Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


441 Record(s) Found in our database

Search Results

1. Record Number: 43406
Author(s): Martin, Therese
Contributor(s):
Title : Glimpses of Gold: Material Evidence of Cross-Cultural Connections in Rock Crystal Chess Pieces and a Countess’s Seal (10th-11th c.)
Source: Archivo Español de Arte , 94., 375 ( 2021):  Pages 201 - 214. Available open access on the Archivo Español de Arte's webpage published by the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC): https://archivoespañoldearte.revistas.csic.es/index.php/aea/article/view/1159/1182
Year of Publication: 2021.

2. Record Number: 42441
Author(s): Erler, Mary C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Transmission of Images Between Flemish and English Birgittine Houses
Source: Nuns' Literacies in Medieval Europe: The Antwerp Dialogue.   Edited by Virginia Blanton, V. M. O'Mara, and Patricia Stoop .   Brepols, 2017. Archivo Español de Arte , 94., 375 ( 2021):  Pages 367 - 382. Available with a subscription: https://doi.org/10.1484/M.MWTC-EB.5.112682
Year of Publication: 2017.

3. Record Number: 43407
Author(s): Rodríguez-Lopez, Ana
Contributor(s):
Title : San Jorge y la dragona entre la Edad Media y la Reforma
Source: Arenal: Revista de Historia de las Mujeres , 24., 1 ( 2017):  Pages 257 - 262. Available open access: https://revistaseug.ugr.es/index.php/arenal/article/view/4037
Year of Publication: 2017.

4. Record Number: 32155
Author(s): Nevola, Fabrizio,
Contributor(s):
Title : A Short Note for Francesco di Giorgio Martini's Madonna of the Earthquakes (1467)
Source: Renaissance Studies in Honor of Joseph Connors.   Edited by Machtelt Israëls and Louis A. Waldman .   Villa i Tatti; Harvard University Press, 2013. Arenal: Revista de Historia de las Mujeres , 24., 1 ( 2017):  Pages 213 - 219.
Year of Publication: 2013.

5. Record Number: 32156
Author(s): Štefanac, Samo,
Contributor(s):
Title : The Devotional Context of a Miraculous Image: Niccolò di Giovanni Fiorentino's Madonna at Orebic
Source: Renaissance Studies in Honor of Joseph Connors.   Edited by Machtelt Israëls and Louis A. Waldman .   Villa i Tatti; Harvard University Press, 2013. Arenal: Revista de Historia de las Mujeres , 24., 1 ( 2017):  Pages 220 - 227.
Year of Publication: 2013.

6. Record Number: 32397
Author(s): Luchs, Alison
Contributor(s):
Title : Verrocchio and the Bust of Albiera degli Albizzi: Portraits, Poetry and Commemoration
Source: Artibus et Historiae , 33., 66 ( 2012):  Pages 75 - 97.
Year of Publication: 2012.

7. Record Number: 29189
Author(s): Prado-Vilar, Francisco,
Contributor(s):
Title : Iudeus sacer: Life, Law and Identity in the "State of Exception" Called "Marian Miracle"
Source: Judaism and Christian Art: Aesthetic Anxieties from the Catacombs to Colonialism.   Edited by Herbert L. Kessler and David Nirenberg .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011. Artibus et Historiae , 33., 66 ( 2012):  Pages 115 - 142.
Year of Publication: 2011.

8. Record Number: 29190
Author(s): Kupfer, Marcia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Abraham Circumcises Himself: A Scene at the Endgame of Jewish Utility to Christian Art
Source: Judaism and Christian Art: Aesthetic Anxieties from the Catacombs to Colonialism.   Edited by Herbert L. Kessler and David Nirenberg .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011. Artibus et Historiae , 33., 66 ( 2012):  Pages 143 - 182.
Year of Publication: 2011.

9. Record Number: 29191
Author(s): Timmermann, Achim,
Contributor(s):
Title : Frau Venus, the Eucharist, and the Jews of Landshut
Source: Judaism and Christian Art: Aesthetic Anxieties from the Catacombs to Colonialism.   Edited by Herbert L. Kessler and David Nirenberg .   university of Pennsylvania Press, 2011. Artibus et Historiae , 33., 66 ( 2012):  Pages 183 - 202.
Year of Publication: 2011.

10. Record Number: 29256
Author(s): Rowe, Nina,
Contributor(s):
Title : Rethinking "Ecclesia" and "Synagoga" in the Thirteenth Century [The author argues that the representation of "Synagoga" in the sculptural programs at Bamberg, Reims, and Strasbourg was meant to project a view of Judaism as subordinate to "Ecclesia" triumphant and to the kingly rulers on the portals. Title note suppl
Source: Gothic Art and Thought in the Later Medieval Period: Essays in Honor of Willibald Sauerländer.   Edited by Colum Hourihane .   Index of Christian Art, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University in association with Penn State University Press, 2011. Artibus et Historiae , 33., 66 ( 2012):  Pages 264 - 291.
Year of Publication: 2011.

11. Record Number: 29257
Author(s): Neff, Amy,
Contributor(s):
Title : The Humble Man's Wedding: Two Late Thirteenth-Century Franciscan Images of the "Miracle at Cana" : [The author analyzes two Franciscan-inspired paintings of the Miracle at Cana, a fresco in the Upper Church of San Francesco in Assisi and a full-page illustration in the “Supplicationes variae,” a devotional manual. Neff traces iconography and theolog
Source: Gothic Art and Thought in the Later Medieval Period: Essays in Honor of Willibald Sauerländer.   Edited by Colum Hourihane .   Index of Christian Art, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University in association with Penn State University Press, 2011. Artibus et Historiae , 33., 66 ( 2012):  Pages 292 - 323.
Year of Publication: 2011.

12. Record Number: 27565
Author(s): Garver, Valerie L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Weaving Words in Silk: Women and Inscribed Bands in the Carolingian World [The author analyzes three silk woven bands surviving from Carolingian Germany: Witgar’s belt, Ailbecunda band, and the Speyer band. Witgar’s belt was a gift from Emma, wife of King Louis the German, to Witgar, the future bishop of Augsburg. In these three cases women not only donated high-status silk inscribed bands, but evidence also points to women as weavers of the tablet bands. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 6., ( 2010):  Pages 33 - 56.
Year of Publication: 2010.

13. Record Number: 27573
Author(s): Sinkevic, Ida,
Contributor(s):
Title : Fresco-Icons in Royal Portraits of Queen Tamar
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference , 35., ( 2009):  Pages 26 - 26.
Year of Publication: 2009.

14. Record Number: 27574
Author(s): Drpic, Ivan,
Contributor(s):
Title : Notes on Byzantine Panagiaria
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference , 35., ( 2009):  Pages 28 - 28.
Year of Publication: 2009.

15. Record Number: 24050
Author(s): Smith, Kathryn A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Book, Body, and the Construction of Self in the Taymouth Hours [The author analyzes miniatures and bas de page illustrations in a book of hours made for an English royal woman in the 1330s. Smith finds evidence of models of appropriate devout behavior for the laity. The portrait of the book owner at prayer during mass shows her with hands extended and the book of hours at her side. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Negotiating Community and Difference in Medieval Europe: Gender, Power, Patronage, and the Authority of Religion in Latin Christendom.   Edited by Katherine Allen Smith and Scott Wells Studies in the History of Christian Traditions .   Brill, 2009. Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 6., ( 2010):  Pages 173 - 204.
Year of Publication: 2009.

16. Record Number: 24046
Author(s): Schulenburg, Jane Tibbetts
Contributor(s):
Title : Holy Women and the Needle Arts: Piety, Devotion, and Stitching the Sacred, ca. 500- 1150 [The author catalogs evidence of women’s embroidery for the Church done by queens, noble women, and nuns. They decorated Church vestments with gold, silver, and jewels. Schulenburg argues that their skills were values and associated with wisdom. Many of the embroiderers and patrons hoped for the special prayers of saints in return for their shining gifts. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Negotiating Community and Difference in Medieval Europe: Gender, Power, Patronage, and the Authority of Religion in Latin Christendom.   Edited by Katherine Allen Smith and Scott Wells Studies in the History of Christian Traditions .   Brill, 2009. Medieval Clothing and Textiles , 6., ( 2010):  Pages 83 - 110.
Year of Publication: 2009.

17. Record Number: 23299
Author(s): Dunlop, Anne
Contributor(s):
Title : The Dominicans and Cloistered Women: The Convent of Sant'Aurea in Rome
Source: Early Modern Women: An Interdisciplinary Journal , 2., ( 2007):  Pages 43 - 71.
Year of Publication: 2007.

18. Record Number: 20001
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Reading the Annunciation
Source: Art History , 30., 3 (June 2007):  Pages 349 - 363.
Year of Publication: 2007.

19. Record Number: 19217
Author(s): DeLeeuw, Patricia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mary as Model: The Sacred Becomes Secular in Medieval Art [In this short, introductory essay for an art exhibit, the author traces the themes and representations of Mary in art across the centuries. DeLeeuw argues in part that paintings of a young, beautiful Mary in fashionable clothing served to bridge the gap between religious and secular art. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Secular Sacred: 11th-16th Century Works from the Boston Public Library and the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.   Edited by Nancy Netzer .   McMullen Museum of Art, 2006. Early Modern Women: An Interdisciplinary Journal , 2., ( 2007):  Pages 64 - 67.
Year of Publication: 2006.

20. Record Number: 19219
Author(s): Leone, Stephanie C.
Contributor(s):
Title : In Vogue in Fifteenth-Century Florence: The Material Culture of Marriage [In this short, introductory essay for an art exhibit, the author surveys the meaning of the sumptuously painted wedding chest ("cassone") given by the groom and used to transport the bride's trousseau. The rich iconography of specific "cassoni" is discussed including the Meeting of Esther. Title Note Supplied by Feminae].
Source: Secular Sacred: 11th-16th Century Works from the Boston Public Library and the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.   Edited by Nancy Netzer .   McMullen Museum of Art, 2006. Early Modern Women: An Interdisciplinary Journal , 2., ( 2007):  Pages 81 - 87.
Year of Publication: 2006.

21. Record Number: 28624
Author(s): Kabala, Irene,
Contributor(s):
Title : Dressing the Hodegetria in Czestochowa [In the late fourteenth century Pauline brothers took custody of a painting of the Virgin and Child at their monastery on Jasna Góra in Poland. The Virgin holds the Child with her left arm and points toward him, a motif known as the Hodegetria named for a
Source: Word & Image: A Journal of Verbal/Visual Enquiry , 22., 3 ( 2006):  Pages 275 - 284.
Year of Publication: 2006.

22. Record Number: 11759
Author(s): Hayum, Andrée
Contributor(s):
Title : A Renaissance Audience Considered: The Nuns at S. Apollonia and Castagno's "Last Supper" [The author explores the possible meanings of the Castagno fresco for the nuns who commissioned the work for their refectory in the monastery of Santa Apollonia in Florence. Hayum notes Castagno's dramatic effects in the scale of figures and the spatial illusion. This kind of immediacy fits with the numerous decoration in the monastery representing nuns recieving blessings from Saint Apollonia and praying before Christ on the crucifix. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Art Bulletin , 88., 2 ( 2006):  Pages 243 - 266.
Year of Publication: 2006.

23. Record Number: 20730
Author(s): Mecham, June L
Contributor(s):
Title : Breaking Old Habits: Recent Research on Women, Spirituality, and the Arts in the Middle Ages
Source: History Compass , 4., 3 ( 2006):  Pages 448 - 480.
Year of Publication: 2006.

24. Record Number: 11760
Author(s): Schleif, Corine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Men on the Right- Women on the Left: (A)symmetrical Spaces and Gendered Places [The author argues that the symbolism attached to left and right becomes gendered so that male and female donors have their appointed places. Yet some situations and artworks make the categories more complicated than a simple binary. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Women's Space: Patronage, Place, and Gender in the Medieval Church.   Edited by Virginia Chieffo Raguin and Sarah Stanbury .   State University of New York Press, 2005. Word & Image: A Journal of Verbal/Visual Enquiry , 22., 3 ( 2006):  Pages 207 - 249.
Year of Publication: 2005.

25. Record Number: 14122
Author(s): Franke, Birgit.
Contributor(s):
Title : Female Role Models in Tapestries [The author briefly describes some of the tapestries owned or used by Margaret of York and her step-grand-daughter, Margaret of Austria. Frequently a series of tapestries celebrated heroic female figures like Esther, as savior of her people, and Abigail,
Source: Women of Distinction: Margaret of York | Margaret of Austria.   Edited by Dagmar Eichberger .   Brepols, 2005. Renaissance Quarterly , 58., 2 (Summer 2005):  Pages 154 - 165.
Year of Publication: 2005.

26. Record Number: 18171
Author(s): Simons, Patricia
Contributor(s):
Title : Separating the Men from the Boys: Masculinites in Early Quattrocento Florence and Donatello's "Saint George" [Nineteenth and twentieth century scholars projected an idealized masculinity onto Renaissance Florence. Seen from this viewpoint, Donatello's "Saint George" is an idealized young man just entering maturity. The supposed display of manly self control fits in with ideals of masculinity described by humanists like Leonardo Bruni. This, however, involves rejecting alternative evidence showing how homoerotic desire and nostalgia for lost youth were projected onto the same image by some Florentines. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Rituals, Images, and Words: Varieties of Cultural Expression in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe.   Edited by F. W. Kent and Charles Zika Late Medieval Early Modern Studies .   Brepols, 2005. Renaissance Quarterly , 58., 2 (Summer 2005):  Pages 147 - 176.
Year of Publication: 2005.

27. Record Number: 20149
Author(s): Troup, Cynthia
Contributor(s):
Title : Art History and the Resistant Presence of a Saint - The chiesa vecchia Frescoes at Rome's Tor de' Specchi [Attilio Rossi was the first art historian to write in depth about the fresco cycle at Tore de' Specchi illustrating the life of Frances of Rome. These images were painted c. 1468 by Antoniazzo Romano or artists associated with him for the Oblates of Santa Francesca Romana. Rossi treated the images in rhetorical terms as illustrating the triumph of the saint through the depiction of the saint's life. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Rituals, Images, and Words: Varieties of Cultural Expression in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe.   Edited by F. W. Kent and Charles Zika Late Medieval Early Modern Studies .   Brepols, 2005. Renaissance Quarterly , 58., 2 (Summer 2005):  Pages 119 - 145.
Year of Publication: 2005.

28. Record Number: 20150
Author(s): Anderson, Jaynie
Contributor(s):
Title : Gardens of Love in Venetian Painting of the Quattrocento [The author reconstructs and interprets a set of Venetian paintings concerned with a garden of love. The imagery is related to both literary and biblical texts. Among them are pictures and texts about Helen of Troy. The paintings provide fragmentary evidence of lay tastes for images related to love and lovers. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Rituals, Images, and Words: Varieties of Cultural Expression in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe.   Edited by F. W. Kent and Charles Zika Late Medieval Early Modern Studies .   Brepols, 2005. Renaissance Quarterly , 58., 2 (Summer 2005):  Pages 201 - 234.
Year of Publication: 2005.

29. Record Number: 14569
Author(s): Powell, Morgan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Making the Psalter of Christina of Markyate (The St. Albans Psalter)
Source: Viator , 36., ( 2005):  Pages 293 - 335.
Year of Publication: 2005.

30. Record Number: 20780
Author(s): Eckhard, Simon
Contributor(s):
Title : The First German Mary Assumption Play (c.1300) and the Mary Portal of Strasbourg Cathedral [Investigates the relationship between thirteenth and fourteenth century German Assumption plays, the Song of Solomon/Song of Songs, and the carvings of Strasbourg Cathedral. Focuses on the plays' and carvings' use of the figures of "Ecclesia" as bride and God as Solomon, with God/Solomon's embrace of "Synagoga" acting as a device to encourage the conversion of Jews. The relationship between Mary and the figure of "Ecclesia" is also discussed. Title note supplied by Feminae].
Source: European Medieval Drama , 9., ( 2005):  Pages 1 - 23.
Year of Publication: 2005.

31. Record Number: 11456
Author(s): Tilghman, Carla.
Contributor(s):
Title : Giovanna Cenami's Veil: A Neglected Detail [The author analyzes the woman's veil in Van Eyck's "Wedding of Arnolfini." Evidence in other artworks suggests that this ruffled veil had its heyday in the mid-to-late fourteenth century. In 1434 Van Eyck may have used the old fashioned veil to signal a ceremonial occasion in which the betrothed young woman by her headress and clothing conveyed dignity and a prosperous social status. Tilghman wove some linen samples to determine the best methods for making ruffled edges. The veil would have had to be a single length without seams approximately six yards long. It would probably have been a specialty item and would have been costly. Tilghman speculates that it might have been a family treasure passed down to Giovanna Cenami. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval clothing and textiles. Vol. 1.   Edited by Robin Netherton and Gale R Owen-Crocker .   Boydell Press, 2005. European Medieval Drama , 9., ( 2005):  Pages 155 - 172.
Year of Publication: 2005.

32. Record Number: 14022
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : A Spectacular Celebration of the Assumption in Siena
Source: Renaissance Quarterly , 58., 2 (Summer 2005):  Pages 435 - 463.
Year of Publication: 2005.

33. Record Number: 14140
Author(s): Baskins, Cristelle L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Scenes from a Marriage : Hospitality and Commerce in Boccaccio's "Tale of Saladin and Torello" [The author reads the panel paintings of a story from Boccaccio in terms of both gender and economics. Adalieta, the wife of Torello, gives him gifts (rather than vice versa as was customary). The Saracen figures in the story need to be domesticated, with
Source: The Medieval Marriage Scene: Prudence, Passion, Policy.   Edited by Sherry Roush and Cristelle L. Baskins .   Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2005. Renaissance Quarterly , 58., 2 (Summer 2005):  Pages 81 - 99.
Year of Publication: 2005.

34. Record Number: 14121
Author(s): Lorentz, Philippe.
Contributor(s):
Title : Children's Portraits: Between Politics and Family Memories [The author briefly surveys portraits done in the late medieval period, looking most closely at paintings of Margaret of Austria. In some cases the portraits were made to be sent to potential husbands in marriage negotiations. Title note supplied by Femin
Source: Women of Distinction: Margaret of York | Margaret of Austria.   Edited by Dagmar Eichberger .   Brepols, 2005. Renaissance Quarterly , 58., 2 (Summer 2005):  Pages 114 - 123.
Year of Publication: 2005.

35. Record Number: 11453
Author(s): Owen-Crocker, Gale R.
Contributor(s):
Title : Pomp, Piety, and Keeping the Woman in Her Place: The Dress of Cnut and Aelfgifu-Emma [The author analyzes a manscript miniature which depicts King Cnut and his wife Emma (whose Anglo-Saxon name was Aelfgifu) flanking an altar with a cross. Owen-Crocker argues that the clothing and positions of the two figures serve to subordinate Emma to her husband. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval clothing and textiles. Vol. 1.   Edited by Robin Netherton and Gale R Owen-Crocker .   Boydell Press, 2005. Renaissance Quarterly , 58., 2 (Summer 2005):  Pages 41 - 52.
Year of Publication: 2005.

36. Record Number: 14123
Author(s): Bleyerveld, Yvonne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Powerful Women, Foolish Men: The Popularity of the "Power of Women" Topos in Art [The author briefly describes the subject matter, themes, and audiences for the Power of Women topos. Biblical stories and classical myths provided the narratives in which dominant women humiliated the men who were in love with them. Bleyerveld argues tha
Source: Women of Distinction: Margaret of York | Margaret of Austria.   Edited by Dagmar Eichberger .   Brepols, 2005. Renaissance Quarterly , 58., 2 (Summer 2005):  Pages 166 - 175.
Year of Publication: 2005.

37. Record Number: 13760
Author(s): Campbell, Lorne and Yvonne Szafran
Contributor(s):
Title : The Portrait of Isabella of Portugal, Duchess of Burgundy, in the J. Paul Getty Museum [The authors argue that the portrait was based on Rogier van der Weyden's donor portrait of Isabel done for the altarpiece given to the Portugese monastery of Batalha. An assistant painted the panel portrait perhaps around 1450 without the skill or sensitivity of van der Weyden. The painting evidently passed to Isabel's great-granddaughter, Margaret of Austria, where it was given more magnificent clothing and jewels around 1530. An inscription was added perhaps around 1600 identifying the woman as a sibyl. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Burlington Magazine , 146., 1212 (March 2004):  Pages 148 - 157.
Year of Publication: 2004.

38. Record Number: 14630
Author(s): Elliott, Janis and Cordelia Warr
Contributor(s):
Title : Introduction [The authors briefly survey Angevin patronage, the nuns' practices, the pictorial program, and the architectural scheme of the church of Santa Maria Donna Regina in Naples. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Church of Santa Maria Donna Regina: Art, Iconography, and Patronage in Fourteenth-Century Naples.   Edited by Janis Elliott and Cordelia Warr .   Ashgate, 2004. Burlington Magazine , 146., 1212 (March 2004):  Pages 1 - 12.
Year of Publication: 2004.

39. Record Number: 10846
Author(s): Wolfthal, Diane.
Contributor(s):
Title : Picturing Same-Sex Desire: The Falconer and His Lover in Images by Petrus Christus and the Housebook Master [The author argues that the same-sex couple in the painting by Petrus Christus is intended as a negative example in comparison with the betrothed man and woman buying a ring. However, the drypoint print of the falconer shows a same-sex couple in a positive light. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Troubled Vision: Gender, Sexuality, and Sight in Medieval Text and Image.   Edited by Emma Campbell and Robert Mills .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. Burlington Magazine , 146., 1212 (March 2004):  Pages 17 - 46.
Year of Publication: 2004.

40. Record Number: 10830
Author(s): Hamburger, Jeffrey F.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Various Writings of Humanity": Johannes Tauler on Hildegard of Bingen's "Scivias" [The author analyzes Tauler's sermon delivered in Cologne to the Dominican nuns of St. Gertrude's in 1339. The sermon concerns in part an image in the nuns' refectory which was a copy of an illustration from Hildegard's "Scivias." Hamburger argues that Tauler adapts her visions to his particular needs, both as a mystic and a preacher. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Voice of Silence: Women's Literacy in a Men's Church.   Edited by Thérèse de Hemptinne and María Eugenia Góngora Medieval Church Studies .   Brepols, 2004. Studies in Iconography , 25., ( 2004):  Pages 167 - 191. Printed in an extended version in Visual Culture and the German Middle Ages. Edited by Kathryn Starkey and Horst Wenzel. Palgrave Macmillan, 2005. New Middle Ages series. Pages 161-205.
Year of Publication: 2004.

41. Record Number: 11059
Author(s): Bisogni, Fabio.
Contributor(s):
Title : L'iconografia mariana nei secoli XI-XII [The cult of the Virgin Mary was adopted by ruling elites, lay and clerical, in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. Seated figures of the Madonna, facing the viewer with the infant Jesus on her lap, predominated with their expressions of the superiority of spiritual power. These derived from Byzantine models, and less formal poses were evolved only later. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Figure poetiche e figure teologiche nella mariologia dei secoli XI e XII: Atti del II Convegno Mariologico della Fondazione Ezio Franceschini con la collaborazione della Biblioteca Palatina di Parma, Parma, 19-20 maggio 2000.   Edited by Clelia Maria Piastra and Francesco Santi .   SISMEL, 2004. Studies in Iconography , 25., ( 2004):  Pages 31 - 43.
Year of Publication: 2004.

42. Record Number: 11530
Author(s): Bourdua, Louise.
Contributor(s):
Title : Guariento's Crucifix for Maria Bovolini in San Francesco, Bassano: Women and Franciscan Art in Italy During the Later
Source: Pope, Church and City: Essays in Honour of Brenda M. Bolton.   Edited by Frances Andrews, Christoph Egger and Constance M. Rousseau Medieval Mediterranean .   Brill, 2004. Studies in Iconography , 25., ( 2004):  Pages 309 - 323.
Year of Publication: 2004.

43. Record Number: 13779
Author(s): Ferzoco, George.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Massa Marittima Mural [The Massa Marittima mural, discovered in 2000 on the site of a public fountain, has been interpreted, because of the presence of imperial eagles, as a piece of pro-Empire Ghibelline art. Yet the presence of a woman being sodomized beneath an eagle sugges
Source: Il murale di Massa Marittina. George Ferzoco Toscana Studies .  2004. Studies in Iconography , 25., ( 2004):  Pages 71 - 92. [In Italian on pp.29-50]
Year of Publication: 2004.

44. Record Number: 14634
Author(s): Michalsky, Tanja.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mater serenissimi principis: The Tomb of Maria of Hungary
Source: The Church of Santa Maria Donna Regina: Art, Iconography, and Patronage in Fourteenth-Century Naples.   Edited by Janis Elliott and Cordelia Warr .   Ashgate, 2004. Studies in Iconography , 25., ( 2004):  Pages 61 - 77.
Year of Publication: 2004.

45. Record Number: 18562
Author(s): Bacci, Michele
Contributor(s):
Title : Kathreptis, o la Veronica della Vergine [The author explores the iconography of the mother of God from Byzantine and early Russian motifs to late medieval Italian images. The Aracoeli Madonna was the most imporant of the Western pictures of the virgin attributed to the evangelist Luke. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Iconographica , 3., ( 2004):  Pages 11 - 37.
Year of Publication: 2004.

46. Record Number: 18563
Author(s): Argenziano, Raffaele
Contributor(s):
Title : Corpi santi e immagini nella Siena medievale: L'iconografia dei sepolcri di Gioacchino da Siena e di Aldobrandesca Ponzi [This article analyzes the tombs and decorations of two Sienese saints, one of whom is Aldobrandesca Ponzi, a tertiary member of the Humiliati order. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Iconographica , 3., ( 2004):  Pages 48 - 61.
Year of Publication: 2004.

47. Record Number: 20787
Author(s): Fleck, Cathleen A
Contributor(s):
Title : Blessed the eyes that see those things you see: The Trecento Choir Frescoes at Santa Maria Donnaregina in Naples [Describes the events depicted in the fresco cycles of the monastery, and makes connections between the relationship of the nun's agency as viewer of the frescoes to her relationship with the male mendicant orders of the monastery. Also examines how the content of the frescoes alludes to increases in women's literacy in Naples during this period. Title note supplied by Femiane.].
Source: Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte , 67., ( 2004):  Pages 201 - 224.
Year of Publication: 2004.

48. Record Number: 20789
Author(s): Stanbury, Sarah
Contributor(s):
Title : The clock in Filippino Lippi's Annunciation Tondo [Investigates the significance of Lippi's inclusion of a mechanical clock in his painting of the Annunciation in Gimignano through comparative analysis of contemporary works by Ghirlandaio and Botticelli. Issues of the cultural transition from feudal to merchant economy and domestic order are discussed, and the significance of the clock as a memento mori is disputed. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Studies in Iconography , 25., ( 2004):  Pages 197 - 219.
Year of Publication: 2004.

49. Record Number: 14635
Author(s): Bruzelius, Caroline.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Architectural Context of Santa Maria Donna Regina [The author briefly surveys three aspects of the church's architecture: the organization of the spaces, the particular needs of Clarissan churches, and the development of the church's design in relation to other Neapolitan churches, especially the cathedral with the tomb of Charles I. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Church of Santa Maria Donna Regina: Art, Iconography, and Patronage in Fourteenth-Century Naples.   Edited by Janis Elliott and Cordelia Warr .   Ashgate, 2004. Studies in Iconography , 25., ( 2004):  Pages 79 - 92.
Year of Publication: 2004.

50. Record Number: 11407
Author(s): Lifshitz, Felice.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Persistence of Late Antiquity: Christ as Man and Woman in an Eighth-Century Miniature [The author discusses a miniature in which she argues that Christ is portrayed twice, once as the crucified Jesus and beneath as a female blessing figure. Lifshitz connects this to an intellectual milieu in which aristocratic women in monastic double houses were used to having spiritual authority. Furthermore they had access to late antique sources with similar outlooks including the Priscillianist tractates and the "Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles." Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Medieval Feminist Forum , 38., (Winter 2004):  Pages 18 - 27.
Year of Publication: 2004.

51. Record Number: 14636
Author(s): Yakou, Hisashi.
Contributor(s):
Title : Contemplating Angels and the "Madonna of the Apocalypse" [The author briefly discusses antecedents for the nuns' elevated choir and then turns to the church's frescoes. Yakou in particular focuses on the "Angelic Choirs" and the "Madonna of the Apocalypse" in terms both of iconography and meditative use by the Clarissan nuns. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Church of Santa Maria Donna Regina: Art, Iconography, and Patronage in Fourteenth-Century Naples.   Edited by Janis Elliott and Cordelia Warr .   Ashgate, 2004. Medieval Feminist Forum , 38., (Winter 2004):  Pages 93 - 107.
Year of Publication: 2004.

52. Record Number: 14639
Author(s): Warr, Cordelia.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Golden Legend" and the Cycle of the "Life of Saint Elizabeth of Thuringia-Hungary" [The author briefly traces various lives of Saint Elizabeth as sources for the cycle of paintings in Santa Maria Donna Regina. Warr also argues that as patron Mary of Hungary was involved in the project's plans especially for those paintings that honored her great-aunt Elizabeth and celebrated the sanctity of the Arpád and Anjou lines. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Church of Santa Maria Donna Regina: Art, Iconography, and Patronage in Fourteenth-Century Naples.   Edited by Janis Elliott and Cordelia Warr .   Ashgate, 2004. Medieval Feminist Forum , 38., (Winter 2004):  Pages 155 - 174.
Year of Publication: 2004.

53. Record Number: 14638
Author(s): Hoch, Adrian S.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Passion Cycle": Images to Contemplate and Imitate amid Clarissan "clausura" [The author argues that the passion cycle in the church of Santa Maria Donna Regina emphasized an "imitatio Mariae," a devotion to the Eucharist, and Franciscan concerns for female viewers. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Church of Santa Maria Donna Regina: Art, Iconography, and Patronage in Fourteenth-Century Naples.   Edited by Janis Elliott and Cordelia Warr .   Ashgate, 2004. Medieval Feminist Forum , 38., (Winter 2004):  Pages 129 - 153.
Year of Publication: 2004.

54. Record Number: 20788
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Immersed in Things of the Body: Humor and Meaning in the Annunciation by Filippo Lippi [Examines the background figures in Lippi's Annunciation at the Palazzo Barberini and the significance of their gesture and movement as an iconographic foil to the interaction between Mary and the Archangel Gabriel; examines the parallels between the work's composition and the use of humor in contemporary drama in illustrating themes of Christ's incarnation. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Studies in Iconography , 25., ( 2004):  Pages 173 - 196.
Year of Publication: 2004.

55. Record Number: 10854
Author(s): Simon, Anne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Reading Reading Women: Double-Mirroring the "Dame" in "Der Ritter vom Turn"
Source: Troubled Vision: Gender, Sexuality, and Sight in Medieval Text and Image.   Edited by Emma Campbell and Robert Mills .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. Studies in Iconography , 25., ( 2004):  Pages 175 - 192.
Year of Publication: 2004.

56. Record Number: 10857
Author(s): Salih, Sarah.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Medieval Looks Back: A Response to "Troubled Vision" [Salih provides a brief case study of manuscript illuminations of monsters from a copy of "Mandeville's Travels." She argues that the hyper-masculinity of the naked giants defines them as other, bereft of culture and social order. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Troubled Vision: Gender, Sexuality, and Sight in Medieval Text and Image.   Edited by Emma Campbell and Robert Mills .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. Studies in Iconography , 25., ( 2004):  Pages 223 - 231.
Year of Publication: 2004.

57. Record Number: 11011
Author(s): Muir, Carolyn Diskant.
Contributor(s):
Title : Bride or Bridegroom? Masculine Identity in Mystic Marriages [The author briefly examines two cases, those of Heinrich Seuse and Saint Hermann Joseph. Muir argues that men were less likely to report mystic marriage than women, but they had a wider range of experiences. Most notably they took on both masculine and feminine identities simultaneously. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Holiness and Masculinity in the Middle Ages.   Edited by P. H. Cullum and Katherine J. Lewis .   Religion and Culture in the Middle Ages Series. University of Wales Press, 2004. Studies in Iconography , 25., ( 2004):  Pages 58 - 78.
Year of Publication: 2004.

58. Record Number: 12605
Author(s): Burns, Jane E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Why Textiles Make a Difference [Dress, textiles, and cloth production are emerging as important categories of analysis in medieval studies. While investigating textiles and representations thereof (in literary, historical, legal, and religious texts), medievalists cross disciplinary boundaries in order to examine how the personal and cultural realms interact. Social theorists, feminists, and scholars of material culture can all contribute to our understandings of how goods and objects take upon new meanings for men and women in different social contexts. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Fabrications: Dress, Textiles, Clothwork, and Other Cultural Imaginings.   Edited by E. Jane Burns .   Palgrave, 2004. Studies in Iconography , 25., ( 2004):  Pages 1 - 18.
Year of Publication: 2004.

59. Record Number: 12606
Author(s): Starkey, Kathryn.
Contributor(s):
Title : “Tristan” Slippers: An Image of Adultery or a Symbol of Marriage? [Leather slippers decorated with iconography apparently representing the adulterous courtly couple Tristan and Isolde were popular in the urban centers of the Low Countries, and these shoes were perhaps given as bridal gifts or in betrothal ceremonies. Although the image of an adulterous couple may not seem appropriate for shoes associated with marriage, other iconography on the slippers (such as an orchard, falcon, chessboard, and literary inscriptions) and contemporary Dutch literature about the Tristan story indicate that the urban public was reappropriating elements of courtly culture. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Fabrications: Dress, Textiles, Clothwork, and Other Cultural Imaginings.   Edited by E. Jane Burns .   Palgrave, 2004. Studies in Iconography , 25., ( 2004):  Pages 35 - 53.
Year of Publication: 2004.

60. Record Number: 14640
Author(s): Elliott, Janis.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Last Judgement": The Cult of Sacral Kingship and Dynastic Hopes for the Afterlife [The author argues that Queen Mary of Hungary used her royal patronage to create an iconography that was personally meaningful to her as well as an embodiment of the dynastic concerns of the Angevin house. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Church of Santa Maria Donna Regina: Art, Iconography, and Patronage in Fourteenth-Century Naples.   Edited by Janis Elliott and Cordelia Warr .   Ashgate, 2004. Studies in Iconography , 25., ( 2004):  Pages 175 - 193.
Year of Publication: 2004.

61. Record Number: 14641
Author(s): Gardner, Julian.
Contributor(s):
Title : Santa Maria Donna Regina in its European Context [The author argues for Santa Maria Donna Regina's importance as a royal monastery for women. Other contemporary examples like Longchamps and Poissy do not survive. Furthermore, Mary of Hungary's tomb and the extensive fresco program incorporate complex dynastic and sacred themes. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Church of Santa Maria Donna Regina: Art, Iconography, and Patronage in Fourteenth-Century Naples.   Edited by Janis Elliott and Cordelia Warr .   Ashgate, 2004. Studies in Iconography , 25., ( 2004):  Pages 195 - 201.
Year of Publication: 2004.

62. Record Number: 14637
Author(s): Fleck, Cathleen A
Contributor(s):
Title : To exercise yourself in these things by continued contemplation: Visual and Textual Literacy in the Frescoes at Santa Maria Donna Regina [The author argues that the Donna Regina fresco program was planned to enhance the resident nuns' understanding and meditation on the tenets of the faith. Furthermore many of the nuns would have had a visual literacy as well as a textual literacy to understand the sophisticated iconography and the Latin inscriptions. The nuns also would need to summon up relevant Biblical texts and other readings from memory. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: The Church of Santa Maria Donna Regina: Art, Iconography, and Patronage in Fourteenth-Century Naples.   Edited by Janis Elliott and Cordelia Warr .   Ashgate, 2004. Studies in Iconography , 25., ( 2004):  Pages 109 - 128.
Year of Publication: 2004.

63. Record Number: 11959
Author(s): Beech, George T.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Eleanor of Aquitaine Vase
Source: Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady.   Edited by Bonnie Wheeler and John Carmi Parsons The New Middle Ages .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Studies in Iconography , 24., ( 2003):  Pages 369 - 376.
Year of Publication: 2003.

64. Record Number: 10455
Author(s): Levy, Allison.
Contributor(s):
Title : Augustine's Concessions and Other Failures: Mourning and Masculinity in Fifteenth-Century Tuscany [The author examines paintings of St. Augustine mourning his mother along with excerpts from his "Confessions," and humanist funeral orations. Levy argues that female mourning in public was suppressed in favor of controlled, masculine commemorations in Latin. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Grief and Gender: 700-1700.   Edited by Jennifer C. Vaught with Lynne Dickson Bruckner .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Studies in Iconography , 24., ( 2003):  Pages 81 - 94.
Year of Publication: 2003.

65. Record Number: 10782
Author(s): Field, Richard S.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Fifteenth-Century Woodcut of the "Death of the Virgin" in a Manuscript of "Der Stachel der Liebe" [The author examines the development and meaning of an iconographic theme, the figure of the kneeling Virgin in woodcut scenes of the Dormition. This devotional image presented Mary as humankind's stongest intercessor with both her son and God. It also served as a model for the good death with Mary kneeling in pious prayer as her earthly life ends. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies in Iconography , 24., ( 2003):  Pages 71 - 137.
Year of Publication: 2003.

66. Record Number: 8068
Author(s): Sheingorn, Pamela.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Wise Mother : The Image of St.Anne Teaching the Virgin Mary [The author argues that medieval images of Saint Anne teaching the Virgin have been ignored by scholars. As a result both the importance of mothers as teachers and the prevalence of literacy among upper and middle class women has been downplayed. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Gendering the Master Narrative: Women and Power in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Mary C. Erler and Maryanne Kowaleski .   Cornell University Press, 2003. Studies in Iconography , 24., ( 2003):  Pages 105 - 134. This article was first published in Gesta (Full Text via JSTOR) 32, 1 (1993): 69-80. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2003.

67. Record Number: 12879
Author(s): Marchand, Eckart.
Contributor(s):
Title : Monastic "Imitatio Christi": Andrea del Castagno's "Cenacolo di S. Apollonia"
Source: Artibus et Historiae , 47., ( 2003):  Pages 31 - 50.
Year of Publication: 2003.

68. Record Number: 14668
Author(s): Garzelli, Annarosa.
Contributor(s):
Title : Una postilla sulla Madonna Davanzati [The Madonna Davanzati, a polychrome wooden sculpture recently sold at auction, can be dated to the early fourteenth century. Its style is Sienese with resemblances to the work of Arnolfo di Cambio. [Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Arte Medievale , 2., 40525 ( 2003):  Pages 239 - 241.
Year of Publication: 2003.

69. Record Number: 16586
Author(s): Hults, Linda C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Dürer's "Four Witches" Reconsidered [The author argues that Dürer's engraving should be viewed in conjunction with the "Malleus maleficarum" as part of the developing theory on women's sexuality and witchcraft. Hults suggests that Dürer cleverly combined a variety of visual allusions includ
Source: Saints, Sinners, and Sisters: Gender and Northern Art in Medieval and Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Jane L. Carroll and Alison G. Stewart .   Ashgate, 2003. Studies in Iconography , 24., ( 2003):  Pages 94 - 126.
Year of Publication: 2003.

70. Record Number: 10748
Author(s): Carroll, Jane L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Woven Devotions: Reform and Piety in Tapestries by Dominican Nuns [The author examines two tapestries that were produced by Dominican nuns in Germany. Both have small depictions of nuns working at looms in the margins. Carroll suggests that these images are part self-portraits, part devotional images, while also serving as exemplars of the Dominican reform for a "vita activa" that avoided luxury and sloth. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Saints, Sinners, and Sisters: Gender and Northern Art in Medieval and Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Jane L. Carroll and Alison G. Stewart .   Ashgate, 2003. Studies in Iconography , 24., ( 2003):  Pages 182 - 201.
Year of Publication: 2003.

71. Record Number: 10783
Author(s): Jones, Leslie C. and Jonathan J. G. Alexander
Contributor(s):
Title : The Annunciation to the Shepherdess [The authors explore the representation of shepherdesses in fifteenth century deluxe books of hours. There are a variety of types including eroticized figures, pious saint-like young women, and disorderly peasant dancers. The authors suggest that in many cases differences in social class are being emphasized for noble owners (both male and female) of these books of hours. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies in Iconography , 24., ( 2003):  Pages 165 - 198.
Year of Publication: 2003.

72. Record Number: 10996
Author(s): de Vries, Joyce.
Contributor(s):
Title : Caterina Sforza's Portrait Medals: Power, Gender and Representation in the Italian Renaissance Court [Caterina Sforza ruled Forli and Imola after the murder of her husband. She commissioned a series of portrait medals that established her persona first as a noble young wife, then a widow-ruler, and finally as a triumphant regent. The medals use motifs associated with male political power to indicate her authority and success. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Woman's Art Journal , 24., 1 (Spring/Summer 2003):  Pages 23 - 28.
Year of Publication: 2003.

73. Record Number: 10901
Author(s): Nolan, Kathleen.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Tomb of Adelaide of Maurienne and the Visual Imagery of Capetian Queenship [The author argues that while Adelaide's seal establishes her authority through stable conservative imagery, her tomb sculpture marks her as an individual with a special connection to the sacred site. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Capetian Women.   Edited by Kathleen Nolan .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Woman's Art Journal , 24., 1 (Spring/Summer 2003):  Pages 45 - 76.
Year of Publication: 2003.

74. Record Number: 11960
Author(s): Nolan, Kathleen.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Queen's Choice: Eleanor of Aquitaine and the Tombs at Fontevraud [The tombs Eleanor of Aquitaine commissioned for Henry II, Richard I, and herself at Fontevrault, with their life-like images of royalty, were novel in their day. Eleanor was probably not inspired by royal tombs she saw on her travels, although Capetian queens' tombs had incised images. Eleanor's own tomb showed her as a living person, whereas the others were shown lying in state. It appears that Eleanor took charge of all these commemorations of the Plantagenet dead. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady.   Edited by Bonnie Wheeler and John Carmi Parsons The New Middle Ages .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Woman's Art Journal , 24., 1 (Spring/Summer 2003):  Pages 377 - 405.
Year of Publication: 2003.

75. Record Number: 10903
Author(s): Schowalter, Kathleen S.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Ingeborg Psalter: Queenship, Legitimacy, and the Appropriation of Byzantine Art in the West [Ingeberg of Denmark married Philippe Auguste, but he repudiated her the following day. She insisted on her legitimacy for twenty years before being restored. Schowalter argues that her psalter models itself on the one belonging to Queen Melisande and that changes in the iconography were made deliberately to emphasize Ingeborg's queenship including representations of anointing and coronation. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Capetian Women.   Edited by Kathleen Nolan .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Woman's Art Journal , 24., 1 (Spring/Summer 2003):  Pages 99 - 135.
Year of Publication: 2003.

76. Record Number: 8713
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Hyr Wombe Insaciate: The Iconography of the Feminised Monster [The author examines woodcuts and a painting in which the monsters are both feminized and sexualized. The author argues that they refer to a type of femininity that is both sexual and bestial. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies on Medieval and Early Modern Women: Pawns or Players?   Edited by Christine Meek and Catherine Lawless .   Four Courts Press, 2003. Woman's Art Journal , 24., 1 (Spring/Summer 2003):  Pages 177 - 196.
Year of Publication: 2003.

77. Record Number: 10906
Author(s): Hamilton, Tracy Chapman
Contributor(s):
Title : Queenship and Kinship in the French "Bible moralisée": The Example of Blanche of Castile and Vienna ÖNB 2554 [The author argues that the manuscript was commissioned by Blanche possibly during the early period of her regency. The repeated images of childbirth and Sainte Église in the illuminations emphasize Blanche's particular rights as mother and authorized regent. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Capetian Women.   Edited by Kathleen Nolan .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Woman's Art Journal , 24., 1 (Spring/Summer 2003):  Pages 177 - 208.
Year of Publication: 2003.

78. Record Number: 12880
Author(s): Michalski, Sergiusz.
Contributor(s):
Title : Venus as Semiramis: A New Interpretation of the Central Figure of Botticelli's "Primavera"
Source: Artibus et Historiae , 48., ( 2003):  Pages 213 - 222.
Year of Publication: 2003.

79. Record Number: 9056
Author(s): Williamson, Beth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Liturgical Image or Devotional Image? The London "Madonna of the Firescreen" [The author examines this midfifteenth century panel of Virgin and Child and argues that it was intended for devotional use. The viewer would be drawn to contemplate the mystery of the Incarnation through subtle reminders like the breast milk of the Virgin and the Christ child's genitals. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Objects, Imafges, and the Word: Art in the Service of the Liturgy.   Edited by Colum Hourihane .   Index of Christian Art, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University in association with Princeton University Press, 2003. Artibus et Historiae , 48., ( 2003):  Pages 298 - 318.
Year of Publication: 2003.

80. Record Number: 10746
Author(s): Smith, Susan L.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Gothic Mirror and the Female Gaze [The author explores the representations of couple on carved ivory mirror cases. Smith argues that in the majority of cases, the depicted female gaze is responsive to that of men with the male lover taking an active role. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Saints, Sinners, and Sisters: Gender and Northern Art in Medieval and Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Jane L. Carroll and Alison G. Stewart .   Ashgate, 2003. Artibus et Historiae , 48., ( 2003):  Pages 73 - 93.
Year of Publication: 2003.

81. Record Number: 10781
Author(s): Schmidt, Peter.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Use of Prints in German Convents of the Fifteenth Century: The Example of Nuremberg [The author focuses on the uses made by nuns in the Dominican house, the Katharinenkloster. Schmidt argues that the woodcuts were a medium of communication among nuns as well as between confessors and their female penitents. Title note supplied by Feminae
Source: Studies in Iconography , 24., ( 2003):  Pages 43 - 69.
Year of Publication: 2003.

82. Record Number: 11649
Author(s): Dor, Juliette.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Sheela-na-Gig: An Incongruous Sign of Sexual Purity? [The author argues for a complex reading of the sheela na gig statues, naked women displaying their vulvas. Dor contextualizes them with references to Celtic goddesses as well as the sovereignty myth in which the old hag turns into a beautiful maiden. In concluding the author suggests that medieval audiences might have had different reactions and that the sculptures lend themselves to multiple readings. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Medieval Virginities.   Edited by Anke Bernau, Ruth Evans, and Sarah Salih .   Religion and Culture in the Middle Ages series. University of Wales Press; University of Toronto Press, 2003. Studies in Iconography , 24., ( 2003):  Pages 33 - 55.
Year of Publication: 2003.

83. Record Number: 10747
Author(s): Kornbluth, Genevra.
Contributor(s):
Title : Richildis and Her Seal: Carolingian Self-Reference and the Imagery of Power [The author explores women's use of seals during the Carolingian era. Kornbluth focuses on the drawing of a seal (now lost) engraved with the name "Richilde." She suggests that it may have belonged to the empress married to Charles the Bald and may represent the Greek mythological figure Omphale, the Lydian queen with whom Hercules fell in love. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Saints, Sinners, and Sisters: Gender and Northern Art in Medieval and Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Jane L. Carroll and Alison G. Stewart .   Ashgate, 2003. Studies in Iconography , 24., ( 2003):  Pages 161 - 181.
Year of Publication: 2003.

84. Record Number: 10908
Author(s): Stanton, Anne Rudloff.
Contributor(s):
Title : Isabelle of France and Her Manuscripts, 1308-58 [The manuscripts range in time across the queen's career. Some appear to have been used as readings for her children, while others were psalters and books of hours for Isabelle's private devotions. Women feature prominently in the illuminations, and political issues, such as Edward's shortcomings as a king, apparently are also a preoccupation. Title note supplied by Feminae. ].
Source: Capetian Women.   Edited by Kathleen Nolan .   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Studies in Iconography , 24., ( 2003):  Pages 225 - 252.
Year of Publication: 2003.

85. Record Number: 11434
Author(s): Dunlop, Anne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Flesh and the Feminine: Early-Renaissance Images of the Madonna with Eve at Her Feet
Source: Oxford Art Journal , 25., 2 ( 2002):  Pages 127 - 147.
Year of Publication: 2002.

86. Record Number: 12272
Author(s): Zeman, Georg.
Contributor(s):
Title : Eine altniederländische Silberstiftzeichnung und ihre Bedeutung für Jan van Eycks Dresdner Marienaltar [The author explains the relationship between van Eyck's drawing "Madonna with Child" (Leipzig) and the triptych Altar of St. Mary (Dresden), suggesting a draft drawing. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte , 65., 1 ( 2002):  Pages 91 - 104.
Year of Publication: 2002.

87. Record Number: 9499
Author(s): Newman, Marsha.
Contributor(s):
Title : Christian Cosmology in Hildegard of Bingen's Illuminations [The author argues that Hildegard used her knowledge of natural forces to express spiritual truths. Her illuminations of mandalas, symmetrical images framed by circular borders, represent her visions and frequently depict multiple planes of existence. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Logos: A Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture (Full Text via Project Muse) 5, 1 (Winter 2002): 41-61. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2002.

88. Record Number: 6232
Author(s): Wolfthal, Diane.
Contributor(s):
Title : Picturing Same-Sex Desire: The Falconer and his Lover by Petrus Christus and the Housebook Master

89. Record Number: 10075
Author(s): Knauer, Elfrieda Regina.
Contributor(s):
Title : Portrait of a Lady? Some Reflections on Images of Prostitutes from the Later Fifteenth Century [The author concentrates on a painting of a woman attributed to Jacometto Veneziano (now in the Philadelphia Museum of Art). She argues that the woman is a prostitute, and that the artist emphasizes her thinning hair, wrinkles, and other defects associated with prostitution. The author suggests that the inscription on the back of the panel should be translated as: "The whore dedicated herself to wantonness, license, lewdness." Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome , 47., ( 2002):  Pages 95 - 117.
Year of Publication: 2002.

90. Record Number: 10659
Author(s): Murphy, Kevin J.F.
Contributor(s):
Title : Lilium inter spinas: Bianca Spini and the Decoration of the Spini Chapel in Santa Trinita [The author argues that Bianca, the widowed daughter of a wealthy and powerful member of the Spini family, commissioned an altarpiece for the family chapel with references to her personal identity. As a widow who evidently chose not to remarry, Bianca struggled with her husband's family for restitution of her dowry. The frequent suspicions about unmarried women's virtue seem to be answered in the Spini altarpiece painting of the Assumption by the Virgin's purity and authority. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Italian History and Culture , 8., ( 2002):  Pages 51 - 65.
Year of Publication: 2002.

91. Record Number: 10981
Author(s): Stanton, Anne Rudloff.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Psalter of Isabelle, Queen of England 1308-1330: Isabelle as the Audience [The illustrated psalter was produced as a gift for the young queen sometime between her betrothal and marriage. It presents Biblical role models for the edification of the queen. Stanton argues that the psalter is particularly noteworthy for its emphasis on official, maternal roles and for its use of bilingual texts. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Word and Image , 18., 1 (January-March 2002):  Pages 1 - 27.
Year of Publication: 2002.

92. Record Number: 11418
Author(s): Klaniczay, Gábor
Contributor(s):
Title : Le stigmate di santa Margherita d'Ungheria: immagini e testi [The earliest sources for Margaret of Hungary, a princess who became a Dominican nun, do not mention her stigmata. Reports of her reciept of the Stigmata were rejected by Tommaso Caffarini, but defenders of the story can be found as late as the sixteenth century. The earliest depictions of Margaret usually lack the stigmata, but a royal crown often is shown at her feet or on her head. Dominican claims to stigmatics threatened Franciscan ideas of their founder as "another Christ" ("alter Christus"), and questions about Margaret became intertwined with disputes over the stigmata of Catherine of Siena. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Iconographica , 1., ( 2002):  Pages 16 - 31.
Year of Publication: 2002.

93. Record Number: 7252
Author(s): Sheingorn, Pamela.
Contributor(s):
Title : Joseph the Carpenter's Failure at Familial Discipline [The author examines representations of Joseph in some fourteenth century texts and illustrations concerning apocryphal stories of the flight into Egypt. He is presented very negatively both as a Jew and a member of the lower class. His masculinity is even further questioned because he cannot protect his family nor can he assert his patriarchal authority over his wife and child. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Insights and Interpretations: Studies in Celebrations of the Eighty-Fifth Anniversary of the Index of Christian Art.   Edited by Colum Hourihane .   Index of Christian Art, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University in association with Princeton University Press, 2002.  Pages 156 - 167.
Year of Publication: 2002.

94. Record Number: 9361
Author(s): Corrie, Rebecca W.
Contributor(s):
Title : Constantinople, Siena, and the Polesden Lacy Triptych: An Angevin Commission for a Crusader Empress
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 28., ( 2002):  Pages 39 - 40.
Year of Publication: 2002.

95. Record Number: 12273
Author(s): von Perger, Mischa.
Contributor(s):
Title : Wer pflückt die Rose? Beschriftete Heiligenschine bei Martin Schongauer [Author deciphers and interprets texts on halos in two of Schongauer's works. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte , 65., 3 ( 2002):  Pages 400 - 410.
Year of Publication: 2002.

96. Record Number: 6636
Author(s): Easton, Martha.
Contributor(s):
Title : Pain, Torture, and Death in the Huntington Library "Legenda aurea" [The author analyzes the manuscript illuminations representing the torture and executions of male and female martyrs, arguing that the binary system of gender was frequently transcended].
Source: Gender and Holiness: Men, Women, and Saints in Late Medieval Europe.   Edited by Samantha J. E. Riches and Sarah Salih .   Routledge, 2002. Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 28., ( 2002):  Pages 49 - 64.
Year of Publication: 2002.

97. Record Number: 11034
Author(s): Rees, Emma L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sheela's Voracity and Victorian Veracity [The author examines the reactions of G.R. Lewis, Victorian artist and church architect, to a sheela-na-gig (a sqatting female figure who pulls open her vulva) carved on a Romanesque church in Kilpeck. Lewis sanitized the figure but Rees argues that the sculpture had meaning for the church's builders most likely as a warning against lust. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Consuming Narrative: Gender and Monstrous Appetite in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.   Edited by Liz Herbert McAvoy and Teresa Walters .   University of Wales Press, 2002. Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 28., ( 2002):  Pages 116 - 127.
Year of Publication: 2002.

98. Record Number: 6617
Author(s): Randolph, Adrian W. B.
Contributor(s):
Title : Renaissance Household Goddesses: Fertility, Politics, and the Gendering of the Spectatorship [the author argues that these terracotta statuettes of Dovizia (a woman with a basket of fruit on her head who is leading a little boy), based on Donatello's statue now lost, can be read both as an embodiment of wealth and fertility and as a political, public symbol of the city and reminder of the pre-Medicean era; the author explores the implications of both female and male spectatorship].
Source: The Material Culture of Sex, Procreation, and Marriage in Premodern Europe.   Edited by Anne L. McClanan and Karen Rosoff Encarnación .   Palgrave, 2002. Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 28., ( 2002):  Pages 163 - 189.
Year of Publication: 2002.

99. Record Number: 9336
Author(s): Sterling-Hellenbrand, Alexandra.
Contributor(s):
Title : Uta and Isolde: Designing a Perfect Woman [The author argues that Gottfried von Strassburg, the creator of Isolde, and the Naumburger Meister who sculpted the statues of Uta and Reglindis not only shared a set of ideals in regard to women but also made their representations of women dynamic and interactive. The description of Isolde's dress does not emphasize color or richness of cloth but instead continuous movement that produces a performance of gender. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Essays in Medieval Studies (Full Text via Project Muse) 19 (2002): 70-89. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2002.

100. Record Number: 8487
Author(s): Cotsonis, John.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Virgin and Justinian on Seals of the "Ekklesiekdikoi" of Hagia Sophia [The author explores the various meanings carried by the seals made for the clerical tribunal from Hagia Sophia, which present the standing figures of the Virgin and the Emperor Justinian, holding between them a model of the church Hagia Sophia. The church building in part signifies a place of mercy and refuge. Justinian was not only the builder of the church but also the patron of the clerical tribunal. The Virgin was the most powerful intermediary and an object of hope for the penitent and those in trouble. The clerics from the tribunal turned to the Virgin Mary and Justinian for help in coming to just and merciful decisions. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Dumbarton Oaks Papers (Full Text via JSTOR) 56 (2002): 41-55. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2002.

101. Record Number: 7248
Author(s): Bennett, Adelaide.
Contributor(s):
Title : Mary Magdalen's Seven Deadly Sins in a Thirteenth-Century Liège Psalter-Hours [The author explores the figure of a woman with an unguent jar who is holding seven disks spelling out "SALIGIA" (the initial letters of the seven vices) whom the author identifies as Mary Magdalene. Earlier Mary Magdalene was portrayed with seven demons fleeing from her body. In the thirteenth century this became associated with the seven deadly sins as Mary Magdalene's role as a penitent, converted sinner was emphasized. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Insights and Interpretations: Studies in Celebrations of the Eighty-Fifth Anniversary of the Index of Christian Art.   Edited by Colum Hourihane .   Index of Christian Art, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University in association with Princeton University Press, 2002.  Pages 17 - 34.
Year of Publication: 2002.

102. Record Number: 7249
Author(s): Drewer, Lois.
Contributor(s):
Title : Jephthah and His Daughter in Medieval Art: Ambiguities of Heroism and Sacrifice [The author argues that the meaning of Jephthah's daughter's sacrifice fluctuates widely in medieval art and exegesis. The Biblical warrior Jephthah rashly promises God that he will offer in sacrifice the first person who greets him when he returns home after his victory over the Ammonites. Jephthah's daughter's death is figured as a type of the eucharist, a brave hero willing to give her life for her people, a virgin dedicated to God (sometimes walled into an anchorhold rather than killed) and, negatively, as synagogue concerned with worldly attractions. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Insights and Interpretations: Studies in Celebrations of the Eighty-Fifth Anniversary of the Index of Christian Art.   Edited by Colum Hourihane .   Index of Christian Art, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University in association with Princeton University Press, 2002.  Pages 35 - 59.
Year of Publication: 2002.

103. Record Number: 7250
Author(s): Golden, Judith K.
Contributor(s):
Title : Images of Instruction, Marie de Bretagne, and the Life of St. Eustace as Illustrated in British Library Ms. Egerton 745 [The author argues that Egerton 745 was commissioned by Marie de Bretagne, daughter of a duke of Brittany and granddaughter of a king and queen of England (hence the saints' lives included for two Breton saints and Edward the Confessor). She had the manuscript prepared for her son, choosing to emphasize role models, especially Saint Eustace, who were good husbands, fathers, and Christians. The Appendix lists and describes twenty-two works of art that represent the cycle of St. Eustace's life. Also included is a table that charts the various episodes represented in the twenty-two art works. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Insights and Interpretations: Studies in Celebrations of the Eighty-Fifth Anniversary of the Index of Christian Art.   Edited by Colum Hourihane .   Index of Christian Art, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University in association with Princeton University Press, 2002.  Pages 60 - 84.
Year of Publication: 2002.

104. Record Number: 7253
Author(s): Gerát, Ivan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Dei saturitas. St. Elizabeth's Works of Mercy in the Medieval Pictorial Narrative ["In this article, I examine a significant and unknown part of the pictorial tradition that surrounds St. Elizabeth in Central Europe and concentrate, in particular, on one group of scenes which can be generally referred to as her works of mercy. The significant questions of identity and differences within this group are analyzed. Some aspcts of these scenes changed very subtly; I evaluate these differences in relation to their historical context and consider how they reflected the development of liturgical and devotional practices. The main focus of this paper, however, is an evaluation of the theory that pictorial images of St. Elizabeth may be in imitation of those representing Christ." Page 168.].
Source: Insights and Interpretations: Studies in Celebrations of the Eighty-Fifth Anniversary of the Index of Christian Art.   Edited by Colum Hourihane .   Index of Christian Art, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University in association with Princeton University Press, 2002.  Pages 168 - 181.
Year of Publication: 2002.

105. Record Number: 7251
Author(s): Guest, Gerald B.
Contributor(s):
Title : Picturing Women in the First "Bible moralisée" ["It is the goal of this article to extend the work of Chapman and Lowden through an examination of the iconography of women in what is likely the first "Bible moralisée," Ö.N.B. 2554. Beyond this, I wish to consider how a "Bible moralisée" might have been read by a royal woman in the first half of the thirteenth century and what this might tell us about the manuscripts as artistic projects." Page 108].
Source: Insights and Interpretations: Studies in Celebrations of the Eighty-Fifth Anniversary of the Index of Christian Art.   Edited by Colum Hourihane .   Index of Christian Art, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University in association with Princeton University Press, 2002.  Pages 106 - 130.
Year of Publication: 2002.

106. Record Number: 8851
Author(s): Blanton-Whetsell, Virginia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Imagines Aetheldredae: Mapping Hagiographic Representations of Abbatial Power and Religious Patronage [The author studies the veneration of Saint Æthelthryth (or Etheldreda) in England across the Middle Ages and across both lay and religious audiences. She argues that scholars frequently divide the evidence of a saint's cult along academic disciplinary lines. They thereby miss evidence that is crucial for their understanding of a saint and those who honored her. Appendix A is an extensive inventory of representations, texts, and buildings concerning or devoted to Saint Ethelreda. Known origins are also indicated. Appendix B is a chart that tabulates the data in Appendix A. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies in Iconography , 23., ( 2002):  Pages 55 - 107.
Year of Publication: 2002.

107. Record Number: 7870
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Chastity, Love, and Marriage in the Margins of the "Wharncliffe Hours" [The author argues that the marginal illustrations in the "Wharncliffe Hours" represent the theme of marriage and its moral opposites including lust and rape. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Reading Texts and Images: Essays on Medieval and Renaissance Art and Patronage in Honour of Margaret M. Manion.   Edited by Bernard J. Muir .   University of Exeter Press, 2002. Studies in Iconography , 23., ( 2002):  Pages 201 - 220.
Year of Publication: 2002.

108. Record Number: 6204
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Subverting Tradition: The Transformed Female in Hildegard of Bingen's Scivias
Source: Seeing Gender: Perspectives on Medieval Gender and Sexuality. Gender and Medieval Studies Conference, King's College, London, January 4-6, 2002. .  2002. Studies in Iconography , 23., ( 2002):
Year of Publication: 2002.

109. Record Number: 7272
Author(s): Caviness, Madeline H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Hildegard of Bingen: Some Recent Books [The author writes a review essay concerning three new books about Hildegard: Sabina Flanagan, "Hildegard of Bingen, 1098-1179" (Second edition, 1998), Lieselotte E. Saurma-Jeltsch, "Die Miniaturen im 'Liber Scivias' der Hildegard von Bingen" (1998) and Kiko Suzuki, "Bildgewordene Visionen oder Visionserzählungen" (1998). Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Speculum , 77., 1 (January 2002):  Pages 113 - 120.
Year of Publication: 2002.

110. Record Number: 8852
Author(s): Baskins, Cristelle L.
Contributor(s):
Title : (In)Famous Men: The Continence of Scipio and Formations of Masculinity in Fifteenth-Century Tuscan Domestic Painting [The author explores the representation of Scipio Africanus in Florentine "cassoni" paintings on wedding furniture and argues for a range of masculinities. Some paintings celebrate his sexual restraint with Scipio returning the captured princess to her betrothed. However, other paintings present him as a conqueror with booty, an exemplar of masculine financial and political success for the bridegroom viewer. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Studies in Iconography , 23., ( 2002):  Pages 109 - 136.
Year of Publication: 2002.

111. Record Number: 8422
Author(s): Rico Camps, Daniel.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Shrine in its Setting: San Vicente de Ávila [As a part of this article the author briefly describes (pp. 67-68) the shrine of Saint Vincent's two sisters, Sabina and Cristeta, who were martyred along with him. The author argues that the shrine was constructed at the same time as St. Vincent's more imposing tomb in the late twelfth century. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Decorations for the holy dead: visual embellishments on tombs and shrines of saints.   Edited by Stephen Lamia and Elizabeth Valdez del Álamo International Medieval Research .   Brepols, 2002. Studies in Iconography , 23., ( 2002):  Pages 57 - 76.
Year of Publication: 2002.

112. Record Number: 8424
Author(s): Español, Francesca.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Sepulchre of Saint Juliana in the Collegiate Church of Santillana del Mar [The author argues that the reliefs of St. Juliana, the Virgin and Child, Christ in Majesty, and apostles all originally decorated a monumental sepulchre of the martyr Saint Juliana in the latter half of the twelfth century. In the fifteenth century Bishop Alonso de Cartagena translated her relics to an altar and remodelled the now-empty tomb to take up less space. Perhaps local devotion required the continued presence of the tomb. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Decorations for the holy dead: visual embellishments on tombs and shrines of saints.   Edited by Stephen Lamia and Elizabeth Valdez del Álamo International Medieval Research .   Brepols, 2002. Studies in Iconography , 23., ( 2002):  Pages 191 - 218.
Year of Publication: 2002.

113. Record Number: 8425
Author(s): Bourdua, Louise.
Contributor(s):
Title : Altichiero's "Anchona" for Margareta Lupi: A Context for a Lost Painting [The author uses documents, including an expense list for Margareta's trousseau, to establish the existence of the now-lost painting and the relationships around the condottiere Bonifacio Lupi. He commissioned the small panel painting by Altichiero for Ma
Source: Burlington Magazine , 144., 1190 (May 2002):  Pages 291 - 293.
Year of Publication: 2002.

114. Record Number: 8089
Author(s): Price, Merrall Llewelyn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Imperial Violence and the Monstrous Mother: Cannibalism at the Siege of Jerusalem [The author explores the popular tale of Maria of Jerusalem who ate her own infant during a siege of Jerusalem. The author is interested in her as both a double and opposite of the Virgin Mary whose son was also sacrificed. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Domestic Violence in Medieval Texts.   Edited by Eve Salisbury, Georgiana Donavin, and Merrall Llewelyn Price .   University Press of Florida, 2002. Burlington Magazine , 144., 1190 (May 2002):  Pages 272 - 298.
Year of Publication: 2002.

115. Record Number: 6221
Author(s): L'Estrange, Elizabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : Incarnations and Confinements: the (in)visibility of childbirth in some late-medieval sources
Source: Seeing Gender: Perspectives on Medieval Gender and Sexuality. Gender and Medieval Studies Conference, King's College, London, January 4-6, 2002. .  2002. Burlington Magazine , 144., 1190 (May 2002):
Year of Publication: 2002.

116. Record Number: 6639
Author(s): Gill, Miriam.
Contributor(s):
Title : Female Piety and Impiety: Selected Images of Women in Wall Paintings in England After 1300 [The author examines paintings on three themes: Saint Anne teaching the Virgin to read, the warning to gossips, and the seven corporal works of mercy; the three mural subjects all comment on desirable female behavior].
Source: Gender and Holiness: Men, Women, and Saints in Late Medieval Europe.   Edited by Samantha J. E. Riches and Sarah Salih .   Routledge, 2002. Burlington Magazine , 144., 1190 (May 2002):  Pages 101 - 120.
Year of Publication: 2002.

117. Record Number: 8090
Author(s): Laskaya, Anne.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Feminized World and Divine Violence: Texts and Images of the Apocalypse [The author argues that the illustrations in late medieval Apocalypse books present a triumphant militant masculinity opposed to a variety of feminized threats including the Great Whore of Babylon, monsters, and even the verdant earth. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Domestic Violence in Medieval Texts.   Edited by Eve Salisbury, Georgiana Donavin, and Merrall Llewelyn Price .   University Press of Florida, 2002. Burlington Magazine , 144., 1190 (May 2002):  Pages 299 - 341.
Year of Publication: 2002.

118. Record Number: 6616
Author(s): Johnson, Geraldine A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Beautiful Brides and Model Mothers: The Devotional and Talismanic Functions of Early Modern Marian Reliefs [The author discusses fifteenth century madonna and child reliefs in regard to their production, devotional uses, levels of contemplation evoked, and as magical objects for marriage and the procreation of male babies].
Source: The Material Culture of Sex, Procreation, and Marriage in Premodern Europe.   Edited by Anne L. McClanan and Karen Rosoff Encarnación .   Palgrave, 2002. Burlington Magazine , 144., 1190 (May 2002):  Pages 135 - 161.
Year of Publication: 2002.

119. Record Number: 8423
Author(s): Gilbertson, Leanne.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Vanni Altarpiece and the Relic Cult of Saint Margaret: Considering a Female Audience [The author argues that the altarpiece, originally in the cathedral of Montefiascone, was associated with the saint's tomb there. The altarpiece highlights St. Margaret's role as a helper to women in childbirth. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Decorations for the holy dead: visual embellishments on tombs and shrines of saints.   Edited by Stephen Lamia and Elizabeth Valdez del Álamo International Medieval Research .   Brepols, 2002. Burlington Magazine , 144., 1190 (May 2002):  Pages 179 - 190.
Year of Publication: 2002.

120. Record Number: 7872
Author(s): Eichberger, Dagmar.
Contributor(s):
Title : Close Encounters with Death: Changing Representations of Women in Renaissance Art and Literature [The author traces the changes in Dance of Death cycles with some emphasizing women's life cycle phases while others are concerned with the female body and sexuality. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Reading Texts and Images: Essays on Medieval and Renaissance Art and Patronage in Honour of Margaret M. Manion.   Edited by Bernard J. Muir .   University of Exeter Press, 2002. Burlington Magazine , 144., 1190 (May 2002):  Pages 273 - 296.
Year of Publication: 2002.

121. Record Number: 7817
Author(s): Clark, Anne L.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Priesthood of the Virgin Mary: Gender Trouble in the Twelfth Century [The author examines the writings of Hildegard of Bingen and Elisabeth of Schönau and the representation of Mary on the silver eucharistic chalice from Cologne. Though Mary is shown with her hands raised in prayer, her association with other male figures on the chalice suggests an affirmation of male priestly prerogatives. Hildegard and Elisabeth emphasize their visions and virginity, not to argue for the ordination of women, but to indicate the roles they and other religious women played in the church. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion , 18., 1 (Spring 2002):  Pages 5 - 24.
Year of Publication: 2002.

122. Record Number: 5874
Author(s): Jennings, Margaret.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Three Marys of Bourges [The author briefly explores the representations of the Virgin Mary, Mary Magdalene, and Mary of Egypt in the Cathedral of Bourges and comments on the theological meaning of their lives].
Source: Downside Review , 119., 414 (January 2001):  Pages 35 - 50.
Year of Publication: 2001.

123. Record Number: 5907
Author(s): Schmidt, Victor M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Painting and Individual Devotion in Late Medieval Italy: The Case of Saint Catherine of Alexandria because Catherine of Alexandria is ill-documented, possibly even legendary, ample room was left for invention by hagiographers; the tale of Catherine's conversion and mystical marriage to Christ is not in the earliest Latin or Greek sources; these stories are documented first in Italy, and they soon had an influence on artistic depictions of this popular saint; the same motif of mystical marriage appears in the lives of Italian women saints beginning in the fourteenth century; it is difficult to tell whether the Catherine story influenced these women or their mystical piety influenced the hagiographers who wrote about Catherine].
Source: Visions of Holiness: Art and Devotion in Renaissance Italy.   Edited by Andrew Ladis and Shelley E. Zuraw .   Georgia Museum of Art, University of Georgia, 2001. Downside Review , 119., 414 (January 2001):  Pages 21 - 36.
Year of Publication: 2001.

124. Record Number: 5908
Author(s): Smith, Janet G.
Contributor(s):
Title : Santa Umiltà of Faenza: Her Florentine Convent and Its Art [in the early 16th century the Florentines destroyed the monastery of San Giovanni Evangelista, outside the walls, to improve the city's defenses; this house had been founded by the Vallombrosan nun Umiltà of Faenza; much of its surviving art depicts Umiltà with a weasel, the enemy of the serpent, symbol of evil; this animal was displaced in later art by a book, and that too vanished in Counter-Reformation depictions of Umiltà, in which she becomes a generic saint without distinguishing symbols].
Source: Visions of Holiness: Art and Devotion in Renaissance Italy.   Edited by Andrew Ladis and Shelley E. Zuraw .   Georgia Museum of Art, University of Georgia, 2001. Downside Review , 119., 414 (January 2001):  Pages 37 - 65.
Year of Publication: 2001.

125. Record Number: 5909
Author(s): Czarnecki, James G.
Contributor(s):
Title : Giovanni del Biondo's "Standing Madonna and Child": An Image of Mercy in the Late Trecento [the image of Madonna and Child is related to Mary's intercessory role; a standing Madonna, however, usually is depicted at burial sites; all of these standing images evoke Mary's personification of mercy shown to sinners, seeking mercy for the deceased person].
Source: Visions of Holiness: Art and Devotion in Renaissance Italy.   Edited by Andrew Ladis and Shelley E. Zuraw .   Georgia Museum of Art, University of Georgia, 2001. Downside Review , 119., 414 (January 2001):  Pages 93 - 100.
Year of Publication: 2001.

126. Record Number: 5910
Author(s): Zuraw, Shelley E.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Efficacious Madonna in Quattrocento Rome: Spirituality in the Service of Papal Power [depictions of Madonna and Child in Renaissance Rome are more stately and remote than those done contemporaneously in Florence; a partial explanation is the continuous Roman tradition of iconic painting tied to images ascribed to Saint Luke as painter; another factor is the formality of the papal court; contemporaneous Florentine paintings are more intimate because they are designed for families, even the most powerful households in the city; Florentine motifs can be found borrowed in Rome by the more adventurous artists].
Source: Visions of Holiness: Art and Devotion in Renaissance Italy.   Edited by Andrew Ladis and Shelley E. Zuraw .   Georgia Museum of Art, University of Georgia, 2001. Downside Review , 119., 414 (January 2001):  Pages 101 - 121.
Year of Publication: 2001.

127. Record Number: 5911
Author(s): Solberg, Gail E.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Madonna Avvocata" Icon at Orte and Geography [cities near Rome and in the papacy's political orbit imitated the processions and artistic styles of the Eternal City; Orte, however, was between Rome and Spoleto, with political ties to both; the "Madonna Avvocata" done by the Sienese painter Taddeo di Bartolo borrows from both the Roman "San Sisto Madonna" and an image in Spoleto that resembles the Byzantine depiction of Mary called the hagiosopitissa. The choice of Taddeo to paint this image reflects a deliberate choice of Orte's leaders to acknowledge both Roman and Umbrian influences on their city].
Source: Visions of Holiness: Art and Devotion in Renaissance Italy.   Edited by Andrew Ladis and Shelley E. Zuraw .   Georgia Museum of Art, University of Georgia, 2001. Downside Review , 119., 414 (January 2001):  Pages 122 - 135.
Year of Publication: 2001.

128. Record Number: 5912
Author(s): Ladis, Andrew.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Music of Devotion: Image, Voice, and the Imagination in a "Madonna of Humility" by Domenico di Bartolo [Domenico di Bartolo adapted for his painting "Madonna of Humility" the Sienese practice of attaching jewelry to works of art; this reflected Marian titles like "star of the sea" and "precious gem," with their luminous implications; Domenico also made great use of musical imagery, with its liturgical references].
Source: Visions of Holiness: Art and Devotion in Renaissance Italy.   Edited by Andrew Ladis and Shelley E. Zuraw .   Georgia Museum of Art, University of Georgia, 2001. Downside Review , 119., 414 (January 2001):  Pages 163 - 177.
Year of Publication: 2001.

129. Record Number: 6256
Author(s): Halpin, Patricia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and Piety. Part Three of Court and Piety in Late Anglo-Saxon England by Mary Frances Smith, Robin Fleming, and Patricia Halpin [the author focuses on the often rich material goods, sometimes of their own making, that women gave to the Church, including embroideries, woven cloth, ecclesiastical vestments, crucifixes, books, and jewelry; the author argues that women in general were concerned with encouraging a private, personal spirituality and had more control over the dispersal of their material goods than their land].
Source: Catholic Historical Review (Full Text via Project Muse) 87, 4 (October 2001): 588-602. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2001.

130. Record Number: 6239
Author(s): Gaunt, Simon B.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Women Patrons of Neri di Bicci [The author surveys the works that ten secular women commissioned from the painter Neri di Bicci between 1453 and 1475; the author analyzes the group of women in terms of marital status and social class and compares them with the men who requested art wor
Source: Beyond Isabella: Secular Women Patrons of Art in Renaissance Italy.   Edited by Sheryl E. Reiss and David G. Wilkins .   Sixteenth Century Essays and Studies, Volume 54. Truman State University Press, 2001.  Pages 51 - 75.
Year of Publication: 2001.

131. Record Number: 6033
Author(s): Dunlop, Anne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Masculinity, Crusading, and Devotion: Francesco Casali's Fresco in the Trecento Perugian "Contado"
Source: Speculum , 76., 2 (April 2001):  Pages 315 - 336.
Year of Publication: 2001.

132. Record Number: 5787
Author(s): Walker, Rose.
Contributor(s):
Title : Images of Royal and Aristocratic Burial in Northern Spain, c. 950- c. 1250 [the author points out that the most successful efforts toward "memoria" were made by a united and strong royal couple and put into the hands of a female foundation; the two outstanding examples of royal pantheons are San Isidoro at León (built by King Fernando I and Queen Sancha with the subsequent support of their daughter Urraca) and Las Huelgas (built by King Alfonso VIII and Queen Eleanor)].
Source: Medieval Memories: Men, Women, and the Past, 700-1300.   Edited by Elisabeth van Houts .   Women and Men in History Series. Longman, 2001. Speculum , 76., 2 (April 2001):  Pages 150 - 172.
Year of Publication: 2001.

133. Record Number: 5539
Author(s): Baader, Gerhard.
Contributor(s):
Title : Elections of Abbesses and Notions of Identity in Fifteenth- and Sixteenth-Century Italy, with Special Reference to Venice
Source: Renaissance Quarterly (Full Text via JSTOR) 54, 2 (Summer 2001): 389-429. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2001.

134. Record Number: 5042
Author(s): Innes- Parker, Catherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sheela-na-gigs and Other Unruly Women: Images of Land and Gender in Medieval Ireland
Source: From Ireland Coming: Irish Art from the Early Christian to the Late Gothic Period and Its European Context.   Edited by Colum Hourihane .   Index of Christian Art, Deparment of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University in association with Princeton University Press, 2001.  Pages 313 - 331.
Year of Publication: 2001.

135. Record Number: 11161
Author(s): Waugh, Robin.
Contributor(s):
Title : Aelfgifu/Emma and the Reader's Desire
Source: Old English Newsletter , 34., 3 (Spring 2001): Appendix A: Abstracts of Papers in Anglo-Saxon Studies. Conference paper presented at the International Medieval Congress, University of Leeds, July 9-12, 2001, Session 1016: "Concerning Interpretation and Overinterpretation I
Year of Publication: 2001.

136. Record Number: 5721
Author(s): Landini, Roberta Orsi and Mary Westerman Bulgarella
Contributor(s):
Title : Costume in Fifteenth-Century Florentine Portraits of Women
Source: Virtue and Beauty: Leonardo's "Ginevra de'Benci" and Renaissance Portraits of Women." Catalog of an exhibition held Sept. 30, 2001-Jan. 6, 2002 at the National Gallery of Art.   Edited by David Alan Brown et al.; with contributions by Elizabeth Cropper and Eleonora Luciano. .   National Gallery of Art in association with Princeton University Press, 2001. Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte , 65., 3 ( 2002):  Pages 88 - 97.
Year of Publication: 2001.

137. Record Number: 6403
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Origin of Special Veneration of the Mother of God at the Trinity-Sergius Monastery: The Iconographical Evidence [the author argues that some form of special veneration of the Virgin Mary began at the Trinity Monastery in the first half of the fifteenth century; the representation of Mary appearing to Sergius and offering her protection did not take on a standard form during the late Middle Ages].
Source: Russian History , 28., 40182 ( 2001):  Pages 303 - 314. Festschrift for Thomas S. Noonan
Year of Publication: 2001.

138. Record Number: 5791
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Donatello's Bronze "David" and "Judith" as Metaphors of Medici Rule in Florence
Source: Art Bulletin , 83., 1 (March 2001):  Pages 32 - 47.
Year of Publication: 2001.

139. Record Number: 6422
Author(s): Cohen, Adam S. and Anne Derbes
Contributor(s):
Title : Bernward and Eve at Hildesheim
Source: Gesta , 40., 1 ( 2001):  Pages 19 - 38.
Year of Publication: 2001.

140. Record Number: 8959
Author(s): McGrady, Deborah
Contributor(s):
Title : Reinventing the "Roman de la Rose" for a Woman Reader: The Case of Ms. Douce 195 [The author argues that the illuminator Robinet Testard changed the traditional "Roman de la Rose" illustrations for a noble woman, Louise of Savoie. Some of the images question the misogyny in the text with one cycle showing outright disapproval of the jealous husband who beats his wife. Other illustrations show women as the surveyors of events rather than objects of the male gaze. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Journal of the Early Book Society for the Study of Manuscripts and Printing History , 4., ( 2001):  Pages 202 - 227. Issue Title: Women and Book Culture in Late Medieval and Early Modern France
Year of Publication: 2001.

141. Record Number: 5720
Author(s): Woods-Marsden, Joanna.
Contributor(s):
Title : Portrait of the Lady, 1430- 1520 [the author traces the development of the patrician female ideal; portrait forms evolved very rapidly from the profile that suggested self-control and inaccessibility to the intimate frontal pose; the author argues that the change was due in part to the influence of humanism with its emphasis on the individual and subjectivity].
Source: Virtue and Beauty: Leonardo's "Ginevra de'Benci" and Renaissance Portraits of Women." Catalog of an exhibition held Sept. 30, 2001-Jan. 6, 2002 at the National Gallery of Art.   Edited by David Alan Brown et al.; with contributions by Elizabeth Cropper and Eleonora Luciano. .   National Gallery of Art in association with Princeton University Press, 2001. Journal of the Early Book Society for the Study of Manuscripts and Printing History , 4., ( 2001):  Pages 62 - 87.
Year of Publication: 2001.

142. Record Number: 5718
Author(s): Kent, Dale.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women in Renaissance Florence [the author gives a brief overview of the factors and attendant evidence that characterized the lives of Florentine noble women including marriage and the painted wedding chests (cassone), childbirth and the celebratory birth trays, clothing and sumptuary laws, religious devotion, and death].
Source: Virtue and Beauty: Leonardo's "Ginevra de'Benci" and Renaissance Portraits of Women." Catalog of an exhibition held Sept. 30, 2001-Jan. 6, 2002 at the National Gallery of Art.   Edited by David Alan Brown et al.; with contributions by Elizabeth Cropper and Eleonora Luciano. .   National Gallery of Art in association with Princeton University Press, 2001. Journal of the Early Book Society for the Study of Manuscripts and Printing History , 4., ( 2001):  Pages 24 - 47.
Year of Publication: 2001.

143. Record Number: 6684
Author(s): Camille, Michael
Contributor(s):
Title : For Our Devotion and Pleasure: The Sexual Objects of Jean, Duc de Berry
Source: Art History , 24., 2 (April 2001):  Pages 169 - 194.
Year of Publication: 2001.

144. Record Number: 6236
Author(s): Wilkins, David G.
Contributor(s):
Title : Introduction: Recognizing New Patrons, Posing New Questions [The author identifies secular women as important patrons of art whose identities and motivations need to be explored].
Source: Beyond Isabella: Secular Women Patrons of Art in Renaissance Italy.   Edited by Sheryl E. Reiss and David G. Wilkins .   Sixteenth Century Essays and Studies, Volume 54. Truman State University Press, 2001. Art History , 24., 2 (April 2001):  Pages 1 - 17.
Year of Publication: 2001.

145. Record Number: 5888
Author(s): Kotsis, Kriszta.
Contributor(s):
Title : Images of Theodora, Guardian of the Faith [The author considers the representations of Empress Theodora (empress, 842-856 C. E.) on coins and seals and as a saint].
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 27., ( 2001):  Pages 25
Year of Publication: 2001.

146. Record Number: 5970
Author(s): Ketskemety, Esther.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Court, the Forest, and the Symbolism of the "chasse" in "The Bear Hunt," a Late Fifteenth Century Burgundian Tapestry Design
Source: Gender and Conflict in the Middle Ages. Gender and Medieval Studies Conference, York, January 5-7 2001. .  2001. Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 27., ( 2001):
Year of Publication: 2001.

147. Record Number: 5858
Author(s): Musacchio, Jacqueline Marie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Weasels and Pregnancy in Renaissance Italy
Source: Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 15., 2 (June 2001):  Pages 172 - 187.
Year of Publication: 2001.

148. Record Number: 5693
Author(s): Villers, Caroline, Robert Gibbs, Rebecca Hellen and Annette King
Contributor(s):
Title : Simone dei Crocefissi's "Dream of the Virgin" in the Society of Antiquaries, London [The authors discuss the cleaning and restoration of the painting, arguing that the expensive pigments and care taken by the artist indicate an important commission, perhaps for a women's monastery in Bologna].
Source: Burlington Magazine , 142., 1169 (August 2000):  Pages 481 - 486.
Year of Publication: 2000.

149. Record Number: 4138
Author(s): McKenna, Elizabeth.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Gift of a Lady: Women as Patrons of the Arts in Medieval Ireland
Source: Women in Renaissance and Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Christine Meek .   Four Courts Press, 2000. Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 26., ( 2000):  Pages 84 - 94.
Year of Publication: 2000.

150. Record Number: 4595
Author(s): Miller, Mara.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Lady in the Garden: Subjects and Objects in an Ideal World [The author contrasts Japanse pictures of women in gardens (women authors, women writing, and women characters from women's writings) with those of medieval Europe in which women do not write in gardens].
Source: Crossing the Bridge: Comparative Essays on Medieval European and Heian Japanese Women Writers.   Edited by Barbara Stevenson and Cynthia Ho .   Palgrave, 2000. Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 26., ( 2000):  Pages 189 - 211.
Year of Publication: 2000.

151. Record Number: 5446
Author(s): Chavasse, Ruth.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Virgin Mary: Consoler, Protector, and Social Worker in Quattrocento Miracle Tales [The author examines women's problems and needs as represented in such miracle texts as the late fifteenth century "Miracoli della Vergine Maria" and the poem by Lorenzo de' Oppizi, "Miracoli della Vergine della Carcere," a catalog of the miracles worked
Source: Women in Italian Renaissance Culture and Society.   Edited by Letizia Panizza .   European Humanities Research Centre, University of Oxford, 2000. Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 26., ( 2000):  Pages 138 - 164.
Year of Publication: 2000.

152. Record Number: 6192
Author(s): Passolunghi, Pier Angelo.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sulla Beata Giuliana di Collalto [the abbess Giuliana di Collalto died in 1262; thereafter she was commemorated in Venetian hagiography and art down to the eighteenth century].
Source: Archivio Veneto Series V , 189., 131 ( 2000):  Pages 103 - 111.
Year of Publication: 2000.

153. Record Number: 6690
Author(s): Troncarelli, Fabio.
Contributor(s):
Title : Immagini di streghe nei manoscritti medievali [increased belief in witches in the late Middle Ages also involved more frequent illustration of them and their revels; lascivious human figures were combined with animal or demonic figures, often in orgiastic scenes; like Venus, lascivious witches were symbols of lust, in contrast to sacred love; satanic love magic was one of the crimes attributed to witches].
Source: Imaging Humanity/Immagini dell' umanità.   Edited by John Casey, Mary Warnement, Jim Whelton, and Anne Wingenter .   Bordighera, 2000. Archivio Veneto Series V , 189., 131 ( 2000):  Pages 79 - 92.
Year of Publication: 2000.

154. Record Number: 8677
Author(s): Pentcheva, Bissera V.
Contributor(s):
Title : Rhetorical Images of the Virgin: The Icon of the "Usual Miracle" at the Blachernai [The author connects the icon of Mary at the Blachernai (which was revealed every Friday by the miraculous raising of a silk cover) with a new image-type in which Mary raises her hands in prayer and has a medallion that contains the Christ child hovering on her chest. The author argues that this image was influenced by Neoplatonic ideas to represent both the presence of the Holy Spirit and the embodiment of the incarnation. The author also connects the new image type to the Komnenoi dynasty which had various political reasons to champion orthodoxy. In the Appendix the author surveys publications on seals to identify instances of the orans Virgin with the hovering medallion. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Res: Anthropology and Aesthetics , 38., ( 2000):  Pages 34 - 55.
Year of Publication: 2000.

155. Record Number: 10643
Author(s): Dunlop, Anne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Once More on the Patronage of Ambrogio Lorenzetti's Frescoes at S. Galgano Montesiepi [In suggesting a new patron for the frescoes (a lay-brother associated with the monastery), Dunlop explores the Virgin Mary's role in the paintings done by Lorenzetti. The theme of calling and acceptance is represented both in the Annunciation and in the one scene from Galgano's life. Mary is also presented as the Queen of Heaven to her Cistercian knightly followers. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte , 63., ( 2000):  Pages 387 - 403.
Year of Publication: 2000.

156. Record Number: 14835
Author(s): Hamburger, Jeffrey.
Contributor(s):
Title : Seeing and Believing: The Suspicion of Sight and the Authentication of Vision in Late Medieval Art [Late medieval art and visionary theology both reveal an ambivalence about the role of corporeal sight in religion. A desire for direct vision of the divine was coupled with skepticism about claims to bodily sight. Images that aped bodily experience, especially in Flemish art, also gave some theologians cause for concern. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Imagination und Wirklichkeit: Zum Verhältnis von mentalen und realen Bilder in der Kunst der frühen Neuzeit.   Edited by Alessandro Nova and Klaus Krüger .   Von Zabern, 2000. Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte , 63., ( 2000):  Pages 47 - 70.
Year of Publication: 2000.

157. Record Number: 5146
Author(s): Plesch, Véronique.
Contributor(s):
Title : Enguerrand Quarton's "Coronation of the Virgin": This World and the Next, the Dogma and the Devotion, the Individual and the Community [The author argues that the painting in the Carthusian hospital chapel linked the Coronation with the Last Judgement to emphasize the importance of Mary's role as mediator, especially for those souls in purgatory].
Source: Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 26., 1 (Spring 2000):  Pages 189 - 221.
Year of Publication: 2000.

158. Record Number: 8499
Author(s): Garsoïan, Nina G.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sirarpie Der Nersessian (1896-1989) [The author presents a biographical sketch of Der Nersessian, a founder of the study of Armenian art. The sketch focuses on her scholarly research and publications. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Medieval Scholarship: Biographical Studies on the Formation of a Discipline. Volume 3: Philosophy and the Arts.   Edited by Helen Damico with Donald Fennema and Karmen Lenz Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, 2110.   Garland Publishing, 2000. Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 26., 1 (Spring 2000):  Pages 287 - 305.
Year of Publication: 2000.

159. Record Number: 5450
Author(s): Tinagli, Paola
Contributor(s):
Title : Womanly Virtues in Quattrocento Florentine Marriage Furnishings [the author examines how behavioral ideals for both new husbands and wives, as represented on cassoni, spalliere, and other furnishings given to the bridal couple, emphasized chastity, restraint, and other virtues that contributed to a well-ordered civic society].
Source: Women in Italian Renaissance Culture and Society.   Edited by Letizia Panizza .   European Humanities Research Centre, University of Oxford, 2000. Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 26., 1 (Spring 2000):  Pages 265 - 284.
Year of Publication: 2000.

160. Record Number: 4499
Author(s): Everhart, Deborah.
Contributor(s):
Title : Anna Komnene, Learned Women, and the Book in Byzantine Art [The author examines the representation of women in art with books or scrolls and argues that it was probably influenced by the female members of the imperial family who valued and promoted learning].
Source: Anna Komnene and Her Times.   Edited by Thalia Gouma-Peterson .   Garland Publishing, 2000. Historical Reflections/ Reflexions historiques , 26., 1 (Spring 2000):  Pages 125 - 156.
Year of Publication: 2000.

161. Record Number: 4748
Author(s): Herrin, Judith
Contributor(s):
Title : The Imperial Feminine in Byzantium [the author argues that Byzantine tradition provided for occasions when empresses had to assume power; this did not challenge the patriarchal order nor did it establish a fixed role for empresses; however, empresses had three sure resources (role as imperial hostess, mother of the emperor's heir, and power over the quarters, staff, and treasury of the empress) which allowed them to take an often active role in politics].
Source: Past and Present , 169., (November 2000):  Pages 3 - 35. Reproduced in Unrivalled Influence: Women and Empire in Byzantium. By Judith Herrin. Princeton University Press, 2013. Pages 161-193.
Year of Publication: 2000.

162. Record Number: 4872
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : An Abbess and a Painter: Emilia Pannocchieschi d'Elci and a Fresco From the Circle of Simone Martini
Source: Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 14., 3 (September 2000):  Pages 273 - 300.
Year of Publication: 2000.

163. Record Number: 4636
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Viewing and Commissioning Pietro Lorenzetti's Saint Humility Polyptych
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 26., 3 (September 2000):  Pages 269 - 300.
Year of Publication: 2000.

164. Record Number: 5452
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Transformations of the "buona Gualdrada" Legend from Boccaccio to Vasari: A Study in the Politics of Florentine Narrative [the story was told that Gualdrada's father offered to order her to kiss the visiting Emperor Otho IV; she refused indignantly and reminded her father of his responsibilities to make a good marriage for her; for Boccaccio Gualdrada's act is a symbol of republican virtue, while for Vasari Gualdrada represents contemporary Florence and Cosimo de Medici, resisting the influence of Emperor Charles V].
Source: Women in Italian Renaissance Culture and Society.   Edited by Letizia Panizza .   European Humanities Research Centre, University of Oxford, 2000. Journal of Medieval History , 26., 3 (September 2000):  Pages 401 - 420.
Year of Publication: 2000.

165. Record Number: 4685
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Learned Reading, Vernacular Seeing: Jacques Daret's "Presentation in the Temple"
Source: Art Bulletin (Full Text via JSTOR) 82, 3 (September 2000): 428-452. Link Info
Year of Publication: 2000.

166. Record Number: 4135
Author(s): Lawless, Catherine.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Widow of God? St. Anne and Representations of Widowhood in Fifteenth-century Florence
Source: Women in Renaissance and Early Modern Europe.   Edited by Christine Meek .   Four Courts Press, 2000.  Pages 15 - 42.
Year of Publication: 2000.

167. Record Number: 4623
Author(s): Tarr, Roger P.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ecce Virgo Concipiet: The Iconography and Context of Duccio's London "Annunciation"
Source: Viator , 31., ( 2000):  Pages 185 - 213.
Year of Publication: 2000.

168. Record Number: 8591
Author(s): Cowling, David.
Contributor(s):
Title : Verbal and Visual Metaphors in the Cambridge Manuscript of the "Douze dames de rhétorique" (1463) [The text developed as an exchange of correspondence between the young, eager Jean Robertet and the respected older poet Georges Chastelain. Several of the manuscript versions include elaborate illustrations. The author explores how the artist was able to express the involved metaphors and prompt an allegorical reading of the images. The Appendix presents the text and English translations of the "enseignes" or self-descriptions of the twelve ladies. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Journal of the Early Book Society for the Study of Manuscripts and Printing History , 3., ( 2000):  Pages 94 - 118.
Year of Publication: 2000.

169. Record Number: 5408
Author(s): Collier, Jo-Kate.
Contributor(s):
Title : Cassoni: The Inside Story [The author argues that the nude paintings of men and women inside the cassoni lids were intended to arouse sexually the newly married husband and wife so that they would quickly produce a male heir].
Source: Renaissance Papers , ( 2000):  Pages 1 - 11.
Year of Publication: 2000.

170. Record Number: 5361
Author(s): O'Brien, Maureen Anne.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Gynaeceum, the Kindergarten, and the Vienna Genesis: Biblical and Extra-Biblical Imagery in Folio 16r [The author addresses the question of the group of women and children in the illustration of Joseph and Potiphar's wife].
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 26., ( 2000):  Pages 109 - 110.
Year of Publication: 2000.

171. Record Number: 4778
Author(s): Kleinmann, Dorothée, Michel Garcia, Cloulas Ivan and Nurith. Kenaan-Kedar
Contributor(s):
Title : Les peintures murales de Sainte-Radegonde de Chinon: À propos d'un article récent [Kleinmann and Garcia together comment on Kenaan-Kedar's earlier article, as does Cloulas, while Kenaan-Kedar reacts to the comments of the three].
Source: Cahiers de Civilization Médiévale , 42., ( 1999):  Pages 397 - 399.
Year of Publication: 1999.

172. Record Number: 5587
Author(s): Rouse, Richard H. and Mary A. Rouse
Contributor(s):
Title : A "Rose" by Any Other Name: Richard and Jeanne de Montbaston as Illuminators of Vernacular Texts [Appendix 9A in Volume 2 presents a list of manuscripts including some for the king and nobility thought to be illustrated by Richard and Jeanne de Montbaston (fl. 1325- 1353); Appendix 9B Interpreting the "Gluures" in Manuscripts Illuminated by the Montbastons and Their Contemporaries explores possible meanings for the term "gluures" as recorded in various manuscripts counting initials or illuminations done with gold leaf].

173. Record Number: 3713
Author(s): Hanson, John.
Contributor(s):
Title : Erotic Imagery on Byzantine Ivory Caskets
Source: Desire and Denial in Byzantium: Papers from the Thirty-First Spring Symposium of Byzantine Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton, March 1997.   Edited by Liz James. Society for the Promotion of Byzantine Studies, Publications 6 .   Variorum (Ashgate Publishing), 1999.  Pages 171 - 184.
Year of Publication: 1999.

174. Record Number: 3714
Author(s): Zeitler, Barbara.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ostentatio genitalium : Displays of Nudity in Byzantinum
Source: Desire and Denial in Byzantium: Papers from the Thirty-First Spring Symposium of Byzantine Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton, March 1997.   Edited by Liz James. Society for the Promotion of Byzantine Studies, Publications 6 .   Variorum (Ashgate Publishing), 1999.  Pages 185 - 201.
Year of Publication: 1999.

175. Record Number: 3740
Author(s): Rigaux, Dominique.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women, Faith, and Image in the Late Middle Ages [The author explores the representations of female saints including Clare of Assisi, Catherine of Siena, and others; the discussion includes the kinds of iconography used and where the paintings were displayed].
Source: Women and Faith: Catholic Religious Life in Italy from Late Antiquity to the Present.   Edited by Lucetta Scaraffia and Gabriella Zarri .   Harvard University Press, 1999.  Pages 72 - 82.
Year of Publication: 1999.

176. Record Number: 3775
Author(s): Havice, Christine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Approaching Medieval Women Through Medieval Art [the author provides an introductory overview touching on the images of medieval women (legendary and historical figures) in art and the roles that women played in the production of art, including recipients, sponsors, authors, and artists].
Source: Women in Medieval Western European Culture.   Edited by Linda E. Mitchell .   Garland Publishing, 1999.  Pages 345 - 389.
Year of Publication: 1999.

177. Record Number: 3787
Author(s): Horne, Peter.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Besotted King and His Adonis: Representations of Edward II and Gaveston in Late Nineteenth-Century England
Source: History Workshop Journal , 47., (Spring 1999):  Pages 30 - 48.
Year of Publication: 1999.

178. Record Number: 3904
Author(s): Cohen, Adam S.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Art of Reform in a Bavarian Nunnery around 1000 [the author explores the efforts to reform Niedermünster, a noble foundation of canonesses, and turn it into a more strict Benedictine nunnery; the author uses surviving art and architecture, concentrating in particular on two manuscripts, the rule book and the Uta Codex, both of which feature illuminations of Niedermünster's reforming abbess, Uta.]
Source: Speculum , 74., 4 (October 1999):  Pages 992 - 1020.
Year of Publication: 1999.

179. Record Number: 3952
Author(s): Smith, Kathryn A.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Neville of Hornby Hours and the Design of Literate Devotion
Source: Art Bulletin (Full Text via JSTOR) 81,1 (March 1999): 72-92. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1999.

180. Record Number: 4354
Author(s): Tkacz, Catherine Brown.
Contributor(s):
Title : Susanna as a Type of Christ [the author argues that from late antiquity Susanna was widely understood as a type of Christ with Susanna in the garden as a type of Christ in Gethsemane and Susanna before Daniel as a type of Christ before Pilate; Appendix A lists forty-four works of art representing Susanna as a Christological type and Appendix B lists thirty-nine primary texts presenting Susanna as a Christological type].
Source: Studies in Iconography , 20., ( 1999):  Pages 101 - 153.
Year of Publication: 1999.

181. Record Number: 4361
Author(s): Hans-Collas, Ilona.
Contributor(s):
Title : Moselle- Une peinture murale gothique conservée dans l'ancien couvent des Récollets à Metz [The author briefly describes a badly damaged painting of the Annunciation in a Franciscan monastery (for friars) known as the Récollets].
Source: Bulletin Monumental , 157., ( 1999):  Pages 301 - 303.
Year of Publication: 1999.

182. Record Number: 4433
Author(s): Dunkelman, Martha Levine.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Innocent Salome [the author argues that early painters, such as Giotto, depicted Salome as detached and passive; it is only with Donatello that Salome displays a moral conscience, showing distress at the fate of John the Baptist; in the sixteenth century Salome takes on the role of seductress and thereby assumes responsibility for the death of John the Baptist].
Source: Gazette des Beaux-Arts , 133., 1563 (avril 1999):  Pages 173 - 180.
Year of Publication: 1999.

183. Record Number: 4434
Author(s): Kwakkelstein, Michael W.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Use of Sculptural Models by Italian Renaissance Painters: Leonardo da Vinci's "Madonna of the Rocks" Reconsidered in Light of His Working Procedures
Source: Gazette des Beaux-Arts , 133., 1563 (avril 1999):  Pages 181 - 198.
Year of Publication: 1999.

184. Record Number: 4443
Author(s): Monsour, Michele.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Lady With the Unicorn
Source: Gazette des Beaux-Arts , 134., 1571 (décembre 1999):  Pages 237 - 254.
Year of Publication: 1999.

185. Record Number: 4977
Author(s): Labarge, Margaret Wade.
Contributor(s):
Title : Stitches in Time: Medieval Embroidery in Its Social Setting [The author examines surviving physical evidence as well as some documentary evidence of embroiderers (who were mostly women); she traces the increasing luxuriousness of royal embroideries with gems and gold thread].
Source: Florilegium , 16., ( 1999):  Pages 77 - 96.
Year of Publication: 1999.

186. Record Number: 5142
Author(s): Thomas, Anabel.
Contributor(s):
Title : Moving on from Joan Kelly Gadol [The author considers six recent books about women and Renaissance art, of which three deal with the Middle Ages ("Picturing Women in Renaissance and Baroque Italy," "Women in Italian Renaissance Art," and "Renaissance Women Patrons"].
Source: Oxford Art Journal (Full Text via JSTOR) 22, 2 (1999): 144-153. Louise Bourgeois. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1999.

187. Record Number: 6326
Author(s): Weilandt, Gerhard.
Contributor(s):
Title : Standortstudien I. Die "Nürnberger Madonna" in der Kirche--Ein neuer Fund zu originalem Aufstellungsort und ikonographischem Kontext
Source: Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte , 62., 4 ( 1999):  Pages 494 - 511.
Year of Publication: 1999.

188. Record Number: 7951
Author(s): Bolard, Laurent.
Contributor(s):
Title : Thalamus Virginis. Images de la "Devotio moderna" dans la peinture italienne du XVe siècle
Source: Revue de l'Histoire des Religions , 216., 1 (janvier-mars 1999):  Pages 87 - 110.
Year of Publication: 1999.

189. Record Number: 3953
Author(s): Jacobus, Laura
Contributor(s):
Title : Giotto's "Annunciation" in the Arena Chapel, Padua [the Appendix reproduces a Latin text of the Annunciation "Cantatur evangelius cum ludo (Gospel singing with a play)]
Source: Art Bulletin (Full Text via JSTOR) 81,1 (March 1999): 93-107. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1999.

190. Record Number: 4387
Author(s): Irigaray, Luce.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Way of the Feminine [Irigaray examines four paintings from women's convents to come to an understanding of women's spirituality].
Source: New Trends in Feminine Spirituality: The Holy Women of Liège and Their Impact.   Edited by Juliette Dor, Lesley Johnson, and Jocelyn Wogan-Browne Medieval Women: Texts and Contexts, 2.   Brepols, 1999.  Pages 315 - 328. Essay originally published as "La Voie du Féminin" in Le jardin clos de l'åme. L'imaginaire des religieuses dans les Pays-Bas du Sud, depuis le 13e siècle. Edited by Paul Vandenbroeck.
Year of Publication: 1999.

191. Record Number: 5689
Author(s): Cannon, Joanna
Contributor(s):
Title : The Stoclet "Man of Sorrows": A Thirteenth-century Italian Diptych Reunited [The author argues that the small panel formed a devotional diptych with a painting of the Virgin and Child; the author points out that the two panels engage each other and draw the viewer into the drama].
Source: Burlington Magazine (Full Text via JSTOR) 141, 1151 (February 1999): 107-112. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1999.

192. Record Number: 5567
Author(s): Walters, Lori J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Female Figures in the Illustrated Manuscripts of "Le conte du Graal" and its "Continuations": Ladies, Saints, Spectators, Mediators [the author argues that the authors, illuminators, scribes, and others who contributed to the text displayed differing interpretations of female characters depending in large part whether the story was considered a romance, a hagiography, or a combination of the two].
Source: Bulletin of the John Rylands University Library of Manchester , 81., 3 (Autumn 1999):  Pages 7 - 54.
Year of Publication: 1999.

193. Record Number: 5697
Author(s): Bennett, Adelaide.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Woman's Power of Prayer Versus the Devil in a Book of Hours, of ca. 1300 [The author argues that the manuscript is highly personalized with an emphasis on the female owner's need to repent, fight sin, and oppose the devil; even in the hours of the Virgin the initials depict worldly pleasures to be avoided].
Source: Image and Belief: Studies in Celebration of the Eightieth Anniversary of the Index of Christian Art.   Edited by Colum Hourihane .   Index of Christian Art, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University in association with Princeton University Press, 1999. Bulletin of the John Rylands University Library of Manchester , 81., 3 (Autumn 1999):  Pages 89 - 108.
Year of Publication: 1999.

194. Record Number: 3954
Author(s): Gifford, E. Melanie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Van Eyck's Washington "Annunciation" : Technical Evidence for Iconographic Development
Source: Art Bulletin (Full Text via JSTOR) 81,1 (March 1999): 108-116. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1999.

195. Record Number: 4021
Author(s): Carrasco, Magdalena Elizabeth
Contributor(s):
Title : The Imagery of the Magdalen in Christina of Markyate's Psalter (St. Albans Psalter)
Source: Gesta (Full Text via JSTOR) 38, 1 (1999): 67-80. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1999.

196. Record Number: 5030
Author(s): Clifton, James,
Contributor(s):
Title : Gender and Shame in Masaccio's "Expulsion from the Garden of Eden" ["Here both gestures - Eve in covering her erogenous zones, Adam in leaving his exposed and in covering only his face - suggest that, in conformity with Italian mores, it is only the woman's sexuality that is at issue and that the sin associated with her sexuality dishonours the man. Adam's exposure does not dishonour him; rather it serves to draw the insistent distinction between men and women, fundamental to the honour-shame paradigm, which is manifested most recognizably in anatomy." (Page 650)].
Source: Art History , 22., 5 (December 1999):  Pages 637 - 655.
Year of Publication: 1999.

197. Record Number: 3654
Author(s): Dressler, Rachel.
Contributor(s):
Title : Steel Corpse: Imaging the Knight in Death [The author argues that British tomb effigies constructed an elite, warrior masculinity].
Source: Conflicted Identities and Multiple Masculinities: Men in the Medieval West.   Edited by Jacqueline Murray .   Garland Medieval Casebooks, volume 25. Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, volume 2078. Garland Publishing, 1999. Art History , 22., 5 (December 1999):  Pages 135 - 167.
Year of Publication: 1999.

198. Record Number: 4187
Author(s): Tuerk, Jacquelyn.
Contributor(s):
Title : An Early Byzantine Inscribed Amulet and Its Narratives
Source: Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies , 23., ( 1999):  Pages 25 - 42.
Year of Publication: 1999.

199. Record Number: 3955
Author(s): Purtle, Carol J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Van Eyck's Washington "Annunciation" : Narrative Time and Metaphoric Tradition
Source: Art Bulletin (Full Text via JSTOR) 81,1 (March 1999): 117-125. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1999.

200. Record Number: 4750
Author(s): Connor, Carolyn L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Documents: The Epigram in the Church of Hagios Polyeuktos in Constantinople and Its Byzantine Response [the author argues that Anicia Juliana herself may have composed the seventy-six line epigram that was inscribed inside and outside her magnificent church; later building inscriptions as well as books reacted to her family pride, sumptuous descriptions, and learned rhetoric that was reflected in her influential encomium/dedication; the appendices include a transcription of the Greek epigram that was inscribed in Hagios Polyeuktos; an English translation of the epigram; the Greek epigrams that were inscribed in the church of Saint Euphemia, a church that Juliana refurbished; a transcription of the Greek epigram from the Vienna Dioscurides manuscript (cod. med. gr. 1, fol. 6 verso) which forms an acrostic on Juliana's name; a transcription of the Greek epigram on the frieze of the church of Saints Sergius and Bacchus built by Justin and Theodora shortly after Hagios Polyeuktos].
Source: Byzantion , 69., 2 ( 1999):  Pages 479 - 527.
Year of Publication: 1999.

201. Record Number: 11863
Author(s): Morgan, Nigel.
Contributor(s):
Title : Texts and Images of Marian Devotion in English Twelfth-Century Monasticism and Their Influence on the Secular Church [The author briefly discusses surviving evidence, mostly from male Benedictine houses, which involves both devotional and theological material including liturgy, prayers, miracles, exempla, and controversial works, particularly concerning the Conception of the Virgin. Imags of Mary rely on intellectual and theological symbolism rather than on the humanized and affective portrayals that became popular in the thirteenth century. Common motifs include the Virgin as Ecclesia, Wisdom, Bride of Christ, and a crowned queen. Both images and texts were transmitted to the secular world. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Monasteries and society in medieval Britain: proceedings of the 1994 Harlaxton Symposium.   Edited by Benjamin Thompson Harlaxton medieval studies .   Stamford Watkins , 1999. Byzantion , 69., 2 ( 1999):  Pages 117 - 136.
Year of Publication: 1999.

202. Record Number: 4025
Author(s): Gourlay, Kristina E.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Positive Representation of the Power of Young Women: The Malterer Embroidery Re-examined [The author argues that the embroidery is to be interpreted as "positive and good-natured acknowledgment of the power of love and female sexuality and the responsibility of men in succumbing to this power..."].
Source: Young Medieval Women.   Edited by Katherine J. Lewis, Noel James Menuge, and Kim M. Phillips .   St. Martin's Press, 1999. Byzantion , 69., 2 ( 1999):  Pages 69 - 102.
Year of Publication: 1999.

203. Record Number: 4880
Author(s): Eastmond, Antony.
Contributor(s):
Title : Narratives of the Fall: Structure and Meaning in the Genesis Frieze at Hagia Sophia, Trebizond [The author analyzes an unusual sculptured narrative frieze, finding in part that there is a decidedly misogynist cast to the frieze with the creation of woman as the start of the problem of evil and a clear link between Eve and death].
Source: Dumbarton Oaks Papers (Full Text via JSTOR) 53 (1999): 219-236. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1999.

204. Record Number: 3055
Author(s): Randolph, Adrian W. B.
Contributor(s):
Title : Performing the Bridal Body in Fifteenth-Century Florence
Source: Art History , 21., 2 (June 1998):  Pages 182 - 200.
Year of Publication: 1998.

205. Record Number: 3269
Author(s): Storey, Ann.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Theophany of the Feminine: Hildegard of Bingen, Elisabeth of Schönau, and Herrad of Landsberg [The author explores the female aspects of the divine that are found in the three women's writings and the illustrations accompanying Herrad's and Hildegard's works].
Source: Woman's Art Journal (Full Text via JSTOR) 19, 1 (Spring/Summer 1998):16-20. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1998.

206. Record Number: 4447
Author(s): Rushing, James A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Adventure in the Service of Love: Yvain on a Fourteenth-Century Ivory Panel [the author argues that the Yvain panel was intended to remind viewers of the services that he performed for love and thus suggest the power of love; ivory boxes, of which this panel is a part, were given to noble women as love tokens and marriage gifts by their suitors].
Source: Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte , 61., ( 1998):  Pages 55 - 65.
Year of Publication: 1998.

207. Record Number: 4667
Author(s): Baker, Audrey M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Adam and Eve and the Lord God: The Adam and Eve Cycle of Wall Paintings in the Church of Hardham, Sussex
Source: Archaeological Journal , 155., ( 1998):  Pages 207 - 225.
Year of Publication: 1998.

208. Record Number: 5957
Author(s): Jacobus, Laura
Contributor(s):
Title : Piety and Propriety in the Arena Chapel [the author argues that the "Early Life of the Virgin" frescoes in the Arena Chapel were intended in part to convey models of behavior to the wife, mother, and daughter of Enrico Scrovegni, the patron; using devotional works and secular conduct literature the author argues that the ideals for upper class women's behavior (modesty, chastity, courtliness, humility, charity, and attention to their husbands and families) were linked to piety and represented by Giotto in the images of the Virgin and other holy women].
Source: Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 12., 2 (June 1998):  Pages 177 - 205.
Year of Publication: 1998.

209. Record Number: 4476
Author(s): Wolfthal, Diane.
Contributor(s):
Title : Douleur sur toutes autres: Revisualizing the Rape Script in the "Epistre Othea" and the "Cité des dames"
Source: Christine de Pizan and the Categories of Difference.   Edited by Marilynn Desmond .   University of Minnesota Press, 1998. Revue de l'Histoire des Religions , 216., 1 (janvier-mars 1999):  Pages 41 - 70.
Year of Publication: 1998.

210. Record Number: 4448
Author(s): Hoch, Adrian S.
Contributor(s):
Title : Pictures of Penitence From a Trecento Neapolitan Nunnery
Source: Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte , 61., ( 1998):  Pages 206 - 226.
Year of Publication: 1998.

211. Record Number: 5684
Author(s): Henry, Tom.
Contributor(s):
Title : New Documents for Signorelli's "Annunciation" at Volterra [in the Appendix the author provides transcriptions of three documents: Payments to Signorelli for the Volterra "Annunciation," 7 January 1490 to 13 May 1491; The Company of the Virgin Mary sell their old altarpiece, 4 June 1491- 21 April 1494; Ippolito Cigna's account of his restoration of the "Annunciation," published 1740- 1741].
Source: Burlington Magazine (Full Text via JSTOR) 140, 1144 (July 1998): 474-478. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1998.

212. Record Number: 5578
Author(s): Tejera Llano, Dionisia,
Contributor(s):
Title : The Portrayal of Female Sainthood in Renaissance San Gimignano: Ghirlandio's Frescoes of Santa Fina's Legend
Source: Artibus et Historiae , 19., 38 ( 1998):  Pages 143 - 170.
Year of Publication: 1998.

213. Record Number: 5686
Author(s): Gordon, Dillian.
Contributor(s):
Title : Zanobi Strozzi's "Annunciation" in the National Gallery [the recently discovered signature on the "Annunciation" makes it easier to identify Strozzi's work from other pupils of Fra Angelico; the author compares Strozzi's "Annunciation" to others done around the same time by Fra Angelico and his workshop].
Source: Burlington Magazine (Full Text via JSTOR) 140, 1145 (August 1998): 517-524. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1998.

214. Record Number: 4365
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Nikephoros II Phokas and Theophanou in Cavusin: The Imperial Family as Model [The author argues that the portrait portrays the imperial couple, Nikephoros and Theophanou, flanked by his father and mother on one side; the intent was to memorialize the marriage along with that of the emperor's parents].
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 24., ( 1998):  Pages 23 - 24.
Year of Publication: 1998.

215. Record Number: 3660
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The Rape of the Sabine Women on Quattrocento Marriage-Panels [the author argues that the theme of the rape of the Sabine women urged women to observe their duties of childbearing in a society seriously depopulated by multiple plague outbreaks].
Source: Marriage in Italy, 1300-1650.   Edited by Trevor Dean and K. J. P. Lowe .   Cambridge University Press, 1998. Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 24., ( 1998):  Pages 66 - 82.
Year of Publication: 1998.

216. Record Number: 3056
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Women Under the Gaze: A Renaissance Genealogy
Source: Art History , 21., 4 (December 1998):  Pages 565 - 590.
Year of Publication: 1998.

217. Record Number: 3319
Author(s): Kenaan-Kedar, Nurith.
Contributor(s):
Title : Aliénor: d'Aquitaine conduite en captivité. Les peintures murales, commémoratives de Sainte- Radegonde de Chinon
Source: Cahiers de Civilization Médiévale , 41., 164 (octobre-décembre 1998):  Pages 317 - 330.
Year of Publication: 1998.

218. Record Number: 6503
Author(s): Musacchio, Jacqueline Marie.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Medici-Tornabuoni "Desco da Parto" in Context [the author argues that the large and elaborately painted birth tray now in the Metropolitan Museum was given by Piero de Medici to his wife Lucrezia Tornabuoni on the birth of their son, Lorenzo de Medici; the author explores the production and use of birth trays in the celebration of childbirth in post-plague Italy].
Source: Metropolitan Museum Journal , 33., ( 1998):  Pages 137 - 151.
Year of Publication: 1998.

219. Record Number: 3147
Author(s): Caviness, Madeline H.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Contemplative Life in Washington
Source: Gesta (Full Text via JSTOR) 37, 2 (1998): 150-157. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1998.

220. Record Number: 3989
Author(s): Caviness, Madeline.
Contributor(s):
Title : Artist: "To See, Hear, and Know All at Once" [Hildegard of Bingen as a creative artist].
Source: Voice of the Living Light: Hildegard of Bingen and Her World.   Edited by Barbara Newman .   University of California Press, 1998.  Pages 110 - 124.
Year of Publication: 1998.

221. Record Number: 4352
Author(s): Williamson, Beth.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Virgin "Lactans" as Second Eve: Image of the "Salvatrix" [the author analyzes the iconography of a painting by Carlo da Camerino, depicting the Virgin nursing the infant Christ with Eve reclining below; Margaret Miles had argued that the painting juxtaposes Mary's goodness with Eve's sinful body (and the bodies of the female viewers); the author argues that the panel creates a "complex allegory not only of the Virgin's centrality to human redemption but also of Eve's crucial role in this process"].
Source: Studies in Iconography , 19., ( 1998):  Pages 105 - 138.
Year of Publication: 1998.

222. Record Number: 4337
Author(s): Gerstel, Sharon E. J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Painted Sources for Female Piety in Medieval Byzantium [the author analyzes the depictions of female saints in Byzantine churches in order to deduce the roles that women played in the Church; women prayed for fertility and healthy children in chapels decorated with paintings of Saint Anne, and they mourned the dead in narthexes decorated with portraits of female saints].
Source: Dumbarton Oaks Papers (Full Text via JSTOR) 52 (1998): 89-111. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1998.

223. Record Number: 4353
Author(s): Paxson, James J.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Nether-Faced Devil and the Allegory of Parturition [The author argues that the representation of the devil with a face in place of its genitals draws on the allegory of childbirth and thereby demonizes the female sexual body].
Source: Studies in Iconography , 19., ( 1998):  Pages 139 - 176.
Year of Publication: 1998.

224. Record Number: 5564
Author(s): Manion, Margaret M.
Contributor(s):
Title : An Unusual Image of the Assumption in a Fourteenth-Century Dominican Choir-Book [within the initial the Virgin sits beside Christ, leaning on his shoulder and holding his hand; the author argues that the close, tender relationship depicted draws upon the "Song of Songs"; this image of the Assumption was soon displaced by the majestic
Source: The Art of the Book: Its Place in Medieval Worship.   Edited by Margaret M. Manion and Bernard J. Muir .   University of Exeter Press, 1998. Studies in Iconography , 19., ( 1998):  Pages 153 - 161.
Year of Publication: 1998.

225. Record Number: 3564
Author(s): Weed, Stanley E.
Contributor(s):
Title : My Sister, Bride, and Mother: Aspects of Female Piety in Some Images of the "Virgo Inter Virgines" [The author argues that art representing the Virgin among virgins carried multiple layers of symbolism; the art work examined was produced for an audience of nuns].
Source: Magistra , 4., 1 (Summer 1998):  Pages 3 - 26.
Year of Publication: 1998.

226. Record Number: 3396
Author(s): Neff, Amy.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Pain of "Compassio": Mary's Labor at the Foot of the Cross
Source: Art Bulletin (Full Text via JSTOR) 80, 2 (June 1998): 254-273. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1998.

227. Record Number: 4223
Author(s): Hamburger, Jeffrey.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Picture Book of Madame Marie [The author discusses the devotional book of "Madame Marie" in light of two recent monographs devoted to it].
Source: Scriptorium , 52., 1 ( 1998):  Pages 413 - 428.
Year of Publication: 1998.

228. Record Number: 2986
Author(s): Holbert, Kelly
Contributor(s):
Title : The Vindication of a Controversial Early Thirteenth-Century "Vierge Ouvrante" in the Walters Art Gallery
Source: Journal of the Walters Art Gallery , 55- 56., ( 1997- 1998):  Pages 101 - 121.
Year of Publication: 1997- 1998.

229. Record Number: 1591
Author(s): Armstead, Wendy.
Contributor(s):
Title : Interpreting Images of Women with Books in Misericords [some represent piety, while others mock women's pretensions].
Source: Women and the Book: Assessing the Visual Evidence.   Edited by Lesley Smith and Jane H.M. Taylor .   British Library and University of Toronto Press, 1997. Gazette des Beaux-Arts , 130., 1544 (septembre 1997):  Pages 57 - 74.
Year of Publication: 1997.

230. Record Number: 3668
Author(s): Musacchio, Jacqueline Marie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Imaginative Conceptions in Renaissance Italy [The author argues that women were encouraged to fulfill their maternal role through a wide variety of images and objects that emphasized the delivery of healthy, male babies].
Source: Picturing Women in Renaissance and Baroque Italy.   Edited by Geraldine A. Johnson and Sara F. Mathews Grieco .   Cambridge University Press, 1997. Gazette des Beaux-Arts , 130., 1544 (septembre 1997):  Pages 42 - 60.
Year of Publication: 1997.

231. Record Number: 3671
Author(s): Johnson, Geraldine A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Idol or Ideal? The Power and Potency of Female Public Sculpture [The author argues that by the late sixteenth century female statuary in Florence had been removed or moved to less prominent locations; the author suggests that there is a correlation with the patriarchal attitudes of the male art patrons].
Source: Picturing Women in Renaissance and Baroque Italy.   Edited by Geraldine A. Johnson and Sara F. Mathews Grieco .   Cambridge University Press, 1997. Gazette des Beaux-Arts , 130., 1544 (septembre 1997):  Pages 222 - 245.
Year of Publication: 1997.

232. Record Number: 2560
Author(s): Taralon, Jean
Contributor(s): Taralon-Carlini, Dominique, avec la collaboration de
Title : La Majesté d' or de Sainte Foy de Conques [see the accompanying article #2561 on the statue's crown].
Source: Bulletin Monumental , 155., 1 ( 1997):  Pages 11 - 58.
Year of Publication: 1997.

233. Record Number: 2561
Author(s): Taralon, Jean
Contributor(s): Taralon-Carlini, Dominique, avec la collaboration de
Title : La Couronne [see the accompanying article #2560 on the statue].
Source: Bulletin Monumental , 155., 1 ( 1997):  Pages 61 - 77.
Year of Publication: 1997.

234. Record Number: 5602
Author(s): Dallaj, Arnalda.
Contributor(s):
Title : Orazione e pittura tra "propaganda" e devozione al tempo di Sisto IV: il caso della Madonna della Misericordia di Ganna [once Sixtus IV issued a decree favoring the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception, texts and images favoring that doctrine proliferated; some texts, genuine or spurious, promised indulgences to the devout; and they featured excerpts from Leonardo Nogarolo's office for the feast of Mary Immaculate; the image of the Madonna della Misericordia at Varese is such an image; the church also features the monogram of the Name of Jesus popularized by the Franciscan Observants; the entire complex benefited from patronage by the Sforza family].
Source: Revue Mabillon: Nouvelle Série , 8., 69 ( 1997):  Pages 237 - 262.
Year of Publication: 1997.

235. Record Number: 5680
Author(s): Thomas, Anabel.
Contributor(s):
Title : A New Date for Neri di Bicci's S. Giovannino dei Cavalieri "Coronation of the Virgin" [the author presents document transcriptions in the article's Appendix that prove that Neri di Bicci was selected by the nuns of S. Niccolò dei Frieri to paint an altarpiece in 1488; further document extracts indicate the nuns' additional efforts to make the high altar more splendid].
Source: Burlington Magazine (Full Text via JSTOR) 139, 1127 (February 1997): 103-106. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1997.

236. Record Number: 3148
Author(s): Kalas, Gregor.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queening Intercession: The Virgin Intervenes as an Empress at S. Maria Antiqua (Rome)
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 23., ( 1997):  Pages 10
Year of Publication: 1997.

237. Record Number: 1593
Author(s): McGuire, Thérèse.
Contributor(s):
Title : Two Twelfth-Century Women and their Books [Herrad, abbess of Hohenbourg, and Hildegard of Bingen].
Source: Women and the Book: Assessing the Visual Evidence.   Edited by Lesley Smith and Jane H.M. Taylor .   British Library and University of Toronto Press, 1997. Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 23., ( 1997):  Pages 96 - 105.
Year of Publication: 1997.

238. Record Number: 3669
Author(s): Holmes, Megan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Disrobing the Virgin: The "Madonna Lactans" in Fifteenth-Century Florentine Art [the author argues that the popularity of the "Madonna lactans" waned from the 1440s through the 1470s because increased naturialism made the bare breast problematic; when the motif reappeared in the late fifteenth century , it was modified by making the Virgin less immediate and less accessible].
Source: Picturing Women in Renaissance and Baroque Italy.   Edited by Geraldine A. Johnson and Sara F. Mathews Grieco .   Cambridge University Press, 1997. Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 23., ( 1997):  Pages 167 - 195.
Year of Publication: 1997.

239. Record Number: 6668
Author(s): Ambrosio, Francis J.
Contributor(s):
Title : On Seeing Fra Angelico's San Marco "Annunciation": The Place of Art [the author meditates on the meaning of Fra Angelico's painting at the monastery of San Marco; Ambrosio explores the painter's understanding of Dominican beliefs and practices as well as more general ideas including Mary as a metaphor for freedom and contemplation].
Source: Italian History and Culture , 3., ( 1997):  Pages 87 - 154.
Year of Publication: 1997.

240. Record Number: 1589
Author(s): Smith, Lesley.
Contributor(s):
Title : Scriba, Femina: Medieval Depictions of Women Writing [appendix inventories the Western European manuscript illustrations that depict women writing].
Source: Women and the Book: Assessing the Visual Evidence.   Edited by Lesley Smith and Jane H.M. Taylor .   British Library and University of Toronto Press, 1997. Italian History and Culture , 3., ( 1997):  Pages 21 - 44.
Year of Publication: 1997.

241. Record Number: 2573
Author(s): Varriano, John.
Contributor(s):
Title : Leonardo's Lost "Medusa" and Other Medici Medusas from the "Tazza Farnese" to Caravaggio
Source: Gazette des Beaux-Arts , 130., 1544 (septembre 1997):  Pages 73 - 80.
Year of Publication: 1997.

242. Record Number: 1590
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Aesop's Cock and Marie's Hen: Gendered Authorship in Text and Image in Manuscripts of Marie de France's "Fables"
Source: Women and the Book: Assessing the Visual Evidence.   Edited by Lesley Smith and Jane H.M. Taylor .   British Library and University of Toronto Press, 1997. Gazette des Beaux-Arts , 130., 1544 (septembre 1997):  Pages 45 - 56.
Year of Publication: 1997.

243. Record Number: 1592
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Mirrors of a Collective Past: Re-considering Images of Medieval Women [looks at the visual evidence provided by manuscript illuminations and paintings for women readers and women workers including bath attendants and midwives].
Source: Women and the Book: Assessing the Visual Evidence.   Edited by Lesley Smith and Jane H.M. Taylor .   British Library and University of Toronto Press, 1997. Gazette des Beaux-Arts , 130., 1544 (septembre 1997):  Pages 75 - 93.
Year of Publication: 1997.

244. Record Number: 2094
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Le Roman de la Dame a la Lycorne et du Biau Chevalier au Lion: Text, Image, Rubric [argues that marginal instructions and illustrations prove a workshop collaboration between the "chef d'atelier" and the artist ; they both had read the romance and planned and executed illustrations to help readers understand the narrative's details and interpret the characters].
Source: French Studies , 51., 1 (January 1997):  Pages 1 - 18.
Year of Publication: 1997.

245. Record Number: 5681
Author(s): Callegari, Raimondo.
Contributor(s):
Title : Bernardo Bembo and Pietro Lombardo; News from the "Nonianum" [The author argues that the newly discovered low-relief sculpture of the Virgin and Child was commissioned by the humanist Bernardo Bembo and sculpted by Pietro Lombardo who, with his workshop, did many such images of the Virgin and Child in the 1480s].
Source: Burlington Magazine (Full Text via JSTOR) 139, 1137 (December 1997): 862-866. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1997.

246. Record Number: 5893
Author(s): Wright, Alison.
Contributor(s):
Title : Pollaiuolo's "Elevation of the Magdalen" Altar-piece and an Early Patron [the author traces the patronage of Pollaiuolo's painting to a Florentine notary in Staggia; she believes that the iconography of the penitential Magdalene receiving the Eucharist may have been requested by the patron; the Appendix transcribes three pertinent texts: the will of the patron, the patron's 1469 tax return, and the petition from Bruno di Ser Benedetto Grazzini (possibly the patron's son) for the redemption of his deceased wife's dowry (the wife Maddalena was the daughter of the painter Antonio del Pollaiuolo)].
Source: Burlington Magazine (Full Text via JSTOR) 139, 1132 (July 1997): 444-451. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1997.

247. Record Number: 2068
Author(s): Sydie, R.A.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Phallocentric Gaze: Leon Battista Alberti and Visual Art
Source: Journal of Historical Sociology , 10., 3 (September 1997):  Pages 310 - 341.
Year of Publication: 1997.

248. Record Number: 5682
Author(s): Wolohojian, Stephan S.
Contributor(s):
Title : Francesco di Simone Ferrucci's Fogg "Virgin and Child" and the Martini Chapel in S. Giobbe, Venice [The author argues that Francesco di Simone's large marble relief fills the empty frame of the Martini chapel altarpiece].
Source: Burlington Magazine (Full Text via JSTOR) 139, 1137 (December 1997): 867-869. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1997.

249. Record Number: 2459
Author(s): Martindale, Andrew.
Contributor(s):
Title : Theodolinda: The Fifteenth-Century Recollection of a Lombard Queen [analysis of Theodolinda's meaning for the late medieval period, based on the art in the Theodolinda Chapel, the Cathedral's treasures associated with the queen, and the accounts by the fourteenth century chronicler Bonincontro and the eighth century historian, Paul the Deacon].
Source: The church retrospective: papers read at the 1995 Summer Meeting and the 1996 Winter Meeting of the Ecclesiastical History Society.   Edited by R. N. Swanson Studies in Church History, 33.  1997.  Pages 195 - 225.
Year of Publication: 1997.

250. Record Number: 3149
Author(s): Gerstel, Sharon E. J.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Construction of a Sainted Empress
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 23., ( 1997):  Pages 11
Year of Publication: 1997.

251. Record Number: 1877
Author(s): Gerstel, Sharon E. J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Saint Eudokia and the Imperial Household of Leo VI
Source: Art Bulletin (Full Text via JSTOR) 79, 4 (December 1997): 699-707. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1997.

252. Record Number: 1597
Author(s): Stanton, Anne Rudloff.
Contributor(s):
Title : From Eve to Bathsheba and Beyond: Motherhood in the Queen Mary Psalter [discussion of the many strong mothers portrayed in the manuscript ; in the Old Testament preface there are illustrations of Eve, Sarah, Hagar, Rebecca, Rachel, Hannah, and Bathsheba; in the New Testament illustrations of the Psalms there are illustrations of the Virgin Mary and the mothers of such saints as Thomas Becket and Nicholas of Myra].
Source: Women and the Book: Assessing the Visual Evidence.   Edited by Lesley Smith and Jane H.M. Taylor .   British Library and University of Toronto Press, 1997.  Pages 172 - 189.
Year of Publication: 1997.

253. Record Number: 4349
Author(s): Even, Yael.
Contributor(s):
Title : Daphne (Without Apollo) Reconsidered: Some Disregarded Images of Sexual Pursuit in Italian Renaissance and Baroque Art
Source: Studies in Iconography , 18., ( 1997):  Pages 143 - 159.
Year of Publication: 1997.

254. Record Number: 1869
Author(s): Muir Wright, Rosemary.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Great Whore in the Illustrated Apocalypse Cycles [traces the development of the image of the Whore of Babylon and discusses the impact that aristocratic female readers had on her representation in manuscripts both as the sovereign lady and as the evil other].
Source: Journal of Medieval History , 23., 3 (September 1997):  Pages 191 - 210.
Year of Publication: 1997.

255. Record Number: 4348
Author(s): Holladay, Joan A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Relics, Reliquaries, and Religious Women: Visualizing the Holy Virgins of Cologne [the author points to the growth in the cult of Ursula and her virgins including the excavations of their supposed bodies, renovation of the church dedicated to the martyrs, and the invention of Ursula busts; the author suggests that the cult and the busts were designed to appeal to the daughters of patricians and burghers by showing that a holy life could be found in their social class and in marriage rather than in the extremes of the Beguines].
Source: Studies in Iconography , 18., ( 1997):  Pages 67 - 118.
Year of Publication: 1997.

256. Record Number: 2572
Author(s): Gourlay, Kristina E.
Contributor(s):
Title : La Dame à la Licorne: A Reinterpretation [argues that the tapestry series does not represent an allegory of the five senses but rather a romance between the maiden and the unicorn in order to celebrate or commemorate a marriage in the Le Viste family].
Source: Gazette des Beaux-Arts , 130., 1544 (septembre 1997):  Pages 47 - 72.
Year of Publication: 1997.

257. Record Number: 3670
Author(s): Coerver, Chad.
Contributor(s):
Title : Donna / Dono: Chivalry and Adulterous Exchange in the Quattrocento [the author analyzes the ethos of courtly love in the lives of two "condottieri," Pier Maria Rossi and Sigismondo Malatesta; the author argues that the chivalric ideal was important to these warriors because it was a means of self-justification in a situation that was hostile to the small principate].
Source: Picturing Women in Renaissance and Baroque Italy.   Edited by Geraldine A. Johnson and Sara F. Mathews Grieco .   Cambridge University Press, 1997. Gazette des Beaux-Arts , 130., 1544 (septembre 1997):  Pages 196 - 221.
Year of Publication: 1997.

258. Record Number: 754
Author(s): Frugoni, Chiara.
Contributor(s):
Title : Female Mystics, Visions, and Iconography [mystics' uses of images and their affective relationship with a more humanized deity].
Source: Women and Religion in Medieval and Renaissance Italy.   Edited by Daniel Bornstein and Roberto Rusconi. Trans. by Margery J. Schneider .   University of Chicago Press, 1996. Old English Newsletter , 29., 3 (Spring 1996):  Pages 130 - 164. Originally published as "Le mistiche, le visioni e l'iconografia: rapporti ed influssi'" in Mistiche e devote nell'Italia tardomedievale. Edited by Daniel Bornstein and Roberto Rusconi (Liguori Editore, 1992). Pages 127-155.
Year of Publication: 1996.

259. Record Number: 769
Author(s): Valdez Del Alamo, Elizabeth
Contributor(s):
Title : Lament for a Lost Queen: The Sarcophagus of Doña Blanca in Nájera
Source: Art Bulletin (Full Text via JSTOR) 78, 2 (June 1996): 311-333. Link Info Later published in Memory and the Medieval Tomb. Edited by Elizabeth Valdez del Alamo with Carol Stamatis Pendergast. Ashgate, 2000. Pages 43-79.
Year of Publication: 1996.

260. Record Number: 815
Author(s): Anderson, Jaynie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Rewriting the History of Art Patronage [women as patrons of art].
Source: Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 10., 2 (June 1996):  Pages 129 - 138.
Year of Publication: 1996.

261. Record Number: 816
Author(s): Warr, Cordelia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Painting in Late Fourteenth Century Padua: The Patronage of Fina Buzzacarini
Source: Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 10., 2 (June 1996):  Pages 139 - 155.
Year of Publication: 1996.

262. Record Number: 1395
Author(s): Salet, Francis.
Contributor(s):
Title : Chronique. Orfèvrerie. Les anges d'Anne de Bretagne du trésor du Saint-Esprit [summary of an article by Danielle Gaborit-Chopin published in the Revue du Louvre (1994), pages 17-28].
Source: Bulletin Monumental , 154., 2 (juin 1996):  Pages 178 - 179.
Year of Publication: 1996.

263. Record Number: 1841
Author(s): Boyle, Marjorie O'Rourke.
Contributor(s):
Title : Coquette at the Cross? Magdalen in the Master of the Bartholomew Altar's Deposition at the Louvre [argues that Magdalen's depiction with gloves and ointment jar refers to her compassion not her earlier life as a courtesan ; the painting may have hung in the Antonite hospital in Paris and had special meaning for the patients, particularly those suffering from St. Anthony's Fire who would have had limbs amputated].
Source: Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte , 59., 4 ( 1996):  Pages 573 - 577.
Year of Publication: 1996.

264. Record Number: 2330
Author(s): Neuman de Vegvar, Carol.
Contributor(s):
Title : Saints and Companions to Saints: Anglo-Saxon Royal Women Monastics in Context
Source: Holy Men and Holy Women: Old English Prose Saints' Live and Their Contexts.   Edited by Paul E. Szarmach .   State University of New York Press, 1996. Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte , 59., 4 ( 1996):  Pages 51 - 93.
Year of Publication: 1996.

265. Record Number: 2380
Author(s): Hooper, Bari.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Medieval Depiction of Infant-Feeding in Winchester Cathedral [misericord depicts an infant drinking from a cow's horn].
Source: Medieval Archaeology , 40., ( 1996):  Pages 230 - 233.
Year of Publication: 1996.

266. Record Number: 2381
Author(s): Rose-Lefmann, Deborah.
Contributor(s):
Title : As It Is Painted: Reflections of Image-Based Devotional Practices in the "Confessions" of Katherine Tucher [her journal records mystical visions of the intercession of Mary, the crucifixion, and Christ as the bridegroom; all are strongly influenced by popular religious paintings and prints].
Source: Studia Mystica New Series , 17., 2 ( 1996):  Pages 185 - 204.
Year of Publication: 1996.

267. Record Number: 2515
Author(s): Halpin, Patricia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Anglo-Saxon Women and Pilgrimage [discusses trips to the Continent, to English shrines, and pilgrimages of the "heart" through devotional texts and art; includes a brief analysis of four devotional objects, a crucifix, two manuscript illuminations, and an embroidered alb, that were commissioned by women].
Source: Anglo-Norman Studies , 19., ( 1996):  Pages 97 - 122.
Year of Publication: 1996.

268. Record Number: 2543
Author(s): Martin, Nell Gifford.
Contributor(s):
Title : Vision and Violence in Some Gothic Meditative Imagery [analyzes manuscript images of ritual sacrifice (Jephthah's daughter and Abraham's offering of Isaac) and Christ's crucifixion for meanings conveyed by gender].
Source: Studies in Iconography , 17., ( 1996):  Pages 311 - 348.
Year of Publication: 1996.

269. Record Number: 3486
Author(s): Vilatte, Sylvie.
Contributor(s):
Title : La "déuote Image noire de Nostre-Dame" du Puy-en-Velay: histoire du reliquaire roman et de son noircissement [The author argues that the Virgin from Puy-en-Velay had her face blackened in the fourteenth century in response to pressures from crusades and efforts to convert the Muslims].
Source: Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Historie , 74., 2 ( 1996):  Pages 727 - 760.
Year of Publication: 1996.

270. Record Number: 5507
Author(s): McGuire, Thérèse.
Contributor(s):
Title : Medieval Aesthetic Principles in the Works of Hildegard of Bingen
Source: Wisdom Which Encircles Circles: Papers on Hildegard of Bingen.   Edited by Audrey Ekdahl Davidson .   Medieval Institute Publications, Western Michigan University, 1996. Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Historie , 74., 2 ( 1996):  Pages 71 - 80.
Year of Publication: 1996.

271. Record Number: 9803
Author(s): Motz, Lotte.
Contributor(s):
Title : Note on a Bracteate from Trollhättan [The author identifies the object held by a female figure on a bracteate ( ) as a yarn winder. Motz argues that such a tool used in spinning and weaving was also used by women in magical practices to ensure prosperity for the coming year. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Collegium Medievale , 9., ( 1996):  Pages 153 - 155.
Year of Publication: 1996.

272. Record Number: 3582
Author(s): Sheingorn, Pamela.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Maternal Behavior of God: Divine Father as Fantasy Husband
Source: Medieval Mothering.   Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler .   Garland Publishing, 1996. Gazette des Beaux-Arts , 128., 1532 (septembre 1996):  Pages 77 - 99.
Year of Publication: 1996.

273. Record Number: 817
Author(s): Shepherd, Rupert.
Contributor(s):
Title : Francesca Venusta, the "Battle of San Ruffillo" and Giovanni Sabadino degli Arienti [Arienti's account of famous women mentions Francesca Venusta's patronage; She was a wealthy widow who probably commissioned the mural for the church of San Francesco to celebrate the Bolognese victory in 1361 over the forces of Bernabò Visconti].
Source: Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 10., 2 (June 1996):  Pages 156 - 170.
Year of Publication: 1996.

274. Record Number: 2279
Author(s): McClanan, A. L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Byzantine Steelyard Weights Depicting Empresses
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 22., ( 1996):  Pages 36
Year of Publication: 1996.

275. Record Number: 2541
Author(s): Nolan, Kathleen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ploratus et Ululatus: The Mothers in the Massacre of the Innocents at Chartres Cathedral [argues that female viewers of the Frieze cared about the welfare of their children, saw the Virgin at Chartres as a protector of children, and recognized mourning as a particularly female responsibility ; also surveys twelfth-century representations of the Massacre in manuscript illuminations and sculpture].
Source: Studies in Iconography , 17., ( 1996):  Pages 95 - 141.
Year of Publication: 1996.

276. Record Number: 1360
Author(s): Bennett, Adelaide.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Thirteenth-Century French Book of Hours for Marie [Marie, a laywoman, is named in one of the prayers; the manuscript is significant for its numerous and varied representations of women. Sixteen out of twenty-one historiated initials portray laywomen in religious devotion or in family scenes].
Source: Journal of the Walters Art Gallery , 54., ( 1996):  Pages 21 - 50.
Year of Publication: 1996.

277. Record Number: 1374
Author(s): Barolsky, Paul and Anne Barriault
Contributor(s):
Title : Botticelli's "Primavera" and the Origins of the Elegiac in Italian Renaissance Painting [traces the theme of bittersweet loss in the paintings of Botticelli, Signorelli, Piero di Cosimo, Sebastiano del Piombo, and Titian].
Source: Gazette des Beaux-Arts , 128., 1532 (septembre 1996):  Pages 63 - 70.
Year of Publication: 1996.

278. Record Number: 9516
Author(s): Demori Stanicic, Zoraida.
Contributor(s):
Title : Two Icons of Medieval Hvar
Source: Hortus Artium Medievalium , 2., ( 1996):  Pages 43 - 54.
Year of Publication: 1996.

279. Record Number: 7811
Author(s): Vseteckova, Zuzana.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Cistercian Origin of the Osek Lectionary and the Mural Paintings in the Royal Chapel of the Cistercian Monastery of Plasy
Source: Cîteaux: Revue d'Histoire Cistercienne , 47., ( 1996):  Pages 285 - 300.
Year of Publication: 1996.

280. Record Number: 1097
Author(s): Betcher, Gloria J.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Tempting Theory: What Early Cornish Mermaid Images Reveal about the First Doctor's Analogy in "Passio Domini" [traditional representation of mermaids as temptresses in Cornish church bench-ends and wall paintings is reconciled with the play's use of the mermaid to symbolize the dual nature of Jesus Christ].
Source: Early Drama, Art, and Music Review , 18., 2 (Spring 1996):  Pages 65 - 76.
Year of Publication: 1996.

281. Record Number: 656
Author(s): Cohen, Adam S.
Contributor(s):
Title : Devotion and Desire: Views of Women in the Middle Ages and Renaissance
Source: Letter Arts Review , 12., 4 ( 1996):  Pages 30 - 35.
Year of Publication: 1996.

282. Record Number: 5676
Author(s): Karkov, Catherine E.
Contributor(s):
Title : Francesco Botticini's Palmieri Altar-piece [Matteo Palmieri commissioned the altarpiece from Botticini; the panel includes donor portraits of his wife Niccolosa (in a Benedictine habit) and himself; after Matteo's death Botticini and Niccolosa executed a document in 1477 agreeing that the contract for the altarpiece had been fulfilled; Niccolosa and Matteo's nephew acquired a chapel in S. Pier Maggiore where the altarpiece was installed and where Matteo was buried; the Appendix provides transcriptions of six documents, four concerning Botticini, one about the Palmieri chapel, and the first being the agreement between Niccolosa and Botticini].
Source: Burlington Magazine (Full Text via JSTOR) 138, 1118 (May 1996): 308-314. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1996.

283. Record Number: 1017
Author(s): Caviness, Madeline H.
Contributor(s):
Title : Medieval Art as Nostalgia for the Future
Source: Medieval Feminist Newsletter , 22., (Fall 1996):  Pages 19 - 21.
Year of Publication: 1996.

284. Record Number: 818
Author(s): Legaré, Anne- Marie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Reassessing Women's Libraries in Late Medieval France: The Case of Jeanne de Laval
Source: Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 10., 2 (June 1996):  Pages 209 - 236.
Year of Publication: 1996.

285. Record Number: 2355
Author(s): Farr, Carol A.
Contributor(s):
Title : Reception of Word and Image at Whitby and Its Daughter Houses
Source: Old English Newsletter , 29., 3 (Spring 1996):
Year of Publication: 1996.

286. Record Number: 819
Author(s): Tolley, Thomas.
Contributor(s):
Title : States of Independence: Women Regents as Patrons of the Visual Arts in Renaissance France
Source: Renaissance studies : journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies , 10., 2 (June 1996):  Pages 237 - 258.
Year of Publication: 1996.

287. Record Number: 2345
Author(s): Owen-Crocker, Gale R.
Contributor(s):
Title : Pomp, Piety, and Keeping the Woman in Her Place: The Dress of Cnut and Emma in BL MS Stowe 944
Source: Old English Newsletter , 29., 3 (Spring 1996):
Year of Publication: 1996.

288. Record Number: 795
Author(s): Cheney, Liana De Girolami.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Cult of Saint Agatha [Discusses the trial of St. Agatha, the pornographic violence of her martydom in late medieval drama and art, and Giulio Campi's sixteenth century Fresco cycle].
Source: Woman's Art Journal (Full Text via JSTOR) 17, 1 (Spring/Summer 1996): 3-9. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1996.

289. Record Number: 2356
Author(s): Hawkes, Jane.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sermons in Stone: Sculpture, Iconography, and the Christianization of the North
Source: Old English Newsletter , 29., 3 (Spring 1996):
Year of Publication: 1996.

290. Record Number: 148
Author(s): Dufresne, Laura Rinaldi
Contributor(s):
Title : Christine de Pizan's "Treasure of the City of Ladies": A study of Dress and Social Hierarchy [in four illustrated manuscripts].
Source: Woman's Art Journal , 16., 2 ( 1995- 1996):  Pages 29 - 34. Available through JSTOR.
Year of Publication: 1995- 1996.

291. Record Number: 4845
Author(s): Parry, Joseph D.
Contributor(s):
Title : Narration and Quattrocento Annunciation Paintings [Winner of the 1996 Allen D. Breck Award].
Source: Journal of the Rocky Mountain Medieval and Renaissance Association , 17., ( 1995- 1996):  Pages 188 - 200.
Year of Publication: 1995- 1996.

292. Record Number: 2450
Author(s): Brubaker, Leslie.
Contributor(s):
Title : Conclusion: Image, Audience, and Place : Interaction and Reproduction [includes a section entitled "The Gendered Audience: Women and Icons"].
Source: The Sacred Image East and West.   Edited by Robert Ousterhout and Leslie Brubaker .   Illinois Byzantine Studies IV. University of Illinois Press, 1995. Studies in Iconography , 14., ( 1995):  Pages 204 - 220.
Year of Publication: 1995.

293. Record Number: 230
Author(s): Long, Jane C.
Contributor(s):
Title : Salvation Through Meditation: The Tomb Frescoes in the Holy Confessors Chapel at Santa Croce in Florence [one prominently portrays a female donor]
Source: Gesta (Full Text via JSTOR) 34, 1 (1995): 77-88. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1995.

294. Record Number: 258
Author(s): Whitaker, Muriel.
Contributor(s):
Title : Artists' Ideal Griselda
Source: Sovereign Lady: Essays on Women in Middle English Literature.   Edited by Muriel Whitaker .   Garland Publishing, 1995.  Pages 85 - 114.
Year of Publication: 1995.

295. Record Number: 476
Author(s): Petrakopoulos, Anja.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sanctity and Motherhood: Elizabeth of Thuringia
Source: Sanctity and Motherhood: Essays on Holy Mothers in the Middle Ages.   Edited by Anneke B. Mulder-Bakker Garland Medieval Casebooks, 14.   Garland Publishing, 1995.  Pages 259 - 296.
Year of Publication: 1995.

296. Record Number: 1357
Author(s): Beech, George T.
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Eleanor Vase": Witness to Christian-Muslim Collaboration in Early Twelfth-Century Spain [argues that the vase came into the possession of Eleanor's grandfather, Duke Guillaume IX of Aquitane, as a gift from the Muslim king of Saragossa, perhaps in 1120 when they were both fighting against the Almoravid invaders near Saragossa].
Source: Medieval Life , 2., (Spring 1995):  Pages 12 - 16.
Year of Publication: 1995.

297. Record Number: 1464
Author(s): Martens, Didier.
Contributor(s):
Title : La Vierge en majesté de l'ancien retable de la 5é d'Evora: Une oeuvre Brugeoise des années 1500 [ascribed to the Master of the André Madonna on stylistic grounds].
Source: Gazette des Beaux-Arts , 126., 1523 (décembre 1995):  Pages 211 - 212.
Year of Publication: 1995.

298. Record Number: 1547
Author(s): Walter, Christopher.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Portrait of Saint Paraskeve [manuscript illuminations, wall paintings, and icons represent various saints with the name Paraskeve (of Epibata, of Iconium, the Roman, etc.)].
Source: Byzantinoslavica , 56., 3 ( 1995):  Pages 753 - 757.
Year of Publication: 1995.

299. Record Number: 1548
Author(s): Emmanuel, Melita
Contributor(s):
Title : Some Notes on the External Appearance of Ordinary Women in Byzantium: Hairstyles, Headdresses: Text and Iconography [description of hairstyles and head coverings including nets, turbans, bonnets, and head cloths].
Source: Byzantinoslavica , 56., 3 ( 1995):  Pages 769 - 778.
Year of Publication: 1995.

300. Record Number: 1612
Author(s): Fabrié, Marie- Luce.
Contributor(s):
Title : Images de la femme dans les consoles sculptées de la fin du gothique en Languedoc Oriental
Source: La Femme dans l' histoire et la société méridionales (IXe-XIXe S.): Actes du 66e congrés. .   Fédération historique du Languedoc méditerranéen et du Roussillon, 1995. Byzantinoslavica , 56., 3 ( 1995):  Pages 243 - 254.
Year of Publication: 1995.

301. Record Number: 1647
Author(s): Durliat, Marcel.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sculpture gothique. Un nouveau regard sur la châsse de Sainte Eulalie à la cathédrale de Barcelone [summary of an article by Josep Bracons Clapés, "Lupo di Francesco, mestre pisà, autor del sepulcre de Santa Eulàlia" published in D'Art 19 (1993): 43-51].
Source: Bulletin Monumental , 153., 1 ( 1995):  Pages 80
Year of Publication: 1995.

302. Record Number: 1987
Author(s): Mango, Marlia Mundell.
Contributor(s):
Title : Artemis at Daphne [mythological hunting motifs on brass buckets and a mosaic pavement at Daphne near Antioch are analyzed].
Source: Byzantinische Forschungen , 21., ( 1995):  Pages 263 Issue title: Bosphorus: Essays in the Honour of Cyril Mango. Ed. by Stephanos Efthymiadis, Claudia Rapp, and Dimitris Tsougarakis.
Year of Publication: 1995.

303. Record Number: 2722
Author(s): Jensen, Robin M.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Femininity of Christ in Early Christian Iconography [suggests that feminine attributes of Jesus, including long, curly hair, smooth, beardless cheeks, and small, protruding breasts, were borrowed from savior deities of the mystery cults, especially Dionysus and Orpheus].
Source: Studia Patristica , 29., ( 1995):  Pages 269 - 282. Papers Presented at the Twelfth International Conference on Patristic Studies Held in Oxford. Historia, Theologica et Philosophica, Critica et Philologica
Year of Publication: 1995.

304. Record Number: 5673
Author(s): Gordon, Dillian and Anabel Thomas
Contributor(s):
Title : A New Document for the High Altar-piece for S. Benedetto Fuori della Porta Pinti, Florence [the document from the State Archives in Florence records the commission in 1407 of an altarpiece at S. Benedetto by a wealthy layman].
Source: Burlington Magazine (Full Text via JSTOR) 137, 1112 (November 1995): 720-722. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1995.

305. Record Number: 5558
Author(s): Klapisch-Zuber, Christiane.
Contributor(s):
Title : Les Noces feintes: sur quelques lectures de deux thèmes iconographiques dans les "cassoni" florentins [The author analyzes the scenes painted on a wedding cassone, formerly from the Rose Art Museum; scholars had believed that the scenes illustrated the story of lovers who reconciled their warring families from the "Istorietta Amorosa," but the author argu
Source: I Tatti Studies: Essays in the Renaissance , 6., ( 1995):  Pages 11 - 30.
Year of Publication: 1995.

306. Record Number: 5651
Author(s): Gardner, Julian.
Contributor(s):
Title : Nuns and Altarpieces: Agendas for Research [the author examines a group of late thirteenth-century paintings from Italian nunneries and a group of fourteenth-century convent altarpieces, mostly from Florence; he then considers the social, cultural, and physical conditions in which these artworks were created and viewed; he concludes by asking what kind of control did the nuns have over artworks that were commissioned through middlemen and, for that matter, did the nuns even see the altarpieces located beyond the grills required by "clausura"].
Source: Römisches Jahrbuch der Bibliotheca Hertziana , 30., ( 1995):  Pages 27 - 57.
Year of Publication: 1995.

307. Record Number: 5653
Author(s): Nelson, Jonathan.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Place of Women in Filippino Lippi's Nerli Altarpiece [the author argues that the donor portrait of Nanna, wife of Tanai de' Nerli, as well as the domestic scene in the background of husband, wife, and small child, were intended to enhance Tanai's role as husband and father; Nanna is not represented as an individual but as an ideal wife: modest, pious, and honorable].
Source: Italian History and Culture , 1., ( 1995):  Pages 65 - 80.
Year of Publication: 1995.

308. Record Number: 5669
Author(s): Von Teuffel, Christa Gardner.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Contract for Perugino's "Assumption of the Virgin" at Vallambrosa [between 1498 and 1500, Perugino was commissioned to paint the altarpiece for the monks at Vallambrosa by Don Biagio Milanesi, member of a wealthy family and general of the order; the Appendix presents five documents related to the painting, including the contract, further instructions, a subcontract, a record of payment, and excerpts from Don Biagio's brother's will, demonstrating the family's support of the Vallambrosan order].
Source: Burlington Magazine (Full Text via JSTOR) 137, 1106 (May 1995): 307-312. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1995.

309. Record Number: 5674
Author(s): Gordon, Dillian.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Altar-piece by Lorenzo Monaco in the National Gallery, London [the author argues that Monaco's "Coronation of the Virgin" now in the National Gallery was the center panel of the altarpiece for S. Benedetto commissioned in 1407 by a wealthy layman; the text of that commission is reproduced in the Appendix, page 722 of the preceding article].
Source: Burlington Magazine (Full Text via JSTOR) 137, 1112 (November 1995): 723-727. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1995.

310. Record Number: 15
Author(s): Henderson, John.
Contributor(s):
Title : Miraculous Childbirth and the Portinari Altarpiece
Source: Art Bulletin (Full Text via JSTOR) 77, 2 (June 1995): 249-261. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1995.

311. Record Number: 5670
Author(s): Nash, Susie.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Fifteenth-Century French Manuscript and an Unknown Painting by Robert Campin [the author suggests that the illustration of the Virgin and child in the D'Ailly Hours was copied from a now-lost panel painting by Robert Campin; the author speculates that commissioners of manuscripts wanted copies of their favorite religious images in their prayer books in part because of their proven efficacy].
Source: Burlington Magazine (Full Text via JSTOR) 137, 1108 (July 1995): 428-437. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1995.

312. Record Number: 2446
Author(s): Hahn, Cynthia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Icon and Narrative in the Berlin Life of St. Lucy (Kupferstichkabinett MS. 78 A4)
Source: The Sacred Image East and West.   Edited by Robert Ousterhout and Leslie Brubaker .   Illinois Byzantine Studies IV. University of Illinois Press, 1995.  Pages 72 - 90.
Year of Publication: 1995.

313. Record Number: 484
Author(s): Kelly, Susan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Ubi unus clericus et Aelfgyva: Aelfgyva and the Bayeux Tapestry [Thirtieth International Congress on Medieval Studies, the Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University, May 4-7, 1995. Thirtieth Symposium on the Sources of Anglo- Saxon Culture, co- sponsered by the Institute and CEMERS, Binghamton University. Sessio
Source: Old English Newsletter , 28., 3 (Spring 1995):
Year of Publication: 1995.

314. Record Number: 380
Author(s): Guest, Gerald B.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Discourse on the Poor: The Hours of Jeanne d'Evreux
Source: Viator , 26., ( 1995):  Pages 153 - 180. Published under the auspices of the Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, University of California, Los Angeles
Year of Publication: 1995.

315. Record Number: 1163
Author(s): Brooks, Sarah T.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Double Portrait of Kale Kavalasea from Mistra [Kale is represented in secular and monastic dress along with her daughter and son].
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 21., ( 1995):  Pages 79
Year of Publication: 1995.

316. Record Number: 1162
Author(s): van Dijk, Ann.
Contributor(s):
Title : Domus Sanctae Dei Genetricis Mariae: Art and Liturgy in the Oratory of Pope John VII (705-707)
Source: Byzantine Studies Conference. Abstracts of Papers , 21., ( 1995):  Pages 76
Year of Publication: 1995.

317. Record Number: 233
Author(s): Biscoglio, Frances M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Unspun Heroes: Iconography of the Spinning Woman in the Middle Ages
Source: Journal of Medieval and Renaissance Studies , 25., 2 ( 1995):  Pages 163 - 176.
Year of Publication: 1995.

318. Record Number: 486
Author(s): Kelly, Eamonn.
Contributor(s):
Title : Sheela-na-gigs: Symbol and Meaning in Transition [Thirtieth International Congress on Medieval Studies, the Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University, May 4-7, 1995. Thirtieth Symposium on the Sources of Anglo- Saxon Culture, co- sponsered by the Institute and CEMERS, Binghamton University. Session 92].
Source: Old English Newsletter , 28., 3 (Spring 1995):
Year of Publication: 1995.

319. Record Number: 2449
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : The "Liber miraculorum" of Unterlinden: An Icon in Its Convent Setting [importance of images in nuns' and lay peoples' devotional practices based on a manuscript that records the miracles worked by an icon of Mary ; role played by spiritual advisers as the givers of images].
Source: The Sacred Image East and West.   Edited by Robert Ousterhout and Leslie Brubaker .   Illinois Byzantine Studies IV. University of Illinois Press, 1995. Old English Newsletter , 28., 3 (Spring 1995):  Pages 147 - 190. Reprinted in The Visual and the Visionary: Art and Female Spirituality in Late Medieval Germany. By Jeffrey F. Hamburger. Zone Books, 1998. Pages 279-315.
Year of Publication: 1995.

320. Record Number: 150
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Case of the Beata Simona: Iconography, Hagiography, and Misogyny in Three Paintings by Taddeo di Bartolo
Source: Art History , 18., 2 (June 1995):  Pages 154 - 184.
Year of Publication: 1995.

321. Record Number: 4683
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Hail Most Saintly Lady: Change and Continuity in Marian Altarpieces [The author analyzes two Sienese altarpieces in detail with comparisons to Florentine and Paduan altarpieces].
Source: Siena, Florence, and Padua: Art, Society, and Religion, 1280-1400. Volume II: Case Studies.   Edited by Diana Norman .   Yale University Press in association with The Open University, 1995. Art History , 18., 2 (June 1995):  Pages 194 - 215.
Year of Publication: 1995.

322. Record Number: 4684
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Women as Patrons: Nuns, Widows, and Rulers
Source: Siena, Florence, and Padua: Art, Society, and Religion, 1280-1400. Volume II: Case Studies.   Edited by Diana Norman .   Yale University Press in association with The Open University, 1995. Art History , 18., 2 (June 1995):  Pages 242 - 266.
Year of Publication: 1995.

323. Record Number: 5675
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : New Documents Concerning Desiderio da Settignano and Annalena Malatesta [notarial records survive in which Annalena Malatesta, a noble and wealthy widow, paid the scupltor Desiderio da Settignano for a statue of Mary Magdalene and a bust of Christ; in the Appendix to the article the author transcribes the relevant extracts from the ledger for Annalena; although Annalena founded a Tertiary Dominican house for the protection and education of young widows and virgins, the sculpture of Mary Magdalene was evidently not intended for the convent but for S. Trinità and the altar of the Cerbini family which included Annalena's notary].
Source: Burlington Magazine (Full Text via JSTOR) 137, 1113 (December 1995): 792-799. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1995.

324. Record Number: 1684
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Did Theophano Leave her Mark on the Ottonian Sumptuary Arts?
Source: The Empress Theophano: Byzantium and the West at the Turn of the First Millennium.   Edited by Adelbert Davids .   Cambridge University Press, 1995.  Pages 169 - 193. This text appeared in German in Kaiserin Theophanu: Prinzessin aus der Fremde- des Westreichs Grosse Kaiserin. Edited by G. Wolf. Bohlau, 1991. Pages 263-278.
Year of Publication: 1995.

325. Record Number: 2448
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Reflections on St. Luke's Hand: Icons and the Nature of Aura in the Burgundian Low Countries During the Fifteenth Century [argues that the fifteen copies of Cambrai's "Virgin and Child" icon were commissioned as part of a fund raising effort for the liberation of Constantinople from the Ottomans].
Source: The Sacred Image East and West.   Edited by Robert Ousterhout and Leslie Brubaker .   Illinois Byzantine Studies IV. University of Illinois Press, 1995.  Pages 132 - 146.
Year of Publication: 1995.

326. Record Number: 340
Author(s): Vasvari, Louise O
Contributor(s):
Title : Joseph on the Margin: The Mérode Tryptic and Medieval Spectacle [Joseph as Cuckold in paintings and in mystery plays]
Source: Mediaevalia , 18., ( 1995):  Pages 163 - 189. (1995 (for 1992)) Published by the Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, State University of New York at Binghamton
Year of Publication: 1995.

327. Record Number: 238
Author(s): Harf-Lancner, Laurence.
Contributor(s):
Title : Serpente et le sanglier. Les manuscrits enluminés des deux romans français de "Mélusine"
Source: Moyen Age , 101., 1 ( 1995):  Pages 65 - 87.
Year of Publication: 1995.

328. Record Number: 229
Author(s): Campbell, C. Jean.
Contributor(s):
Title : Courting, Harlotry, and the Art of Gothic Ivory Carving
Source: Gesta (Full Text via JSTOR) 34, 1 (1995): 11-19. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1995.

329. Record Number: 32
Author(s): Flint, Valerie I. J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Susanna and the Lothar Crystal: A Liturgical Perspective
Source: Early Medieval Europe , 4., 1 ( 1995):  Pages 61 - 86.
Year of Publication: 1995.

330. Record Number: 187
Author(s): Hunt, Lucy-Anne.
Contributor(s):
Title : Fine Incense of Virginity: A Late Twelfth Century Wallpainting of the Annuciation at the Monastery of the Syrians, Egypt
Source: Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies , 19., ( 1995):  Pages 182 - 232.
Year of Publication: 1995.

331. Record Number: 231
Author(s): Smith, Susan L.
Contributor(s):
Title : Bride Stripped Bare: A Rare Type of the Disrobing of Christ
Source: Gesta (Full Text via JSTOR) 34, 2 (1995): 126-146. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1995.

332. Record Number: 92
Author(s): Shemek, Deanna
Contributor(s):
Title : Circular Definitions: Configuring Gender in Italian Renaissance Festival [races run by prostitutes in Ferrara's Palio di San Giogio].
Source: Renaissance Quarterly (Full Text via JSTOR) 48, 1 (Spring 1995): 1-40. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1995.

333. Record Number: 149
Author(s): Sekules, Veronica.
Contributor(s):
Title : Beauty and the Beast: Ridicule and Orthodoxy in Architectural Marginalia in Early Fourteenth-Century Lincolnshire [sculpted corbels, several of women representing various sins].
Source: Art History , 18., 1 (March 1995):  Pages 37 - 62.
Year of Publication: 1995.

334. Record Number: 95
Author(s): Wood, Jeryldene M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Breaking the Silence: The Poor Clares and the Visual Arts in Fifteenth-Century Italy
Source: Renaissance Quarterly (Full Text via JSTOR) 48, 2 (Summer 1995): 262-286. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1995.

335. Record Number: 2447
Author(s): Ousterhout, Robert.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Virgin of the Chora: An Image and Its Contexts [discussion of the mosaic icon of the Virgin in the church of the Chora Monastery in terms of its part in a decorative program that called upon a complex symbolism; also discusses the importance of the Virgin "orans" motif in the related images known as "Blachernitissa," "Episkepsis," and "Platytera"].
Source: The Sacred Image East and West.   Edited by Robert Ousterhout and Leslie Brubaker .   Illinois Byzantine Studies IV. University of Illinois Press, 1995.  Pages 91 - 109.
Year of Publication: 1995.

336. Record Number: 1123
Author(s): Kamerick, Kathleen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Art and Moral Vision in Angela of Foligno and Margery Kempe [compares their reactions to sacred art with the ideas in "De oculo morali"].
Source: Mystics Quarterly , 21., 4 (December 1995):  Pages 148 - 158.
Year of Publication: 1995.

337. Record Number: 515
Author(s): Havice, Christine.
Contributor(s):
Title : Women and the Production of Art in the Middle Ages: The Significance of Context [women as artists, sponsors, and authors].
Source: Double Vision: Perspectives on Gender and the Visual Arts.   Edited by Natalie Harris Bluestone .   Associated University Presses, 1995. Mystics Quarterly , 21., 4 (December 1995):  Pages 67 - 94.
Year of Publication: 1995.

338. Record Number: 1527
Author(s): Calvo González, José.
Contributor(s):
Title : Femme et monstre dans l'imaginaire médiéval et de la Renaissance (Analyses narratives et idéographiques d'une allégorie)
Source: La Femme dans l' histoire et la société méridionales (IXe-XIXe S.): Actes du 66e congrés. .   Fédération historique du Languedoc méditerranéen et du Roussillon, 1995. Mystics Quarterly , 21., 4 (December 1995):  Pages 231 - 241.
Year of Publication: 1995.

339. Record Number: 488
Author(s): Hawkes, A. Jane.
Contributor(s):
Title : An Iconography of Female "Humilitas": The Wirksworth Slab and Its Audience [Thirtieth International Congress on Medieval Studies, the Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University, May 4-7, 1995. Thirtieth Symposium on the Sources of Anglo- Saxon Culture, co- sponsered by the Institute and CEMERS, Binghamton University. Session 53].
Source: Old English Newsletter , 28., 3 (Spring 1995):
Year of Publication: 1995.

340. Record Number: 2694
Author(s): Schiferl, Ellen.
Contributor(s):
Title : Caritas and the Iconography of Italian Confraternity Art [explores the iconography of the Madonna della Misericordia, the Madonna of Humility, and the Flagellation of Christ within the lay context of the confraternity where the themes of charity, humility, and mercy were expressed by love for one's neighbor, love for God, and the hope of salvation; also includes an appendix that lists Italian confraternity art, both sculpture and painting, for each of the three themes, 1300-1515].
Source: Studies in Iconography , 14., ( 1995):  Pages 207 - 246.
Year of Publication: 1995.

341. Record Number: 1506
Author(s): Dufresne, Laura Rinaldi
Contributor(s):
Title : Women Warriors: A Special Case from the Fifteenth Century: "The City of Ladies" [manuscript illustrations from the later fifteenth century generally ignore or distort the military, moral, and heroic qualities of Christine's women warriors in favor of domestic scenes and aristocratic women's fashions].
Source: Women's Studies , 23., 2 ( 1994):  Pages 111 - 131.
Year of Publication: 1994.

342. Record Number: 1810
Author(s): Gould, Cecil.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Early History of Leonardo's "Vierge aux Rochers" in the Louvre [argues that the earlier version of the painting was commandered by Il Moro as a wedding gift for his niece, Bianca Maria Sforza, and her new husband, the Emperor Maximilian I].
Source: Gazette des Beaux-Arts , 124., 1511 (décembre 1994):  Pages 215 - 222.
Year of Publication: 1994.

343. Record Number: 5577
Author(s): Morgan, Nigel.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Coronation of the Virgin by the Trinity and Other Texts and Images of the Glorification of Mary in Fifteenth-Century England
Source: England in the Fifteenth Century: Proceedings of the 1992 Harlaxton Symposium. .  Harlaxton Medieval Studies , 4., ( 1994):  Pages 223 - 241.
Year of Publication: 1994.

344. Record Number: 6334
Author(s): Lyman, Brigitte.
Contributor(s):
Title : Enftflammen und Löschen: Zur Ikonographie des Liebeszaubers vom Meister des Bonner Diptychons
Source: Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte , 57., ( 1994):  Pages 111 - 122.
Year of Publication: 1994.

345. Record Number: 9777
Author(s): Miligi, Giuseppe.
Contributor(s):
Title : Il pittore e la clarissa [Eustocha of Messina had ties to the Observant wing of the Franciscan Order. The painter Antonello da Messina lived in Messina at the same time and also had Franciscan ties. Pictures of Eustochia have their own iconography, but some also believe Antonello used her as a model for his Madonnas. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Francescanesimo al femminile: Chiara d'Assisi ed Eustochia da Messina.   Edited by Giuseppe Miligi et al .   EDAS, 1994. Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte , 57., ( 1994):  Pages 59 - 114.
Year of Publication: 1994.

346. Record Number: 9779
Author(s): Pugliatti, Teresa.
Contributor(s):
Title : Santa Chiara, storie della sua vita e l'Annunciazione [The picture of St. Clare with scenes from her life and from the Annunciation, now in the Civic Museum of Messina, once was at the convent of Santa Maria di Basico. It may have been painted by a pupil of Antonello da Messina. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Francescanesimo al femminile: Chiara d'Assisi ed Eustochia da Messina.   Edited by Giuseppe Miligi et al .   EDAS, 1994. Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte , 57., ( 1994):  Pages 146 - 149.
Year of Publication: 1994.

347. Record Number: 899
Author(s): Cotsonis, John.
Contributor(s):
Title : Virgin with the "Tongues of Fire" on Byzantine Lead Seals
Source: Dumbarton Oaks Papers (Full Text via JSTOR) 49 (1994): 221-227. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1994.

348. Record Number: 5569
Author(s): Duclow, Donald F.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Virgin's "Good Death": The Dormition in Fifteenth-Century Drama and Art [The author argues that the Virgin's dormition served as a model for dying well; handbooks in the "ars moriendi" tradition also emphasize a serene, holy death with the consoling intervention of the Virgin Mary].
Source: Fifteenth Century Studies , 21., ( 1994):  Pages 55 - 86.
Year of Publication: 1994.

349. Record Number: 1807
Author(s): Maginnis, Hayden B.J.
Contributor(s):
Title : Duccio's Rucellai: "Madonna" and the Origins of Florentine Painting
Source: Gazette des Beaux-Arts , 123., 1503 (avril 1994):  Pages 147 - 164.
Year of Publication: 1994.

350. Record Number: 11659
Author(s): Teixeira, Madalena Braz.
Contributor(s):
Title : Portuguese Art Treasures, Medieval Women and Early Museum Collections [The author briefly explores the early history of art collecting in Portugal. Royal and noble women founded and supported monasteries with gifts of jewels, paintings, liturgical objects, and other artwork. Some of these treasures are still on view in museums and libraries in Portugal. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
Source: Museums and the Making of "Ourselves": The Role of Objects in National Identity.   Edited by Flora E. S. Kaplan .   Leicester University Press, 1994. Gazette des Beaux-Arts , 123., 1503 (avril 1994):  Pages 291 - 313.
Year of Publication: 1994.

351. Record Number: 3346
Author(s):
Contributor(s):
Title : Images of Women in Anglo-Saxon Art V: Matron as Ring-giver in Harley 630 [The author argues that the illumination for Psalm 130.2 shows a mother blessing her departing son and giving him an armband, symbol of the property he will inherit].
Source: Old English Newsletter , 28., 1 (Fall 1994):  Pages 22 - 24.
Year of Publication: 1994.

352. Record Number: 1883
Author(s): Smartt, Daniel.
Contributor(s):
Title : Cruising Twelfth-Century Pilgrims [analysis of the sexual elements found in the Moissac "Luxuria" and a miracle story involving male pilgrims].
Source:   Edited by Whitney Davis Journal of Homosexuality , 27., 40180 ( 1994):  Pages 35 - 55. Published simultaneously in Gay and Lesbian Studies in Art History. Edited by Whitney Davis. Haworth Press, 1994. 35-55
Year of Publication: 1994.

353. Record Number: 1486
Author(s): Smith, Susan L.
Contributor(s):
Title : A Nude Judith from Padua and the Reception of Donatello's Bronze David [argues that the bronze statuette of Judith is modelled on Donatello's David and shares with it an ambiguous, eroticized vision of the usual heroic nude].
Source: Comitatus , 25., ( 1994):  Pages 59 - 80. [contributions are accepted from graduate students and those who have received their doctorate within the last three years]
Year of Publication: 1994.

354. Record Number: 1919
Author(s): Ricco, John Paul.
Contributor(s):
Title : Queering Boundaries: Semen and Visual Representations from the Middle Ages and in the Era of the AIDS Crisis [analysis of the sexuality expressed in a carved corbel that represents two men tugging on each other's beards; comparison with recent paintings by Ridgeway Bennett].
Source:   Edited by Whitney Davis Journal of Homosexuality , 27., 40180 ( 1994):  Pages 57 - 80. Published simultaneously in Gay and Lesbian Studies in Art History. Edited by Whitney Davis. Haworth Press, 1994. 57-80
Year of Publication: 1994.

355. Record Number: 1549
Author(s): Anderson, J. C. and M. J. Jeffreys
Contributor(s):
Title : The Decoration of the Sevastokratorissa's Tent [Greek text, English translation, and commentary on two poems describing Eirene's tent; the authors see parallels in the secular motifs of muses and peacocks with decorations found on ivory boxes].
Source: Byzantion , 64., 1 ( 1994):  Pages 8 - 18.
Year of Publication: 1994.

356. Record Number: 1956
Author(s): Lermack, Annette.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Historiated Initial of the St. Albans Psalter: Christina of Markyate's Textbook for the Monastic Life
Source: Manuscripta , 38., 3 (November 1994):  Pages 197 - 198.
Year of Publication: 1994.

357. Record Number: 3516
Author(s): Roberts, Ann M.
Contributor(s):
Title : Chiara Gambacorta of Pisa as Patroness of the Arts [the author argues that Prioress Chiara Gambacorta had an important role in commissioning and in choosing the subject, style, and imagery of the paintings produced for the convent of San Domenico, many of which represented female saints including Catherine of Siena and Bridget of Sweden].
Source: Creative Women in Medieval and Early Modern Italy: A Religious and Artistic Renaissance.   Edited by E. Ann Matter and John Coakley .   University of Pennsylvania Press, 1994. Manuscripta , 38., 3 (November 1994):  Pages 120 - 154.
Year of Publication: 1994.

358. Record Number: 1920
Author(s): Simons, Patricia.
Contributor(s):
Title : Lesbian (In)Visibility in Italian Renaissance Culture: Diana and Other Cases of "donna con donna"
Source:   Edited by Whitney Davis Journal of Homosexuality , 27., 40180 ( 1994):  Pages 81 - 122. Published simultaneously in Gay and Lesbian Studies in Art History. Edited by Whitney Davis. Haworth Press, 1994. 81-122
Year of Publication: 1994.

359. Record Number: 3463
Author(s): Schibanoff, Susan.
Contributor(s):
Title : Botticelli's "Madonna del Magnificat": Constructing the Woman Writer in Early Humanist Italy
Source: PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association of America (Full Text via JSTOR) 109, 2 (March 1994): 190-206. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1994.

360. Record Number: 11171
Author(s): Frese, Dolores Warwick.
Contributor(s):
Title : Worda and Worca : "The Battle of Maldon" and the Lost Text of AElfflaed's Tapestry [The author trace similar narrative patterns in "The Battle of Maldon" and the Bayeux Tapestry. Frese suggests that they both may have drawn from AElfflaed's tapestry, described in the "Liber Eliensis," wihich celebrated the deeds of her husband, Byrhtnoth, who was killed at Maldon. Title note supplied by Feminae.]
Source: Mediaevalia , 17., ( 1994):  Pages 27 - 51. (1994 (for 1991))
Year of Publication: 1994.

361. Record Number: 1556
Author(s): Bolduc, Michelle
Contributor(s):
Title : The Disruptive Discourse: Women in the Margins of the "Bayeux Tapestry" and the "Hours of Catherine de Clèves"
Source: Romance Languages Annual , 6., ( 1994):  Pages 18 - 22.
Year of Publication: 1994.

362. Record Number: 1358
Author(s): Holladay, Joan A.
Contributor(s):
Title : The Education of Jeanne d'Evreux: Personal Piety and Dynastic Salvation in her Book of Hours at the Cloisters [analysis of the illustrations in the section of the Hours of Saint Louis; the saint-king ancestor is portrayed as a model for the young queen in his charitable acts and the honor he brought the royal family].
Source: Art History , 17., 4 (December 1994):  Pages 585 - 611.
Year of Publication: 1994.

363. Record Number: 1507
Author(s): Even, Yael.
Contributor(s):
Title : Andrea del Castagno's "Eve": Female Heroes as Anomalies in Italian Renaissance Art
Source: Woman's Art Journal (Full Text via JSTOR) 14, 2 (Fall 1993/Winter 1994): 37-42. Link Info
Year of Publication: 1993-1994.

364. Record Number: 14249