Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


85 Record(s) Found in our database

SEE ALSO: confessors' handbooks education

Search Results

1. Record Number: 35567
Author(s): , Pseudo-Bernard
Contributor(s): Mouron, Anne E., ed.
Title : A devoute tretes of holy Saynt Bernard, drawne oute of Latyn into English, callid The Manere of Good Lyvyng
Source: The Manere of Good Lyvyng: A Middle English Translation of Pseudo-Bernard's Liber de modo bene vivendi ad sororem.   Edited by Anne E. Mouron. Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts series .   Brepols, 2014.  Pages 41 - 182.
Year of Publication: 2014.

2. Record Number: 28800
Author(s): Mews, Constant J.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Speculum dominarum" ("Miroir des dames") and Transformations of the Literature of Instruction for Women in the Early Fourteenth Century [The author analyzes the "Speculum dominarum," a treatise written by Durand de Champagne for Joanne de Navarre, wife of Philip IV and queen of France 1285-1305. The text was later translated into French and remained widely read into the sixteenth century. Mews argues that the text "marks a significant shift in the character of religious writing for women, in moving away from a purely interior focus to one that combines spiritual advice with ethical discussion, of a sort traditionally conducted in a scholastic milieu and addressed only to men." (p. 14).
Source: Virtue Ethics for Women 1250-1500.   Edited by Karen Green and Constant J. Mews .   Springer, 2011.  Pages 13 - 30.
Year of Publication: 2011.

3. Record Number: 27567
Author(s): Sayers, William
Contributor(s):
Title : Flax and Linen in Walter of Bibbesworth’s Thirteenth-Century French Treatise for English Housewives [Walter of Bibbesworth wrote a handbook for English-speaking landowners giving the French terminology for estate management. The reader he addressed was the “mesuer,” or“housewif,” who oversaw many of the processes detailed in his book. Sayers analyzes the section on growing and harvesting flax, processing and spinning the thread, and weaving linen. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 6., ( 2010):  Pages 111 - 126.
Year of Publication: 2010.

4. Record Number: 13656
Author(s): Barratt, Alexandra.
Contributor(s):
Title : Teaching Anchoritic Texts: The Shock of the Old [The author discusses texts written for anchoresses, various available editions, and their uses in the classroom. The appendix presents an edited extract in Middle English from "The Rule of a Recluse," the late medieval version of Aelred's letter to his sister, "De Institutione Inclusarum." Following the letter, there is a gloss translating the more difficult words in the Middle English text. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Approaching Medieval English Anchoritic and Mystical Texts. Christianity and Culture: Issues in Teaching and Research Series, Volume 2.   Edited by Dee Dyas, Valerie Edden, and Roger Ellis .   D. S. Brewer, 2005. Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 6., ( 2010):  Pages 131 - 143.
Year of Publication: 2005.

5. Record Number: 14136
Author(s): Eisenbichler, Konrad.
Contributor(s):
Title : At Marriage End : Girolamo Savonarola and the Question of Widows in Late Fifteenth-Century Florence [The author discusses the problems that widows encountered and considers the alternatives presented by the Dominican friar Savonarola in his "Book of the Widow's Life." His concern was that widows live in a way that was economically as well as spiritually
Source: The Medieval Marriage Scene: Prudence, Passion, Policy.   Edited by Sherry Roush and Cristelle L. Baskins .   Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2005. Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 6., ( 2010):  Pages 67 - 80.
Year of Publication: 2005.

6. Record Number: 10829
Author(s): Heene, Katrien.
Contributor(s):
Title : De litterali et morali earum instruccione: Women's Literacy in Thirteenth-Century Latin Agogic Texts [The author examines didactic texts, particularly saints' lives and exempla, to find out what their clerical authors thought about the connections between women and literacy. Generally reading is associated for women with prayer, while for men it leads to more active engagements in the world, whether it be preaching or directing a noble household. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Voice of Silence: Women's Literacy in a Men's Church.   Edited by Thérèse de Hemptinne and María Eugenia Góngora Medieval Church Studies .   Brepols, 2004. Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 6., ( 2010):  Pages 145 - 166.
Year of Publication: 2004.

7. Record Number: 11017
Author(s): Lewis, Katherine J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Edmund of East Anglia, Henry VI and Ideals of Kingly Masculinity [The author argues that Lydgate's "Life" of King Edmund was intended to instruct the young Henry VI in kingly behaviors. The Mirror for Princes tradition of advice literature as reflected in the Middle English version of the "Secretorum" also emphasized the importance of religion in a king's responsibilities, particularly with regard to sexual self-control. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Holiness and Masculinity in the Middle Ages.   Edited by P. H. Cullum and Katherine J. Lewis .   Religion and Culture in the Middle Ages Series. University of Wales Press, 2004. Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 6., ( 2010):  Pages 158 - 173.
Year of Publication: 2004.

8. Record Number: 11022
Author(s): Johnston, Mark.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender as Conduct in the Courtesy Guides for Aristocratic Boys and Girls of Amanieu de Sescás [Amanieu de Sescás wrote his poems of advice for young women and young men in the early 1290s. Johnston argues that while a few behaviors are gender specific, the poet generally emphasizes a common ethic of courtliness for nobles of both sexes. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Essays in Medieval Studies (Full Text via Project Muse) 20 (2003): 75-84. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2003.

9. Record Number: 11086
Author(s): Savage, Anne.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Communal Authorship of "Ancrene Wisse" [Savage argues that the male cleric traditionally identified as the author of the "Ancrene Wisse" wrote out of his long experience with the three anchoress sisters and reacted to their comments and suggestions. The text should properly be considered to have been jointly authored. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: A Companion to "Ancrene Wisse."   Edited by Yoko Wada .   D. S. Brewer, 2003.  Pages 45 - 55.
Year of Publication: 2003.

10. Record Number: 9637
Author(s): Robertson, Elizabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : This Living Hand: Thirteenth-Century Female Literacy, Materialist Immanence, and the Reader of the "Ancrene Wisse" [The author first surveys the manuscripts of the "Ancrene Wisse" and the languages that early readers would have used. Then she analyzes the broadly historical context of thirteenth century female religious readers. In the final section, Robertson focuses
Source: Speculum , 78., 1 (January 2003):  Pages 1 - 36. Abridged version published in Medieval Literature: Criticism and Debates. Edited by Holly A. Crocker and D. Vance Smith. Routledge, 2014. Pages 162-179.
Year of Publication: 2003.

11. Record Number: 11085
Author(s): Millett, Bella.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Genre of "Ancrene Wisse" [The author traces the sources that influenced the "Ancrene Wisse," beginning with Augustine's "libellus" of practical and spiritual advice through the near-contemporary Domincan adaptations of the Premonstratensian customary. Millett also signals the influence of the Fourth Lateran Council in 1215 which would have made the "Ancrene Wisse" author more leery of encouraging new religious orders as well as taking on the pastoral care of religious women. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: A Companion to "Ancrene Wisse."   Edited by Yoko Wada .   D. S. Brewer, 2003. Speculum , 78., 1 (January 2003):  Pages 29 - 44.
Year of Publication: 2003.

12. Record Number: 9664
Author(s): Dudash, Susan J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Christine de Pizan and the "menu peuple" [The author examines the representation of the poor and laboring classes in four of Christine de Pizan's texts. The purposes of the texts, the audiences addressed, and the characterizations of the "menu peuple" vary, but in each case Christine serves as an intercessor on behalf of the suffering and the weak. Furthermore, she does not hesitate to point out the responsibilities of rulers and the unjust treatment of the lower classes including prostitutes and the destitute. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Speculum , 78., 3 (July 2003):  Pages 788 - 831.
Year of Publication: 2003.

13. Record Number: 9337
Author(s): Udry, Susan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Robert de Blois and Geoffroy de la Tour Landry on Feminine Beauty: Two Late Medieval French Conduct Books for Women [The author argues that Robert de Blois and the Chevalier de la Tour Landry conceive of feminine beauty in very different ways. For Robert his chief concern is women's sociability and the ways to promote social interactions between members of varied classes. On the other hand the Chevalier is concerned that his daughters make good marriages and carry on his lineage. He warns his daughters that artificial beauty in the form of fashion and cosmetics only distorts the beauty that comes from God. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Essays in Medieval Studies (Full Text via Project Muse) 19 (2002): 90-102. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2002.

14. Record Number: 11031
Author(s): Watt, Diane.
Contributor(s):
Title : Consuming Passions in Book VIII of John Gower's "Confessio Amantis" [The author argues that the various "appetites" condemned by Gower (incest, latent homosexuality, and female desire) are part of a mirror for princes guide to proper manly behavior that emphasizes the control of sexuality. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Consuming Narrative: Gender and Monstrous Appetite in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.   Edited by Liz Herbert McAvoy and Teresa Walters .   University of Wales Press, 2002.  Pages 28 - 41.
Year of Publication: 2002.

15. Record Number: 6717
Author(s): Power, Kim E.
Contributor(s):
Title : From Ecclesiology to Mariology: Patristic Traces and Innovation in the "Speculum virginum"
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001.  Pages 85 - 110.
Year of Publication: 2001.

16. Record Number: 6719
Author(s): Jeffreys, Catherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Listen, Daughters of Light: The Epithalamium and Musical Innovation in Twelfth-Century Germany
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001.  Pages 137 - 157.
Year of Publication: 2001.

17. Record Number: 6716
Author(s): Hotchin, Julie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Female Religious Life and the "Cura Monialium" in Hirsau Monasticism, 1080 to 1150
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001.  Pages 59 - 83.
Year of Publication: 2001.

18. Record Number: 6926
Author(s): Rasmussen, Ann Marie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Fathers to Think Back Through: The Middle High German Mother-Daughter and Father-Son Advice Poems known as "Die Winsbeckin" and "Der Winsbecke" ["In particular, the essay examines the 'enabling' notions of authenticity, authorship, and paternal authority that shaped scholarship on the poems from 1845 to 1985. The trope of a father instructing his son furnished a productive framework for the overwhelmingly male professional caste of nineteenth- and twentieth-century scholars to 'think back through,' I will argue, as they constructed notions of conduct literature that privileged a version of paternal, secular authority and that rested at times on a nostalgic belief that didactic literature was imbued with an authentic connection to lived medieval experience." p. 109].
Source: Medieval Conduct.   Edited by Kathleen Ashley and Robert L. A. Clark .   Medieval Cultures, Volume 29. University of Minnesota Press, 2001.  Pages 106 - 134.
Year of Publication: 2001.

19. Record Number: 6718
Author(s): Powell, Morgan.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Speculum virginum and the Audio-Visual Poetics of Women's Religious Instruction
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001.  Pages 59 - 83.
Year of Publication: 2001.

20. Record Number: 6924
Author(s): Krueger, Roberta L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Nouvelles Choses: Social Instability and the Problem of Fashion in the "Livre du Chevalier de la Tour Landry," the "Ménagier de Paris," and Christine de Pizan's "Livre des Trois Vertus" [The author argues that the anti-fashion discourse in the three texts confirms that sumptuary laws and the criticisms of authorities could not control women's desires for new fashions in clothing. In fact in the descriptions and illustrations of fashions
Source: Medieval Conduct.   Edited by Kathleen Ashley and Robert L. A. Clark .   Medieval Cultures, Volume 29. University of Minnesota Press, 2001.  Pages 49 - 85.
Year of Publication: 2001.

21. Record Number: 6724
Author(s): Küsters, Urban.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Second Blossoming of a Text: The "Spieghel der Maechden" and the Modern Devotion
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001.  Pages 245 - 261.
Year of Publication: 2001.

22. Record Number: 6714
Author(s): Mews, Constant J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Virginity, Theology, and Pedagogy in the "Speculum Virginum"
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001.  Pages 15 - 40.
Year of Publication: 2001.

23. Record Number: 6720
Author(s): Pinder, Janice M.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Cloister and the Garden: Gendered Images of Religious Life from the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001.  Pages 159 - 179.
Year of Publication: 2001.

24. Record Number: 6723
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Herrad of Hohenbourg: A Synthesis of Learning in "The Garden of Delights"
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001.  Pages 221 - 243.
Year of Publication: 2001.

25. Record Number: 6721
Author(s): Flanagan, Sabina.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Speculum virginum and Traditions of Medieval Dialogue
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001.  Pages 181 - 200.
Year of Publication: 2001.

26. Record Number: 6715
Author(s): Seyfarth, Jutta.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Speculum virginum": The Testimony of the Manuscripts
Source: Listen, Daughter: The "Speculum virginum" and the Formation of Religious Women in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Constant J. Mews .   The New Middle Ages Series. Palgrave, 2001.  Pages 41 - 57.
Year of Publication: 2001.

27. Record Number: 6927
Author(s): Dronzek, Anna.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gendered Theories of Education in Fifteenth-Century Conduct Books [The author compares texts written for boys and girls and argues that medieval ideas about gender affected both content and teaching methods. Boys learned visually, could handle abstract ideas, and did not need examples of violence to ensure obedience, while girls learned by listening, could only understand the concrete, and had to be threatened with corporal punishment regularly to preserve their sexual purity and by extension the family's honor. The texts the author analyzes are: For girls: "The Good Wife Taught Her Daughter" "The Good Wyfe Wold a Pylgremage" "The Book of the Knight of the Tower" For boys: "The Babees Book" "Lerne or Be Lewde" "The ABC of Aristotle" "Urbanitatis" "The Lytylle Childrenes Lytil Boke" "The Young Children's Book" "Stans puer ad mensam" "How the Wise Man Taught His Son" "The Boke of Curtasye" "Symon's Lesson of Wysedome for All Maner Chyldryn." Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Conduct.   Edited by Kathleen Ashley and Robert L. A. Clark .   Medieval Cultures, Volume 29. University of Minnesota Press, 2001.  Pages 135 - 159.
Year of Publication: 2001.

28. Record Number: 6925
Author(s): Ashley, Kathleen.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Miroir des bonnes Femmes": Not for Women Only? ["To read the 'Miroir des bonnes femmes' as relating only to women, therefore, would be to misunderstand its role in the formation of new ideologies during the fourteenth through the sixteenth centuries. The conjunction of female-based rhetoric, familial identities, and the promise of social advancement through proper conduct marks the first stage of a distinctive bourgeois ideology that will be fully articulated and culturally dominant by the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Despite the assumption, perhaps, on the part of conduct book owners that they are justifying a claim to 'noble' rank, it is in bourgeois culture that female honor is made the symbolic basis of a family's social reputation. As they cultivated that reputation and fostered a process of social advancement, fathers as well as their daughters therefore had a vital interest in owning conduct texts addressed to women." p. 102].
Source: Medieval Conduct.   Edited by Kathleen Ashley and Robert L. A. Clark .   Medieval Cultures, Volume 29. University of Minnesota Press, 2001.  Pages 86 - 105.
Year of Publication: 2001.

29. Record Number: 4810
Author(s): Collette, Carolyn P.
Contributor(s):
Title : Chaucer and the French Tradition Revisited: Philippe de Mézières and the Good Wife ["Philippe de Mézières' book on marriage and good wives shows that even before Christine de Pizan, an exact contemporary of Chaucer's dealt with the idea of marriage and the good woman in terms and stories that indicated the public nature of the marriage bond, and, within that bond, the power of women to stabilize and destabilize elements of society through virtue and through uncontrolled will." (Page 167)].
Source: Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts in Late Medieval Britain. Essays for Felicity Riddy.   Edited by Jocelyn Wogan-Browne, Rosalynn Voaden, Arlyn Diamond, Ann Hutchison, Carol M. Meale, and Lesley Johnson Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts .   Brepols, 2000.  Pages 151 - 168.
Year of Publication: 2000.

30. Record Number: 5443
Author(s): Zarri, Gabriella
Contributor(s):
Title : Christian Good Manners: Spiritual and Monastic Rules in the Quattro- and Cinquecento [the author surveys texts on comportment and morals addressed to different groups of women (virgins, wives, widows, nuns, etc.); authors and works discussed from the fifteenth century are Giovanni di Dio da Venezia, "Decor puellarum," "Gloria mulierum," and "Palma virtutum" and Cherubino da Spoleto, "Regola di vita matrimoniale" and "Regola di vita spirituale"].
Source: Women in Italian Renaissance Culture and Society.   Edited by Letizia Panizza .   European Humanities Research Centre, University of Oxford, 2000.  Pages 76 - 91.
Year of Publication: 2000.

31. Record Number: 5440
Author(s): Knox, Dilwyn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Civility, Courtesy, and Women in the Italian Renaissance [The author traces the origins of the idea of "modestia," decorum and gravity, which was the standard for both women and men; "cortesia" developed in order to give men and women a way to relate to each other].
Source: Women in Italian Renaissance Culture and Society.   Edited by Letizia Panizza .   European Humanities Research Centre, University of Oxford, 2000.  Pages 2 - 17.
Year of Publication: 2000.

32. Record Number: 4812
Author(s): Phillips, Kim M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Bodily Walls, Windows, and Doors: The Politics of Gesture in Late Fifteenth-Century English Books for Women [the author analyzes three romances in manuscript, a printed romance, and the courtesy text, "Book of the Knight of the Tower"; she argues that the manuscript texts are more concerned with social status than the policing of relations between women and men and harken back to the glory days of courtly life, while the printed texts appeal to a wider audience, especially the bourgeois, and concentrate on sexual respectability].
Source: Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts in Late Medieval Britain. Essays for Felicity Riddy.   Edited by Jocelyn Wogan-Browne, Rosalynn Voaden, Arlyn Diamond, Ann Hutchison, Carol M. Meale, and Lesley Johnson Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts .   Brepols, 2000.  Pages 185 - 198.
Year of Publication: 2000.

33. Record Number: 5583
Author(s): Blumenfeld-Kosinski, Renate
Contributor(s):
Title : Saintly Scenarios in Christine de Pizan's "Livre des trois vertus" [The author argues that Christine chose saints (Balthild, Clotilda, Elizabeth of Hungary, and Louis IX) as exemplars who offered more than one possible way of life; the saints also provided guidance on how to meet political obligations while maintaining spiritual and charitable activities].
Source: Mediaeval Studies , 62., ( 2000):  Pages 255 - 292.
Year of Publication: 2000.

34. Record Number: 4320
Author(s): Rasmussen, Ann Marie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Little-known Medieval Texts. Good Counsel for a Young Lady: A Low German Mother-Daughter Conduct Poem [the mother advises her daughter to be modest, obedient to her husband, and kind to her servants; it presupposes an urban setting among the middle class in a household workshop].
Source: Medieval Feminist Forum , 28., (Fall 1999):  Pages 28 - 31.
Year of Publication: 1999.

35. Record Number: 3758
Author(s): Hettinger, Madonna J.
Contributor(s):
Title : So Strategize: The Demands in the Day of the Peasant Woman in Medieval Europe [an introductory overview].
Source: Women in Medieval Western European Culture.   Edited by Linda E. Mitchell .   Garland Publishing, 1999. Medieval Feminist Forum , 28., (Fall 1999):  Pages 47 - 63.
Year of Publication: 1999.

36. Record Number: 4302
Author(s): Blumenfeld-Kosinski, Renate.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marginalization in Medieval Culture - Christine de Pizan's Advice to Prostitutes [remarkably she advises that reformed prostitutes should earn their own living and lead a quiet life rather than the traditional options of marriage or the religious life].
Source: Medieval Feminist Newsletter , 27., (Spring 1999):  Pages 9 - 15.
Year of Publication: 1999.

37. Record Number: 4023
Author(s): Lewis, Katherine J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Model Girls? Virgin-Martyrs and the Training of Young Women in Late Medieval England [The author explores the roles of virgin martyrs in conduct literature and analyzes the contents and social contexts of seven English manuscripts which contain the life of St. Catherine and probably were created for and read within lay households.]
Source: Young Medieval Women.   Edited by Katherine J. Lewis, Noel James Menuge, and Kim M. Phillips .   St. Martin's Press, 1999. Medieval Feminist Newsletter , 27., (Spring 1999):  Pages 25 - 46.
Year of Publication: 1999.

38. Record Number: 4400
Author(s): Murray, Jacqueline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gendered Souls in Sexed Bodies: The Male Construction of Female Sexuality in Some Medieval Confessors' Manuals [The author analyzes some fifteen confessors' manuals from the 13th century; she finds that they limit discussion of women to their sexual functions, emphasizing their sexual passivity and their danger to men as sexual temptations].
Source: Handling Sin: Confession in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Peter Biller and A.J. Minnis York Studies in Medieval Theology .   York Medieval Press, 1998. Neophilologus , 82., 1 (January 1998):  Pages 79 - 93.
Year of Publication: 1998.

39. Record Number: 4401
Author(s): Biller, Peter.
Contributor(s):
Title : Confessors' Manuals and the Avoiding of Offspring [The author argues that pastoral concern over efforts to prevent conception indicates an increase in the practice and may be correlated to overpopulation].
Source: Handling Sin: Confession in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Peter Biller and A.J. Minnis York Studies in Medieval Theology .   York Medieval Press, 1998. Neophilologus , 82., 1 (January 1998):  Pages 165 - 187.
Year of Publication: 1998.

40. Record Number: 4475
Author(s): Krueger, Roberta.
Contributor(s):
Title : Christine's Anxious Lessons: Gender, Morality, and the Social Order from the "Enseignemens" to the "Avision" [The author maintains that Christine's didactic works from 1399 to 1405 argue for the importance of female virtue].
Source: Christine de Pizan and the Categories of Difference.   Edited by Marilynn Desmond .   University of Minnesota Press, 1998. Medieval Feminist Newsletter , 27., (Spring 1999):  Pages 16 - 40.
Year of Publication: 1998.

41. Record Number: 3570
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Many Faces in Dhuoda's Mirror: The "Liber Manualis" and a Century of Scholarship [explores the wide range of scholarly opinion in the last century concerning Dhuoda's writing skills, knowledge of politics, role as an educator, degree of agency, and importance as a spiritual guide].
Source: Magistra , 4., 2 (Winter 1998):  Pages 89 - 134.
Year of Publication: 1998.

42. Record Number: 3359
Author(s): Purdie, Rhiannon
Contributor(s):
Title : Sexing the Manuscript: The Case for Female Ownership of MS Chetham 8009
Source: Neophilologus , 82., 1 (January 1998):  Pages 139 - 148.
Year of Publication: 1998.

43. Record Number: 4431
Author(s): Murray, Jacqueline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Men's Bodies, Men's Minds: Seminal Emissions and Sexual Anxiety in the Middle Ages [The author surveys theological and pastoral writings on men's emissions from Augustine through Jean Gerson. In the thirteenth century these practices came to be judged more harshly and were associated with masturbation as sins of lust. At the same time e
Source: Annual Review of Sex Research , 8., ( 1997):  Pages 1 - 26.
Year of Publication: 1997.

44. Record Number: 2667
Author(s): McNamer, Sarah.
Contributor(s):
Title : Dhuoda's "Handbook for William" and the Mother's Manual Tradition
Source: Listening to Their Voices: The Rhetorical Activities of Historical Women.   Edited by Molly Meijer Wertheimer .   University of South Carolina Press, 1997. Neophilologus , 82., 1 (January 1998):  Pages 177 - 198.
Year of Publication: 1997.

45. Record Number: 2640
Author(s): Keller, Kimberly.
Contributor(s):
Title : Prudence's Pedagogy of the Oppressed [Prudence persuades her husband Melibee to take her advice through the use of scholastic arguments and learned citations; she changes the balance of power and sets an example for her female readers].
Source: Neuphilologische Mitteilungen , 98., 4 ( 1997):  Pages 415 - 426.
Year of Publication: 1997.

46. Record Number: 2643
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Late Medieval Care and Control of Women: Jean Gerson and His Sisters [Gerson wrote a series of letters and treatises for his six sisters in which he outlined a life devoted to virginity and to prayer in the family home; he specifically told them not to join a religious house for women; texts by Gerson discussed in the article are: "Sept enseignements et autres extraits du Traité sur l'excellence de la virginité" (after 1395), "Neuf considerations" (late 1390s), "Montaigne de contemplation" (1399 or 1400), "Onze ordonnances" (after June 1401), and "Dialogue spirituel" (1407 or 1408)].
Source: Revue d'Histoire Ecclésiastique , 92., 1 (janvier-mars 1997):  Pages 5 - 37.
Year of Publication: 1997.

47. Record Number: 5597
Author(s): Purdie, Rhiannon
Contributor(s):
Title : Sexing the Manuscript: The Case for Female Ownership of MS Chetham 8009 [The author argues that the manuscript was completed by or for a woman based on the selection of the fourteen texts included; the saints' lives, prayers, and romances all demonstrate a pronounced interest in female characters and women's concerns; the cou
Source: Manuscripta , 41., 1 (March 1997):  Pages 53 - 63.
Year of Publication: 1997.

48. Record Number: 3680
Author(s): Jambeck, Karen K.
Contributor(s):
Title : Patterns of Women's Literary Patronage: England, 1200- ca.1475 [The author argues that many noble women managed their estates while their husbands were away or deceased; in order to train their daughters they patronized literature that reflected female capacity and self-worth.]
Source: The Cultural Patronage of Medieval Women.   Edited by June Hall McCash .   University of Georgia Press, 1996.  Pages 228 - 265.
Year of Publication: 1996.

49. Record Number: 856
Author(s): Zhang, Xiangyun.
Contributor(s):
Title : Du Miroir des Princes au Miroir des Princesses: Rapport intertextuel entre deux livres de Christine de Pizan
Source: Fifteenth Century Studies , 22., ( 1996):  Pages 55 - 67.
Year of Publication: 1996.

50. Record Number: 3585
Author(s): Fein, Susanna Greer.
Contributor(s):
Title : Maternity in Aelred of Rievaulx's Letter to His Sister
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Fifteenth Century Studies , 22., ( 1996):  Pages 139 - 156.
Year of Publication: 1996.

51. Record Number: 1414
Author(s): Payer, Pierre J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Confession and the Study of Sex in the Middle Ages
Source: Handbook of Medieval Sexuality.   Edited by Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage .   Garland Reference Library of the Humanities vol. 1696. Garland Publishing, 1996. Fifteenth Century Studies , 22., ( 1996):  Pages 3 - 31.
Year of Publication: 1996.

52. Record Number: 3636
Author(s): De Gendt, Anne Marie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mors et Vita in Manu Linguae : Paroles Dévastatrices et Lénifiantes dans "Le Livre du chevalier de la Tour Landry" [the author examines the Chevalier's attitude toward women's language both what they should emulate(measured, courteous, and humble speech) and what they should avoid (flattery, lying, and deceit) ; the author argues that in comparison to other authors, the Chevalier is rather mild in his criticisms].
Source: Mediaeval Studies , 58., ( 1996):  Pages 351 - 363.
Year of Publication: 1996.

53. Record Number: 1625
Author(s): Epp, Garrett P.J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Learning to Write with Venus's Pen: Sexual Regulation in Matthew of Vend™me's "Ars versificatoria"
Source: Desire and Discipline: Sex and Sexuality in the Premodern West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray and Konrad Eisenbichler .   University of Toronto Press, 1996. Mediaeval Studies , 58., ( 1996):  Pages 265 - 279.
Year of Publication: 1996.

54. Record Number: 2431
Author(s): Sinclair, Finn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Defending the Castle: Didactic Literature and the Containment of Female Sexuality [three didactic texts, written by and for men, advise that women need to be restrained morally and physically because of their immoderate sexual appetites].
Source: Reading Medieval Studies , 22., ( 1996):  Pages 5 - 19.
Year of Publication: 1996.

55. Record Number: 615
Author(s): Claussen, M. A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Fathers of Power and Mothers of Authority: Dhuoda and the "Liber manualis" [Dhuoda uses scripture and St. Benedict's rule to teach her son Christian values].
Source: French Historical Studies (Full Text via JSTOR) 19, 3 (Spring 1996): 785-809. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1996.

56. Record Number: 675
Author(s): Riddy, Felicity.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mother Knows Best: Reading Social Change in a Courtesy Text ["What the Goodwife Taught Her Daughter" embodies a bourgeois ethos that values respectability].
Source: Speculum (Full Text via JSTOR) 71, 1 (Jan. 1996): 66-86. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1996.

57. Record Number: 5132
Author(s): Lee, Becky R.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Purification of Women After Childbirth: A Window onto Medieval Perceptions of Women [The author suggests that women may have seen childbirth and the attendant rituals, including churching, as an opportunity for gender reversal and time to spend with other women].
Source: Florilegium , 14., ( 1995- 1996):  Pages 43 - 55.
Year of Publication: 1995- 1996.

58. Record Number: 365
Author(s): Willard, Charity Cannon.
Contributor(s):
Title : Pilfering Vegetius? Christine de Pizan's "Faits D' Armes et de Chevalerie"
Source: Women, the Book and the Worldly: Selected Proceedings of the St. Hilda's Conference, 1993. Volume 2. [Volume 1: Women, the Book, and the Godly].   Edited by Lesley Smith and Jane H. M. Taylor .   D.S.Brewer, 1995. Florilegium , 14., ( 1995- 1996):  Pages 31 - 37.
Year of Publication: 1995.

59. Record Number: 434
Author(s): Redfern, Jenny R.
Contributor(s):
Title : Christine de Pisan and "The Treasure of the City of Ladies": A Medieval Rhetorician and Her Rhetoric
Source: Reclaiming Rhetorica: Women in the Rhetorical Tradition.   Edited by Andrea A. Lunsford Pittsburgh series in composition, literacy, and culture .   University of Pittsburgh Press, 1995. Florilegium , 14., ( 1995- 1996):  Pages 73 - 92.
Year of Publication: 1995.

60. Record Number: 1697
Author(s): Lorcin, Marie-Thérèse.
Contributor(s):
Title : Le "Livre des Trois Vertus" et le "sermo ad status"
Source: Une femme de Lettres au Moyen Age: Études autour de Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Liliane Dulac and Bernard Ribémont .   Paradigme, 1995. Florilegium , 14., ( 1995- 1996):  Pages 139 - 149.
Year of Publication: 1995.

61. Record Number: 1698
Author(s): Tarnowski, Andrea.
Contributor(s):
Title : Autobiograpy and Advice in the "Livre des Trois Vertus"
Source: Une femme de Lettres au Moyen Age: Études autour de Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Liliane Dulac and Bernard Ribémont .   Paradigme, 1995. Florilegium , 14., ( 1995- 1996):  Pages 151 - 160.
Year of Publication: 1995.

62. Record Number: 394
Author(s): Zimmermann, Margarete.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sharpen Your Mind with the Whetstone of Books: The Female Recluse as Reader in Goscelin's "Liber Confortatorius," Aelred of Rievaulx's "De Institutione Inclusarum," and the "Ancrene Wisse"
Source: Women, the Book and the Godly: Selected Proceedings of the St. Hilda's Conference, 1993. Volume 1 [Volume 2: Women, the Book and the Worldly].   Edited by Lesley Smith and Jane H. M. Taylor .   D.S. Brewer, 1995. Florilegium , 14., ( 1995- 1996):  Pages 113 - 122.
Year of Publication: 1995.

63. Record Number: 396
Author(s): Bell, David N.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ancrene Wisse and the "Wohunge of Ure Lauerd": The Thirteenth- Century Female Reader and the Lover- Knight
Source: Women, the Book and the Godly: Selected Proceedings of the St. Hilda's Conference, 1993. Volume 1 [Volume 2: Women, the Book and the Worldly].   Edited by Lesley Smith and Jane H. M. Taylor .   D.S. Brewer, 1995. Florilegium , 14., ( 1995- 1996):  Pages 137 - 147.
Year of Publication: 1995.

64. Record Number: 1707
Author(s): Brucker, Charles.
Contributor(s):
Title : Le monde, la foi et le savoir dans quelques oeuvres de Christine de Pizan: une quête
Source: Une femme de Lettres au Moyen Age: Études autour de Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Liliane Dulac and Bernard Ribémont .   Paradigme, 1995. Florilegium , 14., ( 1995- 1996):  Pages 265 - 280.
Year of Publication: 1995.

65. Record Number: 441
Author(s): Murray, Jacqueline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Thinking About Gender: The Diversity of Medieval Perspectives [two pastoral manual authors take different approaches to marriage].
Source: Power of the Weak: Studies on Medieval Women. A selection of a papers presented at the annual conference of the Centre for Medieval Studies, University of Toronto, Feb. 1990.   Edited by Jennifer Carpenter and Sally- Beth MacLean .   University of Illinois Press, 1995. Florilegium , 14., ( 1995- 1996):  Pages 1 - 26.
Year of Publication: 1995.

66. Record Number: 384
Author(s): Murray, Jacqueline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Absent Penitent: The Cure of Women's Souls and Confessors' Manuals in Thirteenth- Century England
Source: Women, the Book and the Godly: Selected Proceedings of the St. Hilda's Conference, 1993. Volume 1 [Volume 2: Women, the Book and the Worldly].   Edited by Lesley Smith and Jane H. M. Taylor .   D.S. Brewer, 1995. Florilegium , 14., ( 1995- 1996):  Pages 13 - 25.
Year of Publication: 1995.

67. Record Number: 5568
Author(s): De Gendt, Anne Marie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Gens qui ont le siècle à main: les grands de ce monde dans le "Livre du Chevalier de la Tour Landry" [the author analyzes two incidents in the "Livre du Chevalier de la Tour Landry" in which men betray women by pledging their love to several women at the same time; despite the Chevalier de la Tour Landry's moral and didactic purposes, he admires the men's high social statuses, their gifts for speaking, and even their reputations as seducers].
Source: Fifteenth Century Studies , 21., ( 1994):  Pages 1 - 15.
Year of Publication: 1994.

68. Record Number: 14767
Author(s): Baker, Denise N.
Contributor(s):
Title : Julian of Norwich and the Anchoritic Literature [The author examines the possiblity that Julian of Norwich might have been influenced by "De inclusarum institutione," the "Ancrene Wisse," Rolle's "Form of Living," and Hilton's "Scale of Perfection." The evidence is not conclusive in any of the cases. However, it is clear that Julian was familiar with the tenets of medieval spirituality as reflected in devotional and anchoritic texts of the time. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Mystics Quarterly , 19., 4 (December 1993):  Pages 148 - 160.
Year of Publication: 1993.

69. Record Number: 10367
Author(s): Dulac, Liliane.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Representation and Functions of Feminine Speech in Christine de Pizan’s "Livre des Trois Vertus" [In this didactic text directed to female readers, Christine examines the problematic role of feminine speech in relation to male discourse. Through an analysis of Christine’s allegorical female personifications of Virtues, the author explores the social importance and resources of feminine speech in literary texts. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Reinterpreting Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Earl Jeffrey Richards, Joan Williamson, Nadia Margolis, and Christine Reno .   University of Georgia Press, 1992.  Pages 13 - 22.
Year of Publication: 1992.

70. Record Number: 10792
Author(s): Jambeck, Karen K.
Contributor(s):
Title : The “Fables” of Marie de France: a Mirror of Princes [The author considers Marie's “Fables” as a "mirror for princes," and compares it directly to John of Salisbury's “Policraticus.” Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: In Quest of Marie de France: A Twelfth-Century Poet.   Edited by Chantal A. Marechal .   Edwin Mellen Press, 1992.  Pages 59 - 106.
Year of Publication: 1992.

71. Record Number: 9183
Author(s): Harley, Marta Powell.
Contributor(s):
Title : Of Widewhod: A Middle English Tract in Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Bodley 938 [The author traces the Biblical and patristic sources for this tract on widowhood and defines it as essentially a translation of the final chapter of the "De vita christiana" with an introduction added of admonitions, scriptural references, and commentary. The author also supplies an edition of the Middle English text of the tract. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Manuscripta , 36., 3 (November 1992):  Pages 178 - 190.
Year of Publication: 1992.

72. Record Number: 11110
Author(s): Willard, Charity Cannon.
Contributor(s):
Title : Christine de Pizan: From Poet to Political Commentator [The author analyzes and dates two little known works by Christine, "Livre de la prod'hommie de l'homme" and the "Livre de prudence" (which is in many respects identical to the first text). Willard suggests that the former was an early work immediately following the "Querelle de la Rose" writing and marks Christine's transition from poet to political moralist. While writing to attract the favor of princes, Christine felt duty bound to offer advice in regard to their behavior and to plead for them to aid France in its troubles. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Politics, Gender, and Genre: The Political Thought of Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Margaret Brabant .   Westview Press, 1992. Manuscripta , 36., 3 (November 1992):  Pages 17 - 32.
Year of Publication: 1992.

73. Record Number: 8582
Author(s): Dulac, Liliane.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mystical Inspiration and Political Knowledge: Advice to Widows from Francesco da Barberino and Christine de Pizan [The author considers two literary works in which advice is given to widows. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Upon My Husband's Death: Widows in the Literature and Histories of Medieval Europe.   Edited by Louise Mirrer Studies in Medieval and Early Modern Civilization .   University of Michigan Press, 1992. Manuscripta , 36., 3 (November 1992):  Pages 223 - 258.
Year of Publication: 1992.

74. Record Number: 11114
Author(s): Brown-Grant, Rosalind.
Contributor(s):
Title : L'Avision Christine: Autobiographical Narrative or Mirror for the Prince? [The author argues that the autobiographical sections of "L'Avision" were intended to show Christine as an exemplar for her princely reader. She was led to a greater understanding of the self and a better relationship with God. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Politics, Gender, and Genre: The Political Thought of Christine de Pizan.   Edited by Margaret Brabant .   Westview Press, 1992. Manuscripta , 36., 3 (November 1992):  Pages 95 - 111.
Year of Publication: 1992.

75. Record Number: 10520
Author(s): Casagrande, Carla.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Protected Woman [Writers of didactic and pastoral literature aimed at women classified their intended female audience in various ways (by marital status, age, social status, or family role), but these texts shared many of the same values. They state that since women are weak and inconstant, they cannot be their own guardians and must submit to the authority of men. Instead of living in the public sphere, women should focus on the domestic sphere and discipline themselves. These texts discourage excessive attention to exterior concerns like clothing and cosmetics and instead encourage cultivating the inner virtues of chastity, humility, modesty, sobriety, silence, industriousness, and mercy. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: A History of Women in the West. Volume 2: Silences of the Middle Ages.   Edited by Christiane Klapisch-Zuber .   Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1992. Manuscripta , 36., 3 (November 1992):  Pages 70 - 104.
Year of Publication: 1992.

76. Record Number: 10521
Author(s): Vecchio, Silvana.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Good Wife [Pastoral literature aimed at women helped spread church doctrine on women’s duties in marriage, often using examples from the lives of virtuous Biblical figures like Sarah or of female saints. These writings and others (like sermons) support the Aristotelian doctrine of marriage as a relationship between unequal partners; the wife must be faithful and submit to the will of her husband. The article also provides an overview of social views on the role of the husband as master and guide to the wife and family as well as the wife’s supplemental role in household management and the education and raising of children. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: A History of Women in the West. Volume 2: Silences of the Middle Ages.   Edited by Christiane Klapisch-Zuber .   Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1992. Manuscripta , 36., 3 (November 1992):  Pages 105 - 135.
Year of Publication: 1992.

77. Record Number: 10759
Author(s): Carruthers, Leo.
Contributor(s):
Title : No womman of no clerk is preysed: Attitudes to Women in Medieval English Religious Literature [The author briefly surveys Middle English sermon collections and penitential manuals. Title note supplied be Feminae.].
Source: A Wyf Ther Was: Essays in Honour of Paule Mertens-Fonck.   Edited by Juliette Dor .   English Department, University of Liège, 1992. Manuscripta , 36., 3 (November 1992):  Pages 49 - 60.
Year of Publication: 1992.

78. Record Number: 10175
Author(s): Olsen, Glenn W.
Contributor(s):
Title : One Heart and One Soul ("Acts" 4:32 and 34) in Dhuoda's "Manual" [The author argues that Dhuoda's interpretation of "Acts" for her son is distinctly original. She sees the life of the early apostles as a model for lay spirituality and a means of ending the deadly conflict among Carolingian noble men. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Church History (Full Text via JSTOR) 61, 1 (March 1992): 23-33. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1992.

79. Record Number: 8685
Author(s): Biller, P.P.A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage Patterns and Women's Lives: A Sketch of a Pastoral Geography [The author asks what pastoral manuals from northwestern and southern Europe might tell us about women's lives, and suggests that they might provide a response to demographic patterns in those regions. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Woman is a Worthy Wight: Women in English Society c. 1200-1500.   Edited by P.J.P. Goldberg .   Alan Sutton Publishing, 1992.  Pages 60 - 107.
Year of Publication: 1992.

80. Record Number: 11672
Author(s): Willard, Charity Cannon.
Contributor(s):
Title : Christine de Pizan as Teacher [The author comments on the educational handbooks that Christine wrote including "Enseignemens moraux," "Proverbes moraux," "Livre des trois vertus" (dedicated to the princess Marguerite of Nevers), "Livre du corps de policie (written for the dauphin, Louis of Guyenne), "Fais d'armes et de chevalerie," and "Livre de la paix." Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Romance Languages Annual , 3., ( 1991):  Pages 132 - 136.
Year of Publication: 1991.

81. Record Number: 12795
Author(s): Felberg-Levitt, Margaret.
Contributor(s):
Title : Dialogues in Verse and Prose: The "Demandes d'amour" [The author studies both poetic and prose demandes d’amour (questions exchanged between a lady and a knight concerning varied situations involving courtly love). She determines that the prose demandes sometimes contribute more to our impressions of the values and rules of courtly love than the verse demandes do. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Moyen Français , 29., 2 ( 1991):  Pages 33 - 44.
Year of Publication: 1991.

82. Record Number: 11777
Author(s): Payer, Pierre J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sex and Confession in the Thirteenth Century [The essay explores the presentation of sex as it is reflected in confessional manuals of the thirteenth century. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Sex in the Middle Ages: A Book of Essays.   Edited by Joyce E. Salisbury .   Garland Publishing, 1991.  Pages 126 - 142.
Year of Publication: 1991.

83. Record Number: 11226
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Some Parallels in the Education of Medieval Jewish Women and Christian Women [An abstract precedes this essay in the journal.]
Source: Jewish History , 5., 1 (Spring 1991):  Pages 41 - 51.
Year of Publication: 1991.

84. Record Number: 12693
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Flaws in the Golden Bowl: Gender and Spiritual Formation in the Twelfth Century [In twelfth century Western Europe, religious writers debated whether arrangements for men and for women in religious life were meant to be identical, equal, or separate. While works on religious formation and spiritual growth can present monastic values as gender neutral and some writings (like Abelard's letters to Heloise) purport to praise the virtues of women, misogyny is nonetheless pervasive in monastic writings (women are aligned with carnality, loquacity, and curiosity). Moreover, gender plays an important role in differentiating the importance of chastity for men and for women, and gender profoundly affects how communal life and spiritual growth are represented. The Appendix offers a list of religious literature of formation produced between 1075 and 1225. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Traditio , 45., ( 1990):  Pages 111 - 146. Republished in From Virile Woman to WomanChrist: Studies in Medieval Religion and Literature. By Barbara Newman. Middle Ages Series. University of Pennsylvania Press, 1995. Pages 19-45
Year of Publication: 1990.

85. Record Number: 15607
Author(s): Schulenburg, Jane Tibbetts.
Contributor(s):
Title : Saints' Lives as a Source for the History of Women, 500-1100 The author argues that saints' lives are still a relatively underutilized source for the early Middle Ages generally and for women's history in particular. The lives convey social values, collective mentalities, and much indirect information on women's experience. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Women and the Sources of Medieval History.   Edited by Joel T. Rosenthal .   University of Georgia Press, 1990. Traditio , 45., ( 1990):  Pages 285 - 320.
Year of Publication: 1990.