Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


53 Record(s) Found in our database

Search Results

1. Record Number: 10983
Author(s): Milfull, Inge B.
Contributor(s):
Title : War and Truce: Women in "The Wallace" [The author concentrates on the scenes of Wallace's courtship of his future wife and the diplomatic efforts of the English queen. Milfull argues that in both cases the poet regards the women as intrusive and potentially dangerous. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Woman and the Feminine in Medieval and Early Modern Scottish Writing.   Edited by Sarah M. Dunnigan, C. Marie Harker, and Evelyn S. Newlyn .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.  Pages 19 - 30.
Year of Publication: 2004.

2. Record Number: 9858
Author(s): Campbell, Emma
Contributor(s):
Title : Separating the Saints from the Boys: Sainthood and Masculinity in the Old French "Vie de Saint Alexis" [Based on an essay which obtained the R. H. Gapper Graduate Essay Prize in 2002 from the Society for French Studies (See www.sfs.ac.uk). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: French Studies , 57., 4 (October 2003):  Pages 447 - 462.
Year of Publication: 2003.

3. Record Number: 10453
Author(s): Bodden, M. C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Disordered Grief and Fashionable Afflictions in Chaucer's "Franklin's Tale" and the "Clerk's Tale" [The author examines the gendered treatment of grief. Dorigen's expressions are extremely anguished and disordered, while the male characters experience grief more "rationally" in connection with honor and the loss of power over women. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Grief and Gender: 700-1700.   Edited by Jennifer C. Vaught with Lynne Dickson Bruckner .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. French Studies , 57., 4 (October 2003):  Pages 51 - 63.
Year of Publication: 2003.

4. Record Number: 10454
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Grief in Avalon: Sir Palomydes' Psychic Pain [The author explores the failures and grief of Sir Palomydes, a Saracen, who eventually converts to Christianity, in Malory's "Morte Darthur." He is always second-best in tournaments and adventures. His friendship with Sir Tristram emphasizes the unequal competitions at the heart of chivalry. Even his lady love will not return his passion. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Grief and Gender: 700-1700.   Edited by Jennifer C. Vaught with Lynne Dickson Bruckner .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. French Studies , 57., 4 (October 2003):  Pages 65 - 77.
Year of Publication: 2003.

5. Record Number: 10531
Author(s): Colwell, Tania.
Contributor(s):
Title : Medieval Masculinities: Transgressions and Transformations
Source: Our Medieval Heritage: Essays in Honour of John Tillotson for His 60th Birthday.   Edited by Linda Rasmussen, Valerie Spear, and Dianne Tillotson .   Merton Priory Press, 2002. French Studies , 57., 4 (October 2003):  Pages 137 - 156.
Year of Publication: 2002.

6. Record Number: 8083
Author(s): Najemy, John M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Giannozzo and His Elders: Alberti's Critique of Renaissance Patriarchy [The author argues that the figure of Giannozzo is used by Alberti to criticize the arbitrary power of fathers over sons and the resulting efforts of sons to control their wives, thereby recuperating some of their lost masculinity. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Society and Individual in Renaissance Florence.   Edited by William J. Connell .   University of California Press, 2002. French Studies , 57., 4 (October 2003):  Pages 51 - 78.
Year of Publication: 2002.

7. Record Number: 7305
Author(s): Rasmussen, Ann Marie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gendered Knowledge and Eavesdropping in the Late-Medieval "Minnerede" [The author argues for a poetics of gender in the "Minnerede" with an eavesdropping male narrator and a female speaker whose concerns about love are voiced in secret. The "Minnereden" narratives take place in two different milieu, the city and the court. The appendix inventories twenty-five "Minnereden" and seven "maeren" that feature an eavesdropping motif. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Speculum , 77., 4 (October 2002):  Pages 1168 - 1194.
Year of Publication: 2002.

8. Record Number: 5978
Author(s): Price, Paul.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Case of Gender Conflict Avoided? The Magnanimous Cuckold in the "Tale of Sir Corneus"
Source: Gender and Conflict in the Middle Ages. Gender and Medieval Studies Conference, York, January 5-7 2001. .  2001. Speculum , 77., 4 (October 2002):
Year of Publication: 2001.

9. Record Number: 10116
Author(s): Wiscombe, Samuel C., Jr.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Female Translator of Old English and Rooting for a Grisly Supper with the Boar
Source: Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000): Paper presented at the Thirty-Fifth International Congress on Medieval Studies, The Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University, May 4-7, 2000, Session 105: "Old English Editing."
Year of Publication: 2000.

10. Record Number: 10111
Author(s): Drout, Michael D. C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Blood and Deeds: Gender, Inheritance, and Death in "Beowulf"
Source: Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000): Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Modern Language Association of America, Chicago, December 27-30, 1999, Session 314: "Ways of Reading Old English Texts: Colonialism, Gender, and Identity."
Year of Publication: 2000.

11. Record Number: 5014
Author(s): Finke, Laurie A. and Martin B. Shichtman
Contributor(s):
Title : Magical Mistress Tour: Patronage, Intellectual Property, and the Dissemination of Wealth in the "Lais" of Marie de France
Source: Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society (Full Text via JSTOR) 25, 2 (Winter 2000): 479-503. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2000.

12. Record Number: 5056
Author(s): Scheil, Andrew P.
Contributor(s):
Title : Bodies and Boundaries in the Old English "Life of St. Mary of Egypt"
Source: Neophilologus , 84., 1 (January 2000):  Pages 137 - 156.
Year of Publication: 2000.

13. Record Number: 5058
Author(s): McFadden, Brian.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sleeping After the Feast: Deathbeds, Marriage Beds, and the Power Structure of Heorot
Source: Neophilologus , 84., 4 (October 2000):  Pages 629 - 646.
Year of Publication: 2000.

14. Record Number: 10119
Author(s): Norris, Robin.
Contributor(s):
Title : In the Shadow of the Cross: "The Dream of the Rood" and Same-Sex Piety
Source: Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000): Paper presented at the Thirty-Fifth International Congress on Medieval Studies, The Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University, May 4-7, 2000, Session 295: "Old English Poetry I."
Year of Publication: 2000.

15. Record Number: 10128
Author(s): Healey, Claire.
Contributor(s):
Title : Strange Creatures: Masculinity in the Exeter Book Riddles
Source: Old English Newsletter , 33., 3 (Spring 2000): Paper presented at the International Medieval Congress, University of Leeds, July 10-13, 2000, Session 301: "Groping in the Dark Ages: The Search for the Anglo-Saxon Body."
Year of Publication: 2000.

16. Record Number: 4303
Author(s): Darrup, Cathy C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender, Skin Color, and the Power of Place in the Medieval Dutch "Romance of Moriaen" [The author analyzes the story of Moriaen, a Black Moorish knight in the Dutch "Lancelot;" Blackness is not diluted but its exotic qualities are minimized].
Source: Medieval Feminist Newsletter , 27., (Spring 1999):  Pages 15 - 24.
Year of Publication: 1999.

17. Record Number: 3652
Author(s): Bullough, Vern L. and Gwen Whitehead Brewer
Contributor(s):
Title : Medieval Masculinities and Modern Interpretations: The Problem of the Pardoner
Source: Conflicted Identities and Multiple Masculinities: Men in the Medieval West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray .   Garland Medieval Casebooks, volume 25. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, volume 2078. Garland Publishing, 1999. Neophilologus , 84., 1 (January 2000):  Pages 93 - 110.
Year of Publication: 1999.

18. Record Number: 4410
Author(s): Lacarra Lanz, Eukene.
Contributor(s):
Title : Political Discourse and the Construction and Representation of Gender in "Mocedades de Rodrigo" [The author concludes "The construction of masculinity, as it apears in 'MR,' is predicated on the marginalization of women, who are viewed exclusively as commodities circulating among men." (page 487)].
Source: Hispanic Review , 67., ( 1999):  Pages 467 - 491.
Year of Publication: 1999.

19. Record Number: 3752
Author(s): Chinca, M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and Hunting-Birds are Easy to Tame: Aristocratic Masculinity and the Early German Love-Lyric [the author suggests two different interpretations of Der Von Kürenberg's lyrics; the first assumes an exclusively male audience and gives the songs the role of reproducing and reinforcing patriarchal masculinity while the second model posits a mixed audience interested in debating masculinity.]
Source: Masculinity in Medieval Europe.   Edited by D.M. Hadley .   Women and Men in History Series. Addison Wesley Longman, 1999. Hispanic Review , 67., ( 1999):  Pages 199 - 213.
Year of Publication: 1999.

20. Record Number: 4754
Author(s): Watt, Diane.
Contributor(s):
Title : Literary Geneaology, Virile Rhetoric, and John Gower's "Confessio Amantis" ["In this article, my primary concern will be with the way in which Gower's construction of rhetoric can be seen to be both gendered and sexualized, especially when read alongside other classical and medieval discussions of the subject." page 392].
Source: Philological Quarterly , 78., 4 (Fall 1999):  Pages 389 - 415.
Year of Publication: 1999.

21. Record Number: 5238
Author(s): Englade, Emilio.
Contributor(s):
Title : Straw for Youre Gentillesse: Masculine Identity, Honor, and Dorigen
Source: Publications of the Medieval Association of the Midwest , 5., ( 1998):  Pages 34 - 57.
Year of Publication: 1998.

22. Record Number: 3610
Author(s): Dockray-Miller, Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : Beowulf's Tears of Fatherhood [the author argues that since Hrothgar's masculine power is fading, he proposes to adopt the powerful and masculine Beowulf, but Beowulf rejects his proposal]
Source:   Edited by Eileen A. Joy and Mary K. Ramsey with the assistance of Bruce D. Gilchrist Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 10., 1 (Spring 1998):  Pages 1 - 28. Reprinted in The Postmodern "Beowulf": A Critical Casebook. Edited by Eileen A. Joy and Mary K. Ramsey with the assistance of Bruce D. Gilchrist. West Virginia University Press, 2006. Pages 439-466.
Year of Publication: 1998.

23. Record Number: 7208
Author(s): Carlson, Christina M.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Minstrel's Song of Silence: The Construction of Masculine Authority and the Feminized Other in the Romance "Sir Orfeo" [The author explores the gendered representations of Orfeo's kingdom contrasted with the feminized fairy kingdom. She argues that Orfeo's successes come at the expense of his wife Herodis. Yet her role is essential for his poetry and his identity. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Comitatus , 29., ( 1998):  Pages 62 - 75.
Year of Publication: 1998.

24. Record Number: 3612
Author(s): Lionarons, Joyce Tally.
Contributor(s):
Title : Cultural Syncretism and the Construction of Gender in Cynewulf's "Elene" [The author cites instances of gender category inversions; for example, Elene acts as a mother and spiritual mother while she takes on a masculine role using physical force to make Judas convert].
Source: Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 10., 1 (Spring 1998):  Pages 51 - 68.
Year of Publication: 1998.

25. Record Number: 2422
Author(s): Dunton-Downer, Leslie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Wolf Man
Source: Becoming Male in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Jeffrey Jerome Cohen and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1997. Studies in the Age of Chaucer , 19., ( 1997):  Pages 203 - 218.
Year of Publication: 1997.

26. Record Number: 2786
Author(s): Dockray-Miller, Mary.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Feminized Cross of "The Dream of the Rood" [interprets Christ as an aggressively heterosexual male figure whose heroism, masculinity, and majesty dominate the cross as the feminized other].
Source: Philological Quarterly , 76., 1 (Winter 1997):  Pages 1 - 18.
Year of Publication: 1997.

27. Record Number: 2423
Author(s): Wickham-Crowley, Kelley M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gowther Among the Dogs: Becoming Inhuman c. 1400
Source: Becoming Male in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Jeffrey Jerome Cohen and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1997. Philological Quarterly , 76., 1 (Winter 1997):  Pages 219 - 244.
Year of Publication: 1997.

28. Record Number: 3913
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Boys Will Be... What? Gender, Sexuality, and Childhood in "Floire et Blancheflor" and "Floris et Lyriope" [The author argues that in both texts boyish sexuality leads to inappropriate choices, Floris transgresses social hierarchy and Floire calls into question the categories of gender and kinship].
Source: Exemplaria: A Journal of Theory in Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 9., 1 (Spring 1997):  Pages 39 - 61.
Year of Publication: 1997.

29. Record Number: 2360
Author(s): Lafont, Robert.
Contributor(s):
Title : La voix des dames [A psycho-historical reading of troubadour and trobairitz verses with an emphasis on the various roles that love played for male poets, both troubadours and jongleurs. The author also questions the biographies attributed to many of the trobairitz. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Revue des Langues Romanes , 101., 2 ( 1997):  Pages 185 - 205.
Year of Publication: 1997.

30. Record Number: 2424
Author(s): Burger, Glenn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Erotic Discipline...Or "Tee Hee, I Like My Boys To Be Girls": Inventing With the Body in Chaucer's "Millers Tale"
Source: Becoming Male in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Jeffrey Jerome Cohen and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1997. Revue des Langues Romanes , 101., 2 ( 1997):  Pages 245 - 260.
Year of Publication: 1997.

31. Record Number: 2427
Author(s): Epp, Garrett P.J.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Vicious Guise: Effeminacy, Sodomy, and "Mankind"
Source: Becoming Male in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Jeffrey Jerome Cohen and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1997. Revue des Langues Romanes , 101., 2 ( 1997):  Pages 303 - 320.
Year of Publication: 1997.

32. Record Number: 2426
Author(s): Putter, Ad
Contributor(s):
Title : Tranvestite Knights in Medieval Life and Literature [men dress as women both in real-life tournaments and in such romances as "Meraugais de Portlesguez," Malory's "Sir Tristram," "Witasse le Moine," and "Claris et Laris"; the author argues that these situations serve to emphasize the cross-dressing hero's masculinity and make a joke of inept characters].
Source: Becoming Male in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Jeffrey Jerome Cohen and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1997. Revue des Langues Romanes , 101., 2 ( 1997):  Pages 279 - 302.
Year of Publication: 1997.

33. Record Number: 2981
Author(s): Flynn, St. John E.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Saint of the Womanly Body: Raimon de Cornet's Fourteenth-Century Male Poetics [analyzes links between the Virgin and Bernard of Clairvaux in Raimon de Cornet's two religious poems which are written from a male point of view; the appendix gives the Latin texts of the two poems followed by the English translations].
Source: Sex and Gender in Medieval and Renaissance Texts: The Latin Tradition.   Edited by Barbara K. Gold, Paul Allen Miller, and Charles Platter .   State University of New York Press, 1997. Revue des Langues Romanes , 101., 2 ( 1997):  Pages 91 - 109.
Year of Publication: 1997.

34. Record Number: 2425
Author(s): Sturges, Robert S.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Pardoner, Veiled and Unveiled
Source: Becoming Male in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Jeffrey Jerome Cohen and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1997. Revue des Langues Romanes , 101., 2 ( 1997):  Pages 261 - 277.
Year of Publication: 1997.

35. Record Number: 2416
Author(s): Townsend, David.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ironic Intertextuality and the Reader's Resistance to Heroic Masculinity in the "Waltharius" [suggests that monastic readers viewed Hildegund as a subversive character who undercut the warriors' bravado; comparisons are made with the "Aeneid's" Dido episode and slasher films].
Source: Becoming Male in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Jeffrey Jerome Cohen and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1997. Revue des Langues Romanes , 101., 2 ( 1997):  Pages 67 - 86.
Year of Publication: 1997.

36. Record Number: 3597
Author(s): Federico, Sylvia.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Fourteenth-Century Erotics of Politics: London as a Feminine New Troy
Source: Studies in the Age of Chaucer , 19., ( 1997):  Pages 121 - 155.
Year of Publication: 1997.

37. Record Number: 20793
Author(s): Hendershot, Cyndy
Contributor(s):
Title : Male Subjectivity, "Fin Amor," and Melancholia in "The Book of the Duchess"
Source: Mediaevalia , 21., ( 1996):  Pages 1 - 26.
Year of Publication: 1996.

38. Record Number: 2994
Author(s): Itnyre, Cathy Jorgensen.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Emotional Universe of Medieval Icelandic Fathers and Sons [discusses the qualities that fathers want to find in their sons including courage, obedience, concern for family honor, and a physical ressemblance to the father; also breifly discusses the qualities that dissapoint including cowardice, disobedience, and associating with bad company].
Source: Medieval Family Roles: A Book of Essays.   Edited by Cathy Jorgensen Itnyre .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Studies in the Age of Chaucer , 19., ( 1997):  Pages 173 - 196.
Year of Publication: 1996.

39. Record Number: 2349
Author(s): Drout, Michael.
Contributor(s):
Title : Reading Tolkien Reading "Beowulf": Is A "Masculinist" Interpreation Necessary?
Source: Old English Newsletter , 29., 3 (Spring 1996):
Year of Publication: 1996.

40. Record Number: 2432
Author(s): Sayers, William.
Contributor(s):
Title : Principled Women, Pressured Men: Nostalgia in "Fljótsdœla saga" [the last of the family sagas recalls an age in which heroic women and active men struggled for honor and material advantage].
Source: Reading Medieval Studies , 22., ( 1996):  Pages 21 - 62.
Year of Publication: 1996.

41. Record Number: 1861
Author(s): Palmer, Craig.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Question of Manhood: Overcoming the Paternal Homoerotic in Gottfried's "Tristan"
Source: Monatshefte , 88., 1 (Spring 1996):  Pages 17 - 30.
Year of Publication: 1996.

42. Record Number: 2524
Author(s): Tarnowski, Andrea.
Contributor(s):
Title : Jehan et Blonde and the Exemplary Hero [argues that Jehan is represented as a hero, not only because of his feat of arms, but because of his skill with words as evidenced by his victory in a series of "gabs" or riddles with his rival in love, the Count of Gloucester].
Source: Comparative Literature Studies , 32., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 262 - 279.
Year of Publication: 1995.

43. Record Number: 1871
Author(s): Dallapiazza, Michael.
Contributor(s):
Title : Männlich-Weiblich: Bilder des Scheiterns in Gottfrieds "Tristan" und Wolframs "Titurel"
Source: Arthurian Romance and Gender. Selected Proceedings of the XVIIth International Arthurian Congress.   Edited by Friedrich Wolfzettel Internationale Forschungen zur Allgemeinen und Vergleichenden Literaturwissenschaft .   Rodopi, 1995. Comparative Literature Studies , 32., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 176 - 182.
Year of Publication: 1995.

44. Record Number: 3562
Author(s): Baswell, Christopher.
Contributor(s):
Title : Men in the "Roman d'Eneas": The Construction of Empire [the author argues that the "Roman d'Eneas" is a controlled political and social work that confronts important issues in Angevin society including emergent manhood, patriarchal imperialism, and the limits of feminine power].
Source: Medieval Masculinities: Regarding Men in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Clare A. Lees with the assistance of Thelma Fenster and Jo Ann McNamara Medieval Cultures, 7.   University of Minnesota Press, 1994. Comparative Literature Studies , 32., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 149 - 168.
Year of Publication: 1994.

45. Record Number: 3560
Author(s): Spiegel, Harriet.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Male Animal in the "Fables" of Marie de France [The author explores both female and male worlds in both the public and private spheres].
Source: Medieval Masculinities: Regarding Men in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Clare A. Lees with the assistance of Thelma Fenster and Jo Ann McNamara Medieval Cultures, 7.   University of Minnesota Press, 1994. Comparative Literature Studies , 32., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 111 - 126.
Year of Publication: 1994.

46. Record Number: 3563
Author(s): Mirrer, Louise.
Contributor(s):
Title : Representing "Other" Men: Muslims, Jews and Masculine Ideals in Medieval Castilian Epic and Ballad [The author argues that the texts represent Muslim and Jewish men as docile and defeated; at the same time they stand in stark contrast to the Christian heroes who are manly and aggressive.]
Source: Medieval Masculinities: Regarding Men in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Clare A. Lees with the assistance of Thelma Fenster and Jo Ann McNamara Medieval Cultures, 7.   University of Minnesota Press, 1994. Comparative Literature Studies , 32., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 169 - 186.
Year of Publication: 1994.

47. Record Number: 3561
Author(s): Lees, Clare A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Men and "Beowulf" [The author argues that the masculinity in "Beowulf" is not as transparent as earlier critics have thought; the poem is both appreciative and critical of the patriarchal warriors].
Source: Medieval Masculinities: Regarding Men in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Clare A. Lees with the assistance of Thelma Fenster and Jo Ann McNamara Medieval Cultures, 7.   University of Minnesota Press, 1994. Comparative Literature Studies , 32., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 129 - 148. Reprinted in The Postmodern "Beowulf": A Critical Casebook. Edited by Eileen A. Joy and Mary K. Ramsey with the assistance of Bruce D. Gilchrist. West Virginia University Press, 2006. Pages 417-438.
Year of Publication: 1994.

48. Record Number: 3556
Author(s): Kinney, Clare R.
Contributor(s):
Title : The (Dis) Embodied Hero and the Signs of Manhood in "Sir Gawain and the Green Knight"
Source: Medieval Masculinities: Regarding Men in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Clare A. Lees with the assistance of Thelma Fenster and Jo Ann McNamara Medieval Cultures, 7.   University of Minnesota Press, 1994. Comparative Literature Studies , 32., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 47 - 57.
Year of Publication: 1994.

49. Record Number: 1557
Author(s): Gaudet, Minnette.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Rhetoric of Desire in the "Cansos" of Bernart de Ventadorn [psychoanalytic and feminist readings of Bernart's verses as a means to restore his masculinity and counter his lady's power and frightening sexuality].
Source: Romance Languages Annual , 6., ( 1994):  Pages 67 - 74.
Year of Publication: 1994.

50. Record Number: 9127
Author(s): Besamusca, Bart.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gauvain as Lover in the Middle Dutch Verse Romance "Walewein" [Gauvain is presented in the Dutch romance as an ideal knight and lover. The negative qualities traditionally associated with him are missing. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Arthurian Yearbook , 2., ( 1992):  Pages 3 - 12.
Year of Publication: 1992.

51. Record Number: 8500
Author(s): Benedetti, Roberto.
Contributor(s):
Title : Uno spazio esclusivo. Il pino e la donna negli antichi testi francesi [In certain chansons de geste and romances the pine tree designates a masculine space. The pine is tied to the assertion of a right order dominated by men. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Mediaevistik , 4., ( 1991):  Pages 7 - 19.
Year of Publication: 1991.

52. Record Number: 11671
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Sexual Discourse through the Image of the Unicorn in Richard de Fournival's "Bestiaire d' amour" and "Response" [The author contrasts Richard de Fournival's use of the unicorn with that of the woman who wrote the "Response." For Richard the unicorn symbolizes men who are victims of unloving women, while the woman sees the unicorn as the man who deceives with "soft words." Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Romance Languages Annual , 3., ( 1991):  Pages 108 - 110.
Year of Publication: 1991.

53. Record Number: 11196
Author(s): Ahern, John.
Contributor(s):
Title : Nudi Grammantes: The Grammar and Rhetoric of Deviation in Inferno XV [Male genitalia have a complex range of metaphorical meanings. Certain writers in the medieval rhetorical tradition align sexuality and rhetoric, comparing forms unorthodox sexuality (like sodomy) with perversions of language. Most notably, Brunetto Latini, a grammarian and sodomite who appears in the Inferno, uses a series of puns involving the word “fico” (fig or tree), confusing the word’s natural (biological) and grammatical gender. In Latin and Italian, this word (meaning both tree and fruit) could metaphorically stand for either the male or the female sexual organs. Brunetto’s learned yet ambiguous use of language thus suggests his own sexual deviancy. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Romanic Review , 81., 4 ( 1990):  Pages 466 - 486.
Year of Publication: 1990.