Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


  • Record Number: 559
  • Author(s)/Creator(s): Cohen , Adam S. and Anne Derbes
  • Contributor(s):
  • Title: Bernward and Eve at Hildesheim
  • Source: Gesta 40, 1 ( 2001): Pages 19 - 38.
  • Description:
  • Article Type: Journal Article
  • Subject (See Also): Art History- Sculpture Bernward, Bishop of Hildesheim, Saint Eve (Biblical Figure) in Art Fall of Humankind in Art Hildesheim, Niedersachsen, Germany- Monastery of St. Michael- Bronze Doors Iconography Illumination of Manuscripts Metalwork Sexuality in Ar
  • Geographic Area: Germany
  • Century: 10-11
  • Related Resources:
  • Primary Evidence:
  • Illustrations: Fourteen figures. Figure One Bronze doors (Hildesheim Cathedral). Figure Two "Genesis Frontispiece," Moutier-Grandval Bible (London, British Library, Add. MS 10546, fol. 5v. ) Figure Three "Genesis Frontispiece," San Paolo Bible (Rome, S. Paolo fuori le mura, fol. 8v.) Figure Four "Formation of Eve," Bronze Doors, panel one (Hildesheim Cathedral). Figure Five "Eve Introduced to Adam," Bronze Doors, panel two (Hildesheim Cathedral). Figure Six "Genesis Frontispiece" - Detail "Temptation and Fall," Moutier-Grandval Bible (British Library, fol. 8v.) Figure Seven "Temptation and Fall," Bronze Doors, panel three (Hildesheim Cathedral). Figure Eight "Genesis Frontispiece" - Detail "Denial of Blame," Moutier-Grandval Bible (British Library, fol 8v.) Figure Nine "Denial of Blame," Bronze Doors, panel four (Hildesheim Cathedral). Figure Ten "Genesis Frontispiece" - Detail "Expulsion," Moutier-Grandval Bible (British Libary, fol. 8v.) Figure Eleven "Expulsion," Bronze Doors, panel five (Hildesheim Cathedral). Figure Twelve "Creation of Eve" (Oxford, Bodleian Libary, MS Junius 11, p. 9). Figure Thirteen Gandersheim, Stiftkirche,~~west facade. Figure Fourteen "Presentation Frontispieces," Precious Gospels of Bernward (Hildesheim, Dom-Museum, MS 18, fols. 16v.-17).
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  • Abstract: The bronze doors of Hildesheim (ca. 1007-1015), commissioned by Bishop Bernward, are famous for their sophisticated typological program, which conveys a message about the Fall of humanity and the opposition of Eve and Mary. Divergences from the door's pictorial models indicate that the program at Hildesheim innovatively represents Eve as a sexually provocative woman. Although grounded in patristic theology, Bernward's presentation reflects contemporary clerical concerns. At the time the doors were executed, the bishop was locked in a struggle with Sophia, abbess of Gandersheim. Bernward's biographers describe her as malevolent and dissolute; the doors themselves constitute a subtle polemical argument against the dangers posed by seductive and insolent women. [Reproduced by permission of the International Center of Medieval Art.]
  • Author's Affiliation: College of William and Mary, Hood College
  • Conference Info: - , -
  • Year of Publication: 2001.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN/ISBN: Not Available
  • Material/Technique :
  • Rights: