Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


  • Record Number: 29393
  • Author(s)/Creator(s): Prado-Vilar , Francisco,
  • Contributor(s):
  • Title: Iudeus sacer: Life, Law and Identity in the "State of Exception" Called "Marian Miracle"
  • Source: Judaism and Christian Art: Aesthetic Anxieties from the Catacombs to Colonialism.  Edited by Herbert L. Kessler and David Nirenberg.  University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011.  Pages 115 - 142.
  • Description: The author analyzes the illustrations for three cantigas in particular: Cantiga 209 (King Alfonso recovers from illness through contact with a Cantigas de Santa Maria manuscript), Cantiga 108 (the Jewish boy born with his head backward), and Cantiga 4 (the Jewish boy who takes communion from the Virgin). Prado-Vilar in part argues that the baptismal font represented in Cantiga 108 and the fiery furnace in Cantiga 4 both symbolize the Virgin's womb from which the Jewish boys are reborn as christians.
  • Article Type: Essay
  • Subject (See Also): Alfonso X, el Sabio, King of Castile- Cantigas de Santa Maria Art History- Painting Conversion, Religious Galician- Portuguese Literature Illumination of Manuscripts Jews Literature- Verse Mary, Virgin, Saint in Literature Miracles
  • Geographic Area: Iberia
  • Century: 13
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  • Illustrations: Ten illustrations. Figure One Lapidary, Aristotle lecturing to scholars and a smaller illustration of Alfonso receiving the book from his two translators (Escorial, Biblioteca del Real Monasterio, MS.H.I.15, fol. 1r). Figure Two Lapidary, A physician gives instructions for cutting a stone from the bladders and kidneys (Escorial, Biblioteca del Real Monasterio, MS.H.I.15, fol. 19r). Figure Three Cantigas de Santa Maria, six panels concerning King Alfonso's illness at Vitoria when he was cured by the Cantigas manuscript (Florence, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, MS.B.R. 20, fol. 119v). Figure Four Cantigas de Santa Maria, Alfonso's illness in Montpellier (Florence, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, MS.B.R. 20, fol. 92r). Figure Five Cantigas de Santa Maria, Caricatures of Jews, Escorial, Biblioteca del Real Monasterio, MS. T.I.1, fol. 39r). Figure Six Cantigas de Santa Maria, King Alfonso in his illness holds the Cantigas manuscript (Florence, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, MS.B.R. 20, fol. 119v). Figure Seven Cantigas de Santa Maria, A Jewish woman calls on the Virgin during her difficult childbirth, Escorial, Biblioteca del Real Monasterio, MS. T.I.1, fol. 131r). Figure Eight Cantigas de Santa Maria, A Jewish boy saved by baptism, Escorial, Biblioteca del Real Monasterio, MS. T.I.1, fol. 155V). Figure Nine Cantigas de Santa Maria, Jewish boy receives communion from the Virgin, Escorial, Biblioteca del Real Monasterio, MS. T.I.1, fol. 9v). Figure Ten Bible moraliséeFeatures a group of Jews placing sacrificial loaves into an oven illustrating Leviticus 2:4 (Toledo, Cathedral, MS, 1, fol. 53v).
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  • Year of Publication: 2011.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN/ISBN: 9780812242850
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