Kristina E.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Positive Representation of the Power of Young Women: The Malterer Embroidery Re-examined [The author argues that the embroidery is to be interpreted as "positive and good-natured acknowledgment of the power of love and female sexuality and the responsibility of men in succumbing to this power..."].
Source: Young Medieval Women.   Edited by Katherine J. Lewis, Noel James Menuge, and Kim M. Phillips .   St. Martin's Press, 1999. Romance Notes , 39., 2 (Winter 1999):  Pages 69 - 102.
Year of Publication: 1999.

159. Record Number: 4209
Author(s): Hyatte, Reginald.
Contributor(s):
Title : Reading Affective Companionship in the Prose "Lancelot"
Source: Neophilologus , 83., 1 (January 1999):  Pages 19 - 32.
Year of Publication: 1999.

160. Record Number: 4437
Author(s): McAvoy, Liz Herbert.
Contributor(s):
Title : Margery's Last Child [The author counters Laura Howes' suggestion that Margery Kempe gave birth in Italy on her way to Jerusalem; instead the author establishes a chronology for the birth, vow of chastity, trip to Norwich, and pilgrimage to the Holy Land].
Source: Notes and Queries , 2 (June 1999):  Pages 181 - 183.
Year of Publication: 1999.

161. Record Number: 4754
Author(s): Watt, Diane.
Contributor(s):
Title : Literary Geneaology, Virile Rhetoric, and John Gower's "Confessio Amantis" ["In this article, my primary concern will be with the way in which Gower's construction of rhetoric can be seen to be both gendered and sexualized, especially when read alongside other classical and medieval discussions of the subject." page 392].
Source: Philological Quarterly , 78., 4 (Fall 1999):  Pages 389 - 415.
Year of Publication: 1999.

162. Record Number: 5047
Author(s): McAvoy, Liz Herbert.
Contributor(s):
Title : Spiritual Virgin to Virgin Mother: The Confessions of Margery Kempe [The author argues that Margery's struggle to relinquish her sexuality and motherhood paradoxically gives her models for framing her spirituality].
Source: Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 17., 1 (July 1999):  Pages 9 - 44.
Year of Publication: 1999.

163. Record Number: 3651
Author(s): Murray, Jacqueline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mystical Castration: Some Reflections on Peter Abelard, Hugh of Lincoln, and Sexual Control
Source: Conflicted Identities and Multiple Masculinities: Men in the Medieval West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray .   Garland Medieval Casebooks, volume 25. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, volume 2078. Garland Publishing, 1999. Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 17., 1 (July 1999):  Pages 73 - 91.
Year of Publication: 1999.

164. Record Number: 3744
Author(s): Goldberg, P. J. P.
Contributor(s):
Title : Masters and Men in Later Medieval England
Source: Masculinity in Medieval Europe.   Edited by D.M. Hadley .   Women and Men in History Series. Addison Wesley Longman, 1999. Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 17., 1 (July 1999):  Pages 56 - 70.
Year of Publication: 1999.

165. Record Number: 3753
Author(s): Ailes, M. J.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Medieval Male Couple and the Language of Homosociality
Source: Masculinity in Medieval Europe.   Edited by D.M. Hadley .   Women and Men in History Series. Addison Wesley Longman, 1999. Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 17., 1 (July 1999):  Pages 214 - 237.
Year of Publication: 1999.

166. Record Number: 3608
Author(s): Cartlidge, Neil.
Contributor(s):
Title : Alas, I Go with Chylde : Representations of Extra-Marital Pregnancy in the Middle English Lyric
Source: English Studies , 79., 2 ( 1998):  Pages 395 - 414.
Year of Publication: 1998.

167. Record Number: 3616
Author(s): Erb, James R.
Contributor(s):
Title : Uncomfortable Metaphors: Philology, Obscenity, and the Nuremberg Fastnachtspiele
Source: Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 10., 2 (Fall 1998):  Pages 371 - 403.
Year of Publication: 1998.

168. Record Number: 3957
Author(s): Migiel, Marilyn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Encrypted Messages: Men, Women, and Figurative Language in "Decameron" 5.4 [The author argues that the deeper message of the story concerns the consolidation of male power and the upholding of patriarchal values.]
Source: Philological Quarterly , 77., 1 (Winter 1998):  Pages 1 - 13.
Year of Publication: 1998.

169. Record Number: 4400
Author(s): Murray, Jacqueline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gendered Souls in Sexed Bodies: The Male Construction of Female Sexuality in Some Medieval Confessors' Manuals [The author analyzes some fifteen confessors' manuals from the 13th century; she finds that they limit discussion of women to their sexual functions, emphasizing their sexual passivity and their danger to men as sexual temptations].
Source: Handling Sin: Confession in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Peter Biller and A.J. Minnis York Studies in Medieval Theology .   York Medieval Press, 1998. Philological Quarterly , 77., 1 (Winter 1998):  Pages 79 - 93.
Year of Publication: 1998.

170. Record Number: 5307
Author(s): Russell, Kenneth C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Peter Damian's "Liber gomorrhianus": The Text vs. the Scholarly Tradition
Source: American Benedictine Review , 49., 3 (September 1998):  Pages 299 - 315.
Year of Publication: 1998.

171. Record Number: 5588
Author(s): Weston, L. M. C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender Without Sexuality: Hrotsvitha's Imagining of a Chaste Female Community
Source: The community, the family, and the saint: patterns of power in early medieval Europe: selected proceedings of the International Medieval Congress, University of Leeds, 4-7 July 1994, 10-13 July 1995.   Edited by Joyce Hill and Mary Swan International Medieval Research .   Brepols, 1998. American Benedictine Review , 49., 3 (September 1998):  Pages 127 - 142.
Year of Publication: 1998.

172. Record Number: 5589
Author(s): de Jong, Mayke.
Contributor(s):
Title : Pollution, Penance, and Sanctity: Ekkehard's "Life" of Iso of St. Gall [Ekkehard is mainly concerned with the circumstances of Iso's conception; his parents accidentally had sex on a forbidden holy day, but through their extraordinary and deeply sincere public penance, were not only able to avoid the punishment of a deformed or otherwise marked child but were blessed by a holy child; the article includes an English translation of the relevant portion of Ekkehard's "Life" of Iso].
Source: The community, the family, and the saint: patterns of power in early medieval Europe: selected proceedings of the International Medieval Congress, University of Leeds, 4-7 July 1994, 10-13 July 1995.   Edited by Joyce Hill and Mary Swan International Medieval Research .   Brepols, 1998. American Benedictine Review , 49., 3 (September 1998):  Pages 145 - 158.
Year of Publication: 1998.

173. Record Number: 5610
Author(s): Stramara, Daniel F., Jr.
Contributor(s):
Title : Double Monasticism in the Greek East: Eighth Through Fifteenth Centuries [the author argues that double houses were not suppressed by Eastern ecclesiastical authorities to the point of disappearance; in fact new ones were built even in Constantinople throughout the period; the confusion comes in part from mixed houses, in which monks and nuns lived in the same space and were abolished due to sexual improprieties].
Source: Greek Orthodox Theological Review , 43., 40182 ( 1998):  Pages 185 - 202.
Year of Publication: 1998.

174. Record Number: 6290
Author(s): Siegmund, Frank.
Contributor(s):
Title : Pactus Legis Salicae § 13; Über den Frauenraub in der Merowingerzeit
Source: Frühmittelalterliche Studien , 32., ( 1998):  Pages 101 - 123.
Year of Publication: 1998.

175. Record Number: 6291
Author(s): Schnell, Rüdiger.
Contributor(s):
Title : Geschlechtergeschichte, Diskursgeschichte und Literaturgeschichte: Eine Studie zu konkurrierenden Männerbildern in Mittelalter und Früher Neuzeit
Source: Frühmittelalterliche Studien , 32., ( 1998):  Pages 307 - 364.
Year of Publication: 1998.

176. Record Number: 6320
Author(s): Bauschke, Ricarda.
Contributor(s):
Title : Wîpliche man, manlîchu wîp: Zur Konstruktion der Kategorien Körper und Geschlecht in der deutschen Literatur des Mittelalters Internationales Kolloquium der Oswald von Wolkenstein-Gesellschaft und der Gerhard-Mercator-Universität Duisburg, 8.- 10. Oktober 1997 in Xanten.
Source: Zeitschrift für deutsche Philologie , 117., ( 1998):  Pages 416 - 420.
Year of Publication: 1998.

177. Record Number: 3108
Author(s): Stephens, Walter.
Contributor(s):
Title : Witches Who Steal Penises: Impotence and Illusion in "Malleus maleficarum"
Source: Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies , 28., 3 (Fall 1998):  Pages 495 - 529.
Year of Publication: 1998.

178. Record Number: 6319
Author(s): Morrall, Eric John.
Contributor(s):
Title : Selbstmord und amor illicitus in der Übersetzungsliteratur von Niklas von Wyle, Arigo, Albrecht von Eyb und Johann Seider. Zu "Eurialus und Lucrecia," "Guiscard und Ghismonda," und "Amor und Psyche"
Source: Zeitschrift für deutsche Philologie , 117., 3 ( 1998):  Pages 381 - 398.
Year of Publication: 1998.

179. Record Number: 6306
Author(s): Wolter, Diana.
Contributor(s):
Title : Zur Gruppe der erotischen Schwanklieder im Rostocker Liederbuch
Source: Jahrbuch der Oswald von Wolkenstein Gesellschaft , 10., ( 1998):  Pages 419 - 431.
Year of Publication: 1998.

180. Record Number: 3183
Author(s): Martines, Lauro.
Contributor(s):
Title : Séduction, espace familial et autorité dans la renaissance Italienne
Source: Annales : Histoire, Sciences Sociales , 53., 2 (mars-avril 1998):  Pages 255 - 290.
Year of Publication: 1998.

181. Record Number: 3614
Author(s): Perfetti, Lisa R.
Contributor(s):
Title : Men's Theories, Women's Laughter: The Thousand and One Nights and Women's Comic Pleasures in Medieval Literature [The author analyzes the episode in which the three sisters joke with a porter about their sexual organs; the author suggests that this gave women in the audience the opportunity to laugh with, rather than at, the women in the text].
Source: Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 10., 2 (Fall 1998):  Pages 207 - 241.
Year of Publication: 1998.

182. Record Number: 5347
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Sir Gowther: The Marriage of Romance and Hagiography [The author argues that "Sir Gowther" was a didactic work adapted from the Old French "Robert le Diable;" it was intended to highlight the sacramental nature of marriage and the crucial role the Church plays in redemption].
Source: Mediaevalia , 22., 1 ( 1998):  Pages 175 - 198. Published by the Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, State University of New York at Binghamton
Year of Publication: 1998.

183. Record Number: 3395
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Dominus/"Ancilla": Rhetorical Subjectivity and Sexual Violence in the Letters of Heloise
Source: The Tongue of the Fathers: Gender and Ideology in Twelfth-Century Latin.   Edited by David Townsend and Andrew Taylor .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998. Mediaevalia , 22., 1 ( 1998):  Pages 35 - 54.
Year of Publication: 1998.

184. Record Number: 2976
Author(s): Rocke, Michael.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender and Sexual Culture in Renaissance Italy [among other subjects the author discusses male homosexuality, illicit sex including with prostitutes, and conjugal relations].
Source: Gender and Society in Renaissance Italy.   Edited by Judith C. Brown and Robert C. Davis .   Longman, 1998. Mediaevalia , 22., 1 ( 1998):  Pages 150 - 170. Reprinted in The Italian Renaissance. Edited by Paula Findlen. Blackwell Publishing, 2002. Pages 192-211
Year of Publication: 1998.

185. Record Number: 6284
Author(s): Lutterbach, Hubertus.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gleichbeschlechtliches sexuelles Verhalten: Ein Tabu swischen Spätanike und Früher Neuzeit?
Source: Historische Zeitschrift , 267., 2 (October 1998):  Pages 281 - 311.
Year of Publication: 1998.

186. Record Number: 3175
Author(s): Winkelman, Johann H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Laatmiddeleeuwse erotica in woord en beeld. Over de literaire achtergronden van enkele profane insignes
Source: Amsterdamer Beiträge zur älteren Germanistik , 50., ( 1998):  Pages 167 - 84.
Year of Publication: 1998.

187. Record Number: 3079
Author(s): Léglu, Catherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Identifying the "Toza" in Medieval Occitan "Pastorela" and Old French "Pastourelle" [the"toza" or girl sometimes has an ambiguous social status; she also often serves as the mouthpiece for the poet].
Source: French Studies , 52., 2 (April 1998):  Pages 129 - 141.
Year of Publication: 1998.

188. Record Number: 13748
Author(s): Bond, James.
Contributor(s):
Title : Why Celibacy? Odo of Cluny and the Development of a New Sexual Morality
Source: Medieval Purity and Piety: Essays on Medieval Clerical Celibacy and Religious Reform.   Edited by Michael Frassetto Garland Medieval Casebooks Series .   Garland Publishing, 1998. French Studies , 52., 2 (April 1998):  Pages 81 - 115.
Year of Publication: 1998.

189. Record Number: 2956
Author(s): Kolve, V. A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ganymede / "Son of Getron": Medieval Monasticism and the Drama of Same-Sex Desire
Source: Speculum , 73., 4 (October 1998):  Pages 1014 - 1067.
Year of Publication: 1998.

190. Record Number: 2900
Author(s): Helmholz, R.H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Harboring Sexual Offenders: Ecclesiastical Courts and Controlling Misbehavior [prosecution of those who knowingly allow illicit sex to take place in their houses].
Source: Journal of British Studies (Full Text via JSTOR) 37, 3 (July 1998): 258-268 Link Info
Year of Publication: 1998.

191. Record Number: 5434
Author(s): Paxson, James J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender Personified, Personification Gendered, and the Body Figuralized in "Piers Plowman" [The author first considers the tradition of personifications embodied as females and then argues that the gender of Meed and Anima are key feature in Langland's allegory].
Source: Yearbook of Langland Studies , 12., ( 1998):  Pages 65 - 96.
Year of Publication: 1998.

192. Record Number: 3109
Author(s): Warren, Nancy Bradley.
Contributor(s):
Title : Pregnancy and Productivity: The Imagery of Female Monasticism Within and Beyond the Cloister Walls [drawing on the exemplum of the Pregnant Abbess and the didactic work, "Book to a Mother, " the author argues that they strive to control women's productivity and regulate women's use of property; the Brigittine Order provides a counter example which encourages women's productivity, values women's work, and legitimates women's rights to control material resources]
Source: Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies , 28., 3 (Fall 1998):  Pages 531 - 552.
Year of Publication: 1998.

193. Record Number: 3519
Author(s): Sharp, Michael D.
Contributor(s):
Title : Remaking Medieval Heroism: Nationalism and Sexuality in "Braveheart" [The author argues that the film appeals to contemporary social values including nationalism and homophobia, by contrasting Wallace's masculinity and sexuality with the effete and homosexual English].
Source: Florilegium , 15., ( 1998):  Pages 251 - 266.
Year of Publication: 1998.

194. Record Number: 5344
Author(s): Porter, David.
Contributor(s):
Title : Rhetorical Phallacies: The Poetics of Misogyny in Jean de Meun's Discourse of Nature
Source: Mediaevalia , 22., 1 ( 1998):  Pages 59 - 77. Published by the Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, State University of New York at Binghamton
Year of Publication: 1998.

195. Record Number: 3615
Author(s): Sturges, Robert S.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Construction of Heterosexual Desire in Gottfried von Strassburg's "Tristan" [The author argues for a reading of same-sex erotics in King Mark's feelings for Tristan and a heterosexual hegemony in Mark's lukewarm marriage to Isolde].
Source: Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 10., 2 (Fall 1998):  Pages 243 - 269.
Year of Publication: 1998.

196. Record Number: 13745
Author(s): Peters, Edward.
Contributor(s):
Title : History, Historians, and Clerical Celibacy [The author briefly surveys the historiography of clerical celibacy. Earlier historians took a polemical stance on the issues, but in the latter half of the twentieth century, scholars contextualized their research within a much wider perspective. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Purity and Piety: Essays on Medieval Clerical Celibacy and Religious Reform.   Edited by Michael Frassetto Garland Medieval Casebooks Series .   Garland Publishing, 1998. Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 10., 2 (Fall 1998):  Pages 3 - 21.
Year of Publication: 1998.

197. Record Number: 3526
Author(s): Townsend, David.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sex and the Single Amazon in Twelfth-Century Latin Epic
Source: The Tongue of the Fathers: Gender and Ideology in Twelfth-Century Latin.   Edited by David Townsend and Andrew Taylor .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998. Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 10., 2 (Fall 1998):  Pages 136 - 155.
Year of Publication: 1998.

198. Record Number: 5066
Author(s):
Contributor(s): Frantzen, Allen J., eds and Matthews, David, interviewer.
Title : Straightforward [Matthews questions Frantzen about the future of Medieval Studies, Queer theory, and his approach to same-sex desire in medieval texts].
Source: Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 16., 1 (July 1998):  Pages 93 - 104.
Year of Publication: 1998.

199. Record Number: 1873
Author(s): Giladi, Avner.
Contributor(s):
Title : Normative Islam Versus Local Tradition: Some Observations on Female Circumcision with Special Reference to Egypt [modern day and medieval practices and beliefs].
Source: Arabica , 44., 2 (avril 1997):  Pages 254 - 267.
Year of Publication: 1997.

200. Record Number: 1914
Author(s): O'Connor, Eugene.
Contributor(s):
Title : Panormita's Reply to His Critics: The "Hermaphroditus" and the Literary Defense
Source: Renaissance Quarterly (Full Text via JSTOR) 50, 4 (Winter 1997): 985-1010. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1997.

201. Record Number: 2553
Author(s): Brown, Elizabeth A. R.
Contributor(s):
Title : Introduction: Ritual Brotherhood in Ancient and Medieval Europe: A Symposium [introduces three articles: Ritual Brotherhood in Byzantium by Claudia Rapp, Ritual Brotherhood in Roman and Post-Roman Societies by Brent D. Shaw, and Ritual Brotherhood in Western Medieval Europe by Elizabeth A. R. Brown, all of which are indexed individually here].
Source: Traditio , 52., ( 1997):  Pages 261 - 283.
Year of Publication: 1997.

202. Record Number: 2556
Author(s): Brown, Elizabeth A. R.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ritual Brotherhood in Western Medieval Europe [discussion of compacts and ceremonies, the secular nature of the evidence in contrast to Byzantine liturgies, and the social and political aspects including the unlikelihood of a sexual relationship].
Source: Traditio , 52., ( 1997):  Pages 357 - 381.
Year of Publication: 1997.

203. Record Number: 3291
Author(s): Spicker, Johannes.
Contributor(s):
Title : Oswald von Wolkenstein und die romanische Chanson de la malmariée
Source: Zeitschrift für deutsche Philologie , 116., ( 1997):  Pages 413 - 416.
Year of Publication: 1997.

204. Record Number: 4347
Author(s): Voaden, Rosalynn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Beholding Men's Members: The Sexualizing of Transgression in "The Book of Margery Kempe" [The author argues that Margery's sense of sin as well as punishment were mapped onto her sexuality].
Source: Medieval Theology and the Natural Body.   Edited by Peter Biller and A.J. Minnis York Studies in Medieval Theology .   York Medieval Press, 1997. Zeitschrift für deutsche Philologie , 116., ( 1997):  Pages 175 - 190.
Year of Publication: 1997.

205. Record Number: 4431
Author(s): Murray, Jacqueline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Men's Bodies, Men's Minds: Seminal Emissions and Sexual Anxiety in the Middle Ages [The author surveys theological and pastoral writings on men's emissions from Augustine through Jean Gerson. In the thirteenth century these practices came to be judged more harshly and were associated with masturbation as sins of lust. At the same time e
Source: Annual Review of Sex Research , 8., ( 1997):  Pages 1 - 26.
Year of Publication: 1997.

206. Record Number: 2137
Author(s): El-Cheikh, Nadia M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Describing the Other to Get at the Self: Byzantine Women in Arabic Sources (8th-11th Centuries)
Source: Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient , 40., 2 (May 1997):  Pages 239 - 250.
Year of Publication: 1997.

207. Record Number: 1776
Author(s): Raby, Michel J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Le péché "contre nature" dans la littérature médiévale: deux cas [masturbation and homosexuality as represented in penitential books and in a variety of literary examples drawn from fabliaux, lyric poetry, romances, and travel literature].
Source: Romance Quarterly , 44., 4 (Fall 1997):  Pages 215 - 223.
Year of Publication: 1997.

208. Record Number: 2786
Author(s): Dockray-Miller, Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Feminized Cross of "The Dream of the Rood" [interprets Christ as an aggressively heterosexual male figure whose heroism, masculinity, and majesty dominate the cross as the feminized other].
Source: Philological Quarterly , 76., 1 (Winter 1997):  Pages 1 - 18.
Year of Publication: 1997.

209. Record Number: 3914
Author(s): Dunkelman, Martha Levine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Between Despair and Ecstasy: Marco Polo's Life of the Buddha [The author explores Polo's accounts of Asian sexuality; Polo is not a missionary and celebrates Oriental sexual difference with tolerance].
Source: Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 9., 1 (Spring 1997):  Pages 189 - 229.
Year of Publication: 1997.

210. Record Number: 20982
Author(s): Salla, Sandra M
Contributor(s):
Title : Disappearing Fairies in the "Wife of Bath's Tale"
Source: Mediaevalia , 21., 2 ( 1997):  Pages 281 - 293.
Year of Publication: 1997.

211. Record Number: 2271
Author(s): Kraman, Cynthia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Communities of Otherness in Chaucer's "Merchant's Tale" [suggests that the female body, the Jewish text of the "Song of Songs," and the enclosed garden are all marginal elements that take on central importance at January's expense].
Source: Medieval Women in Their Communities.   Edited by Diane Watt .   University of Toronto Press, 1997. Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 9., 1 (Spring 1997):  Pages 138 - 154.
Year of Publication: 1997.

212. Record Number: 2907
Author(s): Otter, Monika.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Temptation of St. AEthelthryth
Source: Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 9., 1 (Spring 1997):  Pages 139 - 163.
Year of Publication: 1997.

213. Record Number: 2787
Author(s): Rulon-Miller, Nina.
Contributor(s):
Title : Cynewulf and Cyneheard: A Woman Screams [when the king Cynewulf was visiting a woman's bower in Merton for sex he was ambushed by Cyneheard; the author analyzes the story of the incident as reported in the Anglo Saxon Chronicle with an emphasis on the woman of Merton].
Source: Philological Quarterly , 76., 2 (Spring 1997):  Pages 113 - 132.
Year of Publication: 1997.

214. Record Number: 3912
Author(s): Ward, Jennifer C.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Birth of Venus in the Roman de la Rose [the Appendix reproduces texts dealing with the birth of Venus from Isidore of Seville, Fulgentius, Vatican Mythographers, John the Scot, Remigius of Auxerre, Bernardus Silvestris, and Ovide Moralisé; the texts are in both the original language (mostly Latin) and English translation].
Source: Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 9., 1 (Spring 1997):  Pages 7 - 37.
Year of Publication: 1997.

215. Record Number: 36903
Author(s): Ibn al-Jazzar
Contributor(s):
Title : Ibn al-Jazzar on Sexual Diseases and Their Treatment
Source: Ibn al-Jazzar on Sexual Diseases and Their Treatment: A Critical Edition of Zad al-musafir wa-qut al-hadir. Provisions for the Traveller and Nourishment for the Sedentary Book 6. The Original Arabic Text with an English Translation, Introduction and Commentary. Abu Jafar Ahmad ibn Ibrahim Ibn al-Jazzar.   Edited by Gerrit Bos .   Kegan Paul International, 1997. Mediaevalia , 21., 2 ( 1997):  Pages 239 - 310.
Year of Publication: 1997.

216. Record Number: 2211
Author(s): da Costa Fontes, Manuel.
Contributor(s):
Title : On Alfonso X's "Interrupted" Encounter with a "Soldadeira" [Alfonso's poem describes an encounter with a prostitute and uses religious parody to make a joke; in the poem the prostitute equates her pleasurable sexual torment with Christ's suffering on the cross].
Source: Revista de Estudios Hispánicos , 31., 1 (Enero 1997):  Pages 93 - 101.
Year of Publication: 1997.

217. Record Number: 1832
Author(s): Lochrie, Karma.
Contributor(s):
Title : Desiring Foucault [analysis of the contradictions in Foucault's writings concerning sexuality in the Middle Ages].
Source: Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (Full Text via Project Muse) 27, 1 (Winter 1997): 3-16. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1997.

218. Record Number: 2415
Author(s): Frantzen, Allen J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Where the Boys Are: Children and Sex in the Anglo-Saxon Penitentials [texts analyzed are: "Scriftboc," the "Canons of Theodore," the "Old English Penitential," and the "Old English Handbook"].
Source: Becoming Male in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Jeffrey Jerome Cohen and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1997.  Pages 43 - 66.
Year of Publication: 1997.

219. Record Number: 2492
Author(s): McGrady, Deborah.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women in the Vernacular and the Periodization of Medieval German Literature [also discusses women's roles in the production and dissemination of Old High German literature].
Source: Medieval Feminist Newsletter , 23., (Spring 1997):  Pages 37 - 47.
Year of Publication: 1997.

220. Record Number: 3913
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Boys Will Be... What? Gender, Sexuality, and Childhood in "Floire et Blancheflor" and "Floris et Lyriope" [The author argues that in both texts boyish sexuality leads to inappropriate choices, Floris transgresses social hierarchy and Floire calls into question the categories of gender and kinship].
Source: Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 9., 1 (Spring 1997):  Pages 39 - 61.
Year of Publication: 1997.

221. Record Number: 2086
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Petrarchan Love and the Pleasures of Frustration [influences of Petrarch and courtly love on literary representations of unfulfilled love including "La Princesse de Clèves" and Wharton's "Age of Innocence"].
Source: Journal of the History of Ideas (Full Text via Project Muse) 58, 4 (October 1997): 557-572. Link Info [This link will work only if your institution has a paid subscription through Project Muse].
Year of Publication: 1997.

222. Record Number: 2420
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Eunuchs Who Keep the Sabbath: Becoming Male and the Ascetic Ideal in Thirteenth-Century Jewish Mysticism
Source: Becoming Male in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Jeffrey Jerome Cohen and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1997.  Pages 151 - 185.
Year of Publication: 1997.

223. Record Number: 2477
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Rereading Rape in Medieval Literature: Literary, Historical, and Theoretical Reflections [critique of recent feminist readings arguing that they are based on modern sensibilities rather than medieval literary and cultural values; the author suggests that some medieval women enjoyed the fantasy of forced sex].
Source: Romanic Review , 88., 1 (January 1997):  Pages 1 - 26.
Year of Publication: 1997.

224. Record Number: 2707
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Woman's "Pryvete," May, and the Privy: Fissures in the Narrative Voice in the "Merchant's Tale," 1944-86 [examines the disjunction in May's character between the raped young bride and the duplicitous shrew who cuckolds the old knight in the misogynous fabliau ending].
Source: Chaucer Yearbook , 4., ( 1997):  Pages 61 - 77.
Year of Publication: 1997.

225. Record Number: 2413
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Body Doubles: Producing the Masculine "Corpus" [survey of varous images of the male medieval body as producer, laborer, moneymaker, and sodomite].
Source: Becoming Male in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Jeffrey Jerome Cohen and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1997. Chaucer Yearbook , 4., ( 1997):  Pages 3 - 19.
Year of Publication: 1997.

226. Record Number: 2643
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Late Medieval Care and Control of Women: Jean Gerson and His Sisters [Gerson wrote a series of letters and treatises for his six sisters in which he outlined a life devoted to virginity and to prayer in the family home; he specifically told them not to join a religious house for women; texts by Gerson discussed in the article are: "Sept enseignements et autres extraits du Traité sur l'excellence de la virginité" (after 1395), "Neuf considerations" (late 1390s), "Montaigne de contemplation" (1399 or 1400), "Onze ordonnances" (after June 1401), and "Dialogue spirituel" (1407 or 1408)].
Source: Revue d'Histoire Ecclésiastique , 92., 1 (janvier-mars 1997):  Pages 5 - 37.
Year of Publication: 1997.

227. Record Number: 1997
Author(s): French, Katherine L.
Contributor(s):
Title : To Free Them From Binding: Women in the Late Medieval English Parish [analysis of the celebration of Hocktide during which women chased men, tied them up, and took their ransom money for a parish fund raiser].
Source: Journal of Interdisciplinary History (Full Text via JSTOR) 27, 3 (Winter 1997): 387-412. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1997.

228. Record Number: 2266
Author(s): Cartwright, Jane.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Desire to Corrupt: Convent and Community in Medieval Wales [discusses the number of nunneries in Wales, their population, and economic condition; also considers Welsh social and cutltural attitudes toward women's sexuality and religious devotion as reflected by the Cywyddwyr poets, a group that wrote under aristocratic patronage in the fourteenth century].
Source: Medieval Women in Their Communities.   Edited by Diane Watt .   University of Toronto Press, 1997.  Pages 20 - 48.
Year of Publication: 1997.

229. Record Number: 2427
Author(s): Epp, Garrett P.J.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Vicious Guise: Effeminacy, Sodomy, and "Mankind"
Source: Becoming Male in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Jeffrey Jerome Cohen and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1997.  Pages 303 - 320.
Year of Publication: 1997.

230. Record Number: 3293
Author(s): Dzon, Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : Grenzüberschreitungen: Begegnungen mit der wilden Frau in dem mittelhochdeutschen Epos "Wolfdietrich B"
Source: Monatshefte , 89., 1 ( 1997):  Pages 18 - 30.
Year of Publication: 1997.

231. Record Number: 1934
Author(s): Lansing, Carol.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender and Civic Authority: Sexual Control in a Medieval Italian Town
Source: Journal of Social History , 31., 1 (Fall 1997):  Pages 33 - 59.
Year of Publication: 1997.

232. Record Number: 1955
Author(s): Linehan, Peter.
Contributor(s):
Title : Zamora's Nuns in the Oven [Dominican Friars were accused of scandalous affairs with the nuns of Zamora; the Pope's efforts to curb the mendicant orders and force strict enclosure on nuns may have been in reaction to the well-known case at Zamora].
Source: History Today , 47., 3 (March 1997):  Pages 46 - 51.
Year of Publication: 1997.

233. Record Number: 1378
Author(s): Zago, Esther.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women, Medicine, and the Law in Boccaccio's "Decameron" [differences in the therapy available to women and men who are victims of lovesickness].
Source: Women Healers and Physicians: Climbing a Long Hill.   Edited by Lilian R. Furst .   University Press of Kentucky, 1997. History Today , 47., 3 (March 1997):  Pages 64 - 78.
Year of Publication: 1997.

234. Record Number: 2716
Author(s): Thomas, Neil.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gauvain's Guilt in "L'Âtre Périlleux": The Subtext of Sexual Abuse [suggests that hints of Gauvain's sexual weakness oblige him to vindicate himself while conquering sexual predators].
Source: Reading Medieval Studies , 23., ( 1997):  Pages 107 - 119.
Year of Publication: 1997.

235. Record Number: 2114
Author(s): Stafford, Pauline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Did the Priests Plant a Cross in This Woman's Loins?" Love and/or Marriage in the Middle Ages [book reviews][review of five recent books].
Source: Gender and History , 9., 2 (August 1997):  Pages 375 - 379.
Year of Publication: 1997.

236. Record Number: 3915
Author(s): Fehrenbacher, Richard W.
Contributor(s):
Title : Al That Which Chargeth Nought to Seye: The Theme of Incest in Troilus and Criseyde [The author analyzes patriarchal foundational myths of Troy and the incestuous desire inherent in the exchange of women].
Source: Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 9., 2 (Fall 1997):  Pages 341 - 369.
Year of Publication: 1997.

237. Record Number: 2419
Author(s): Ferroul, Yves.
Contributor(s):
Title : Abelard's Blissful Castration
Source: Becoming Male in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Jeffrey Jerome Cohen and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1997. Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 9., 2 (Fall 1997):  Pages 129 - 149.
Year of Publication: 1997.

238. Record Number: 2212
Author(s): Brown, Catherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Archpriest's Magic Word: Representational Desire and Discursive Ascesis in the "Arçipreste de Talavera"
Source: Revista de Estudios Hispánicos , 31., 3 (Octubre 1997):  Pages 377 - 401.
Year of Publication: 1997.

239. Record Number: 2318
Author(s): Puff, Helmut.
Contributor(s):
Title : Localizing Sodomy: the "Priest and Sodomite" in Pre-Reformation Germany and Switzerland [case studies of two priests accused of sodomy; conflict ensued between secular authorities who favored public, harsh punishments and Church authorities who were more lenient and wanted the cases kept secret].
Source: Journal of the History of Sexuality , 8., 2 (October 1997):  Pages 165 - 195.
Year of Publication: 1997.

240. Record Number: 4349
Author(s): Even, Yael.
Contributor(s):
Title : Daphne (Without Apollo) Reconsidered: Some Disregarded Images of Sexual Pursuit in Italian Renaissance and Baroque Art
Source: Studies in Iconography , 18., ( 1997):  Pages 143 - 159.
Year of Publication: 1997.

241. Record Number: 1845
Author(s): Garland, Lynda.
Contributor(s):
Title : Morality Versus Politics at the Byzantine Court: The Charges Against Marie of Antioch and Euphrosyne [both were accused of adultery; Marie was executed, while Euphrosyne, the power behind the throne, was exiled for six months before her husband recalled her].
Source: Byzantinische Forschungen , 24., ( 1997):  Pages 259 - 295. Special issue: Conformity and Non-Conformity in Byzantium: Papers Given at the Eighth Conference of the Australian Association for Byzantine Studies, University of New England, Australia, July 1993.
Year of Publication: 1997.

242. Record Number: 2493
Author(s): Psaki, F. Regina.
Contributor(s):
Title : Pasolini's "Decameron" and Teaching the Middle Ages
Source: Medieval Feminist Newsletter , 23., (Spring 1997):  Pages 47 - 52.
Year of Publication: 1997.

243. Record Number: 1833
Author(s): Lees, Clare A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Engendering Religious Desire: Sex, Knowledge, and Christian Identity in Anglo- Saxon England [representations of the body, sexuality, and eroticism in vernacular literary culture].
Source: Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (Full Text via Project Muse) 27, 1 (Winter 1997): 17-45. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1997.

244. Record Number: 2464
Author(s): Warner, Lawrence.
Contributor(s):
Title : Woman is Man's Babylon: Chaucer's "Nembrot" and the Tyranny of Enclosure in the "Nun's Priest's Tale" [gendered analysis of "wandering" (sexual, narrative, and linguistic) discusses several themes including woman as tyrant, transgressive sexuality, and the dangerous influence of Biblical translations on women].
Source: Chaucer Review , 32., 1 ( 1997):  Pages 82 - 107.
Year of Publication: 1997.

245. Record Number: 2121
Author(s): King, Helen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Reading the Female Body [book reviews][review of three recent titles, one concerning the Middle Ages and the other two Classical Greece].
Source: Gender and History , 9., 3 (November 1997):  Pages 620 - 624.
Year of Publication: 1997.

246. Record Number: 1811
Author(s): Archibald, Elizabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gold in the Dungheap: Incest Stories and Family Values in the Middle Ages
Source: Journal of Family History , 22., 2 (April 1997):  Pages 133 - 149.
Year of Publication: 1997.

247. Record Number: 3347
Author(s): O'Loughlin, Thomas.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage and Sexuality in the "Hibernensis"
Source: Peritia: Journal of the Medieval Academy of Ireland , 11., ( 1997):  Pages 188 - 206.
Year of Publication: 1997.

248. Record Number: 2510
Author(s): Wiethaus, Ulrike.
Contributor(s):
Title : Feminist Historiography as Pornography: St. Elisabeth of Thuringia in Nazi Germany
Source: Medieval Feminist Newsletter , 24., (Fall 1997):  Pages 46 - 54.
Year of Publication: 1997.

249. Record Number: 409
Author(s): Merguerian, Gayane Karen and Afsaneh Najmabadi
Contributor(s):
Title : Zulaykha and Yusuf: Whose "Best Story"? [drawing on the Qur'an, early commentaries, and medieval popular stories, the authors analyze the character and motives of Zulaykha (Potiphan's Wife); the theme of women's guile and deceit becomes more pronounced in each succeeding version of the story].
Source: International Journal of Middle East Studies (Full Text via JSTOR) 29, 4 (November 1997): 485-508. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1997.

250. Record Number: 2332
Author(s): Szarmach, Paul E.
Contributor(s):
Title : St. Euphrosyne: Holy Transvestite
Source: Holy Men and Holy Women: Old English Prose Saints' Live and Their Contexts.   Edited by Paul E. Szarmach .   State University of New York Press, 1996. Monatshefte , 88., 1 (Spring 1996):  Pages 353 - 365.
Year of Publication: 1996.

251. Record Number: 1425
Author(s): Kuefler, Mathew S.
Contributor(s):
Title : Castration and Eunuchism in the Middle Ages
Source: Handbook of Medieval Sexuality.   Edited by Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage .   Garland Reference Library of the Humanities vol. 1696. Garland Publishing, 1996. Monatshefte , 88., 1 (Spring 1996):  Pages 279 - 306.
Year of Publication: 1996.

252. Record Number: 647
Author(s): O' Connor, Eugene.
Contributor(s):
Title : Hell's Pit and Heaven's Rose: The Typology of Female Sights and Smells in Panormita's "Hermaphroditus"
Source: Medievalia Et Humanistica New Series , 23., ( 1996):  Pages 25 - 51.
Year of Publication: 1996.

253. Record Number: 892
Author(s): Finch, A.J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sexual Relations and Marriage in Later Medieval Normandy [ecclesiastical courts regulated courtship and sexual relationships, imposing marriage or fines on couples found guilty of fornication, cohabitation, or where the woman was judged a concubine].
Source: Journal of Ecclesiastical History , 47., 2 (Apr. 1996):  Pages 236 - 256.
Year of Publication: 1996.

254. Record Number: 944
Author(s): Gibbons, Rachel.
Contributor(s):
Title : Isabeau of Bavaria, Queen of France (1385-1422): The Creation of an Historical Villainess. The Alexandria Prize Essay [with her husband insane, Isabeau signed a treaty in 1420 with the English and, thus, lost the throne for her son. Contemporaries criticized her for greed and disloyalty, but later historians added the charge of adultery with her brother-in-law, Louis of Orleans.]
Source: Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. Sixth Series , 6., ( 1996):  Pages 51 - 73.
Year of Publication: 1996.

255. Record Number: 1420
Author(s): Johansson, Warren and William A. Percy
Contributor(s):
Title : Homosexuality [emphasis on the Church's role in condemning and criminalizing homosexuality].
Source: Handbook of Medieval Sexuality.   Edited by Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage .   Garland Reference Library of the Humanities vol. 1696. Garland Publishing, 1996. Mediaevalia , 21., 2 ( 1997):  Pages 155 - 189.
Year of Publication: 1996.

256. Record Number: 1088
Author(s): Finch, Andrew.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Disciplining of the Laity in Late Medieval Normandy [counters Muchembled's argument that late medieval Church authorities exercised little control over lay behavior; the Cerisy register shows a determined effort to regulate sexual and marital behavior].
Source: French History , 10., 2 (June 1996):  Pages 163 - 181.
Year of Publication: 1996.

257. Record Number: 1348
Author(s): Everest, Carol A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sex and Old Age in Chaucer's "Reeve's Prologue" [metaphors for old age and loss of sexual vigor examined in the context of medieval medical theory].
Source: Chaucer Review , 31., 2 ( 1996):  Pages 99 - 114.
Year of Publication: 1996.

258. Record Number: 2451
Author(s): Castelli, Elizabeth A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Will It Be a Church Same-Sex Union? [The author questions Boswell's translation and analysis of Greco-Roman texts in his "Same-Sex Unions"].
Source: GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies , 3., 40212 ( 1996):  Pages 289 - 299.
Year of Publication: 1996.

259. Record Number: 2453
Author(s): Jordan, Mark D.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Romance of the Gay Couple [The author characterizes Boswell's approach in "Same-Sex Unions" as essentialist, flawed in scholarship, and framed in romantic terms].
Source: GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies , 3., 40212 ( 1996):  Pages 301 - 310.
Year of Publication: 1996.

260. Record Number: 4624
Author(s): Catalini, Claire.
Contributor(s):
Title : Luxuria and Its Branches [The author examines the subdivisions of "luxuria," the sin of lust, as they developed, culminating in Alain de Lille's "De Virtutibus"].
Source: Sex, Love and Marriage in Medieval Literature and Reality: Thematische Beiträge im Rahmen des 31th [sic] International Congress on Medieval Studies an der Western Michigan University (Kalamazoo-USA) 8.-12. Mai 1996.   Edited by Danielle Buschinger and Wolfgang Spiewok WODAN Bd. 69. Serie 3 Tagungsbände und Sammelschriften Actes de Colloques et Ouvrages Collectifs, 40.   Reineke-Verlag, 1996. GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies , 3., 40212 ( 1996):  Pages 13 - 20.
Year of Publication: 1996.

261. Record Number: 4625
Author(s): Ferroul, Yves.
Contributor(s):
Title : Le Livre de Gomorrhe [The author questions Peter Damian's arguments against homosexuality and other sex acts "against nature;" the author analyzes three kinds of arguments: based on evidence, on Biblical scripture, and on rhetorical figures].
Source: Sex, Love and Marriage in Medieval Literature and Reality: Thematische Beiträge im Rahmen des 31th [sic] International Congress on Medieval Studies an der Western Michigan University (Kalamazoo-USA) 8.-12. Mai 1996.   Edited by Danielle Buschinger and Wolfgang Spiewok WODAN Bd. 69. Serie 3 Tagungsbände und Sammelschriften Actes de Colloques et Ouvrages Collectifs, 40.   Reineke-Verlag, 1996. GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies , 3., 40212 ( 1996):  Pages 21 - 31.
Year of Publication: 1996.

262. Record Number: 4628
Author(s): Masse, Marie-Sophie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mariage et adultere dans les "Maeren" de Heinrich Kaufringer [The author argues that Kaufringer explores the notion of "trewe," faithfulness, in stories that mix both humor and horrific revenge].
Source: Sex, Love and Marriage in Medieval Literature and Reality: Thematische Beiträge im Rahmen des 31th [sic] International Congress on Medieval Studies an der Western Michigan University (Kalamazoo-USA) 8.-12. Mai 1996.   Edited by Danielle Buschinger and Wolfgang Spiewok WODAN Bd. 69. Serie 3 Tagungsbände und Sammelschriften Actes de Colloques et Ouvrages Collectifs, 40.   Reineke-Verlag, 1996. GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies , 3., 40212 ( 1996):  Pages 47 - 52.
Year of Publication: 1996.

263. Record Number: 703
Author(s): Nederman, Cary J. and Jacqui True
Contributor(s):
Title : The Third Sex: The Idea of the Hermaphrodite in Twelfth- Century Europe [examines evidence from medical and legal texts as well as the writings of John of Salisbury, Bernard Sylvestris, and Alan of Lille].
Source: Journal of the History of Sexuality , 6., 4 (April 1996):  Pages 497 - 517.
Year of Publication: 1996.

264. Record Number: 9507
Author(s): Klein, Stacy S.
Contributor(s):
Title : Aelfric's Sources and His Gendered Audiences [Aelfric's "Life" of Judith was intended for two different audiences: nuns who needed encouragement toward chastity and the noble man Sigeweard and his warriors who were fighting the Vikings. Aelfric's message about chastity could profit warriors because uncontrolled sexual desire would lead men to dishonor. Klein argues that Aelfric's narrative reflects his anxieties both about female sexuality and men's sexual desires. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Essays in Medieval Studies , 13., ( 1996):  Pages 111 - 119.
Year of Publication: 1996.

265. Record Number: 5377
Author(s): Shoshan, Boaz.
Contributor(s):
Title : Comedy, Pornography, and Social Critique in the Romance of Ahmad Danif [Shoshan argues that the author of the "Romance of Ahmad Danif" portrays the tradesmen who lust afer the young boy Hasan as corrupt and foolish].
Source: Journal of Arabic Literature , 27., 3 (October 1996):  Pages 216 - 226.
Year of Publication: 1996.

266. Record Number: 20793
Author(s): Hendershot, Cyndy
Contributor(s):
Title : Male Subjectivity, "Fin Amor," and Melancholia in "The Book of the Duchess"
Source: Mediaevalia , 21., ( 1996):  Pages 1 - 26.
Year of Publication: 1996.

267. Record Number: 1115
Author(s): Furrow, Melissa.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Minor Comic Poem in a Major Romance Manuscript: "Lyarde" [brief tale of impotent old husbands put to shame by friars].
Source: Forum for Modern Language Studies , 32., 4 ( 1996):  Pages 289 - 302.
Year of Publication: 1996.

268. Record Number: 2030
Author(s): Berkey, Jonathan P.
Contributor(s):
Title : Circumcision Circumscribed: Female Excision and Cultural Accommodation in the Medieval Near East
Source: International Journal of Middle East Studies (Full Text via JSTOR) 28, 1 (February 1996): 19-38. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1996.

269. Record Number: 1981
Author(s): Plattig, Michael.
Contributor(s):
Title : Heinrich Seuse als "christliche Erosgestalt"!?
Source: Studies in Spirituality , 6., ( 1996):  Pages 49 - 72.
Year of Publication: 1996.

270. Record Number: 4626
Author(s): Mirabella, M. Bella.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women's Secrets: Health and Sexuality of Women in Unpublished Medieval Texts
Source: Sex, Love and Marriage in Medieval Literature and Reality: Thematische Beiträge im Rahmen des 31th [sic] International Congress on Medieval Studies an der Western Michigan University (Kalamazoo-USA) 8.-12. Mai 1996.   Edited by Danielle Buschinger and Wolfgang Spiewok WODAN Bd. 69. Serie 3 Tagungsbände und Sammelschriften Actes de Colloques et Ouvrages Collectifs, 40.   Reineke-Verlag, 1996. Studies in Spirituality , 6., ( 1996):  Pages 33 - 40.
Year of Publication: 1996.

271. Record Number: 6316
Author(s): Spiewok, Wolfgang.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ehe, Ehebruch und seine Folgen in mittelalterlicher Literatur und Wirklichkeit
Source: Sex, Love and Marriage in Medieval Literature and Reality: Thematische Beiträge im Rahmen des 31th [sic] International Congress on Medieval Studies an der Western Michigan University (Kalamazoo-USA) 8.-12. Mai 1996.   Edited by Danielle Buschinger and Wolfgang Spiewok WODAN Bd. 69. Serie 3 Tagungsbände und Sammelschriften Actes de Colloques et Ouvrages Collectifs, 40.   Reineke-Verlag, 1996. Studies in Spirituality , 6., ( 1996):  Pages 73 - 78.
Year of Publication: 1996.

272. Record Number: 1107
Author(s): Dutton, Marsha L.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Invented Sexual History of Aelred of Rievaulx: A Review Article [critique of Brian Patrick McGuire's article "Sexual Awareness and Identity in Aelred of Rievaulx (1110-1167)" published in American Benedictine Review 45, 2 (June 1994): 184-226].
Source: American Benedictine Review , 47., 4 (December 1996):  Pages 414 - 432.
Year of Publication: 1996.

273. Record Number: 1112
Author(s): Ziolkowski, Jan M.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Erotic Pater Noster, Redux [see earlier articles in Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 88 (1987): 31-34, and 89 (1988): 212-214].
Source: Neuphilologische Mitteilungen , 97., 3 ( 1996):  Pages 329 - 332.
Year of Publication: 1996.

274. Record Number: 1339
Author(s): Hanrahan, Michael.
Contributor(s):
Title : Seduction and Betrayal: Treason in the "Prologue" to the "Legend of Good Women" [false lovers who seduce and betray echo the treason of Richard II's favorites].
Source: Chaucer Review , 30., 3 ( 1996):  Pages 229 - 240.
Year of Publication: 1996.

275. Record Number: 1623
Author(s): Elliott, Dyan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Bernardino of Siena Versus the Marriage Debt [argues that Bernardino questioned the assumption of equality in the marriage debt and recognized female spirituality as a legitimate reason for women to refuse sex with their husbands].
Source: Desire and Discipline: Sex and Sexuality in the Premodern West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray and Konrad Eisenbichler .   University of Toronto Press, 1996. Chaucer Review , 30., 3 ( 1996):  Pages 168 - 200.
Year of Publication: 1996.

276. Record Number: 3585
Author(s): Fein, Susanna Greer.
Contributor(s):
Title : Maternity in Aelred of Rievaulx's Letter to His Sister
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Chaucer Review , 30., 3 ( 1996):  Pages 139 - 156.
Year of Publication: 1996.

277. Record Number: 1416
Author(s): Cadden, Joan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Western Medicine and Natural Philosophy [discusses the variety of primary sources in medicine and natural philosophy for the study of sexuality and gives an overview of current scholarship in the field].
Source: Handbook of Medieval Sexuality.   Edited by Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage .   Garland Reference Library of the Humanities vol. 1696. Garland Publishing, 1996. Chaucer Review , 30., 3 ( 1996):  Pages 51 - 80.
Year of Publication: 1996.

278. Record Number: 1429
Author(s): Finke, Laurie A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sexuality in Medieval French Literature: "Séparés, on est ensemble" [overview of recent critical approaches to courtly literature and the fabliau].
Source: Handbook of Medieval Sexuality.   Edited by Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage .   Garland Reference Library of the Humanities vol. 1696. Garland Publishing, 1996. Chaucer Review , 30., 3 ( 1996):  Pages 345 - 368.
Year of Publication: 1996.

279. Record Number: 1346
Author(s): Beidler, Peter G.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Price of Sex in Chaucer's "Shipman's Tale" [value of the 100 francs that the wife of the merchant of St. Denis charged the monk for one night of sex].
Source: Chaucer Review , 31., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 5 - 17.
Year of Publication: 1996.

280. Record Number: 1113
Author(s): Frantzen, Allen J.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Disclosure of Sodomy in "Cleanness"
Source: PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association of America (Full Text via JSTOR) 111, 3 (May 1996): 451-464. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1996.

281. Record Number: 1579
Author(s): Frantzen, Allen J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Between the Lines: Queer Theory, the History of Homosexuality, and Anglo-Saxon Penitentials [the penitentials analyzed are "Confessionale Pseudo-Egberti," "Old English Penitential," "Old English Handbook," and the "Canons of Theodore"].
Source: Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies , 26., 2 (Spring 1996):  Pages 255 - 296. Special Issue: Historical Inquiries/ Psychoanalytic Criticism/ Gender Studies
Year of Publication: 1996.

282. Record Number: 2350
Author(s): Frantzen, Allen J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Where the Boys Are: Same-Sex Relations in the Anglo-Saxon Penitentials
Source: Old English Newsletter , 29., 3 (Spring 1996):
Year of Publication: 1996.

283. Record Number: 1343
Author(s): Kennedy, Beverly.
Contributor(s):
Title : Cambridge MS. DD.4.24: A Misogynous Scribal Revision of the "Wife of Bath's Prologue"?
Source: Chaucer Review , 30., 4 ( 1996):  Pages 343 - 358.
Year of Publication: 1996.

284. Record Number: 1585
Author(s): Westphal, Sarah.
Contributor(s):
Title : Camilla: The Amazon Body in Medieval German Literature [psychoanalytic reading of von Veldeke's version of the "Aeneid"].
Source: Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 8., 1 (Spring 1996):  Pages 231 - 258.
Year of Publication: 1996.

285. Record Number: 1627
Author(s): Partner, Nancy F.
Contributor(s):
Title : Did Mystics Have Sex? [argues that medievalists need to use psychoanalytic theory and cross-cultural anthropology to come to grips with the full mental structure of medieval people, thereby restoring the "depth, complexity, and fellowship with ourselves they deserve"].
Source: Desire and Discipline: Sex and Sexuality in the Premodern West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray and Konrad Eisenbichler .   University of Toronto Press, 1996. Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 8., 1 (Spring 1996):  Pages 296 - 311.
Year of Publication: 1996.

286. Record Number: 3595
Author(s): Partner, Nancy F.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Family Romance of Guibert of Nogent: His Story/ Her Story
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 8., 1 (Spring 1996):  Pages 359 - 379.
Year of Publication: 1996.

287. Record Number: 1633
Author(s): Karkov, Catherine E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Protected Sex: A New Look at the "Cantigas de Santa María" [analysis of the various kinds of sexual activities and the Virgin Mary's actions of punishment, forgivness, and protection].
Source: Romance Languages Annual , 8., ( 1996):  Pages 561 - 572.
Year of Publication: 1996.

288. Record Number: 1414
Author(s): Payer, Pierre J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Confession and the Study of Sex in the Middle Ages
Source: Handbook of Medieval Sexuality.   Edited by Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage .   Garland Reference Library of the Humanities vol. 1696. Garland Publishing, 1996. Romance Languages Annual , 8., ( 1996):  Pages 3 - 31.
Year of Publication: 1996.

289. Record Number: 1626
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Reading the Dirty Bits [discusses the kinds of evidence available for the practice of finding sexual pleasure in a literary text ; also considers the ways in which modern literary criticism has addressed this habit of erotic reading].
Source: Desire and Discipline: Sex and Sexuality in the Premodern West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray and Konrad Eisenbichler .   University of Toronto Press, 1996. Romance Languages Annual , 8., ( 1996):  Pages 280 - 295.
Year of Publication: 1996.

290. Record Number: 1428
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Eastern Orthodox Christianity [medieval Greek and Slavic orthodox beliefs and practices].
Source: Handbook of Medieval Sexuality.   Edited by Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage .   Garland Reference Library of the Humanities vol. 1696. Garland Publishing, 1996. Romance Languages Annual , 8., ( 1996):  Pages 329 - 343.
Year of Publication: 1996.

291. Record Number: 1413
Author(s): Brundage, James A. and Vern L. Bullough
Contributor(s):
Title : Introduction [brief historiographical sketch of the scholarship on sexual behavior during the Middle Ages].
Source: Handbook of Medieval Sexuality.   Edited by Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage .   Garland Reference Library of the Humanities vol. 1696. Garland Publishing, 1996. Mediaevalia , 21., 2 ( 1997):
Year of Publication: 1996.

292. Record Number: 1725
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Crossing Borders: Gender, Geography, and Class Relations in Three "Serranillas" of the Marqués de Santillana [in each poem the male aristocrat narrator dominates the peasant woman with the implication of sexual conquest].
Source: Corónica , 25., 1 (Fall 1996):  Pages 69 - 84.
Year of Publication: 1996.

293. Record Number: 1580
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Clothing and Gender Definition: Joan of Arc
Source: Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies , 26., 2 (Spring 1996):  Pages 297 - 319. Special Issue: Historical Inquiries/ Psychoanalytic Criticism/ Gender Studies
Year of Publication: 1996.

294. Record Number: 1431
Author(s): Lampe, David.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sex Roles and the Role of Sex in Medieval English Literature [overview of Old and Middle English literature with many illustrative quotations].
Source: Handbook of Medieval Sexuality.   Edited by Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage .   Garland Reference Library of the Humanities vol. 1696. Garland Publishing, 1996. Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies , 26., 2 (Spring 1996):  Pages 401 - 426.
Year of Publication: 1996.

295. Record Number: 1423
Author(s): Karras, Ruth Mazo.
Contributor(s):
Title : Prostitution in Medieval Europe
Source: Handbook of Medieval Sexuality.   Edited by Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage .   Garland Reference Library of the Humanities vol. 1696. Garland Publishing, 1996. Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies , 26., 2 (Spring 1996):  Pages 243 - 260.
Year of Publication: 1996.

296. Record Number: 1628
Author(s): Karras, Ruth Mazo.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sex, Money, and Prostitution in Medieval English Culture [both secular and religious literature provide examples of female lust connected with greed, particularly in the case of prostitutes].
Source: Desire and Discipline: Sex and Sexuality in the Premodern West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray and Konrad Eisenbichler .   University of Toronto Press, 1996. Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies , 26., 2 (Spring 1996):  Pages 201 - 216.
Year of Publication: 1996.

297. Record Number: 13837
Author(s): Karras, Ruth Mazo.
Contributor(s):
Title : Two Models, Two Standards: Moral Teaching and Sexual Mores [The author examines lay beliefs about sexual behavior in contrast to Church teaching. As evidence Karras analyzes the devotional text, "Dives and Pauper," and ecclesiastical court records. She finds instances of a double standard with women expected to be chaste while men had sex outside of marriage with the fault frequently lodged against the women who had "tempted" the men into sin. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Bodies and Disciplines: Intersections of Literature and History in Fifteenth-Century England.   Edited by Barbara A. Hanawalt and David Wallace .   Medieval Cultures series, 9. University of Minnesota Press, 1996. Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies , 26., 2 (Spring 1996):  Pages 123 - 138.
Year of Publication: 1996.

298. Record Number: 1430
Author(s): Jochens, Jenny.
Contributor(s):
Title : Old Norse Sexuality: Men, Women, and Beasts
Source: Handbook of Medieval Sexuality.   Edited by Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage .   Garland Reference Library of the Humanities vol. 1696. Garland Publishing, 1996. Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies , 26., 2 (Spring 1996):  Pages 369 - 400.
Year of Publication: 1996.

299. Record Number: 1622
Author(s): Elbl, Ivana.
Contributor(s):
Title : Men Without Wives: Sexual Arrangements in the Early Portugese Expansion in West Africa
Source: Desire and Discipline: Sex and Sexuality in the Premodern West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray and Konrad Eisenbichler .   University of Toronto Press, 1996. Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies , 26., 2 (Spring 1996):  Pages 61 - 86.
Year of Publication: 1996.

300. Record Number: 4629
Author(s): Voisenet, Jacques.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mariage et Interdits sexuels au Moyen Age (Ve- XIIe siècle) [The author examines the many restrictions that the Church placed on the sexuality of married couples].
Source: Sex, Love and Marriage in Medieval Literature and Reality: Thematische Beiträge im Rahmen des 31th [sic] International Congress on Medieval Studies an der Western Michigan University (Kalamazoo-USA) 8.-12. Mai 1996.   Edited by Danielle Buschinger and Wolfgang Spiewok WODAN Bd. 69. Serie 3 Tagungsbände und Sammelschriften Actes de Colloques et Ouvrages Collectifs, 40.   Reineke-Verlag, 1996. Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies , 26., 2 (Spring 1996):  Pages 53 - 72.
Year of Publication: 1996.

301. Record Number: 1625
Author(s): Epp, Garrett P.J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Learning to Write with Venus's Pen: Sexual Regulation in Matthew of Vend™me's "Ars versificatoria"
Source: Desire and Discipline: Sex and Sexuality in the Premodern West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray and Konrad Eisenbichler .   University of Toronto Press, 1996. Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies , 26., 2 (Spring 1996):  Pages 265 - 279.
Year of Publication: 1996.

302. Record Number: 1724
Author(s): Kinkade, Richard P.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Thirteenth- Century Precursor of the "Libro de Buen Amor" : The "Art d' Amors" [both works combine elements of the fabliau, courtly romance, and sermon literature for a learned, clerical audience].
Source: Corónica , 24., 2 (Spring 1996):  Pages 123 - 139.
Year of Publication: 1996.

303. Record Number: 1746
Author(s): Ringrose, Kathryn M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Eunuchs as Cultural Mediators [they mediated between men and women, the bureaucratic elite and the rest of society, even between the earthly and the divine].
Source: Byzantinische Forschungen , 23., ( 1996):  Pages 75 - 93. Revised papers that were originally read at the session entitled "Komnenian Culture" at the Twentieth Annual Byzantine Studies Conference, Ann Arbor, Michigan, on September 21, 1994
Year of Publication: 1996.

304. Record Number: 2431
Author(s): Sinclair, Finn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Defending the Castle: Didactic Literature and the Containment of Female Sexuality [three didactic texts, written by and for men, advise that women need to be restrained morally and physically because of their immoderate sexual appetites].
Source: Reading Medieval Studies , 22., ( 1996):  Pages 5 - 19.
Year of Publication: 1996.

305. Record Number: 626
Author(s): Boone, Marc.
Contributor(s):
Title : State Power and Illicit Sexuality: The Persecution of Sodomy in Late Medieval Bruges
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 22., 2 (June 1996):  Pages 135 - 153.
Year of Publication: 1996.

306. Record Number: 1620
Author(s): Brundage, James A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Playing by the Rules: Sexual behaviour and Legal Norms in Medieval Europe [ways in which ecclesiastical courts judged and punished sexual crimes].
Source: Desire and Discipline: Sex and Sexuality in the Premodern West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray and Konrad Eisenbichler .   University of Toronto Press, 1996. Journal of Medieval History , 22., 2 (June 1996):  Pages 23 - 41.
Year of Publication: 1996.

307. Record Number: 1415
Author(s): Brundage, James A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sex and Canon Law [canon law defined the norms of permissible sexual activity very strictly; clerical concubines, adultery, sodomy, and all kinds of sexual pleasure were prohibited].
Source: Handbook of Medieval Sexuality.   Edited by Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage .   Garland Reference Library of the Humanities vol. 1696. Garland Publishing, 1996. Journal of Medieval History , 22., 2 (June 1996):  Pages 33 - 50.
Year of Publication: 1996.

308. Record Number: 5376
Author(s): Montgomery, James E.
Contributor(s):
Title : For the Love of a Christian Boy: A Song by Abu Nuwas
Source: Journal of Arabic Literature , 27., 2 (June 1996):  Pages 115 - 124.
Year of Publication: 1996.

309. Record Number: 705
Author(s): Gilmour- Bryson, Anne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sodomy and the Knights Templar [examines the testimony of Templars recorded during Inquisition trials].
Source: Journal of the History of Sexuality , 7., 2 (Oct. 1996):  Pages 151 - 183.
Year of Publication: 1996.

310. Record Number: 1081
Author(s): Freeman, Elizabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Nuns in the Public Sphere: Aelred of Rievaulx's "De Sanctimoniali De Wattun" and the Gendering of Authority [how the Gilbertine nuns of Watton punished a sister who had sexual relations with a man belonging to the double house].
Source: Comitatus , 27., ( 1996):  Pages 55 - 80. [contributions are accepted from graduate students and those who have received their doctorates within the last three years]
Year of Publication: 1996.

311. Record Number: 1219
Author(s): Lundy, Anita.
Contributor(s):
Title : Carnality and Witchcraft: The Salaciousness of Women as a Foundation for the "Malleus Maleficarium"
Source: Magistra , 2., 1 (Summer 1996):  Pages 63 - 87.
Year of Publication: 1996.

312. Record Number: 2336
Author(s): Horner, Shari.
Contributor(s):
Title : Da nacodon word: Corporeal Hermeneutics in Aelfric's "Lives of Saints" [Saints Agatha, Agnes, and Lucy].
Source: Old English Newsletter , 29., 3 (Spring 1996):
Year of Publication: 1996.

313. Record Number: 853
Author(s): Blumenfeld-Kosinski, Renate
Contributor(s):
Title : The Scandal of Pasiphae: Narration and Interpretation in the "Ovide Moralisé"
Source: Modern Philology (Full Text via JSTOR) 93, 3 (February 1996): 307-326. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1996.

314. Record Number: 1619
Author(s): Bullough, Vern L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sex in History: A Redux [the study of sexuality during the Middle Ages].
Source: Desire and Discipline: Sex and Sexuality in the Premodern West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray and Konrad Eisenbichler .   University of Toronto Press, 1996.  Pages 3 - 22.
Year of Publication: 1996.

315. Record Number: 2032
Author(s): Spellberg, D.A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Writing the Unwritten Life of the Islamic Eve: Menstruation and the Demonization of Motherhood
Source: International Journal of Middle East Studies (Full Text via JSTOR) 28, 3 (August 1996): 305-324. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1996.

316. Record Number: 3645
Author(s): Mazzoni, Cristina.
Contributor(s):
Title : On the (Un) Representability of Woman's Pleasure: Angela of Foligno and Jacques Lacan
Source: Gender and Text in the Later Middle Ages.   Edited by Jane Chance .   University Press of Florida, 1996.  Pages 239 - 262.
Year of Publication: 1996.

317. Record Number: 1419
Author(s): Murray, Jacqueline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Hiding Behind the Universal Man: Male Sexuality in the Middle Ages [theological, medical, and secular sources provide a complex view that includes abstinence, aggression, and anxieties about impotence and sexual inadequacy].
Source: Handbook of Medieval Sexuality.   Edited by Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage .   Garland Reference Library of the Humanities vol. 1696. Garland Publishing, 1996.  Pages 123 - 152.
Year of Publication: 1996.

318. Record Number: 1421
Author(s): Murray, Jacqueline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Twice Marginal and Twice Invisible: Lesbians in the Middle Ages [appendices reproduce two translations, one an excerpt from a poem that describes the "vile sin" of two ladies making love, the other is a nun's letter to her beloved, full of homoerotic images].
Source: Handbook of Medieval Sexuality.   Edited by Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage .   Garland Reference Library of the Humanities vol. 1696. Garland Publishing, 1996.  Pages 191 - 222.
Year of Publication: 1996.

319. Record Number: 1624
Author(s): Straus, Barrie Ruth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Freedom Through Renunciation? Women's Voices, Women's Bodies, and the Phallic Order [female literary characters who want to abstain from sex].
Source: Desire and Discipline: Sex and Sexuality in the Premodern West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray and Konrad Eisenbichler .   University of Toronto Press, 1996.  Pages 245 - 264.
Year of Publication: 1996.

320. Record Number: 1417
Author(s): Salisbury, Joyce E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gendered Sexuality [male and female biology and sexuality as represented in religious and medical texts].
Source: Handbook of Medieval Sexuality.   Edited by Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage .   Garland Reference Library of the Humanities vol. 1696. Garland Publishing, 1996.  Pages 81 - 102.
Year of Publication: 1996.

321. Record Number: 1426
Author(s): Roth, Norman.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Note on Research into Jewish Sexuality in the Medieval Period
Source: Handbook of Medieval Sexuality.   Edited by Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage .   Garland Reference Library of the Humanities vol. 1696. Garland Publishing, 1996.  Pages 309 - 317.
Year of Publication: 1996.

322. Record Number: 1427
Author(s): Roth, Norman.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Research Note on Sexuality and Muslim Civlization
Source: Handbook of Medieval Sexuality.   Edited by Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage .   Garland Reference Library of the Humanities vol. 1696. Garland Publishing, 1996.  Pages 319 - 327.
Year of Publication: 1996.

323. Record Number: 1418
Author(s): McGlynn, Margaret and Richard J. Moll
Contributor(s):
Title : Chaste Marriage in the Middle Ages
Source: Handbook of Medieval Sexuality.   Edited by Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage .   Garland Reference Library of the Humanities vol. 1696. Garland Publishing, 1996. Mediaevalia , 21., 2 ( 1997):  Pages 103 - 122.
Year of Publication: 1996.

324. Record Number: 1079
Author(s): Nye, Andrea.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Woman's Thought or a Man's Discipline? The Letters of Abelard and Heloise [contrasts the views of Heloise and Abelard on love, sexuality, ethics, logic, and universals].
Source: Hypatia's Daughters: Fifteen Hundred Years of Women Philosophers.   Edited by Linda Lopez McAlister .   Indiana University Press, 1996.  Pages 25 - 47. [originally published in Hypatia 7, 3 (Summer 1992): 1-22
Year of Publication: 1996.

325. Record Number: 3594
Author(s): Shadis, Miriam.
Contributor(s):
Title : Berenguela of Castile's Political Motherhood : The Management of Sexuality, Marriage, and Succession
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996.  Pages 335 - 358.
Year of Publication: 1996.

326. Record Number: 1861
Author(s): Palmer, Craig.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Question of Manhood: Overcoming the Paternal Homoerotic in Gottfried's "Tristan"
Source: Monatshefte , 88., 1 (Spring 1996):  Pages 17 - 30.
Year of Publication: 1996.

327. Record Number: 4627
Author(s): Lacy, Norris J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sex and Love in the Fabliaux [The author discusses four fabliaux: "Aloul," "Le chevalier qui recovra l'amor de sa dame," "Guillaume au Faucon," and "Auberee;" three of the fabliaux incorporate courtly love into their stories, which the author argues should be taken seriously].
Source: Sex, Love and Marriage in Medieval Literature and Reality: Thematische Beiträge im Rahmen des 31th [sic] International Congress on Medieval Studies an der Western Michigan University (Kalamazoo-USA) 8.-12. Mai 1996.   Edited by Danielle Buschinger and Wolfgang Spiewok WODAN Bd. 69. Serie 3 Tagungsbände und Sammelschriften Actes de Colloques et Ouvrages Collectifs, 40.   Reineke-Verlag, 1996. Monatshefte , 88., 1 (Spring 1996):  Pages 41 - 46.
Year of Publication: 1996.

328. Record Number: 5139
Author(s): Rowland, Beryl.
Contributor(s):
Title : Prescribing Sex in the Middle Ages [The author considers the work of Pierre Payer on sex in the Middle Ages, particularly as reflected in penitential books].
Source: Florilegium , 14., ( 1995- 1996):  Pages 205 - 211.
Year of Publication: 1995- 1996.

329. Record Number: 5132
Author(s): Lee, Becky R.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Purification of Women After Childbirth: A Window onto Medieval Perceptions of Women [The author suggests that women may have seen childbirth and the attendant rituals, including churching, as an opportunity for gender reversal and time to spend with other women].
Source: Florilegium , 14., ( 1995- 1996):  Pages 43 - 55.
Year of Publication: 1995- 1996.

330. Record Number: 2
Author(s): Kettle, Ann J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ruined Maids: Prostitutes and Servant Girls in Later Medieval England
Source: Matrons and Marginal Women in Medieval Society.   Edited by Robert R. Edwards and Vickie Ziegler .   Boydell Press, 1995. History Today , 45., 6 (June 1995):  Pages 19 - 31.
Year of Publication: 1995.

331. Record Number: 3
Author(s): Brundage, James A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Merry Widow's Serious Sister: Remarriage in Classical Canon Law
Source: Matrons and Marginal Women in Medieval Society.   Edited by Robert R. Edwards and Vickie Ziegler .   Boydell Press, 1995. History Today , 45., 6 (June 1995):  Pages 33 - 48.
Year of Publication: 1995.

332. Record Number: 6
Author(s): Kleinhenz, Christopher.
Contributor(s):
Title : Pulzelle e maritate: Coming of Age, Rites of Passage, and the Question of Marriage in Some Early Italian Poems
Source: Matrons and Marginal Women in Medieval Society.   Edited by Robert R. Edwards and Vickie Ziegler .   Boydell Press, 1995. History Today , 45., 6 (June 1995):  Pages 89 - 110.
Year of Publication: 1995.

333. Record Number: 84
Author(s): Groebner, Valentin.
Contributor(s):
Title : Losing Face, Saving Face: Noses and Honour in the Late Medieval Town [cutting off women's noses as a mark of sexual shame].
Source: History Workshop Journal , 40., 0 (Autumn 1995):  Pages 1 - 15.
Year of Publication: 1995.

334. Record Number: 86
Author(s): Bray, Alan.
Contributor(s):
Title : John Boswell
Source: History Workshop Journal , 40., (Autumn 1995):  Pages 273 - 274.
Year of Publication: 1995.

335. Record Number: 257
Author(s): Everest, Carol.
Contributor(s):
Title : Paradys or Helle: Pleasure and Procreation in Chaucer's "Merchant's Tale"
Source: Sovereign Lady: Essays on Women in Middle English Literature.   Edited by Muriel Whitaker .   Garland Publishing, 1995. History Workshop Journal , 40., (Autumn 1995):  Pages 63 - 84.
Year of Publication: 1995.

336. Record Number: 616
Author(s): Garland, Lynda
Contributor(s):
Title : Conformity and License at the Byzantine Court in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries: The Case of Emperial Women
Source: Byzantinische Forschungen , 21., ( 1995):  Pages 101 - 115. Special issue: Bosphorus: Essays in the Honour of Cyril Mango. Edited by Stephanos Efthymiadis, Claudia Rapp, and Dimitris Tsougarakis.
Year of Publication: 1995.

337. Record Number: 1363
Author(s): Bordonove, Georges.
Contributor(s):
Title : Le Scandale de la tour de Nesle [three daughters-in-law of Philippe le Bel were accused of adultery; Marguerite, Queen of Navarre, and Blanche, Countess of Marcho, were found guilty and imprisoned, while Jeanne de Bourgogne, after a short imprisonment, was taken back by her husband and became queen of France. Article does not include footnotes or bibliography of sources consulted].
Source: Historia , 578., (fevrier 1995):  Pages 34 - 37.
Year of Publication: 1995.

338. Record Number: 1544
Author(s): Ivanov, Sergey A.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Saint in a Whore-house [stories of monks who visit prostitutes in order to convert them; the monks pretend to be customers and this provocative behavior relates them to the holy fools whose obscene or insane behavior was intended to shock the complacent].
Source: Byzantinoslavica , 56., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 439 - 445.
Year of Publication: 1995.

339. Record Number: 16756
Author(s): Bianco, Marinella
Contributor(s):
Title : Le classificazioni femminili nella mentalitá medievale (sec. XII-XVI) [Legal texts can cast light on medieval attempts to impose classifications on women. Local laws in Piedmont distinguished between adultery and non-marital sex, as well as between consensual and non-consensual relations. Laws in Piedmont dealt not just with the classification of sexual offenses but with issues of familial honor. Other categorizations were constructed, but Piedmontese laws looked at how a woman fit into social structures. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Nuova Rivista Storica , 79., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 261 - 274.
Year of Publication: 1995.

340. Record Number: 195
Author(s): Poos, L. R.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sex, Lies, and the Church Courts of Pre-Reformation England [gender in defamation cases].
Source: Journal of Interdisciplinary History (Full Text via JSTOR) 25, 4 (Spring 1995): 585-607. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1995.

341. Record Number: 634
Author(s): Townshend, David.
Contributor(s):
Title : Omissions, Emissions, Missionaries, and Master Signifiers in Norman Canterbury [gender in Goscelin's life of St. Augustine of Canterbury].
Source: Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 7., 2 (Fall 1995):  Pages 291 - 315.
Year of Publication: 1995.

342. Record Number: 1354
Author(s): Johnston, Elva.
Contributor(s):
Title : Transforming Women in Irish Hagiography
Source: Peritia: