Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


  • Record Number: 2237
  • Author(s)/Creator(s): Blondiaux , Joël.
  • Contributor(s):
  • Title: A propos de la dame d'Hochfelden et de la pratique cavalière: Discussion autour des sites fonctionnels fémoraux
  • Source: La Femme pendant le Moyen Âge et l'époque moderne. Actes des Sixiémes Journées Anthropologiques de Valbonne 9-10-11 juin 1992.  Edited by Luc BuchetDossier de Documentation Archéologique, 17.  CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Centre de Recherches Archéologiques) Éditions, 1994.  Pages 97 - 109.
  • Description:
  • Article Type: Essay
  • Subject (See Also): Archaeology Burials Horseback Riding Human Remains Huns, People Lady of Hochfelden, Tomb of a Hunnish Woman Whose Skeleton Gives Evidence of Extensive Horseback Riding
  • Geographic Area: France
  • Century: 5
  • Related Resources:
  • Primary Evidence:
  • Illustrations: Twelve illustrations. Figure One Drawings of an osteoma (benign tumor composed of bone tissue) of the adductors (from Tricot, 1895). Figure Two Drawing of an osteophytic hip (having a small pathological bony outgrowth) (from Demarais, 1971). Figure Three Drawing of three types of seat (horseriding position) (from W. Müseler): Normal seat, Arched back, and Hollow back. Figure Four The Lady of Hochfelden, photograph of bone showing a perifoveal osteophyte. Figure Five The Lady of Hochfelden, photograph of bone showing the right gluteal area. Figure Six The Lady of Hochfelden, photograph of bone showing spicules on the right external obturator. Figure Seven The Lady of Hochfelden, photograph of bone showing the surface of the lange trochanter. Figure Eight The Lady of Hochfelden, photograph of bone showing the squeezing of the seventh thoracic vertebra. Figure Nine The Lady of Hochfelden, photograph of bone showing the squeezing of the eleventh thoracic vertebra. Figure Ten the Lady of Hochfelden, photograph of bone showing the left transverse-sacral articulation. Figure Eleven Reconstruction of the saddle of the horseman of Mundolsheim. Metal plaques found in the grave and mounted on a modern wooden armature. Figure Twelve Photograph of a bone drawn from a group of medieval left femurs to show the iliac impression.
  • Table: Two tables. Table One (page 101) Three types of lumbar curvature observed in horseback riders; frequence of attitudes in posterior unbalance. Table Two Distribution of forms 2 and 3 of the muscular reliefs and of the iliac impression in the proximal region of the femur according to sex and time period (high and late Middle Ages).
  • Abstract: Clinical observations of horseriders at competition level may turn paleopathologists' attention to functional sites of the rotators, extensors and adductors of the hip. A female skeleton excavated in a Hunnic context and 208 medieval femurs are tested.
  • Author's Affiliation: Centre de recherches archéologiques du Centre National de la Research Scientifique, Valbonne, France
  • Conference Info: - , -
  • Year of Publication: 1994.
  • Language: French
  • ISSN/ISBN: 2271051576
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