Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


250 Record(s) Found in our database

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1. Record Number: 43773
Author(s): Flynn, Rebecca,
Contributor(s):
Title : In Search of Isold de Heton: Biased Portrayals of the Medieval Anchoress and Their Continued Afterlife
Source: Magistra: A Journal of Women's Spirituality in History , 26., 1 ( 2020):  Pages 51 - 68.
Year of Publication: 2020.

2. Record Number: 41098
Author(s): Brolis, Maria Teresa
Contributor(s):
Title : Raingarde the Mother
Source: Stories of Women in the Middle Ages. Maria Teresa Brolis .   McGill-Queen's University Press, 2018. Magistra: A Journal of Women's Spirituality in History , 26., 1 ( 2020):  Pages 22 - 27.
Year of Publication: 2018.

3. Record Number: 32334
Author(s): Long, Jane C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Dangerous Women: Observations on the Feast of Herod in Florentine Art of the Early Renaissance
Source: Renaissance Quarterly , 66., 4 ( 2013):  Pages 1153 - 1205.
Year of Publication: 2013.

4. Record Number: 35787
Author(s): Merxadrus, Barzella,
Contributor(s): Morris, W. S., trans.
Title : The Last Will and Testament of Barzella Merxadrus, December 9, 1219
Source: Crusade and Christendom: Annotated Documents in Translation from Innocent III to the Fall of Acre, 1187-1291.   Edited by Jessalyn Bird, Edward Peters, and James M. Powell .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 2013. Renaissance Quarterly , 66., 4 ( 2013):  Pages 439 - 442.
Year of Publication: 2013.

5. Record Number: 28920
Author(s): Clanchy, Michael
Contributor(s):
Title : Did Mothers Teach their Children to Read?
Source: Motherhood, Religion, and Society in Medieval Europe, 400-1400: Essays Presented to Henrietta Leyser.   Edited by Conrad Leyser and Lesley Smith. Church, Faith and Culture in the Medieval West .   Ashgate, 2011. Renaissance Quarterly , 66., 4 ( 2013):  Pages 129 - 153. Republished in Looking back from the Invention of Printing: Mothers and the Teaching of Reading in the Middle Ages. Michael Clanchy. Brepols, 2018. Pages 163-191.
Year of Publication: 2011.

6. Record Number: 33198
Author(s): Courtemanche, Andrée and Steven Bednarski
Contributor(s):
Title : "Sadly and with a Bitter Heart": What the Caesarean Section Meant in the Middle Ages
Source: Florilegium , 28., ( 2011):  Pages 33 - 69.
Year of Publication: 2011.

7. Record Number: 28350
Author(s):
Contributor(s): Gallagher, Eric James, translator
Title : Adam Bulloc and Margery his wife claim against Matilda who was the wife of Adam… [Item 1006 from Ely concerns the woman Matilda whose claim to land was challenged by Adam and Margery Bulloc from whom Matilda’s husband had held the acres in villeinage. Matilda as a widow responded that she had wardship over her son John who was underage. The couple would need to wait until John was an adult before suing him for the land. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: The Civil Pleas of the Suffolk Eyre of 1240.   Edited by Eric James Gallagher Suffolk Records Society, 52.   Boydell Press , 2009. Florilegium , 28., ( 2011):  Pages 208 - 208.
Year of Publication: 2009.

8. Record Number: 13675
Author(s): Sheridan, Maia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mothers and Sons: Emma of Normandy's Role in the English Succession Crisis, 1035-42 [The author examines Queen Emma's relationship with her sons as presented in the text "Encomium Emmae reginae." She commissioned the work to strengthen her sons' positions after King Cnut's death. Not surprisingly it criticized Cnut's illegitimate son, but it also responded to suspicions concerning Emma's involvement in her son Alfred's death. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies on Medieval and Early Modern Women 4: Victims or Viragos?   Edited by Christine Meek and Catherine Lawless .   Four Courts Press, 2005. Florilegium , 28., ( 2011):  Pages 39 - 48.
Year of Publication: 2005.

9. Record Number: 11064
Author(s): Leonardi, Claudio.
Contributor(s):
Title : La mariologia di Bernardo di Clairvaux nelle "Homeliae in laudibus verginis matris" [Bernard of Clairvaux focused, in his sermons on the Annunciation, on Mary's becoming holy. This precluded his believing in her Immaculate Conception. Mary's humility opened the way to her sanctification and for the virgin birth, just as that virtue opens the way for a Christian to become holy. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Figure poetiche e figure teologiche nella mariologia dei secoli XI e XII: Atti del II Convegno Mariologico della Fondazione Ezio Franceschini con la collaborazione della Biblioteca Palatina di Parma, Parma, 19-20 maggio 2000.   Edited by Clelia Maria Piastra and Francesco Santi .   SISMEL, 2004. Florilegium , 28., ( 2011):  Pages 129 - 134.
Year of Publication: 2004.

10. Record Number: 11528
Author(s): Rousseau, Constance M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Produced in Sin: Innocent III's rejectionof the Immaculate Conception [Like Bernard of Clairvaux, Innocent III venerated Mary without believing she was conceived free of Original Sin. Mary was the new Eve, sanctified in her mother's womb but still nourished by menstrual blood, an evidence of sin. Innocent believed Mary's being born in sin ensured Christ's being born with truly human flesh. She was born in sin but helped bring salvation, while Eve was born without sin but helped bring sin and death. Title note supplied by Feminae].
Source: Pope, Church and City: Essays in Honour of Brenda M. Bolton.   Edited by Frances Andrews, Christoph Egger and Constance M. Rousseau Medieval Mediterranean .   Brill, 2004. Florilegium , 28., ( 2011):  Pages 47 - 58.
Year of Publication: 2004.

11. Record Number: 15871
Author(s): Piatti, Pierantonio.
Contributor(s):
Title : Augustinianae mulieres: "Un problema storiografico: il "moveimento femminile agostiniano" nel Medioevo tra carisma ed istituzione [The Augustinian hermits, like the other mendicant orders, were mostly based in cities and towns. One of their roles was spiritual direction of pious women, both nuns and tertiaries. The hermits promoted the cult of Saint Monica, the mother of Augustine of Hippo. They also adapted the Rule of Augustine for use by women connected to the order. The hermits, however, issued few regulations for the care of these women. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Quaderni Medievali , 58., (dicembre 2004):  Pages 43 - 61.
Year of Publication: 2004.

12. Record Number: 7348
Author(s): Donovan, Leslie A.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Valkyrie Reflex in J.R.R. Tolkien's "The Lord of the Rings": Galadriel, Shelob, Eowyn and Arwen" [Much of J. R. R. Tolkien's work reflects his life-long interest in Germanic literatures. Heroic women of Germanic myth and legend can be found reflected, directly or indirectly, in Galadriel, Arwen and Eowyn. Shelob can be seen as their opposite. Certain aspects of the depiction of these characters are based on the valkyries, with their good and bad aspects in myth. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Tolkien the Medievalist.   Edited by Jane Chance .   Routledge, 2003. Speculum , 78., 4 (October 2003):  Pages 106 - 132.
Year of Publication: 2003.

13. Record Number: 8706
Author(s): de Trafford, Claire.
Contributor(s):
Title : Share and Share Alike? The Marriage Portion, Inheritance, and Family Politics [The author explores the use of the marriage portion or "maritagium" given by the bride's family, usually in the form of land or rents. Since wives had a say in the disposal of their "maritagia," it tended to increase their status in the family. Also there was an effort to provide for all children, including daughters, rather than the later emphasis on a sole male heir with primogeniture. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies on Medieval and Early Modern Women: Pawns or Players?   Edited by Christine Meek and Catherine Lawless .   Four Courts Press, 2003. Speculum , 78., 4 (October 2003):  Pages 36 - 48.
Year of Publication: 2003.

14. Record Number: 9515
Author(s): Bennett, Judith M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Writing Fornication: Medieval Leyrwite and Its Historians (Read 4 July 2002) [In the Appendix the author lists the printed editions of primary sources that she consulted. She also includes brief comments on the situation for south-western England (Devon and Cornwall), since leyrwite was exceptionally high in Cornwall.].
Source: Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. Sixth Series , 13., ( 2003):  Pages 131 - 162.
Year of Publication: 2003.

15. Record Number: 8068
Author(s): Sheingorn, Pamela.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Wise Mother : The Image of St.Anne Teaching the Virgin Mary [The author argues that medieval images of Saint Anne teaching the Virgin have been ignored by scholars. As a result both the importance of mothers as teachers and the prevalence of literacy among upper and middle class women has been downplayed. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Gendering the Master Narrative: Women and Power in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Mary C. Erler and Maryanne Kowaleski .   Cornell University Press, 2003. Quaderni Medievali , 58., (dicembre 2004):  Pages 105 - 134. This article was first published in Gesta (Full Text via JSTOR) 32, 1 (1993): 69-80. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2003.

16. Record Number: 11945
Author(s): Turner, Ralph V.
Contributor(s):
Title : Eleanor of Aquitaine in the Governments of Her Sons Richard and John
Source: Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady.   Edited by Bonnie Wheeler and John Carmi Parsons The New Middle Ages .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Quaderni Medievali , 58., (dicembre 2004):  Pages 77 - 95.
Year of Publication: 2003.

17. Record Number: 14554
Author(s): Shenton, Caroline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Philippa of Hainault's Churchings: The Politics of Motherhood at the Court of Edward III [The author argues that Philippa's numerous births and subsequent churchings were opportunities to celebrate the growing royal family which had experienced a difficult start. The humiliations of the regency were to be forgotten and the disappointing mother figure of Isabelle, Edward II's queen, was replaced by her son's devotion to the Virgin. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Family and Dynasty in Late Medieval England: Proceedings of the 1997 Harlaxton Symposium.   Edited by Richard Eales and Shaun Tyas Harlaxton medieval studies .   Shaun Tyas, 2003. Quaderni Medievali , 58., (dicembre 2004):  Pages 105 - 121.
Year of Publication: 2003.

18. Record Number: 11660
Author(s): Dutton, Elisabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Textual Disunities and Ambiguities of "mise-en-page" in the Manuscripts Containing "Book to a Mother" ["Book to a Mother" is a compilation text in which a son discusses prayers and various teachings of the Church. It is frequently accompanied by other devotional pieces in its four surviving manuscript copies. Dutton presents a brief codicological analysis of the four manuscripts emphasizing scribal practices in handling divisions within texts and separations between texts. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Journal of the Early Book Society for the Study of Manuscripts and Printing History , 6., ( 2003):  Pages 149 - 159.
Year of Publication: 2003.

19. Record Number: 11949
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Birth and Childhood of King John: Some Revisions
Source: Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady.   Edited by Bonnie Wheeler and John Carmi Parsons The New Middle Ages .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Journal of the Early Book Society for the Study of Manuscripts and Printing History , 6., ( 2003):  Pages 159 - 175.
Year of Publication: 2003.

20. Record Number: 11828
Author(s): Rawcliffe, Carole
Contributor(s):
Title : Women, Childbirth, and Religion in Later Medieval England [The author traces the means by which the church offered support and aid to women facing childbirth. Rawcliffe also accounts for varied responses provided by popular religion including saints, shrines, and charms. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women and Religion in Medieval England.   Edited by Diana Wood .   Oxbow Books, 2003. Journal of the Early Book Society for the Study of Manuscripts and Printing History , 6., ( 2003):  Pages 91 - 117.
Year of Publication: 2003.

21. Record Number: 11092
Author(s): Innes-Parker, Catherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Legacy of "Ancrene Wisse ": Translations, Adaptations, Influences, and Audience, with Special Attention to Women Readers [The author traces the adaptations and echoes of the "Ancrene Wisse" in fourteenth and fifteenth century vernacular devotional literature. In looking at manuscript ownership and wills, Innes-Parker finds circles of reading among religious and lay women. Surprisingly the most innovative texts quickly found their way into women's possession. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: A Companion to "Ancrene Wisse."   Edited by Yoko Wada .   D. S. Brewer, 2003. Journal of the Early Book Society for the Study of Manuscripts and Printing History , 6., ( 2003):  Pages 145 - 173.
Year of Publication: 2003.

22. Record Number: 9676
Author(s): Newman, Martha G.
Contributor(s):
Title : Real Men and Imaginary Women: Engelhard of Langheim Considers a Woman in Disguise [The author examines an exemplum written by the Cistercian monk Engelhard of Langheim concerning a monk at Schönau who at death was discovered to be a woman. Engelhard attempted to make her a model for male Cistercians but, unlike later narrators, he ignored the tradition of holy women and the new ideas connecting female weakness to divine strength. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Speculum , 78., 4 (October 2003):  Pages 1184 - 1213.
Year of Publication: 2003.

23. Record Number: 10981
Author(s): Stanton, Anne Rudloff.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Psalter of Isabelle, Queen of England 1308-1330: Isabelle as the Audience [The illustrated psalter was produced as a gift for the young queen sometime between her betrothal and marriage. It presents Biblical role models for the edification of the queen. Stanton argues that the psalter is particularly noteworthy for its emphasis on official, maternal roles and for its use of bilingual texts. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Word and Image , 18., 1 (January-March 2002):  Pages 1 - 27.
Year of Publication: 2002.

24. Record Number: 7250
Author(s): Golden, Judith K.
Contributor(s):
Title : Images of Instruction, Marie de Bretagne, and the Life of St. Eustace as Illustrated in British Library Ms. Egerton 745 [The author argues that Egerton 745 was commissioned by Marie de Bretagne, daughter of a duke of Brittany and granddaughter of a king and queen of England (hence the saints' lives included for two Breton saints and Edward the Confessor). She had the manuscript prepared for her son, choosing to emphasize role models, especially Saint Eustace, who were good husbands, fathers, and Christians. The Appendix lists and describes twenty-two works of art that represent the cycle of St. Eustace's life. Also included is a table that charts the various episodes represented in the twenty-two art works. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Insights and Interpretations: Studies in Celebrations of the Eighty-Fifth Anniversary of the Index of Christian Art.   Edited by Colum Hourihane .   Index of Christian Art, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University in association with Princeton University Press, 2002. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. Sixth Series , 13., ( 2003):  Pages 60 - 84.
Year of Publication: 2002.

25. Record Number: 7442
Author(s): Dockray-Miller, Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Maternal Performance of the Virgin Mary in the Old English "Advent"
Source: NWSA Journal , 14., 2 (Summer 2002):  Pages 38 - 55.
Year of Publication: 2002.

26. Record Number: 8880
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Theophylact of Ochrid's "In Defence of Eunuchs" [Theophylact, archbishop of Ochrid, wrote the polemical text for his brother, who was a eunuch. It consists of a pair of speeches, the first discussing the bad qualities of eunuchs and the second defending eunuchs at much greater length. A large part of his argument emphasizes the ascetic control that good eunuchs exercise in their pursuit of Christian virtues. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Eunuchs in Antiquity and Beyond.   Edited by Shaun Tougher .   Classical Press of Wales and Duckworth, 2002. NWSA Journal , 14., 2 (Summer 2002):  Pages 177 - 198.
Year of Publication: 2002.

27. Record Number: 8058
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Autobiography or Autohagioglraphy? Decoding the subtext in the "Visions" of Elisabeth of Schonau [The author provides a brief overview of Elisabeth's life and her writings. She discusses the influence that Elisabeth's brother Ekbert may have had on the written accounts of her visions. She also considers the themes of pain and suffering and the devil's temptations that feature prominently in Elisabeth's visions. Excepts follow from the Latin text and English translation of Elizabeth's vision. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Women Writing Latin from Roman Antiquity to Early Modern Europe. Volume 2: Medieval Women Writing Latin.   Edited by Laurie J. Churchill, Phyllis R. Brown, and Jane E. Jeffrey .   Routledge, 2002. NWSA Journal , 14., 2 (Summer 2002):  Pages 197 - 229.
Year of Publication: 2002.

28. Record Number: 8089
Author(s): Price, Merrall Llewelyn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Imperial Violence and the Monstrous Mother: Cannibalism at the Siege of Jerusalem [The author explores the popular tale of Maria of Jerusalem who ate her own infant during a siege of Jerusalem. The author is interested in her as both a double and opposite of the Virgin Mary whose son was also sacrificed. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Domestic Violence in Medieval Texts.   Edited by Eve Salisbury, Georgiana Donavin, and Merrall Llewelyn Price .   University Press of Florida, 2002. NWSA Journal , 14., 2 (Summer 2002):  Pages 272 - 298.
Year of Publication: 2002.

29. Record Number: 7271
Author(s): McCracken, Peggy.
Contributor(s):
Title : Engendering Sacrifice: Blood, Lineage, and Infanticide in Old French Literature [The author analyzes the theme of infanticide in Chretien de Troyes' "Philomena," "Ami et Amile," accounts of Abraham and Isaac, and "Jourdain de Blaye." The author argues that the child's death takes on a different meaning according to the gender of the sacrificer. When the father kills the child, the blood is paternal blood and represents a sacrifice for loyalty or for God. When the mother kills the child, the blood is maternal, associated with the impurities of childbirth, and is done only as an act of revenge. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Speculum , 77., 1 (January 2002):  Pages 55 - 75.
Year of Publication: 2002.

30. Record Number: 6614
Author(s): Rieder, Paula M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Insecure Borders: Symbols of Clerical Privilege and Gender Ambiguity in the Liturgy of Churching [The author argues that while churching recognized male superiority and clerical authority it also allowed for gender subversion with women invading holy places and repeatedly celebrating the rite in honor of their neighbors].
Source: The Material Culture of Sex, Procreation, and Marriage in Premodern Europe.   Edited by Anne L. McClanan and Karen Rosoff Encarnación .   Palgrave, 2002. Speculum , 77., 1 (January 2002):  Pages 93 - 113.
Year of Publication: 2002.

31. Record Number: 8511
Author(s): Curley, Michael J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Five Lecciones for the Feast of St. Nonita: A Text and its Context [Curley analyzes a set of liturgical lessons for the Welsh Saint Nonita, mother of Saint David. He argues that the author of the text adapted Rhigyfarch's "Vita Sancti David" (circa 1095) to emphasize the saint's mother's actions. The text cannot be dated but it was in circulation by 1458. The text as it comes down was copied by a fifteenth century antiquarian but is not complete. It is particularly valuable because most Welsh service books have not survived. The article concludes with the Latin text and an English translation. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Cambrian Medieval Celtic Studies , 43., (Summer 2002):  Pages 59 - 75.
Year of Publication: 2002.

32. Record Number: 9335
Author(s): Hafner, Susanne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Coward, Traitor, Landless Trojan: Æneas and the Politics of Sodomy [The author argues that the complaints against Æneas, as presented by the queen to her daughter Lavinia, center on the political rather than the sexual aspects of his preferences for men. Furthermore since Æneas abandoned Dido and refused to even leave her pregnant with his baby, the queen worries that her daughter will not have a child and the kingdom no future ruler. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Essays in Medieval Studies (Full Text via Project Muse) 19 (2002): 61-69. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2002.

33. Record Number: 11037
Author(s): Niebrzydowski, Sue.
Contributor(s):
Title : Monstrous (M)othering: The Representation of the Sowdanesse in Chaucer's "Man of Law Tale"
Source: Consuming Narrative: Gender and Monstrous Appetite in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.   Edited by Liz Herbert McAvoy and Teresa Walters .   University of Wales Press, 2002.  Pages 196 - 207.
Year of Publication: 2002.

34. Record Number: 5603
Author(s): Pike, David L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Le dreit enfer vus mosterruns: Marie de France's "Espurgatoire Seint Patriz"
Source: Viator , 32., ( 2001):  Pages 43 - 57.
Year of Publication: 2001.

35. Record Number: 13637
Author(s): Foehr- Janssens, Yasmina.
Contributor(s):
Title : Une Reine au désert: désolation et majesté dans "Berte as grans piés" d' Adenet le Roi [The author analyzes Adenet le Roi's presentation of the persecuted queen Berthe which draws on earlier chanson de geste scenes of suffering male heroes including Roland. While Berthe is betrayed, she displays the hallmarks of a holy woman including patience, mercy, chastity, and resolution. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: L' Épopée romane au moyen âge et aux temps modernes: Actes du XIVe Congrès International de la Société Rencesvals pour l' étude des épopées romanes: Naples, 24-30 juillet 1997. 2 volumes.   Edited by Salvatore Luongo .   Fridericiana Editrice Universitaria, 2001. Mediaeval Studies , 63., ( 2001):  Pages 229 - 245.
Year of Publication: 2001.

36. Record Number: 6748
Author(s): Kuehn, Thomas.
Contributor(s):
Title : Daughters, Mothers, Wives, and Widows: Women as Legal Persons [The author traces women's legal agency across the life span; each phase had its limits even widowhood in which many women had to struggle for the return of their dowry or accept remarriage at their natal family's behest].
Source: Time, Space, and Women's Lives in Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Anne Jackson Schutte, Thomas Kuehn, and Silvana Seidel Menchi Sixteenth Century Essays and Studies, 57.   Truman State University Press, 2001. Viator , 32., ( 2001):  Pages 97 - 115.
Year of Publication: 2001.

37. Record Number: 11152
Author(s): Hill, Thomas D.
Contributor(s):
Title : Haliurunnas, Helrunan, and the History of Grendel's Mother
Source: Old English Newsletter , 34., 3 (Spring 2001): Appendix A: Abstracts of Papers in Anglo-Saxon Studies. Conference paper presented at the Thirty-Sixth International Congress on Medieval Studies, the Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University, May 3-6, 2001, Nineteenth Symposium on the Sources of A
Year of Publication: 2001.

38. Record Number: 6926
Author(s): Rasmussen, Ann Marie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Fathers to Think Back Through: The Middle High German Mother-Daughter and Father-Son Advice Poems known as "Die Winsbeckin" and "Der Winsbecke" ["In particular, the essay examines the 'enabling' notions of authenticity, authorship, and paternal authority that shaped scholarship on the poems from 1845 to 1985. The trope of a father instructing his son furnished a productive framework for the overwhelmingly male professional caste of nineteenth- and twentieth-century scholars to 'think back through,' I will argue, as they constructed notions of conduct literature that privileged a version of paternal, secular authority and that rested at times on a nostalgic belief that didactic literature was imbued with an authentic connection to lived medieval experience." p. 109].
Source: Medieval Conduct.   Edited by Kathleen Ashley and Robert L. A. Clark .   Medieval Cultures, Volume 29. University of Minnesota Press, 2001. Old English Newsletter , 34., 3 (Spring 2001):  Pages 106 - 134.
Year of Publication: 2001.

39. Record Number: 11153
Author(s): Dockray-Miller, Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : Maternity and Performance: Mary in the Old English "Advent"
Source: Old English Newsletter , 34., 3 (Spring 2001): Appendix A: Abstracts of Papers in Anglo-Saxon Studies. Conference paper presented at the Thirty-Sixth International Congress on Medieval Studies, the Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University, May 3-6, 2001, Nineteenth Symposium on the Sources of A
Year of Publication: 2001.

40. Record Number: 5784
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Men, Women, and Miracles in Normandy, 1050- 1150 [the author argues that the representation of women in Norman miracle reports is surprisingly positive; women's testimony is recorded (when men are unavailable) and their tender care of children is emphasized; the author suggests that the monk-authors of the "miracula" were not misogynists and had contact with women, both in the monastery and in the secular world].
Source: Medieval Memories: Men, Women, and the Past, 700-1300.   Edited by Elisabeth van Houts .   Women and Men in History Series. Longman, 2001. Old English Newsletter , 34., 3 (Spring 2001):  Pages 53 - 71.
Year of Publication: 2001.

41. Record Number: 6744
Author(s): Hodgson, Natasha
Contributor(s):
Title : The Role of Kerbogha's Mother in the "Gesta Francorum" and Selected Chronicles of the First Crusade [The author argues for more scholarly attention on Kerbogha's mother, presented as an educated, loving mother who warns her warrior son of the Christians' sure victory. This character in the "Gesta Francorum" presents evidence of the author's intentions and provides an interesting study of views on women and motherhood. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Gendering the Crusades.   Edited by Susan B. Edgington and Sarah Lambert .   University of Wales Press, 2001. Old English Newsletter , 34., 3 (Spring 2001):  Pages 163 - 176.
Year of Publication: 2001.

42. Record Number: 8844
Author(s): Stafford, Pauline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Review Article: Parents and Children in the Early Middle Ages [The author considers recent scholarship on parenting and children while discussing the books by Katrien Heene ("The Legacy of Paradise: Marriage, Motherhood, and Women in Carolingian Edifying Literature"), Sally Crawford ("Children in Anglo-Saxon England"), and the translation of Dhuoda's "Handbook" by Marcelle Thiébaux ("Handboook for her Warrior Son"). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Early Medieval Europe , 10., 2 ( 2001):  Pages 257 - 271.
Year of Publication: 2001.

43. Record Number: 7907
Author(s): Burns, E. Jane.
Contributor(s):
Title : Raping Men: What's Motherhood Got to Do with It?
Source: Representing Rape in Medieval and Early Modern Literature.   Edited by Elizabeth Robertson and Christine M. Rose .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001. Early Medieval Europe , 10., 2 ( 2001):  Pages 127 - 160.
Year of Publication: 2001.

44. Record Number: 6495
Author(s): Graff, Eric.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Neglected Episode in the Prehistory of Syon Abbey: The Letter of Katillus Thornberni in Uppsala University Library Pappersbrev 1410-1420 [Katillus, a Brigittine brother from Sweden, was brought over to England to help establish the order in the British Isles by converting the hospital of St. Nicholas outside of York into a Brigittine abbey with female and male houses].
Source: Mediaeval Studies , 63., ( 2001):  Pages 323 - 336.
Year of Publication: 2001.

45. Record Number: 4467
Author(s): Menuge, Noël James.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Few Home Truths: The Medieval Mother as Guardian in Romance and Law [The author examines the roles of mothers and step-mothers in legal treatises and wardship romances; both genres favor the interests of a patrilineal, primogenitive feudal society by showing family members as untrustworthy and only the lord as reliable].
Source: Medieval Women and the Law.   Edited by Noël James Menuge .   Boydell Press, 2000. Magistra , 6., 2 (Winter 2000):  Pages 77 - 103.
Year of Publication: 2000.

46. Record Number: 4584
Author(s): Lybarger, Loren D.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender and Prophetic Authority in the Qur'anic Story of Maryam: A Literary Approach
Source: Journal of Religion (Full Text via JSTOR) 80, 2 (April 2000): 240-270. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2000.

47. Record Number: 4675
Author(s): Pasztor, Edith.
Contributor(s):
Title : Angela da Foligno [The visions of Angela of Foligno are mediated through both her words in the vernacular and the Latin words of Brother Arnold. Both were aware of the limits of words to describe her experiences. Angela's visions, like those of other Umbrian women, focus particularly on the Passion of Jesus, but she also saw herself holding the Christ Child. Her Marian visions, unlike those of Clare of Montefalco, emphasize Mary's poverty and humility].
Source: Donne e sante: Studi sulla religiosità femminile nel Medio Evo. Edith Pasztor .   Edizioni Studium, 2000.  Pages 275 - 302. Originally published as "Le visioni di Angela da Foligno nella religiosità femminile italiana del suo tempo," in Atti del Convegno di studi per il VII Centenario della conversione della B. Angela da Foligno (1285- 1985) (Perugia, 1987), 287-311.
Year of Publication: 2000.

48. Record Number: 4579
Author(s): Hopenwasser, Nanda and Signe Wegener
Contributor(s):
Title : Vox Matris: The Influence of St. Birgitta's "Revelations" on "The Book of Margery Kempe": St. Birgitta and Margery Kempe as Wives and Mothers
Source: Crossing the Bridge: Comparative Essays on Medieval European and Heian Japanese Women Writers.   Edited by Barbara Stevenson and Cynthia Ho .   Palgrave, 2000. Mediaeval Studies , 63., ( 2001):  Pages 61 - 85.
Year of Publication: 2000.

49. Record Number: 4498
Author(s): Gouma-Peterson, Thalia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender and Power: Passages to the Maternal in Anna Komnene's "Alexiad"
Source: Full-text of the Alexiad in English (from the Medieval Sourcebook)
Year of Publication: 2000.

50. Record Number: 4497
Author(s): Reinsch, Diether R.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women's Literature in Byzantium? The Case of Anna Komnene [The author examines Anna's portrayal of powerful women who were actively involved in politics (Anna Dalassena, Irene Doukaina, Maria of Alania, and Anna Komnena herself)].
Source: Full-text of the Alexiad in English (from the Medieval Sourcebook)
Year of Publication: 2000.

51. Record Number: 10122
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Consequential Actions/ Marginality and Perversion: Breaking the Man-Monster Binary in "Beowulf"
Source: Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000): Paper presented at the Thirty-Fifth International Congress on Medieval Studies, The Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University, May 4-7, 2000, Session 347: "Beowulf I."
Year of Publication: 2000.

52. Record Number: 5041
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Matristics: Female Godlanguage in the Middle Ages [The author examines the work of Hildegard of Bingen, Bridget of Sweden, and Julian of Norwich to reshape the understanding of divinity away from a male-centered deity toward a more holistic image of God].
Source: Revue d'Histoire Ecclésiastique , 95., 3 (juillet-septembre 2000):  Pages 343 - 362.
Year of Publication: 2000.

53. Record Number: 5386
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Julian and the Mystery of Redemption: Those Who Wish to Understand in Depth Julian of Norwich's [because the author died after submitting the article, she did not get to do a final check of the text].
Source: Studies in Spirituality , 10., ( 2000):  Pages 205 - 227.
Year of Publication: 2000.

54. Record Number: 4581
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Romantic Entreaty in "The Kagero Diary" and "The Letters of Abelard and Heloise" [The author compares the requests of two women to renew contact with their lovers; they are both constrained by social expectations but use rhetoric to be both loving and wronged].
Source: Crossing the Bridge: Comparative Essays on Medieval European and Heian Japanese Women Writers.   Edited by Barbara Stevenson and Cynthia Ho .   Palgrave, 2000. Studies in Spirituality , 10., ( 2000):  Pages 117 - 132.
Year of Publication: 2000.

55. Record Number: 4135
Author(s): Lawless, Catherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Widow of God? St. Anne and Representations of Widowhood in Fifteenth-century Florence
Source: Women in Renaissance and Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Christine Meek .   Four Courts Press, 2000. Studies in Spirituality , 10., ( 2000):  Pages 15 - 42.
Year of Publication: 2000.

56. Record Number: 5360
Author(s): Connor, Carolyn L.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Sense of Family: Monastic Portraits in the Lincoln College Typikon
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 26., ( 2000):  Pages 107 - 108.
Year of Publication: 2000.

57. Record Number: 10121
Author(s): Trilling, Renée R.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Monster's Mother: Maternity, Femininity and Alterity in "Beowulf"
Source: Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000): Paper presented at the Thirty-Fifth International Congress on Medieval Studies, The Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University, May 4-7, 2000, Session 347: "Beowulf I."
Year of Publication: 2000.

58. Record Number: 10123
Author(s): Peach, Bridget.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Suppression of the Powerful, Avenging Woman in "Beowulf": Beowulf's Encounter with Grendel's Mother
Source: Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000): Paper presented at the Thirty-Fifth International Congress on Medieval Studies, The Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University, May 4-7, 2000, Session 347: "Beowulf I."
Year of Publication: 2000.

59. Record Number: 5392
Author(s): Doglio, Maria Luisa.
Contributor(s):
Title : Letter Writing, 1350-1650 [The author gives a brief profile of a handful of women letter writers including St. Catherine of Siena and Alessandra Strozzi for the Middle Ages].
Source: A History of Women's Writing in Italy.   Edited by Letizia Panizza and Sharon Wood .   Cambridge University Press, 2000. Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000):  Pages 13 - 24.
Year of Publication: 2000.

60. Record Number: 4840
Author(s): Barratt, Alexandra.
Contributor(s):
Title : Infancy and Education in the Writings of Gertrud the Great of Helfta
Source: Magistra , 6., 2 (Winter 2000):  Pages 5 - 30.
Year of Publication: 2000.

61. Record Number: 4811
Author(s): Watson, Nicholas.
Contributor(s):
Title : Fashioning the Puritan Gentry-Woman's Devotion and Dissent in "Book to a Mother" [The author argues that the son who wrote a devotional text for his mother was a priest or friar who was angry about the corruption in the Church; he joined the worlds of devotion and religious dissent together].
Source: Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts in Late Medieval Britain. Essays for Felicity Riddy.   Edited by Jocelyn Wogan-Browne, Rosalynn Voaden, Arlyn Diamond, Ann Hutchison, Carol M. Meale, and Lesley Johnson Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts .   Brepols, 2000. Magistra , 6., 2 (Winter 2000):  Pages 169 - 184.
Year of Publication: 2000.

62. Record Number: 4368
Author(s): Edwards, Cyril.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mothers' Boys and Mothers' Girls in the Pastourelle: Oswald von Wolkenstein, "Frölich so wil Ich aber singen" (KL.79) [The author argues that the humor of Oswald's pastourelle comes from parody, social and gender role reversals, and the lady's snobbery].
Source: Forum for Modern Language Studies , 35., 1 ( 1999):  Pages 70 - 80.
Year of Publication: 1999.

63. Record Number: 5349
Author(s): Viscuso, Patrick.
Contributor(s):
Title : Vampires, Not Mothers: The Living Dead in the Canonical Responses of Ioasaph of Ephesos
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 25., ( 1999):  Pages 11 - 12.
Year of Publication: 1999.

64. Record Number: 5655
Author(s): Zaccaria, Raffaella Maria.
Contributor(s):
Title : Documenti e ipotesi sulla madre di Giulio de' Medici [when Giuliano de' Medici was murdered in the Pazzi Conspiracy, he left an illegitimate son, Giulio, the future Pope Clement VII; we cannot accurately identify his mother, variously mentioned as Fioretta Gorini or Fioretta del Cittadino in our sources; we do know that Lorenzo de' Medici raised this nephew with his own children; Lorenzo's son, Leo X, invented a marriage between Giulio's parents when making his cousin a cardinal].
Source: Interpres: Rivista di Studi Quattrocenteschi , 18., ( 1999):  Pages 234 - 243. Reprinted in Raffaella Maria Zaccaria, Studi sulla trasmissione archivistica: secoli XV-XVI. Conte Editore, 2002. Pages 219-226.
Year of Publication: 1999.

65. Record Number: 5820
Author(s): Guzzetti, Linda.
Contributor(s):
Title : Donne e scrittura a Venezia nel tardo trecento [Remarkably few personal documents from Venice survive from before the 16th century nor was the Venetian vernacular a developed literary tongue; consequently we have very little material written by Venetian women; Cataruza da Pesaro, however, has left us letters to her brother-in-law; other signs of literacy include legacies of books and a handful of autograph wills].
Source: Archivio Veneto Series V , 187., 130 ( 1999):  Pages 5 - 31.
Year of Publication: 1999.

66. Record Number: 4319
Author(s): Hopenwasser, Nanda and Signe Wegener
Contributor(s):
Title : Mother Always Knows Best: A Personal Appropriation of the Fictional St. Birgitta's and Margery Kempe's Ideas about Motherhood [presented as a play set in heaven].
Source: Medieval Feminist Forum , 28., (Fall 1999):  Pages 21 - 27.
Year of Publication: 1999.

67. Record Number: 5298
Author(s): Levin, William R.
Contributor(s):
Title : Lost Children, a Working Mother, and the Progress of an Artist at the Florentine Misericordia in the Trecento [The author explores Ambrogio di Baldese's connections with the Misericordia confraternity and its shelter for abandoned children; Ambrogio's mother, Santina, had cared for the children before her son took over the responsibility].
Source: Publications of the Medieval Association of the Midwest , 6., ( 1999):  Pages 34 - 84.
Year of Publication: 1999.

68. Record Number: 7356
Author(s): Malamut, Élisabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Une Femme politique d'exception à la fin du XIe siècle: Anne Dalassène [The author argues that Anna Dalassena exercised real power for close to thirteen years when she ruled during her emperor-son's absences with his full support. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Femmes et pouvoirs des femmes à Byzance et en Occident (VIe -XIe siècles). Colloque international organisé les 28, 29 et 30 mars 1996 à Bruxelles et Villeneuve d'Ascq.   Edited by Stéphane Lebecq, Alain Dierkens, Régine Le Jan, and Jean-Marie Sansterre .   Centre de Recherche sur l'Histoire de l'Europe du Nord-Ouest, Université Charles de Gaulle-Lille 3, 1999. Publications of the Medieval Association of the Midwest , 6., ( 1999):  Pages 103 - 120.
Year of Publication: 1999.

69. Record Number: 3542
Author(s): Hale, Rosemary Drage.
Contributor(s):
Title : Rocking the Cradle: Margaretha Ebner (Be)Holds the Divine [The author explores fourteenth century Dominican convent literature in which the nuns assumed the role of Mary and engaged in a tactile relationship with a figure or image of Christ].
Source: Performance and Transformation: New Approaches to Late Medieval Spirituality.   Edited by Mary A. Suydam and Joanna E. Ziegler .   St. Martin's Press, 1999. Publications of the Medieval Association of the Midwest , 6., ( 1999):  Pages 211 - 239.
Year of Publication: 1999.

70. Record Number: 3171
Author(s): Stuard, Susan Mosher.
Contributor(s):
Title : Single by Law and Custom [Mediterranean women slaves might be mothers and wives but they remained single].
Source: Singlewomen in the European Past, 1250-1800.   Edited by Judith M. Bennett and Amy M. Froide .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999. Publications of the Medieval Association of the Midwest , 6., ( 1999):  Pages 106 - 126.
Year of Publication: 1999.

71. Record Number: 7355
Author(s): Herrin, Judith
Contributor(s):
Title : L'Enseignement maternel à Byzance [The author argues that mothers passed on a special training to their children. This oral tradition is largely lost, but some evidence survives in written texts, especially hagiographies in which widows raise their young children either for successful marriage or for the monastic life. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Femmes et pouvoirs des femmes à Byzance et en Occident (VIe -XIe siècles). Colloque international organisé les 28, 29 et 30 mars 1996 à Bruxelles et Villeneuve d'Ascq.   Edited by Stéphane Lebecq, Alain Dierkens, Régine Le Jan, and Jean-Marie Sansterre .   Centre de Recherche sur l'Histoire de l'Europe du Nord-Ouest, Université Charles de Gaulle-Lille 3, 1999. Publications of the Medieval Association of the Midwest , 6., ( 1999):  Pages 91 - 102.
Year of Publication: 1999.

72. Record Number: 3650
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Jean Gerson and Traumas of Masculine Affectivity and Sexuality [The author explores Gerson's relationship with his two younger brothers, his friendship with Pierre d'Ailly, and his emphasis on sexual temptation].
Source: Conflicted Identities and Multiple Masculinities: Men in the Medieval West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray .   Garland Medieval Casebooks, volume 25. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, volume 2078. Garland Publishing, 1999. Publications of the Medieval Association of the Midwest , 6., ( 1999):  Pages 45 - 72.
Year of Publication: 1999.

73. Record Number: 3806
Author(s): Byrne, Joseph P. and Eleanor A. Congdon
Contributor(s):
Title : Mothering in the Casa Datini
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 25., 1 (March 1999):  Pages 35 - 56.
Year of Publication: 1999.

74. Record Number: 7354
Author(s): Santinelli, Emmanuelle.
Contributor(s):
Title : La Veuve du prince au tournant de l'an mil: l'exemple de Berthe de Bourgogne [Berthe, the widow of the count of Blois, preserved her children's inheritance, the author argues, in a shrewd move by marrying the King of France. Though censured by the Church, Berthe was in all other ways an exemplary widow: preserving the "memoria" of her first husband, giving generously to monasteries, and ruling until her son came of age. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Femmes et pouvoirs des femmes à Byzance et en Occident (VIe -XIe siècles). Colloque international organisé les 28, 29 et 30 mars 1996 à Bruxelles et Villeneuve d'Ascq.   Edited by Stéphane Lebecq, Alain Dierkens, Régine Le Jan, and Jean-Marie Sansterre .   Centre de Recherche sur l'Histoire de l'Europe du Nord-Ouest, Université Charles de Gaulle-Lille 3, 1999. Publications of the Medieval Association of the Midwest , 6., ( 1999):  Pages 75 - 89.
Year of Publication: 1999.

75. Record Number: 4382
Author(s): Mulder-Bakker, Anneke B.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Prime of Their Lives: Women and Age, Wisdom, and Religious Careers in Northern Europe [The author argues that older women took on leadership roles in religion, with prophecy, visions, teaching, and life as anchoresses].
Source: New Trends in Feminine Spirituality: The Holy Women of Liège and Their Impact.   Edited by Juliette Dor, Lesley Johnson, and Jocelyn Wogan-Browne Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts, 2.   Brepols, 1999. Publications of the Medieval Association of the Midwest , 6., ( 1999):  Pages 215 - 236.
Year of Publication: 1999.

76. Record Number: 4313
Author(s): Coletti, Theresa.
Contributor(s):
Title : Genealogy, Sexuality, and Sacred Power: The Saint Anne Dedication of the Digby "Candlemas Day and the Killing of the Children of Israel"
Source: Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies , 29., 1 (Winter 1999):  Pages 25 - 59.
Year of Publication: 1999.

77. Record Number: 3547
Author(s): Clark, Anne L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Holy Woman or Unworthy Vessel? The Representations of Elisabeth of Schšnau [The author explores the relationship between Elisabeth and her brother Ekbert who managed the publication of her visions; he preferred to downplay her piety while Elisabeth emphasized her prophetic role].
Source: Gendered Voices: Medieval Saints and Their Interpreters.   Edited by Catherine M. Mooney .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999. Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies , 29., 1 (Winter 1999):  Pages 16 - 34.
Year of Publication: 1999.

78. Record Number: 4315
Author(s): Spearing, A. C.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Subtext of "Patience": God as Mother and the Whale's Belly [The author argues that God's loving patience is figured as motherhood ; the belly of the whale suggests the darker and more disgusting aspects of the mother's womb]
Source: Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies , 29., 2 (Spring 1999):  Pages 293 - 323.
Year of Publication: 1999.

79. Record Number: 4376
Author(s): Barratt, Alexandra.
Contributor(s):
Title : Undutiful Daughters and Metaphorical Mothers Among the Beguines [the author examines the family relationships and the mothering that beguines did as adults; women discussed include Margaret of Ieper, Lutgard of Aywieres, Marie d'Oignies, Juliana of Mont-Cornillon, Christina the Astonishing, and Elizabeth of Spalbeek; the author provides in an appendix a short life of Marian Baouardy, a nineteenth century carmelite saint, whose spirituality was marked by the paranormal].
Source: New Trends in Feminine Spirituality: The Holy Women of Liège and Their Impact.   Edited by Juliette Dor, Lesley Johnson, and Jocelyn Wogan-Browne Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts, 2.   Brepols, 1999. Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies , 29., 2 (Spring 1999):  Pages 81 - 104.
Year of Publication: 1999.

80. Record Number: 5047
Author(s): McAvoy, Liz Herbert.
Contributor(s):
Title : Spiritual Virgin to Virgin Mother: The Confessions of Margery Kempe [The author argues that Margery's struggle to relinquish her sexuality and motherhood paradoxically gives her models for framing her spirituality].
Source: Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies, New Series , 17., 1 (July 1999):  Pages 9 - 44.
Year of Publication: 1999.

81. Record Number: 5554
Author(s): Zanoboni, Maria Paola
Contributor(s):
Title : O Ribaldo prevosto... Pedofilia nella Milano Quattrocentesca [evidence for pedophilia in the Middle Ages is scarce before the fifteenth century; the evidence from Milan is scattered but the surviving material includes complaints about violent assaults on children, some done by clerics; in an appendix the author presents the Latin text of documents from a notary in 1469 dealing with apparent cases of pedophilia].
Source: Archivio Storico Lombardo. Twelfth Series , 124., ( 1998- 1999):  Pages 535 - 544.
Year of Publication: 1998- 1999.

82. Record Number: 3250
Author(s): Aström, Berit.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Creation of the Anglo-Saxon Woman [brief study of three cases in which scholars have minimized or misinterpreted the role of Anglo-Saxon women: Grendel's mother, the "Wife's Lament," and the excavation of two women in an Anglo-Saxon cemetery, one of whom may have been raped].
Source: Studia Neophilologica , 70., 1 ( 1998):  Pages 25 - 34.
Year of Publication: 1998.

83. Record Number: 3398
Author(s): Giladi, Avner.
Contributor(s):
Title : Breast-Feeding in Medieval Islamic Thought: a Preliminary Study of Legal and Medical Writings
Source: Journal of Family History , 23., 2 (April 1998):  Pages 107 - 123.
Year of Publication: 1998.

84. Record Number: 4619
Author(s): Klapisch-Zuber, Christiane.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Cruel Mother": Maternity, Widowhood, and Dowry in Florence in the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries [The author examines the plight of widows who were frequently forced to remarry by their natal families and leave their children behind with the first husbands' kin].
Source: Debating the Middle Ages: Issues and Readings.   Edited by Lester K. Little and Barbara H. Rosenwein .   Blackwell Publishers, 1998. Journal of Family History , 23., 2 (April 1998):  Pages 264 - 276. Originally published in Women, Family, and Ritual in Renaissance Italy. University of Chicago Press, 1985. Pages 117-131. Also reprinted in Feminism and Renaissance Studies. Edited by Lorna Hutson. Oxford Reading in Feminism series. Oxford University Pres
Year of Publication: 1998.

85. Record Number: 3251
Author(s): Dockray-Miller, Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : Female Community in the Old English "Judith" [as a maternal figure Judith forms a bond with her maid and metaphorical daughter to work together for protection].
Source: Studia Neophilologica , 70., 2 ( 1998):  Pages 165 - 172.
Year of Publication: 1998.

86. Record Number: 4825
Author(s): Swabey, ffiona.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Letter Book of Alice de Bryene and Alice de Sutton's List of Debts [the author analyzes eight letters written to Alice de Bryene, commenting on the familial and administrative duties Alice undertook; her grandmother, Alice de Sutton, serves as an example of irresponsible management because she hadn't paid her husband's legacies thirty years after his death; the appendices reproduce the texts of the eight letters in French and the list of debts in Latin].
Source: Nottingham Medieval Studies , 42., ( 1998):  Pages 121 - 145.
Year of Publication: 1998.

87. Record Number: 3611
Author(s): Hala, James.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Parturition of Poetry and the Birthing of Culture: The Ides Aglaecwif and Beowulf [an analysis of Grendel's mother].
Source: Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 10., 1 (Spring 1998):  Pages 29 - 50.
Year of Publication: 1998.

88. Record Number: 4296
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Jewish Mother-in-Law: Synagoga and the "Man of Law's Tale" [The author suggests that Custance's mothers-in-law bring to mind Hildegard's figure of Synagoga].
Source: Hildegard of Bingen: A book of Essays.   Edited by Maud Burnett McInerney .   Garland Publishing, 1998. Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 10., 1 (Spring 1998):  Pages 191 - 226.
Year of Publication: 1998.

89. Record Number: 3570
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Many Faces in Dhuoda's Mirror: The "Liber Manualis" and a Century of Scholarship [explores the wide range of scholarly opinion in the last century concerning Dhuoda's writing skills, knowledge of politics, role as an educator, degree of agency, and importance as a spiritual guide].
Source: Magistra , 4., 2 (Winter 1998):  Pages 89 - 134.
Year of Publication: 1998.

90. Record Number: 2964
Author(s): Bériou, Nicole.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Right of Women to Give Religious Instruction in the Thirteenth Century [religious instruction ranges from mothers teaching the "credo" to their children to female mystics speaking about God].
Source: Women Preachers and Prophets Through Two Millennia of Christianity.   Edited by Beverly Mayne Kienzle and Pamela J. Walker .   University of California Press, 1998. Magistra , 4., 2 (Winter 1998):  Pages 134 - 145.
Year of Publication: 1998.

91. Record Number: 3109
Author(s): Warren, Nancy Bradley.
Contributor(s):
Title : Pregnancy and Productivity: The Imagery of Female Monasticism Within and Beyond the Cloister Walls [drawing on the exemplum of the Pregnant Abbess and the didactic work, "Book to a Mother, " the author argues that they strive to control women's productivity and regulate women's use of property; the Brigittine Order provides a counter example which encourages women's productivity, values women's work, and legitimates women's rights to control material resources]
Source: Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies , 28., 3 (Fall 1998):  Pages 531 - 552.
Year of Publication: 1998.

92. Record Number: 3077
Author(s): Sullivan, Joseph M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Brother Hermann's "Iolande": A Tale of Ideal Female Spirituality
Source: Monatshefte , 90., 2 (Summer 1998):  Pages 161 - 175.
Year of Publication: 1998.

93. Record Number: 3068
Author(s): McAvoy, Liz Herbert.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Moders Service: Motherhood as Matrix in Julian of Norwich [argues that Julian's perception of motherhood became the matrix out of which she fashioned an imagery connected with female biology and developed her unique insight into God's love].
Source: Mystics Quarterly , 24., 4 (December 1998):  Pages 181 - 197.
Year of Publication: 1998.

94. Record Number: 3612
Author(s): Lionarons, Joyce Tally.
Contributor(s):
Title : Cultural Syncretism and the Construction of Gender in Cynewulf's "Elene" [The author cites instances of gender category inversions; for example, Elene acts as a mother and spiritual mother while she takes on a masculine role using physical force to make Judas convert].
Source: Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 10., 1 (Spring 1998):  Pages 51 - 68.
Year of Publication: 1998.

95. Record Number: 3510
Author(s): Bradley, Ritamary.
Contributor(s):
Title : Julian of Norwich: Everyone's Mystic
Source: Mysticism and Spirituality in Medieval England.   Edited by William F. Pollard and Robert Boenig .   D.S. Brewer, 1997. Women's History Review , 6., 3 ( 1997):  Pages 139 - 158.
Year of Publication: 1997.

96. Record Number: 6667
Author(s): Kent, Francis W.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sainted Mother, Magnificent Son: Lucrezia Tornabuoni and Lorenzo de' Medici
Source: Italian History and Culture , 3., ( 1997):  Pages 3 - 34.
Year of Publication: 1997.

97. Record Number: 2505
Author(s): McAvoy, Liz Herbert.
Contributor(s):
Title : Motherhood: The Book of Margery Kempe
Source: Medieval Feminist Newsletter , 24., (Fall 1997):  Pages 23 - 26.
Year of Publication: 1997.

98. Record Number: 2503
Author(s): Dockray-Miller, Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : Maternal Reflections on Gender and Medievalism
Source: Medieval Feminist Newsletter , 24., (Fall 1997):  Pages 17 - 20.
Year of Publication: 1997.

99. Record Number: 2507
Author(s): Stottlemyer, Ronald.
Contributor(s):
Title : Birgitta of Sweden and the Divine Mysteries of Motherhood [discussion of her theology of motherhood that was based on her vision of Mary giving birth to the baby Jesus].
Source: Medieval Feminist Newsletter , 24., (Fall 1997):  Pages 31 - 37.
Year of Publication: 1997.

100. Record Number: 2667
Author(s): McNamer, Sarah.
Contributor(s):
Title : Dhuoda's "Handbook for William" and the Mother's Manual Tradition
Source: Listening to Their Voices: The Rhetorical Activities of Historical Women.   Edited by Molly Meijer Wertheimer .   University of South Carolina Press, 1997. Medieval Feminist Newsletter , 24., (Fall 1997):  Pages 177 - 198.
Year of Publication: 1997.

101. Record Number: 1968
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Chaucer's "St. Anne Trinity" : Devotion, Dynasty, Dogma, and Debate [cults and literary allusions toSaint Anne, her daughter, the Virgin Mary, and her grandson, Jesus Christ ; the author relates them to religious and social issues including the debate over the Immaculate Conception, the sanctity and worth of marriage, and the new model of the mother as saint].
Source: Studies in Philology , 94., 4 (Fall 1997):  Pages 395 - 416.
Year of Publication: 1997.

102. Record Number: 2908
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : To See and to Know...: Female Gazing in Julian of Norwich's "Showings"
Source: Magistra , 3., 1 (Summer 1997):  Pages 3 - 31.
Year of Publication: 1997.

103. Record Number: 2643
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Late Medieval Care and Control of Women: Jean Gerson and His Sisters [Gerson wrote a series of letters and treatises for his six sisters in which he outlined a life devoted to virginity and to prayer in the family home; he specifically told them not to join a religious house for women; texts by Gerson discussed in the article are: "Sept enseignements et autres extraits du Traité sur l'excellence de la virginité" (after 1395), "Neuf considerations" (late 1390s), "Montaigne de contemplation" (1399 or 1400), "Onze ordonnances" (after June 1401), and "Dialogue spirituel" (1407 or 1408)].
Source: Revue d'Histoire Ecclésiastique , 92., 1 (janvier-mars 1997):  Pages 5 - 37.
Year of Publication: 1997.

104. Record Number: 2504
Author(s): Hovland, Deborah.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mothers and Fathers in the Early French Farce
Source: Medieval Feminist Newsletter , 24., (Fall 1997):  Pages 20 - 23.
Year of Publication: 1997.

105. Record Number: 7952
Author(s): Zilio-Grandi, Ida.
Contributor(s):
Title : La Vierge Marie dans le Coran
Source: Revue de l'Histoire des Religions , 214., 1 (janvier-mars 1997):  Pages 57 - 103.
Year of Publication: 1997.

106. Record Number: 20792
Author(s): Rittey, Joanne
Contributor(s):
Title : Woman as Vessel in the Joseph d' Arimathie
Source: Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies , 15., 1 ( 1997):  Pages 101 - 116.
Year of Publication: 1997.

107. Record Number: 1597
Author(s): Stanton, Anne Rudloff.
Contributor(s):
Title : From Eve to Bathsheba and Beyond: Motherhood in the Queen Mary Psalter [discussion of the many strong mothers portrayed in the manuscript ; in the Old Testament preface there are illustrations of Eve, Sarah, Hagar, Rebecca, Rachel, Hannah, and Bathsheba; in the New Testament illustrations of the Psalms there are illustrations of the Virgin Mary and the mothers of such saints as Thomas Becket and Nicholas of Myra].
Source: Women and the Book: Assessing the Visual Evidence.   Edited by Lesley Smith and Jane H.M. Taylor .   British Library and University of Toronto Press, 1997. Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies , 15., 1 ( 1997):  Pages 172 - 189.
Year of Publication: 1997.

108. Record Number: 2578
Author(s): Lawson, Richard H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Some Prominent Linguistic Characteristics of Brother Hermann's "Leben der Gräfin Iolande von Vianden"
Source: American Journal of Germanic Linguistics and Literatures , 9., 1 ( 1997):  Pages 73 - 81.
Year of Publication: 1997.

109. Record Number: 1973
Author(s): Innes-Parker, Catherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Subversion and Conformity in Julian's "Revelation": Authority, Vision, and the Motherhood of God [in part compares images of motherhood in Julian with those in "Ancrene Wisse" and "The Chastising of God's Children"].
Source: Mystics Quarterly , 23., 2 (June 1997):  Pages 7 - 35.
Year of Publication: 1997.

110. Record Number: 2335
Author(s): Skinner, Patricia.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Light of My Eyes: Medieval Motherhood in the Mediterranean
Source: Women's History Review , 6., 3 ( 1997):  Pages 391 - 410.
Year of Publication: 1997.

111. Record Number: 769
Author(s): Valdez Del Alamo, Elizabeth
Contributor(s):
Title : Lament for a Lost Queen: The Sarcophagus of Doña Blanca in Nájera
Source: Art Bulletin (Full Text via JSTOR) 78, 2 (June 1996): 311-333. Link Info Later published in Memory and the Medieval Tomb. Edited by Elizabeth Valdez del Alamo with Carol Stamatis Pendergast. Ashgate, 2000. Pages 43-79.
Year of Publication: 1996.

112. Record Number: 1745
Author(s): Hill, Barbara
Contributor(s):
Title : A Vindication of the Rights of Women to Power by Anna Komnene [on the active role of Anna Dalassena and Irene Doukaina].
Source: Byzantinische Forschungen , 23., ( 1996):  Pages 45 - 53. Revised papers that were originally read at the session entitled "Komnenian Culture" at the Twentieth Annual Byzantine Studies Conference, Ann Arbor, Michigan, on September 21, 1994
Year of Publication: 1996.

113. Record Number: 3589
Author(s): Grundy, Stephan.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Viking's Mother: Relations Between Mothers and Their Grown Sons in Icelandic Sagas
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Byzantinische Forschungen , 23., ( 1996):  Pages 223 - 237.
Year of Publication: 1996.

114. Record Number: 3590
Author(s): Rosenthal, Joel T.
Contributor(s):
Title : Looking for Grandmother: The Pastons and Their Counterparts in Late Medieval England
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Byzantinische Forschungen , 23., ( 1996):  Pages 259 - 277.
Year of Publication: 1996.

115. Record Number: 6300
Author(s): Frings, Irene.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sancta Maria, quid est?: Hymnus, Herrscherlob und Ikonenkult im Rom der Jahrtausendwende
Source: Analecta Cisterciensia , 52., ( 1996):  Pages 224 - 250.
Year of Publication: 1996.

116. Record Number: 3581
Author(s): Newton, Allyson.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Occlusion of Maternity in Chaucer's "Clerk's Tale"
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Italian History and Culture , 3., ( 1997):  Pages 63 - 75.
Year of Publication: 1996.

117. Record Number: 3582
Author(s): Sheingorn, Pamela.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Maternal Behavior of God: Divine Father as Fantasy Husband
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Italian History and Culture , 3., ( 1997):  Pages 77 - 99.
Year of Publication: 1996.

118. Record Number: 3646
Author(s): Lichtmann, Maria R.
Contributor(s):
Title : God Fulfylled my bodye: Body, Self, and God in Julian of Norwich
Source: Gender and Text in the Later Middle Ages.   Edited by Jane Chance .   University Press of Florida, 1996. Italian History and Culture , 3., ( 1997):  Pages 263 - 278.
Year of Publication: 1996.

119. Record Number: 3592
Author(s): Chibnall, Marjorie M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Public Lives, Private Ties: Royal Mothers in England and Scotland, 1070 -1204
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Italian History and Culture , 3., ( 1997):  Pages 295 - 311.
Year of Publication: 1996.

120. Record Number: 3591
Author(s): Chibnall, Marjorie.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Empress Matilda and her Sons
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Italian History and Culture , 3., ( 1997):  Pages 279 - 294.
Year of Publication: 1996.

121. Record Number: 2770
Author(s): Schäfer, Daniel.
Contributor(s):
Title : Embryulkie zwishen Mythos, Recht und Medizin: Zur Überlieferungsgeschichte von Sectio in mortua und Embryotomie in Spätantike und Mittelalter
Source: Medizinhistorisches Journal , 31., 40241 ( 1996):  Pages 275 - 297.
Year of Publication: 1996.

122. Record Number: 3583
Author(s): Hale, Rosemary Drage.
Contributor(s):
Title : Joseph as Mother: Adaptation and Appropriation in the Construction of Male Virtue
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Medizinhistorisches Journal , 31., 40241 ( 1996):  Pages 101 - 116.
Year of Publication: 1996.

123. Record Number: 3587
Author(s): Sprung, Andrew.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Inverted Metaphor: Earthly Mothering as "Figura" of Divine Love in Julian of Norwich's "Book of Showings"
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Medizinhistorisches Journal , 31., 40241 ( 1996):  Pages 183 - 199.
Year of Publication: 1996.

124. Record Number: 3584
Author(s): Lifshitz, Felice.
Contributor(s):
Title : Is Mother Superior? Towards a History of Feminine "Amtscharisma"
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Medizinhistorisches Journal , 31., 40241 ( 1996):  Pages 117 - 138.
Year of Publication: 1996.

125. Record Number: 3579
Author(s): Quattrin, Patricia Ann.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Milk of Christ: Herzeloydë as Spiritual Symbol in Wolfram von Eschenbach's "Parzival"
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Medizinhistorisches Journal , 31., 40241 ( 1996):  Pages 25 - 38.
Year of Publication: 1996.

126. Record Number: 4360
Author(s): Wong, Donna.
Contributor(s):
Title : Water-Births: Murder, Mystery and Medb Lethderg [the author argues that the many stories of Eithne and her son, Furbaide (cut from her side after she has died or been murdered), descended from tales in which lakes burst out from rivers; in the appendix the author summarizes the circumstances of Furbaide's birth from the "Cóir Anmann," "Cath Boinde," "Metrical Dindshenchas," "Rennes Dindshenchas," and "Bodleian Dinnshenchas"].
Source: Études Celtiques , 32., ( 1996):  Pages 233 - 241.
Year of Publication: 1996.

127. Record Number: 3586
Author(s): McInerney, Maud Burnett.
Contributor(s):
Title : In the Meydens Womb: Julian of Norwich and the Poetics of Enclosure
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Études Celtiques , 32., ( 1996):  Pages 157 - 182.
Year of Publication: 1996.

128. Record Number: 2541
Author(s): Nolan, Kathleen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ploratus et Ululatus: The Mothers in the Massacre of the Innocents at Chartres Cathedral [argues that female viewers of the Frieze cared about the welfare of their children, saw the Virgin at Chartres as a protector of children, and recognized mourning as a particularly female responsibility ; also surveys twelfth-century representations of the Massacre in manuscript illuminations and sculpture].
Source: Studies in Iconography , 17., ( 1996):  Pages 95 - 141.
Year of Publication: 1996.

129. Record Number: 3578
Author(s): MacLehose, William F.
Contributor(s):
Title : Nurturing Danger: High Medieval Medicine and the Problem(s) of the Child
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Studies in Iconography , 17., ( 1996):  Pages 3 - 24.
Year of Publication: 1996.

130. Record Number: 3585
Author(s): Fein, Susanna Greer.
Contributor(s):
Title : Maternity in Aelred of Rievaulx's Letter to His Sister
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Studies in Iconography , 17., ( 1996):  Pages 139 - 156.
Year of Publication: 1996.

131. Record Number: 857
Author(s): Dull, Olga Anna.
Contributor(s):
Title : Rhetorical Paradoxes of the French Late Middle Ages: Mother Folly the Wise
Source: Fifteenth Century Studies , 22., ( 1996):  Pages 68 - 84.
Year of Publication: 1996.

132. Record Number: 3595
Author(s): Partner, Nancy F.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Family Romance of Guibert of Nogent: His Story/ Her Story
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Fifteenth Century Studies , 22., ( 1996):  Pages 359 - 379.
Year of Publication: 1996.

133. Record Number: 3588
Author(s): Jochens, Jenny.
Contributor(s):
Title : Old Norse Motherhood
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Fifteenth Century Studies , 22., ( 1996):  Pages 201 - 222.
Year of Publication: 1996.

134. Record Number: 952
Author(s): Gradowicz- Pancer, Nira.
Contributor(s):
Title : Papa, mama, l' abbé et moi. "Conversion morum" et pathologie familiale d' après les sources hagiographiques du haut Moyen Age [suggests that young men joined monasteries in search of an ideal father figure, the abbot, because their own fathers were absent or harsh; mothers in the sources were, for the most part, nurturing and encouraged their sons' religious vocations].
Source: Moyen Age , 102., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 7 - 25.
Year of Publication: 1996.

135. Record Number: 1856
Author(s): Kinkade, Richard P.
Contributor(s):
Title : Don Juan Manuel's Father, Infante Manuel, in the "Cantigas de Santa María" [analysis of the historical content in Cantigas 366, 376, and 382 which concern Infante Manuel].
Source: Bulletin of the Cantigueiros de Santa Maria , 8., (Spring 1996):  Pages 59 - 75.
Year of Publication: 1996.

136. Record Number: 1582
Author(s): Marvin, Corey J.
Contributor(s):
Title : I Will Thee Not Forsake: The Kristevan Maternal Space in Chaucer's "Prioress's Tale" and John of Garland's "Stella maris"
Source: Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 8., 1 (Spring 1996):  Pages 35 - 58.
Year of Publication: 1996.

137. Record Number: 2342
Author(s): Hall, Thomas N.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Earliest Anglo-Saxon Text of the "Trinubium Annae" (BHL 505z1)
Source: Old English Newsletter , 29., 3 (Spring 1996):
Year of Publication: 1996.

138. Record Number: 742
Author(s): Bitel, Lisa M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Reproduction and Production in Early Ireland [roles of women, especially as makers of babies and makers of cloth].
Source: Portraits of Medieval and Renaissance Living: Essays in Honor of David Herlihy.   Edited by Samual K. Cohn, Jr. and Steven A. Epstein .   University of Michigan Press, 1996. Old English Newsletter , 29., 3 (Spring 1996):  Pages 71 - 89.
Year of Publication: 1996.

139. Record Number: 2995
Author(s): Cuesta, María Luzdivina.
Contributor(s):
Title : Notes on Family Relationships in Medieval Castilian Narrative
Source: Medieval Family Roles: A Book of Essays.   Edited by Cathy Jorgensen Itnyre .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Old English Newsletter , 29., 3 (Spring 1996):  Pages 197 - 224.
Year of Publication: 1996.

140. Record Number: 615
Author(s): Claussen, M. A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Fathers of Power and Mothers of Authority: Dhuoda and the "Liber manualis" [Dhuoda uses scripture and St. Benedict's rule to teach her son Christian values].
Source: French Historical Studies (Full Text via JSTOR) 19, 3 (Spring 1996): 785-809. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1996.

141. Record Number: 3593
Author(s): LoPrete, Kimberly A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Adela of Blois as Mother and Countess
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996.  Pages 313 - 333.
Year of Publication: 1996.

142. Record Number: 1169
Author(s): Tasioulas, J.A.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Mother's Lament: "Wulf and Eadwacer" Reconsidered [suggests that the poem concerns a mother mourning the fate of her illegitimate infant, left to die in the woods].
Source: Medium Aevum , 65., 1 ( 1996):  Pages 1 - 18.
Year of Publication: 1996.

143. Record Number: 992
Author(s): Menzer, Melinda J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Aglaecwif ("Beowulf" 1259A): Implications for "-Wif" Compounds, Grendel's Mother, and Other "Aglaecan"
Source: English Language Notes , 34., 1 (Sept. 1996):  Pages 1 - 6.
Year of Publication: 1996.

144. Record Number: 2032
Author(s): Spellberg, D.A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Writing the Unwritten Life of the Islamic Eve: Menstruation and the Demonization of Motherhood
Source: International Journal of Middle East Studies (Full Text via JSTOR) 28, 3 (August 1996): 305-324. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1996.

145. Record Number: 3580
Author(s): Parsons, John Carmi.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Pregnant Queen as Counsellor and the Medieval Construction of Motherhood
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996.  Pages 39 - 61.
Year of Publication: 1996.

146. Record Number: 3594
Author(s): Shadis, Miriam.
Contributor(s):
Title : Berenguela of Castile's Political Motherhood : The Management of Sexuality, Marriage, and Succession
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996.  Pages 335 - 358.
Year of Publication: 1996.

147. Record Number: 5833
Author(s): Sinclair, Finn E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Suppression, Sacrifice, Subversion: Redefining the Feminine in the "Naissance du Chevalier au Cygne" [the author argues that the three female characters (the swan-maiden, her mother, and the evil mother-in-law) were changed or diminished from their initial roles in folk stories to the twelfth-century epics in order to support the importance of the male lineage].
Source: Olifant , 20., 40182 (Fall/Summer 1995-1996):  Pages 33 - 61.
Year of Publication: 1995-1996.

148. Record Number: 5133
Author(s): Brumlik, Joan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Thoughts on Renaut's Use of Marie's "Fresne" in "Galeran de Bretagne"
Source: Florilegium , 14., ( 1995- 1996):  Pages 87 - 98.
Year of Publication: 1995- 1996.

149. Record Number: 8589
Author(s): Martin, Russell E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Royal Weddings and Crimean Diplomacy: New Sources on Muscovite Chancellery Practice during the Reign of Vasilii III [The author presents a critical edition and historical analysis of a ceremonial ("chin") for the wedding of Prince Andrei Staritskii, brother of Grand Prince Vasilii III, and Evfrosiniia Khovanskaia. This document, along with a diplomatic letter, provide evidence of chancellery practices. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Harvard Ukrainian Studies , 19., ( 1995):  Pages 389 - 420. Kamen' Kraeog "I'n": Rhetoric of the Medieval Slavic World: Essays Presented to Edward L. Keenan on His Sixtieth Birthday by His Colleagues and Students. Edited by Nancy Shields Kollmann, Donald Ostrowski, Andrei Pliguzov, and Daniel Rowland.
Year of Publication: 1995.

150. Record Number: 262
Author(s): Zinck, Arlette.
Contributor(s):
Title : Vindication of the Feminine in the Showings of Julian of Norwich
Source: Sovereign Lady: Essays on Women in Middle English Literature.   Edited by Muriel Whitaker .   Garland Publishing, 1995. Harvard Ukrainian Studies , 19., ( 1995):  Pages 171 - 187.
Year of Publication: 1995.

151. Record Number: 421
Author(s): Rowe, Elizabeth Ashman.
Contributor(s):
Title : Female Body Politic and the Miscarriage of Justice in "Athelston" [political critique of Richard II in which society is represented as a family].
Source: Studies in the Age of Chaucer , 17., ( 1995):  Pages 79 - 98.
Year of Publication: 1995.

152. Record Number: 476
Author(s): Petrakopoulos, Anja.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sanctity and Motherhood: Elizabeth of Thuringia
Source: Sanctity and Motherhood: Essays on Holy Mothers in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Anneke B. Mulder-Bakker Garland Medieval Casebooks, 14.   Garland Publishing, 1995. Studies in the Age of Chaucer , 17., ( 1995):  Pages 259 - 296.
Year of Publication: 1995.

153. Record Number: 477
Author(s): Nieuwland, Jeannette.
Contributor(s):
Title : Motherhood and Sanctity in the Life of Saint Birgitta of Sweden: An Insoluble Conflict?
Source: Sanctity and Motherhood: Essays on Holy Mothers in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Anneke B. Mulder-Bakker Garland Medieval Casebooks, 14.   Garland Publishing, 1995. Studies in the Age of Chaucer , 17., ( 1995):  Pages 296 - 329.
Year of Publication: 1995.

154. Record Number: 1158
Author(s): Hill, Barbara
Contributor(s):
Title : A Vindication of the Rights of Women to Power by Anna Komnene [treatment of Anna's grandmother, Anna Dalassena, and her mother, Irene Doukaina, in the "Alexiad"].
Source: Full-text of the Alexiad in English (from the Medieval Sourcebook)
Year of Publication: 1995.

155. Record Number: 1615
Author(s): Ruud, Jay.
Contributor(s):
Title : Images of the Self and Self Image in Julian of Norwich [analysis of the varied kinds of feminine imagery used and their relations to Julian's assertions of self-worth].
Source: Studia Mystica New Series , 16., 1 ( 1995):  Pages 82 - 105.
Year of Publication: 1995.

156. Record Number: 2765
Author(s): Goez, Elke.
Contributor(s):
Title : Die Markgrafen von Canossa und die Klöster
Source: Deutsches Archiv , 51., ( 1995):  Pages 83 - 114.
Year of Publication: 1995.

157. Record Number: 2821
Author(s): Maître, Jacques.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sainte Catherine de Sienne: patronne des anorexiques?
Source: CLIO, Histoire, Femmes et Sociétés , 2., ( 1995):  Pages 109 - 132.
Year of Publication: 1995.

158. Record Number: 6778
Author(s): Cowgill, Jane.
Contributor(s):
Title : Chaucer's Missing Children ["In the lyrics, the drama, and in Chaucer's religious tales, then, the sufferings of mothers and children are made analogous to those of Mary and Christ. Children are appropriate, even essential, to this genre because, in their relationships to their mothers, they embody one of the central mysteries of the faith. Conversely, the relationships between fathers and suffering children, while presented as significant in the tales of tragedy and morality, hint at but cannot carry the same spiritual valence. Further, to recapitulate my introductory remarks, children are largely absent from the romances and fabliaux because they would be a hindrance to the internal necessities of those forms. Children are depicted in 'The Canterbury Tales' not according to any principles of realism, but according to their appropriateness to particular literary genres." p. 5 of the electronic version available through Project Muse].
Source: Essays in Medieval Studies , 12., ( 1995):  Pages 1 - 5. and 1-2 (notes) [in the electronic version available through Project Muse]. Issue title: Children and the Family in the Middle Ages.
Year of Publication: 1995.

159. Record Number: 6782
Author(s): Schwartz, Debora B.
Contributor(s):
Title : A la guise de Gales l'atorna: Maternal Influence in Chretien's "Conte du Graal" [the author argues that Perceval's mother's influence appears throughout the text and is the chief influence in guiding her son toward selfless Christian knighthood; the value of relationships with women is also underlined by Perceval's love for Blancheflor].
Source: Essays in Medieval Studies , 12., ( 1995):  Pages 1 - 8. and 1-2 (notes) [in the electronic version available through Project Muse]. Issue title: Children and the Family in the Middle Ages.
Year of Publication: 1995.

160. Record Number: 6945
Author(s): Trexler, Richard C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Discussioni - Francis of Assisi, His Mother's Son [The author advances arguments concerning the renunciation of worldly goods by St. Francis which the author believes primarily involved the property belonging to his mother, Pica. The author responds in detail to Alessandro Barbero's criticisms of his book, "Naked Before the Father; The Renunciation of Francis of Assisi." Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Studi Medievali , 36., 1 (Giugno 1995):  Pages 363 - 374. Later published in Religion in Social Context in Europe and America, 1200-1700. By Richard C. Trexler. Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2002. Pages 171-182
Year of Publication: 1995.

161. Record Number: 177
Author(s): Haas, Louis.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mio Buono Compare: Choosing Godparents and the Uses of Baptismal Kinship in Renaissance Florence
Source: Journal of Social History , 29., 2 (Winter 1995):  Pages 341 - 356.
Year of Publication: 1995.

162. Record Number: 2309
Author(s): O'Dell, Colman, O.C.S.O.
Contributor(s):
Title : On Eagles' Wings: Symbols of Spiritual Motherhood in the Writings of the Early Cistercian Fathers
Source: Hidden Springs: Cistercian Monastic Women. Book Two. Medieval Religious Women Volume Three.   Edited by John A. Nichols and Lillian Thomas Shank, O.S.C.O Cistercian Studies Series .   Cistercian Publications, 1995. Journal of Social History , 29., 2 (Winter 1995):  Pages 787 - 806.
Year of Publication: 1995.

163. Record Number: 495
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Grendelle: The Dead Mother in "Beowulf" [Thirtieth International Congress on Medieval Studies, the Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University, May 4-7, 1995. Thirtieth Symposium on the Sources of Anglo- Saxon Culture, co- sponsered by the Institute and CEMERS, Binghamton University. Session 40.]
Source: Old English Newsletter , 28., 3 (Spring 1995):
Year of Publication: 1995.

164. Record Number: 429
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Saint Anne: A Holy Grandmother and Her Children
Source: Sanctity and Motherhood: Essays on Holy Mothers in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Anneke B. Mulder-Bakker Garland Medieval Casebooks, 14.   Garland Publishing, 1995. Old English Newsletter , 28., 3 (Spring 1995):  Pages 31 - 65.
Year of Publication: 1995.

165. Record Number: 364
Author(s): Goodman, Jennifer R.
Contributor(s):
Title : That Wommen Holde in Ful Greet Reverence: Mothers and Daughters Reading Chivalric Romances
Source: Women, the Book and the Worldly: Selected Proceedings of the St. Hilda's Conference, 1993. Volume 2. [Volume 1: Women, the Book, and the Godly].   Edited by Lesley Smith and Jane H. M. Taylor .   D.S.Brewer, 1995. Old English Newsletter , 28., 3 (Spring 1995):  Pages 25 - 30.
Year of Publication: 1995.

166. Record Number: 1353
Author(s): Corthals, Johan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Affiliation of Children: "Immathchor nAilella Ocus Airt"
Source: Peritia: Journal of the Medieval Academy of Ireland , 9., ( 1995):  Pages 92 - 124.
Year of Publication: 1995.

167. Record Number: 4870
Author(s): Bejczy, Istvan and Marie-José Heijkant
Contributor(s):
Title : Il Prete Gianni el le Amazzoni: Donne in un' utopia medievale (secondo la tradizione Italiana) [classical ideas of Amazons as women inverting the proper social order were included in the "Letter of Prester John;" they were described as living on the fringes of his well-ordered realm, in which women were subordinate childbearers; Amazons were described as a threat to chastity because they saw men only for sexual contact and reproduction; the "Letter of Prester John," however, unlike classical texts, depicts the Amazons as tolerated and difficult to defeat].
Source: Neophilologus , 79., ( 1995):  Pages 439 - 449.
Year of Publication: 1995.

168. Record Number: 103
Author(s): Stokes, Charity Scott.
Contributor(s):
Title : Thomas Hoccleve's Mother of God and Balade to the Virgin and Christ: Latin and Anglo-Norman Sources
Source: Medium Aevum , 64., 1 ( 1995):  Pages 74 - 84.
Year of Publication: 1995.

169. Record Number: 474
Author(s): Nip, Renée.
Contributor(s):
Title : Godelieve of Gistel and Ida of Boulogne [martyred wife and saintly mother of crusaders].
Source: Sanctity and Motherhood: Essays on Holy Mothers in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Anneke B. Mulder-Bakker Garland Medieval Casebooks, 14.   Garland Publishing, 1995. Medium Aevum , 64., 1 ( 1995):  Pages 191 - 223.
Year of Publication: 1995.

170. Record Number: 475
Author(s): Mulder- Bakker, Anneke B.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ivetta of Huy: Mater et Magistra [the construction of sanctity for a wife and mother].
Source: Sanctity and Motherhood: Essays on Holy Mothers in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Anneke B. Mulder-Bakker Garland Medieval Casebooks, 14.   Garland Publishing, 1995. Medium Aevum , 64., 1 ( 1995):  Pages 224 - 258.
Year of Publication: 1995.

171. Record Number: 431
Author(s): Spijker, Ineke van’t.
Contributor(s):
Title : Family Ties: Mothers and Virgins in the Ninth Century [saints Waudru de Mons, her sister, Aldegonde de Maubeuge, and Rictrude de Marchiennes].
Source: Sanctity and Motherhood: Essays on Holy Mothers in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Anneke B. Mulder-Bakker Garland Medieval Casebooks, 14.   Garland Publishing, 1995. Medium Aevum , 64., 1 ( 1995):  Pages 164 - 190.
Year of Publication: 1995.

172. Record Number: 341
Author(s): Coletti, Theresa.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ther Be But Women: Gender Conflict and Gender Identity in the Middle English Innocents Plays [role of mothers versus the male sphere of public authority]
Source: Mediaevalia , 18., ( 1995):  Pages 245 - 261. (1995 (for 1992)) Published by the Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, State University of New York at Binghamton
Year of Publication: 1995.

173. Record Number: 8588
Author(s): Martin, Janet.
Contributor(s):
Title : Widows, Welfare, and the "Pomest'e" System in the Sixteenth Century [The author argues that through the "pomest'e" system the state not only supported soldiers but also their survivors (widows, mothers, or dependent children) for their lifetimes. It went far beyond the state's desire to raise minor sons to become soldiers. The data from the 1550s indicates that the estates were usually more than adequate to support the women's households. However, by the 1580s, 40 percent of the "pomest'ia" could not support the surveyed women's households. The author ascribes the problems to serious economic deterioration rather than to the "pomest'e" system. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Harvard Ukrainian Studies , 19., ( 1995):  Pages 375 - 388. Kamen' Kraeog "I'n": Rhetoric of the Medieval Slavic World: Essays Presented to Edward L. Keenan on His Sixtieth Birthday by His Colleagues and Students. Edited by Nancy Shields Kollmann, Donald Ostrowski, Andrei Pliguzov, and Daniel Rowland.
Year of Publication: 1995.

174. Record Number: 8618
Author(s): Rossignol, Rosalyn.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Holiest Vessel: Maternal Aspects of the Grail
Source: Arthuriana , 5., 1 (Spring 1995):  Pages 52 - 61.
Year of Publication: 1995.

175. Record Number: 443
Author(s): Carpenter, Jennifer.
Contributor(s):
Title : Juette of Huy, Recluse and Mother (1158-1228): Children and Mothering in the Saintly Life
Source: Power of the Weak: Studies on Medieval Women. A selection of a papers presented at the annual conference of the Centre for Medieval Studies, University of Toronto, Feb. 1990.   Edited by Jennifer Carpenter and Sally- Beth MacLean .   University of Illinois Press, 1995. Arthuriana , 5., 1 (Spring 1995):  Pages 57 - 93.
Year of Publication: 1995.

176. Record Number: 428
Author(s): Mulder- Bakker, Anneke B.
Contributor(s): Madou, Mireille, in collaboration with
Title : Introduction [sections on iconography, the "Acta Sanctorum," models of female sanctity, and the cultural force of the laity].
Source: Sanctity and Motherhood: Essays on Holy Mothers in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Anneke B. Mulder-Bakker Garland Medieval Casebooks, 14.   Garland Publishing, 1995. Neophilologus , 79., ( 1995):  Pages 2 - 30.
Year of Publication: 1995.

177. Record Number: 430
Author(s): Nie, Giselle de.
Contributor(s):
Title : Consciousness Fecund Through God : From Male Fighter to Spiritual Bride- Mother in Late Antique Female Sanctity [though most of the article deals with women before 450 C.E., the last section (pp. 139-149) concerns Queen Radegunde as a spiritual mother].
Source: Sanctity and Motherhood: Essays on Holy Mothers in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Anneke B. Mulder-Bakker Garland Medieval Casebooks, 14.   Garland Publishing, 1995. Arthuriana , 5., 1 (Spring 1995):  Pages 100 - 161.
Year of Publication: 1995.

178. Record Number: 5832
Author(s): Besamusca, Bart.
Contributor(s):
Title : Beerte metten breden voeten [The author examines the translation work done by the unknown Dutch poet who used Adenet le Roi's "Berte" as a basis for "Beerte"].
Source: Olifant , 19., 40241 (Fall/Winter 1994-1995):  Pages 145 - 153.
Year of Publication: 1994-1995.

179. Record Number: 1233
Author(s): Ettlinger, Helen S.
Contributor(s):
Title : Visibilis et Invisibilis: The Mistress in Italian Renaissance Court Society [a study of the highborn concubines of rulers primarily at the courts of Milan, Ferrara, and Rimini].
Source: Renaissance Quarterly (Full Text via JSTOR) 47, 4 (Winter 1994): 770-792. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1994.

180. Record Number: 2642
Author(s): Settipani, Christian.
Contributor(s):
Title : Les origines maternelles du comte de Bourgogne Otte- Guillaume. Nouvelle synthèse [traces the current research on Ermentrude, Otto Guillaume's wife, Gerberge, Otto Guillaume's mother, and Adélaïde, Otto Guillaume's grandmother; the author also proposes that Adélaïde descended from a marriage between the families of the duke of Saxony and the king of Burgundy].
Source: Annales de Bourgogne , 66., (janvier-décembre 1994):  Pages 5 - 63.
Year of Publication: 1994.

181. Record Number: 3497
Author(s): Thyrêt, Isolde.
Contributor(s):
Title : Blessed is the Tsaritsa's Womb: The Myth of Miraculous Birth and Royal Motherhood in Muscovite Russia [The author argues that the tsaritsas developed the idea of miraculous conceptions to give them some protection from the political pressures of producing an heir]
Source: Russian Review (Full Text via JSTOR) 53, 4 (Oct. 1994): 479-496. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1994.

182. Record Number: 6501
Author(s): Jesch, Judith.
Contributor(s):
Title : In Praise of Astridr Olafsdottir [this article discusses the use of skaldic poetry to acknowledge the political achievement of a clever and resourceful woman].
Source: Saga Book , 24., 1 ( 1994):  Pages 1 - 18.
Year of Publication: 1994.

183. Record Number: 8676
Author(s): Papa, Cristina.
Contributor(s):
Title : . . .l'avrebbe adorata come Dio, se la fede cristiana non l'avesse trattenuto. La "Vita Cristi" di Isabel de Villena [Isabel de Villena, a Franciscan nun, was the first woman to write an entire religious work in Catalan prose. Her "Life of Christ" reports only episodes which involve women witnesses. Isabel presents a vision of harmony not only between the Virgin and Jesus but also between Mary and her mother as well as Mary and the Magdalene. This vision of harmony reverses the evil done by Eve and contradicts misogynist writings by men. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Hagiographica: Rivista di agiografia e biografia della società internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino/ Journal of Hagiography and Biography of Società Internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino , 1., ( 1994):  Pages 287 - 314.
Year of Publication: 1994.

184. Record Number: 16623
Author(s): Klapisch-Zuber, Christiane
Contributor(s):
Title : Les femmes dans les rituels de l'alliance et de la naissance à Florence [Christiane Klapisch-Zuber explores Florentine women's roles in rituals celebrating marriage and childbirth. She looks in particular at the meanings of "cassoni" (wedding chests) and "deschi da parto" (painted plates associated with the birth of children). She frequently finds situations in which the needs of the patrilineage and family honor trump the concerns of wives, mothers, and their natal families. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Riti e rituali nelle società medievali.   Edited by Jacques Chiffoleau, Lauro Martines, and Agostino Paravicini Bagliani .   Centro Italiano di Studi sull'Alto Medioevo, 1994. Hagiographica: Rivista di agiografia e biografia della società internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino/ Journal of Hagiography and Biography of Società Internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino , 1., ( 1994):  Pages 3 - 22.
Year of Publication: 1994.

185. Record Number: 5958
Author(s): McMahon, James V.
Contributor(s):
Title : Valkyries, Midwives, Weavers, and Shape-Changers: Atli's Mother the Snake
Source: Scandinavian Studies , 66., 4 (Fall 1994):  Pages 475 - 487.
Year of Publication: 1994.

186. Record Number: 5831
Author(s): Morgan, Leslie Z.
Contributor(s):
Title : Berta ai piedi grandi: Historical Figure and Literary Symbol [The author explores the meaning of Berthe's deformed feet as a symbol of evil in the Franco-Italian version of the cycle that explains the necessity for Roland's death].
Source: Olifant , 19., 1- 2 ( 1994):  Pages 37 - 56.
Year of Publication: 1994.

187. Record Number: 1412
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Conversion of Margery Kempe's Son
Source: English Language Notes , 32., 2 (December 1994):  Pages 9 - 13.
Year of Publication: 1994.

188. Record Number: 3346
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Images of Women in Anglo-Saxon Art V: Matron as Ring-giver in Harley 630 [The author argues that the illumination for Psalm 130.2 shows a mother blessing her departing son and giving him an armband, symbol of the property he will inherit].
Source: Old English Newsletter , 28., 1 (Fall 1994):  Pages 22 - 24.
Year of Publication: 1994.

189. Record Number: 1638
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : God's Inappropriate Grace: Images of Courtesy in Julian of Norwich's "Showings"
Source: Mystics Quarterly , 20., 2 (June 1994):  Pages 47 - 59.
Year of Publication: 1994.

190. Record Number: 1639
Author(s): Tamburr, Karl.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mystic Transformation: Julian's Version of the Harrowing of Hell
Source: Mystics Quarterly , 20., 2 (June 1994):  Pages 60 - 67.
Year of Publication: 1994.

191. Record Number: 1537
Author(s): Lauranson- Rosaz, Christian.
Contributor(s):
Title : Les origines d'Odon de Cluny [The author argues that Ava, wife of Abbo, is the mother of St. Odo; includes the Latin text and French translation of a charter in which Ava donates many properties to Saint Pierre de Maurs].
Source: Cahiers de Civilization Médiévale , 37., ( 1994):  Pages 255 - 270.
Year of Publication: 1994.

192. Record Number: 1588
Author(s): Dobrov, Gregory W.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Dialogue with Death: Ritual Lament and the "Threnos Theotokou" of Romanos Melodos [a "kontakion," a dramatic and complex chanted dialogue, in this case, between Mary and Christ, exploring paradoxes of gender, body, and voice].
Source: Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies , 35., 4 (Winter 1994):  Pages 385 - 405.
Year of Publication: 1994.

193. Record Number: 1408
Author(s): Taylor, Keith P.
Contributor(s):
Title : Beowulf1259a: The Inherent Nobility of Grendel's Mother [meaning of the phrase "ides aglaecwif].
Source: English Language Notes , 31., 3 (March 1994):  Pages 13 - 25.
Year of Publication: 1994.

194. Record Number: 14762
Author(s): Sprung, Andrew.
Contributor(s):
Title : We nevyr shall come out of hym: Enclosure and Immanence in Julian of Norwich's "Book of Showings"
Source: Mystics Quarterly , 19., 2 (June 1993):  Pages 47 - 62.
Year of Publication: 1993.

195. Record Number: 7059
Author(s): Rosada, Roberta.
Contributor(s):
Title : Per l'identificazione della madre di Pietro bembo [Later testimony about the mother of the humanist Pietro Bembo is confused. Was she a Marcello or a Morosini? The archival evdence shows her called Elena Morosini; but she was closely related to the Marcello family. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Quaderni Veneti , 15., (Giugno 1992):  Pages 163 - 172.
Year of Publication: 1992.

196. Record Number: 10986
Author(s): Gill, Katherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Open Monasteries for Women in Late Medieval and Early Modern Italy: Two Roman Examples [The author examines the cases of the oblates of Tor de' Specchi (a community of religious lay women gathered around Francesca Bussa dei Ponziani in Rome) and the "pinzochere" associated with the church of Sant'Agostino in Rome. Gill argues that the success of these informal religious communities in Italy was associated in part with the opportunities they offered women to play a variety of social roles. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Crannied Wall: Women, Religion, and the Arts in Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Craig A. Monson .   University of Michigan Press, 1992. Mystics Quarterly , 19., 2 (June 1993):  Pages 15 - 47.
Year of Publication: 1992.

197. Record Number: 10293
Author(s): Leland, Blake.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Mothers of the Believers in the Hadith [The article discusses the medieval Hadith on the Prophet's wives within the context of historical responses to it. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Muslim World , 82., 40180 (January-April 1992):  Pages 1 - 36.
Year of Publication: 1992.

198. Record Number: 7420
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Issue of Feminine Monstrosity: A Reevaluation of Grendel's Mother [The author argues that labeling Grendel's mother "monstrous" is a relatively recent trend, originating not in the text itself (which calls her a "lady" and a "warrior"), but in translations and literary critical treatments of the text. The author argues that Grendel's mother was considered terrible because she violated gender norms. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Comitatus , 23., ( 1992):  Pages 1 - 16.
Year of Publication: 1992.

199. Record Number: 9481
Author(s): Harding, Wendy.
Contributor(s):
Title : Medieval Women’s Unwritten Discourse on Motherhood: A Reading of Two Fifteenth-Century Texts [The author examines two late medieval texts, those of Margery Kempe and Margaret Paston, in order to consider the relationship between masculine, public discourses on motherhood and private, feminine ones. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women's Studies , 21., 2 ( 1992):  Pages 197 - 209.
Year of Publication: 1992.

200. Record Number: 10521
Author(s): Vecchio, Silvana.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Good Wife [Pastoral literature aimed at women helped spread church doctrine on women’s duties in marriage, often using examples from the lives of virtuous Biblical figures like Sarah or of female saints. These writings and others (like sermons) support the Aristotelian doctrine of marriage as a relationship between unequal partners; the wife must be faithful and submit to the will of her husband. The article also provides an overview of social views on the role of the husband as master and guide to the wife and family as well as the wife’s supplemental role in household management and the education and raising of children. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: A History of Women in the West. Volume 2: Silences of the Middle Ages.   Edited by Christiane Klapisch-Zuber .   Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1992. Women's Studies , 21., 2 ( 1992):  Pages 105 - 135.
Year of Publication: 1992.

201. Record Number: 10175
Author(s): Olsen, Glenn W.
Contributor(s):
Title : One Heart and One Soul ("Acts" 4:32 and 34) in Dhuoda's "Manual" [The author argues that Dhuoda's interpretation of "Acts" for her son is distinctly original. She sees the life of the early apostles as a model for lay spirituality and a means of ending the deadly conflict among Carolingian noble men. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Church History (Full Text via JSTOR) 61, 1 (March 1992): 23-33. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1992.

202. Record Number: 10734
Author(s): Bynum, Caroline Walker.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Body of Christ in the Later Middle Ages: A Reply to Leo Steinberg [The author argues against Steinberg’s notion that Renaissance painters focused on Christ’s penis in order to make a theological statement about sexuality; she suggests instead that fifteenth-century artists show Jesus as both male and female, and saw his as a generative body. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Fragmentation and Redemption: Essays on Gender and the Human Body in Medieval Religion. Caroline Walker Bynum .   MIT Press, 1991. Byzantinische Zeitschrift , 84., ( 1991):  Pages 79 - 118.
Year of Publication: 1991.

203. Record Number: 10603
Author(s): Mayberry, Nancy.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Controversy over the Immaculate Conception in Medieval and Renaissance Art, Literature, and Society [The belief that Mary was freed from original sin had taken root by the late twelfth century. Dominicans placed this cleansing after Mary's conception; Franciscans placed it before, a "pre-redemption." The Franciscan position gradually triumphed, not just in theology but also in populat devotion as witnessed by art and literature. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Journal of Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 21., 2 (Fall 1991):  Pages 207 - 224.
Year of Publication: 1991.

204. Record Number: 11800
Author(s): Chojnacki, Stanley.
Contributor(s):
Title : “The Most Serious Duty”: Motherhood, Gender, and Patrician Culture in Renaissance Venice [The essay analyzes the gendered child-rearing roles of patrician families in republican Venice, and shows that women were able to work with or against the wishes of their husbands. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Refiguring Woman: Perspectives on Gender and the Italian Renaissance.   Edited by Marilyn Migiel and Juliana Schiesari .   Cornell University Press, 1991. Journal of Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 21., 2 (Fall 1991):  Pages 133 - 154. Republished in slightly altered form as “The Most Serious Duty”: Motherhood, Gender, and Patrician Culture. By Stanley Chojnacki. Women and Men in Renaissance Venice: Twelve Essays on Patrician Society. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000. Pages 169-182. [Reprinted in The Italian Renaissance. Edited by Paula Findlen. Blackwell Publishing, 2002. Pages 173-191
Year of Publication: 1991.

205. Record Number: 11225
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : A Relic, Some Pictures and the Mothers of Florence in the Late Fourteenth Century
Source: Gesta (Full Text via JSTOR) 30, 2 (1991): 91-99. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1991.

206. Record Number: 13056
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Tradition et renouveau dans la "Ballade pour prier Notre Dame" de Villon [The author argues that the poet entreats his mother to recite his prayer because she is a humble believer. Villon's rhetoric and acrostic signature suggest that he puts his faith in the powers of literature. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Romance Quarterly , 38., 4 (November 1991):  Pages 387 - 397.
Year of Publication: 1991.

207. Record Number: 11819
Author(s): Cestaro, Gary P.
Contributor(s):
Title : ...quanquam Sarnum biberimus ante dentes...: The Primal Scene of Suckling in Dante's De vulgari eloquentia [In his treatise on language, Dante foregrounds suckling imagery and the importance of the maternal body. This maternal imagery stems from a long tradition of representing the allegorical figure of Grammatica (grammar) as a nurse. According to psychoanalytic theory, the assumed natural primacy of the vernacular as a mother tongue (a native language acquired before Latin) evokes a primal scene of union with the mother (a state that precedes linguistic communication in human development). Nonetheless, the rationalistic male grammarian perpetually struggles to obscure the feminine origins of speech in order to maintain strict gender boundaries. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Dante Studies , 109., ( 1991):  Pages 119 - 147.
Year of Publication: 1991.

208. Record Number: 11043
Author(s): Ingham, Norman W.
Contributor(s):
Title : On Historical and Hagiographical Truth: Saint Feodosii's Mother [Ingham shows that Nestor, the author of the "Life of Saint Feodosii," included the mother-son conflict in his text in order to introduce the theme of the tempted hermit or persecuted martyr. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Russian History , 18., 2 (Summer 1991):  Pages 127 - 141.
Year of Publication: 1991.

209. Record Number: 12282
Author(s): Goez, Werner.
Contributor(s):
Title : Matilda Dei gratia si quid est. Die Urkunden-Unterfertigung der Burgherrin von Canossa [Author discusses the use of the formula "Dei gratia si quid est" in Countess Mathilda of Tuscany's signature on documents. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Deutsches Archiv für Erforschung des Mittelalters , 47., ( 1991):  Pages 378 - 394.
Year of Publication: 1991.

210. Record Number: 9546
Author(s): Mieszkowski, Gretchen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Chaucer’s Much Loved Criseyde [Chaucer portrays Criseyde as weak, inconsistent, and lacking selfhood, and this portrayal is in accordance with the Western male’s tendency to define his selfhood in opposition to a non-human female Other. Chaucer alters Criseyde from her literary precursor Criseida (from Boccaccio’s "Filostrato") by increasing Criseyde’s passivity; thus he renders her more pointedly feminine and attractive to male readers (including male literary critics). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Chaucer Review , 26., 2 ( 1991):  Pages 109 - 132.
Year of Publication: 1991.

211. Record Number: 11811
Author(s): Lawson, Richard H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Countess Yolanda of Vianden: A Reconsideration [The author shows that Yolanda of Vianden defied social and familial expectations by following her own desires. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women as Protagonists and Poets in the German Middle Ages: An Anthology of Feminist Approaches to Middle High German Literature.   Edited by Albrecht Classen .   Kümmerle Verlag, 1991. Chaucer Review , 26., 2 ( 1991):  Pages 105 - 115.
Year of Publication: 1991.

212. Record Number: 12287
Author(s): Cowdrey, H. E. J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Pope Victor and the Empress A [The author argues that a letter from a pope to a Byzantine empress should be identified as Pope Victor III writing to Anna Dalassena in 1086/1087 concerning mistreatment of Western pilgrims by Byzantine imperial officials. The Latin text of the letter is presented in an appendix. The manuscript source is lost but the text is printed in Mabillon, "Annales OSB" and in Migne, "Patrologia Latina" 149. 961-2. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Byzantinische Zeitschrift , 84., ( 1991):  Pages 43 - 48.
Year of Publication: 1991.

213. Record Number: 13258
Author(s): Ashley, Kathleen and Pamela Sheingorn
Contributor(s):
Title : Introduction [The story of Saint Anne evolved to fill gaps in the biblical narrative of Mary's life. Anne's supposed three marriages, each of which produced a daughter named Mary [Trinubium Annae], made her grandmother of the Holy Kinship, including Jesus and some apostles. This cult, tied to believe in Mary's Immaculate Conception, peaked in the later Middle Ages, declining thereafter even in Catholic countries. Among Anne's roles was protection of married women, including those who wanted to get pregnant. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Interpreting Cultural Symbols: Saint Anne in Late Medieval Society.   Edited by Kathleen Ashley and Pamela Sheingorn .   The University of Georgia Press, 1990. Byzantinische Zeitschrift , 84., ( 1991):  Pages 1 - 68.
Year of Publication: 1990.

214. Record Number: 13262
Author(s): Crum, Roger J. and David G. Wilkins
Contributor(s):
Title : In the Defense of Florentine Republicanism: Saint Anne and Florentine Art, 1343-1575 [After Walter of Brienne was expelled from Florence on her feast, Saint Anne became a patron saint of Florence. Her feast was a public holiday, and a chapel was built in her honor. Anne's cult was especially popular whenever the Florentine commune was threatened, including by the Medici. When the Medici triumphed, they coopted the saint to watch over their family's rule. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Interpreting Cultural Symbols: Saint Anne in Late Medieval Society.   Edited by Kathleen Ashley and Pamela Sheingorn .   The University of Georgia Press, 1990. Byzantinische Zeitschrift , 84., ( 1991):  Pages 131 - 168.
Year of Publication: 1990.

215. Record Number: 13263
Author(s): Sheingorn, Pamela.
Contributor(s):
Title : Appropriating the Holy Kinship: Gender and Family History [The descent of Jesus could be traced in the male line from Jesse, father of King David, or in the female line from the family of Saint Anne. Late medieval pictures of the Holy Kinship focus on Anne as grandmother with her daughters, the three Marys, and their young children. These mothers were important, however, only because of their male children. There was a gradual shift away from this Kinship to male-oriented nuclear families, especially when the Trinubium Annae was challenged by reforming scholars. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Interpreting Cultural Symbols: Saint Anne in Late Medieval Society.   Edited by Kathleen Ashley and Pamela Sheingorn .   The University of Georgia Press, 1990. Byzantinische Zeitschrift , 84., ( 1991):  Pages 169 - 198.
Year of Publication: 1990.

216. Record Number: 11722
Author(s): Greenspan, Kate.
Contributor(s):
Title : Matre Donante: The Embrace of Christ as the Virgin's Gift in the Visions of 13th-Century Italian Women [The author examines accounts of visionaries who were invited to embrace the Christ child by the Virgin Mary. In becoming a second mother they took on some of Mary's intercessory functions and advocated for sinners. Greenspan analyzes in particular the "vita" of Agnes of Montepulciano written by Rayomond of Capua. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studia Mystica , 13., 40212 ( 1990):  Pages 26 - 37.
Year of Publication: 1990.

217. Record Number: 11723
Author(s): Lichtmann, Maria R.
Contributor(s):
Title : Julian of Norwich and the Ontology of the Feminine [The author argues that Julian understands God through principles of the feminine. This includes the love and compassion of motherhood, the sensuality of the female body, and the safe enclosure of the womb. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studia Mystica , 13., 40212 ( 1990):  Pages 53 - 65.
Year of Publication: 1990.

218. Record Number: 12739
Author(s): Newman, Barbara.
Contributor(s):
Title : Some Mediaeval Theologians and the Sophia Tradition [The author explores the diverse ways in which four theologians transformed the Biblical figure of Sophia, or Wisdom, into a powerful feminine image of God’s activity in creation and redemption. In the twelfth century, Bernard of Clairvaux frequently alluded to the figure of Wisdom from the Song of Songs in order to represent the maternal and nurturing qualities of the Divine; Hildegard of Bingen’s images of the feminine divine, in contrast, stressed the active forces of creation and redemption. In the fourteenth century, Henry Suso casts himself as a courtly lover who courts Wisdom as a knight serves a lady; Julian of Norwich adapts the maternal imagery of the Divine to embrace a much more inclusive and wider affective range. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Downside Review , 108., ( 1990):  Pages 111 - 130.
Year of Publication: 1990.

219. Record Number: 12733
Author(s): Grieve, Patricia E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mothers and Daughters in Fifteenth-century Spanish Sentimental Romances: Implications for "Celestina" [Towards the end of the fifteenth century, it became less common for Spanish authors of sentimental romances to present favorable representations of active mother figures. Although it is not a sentimental romance, “Celestina” by Fernando de Rojas was influenced by the genre and can be seen as the culmination of this literary trend. In this text, the active mother figure is a bawd and the biological mother barely appears. These texts perpetuate the misogynist trope that depicts women who act upon sheer emotion or will as the agents of sexual violence; men, on the other hand, base their actions upon reason. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Bulletin of Hispanic Studies , 67., 4 (October 1990):  Pages 345 - 355.
Year of Publication: 1990.

220. Record Number: 13260
Author(s): Gibson, Gail McMurray
Contributor(s):
Title : Saint Anne and the Religion of Childbed: Some East Anglian Texts and Talismans [The feast of Saint Anne existed in England before it received official recognition in 1382. East Anglian devotion to Anne focused on family ties and childbirth. Osbern Bokenham's poems about Anne were written for Katherine Denston, who desired vainly the birth of a son. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Interpreting Cultural Symbols: Saint Anne in Late Medieval Society.   Edited by Kathleen Ashley and Pamela Sheingorn .   The University of Georgia Press, 1990. Bulletin of Hispanic Studies , 67., 4 (October 1990):  Pages 95 - 110.
Year of Publication: 1990.

221. Record Number: 12698
Author(s): Turner, Ralph V.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Children of Anglo-Norman Royalty and Their Upbringing [Although royals did demonstrate affection toward their children (both legitimate and illegitimate), aristocratic parents did not consider childcare their primary responsibility. Although noblewomen participated in the education of children, they saw other roles as more important: supervising household affairs, acting as regents when their husbands were away, giving birth to heirs, and negotiating marriage alliances for their sons and daughters. Many other people (including household servants, nurses, and relatives) shared the responsibility of childrearing. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Prosopography , 11., 2 (Autumn 1990):  Pages 17 - 52.
Year of Publication: 1990.

222. Record Number: 12766
Author(s): Kalavrezou, Ioli Despina.
Contributor(s):
Title : Images of the Mother: When the Virgin Mary Became Meter Theou [The author discusses the ways in which Mary’s motherhood became an increasingly important feature of Byzantine hagiography and iconography. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Dumbarton Oaks Papers , 44., ( 1990):  Pages 165 - 172.
Year of Publication: 1990.

223. Record Number: 13259
Author(s): Sautman, Francesca.
Contributor(s):
Title : Saint Anne in Folk Tradition: Late Medieval France [A French text relates Saint Anne's birth from the thigh of her father and her upbringing by a deer. This tale has roots in Celtic stories about miraculous births and wild children. Anne was associated with vegetation, including grape vines and wood, and with water, including rain, and with childbirth. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Interpreting Cultural Symbols: Saint Anne in Late Medieval Society.   Edited by Kathleen Ashley and Pamela Sheingorn .   The University of Georgia Press, 1990. Dumbarton Oaks Papers , 44., ( 1990):  Pages 69 - 94.
Year of Publication: 1990.

224. Record Number: 12800
Author(s): Vaughn, Sally N.
Contributor(s):
Title : St. Anselm and Women [The author argues that St. Anselm's letters reveal that he admired women who were wives and mothers, and that he had many friendships with women, in particular, with Countess Ida of Boulogne. The author also discusses Anselm's relationship with his own m
Source: The Haskins Society Journal , 2., ( 1990):  Pages 83 - 93.
Year of Publication: 1990.

225. Record Number: 12740
Author(s): Breeze, Andrew.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Virgin Mary, Daughter of Her Son [The “mater et filia” topos, or the notion of the Virgin Mary as being simultaneously the mother and daughter of Christ, originated in the writings of late Antiquity but the theme also appears in the early poetry of Ireland and Britain. The first known reference to the topos in Ireland occurs in the seventh century Latin poem; an eleventh century poem written in the Irish language is perhaps the oldest vernacular example of the topos. The earliest example of the topos in Welsh poetry probably dates from around 1400. In all these instances, poets borrow and adapt ideas about the Virgin Mary from Continental sources like sermons, Church teachings, or poetry. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Études Celtiques , 27., ( 1990):  Pages 267 - 283.
Year of Publication: 1990.

226. Record Number: 11192
Author(s): Harris, Barbara J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Property, Power, and Personal Relations: Elite Mothers and Sons in Yorkist and Early Tudor England [Women were often marginalized by patriarchal power structures that placed the father at the head of the family, but the birth of a son often elevated the wife’s position. Since the first son was greatly valued in a system of primogenitural inheritance, noble mothers often had close emotional ties to their sons. The political and social future of the family often rested on the mother’s ability to manage the household, display the family’s wealth and status, and negotiate marriages and other alliances for the family’s children. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society (Full Text via JSTOR) 15, 3 (Spring 1990): 606-632. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1990.

227. Record Number: 13261
Author(s): Ashley, Kathleen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Image and Ideology: Saint Anne in Late Medieval Drama and Narrative [The cult of Saint Anne offered a means of performing meaning(s). The Huy Nativity Play has Anne and other kin visit Mary and the infant Jesus, gazing adoringly at the baby as he gazes back. In the N-Town Mary Play, Anne is the lynchpin of the Holy Kinship, mediating between marriage and ideas of chastity. The Digby Candelmas Play was enacted on Saint Anne's Day. It shows role reversal, including a soldier being beaten with spindles for his role in the Massacre of the Innocents. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Interpreting Cultural Symbols: Saint Anne in Late Medieval Society.   Edited by Kathleen Ashley and Pamela Sheingorn .   The University of Georgia Press, 1990.  Pages 111 - 130.
Year of Publication: 1990.

228. Record Number: 23413
Author(s): Guibert of Nogent
Contributor(s):
Title : The Love of Learning: A Striking Example (ca. 1076) [From "Memoirs," 1115]
Source: The Broadview Book of Medieval Anecdotes.   Edited by Richard Kay, compiler .   Broadview Press, 1988. Downside Review , 108., ( 1990):  Pages 157 - 157.
Year of Publication: 1988.

229. Record Number: 28821
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Holy Kinship
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0b/Meister_des_Ortenberger_Altars_001.jpg/250px-Meister_des_Ortenberger_Altars_001.jpg
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230. Record Number:
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Presentation of the Virgin
Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/98/Presentation_of_Mary_of_Protat.jpg/250px-Presentation_of_Mary_of_Protat.jpg
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231. Record Number: 30926
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Nativity of the Virgin
Source:
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232. Record Number: 30940
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Annunciation to Saint Anne
Source:
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233. Record Number: 30945
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Death of St. Monica
Source:
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234. Record Number: 30949
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Meeting of Anne and Joachim at the Golden Gate
Source:
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235. Record Number: 31180
Author(s):
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Title : Panel from the Humility Polyptych - Umilta resuscitates a dead child
Source:
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236. Record Number: 31274
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Birth of Julius Caesar (Les Faits des Romains)
Source:
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237. Record Number: 31275
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Birth of Julius Caesar (Commentaires de Cesar)
Source:
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238. Record Number: 31299
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Birth of Julius Caesar (Commentaires de Cesar)
Source:
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239. Record Number: 31894
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Roman Siege of Jerusalem with Infanticide and Isabel de Byron between the Arms of Neville of Hornby and those of Byron
Source:
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240. Record Number: 31990
Author(s):
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Title : Louis IX learning to read
Source:
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241. Record Number: 32140
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Daughters of Joan, Lady of Cobham
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242. Record Number: 32144
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Margaret Irby's Daughters
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243. Record Number: 32271
Author(s):
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Title : Wild Woman Holding a Shield with a Lion's Head
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244. Record Number: 32298
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Icon of the Madonna and Child from Santa Maria Nova
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245. Record Number: 32550
Author(s):
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Title : Melusine flees after being discovered by her husband, but she returns to care for her infants
Source:
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246. Record Number: 34807
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Choosing a wet nurse
Source:
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247. Record Number: 35183
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Saint Jerome in a woman's dress
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248. Record Number: 36277
Author(s):
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Title : Donor portraits of Margaret Blackburn and her husband Nicholas
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249. Record Number: 43218
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Madonna of Humility with the Temptation of Eve
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250. Record Number: 43587
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Initial G with the Birth of the Virgin
Source:
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