Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


157 Record(s) Found in our database

Search Results

1. Record Number: 28449
Author(s): Nico Ottaviani, Maria Grazia
Contributor(s):
Title : Important Ladies and Important Families: Lucrezia Borgia and Caterina Cibo Varano
Source: Medieval Italy, Medieval and Early Modern Women: Essays in Honour of Christine Meek.   Edited by Conor Kostick .   Four Courts Press, 2010.  Pages 276 - 282.
Year of Publication: 2010.

2. Record Number: 24048
Author(s): Berman, Constance Hoffman
Contributor(s):
Title : Noble Women's Power as Reflected in the Foundations of Cistercian Houses for Nuns in Thirteenth-Century Northern France: Port-Royal, les Clairets, Moncey, Lieu and Eau-lez-Chartres [The author examines five Cistercian female houses supported by Matilda of Brunswick, the Countess of the Perche; Matilda of Garlande, Lady of Marly; and Isabelle, Countess of Chartres with the help of her daughter, Matilda of Amboise. Berman argues that these actions reveal the power and authority women exercised and need to be incorporated into the historical narrative. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Negotiating Community and Difference in Medieval Europe: Gender, Power, Patronage, and the Authority of Religion in Latin Christendom.   Edited by Katherine Allen Smith and Scott Wells Studies in the History of Christian Traditions .   Brill, 2009.  Pages 137 - 149.
Year of Publication: 2009.

3. Record Number: 19950
Author(s): Jordan, Erin L.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Abduction" of Ida of Boulogne: Assessing Women's Agency in Thirteenth-Century France
Source: French Historical Studies , 30., 1 (Winter 2007):  Pages 1 - 20.
Year of Publication: 2007.

4. Record Number: 20732
Author(s): Hurlburt, Holly S.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women, Gender, and Rulership in Medieval Italy
Source: History Compass , 4., 3 ( 2006):  Pages 528 - 535.
Year of Publication: 2006.

5. Record Number: 14776
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : An Analysis of Power in the Writing of Mechtild of Magdeburg
Source: Feminist Theology , 14., 2 ( 2006):  Pages 189 - 204.
Year of Publication: 2006.

6. Record Number: 15838
Author(s): Ruggiero, Guido.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mean Streets, Familiar Streets, or The Fat Woodcarver and the Masculine Spaces of Renaissance Florence [The author explores issues of male friendship, honor, and sexuality in Florence through a story about a fat woodcarver who snubs his friends. They teach him a cruel lesson by convincing him that he is someone else. When they reveal the humiliating joke he is forced to leave the city. Ruggiero suggests that the origional incident may have revolved around a homosexual relationship that the other man, the architect Brunelleschi, wanted to end. All the public spaces in the story, including those that we might think private like the workshop and the home, were crucial parts of the regime that defined virtú as masculinity. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Renaissance Florence: A Social History.   Edited by Roger J. Crum and John T. Paoletti .   Cambridge University Press, 2006. Feminist Theology , 14., 2 ( 2006):  Pages 295 - 310.
Year of Publication: 2006.

7. Record Number: 14259
Author(s): Callahan, Daniel F.
Contributor(s):
Title : Eleanor of Aquitaine, the Coronation Rite of the Duke of Aquitaine and the Cult of Saint Martial of Limoges [The author explores the connections between the Plantagents and the churchmen in Limoges who promoted the cults of Saint Martial and Valerie. The churchmen worked to become the coronation site for the dukes of Aquitaine. It is likely that Eleanor as well
Source: The World of Eleanor of Aquitaine: Literature and Society in Southern France between the Eleventh and Thirteenth Centuries.   Edited by Marcus Bull and Catherine Léglu .   Boydell Press, 2005. Feminist Theology , 14., 2 ( 2006):  Pages 29 - 36.
Year of Publication: 2005.

8. Record Number: 13674
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Gendering Viragos: Medieval Perceptions of Powerful Women [The author explores the medieval concept of the virago, a lordly woman who exercised authoritative powers. Case studies include Adelaide, duchess of Turin; Gunhild, sister of Swein, the Danish king of England; Bertrada of Montfort, wife of King Louis VI; and Adela, countess of Blois. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies on Medieval and Early Modern Women 4: Victims or Viragos?   Edited by Christine Meek and Catherine Lawless .   Four Courts Press, 2005. Feminist Theology , 14., 2 ( 2006):  Pages 17 - 38.
Year of Publication: 2005.

9. Record Number: 14123
Author(s): Bleyerveld, Yvonne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Powerful Women, Foolish Men: The Popularity of the "Power of Women" Topos in Art [The author briefly describes the subject matter, themes, and audiences for the Power of Women topos. Biblical stories and classical myths provided the narratives in which dominant women humiliated the men who were in love with them. Bleyerveld argues tha
Source: Women of Distinction: Margaret of York | Margaret of Austria.   Edited by Dagmar Eichberger .   Brepols, 2005. Feminist Theology , 14., 2 ( 2006):  Pages 166 - 175.
Year of Publication: 2005.

10. Record Number: 11392
Author(s): Berman, Constance H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Eleanor of Aquitane and the Quarrel Over Medieval Women's Power [Third article in a roundtable entitled "Re-presenting Eleanor of Aquitaine." The author addresses the historiography of women in the Middle Ages, arguing that since medieval survey courses are often taught in two parts, the periodization distorts women's history. Berman urges historians to do more archival work, particularly in monastic sources where the careers of postmenopausal women who exercised power and authority are more apparent. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Feminist Forum , 37., (Spring 2004):  Pages 21 - 26.
Year of Publication: 2004.

11. Record Number: 11026
Author(s): Hay, David.
Contributor(s):
Title : Canon Laws Regarding Female Military Commanders up to the Time of Gratian: Some Texts and Their Historical Contexts [The author analyzes a canon law text by Bonizo de Sutri which criticizes women who lead military expeditions. Hay suggests that this in part refers to Matilda of Tuscany's strong military support of the pope. Other contemporary canonists took a more liberal view, accepting and even defending Matilda's role as commander. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: A Great Effusion of Blood? Interpreting Medieval Violence.   Edited by Mark D. Meyerson, Daniel Thiery, and Oren Falk .   University of Toronto Press, 2004. Medieval Feminist Forum , 37., (Spring 2004):  Pages 287 - 313.
Year of Publication: 2004.

12. Record Number: 8572
Author(s): Laynesmith, J. L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Constructing Queenship at Coventry: Pagentry and Politics at Margaret of Anjou's 'Secret Harbor' [Coventry, one of the largest cities in England, was particularly loyal to Margaret of Anjou. In 1456 she was welcomed there with great pageantry. In these presentations, the queen was compared to the Virgin Mary as the mother of a royal son and to Saint Margaret as a dragon slayer. These ceremonies underlined her power, not that of her feeble husband, but Margaret did not arrogate the king's royal symbols to herself. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Fifteenth Century , 3., ( 2003):  Pages 137 - 147. Thematic issue: Authority and Subversion
Year of Publication: 2003.

13. Record Number: 11948
Author(s): Tanner, Heather J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queenship: Office, Custom, or Ad Hoc? The Case of Queen Matilda III of England (1135-1152)
Source: Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady.   Edited by Bonnie Wheeler and John Carmi Parsons The New Middle Ages .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Fifteenth Century , 3., ( 2003):  Pages 133 - 158.
Year of Publication: 2003.

14. Record Number: 8063
Author(s): McNamara, Jo Ann.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and Power through the Family Revisited
Source: Gendering the Master Narrative: Women and Power in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Mary C. Erler and Maryanne Kowaleski .   Cornell University Press, 2003. Medieval Feminist Forum , 37., (Spring 2004):  Pages 17 - 30.
Year of Publication: 2003.

15. Record Number: 11950
Author(s): Shadis, Miriam and Constance Hoffman Berman
Contributor(s):
Title : A Taste of the Feast: Reconsidering Eleanor of Aquitaine's Female Descendants [The authors profile Eleanor's female descendants, especially her daughters and their daughters. In the lives of figures including Blanche of Castile and Leonor, queen of Aragon, Shadis and Berman analyze their uses of power in the areas of politics, patronage, and family. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady.   Edited by Bonnie Wheeler and John Carmi Parsons The New Middle Ages .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Medieval Feminist Forum , 37., (Spring 2004):  Pages 177 - 211.
Year of Publication: 2003.

16. Record Number: 8710
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Gender of Lordly Women: The Case of Adela of Blois [The author argues that scholars who view medieval women rulers as "honorary men" are wrong. Instead medieval understandings of gender and lordship situated ruling women like Adela within royal and noble families. While acknowledging that they sometimes needed to act like men, it did not negate their femininity since they fulfilled important roles as daughters, wives, and mothers. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies on Medieval and Early Modern Women: Pawns or Players?   Edited by Christine Meek and Catherine Lawless .   Four Courts Press, 2003. Medieval Feminist Forum , 37., (Spring 2004):  Pages 90 - 110.
Year of Publication: 2003.

17. Record Number: 10910
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Historical Ironies in the Study of Capetian Women [The author traces a number of distinctions in French queenship as compared to the case in England. LoPrete signals in particular: the situation in which the more extensive political power of lordly women made the active participation of queens less exceptional, the higher number of royal brides from French noble families which caused women to be drawn into more political controversies, and the emphasis on the sacred importance of the monarchy which conferred additional status on Capetian queens. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Capetian Women.   Edited by Kathleen Nolan .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Medieval Feminist Forum , 37., (Spring 2004):  Pages 271 - 286.
Year of Publication: 2003.

18. Record Number: 10904
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Blanche of Castile and Facinger's "Medieval Queenship": Reassessing the Argument [The author examines Facinger's argument for the diminution of Capetian queenly power and holds up Blanche of Castile as a counter argument. Shadis points to her authority and power, often in "non-official" venues, as mother and regent, arguing that she shows a solid and consistent exercise of queenship. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Capetian Women.   Edited by Kathleen Nolan .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Medieval Feminist Forum , 37., (Spring 2004):  Pages 137 - 161.
Year of Publication: 2003.

19. Record Number: 10907
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Isabelle of France and Religious Devotion at the Court of Louis IX
Source: Capetian Women.   Edited by Kathleen Nolan .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Medieval Feminist Forum , 37., (Spring 2004):  Pages 209 - 223.
Year of Publication: 2003.

20. Record Number: 8838
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Alice of Antioch: A Case Study of Female Power in the Twelfth Century [The author analyzes Alice's efforts to gain power in Antioch following the death of her husband, Bohemond II. Her young daughter Constance was the next in line, but Alice set up an independent lordship in exile and again attempted to seize power in Antioch in 1135. Her efforts were not successful, but the author argues that scholars should give her life fair consideration rather than be influenced by William of Tyre's negative portrayal of her. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Experience of Crusading. Volume Two: Defining the Crusader Kingdom.   Edited by Peter Edbury and Jonathan Phillips .   Cambridge University Press, 2003. Medieval Feminist Forum , 37., (Spring 2004):  Pages 29 - 47.
Year of Publication: 2003.

21. Record Number: 8071
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Public Exposure? Consorts and Ritual in Late Medieval Europe: The Example of the Entrance of the Dogaresse of Venice [The author argues that the ceremonial processions of the wives of the new doges both contained and empowered these women. The ceremonies had something in common with coronation rites and with wedding ceremonies. The peculiar conditions governing the doge's political power meant that dynastic succession (and his consort's fertility) were not issues of concern. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Gendering the Master Narrative: Women and Power in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Mary C. Erler and Maryanne Kowaleski .   Cornell University Press, 2003. Medieval Feminist Forum , 37., (Spring 2004):  Pages 174 - 189.
Year of Publication: 2003.

22. Record Number: 8708
Author(s): Kenny, Gillian.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Power of Dower: The Importance of Dower in the Lives of Medieval Women in Ireland [The author argues that the financial resources made available to widows from their dowers transformed their lives. They took over many of their husbands' roles including bringing suits in court and donating to local religious institutions. Both the widows and their heirs sometimes had difficulties accustoming themselves to the changes in power. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies on Medieval and Early Modern Women: Pawns or Players?   Edited by Christine Meek and Catherine Lawless .   Four Courts Press, 2003. Medieval Feminist Forum , 37., (Spring 2004):  Pages 59 - 74.
Year of Publication: 2003.

23. Record Number: 11962
Author(s): Martindale, Jane.
Contributor(s):
Title : Epilogue: Eleanor of Aquitaine and a "Queenly Court"?
Source: Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady.   Edited by Bonnie Wheeler and John Carmi Parsons The New Middle Ages .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Medieval Feminist Forum , 37., (Spring 2004):  Pages 423 - 439.
Year of Publication: 2003.

24. Record Number: 10909
Author(s): Mulder-Bakker, Anneke.
Contributor(s):
Title : Jeanne of Valois: The Power of a Consort [The author argues that Jeanne of Valois exercised a variety of divergent powers in part changing with the stage of her lifecycle. Even as a widow in retirement at the family monastery, she was sought as a mediator for disagreements ranging from family feuds to international conflict. Title notes supplied by Feminae. ].
Source: Capetian Women.   Edited by Kathleen Nolan .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Medieval Feminist Forum , 37., (Spring 2004):  Pages 253 - 269.
Year of Publication: 2003.

25. Record Number: 11954
Author(s): McCracken, Peggy.
Contributor(s):
Title : Scandalizing Desire: Eleanor of Aquitaine and the Chroniclers
Source: Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady.   Edited by Bonnie Wheeler and John Carmi Parsons The New Middle Ages .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Medieval Feminist Forum , 37., (Spring 2004):  Pages 247 - 263.
Year of Publication: 2003.

26. Record Number: 10900
Author(s): Huneycutt, Lois L.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Creation of a Crone: The Historical Reputation of Adelaide of Maurienne [The author cites a story from a seventeenth century history which portrays Adelaide as a spiteful and lascivious old woman. Hunneycutt argues that Adelaide confused contemporaries by acting as an integral part of the monarchy. Her second marriage also caused concern. Adeliza of Louvain, by contrast, did not take an active role in government and is remembered chiefly for her beauty. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Capetian Women.   Edited by Kathleen Nolan .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Medieval Feminist Forum , 37., (Spring 2004):  Pages 27 - 43.
Year of Publication: 2003.

27. Record Number: 10649
Author(s): MacLean, Simon.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queenship, Nunneries, and Royal Widowhood in Carolingian Europe [The author traces the political implications of these three phenomena which came together very strongly during the second half of the ninth century. MacLean uses case studies of Empress Richgard's management of the monastery of Andlau in Alsace and of Empress Engelberga's administration of S. Sisto in Piacenza, Italy. In both instances the royal widows drew on natal family ties and regional connections to establish their authority. MacLean suggests that the rise in queenly influence at this period was in part an effort to establish a moral role for queens whose reputations had been badly tarnished by such events as Lothar's divorce. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Past and Present , 178., (February 2003):  Pages 3 - 38.
Year of Publication: 2003.

28. Record Number: 10899
Author(s): Adair, Penelope Ann.
Contributor(s):
Title : Constance of Arles: A Study in Duty and Frustration [Constance's struggle to conserve financial resources put her in conflict with both her husband and sons. This difficulty coupled with other notable handicaps, including suspicion of her as a foreigner and her husband's less than full support, doomed this
Source: Capetian Women.   Edited by Kathleen Nolan .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Past and Present , 178., (February 2003):  Pages 9 - 26.
Year of Publication: 2003.

29. Record Number: 6210
Author(s): Dufresne, Laura Rinaldi.
Contributor(s):
Title : From Goddess to Amazon: Christine de Pizan and Fifteenth-Century Miniatures of Might
Source: Seeing Gender: Perspectives on Medieval Gender and Sexuality. Gender and Medieval Studies Conference, King's College, London, January 4-6, 2002. .  2002. Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 28., ( 2002):
Year of Publication: 2002.

30. Record Number: 9703
Author(s): Howell, Margaret.
Contributor(s):
Title : Royal Women of England and France in the Mid-Thirteenth Century: A Gendered Perspective [The author examines the lives of twelve royal women associated with Henry III, King of England, and Louis IX, King of France. Howell analyzes various issues conditioned by gender including motherhood, relations with husbands, intercession, and political power. She concludes that for queens like Isabella of Angoulme, Blanche of Castile, Marguerite of Provence, Eleanor of Castile, and Eleanor of Provence, marriage brought lives that were varied, interesting, and satisfying. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: England and Europe in the Reign of Henry III (1216-1272).   Edited by Bjšrn K. U. Weiler with Ifor W. Rowlands .   Ashgate, 2002. Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 28., ( 2002):  Pages 163 - 181.
Year of Publication: 2002.

31. Record Number: 8879
Author(s): Sidéris, Georges
Contributor(s):
Title : Eunuchs of Light: Power, Imperial Ceremonial, and Positive Representations of Eunuchs in Byzantium (4th-12th Centuries A.D.) [The author presents cases in which eunuchs were praised, generally for their piety, beauty, or similarity to angels. The author argues that these favorable views usually were expressed because eunuchs held important roles in the imperial court with direct access to power. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Eunuchs in Antiquity and Beyond.   Edited by Shaun Tougher .   Classical Press of Wales and Duckworth, 2002. Fifteenth Century , 3., ( 2003):  Pages 161 - 175.
Year of Publication: 2002.

32. Record Number: 8283
Author(s): Bratsch-Prince, Dawn
Contributor(s):
Title : Pawn or Player? Violant of Bar and the Game of Matrimonial Politics in the Crown of Aragon (1380-1396) [The author argues that Violant of Bar actively participated in arranging politically advantageous marriages for her children as well as for members of her court. The Appendix presents the Catalan texts along with English translations of ten of her letters concerning some of her marriage arrangements. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Marriage and Sexuality in Medieval and Early Modern Iberia. Hispanic Issues, Volume 26.   Edited by Eukene Lacarra Lanz .   Routledge, 2002. Fifteenth Century , 3., ( 2003):  Pages 59 - 89.
Year of Publication: 2002.

33. Record Number: 9331
Author(s): Monahan, Jennifer.
Contributor(s):
Title : Reading Matilda: The Self-Fashioning of a Duchess [The author examines how Matilda, Countess of Tuscany, identified herself in documents in order to understand what kind of image she fashioned for herself as a female ruler. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Essays in Medieval Studies (Full Text via Project Muse) 19 (2002): 1-13. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2002.

34. Record Number: 8441
Author(s): Gradowicz-Pancer, Nira.
Contributor(s):
Title : De-gendering Female Violence: Merovingian Female Honour as an "Exchange of Violence"
Source: Early Medieval Europe , 11., 1 ( 2002):  Pages 1 - 18.
Year of Publication: 2002.

35. Record Number: 9359
Author(s): Mladjov, Ian S. R.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Case of Iusta Grata Honoria and Imperial Women in Late Antiquity
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 28., ( 2002):  Pages 25 - 27.
Year of Publication: 2002.

36. Record Number: 7816
Author(s): Johns, Susan M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Poetry and Prayer: Women and Politics of Spiritual Relationships in the Early Twelfth Century
Source: European Review of History , 8., 1 ( 2001):  Pages 7 - 22.
Year of Publication: 2001.

37. Record Number: 5890
Author(s): Niyogi, Ruma.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender, Politics, and Imperial Legitimation in Byzantium, 1028-1057 [The author examines the role of Zoe and Theodora as political legitimators].
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 27., ( 2001):  Pages 33
Year of Publication: 2001.

38. Record Number: 5981
Author(s): Weckström, Mari Pakkala.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Rise and Fall of the Faithful Wife: Chaucer's Griselda and Dorigen Seen Through Dialogue
Source: Gender and Conflict in the Middle Ages. Gender and Medieval Studies Conference, York, January 5-7 2001. .  2001. Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 27., ( 2001):
Year of Publication: 2001.

39. Record Number: 6435
Author(s): Stafford, Pauline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Powerful Women in the Early Middle Ages: Queens and Abbesses [the author compares the network of royal women originating from the tenth century Ottonians with the royal women in the seventh century English kingdoms; she examines the structures (including family, monasteries, queenship, and regencies) through which women exercised power].
Source: The Medieval World.   Edited by Peter Linehan and Janet L. Nelson .   Routledge, 2001. Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 27., ( 2001):  Pages 398 - 415.
Year of Publication: 2001.

40. Record Number: 6750
Author(s): Harris, Barbara J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Space, Time, and the Power of Aristocratic Wives in Yorkist and Early Tudor England, 1450-1550 [The author argues that the stages of life that noble wives generally moved through were complex, both in terms of their increasing responsibilities and the spaces in which they lived and to which they traveled].
Source: Time, Space, and Women's Lives in Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Anne Jackson Schutte, Thomas Kuehn, and Silvana Seidel Menchi Sixteenth Century Essays and Studies, 57.   Truman State University Press, 2001. Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 27., ( 2001):  Pages 245 - 264.
Year of Publication: 2001.

41. Record Number: 4495
Author(s): Hill, Barbara
Contributor(s):
Title : Actions Speak Louder Than Words: Anna Komnene's Attempted Usurpation
Source: Anna Komnene and Her Times.   Edited by Thalia Gouma-Peterson .   Garland Publishing, 2000. Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000):  Pages 45 - 62.
Year of Publication: 2000.

42. Record Number: 4637
Author(s): Gibbons, Rachel C.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Queen as "Social Mannequin." Consumerism and Expenditure at the Court of Isabeau of Bavaria, 1393- 1422
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 26., 4 (December 2000):  Pages 371 - 395.
Year of Publication: 2000.

43. Record Number: 4598
Author(s): Lehfeldt, Elizabeth A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ruling Sexuality: The Political Legitimacy of Isabel of Castile
Source: Renaissance Quarterly (Full Text via JSTOR) 53, 1 (Spring 2000): 31-56. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2000.

44. Record Number: 4498
Author(s): Gouma-Peterson, Thalia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender and Power: Passages to the Maternal in Anna Komnene's "Alexiad"
Source: Full-text of the Alexiad in English (from the Medieval Sourcebook)
Year of Publication: 2000.

45. Record Number: 16584
Author(s): Friedrichs, Rhoda Lange.
Contributor(s):
Title : Rich Old Ladies Made Poor: The Vulnerability of Women's Property in Late Medieval England
Source: Medieval Prosopography , 21., ( 2000):  Pages 211 - 229.
Year of Publication: 2000.

46. Record Number: 10114
Author(s): Schoff, Rebecca.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Legacy of Power and Learning: Historiography and the Women of Wessex
Source: Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000): Paper presented at the Thirty-Fifth International Congress on Medieval Studies, The Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University, May 4-7, 2000, Session 83: "Anglo-Saxon History and Legend."
Year of Publication: 2000.

47. Record Number: 4748
Author(s): Herrin, Judith
Contributor(s):
Title : The Imperial Feminine in Byzantium [the author argues that Byzantine tradition provided for occasions when empresses had to assume power; this did not challenge the patriarchal order nor did it establish a fixed role for empresses; however, empresses had three sure resources (role as imperial hostess, mother of the emperor's heir, and power over the quarters, staff, and treasury of the empress) which allowed them to take an often active role in politics].
Source: Past and Present , 169., (November 2000):  Pages 3 - 35. Reproduced in Unrivalled Influence: Women and Empire in Byzantium. By Judith Herrin. Princeton University Press, 2013. Pages 161-193.
Year of Publication: 2000.

48. Record Number: 5468
Author(s): Mayeski, Marie Anne and Jane Crawford
Contributor(s):
Title : Reclaiming an Ancient Story: Baudonivia's "Life of St. Radegunde" (circa 525- 587) [The author argues that while Radegunde founded a monastery in Poitiers where women were safe and where learning was encouraged, she did not give up her obligations as queen for a public and active role in the wellbeing of her people; an English translation of Baudonivia's "Life of Radegunde" by Jane Crawford follows on pages 89- 106].
Source: Women Saints in World Religions.   Edited by Arvind Sharma .   State University of New York Press, 2000. European Review of History , 8., 1 ( 2001):  Pages 71 - 88.
Year of Publication: 2000.

49. Record Number: 5058
Author(s): McFadden, Brian.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sleeping After the Feast: Deathbeds, Marriage Beds, and the Power Structure of Heorot
Source: Neophilologus , 84., 4 (October 2000):  Pages 629 - 646.
Year of Publication: 2000.

50. Record Number: 10110
Author(s): Gravlee, Cynthia A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Circling the Entity: Power and the Feminine Principle in Old English Poetry
Source: Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000): Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Medieval Association, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, October 14-16, 1999, Session 45: "Representing Women."
Year of Publication: 2000.

51. Record Number: 5441
Author(s): Welch, Evelyn S.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women as Patrons and Clients in the Courts of Quattrocento Italy [The author examines cases of "clientelismo" in Italian courts involving duchesses and their household staff in relationships with groups ranging from clients to religious houses].
Source: Women in Italian Renaissance Culture and Society.   Edited by Letizia Panizza .   European Humanities Research Centre, University of Oxford, 2000. Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000):  Pages 18 - 34.
Year of Publication: 2000.

52. Record Number: 4464
Author(s): Smith, Jennifer.
Contributor(s):
Title : Unfamiliar Territory: Women, Land, and Law in Occitania, 1130-1250
Source: Medieval Women and the Law.   Edited by Noël James Menuge .   Boydell Press, 2000. Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000):  Pages 19 - 40.
Year of Publication: 2000.

53. Record Number: 4463
Author(s): Thompson, Victoria.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women, Power, and Protection in Tenth- and Eleventh-Century England [The author briefly explores Old English texts which present women's voices in order to determine whether their power was real or merely rhetorical].
Source: Medieval Women and the Law.   Edited by Noël James Menuge .   Boydell Press, 2000. Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000):  Pages 1 - 17.
Year of Publication: 2000.

54. Record Number: 3778
Author(s): Evergates, Theodore.
Contributor(s):
Title : Aristocratic Women in the County of Champagne [The author explores three roles of noble women in Champagne: as countesses, as married women, and as nuns].
Source: Aristocratic Women in Medieval France.   Edited by Theodore Evergates .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999. Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 16., 2 (January 1999):  Pages 74 - 110.
Year of Publication: 1999.

55. Record Number: 3777
Author(s): Livingstone, Amy
Contributor(s):
Title : Aristocratic Women in the Chartrain
Source: Aristocratic Women in Medieval France.   Edited by Theodore Evergates .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999. Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 16., 2 (January 1999):  Pages 44 - 73.
Year of Publication: 1999.

56. Record Number: 3658
Author(s): Parsons, John Carmi.
Contributor(s):
Title : Loved Him - Hated Her: Honor and Shame at the Medieval Court [The author argues that the queen had the responsibility to uphold the king's honor; includes brief case studies of Margaret of Provence and Louis IX and her sister Eleanor of Provence and Henry III].
Source: Conflicted Identities and Multiple Masculinities: Men in the Medieval West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray .   Garland Medieval Casebooks, volume 25. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, volume 2078. Garland Publishing, 1999. Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 16., 2 (January 1999):  Pages 279 - 298.
Year of Publication: 1999.

57. Record Number: 5591
Author(s): Wareham, Andrew.
Contributor(s):
Title : Two Models of Marriage: Kinship and the Social Order in England and Normandy [the models in question are serial exogamy over long distances in England and endogamy and monogamy in Normandy with the tacit approval of Church authorities; the author studies three families, descendants of Uhtred of Northumbria, Ralph of Tosny, and William FitzOsbern].
Source: Negotiating secular and ecclesiastical power: Western Europe in the Central Middle Ages.   Edited by A. J. Bijsterveld, Henk Teunis, and Andrew Wareham. International Medieval Research .   Brepols, 1999. Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 16., 2 (January 1999):  Pages 107 - 132.
Year of Publication: 1999.

58. Record Number: 3780
Author(s): Cheyette, Fredric.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women, Poets, and Politics in Occitania
Source: Aristocratic Women in Medieval France.   Edited by Theodore Evergates .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999. Journal of Medieval History , 26., 4 (December 2000):  Pages 138 - 177.
Year of Publication: 1999.

59. Record Number: 4505
Author(s): Allen, Renée.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Roles of Women and Their Homosocial Context in the "Chevalier au Lion"
Source: Romance Quarterly , 46., 3 (Summer 1999):  Pages 141 - 154.
Year of Publication: 1999.

60. Record Number: 7356
Author(s): Malamut, Élisabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Une Femme politique d'exception à la fin du XIe siècle: Anne Dalassène [The author argues that Anna Dalassena exercised real power for close to thirteen years when she ruled during her emperor-son's absences with his full support. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Femmes et pouvoirs des femmes à Byzance et en Occident (VIe -XIe siècles). Colloque international organisé les 28, 29 et 30 mars 1996 à Bruxelles et Villeneuve d'Ascq.   Edited by Stéphane Lebecq, Alain Dierkens, Régine Le Jan, and Jean-Marie Sansterre .   Centre de Recherche sur l'Histoire de l'Europe du Nord-Ouest, Université Charles de Gaulle-Lille 3, 1999. Romance Quarterly , 46., 3 (Summer 1999):  Pages 103 - 120.
Year of Publication: 1999.

61. Record Number: 7357
Author(s): Nelson, Janet L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Les Reines Carolingiennes [The author argues for an increase and, in a certain sense, consecration of the roles of queens though their powers were limited by institutions, family relations, and the female life cycle. The author briefly considers coronation "ordines," manuals describing the queen's roles, and histories. The author concludes with brief case histories of Fastrada, the wife of Charlemagne, Judith, the wife of Louis the Pious, and Gisela, the daughter of Lothar II, who was married to a Viking king. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Femmes et pouvoirs des femmes à Byzance et en Occident (VIe -XIe siècles). Colloque international organisé les 28, 29 et 30 mars 1996 à Bruxelles et Villeneuve d'Ascq.   Edited by Stéphane Lebecq, Alain Dierkens, Régine Le Jan, and Jean-Marie Sansterre .   Centre de Recherche sur l'Histoire de l'Europe du Nord-Ouest, Université Charles de Gaulle-Lille 3, 1999. Romance Quarterly , 46., 3 (Summer 1999):  Pages 121 - 132.
Year of Publication: 1999.

62. Record Number: 3766
Author(s): Nelson, Janet L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Medieval Queenship [The author provides an introductory overview, touching on royal marriage, the queen in the royal family, and the queen's roles].
Source: Women in Medieval Western European Culture.   Edited by Linda E. Mitchell .   Garland Publishing, 1999. Romance Quarterly , 46., 3 (Summer 1999):  Pages 179 - 207.
Year of Publication: 1999.

63. Record Number: 3756
Author(s): Livingstone, Amy
Contributor(s):
Title : Powerful Allies and Dangerous Adversaries: Noblewomen in Medieval Society [the author writes an introductory overview of noble women's lives as daughters, wives, mothers, and widows including their relationships with the church and land].
Source: Women in Medieval Western European Culture.   Edited by Linda E. Mitchell .   Garland Publishing, 1999. Romance Quarterly , 46., 3 (Summer 1999):  Pages 7 - 30.
Year of Publication: 1999.

64. Record Number: 3776
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Adela of Blois: Familial Alliances and Female Lordship
Source: Aristocratic Women in Medieval France.   Edited by Theodore Evergates .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999. Romance Quarterly , 46., 3 (Summer 1999):  Pages 7 - 43.
Year of Publication: 1999.

65. Record Number: 4905
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Theodelinda, "Most Glorious Queen": Gender and Power in Lombard Italy
Source: Medieval History Journal , 2., 2 (July-December 1999):  Pages 183 - 207.
Year of Publication: 1999.

66. Record Number: 3767
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Noblewomen and Political Activity [The author provides an introductory overview touching on political roles, the influence that noblewomen wielded, their administrative duties, patronage, the religious life, and the commemoration of family members].
Source: Women in Medieval Western European Culture.   Edited by Linda E. Mitchell .   Garland Publishing, 1999. Medieval History Journal , 2., 2 (July-December 1999):  Pages 209 - 219.
Year of Publication: 1999.

67. Record Number: 3779
Author(s): Nicholas, Karen S.
Contributor(s):
Title : Countesses as Rulers in Flanders [The author surveys the activities of twelve countesses in Flanders; their personalities and circumstances varied widely but many displayed skillful diplomacy, keen support for women's religion, and concern for the welfare of their subjects].
Source: Aristocratic Women in Medieval France.   Edited by Theodore Evergates .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999. Medieval History Journal , 2., 2 (July-December 1999):  Pages 111 - 137.
Year of Publication: 1999.

68. Record Number: 7352
Author(s): Croizy-Naquet, Catherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Les Stratégies matrimoniales de l'aristocratie Byzantine aux IXe et Xe siècles [The author argues that the powerful Byzantine noble families planned marriages carefully and struggled for the financial and political advantages that a "good" marriage brought. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Femmes et pouvoirs des femmes à Byzance et en Occident (VIe -XIe siècles). Colloque international organisé les 28, 29 et 30 mars 1996 à Bruxelles et Villeneuve d'Ascq.   Edited by Stéphane Lebecq, Alain Dierkens, Régine Le Jan, and Jean-Marie Sansterre .   Centre de Recherche sur l'Histoire de l'Europe du Nord-Ouest, Université Charles de Gaulle-Lille 3, 1999. Medieval History Journal , 2., 2 (July-December 1999):  Pages 51 - 61.
Year of Publication: 1999.

69. Record Number: 7353
Author(s): Gros, Gérard.
Contributor(s):
Title : L'Épouse du comte du IXe au XIe siècle: Transformation d'un modèle et idéologie du pouvoir [The author argues that the wives of counts took on a new importance in the Carolingian era. The Church encouraged a model of marriage in which the wife served as counselor to the count. Other indications of the change in the role of the countess were the appearance of the term "comitissa" in documents, the need for the consent of the countess in property donations initiated by her husband, and the listings of the husband and wife together in monastic "libri memoriales." Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Femmes et pouvoirs des femmes à Byzance et en Occident (VIe -XIe siècles). Colloque international organisé les 28, 29 et 30 mars 1996 à Bruxelles et Villeneuve d'Ascq.   Edited by Stéphane Lebecq, Alain Dierkens, Régine Le Jan, and Jean-Marie Sansterre .   Centre de Recherche sur l'Histoire de l'Europe du Nord-Ouest, Université Charles de Gaulle-Lille 3, 1999. Medieval History Journal , 2., 2 (July-December 1999):  Pages 65 - 73.
Year of Publication: 1999.

70. Record Number: 7362
Author(s): Helvétius, Anne-Marie
Contributor(s):
Title : Virgo et Virago: Réflexions sur le pouvoir du voile consacré d'après les sources hagiographiques de la Gaule du nord [The author examines the kinds of power that women acquired by becoming nuns. She argues that virginity and, even more, virility (an egalitarian, unisex ideal in which consecrated women became honorary men) gave religious women a special importance. However, in terms of the power available to every nun, it was essentially confined to the cultural area of learning and to the command of laymen of lower status. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Femmes et pouvoirs des femmes à Byzance et en Occident (VIe -XIe siècles). Colloque international organisé les 28, 29 et 30 mars 1996 à Bruxelles et Villeneuve d'Ascq.   Edited by Stéphane Lebecq, Alain Dierkens, Régine Le Jan, and Jean-Marie Sansterre .   Centre de Recherche sur l'Histoire de l'Europe du Nord-Ouest, Université Charles de Gaulle-Lille 3, 1999. Medieval History Journal , 2., 2 (July-December 1999):  Pages 189 - 203.
Year of Publication: 1999.

71. Record Number: 3765
Author(s): James, Liz and Barbara Hill
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and Politics in the Byzantine Empire: Imperial Women [The authors provide an introductory overview of the role of empresses, noting those who ruled independently and those with a great deal of influence].
Source: Women in Medieval Western European Culture.   Edited by Linda E. Mitchell .   Garland Publishing, 1999. Journal of Medieval History , 26., 4 (December 2000):  Pages 157 - 178.
Year of Publication: 1999.

72. Record Number: 4025
Author(s): Gourlay, Kristina E.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Positive Representation of the Power of Young Women: The Malterer Embroidery Re-examined [The author argues that the embroidery is to be interpreted as "positive and good-natured acknowledgment of the power of love and female sexuality and the responsibility of men in succumbing to this power..."].
Source: Young Medieval Women.   Edited by Katherine J. Lewis, Noel James Menuge, and Kim M. Phillips .   St. Martin's Press, 1999. Medieval History Journal , 2., 2 (July-December 1999):  Pages 69 - 102.
Year of Publication: 1999.

73. Record Number: 3742
Author(s): Hadley, D. M. and J. M. Moore
Contributor(s):
Title : Death Makes the Man?: Burial Rite and the Construction of Maculinities in the Early Middle Ages
Source: Masculinity in Medieval Europe.   Edited by D.M. Hadley .   Women and Men in History Series. Addison Wesley Longman, 1999. Journal of Medieval History , 26., 4 (December 2000):  Pages 21 - 38.
Year of Publication: 1999.

74. Record Number: 5043
Author(s): Pulsiano, Phillip.
Contributor(s):
Title : Blessed Bodies: The "Vitae" of Anglo-Saxon Female Saints ["More specifically, I am interested in reading these "vitae" as gendered texts, wherein are inscribed perceptions of the female religious that mark the narratives as requiring from reader and compositor alike the appropriation and also construction of sets of conventions different from those of male "vitae" and centered, most prominently, on chastity and, by implication, on the woman's body as source of sanctity and power but also as the locus of sexuality and violence, whether in the form of enforced marriage, attempted rape, psychological persecution, physical torture, murder, or self-mutilation." (Pages 11-12)].
Source: Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 16., 2 (January 1999):  Pages 1 - 42.
Year of Publication: 1999.

75. Record Number: 2902
Author(s): Leyser, Henrietta.
Contributor(s):
Title : Medieval Women and the Woman Medievalist [book reviews][review of four new books].
Source: Journal of British Studies (Full Text via JSTOR) 37, 4 (October 1998): 441-446 Link Info
Year of Publication: 1998.

76. Record Number: 3957
Author(s): Migiel, Marilyn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Encrypted Messages: Men, Women, and Figurative Language in "Decameron" 5.4 [The author argues that the deeper message of the story concerns the consolidation of male power and the upholding of patriarchal values.]
Source: Philological Quarterly , 77., 1 (Winter 1998):  Pages 1 - 13.
Year of Publication: 1998.

77. Record Number: 4618
Author(s): Nelson, Janet L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queens as Jezebels: The Careers of Brunhild and Balthild in Merovingian History [The author emphasizes the two queens' successes at wielding power; she is particularly interested in how they used religion and the "power of the holy" to strengthen their power].
Source: Debating the Middle Ages: Issues and Readings.   Edited by Lester K. Little and Barbara H. Rosenwein .   Blackwell Publishers, 1998. Philological Quarterly , 77., 1 (Winter 1998):  Pages 219 - 253. Originally published in Medieval Women: Essays Dedicated and Presented to Professor Rosalind M. T. Hill. Studies in Church History, Subsidia, 1. B. Blackwell, 1978. Pages 31-77.
Year of Publication: 1998.

78. Record Number: 3610
Author(s): Dockray-Miller, Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : Beowulf's Tears of Fatherhood [the author argues that since Hrothgar's masculine power is fading, he proposes to adopt the powerful and masculine Beowulf, but Beowulf rejects his proposal]
Source:   Edited by Eileen A. Joy and Mary K. Ramsey with the assistance of Bruce D. Gilchrist Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 10., 1 (Spring 1998):  Pages 1 - 28. Reprinted in The Postmodern "Beowulf": A Critical Casebook. Edited by Eileen A. Joy and Mary K. Ramsey with the assistance of Bruce D. Gilchrist. West Virginia University Press, 2006. Pages 439-466.
Year of Publication: 1998.

79. Record Number: 3370
Author(s): Walker, Rose.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sancha, Urraca, and Elvira: the Virtues and Vices of Spanish Royal Women "Dedicated to God" [The author traces evidence of the power of Urraca and Sancha; Urraca had the institution of the infantado which placed monasteries within her control; Sancha evidently was involved with the change from the Mozarabic liturgy to the Roman liturgy].
Source: Reading Medieval Studies , 24., ( 1998):  Pages 113 - 138.
Year of Publication: 1998.

80. Record Number: 3202
Author(s): Blacker, Jean.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women, Power, and Violence in Orderic Vitalis's "Historia Ecclesiastica"
Source: Violence Against Women in Medieval Texts.   Edited by Anna Roberts .   University Press of Florida, 1998. Reading Medieval Studies , 24., ( 1998):  Pages 44 - 55.
Year of Publication: 1998.

81. Record Number: 3634
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Me atrevo a escribir así: Confessional Politics in the Letters of Isabel I and Hernando de Talavera [The author argues that Isabel wrote exaggeratedly humble letters to her confessor in order to resist his rigid rules for women's behavior].
Source: Women at Work in Spain: From the Middle Ages to Early Modern Times.   Edited by Marilyn Stone and Carmen Benito-Vessels .   Peter Lang, 1998. Reading Medieval Studies , 24., ( 1998):  Pages 147 - 173.
Year of Publication: 1998.

82. Record Number: 4059
Author(s): Leyser, Conrad.
Contributor(s):
Title : Vulnerability and Power: The Early Christian Rhetoric of Masculine Authority ["Well before the twelfth century, Christian men in positions of public power had developed a language with which to express and, if possible, turn to their advantage, the precariousness of their position. Trading on already established notions of moral masculinity, these men were unafraid to depict themselves as weak, inadequate, and continuously suffering rulers--because they knew that their political survival depended on their demonstrating their absolute disinterest in personal gain from their office." Pages 172- 173].
Source: Bulletin of the John Rylands University Library of Manchester , 80., 3 (Autumn 1998):  Pages 159 - 173.
Year of Publication: 1998.

83. Record Number: 3704
Author(s): Flanagan, Sabina.
Contributor(s):
Title : For God Distinguishes the People of Earth as in Heaven : Hildegard of Bingen's Social Ideas
Source: Journal of Religious History , 22., 1 (February 1998):  Pages 14 - 34.
Year of Publication: 1998.

84. Record Number: 6667
Author(s): Kent, Francis W.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sainted Mother, Magnificent Son: Lucrezia Tornabuoni and Lorenzo de' Medici
Source: Italian History and Culture , 3., ( 1997):  Pages 3 - 34.
Year of Publication: 1997.

85. Record Number: 2059
Author(s): Snow-Obenaus, Katya.
Contributor(s):
Title : Medieval Attitudes Towards Women as Reflected in the Songs of Heinrich von Morungen [analyzes the contrasting imagery of the singer's lady as a destructive force and as a figure of radiant goodness akin to the Virgin Mary].
Source: Germanic Notes and Reviews , 28., 2 (Fall 1997):  Pages 121 - 127.
Year of Publication: 1997.

86. Record Number: 2887
Author(s): Jäschke, Kurt-Ulrich.
Contributor(s):
Title : From Famous Empresses to Unspectacular Queens: The Romano-German Empire to Margaret of Brabant, Countess of Luxemburg and Queen of the Romans (d. 1311) [the appendices discuss Habsburg burials at Gaming, Vienna, and Stams; Appendix Two lists the empresses and queens in the Romano-German empire to 1324.].
Source: Queens and Queenship in Medieval Europe: Proceedings of a Conference Held at King's College London, April 1995.   Edited by Anne J. Duggan .   Boydell Press, 1997. Germanic Notes and Reviews , 28., 2 (Fall 1997):  Pages 75 - 108.
Year of Publication: 1997.

87. Record Number: 2886
Author(s): Imsen, Steinar.
Contributor(s):
Title : Late Medieval Scandinavian Queenship
Source: Queens and Queenship in Medieval Europe: Proceedings of a Conference Held at King's College London, April 1995.   Edited by Anne J. Duggan .   Boydell Press, 1997. Germanic Notes and Reviews , 28., 2 (Fall 1997):  Pages 53 - 73.
Year of Publication: 1997.

88. Record Number: 2890
Author(s): Smythe, Dion C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Behind the Mask: Empresses and Empire in Middle Byzantium
Source: Queens and Queenship in Medieval Europe: Proceedings of a Conference Held at King's College London, April 1995.   Edited by Anne J. Duggan .   Boydell Press, 1997. Germanic Notes and Reviews , 28., 2 (Fall 1997):  Pages 141 - 152.
Year of Publication: 1997.

89. Record Number: 2206
Author(s): Livingstone, Amy
Contributor(s):
Title : Noblewomen's Control of Property in Early Twelfth-Century Blois-Chartres
Source: Medieval Prosopography , 18., ( 1997):  Pages 55 - 71.
Year of Publication: 1997.

90. Record Number: 2889
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Goddess, Whore, Wife or Slave: Will the Real Byzantine Empress Please Stand Up? [an analysis of female power among early Byzantine empresses based in part on carved ivory plaques; appendix lists empresses from the fourth through the sixth centuries].
Source: Queens and Queenship in Medieval Europe: Proceedings of a Conference Held at King's College London, April 1995.   Edited by Anne J. Duggan .   Boydell Press, 1997. Medieval Prosopography , 18., ( 1997):  Pages 123 - 139.
Year of Publication: 1997.

91. Record Number: 2703
Author(s): Van Landingham, Marta.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Hohenstaufen Heritage of Costanza of Sicily and the Mediterranean Expansion of the Crown of Aragon in the Later Thirteenth Century
Source: Across the Mediterranean frontiers: trade, politics and religion, 650-1450: selected proceedings of the International Medieval Congress, University of Leeds, 10-13 July 1995, 8-11 July 1996.   Edited by Dionisius A. Agius and Ian Richard Netton International Medieval Research .   Brepols, 1997. Medieval Prosopography , 18., ( 1997):  Pages 87 - 104.
Year of Publication: 1997.

92. Record Number: 2883
Author(s): Stafford, Pauline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Emma: The Powers of the Queen in the Eleventh Century
Source: Queens and Queenship in Medieval Europe: Proceedings of a Conference Held at King's College London, April 1995.   Edited by Anne J. Duggan .   Boydell Press, 1997. Medieval Prosopography , 18., ( 1997):  Pages 3 - 26. Reprinted in Gender, Family and the Legitimation of Power: England from the Ninth to Early Twelfth Century. By Pauline Stafford. Ashgate Variorum, 2006. Article X.
Year of Publication: 1997.

93. Record Number: 1845
Author(s): Garland, Lynda.
Contributor(s):
Title : Morality Versus Politics at the Byzantine Court: The Charges Against Marie of Antioch and Euphrosyne [both were accused of adultery; Marie was executed, while Euphrosyne, the power behind the throne, was exiled for six months before her husband recalled her].
Source: Byzantinische Forschungen , 24., ( 1997):  Pages 259 - 295. Special issue: Conformity and Non-Conformity in Byzantium: Papers Given at the Eighth Conference of the Australian Association for Byzantine Studies, University of New England, Australia, July 1993.
Year of Publication: 1997.

94. Record Number: 2555
Author(s): Shaw, Brent D.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ritual Brotherhood in Roman and Post-Roman Societies [argues that ritual brotherhood was a common arrangement in frontier societies, particularly in the Balkans, where protection and defense came from personal relationships rather than political institutions].
Source: Traditio , 52., ( 1997):  Pages 327 - 355.
Year of Publication: 1997.

95. Record Number: 660
Author(s): Halsall, Guy.
Contributor(s):
Title : Female Status and Power in Early Merovingian Central Austrasia: The Burial Evidence [women of child- bearing age had the most lavish burials because their deaths threatened family status the most].
Source: Early Medieval Europe , 5., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 1 - 24.
Year of Publication: 1996.

96. Record Number: 1745
Author(s): Hill, Barbara
Contributor(s):
Title : A Vindication of the Rights of Women to Power by Anna Komnene [on the active role of Anna Dalassena and Irene Doukaina].
Source: Byzantinische Forschungen , 23., ( 1996):  Pages 45 - 53. Revised papers that were originally read at the session entitled "Komnenian Culture" at the Twentieth Annual Byzantine Studies Conference, Ann Arbor, Michigan, on September 21, 1994
Year of Publication: 1996.

97. Record Number: 1344
Author(s): Beecher, Donald.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Silenced Knight: Questions of Power and Reciprocity in the "Wife of Bath's Tale"
Source: Chaucer Review , 30., 4 ( 1996):  Pages 359 - 378.
Year of Publication: 1996.

98. Record Number: 2339
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Anglo-Saxon Historiography: The Position of Aethelflaed of Mercia [analysis based on contemporary chronicles including the "Anglo-Saxon Chronicle," the "Mercian Register," and the "Fragmentary Annals of Ireland"].
Source: Old English Newsletter , 29., 3 (Spring 1996):
Year of Publication: 1996.

99. Record Number: 727
Author(s): Melman, Billie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Under the Western Historian's Eyes: Eileen Power and the Early Feminist Encounter with Colonialism [based in large part on Power's travel journal and report on a trip to India, the Dutch East Indies, and China during 1920-1921; Power saw many similarities between the medieval West and contemporary Asia].
Source: History Workshop Journal , 42., (Autumn 1996):  Pages 145 - 168.
Year of Publication: 1996.

100. Record Number: 1783
Author(s): Newman, Florence.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Man with Two Wives: Female Rivalry and Social Power in a Medieval Motif [International Congress on Medieval Studies. Kalamazoo, May 1996].
Source: Le Cygne: Bulletin of the International Marie de France Society: Abstracts, Notes, and Queries , 2., (April 1996):  Pages 19 - 22.
Year of Publication: 1996.

101. Record Number: 2340
Author(s): Brown, Marjorie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Elene: Power and the Christian Hierarchy
Source: Old English Newsletter , 29., 3 (Spring 1996):
Year of Publication: 1996.

102. Record Number: 3594
Author(s): Shadis, Miriam.
Contributor(s):
Title : Berenguela of Castile's Political Motherhood : The Management of Sexuality, Marriage, and Succession
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Old English Newsletter , 29., 3 (Spring 1996):  Pages 335 - 358.
Year of Publication: 1996.

103. Record Number: 446
Author(s): McCartney, Elizabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ceremonies and Privileges of Office: Queenship in Late Medieval France [Anne of Brittany's coronations and powers].
Source: Power of the Weak: Studies on Medieval Women. A selection of a papers presented at the annual conference of the Centre for Medieval Studies, University of Toronto, Feb. 1990.   Edited by Jennifer Carpenter and Sally- Beth MacLean .   University of Illinois Press, 1995. Reading Medieval Studies , 21., ( 1995):  Pages 178 - 219.
Year of Publication: 1995.

104. Record Number: 1158
Author(s): Hill, Barbara
Contributor(s):
Title : A Vindication of the Rights of Women to Power by Anna Komnene [treatment of Anna's grandmother, Anna Dalassena, and her mother, Irene Doukaina, in the "Alexiad"].
Source: Full-text of the Alexiad in English (from the Medieval Sourcebook)
Year of Publication: 1995.

105. Record Number: 1572
Author(s): Johns, Susan.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Wives and Widows of the Earls of Chester, 1100-1252: The Charter Evidence [focuses on their power to make land transactions, particularly in support of the Church].
Source: The Haskins Society Journal , 7., ( 1995):  Pages 117 - 132.
Year of Publication: 1995.

106. Record Number: 5580
Author(s): Sommé, Monique.
Contributor(s):
Title : Isabelle de Portugal, duchesse de Bourgogne, une femme au pouvoir au xve siècle. Thèse d'Etat soutenue le 12 janvier 1995 devant l'université de Lille III
Source: Revue du Nord , 77., 310 (avril-juin 1995):  Pages 438 - 445.
Year of Publication: 1995.

107. Record Number: 444
Author(s): Huneycutt, Lois L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Intercession and the High- Medieval Queen: The Esther Topos [study of Queen Matilda, Consort of Henry I of England].
Source: Power of the Weak: Studies on Medieval Women. A selection of a papers presented at the annual conference of the Centre for Medieval Studies, University of Toronto, Feb. 1990.   Edited by Jennifer Carpenter and Sally- Beth MacLean .   University of Illinois Press, 1995. Arenal: Revista de Historia de las Mujeres , 2., 1 (January-June 1995):  Pages 126 - 146.
Year of Publication: 1995.

108. Record Number: 432
Author(s): Duby, Georges.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and Power [the ways in which aristocratic women in northern France took part in the power of command and of punishment].
Source: Cultures of Power: Lordship, Status, and Process in Twelfth-Century Europe.   Edited by Thomas N. Bisson .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1995. Arenal: Revista de Historia de las Mujeres , 2., 1 (January-June 1995):  Pages 69 - 85.
Year of Publication: 1995.

109. Record Number: 493
Author(s): Grossman, Janice.
Contributor(s):
Title : Tropes of Femininity and Monstrosity in Old English Poems [Thirtieth International Congress on Medieval Studies, the Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University, May 4-7, 1995. Thirtieth Symposium on the Sources of Anglo- Saxon Culture, co- sponsered by the Institute and CEMERS, Binghamton University. Session 244].
Source: Old English Newsletter , 28., 3 (Spring 1995):
Year of Publication: 1995.

110. Record Number: 342
Author(s): Ricke, Joseph M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Parody, Performance, and the "Ultimate" Meaning of Noah's Shrew
Source: Mediaevalia , 18., ( 1995):  Pages 263 - 281. (1995 (for 1992)) Published by the Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, State University of New York at Binghamton
Year of Publication: 1995.

111. Record Number: 1192
Author(s): Feimer, Joel.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sexual Violence and the Female Reader: Symbolic "Rape" in the Saints' Lives of the Katherine Group [the martyred virgins Juliana, Margaret, and Katherine].
Source: Women's Studies , 24., 3 ( 1995):  Pages 205 - 217. Special Issue: Issues in Medieval and Renaissance Scholarship
Year of Publication: 1995.

112. Record Number: 233
Author(s): Karkov, Catherine E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Unspun Heroes: Iconography of the Spinning Woman in the Middle Ages
Source: Journal of Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 25., 2 (Spring 1995):  Pages 159
Year of Publication: 1995.

113. Record Number: 346
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Spindle and the Sword: Gender, Sex, and Heroism in "Nibelungenlied" and "Kudrun"
Source: Germanic Review , 70., 3 (Summer 1995):  Pages 106 - 115.
Year of Publication: 1995.

114. Record Number: 3009
Author(s): Segura Graiño, Cristina.
Contributor(s):
Title : Participación de las Mujeres en el Poder Político
Source: Anuario de Estudios Medievales , 25., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 449 - 462.
Year of Publication: 1995.

115. Record Number: 3008
Author(s): Graña Cid, Maria del Mar and Ángela Muõz Fernández
Contributor(s):
Title : Mujeres y no ciudadanía. La relación de las mujeres con los espacios públicos en el bajo medievo castellano
Source: Arenal: Revista de Historia de las Mujeres , 2., 1 (January-June 1995):  Pages 41 - 52.
Year of Publication: 1995.

116. Record Number: 850
Author(s): Jacobs, Ellen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Eileen Power (1889-1940) [biographical sketch of the economic and social historian].
Source: Medieval Scholarship: Biographical Studies on the Formation of a Discipline. Volume 1: History.   Edited by Helen Damico and Joseph B. Zavadil .   Garland Publishing, 1995. Anuario de Estudios Medievales , 25., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 219 - 231.
Year of Publication: 1995.

117. Record Number: 482
Author(s): Olsen, Alexandra H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Speech and Women's Power in "Beowulf" [Annual Meeting of the Modern Language Association of America, San Diego, December 27-30, 1994, Session 57]
Source: Old English Newsletter , 28., 3 (Spring 1995):
Year of Publication: 1995.

118. Record Number: 1685
Author(s): Zomer, Hiltje F. H.
Contributor(s):
Title : The So-Called Women's Gallery in the Medieval Church: An Import from Byzantium [argues that the galleries were a symbol of royal power, not a place for women to be kept separate during services ; the author traces the use of church galleries from Constantine the Great and Justinian to their introduction in Germany at the convent basilica of Gernrode, perhaps under the influence of Theophano, and in France at St. Remi, a victory church for the Capets].
Source: The Empress Theophano: Byzantium and the West at the Turn of the First Millennium.   Edited by Adelbert Davids .   Cambridge University Press, 1995. Old English Newsletter , 28., 3 (Spring 1995):  Pages 169 - 193.
Year of Publication: 1995.

119. Record Number: 341
Author(s): Coletti, Theresa.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ther Be But Women: Gender Conflict and Gender Identity in the Middle English Innocents Plays [role of mothers versus the male sphere of public authority]
Source: Mediaevalia , 18., ( 1995):  Pages 245 - 261. (1995 (for 1992)) Published by the Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, State University of New York at Binghamton
Year of Publication: 1995.

120. Record Number: 307
Author(s):
Contributor(s): Gibbons, Rachel, reviewer
Title : Medieval Queenship: An Overview [review of three recent titles, Women and Sovereignty, Medieval Queenship, and Letters of the Queens of England] [book reviews][review of three recent titles, Women and Sovereignty, Medieval Queenship, and Letters of the Queens of England].
Source: Reading Medieval Studies , 21., ( 1995):  Pages 97 - 107.
Year of Publication: 1995.

121. Record Number: 1082
Author(s): Berg, Maxine.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Woman in History: Eileen Power and the Early Years of Social History and Women's History
Source: Chattel, Servant, or Citizen: Women's Status in Church, State, and Society.   Edited by Mary O' Dowd and Sabine Wichert .   Historical Studies 19. Papers Read Before the XXIst Irish Conference of Historians, Held at Queen's University of Belfast, 27-30 May 1993. Institute of Irish Studies, The Queen's University of Belfast, 1995. Reading Medieval Studies , 21., ( 1995):  Pages 12 - 21.
Year of Publication: 1995.

122. Record Number: 2559
Author(s): Kennedy, Gwynne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Reform or Rebellion? The Limits of Female Authority in Elizabeth Cary's "The History of the Life, Reign, and Death of Edward II" [Cary crafted an ambivalent portrayal of Queen Isabelle, at times approving of her actions and at other times criticizing her for taking an angry vengeance].
Source: Political Rhetoric, Power, and Renaissance Women.   Edited by Carole Levin and Patricia A. Sullivan .   State University of New York Press, 1995. Reading Medieval Studies , 21., ( 1995):  Pages 204 - 222.
Year of Publication: 1995.

123. Record Number: 445
Author(s): Parsons, John Carmi.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queen's Intercession in Thirteenth- Century England [contradictory nature of the queen's role as intercessor].
Source: Power of the Weak: Studies on Medieval Women. A selection of a papers presented at the annual conference of the Centre for Medieval Studies, University of Toronto, Feb. 1990.   Edited by Jennifer Carpenter and Sally- Beth MacLean .   University of Illinois Press, 1995. Reading Medieval Studies , 21., ( 1995):  Pages 147 - 177.
Year of Publication: 1995.

124. Record Number: 1310
Author(s): Berg, Maxine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Foremothers III: Eileen Power and Women's History
Source: Gender and History , 6., 2 (August 1994):  Pages 265 - 274.
Year of Publication: 1994.

125. Record Number: 1569
Author(s): Stafford, Pauline
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and the Norman Conquest [argues against both an Anglo-Saxon golden age for women and the view of the Norman Conquest as a major turning point for noble women's status].
Source:   Edited by Lester K. Little and Barbara H. Rosenwein Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. Sixth Series , 4., ( 1994):  Pages 221 - 249. Later reprinted in Debating the Middle Ages: Issues and Readings. Edited by Lester K. Little and Barbara H. Rosenwein. Blackwell Publishers, 1998. Pages 254-263. Reprinted in Gender, Family and the Legitimation of Power: England from the Ninth to Early Tw
Year of Publication: 1994.

126. Record Number: 5103
Author(s): Bouton, Jean de la Croix.
Contributor(s):
Title : Les Abbesses cisterciennes
Source: Les Religieuses dans le Cloître et dans le Monde des Origines à Nos Jours. Actes du Deuxième Colloque International de C.E.R.C.O.R. Poitiers, 29 septembre-2 octobre 1988. .   Publications de l'Université de Sainte-Etienne, 1994. Revue du Nord , 77., 310 (avril-juin 1995):  Pages 187 - 196.
Year of Publication: 1994.

127. Record Number: 1327
Author(s): Mellinger, Laura.
Contributor(s):
Title : Politics in the Convent: The Election of a Fifteenth Century Abbess [the record of Perrine du Feu's election by scrutin gives evidence of political maneuvering and factionalism; in the end the rank and file prevailed over the older, higher ranking members].
Source: Church History (Full Text via JSTOR) 63, 4 (Dec. 1994): 529-540. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1994.

128. Record Number: 2012
Author(s): Earenfight, Theresa.
Contributor(s):
Title : Maria of Castile, Ruler or Figurehead? A Preliminary Study in Aragónese Queenship [analysis of Maria's rule as Lieutenant General during her husband's absences, 1421-1423 amd 1435-1453].
Source: Mediterranean Studies , 4., ( 1994):  Pages 45 - 61.
Year of Publication: 1994.

129. Record Number: 5432
Author(s): Klueting, Edeltraud.
Contributor(s):
Title : Les Pouvoirs des abbesses dans les couvents de femmes de la congrégation de Bursfeld [the reformers from Bursfeld decided that Benedictine abbots and abbesses needed to have their powers restricted].
Source: Les Religieuses dans le Cloître et dans le Monde des Origines à Nos Jours. Actes du Deuxième Colloque International de C.E.R.C.O.R. Poitiers, 29 septembre-2 octobre 1988. .   Publications de l'Université de Sainte-Etienne, 1994. Mediterranean Studies , 4., ( 1994):  Pages 219 - 238.
Year of Publication: 1994.

130. Record Number: 2730
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Flesh and Flood: The Function of Female Asceticism in the Digby "Mary Magdalene"
Source: Philological Quarterly , 73., 4 (Fall 1994):  Pages 385 - 401.
Year of Publication: 1994.

131. Record Number: 5102
Author(s): L'Hermite-Leclercq, Paulette.
Contributor(s):
Title : Les Pouvoirs de la supérieure au Moyen Âge
Source: Les Religieuses dans le Cloître et dans le Monde des Origines à Nos Jours. Actes du Deuxième Colloque International de C.E.R.C.O.R. Poitiers, 29 septembre-2 octobre 1988. .   Publications de l'Université de Sainte-Etienne, 1994. Philological Quarterly , 73., 4 (Fall 1994):  Pages 165 - 185.
Year of Publication: 1994.

132. Record Number: 2808
Author(s): Mundal, Else.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Position of Women in Old Norse Society and the Basis for Their Power [author emphasizes the goading women in sagas who spur on the hero; the author suggests that women's power lay in being judges of men's honor].
Source: Nora: Nordic Journal of Women's Studies , 2., 1 ( 1994):  Pages 3 - 11.
Year of Publication: 1994.

133. Record Number: 10009
Author(s): Bruckner, Matilda Tomaryn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Fictions of the Female Voice: The Women Troubadours [Trobairitz (female troubadours) experimented with literary and cultural definitions of sex and gender in their poetry. They manipulated a very conventional form (a male speaker addressing a distant, silent lady) and invented their own distinctive literary versions of the female voice. Even though it is hard to define, the notion of voice in literary texts is a powerful concept for feminist writers. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Speculum , 67., 4 (October 1992):  Pages 865 - 891.
Year of Publication: 1992.

134. Record Number: 10242
Author(s): Mahoney, Dhira B.
Contributor(s):
Title : Margery Kempe’s Tears and the Power Over Language [Margery’s tears play a significant role in her attempt to define herself and her role in society. She communicates her unique status to others through her tears. Weeping marks her as a woman who is both of the world while remaining apart from it, and she demonstrates her power outside of language by means of her tears and prayers. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Margery Kempe: A Book of Essays.   Edited by Sandra J. McEntire .   Garland Publishing, 1992. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. Sixth Series , 4., ( 1994):  Pages 37 - 50.
Year of Publication: 1992.

135. Record Number: 11431
Author(s): Wood, Charles T.
Contributor(s):
Title : The First Two Queens Elizabeth, 1464-1503 [The author analyzes the careers of Elizabeth Woodville and her daughter, Elizabeth of York. Wood argues that their complicated allegiances to family put enormous obstacles in their way of exercising sovereignty. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women and Sovereignty.   Edited by Louise Olga Fradenburg. Cosmos: The Yearbook of the Traditional Cosmology Society, volume 7 Cosmos: The Yearbook of the Traditional Cosmology Society, 7.   Edinburgh University Press, 1992. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. Sixth Series , 4., ( 1994):  Pages 121 - 131.
Year of Publication: 1992.

136. Record Number: 11428
Author(s): Wogan-Browne, Jocelyn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queens, Virgins, and Mothers: Hagiographic Representations of the Abbess and Her Powers in Twelfth- and Thirteenth-Century Britain [The author briefly explores a variety of themes related to abbesses including royalty, vocation, virginity, role as a mother, asceticism, and miracles. Wogan-Browne also compares the activities of Saint Modwenna as reported in her Anglo-Norman life with records concerning Ela, countess of Salisbury and founder-abbess of the convent of Lacock. The author argues that the ultimate goals for administration, protection, and economic development of their respective houses were very much the same. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women and Sovereignty.   Edited by Louise Olga Fradenburg. Cosmos: The Yearbook of the Traditional Cosmology Society, volume 7 Cosmos: The Yearbook of the Traditional Cosmology Society, 7.   Edinburgh University Press, 1992. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. Sixth Series , 4., ( 1994):  Pages 14 - 35.
Year of Publication: 1992.

137. Record Number: 10246
Author(s): Bremner, Eluned.
Contributor(s):
Title : Margery Kempe and the Critics: Disempowerment and Deconstruction [The author compares selected twentieth-century analyses of Kempe’s “Book” (written by literary critics) to episodes in the “Book” itself, in which Margery faces criticism from various figures of authority. Both the modern critics outside the text and the clerical figures within the “Book” reinforce patriarchal structures in response to Kempe, who challenges female suppression and speaks to establish her autonomy and power. Despite critics’ attempts to disempower her, Kempe refuses to accept the marginalization of female sexuality, crosses traditional gender role boundaries, and determines her own voice and social role through speech and writing. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Margery Kempe: A Book of Essays.   Edited by Sandra J. McEntire .   Garland Publishing, 1992. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. Sixth Series , 4., ( 1994):  Pages 117 - 135.
Year of Publication: 1992.

138. Record Number: 11432
Author(s): Miller, Dean A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Byzantine Sovereignty and Feminine Potencies [The author explores a variety of situations in which the Byzantine emperor was invested with or connected to feminine characteristics. This ranges from nurturing and merciful power to associations with Sophia (Holy Wisdom) and the Theotokos (the Virgin as God-Bearer). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women and Sovereignty.   Edited by Louise Olga Fradenburg. Cosmos: The Yearbook of the Traditional Cosmology Society, volume 7 Cosmos: The Yearbook of the Traditional Cosmology Society, 7.   Edinburgh University Press, 1992. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. Sixth Series , 4., ( 1994):  Pages 250 - 263.
Year of Publication: 1992.

139. Record Number: 11430
Author(s): Parson, John Carmi.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ritual and Symbol in the English Medieval Queenship to 1500 [The author argues that queens were excluded from their husbands' public authority but used rituals to establish power informally through such means as coronation, marriage, intercession with the king, and the birth of royal heirs. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women and Sovereignty.   Edited by Louise Olga Fradenburg. Cosmos: The Yearbook of the Traditional Cosmology Society, volume 7 Cosmos: The Yearbook of the Traditional Cosmology Society, 7.   Edinburgh University Press, 1992. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. Sixth Series , 4., ( 1994):  Pages 60 - 77.
Year of Publication: 1992.

140. Record Number: 13054
Author(s): Germain, Ellen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Lunete, Women, and Power in Chrétien's "Yvain" [One of the Curtain Talk given before performances of "The Lark." Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Romance Quarterly , 38., 1 (February 1991):  Pages 15 - 25.
Year of Publication: 1991.

141. Record Number: 10688
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Wife of Bath and the Revelour: Power Struggles and Failure in a Marriage of Peers [The Wife of Bath’s fourth marriage differs from her previous ones in one major respect: the fourth husband is her equal in terms of financial and social status, age, and temperament. The Wife’s uncharacteristic silence about her fourth husband and any disputes they may have had in marriage suggests that neither spouse fully dominated in the relationship. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Perspectives , 6., ( 1991):  Pages 154 - 161.
Year of Publication: 1991.

142. Record Number: 11228
Author(s): Tallan, Cheryl.
Contributor(s):
Title : Medieval Jewish Widows: Their Control of Resources
Source: Jewish History , 5., 1 (Spring 1991):  Pages 63 - 74.
Year of Publication: 1991.

143. Record Number: 11220
Author(s): Stanbury, Sarah.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Voyeur and the Private Life in "Troilus and Criseyde."
Source: Studies in the Age of Chaucer , 13., ( 1991):  Pages 141 - 158.
Year of Publication: 1991.

144. Record Number: 11203
Author(s): Tobin, Lee Ann.
Contributor(s):
Title : Give the Saint Her Due: Hagiographical Values for Chaucer’s Second Nun’s Tale and Graham Greene’s "The End of the Affair" [When approaching Saint Celia (protagonist of the Second Nun’s Tale) and Sarah Miles (adulterous protagonist of Greene’s twentieth-century novel), modern critics perceive both of these heroines in a negative manner (deeming them disrespectful or unbelievable as female exemplars). However, such critics abide by rational and objective perspectives which are inappropriate for analyzing hagiographical literature. When viewed from a mystical and spiritual perspective, both heroines radically overturn male power structures and exhibit female strength and virginal power. While Greene revises the hagiographical tradition in his modern-day saint’s life, the essential features of the medieval genre remain unchanged. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studia Mystica , 14., 40212 (Summer/Fall 1991):  Pages 48 - 60.
Year of Publication: 1991.

145. Record Number: 15608
Author(s): Stahl, Alan M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Coinage in the Name of Medieval Women [The appendix gives a preliminary listing of coins from Europe, Byzantium, and the Islamic world from 500 to 1500 C.E. which have a woman ruler's name. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Women and the Sources of Medieval History.   Edited by Joel T. Rosenthal .   University of Georgia Press, 1990. Romance Quarterly , 38., 1 (February 1991):  Pages 321 - 341.
Year of Publication: 1990.

146. Record Number: 12810
Author(s): Rosenn, Eva.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Discourse of Power: The Lyrics of the Trobairitz
Source: Comitatus , 21., ( 1990):  Pages 1 - 20.
Year of Publication: 1990.

147. Record Number: 11192
Author(s): Harris, Barbara J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Property, Power, and Personal Relations: Elite Mothers and Sons in Yorkist and Early Tudor England [Women were often marginalized by patriarchal power structures that placed the father at the head of the family, but the birth of a son often elevated the wife’s position. Since the first son was greatly valued in a system of primogenitural inheritance, noble mothers often had close emotional ties to their sons. The political and social future of the family often rested on the mother’s ability to manage the household, display the family’s wealth and status, and negotiate marriages and other alliances for the family’s children. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society (Full Text via JSTOR) 15, 3 (Spring 1990): 606-632. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1990.

148. Record Number: 23295
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Early 15th-Century Polyphonic Settings of Song of Songs Antiphons [The popularity of the Song of Songs in the Middle Ages has ties both to the cult of the Virgin Mary and to courtly love. The bodily imagery of the text could be applied to a spiritual or a carnal beloved. Dialogues between loved and beloved promoted the composition of duet passages in motets on the Song of Songs. When Psalm settings began to predominate in liturgical compositions, the Song of Songs became a source for passages in the more secular chanson-motets. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Acta Musicologica , 49., 2 ( 1977):  Pages 200 - 227.
Year of Publication: 1977.

149. Record Number: 5028
Author(s): Sághy, Marianne.
Contributor(s):
Title : History of the Research Project: "Women and Power in Medieval East Central Europe"
Source: East Central Europe , 1 ( ):  Pages 219 - 225. Women and Power in East Central Europe - Medieval and Modern. Edited by Marianne Sághy.
Year of Publication:

150. Record Number: 5022
Author(s): Klaniczay, Gábor.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Cinderella Effect: Late Medieval Female Sainthood in Central Europe and in Italy [The author examines the ideal of sainthood represented by pious princesses in Central Europe and how this aristocratic and mendicant movement fared in Italy where urban female sainthood embraced all social classes].
Source: East Central Europe , 1 ( ):  Pages 51 - 68. Women and Power in East Central Europe - Medieval and Modern. Edited by Marianne Sághy.
Year of Publication:

151. Record Number:
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Idolatry of Solomon
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/77/Hausbuchmeister_Salomos_G%C3%B6tzendienst.jpg/250px-Hausbuchmeister_Salomos_G%C3%B6tzendienst.jpg
Year of Publication:

152. Record Number:
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Aristotle and Phyllis
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/68/Master_Of_The_Housebook_-_Aristotle_and_Phyllis_-_WGA14556.jpg/250px-Master_Of_The_Housebook_-_Aristotle_and_Phyllis_-_WGA14556.jpg
Year of Publication:

153. Record Number: 30961
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Dedication page with Matilda of Canossa from the Vita Mathildis
Source:
Year of Publication:

154. Record Number: 31893
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Phyllis Talks with Aristotle through a Window and Phyllis Riding Aristotle
Source:
Year of Publication:

155. Record Number: 36351
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Queen Urraca
Source:
Year of Publication:

156. Record Number: 37477
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Constantinian pendant
Source:
Year of Publication:

157. Record Number: 38463
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Casket Lid with a scene of the Attack on the Castle of Love
Source:
Year of Publication: