Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


75 Record(s) Found in our database

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1. Record Number: 32974
Author(s): Nilsson, Bertil,
Contributor(s):
Title : The Lars Vit Case: A Fragmentary Example of Swedish Ecclesiastical Legal Practice and Sexual Mentality at the Beginning of the Fifteenth Century
Source: Medieval Christianity in the North: New Studies.   Edited by Kirsi Salonen, Kurt Villads Jensen, and Torstein Jørgensen .   Brepols, 2012.  Pages 237 - 260.
Year of Publication: 2012.

2. Record Number: 28190
Author(s): Chiesa, Paolo
Contributor(s):
Title : Una donna in pericolo. Un miracolo (napoletano?) inedito di san Samonas di Edessa
Source: Schede Medievali , 46., ( 2008):  Pages 97 - 110.
Year of Publication: 2008.

3. Record Number: 20600
Author(s): Karras, Ruth Mazo
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage, Concubinage, and the Law [The author analyzes the meaning of concubinage in the Middle Ages with some references to ancient Roman practices. In the later Middle Ages "concubine" came to have two separate meanings: 1) A woman who lived with a man in a domestic arrangement but was not married to him and 2) In a more technical sense "concubine" was used as a legal term for a status that accorded some rights but was inferior to that of wives. Includes a detailed look at a 15th century legal opinion as to whether a priest's concubine and son could receive legacies from the cleric. The suit was brought by the chief heir, the priest's brother. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Law and the Illicit in Medieval Europe.   Edited by Ruth Mazo Karras, Joel Kaye, and E. Ann Matter .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008.  Pages 117 - 129.
Year of Publication: 2008.

4. Record Number: 20779
Author(s): Meyer, Mati
Contributor(s):
Title : The Levite's Concubine: Imaging the Marginal Woman in Byzantine Society [Provides comparative discussion of different representations of the rape of the concubine within the corpus of illuminated Byzantine manuscripts; extrapolates on what these different representations -particularly of clothing--reveal about contemporary clergy's attitudes towards the concepts of women, sexuality, and the function of marriage. Title note supplied by Feminae].
Source: Studies in Iconography , 27., ( 2006):  Pages 45 - 76.
Year of Publication: 2006.

5. Record Number: 12853
Author(s): Minnis, Alastair.
Contributor(s):
Title : Respondet Waltherus Byrth...: Walter Brut in Debate on Women Priests [John Wycliff's ideas on grace could be used to argue that any good Christian, male or female, was capable of preaching and administering the sacraments. The Welsh Lollard Walter Brut is represented in episcopal records as arguing that women could administer baptism and other sacraments, but he was ambivalent about women celebrating the eucharist. The bishop of Hereford's theologians turned Walter's comments into a discussion of the ordination of women, defending the ability of any priest, even one fallen from grace, to confect the sacrament; but a woman in a state of grace could not. A man's soul was supposed to be different from a woman's and, therefore, able to receive the priestly character in ordination. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Text and Controversy from Wyclif to Bale: Essays in Honour of Anne Hudson.   Edited by Helen Barr and Ann M. Hutchison. Medieval Church Studies Series, 4 .   Brepols, 2005. Studies in Iconography , 27., ( 2006):  Pages 229 - 249.
Year of Publication: 2005.

6. Record Number: 14137
Author(s): Elliott, Dyan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Lollardy and the Integrity of Marriage and the Family [The author argues that Lollardy saw women's roles in the orthodox church as open to exploitation by the clergy. Lollardy targeted such abuse as friars taking advantage of women both for sex and for alms, as well as for priests becoming too familiar with
Source: The Medieval Marriage Scene: Prudence, Passion, Policy.   Edited by Sherry Roush and Cristelle L. Baskins .   Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2005. Studies in Iconography , 27., ( 2006):  Pages 37 - 54.
Year of Publication: 2005.

7. Record Number: 11013
Author(s): Cantara, Linda
Contributor(s):
Title : Holy Eunuchs! Masculinity and Eunuch Saints in Byzantium [In this brief overview, the author concentrates on the tenth century "Life" of Ignatios the Younger, twice patriarch of Constantinople (847-858 and 867-878). Tougher argues that the hagiographer treats Ignatios as a typical holy man with just one mention of his castration. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Holiness and Masculinity in the Middle Ages.   Edited by P. H. Cullum and Katherine J. Lewis .   Religion and Culture in the Middle Ages Series. University of Wales Press, 2004. Studies in Iconography , 27., ( 2006):  Pages 93 - 108.
Year of Publication: 2004.

8. Record Number: 11014
Author(s): Mills, Robert.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Signification of the Tonsure [The author argues that the tonsure was an ambivalent symbol. Sometimes it signalled shameful humiliation but in other circumstances it conferred spiritual asceticism and even masculine authority. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Holiness and Masculinity in the Middle Ages.   Edited by P. H. Cullum and Katherine J. Lewis .   Religion and Culture in the Middle Ages Series. University of Wales Press, 2004. Studies in Iconography , 27., ( 2006):  Pages 109 - 126.
Year of Publication: 2004.

9. Record Number: 11009
Author(s): Murray, Jacqueline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Masculinizing Religious Life: Sexual Prowess, the Battle for Chastity and Monastic Identity [The author argues that both monks and priests were concerned to maintain their masculine identity even when the most pronounced markers (fathering children and waging war) were now forbidden. Murray identifies two compensatory strategies. Clergy saw themselves as possessing sexual potency because they struggled for celibacy. Moreover they wed the language of military prowess in their battle for celibacy. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Holiness and Masculinity in the Middle Ages.   Edited by P. H. Cullum and Katherine J. Lewis .   Religion and Culture in the Middle Ages Series. University of Wales Press, 2004. Studies in Iconography , 27., ( 2006):  Pages 24 - 42.
Year of Publication: 2004.

10. Record Number: 11652
Author(s): Arnold, John H.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Labour of Continence: Masculinity and Clerical Virginity [The author looks at three narratives concerned in part with clerical chastity: "Jewel of the Church" by Gerald of Wales, Jacob of Voragine's "Golden Legend," and Caesarius of Heisterbach's "Dialogue on Miracles." Arnold identifies four different tropes in overcoming sexual temptations including divine intervention to remove the male saint's desire. In most cases though male chastity required vigilance and willpower because masculinity itself was flawed in its inclination toward temptation. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Virginities.   Edited by Anke Bernau, Ruth Evans, and Sarah Salih .   Religion and Culture in the Middle Ages series. University of Wales Press; University of Toronto Press, 2003. Studies in Iconography , 27., ( 2006):  Pages 102 - 118.
Year of Publication: 2003.

11. Record Number: 9763
Author(s): Gerli, E. Michael.
Contributor(s):
Title : Masculinity, Reform, and Clerical Culture: Narratives of Episcopal Holiness in the Gregorian Era [The author examines two versions of the "Life" of Saint Ulrich to trace the differences in the representation of masculinity, both clerical and lay. Miller argues that the proponents of the Gregorian Reform tried to establish a priestly hypermasculinity (untouched by female impurity and removed from familial entanglements) that separated the clergy from the male laity and justifed their special authority. Furthermore this competition between clerics and lay men strengthened the misogynist discourse in that era. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Church History , 72., 1 (March 2003):  Pages 25 - 52.
Year of Publication: 2003.

12. Record Number: 13052
Author(s): Cullum, P. H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Life-Cycle and Life-Course in a Clerical and Celibate Milieu: Northern England in the Later Middle Ages [The author compares the life-cycles of clergy with those of laymen. In many cases the clerics experienced an extended adolescence. Not infrequently they also lived in poverty in both youth and old age. When clerics set up households, they often created quasi-families either with blood nephews or with promising young men whom they treated as their sons. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Time and eternity: the medieval discourse.   Edited by Gerhard Jaritz and Gerson Moreno-Riaño International Medieval Research .   Brepols, 2003. Church History , 72., 1 (March 2003):  Pages 271 - 281.
Year of Publication: 2003.

13. Record Number: 8188
Author(s): Kelleher, M. A. ;
Contributor(s):
Title : Like Man and Wife: Clerics' Concubines in the Diocese of Barcelona
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 28., ( 2002):  Pages 349 - 360.
Year of Publication: 2002.

14. Record Number: 6614
Author(s): Rieder, Paula M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Insecure Borders: Symbols of Clerical Privilege and Gender Ambiguity in the Liturgy of Churching [The author argues that while churching recognized male superiority and clerical authority it also allowed for gender subversion with women invading holy places and repeatedly celebrating the rite in honor of their neighbors].
Source: The Material Culture of Sex, Procreation, and Marriage in Premodern Europe.   Edited by Anne L. McClanan and Karen Rosoff Encarnación .   Palgrave, 2002. Journal of Medieval History , 28., ( 2002):  Pages 93 - 113.
Year of Publication: 2002.

15. Record Number: 6052
Author(s): Bailey, Michael D.
Contributor(s):
Title : From Sorcery to Witchcraft: Clerical Conceptions of Magic in the Later Middle Ages
Source: Speculum , 76., 4 (October 2001):  Pages 960 - 990.
Year of Publication: 2001.

16. Record Number: 7816
Author(s): Johns, Susan M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Poetry and Prayer: Women and Politics of Spiritual Relationships in the Early Twelfth Century
Source: European Review of History , 8., 1 ( 2001):  Pages 7 - 22.
Year of Publication: 2001.

17. Record Number: 8729
Author(s): Tringham, Nigel J.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Parochial Visitation of Tarvin (Cheshire) in 1317 [The author analyzes the visitation records from the parish of Tarvin. A church official held court for three days, judging the behavior of clergy and lay people. Many of the charges involved sexual misconduct, with the vicar accused of relations with nine women in the village. The article concludes with an English translation of the Latin visitation texts. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Northern History , 38., 2 (September 2001):  Pages 197 - 220.
Year of Publication: 2001.

18. Record Number: 5889
Author(s): Beetham, John D.
Contributor(s):
Title : Paternal Imagery in Eustathios of Thessalonike's "On the Title Papas"
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 27., ( 2001):  Pages 27
Year of Publication: 2001.

19. Record Number: 5973
Author(s): McSheffrey, Shannon.
Contributor(s):
Title : Priests Behaving Badly: Clerical Sexual Misconduct in Fifteenth-Century London
Source: Gender and Conflict in the Middle Ages. Gender and Medieval Studies Conference, York, January 5-7 2001. .  2001. Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 27., ( 2001):
Year of Publication: 2001.

20. Record Number: 5593
Author(s): Evans, Michael R.
Contributor(s):
Title : Twenty-Fourth Saint Louis Conference on Manuscript Studies: Abstracts of Papers, Friday, 10 October 1997, Session II--Women of the Book: Düsseldorf, Landes-und Universitätsbibliothek Sammelhandschrift B. 3 and Its Place in Carolingian Literary Culture. [the author argues that the manuscript was completed by or for a woman based on the selection of the fourteen texts included; the saints' lives, prayers, and romances all demonstrate a pronounced interest in female characters and women's concerns; the courtesy texts in the manuscript would have been used by women in the education of their children or others' children in their charge].
Source: Christianizing peoples and converting individuals.   Edited by Guyda Armstrong and Ian N. Wood International Medieval Research .   Brepols, 2000. Anglo-Saxon England , 29., ( 2000):  Pages 195 - 2002.
Year of Publication: 2000.

21. Record Number: 5470
Author(s): Jackson, Peter.
Contributor(s):
Title : Aelfric and the Purpose of Christian Marriage: A Reconsideration of the "Life of Aethelthryth," Lines 120- 30 [The author argues that Aelfric adds a story from the "Historia monachorum in Aegypto" to the "Life of Aethelthryth" because he is uneasy about the saint's unilateral refusal of sex in marriage; by adding the exemplum about a man and his wife who have three sons and then agree to live together while abstaining from sex, Aelfric is able to reassert the Augustinian ideal of a Christian marriage].
Source: Anglo-Saxon England , 29., ( 2000):  Pages 235 - 260.
Year of Publication: 2000.

22. Record Number: 5554
Author(s): Zanoboni, Maria Paola.
Contributor(s):
Title : O Ribaldo prevosto... Pedofilia nella Milano Quattrocentesca [evidence for pedophilia in the Middle Ages is scarce before the fifteenth century; the evidence from Milan is scattered but the surviving material includes complaints about violent assaults on children, some done by clerics; in an appendix the author presents the Latin text of documents from a notary in 1469 dealing with apparent cases of pedophilia].
Source: Archivio Storico Lombardo. Twelfth Series , 5., ( 1999):  Pages 535 - 543.
Year of Publication: 1999.

23. Record Number: 3750
Author(s): Swanson, R. N.
Contributor(s):
Title : Angels Incarnate: Clergy and Masculinity From Gregorian Reform to Reformation
Source: Masculinity in Medieval Europe.   Edited by D.M. Hadley .   Women and Men in History Series. Addison Wesley Longman, 1999. Anglo-Saxon England , 29., ( 2000):  Pages 160 - 177.
Year of Publication: 1999.

24. Record Number: 3751
Author(s): Cullum, P. H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Clergy, Masculinity, and Transgression in Late Medieval England [The author argues that some clergy were insecure about their masculine identity and used fornication and fighting to reassure themselves].
Source: Masculinity in Medieval Europe.   Edited by D.M. Hadley .   Women and Men in History Series. Addison Wesley Longman, 1999. Anglo-Saxon England , 29., ( 2000):  Pages 178 - 196.
Year of Publication: 1999.

25. Record Number: 3649
Author(s): McLaughlin, Megan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Secular and Spiritual Fatherhood in the Eleventh Century [The author argues that Peter Damian saw the spiritual father's role involving potency, strict authority, and affectionate tenderness].
Source: Conflicted Identities and Multiple Masculinities: Men in the Medieval West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray .   Garland Medieval Casebooks, volume 25. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, volume 2078. Garland Publishing, 1999. Anglo-Saxon England , 29., ( 2000):  Pages 25 - 43.
Year of Publication: 1999.

26. Record Number: 3749
Author(s): Balzaretti, R.
Contributor(s):
Title : Men and Sex in Tenth-Century Italy [The author examines the writings of three bishops who had a great deal to discuss about the moral aspects of sexuality].
Source: Masculinity in Medieval Europe.   Edited by D.M. Hadley .   Women and Men in History Series. Addison Wesley Longman, 1999. Anglo-Saxon England , 29., ( 2000):  Pages 143 - 159.
Year of Publication: 1999.

27. Record Number: 3651
Author(s): Murray, Jacqueline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mystical Castration: Some Reflections on Peter Abelard, Hugh of Lincoln, and Sexual Control
Source: Conflicted Identities and Multiple Masculinities: Men in the Medieval West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray .   Garland Medieval Casebooks, volume 25. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, volume 2078. Garland Publishing, 1999. Anglo-Saxon England , 29., ( 2000):  Pages 73 - 91.
Year of Publication: 1999.

28. Record Number: 5307
Author(s): Russell, Kenneth C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Peter Damian's "Liber gomorrhianus": The Text vs. the Scholarly Tradition
Source: American Benedictine Review , 49., 3 (September 1998):  Pages 299 - 315.
Year of Publication: 1998.

29. Record Number: 5306
Author(s): Feiss, Hugh, O.S.B.
Contributor(s):
Title : Hildegard's Vision of the Euchrist ("Scivias" 2.6): Theology and Pastoral Practice
Source: American Benedictine Review , 49., 2 (June 1998):  Pages 165 - 194.
Year of Publication: 1998.

30. Record Number: 13750
Author(s): Frassetto, Michael.
Contributor(s):
Title : Heresy, Celibacy, and Reform in the Sermons of Ademar of Chabannes [The monk Ademar records interconnecting concerns in his sermons. Heretics in Aquitaine called priests' behavior into question. Church councils sought to prevent clergy from having wives or concubines in order to ensure the purity of the Eucharist. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Purity and Piety: Essays on Medieval Clerical Celibacy and Religious Reform.   Edited by Michael Frassetto Garland Medieval Casebooks Series .   Garland Publishing, 1998. American Benedictine Review , 49., 3 (September 1998):  Pages 131 - 148.
Year of Publication: 1998.

31. Record Number: 13751
Author(s): Van Meter, David C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Eschatological Order and the Moral Arguments for Clerical Celibacy in Francia Around the Year 1000 [The author traces the thinking of various abbots and bishops in the debates over the moral order of society. Celibacy was claimed by the monks, which gave them a higher rank than secular clergy. All sides in the debate used apocalyptic rhetoric to press for reform while strengthening their own positions. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Purity and Piety: Essays on Medieval Clerical Celibacy and Religious Reform.   Edited by Michael Frassetto Garland Medieval Casebooks Series .   Garland Publishing, 1998. American Benedictine Review , 49., 2 (June 1998):  Pages 149 - 175.
Year of Publication: 1998.

32. Record Number: 13754
Author(s): Blumenthal, Uta-Renate.
Contributor(s):
Title : Pope Gregory VII and the Prohibition of Nicolaitism [The author examines Gregory's efforts to eliminate nicolaitism, marriage by the clergy. Blumenthal also takes into consideration earlier legistlation and beliefs that valued clerical celibacy. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Purity and Piety: Essays on Medieval Clerical Celibacy and Religious Reform.   Edited by Michael Frassetto Garland Medieval Casebooks Series .   Garland Publishing, 1998. American Benedictine Review , 49., 2 (June 1998):  Pages 239 - 267.
Year of Publication: 1998.

33. Record Number: 13749
Author(s): Dachowski, Elizabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Tertius est optimus: Marriage, Continence and Virginity in the Politics of Late Tenth- and Early Eleventh-Century Francia [The author concentrates on Abbo, abbot of Fleury, who wrote texts arguing for the importance of clerical celibacy. He stressed the moral superiority of monks and the pope. Abbo also urged ecclesiastical oversight of marriage. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Purity and Piety: Essays on Medieval Clerical Celibacy and Religious Reform.   Edited by Michael Frassetto Garland Medieval Casebooks Series .   Garland Publishing, 1998. American Benedictine Review , 49., 2 (June 1998):  Pages 117 - 129.
Year of Publication: 1998.

34. Record Number: 13746
Author(s): Beaudette, Paul.
Contributor(s):
Title : In the world but not of it: Clerical Celibacy as a Symbol of the Medieval Church
Source: Medieval Purity and Piety: Essays on Medieval Clerical Celibacy and Religious Reform.   Edited by Michael Frassetto Garland Medieval Casebooks Series .   Garland Publishing, 1998. American Benedictine Review , 49., 2 (June 1998):  Pages 23 - 46.
Year of Publication: 1998.

35. Record Number: 13757
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Owe armiu phaffheite: Heinrich von Melk's Views on Clerical Life [The poet Heinrich von Melk criticizes priests for their unworthy behavior. They try to justify their wives and concubines, but they will be punished in the afterlife. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Purity and Piety: Essays on Medieval Clerical Celibacy and Religious Reform.   Edited by Michael Frassetto Garland Medieval Casebooks Series .   Garland Publishing, 1998. American Benedictine Review , 49., 2 (June 1998):  Pages 337 - 352.
Year of Publication: 1998.

36. Record Number: 3782
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Povre Widwe" in the "Nun's Priest's Tale" and Boccaccio's "Decameron" [the poor widow's spare, modest, and healthy way of life is contrasted with the corrupt clergy].
Source: Neuphilologische Mitteilungen , 99., 3 ( 1998):  Pages 269 - 273.
Year of Publication: 1998.

37. Record Number: 13755
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Pope Gregory VII and the Chastity of the Clergy [The author examines the activities of Pope Gregory with an emphasis on his efforts to enforce clerical celibacy, particularly in Germany and France. He brought a moral emphasis to the issue and communicated its importance to every level within the church and among the laiety. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Purity and Piety: Essays on Medieval Clerical Celibacy and Religious Reform.   Edited by Michael Frassetto Garland Medieval Casebooks Series .   Garland Publishing, 1998. Neuphilologische Mitteilungen , 99., 3 ( 1998):  Pages 269 - 302.
Year of Publication: 1998.

38. Record Number: 3662
Author(s): d'Avray, David.
Contributor(s):
Title : Marriage Ceremonies and the Church in Italy After 1215 [The author concludes that during this period of time priests were not required to conduct marriages; instead notaries frequently performed the ceremony].
Source: Marriage in Italy, 1300-1650.   Edited by Trevor Dean and K. J. P. Lowe .   Cambridge University Press, 1998. Neuphilologische Mitteilungen , 99., 3 ( 1998):  Pages 107 - 115.
Year of Publication: 1998.

39. Record Number: 13748
Author(s): Bond, James.
Contributor(s):
Title : Why Celibacy? Odo of Cluny and the Development of a New Sexual Morality
Source: Medieval Purity and Piety: Essays on Medieval Clerical Celibacy and Religious Reform.   Edited by Michael Frassetto Garland Medieval Casebooks Series .   Garland Publishing, 1998. Neuphilologische Mitteilungen , 99., 3 ( 1998):  Pages 81 - 115.
Year of Publication: 1998.

40. Record Number: 13753
Author(s): McLaughlin, Megan.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Bishop as Bridegroom: Marital Imagery and Clerical Celibacy in the Eleventh and Early Twelfth Centuries [The author argues that reformers used the longstanding image of the bishop as a bridegroom of his church to combat problems of lay investiture, simony, and episcopal elections. In instances of clerical celibacy, the bridegroom allegory complicated matters. Nevertheless, it was not entirely eliminated from the debate. McLaughlin suggests this is an indication of the importance of the bridegroom metaphor to the reformist program. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Purity and Piety: Essays on Medieval Clerical Celibacy and Religious Reform.   Edited by Michael Frassetto Garland Medieval Casebooks Series .   Garland Publishing, 1998. Neuphilologische Mitteilungen , 99., 3 ( 1998):  Pages 209 - 237.
Year of Publication: 1998.

41. Record Number: 3140
Author(s): Leyser, Conrad.
Contributor(s):
Title : Custom, Truth, and Gender in Eleventh-Century Reform [argues that Gregory VII and his reformers used a rhetoric of sexual pollution and womanly influence against their clerical contemporaries.]
Source: Gender and Christian religion: papers read at the 1996 Summer Meeting and the 1997 Winter Meeting of the Ecclesiastical History Society.   Edited by R. N. Swanson Studies in Church History, 34.  1998. Neuphilologische Mitteilungen , 99., 3 ( 1998):  Pages 75 - 91.
Year of Publication: 1998.

42. Record Number: 13752
Author(s): Moore, R. I.
Contributor(s):
Title : Property, Marriage, and the Eleventh-Century Revolution: A Context for Early Medieval Communism
Source: Medieval Purity and Piety: Essays on Medieval Clerical Celibacy and Religious Reform.   Edited by Michael Frassetto Garland Medieval Casebooks Series .   Garland Publishing, 1998. Neuphilologische Mitteilungen , 99., 3 ( 1998):  Pages 179 - 208.
Year of Publication: 1998.

43. Record Number: 13745
Author(s): Peters, Edward.
Contributor(s):
Title : History, Historians, and Clerical Celibacy [The author briefly surveys the historiography of clerical celibacy. Earlier historians took a polemical stance on the issues, but in the latter half of the twentieth century, scholars contextualized their research within a much wider perspective. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Purity and Piety: Essays on Medieval Clerical Celibacy and Religious Reform.   Edited by Michael Frassetto Garland Medieval Casebooks Series .   Garland Publishing, 1998. Neuphilologische Mitteilungen , 99., 3 ( 1998):  Pages 3 - 21.
Year of Publication: 1998.

44. Record Number: 13747
Author(s): de Jong, Mayke.
Contributor(s):
Title : Imitatio morum. The Cloister and Clerical Purity in the Carolingian World [The author argues for the importance of male monasteries as a model for and training ground of clerical purity through celibacy. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Purity and Piety: Essays on Medieval Clerical Celibacy and Religious Reform.   Edited by Michael Frassetto Garland Medieval Casebooks Series .   Garland Publishing, 1998. Neuphilologische Mitteilungen , 99., 3 ( 1998):  Pages 49 - 80.
Year of Publication: 1998.

45. Record Number: 3152
Author(s): Viscuso, Patrick.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sexual Intercourse and the Priesthood: Late Byzantine Views on Marriage and Ordination
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 23., ( 1997):  Pages 67
Year of Publication: 1997.

46. Record Number: 1955
Author(s): Linehan, Peter.
Contributor(s):
Title : Zamora's Nuns in the Oven [Dominican Friars were accused of scandalous affairs with the nuns of Zamora; the Pope's efforts to curb the mendicant orders and force strict enclosure on nuns may have been in reaction to the well-known case at Zamora].
Source: History Today , 47., 3 (March 1997):  Pages 46 - 51.
Year of Publication: 1997.

47. Record Number: 2318
Author(s): Puff, Helmut.
Contributor(s):
Title : Localizing Sodomy: the "Priest and Sodomite" in Pre-Reformation Germany and Switzerland [case studies of two priests accused of sodomy; conflict ensued between secular authorities who favored public, harsh punishments and Church authorities who were more lenient and wanted the cases kept secret].
Source: Journal of the History of Sexuality , 8., 2 (October 1997):  Pages 165 - 195.
Year of Publication: 1997.

48. Record Number: 1969
Author(s): Tobin, Frank.
Contributor(s):
Title : Audience, Authorship, and Authority in Mechthild von Magdeburg's "Flowing Light of the Godhead" [argues that her primary audience was religious (clergy and male and female monastics) and that her shared authorship (both God and Mechthild, an unlettered Beguine, were resposible) required a variety of strategies to assert the authority of her text].
Source: Mystics Quarterly , 23., 1 (March 1997):  Pages 8 - 17.
Year of Publication: 1997.

49. Record Number: 2272
Author(s): Wilson, Janet.
Contributor(s):
Title : Communities of Dissent: The Secular and Ecclesiastical Communities of Margery Kempe's "Book" [argues that the controversies Kempe provoked on religious, social, and sexual questions demonstrate underlying tensions among Lynn's laiety and religious which Kempe's enthusiastic excesses merely exacerbated].
Source: Medieval Women in Their Communities.   Edited by Diane Watt .   University of Toronto Press, 1997. Mystics Quarterly , 23., 1 (March 1997):  Pages 155 - 185.
Year of Publication: 1997.

50. Record Number: 1918
Author(s): Schulman, N. M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Husband, Father, Bishop? Grosseteste in Paris [suggests, based on a bequest of a house, that Grosseteste may have lived in Paris for over twenty years and had a wife and three children; the article includes a edition of the bequest from the cartulary of Sainte-Opportune].
Source: Speculum (Full Text via JSTOR) 72, 2 (April 1997): 330-346. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1997.

51. Record Number: 1561
Author(s): Signori, Gabriela.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Miracle Kitchen and Its Ingredients: A Methodical and Critical Approach to Marian Shrine Wonders (10th to 13th Century)
Source: Hagiographica: Rivista di agiografia e biografia della società internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino/ Journal of Hagiography and Biography of Società Internazionale per lo studio del Medioevo Latino , 3., ( 1996):  Pages 277 - 303.
Year of Publication: 1996.

52. Record Number: 2283
Author(s): Viscuso, Patrick D.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Prohibition of Second Marriage for Women Married to Priests
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 22., ( 1996):  Pages 71
Year of Publication: 1996.

53. Record Number: 1852
Author(s): Kay, Sarah.
Contributor(s):
Title : Holy Mary Intervenes for the Clergy in the "Cantigas" of Alfonso X and in the "Milagros" of Berceo: Observations Concerning the Implicit Audience
Source: Bulletin of the Cantigueiros de Santa Maria , 8., (Spring 1996):  Pages 3 - 13.
Year of Publication: 1996.

54. Record Number: 1112
Author(s): Ziolkowski, Jan M.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Erotic Pater Noster, Redux [see earlier articles in Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 88 (1987): 31-34, and 89 (1988): 212-214].
Source: Neuphilologische Mitteilungen , 97., 3 ( 1996):  Pages 329 - 332.
Year of Publication: 1996.

55. Record Number: 1853
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Berceo's "Milagros" and the "Cantigas de Santa Maria" : The Question of Intended Audience [The author argues, based on the inter-Church political concerns of many of the miracles, that Berceo primarily addressed monastics and clergy].
Source: Bulletin of the Cantigueiros de Santa Maria , 8., (Spring 1996):  Pages 15 - 29.
Year of Publication: 1996.

56. Record Number: 1724
Author(s): Kinkade, Richard P.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Thirteenth- Century Precursor of the "Libro de Buen Amor" : The "Art d' Amors" [both works combine elements of the fabliau, courtly romance, and sermon literature for a learned, clerical audience].
Source: Corónica , 24., 2 (Spring 1996):  Pages 123 - 139.
Year of Publication: 1996.

57. Record Number: 1620
Author(s): Brundage, James A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Playing by the Rules: Sexual behaviour and Legal Norms in Medieval Europe [ways in which ecclesiastical courts judged and punished sexual crimes].
Source: Desire and Discipline: Sex and Sexuality in the Premodern West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray and Konrad Eisenbichler .   University of Toronto Press, 1996. Corónica , 24., 2 (Spring 1996):  Pages 23 - 41.
Year of Publication: 1996.

58. Record Number: 1418
Author(s): McGlynn, Margaret and Richard J. Moll
Contributor(s):
Title : Chaste Marriage in the Middle Ages
Source: Handbook of Medieval Sexuality.   Edited by Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage .   Garland Reference Library of the Humanities vol. 1696. Garland Publishing, 1996. Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 23., ( 1997):  Pages 103 - 122.
Year of Publication: 1996.

59. Record Number: 1653
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : María de Ajofrín: The Scourge of Toledo [María was a holy woman associated with the Hieronymite order, but not a nun; in her later years a series of visions charged her with the responsibility of denouncing problems in Toledo including clerical immorality, lack of charity, and Judaizing among New Christians].
Source: Writing Women in Late Medieval and Early Modern Spain: The Mothers of Saint Teresa of Avila. Ronald E. Surtz .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1995. Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 22., ( 1996):  Pages 68 - 84.
Year of Publication: 1995.

60. Record Number: 404
Author(s): Leyser, Conrad.
Contributor(s):
Title : Cities of the Plain: The Rhetoric of Sodomy in Peter Damian's "Book of Gomorrah"
Source: Romanic Review , 86., 2 (March 1995):  Pages 191 - 211. Special issue: The Production of Knowledge: Institutionalizing Sex, Gender, and Sexualiity in Medieval Discourse. Ed. by Kathryn Gravdal.
Year of Publication: 1995.

61. Record Number: 266
Author(s): Betzig, Laura.
Contributor(s):
Title : Medieval Monogamy [polygynous mating and monogamous marriage - inheritance strategies and the influence of the Church].
Source: Journal of Family History , 20., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 181 - 216.
Year of Publication: 1995.

62. Record Number: 389
Author(s): Andersen, Elizabeth A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mechthild von Magdelburg: Her Creativity and Her Audience
Source: Women, the Book and the Godly: Selected Proceedings of the St. Hilda's Conference, 1993. Volume 1 [Volume 2: Women, the Book and the Worldly].   Edited by Lesley Smith and Jane H. M. Taylor .   D.S. Brewer, 1995. Journal of Family History , 20., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 77 - 88.
Year of Publication: 1995.

63. Record Number: 462
Author(s): Dillon, Janette.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Making of Desire in "The Book of Margery Kempe" [relations between laywomen and male clergy that defined sexuality].
Source: Leeds Studies in English , ( 1995):  Pages 113 - 144.
Year of Publication: 1995.

64. Record Number: 1459
Author(s): Elliott, Dyan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sex in Holy Places: An Exploration of a Medieval Anxiety [exempla and theological writings deal with sex in churches, cemeteries, and other consecrated spots; some tales emphasized the danger and ritual pollution by describing the couple stuck together ("penis captivus" or "vaginismus") for public humiliation until blessed by divine intervention, while some theologians went so far as to forgive the rendering of the conjugal debt in holy places under extenuating circumstances].
Source: Journal of Women's History , 6., 3 (Fall 1994):  Pages 6 - 34.
Year of Publication: 1994.

65. Record Number: 1489
Author(s): Perivolaris, John.
Contributor(s):
Title : Further Observations on the Conclusion of Elena y María": An Answer to Kevin C. Reilly [debate between the mistresses of a priest and a knight as to who has the greater status and wealth; in responding to Reilly's article ("The Conclusion of "Elena y María": A Reconsideration" Kentucky Romance Quarterly 30 (1983): 251-262) the author argues that María and her priest-lover are not favored but both the knight and the priest are condemned as corrupt].
Source: Corónica , 22., 2 (Spring 1994):  Pages 118 - 122.
Year of Publication: 1994.

66. Record Number: 1306
Author(s): Finch, Andrew John.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sexual Morality and Canon Law: The Evidence of the Rochester Consistory Court [the Church court imposed public penance, including public beatings, for fornication, adultery, and incest].
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 20., 3 (September 1994):  Pages 261 - 275.
Year of Publication: 1994.

67. Record Number: 9537
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Pope Innocent III and Familial Relationships of Clergy and Religious [The author draws on the letters of Pope Innocent III (1198-1216) to answer these questions: "Did Innocent permit illegitimate children, especially those of the major clergy, to receive ecclesiastical offices and benefices when they reached maturity? What was the papal position when the nuclear or extended family attempted to provide support for its children, nephews, and other kin? Did the pope intervene in any way to aid in the maintenance of these individuals?" (page 108).].
Source: Studies in Medieval and Renaissance History , ( 1993):  Pages 105 - 148.
Year of Publication: 1993.

68. Record Number: 9518
Author(s): Pitsakis, Constantin G.
Contributor(s):
Title : Le droit matrimonial dans les canons du concile in Trullo [The author examines the canons concerning marriage from the Quinisext Synod (known as the Council of Trullo for the hall in the imperial palace in Constantinople where it was held). Pitsakis points out that in some cases the regulations present a clear double standard where women's sexual crimes are condemned harshly while the same crimes committed by men are judged more leniently. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Annuarium Historiae Conciliorum , 24., 40180 ( 1992):  Pages 158 - 185.
Year of Publication: 1992.

69. Record Number: 10518
Author(s): Dalarun, Jacques.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Clerical Gaze [The author examines misogyny in clerical literature through the verse and prose writings of three prelates of twelfth century France: Marbod of Rennes, Hildebert of Lavardin, and Geoffrey of Vendome. In the eleventh century, churchmen thought about women in terms of an antithesis between Eve (who represented the sinful and deceptive nature of women) and the Virgin Mary (who represented the unattainable ideal of the virtuous woman). During the twelfth century, the distinctions between Eve and Mary became even starker, and Mary Magdalene (the repentant prostitute) became a figure who took a position between the two extremes. For male clerics as well as female worshippers, Mary Magdalene represented a way for the sinful woman to gain redemption. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: A History of Women in the West. Volume 2: Silences of the Middle Ages.   Edited by Christiane Klapisch-Zuber .   Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1992. Studies in Medieval and Renaissance History , ( 1993):  Pages 15 - 42.
Year of Publication: 1992.

70. Record Number: 10241
Author(s): Armstrong, Elizabeth Psakis.
Contributor(s):
Title : “Understanding by Feeling” in Margery Kempe’s Book [When Kempe’s writing is compared to the various devotional writers she mentions in her book (Richard Rolle, Julian of Norwich, Walter Hilton, Saints Bridget of Sweden and Catherine of Siena), it is clear that she borrows from both devotional and hagiographical traditions. She combines these traditions with other discourses in order to triumph over clerical authority and to enact her own new spirituality based on feeling. The author suggests that her religious practices are close to those of Protestants in later periods (including Pentecostal women). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Margery Kempe: A Book of Essays.   Edited by Sandra J. McEntire .   Garland Publishing, 1992. Studies in Medieval and Renaissance History , ( 1993):  Pages 17 - 35.
Year of Publication: 1992.

71. Record Number: 10759
Author(s): Carruthers, Leo.
Contributor(s):
Title : No womman of no clerk is preysed: Attitudes to Women in Medieval English Religious Literature [The author briefly surveys Middle English sermon collections and penitential manuals. Title note supplied be Feminae.].
Source: A Wyf Ther Was: Essays in Honour of Paule Mertens-Fonck.   Edited by Juliette Dor .   English Department, University of Liège, 1992. Studies in Medieval and Renaissance History , ( 1993):  Pages 49 - 60.
Year of Publication: 1992.

72. Record Number: 11079
Author(s): Finnegan, Robert Emmett.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Wife's Dead Child and Friar John: Parallels and Oppositions in the "Summoner's Tale" [The author suggests that the wife's dead child in the "Summoner’s Tale" may be a product of her affair with Friar John, in which case the child serves as a symbol for the Friar's spiritual condition. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Neuphilologische Mitteilungen , 92., 4 ( 1991):  Pages 457 - 462.
Year of Publication: 1991.

73. Record Number: 12675
Author(s): Haboucha, Reginetta.
Contributor(s):
Title : Clerics, Their Wives, and Their Concubines in the "Partidas" of Alfonso el Sabio [The author focuses on the women, wives and concubines, caught between the demands of the reforming church and their priest-husbands. In general the women were punished more harshly (banished to monasteries, sold into slavery, or worse), while priests had their punishments revoked once they repented. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Homo Carnalis: The Carnal Aspect of Medieval Human Life.   Edited by Helen Rodite Lemay Acta .   Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, State University of New York at Binghamton, 1990. Neuphilologische Mitteilungen , 92., 4 ( 1991):  Pages 85 - 104. Papers presented at a conference held at the State University of New York at Stony Brook in 1987
Year of Publication: 1990.

74. Record Number: 28928
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Aelfgyva and a Cleric
Source: Neuphilologische Mitteilungen , 92., 4 ( 1991):
Year of Publication:

75. Record Number: 33065
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Paschal I, Praxedes, Paul, Christ, Peter, Pudentiana, and a deacon, likely Zeno
Source: Neuphilologische Mitteilungen , 92., 4 ( 1991):
Year of Publication: