Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


  • Record Number: 5030
  • Author(s)/Creator(s):
  • Contributor(s):
  • Title: Symbols, Performers, and Sponsors: Female Musical Creators in the Late Middle Ages [The author examines representations of "Musica," one of the seven liberal arts, as a woman along with reports of women performing music and commissioning music. The author argues that women had a much greater role in creating music than modern scholars have realized. Title note supplied by Feminae.].
  • Source: Rediscovering the Muses: Women's Musical Traditions.  Edited by Kimberly Marshall.  Northeastern University Press, 1993.  Pages 140 - 168.
  • Description:
  • Article Type: Essay
  • Subject (See Also): Composers Education Music Musica, One of the Seven Liberal Arts, Personified as a Woman Musicians Performance Personification
  • Award Note:
  • Geographic Area: General
  • Century: 13- 14- 15
  • Primary Evidence:
  • Illustrations: Nine Figures. Figure One Manuscript illumination of Musica with the other three arts of the "quadrivium," Tours, mid-ninth century, Boethius, "De arithmetica" (Bamberg, Stadtsbibliothek, MS class. 5, fol. 9v.). Figure Two Sculpture representing Musica along with the other liberal arts, French, twelfth century (Chartres Cathedral, Royal Portal, south door, south side.). Figure Three Historical initial, "Exultate deo," with Musica below holding a psaltery, from the "St. Louis Psalter," French, thirteenth century (Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, MS lat. 10525, fol. 175r.). Figure Four Ink drawing of Musica, from a series representing "Meister der Musik," Augsburg, ca. 1100 (Wolfenbüttel Herzog August Bibliothek, MS Gud. lat. 8Ý 334, fol. 2v.). Figure Five Ink drawing of Musica with Pythagoras, from a series representing "Meister der Musik," Cistercian Abbey of Aldersback, Salzburg, thirteenth century, Johannes of Afflighem, "De Musica" (Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, MS 2599, fol. 103r). Figure Six Manuscript miniature showing Musica with cymbala and organ, French, thirteenth century, "Le roman des sept sages de Rome" (Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, MS fr. 19166, fol. 2r.). Figure Seven Manuscript miniature showing Musica with an organ, French, thirteenth century, Vrigiet de Solas, "Verger de Consolation" (Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, MS fr. 9220, fol. 16r.). Figure Eight Manuscript miniature of Sappho, French, circa 1470, Bocaccio, "Des cleres et nobles femmes (New York Public Library, Spencer MS 33, fol. 24r.). Figure Nine Manuscript showing the Pilgrim's encounter with Latria, her organ, and other musical instruments, English version, circa 1440, Guillaume de Deguileville, "Pèlerinage de la vie humaine" (London, British Library, MS Cotton Tiberius VII (5), fol. 104v.).
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  • Conference Info: - , -
  • Year of Publication: 1993.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN/ISBN: 1555531733