Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


  • Record Number: 2442
  • Author(s)/Creator(s): Hults , Linda C.
  • Contributor(s):
  • Title: Dürer's "Four Witches" Reconsidered [The author argues that Dürer's engraving should be viewed in conjunction with the "Malleus maleficarum" as part of the developing theory on women's sexuality and witchcraft. Hults suggests that Dürer cleverly combined a variety of visual allusions includ
  • Source: Saints, Sinners, and Sisters: Gender and Northern Art in Medieval and Early Modern Europe.  Edited by Jane L. Carroll and Alison G. Stewart.  Ashgate, 2003.  Pages 94 - 126.
  • Description:
  • Article Type: Essay
  • Subject (See Also): Art History Durer, Albrecht, Artist- Four Witches or Four Naked Women Engravings Gender in Art Iconography Kramer, Heinrich, Inquisitor and Jacob Sprenger, Preacher-Malleus Maleficarium Misogyny Mythology- Classical Sexuality Venus (Mythological Figure) W
  • Geographic Area: Germany
  • Century: 15
  • Related Resources:
  • Primary Evidence: Engravings; Berlin, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Kupferstichkabinett, Inv. 4545-1877. Dürer's engraving has been identified variously as Witches, the goddesses in the judgement of Paris, the three Graces with Venus, and Prosperpina and the F
  • Illustrations: Eight figures. Figure One Albrecht Dürer, "The Four Witches," engraving, 1497 (Berlin, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Kuperferstichkabinett, Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Inv. 4545-1877). Figure Two Albrecht Dürer, "The Witch," engraving, circa 1500 (Berlin, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Kuperferstichkabinett, Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Inv. 4536-1877). Figure Three Albrecht Dürer, "The Promenade," engraving circa 1498 (Düsseldorf, Kunstsammlung Nordhein-Westfalen). Figure Four Anonymous, "Witch Embracing Her Incubus Demon," woodcut illustration from Ulrich Molitor's "De lamiss," Constance, 1489 (Cornell, Cornell University Library, Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections). Figure Five Albrecht Dürer, "Nude Girl" ("Bath Attendant"), pen drawing, 1493 (Bayonne, Musée Bonnat). Figure Six Albrecht Dürer, "The Women's Bath," pen drawing, 1496 (Bremen, Kunsthalle). Figure Seven Albrecht Dürer, "Men's Bath," woodcut, circa 1496-1497 (Philadelphia, Philadelphia Museum of Art, SmithKline Beecham Corp. Fund for the Ars Medica Collection). Figure Eight Anonymous, "Mandragora," woodcut illustration from John Gerarde, "The Herball, or, Generall historie of plantes," London, 1633 (Bronx, New York, New York Botanical Garden, Luesther T. Mertz Library).
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  • Author's Affiliation: College of Wooster
  • Conference Info: - , -
  • Year of Publication: 2003.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN/ISBN: 0754605892
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