Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index


  • Record Number: 1825
  • Author(s)/Creator(s): Sheingorn , Pamela.
  • Contributor(s):
  • Title: The Maternal Behavior of God: Divine Father as Fantasy Husband
  • Source: Medieval Mothering.  Edited by John Carmi Parsons and Bonnie Wheeler.  Garland Publishing, 1996.  Pages 77 - 99.
  • Description:
  • Article Type: Essay
  • Subject (See Also): Art History- Painting God the Father as Mother Mary, Virgin, Saint Masculinity Nurturing Behavior Patriarchy Psychoanalytic Theory
  • Geographic Area: General
  • Century: 14- 15
  • Related Resources: Pamela Sheingorn argues similarly that within the Holy Family Joseph was marginalized until God the Father assumed the place of Mary's spouse. At the same time, God also was imbued with maternal qualities that rendered him a more caring husband than were
  • Primary Evidence:
  • Illustrations: The medieval association of maternal behaviour with God the Father shared in the construction of His masculinity even as it communicated an image of male "tenderness and attentive concern." This buttressed normative heterosexuality and female submissiveness. [Reproduced by permission of Garland Publishing.]
  • Table: Eight Figures. Figure One "Nativity," illustration to Primer of the "Hours of the Virgin," Book of Hours by the Master of the Munich Golden Legend, fol. 52v, circa 1430 (Baltimore, Walters Art Gallery MS W 288). Figure Two "The Transportation of the Holy House of Loreto, " woodcut made in Savoy, France, 1494 (Washington, National Gallery of Art, Rosenwald Collection). Figure Three "Nativity," Antwerp-Baltimore triptych, circa 1390 (Antwerp, Museum Mayer van den Bergh). Figure Four "Annunciation and Nativity," Altar of Knight of Stauffenberg, 1450-60 (Colmar, Mus┼Że d'Unterlinden). Figure Five "Madonna in a Wreath of Roses," woodcut made in Augsburg, 1490-1500 (Washington, National Gallery of Art, Rosenwald collection). Figure Six Claude of France before her patron Saint Claude, "Primer of Claude of France," p.1 (Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum, MS 159). Figure Seven "The Expectant Madonna with Saint Joseph," oil and tempera on wood, fifteenth century (Washington, National Gallery of Art, Samuel H. Kress Collection). Figure Eight Seal of Margaret, Lady Hungerford and Botreaux (d.1478) (London, British Library, seal XCII.23).
  • Abstract:
  • Author's Affiliation: Baruch College, City University of New York
  • Conference Info: - , -
  • Year of Publication: 1996.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN/ISBN: 0815323417
  • Material/Technique :
  • Rights: